Newspaper Page Text
Ufe (yets Land
For /JO Houses
ni*.uran<?* Coi?pany Opens
Building Room Under
\ew Aci: \partmeiita for
1.800 Families Planned
Will <<>-t $6,000,000
Many Other Bi;sc Constrtic
tion Deals in Prosprot
Will Involve Hope Sums
TV* Metropolitan Life Insurance
Comp**": ?'" ' pl?ted negotiations yeg
ter?.... foi th? pui cl <-?' <>l four blocks
? Q ? 'or in i first
housing pi -' '? '"' started under the
. f.. ? ti?')?; ?? ?urance com
pjftjc! ' ,0 Pcr f'cnt "'' 'heir
, M ipartments to rent for not
mere 'iian S' a room. Governor Miller
signo,i th? bill Friday. Construction
ct , ??. i ises to accommodate 1,800
families v.-ill he begun w'thin thirty
cs'-s, according to Haley Fiske, presi
d?' o'" tho company.
The plots will be in the Astoria sec
,:?: .. Queens, -ighteen minutes from
, <. ui.ic and twentj 'Limite- from
si d < i and Cen? ral
,!?(.?.?' . ;- b\
til?;cd. H this is ?lone the
will .-:nrt another fifty-hous<
j. , men who WM*..? ?
flX ? j -. whici to .-'.? : : .
. . in, plajee! i.iv ? Iv*?3e?jj lOO
douses! This group, he said, was leudy
to spend -ceta! million dollars of its
o*rn money, besides borrowed millions,
and had given the insurance company
?promise that the project will be or a
??entai baf^s oe not more than $9 a i
lias Sale Offer Already
Another group, Mr. Fisko said, was
prepared to buy the Metropolitan !
cro'C. for fifty houses when com
;!,:..- is done the company
Mr. Fiske said.
^Everything is most enc?-raging,"
siiil Mr. Fiske yesterday. "We are '
meeting with a great deal of co-opera?
tion. We have been as. ured by Mr.
UnUrmyer that labor will co-operate
to ti.e extent of giving one day a week
and thai con?--ions may be expected
-??or.i the build ng mat? rial men. But'
tir ligures <'r anticipated cq"sts did not '.
-?in this ;:'-" consideration. If it
??erlts eut in this way we will be ablf
to come down on rent:-. All tha'. we
ex-ifi-t is a return of 6 per cent on our
investment and a proper allowance for
Amortization has been figured on ?
lad a basis, according to Mr. Fiske,
that art the end of five years the com- ;
?any will not be subjected to a
peater risk on the property than would
be the case with first mortgages. But
t|e expectations are that when com?
pleted the apartments will be leased
in block under restrictions as to ren?
Risk $6.000.000 in Test
Referring to the fact that under the
r.a;iaw he Metropolitan could invest
$100,000.000 in housing, Mr. Fiske said: ,
"That is a great deal of money and <
you can't spend it in h night. Our -
ttnjtfifty houses, involving an expend?
tire of between $5,000,000 and $6,000,
?00. trill be an experiment. It is cer- !
uiiilv well worth trying. And if it ;
Mds oui and there is still a demand .
?ear' prepared to do it over again."
Andr?w J. '?bornas, an architect, who ;
twisted the Lockwood committee in its
investigations and who is ar, expert in i
apartment louse construction of the j
tenement type, began work yesterday
<W the fin*?! plans for the first set of !
new buildings in the Metropolitan ;
After a conf?rence yesterday morn
Ing with Walter Stabler, controller of j
the life insurance company, Mr. Thomas 'f
laid that hin plans would be ready ?
within a few days. He has completed a ,
number of sketches and tentative de- j
?igns for the proposed buildings.
Mr. Stabler said that the plans would
call for fifty buildings, each to contain :
thirty-two steam-heated apartments of ;
three, four and five rooms.
Each apartment will have outside i
Windows and the design will represent
the most advanced development of this
typ? of building. There will be r.o in- :
terior courts and crreat savings in '
hitherto wasted space will be made. j
"The only way we can get cheap
housing," Mr. Thomas said, "is by I
large-scale operations. This can be
done by putting the proposition in the I
hands of big people, who have suffi- ?
eient vision. These houses must be I
properly balanced, have plenty of ven- '
tilation, sunlight and interior con
veniences. In this type of construe
tion the speculative builder does not
"There is absolutely r.o housing being
ere-ted at the present time to accom- .
modat'e the daily wage earner within
nw means. There are thousands of !
peep,?: living year ?n ancj vear out ?n
rooms the only windows of'which look
out on dark alleys. Most of these;
?re what are known as 'outcast' hous- :
:ng?dilap.dated buildings that have ?
?en their best days and from which :
?very one else has moved. Housing
to replace this type does not appeal to
we speculative builder, but with the
'?vestments.authorized by the new law
tne scarcity of decent homes for the
Ally wage - oi i-e -, ill be quickly
According ?? tmuel rjntermyer, the
new development will not only provide
?ffP housing for vage earner?- but
"*". offer apartments equal to those now
anting for as high as SSO n month in
Manhattan. It is expected that the !
?:'ty building? now planned will be
'Woy to live in by next autumn.
Pleading Roman Women
H in Right to Homes
Babirr- ?i, \rms. Mothers In
*?ae ?Ministry of interior, and
?jection Order It? Reversed
!;?ME. Apr;i 15 ?By the Associated
?rr-> .-T'- Ministry of the Interior
**s the seer" to-day of an exciting
'*r- demonstration when ??. crowd of
*???m' babies in arms and leading
children invaded the Ministry
opposition of the guaids. who
nop tne screar.iinR.
U p y
'???eded by Deputy Giuseppe Min
?k?i*.a r>:'s'' Socialist, they rushed
?h?? j officc ol Vice-Premier Bene
e*?t J-Rmanded restoration <>f their
e^r,"'?'?'' " whiel they had been
an II r'"!i" hy Royal Guards on
^ont? " "'' !" ??"'<"! by f-,] apartment
( ?".Proprietor because tenants were
"Suing !rayfs ?,v subletting.
,_;?' mother- showed the Minister
\jr """' unable to pay higher rents
?,Jrree.r garters tnan tie small tene
SeTtli ]r,-^-p had sublet to theni
??Had ?.'<i*?r ejecting them was can
- ' fh? women marched out
Whantly aRd hurried back to re
[i??- -' " " 1
Foli? Dead Into Grave
He Dug for Another
After completing the clipping
of a gravo in the Weehawken,
N. -J.. cemetery yesterday, Chris?
tian Bock, forty two years old. of
5 River Road, North Reigen, was
stricken with acute indigestion
and fell into thy grave he had
dug for another.
As tn?> man toppled over the
funeral cortege bearing the body
of ?Mrs. Mary Bruggman, of Jer?
sey City, had entered the gates of
the cemetery. When the casket
was about to be lowered to the
grave, the body of the grave dig?
ger was discovered.
Bock was a veteran of the
Spanish - American War. and
served as one of the late Cofonel
Roosevelt's Rough Riders.
86,000 Navy by
Vote in House
< Continued from p,ig? tr.r ?
glad to take all the information that
we could get, but we have taken the
position that we would not grant ?
'::?? collar unless they could sit op?
posite us and show where ?- ?a to ?0
?c have not acepte,] their statement.
iiKc e ildrcn.
"1 will admit, that we have not ac
>pted the advice of expert.. Differem
c-fl-.eers hold different opinions. If the\
agro?d H would be evidence of decay
I l*e thing that has bothered the com
mittee was not the difference of opin
ion between officers, but the diff?rend
of opinion held by the same officer
from week to week."
, ^a|LJ'e*r the Navy department aske?
!or ?>.,so.000.000 as compared with th
??147.?no.uu(.l spent during the first yea
of the war, said Mr. Kelley.
Admiral Coontz told the committe
:,'.?XC?U^ :l"?' Mr' K,ll(\v continued, tha
1.0.000 men would keep on]y fiftee
capital ships in commission and tha
with 110,000 men he could retain onl
thirteen ships. He was given last yea
106.000 men and has kept in commif
sion eighteen capital shins, declare
Plenty of Men, Says Kelley.
Getting no headway with the aid c
the navy experts and their confusio
of oninions, said he, the committee se
itself the task of finding the numbe
of men and ships needed to maintai
the treaty navy under the 5-5-3 rath
and the bill is the remit.
"And they are askinc- ".2.000 men o
shore to (ill 12.000 jobs," Mr. Kelle
added. "This at a time when tr.
farmer, business man and citizens get
orally are borrowing mnnev to me?
their taxes. We have given them
man for every job and a little more."
The increase from 67,000 to 86,000
wanted, declared Mr. Kelley. to ma
the. 200 extra destroyers now tied u
Each destroyer requires 100 men. ma:
ing the total 20,000 additional, whi?
would entail an increased expenditu
of close to $00.000,000, he said.
He charged officers with joining
"common cause with industrial sectio:
that will lose under the committee
limitation," with backing the move
upset the committee's recommend
Representativo Byrnes, Democrat,
South Carolina, offered figures fro
official British reports in an attempt
show that there has been much mi
representation a; to the compar?t!
strengths <f personnels. He said t
Administrai ion is inconsistent, becau
the General Roard originally reco
mended 120,000, Secretary of the Na
96,000, and the President P6,0i
"which, in my mind, absolutely dispi
the contention of the minority that t
bill does not provide sufficient men
maintain the ratio agreement!"
Kahn Champions Amendment
Just before Mr. Kelley took the flc
the veteran chairman of the Hoi
Military Committee, Mr. Kahn, mad?
strong plea for the adoption of 1
Chief supporters of the commit
were Republican Floor Leader Mond
and Chairman Madden of'the App
priations Committee. Mr. Moridell t
the House that if the increase w>
permitted it would make the m
treaty a scrap of paper by provid
more than this country's share un
the agreement. Sharp reply to his c
tention ***as made by Repr?sent?t
Newton, Republican, of Minnesota, *;
declared he would rather accept
word of President Harding than t
of Mr. Mondell as to what wo
render the treaty ineffective as far
this country is concerned.
The addition of 19,000 men would
$40,000,000 to the bill, according
Mondell, thus making the total c
almost $400,000,000. 'more by sev<
millions than the cost of the n
ihis year. ?
"Add another 510,000,000 or $15,0
000,'' said Mr. Mondell. "as your m
experts will all demand, when '
bill goes to the Senate and the n<
costs and your naval personnel wil
greater after the treaty is ratified t
it was before."
"Peace will come only when
dreams of childhood come true,"
dared Representative Chandler,
publican, of New York, in suppor
the Vare amendment.
Representative Lemuel Padgett. D
ocrat, of Tennessee, said that
T'nited States agreed to scrap its fi:
ships and to operate only the o
03ie?. "In other words, we surrend?
gun power and speed and placed
-elves on. an equality ill torn
alone," he said, in demanding that
maximum man-power be provided.
Representative Magee, of New ?
Republican member of the Navy
committee, disagreed also with
Kelley and said that "if it is cone
we are entitled to eighteen ca'
ships it is necessary to man t
A letter from Admiral w ilson, ?
mandant of the United States N
Academy, urging the figure b? se
8^.000 was read to the House by
resentative Francis F. Patterson,
publican, of New Jersey.
The problem in the minds of
members. Representative C, Frank
vis, Republican, of Nebraska, deel
is the doubt as to whether or not
5_5_3 r8tio could be observed w
personnel of 67,000. in the confi
and doubt surrounding the que
the only thing to be done, he said,
to accept the larger number.
U. S. Recognizes New
Announcement If? Made in
letin Issued by State
WASHINGTON. April 15. Rcc
tion was accorded the new govfrr
at Guatemala to-day by ?lie i_
Announcement of the action o
American government was made i
following statement issued by the
??The Secretary of State anno
to.rlav that the President had i
nized" the new government of I
Workers' Official Says 25.
000 From Pennsylvania
and 10.000 in W.Virginia
Quit Work Last Week
Estimate 631.000 Are Out
Watchman at Pennsylvania
Mine Probably Fatally
Shot; One Arrest Made
Special Disimteh t,> The tribune
INDIANAPOLIS. April 15. William
Green, secretary-treasurer of the Mine
Workers of America, said to-day the
striking coal miners' rank-? had been in?
creased this week by 35j000 me,-., of
whom about 25,000 are from Districts
2 and 5 of centra! and western Penn
sylvania, and 10,000 from District 29,
the New River field of West Virginia!
The total figures from districts, ac?
cording to. information compiled at the
miners' headquarters, show that 514,.
'?00 union miners .-ire on strike and
that 117.000 non-union men have joined.
giving a total of 131,000 men on trikc!
These ligures do not include estimate-,
from District 23, of western Kentucky
where there are 12,000 union miners!
part of whom are still ;,t work on an
overlapping contract, and 5,000 non
union miners; District 20, in Alabama, '
where there Hr?- 1,000 union and 20.000
non-union miners, and District 30 in I
eastern Kentucky, where there are :
1.500 union and .'10,000 non.union min?
ers. The Mine Workers' headquarters j
has no estimates on these three dis- i
Situation Shown in Detail
The showing of the strike situation I
by districts is made in the following
table, all union miners being on strike. ?
the non-union miners and their num?
ber out of the mines being shown in
the second and third columns:
I'niuii Non-union unionized
District. miners. miners, or on strike j
1. 42,0(10 1 .VOftO 17,. 0 0 n
7'. 7.0,000 130,000 1 5,000
f?. 50,000 7' .'..no o 20.000
7. IS.00'1 7,000 7.000
9. 37.000 3 3.000 13.000
13. ; 7,. o o o - ?
3 2. 01,000
i :;. 1 3,000
35. ti.ono 1 ,-,.oo?i S.000
IK.... 2,000 1 S.0,1,, 'e.O.ie-,
,000 I i 00 : 1 o noft
,000 7,,000 1 0 000
71. 1 11.000
22. 3 0 000
23. '. 2,000 5,000
25. ! 0,000
?2 7. 10,000
20. 5.000 20.000 3 0,000
Totals. 73 4.500 278.000 117,000
.Special Dispatch to The Trihwie
GREENSBURG, Pa., April 15. D. S.
Mitchell, aged sixty-seven years, a
watchman employed by the export mine ,
of the Westmoreland Coal Company,
early this morning was shot through
the left breast by two Italians, said to
be striking miners, one of whom was
caught later by state police. Mitchell
was taken to the Westmoreland Hoa- '??
pital here, where this afternoon it was
reported he would probably die. Per- :
dinand Cicerello, a?:ed thirty-live years, i
Coke Workers Stick to Jobs.
?Employes of the I-rick Coke Com?
pany and independent concerns at
active plants in the northern section
of tin- Connellsville coke region have
appar>?ntly definitely rejected the ad?
vance? of the union organizers. All
workers were at their places this morn?
ing, despite the approach of Easter, an
established layoff period among coke
That the union organizers realize the j
failure of their objective in inducing1
the workers of other plants near Con- ;
nellsville was demonstrated by threats1
made against some workers.
The coal strike entered its third week \
in West Virginia to-day, with four Fed?
eral injunctions hanging over the
United Mine Workers restraining them \
from organizing activities in the coal !
fields of this state, and with the op- i
eratois maintaining that lack of a mar?
ket is tiie chief factor in keeping down
One injunction, applying to the
Winding Gulf field, granted last Satur?
day night, is returnable ou 3notion to
make it permanent before Judge Mc
Clintic Monday. The injunction issued
last Monday in the Borderland case j
and applying to the whole of West Vir?
ginia will be appealed to the Circuit
Court The two issued late yesterday,
one on the application of the Etna Sew- '?
ell' Smokeless Fuel Coal Company and ,
sixty-two other companies in the New
River district, and the other on com?
plaint of six coal corn-panics in the New
River district and one individual in
Wyon ing and Raleigh counties, will be ;
argued on a motion to make them per- ?
mancnt April 24.
SHAMOKIN, Pa.. April 15.- A detail
of twelve state troopers was sent into,
the Shamokin Creek Field to-day. Three
washeries resumed operations there;
yesterday. The plants had been idlej
since the firs', of the week when officials
of the United Mine Workers' ? locals ?
requested that they be shut.
Ohio Steel Plants Going
YOUNGSTOWN, Ohio, 'April 15.
Steel plants of the Youngstown dis?
trict will feel no effect of the coal1
strike for at least Another week, of-;
ficiais said to-day. Operations next.
week will he increased, according to
schedules given out at company offices.
Independent plants will be working
at about 80 per cent of capacity next;
week, as against 70 to 75 per cent this
week. The three steel corporation
plants will continue to run at. full
capacity with the exception of one blast
furnace, orders for firing which were:
canceled a week ago because of the
Iron production remains the same,;
the increase being in finishing mills.
Steel operators are apprehensive that a
continuance of the union miners' suc?
cess in the Connellsville coke field will
cause a curtailment of blast furnace
operations, though the danger is said
not to be immediately at hand.
Miners Will Maintain
Solid Front, Says Lewis
>o ?Segotiation of Independ?
ent District Contracts Yor
Any Compromise. He Asserts
SPRINGFIELD. 111., April 16.?Dis?
claiming responsibility of the miner,
for "the ills of the coal industry,"
John L. Lewis, president of the United ;
Mine Workers cf America, told the j
Midday Luncheon Club here to-day
that '"'the principles at issue in this
great strike will not be compromised
by the mine workers."
"The dream of the coal operators."
he said, "that the miners will engage ?
in a multiplicity of conferences and i
Married Pair to Quit
Prison at Same Hour
ALBANY. April 15.?Governor
Miller to-day commuted (he sen?
tence of George Napoleon Tebo,
of Broome County, so that he and
his wife could leave Auburn
Prison together May 1. Both had
been convicted of grand larceny,
first degree, for the same crime.
The wife was given a minimum
sentence of a year and six
months, while the husband was
sentenced to a minimum term of
In a statement explaining the
commutation the Governor point?
ed out that Judge Tuthill, who !
imposed the sentence, and the
district attorney who conducted
the prosecution "united in n rec?
ommendation thai Tebo's sentence
be commuted so he mi?rht be re?
leased when his wife's term ex?
negotiate independent district, apree- |
ments will not materialize."
Mr. Lewis said such negotiations
would be like treating a patient's or?
ganic troubles by applying "healing
lotions to his extremities."
Reverting to the ?nine workers'
?ms, he said:
"It is poor industrial leadership
that can conceive industrial improve-'
m en I only through a debased manhood
ind a pauper level of existence."
"The strike." he continued, "is the
natural sequence of the organized ef?
fort of the eoal operators to beat the |
miners backward to the level of sub \
sistencc in the non-union fields. The
miners will not retreat. The human
values involved are o?" infinitely jireat- '
*r consequence than the profit margins
it" the operators.
"Approximately live millions of the
population of our nation are directlj
dependent upon the mining industry
and it is Cod's will that the children
if the mining camps be fed, clothed !
md sheltered to the same degree as '?
the children of other citizens.
"The operntors of the central com- i
pctitivc tield have nonchalantly broken
their agreement to meet in joint con?
ference and have defined their further
policies with all the arrogance of a
German war governor jack-booting h
Belgian town into submission.
"The agreement thus violated was
nade by command of the united States I
government, and as yet the govern?
ment has merely condoned their of?
fense against the moral code by issu?
ing statements assuring the public I
.hat an ample supply o( coal would be
furnished by fields where non-union i
iperators bold sway by force of arms,
such a statement is itsell an error
,vhich the public will later realize." ;
(Continued from pan* ono
which may arouse unnecessary and
harmful prejudice against the law.
"I deplore the pernicious and mis?
leading propaganda directed against
?his measure which has aroused .mich;
misinformed opposition and has i-ro
:ited a prejudice in the public mind
which will be harmful even in the ad-:
ministration of the present laws. The;
right solution of this problem direct?
ly affects the welfare of society and'
that solution will not be advanced by
misleading appeals to popular preju?
Loopholes in Parole Bill
In vetoing the so-called Brindell !
parole bill the Governor wrote a mem
vrandum in which he pointed out the
loopholes in the act. declaring at the
?.iiiip time that the parole system was
'ine which could be considerably im
"I do riot think the time has come;
when wo can safely put all crimes h>
one category after a year's imprison-!
nient and leave the matter of further*
imprisonment to the discretion of a
parole board," said the Governor.
"No doubt sound penology requires
consideration of each individual, but
the crime committed must also be con?
sidered. It may be that the judge is
inclined to prive too much considera?
tion u. the crime, too little to the in?
dividual; but the reverse would most
likely be true of any parole board.
"This bill contains many sound pro?
visions. It furnishes a basis for fur?
ther consideration, which I trust will
be given to a problem of such vast
"1 am inclined to think that a plan j
can be devised, involving concurrent;
action by the Parole Board and the |
court, or the judge who imposed the
sentence, which would be an improve?
ment upon the present system, but that]
has to be caiefully thought out."
Another so-called Brindell bill, which
was introduced by Assemblyman John
J. O'Connor, who was counsel to the
imprisoned labor czar, also was vetoed
to-day by the Governor. This was in
the omnibus veto. It provided that
after two or more sentences have been
imposed on a convicted person, the
court may at any time before the be?
ginning of the second or other sen?
tence suspend all subsequent sentences.
Fire Department Given
Big Shake-Up by Drennan ;
Two Divisions and Two Bat?
talions Eliminated; Shifts 20
Captains and Lieutenant!
Fire Commissioner Thomas J, l>>-eii
nan yesterday made an extensive
shake-up in the personnel of the uni?
formed force- Two oivisions. the Sixth
in Harlem and the Tenth in Brooklyn,
were discontinued as Fire Department
sub-divisions, and two battalions in
Brooklyn also were eliminated. Dep?
uty Chief Frederick YV. Gooderson. of
Brooklyn, was transferred to the Sev?
enth Division in the Bronx.
The Sixth Division elimination re
quired no transfer as its commanding
officer, Deputy Chief John F. Kine;.
long since has been transferred out of
that division. The new chiefs of bat- |
talion. John J, McElligott and John i
J. T. Wnldron. were assigned to their j
new commands, McElligott to the i
Fourth Battalion in Attorney Street,
and Waldron to the Third Battalion in i
Mercer Street. Five captains, fifteen j
lieutenants and one fireman were
1.200-iFbot Spout at Sea
Tourists on Carmania Sec !
Great Spiral of Water
Tourists returning yesterday or. the
Cunard liner C?rmania from a cruise
to the Mediterranean were entertained |
at pea on Thursday by the display of a
1,200-foot waterspout that was not in?
cluded in the program of the tout.
The great spiral column was ob
served at 11:25 a. m. about twelve
miles from the ship and lasted forty- |
five minutes. The ship'-: officers esti- |
mated that the spout was about 1.200
feet high and about .100 feet in d?ame- !
ter at its mid-section.
Too Many Mines
(lause of Evil,
Is Sage Report
Men Ait Enabled to Work
Only About 200 Days a
Year Under ihe Presenl
Plan of Coal Operation
Musi Curb Devcinpincnt
No Solution of Labor Prob?
lem ?s Seen Until Basic
1 r o h b 1 e is Removed
In a report entitled "The Coal
Miner.' Insecurity," made public yes
terdaj by the Russell Sage Founda?
tion, the theory is advanced that no
satisfactory agreement of a permanent'
nature on wages can be reached be?
tween miner? ani operators in the;
bituminous held- until steps have been
taken to curb "the over-development
of many more mines than are required
to supply the country's needs." The'
report declares this over- development .
lias resulted in giving an average of
only 214 days of employment annually:
to the GOO.OOO men employed in the in?
dustry, thus nullifying the advantages
of any wage increase won by the
miners in the past.
Hugh Archbald, mining engineer, in
a report made public simultaneously
by the Bureau of Industrial Research,]
289 Fourth Avenue, says thai coal mine
labor underground is 50 per cenl
wasted and thai the. bitiiminou miner's
actual working day average? about four
hours. Mr. Archbald'.*, report is said
to be the first attempt to measure tie
work losses downsbaft, and in stating
that tin- fundamental cau ,e of the dis?
organization underground i-- the same
a1; the cause of Intermittent mine op
eration over-development through un
restricted competition recognizes a
condition similar to that which is the
subject of the Sage Foundation's re?
port. Copies of Mr. Archibald's findings
have been transmitted to the House
committee in Washington which is in?
vestigating the coal strike.
Waste of Labor Great
The Bureau of Industrial Research
notes that "the miners who are now
planning the nationalization of the con!
which underlies our civilization will
have to grapple with the sum" prob?
lems of I he engineering of work. Theirs
is the next, move."
Mr. Archbald. who has had twenty
years' exp?rience in coal mine manage?
ment, says in his report:
"Totaling the number of hours in
a year which a minor spends at
remunerative work, wc lind that he
averages somewhere between 200 and
230 days when the mine is iri opera?
tion and he consequently lias a pos?
sible chance to work. Two hundred
days would rive him 650 hours of
remunerative work; 230 da-.:-. 805
hours. Out of n total of 300
eight-hour working days in a year, or
J.100 hours, a miner spending from a
quarter to a third of this time in
remunerativo labor loses a matter of
1,600 hours during the year, when he
ought to be of service to the com?
munity and to himself."
Th?- Sage Foundation states that it
investigated the coal situation in con?
nection with its study of human re?
lations in industry and that it has
analyzed data on irregularity of pro?
duction and employment in bituminous
mining extending over a period of
thirty-two years. Its data includes the
.nost recent statistics on annual earn?
ings and kindred subject's compiled
by the United States Geol?gica] Survey,
the National Coal Associ?t ?em. United
Mine Woikers, United States Bureau
of Labor Statistics and various state
bureaus of mines.
Lose Ninety Days a Year
A summary of the report as prepared
by the Foundation say.-, in part:
"The bituminous coal mine-, have
been open for work on an average of
onlv 214 davs a year in the thirty-two
years from 1890 through 1921. If 304 I
days be regarded as a full working
year the? lost days of employment and
of -.nine operation have averaged ninety
in a year. Only twice, and this dur?
ing the war. did the miner reach tin
high mark when lie had as few as
sixty-one idle days in a year. Tn eleven
of these thirty-two years the loss of
working time, and consequently of
wages, has averaged 100 days or more
for the bituminous miner.
"Of these lost days 37 per cent, ac?
cording to the estimates of the United i
States Geological Survey, have been
due to Che over-development of soft
coal mines. Mines now ?n operation
could produce from 700,000,000 to
900,000,000 tons a year, according to
various estimates of the President's
Bituminous Coal Commission and sta?
tisticians of the Geological Survey,
while the country can use approxi?
mately 500,000,000 tons.
"This excess of capacity over pro?
duction brings more men into the in?
dustry than are needed and makes em?
ployment intermittent and uncertain
even when business in general is most
?'The miners in tho soft coal indus?
try might well ask for a guaranteed
minimum of employment as the basic
need, taking precedence over wage ad
justments this year."
New York representatives of the
operators in the union fields were silent
yesterday over the remarks attributed
to Attorney General Daugherty in re?
porting the coal strike situation to
President Harding on Friday. The
prevailing opinion in these offices is
that government intervention will prove
the only agency possible in bringing
about a wage agreement and settle?
ment of the strike. They do not, how?
ever, expect any immediate move of
Reports received at the New York
offices of the operators predicted *hat
?he peak of the strike among the unor?
ganized workers has been reached. The
claim is made in th?se reports tnat the
drive being made by the United Mine
Workers in tho strike districts had
reached its full force and that the non?
union operators are now in a position
to combat successfully the spread of
A similar opinion, although not offi?
ciai, was expressed in the offices of the
large steel companies.
The non-union operators and heads
of the steel companies believe, accord?
ing to information obtained yesterday,
that a large number of non-union men
now on strike will return to work after
Boast He Had "Pull"
With Judge Costs $10
When Charles Sharkey, of Bay
onne, was arrested for speeding
yesterday, he said he had a pull
with the judge and hated to see
the policeman go to the trouble of
writing out a summons. An houi
later he was arraigned before Rc
cordev William J. Cain.
"This man said he had a pull
with you, judge. I arrested him
for speeding," said the officer.
"Five dollars for speeding,"' dc
clared Judge Cain, "and i?10 fo3
Hizzoner'a Best Smile Illumines Boardwalk
John /?'. l?vlan greets 'em ?ighl and left as hi- and his wife take a pre
Easler stroll along Atlantic Cify's cosmopolitan tear
Bill to License
Rea] fel? h* Mien
Brokers, Salesmen, Vgcnls
in New York and Buffalo
Must Obtain State Permits
to Operate Aller Oct. I
I'roin a StaM ? or ? ?o irfi !
ALBANY, April 15. i lie Gibbs bill,
; licensing real estate i -oki rs cl ales
men in New York and Buffalo and
? adjacent counties, and plae ug I lu m
under state : upervision, wy sign ?
to-day by Governor Miller.
Under i I lc new law any person, firm
or corporation who, for a fee or com?
mission, engages in real estate opera
j tions on and after October 1 of I
year in that territory, must obtain
a license from the State Tax Com
mis?ion. The application for the li?
cense' shall set forth the name, or
? names, of officers and the place, vr
places, of business for the two years
preceding the date of filing the appli?
cation, and satisfy the commission as
to trustworthiness and competency to
transact business for the protection of
: the client and publ?c.
Licenses will cost from $5 to $25
and must be renewed annually.
Only ?me member of a partnership is
t permitted to act as broker under a
I single license, but both members are
I permitted to act as brokers upon grant
! ing of an additional license, t|ie cost
; to be one-half tii" original fee.
One-bait" the money raised by the
?ic! reverts to the localities where it is
Licenses may be revoked by the Tax
Commission If statements made in the
application are found to be false or
the applicant shows inability compe?
tently to transact business. Appli?
cants whose licenses are revoked or
whose applications are refused are per?
mitted to seek r'-vicw of the commis?
sion's action in the courts by obtaining
a writ of certiorari, and the applicant's
license will be deemed to be in full
force until the court action is con?
Realty agents or brokers are forbid?
den to employ any aient rir represen?
tative in any city unless he is licensed.
The revocation of a broker's license
automatically suspends the licenses <>r
all agents or employ?es of the broker
pendine- change of employer, when a
new license is to he granted without
additional fee to cover the unexpired
term of the permit.
Receivers, referees, administrators,
executors, guard:ans or other persons
acting under supervision or by the di?
rection of the courts are exempted
from the act. Public officers in the per?
formance of their duties and attorneys
also are e:<empted.
The Pitcher bill, licensing billiard
halls in cities of less than '?Od.OU? pop?
ulation, a'so was signed. It levies a
licensing fee of $5 on each pool or bil?
liard table. the Tax Commission is
empowered to refus?- or revoke any
j license. The new law also forbids the
| use of the word "pool" in placarding
I J\. Y. C. Not to Entor Kate
War for Passenger Trade
CHICAGO, April 15.?-The threatened
rate war between railroads for passen?
ger business to New York received a
setback to-day with the announcement
of the New York ("entrai 1,ir.es thai
I key would not meet excursion rates
of less than $43 recently announced by
the Erie and Wabash railways.
Instead, the New York Central will
go after Canadian rate,--,, announcing
excursion rates of $36.70 round-trip
tare to Ottawa, $40.90 to Montreal and
$60.66 through Canada to Boston. The
present round-trip rate to Montreal is
Democrats Seeking !
Tariff Bill Fight
Manufacturers ami Import-1
ers Questioned byFinancel
Committee Senators as to
Ki'frri of the Measure
V, ?.SHINGTON, April 15.?Besides
- ?: government experts. Demo?
crats of the Senate Finance Committee
in their study of the Administration
tariff bill arc examining manufactur
? id importers as to the probable
effccl of the measure and particular
duties proposed on their lines of busi
nci This is in preparation for the.
fight which, the minority plans to make
on the bill in the Senate.
American valuation was under dis?
cussion today. Aside from this ques?
tion the minority is giving close study
to provisions which would authorize
the President to increase or decrease
rates within a radius of f>0 per cnt
and to proclaim American valuation
on given lists of imports when in his
judgment, after investigations to he
made by the Tari!!' Commission, this,
would be necessary to equalize com?
petitive conditions in the United States
and in the country from which the
The study which the Democrats are
making of the bill may require more
than the nine days allotted by the
committee majority. Should that, prove
the case they will request an extension
of time beyond next Thursday for fil?
ing the minority report.
Chairman McCumbcr plans to call
the bill up next Thursday, but the fight
over the measure may be delayed be
yond that date, as the first procedure
will he the reading of the -140-page
document, a task that will fall to the
reading clerks working in relays and
one that will interest few Senator?.
Duties on olive oil, raisins, dried
grapes and currant-- higher than those
in the Administration tariff bill are
proposed in amendments offered by
Senator Johnson, Republican, of Cali?
fornia, a member of the Republican
Abandonment of the comparative
valuation report, bureau at New York
and creation in its place a new organi
zation to be known as the customs' in?
formation exchange, was announced to?
day by the Treasury.
The exchange, it '.vas explained, will
j exercise no executive or administra?
tive authority and will be used as a
i central distributing point for data con?
cerning values and advisory classifica?
tion and information as may be of
value to customs' officers.
Mr. Mellon's action was taken upon
recommendation of a special committee
appointed to investigate the organiza
. tion and operation of the Comparative
? Valuations' Report Bureau, which
found that some of the activities of
! the bureau were unnecessary and that
- some were a duplication of work per?
formed by other agencies. The com?
mittee was headed by George W.
| Vldrich, Collector of Customs, New
Iowan Out for Senate
CHICAGO, April 15 (By The Associ?
ated Press). -Clifford Thome, general
counsel for the American Farm Bureau
Federation, to-day formally announced
his candidacy for the Republican nom?
ination for United States Senator from
Iowa. He simultaneously tendered his
resignation to the farm bureau federa?
Americans First to Conquer
13,500-Foot Caucasus Peak
ALEXANDROPOL. Armenia. April 15.
After baffling expert mountain climb?
ers for years, the great Mount Ala
prheuz, one of the highest peaks in the
i Caucasus, has been ascei J**<d by two
j American college athletes, R. 11. An
j ?lerson, of Connecticut, and Roy Davis.
| of Monticello, Ark. Anderson was cap- ;
tain of Wesleyan's 1918 football team
and Davis was an all around athlete at
Erskine and later baseball coach for
the American College in Egypt.
Mou.it Alagheuz rises i:!.r>nn f?et
from a plateau about thirty miles east
of Alexandropol. The Americans had
made two futile attempts to reach, the
i summit, whieh is regarded as more
difficult than Mount Blanc. On their
third and successful attempt they
j mounted nearly to the snow line on
j American army mules. This left 5,000
feet of the most perilous climbing he- ;
Spending the night in a little Kurd?
ish village below the snow line, they
started at 8 o'clock in the morning
and reached the summit before dark. ;
Arter carving their names and ad?
dresses on a rock they returned to the
i?,000-foot level by miclnight.
MIDDLETOWN, Conn., April 15.
Russell Hobson Anderson, of Bridge?
port, Conn., was graduated from Wcs
leyan University in 1920. His would
have been the class of 10IK, but he
left college to enter the United States
service and was a second lieutenant of
infantry at Camp I.ce in October, 1918
Anderson was on the varsity footbal
team three years and captain in hi
senior year. Ile captainp'l his clasi
basketball team one year and his c?as
swimming team two years, lie was >
member of two class societies and o
the Delta Upsilon fraternity. Ander
son is in Armenia with Captain E. /
Yarrow, Wesleyan, '01, who has charts
of the Caucasus branch of the Nea
Fast relief work, and Byron 1). Mac
Donald, cliss of '19.
On Trade Pact
Negotiations Between U. S.
Charge ami Pani Reaeli
Stille Where Signing
of Treaty Is Expected
Obregon Policy Modified
Concession* Are Believed
To Be Forthcoming Re
garding Life and Property
i The Tribune's WasMnoio i: i .4
WASHINGTON, April IB. Xegotia
tions in progress for some day? be?
tween American (barge d'Affaires
George T. Summerlin at. Mexico 1 il
;.i;<l Minister of Foreign Affairs Pani
have adv'.ncorl to the ?taire where the
signing of a treaty of amity and com?
merce, which ?s tin- equivalent of rec
ognition. soon may he authorized, It
became known officially to-day.
Tho American position regarding
Mexico, it was pointed out, has not.
changed since the pronouncement of
Secretary of State Hughes almost n.
year ago. but there has been a notice
able change m sentiment toward th*
United States by responsible official?
in the Mexican government. The dis?
position of several conic* ago to re?
ject emphatically the American pro
posai to negotiate a treaty gi-. ?ng
ample guaranties to this povcrnni'-i ?
to protect American life and propert.v
in the southern republic gradually ha-1
been displaced by a desire on the par?
of President Obregon and l>'s adviser
to place then- government again in
good standing with the United States.
Legal I'hase To Be "Ironed Out"'
Foreign Minister Pani and American
Charge Summerlin have been selected
as the officials through whom the pre?
liminary negotiations looking to this
accomplishment are to be handled, and
the conversations which are now in
progress are directed toward ironing
out all the technical and legal phases
of the treaty provisions.
Secretary of State Hughes is in con?
stant communication with Mr. Sum?
merlin and recently dispatched to
Mexico City a mejnorandum calculated
to meet some of the objections to the
proposed treaty raised by Mr. Pani.
These objections center around the pro?
visions of the treaty affecting the
rij/hts of all foreigners in Mexico. It
is the American desire to remove all th?
objectionable features of Article 27 of
the Mexico Constitution and the re?
striction in Mexico to freedom of wor?
ship. A section of Articlo .7 provide?
that no church organization can own
Mexican lands or property. On the
theory that religious freedom is a
fundamental part of international re?
lations the American government de?
sires the Mexican laws to be modified
in such a way as to afford protection
to American missionaries who may
elect to operate in Mexico.
Obregon Policy (hanged
It is generally accepted here that the
Obregon government has decided no
longer to pursue a policy of confisca?
tion of property, and the recent inter?
pretation of Article 27 by the Mexican
Supreme Court as not confiscatory or
retroactive is taken as a step in the
right direction. It is realized here.
however, that it require* no less than
five decrees of the Mexican tribunal
to establish a precedent, and the Amer
ican desire is that the proposed treaty
shall contain unequivocal language on
the guaranties that Mexico will make
toward the protection of American and
other foreign interests in that republic.
It is not the desire here to make
compliance with the American positio"
difficult for the Mexican government.
On the contrary, the negotiations arc
progressing with a view to enabling
President Obregon to meet the situa?
tion without the slightest embarrass
ment. But the contention is rigorous!;;
adhered to that a treaty of amity and
commerce is the fundamental method
to pursue in establishing complete and
friendly relations between the two
Sehool Motto Cheers
Lonely Cabby in Chicago
"Perseverance Overcomes Ob
stacles," Says One of Last
Repeating a copybook maxim to keep
up his courage, Edward Budd, the only
horse-cab driver left on the south side
of Chicago and one of the last seven
in that city, remains on duty despite
the motor competition which he says is
starving the old-fashioned cabby ou',
of existence and will soon make him :.
"Five years ago there were abou*
five hundred of us. and plenty of work
for all," he remarked as he waited f?>r
customers. "N'ow I am lucky if 1
make $5 a week, and sometimes two
weeks pass without bringing me a
nickel, though I'm on watch from early
in the afternoon until 2 or 3 o'clock
in the morning.
"When I get discouraged, though, I
remember a saying I learned at school.
'Perseverance overcomes every ob
stacle.' 1 say that over to myself some?
times, and then I think of school days
m Hampshire, when I saw her majesty
the queen. We children stood on a
bench as she passed, and her majesty
stopped and pinnetl a white rose on my
lapel. I'll never forget that.
"I'd quit driving if I could do any?
thing else, bul I froze my feet twenty
odd years ago in a storm that tied up
all the trains. 1 was out all nigh
driving people home who would have
frozen to death if I'd stayed in-and
taken care of myself. N'ow those same
people would pass me by and take a
New England Commission
Opposes Waterway Scheme
BOSTON, April 15.?The joint New
England Commission on Foreign and
Domestic Commerce announced to-day
?hat it had voted to oppose the St
Lawrence waterway project. The com
,,i ion expressed the opinion that the
..lerne for deepening the river for
- els of lar-re draft was not prac
Lca . and that the benefits to the Wcs'.
:ould not compensate Massachusetts
or her loss of freight.
The commission represents the con?
solidated membership of similar or?
ganizations in the New England states
which were organized some time ago
at the suggestion of former Governor
A finelv Rpr>nlnt->i Sea?i<J> ?"outni-y
Club 1S how courue. in minute?
out on t.ong liuarel. Tho cos3t li?
extremely moderate. Inquire for
New "kork Office,
::<> ?road Street.
rcippho-io R-ctor i*M-*. _