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Fall Report on Laut Page
Vol. LXXXT No. 27.326
New Vork Tribune Jn-.*i
FRIDAY, SEPTEM BER i), X9?1
* * * *
In Greater New Torfe
Within 200 -lilr
Outline*, in Four Minut?e,
Construe tivePrograin Ex?
ceeding Hylan Regime's
Effort* of Last i Years
propres a Rim for
Citv Transit Wheel
Calls for Belt Lines, Five
Cent Fare, Home Rule
ja Solving Problems
?7]ii!e the Hylan administration has
j.tea twittering for f-_r rears ?boot
the transit problem -without offering a
?ingle constructive suggestion ?toward
Us real solution, it took Borough
Preiident Henry H. Curran, RepubH
cn-Coalition candidate for the mayor
?lty nomination, about four minute!
during _is speech at the Bronx Countj
Kep-blican Club last night to offer ?
constructive plan- Major Curran re
iterr-ted his irrevocable stand againsi
tie present traction program, whicl
likes the power of iealing with th<
problem from the Board of Estim?t*
and vest, it in the State Transit Com
rifjion. as a great invasion of bomi
rule,'and ba?ed his own solution on thi
return to power of the Board of Es
tiinate- to deal with this .important cit;
Mr. Currar ('.escribed the growth o
I the city with lower Mr.nr-attan as it
nuclei's and explained that a? a resul
transit lines had for generations growi
to tk- - itii -nd soutn iines. More re
eent'y, when improved transit was de
mand-ed by other boroughs, ho con?
tinued, transi: growth continued t
de-elop from lower Manhattan, th
linea to the other boroughs rad'.atin
from this vicinity like spokes froi:
the bub of a wheel.
Calls It Rimless Wheel
But it was a rimless wheel, Mr. Cut
ran pointed out The traveler froi
?he Bronx to Brooklyn had to travers
a sooke to the hub of the whs-il an
''?en follow another ?poke to Brooklyi
What was needed, said the speake
were rims to the transit wheel of th
city, giv ng tb?1 transportation systei
a spider web design instead of that f
s riml-S- wbeeL Future constructie
-haul- be undertaken with such a pia
mind) he said, and eventually a
adequate tran-it system would resuit.
"Nr remedy /or our transport?t.;_
troui-ies can be reaily effective unies
ine city is cor--?.lted and has oower !
.1 tof-Ugh the Board o? Estimate
k ?'-i-i the B-vo'i.'.'b President "This cm
| ?'i\ never vi?-v with confidence ti
I -ori of an agency that is sent dov
-Cff from Albany, under the ove
.'ordship of the state, to do ou" ov
-x-.l work for use in spite of us. Ai
right here 1 give you now my own co
Motion of the ultimate solution of t'
rhoie -roblent of overcrowding in N?
?; City. In solving this problem
?a -he Board of Estim?t, and Appt
...?????;>. that must lead the way.
A C>'ty of Inlands
'The City of New York is essentia'
? city of islands. Amoiig all \,he fi
wrought there is only one bounda
between boroughs that is not a riv
or a bay. That part of the line r.
treeri Brocklyn and Queens that li
stween th? head of ?Cowtown Creek
???.'.?:h -ftc,-v,-< uno the Ea3t River?a
Pk head of Spring Creek?which flo
hito Jamaica Bay?is the one bounds
that is merely an arbitrary line on t
inap. The re.n cf our boundaries ?
wtter boundaries and were given to
Sy natur?. if there way only a har
V-l of people in each of these fi
island borough, the transport?t!
from ene ,to the other would not
difficult. _ We began with ferryboa
but, as the city's population increaf
? rem decade to decade, we had to co
to bridges and then to tunnels. 1
speed of this merease in population 1
outstripped our utmost endeavors
keep pace v/jrh it in the work of g?
?rnment We are behind in the c<
-traction of homes, the building
rchocis, -m policing, in fire figh'ti
but, more than all, in transportai
V.c have never mught up. If we V
s.v. even distribution cf populat
arnong the five borough- we shoi
??till be behind. But let us see wl
'"' - - * i-?.-"-, fif.velY.xiJ-is. in M
Wttan from the Battery northward, ?
'-' ?*- trend went sttadily northw,
___ ^on'lnu d on pace thr_e)
Keeps Hanging Arounc
Until She Calls Poli
But ?rving?on Man's Repeat
Efforts W ith Noose Fail
to End His Life
Sreciai Dispatch to The Tribuno
.ntVlNGTO-N, N. J., Sept. 8.?M?
?W B.rrer ?erved notice on Ph
*cili to-day that if he didn't b
nsnging around her home on Twer
n?t Street, she'd call a policerr
????ym.-l'y she had to.
?When she got home about noor.
wand VoUz for the first time.
?a<- made a Blip noose in a rope ;
'??Pended himself by the neck froi
Pi'iay of her front porch.
?isa B-irrer cut. him down, and
Mt8vf?ed to bc '???uf-onscious went
,t " p. Hearing a noise just a
?' bad closed the front gate, she
I! ,? 8nd there "as Volt- han?
S?"? again. This time when
.-j * ,lown b* fel1 with a
J.n? Miss Burrer was sure she
9?e to get help before he -w<
Sbe came back in '? few minutes \
...g r*0"? who cut Volt?, down for
;?* 'aid him on the porch. Thifl t
*n?y managed to find a patrolman,
"wrned with Miss 3urrer. cut
??"?ortened rope from whi h Volt?.
",*_|'ng ai - took him to City 1
*-w- -n Newark,
New Alaskan Gold Stril
Miners Rush to ''Richest Fii
Sine**? Clearv Creek
FAIRBANKS, Alaska, Sept. 7.
jwns here last night described the
;*P ?old strike since Cleary Creek
^"g Wilbur Creek north of here
n--*1*9* e ?* m'neri and prospectors
?reaer way immediately.
-i_*Vlvtes re?ch>n*' "?h? Fairb
?w? Miner" by telegraph, mail ato
?g^ea. indicated sensational discov?
-'iSlVf j e left to investigate.
'yCg&ned bonan-* was a few miles
Jf"**? PeUU? were meager,
Worst Phase of Russian Famine
Near as Food Store Dwindles
Slight Relief Afforded by Meager August Crop? Will
Not Last into October; Conditions
Then Will Be Appalling
By C. E. Bechhofer
Special Cable to The Tr;buv-,
Copyright. 1921. New York Tr'bunc Inc.
MOSCOW, Sept. 8.?In view of the
i conflicting and often inaccurate state
I meats regarding famine conditions in
j Russia that have been made public,
'. sometimes through ignorance an-i
1 Sometimes by political intent, a gen
; eral picture based on personal observa -
: tion and information on the situation
at the present moment may be of as?
The famine has been somewhat re?
lieved for the moment as the result
of recent, harvesting and the horror?
so generally described are not alto?
gether universal, except among r??f
uge?s and in those villages where the
crops failed entirely. The situation in
j many places is more difficult than it
I was two months ago, but will soon be
| far worse than ever before, because
I the miserably ir sufficient harvest in
these places will suffle?-? to tide the
| people over only tw or three weeks.
? After this the prospect is terrible
| Here are some typical examples of
the present situation:
In the case of the Samara province,
I the first signs of famine appeared last
? November i'nd December, when, after
! a partial failure of the crops, requlsi
! tions for the Red army that'was fight?
ing against General Wrangel in south
em Russia were carried out on a large
scale without, a properly organized
system. Prices rose enormously. The
population, anxious to avoid the requi
(Contlnucd en r>?xt naoe>
Seat Pledge Is
Cut to 12,606
30,000 New Desks Promised
in June Dwindle Again
as Work Is Held Up on
Two Brooklyn Buildings
Delayed by Indifference
Board's Red Tape Halts
Plan to Speed Up Program
as Opening Day Nears
Mayor Hylan's specific promise ?n
Jane that 30,000 new seats would bo
provided for children in the public
schools when they opened in the fall
underwent another serious shrinkage
yesterday. It was learned that the con?
tractors had be?n unable to complete
the work on one new school and one
new addition, with the result that the
total number of new seats available or.
Monday next, when the schools open
has been reduced to 12,606, of whicr
number 348 are for high school pur
The new school which will not b(
ready is Public School 57, at Crot?n?
Avenue and 180tb Street, the Bronx
with a capacity of 1,985 seats. The ad
dition is at Public School 73, MeDouga
Street and Rockaway Avenue, Brook
lyn, with a capacity for 60S children
In both cases the lack of school fumi
ture is holding up the completion o
The inefficiency of the Hearst-Hyla:
Tammany administration is illustrate
; in the case of the addition to Bryan
| High School, which is under construe
' tion at Radde and Academy street;
! Long Island City. The addition con
j sists of an auditorium, gymnasifln
shop-room facilities, and ciass-rooni;
The contract for this addition wa
i awarded on May 27, 1920. Work on th
addition was suspended on May 11 la;
because of the financial difficulties c
tho contractor. The amount of til
contract is $500,500.
Entire Work Held Up
As a result of this situation the ei
t;re work has been held up while ne
bids were advertised for, because U
surety companies declared that r
agreement could be reached wheret
they could take up and complete tt
This impasse is the direct result (
the failure to make the surety con
panies party to the contract, as wt
done on previous contracts. In h
semi-annual report C. B. J. Snyde
Superintendent ? of School Building
"The Board of Education of the o
City of New York required that tl
sureties on construction contrac
should become parties of the thii
"The delays which ensued in the fi?
ishing up of the Evander Childa Hif
School in the Bronx are now perha]
to be duplicated in the Bryant Hij
School, Long Island City.
"In both cases the general contra
tors, for financial reasons, stoppt
work and the surety companies refusi
to proceed. This would not have be?
possible under the former metho
which should now be taken up and,
possible, put into force."
Another reform which has been pi
sistently advocated in construct'.!
work is that of letting complete co
tracts; for school buildings, to inclu
construction, sanitary, heating, elf
trical and ventilation work, to a sing
In order to induce the board to u
dertake this reform Mr. Snyder's b
re.au drew such a contract for the pi
posed new Public Schools 183, 184 a
186 in Brooklyn. These contracts j
centiy were awarded to the T. A. Ciar
Company for $2,317,000, and they a
the first of their kind in the histo
of the Board of Education. It was c
(Continued ?n pig? thrae)
Rum Hunters in
i Dress Suits Raid
Top-Hatted Trio of Federal
Agents Arrest Proprietor
and Trusting Head Waiter
After Getting Half Pint
Broadway Gels on Wagon
! S 100,000 More of Stolen
Permit Liquor Is Seized
in 3 Box Cars in Brooklyn
, The Federal raiders who have been
i concentrating their forces here, with
j the avowed intention of parching New
j York, hit Broadway last night. Three
prohibition enforcement agents in
i evening dress arrested the proprietor
: and head waiter of the Century Prom
? cnade, on the roof of the Century
! Theater, Sixty-second Street and Cen
? tral Park West.
It took less than half an hour for the
? news to traverse Broadway. The first
j arrest in the Broadway campaign took
place about 10 o'clock. At 10:30 rcstau
i rants and caft?3 where whisky formerly
| was to be had at from $8 to $12.50 a
j pint, were greeting all inquiries with
! chii? and suspicious glances. Not a
: drop was to be had from Seventy
second Street to Thirty-second. Broad
! way was dry?until this flurry should
; Sigmund Werner, the restaurateur,
? who leases the Century Promenade
! from the Shuberts, and Joseph Burk,
: his head waiter, were the men arrested.
? The former was' charged with main
i taining a public nuisance and the lat
! ter with selling liquor illegall>. After
| they had waited for some time at the
! West Sixty-eighth Street police sta
i tioTi for some one to furnish $1,000
| bail apiece the two prisoners acqui
i esced in th.: suggestion of the police
j that they do the rest of their waiting
j in cells in the West Thirtieth Street
I police station. They will be arraigned
i before United States Commissioner
? Hitchcock Monday.
Raiders in Top Hats
j Prohibition enforcement agents Wit
I tenberg, Kerrigan and Toplitz, whe
; made the arrests, didn't wait to sec
! whether their prisoners got. bail. They
straightened their ties, pulled dowi
I their white waistcoats, dusted off thoii
j pumps, smoothed their lop hats affec
j tionately and drove off in a taxicab, or
Their attire was such as to attract
? no attention beyond a casual glane*
' of admiration, when they entered th?
: Century Promenade at the dinner hour
j They dined heartily and well and sa'
? approvingly through the first part o
i the show, sipping ginger ale withoui
; much gusto.
When their ginger ale was ex
; hausted Wittenberg signaled theii
1 waiter and asked him in confidentia
'tones if there was a chap named Jo?
? Burk about the place. The waiter as
; sured him that there was, that Mr
| Bulk was head waiter. Wittenberj
looked pleased and said he'd like t<
? see Joe again. The waiter departed
| visibly impressed, and presently Mr
I Burk materialized at the table when
?the three immaculate enforcemen
Mr. Wittenberg was not effusive, hi
! was not even excessively cordial. IL
| had the manner of a man who knowi
| many head waiters when he inquired
\ not without interest, if he hadn't me
I Mr. Burk some place. Mr. Burk, ac
cording to Wittenberg, thought tha
he? was right and finally hit upoi
Havana as the probable scene of thei
Mr. Wittenberg looked midly re
licved; of course it was Havana, am
he had heard since coming to Ne\
York that a chap who knew Mr. Bur
iu Havana might hope for somethir.i
to lighten the blue gloom of Broadwa;
1 (Contln-ied on page nina)
Costly Paintings Damaged by
$25,000 Fire in Speyer Home
Costly oil paintings in the dining
room of the home of James Speyer,
banker, at 10DS Fifth Avenue, were
badly damaged i*i a fire that started at
3:30 o'clock yesterday ufternoon.
Early reports were to the effect that
the loss was between $100,000 and
$200,000, but M% Speyer's secretary
last night placed the damage at $25,000.
The fire was in a wall of the dining
room behind an electric heater and
near a door that opens from the dining
room into the pantry. It. was caused
by a short circuit, m the opinion of
Mr. Speyer is in Europe. The blaze
was discovered by the caretaker on the
premises adjoining the Speyer home.
He ?aw a cloud of smoke billowing
from one of the dining room windows
and notified Martin Beuttner, caretaker
at the Speyer home. He and Beuttner
entered the house through the base?
ment and hurried to the smoke-filled
I room. Beuttner attached a line of hose
I to a standpipe and began fighting the
| blaze. The other caretaker turned in
' the alarm.
When firemen arrived they found the
, blaze under control, Beuttner having
, succeeded in confining it to the dining
I room. The firemen were forced, how
? ever, to tear out a section of the wall
j and a part, of the ceiling to make cer
j tain the bls;;e would not break out
anew, in tearing out the ceiling an
? oil painting and tie p.neling of inlaid
; gold surrounding it \ ere damaged.
Other paintings were damaged by
; water and smoke. Valuable furniture
j also was damaged in this way.
One of the paintings that adorned
I the dining room wall was "Lady of the
| Carnations," by Nicole.s de Largilliere,
?an early French, master. This paint
j ?ng, it is said, is worth $50,000. It
! was not learned last night whether it
j ?uiTercd any damage.
The Actors' Fund drive of two year.
j ago was inaugureted at the Speyei
I home and it has been the scene o?
| many notable functions.
In Tax Bill
; Urges Senate Finance |
Committee Practically !
to Rewrite Measure as It
Was Passed by House
Increase of Normal Cor?
poration Levy to 15 %
Also Is Recommended
| WASHINGTON! ?Sept. 8.?Sweeping
changes in the Fordney revenue and tax
,revis'on bill passed by the House, which ;
.would compel rewriting of the meas-;
?uro by Ihs Senate, were recommended \
? to the ?Senate Finance Committee]
?to-day by Secretary of the Treasury!
' Mellon. Some of the Secretary's pro?
posals wer ? :'
Repeal of the excess profits tax '
i effective as of last January first, in- ,
! stead of next January first.
Retention of all of the transporta- i
| tion taxes for the calendar year 1922,
j but at half the present rates instead
of complete repeal as of next Janu?
Repeal of the capita! stock tax,
effecthe next year, an entirely new \
Reduction of the. maximum income
surtax rate from 63 per cent to 25 !
per cent, effective January 1, 1922, '?
instead of to 32 per cent, as pro- !
vided in the House bill.
An increase of 5 per cent, instead
of 2"/2 per cent in the normal cor- j
poration income tax, making the total ;
15 per cent, retroactive to last. Janu- j
A manufacturers' tax on cosmetics j
and proprietary medicines to replace
the present stamp taxes which were \
eliminated by the House.
Retention next year of the. taxes on ;
insurance premiums, bui at one half j
the present rates.
Approves Other Features
With these exceptions the Treasury i
Secretary was understood to have ap?
proved the House measure with its !
provisions for an increase .of $500 in !
the exemption to heads of families hav- :
ing net incomes of $5,000 a year or less '?
and $200 additional for dependents; for j
decreased rates on sporting goods,
yachts and furs, and for manufacturers' ?
taxes on syrups and other ingredients '
of soft drinks in lieu of the present
so-called nuisance taxes'.
Mr. Mellon was before the committee '
at two sessions and there was a general j
discussion of hip recommendations as i
well as of the probable revenue needs ;
of the government for this fiscal year, i
The Secretary placed these at $4,034,
000,000 on the basis of the reduction j
in expenditures agreed upon p.t the ,
White House tax conference last
August 9, and estimated that $800,000,- :
000 of this total would be raised from '
non-tux sources, such as customs,
salvage and the like, leaving $3,234,
000.000 to come from internal taxes.
This total ?s $134,000,000 less than
the estimated receipts under the House
bill for this year, the difference being
accounted for through repeal of the ex?
cess profits tax as of last January 1.
It was to make up the loss from the .
profits tax that Mr. Mellon proposed an:
additional 2% per cent increase in the
corporation income tax, retention of,
the transportation and insurance pre?
mium taxes and restoration of the taxes
on cosmetics and proprietary medi?
The additional corporation income
tax is estimated by Treasury officials '.
to yield approximately $260,000,000 a
year. The transportation tax would re?
turn $130,000,000" next year, at half the
present rates, and the levies on cos- ?
metics and medicines an additional
Predicts Ultimate Gain
Explaining his proposal for a further .
reductionof 7 per cent in the maximum
income, surtax rates, Mr. Mellon was
said to, have told the committee that
the lower rate eventually would return
a greater yield to the government than
the 32 per cent rate, because additional
money would be. diverted to active busi?
ness instead of being invested in tax
exempt securities. I
It was stated that there was no dis-;
cussion of new sources of taxation
and that none was recommended by
Mr. Mellon, who estimated that the
House bill, as amended in accord with I
his recommendations, would meet the !
needs of the government, provided the j
economies agreed upon at the White
House conference were effected. He ,
was said to have told the committee
that he thought they would be, and ?
the committee members generally were ?
reported as having agreed with him.
As to the authorization in the House
bill for the Treasury to issue $500,- :
000,?100 additional in short-term notes, |
it was said officially that this had no :
relation to any anticipated deficit and ;
was not wholly necessary, as the Tr'eas- ?
ury had asked for it merely with the I
idea .of having a little more margin in '
funding Victory notes and certificates
of indebtedness into short-term securi?
The radical alterations in virtually ,
all the important features of the bill ?
advocated by the Secretary support
entirely the recently announced de- j
termination of Chairman Penrose and
members of the Senate committee to
abandon the House measure and re- j
rort to the Senate when it reconvenes
this month a new bill.
Hold All-Day Hearing
To-lrv's hearing of the Secretary wa3
?a all-day executive session. The com?
mittee met early in the morning and
continued until mid-afternoon, when
it tcok :i brief recess for luncheon.
Afterwar?.' committeemcn ana the Sec?
retary returned to the committee room
and nn.med the hearing until latj
Senator Penrose announced that thd
actual work of framing the new reve?
nue bill will be taken up to-morrow.
The committee will disregard almost
entirely the House bill and begin at
the bottom to build up a measure which
will embody a complete revision of the
revenue laws without merely amending
Until to-morrow not the slightest bit
of work will have been done in the
way of committee discussion of th?
various forms of taxation. Despite
this. Senator Penrose again declared
he intends to have the new measure
ready for the Senate on September 21.
THK BALKAMS. DIxviHe Natch, N. II.. j
offers special Autumn rates.?Auvi. 1
International Law Leader
Confers With President
and Hughes, Discussing
the Corning Conference
U. S. Delegation
Reduced to Four
Change in Plan to Name;
Five Members Prevents
Choice of Sutherland!
By Carter Field
WASHINGTON, Sept. 8.--Elihu Root j
will he appointed a representative of i
the United States to the Conference on !
the Limitation of Armament,, it is be- ?
lieved here tonight. President Harding is :
known to have expressed a desire with- i
in the last few days to have the distin- ?
guished New York statesman on the !
commisson and it is believed that he !
tendered the place to Mr. Root to-day. !
Mr. Root spent an hour with the i
President this morning, then more than !
an hour with Secretary of State i
Hughes, and later returned to the 1
White House for lunch with the Prosi- '
dent. No confirmation could be obtained I
from Mr. Root, the White House or the !
State Department that an offer' of the !
place had been made' to Mi. Root or j
that it had been discussed. It is known.
however, that President Harding de- ;
sired Mr. Root to serve and that, the :
situation with regard to the conference i
was discussed at length by Mr. Root (
and Mr. Hughes,
Another important development of i
the day with regard to the personne!'
of the conference was that the Ameri- :
can delegation probably will consist of]
four instead of five members, as o rig- !
Number Never Was Fixed
No formal announcement ever has
been made as to the number of men
who would represent this country on*
the conference, but it has b'jen as- j
sumed both at the White Ho.ise and
at the State Department that the num.- ?
bei- would be at least live. There have
been times when it was thought by ?
Administration officials that as many '
as six Americans might be named.
President Harding's own choice was
five, it is declared, but the informai ;
conversations which have been con?
stantly proceeding between the powers;
which will participate have apparently
resulted in the change to four members '.
for this -ountry.
As it stands to-night the American
delegation probably wiii consist of
Charles E. Hughes, chairman; Senator
Henry Cabot Lodge, Elihu Root and
Oscar W. Underwood. If another change
should ensue as to the number of |
American members, so as to make- it j
five, there is little doubt thai ex-Sena-'
tor George Sutherland, of Utah, will be;
the fifth American.
The appointment of Mr. Root, though '
it had been strongly urged by The j
Tribune and many Republican leaders,
had not been considered likely until \
the last few days. There is excellent
authority for the statement that Mr. ?
Root was not in the original slate. Ad- j
ministration officials up until a few!
days 'ago had considered that Senator I
Philander C. Knox would he appointed.
Opinion here is that Senator Knox and I
ex-Senator Sutherland have been|
eliminated by the decision to have only ?
four American representatives and j
what is believed to have been the de-i
cisi?n to appoint Mr. Root.
Diplomats Are Pleased
There is profound satisfaction evi?
dent here over the belief that the
President will appoint Mr. Root. Dip?
lomats, political' leaders and adminis- i
tration officials all feel that there j
would have been a distinct loss to the i
armament limitation eonference if Mr.
Root had not been a 'member.
The Tribune's disclosure a few days
ago that Mr. Root's services were being
sought by the South China, or Canton, ;
government brought, a prompt reac- \
lion here among the admirers of the
New Yorker, all of whom seemed to ,
tr.ke the view that it would be a pity ?
for a brain such as Mr. Root's to be
employed as a counsel advocating one I
side of a controversy, which, important
__ it may be to those interested, is not i
one of the major problems confronting j
the conference, rather than employed j
in the interest of the United States i
and the world in working toward a 1
solution of the controversies between \
this country and Japan, and following !
that toward a reduction of armament ?
There is keen regret here also at the
apparent decision to reduce the number
of American members to four. ex
Stnator Sutherland would have been of ?
gri at value as a member of the con- ;
ference, it is pointed out here. Al- i
though he was born in England, it is j
r.ot thought that this had anything to
do with his elimination. President
Harding is knov?n to have leaned on ?
him heavily in working out his speeches
on international subjects during the .
There is also great disappointment |
that Senator Knox will not be included, ?
on account of his great experience in i
international affairs and his fine mind. \
Britain Pledges Irish
Full Hearing on Every
Issue Except Republic
Text of Lloyd George's Note
INVERNESS, Scotland, Sept. 8 (By The Associated Press).?The
text of the note sent by Premier Lloyd George to Eqmon de Valera, after
the Cabinet meeting here yesterday, follows:
"Government by consent of the ?
governed is the basic principle of
the British constitution, but we can?
not accept as the basis of a prac?
tical conference an interpretation
thereof which would commit us to
any demands you might present,
even to the extent of setting up a
republic and repudiating the Crown.
"You must be aware that a confer?
ence on such a basis is impossible.
?So applied, the principle of govern?
ment by consent of the governed
would undermine the fabric of every
democratic state and drive the civil?
ized world back into tribalism.
"On the other hand, we have in?
vited you to dis.-mss our proposals
on their merits, in order that you
may have no doubt as to the scope
and sincerity of our intentions.
"It would be open to you in such
a conference to raise the subject of
guaranties qh any point in which
you may consider Irish freedom preju?
diced by these proposals. His majes?
ty's government are loath to believe
that you will insist upon rejection
of their proposals without examin?
ing them in a conference.
"To decline to discuss a settlement
which would bestow upon the Irish
! people the fullest freedom for na- I
: tional development with the empire
| can only mean that you repudiate all
allegiance to the crown and all mem?
bership in the British commonwealth. \
"If we were to draw this infer?
ence from your letter, then further |
j discussions between us could serve
? no useful purpose and all confer?
ences would be in vain. If. however,
; we are mistaken in this inference, as
'? we still hope, and if your real objec
? tion to our proposals is that they
: offer Ireland less than the liberty we
' have described, that objection can be
explored at a conference.
"You will ?~.gree that this corre?
spondence has lasted long enough.
His Majesty's government must there?
fore ask for a definite reply as to
whether you are prepared to enter a
conference to ascertain how the nsso
j cir.tion of Ireland with the community
I of nations known as the British Em
; pire can best be reconciled with Irish
: national aspirations.
"If, as we hope, your answer is in
the affirmative I suggest that the con
\ ference should meet at Inverness on
\ the 20th instant."
$5 for Dog, but
No Bid on Idle
Men at Auction
Jobless, Stripped to Waist,
Put on Block in Boston
Common. Where Garrison
Once Offered Slaves
War Veterans on Sale
Thousands Attend and Some
Pledge Shelter and Food ;
Event to Continue Daily
BOSTON, Sept. 8.?Jobless men were
placed on the auction block on Boston
Common to-day. Stripped to the wai_t,
after the custom of the old slave auc?
tions, they declared their willingness
to work, by standing before a crowd of
thousands, offering their services to
the highest bidder.
"Shcrn lambs of unemployment,"
their auctioneer, Urbain Ledoux, called
them. Ledoux, a philanthropic worker
v/ho recently opened the "church of
the unemployed" led a group of fifty
to the Common to bring home, he said,
to the people of Boston their stories
of human misery, just as William ?
Lloyd Garrison pleaded for the slaves
on the same spot seventy years ago. i
It was to prove that his charges were
not parasitic floaters, but instead good
citizens out of a job, that he put some ?
of them on the block, he explained.
Ledoux's efforts to get work for his I
men were not rewarded. Of the three
who stood up for bids none went awav
to a job, although from the crowd came
pledges of help to tide them over a
week or two whilo they sought employ?
ment. Their leader said, however, that
he considered he had succeeded in
bringing their plight and the honesty
of their purpose to public attention,
and he announced that the auction was !
to be a daily event, to be continued at j
least for the remainder of the month, i
Ledoux and his men, box lunches in j
hand, came to the Common from the j
West End headquarters, where he ha_ i
fed hundreds in the last week. While j
they munched their sandwiches he
called for volunteers to stand at auc?
tion prepared to work for a week for |
the highest bidders. Eight men stepped j
out, two of them Wo-ld War veterans, !
most Of them in c' )thing that was
frayed and shoes w II down at the I
heels. Each was askea how long he had j
been out of work and without food and ?
One man had not worked for a year, j
Another had eaten only twice a week j
in lix months of unemployment.
James Ferris, twenty-five years old,
an upstanding man who said he had j
served four years in. the army, was
called to the block on the steps of j
the Parkman Memorial bandstand. He !
stripped to the waist and, while Ledoux j
directed, went through the army calis- ?
thentics to show the extent of his mus- ;
?Continu.-?! on pane six)
Calder Advises. 2.75 Beer, $5
A Barrel Tax, as Revenue Spur
From The, Tribune's Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON. Sept. S .? Senator
William E. Calder laid to-day before
President; Harding an entirely new
plan for raising government revenues,
which has as its principal features
increasing the lawful alcoholic? per?
centage of beer to 2.75 per cent and
levying heavier duties on that hever
agc and withdrawals of liquors from
More than $200,000,000 could be col?
lected by the Treasury, according to
Senator Calder'.s estimates, should his
plan be incorporated in the revenue
bill now before the Senate Finance
Committee, of which he is a member.
The excise duty on withdrawals of
bonded liquors he would increase for
both medicinal and beverage purposes
to a fia". $5.40 a gallon. Bosed on the
total withdrawal? of 20,000,000 gal'ons
last year. Senator Calder believes this
increase would net the government at
least $1 ;0,000,000.
After permitting the manufacture of
2.75 per cent beer, his plan calls for a
i tax of $5 a barrel on all manufactured.
? This duty, it is believed, would vield
j close to another $100,000,000.
It is understood that President Har
j ding did not express an opinion upon
i the plan and declared it was a matter
| that should be handled entirely by Con
? gress. At the same time he did not
| criticise any part of the proposal.
"I do not want to propose anything
; which would be contrary to the Eight
. eenth Amendment. My sole object i.-:
; to find a way to incre-.se the povern
; ment revenues," explained Senator
: Calder, following his visit to the White
"There may be some objection to my
: beer amendment to the revenue bill oh
i various grounds. However, I am told
; that beer containing less than 3 per
! cent alcohol is not intoxicating. While
11 am not a chemist, I can think of no
! objection to 2.75 beer. I would put a
'. ta:: on beer of $5 a bane!.
"The present lev;; on whisky is $2.20
?a gallon on liquor to he used for me?
dicinal purposes and $4.i?0 for other
To Ignore U. S.
World Reduction of Force
Must Proceed at Once
Without Regard to Wash?
ington Parley, Cecil Says
Assails Stand on Mandate
Protest by America Is Late,
Assembly Told in Demand
That Action Be Speeded
By Wilbur Forrest
Special Cable to The Tribune ,
Copyright, 1921, New York Tribune Inc.
GENEVA, Sept. 8.?Two of the
strongest supporters of the League of
Nations made strong attacks on it at
the Assembly session to-day. Lord
Robert Cecil, sitting as a delegate
from South Africa, assailed the organi?
zation for failing in its greatest duty
? the bringing about of a world reduc?
tion of armaments and the establish
ment of a reign of peace. Hjalmar ?
Branting, the Swedish Socialist leader, (
criticized the league for its secret :
ways, its extravagance and the ten- j
dency of the Council to ossume the ?
proportions of "a great, governing \
Both speakers made their criticism j
constructive, for both emphasised that
the league was not doomed because its !
accomplishments had not come up to ?
U. S. Criticized on Mandate
Lord Robert criticized the Washing?
ton government for delaying the set?
tlement of the question of mandates.
Although he insisted that it was not 1
his purpose to assail the United States, <
Lord Robert referred again to the bad j
influence America was having on the :
league when he said:
"The United States, of course, is en- i
titled to pursue its own policy, but I
merely cali the attention of the As?
sembly to the way in which this delay
affects the reputation and the actual
work of the league."
The league's hesitancy to cross the
United States, either by anticipating
the work of the November conference
in Washington on the limitation of
armaments or by jeopardizing the
chances of getting America ? into .the
league by taking a step counter to the
expressed wishes of the Washington
government, was evident in the current
of feeling in the assembly that brought
forth Lord Robert's speech. His refer- ,
enc.es to the "silent, stultifying influ?
ence" of the projected November gath?
ering on the activities of the league
could not have been plainer, although
he did not refer to it specifically or t?
the Un red States in that part of his
Pointing to the financial sacrifices
which the nations were making for
armaments. Lord Robert continued:
"International fear and international
suspicion- these are- the motives im
(Contlnucd on ncxf page)
Kills Two Police Chiefs,
Also an Aid and Escapes
Posse Pursues Slayer of tub?
bing, Minn., Officers; Wanted
Also on Statutory Charge
HIBBING.' Minn., Sept. 8.- Chief of
Police Daniel Hays and Chief of De
tectives Gene Cassidy and William
, Kohrt. a traffic officer, were shot to death
by John Webb, at Nelson, just south
of Hibbing, late to-day. The policemen
were attempting to arrest Webb on a
Webb fled toward Wilpin, and is be?
ing pursued by a posse of several
An eighteen-year-old son of Webb's
came her.i this afternoon and swore
out a warrant against his father, al?
leging an offence against Webb's
When Chief Hays went to the Webb
home he was shot through the heait
and killed by Webb. Cassidv ?.vas shot
in the shoulder, dying within a few
minuter. Kohrt also was hit in the
Webb has the reputation of bj.rg a
crack shot and the posse men were
warned about this.
Webb is a widower and the father of
Question of Guaranties
is Open to Discussion,
Lloyd George Assures
De Valera in Letter
Peace Road Open
Sept. 20 Is Fixed as Date
for Conference; Quick
Reply Demanded. Fur?
ther Notes Held Useless
By Arthur S. Draper
I From The Tribune's European Bureau
j Copyright. 1921. New York Tribune Inc.
LONDON, Sept. 8.?If Sinn F?in
wants to send its leaders to meet the
British Cabinet they may come un
trammeled by conditions and free to
point out in what ways Lloyd
George's peace offer is inadequate.
the Premier has written Eamon de
? Valera, the republican leader. The
j way to complete discussion is open,
; except that any proposals for the
j repudiation of the crown or the set
! ting up of an Irish republic are "Irs
The Premier's communication, the
I text of which was made public here
? to-c?ay, invites the Sinn Fein leaders
! to confer wth the members of the
British government at Inverness,
Scotland, on September 20, "to as?
certain how the association of Ire
j land with the community of nations
? known as the British Empire can
? best be reconciled with Irish national
The note, free as it is of restric
j tions on the proposed meeting, is be
j lieved here to make the way easy for
! acceptance by De Valera and his
Puts End to ~Sote Writing
; The Lloyd George reply, most recent
I ?ink in the correspondence that has
been exchanged in the last six weeks
between London and Dublin, is couched
In temperate language, although it say?
plainly: "I think you will agree that
this correspondence has lasted long
enough.'' The note, which is short, Be?
gins by refusing to accept the inter?
pretation proposed by De Valera, th?t
further parleys be held on the broad
principle of government by the consent
of the governed. That, says Lloyd
George, would commit the British gov?
ernment to -cceptance of the setting
up of an Irish republic.
"You must be aware," says the com?
munication, "that a conference on such
a 'oasis is impossible."
Premier Lloyd George adds, how?
ever, that De Valera, in the suggested
conference at Inverness, may raise the
subject of guarantees on any point on
which he considers that Irish freedom
is prejudiced by the British proposals.
Liberties Subject to Discussion
The Premier says he hesitates to draw
from the Sinn F?in leader's latest let?
ter that he repudiates all allegiance
to the crown and all membership in the
British commonwealth, and points out
that this inference would make all con?
ference vain. The Premier expresses
the hope that such an inference whs
mistaken, and says the objection that
the government's prooosals offer Ire?
land less than the liberty described
can be explored at the conference.
In conclusion, Lloyd George asks a
definite reply to the invitation to meet
As viewed here, Premier George's
letter seems to be designed as an at?
tempt to reconcile the differences be?
tween the British and Irish points of
view. It makes clear that the Cabinet
will not talk independence and' implies
that the final formula of association
must square with the six conditions
originally laid down by the Premier,
It does not demand from De Valera,
however, a formal repudiation of hi? de?
mand for independence in advance, of
the conference. It only invites him to
confer on the basis of reconciling Irish
national aims with the make-up of tho
The note.'foreshade.whig the close of
the protracted negotiations with Dub?
lin, is regarded in London as marking
a long step toward peace.
Not Regarded as Ultimatum
LONDON, Sept. 8 i By The Asso?
ciated' Press. i. -Premier Lloyd Georg,.'?
letter to Eamon.de Valera, like all his
communications since the Irish nego?
tiations began, is characterized by
punctilious consideration for the Sinn
F?in. While it sugges s a date for the
proposed conference, it is in no sense
an ultimatum and set? Co time limit
to the negotiations. In fact, it tend*
to prove what has been contended
throughout by those close to the Pre
mier, that he earnestly desire? " ?ettjt?-?
The belief ?* almost universal to?
night that Mr. De Valera will accept
that what the Premier offers is what
Mr. de Valera desire?, namely an tin
trammeied conference, with the single
condition that Ireland retrain \ in the
British Empire?. The guaranties which
Mr. de Valera i-* suppose?! to haw i?;
mini are memberships in the League
of Nations and the dominions' confer?
ence, and these, it i? believed, the gov?
ernment would ba willing to grant.
Assuming that the conference will
meet as suggested, there is stili th*?
question of Ulster, which is not
touched in the Premier's letter. Mr,
Lloyd George's original proposal wa?
for a triparthe conference, including
j Ulster, but up to the present there U
no sign that Ulster hat? yielded in the
? slightest in ils determination to baa?