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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, April 15, 1922, Image 1

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ALL MERCHANDISE
{ADVERTISED IN THE
TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED
i\*tojJ0tH
Vol. LXXX??
Full Hoimimr
First to Last? the Truth:
(Copj-rl*h?. 192?
N?M? York Trillan?- Inc.)
SATURDAY
U ircrrsig
News ~ Editorials ? A dvertisements
THE WEATHER
Shower? to-day; to-morrow fair with
rising temp?rature?; winds
becoming wenterly.
full Rrport on Ijurt Vnge
APRIL l?. 1922
i.
TWO CK7?TH | TITKKK CBB&? I FOrit CstBTM
In Of?M?r New York I Within 200 Hjl? | Klaewh?ro
Plan Is Made
Law as Miller
Signs 7 Bills'
c-_
Metropolitan Life to i'e
z'm at Once Construe-?
tioii of 89-a-Rooin Flats
Under New Legislation!
Relief for Tenants,
Savs Untermyer
Lockwood Confident of*
Success of Move, bn! In
j gists Other \jelisiarioii j
L Also is Vitally Needeti
From a Staff ComsponAei I
ALBANY, April 14.?Governor Miller I
signed to-day all ihr Lockwood housing
bills before him. seven i'i number. This
make? eig-ht the Governor has a*>
proved, the firs! being enacted into lav?
::,ore than two weeks ago. That meas?
ure extended the time for building
dwelling houses so that advantage could
he taken of exemption from local taxa?
tion for another year.
The Legislature passed nine housing
hills in all. The ninth, providing for
?Uli return of jury fee* in untried case?
to rietlms of rent profiteers, was not
b-for?1 the Governor, a.? Mayor Hylan
vetoed it without giving any reason.
This act killed by the Mayor would
have provided for the repayment of
more than $100,000 exacted in the last
taro vears from tenants in New York
Pity-'
The but.? signed by the Governor to?
day provide:
?. That insurance companies may in?
vert no to 10 per cent of their assets
in apartment houses where the monthly
rental shall not exceed $9 a room. One
bijr company lias promised to devote
S100.00-0.O0O to this purpose.
I That the emergency rent law? shall
be in forre to March l. 1924, unless
further extended by the Legislature.
.1. That tenants shall bo further pro?
tected by new section? of tbi: law from
the rapacity of gouging landlords.
1. That fire insurance rate making
monopo'.ir.' shall cease an.-l that all
lat? Disking bodies shall be subject to
the supervision of Superintendent of
Insurance.
?'. Thai n Utual fire insurance com?
panies shall not convert themselves
into stock companies.
Giren Equal Rights
t. Tha' mutual insurance companies
htay Writ? the same line of policies as
?tock companies.
7. That New York City may hold i
principa1 contractor- to perform work ?
abandone'! by sub-eontrsctors.
'Co to the mouunt Governor Miller'
si?ned the bilis the same powerful !
orden-round iobbv, which, succeeding '
i? lulling nine of the- eighteen housing
"?'?sure;, in the Legislature, tried some !
of their persuasive tactics on the Gov- j
ernor. His answer was the affixing of
Wtsignature to the bills, without com- i
ment, except in one instance. This |
"vas ?n the case of the bill enabling j
insurance companies to invest in $9 i
anartnients. Commenting on this the ,
Governor said:
"This is n temporary measure to re- i
lie'e an ?mergencv and can bo justified j
only as such. The duration of the
powers granted is limited to March 1,1
lP'ii. the date to which the rent laws '?
lave Wren extended, or to the dura- !
?tion of the present housing emergency. ;
Which must tie construed to moan until
March 1. 1924, unless the Legislature j
shall further extend the emergency j
laws.
"At least one company proposes tu !
take advantage of the art and already j
ha.? prepared plans which it is pre- j
pare?) to put into immediate ex?cution.
II proposes to erect sanitary, well ven- I
tilated tenements to rent for $9 a i
month a room or less. its estimates,
b&"od on actual market conditions and '
labor costs without taking into ac-1
. count possible concessions, indicate I
'' that at a less rental than thai pre-'
?crihfd by the act th?1 investment will i
yield a 6 per cent return after allowing j
for depreciation and a sufficient amor- ;
on during the tax exempt period:
to more than o.Tsct any possible de- !
tline in pries.
Housing Affects Death Rate
"Proper housing so vitally affect- the j
neahh of the community as to be a ?
niatter of pecuniary interest to insur-I
tvxp companies.
"it seems to be established that '
wen now is practically no building ot
low priced tenements. This measure at
loasl offer.-- :;onie immediate relief in
ta? field where the need is greatest. I
flo'jhi tha* it will have the effect of
(lelerring others from building as sonic
?eeni to fear. Certainly it will not stop i
What ig not now being done. It may far- ,
niih an object lesson.
'1 have serious!; doubted the wis- :
com of allowing insurance companies ;
to make investments involving so great
,? possibility of speculative risks, but
Wnsidering the limited time during
wich such investments are permitted, ',
?e direct pecuniary interest of insur-i
jwee of companies in proper housing,
Ine willingness of ;?t least one com- ;
?W?J! to invest under what appear to \
?J ad?quat?' safeguards, my doubts'
;,a"r yielded to the belief that there is
jjttjt dancer of any harm from this
WMviure and much hone of real relief."
. One of the new laws declares that'
*?! the purpo ?? of determining the
'???' nd reasonabl? ccutal value of a:
""'J-' the assessed valuation of the
P">P"rty for the yea;- in which the ac
(Continurd ?in bau?? Ihr??)
Su? Will Shine Easter.
Weather Man Predicts
f?w Wk V5 ?li Rave a Warm
SttBdav, Mercury Above 70.
?f Forecaster is Right
?W York's Easier will be fair, the
fattier forecaster said last night.
Icar skie., plenty of sunshine and a
*''iive tenip?rat'ji-e uro predicted for'
?-morrow. -'he mercury is expected
?/}?e above the 70 degree mark. Show- ;
? ?re scheduled for to-day.
i *;t0rdir!.e to dispatches from Wash
>r ,on yesterday generally ?'air '
<?V'!l?r for -"^''dav is predicted east
?tv'?. -k,iil"'s??PPi. The southwestern
'kin!***'.-" wa ??"? may a's0 S"3* the
V i1/ i:a"r weather they're hoping
fr?L "fettled conditions may prevail
?JW?: '-IT Crcat Lakes west to the
! aeit>< Coast.
= Russin =
In the Red Shadow
Hie Hour of Decision Has Struck, Not Only for
Soviet Russia, but for Europe and America as
W ell?The Issues Must Be Squarely Faced
This is the thirteenth of a ?eric? of fifteen ?rlales winch present,
I He Trtbune belieres, the closest, picture of Russia that has yet been
ncaxloble. M,-. Dickinson was for four years the historian of the
American Relief Administration abroad. He Iws ?vst returned from
" five thousand mile trip through the Soviet country.
By Thomas H, Dickinson
CHAPTER XIII
Copyright. 1922, New York Tribune Inc.
ATE news from Russia tell? of widespread strikes by professors
in the universities and colleges of Moscow in protest against their
pitiful rations and pay. The students, in sympathy with their
instructors, have left, the academic halls in a body. Threatened by officers
of the government with arrest, the leaders among the faculty and students
are decided to strike "to the end." Tims the jrovernimnt ?-earis tin? ha ml
News Summary
FOREIGN
Allies and Russians at Genoa work
out plans for recognition of Soviets
and establishment of a ten-year truce
in Kurope.
Hopos for peace in Ireland over
Easter week-end broken when repub?
lican mutineers seize buildings at
Dublin and Sligo.
WASHINGTON"
i
Harding appeals to Congress not to
cut navy personnel below 86,000.
National preparedness policy in?
volved in Senate's debate on army
bill.
Harding and Attorney General
Daugherty decide to continue hands
off policy in coal strike.
Harding urges tariff legislation
ahead of bo3ius.
President signs bill giving press
access to naval radio facilities for
three more years.
DOMESTIC
Governor signs remaining Lock
wood bill?, including $100,000,000 en?
abling act, for cheap apartments.
State Superintendent of Elections
restored in bill signed by iMiller.
Governor's veto kills bill letting
down civil service bar?.
First transcontinental air mail
piano equipped with radiophones.
> ?. * Robert Grosvcnor will re
cov^Tfrom injuries suffered when
?h" was thrown by a horse.
Gas explosion near Chicago kills
one. injures twenty-two, drives two
insane.
Arbuckle trial cost state $110,000
besides attorney fees.
Mrs. Edith Rockefeller McCormick
announces her interest in Chicago
New York passenger airplane proj?
ect.
LOCAL
Democrats see Wilson-Tumulty
break as foreshadowing former Pres?
ident's return to politics.
Enright revokes police vacations
as seven safes arc looted in down?
town office building.
Sir Arthur Conun Doyle, shows
photographs to prove fairies exist.
Spcyer quits as Salvation Army
campaign head; sticks to wets.
Fireman out to supper rescues five
single-handed.
Widow of slain Dr. Glickstein dies
in three-story fall.
Scmcnoff remains in jail as East
Side throngs taunt him.
Irish soldier shot by gunman silent
in face of death.
Governor Edwards announces Sen?
atorial candidacy.
Schooner seized with $15,000 rum;
New Rochelle raids net eight.
Faith in spirit world helped mother
kill boy, poison self.
Hirshfield hints revolution of
faithful may make Hylan President.
Dorothy Arnold's father died be?
lieving her dead.
.lohn McCormack much better.
Wilkinson-Sehlemmer family row
takes private detectives to court.
Rabbi chooses monkey ancestor
over Bryan's mud.
Amundsen tells how it felt to fall
?1.000 feet. ?
SPORTS
Mrs. Mario? Zinderstcin Jessup
defeats Miss Martha Bayard in the
final round of the North and South
tennis tournament at Pinehurst.
Harold Weber. Toledo, and Francis
T. Keating, Pinehurst, reach the final
round in the April golf tournament
at Pinehurst.
Giants defeat Brooklyn, 10 to 2.
Yankees idle because of rain.
Adrian C. ("Pop") Anson, famous
oldtimc ball player, die?.
MARKETS AND SHITS
Now York Stock Exchange, New
y(?k Cotton Exchange, curb and
commodity markets closed in ob?
servance of Good Friday.
Ship owners want subsidy bill to
provide greater compensation than
that proposed.
Two Jersey Senators to ask Lasker
to act on claims of United States
Mail creditors.
writing- on the college walls.
Elsewhere over the wide domain of
Russia there are disquieting rumors of
a change, in the temper of the people.
For five? years party government, in
Russia hap been only a fiction. There
are signs of a growing irritation, a re
crudescence of opinion, against the re?
pression enforced for the last four
years.
There are three groups of political
parties in Russia. To the Left, belong
the anarchists, the Bolsheviks and I
Mensheviks, thi? Social Revolutionary
party and the People's Socialistic
party. To the Middlt? belong the
Cadets or Constitutional Democrats
and the Octobrists, who stand upon
the rights granted by Czar Nicholas
in 1905. To the Right are the
Monarchists, the Union of Archangel
Michael and the Black Hundred, ail ex?
treme reactionary parties.
Little danger threatens the govern?
ment to-day from the parties of the
Right. The danger arises from a lack
of unity, the lack of a common aim
and program among ,ie parties of the
Left. As the P.olshr ??, ist party becomes
more a party of opportunism it is ar?
raying against itself the anarchists,
the Menshevists and the Socialist
groups. To-day scores of Socialists
are in jail and the government is de?
liberating as to whether it dares to
shoot them.
The government is finding itself
tested in another manner. The Soviet
Federation covers a wide, territory
with very loose bonds. Here and
there among the provincial govern?
ments separatist tendencies are mani?
festing themselves. Timid at first, these
tendencies take on strength as each
state is thrown more upon its own
resources and obtains smaller profit
from association with Moscow.
Played upon by dangers at home
and abroad, the government of Russia
has taken Its last stand. It is the hour
of decision for Soviet Russia.
Hour of Decision Arrives
For Western Europe and U. S.
But it is not alone the hour of de?
cision for Soviet Russia. It is the hour
of decision for western Europe and for
America as well.
Nothing can to-day be accomplished
by continuing to think of Russia in
terms of the'atrocities which have com?
posed the main items of Russian news
ior the l?st four years. The govern?
ment, of Russia has mot some serious
failures on the economic front. These
failures have been counterbalanced
by cuccesses on the political front.
When the reckoning comes to be made
with Soviet Russia account will have
to be given to the political successes as
well as to the economic failures.
The Soviet government's successes
on the political front have^been partly
the results of its own policies, partly
the results of the lack of a clear and
enlightened policy of the leading na?
tions of the world toward Russia. The
Soviet government has known how to
play its own unity against the lack of
unity of the world. The Soviet gov?
ernment has seized for its own advan?
tage the reactionary elements in the
policies of its advei'saries.
The Soviet government has seized
upon the futile and frustrate military
offensives, timidly put forth and as
timidly withdrawn, lo unite as one man
behind it the national spirit of a proud
and powerful people. Trotzky's suc
e.'esses on the field of battle were Rus?
sian successes. They were even more
failures of vision and wisdom and
policy on the part of the leaders of
The chief nations of the world. Only an
enemy of the human race would to-day
suggest force in any form, economic or
military, against Russia.
The government, of Russia has seized
for its own advantage and for the
dividing of its foes the preoccupations
of the governments of the Western na?
tions in debt and in trade. These pre?
occupations have made it possible for
the government of Russia to claim be?
fore its own people and before the
world that the governments of the "cap
italistic" nations were blind to the
lumanitarian issues of the revolution,
concerned only with money snaking and
the pound of flesh.
It is not alone to Russia that the
hour of decision has come. The hour
o? decision has come to the govern?
ments of the world, to test their poli?
cies, to. try their professions in the
light of their acts, to seek wisdom and
candor.
The solution of the Russian problem
(Continued on moo four)
Gas Explosion Kills One,
Hurts 22, Drives 2 Insane
Damage Reported S2,500,GOC
When Three Pressure Stills
Blow Up in Indiana
Special Dixpatch to The Tribune
CHICAGO, April 14.?-One man wai
killed, two were driven insane, tw<
were seriously burned and twent;
others were injured early to-day whes
three pressure stills used to distil
gasoline, exploded in the Standard Oi
Company plant in Whiting, Ind.
Charles H. Bruens, chief of Standart
Oil Company police at the plant, sai?
that the damage would approximat
$?.',500,000. The explosion resulted fror
a crack in the bottom of on? of th
stills.
The explosion of the three still
damaged nine other stills, units of th
same battery. The stills were abou
150 feet long and twenty feet in diam
?ter. and were filled with steaming ho
oil. The explosion spread a sheet o
flaming gas over jJie battery.
Wilson Still
Leader, Note
Held to Hint
Repudiation of Tumulty
and Cox Regarded as!
an Indication That He
Must Be Reckoned With
Tammany May Now
Discard Ohioan
Ex - Candidate's Friends
Had Asserted Old Guard
Was Getting on Wagon
By Charles T. White
Woodrow Wilson's repudiation of the'
message purporting to come from him
rend at. thy Jefferson Day dinner in
New York on Saturday night last, at
which former Governor Cox uf Ohio
was the principal speaker, was accept- j
e?i in local Democratic circles yester?
day as marking a break not only with
Governor Cox but with Joseph P. Turn- j
ulty, secretary to President Wilson
from the beginning of his political
career as Governor to the inauguration
of President Harding.
It. was Mr. Tumulty who furnished
to the dinner committee typewritten !
copies of what purported to be Mr.
Wilson's words, with the explanation !
that they were from the former Presi
dent. This was the message which the,
former President repudiates:
"Say to the Democrats of New York
that I am ready to support any man
who stands for the salvation of'Amer?
ica, and the salvation of America is
justice to all classes."
Message Pleased Cox Men
This sentiment, was clieered to the
echo, and the friends of Governor Cox
pointed to it. the next day as meaning
Mr. Wilson, Mr. Tumulty and the;
WI1?mh Old Guard were practically on i
the Cox band wagon and ready for the
1924 ride.
Mr. Wilson's repudiation of the mes-!
sage, handled in the same manner as ;
almost, countless messages from Mr.
Wilson have been handled by Mr.
Tumulty during the last decade, is be- ;
wildering to the Cox men and to Mr. i
Tumulty and his friends.
In Tammany parlance, ?t is a "throw
down" of the most unmistakable char- !
acter and positiveness. The few promi?
nent New York Democrats who were
in position yesterday to analyze ir.tel- j
ligently the situation said that it meant!
Mr. Wilson was through both with
Tumulty and with the Cox men, and
that if he took any part in the next
national campaign it would be either
with himself as a candidate or in be?
half of some one of his own choosing.
After the stroke of paralysis in 1919 I
at Pueblo crippled the then President, ;
leaving his left side helpless, it ivas j
generally assumed by the Democratic ?
politician? that Mr. Wilson when he
finished his term would drop out. of'
politics. His sharp repudiation of
Tumulty and Cox is interpreted as
meaning that he does not consider him- !
self out.
Cox Keeps Close to Tammany
His retirement from the campaign in
19'J0 left a free field, and Governor Cox ;
of Ohio won out in the free-for-all
?with the aid of Tammany and the lili- :
nois delegates. Incidentally, Tammany
threw its power against William G.
McAdoo, the President's son-in-law.
Since 1920 Cox has been keeping as
close as possible to Tammany. The
Jefferson dinner a week ago was delib?
erately planned for his benefit. Mr.;
Tumulty performed the important func?
tion'of seeming to bring a message of
cordial good will and indorsement from
Woodrow Wilson. The setting was fa-:
vorable to Cox and the Tumulty trim?
ming also was pro-Cox. Now that Mr.
Wilson has spoiled the picture by re- I
pudiating both Cox and Tumulty, it:
isn't a picture any more?it's nothing ;
but Woodrow Wilson. This is the view
taken of the incident by local Demo?
crats.
The former President's break with .
Mr. Tumulty is doubtless chargeable to
Mr. Tumulty's memoirs of the Wilson ,
regime. Although the Tumulty book :
seemed to be an attempt to put Mr.
Wilson and his accomplishments in the
strongest and best light, the book ex?
cited ridicule where it was intended to
provoke admiration. In England, as
well as in America, the critics came
close to agreeing that Tumulty had'
made himself out as the real power of
the Administration, leaving the Presi
dent in the capacity, to a great extent,
as an agent of a superior mind. One
splenetic writer wrote: "I am greatly
interested in Mr. Tumulty's history of.
himself, but who is this man Wilson
that he mentions?"
The theory that "the book did it" is
strengthened by the \act utai ciear up:
to the end of the Wilson Administra
tion Mr. Tumulty seemed to sustain '
(Continued on next p?|e)
Watchman
Helps Gang
Loot 7 Safes
Thieves Work 3 Hours in
Office Building, Then
Eat Lunch, Bind Aid,
Walk Off With $5,000
Enright Orders All
Clerks Out on Beats
Ediet Hits Lieutenants,
"Pensioners," Bonds?
men, Glee Club, Others
The .looting of seven safes in the
Royal Insurance Building, 84 William
Street, by a band of nine burglars was
the outstanding event in yesterday's
chronicle of crime.
It was a comparatively simple mut?
ter, the thieves having been admitted
to the building and assisted in the op?
eration by the night watchman, ac?
cording to a confession he is said to
have made to the police. When they
had completed the work of looting they
all sat down and had a little luncheon
of sandwiches spread out on one of
the battered strong boxes. They left
not, only with satisfied appetites but
also with $5,000 in cash and negotiable
securities totaling several thousands
more.
The palm for daring, however, goes
to two highwaymen who held up a
Fifth Avenue bus with some improve?
ments on the fashion of the old West?
ern stage coach days. The results,
however, were the same?the passen?
gers shuddered while the conductor's
pockets were emptied of all his re?
ceipts, $23.69.
Broker's Home Bobbed
Th" robbing of the home of John A.
fiance, of the brokerage firm of Jessup
?v Lamont, 26 Broadway, was also
placed on record. Mr. Hance lives at
311 West 100th Street. Two hundred
dollars in cash and jewelry of con?
siderable value was stolen. The burg?
lar entered his apartment on Wednes?
day night, said Mr. Hance, and or?
dered him to show the thief where his
valuables were.
Commissioner Enright made addi?
tional moves yesterday in his offensive
against the lawless elements. He is?
sued an order temporarily abolishing
vacations for all employees of the de?
partment. The small number now away
will be permitted to finish their leaves,
but no further vacations will be al?
lowed until further notice. This will
add about two hundred more patrolmen
to the force who would otherwise be
absent at this season of the year.
The Commissioner further directed
that, police captains are to sleep in
the station houses of which they are
in command, and to make nightly tours
of their precincts to assure themselves
thai the patrolmen are performing
their duties properly. Inspectors also
were advised of further stringencies at
a conference in the office of Chief In?
spector William J. Lahey last night.
Another drastic order, which be?
came effective at midnight, requires
all men now engaged in inside work at
headquarters in Manhattan and Brook?
lyn to do two hours' patrol work daily.
More than 400 men will be affected
by the order, which will increase their
working day from eight to ten hours.
All of these men. upon returning to
their homes after finishing their work,
will report: to the police station near?
est their homes for patrol duty.
Men doing various kinds of clerical
work in the telegraph bureau, missing
persons bureau, lost property bureau
and criminal identification bureau are
affected by the order. It even applies to
the aged hall men on duty at Headquar?
ters, some of whom have not walked a
bent in ten or more years. Fifte'n hun?
dred traffic policemen are affected, as
are 100 member of the marine division
and all desk lieutenants. Four hundred
men assigned to raided premises are
recalled and rehearsals of the police
band and glee club arc suspended.
Watchman Former Reserve
The man who made the cracking of
the seven safes in the Royal Insurance
Building possible is George Breeken
ridge, the night watchman of the place,
living at 1180 Avenue A. He was a
former member of the police reserves,
and according to Jerome Simmons,
former Assistant District Attorney,
has an unsavory record in connection
with the operations" of Elwood Cox
Adams and the latter's sweetheart,
Jean Cunningham, in the thefts of
$50,000 from homes and offices about
a year ago. Adams is now serving a
ten-year sentence in Sing Sing.
Breckenridge was employed in De?
cember. 1920, at 123 William Street,
where Miss Cunningham was a steno?
grapher. The place was robbed and
Breckenridge was discharged, but not
accused of the crime. He was an ele?
vator operator in a house on Seventy
fourth Street, between Broadway and
(Continue?) on paj? thr??l
Fireman Leaps Gap of 7 Feet;
Saves 4 Women From Blaze
Fireman John Gildersleeve, of En?
gine Company 239, Fourth Avenue and
Seventh Street, Brooklyn, went home
to supper last night and was on his
way back to quarters when he heard
a woman screaming "Fire!" at Fourth
Avenue and Twelfth Street.
The woman. Mrs. Florence Scotti, was
standing on the second floor fire escape
of a three-story house at 2S2 Fourth
Avenue, one door from the corner of
Twelfth Street. She had her three
months-old child, Bruno, in*k'er arms.
Smoke was pouring from the window
behind her. As Gildersleeve watched
she held the baby at arm's length as
though to drop him.
"Hey!" yelled Gildersleeve in a tone
which drowned Mrs. Scotti's streams,
"don't do that! Stand where you are!"
He vaulted the fence of the corner
building, raced across the yard, hurd?
ling the fence of the yard belonging to
the building where Mrs. Scotti stood.
He looked up. The extension ladder
wa? hanging from the third floor bal?
cony, above Mrs. Scotti's head.
Calling to her to stay where she was,
Gildersleeve jumped the fence again
and darted into the corner building,
2?0 Fourth Avenue. He emerge.! on !
the second floor fire escape. It i mure
than a foot lower than the correspond
ing balcony on 292 Fourth Avenue and
is separated from it by a gap of seven
feet.
Gildersleeve made the leap. Lower?
ing the extension ladder, lie carried
Mrs. Scotti and her child to the yard.
Then he ran up again for Mrs. Abbie
Davis, who was in hysterics on the
third floor balcony. She is a heavy
woman, and when Gildersleeve reached
her she absolutely refused to go down
the ladder. Gildersleeve helped her to
the roof.
Mary Farrell, who had tried to es?
cape by way of the stairs and was al?
most overcome by smoke, was lying on
the third-floor fire escape, and Gilder?
sleeve returned for her. As he stooped
to raise her he saw another woman
lying across the window 53II.
He came back for her. She was Mrs.
Mary ilcKee, who was taking a bath
when the fire broke out and was over?
come by sniok? when she stopped to
put on her clothes. Gildersleeve car?
ried her to the roof and passed her to
Fireman Frank Quigley, who hastened
to the roof as soon as he had sent an
aiarm.
The fire burned out the rear apart?
ments of 290 and 292 Fourth Avenue,
causing several thousand dollars' dam?
age. It started in the cellar of 292
Fourth Avenue and shot up the dumb?
waiter shaft.
Basis Is Fixed for Soviet
Recognition and 10-Year
W ar Holiday for Europe
Harding Calls
Must i\ol Weaken Nation
Until New Agreement Is
Reached by Powers, He
Warns on Eve of Vote
By Carter Field
WASHINGTON, April 14. -President
Harding to-day threw himself into the
fight to save the American navy from
a cut in the enlisted personnel which
would place this country's sea power
far below the 5 5?8 ratio established
by the Washington conference as the
relative strength of Britain, the
United States and Japan.
A strong hint that it may be possible
late,- to reduce the ?avy personnel to
the figure now being insisted upon by
the little navy men in the House was
given by the President, but this should
be accomplished, he intimated, by in?
ternational agreement, not by this
country weakening itself in advance
of Great Britain and Japan.
Limit of Safety Reached
"Ultimately, perhaps," he wrote to
Representative I.ongworth. in a vigor?
ous letter read by the Ohio member
to the House, "the lower figures pro?
posed may be reached, and 1 hope it
will bo possible through later inter?
national concert, but the trend toward
peace and security ought to be more
lirmly established before going beyond
the limitation to which we were gladly
committed at the international con?
ference."
The President is known to desire
that another naval limitation confer?
ence be held, certainly not later than
the end of the present ten-year naval
holiday. He is known to hope and be?
lieve that the world will never see the
resumption of big battleship construc?
tion, but that conferences will gradu?
ally reduce the navies of the world
from competitive armament races to
mere police forces for the prevention
of piracy. ??
President Harding realizes keenly,
however, his friends point out. that
this country's opportunity for forcing
such reductions would be crippled if it
should reduce itself to naval impotence
voluntarily in advance of international
agreement.
Big Navy Men Foresee Victory
As a result of the President's letter
the big navy men were confidently as?
serting to-night that to-morrow, when
the vote on person/iel is expected, the
McArthur amendment, fixing the num?
ber at 86,000 men, that named by the
President as the minimum, will be
adopted.
Chairman Kelley, of the sub-com?
mittee on naval appropriations, was
also confident to-night, however, that
the committee recommendation of
07.000 men would" be upheld.
There is no doubt that the Presi?
dent's letter has changed votes in the
House, and that, oven if the committee
should win, its majority will be much
reduced. This intervention always has
a potent influence, naturally, on the
adjustment between the House and
Senate, and there is small doubt that
the President's letter has clinched a
majority for the minimum personnel he
desires in the Senate.
President Harding's letter was re?
ceived with loud applause from almost
an even half of the members in the
chamber. Mr. Longworth read it after
saying to Representative Kelley, of
Michigan, who had charge of the draft?
ing of the navy bill and is guiding its
course on the floor:
Harding's Plea Read to House
"The gentleman from iMichigan has
repeatedly challenged any man to
quote the President of the United
States. Here it is."
He then read the following letter:
"I have to acknowledge your letter
of inquiry addressed to me on the 10th
instant. If I were to address the Con?
gress formally I could say only what I
have already said informally, because
I am well persuaded that it is not wise
to make so drastic a cut in the naval
appropriations as has been proposed
(Continued on next pao?*)
Lawyer Convict Pleads
Own Case in Court Here
Ferguson, Sent to Sing Sing for
Anarchy, Asks Certificate
of Reasonable Doubt
Isaac E. Ferguson, formerly a Chi
cago lawyer, was brought here from
Sing Sing yesterday and personally
argued before Judge Cardozo, of the |
Court of Appeals, for a certificate ofJ
reasonable doubt in connection with his
conviction in 1920 on a charge of crim- j
inal anarchy. Although Ferguson is ?
serving a term of live to ten years, he |
is appealing from his conviction, and
wants to be liberated on bail while this
appeal is pending.
Judge Cardozo reserved decision on ,
the application of the convicted man, \
with whose argument he seemed im- !
pressed. John Caldwell Myers, Assist
ant IJistrict Attorney, said he would be
satisfied with moderate bail bond for ?
Ferguson, in case the former attorney i
was successful in his quest for a cer?
tificate.
It was the contention of Ferguson |
that the late Justice Weeks, before
whom he was tried and convicted, cre?
ated an impression prejudicial to his
case with regard to an interpretation
of the law against criminal anarchy.
Fergvrson was a member of the commit?
tee on program and manifesto of the
Communist party, but argued that it
was not his committee that published
fehe party manifesto, which contained
the words: "It is not our purpose to
capture the Btate, but to conquer and
destroy it." -
Ferguson disclaimed nil connection
with this publication, yet he was con?
victed for it.
Reds Reeognize Debts,
But File Counter Claim
TARIS, April 14.?A Havas
dispatch from Genoa says that
when Lloyd George demanded
that the Russians recognize the
debts of the Czarist government
as the price of any Allied conces?
sions, the Moscow delegates ac
knowledged the pre-war obliga?
tions. The Bolsheviki contended, i
however, that they were entitled
t?> offset debts contracted since
1914 by indemnities due Russia
for damages caused by the
counter revolutionary expeditions
that the Allies supported. The
Reds rejected a plan for creating ?
a Russian debt cosnmission.
Elfin Pictures
Of TleaF Fairies
Shown by Doyle
Butterfly-Winged "Little!
People" With Children's]
Faces Caught Playing
Pipes of Pan, He Says
Attests Their Genuineness
Two Girls Who Took Them
Psychically Gifted, Avers
Sherlock Holmes Creator
Do fairies leave the pages of story
books to play around the persons of !
little folk of the earth? Have the
Celts of Ireland, Scotland and Wales
for years been "dreaming true" of elfin
faces peering from the bogs? Can the
creatures of the woodland play the
pipes of Pan into the ears of children
psychically endowed and as they pipe
be photographed ? ?
Sir Arthur Cenan Doyle believes the^ ?
can. In corroboration of his statemeei*^
he exhibited in his suite at the. Hotel I
Ambassador yesterday a series of fairy
photographs, remarking:
"1 do not know what to make of this, j
But there you are. I give you my word ;
they are genuine."
The central figure in each of the !
photographs is a little girl. Floating j
around her neck and shoulders are ex?
quisite butterfly figures, the traditional |
"elfins of the woods" described by
Shakespeare. Gossamer wings and '
trailing draperies float from their
midget forms. They have perfect
human features in miniature and are
playing the pipes of Pan. In one of the
photographs a puckish goblin is whim?
sically perched on the hand of the
little girl.
Children Snap Little People?
Far fetched and unreal as the fantasy
seems, Sir Arthur vouched for the au?
thenticity of the photographs and told
in detail how they were secured.
In the year 1917 two little girls liv- |
ing near Bradford, Yorkshire, came Tn |
from the woods day after day and told
their father that they saw and played
with fairies. He was an electrician,
hard-headed and dependable, according
to Sir Arthur. When the children told
of their contact with the little people
of the woods he laughed and bought
them a camera, saying they would have
to give him proof. Within a short time
the children were back, and the picture,
developed, revealed four fairies danc?
ing round the form of the. girl, who
was photographed by her sister. Sent ?
out another time, they came in with a
picture of the goblin. Sir Arthur said, j
"Every one thought this a fake, of
course," he said. "I heard about it, ?
got hold of the plates and gave them !
to an expeiyt photographer. They were
the first photos ever taken by these
children. We had them enlarged. The
photographer said they were genuine. '.
There was no trace of super-imposition
or any other freak trick of the camera.
"In 1920 we got these children to- |
gether again. They were older now.:
?'hcy obtained three pictures of the j
fairies which stood every test we could !
apply. The photographer said the ?
fairies were in rapid motion when ;
snapped.
Couldn't Get R?esults Alone
"Curiously enough, one child was use
less without the other. They needed to
be together to produce results. This is
often the way with mediums. They
must work in pairs before they can
form the desired atmosphere. My
theory is that these children were
highly endowed psychically. Theirs is
(Continued on paga three)
Mustn't Get Wet While
He Fills Bath With Beer
-,?.
Anti-Dry Sentenced to Empty
3,200 Bottles Into Tub?
Then Open the Drain
OMAHA, April 14. -Roy Mahoncy to?
day began emptying into a bathtub
,'>/i00 bottles of home brewed beer with?
out touching a drop, in conformity with
a sentence imposed by Police Judge
Wappick when Mahoney was arraigned
on a charge of intoxication and was
unable to pay a $10 fine.
After explaining that 3,200 bottles of
liquor had been seized at another
man's home recently, Judge Wappick
passed sentence on Mahoney as fol?
lows:
"It shall be your punishment to
empty each and every bottle separately
into a bathtub. The plug must be in?
serted, and when the tub is full you
may let the beer flow down the drain.
Under no circumstances shall you
touch a drop of the brew, but shall
pour and pou- unjtil all is gon?."
A police ?raptain stood by.
Lloyd George, With Ital?
ian and French .Leaders.
Confers With Russians
to Outline an?3greement
Britain Urges Cut
In Forces on Land
Red Delegates Take Up
Talk of London Plan;
France Is Less Defiant
By Arthur S. Draper
Spcrial Cable to Thr Tribune
(Copyright, 10:33, New York Tribun?- Inc.)
GENOA, April 14.?Lloyd Georg?
to-day laid the foundations for a
general agreement with Russia
which will include recognition of the
Soviet government and a general
limitation of land armaments
throughout Europe. This auspicious
start was made at a meeting in his
villa attended by Louis Barthou,
chief of the French delegation ; For?
eign Minister Schan??er of Italy and
three Bolshevik delegates, Georg
Tchitcherin, Maxim Litvinoff and
Leonid Krassin.
An informal discussion of the
\ hole situation was had and the
friendliest spirit was maintained
throughout. The cpiestion of land
armies was taken up In a manner
that could not give any offense to
the French, and the way was paved
for an open discussion on this sub?
ject.
This was the first time that states?
men of western Europe had met the
Bolsheviki on such terms of inti?
macy, and the conference is regard?
ed as one that will mark a new era,
or at least stir the conference into
open waters where some of the lar?
ger questions may be settled.
The conference began this morn
^sg and.s?asted far into l?ie evening.
The discussion centered around the
Russian view of the Allied expert?' ^
report drawn up at London, which ^?
was taken up point by point. ^^
As the situation developed no nation
was willing to accept responsibility for
standing in the way of a ten-year vaca?
tion of assured peace, providing all
their -neighbors agree. An important
factor in this decision is found in the
attitude of the United States, which
has no desire to enter into European
affairs while the military budgets con?
tinue to eat up all the prospective
earnings of the workers for many
years.
Optimism Is Apparent
While there could be no talk of cut?
ting military budgets because of the
limited scope of the agenda, the same
question was approached through a
proposition that a written agreement
be made that would assure ten years
of tranouillity in Europe.
A new-born optimism over the pos?
sibility of bringing Russia into line is
apparent in French and Italian circles,
and they arc looking hopefully toward
a ten-year agreement which will in?
sure, every country in Europe against
aggression by neighbors. This, of
course, would be impossible unless Rus?
sia entered into the compact. The word
''disarmament" will not appear in any
of the official conversations, because it
is objectionable to France, and because
that subject is now under considera?
tion by the League of Nations. But
France is willing to accept a gentle?
man's agreement for ten years of peace
and will support any such proposal
unless some zealous person injects the
word "disarmament" into the discus?
sions.
The fact that France has made such
a concession is regarded here as evi?
dence that a determined stand has
been made to cut the expenses of
armies by all other powers and that she
felt obliged to bow to general demand.
in spite of her fear that Germany may
again crash across her borders if she
relaxes in the smallest degree her
armed vigilance.
Danger Point ?Believed Passed
In arranging to-day's conference.
Lloyd George, it is understood, told
the delegates that he thought an in?
formal preliminary meeting was nec?
essary before the Russians made their
formal reply to the London program.
The Bolshevik delegates accepted the
suggestion and freely discussed the ex?
perts' report. As a result of thie
meeting it is believed that the most
dangerous point in the conference bus
been passed, with the prospect of still
further progress.
Russia has checked progress of the
conference by requesting further time
to consider the report of the experts
and also by introducing various ob?
jections of a technical nature, but
nothing ha.; happened thus far to
create an unfavorable impression.
Originally the sub-committic of the
general commission, whioh really
governs the conference, was scheduled
to meet on Thursday morning, but the
Russians have been obliged to carry
on an extended exchange of telegrams
with L?nine, so that it is probable now
that the delegates will not como to
grips until next Tuesday, although the
meeting to-day has done much to clear
the atmosphere.
General Basis of Negotiation
The Russians have served notice that
they will accept the report of the ex?
perts as a general basis of negotiation,
but that they will oppose it in detail
because, they do not believe that the
experts are in a position to make
recommendations regarding the in?
ternal situation in Russia. They inais'
that outsider's are not well enough in?
formed to assume such a position. In
private conversation with the corre?
spondent, one of the delegates said that
Russia looks with the ??veaLcst hop? X?

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