Newspaper Page Text
ADVERTISED IN THE
TRIBUNE IS GUARaANTBED
Vol. LXXXI? No. 27,638
First to Lsst ? the Truth:
J____\ork Ti-lhuti? _ntt.)
News ? Editorials ? A dveriisements
Shower? ant! tliuncU r&torm?. to-day;
cooler afternoon ant! nistht. To-mor
morrow fair, moderate temperature.
Full Report on I.tut Page.
.mi V 1W m??
TWO <:K*VT8 I THREE CF.NTS 1 pot'R CEVT?
In (Irriile r Nnv YerK I WJthin 300 Mi>-. | F.laeaarh.re
82 Billion Cut
In Berlin Debt
England's Plan Would
Open Way for Loan
and Cancel French
obligations to Her
For Germany Seen
Paris Expected to Exact
Pledge ef Military Sup?
port From Great Britain
PARIS. July 17 (By The Associated
fress).?The reduction of the German
todemnit; to 50.000.000,000 gold marks
item the present total of 132,000,000,
$}0 and the cancellation of the French
?ebt to England is the basis of a solu?
tion of the reparations question now
B?ing seriously discussed by French
i.-.d British officials.
Although the scheme has not yet of?
ficially reached the Reparation Com?
mission, members of the latter have
?ircussed the details. It is expected
the proposed plan will be one of the
thief subjects of discussion in the
forthcoming' meeting of Premiers
Polncare and Lloyd George.
The suggested solution has the
hearty support of British officials, who
?are besn urgiiv.* its acceptance upon
tie French officials, it is announced.
The latter, so The Associated Press
Isp btse.ii reliably informed, is looking
v. th ?uro and more favor upon the
fiatf. provided it carries with it a
?l??n cut pledge of assistance in time
?i attack and assures France the al?
lotment, wholly or in part, of Eng?
land's 22 per cent share of the total
Indemnity. It is believed that Eng?
land is ready to concede virtually all
these demands, if full acceptance on
the part of the French government is
Hopes America Will Follow
The British decided to push the plan
vrhen^it was definitely determined that
the United States was no* in a mood
to discuss cancellation of the Allied
debt, it was learned to-dsy. Support?
ers of the scheme hope America will
iollow the lead after she has had the
ehance to observe the good which may
result from even a partial writing off
ot the war debts.
British officials have informed the
Frtnch that their plan would bring
sbont a radical change in the present
Suropean situation. It is thought that
tie mark would be stabilized, business
? confidence restored and Germany, with
?caliettible indemnity, would be bound
to ftr-? Aeans of paying.
Th! proposal has strong advocates
k !n tn Reparation Commission. It is
Mpcpii in that quarter that it would
l?vf the unofficial support of the
' ArrJHcan government. Advocates fur
th<#point out that its adoption would
hiiediately have the effect of calling
1 t?Jthei? the committee of inteima
,ka\ bankers, who would probably ar
,'ige a loan, in itself large enough
?/insure reparation payments for sev
$s\ years under the revised figures.
The plan would call for a mora
lorium for the remainder of this year's
fash payments. Experts taking the
view that Germany would probably be
rble to balance her budget by January,
provided she is relieved of payments
until that time. The acceptance of the
proposed adustment by France, advo
?.'ttes explain, would have the effect of
?lacing all the Allies, including Great
Britain and the United States, firmly
.behind France in the collection of the
It is admitted that the proposals if
.tentatively approved at the forthcom?
ing Franco-British meeting could hard?
ly bo adopted by the two countries
?for several months. It is explained,
however, that discussion of the plan
? has gone far enough to make it out?
standing and the most acceptable solu
;tfon of the German reparations prob?
Germany Makes Payment
Tho Reparation Commission was offi?
cially notified to-day that Germany
had deposited 32,000,000 gold marks in
designated banks to meet her July 15
The members of the Allied Commit?
tee on Guaranties returned to Paris
to-day from a month's inquiry in Ber?
lin, with the majority of its members
convinced that a moratorium of two
years or more on cash indemnity pay?
ments is the only solution of the
present financial crisis in Germany.
The report of the committee to the
Reparation Commission probably will
be made Thursday or Friday.
LONDON, July 17 (By The Associate-?!
?raas).?Premier Lloyd George, in an
:?**?'? to a question in the House of
Commons, said that the British gov?
ernment was steadily pursuing a policy
of insisting that Germany adopt the
financial reforms recommended by the
Reparati-n Commission. He .said that
the first essential was the re-estab
lishment of the German financial sys?
tem and the restoration of the equi?
librium n the budget.
?? ' ?
Vince t As?or's Seaplane
Cat? ?es Fire at Newport
Sp h Dispatch to Th? Tribune
NEW, IT, July 17.?Flames shoot
?je fror i'incent Astor's hydromono
Wane lat^this afternoon just before;
m intended starting a flight to New j
*"ork caused him to abandon the trip, j
?r. Astor had flown to Southampton j
?esterday with Mrs. George D. Wid- i
?r.er and intended returning late yes- j
,-ercay afternoon, but engine trouDfe
?Kyeioped and forced a delay until this
., , rnoon' when the plane arrived at
; -30 o'clock. Mr. Astor ni'ade plans to
?tvc two guist-s fly with him t?-. New
B?rjc and went to the New York Yacht
r ?tb landing shortly after 5 o'clock,
.'Ost in unis to see the blaze on his
The plane was in front of the yacht
?lib when an outgoing steamer blew
-*s whistle for a clear course. The
Pilot, who had been cleaning the en
?tmc with gasoline, started the motor,
*nd flame-, from the exhaust started
?Me blaze, which the pilot quickly ex
_Ji Astor rowed out to his plane
IS?? after a conference with the pilot,
iP?S? ^ io aDanf'0-1 the air trip. ' In
?>* ^ ^e '<?*'t **?*' boat this evening. The
?_ .;-e had to be,towed away for re
I ' :? is the plane in which Mr. and
P -'.'Norman DeR. Whitehouse and
??? Cruger flew from Newport to
**?"i Washington, L. I., in an hour and
??enty minutes a week ago to-day.
Huge Berg Floats in
Westward Atlantic Lane
The first drift ice to cross the
westbound lanes followed by the
Anchor Line steamships on their
northerly course to this port was
reported yesterday by the steam?
ship Columbia, from Glasgow.
| Captain David W. Bone said he
had encountered good weather un
I til Wednesday, when he ran into
several hundred miles of un?
usually dense fog.
He reduced speed until be got
clear weather again, a few miles
to the east of the Nantucket
Lightship. From Wednesday
night until Sunday morning the
skipper stayed on the bridge.
On Thursday at 5 p. m., when
the Columbia was in latitude
48.20 north, longitude 49.40 west,
a large iceberg was observed
about three miles off.
Harding plans to reopen coal mines
by use of troops; will seize pits if !
necessary. When bituminous op?
erators accept Harding's arbitra?
tion plan in principle, he instructs
them to go home and resume opera?
Secretary Weeks announces readi?
ness to use Federal troops to guard
the railroads wherever local authori?
ties are unable o?r unwilling to give
Insurgent Republican move against
tariff weakens; Senate approves
paragraph putting high duty on
fancy woven cotton cloth, despite
Lenroot's charge and Smoot's ad?
mission that it was written by a cot- '
Peace negotiations in rail strike
under way in Chicago expected to ,
end shopmen's walkout within a*
week; 8,000 oilers go out.
Primary in Nebraska to-day to be
contested by four parties.
Coroner's jury in Los Angeles
charges Mrs. Clara Phillips with the
murder of Mrs. Albert Meadows, a
twenty-year-old widow, with a ham- r?
French and British considering ?
?wiping out of French debt to Eng?
land and reduction of German war *
bill from 182,000,000,000 to 50,000,
000,000 gold marks.
Western powers at The Hague <
agree to meet Russians again to-day t*
in effort to resuscitate conference.
Thirty-two thousand Pennsylvania j
rail clerks and freight handlers to .'
? walk out unless the courts enjoin *
Policeman and two civilians
wounded in tire thief chase through I
Muriel McCormick's hat shop will
be in Chicago.
Policeman and boy rescue out of
luck dog after its fifty-foot'plunge.
Notables from abroad to figure
in conference of American Institute .?
Burglars steal prohibition evi
! dence from Federal laboratory.
Independent Republicans will put
complete Westchester ticket in field.
Leaders await word from Miller ?
Five drown, one in Madison
Square Garden, In day's bathing mis?
Insurgent bookkeepers vote selves
regular union and defy American
Federation of Labor.
Yankees lose third straight to
White Sox, 8 to 7 in eleven innings.
Giants defeat Cardinals, 3 to 2.
Robins lose to Pirates, 8 to 6.
England defaults in Davis Cup
Clytie wins six-meter vacbt race
in Larchmont regatta.
Semi-finals in men's and women's
singles in Woodmere tennis tourney.
Tufter wins Melrose Selling
Stakes at Empire City.
MARKETS AND SHIPS
Stock prices rise slightly in dull
trading; third and fourth 4% Lib?
erty bonds reach new peaks at 100.52
Germany in virtual stata of col?
lapse and approaching a complete
cave-in and possible revolution, says
Congressman Denison says com?
mittee will be named soon to con?
sider Federal blue sky bill.
Oil Men Here
Plan Pool in
I Wall Street Bankers Made
Proposal to de la Huerta
Asking for Exploitation
Rights, Says 'Excelsior'
Final Decision Is
Up to Obregon
Promise Full Pay to Gov?
ernment; Work Is Now
Vital to Life of Fields
Copyright, 1!>22, New York Tribune Inc.
Special Cable to The Tribune
MEXICO CITY, July 17.?All oil com?
panies in Mexico to be combined by
the government into one huge concern
under one head directed by Americans
was the proposition made to Adolfo de
??i Huerta, Finance Minister, at recent
conferences with Wall Street bankers
in New York, according to the "Ex?
celsior." Just returns were planned
for th government, according to the
newspaper, and the corporation was to
have the r t to explore practically
? the whole .epublic, including virgin
lands. The oil men are said to have
made their proposals to De la Huerta
in writing and he is expected to lay
them before President Obregon upon
his return to this city.
Agreed to Pay Government
It was said the oil men agreed to
pay the government in export taxes, 40
per cent cash on what should be paid
in Mexican government bonds under
the law of June 7, 1921, although the
agreement stipulates that this should
be changed or modified later. No
change is proposed in the present pro?
duction tax. The oil men put up to De
In Huerta the question of their rights
prior to and after the present consti?
tution went into effect.
During the conferences De la Huerta
is said to have limited himself to
listening, leaving the decision of the
agreement with the Mexican govern?
ment with Obregon when the Finance
Minister makes his recommendations
upon his return. By these means, it is
said, the oil men hope to reach a final
agreement regarding future develop?
ments in Mexico.
Another important question covered
was the development of present Fed?
eral zones, such as riverbeds and
lagoons, which Mexico - reserves the
rifht to explore on its own account.
The proposed oil men's agreement is
closely related to the bankers' arrange?
ments, as in order to pay the interest
on fereign debts Mexico must rely on
oil revenues as the principal source,
plus the 10 per cent from profits of the
railroads, which, it is hoped, will re?
turn to a paying basis with their re?
turn to their owners. The first pay?
ments on the foreign debt, to begin
next January, will be raised from tho
Mexican oil companies, according to
"The Excelsior" impresses the impor?
tance of the proposed agreement, men?
tioning tho appearance of salt water
. in the oil fields as showing a tendency
to dry up, and that it is imperativo
that Mexico permit the exploration of
new fields in order to enable the coun?
try to continue to derive revenues from
Huerta Plans Visit to Hughes
De la Huerta, who has been in New
York, planned yesterday afternoon to
leave last night or this morning for
Washington for a conference with Sec?
retary of State Hughes. He said that
the exact time of his departure was de?
pendent upon the receipt of telegraphic
instructions from Mexico City, every
step that he takes being in accordance
with the expressed wishes of President
Se?or de la Huerta denied that the
intimation that Las arisen both in the
financial district and in Washington
that approval of the debt agreement
signed by him and the international
committee of bankers was in any way
associated with the prospects of recog?
nition. He declared that the debt
agreement stood by itself, and that ac?
tion upon it would be taken independ?
ently of the question of recognition.
In response to an inquiry as to
whether recognition might develop as
as result of his call upon the Secre?
tary of State, Se?or de la Huerta said
that he did not care to discuss the
purpose of his visit prior to the event.
He will return to this city from Wash?
ington before going to Mexico City,
and will at that time issue a compre?
hensive statement as to his accom?
plishments while in this country.
Students Off on Long Trip
The New York State training ship
Newport la?t the Brooklyn navy yard
yesterday afternoon with 100 students
who are starting out on a four months'
trip that will take them half way
around the world. The Newport re?
mained off St. George, S. I., last night
and will proceed to sea to-day.
The ship will visit Madeira, Naples,
Athens, Alexandria, Tunis and Ber?
muda. The students will be granted
shore leave. After leaving Sandy H*;ok
the Newport will become a sailing ves?
sel, the propellers being used only on
entering harbors. The majority of the
students are graduates of New York
public schools who aro training to be?
come officers on merchant ships.
Japanese Cook Stabs -Mistress
With Ice Pick When Rebuked
. _. _ y
Special Dispatch to The Tribune
PHILADELPHIA, July 17.?Suffering
from severe stab wounds, Mrs. Lewis
Brinton, wife of one of Philadelphia's
noted physicians, is in the Bryn Mawr
hospital, where she was taken after a
murderous attack by Titsuizi Sakiuici,
a Japanese, employed as a cook at Dr.
Brinton's summer home at Rosemont.
The cook used an ice pick and nearly
reached Mrs. Brinton's jugular vein.
The attack was actuated, according to
the cook's own words, because Mrs.
Brinton had called in the Radnor
Township police to subdue him Sun?
day, following a reprimand over his
fefusal to wear a coat while at work.
To-day at 1 o'clock Mrs, Brinton
went to the kitchen and ordered the
cook to don his coat. He rushed at
her and, grasping her by the throat,
dragged her into the living room. He
picked up an ice pick on the way.
Miss Elizabeth Brinton heard her
mother's screams and rushed into the
living room. There she saw her mother
bleeding from several wounds and the
cook lunging at her with the ice pick.
The athletic girl seized the assailant,
but he threw her aside and renewed
In the mean time the butler, Mulli?
gan, who heard the screams, rushed
down stairs and grappled with the
cook. The latter broke away and ran
up stairs when three policemen, sum?
moned by telephone, reached the house.
On reaching his room the cook set fire
to the mattress on his bed and hid
in a closet. After he had been sub?
dued by the police the latter kept the
fire under control until firemen came
and extinguished the flames.
In addition to charges of assault and
battery with intent to kill, Sakiuici will
be prosecuted for arson. At the Wayne
police station the cook is caid to be
Fined for Flying Over
Farmers' Posted Land
Facial Dispatch to The Tribun?
PUNXSUTAWNEY, Pa? July
17.?Harold O. Nevin and Leon
Smith, aviators, were fined $1 and
costs to-day by Justice of the
Peace C. C. Rowan on a charge
of trespassing over the land of
0. F. Grube, a farmer residing
near this town.
The two ?fliers have been giving
exhibitions. Mr. Grube objected
to their flying over his farm,
which is posted against tres?
passers. When the aviators re?
fused to discontinue their flights
which carried them over the
Grube property, which they have
never touched, the latter made
an information against the two
flyers and Francis Cole for tres?
pass. Cole was a passenger in
one of the machines. He was dis?
charged by Squire Rowan, but the
aviators were fined. The case
will be appealed.
3 Shot in Auto
Thieves Put 3 Bullets
in Owner and Speed
Off With Car; Shoot
Patrolman at Corner
Three Suspects Captured
Eye of One Shot Out During
Chase ; Girl Involved
Found To Be in Collapse
A policeman and two civilians were
shot last night in tho course of a mys?
terious automobile chase through four
police precincts. Three men were ar?
rested and a young woman who is be?
lieved to have been with them was
found on'the street in a state of col?
The excitement started when Louis
Salwijy, sitting at the window of his
homo at luO West 119th Street, saw
three men step out of an automobile
that draw up in front of the house and
start to inspect an automobile which
belonged to him and which was parked
before the door.
Salway went out to question them.
He was shot three times. The .three
men, then jumped into Salways autor
mobile and drove east on 111th Street
to Fifth Avenue, up Fifth Avenue to
112th Street, and through 112th Street
to Madison Avenue. On Madison Ave?
nue, between 116th and 116th streets,
they encountered Patrolman Joseph
Crawley, of the East 104th Street po?
lice station. Crawley was about to
commandeer an automobile to chase
them when he was shot twice in the
By this time patrolmen from four
polico stations were coming from all
directions in taxicabs to give chase. A
police sergeant was racing along be?
hind the fugitive automobile in his car.
Back to the West Side through 125th
Street the pursued and pursuers sped.
The young woman was found on the
sidewalk on 125th Street, near Lenox
Avenue. She said she was Emma Knotz,
of 239 Ninth Avenue, Astoria. ?
The chase finally came to an end at
124th Street, between St. Nicholas and
Manhattan avenues, when Patrolman
John Cox, of the West 123d Street po?
lice station, overhauled the fleeing ma?
chine. In the car a man was^-found
who said he was Charles Clark, of 642
Second Avenue. His left eye had been
driven out by a bullet and he had been
shot in the chest.
Dissatisfied Fan Kills
Umpire With Ball Bat
Special Dispatch to The rrjftinie
ST. LOUIS, July 17.-? Putting into
action the thought often expressed at
baseball games, a spectator at a game
in Fenton, St. Louis County, yesterday
killed the umpire, Charles Bouzek,
thirty-three years old, a deputy sheriff
of Jefferson County, having a wife and
four children. He was struck on the
head with a bat, wielded by a dissatis?
fied spectator, and fell unconscious.
He was taken to a St. Louis hospital,
where ho died this morning.
Charles Woolsey, eighteen years old,
of Valley Park, is held in the Clayton
jail, charged with the assault. The
prosecuting attorney's office said he
would be formally charged with first
Nobody Knows Whether
Dover Is U. S. Employee
WASHINGTON, July 17.?The Treas?
ury does not know whether Elmer
Dover is still Assistant Secretary in
charge of customs and internal reve?
nue or not, it was disclosed to-day by
high officials. Neither, apparently,
doe3 Mr. Dover.
Secretary Mellon was represented
to-day as believing Mr. Dover's resig?
nation was effective on July 15, but as
not knowing whether Mr. Dover had
severed his official connection with the
government as Assistant Secretary of
the Treasury. However, high officials
said, some consideration has been
given to the selection of a successor
to Mr. Dover, although nothing definite
has been decided.
Mr. Dover said he knew nothing
about the matter and had nothing to
say. He was still on duty late to-day.
As a vacation
Just tell your newsdealer
you want to see The Tribune
every day when you're away
this summer ? or phone
Beekman 3000 and give your
vacation address to The
Tribune's subscription de?
? ' -g,? .1
Harding Orders Mines Opened;
To Protect Them With Troops ;
New Rail Peace Move Begun
Shopmen's Strike May Be
Called Off This Week if
Hooper's Compromise Is
Approved in Joint Parley
Roads to Restore
Board to Assure Workers
of Lessened Wage Cut
and Old Overtime Pay
By Gilman Parker
CHICAGO, July 17.-Therc will be a
speedy end to the railroad strike, with
a compromise settlement, according to
authoritative information obtained
To-morrow or, at the latest, Wednes?
day B. M. Jewell, head of the 400,000
striking shopmen, and the chiefs of
the other American Federation of La?
bor railroad unions involved in the
walk-out will meet secretly with Ben
W. Hooper, chairman of ihe Railroad
Labor Board, and probably Walter L.
McMenimen, labor member of the
board. So far as the unions are con?
cerned, tentative though unofficial ne?
gotiations for peace are expected to be
completed at that meeting.
Then Chairman HooDer and Mr. Mc?
Menimen, if the schedule mapped out
for them is carried through, and it is
held certain that it will be, will go
through a similar procedure with ex?
ecutives authorized to act for the rail?
roads. One report to-night was that
the secret conferences already have be?
Board to Call Joint Sessions
After these preliminary negotiations
the board, according to the carefully
laid plans made, is to issue citations
ordering the representatives of both
sides to appear before it, and the for?
mal bargaining for a settlement will
be on in earnest. This stage is expect?
ed to be reached by Thursday or Fri?
day, and possibly as early as Wednes?
day, so it is possiblo the strike may
be declared off by the end of this week.
Although similar tentative negotia?
tions instituted last week failed, the
new parleys, it is held in the informa?
tion given The Tribune, "are as certain
to be successful as anything in the
future can be a certainty."
The results arc expected to be as
That the railroads will finally agree
to three demands of the strikers;
restoration of their seniority rights,
the setting up of adjustment boards
on the various roads and the aboli?
tion of contracting out of awtf g,nd
all railroad work.
That the strikers in turn will
finally agree to call off the strike,
under the promise that the Labor
Board will grant them an immediate
hearing as to their grievances on new
petitions. These will ask that the old
wage scales be restored and also seek
the restoration of some of the work?
ing rules. It is understood that the
board is prepared to grant a com?
promise wage increase lying about
midway between the old pay and the
present reduced scales, and that at
least one of the working rules, for
time and a half for Sundays and holi?
days, will be restored.
Citations to Prove Authority
?. Despite the well laid plans for a set?
tlement there is an extremely delicate
situation involved, which is that in all
that it does the Labor Board must
consider "saving the faces" of both
the railroad executives and union
leaders. It is for this reason that
citations are to be issued, it was
pointed out, for then it is a case of
the board calling for a settlement and
not the railroads or the strikers.
Analysis of the expected poavce terms
outlined above is that two of the con?
cessions the railroads are expected to
make?restoration of seniority rights
and the setting up of adjustment
boards?will not mean a great deal to
them. These two issues are considered
by some observers to be merely good
On the question of abolition of con?
tracting, however, the railroads will bo
giving up something really of value
to them. Although a majority of the
lines never indulged in it and most
of those which did gave it up at the
behest of the Labor Board before the
strike started, the practice has been
one of the greatest thorns in the side
of the unions and therefore a power?
ful weapon, if only as a threat, in the
hands of the railroads.
Men to Make Concessions
As for the shopmen, their calling off
of the strike before actually getting
wage adjustments likewise will be a
real concession, as they have been firm
on that point until now. In the matter
of eventually getting a fifty-fifty break
(Continued on next ?ago)
Muriel McCormick ?Will Open
Millinery Shop in Chicago
Miss Muriel McCormick, daughter of
Harold F. McCormick and granddaugh?
ter of John D. Rockefeller, will open a
millinery shop in Chicago some time
next fall. Miss McCormick, who has
been a guest of Mrs. James A. Still
man at Easthampton, L. I., since her
father sailed for Europe last Saturday,
confirmed this last night after reports
from Chicago saying that she was to
open a dressmaking and millinery
establishment in New York.
Although heiress to two fortunes,
M?3S McCormick will become a busi?
ness woman through a love of style
creation which had its first flowering
in the presentation of a French play
in Chicag > last spring. Miss McCor?
mick made her etage debut in "Le
Passant" on April 18, playing the part
of the boy lover.
The play was attended by Chicago's
leaders of fashion, who complimented
Miss McCormick not only on her acting
but on her costume, which was con?
sidered one of the most attractive ever
seen, on a Chicago stage. It consisted
- ei ?bort, ?i^t-fltti jig line? Vecches.'
white silk hose and white boots, a
gray tunic trimmed with red and a
royal blue cape lined with orange.
She wore a red cap, which she 'threw
off, revealing a short auburn wig.
The costume had been designed by
a modisto whose customers include
nearly all the socially prominent peo?
ple of Chicago. Miss McCormick took
as much interest in the designing of
the costume as in the part she por?
trayed. The costume, resulted in a
friendship between the wealthy society
girl and the modiste.
Miss McCormick said last night that
she has become extremely interested
in clothes, styles and especially hats.
While in New York she has been look?
ing into many things connected with
millinery shops. She intends to spend
several d?ys more visiting Mrs. Stiil
man, and then she will return to Chi?
cago, where she will consult with the
modiste about the final plans for open?
ing her establishment.
Miss McCormick's sister, Miss Ma?
thilde McCormick, who is engaged to
marry Max Oser, the Swiss riding mas?
ter, is expected in New York withio a
if?w day?, '"?
Coal a Necessity and Its Production
Must be Resumed, Says President
WASHINGTON, July 17.?President Harding's statement to the
bitunvinoU8 operators to-day on receipt of their acceptance of his arbi?
tration plan, follows:
Gentlemen?I have your decision. I would not be frank if I did
not confess disappointment at your lack of unanimity. To the largo
majority of you, who have pledged readiness to resume activity under
the government's proposal, I must express my own and the public's
We have now reacheij.a point, owing to the refusal of mine work?
ers and the minority of your operators to accept the proposed arbitra?
tion, where the good offices of $he government in seeking a voluntary
adjustment of the dispute between mine operators and mine workers
are without avail.
I cannot permit you to depart without reminding you that coal is a
national necessity, the ample supply of which is essential likewise to
the common welfare and interstate commerce.
Freedom of action on the part of workers and on the part of
employers does not measure in importance with that of public welfaro
and national security. I therefore invite you to return to your mino
properties and resume operation.
42 Accused of
Death List in West Vir?
ginia Battle Dwindles to
Four; Two More Bodies
Searched For in Ruins
Guards Desert Under Fire
Son of Slain Sheriff, Elect?
ed His Successor, Leads
War Upon Riot Inciter s
Special Dispatch to The Tribune
WELLSBURG, W. Va., July 17.?
With four known dead, including the
Shoriff of Brook County, H. H. Duval,
and tho bodies of two more supposed
to be in fire ruins at the mouth of the
mine at Cliftonville, seven miles north
of this place, as the result of a battle
between mine strikers and guards here
to-day, the town is guarded by state
troopers and deputy sheriffs, who have
captured forty-two participants in
the rioting. Of these, twenty-four are
in jail here, fifteen in Wheeling and
three in Wheeling Hospital. The coun?
try as far as the Pennsylvania line,
where tho attacking strikers are sup?
posed to have started their move, is
being scoured by troopers and deputies
who are supplied with "John Doe"
warrants charging murder.
The battle was fought at the tipple
of the mine, which is operated by the
Rlchland Marshall Company, when the
strikers, numbering about 250, swept
down on the small band of county of?
ficers and mine guards. After a
struggle, the odds told and the strikers
Sheriff Dies at His Post
Tho bodies of those killed were
found at the tipple. They wj&re Sheriff
Duval, fifty-five years old; Francis
Milich, thirty-five, a striking miner, be?
lieved to have come from Monessen; a
striker known as Crook, about forty
five years old, and an unidentified
Italian, a member of the strikers' army.
Irving Movingo, a deputy sheriff of
Wellsburg, is in a critical condition
in a hospital at Wheeling. He was
shot through the mouth. Posses
headed by state police, deputy sheriffs
and mine guards are combing the dis?
trict to-night to make certain that no
wounded are lying in the woods.
More than thirty men, supposed mem?
bers of the mob, have been arrested.
Some have been brought here, aad
others taken to Wheeling.
Cliftonville. is a small town, popu?
lated entirely by miners. It is situ?
ated in a natural amphitheater and cut
into four sections by a creek and the
lines of the Wabash Railroad, the
creek and the tracks running at right
angles. The Richland-Marshall mine^
the principal operation of the district,
is on a hill above the town.
During the first few weeks of the
strike the mine, operated by a different
company, shut down. Late in Jane it
was taken over by the Richland-Mar?
shall interests, and on July 5 work was
resumed. It is said that ten men from
tho Pittsburgh district were taken into
(Continued on next page)
Ready to Join
Strike on P.R.R.
To Go Out if Philadelphia
Court Refuses to Enjoin
Road From Cutting Pay;
More Way Men Quitting
Train Delay Here Grows
Erie Yards in Jersey Partly
Tied Up by Stationary
Firemen ?and Engineers
The zero hour for the authorized
walkout of the stationary firemen, en?
gineers and oilers and, the members of
the American Federation of Railroad
Workers had hardly passed yesterday
morning before the carrier, were, con?
fronted with a new strike threat, this j
timo from the Pennsylvania's Brother?
hood of Clerks and Freight Handlers,
which announced that a walkout would
be authorized at once unless an injunc- I
tion could be obtained restraining the I
company from reducing their wages.
Later in the day there were more signs
that the maintenance of way workers
throughout this section are likely to
strike without awaiting authorization.
Many went out of their own accord yes?
Meanwhile there were few indica?
tions that the companies were finding
less difficulty than heretofore in
keeping service up to normal in the
face of the opposition which has al?
ready declared itself. While there was
no failure to maintain full passenger
schedules there probably was an in?
crease rather than a decrease in the
delays which have characterized trans?
portation on half a dozen roads enter?
ing New York for the last week.
Will Take 32,'fOO Out
The walk-out of the Pennsylvania's
82,000 clerks and freight handlers
hinges, according to C. H. Fenster
macner, vice-general chairman of their
brotherhood, on the outcome of a hear?
ing before Judge Dickenson in the
Federal District Court in Philadelphia
thia morning on a restraining order
sought by the men on the ground that
they were not called into conference
before the new wages were established.
The carrier's alleged attempts to es?
tablish and dominate a company union
are involved in the strike, and the
union leader asserts that the men are
coming to him in numerous committees
to beg for authorization to quit.
Mr. Fenstermacher more or less
burned his bridges behind him after
making the strike threat by making
public part of a leter which, he al?
leged, was intercepted by a member
of the brotherhood and found to refer
to the company's plans regarding the
reduction of the clerks' pay.
"The change in the effective date of
these new rates of pay," said the docu?
ment disclosed by the union chief, "is
not to be made public or given to
newspapers, and timekeepers should
give out no information in regard to
it. No bulletins should be posted ex?
cept that' such notification should be
in an informal manner."
The letter did not seem to the cen?
tral strike committee here to be cal?
culated to pacify the Pennsylvania
Of the strike calls which became
effective yesterday only that to the
stationary firemen, engineers and oil?
ers affected conditions in this section,
as the nearest stronghold of the Broth?
erhood of Ra?wfur Workers, according
(Crontlrm-? an next pas?)
To Hunt Game hi ?Alaska
Lady Yule Arrives With Daugh?
ter on Way to Wilds of
Among the passengers who ?rvitivcd
here yesterday from Liverpool on the
White Star liner Adriatic was Lad??:
Yule? of London, an English sports?
woman, who was accompanied by her
daughter, Miss Gladys M. Yule.
She comes here, she said, to visit the
Canadian Northwest and to journey to
Alaska, where she hopes to hunt big
Lady Yule was here last year and
attended the horse show. She said she
had heard so much about the sport of
hunting big game in Alaska that she
had decided to come here this summer
and see what it is like, She and her
daughter left for the West last night
Another traveler on the Adriatic
was W. H. Shepardson, a grain ex?
porter of this city, who has been
abroad three yaars, mostly in Russia
j>V # ?
Seizure and Operation by
Certain if Operators Are
Unable to Avert Famine
Executive Acts as
Observers Doubt Coal Can
Be Produced Unless U. S.
Takes Over All Workings
By Carter Field
WASHINGTON, July 17.?A des?
perate effort to provide the country
with sufficient coal by protecting the
mines with troops is to be under?
taken by the Administration, it was
made clear to-night
Should this prove insufficient, the
next step will be government seizure
and operation of the mines.
President Harding told the mine
operators to-night that the point had
been reached where the "good offices
of the government in seeking a vol?
untary adjustment between the oper?
ators and workers are without
After explaining that public wel?
fare and national security over?
shadow in importance the freedom
of action on the part of the workers
and operators, the President directed
the operators to return to their
mines and "resume operations."
The miners from the first have been
hoping against hope for government
operation. Every one concedes that
government operation would be a tre?
mendous victory for them. The gov?
ernment could operate only with the
men now on strike, would undoubtedly
operate on the present scale, and thei
final outcome would be well within thel
hands of the union leaders.
Protection Victory for Owner?
On the other hand, protection of the
mines by Federa! troops, aided in the
various states by the National Guard,
constabulary and local police, would,
if successful, be a tremendous victory
for the mine operators. It wonld put
the union officials at a decided disad?
vantage in the eventual negotiations
with the operators. They would at
once be deprived of their two chief
weapons?pressure of necessity of coal
on the part of the public and forceful
restraint of strike breakers.
No. one here, for example, disguises
the fact that the Herrin massacro,
whatever may bo said or thovght of
it, was a big, smashing victory for the
union miners. It stoi c 1 op?rations
in that vicinity, and i >revt.nted the
resumption of operat^iis with non?
union miners in other localities.
House May Be Called Back
Rumors to-night that the House of
Representatives would be called back
to Washington, however, in order to
rush through legislation for govern?
ment operation of the mines, show
how little hope there is in Washington
that mere protection at this stage of
the strike will be sufficient.
With the unions holding out most
of their men?and indications are they
may succeed in holding them all out??
the best estimates here are that it
would be impossible now for enough
coal to be produced, even with perfect
protection from lawlessness by union
miners, to supply the country's neces?
As a matter of fact, because so little
coal has been mined and practically no
sercrve stock for the winter accumu?
lated either in the Northwest or in
New England, it is not believed here
that maximum production such as
might follow if the strike were settled
to-morrow would prevent a pinch this
winter. This does not mean coal for
household purposes, but enough for
both that use and for industry.
At 6 o'cloc'k this afternoon the bi?
tuminous coal operators made extended
verbal and written reports to the Pres?
ident. All of the subscribed broadly
to the proposal to arbitrate.
The majority of the districts repre?
sented in the conference accepted the
President's proposal unconditionally.
A minority of the districts in the con?
ference joined in subscribing to the
general principles of arbitration and
collective bargaining. The reply of the
operators was summarized In a letter
from A. M. Ogle, chairman of the bi?
tuminous operators' group, the text of
"We have given most careful and
thorough consideration to the pro?
posal submitted by you on July 10,
supplemented by your statement of
July 15, and we are not only In entire
accord with your plan to establish a
general tribunal to inquire into sll the
facts in our industry and make recom?
mendations for the solution of our
?fundamental problem, but we urge
that such a plan be put into effect by
"We also wish to remind you that
we have already proposed the broad
principio of arbitration in our previ?
ous conferences with the official? of
the Administration and with the rep?
resentatives of the miners. We still
stand on that broad principle and are
in entire accord with you in that re
"We did have in mind discussing
1 with you certain recommendations ai
to the machinery to make an arbi?
tration plan effective and to accom?
plish the result which the country
and you yourself desire.
Acceptance Is by Districts
"In view of the contingencies thai
confront us and the varying conditions
in the different coal producing dis?
tricts of the country, our conferenct
has decided to answer your proposai
by districts rather than as a whole
and we attach hereto statements o:
the positions taken by the several dis
tricts representing the conference o:
operators assembled at your reques
"All of the operators of your eon
ference unite in supporting the prin
ciple of arbitration and collective bar