Newspaper Page Text
[ADVERTISED IN THE
TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED
First to Last?the Truth: News
^"^ ?Hi Tribune lnr.>
SUNDAY, APRIL !). 1922?HJ
Editorials ? Advertisements
A( ; ES? VA UT I (Including Sport-)
T If E W B A T H E R
Shovrrs and cooler fo-day: to-morrow
ihowcr?; i-i;ifli becoming
Full rpport on pafic twrlve
FIVE CENTS "
? : tyn I
in f Kvrs
All Envoys at!
Paris Delegates Expected
to Fight Proposal, and
May Bolt Parley on
50 Nations Gather
Missions* Arrival Causes
Big Stir in Quiet Italian !
City; Hope to Win U. S.
i Support for Europe!
By Arthur S. Draper
/,-? '"??? v ne'a European Bureau |
?oprriffht .' vork Tribune Inc.
GENOA.AprilS.-?Pri mier Lloyd George '
?rrived here to-day at the head of the |
ftrit sh delegation, in readiness for the
formal opening Monday of the economic I
car.ferencc, in which fifty nations will j
tiki per*. '1 ' '? Keenest interest is '
??ken a*20ng a?! the delegations, par- ,
Ufculariythe French, in raporta that the ;
British Premier, regardless of all pre- j
jiminary agreements, will spring a sur- j
pride at the opening session in the
?ay of a general scheme for the dis
, armament of Europe.
Such a proposa!, it is certain, would
b? favored by a majority of the coun?
tries represented, but it would be di- ?
rectly contrary to French policy. Just !
?>w the Frene!-,, who under the Jead- i
ership of Loirs Barthou arc due here i
to-morrow, would counter such a sup;- ?
?osti?n is l.ard to forecast. All the j
delegates arc expecting a bombshell
from Lloyd George, and there will be i
considerable disappointment if he fails |
to live up to his reputation for dra- !
Flags Flying in Streets
The opening of the conference has ?
enlivened this ordinarily dull shipping ',
center an? flags are flying everywhere
along the streets. Italian soldiers po- ?
iiee the thoroughfares, and in every ?
square crowds of spectators gather to
catch sight of the distinguished for- ;
tign statesmen driving through the 1
city in guardc'l automobiles. Here and
there in American ting is flying and a :
^fod many American newspaper corre- j
pjMnda&t are i:i the city, but the ?
Washington government has no official \
delegate for the conference sessions.
American Ambassador Child will be in I
Genoa durirg the conference, but will |
'.ai.e no active part.
Jt is apparent that the Italians ap- I
prec?ate ful y the reasons which die- j
U ed the decision of the Washington j
Administration to stand aloof from
this international gathering and the ;
"try absence of American delegates
?ill increase the desire of the confer- j
wee to accomplish something which j
will give the United States no further
excuse for refusing to co-operate in the
reconstruction of Europe.
After Monday's formal meeting thpre j
fill be a lull at the conference during
Roly Wee'.;, but many of the delegates ;
Intend to hold private conferences. The j
polsheviki are going to make it their
Ipecial bui iness to see delegates of as
foanj different countries as possible in i
Wforti to conclude separate agreements
with them for economic concessions in i
Lloyd George Seen Leader
Llo; I George i^ looked to from all
glides for leadership at tor conference,
and its success seems to depend large- '
?J oi ??;.:? move he makes. He is do- !
tern incd, it is said among bib entour- j
ige, to try a bold stroke, and if he fol- I
? the example of Secretary Charles
ghes at the Washington confer- ?
?nee i e will plunge into his disarma- I
Bent pian.- at the outset. The Italians !
?ill support h im loyally, and so will I
fcost of the other countries. France !
?ill be an important execution. From !
rsris airead;.- has conic the hint that j
??< Trench will bolt if the disarma- ?
?y: 'lues! ion is raised. The French)
?legates do not have plenipotentiary j
P?*?s, ?t'l they must report every
thilj|to Paris before committing them
?five\finally. But the delay entailed by !
jrJ- ?d tape will not worry Lloyd j
One fting that seems certain of ac
coapu'stoicnt at the conference is the '
l?Bigthfning of relations between
wat Rritain, Italy and the neutrals
p wc side and Germany and Russia
en the other. The latter two are de
?J?nidto hanC together, at least for
Silent Curiosity Exhibited
Th?* was a large crowd at the rail?
way itat ion to meet Lloyd George, the
?itak?* Curzon, 1 oreign Secretary;
W l?b?tt Stevenson Home, Chancel
'? Mth) Exchequer, and other mem
*rs ?? the British delegation, but
if^tre w?ir.0 demonstration among the
JP'etstorland not a single cheer arose
?nnt tht|eopi(. !n the streets as the
?Utctts dive of? to their hotel near
v:,".tc 5aJ| silent curiosity was ex
IJMI ?hi the Japanese arrived, and
?V last of the Russian Bol
inued on psjt four)
* lappe\ Vindicated by
%ma\2,3QO Yrs. Old
"Maud," ?^ PHestes* of
?eaiple afh?bf>8. A'so Wore
JHIWDElIa. Pa.. April 8.-An
JWMaation |?Maud," latest acqui
?, oi the I'.adelphia Commercial
Ui",m- haslclosed that she has
??W and cul hair. A rumor that
ed to grow revealed
that it was just as i
in she arrived at the J
ceks ago, showing |
iw beyond the ap
? said to have dis
H ,, tcat hohl hair was in style,
ii?i.Vl' _amon?l. ''lite, in Thebes I
Maud" is a white
believed to have
haggard, but in
.an 2,000 years'
none of its curl
'i? ?air had
'"* as it v.-a<
Bo tendency 1
g? mummy a|
U lud" is ? }
M of her J
m ?er hair hal
? cal na
it the name
?uch time as it
it the ancient
= Russia =
In the Red Shadow
Transportation, Spun to the Finest Thread, Waf
First to Collapse?Locomotive Graveyard Is
Pathetic Sight?Stern Measures Taken
to Keep System Going at All
This is the seventh of a series of fifteen articles which present,
The Tribune believes, the closest picture of Russia that has yet been
available. Mr. Dickinson teas for four years the historian of the
American Relief Administration abroad. He has just returned from
a five thousand mile trip through the Soviet countrj.
By Thomas H. Dickinson
Copyright, 1922, Sew York Tribune Inc.
THE train on the main line from Samara'to Moscow is four days late
and losing more every hour. The wood is damp, the boiler joints
are defective. And so every half hour the train stops for twenty
minutes to get up steam to run ten minutes more. When steam is up the
engineer uses half his power to give a lusty and provocative whistle.
Such is the transportation system of Russia. Fuel is scarce and of
low quality. Rolling stock is in an incredible condition of collapse. The
Two big holdups recorded as En
right gets fast motor cars to chase
Robbers get away with $4,000 pay?
roll in Port Chester.
.Machine guns, searchlights and
barricades to halt border rum.
Ellis Island graft investigation
readies for men higher up.
Dier, former dentist, knows little
of brokerage failure costing millions.
Operator suggests commission of
public to settle coal strike.
Tiylan cheered as President and
next Mayor at bridge dedication.
Ice break may delay Stillraan wit?
ness at Canadian hearing.
Phone rate reduction put off again
as city's protest is deferred.
Pessibhj row seen in Salvation
Army "wet" controversy.
United States may recognize Ilussia
if Genoa conference is success.
Administration decider against
using Federal troops in coal fiolds
yr.lcss other measures fail.
Navy bill carrying ?233,L'24,000 am'
providing for carrying out 5-5-3 ratic
reported to House; Penby aseails it?
Part of Bureau of Engraving am
Printing clcsed for inventory.
Borah will seek deportation o
Hughes denies name of Christ wa
censored from Washington confer
ence opening prayer.
Senator Norris frames bill to hav
United States manufacture fertilize
at Muscle Shoals.
Dcnby closes navy wireless stj
tions to political speech makers.
Tariff bill to be reported to Sei
ate Tuesday or Wednesday; foreie
valuation agreed on.
Tension grows at Genoa as de!
gates await expected disarmamc
proposal of Lloyd George.
German note refusing Alii
moratorium conditions to be deli
Premier Bethlcn, of Hungary, te
Tribune Allied reparations poli
destroys hope of European rece
Mme. Jacques Lebaudy and 1
daughter, Jacqueline, arc reported
have disappeared in Pans.
Jean P. Day exonerated
Coroner's jury for killing Lieutcn
Colonel Paul W. Beck in his 01
homa City home. Mrs. Day t<
Seventeen reported killed, many
jured, much property damage
storm in Southwest.
Yankees defeat Dodgers, Bto
in opening game of year at Ebl
Giants take lead in senes v
White Sox by defeating Chicago;
5 to 3. _ ,
Henry Topping wins North
South amateur golf title by vie
over F. K. Robeson, 3 and 3.
Cambridge relay team def
Perm and Oxford quartets.
Principal college games: I
ham defeats Yale, 6 to 5; Colui
and N. Y. U. battle to tie; Pr
ton defeats Lehigh, ! to 1, J
defeats Dartmouth in fifteenth
ningl 6 to 5; Cornell defeats >
5 to' 4; Army defeats City Col
11 to 2. ___________
Hid Pint m Wooden I
SPARTANBURG, S. C April 8.
stored "use, of advers.ty 'prove
lengcr, f t and m
Ciash snlssh? was heard to .
?Inv him yesterday as he/h.
pan> aim r * policeman
down Mam ~?e? tJonpa cachc
SS? itg -as found to com
?int. of liq'ior._
?only thing that keeps the railroad,
j going is the patience of the railway
We are in the city of Shcbesh, or
the boundary line between Soviet Rus?
sia and Latvia. Hundreds of ears ol
, valuable products are held up for dayt
on account of the lack of locomotives
to carry them on. Everything thai
goes in and out of Russia must be
transshipped, except materials undci
international protection, such as relict
supplies. Neither Soviet Russia not
the countries adjoining? Poland, Lat?
via, Esthonia?will trust the other (c
return cai-3 or locomotives. While
there are working agreements, there arr
inore honored in the breach than in
the observance. The international
train from Moscow to Riga, which run?
only twice a week, is frequently held
i-p for twenty-four hours because the
Letts go on with the one available en?
gine. Under conditions such as this
trade stagnates and life dies.
We are in Samara, in the Volge Val?
ley, in winter. We wish to go 20C
miles north or south *o Simbirsk ot
Kazan, on the same river. V\'e urc
foreed to make the entire trip back
to Moscow and return, a journey of
?J,000 miles, to reach a destination 200
miles away. Eastern Russia is fairly
well supplied with cast and west lines.
For north and south traffic it depends
upon the Volga and further cast on
the White River. T have seen men
sUgger in. exhausted from a ten-day
trip on the little jerk-water lines that
tap the main lines and end in the
wilderness. In toe entire period, they
may have covered fifty miles.
Link in Soviet Chain
Of ail the institutions in Russia
transport?t ion was epun to the tinest
'.bread. Ai.-l transportation was the
first thing to collapse.
The Soviet government knew thai
transportation was the weakest link in
their chain; the heroic measures they
have taken and arc taking to keep
transportation going testify to that
fact. The railroads arc the only ac?
tivities in Russia which are still large?
ly under the control of their former
managers. And these men are dicta?
tor 3 in their own domain, accepting
."neither advice nor instructions from
any one. There is c\ery evidence that
i if the railroads are functioning it is
because they arc managed by railroad
men, that these men arc running the
j railroads in their own manner and
i that government orders are to them a*
so many scraps of paper. On its side
the government dare not put on the
screws, for once the railvoad men de?
sert their posts the anarchy which the
; government fears even more than coun?
ter-revolution will he upon the country.
As long as transportation continues
the government lias some hope. When
transportation ceases hope is done. In
a final desperate fft'ort to keep trans?
portation functioning the government
has called to its aid the most efficient
? organization in Russia, the Extraordi
; nary Commission known as the Cheka.
! Between the Cheka and the railway
men some semblance of operation is
Under what disadvantages the rail?
roads are running, by what a narrow
margin they continue to operate at al!,
j the world has heard. The breakdown
of Russian transportation docs not re?
fer to transportation as such, but goes
? back to the assassination of Russian
: industry. The great highways of the
' great trans-Russian lines are so well
laid that they are still in fair condi?
tion .after seven years of cruel wear.
It was in the machine shops and repair
shops that the collapse first appeared.
Some of this xvork was done outside
of Russia. With the coming of war
! and revolution the repair chops were
The Pathetic Graveyards
Of the Locomotives
All the way from Petrograd to the
eastern fhountains I passed dozens of
locomotive graveyards, in each of them
from 100 to 500 locomotives. There is
something pathetic in these gravc
; yards. There the engines stand,covered
with snow, their machinery going to
rust, some parts dismantled and used
, in other locomotives. If only they
could be put to work again they wou?d
mean much for Russia.
From the latest available figures it
appears that 12,000 out of 19,000 loco?
motives in Russia are out of order. Out
o' something more than 400,000 cars
3C0.000 are out of working order. Re?
pairs are going on only at the rate of
20 per cent.
Next to the lack of motive power,
the disappearance of wood is the most
serious handicap to transportation.
The wood supplies of Russia need to
be carefully conserved. The wood for
boiler use should be dried for some
months. Again the industrial collapse
came in to undermine transportation.
' Wood was cut from the lots near the
(Continued en p*oe (our)
1 ! -'
The Iribune To-day
Part I?The. new? of the day.
Four pages of ?port?.
Part II?Editorial? and letter?.
The Tribune radio?pages 6*7,
?its of automobile?.
Part III?The new? of society.
American Legion new??page 7.
The fashion pace?page 8.
Part IV?The week in the theater.
JVew? of music and art.
Part V?The Tribune magazine.
The book pages?7-?-9.
The Institute?page? 10-11.
Part VI?The comic ?ection.
Mr. and Mrs.?by Briggs.
Part VII?The Graphic section.
Grav?re art supplement.
\ Favor Soviet
Shift in American Policy
Possible if Russia Con?
cedes Demantls Likely
To Be Made at Genoa
Sees Chance for
i Advantage of Relieving
Peasants From Support?
ing Army Appreciated
By Carter Field
WASHINGTON, April 8,?The United
States may recognize Soviet Russia, it
was learned on the best authority, if
the developments at the Genoa eco?
nomic conf?rence work out. satisfac?
It is known that President Harding,
while he has undergone no change of
heart with regard to Russia, probably
is more interested in the question of
arms limitation, both land and water,
than in any other one thing. He takes
more pride in the achievements of the
Washington conference than in any
other event since he entered public
life, and implicitly believes that the
Washington conference set an exam?
ple to the world which will be fol?
lowed in the way of bringing about
reductions of armaments, and the taxes
which flow from them, by international
The President, therefore, lias beer,
tremendously interested in the pro?
posal of terms by Lloyd George on
which Russia might not only be
brought into the conference at Genoa,
but might be recognized. If the Brit?
ish Premier's conditions are met by
Russia and the Soviet army is cut
down to a mere fraction of its present
| strength, the results will affect almost
every country in the world, directly or
Excuse for French Militarism
Tn the first nlace it is the menace of
| this litige Russian army which gives
j France one of her two excuses for also
i maintaining a large army?an army,
j incidentally, the size of which has been
steadily deplored by British leaders,
! and the leaders of virtually every other
| country in Europe, but notably Italy.
There will remain for France the ex?
cuse of the German menace, and until
something is done about this it is not
probable that much progress will be
[ made in the direction, for instance, of
j abolishing conscription. However, with
j the Russian menace removed, and an
i improved situation with regard to Ger
i many, which at any rate may be hoped
? for, it is probable that France may
! consent to reduce her army below its
? present siee.
j "Another efr'ret c.f the consent of
! Russia to demobilize half or more of
| her army would be that it would re
\ lease that many more Russians for
! employment of a character which would
j have economic vaine, and every expert
I who has studied the situation expresses
the view that the chief trouble with
i Russia at present, and for some time
| past, has been that almost no une is
? willing to do any work:. It is thought
that if the burden of feeding and cloth
I ing an army should be removed from
the backs of the Russian peasants, a
j greater "will to work'- might result
I among the civilian;-.
Discussed by Cabinet
This whole situation, with particular
j regard to the conditions of participa
? tion in the Geno? economic conference
j and of recognition of Russia laid down
! by Lloyd George, was discussed at
j length at the Cabinet meeting yester
I day, the President showing that he was
j much impressed by the possibilities
j suggested should Russia comply in
j good faith with these terms.
j It was also learned to-day that the
I President, in discussing the question
I with a visitor afterward, said that any
j possibility of recognition by the gov?
ernment of Soviet Russia would have
to wait on the developments of the
Genoa economic conference.
It is asserted, however, that both
Secretary of State Hughes and Secre?
tary of Commerce Hoover are still vig?
orously opposed to recognition of Rus?
sia. The President, despite this oppo?
sition, showed et the Cabinet meeting
and afterward that he was not willing
to close the door, and that actually he
was awaiting the events at Genoa with
the keenest interest.
Ambassador Bakhmeteff, ths ac?
credited Russian envoy who was sent
to this country by the administration
immediately succeeding the Czar, and
who was later confirmed here by Keren
sky, who obtained power while Bakh
meterf was on the water, is strongly
urging that Leninc and Trotzky should
not be recognized under any cir?
j The British confess with absolute
! frankness that they are being driven in
! this situation by t?ie pressing need for
markets for their manufactured goods,
the unemployment situation in Eng?
land at the moment being, according
(Continued on page four)
j 17 Killed, 80 Injured
In Texas Tornadoes
I Heavy Winds, Accompanied by
Rain, Sweep Wide Area,
DALLAS, Tex., April 8.?Seventeen
! persons are reported dead and more
i than eighty injored as a result of
! tornadoes and rainstorms which swept
| from West Texas, east into Oklahoma
toward Arkansas early to-day. Reports
from some of the stricken towns are
meagre, officials said.
The list of casuslties reported to?
Runnels County, near P.owina, Tex.,
j nine dead, twenty injured.
| Oplin, Callaban County, four dead,
I twenty injured.
Electra, one dead, several injured.
i Cleburne, Tex., one dead, one in
! jured. , ' ,
Lawton, Okla., two dead, seventeen
Dallas, five injured.
Cisco, Tex., two injured.
Hanger, Tex., one injured.
Caddo, Tex., six ?njuree:.
Breckenridge, Tex., three injured.
Echo, Te::., six injured.
Graham, Tex.; one injured.
To Halt N. Y.
j Rum Runners
| Day to Use Armored Cars
at 37 Outposts to Stem
Flood of Liquor Into
the State From Canada
Militia to Guard
?Barbed Wire Barricades
and Searchlights To Be
i at Every Cross Road
: Ralph A. Day, prohibition director,
'announced his intention yesterday of
j fortifying every highway in the state
crossing the Canadian border and re?
pelling rum runners with machine guns.
I He has the co-operation of ,T. Leslie
Kincaid, Adjutant General of the State,
who has promised to supply the ma?
chine guns and armored motor cars as
The Adjutant Genera! also supplied
| the plan of campaign, which is designed
, to co??pel whisky runners from Canada
| to utilize lake craft or pack horses and
j obscure forest trails instead of motor
i ing boldly across the border as they
| have, been doing, with pistols ready to
j drop the first enforcement agent show
i ing his head.
Each of the thirty-soven roads cross
j ing the border between the St. Law
j rence River and House's Point, a
j stretch of sixty-five, miles, is to be
j barricaded vifh barbed wire or an
? equally efficient barrier. Behind this
' will be a machine gun nest and obser
1 vation post, occupied by one or more
j enforcement agents.
Light Bombs to Be Used
Each such fortification will have a
Marlin machine gun, which fires 250
I rounds at a loading and will stop any?
thing except an armored car. It will
' be equipped r.lso with u Very pistol
. with which light bombs can be fired
i aloft on dark nights, illuminating a
! long stretch of highway. The de?
fenders of the positions will be arraej
i with shotguns as well as machine guns
, At some points, probably where the
, live improved highways cross tho bor
i der, armored motor cars will bo sta
I Honed, ready to take, up the pursuit of
' any smuggler who survives 230 steel
: jacketed bullets and both charges of a
Tho plan is strictly in accordance
! with military science, and when it has
j been put in force Commissioner Day
will feel confidence of defending New
! York from alien iiquor both by land
! and sea, his fleet of submarine chasers
! being sufficient, he is sure, to guard the
The preparations for military and
naval co-oneration to enforce the pro
? hibition laws were made the subject
' of an official statement by Director
I Day. as follows:
"Military method.-; are to be em
; ployed to check liquor smuggling
State military equipment is available.
Smugglers Well Organized
"There has developed a force of or
: gan'ized smugglers, protected by thugs,
? gunmen and ex-convicts, whose fields
? of operation are New York Harbor and
, the Canadian border.
i "A few weeks ago no agent of the
prohibition department could safely ap
! proach a place where the smugglers
i were operating. Agents, no matter how
', zealous in the pursuit of their duties,
: cannot be expected to walk into certain
death. The gunman's slogan is 'Shoot
on sight,' and we have had examples of
this within the last few weeks.
"The harbor situation in coming
i under control, as the prohibition de?
partment has acquired a fleet of for
; mer submarine chasers, armed with
! war equipment. This patrol, operating
' day and night, has been able to effec
| tiv'cly check the landing of the boot
| legger3' cargo ashore.
"Conditions on the Canadian border
j have recently come to the attention of
! the director through an inspection
? made by special agents. The opera?
tions of bootleggers on the border have
j become so bold that military measures
? are required to cope with the situation,
| There has been a general hegira of
j gunmen to this section. Criminals in
high-power cars are running the roads
at night, defying the patrol which the
I prohibition department has been main
I taining. The director, determined to
i end this, has requested aid from the
state. That such aid is assured may be
I seen in the attached communication
j from the Adjutant General of the State
i J. Leslie Kincaid.
Urges Army Tactics
"The director recommends thcs<
measures to Washington authorities.
"If the citizens of the state havt
been taught to believe that enforce
ment of law and order is a theorj
they may shortly look to the borde;
of the state for the refutation of this
idea. A machine gun can command re'
s;pect where all other methods fail."
The letter from Adjutant Genera
Kincaid, addressed to Director Day
"In respect to the illegal movemen1
(Continued on p?0? three)
Arrests of "Higher-?ps" in
Ellis Graft Ring Threatened
Livcrmore Gives Inside Story of Country-Wide Inves?
tigation, Paid for Personally by Tod; Probe
Already Costs Three Times Year's Salary
The inside story of the graft hunt
| on Ellis Island that has resulted in five
I arrests thus far was told yesterday by
? Arthur L. Livermore, who as attorney
for Immigration Commissioner Robert
K. Tod, has been in charge of the in
More arrest3 are to follow and some
i of the-ie will involve "higher-ups" in
: the immigration service, according to
Mr. Livermore, who has been aided in
j his inquiry by a swarm of private de
I tectives. Commissioner Tod, and not
| the government, it developed, is paying
for this crusade. It is he who is pay
j ing Mr. Livermore and the detectives
, and thus far his expenditures have
| been triple his yearly salary of 56,500.
Mr. Livermore, whose office is in 2
Rector Street, has long been a personal
friend of Commissioner Tod.
"1 knew when Commissioner Tod
placed this work in my hands," said
; Mr. Livermore, "that there would be
no iet-up until the bottom was reached.
He called me a 'dollar.-a-year' man so
; fa.- as my relations with the immigra
Navy Cost Cut
In 1923 Bill
.$233.221,000 Measure, on
5-5-3 Hatio Basis. Gallina
for Enlisted Personnel of
07,000, Offered in House
Denby Calls It Dangerous
Declares It Exceeds Treaty
and Ranks U. S. Under
Both Britain and Japan
WASHINGTON, April S (By The As?
sociate?! Press).?The 1923 naval bill,
carrying out the 3-5-3 ratio, was
; reported to-day to the Rouse. It
carries a total of ?5233,2:24,000, or $181,
000,000 less than appropriated last year.
, There remains to be appropriated in a
separate measure later, however, about
?60,000,000, estimated by the Navy De?
partment as the cost of cancellation of
' contracts for ships not completed and
, ordered scrapped. Briefly, this is what
| the bill does:
Cuts tii o enlisted personnel from
I 90,000 to 03,000, plus 2,000 apprentices.
Leaves officer total substantially in?
tact, c::cept for the dropping of 380
: reserve officers on active duty.
i Authorizes commissions for only 200
? of the 5;;r> first-class men at Annapolis
i to be graduated in June.
Lays up 254 vessels of nondescript
103 Destroyers Left
Eighteen battleships are allotted to
; the United States under the naval
j treaty. In rounding out a fleet the bill
, reduces the number of destroyers in
i commission from 278 to 10.?? and aulhor
; i/.es eighty-four submarines, all the
cruisers and lighter auxiliary craft.
Out of the f)7,000 enlisted personnel
[ it provides 50.000 for ships afloat and
: for the same number of officers in the
Marine. Corps and 19,500 enlisted men,
a reduction of less than 1.000. This
number, the navy advised the cormnit
'? tee, will be cut to 17,500 with the with
' drawal in the next year of 2,000 rna
I rines from Santo Domingo who will not
Secretary of the Navy Denby in a
! statement issued following the rcport
; ing of the naval bill declared "the pro
; posed reduction negatives the result
i of the recent conference, is dangerous
? to the country's security and to the
welfare of the world."
The Naval Secretary asserted that
? the cut will mean the tying up of
five of the eighteen battleships pro?
vided in file naval treaty and will give
'the United States a navy manned by
: approximately two-thirds of the num
i ber in the British navy and less than
, the number in the navy of Japan.
Representative Kelley, of Michigan,
chairman of the sub-committee on Ap
' propriations, which framed and report
; cd the bill, made public with the bill
i the following Ltatement explaining its
! "The bill reported to the House to
! day carries nu appropriation for the
! coming fiscal year of .7233,224,000. This
1 amount is $193,000,000 less than the
naval estimates and $181,000,000 less
than the sum carried in latit year's
bill. It has been possible to make these
heavy reductions without disturbing
the 5-5-3 ratio established by the treaty.
"Three important reasons form the
i basis of this great reduction.
"First, because of agreements
1 reached by the conference on the lim
I (Contlnuod on pat? eight)
Mme. Lebaudy Disappears With
Daughter, Who Fled Husband
PARIS, April 8.?A search, lasting .
throughout the week, has been con-i
ducted for Mme. Jacques Lebaudy and
her daughter, Jacqueline, at St. Cloud, ;
where they have been missing from a
sanatorium since last Monday.
Jacqueline married Roy Harris, son
of Henri "Surdeau Harris, head of a,
! large detective agency, in January. A i
j few weeks ago she left the home of her
! husband and took up her residence in '
; the sanatorium with her mother.
It was some lime before Harris ;
' learned where his wife was living, i
j When he did he is reported to have i
; called at the institution and asked the ;
j authorities that his wife be returned (
He was then informed that both ;
I women had left the sanatorium and had
1 not made known their destination. A j
search was instituted at once, but no :
, trace of the women has been found. It !
, is believed they may have met with
I Mme. Lebaudy wa? the wife and
slayer of the self-styled Emperor of
the Sahara. When his attempt to es?
tablish an African empire failed, he j
came to New York, where he had re- j
markable financial success in Wall
He war. an eccentric character. His i
attempts to avoid publicity added to!
the air of mystery and romance which i
always furrounded" him. His eccentric-;
ity increased until he finally became]
mentally unbalanced. He was shot and j
killed by his wife When, it is alleged,]
he attempted to attack their daughter, |
Jacqueline. Mme. Lebaudy was ac
quitted of a charge of murder.
Jacqueline attended the Convent of i
Sainte Marie, near Montreal. When ;
her mother went to France last spring
she accompanied her. Her marriage to
the son of Henri Harris, of Paris, took
place there on January 28 last. The
couple were planning to visit this coun?
try in May. Mme. Lebaudy said at the
time of her daughter's marriage that
her daughter would spend the next five
years comnletin, her education.
tion service was eor.ccmed, but he gave
me a shield which would pass me
around the foremost detective bureau!'
with all of their far-reaching outposts.
."To get at the bottom of the crooked?
ness in the immigration service wus the
hardest job these detectives had ever
tackled. The devious ways of proce?
dure to defraud the government and
extort graft from immigrants and their
resident friends and relatives on the
part of certain inspectors were so
closely interwoven with acquiescence
and co-operation on the part of certain
steamship agents that it took time for
us to get our bearings.
"Finally we began to locate the
meeting places of these men. We
found that they would get together in
the down town district at night when
their work was over for the day. In
some little so-called ticket office, or
restaurant, or bootlcggir.g joint in the
side afreets of lower Manhattan v.c
would see immigration inspectors, o:
men from the customs service, or
steamship agents gather. Sometimes
a ?esident aiien would be overheard to
relate the plight of his kindred who
might bo coming over, liven records
(Continuad on next n?i>)
As Wife Tells
Of Beck Killing
Pleaded and Fought With
Him Until Husband Ke
turued, She Says at In?
quest: Didn't Hear Shot
Witnesses Tell of Liquor
Oil Magnate Asserts He Had
Loved Him Like Brother:
Didn't Mean to Shoot
OKLAHOMA CITY, Okla., April 8
'.By The Associated Press";.? Holding
that Jean P. Day, prominent attorney
and oil man, was justified in the killing
of Lieutenant-Colonel Paul Ward Beck
at the Day home early Tuesday after
an attempted attack by the army officer
on Mrs. Day. a coroner's jury returned
a verdict here to-night recommending
chat no charges be preferred against
The crowded courtroom was silent as
? il heard the verdict read. Mr. ?ml Airs.
Day displayed no emotion, and after it
had been read they arose, Mr. Day
shook hands with Coroner McWilliams,
' and the party walked slowly from tiie
j room without a word among them.
The text of the verdict follows:
"We, the Coroner's jury, duly sworn
and empaneled to inquire into the
cause of the death of Paul Wa'-d Beck,
after hearing evidence introduced be?
fore us from witnesses and after view?
ing the body of Paul Ward Beck, do
upon cur oath find and report:
"That Paul Ward Keck came to his
death ai the hands of Jean P. Day and
from the evidence submitted to us con?
clude that Jean P. Day was justified in
defending his wife and himself, even
though the unfortunate affair resulted
in the death of Paul Ward Peek, and
wo therefore recommend and advise
that no charges be filed or prosecution
instituted against Jean P. Day."
The verdict was signed by all six of
On the witness stand in a packed
courtroom Day and his wife had told,
with emotion, of the slaying of Colonel
Beck. In a broken voice, but with a
gleam of determination in his eye. Day
said he killed the army aviator acciden?
tally when he sought to drive Ber.'k
from- his home after finding him at?
tempting to attack Mrs. Day early Tues?
Wife Tells of Attack
"Beck threw his arms around me
crying 'Girl, girl, you swept me off my
feet!' and asked me to come to his
room that night," MiV. Day testified.
"I saw Colonel Beck holding Mrs.
Day on the divan," said Day. "She
was lighting him. He had his right
arm around her. His other hand was
about her knees."
Day bad testified that ho had known
Colonel Beck since last fall. He met
him through Lieutenant Kenneth
Walker, of Fort Sill, who, he said,
had long been a friend of the family.
"One day last fall," Day said,
"Walker came to Oklahoma City with
Colonel Beck. Walker had known my
daughter, Doris, for some time and ho
called at my home to set: if she could
get another girl for Beck to accompany
on a motor trip to Norman.
"They arranged the party and Mrs.
Day accompanied them as chaperon.
After that time he had the free run of
the home. I had always considered
him a gentleman beyond reproach ?rid
loved him like a brother. I told him
numbers of times 'My home is yours.'"
"I j?ot there in time to protect her
and I did," Day testified.
"He jumped back and put his hands
back as if to fight," said Day, "and I
(Continued on next pi??)
Gravediggcr Falls Into
Grave and Breaks Hip
Prisoner for Two Hours, but
Finally Is Rescued by Am?
One gravediggcr fell into a freshly
dug grave at Mount Olivet Cemetery,
Elizabeth, N. J., yesterday, and all the
other gravediggers spent virtually the
entire afternoon trying to get him out.
An ambulance surgeon finally rescued
The gravedigger who fell was
Michael Carney, an experienced hand
at the business. Michael was survey?
ing a six-foot pit he had helped to dig,
and attempted to cross it on a plank.
The plank broke under his weight and
he dropped to the bottom of the grave.
His comrades worked laboriously for
two hours trying to haul him out, but
each time they luid hands upon him
Michael yelled in pain, When the am?
bulance surgeon arrived he attached
straps to Michael r.nd hoisted him to
the surface. At the hospital it was
?found that the grave Jigger's hip had
4 Bandit? Bind 1 in Store
and ^s^ipe With Furs,
Gem? and Cash, Loading
Plunder Into Taxicab
Beaten and Robbed
Board of Estimate Hastens
to Aid EnrightWith Pur?
suit Automobiles : Silent
on Rising Tide of Crime
On the crest of the wave of crime
which Police Commissioner Enright
says does not exist except in the
minds of his enemies, two .obber;e.
with violence became known to the
public yesterday. A storekeeper who
was shot by robbers Friday died o?
' ;- wounds last r.ight.
Mcatuviiiic the Board of Estimate
t through a lot of red tape to
enable the Commissioner to get the
six high-powered automobile? for
which he asked ( 3 e trengthen his of?
fensive .against marauding crim?
The Commissioner himself mad?
t?o statement for publication yester?
day, neithi was he booked for a
speech at a luncheon. He did. how?
ever, visit the Mayor, and after a
conference lasting almost, an hour
repealed bis statement of the pre?
vious day that he would have 1,192
extra policemen on the streets by
Armed bandits held up Frank Mud?lo,
a shirt manufacturer with a plant a'
:;080 First Avenue, shortly after r.oon
yesterday and took $1,450. They tied
and gagged the manufacturer and go';
Choked, Clubbed and Robbed
Rod?lo .-?.sited the Harlem Branch
of the .Mechanics National Bank at
, noon, and drew out the money for his
Saturday pay roll. Returning to the
loft buildinr,', he began ttis ciimb up the.
stairs to his place; of business on the
| fourth floor. Midway between the sec?
ond and third landings lie was met by
?wo men, One seized i.iui by tho
; throat, choking his shouts for help
before they could be uttered, and the
second, after jamming a hendkercl ief
into his mouth, tied his hands behind
his back with a strip of cloth.
The thieves too>; tho cash fror.'
; Rodoio's inside pocket, transferred his
gold watch and chain, valued at $100,
from his possession ? > theirs and hit
him five rime? on the head with a club.
: Leaving him dazed pn the stairs, they
i ran from the building. ?'.od lo, recov
! oring, loosened his hi n ?ft and gave
chase, but he could find no trace of ths
robbers, who had m;;d.? a clean geta
way in the crowds.
Dr. Levine, of the Harlem Hospital,
treated the injured man, who gave the
police of the Kast 104th Street sta?
tion a description of his assailants.
Hand Gets $75,000 in Furs
Four youthful but efficient holdup
men got away with $75,000 worth of
furs from the store of S. & M. Sand
berg, at Hlo Madison Avenue, on Fri?
day evening. This daring pice" of
work was reported to the police short?
ly after it occurred, but ne whisper o?
it reached the pubiic until yesterday
morning. The men who robbed tho
Sandberg shop wore no masks, but they
were all armed. While the robbery
was going forward hundreds of pedes?
trians passed up and down Madison
Avenue outside the door.
Benjamin Sandberg, one of the firm,
was seated in the store talking with
Irving Leipzig, a clerk, and Benjamin
Rosen nnci Irving Harris, neighbors,
were discussing the crime wave, when
a well dressed young man came in and
asked to see some fur neckpieces of
Leipzig went behind the counter and
proceeded to show some furs. While
he was thus engaged three other men
entered together. In the middle of the
floor they halted and displayed revolv?
ers to tho fur man and his neighbors.
The first man stepped back and lined
up with the newcomers. lie also drew
"Nix on the noise!" said one of them.
"It won't get you anything. Get back
Clean Out the Store
Sandberg and his friends were driven
into a rear room, where they were tie!
up and gagged. The first robber held
two guns on the furrier and his com
panions, while the other three, donning
the lonp; linen dusters which are th-a
', working clothes of the fur store, sys?
tematically cleaned the shelves of the
j entire stock.
The furs were rolled into a bund1?
and tied up. 'I hen the windows wer?
stripped of their displays, and theso
i furs were tied In another bundle.
The safe next received attention, an i
| from them were taken other furs, cash
and jewelry, the latter belonging to
i Sandberg's wife, who had stored them
i in th> safe because she was afraid it
| would not be properly protected in her
When the loot was collected one of
I the gang left the store and called a
| taxicab. from which he took several
! bags. The bundles were, packed into
! the bags anq the bags transferred, to
I the taxicab.
Then the quartet returned and made
! a thorough clean-up of Sandberg ami
his friends. They took 5200 in cash
; and his jewelry from Sundberg; froi.i
? Harris they got $30, from Rosen $20
i and his watch and chain. They took
j 530 from Leipzig and then gave hint
! back a dollar bill.
Carfare for Victims
"That's carfare for the gang,'* the/
? told him, and added: "We need ten
minutes for a getaway. Not a peep out
of you for that time. You're spotted
ana if one of you shouts or tries to call
?a cop that's tha last tbmg he'll eveii
I do in this world Goodby."
Harris managed to squirm out of hii
bonds in ftbont fifteen minutes. Hi
i freed tho other three, and moving wit'i
! extreme caution tin? four men went t?
i the street and ?aUed Patrolrasn Mead4