Newspaper Page Text
kWage Cut and
Ask 20% Raise
Inthracite Men Flaily Ho
fuse Operators' Propo?
sal; Demand Support
in Plea for U. S. Probe
attack 'Concealed Profits1
Say Price of Coal Could
Br Cut S3 a Ton by
F!a* rej? tioi of th? demand of I
?nthra ? ? ? ? 21 *
educ . tho mine
?rntrs t 1 ? tal ?ve? of
the hard coal
? - ... h has
1 een ? g negotiat 'or a new
? , | th? U ?on 1
< !ub aft? r an adjournment of more
? '".an a we* k.
Cou] thii refusal of th?
irera* I i ? spokes?
men i ) ' thi operators giv?
- -. ? ration to the minn
:ra:\?* for a wage increase
. f 20 ;,. ?? cent and fi.
? . ? . r da undergro
ners also laid em
? - of their request
tors join 1 hem ; n de
ral investigation of the
product costs of a
In the i the operators,
the era ? hargi :
at i aintaii ... monopoly
from '?? i i and ndefen*
. hrough the pro
? . ? ? ' acite.
??To s ' " prop? sal of the op
: rtion r rl p reply,
"would be to i i t the grad ition of
miner? in order that the consumers
of coal may continui to be une nscioi
' - amount of at 1
> ? ? anthracite i
Operators Make .No < omment
? ? tatives on the
? ? tiers' answer
, . ? ' ? , and there was no
? ? . . ' latei
* ? ;.! a basis for
when t he com
of the reply sum
mar Z? ? '..,-?? .ai-,
"A- ? pleti tudy and analysi
* .' y ir argumi supporting
data," ? ? ' * . ' "? ? ve to ii ?"? rni yo .
thai e find oui ? ui ble to accept
? insist upon
further coi I ? i
quest hangi n the si andards
? : . tion which now
? lust ry."
?peral r<?. thai "we
'? : im with the im
there is a
? . ,; i nterests ai at
stake ? d of th< genera] public,"
that ? i n ?' "agree
? .- tely" that an; inflated
th? ??-. ar Bhould be elim i
? c ; reduc
t goes on to
? \\.. have * epi atedly, during thi
coui :? t your
pel n requesting coi plcte
.? In! ? t?te < 'on; -
' , on and tl 1- ede ral
Coi oi witl th? practical
r and elimi
, ? ? . > ction and
"In 1 m flon, we 1 ave sub
? i ; i n i m -
? i ? ? price of
??'..' . ? ? domestic ci
ili! hi at least ??'> a
n youi ipp ' '
o we i ?i v.
? : . I . , '. I : ,
prevent exactii ; need
? n d i ? ? i on of th e
Attack "I on? ealed Profits"
nches into "con?
ceal! pri ? Thi profil lerived
? i om threi rces, a large
part co . . ? ublic." Thej
re held < three
EOUrc? fO ?".'. :
"2. From I anthra
cite? ' ? ? h c o i
trol c mining
'? ? ' the mim
order 1 rge but
conci or 1
rl ? ? n ' .'
" : [*'] i thi [i by th?
largi opei lining < un
placed upon tl
i1 ? very large
numbf r of the i rkei the da*
134 a yea i
? below i r thi
ry f !
: ' n of the
cut, il I, v ?..
?..--. - . . .
? nd com
the soi il,
moral of tl
: ?. e 1
'IllJS' : ' - . "
it goes i "Pi | es cai
I to any i ? ?.
i n wage ra ti
ton of i ? -,. . , l, \vh? reas
Thi- docu ??? ' :
operatoi . , ?
; ear agreement - ? vva
? '..'? v . Id , . ? ?..,., ?'. , H
bor" as a com? ?.vil
? ra tion of hn
Tribune Printer Leads
in Delegates1 Election
George Bcntlay, of The Tribune, with
6,017 vote?, polled th?- largest total in
i led ion here > e A ei da s of four
itea to th? com ? '??'.. ". < f I: ? i ?'
? - il onal Typographical Union in
\' ntii City in S? ptember. George
F. Beach, of " rh? \V ..';.i " ? ?th 5,950;
Charles L. Craig, of th? F? d? ral Prinl
a ? ompai ??. will 1,310 and Georg?
; Fredericks, of "Th? Evcni
with 3,8i)9, were the other thre? bu?
? tful candid tes. All four van on
the Progressive ? icket.
? mplet? returns on the local vote
; international pre dent gave the
of New *i ork, a total of 5,190 vot? ??
l?e is runf. ing on t he Progi
, '. ... nisi ru t ion candidate,
\ ;c ? Presid? nt Walter Barrett.
? .??< only 1 ??
Frank Slorrison, Progressive, now
tary of the American Federation
of Labor, was reported lasjj nignt to
? i n ng Br . d of the Other nine
at? for d? legate to this A. F. L
?- ive will be ele? ted.
Testimony Completed in
Miner's Treason Trial
CHARLESTOWN, W. Va., May 25
; By The Associated Press).- Testi?
mony was closed to-day in the treason
trial of William Blizzard after nearly
: four weeks. A night session was or
lei d to-night, at. which attorneys prc
d instructions they asked the
to give the jury. Judge J. M.
v. ? Is Bet six ami a half hours foi
? . ? side as the tima for arguments.
A few brief finishing touches on the
testimony of defense witnesses made
up the only evidence to-day. The ?le-1
fense then made a motion once, before
: denied that the evidence of the Btate
he ??tncken out and a verdict of ac?
quittal ordered. The motion, as be?
fore, was based on the claim that th?
- of particulars and the indictment
differed as to the acts alleged and that
. . ?? -.vus not sufficient evidenc?
support the allegations of the indict
Judge Wood-, however, recalling his
? .; whei mi tion was made first.
? ? ? t ?e indictmer I and bill of
particulars agreed as to Blizzard's
n ..... an ? oun ty with the
of ??. rmed m : nei s.
Slate Moves to Save
Thrift Bond investors
Cirorpo V. McLaughlin, State Super?
intendent or Banks, applied to Justice
Wasservogel in the Supreme Court
ye terday for authorization to put
into effect his plan to sav? ; bout 11,000
investors from loss through the col?
lapse of the Natior:;.! Thrift Bond ' or
poration. '1'here was no oppo tion
presented. Justice VVasservogel re?
An earry order is expected perm I
fir?.' the plan of redemption to be
carried out. The werk of the Banking
Di lartment will begin probably within
two ? eek?> after I he signing o? t he
??runt order and it is believed that the
investors, most of them persons
moderate circumstances, will not suffer
any los?., or, at least, very small loss.
T;,o aggregate sum involved in in- ?
v? tments in thrift bonds, thrift bond
certificates anci thrift bond receipts is
$391,000. The loss that will fall on
the 11,000 investors, due to the de?
preciation of collateral securities, .
figured at $54,740.
I : de - th? plan of Supe rintei I? t
McLaughlin the Great' i - ,v York
Savings Bank will assume five
elevenths of the liability, while per?
sona interested in the National Thrift
Bond Corporation will voluntarily con?
Cloak Makers Will Name
| Wage Terms Wednesday
Answer of the Cloak, Su if and Skirt
Mai ifacturers' Protective A ?ocia! u
to t he proposal o ti:.' Int? mat ional
Ladies' Cannent Workers Union that
the present wage and working co .
tions shall be maintained in any n? .-.
agreement entered into between the
manufacturers and the workers will
h? given .'if another meeting \Veclne
??a;. flight, Benjamin Schlesinger,
pr? sident of the union, was notitiud
: . ;. ' day.
Ar the beginning of negotiations two
ago, Mr. Schlesing? r d? clined t..
to the admi -.? i? >n of ot hi ? a
' ms and ind? pendent man ifa? ?
to t he pai ...... The asf o? lation
spokesmen held this to be essential
for the bringing of reforms into the
industry^, but Mr. Schlesinger pointed
out tl at in the event no agreement was
reached such failure of negotiations
: affect the ent ire indus) ry in
: of the association members and
orkers in the i employ.
Mr. Schlesinger agreed, however, to
a general conference for discussing
t.? eliminate I he "soc ial" or co?
operative shop, which was termed the
"cancer of the industry." in the event
fo agreement is reached by .Line 1,
the old agreement expire.-, tins
a II not mean thai strikes will result
. ded the manufacturer! maintatin
terms of the old agreement
To Lay Off Man;
Now Faces Ruin
Employer ?oils Lockwood
Committee of Union War
on Shop, Resulting From
Request to Reduce Force
Khal Store Is Opened
$J,500 a Week Business Is
Cul to $300 by Pri?e War
and tlie Use of Pickets
Ma> Schlesinger was a contented mid
thriving East Suie master baker, who.
with the assistance of his wife and
? r, made his little bake -hop at
. avenue C yield $1,500 a week. On
June 17, 1921," he asked permission of
the Jewish Bakers' Union to drop one
of his workmen because times were
dull and th? re was no work ?o do.
1 hroug i th;s simple and apparently in
? oci nt request Schlesinger, according
to the testimony Infere the Lockwood
committee yesterday, brought down
upon his head and home endlos?
Here ?s the reply, the witness said,
the union made to the baker's rt't'ucst:
rhey called an immediate strike
against his shop, withdrawing all the
They held outdoor meetings in front
of his place, exhorting customers to
keep away from the shop, and adver?
tised in papers that he conducted a
They raised a fund of $15,000 with
the avowed purpose of "bringing him
to terms," whatever thai means, and
were preparing to spend $15,000 more.
They opened a bakery shop next
?loor to him and sold rolls and bread
at a loss in an effort to ruin him. His
business has been pounded down from
$1,51 0 a week to $300.
Family Subjected to Insults
Schlesinger's family has been sub?
jected to insults and hounding and all
kinds <'( annoyances, He says he could
eke "Ht a hare living if the union peo?
ple would only leave them alone. He
thinks there is nothing to be done but
go on until the last penny is lost.
Samuel Untermyer, counsel for the
Lockwood committee, however, thinks
otherwise. He characterized the ac?
tion of the union as. a conspiracy of
the mos) despotic kind, directly an?
swerable to the courts, He holds the
story ;?s ?ufe of the most flagrant
abuses of a labor organization ever dis
closed, ami points to it in support of
intention that there must be some
sort of legislative control over unions.
There were indications that Mr.
Unti rmyer was net willing to let the
?atti i n s) there, for when four of the
unioi men who were said to have been
inti ? :? i with the conduct of the rival
store refused to waive immunity when
placed on the witness stand th?. coun
;el declined to examine them rather
than shield them from possible prose?
cution. These men were Louis Kor
man, Robert Soilson, Samuel Krel! and
Meyi 7 Sem. .
There was test i m or. y also to the ef
fecl tha) Jacob Goldstone, local organ-;
: : for the International .Jewish Bak?
ers' Union, liad been presented with a!
$10,000 home a year ago as the result
of "agitation" on the part of union
workers. He admitted that >"S,000 for
til.- home had been "agitated" mainly
out of the pockets of employing bak?
ers ami that it ?lid not come from
Mi'. Untermyer intimated that Gold
stone was also involved in the con?
spiracy against Schlesinger. The or?
ganizer said he didn't know whether
I.? w uld .approve the action of the
union men, but said that if the thing
was illegal he would have it stopped'
at once. He testified, however, that
nothing had been ?lone to close the
(.tfinite Associai ion Dissolved
Mr. Untermyer interrupted the bak?
er", investigation long enough to an
: nee that the National Building
Granite Manufacturers' Association,
which came under the scrutiny of the
committee last week, had sent a letter
to t :.. couns ! stating that a resolu?
tion dissolving the association "as of
May 19" had been adopted at a recent
meet . i -,
Mr. Untermyer intimated he would
question on,e of the officials of the asso
c ati in on jus) what had been done in
connection with the alleged dissolution.
Schi? inger I dd how he awoke on
the Saturday morning of June 17 last
year and found his men picketing in
front of his shop instead of working
at their ovens. He explained that he
had asked Max H?lzer, a delegate of
the Jewish Bakers' Union, Local loo,
foi- permission to lay off a man. It
was summer and times were dull and
there was nothing for the extra men
to do, their being six men regularly
employed ,;i his suop. He sai?! he was
invited to lay the matter before the
exoi utive board of the union.
"And before you could lay the ?|iies
A N F V TR A O RDI N A R Y QUALITY
0 F O X FORD C /. O TU H A S F E E N
1 ' S F D ! ?V T H E S F S H / R T S. T O
F F H A D W I T H A // / G 11 O R
L O W A T r A C H F D COLLAR.
CLOTHES OF CUSTOM E/N/SH
WITHOUT THF ANNOYANCE
OF A TRY-ON
TAILORED AT FASHION PARK
JVest 46th. Street
tion before the executive committee
whether you might discharge one man
whom you did not need," asked Mr.
Untermyer, "they nil uit work and put
the picket*? in front of your store, is
"Yes," replied Schlesinger mnurn
Cu?n Bread to K Ont?
Schlesinger then told how despite
the action of the union men he and his
family worked the oven?, themselves
and were able I" Bell bread for siv
?cent- a low/ and rolls at 20 cents n
dozen. The usual price at other shop"
was nine cents a loaf for bread and
2J ci nt'- a dozen for rolls.
Some tin'.' ngo the union, according
' ?o tin> evidence, opened up a rival
bakery at 27 Avenu?* C, next door i"
I Schlesinger, They purchased their j
products from wholesalers, selling rolls
al IB cents n dozen, for which they i
| were paying 18 cents, and bread five
?cents a loaf, for which they pai?l 6V4 I
i and six cents a loaf.
Schlesinger said he had been told by!
Abraham Goldstone, n delegate, that
I." would be put out of business if he
'. "didn't settle. By this he understood
that he.was to take on an extra man
in addition to those he had employed.
David Dubner, n master baker, of 02
Avenue ('. confirmed Schlesingcr's
.; story, saying that Goldstone told him
? that ?-ach of the 1,300 members in the
! union had been taxed $10 to run the
store, and that other neighboring
bakers who were being injured by the
i price slashing of the union would bo t
! all right again "as soon as Schlesin?
ger had been foroed to settle."
Another witness, Max Wiener, ai
master baker, told how his troubles;
have been multiplied because o!" his
recent appearance before the Uockwood
Commit tee. The union sends him bad j
workmen and his business is falling
to pieces because of the resultant
soiled products. He said that Max
Debonowsky, who is known as "Max, :
the revolutionist," and the "second
L?nine," was responsible for his diffi?
culties. Debonowsky is chairman of
the executive committee of the Jewish
| Bakers' Union.
Morris Zeidweg, a union worker, said !
! he has just been expelled from the
union by Debonowsky, because he tes- |
tifie?! two weeks ago before the Lock-'
j wood committee.
The hearings will be continued this
No Verdict Reached in
"Cement Trust" Case
j Jury Locked I p and Will Con?
tinue Deliberations of
The case of the Atlas Portland '?
Cement Company and the other con-'
cerns accused with it of violating the
anti-trust laws, went to the jury yes?
terday in the Cnited States District i
Court. At 10 o'clock last night the
jurors had reached no agreement and
were sent to the Hotel McAlpin for
Judge John C. Knox took a little
more than an hour in his charge,
stressing the point that the case was
an important one for the government. I
He was also particular in pointing out j
that evidence of character should have!
weight ar- an aid in determining the
probable actions of the defendants.
If the Cement Manufacturers' Pro- ]
tective Association was merely u clear
ing house for statistical and credit in- |
formation, he said, membership in the;
organization was not unlawful. So j
far as he could see, he sai?l, many of
the trade practices were innocent.
Others, however, might have been ele?
ments in restraint of trade. Uniform?
ity of price, he further held, may re?
sult from agreement or otherwise, but
other evidence lacking, the mere uni?
formity could not be considered evi?
dence of guilt.
Broker Says Cotton Isn't
Sold en American'Change
"You could holler yourself hoarse on
the floor of the American Cotton Ex
change, calling for cotton, and no one
could sell you cotton," said Alfred G.
Watson yesterday, as witness for the
prosecution at the trial of the Ameri?
can Cotton Exchange, before Justice
Marcus in the Supreme Court, on a
charge of bucketing cotton orders. Mr.
Watson was a member of the defendant ;
exchange. He testified that the opera
lions on the floor of that institution
?were just plain bucketing.
George J. Hunt, a public accountant.,'
another witness called by the prose- S
cution, testified from the reports of!
the clearing house of the American
Cotton Exchange. The reports showed ?
that in a certain period one member of
the exchange ostensibly bought 2,190
bales of cotton in the pit and in the
same period sold the same number.1
| Although this firm dealt with eleven
i different firms the purchases and sales ''
I balanced, and while commissions were'
, paid on transactions both ways, no
'cotton passed between the. parties to
l the deals.
The trial continues to-day.
Denby Again Asks
Jaro h Riis Park
As Aviation Base
j Letter Asserts Refusal May
Deprive City of Aerial
Protection; Publie Hear?
ing Ih Scheduled June ?8
The Sinking Fund Commission yes?
terday considered a communication
from Secretary of the Navy Denby re
newing the application of the Navy De?
partment for the conveyance from the
City of ninety-four acres of Jacob Riis
Park, Dt Rockaway BcHch. The land
sought by the government is now occu
pied as an aviation base. The govern?
ment took possession of it. under a
Bark Department permit on April 16, |
1917, "for tlie purpose of the establish
nient of a patrol station for the de?
fence and protection by nir craft of,
the harbor and shipping of greater New
Last January 'he Sinking Fund torn
mission held a public hearing on the
question of ceding the park land to th?
government, and the opposition was so
strong that the city authorities deemed,
it advisable to refuse the request at.
that time. At. yesterday's meeting the
opposition was led by General Georg?
Wlngate, president of the Public
Schools Athletic League, who was ac?
companied h,\ Harold Riegelmann,
counsel for the United Neighborhood
Houses; Mrs. Daniel ('. Watt, of Rock
away Park; Richard Welling and Dr.
William H. Allen. They contended that
there was ample available land which
the government, could utilize without
taking the park land.
Secretary Denby, in contradiction of
this contention, stated in his letter
that the site desired had been selected
after careful study of all the available
sites in and near New York.
"No other location can be secured
combining the advantages posses ?cd by
that chosen," said the Secretary of the
Navy. "Furthermore, expenditures in
excess of $1,"00,000 have been nade in
the development of this station. It
now stands as a complete base for
coastwise patrol work. If the govern?
ment is forced to vacate Rockaway, it
The saxophone is the most
easily learned wind instrument.
The majority of good players
have learned it without a teacher.
With every Buescher Saxophone
we sell we furnish a set of
which you can master the first
week, and which start you well
on the way to pleasure and
Paul Whiteman, Brown
Brothers, nearly all famous
musicians endorse and use
Buescher Saxophones. They
cost but little more than un?
Come and see us ask for our
beautiful booklet, "Origin of
the Saxophone, Its History and
Uses." It's free.
?^""t^'^r^^-gii^^ 11 ?g^&??SOHir^^&%
$5-00 and up
The correct straw hat for
the Summer of 1922 is
WIDER OF BRIM
than has been shown for
KNOX MAT COMBWY
452 FIFTH AVENUE 161 BROADWAY
AT 40TH STRICT SING*** BUILDINS
I? regarded that it is very improbable
that new appropriations can be secured
to acquire and build up another site.
In that pvpnt there will be no provi?
sion remaining for proper aerial de
fense of the City of New York against
enemy raids from the sea. I have been
advised that the part, of Jufoh Riis
Park which the government seeks to
acquire in no way restricts the use of
the ocean front or the concrete road
paralleling the beach, and further,
that there remains a half mile of front?
age of the park on Jamaica Bay in addi?
tion to that requested by the govern
The commission decide?! to take no
action In th'- matter yestorday, but
fixed a public, hearing for June K, at
10:30 o'clock at the City Hall.
I Bier Rrd Cross Waste Denied
ATLANTIC CITY, May 25. There is
no waste of money by the American
Red GfOSS, Judge John Rurton Payne,
president, of the National Red Cross
Association, declared in an addresi ?
evening before the southern New .ier
?ey conference of the Red Cross.
He said there were no $15,000 und
$20,000 annual salaries paid by the Red
Cross, a? has been charged by some of
the critics, and suggested that the vttr
mis chapters keep the people of the
country acquainted with the real fnef-?,
about the f.'?"l Cross and Its activities,
through the medium of the newspapers.
There were 5,000,000 In the last, na
tional "roll call" of the Perl Cross, the
? V2nC ?H?
mL. -2 and 16 /, .
?"? nui, \v
c , , ? J*50
*>??,*?- Uitli.r ?...
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Watch the goldenj
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Light, medium, heavy and
extra-heavy, it fits all cars
and all conditions.
color when it is poured
See for yourself just how
much more there is to
Texaco Motor Oil than the
clean, clear golden color.
Drain out all the old oil in
your crank case. Refill
with Texaco Motor Oil,
and start out with a car
that will deliver all the
power and life its maker
built into it.
The Texas Company, U. S.A.
Run it with
usiness Men Who Prosp
in the Next 10 Years
?d brL^?S?!lh0 m?,f qilic1klv in*rpret present day conditions
rtwJ,4rJUS-Aeir Selng,plans to meet the new times. Great
t?Zw il f 4 OSe Wh?rr know and understand how to translate
neonl, ^ gC u?? effe,Ctive actlon' Several thousand such
people will assemble at the
Aoo Eighteenth Annoal Convention
ASSOCIATED ADVERTISING CLUBS of the WORLD
Milwaukee, June 11 to 15f 1922
THEY will swap experiences, ex
change ideas, discuss plans for the
improvement of their advertising
and selling methods.
For some years,business has been
done on a rising market. Now, we
must readjust our plans to a falling
market. Few business men, active
today, know what that means,
except those who have been find'
ing the way during the last few
There will be business
men at Milwaukee from
half way around the
world ? and thousands
from the United States
In addition to intimate man-to?
man contact in the general and de?
partmental sessions of the convene
light on individual problems, there
will be a great exhibit of domestic
and foreign advertising showing
how others have created aalet
The central location of Milwau?
kee, its wonderful transportation
facilities and the feet that
June is Wisconsin's ideal
month, insure a very
large attendance. You
do not have ?to be a mem?
ber of an advertising
club to attend.
the AdvwSng aubCD8arTv?.Wh0 Pl*n '? ittend the Convention are invited to ,'oin
lune 10. For ful rnfo^J aV,ng ?n * 8?ecial train ov? the New York Central,
addre-,? RV*I? tt?Ll_ o^atwn as to special railroad rates, hotel reservation*, etc..
lune 10. For Ml infr^f *v-t*v,uK ou ? 0iJCt,ai irain over the 1New IorK ^n?
^orjull information as to special railroad rates, hotel reservation?, et
-to-Milwaukee Committee? Advertising Club o?
,_ * ui luii inrormation as to
address Earle Pearson, Chairman On
New York, 47 East 25th Street