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ADVERTISED IN THE
TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED
Vol. LXXXII No. 27,043
New lork Trthnne Inc.)
First to Last?the Truth: News ?Editorials?Advertisements
* * *
THE W E A ? II E B
Partly clo-'dy to-day and to-morrow;
probably ,'iii-ider ?-.hov.-rr.-?; not
mtirh ?h.in;.e in te:nper.iturp
' . ? iport on I I
l^TVIi1 4r^li*'*\r'T'i_ 'n Manhattan, Bro?Vls?- I -?tv I I
Wadsworth Joins Lenroot
in Opposing High Rates
Fixed by the Committee ;
Canvass Shows QosePoll
Duties Vary From
26 to 137 P. C.
Walsh, of Massachusetts,
Sees Loss to Consumers
of $200,000,000 Yearly
from The Tribune's 1Taa?HlH?7foii Bureau
WASHINGTON, July 22.?The battle
orer the wool tariff, carried in sched?
ule K of the tariff bill, was begun in
the Senate to-dny. A hard fight is in
prospect over this schedule. It was
the struggle over the wool schedule in
1909, wherein the late ?Senator J. P.
Delliver led the historic fight against
the Aldrich rates, that had far reach?
ing political consequences. The wool
schedule has long been referred to as
the key of the arch of protection.
In the present instance the Finance
Committee is seeking to impose higher
rates on raw wool and the manufac?
turers of wool than ever before. A
powerful effort is on to reduce those
rates. Senator Lenroot is leading the
movement for reduction on the Repub?
lican side and Senator Wadsworth .has
joined him. Indications are that un?
less the Finance Committee makes con?
cessions there will be enough Republi?
can Senators to revolt on this schedule
to up:et the f.nance Committee rates,
though a canvass to-day showed thp re?
sult would te close and that the out?
come was by no means certain.
Walsh Leads ?Minority Debate
Senator Walsh, of Massachusetts,
Democrat, led off to-day with a force?
ful attack on the Finance Committee
rates and particularly on the rate of
33 cents per clean pound for use in
clothing. He said it would cost con?
Senator Lenroot has calculated that,
taking this .53-cent rate on raw wool,
the duties in the wool schedule range
from 26 to 137 per cent on wool and
the manufactures of wool. He will of?
fer amendments proposing that none
o? the duties in the wool schedule shall
exceed 60 v>qv cent.
Senator Lenroot is disposed to seek
other reductions, but doubts whether
the voUs can be mustered to obtain
them. Hence he will make the main
ftght in connection with the schedule
on Ms ("0 per cjnt propos?*!. '
Senator Wadsworth, who holds the
duties in the schedule ?n a number of
esses are extreme and unwarranted,
will speak for the Lenroot limitation
?nd vote for it. The possit>iiity exist3
that the Finance Committee will agree
When the schedule came up to-day
Stnators Smoot and Gooding spoke in
Sehalf of the Finance Committee rates.
Senator King opposed them and in a
speech contended that both in the cotton
tod the wool industries of the country
wages are low and working conditions
aie bad. Senator* McCumber defended
the wool rates.
Declaring that the duty of 33 cents
a clean pound on wool for use in cloth?
ing as proposed by the Senate Finance
Committee is the highest duty ever
levied on raw wool under any tariff law,
Senator Walsh, of Massachusetts, as?
sailed this high rate, and declared that
if enacted into law it would be burden?
some and oppressive to the American
He pointed out that the Senate Fi?
nance Committee has sought to. in?
crease the raw wool rate more than 33
per cent, and that the effect of the ac?
tion sought by the Finance Committee
wouid actually be to put an embargo
on wool and shut out imports.
The high duties which have been
levied upon raw wool and the "iniqui?
tous protective duties" on wool manu?
factures heretofore have resulted, ac?
cording to Senator Walsh, in "destroy?
ing individual initiative and have re?
sulted in the consolidation of the wool
industry in the hands of a few."
Klan to Discard Regalia
Outside of Lodge Rooms
Clarke Announces New Policy
in Letter to Governor
ATLANTA. July 22.?The Knights
of the Ku-KIux Klan have been or?
dered to discard their masks, robes
and other regalia except when in +heir
lodge rooms, it was announced ?\ere
to-night at headquarters of the organi?
The order made public in a letter to
governor Hardwick of Georgia, from
* I* <-'*ar-ce' Imperial Wizard pro tem,
?t first mentioned only Georgia Klan%
jnen, but later it was said the order
Olympic Sets Speed Record;
Makes 27.81 Knots Part Way
SOUTHAMPTON, July 22 (By The
Associated Press).?The White Star
liner Olympic, on its voyage from New
JorK to Cherbourg, maintained for
several hours a speed of 27.81 knots,
?mch is a world's record for a pas?
_,*J*e,l,est previous record was that
^*ae by the ?Mauretania, when for sev?
eral hours during the crossing she
maintained a speed of 27.5 knots.
The Tribune To-day
Part I?The news of the day.
Four pages of sports.
Part ?I~Editoria?s and features.
The Tribune radio??p. 6.
^euvs of automobiles?p. 7.
? hipping and travel.
Part ?H?Reai estate neiw.
Financial and business.
Home builders' page?p. 2.
Part IV?The news of society.
tu** ?rom the re8?rts.
The Tribune Institute?pp. 6-7.
? he Fashion page?-p. 8.
Part V-?Review of the arts.
The week in the theaters
'Sews of music and art.
The book pages?pp. 4-5.
Part VI?The Tribune Magasine.
Part VII?The graphic section.
Part VIH?The comic section.
Mr. and Mrs.?by Briggs.
Part IX?"Apartment House Guide.
White, Still Defiant, Arrested
As Violator of Industrial Laiv
Emporia Editor Gives Bond for Appearance in
October; Governor Declares Every Sympathy
Strike Poster in Kansas Must Come Down
EMPORIA, Kan., July 22 (By The
Aasociated Press). ? William Allen
White, author and editor, was arrested
here to-night, charged with violation of
the Industrial Court law in displaying
a placard sympathizing with the strik?
ing shopmen. A warrant was issued in
District Court here late to-day. Mr.
White, through his attorney, immedi?
ately gave bond for his appearance
when the case is called for trial in
District Court here next October.
The warrant, signed by Roland
Boynton, county attorney, a nephew of
Mr. White, was issued on informa?
tion filed by a representative o? Gov?
ernor Henry J. Allen, lifelong friend
of Mr. White.
The. warrant charges specifically that
Mr. White "hindered, delayed, inter?
fered with and suspended operation of
trains on the Atchiaon, Topcka & Santa
Immediately after the warrant had
been served Mr. White removed the
placard, which to-day expressed 62
per cent sympathy with striking rail?
road men. Yesterday it read "50 per
cent," the day before, "49 per cent."
Mr. White's bond was signed by him?
self and W. C Hughes, a state legis?
lator and close friend.
The arrest of Mr. White was decided
on when the Governor's envoy, Judge
J. A. McDermott of the Industrial
Court, failed to persuade Mr. White to
take the strike poster out of the win?
dow of "The Emporia Gazette" office.
In a statement eiven out when the
warrant was issued Mr. White said the
objectionable placard would not be
displayed pending legal settlement of
the case. The statement explained that
this action was "no cjompromise, abso?
lutely no acknowledgment of the right
of the state to suppress free utterance
published in decent and orderly man?
ner," but followed "a profound belief
in law and legal processes."
"Whon a law or ruling or a legal
authority affronts a man's conscience
just two courses are open to him,"
said Mr. White in a statement issued
immediately after his arrest. "He must
seek itr repeal in the Legislature or
its annulment in court. The Kansas
Legislature is not in session. My only
other course is to seek the annulment
of the order which seems to me to re?
strict freedom of utterance. The risk
is great, but the action quicker. If, in
seeking the annulment of any order or
law, tne protesting citizen obey the
order or law while the case is pending,
no man can question his motive. This
is exactly what I am doing and it is
what I am asking all good citizens tc
do. The case is now in the courts
That is where it belongs."
Continuing his statement, Mr. Whit?
"The warrant for my arrest came to
day in the hands of the county attor
ney, and after the usual preliminaries
was served. The cose will be tried ii
the District Court, and in the mear
time the objectionable placard will no
"i have often criticized bitterly cor
porations that took advantage of thi
(Continue?! on next nag?)
Harding spends day in new effort
to end rail strike; conf?ra with
Chairman Hooper of Labor Board
and leading Senators; indicated that
he will instruct board to resume
Plans for coal rationing during
miners' strike pushed forward by
Administration; Harding to give op?
erators two weeks to dem?nstrate
how much coal they can prduce with
troop?; Pennsylvania Mayors offer
new peace plan.
Battle over wool tariff opens in
Senate; Wadsworth opposes in?
creases; insurgents may again de?
feat Finance Committee.
Bonus doomed to failure at this
session; Senators find no way to es?
Banks vexed at Ryan's bold listing
of own values of collateral on loans.
Recklein makes "full and complete"
confession in Dier failure.
Company shop unions formed on
Lehigh Valley, Lackawanna and
Delaware & Hudson roads.
Jersey in need of airplanes to
' spray mosquitoes to death.
Ellis Island suspends rules to speed
fifteen-year-old boy to dying father.
Hylan orders gas inquiry data sent
to Senate committee.
Conners claims thirty counties for
Famous old crook dies; of bullets
from policeman's pistol.
Old friend of Governor Tilden
thinks buried statue was stolen by
Reparation Commission receives
German acceptance of Allied control
of Berlin finances; Chancellor Wirth
? expresses hope for moratorium.
Irish Free Staters establish head?
quarters 0* Clonmel; De Valera re?
ported among retreating republicans.
League of Nations Council approves
mandates over Syria and Palestine.
William Allen White is arrested
for violation of Kansas labor law and
is released under bond for trial in
Secretary of Labor Davis confers
with B. M. Jewell, leader of striking
shopmen, at Mooseheart, 111.
Yankees lose to Tigers at Polo
Grounds, 2 to 0.
Giants are beaten by Reds at Cin?
cinnati, 3 to 2.
Robins defeat Cubs at Chicago, 7
Devastation wins Yonkers Handi?
cap at Empire City.
William T. Tilden 2d gains a leg on
the Longwood Bowl by defeating R.
Norris Williams in the final of the
Guilford and Ouimet defeat Herd
and Taylor, 1 up, in 36-hole golf
Decision Is Announced to
Accept Demand for Full
Supervision in Return
for Proposed Moratorium
Two Controllers Provided
Scrutiny of Movement of
Capital Abroad Among
the Conditions Conceded
By Wilbur Forrest
Special Cabre to The Tribune
Copyright, 1022, New York Tribune Inc.
PARIS, July 22.?The Allied repre?
sentatives will dominate every avenue
of German financial life under the
terms of the plan of the committee on
guaranties, the acceptance of which by
Chancellor Wirth for Germany was
made public to-night. Conditions of the
j acceptance by Berlin are that German
sovereignty must be respected, that
economic secrets of taxpayers must be
held inviolate and that the Allied con?
trol shall last only as long as the
The plan which Germany has ac?
cepted provides for two official con?
trollers, who shall be responsible for
the supervision of nil departments of
finance and who shall report to the
Allied committee on guaranties. The
agreement sets forth the method by
which Germany must present all facts
of a fiscal nature?receipts, expenses
and appropriation law--. Part II out?
lines the manner in which the control?
lers will keep tab on Germany's float?
ing debt. The third division takes up
the prevention of the evasion of capital
and presents a scheme by which Ger?
man manufacturers will be bankrupt
from leaving money in foreign banks
after making sales outside Germany.
Close observers of the reparation
situation look forward to a complete
understanding between France and
Great Britain in regard to the German
policy, despite Premier Poincare's note
to the Reparation Commission in which
he mentions supplementary guaranties
before his government would agree to
the, moratorium for Germany. Poin?
care's demand for a two months' re?
spite on the German payment of $25,
000,000"as against the Berlin request
for a two-and-one-half-years' mora?
torium is not considered as France's
final word, but simply a matter of put?
ting the Berlin government on the
testing block for a couple of months,
While Germany is demonstratinj
either her good or bad faith much can
happen outside Germany which, ii
combined with sincerity on the part oi
Berlin, will lead to the solution of the
whole reparations tangle. The coming
conference between Poincare and Lloyr
George in London will be aided by th?
preliminary negotiations which hav?
been going on between London anc
Paris which are easing considerablj
(Continued on page live)
Couple Electrocuted as
Bathtub Closes Circuil
Tragedy Occurs When Womat
Grasps Lamp; Husband
Dies Aiding Her
FRANKFORT, Germany, July 22.
Electrocution snuffed out the ljves o
a young married couple yesterday ii
an unusual accident. Both bodie
were found in a bathroom, and investi
gation revealed that the zinc bathtub
a waterpipe and a portable meta
lampatand figured in completing th
electrical circu't that caused thei
The wife had grasped the lam?
which was of defective construction
with her wet hands as she was abou
to leave the tub and was immediatel
electrocuted, as the pipe leading, fror
the tub completed the circuit to th
ground. The husband was killed whe
he took hold of the lamp in trying t
assist his wife. Burns on the woman'
hand and body and on the man's fir,
gers explained the cause of the ?.
The Greenbrler, White Sulphur Spring
W. Va. .lust ?vernlgrht from New Vori
Special compartment ?lecper dally. Amp
supplies drawn from surrounding count!
Insure splendid quality food. Perfect gol
the ?addle, tennis, big swimming poc
moving picture? and dancing nightly. Co.
nlghta. Booking? Th? Plaza.?Adrt.
And Crook He
Shot Both Die
'Liverpool Jack's' Life of
Crime Ends in Sister's
Home in Brooklyn; Had
Spent 33 Years in Jail
Patrolman a Flier
In the World War
?Had Fought Gang of 4
Trying to Break Into
Warehouse in Flatbush
Patrolman Arthur Loewe, of the
Fifth Avenue station, Brooklyn, died
last, night from wounds suffered early
yesterday morning when he fought a
: revolver battle with four warehouse
| ihieves in the Flatbush section of
? Brooklyn. Two of hi3 brothers were
! at hi3 bedside when he died. Physi?
cians said the bullet had-penetrated
his intestines and that peritonitis had
set in, causing dcatl?.
One of the four gunmen with whom
the young policeman exchanged shots
died yesterday afternoon. Ho was
John Walsh, known to the police as
'Liverpool Jack," who had spent
thirty-three of his sixty-six years in
prisons of the United States and Eng?
land. Loewe died at tho Methodist
Episcopnl H?pital; the death of Walsh
occurred at 42 Carlton Avenue, Brook?
lyn, his sister's house, into which he
had staggered at daybreak with blood
streaming from his chest and right
Death Reveals His Past
It was not until after he had died
that the police established the fact that
he was one of four who hat! planned to
rob Heberlein's warehouse in Eighth
Street, between Fourth and Fifth ave?
nues, and one of the iour who blazed
hway at Patrolman Arthur Loewe, ex
aviator and plumber, when he cornered
them in the pitchy darkness of an area
way and told them to throw up their
I hands. ?
In the exchange of shots that fol?
lowed?there were thirty fired, at least
?Loewe was hit four times, one of the
bullets entering his right side and
ploughing through to the left.
Trails of blood found near the scene
of the battle convinced the police that
at least one, and perhaps two, of the
gunmen with whom Loewe had ex?
changed shots had been wounded, and
acting on this belief n general alarm
was sent out before daybreak for all
hospitals to be on. the look-out for a
man or men suffering from bullet
wounds. And when Mrs. Rose Ryan, of
42 Garit?n Avenue, sister of the no?
torious "Liverpool Jack," telephoned
Brooklyn Police Headquarters that she
wanted an ambulance sent for a man
who had been shot twice, detectives
felt certain that they had located one
of the four Brooklyn burglars. They
rushed to the Carlton Avenue address,
but Walsh had died before they ar?
rived. An ambulance from Cumber?
land Street Hospital reached the house
Mrs. Ryan told the police what had
occurred at her home since her brother
stumbled through the front door at
She heard groans, she said, after he
had gone to a room, and when she went
to him she saw that he had been shot.
The gray and grizzled yeggman, burg?
lar and second story man raised him?
self to a half sitting posture and
grunted conte3nptuously as he indicat?
ed his wounds.
"Got in a little fight with a cop," he
said. "Me and three other fellows. Fix
me up a bit, will you?"
Threatened to Kill Sister
Mrs. Ryan bathed his wounds and
told him she would send for an am?
"No!" cried Walsh fiercely. "No
ambulance for me?let me die."
She suggested a priest.
"No priest either," he snorted. "I
don't want nothin'."
He did ask, however, that she pour
iodine upon his wounds, and when she
had done so lie turned over, and a
short time later appeared to be asleep.
Mrs. Ryan said that before she left
him he told her that he would kill
her if she called an ambulance.
At 3 o'clock she entered the room
(Continuer *n pace tan)
Motion Picture House
Damaged by Vandals
Wreck Machines and Screen
and Crack Mirrors in Brook
Victor Leonard, manager of the
Hollywood Theater, a motion picture
house, at Seventy-eighth Street and
New Utrecht Avenue, reported to the
police at the Bath Beach station last
night that some one had entered the
theater early yesterday morning and
had done damage estimated at $6,000.
The screen was ripped, the $2,500
organ was smashed, the projection
machines were broken, films were
spoiled and the mirrors were cracked.
The house is only six months old and
was furnished at a cost of $200,000.
The police took fingerprints that had
been left, and twenty-five men were
detailed to hunt for the vandals:
Ryan List of
His Valuations of Col?
lateral Called Unjusti?
fied ; Guaranty Trust
Protects Its Interests
Market Unaffected, Al?
though Failure Is One
of Largest in History
A Blight flare of indignation, the
: culling up in memory of one of Wall
j Street's greatest, romances, but an un
I perturbed securities market measured
| the response in the financial district
i yesterday to the petition in bankruptcy
? filed by Allan A, Ryan.
It was not much, but still was proof
i that Allan A. Ryan, bankrupt, re
'-. tained something of the power to stir
! the minds of men which he possessed
? when two years.ago, with the accumu
; lation of a $30,000,000 fortune eignal
j izing an unusual record of achieve
?' ment, he elected to defy the cstab
lished law and order of the Street and
; failed in the attempt.
I The manner of filing the petition
! and the revelation it contained of loans
| advanced by several of the leading
| financial institutions of the country on
| collateral, notably insufficient as esti
: mated by Mr. Ryan, were reminiscent
i of the genius for publicity which he
displayed during the long fight he
waged with the Stock Exchange. In
all that conflict he bid successfully for
public opinion as he launched attack
after attack upon the exchange govern?
ors, who, hampered by tradition and
slow to move, were always at least one
jump behind in the public records. In
the show-down they won the verdict,
but during the conflict his open fight?
ing had given him an advantage as
they clung to anonymity.
Street Questions His Allocations
Mr. Ryan's statement of the loans
made by the banks to him was not sub?
jected to challenge yesterday, although
the correctness of his allocations was
questioned. His attempt at estimat?
ing the present market value of the
collateral securing these loans, how
over, was a stroke that, for its daring,
gave the financial leaders something
of a shock. They made no effort to
palliate the fact that the record, how?
ever interpreted, reflected bad banking,
but they were aghast that the figures
bearing upon the situation should thus
come to light for the first time, with
no intimation of their relation to gen?
eral conditions as they e.-ysted when
the loans were made and with what
they regarded as entirely unjustifiable
valuations of collateral.
"How can Mr. Ryan or anybody else
know what the ultimate value of the
collateral will be until it is liquidated ?"
was a question frequently heard in the.
There was, however, no concerted ef?
fort to reply to or correct officially the
position as disclosed by the petition.
i The bankers, even as the Stock Ex
' change governors, are by instinct
] averso to discussing their affairs for
quotation notwithstanding a wrong im
! pression may have been given. Only
the Guaranty Trust Company issued a
statement, marking the single specific
developnfent of the day, as Mr. Ryan
and his associates maintained silence.
Potter Speaks for Guaranty
"Attention is called to certain news?
paper statements of the indebtedness
of Allan A. Ryan to the Guaranty Trust
Company, variously placed at $8,500,
000 and upward," said W. C. Potter,
president, for the company.
/'The facts are that Allan A. Ryan
aiid Allan A. Ryan & Co. owe the
Guaranty Trust Company for its own
account a principal amount of approxi?
mately ?44,000,000, against which
pledged collateral applies. Cognizance
has been taken of this situation for
more than a year, and in anticipation
thereof reserves have been set up
against this account aggregating $3,
"While there are loans standing in
the name of the Guaranty Trust Com?
pany in excess of the figures given
above, all such loans are held by the
Guaranty Trust Company in its ca?
pacity as trustee or for the account of
In the absence ol. Albert H. Wlggin,
president and chairman of the board
of the Chase National Bank, no au?
thoritative explanation of that institu?
tion's interest in Mr. Ryan's affairs
was available. It was ascertained,
however, that the bank's loans to Mr.
Ryan were in no instance made with?
out security, and the opinion was ex?
pressed that the usual margin required
in loans for Stock Exchange purposes,
i. e., 20 per cent, had been stipulated
in their arrangement. The exact status
of the account was not ascertairtable
because the officer in direct charge was
away from the bank. The following
statement, however, was dictated by
Carl J. Schmidlapp to whom thu in?
quiry was referred by Alfred C. An?
drews, said to be the senior officer on
"Whatever the situation may be, it
has been provided for."
Neither Gates W. McGarrah, chair
(Contlnued on page ton)
Twin Suns, Both 15,000 Times
Brighter Than Ours, Discovered
/ _ _
VICTORIA, B. C, July 22.?"Twin"
suns, fifty-two quadrillion miles from
the earth, have been discovered by Dr.
J. S. Plaskett, director of the Dominion
of C-nnada's Astro-Physical Observa?
tory here, through the observatory's
big seventy-two-inch reflector tele?
scope, it was announced to-day.
Scientists here said the discovery
was one of the most outstanding
astronomical achievements of recent
years. The suns have been named
Plaskett for their discoverer.
Dr. Plaskett hns estimated that the
sun burns at a temperature of 30,000
degrees Fahrenhein as they while
around one another. One, the more
massive, is believed to be seventy-five
times the bulk of our sun, the lesser
is sixty-three times heavier.
One is 15,000 times as bright as the
sun, the other 12,000 times as bright.
Plaskett, Dr. Plaskett estimated, is
mqjre than five times as large as any
other known heavenly body.
Reducing the figures to modern
terms, scientists pointed out that an
airplane traveling 200 miles an hour
would require 30,000,000,000 years to
travel from the earth to the newly dis?
covered planets. Light, traveling at
the rate of 186,000 mile n second, re?
quires more than 5.?J3 years for the
The announcement of the discovery,
quotes Professor Harold Jacoby, of
Columbia University, as characterizing
it "the most outstanding of recent as?
tronomical discoveries" and as declar?
ing that the measurements recorded
by Dr. Plaskett must be accepted ,us
O ? I
W??rr-^ /e r*? -. 1
Lehigh, Lackawanna and
Delaware & Hudson Em?
ployees Organize and
Will Stick to Jobs
Brotherhood Leaders De?
clare Fight Has Become
One to Save Organization
Yesterday's announcement that on
the Lehigh Valley, the Lackawanna
and the Delaware & Hudson company
shop craft unions are being formed
with a membership composed of old
employees who refused to go out on
July 1 and new men taken on since
that time had an electrifying effect on
the strike situation here. Though the
three carriers were quick to disclaim
having started the movement, they ad?
mitted that they looked upon it with
Company statements on the subject
were brief and guarded. Executives of
the three carriers were too busy ex?
plaining that the initiative had come
from the men and the suggestion from
the Labor Board to make any other
comment. Only1 from John G. Walber,
spokesman for all the roads in this
section, could anything resembling dis?
cussion of the new move be obtained.
"The railroads see that if the com?
pany union movement spreads the dan?
ger of national strikes will be practi?
cally removed," he said, "and they be?
lieve that this will be to the interest
of tho public. Their establishment
probably will break the hold of the
American Federation of Labor on the
shopmen and make it possible for all
the roads to make such agreements
with their men as that just drawn up
between the Pennsyvania and its com?
pany unions?agreements to which
most carriers, would gladly subscribe."
Unions Welcome the Issue
Mr. Walber, repeating the contention
that the new organizations are origi?
nating among the men, denied that the
railroads are trying to split the ranks
of the shopmen in order to crush their
organizations on each lino separately,
but almost the first reaction to yester?
day's announcement at Btrike head?
quarters here was tho charge that this
was indeed the primary purpose of the
move. The dominant feeling there
seemed to be joy that the enemy had
come out into the open, and the union
chiefs declared confidently that now
that the lines are drawn sharply they
will be able to hold their men, no
matter what steps the carriers may
"Every railroad that announces the
establishment of a company union an?
nounces at the same time that it is at?
tempting to use. the strike as a means
to establishing the open shop," said
the official statement from strike head?
quarters yesterday afternoon. "Enough
carriers have made such an announce?
ment already to prove that the rail?
roads have determined to stamp out
active unionism among their employees.
This latest development will do more
than anything else to arouse all rail?
road workers to the necessity of stand?
ing by the shopmen. It will rally the
support of organized labor in every
other industry, because it aims at the
heart of American trade unionism."
Expanding this statement informal?
ly, individual strike leaders expressed
their views of the company unions on
the Pennsylvania, the only organiza?
tions of the kind on the roads in this
section, to explain their opposition to
the sundering of the shepmen through?
out the country. These bodies, they
declared, are dummy unions set up in
order that the road may go through
the forms of collective bargaining
without meeting any opposition, with
the real object of introducing piece?
work, the bogey of organized labor.
Fight for Life of Unions
_ The union heads declared that the
situation already caused by the strike
makes it remarkable that the carriers
should admit that they hope to break
the federated shopcrafts, as well as
to win out on the propositions over
which the strike started. They called
attention to the reports emanating
from sources close to the Pennsylvania
?that that road considers the transpor?
tation difficulties caused by the strike
(Contiruid on next pxgo)
Pilot Killed When Plane
Crashes Into Quagmire
Dr. Clarence Gamble, of Pasa?
dena, a Passenger, Expected
to Die From Injuries
FRAMINGHAM, Mass., July 22.?
Zenos R. Miller, of Boston, pilot of an
airplane that crashed in a -quagmir-e
near the Framingham flying field late
to-day, was pinned under the wreckage
and died before he could be released.
Dr. Clarence Gamble, of Pasadena,
Calif., one of the two passengers, was
probably mortally injured. The other,
Ralph K. Miller, a brother of thp pilot,
escaped with painful cuts and bruises.
The three men arrived here last
night from New York and were to have
started to-day on a transcontinental
flight to California.
The pilot was pinned in the mud by
the heavy engine, only his head show?
ing. The plane was upside down. The
pilot's skull was fractured and his neck
broken, but he lived about twenty
Ralph Miller and Dr. Gamble were
thrown to ne side as the plane fell, and
rescuers found the former on one of
the wings, with Gamble lying under?
neath it. Dr. Gamble was badly bat?
tered, and at the Framingham Hospi?
tal it was said that he probably would
die. His left leg, nose and clavicle
were fractured, and he was suffering
from concussion of the brain and in?
Dr. Gamblex is the son c? James
?Norris Gamble, a nationally known
soap manufacturer of Paisadena.
Davis Says Seniority
Rights Can End Strike
MOOSEHEART, 111., July 22
(By The Associated Press).?
Following a conference here to?
night with B. M. Jewell, head of
the striking railway shopmen and
shop crafts president, James J.
Davis, Secretary of Labor, an?
nounced that he believed "the
strike could be settled if the
roads would give the striking
shopmen their seniority rights
and there was a rehearing by the
United States Railroad Labor
Board on other disputed ques?
Plans to Ration
t of Coal
Every Effort Made to Speed j
Up Scheme to Divert Sup- !
ply to Sections Threat?
ened With Emergency
May Begin Next Week
Mayors See Harding and!
Urge Arbitration Com?
mittee of Five Bis; Men;
From The Tribune's Washington Itureau
WASHINGTON, July 22.?The Ad- |
ministration to-day, in the absence of ?
any concrete developments tending to
alter the coal strike situation, pushed
forward its plan for diverting coal
shipments, through priority orders, ft)
sections threatened with real emer?
gency conditions. Indications at the
White House were that President
Harding is prepared to give the oper?
ators ten days or two weeks in which
to determine whether they will be able
to resume production in material quan?
tities. In the mean time he will work
out the details of the compulsory arbi?
tration commission plan to be brought
forward in case the operators fail in
their present efforts.
There is declared to be little possi
: bility that the scheme for distribution
control will be formally launched be?
fore the middle of next week. Secre?
tary Hoover, with the aid of the Inter?
state Commerce Commission and traf?
fic experts of the roads, has drawn up
the general plan, but much is yet to be
worked out, it v**s learned, at the
meeting of between thirty and forty
producing operators called into confer?
ence here next Monday. The adminis?
tration of the plan will be placed in
the hands of a central committee in
Washington, headed by Mr. Hoover, and
various local committees in the produc?
ing districts. Attorney General
Daugherty was called in by Secretary
Hoover to-day to define the legal
weapons at the disposal of the pro?
posed commission for enforcing its dis?
tribution orders and holding the price
levels. A formal report will be turned
over immediately to Mr. Hoover by the
Attorney General on this subject.
To Confer With Lewis
Mayor John F. Durknn of Scranton,
who with other mayors of the anthra?
cite region called on President Harding
to-day and later visited the Capitol,
said he and other mayors would have
a conference with John L. Lewis, head
of the United Mine Workers, at an
early date. He intends to see Mr,
Lewis either in New York or Scranton.
Mayor Durkan said the mayors also
would get in touch with the anthracite
operators if need be.
Mayor Durkan gave out a copy of a
statement he had made to the Presi?
dent on-behalf of himself and the other
mayors. In this he suggested that a
commission of five men be named to
investigate the question of a new scale
and that in the mean time the miners
should go back to work. He opposed
the plan of a commission of eleven.
Fear was expressed that disorder would
result from the recent move of the
government. Mayor Durkan said he
was pleased with his talk with the
President and with the President's
sincerity. The Mayor said it was not
unlikely Lewis would be invited to
Scranton for a general conference with
the mayors of that region.
The Mayor's statement to the Pres?
"We are the mayors of the anthra?
cite region. We represent the people
who are making all the sacrifices,
(Continued on next paie)
Boy Sinks Ears in Melon,
Doctor Picks, Out Seed
New Haven 10-Year-Old Taken
to Hospital When One
Pit Is Obstinate
NEW HAVEN, Conn., July 22.?Ten
yet r-old Sammy Friedler neglected to
tuck in his ears when he dug himself
into a large juicy slice of watermelon
at his home here last night. Conse?
quently, after he had entirely con?
sumed the fruit and reluctantly dis?
carded the very thin rind which re?
mained ho found several seeds im?
planted in his ears.
Sammy shook his head and the seeds
showered to the ground. All but one,
which remained in his right ear and
refused to be shaken loose. Sammy
tried to excavate the obstinate pit with
his finger and shoved it still further
into the ear chan-el, until at last even
his parents couldn't reach it. They
took Sammy to the New Haven Hos?
pital, .where it required the skill of a
surgeon and the use of many delicate
instruments to free Sammy's auditory
channel of the irritating obstruction.
The next time Sammy eats water?
melon he's going to wear his lister's
, bathing cap.
President Has Eight-Hour
Conference With Hooper
and Senators; Hears
All Facts in Situation
No Suggestion of
Dispute Hinges on Senior?
ity Issue; President Not
Sure Men Are Outlawed
From The Tribune's Washington Bureas*
WASHINGTON, July 22.?It be?
came obvious to-day that President
Harding has determined to take over
persona! direction of the govern?
ment's efforts to end the war be?
tween the nation's railroads and their
employees. In connection with this
plan he intends to give a "fresh
start" to the faltering movement in
this direction begun by the Railroad
Although the Chief Executive's
program in the rail fight has not yet
taken definite form, the sign posts
visible to-night indicate clearly the
line of thought which has developed
out cf ? ng day of conferences on
the subject, headed by that with Ben
W. Hooper, chairman of the Rail?
road Labor Board. President Hard?
ing, with every one else concerned,
it is declared, recognizes that the:
primary difficulty in the way of get?
ting the striking workmen back or.
their jobs is the question of seniority
rights, and it is some outlet for th
apparent deadlock between the roa(
executives and unions on this prob
lern that he is seeking.
Questions "Outlaw"' Theory
Significant of this was the broa??,
intimation from an official source that
the Administration does not regard the
strikers ss completely "outlawed," the
interpretation placed on the recent
declaration of the Railroad Board by
the railway presidents who consulted
here Thursday night with Senators
Cummins, Watson and Kellogg. The
three Senators, who at that conference
; sought to have the executives yield on
i the seniority rule stand they have
taken, also were present during part
of the meeting to-day between Presi
| dent Harding and Chairman Hooper.
Mr. Harding to-night had apparently
gained little ground in the direction
! of an acceptable proposal designed to
' close the primary breach between roads
! and the unions. It was intimated at
I the Capitol, however, that many more
! conferences of a similar character, both
! at the White House and the Senate, are
I in immediate prospect.
In addition to seeing Chairman
! Hooper and Senators Cummins, Wat
I son and Kellogg, President Hardir./r.
conferred to-day on the rail problem
with Senators A?lee Pomerene, of Ohio,
and Oscar W. Underwood, of Alabama,
Democratic members of the Interstate
President Harding talked with Mr,
Hooper for more than five hours. The
? chairman of the board reached th?
i executive offices a few minutes after 1C
| o'clock this morning. Later Senator:
Cummins, Watson and Kellogg wer?
closeted with them, but when they de?
parted Mr. Hooper remained.
Hooper Reticent on Conference
President Harding took Mr. Hoopei
to the White House as his guest a"
luncheon and the two returned to th<
Executive offices this afternoon. Mr
Hooper did not leave the Presiden
j until 2:30. His only comment, upor
"All I can say now is that I hav<
; gone over the whole situation verj
thoroughly with the President, under
taking to give him the history of th?
! controversy in all its phases down t<
I the present time. Naturally I do no
feel at liberty to discuss details of th?
things we talked over."
While the President worked long 01
this phase of the general problem, i
developed that the government i
threatened with the prospect of furthe
retarding of transportation.
Senators Cummin3, Watson and Kel
kgg, after the conference at the Whit*
House declined to make any statemen
and said whatever was disclosed woul?
come from the President. One Senato
said no new policy was evolved. .
Senator Cummins said later in th
day that he was "hopeful, but not san
gu'ine." He indicated that he did no
see that the situation had change
materially since yesterday.
While the transportation act and th
question of changes in it were taike
ovar in the White House conferene?
Senators made it plain no imm?diat
new legislation was contemplated as
method of ending the strike.
Cummins Sees Union Loader?
After ti:3 visit to the White Hous
of Senators Cummins an/i Underwoo?
Senator Cummins conferred for tw
hours at the Capitol with H. E. Will
and P. A. Burgess, representing th
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers
Arthur J. Bovell of the Brotherhoo
of Locomotive Firemen and Engin?
men, and W. N. Doak of the Brothei
hood of Railway Trainmen.
This delegation, which also calle
yesterday on Senator Cummins, repn
sented to him to-day that brotherhoo
workers on trains are becoming moi
and more concerned about the cond
tion of their locomotives and equi]
ment, in view of the lack of men '
make repairs and the scarcity of ii
specters. The impression left wi'
Senator Cummins, which he consider!
highly significant, was that transport
tion will become slower as the brot
erhood workers grow more cautious
operating trains, until a point may
reached at which traffic will ba se: