Newspaper Page Text
Open Fight to
End Ship Board
Davis, of Tennessee?, to Of?
fer Amendnieiii Throwing
Entire Government Fleet
Into Hands of Hoover
Calls Harding "Dece?ved^
Pass BTI or Forfeit 5-5-3
Naval Ratio, Is Warning
to House by Kirkpatrick
??Yo*? The rnbune'a fTasMa^ot* Burea?
WASHINGTON, Nov. 24.?A concert?
ed drive will be made fey th. opposi?
tion to the _t?b?ldy bill when the meas?
ure I? thrown open to amendment next
week, to abolish th? Shipping Board
and Emergency Fleet Corporation and
transfer ilieir dutSe. to the Depart?
ment of Commerce, it was announced
in the House to-day by Representative
Edwin L. Davis, Democrat, of Tennes?
see, and leader of the anti-subsidy
forces. Mr. Davit? declared this ob?
jective would be fought for regardless
of whether the bill passed Congress
Arguing during the more than three
hours that he held the floor this after?
noon that the greater part of the $50.
006.000 annoai deficit of the Lasker
board was due to administrative
and overhead expenses, Representative
Davis, who is ranking minority mem?
ber of the merchant marine committee,
demanded the appointment of a bi?
partisan Congressional committee to
aouse-dean the Shipping Board. He
declared that out of the large deficit
only $6,497,000 was due to voyage
Big Day for Foes ?of Bill
This was the "big day" for the op?
ponents in the House. Mr. Davis was
their "high card," for he Is undoubt?
edly the best versed member on ship?
ping on the Democratic side. When
Mr. Davis concluded, several Repub?
lican members of the committee dis?
cussed briefly the various features of
the bil?. Representative William H.
? JCirkpatrick, of Pennsylvania, took up
the direct subsidy provision. He said
that any nation pioposing to aid it?
shipping must choose either the indi?
rect means or the direct cash subsidy,
and that as this government had tried
the indirect method in the Jones act,
which he said had failed because of
th? failure to do away with treaties
Btanaing tn the way, there is but one
"If we are going to keep up the
6-8-3 ratio of naval strength provided
in the naval treaty, or if we are to
compete with Great Britain in peace
or war, we must have a merchant ma?
rine and we must round it out," he
Calls 115,000,009 Maxima?
"If every ship now operated by the
Shipping Board ware turned over into
private hands the maximum possible
cost under this bill would be $8,000,000
a year," said Mr. Kirkpatrick. "If
?very privately owned vessel entered
into a subsidy contract w?th the gov?
ernment it would only cost $6,600,000
more, making a total of about $16,
000.000, hut it cannot reach that
amount immediately, and I believe will
not reach $7,600,000 during the first
Representative Frederick R. Lehl
ba.ii, i ..ew Jersey, another Republi?
can member of the committee, told the
House that the annual loss under the
present system of operating the fleet
has been reduced to "rock bottom."
"AU we ask," he said, "is to reduce
the amount, which is really a subsidy
as it is now paid."
"What on earth in the future will
keep the boats afloat if some such con?
structive measure as this is not
adopted." he asked. "No alternative
has been suggested by any one at any
time anywhere." Mr. Lehlbach esti?
mated that the United States needed
1,250,000 tons each of passenger ships,
cargo vessels and tanker? and refrig?
erator ships. "We now have only 500,
000 tons afloat," he said.
Representative Frederick Hicks, Re?
publican, of Long Island, spoke briefly
tn favor of the bill, complimenting the
oomraittee on its work.
The operating losses of the Shipping
Board will continue for a "?.ood man.v
years," Judge Davis said. He pointed
out that Mr. Lasker had expressed the
belief that within thirty months after
the passage of the ship subsidy bill th?
government would be able to sell 400
ships, but that it probably would tak.
much longer to dispose of the rest
of the government owned marine and
that therefore the Shipping Board
would be required to continue opera?
tions. He admitted "upon cross
examination that this expense would
stop under thirty months at best aad
then only in part." "I want to ask you
in all fairness if he did not impose
-apon the President of th. United
States when he led him to believe and
to make the statement to this Con?
gress, which I think the President did
ta al! sincerity, that the passage of
th*s bill would automatically stop this
i Urges "Business" Coarse
"I say that no legislation which you
pass will get the government out of
business, will promote the sale of ships
at any price worth while until world
conditions improve," continued Mr.
Davis. "The government ought to do
just what any prudent business man
would do when, according to the evi?
dence of all who have given testimony
on the subject, there is now no selling
ships because there is no use for them.
It is no time to throw them upon the
market in order to be gobbled up by
a syndicate which will later sell them
at advanced prices when conditions
Declaring that there was no ques?
tion in his mied but that the President,
?. "though entirely honest and .inceie
in his parp?se, "has been sadly im?
posed upon, that he has been misled,"
Mr. Davis said. "If every member of
the House would read the hearings
fron: beginning to end, this bill would
sot have any more chance of pas?
sage through this House than the pro?
Warship's Captain on Trial
Guy Fares Court Martial for
Lots of the France
?PARIS, Nov. 24.?Trial by court
martial of Captain Guy for the loss of
the dreadnought France in Quiberon
Bay last August was formally ordered
to-day by the Minister of Marine in
accordance with naval custom. The ?
trial has been delayed pending com- j
pletion of the experts* report, which
was suobmiited to-day.
The Franc?, a vessel of 23,000 tons
and one of the main units of the
French army, struck a rock at the en?
trance of Quiberon Bay in the early
morning on August 26 and went to the
bottom in seventy-five feet of water.
Ail except three of the 900 officers and
men of the crew were rescued. Cap?
tain Guy suffered a broken wrist while
AiMcUng __*_ gaaavs* work
Charity Gets $750 for
?,?-n. .?..?, intu??, . ii
In one way or another the
I Polo Grounds is becoming quite
i a sottrce of revenue for charity.
The proceeds of the, World
Series game call?d on account
? of darkne**, whiefe are to be
! distributed to charitable and
patriotic institutions, will be
augmented by $750 which will
come into the hands of Louis S.
Hirsch, of 1361 Madiaon Ave?
nue, a composer, from the
Yankee club management as
a reault of his visit to the
grounda*on May 20, 1920, to
see the American League club
play the Detroit Tiger*.
Mr. Hirsch sued the Ameri?
can League Baseball Club for
damages for being forcibly
ejected by two special police
| men when he changed his seat
in the grand stand several
| times. After the Jury had
brought in a verdict for $750,
Mr. Hirsch said he would give
the money to charity, since all
he wanted was vindication.
[Volstead Act Is
(Ontlnuotl from pats a**)
I that a fleet of motor tracks could (ret
the Honor to the designated spots for
concealment or distribution.
The increased difficulties which will
probably exist in Massachusetts, where
the President's advisers have beea told
there will be no state enforcement law
whatever as a result of the recent ref?
erendum, were discussed. There was
some curiosity as to what would hap?
pen in New York, as in Administration
circles the belief has been rather gen?
erally accepted hat it was resentment
against prohibition which accounted
at least partially for the Smith tidal
wave in the up-state cities.
The President was told, for example,
that a poll conducted in Rochester last
summer had shown the town to be
about nine to one against the present
Volstead act. Rochester not only
rolled up a big majority for Smith, but
sent a Democrat to the House of Rep?
resentatives for the first time is politi?
cal memory here.
Frank admission was made after the
Cabinet meeting that the Presidtot
does not know what to do about th?
situation. He made it clear at the
Cabinet meeting that he stands square?
ly for law enforcement and is willing,
If he can be shown ?how to make it ef?
fective, to throw the whole force of the
government behind* law enforcement.
But there was no dispute in the Cab?
inet meeting that the case is not one
In which a mere drive for law enforce?
ment will actually serve effectually.
The President talked with his ad?
visers at some length about the prob?
able effect of an earnest appeal to the
country on high moral grounds, with
the picture of what is happening to the
morals of the men and women of the
next generation as a result of the pres?
ent debauchery painted in sharp colors.
Fear It Would Be Futile
Fear was expressed that while such
an Appeal would be generally hailed by
all of the drys and a few scattered wets
as a sound and convincing effort, those
who ?are now engaged in violating the
law and encouraging its violation
would merely shrug their shoulders and
keep up the illicit business as usual.
While no admission could be obtained
at the White House with respect to any
modification of the present prohibition
law, several of the Cabinet members,
who were present to-day, hold the very
pronounced conviction that no relief
from the present law violations and
graft would be had until the present
Federal enforcement act is modified.
Leaders in Congress, however, in?
cluding some who have always been
wet, assert most positively that any
amendment of the Volstead act ia not
on the political cards, and that it will
be simply impossible, for years to come,
to muster enough votes?especially In
the Senate?to bring about any modifi?
cation of the present limit of one-half
of one per cent alcohol.
Elephant Refused Food
By Borough Pwaidents
Comptroller's Denial of Funde
on Other Matters Brings Re?
action on Park Animals
The Borough presidents declined to
vote for a |900 appropriation for Jewel,
the Central Park elephant, at yester?
day's meeting of the Board ot Estimate
? and Apportionment because it was pre
] sented on behalf of the Park Commis?
sioner by Comptroler Craig, who had
j turned down requests for additioaal
! money made by Borough President
j Miller and other borough heads. The
j Comptroller's coldness was due to the
? fact that the borough presidents had
? failed to keep their promise to make
j op a $500,000 deficiency.
"I'm not going to vote for this," said
* the Brooklyn borough president, "on
? the same grounds upon which the
Comptroller refused to have Borough
I President Miller's request acceded to."
"All right," said the Comptroller,
i "that elephant will staive. What is
? more all the tigers and other animals
' will starve."
"If there are any tigers up there I
: am in favor of feeding them," inter
, jectcd Acting Mayor Murray Hulbert.
"If we do as the Comptroller wants
ue to do about making up the defici?
ency," said Borough President Riegel?
mann, "the men on our- payrolls will
starve, unfortunately the men ean't
eat dead elephant."
Henry P. Gage Is Given
5 to 10 Years in Prison
Admits $115,000 Theft From
Broker to Invest in Mining
Pool, Which Failed
Henry P. Gage, formerly office man?
ager for Jerome J. Danzig & Co., New
York Stock Exchange brokers, was sen?
tenced yesterday to from five to t***n
years in state's prison by Judge
Thomas C. T. Crain in General Ses
sions for a crime of grand larceny in
the first degree. He had pleaded guilty
to the charge, admitting that he had
taken $48,000 in cash and $70,000 ir
securities from the firm to invest in
a mining stock poo! which had failed
to live up to his expectations.
Gage took his sentence unemotion?
ally. He declared in court that h*
had intended to replace all the money
he had appropriated from the firm,
hat that his associate? in the stock
pool had double-crossed him.
Gage was bom in Sttsyvesant, N. Y.,
forty-four year? airo. In 1896 he came
to New York as a fireman on an excui
sion steamer, where he met a bro'ter
who took him into his office, taught him
Wall Street methods and introduced i
hin*, to Dansig & Co. fif teea years ago. '
Forbid Fees in
Charges Five Negroes Have
Contr?ete Which Would
Net ?650,000 if $5.000,
Credit Is Granted
Vote on Measure Monday
Motion Made to Recommit
Proposal and Strike Out
All but Reclamation Plan
??rom The Tribun?'? Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, Nov. 24.?Senator
Harrison, of Mississippi, who is oppos?
ing the ft.,000,000 Liberian loan bill,
charged on the floor of the Senate to?
day that five prominent negroes were
alleged to have a contract with the
government of Liberia under which if
the loan is made they will receive a
commission of $650,000. The Senator
i said they had been conspicuous about
the Capitol, "buttonholing Senators"
and using every influence to obtain tho
passage of the legislation.
The Mississippi Senator offered an
amendment, the purpose of which is to
prevent any part of the money being
used to pay fees or commissions. Sen?
ator Curtis, though denying tho
charges of Senator Harrison were cor?
rect, accepted the amendment.
Senator Harrison named the men as
"William H. Lewis, of Boston, a Re?
publican members of the colored race.
He was an assistant to former Attor?
ney General Wickersham.
"Emmett J. Scott, secretary and
treasurer of Howard University, Wash?
ington, D. C, who is generally seen ac
Republican conventions. He was, as I
understand, one of the lieutenants for
the manager of Leonard Wood when
he was a candidate for the Republican
Presidential nomination and was fre?
quently in conference with my dis?
tinguished and good friend from New
Hampshire, Mr. Moses.
Assistant to Wickersham
"James A. Cobb, 6f the City of Wash?
ington, a colored attorney, who was as?
sistant to the District Attorney whim
Mr. Wickersham was Attorney Generil.
"Another one is a preacher, the Rev.
Ern.st Lyon, of the city of Baltimore,
who was formerly Minister to Liberia
under one of the past Republican ad?
ministrations. He is at present the con?
sul general to this country, as I under?
stand, from Liberia.
"Another is William L. Houston, a
Republican in Washington, who was re?
cently placed on the Board of Educa?
tion by President Harding.
'These men, it is generally under?
stood, have a contract for $650,000 in
the event this body is gracious and
kind enough to pass the Liberian loan."
Senate Vote Monday
The Senate reached an agreement to?
day to vote on the Liberian loan bill
at 2:80 Monday afternoon.
The pending question is a motion by
Senator Simmons to recommit _?*?_ bill
to committee with instructions to strike
out all but the Borah $20,000,000 rec?
lamation amendments and an amend?
ment by General Harrison, which was
adopted to-day, allowing $170,100 for
thirty-five additional locomotive boiler
inspectors. The boiler inspection
amendment was adopted 51 to 9.
It is generally believed the bill will
.e passed. The Administration is back
of ft. However, Administration leaders
admit it would not pass except for the
Borah amendment to add $20,000,000 to
the reclamation* fund, which will win
some votes for it.
A feature of to-day's debate was a
satirical speech on the bill by Senator
Norris, of Nebraska, who entertained
the Senate by depicting the vast mili?
tary and naval services of Liberia in
the World War.
t*Sm tram pa.. __.)
passengers not realizing what was
wrong, the rumor quickly spread that
she was awaiting the arrival of a squad
of prohibition enforcement agents.
There was a scurry to staterooms, and
the story had it that Davy Jones's
locker enhanced its value with numer?
ous quarts of a liquid that is barred
within the three-mile limit.
Among the passengers on th Mau?
retania was Conntess Anna B. ?sigsen,
a pretty twenty-year-old brur.ette,
plainly dressed, who is here for six
months to learn why the business girl
of the United States is so popular
abroad. To accomplish this she will
seek employment here in a factory or
office so that she can return to her
sisters in Petrograd and teach them
something about American business
methods. The young countess, who
speaks five languages, said she was so
impressed by the resourcefulness of
the American girl, a characteristic
usually lacking in European young
women, that she decided to come here
and work with them for a time. While
in New York she will . tay at the Y.
W. C. A.
Count Szechenyi Arrives
Count Laszlo Szechenyi, husband of
the former Gladys Vanderbilt and Min- :
ister from Hungary to the United ?
States, also arrived on the ship. He ?
declared that while political affairs in j
his country had improved the same !
could not be said of the economic con- j
ditions, which he considered "much >
worse." He added that Hungary faces ;
a serious winter because of the lack j
of coal and wood and that there will :
be a shortage of crops due to the early !
drought and succeeding wet spells of
the last year. He said he was disap
pointed to find that American relief to !
the Hungarian children had been
stopped. He went to Washington last
night to join the countess and his four
Others arriving en the Mauretania
included the Rt. Hon. Lord , Romilly,
now twenty-three years old, who served
with the bombing squad of the Cold
stream Guards during the war as a
second lieutenant and was a page at
the coronation of King George V in
1910, on his way to Canada; Lady
Strathcona, daughter of the late Lord
Strathcona, with her son, the Hon. Ar?
thur Howard, and his bride, second
daughter of Stanley Baldwin, present
Chancellor of the Exechequer of Eng?
land, on their way to Montreal; A. H.
Smith, president of the New York Cen?
tral, who left the ship at Quarantine.
and Leon Bakst, Russian scenic ana
portrait painter, here to give a series
of exhibitions and paint portraits of
Greek Cabinet Resigns
ATHENS Nov. 24 (By The Associated
Press).?The Greek Cabinet has re?
signed. The political situation is ex?
Th* military authorities are takinir
an uncomprcmising attitude regarding
the former m nssters, who are on trial
charged with treason.
Keep Away From Auto
Parties,Says Doomed Man
Kay Pendleton Smith Gives Ad
vice to Youths as He Leaves
for Death House
Parting words of advice to young
men unable to resist temptation tfore
given yesterday by Kay Pendleton
Smith, under sentence of death for the
murder of his wife Rose, as he pre?
pared to leave for Sing Sing prison on
whnt mav be the last trip of his life.
"Tell tho young men. ' he said, "if
they want to avoid trouble to keep
away from automobile? parties. My
present difficulties are due to them. I
met my second and third wives on
automobile parties. My advice to young
men is to train themselves to resist
Smith spent the day In the Ray?
mond Street jail in Brooklyn, packing
his suitcases with the belongings hi
has used since being taken there lasl
May. He said goodbv to his two chil?
dren by his first wife, Mrs. Elizabett
Smith, when thoy came to see him il
. . *
Medjid Dons Mantle
Of ?Caliph Withoul
First Commander of Mu?sul
mann, Without Tempora
Power, Attends Ceremon;
Wearing Civilian Clotliin;
CONSTANTINOPLE, Nov. 24 (B
The Associated Press).?Prince Abdv
Medjid EfFendi became supreme Callp
of the Moslems to-day.
He was invested with the sacre
mantle of the Prophet Mahomet In th
famous Topcapou Palace, ovorlookin
the Golden Horn. The ceremonies wei
singularly devoid of the regal splendc
and impressivenesa which marked tl
elevation of his imperial predecesso
and appeared to excite only mod?rai
enthusiasm and interest.
He is the thirty-eighth successor I
Mahomet in the House of Osman, at
j the first Turkish Caliph without ten
poral power. His elevation to tl
Caliphate gives him the title of Cor
mander of all the Mussulmans at
Defender of the Faith.
The most picturesque features ?
?the ceremonies, which were attend?
by enormous crowds of Nationali
Turks, were the handing over to tl
Caliph by a delegation from Ango
of the Beard of the Prophet and ?b
etowal upon him of the Prophet
sword and green flag. The flag sipnifi
the power of the Caliph to decla
Special Prayer Offered
After the transfer of the relics
the Prophet, Mahometan dignitari
wearing picturesque medieval rob
and huge green turbans offered a sj
cial prayer, in which the princes, mi
isters and favored Moslem personag
At the conclusion of the ceremoni?
which were marked by the absence
the members cf the old regime, Rai
Pasha felicitated the ?aliph upon 1
elevation. The entire party then pi
ceeded by automobile to/the Mosque
Mahomet the Conauerer, where Abe
Medjid mounted the imperial throi
surrounded by the highest Church d
nitaries and courtiers. Prayers wc
said glorifying the Caliph and invoki
the blessings of Allah upon him a
the Turkish people. For the first ti
in history the prayers were said
Turkish instead of in the usual Aral
This was intended as a symbol of I
national unity which now binds I
Turkish nation, and also as an indi
tion that the Arabs no longer forn
part of the Turkish Empire.
Dressed in Civilian Attire
Dressed in ordinary civilian att
with the conventional red fez, Ab
Medjid presented a strikingly del
cratic figure as he ascended the gol?
throne in the Mosque of Mahomet
Conqueror. Tickets for the cerem?
had been given out liberally, anc
number of Americans, including \
Admiral Long, were among the spe<
tors. No foreign government was ?
The cheers of the populace in ho
of their new Caliph were punctua
by salutes fired with artillery lent
the Allied military forces for the o<
investiture of the Caliph was
lowed by the usual Friday selamlik
prayer service, in which a large \
of the populace participated.
Caliph and his attendants then
turned to the palace on the Bospo
Senate Critics of "Tigei
Make Daniels Asham
Former Navy Secretary Rest;
Attacks on Man "Who T<
V s Unpleasant Tru
Josephus Daniels, former Secrei
of the Nay*, said last night in an
dress at St. Luke's Methodist Episc?
Church, Newark, that he waa asha
of Senators who failed to welc
Clemenceau. His trip to France a
the war showed him, he said, that
nation was filled with militaristic
"I felt ashamed when Senators
the United States rose in their pi
and failed to give a welcome to
Tiger' of France," said Mr. Dan
"He is telling us some unpalat
truths, it is true, and while we
not concur in some, yet I think
a man of eighty-one, with all his
bitions behind him, might be list?
to with at least respect.
"After the war I went to P?
thinking that I would find there
aim: to strengthen the alliance of
tions, a common passion for p?
with a willingness to surrender all
a warless world. What did I f
France with its hundred thoui
dead at Verdun, its towns blasted
rural districts depopulated and
astated, was thinking about a
France that would arise from the
"What I found was France wore
ping at the tomb of Napole?n, dri
ing of coming back as the grei
military power of Europe.
"America failed in the hour of
tory when the challenge of peace
upon us. It should lead in brin
about permanent world neap?."
- ... ? -, ..-..a-? -.M...
Walsh Not After Leadership
Massachusetts Senator Prefers
Independence in Vo?ing
From The Tribune's Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, Nov. 2. ?Senator
Wai.h, of Massachsetts, to-day told
friends he did not desire the Demo?
cratic leadership in the Senate. He
has been one of tho.e mentioned for
the place since Senator Underwood
f nnounced he would - not seek the
leadership in the new Congress.
The Massachusetts Senator does not
desire to be tied down to the leader?
ship and prefers to be more or less
independent to support legislation a:
he sees fit. He is expected to co-oper?
ate to some extent with the progres
Senator Simmons, of North Carolina
also is mentioned for the Democrat!?
U. S. Sues for
WfifTime Contractors Ac?
cased of Violating Trust
in Building Upton, Sher?
man, Jacks?it and Funston
More Charges Pending
Government Expects to Re?
cover About 75 Million;
Daugherty Pushing Cases
WASHINGTON, Nov. 24.*?Ciril gtiita
to recover more than $20,000,000, al?
leged by the government to have been
fraudulently expended in the construc?
tion of Camps Upton, Jackson, Sher*
I man and Funston, were instituted to?
day by the Department of Justice
I against the contractors who were in
! charge of each project.
The suits were said in official cir?
cles to be the initial step in a cam?
paign at law against war-time con?
tractors who were suspected, on the
basis of auditors' reports, to have gone
beyond the intent and purpose of the
authority given them by Federal de?
Additional actions are in prospect,
it was said at the Departr.ent of Jus?
tice, as soon as complete reports have
been made by the special force of audi?
tors which has been engaged for fif?
teen months in a nanalysis of construc?
Whether criminal action would be
taken in any case, it w?is said, woald
depend, to a degree, upon the results
of the civil suits. Unofficial estimates
place the total which might be ex?
pected to be recovered from all the
construction cases at between $70,000?
000 and $80,000,000.
In the cases filed to-day the govern?
ment alleged that the hardware con?
tracting company spent an excess of
16,600,000 in building Camp Jackson
i. C; the Thompson-Starrett company,
$6,000,000 at Camp Upton, N. Y.; A.
Bentley ***** Sons Company, $5,000,000
at Camp Sherman, Ohio, and George
A. Fuller & Co., $4,000,000 at Fort
Riley, Kan. The suits were filed at
Charleston, S. C; Brooklyn, N. Y;
Columbus, Ohio, and Topeka, Kan., re?
Identical bills of complaint were laid
in each case, the principal accusation
being that the contractor violated
"a direct and intimate relationship of
trust and confidence" in executing his
contract, while it was impossible, be?
cause of the existing war emergency,
for the government to exercise normal
supervision and inspection of the
work. Ab a result, it is alleged, the
contractor stands indebted to the gov?
ernment for money in the sums set
forth and for great quantities of ma?
terial, declared to have been purchased
on government credit and misused.
Tho bill filed against the Bentley
company at Columbus charged there
was "great and unconscionable waste"
of the materials purchased for Camp
Sherman, and that the contractor "sold
to and also purchased and reso'd to
the defendant at a profit" much ma?
terial that was not needed in the
project. Further charges were made
that "large amounts of useless and
unnecessary work was done . . ,
In such manner that construction was
retarded" and that workmen "employed
without reference to skill, experience
or other capacity" were paid the same
scale of wages as skilled workmen
As a. result of delay in completion
of Camp Sherman, the government al?
leged, the cost was not only enhanced,
but "sickness and death of some sol?
Charges of mismanagement against
this contractor included also accusa?
tions that he "permitted continual
loafing, misdirection of effort and sa?
botage, . . . permitted, advised and
caused large quantities of lumber, ce?
ment, hardware, tools and other ma?
terials and equipment to be destroyed,"
and that portions of the project were
sublet to other parties and the cost
added to the bills submitted to the
Attorney General Daugherty said
every means would be used to hasten
the trial of the four suits.
"The amountB sued for," he said,
"represent what those who have been
continuously engaged in the work of
investigation and preparation believe
conservatively the government ought
to recover. What should be recovered
will now be a matter for the courts to
"The suits represent work on the
part of the Department of Justice,
which was begun about fifteen months
ago. The work could not have been
comp'eted any earlier than it has
Mr. Daugherty declined to discuss
the additional cases, which were re?
ported to be In prospect. Study of war
contracts?of which there were several
hundred thousand?will be carried for?
ward, he said, and action taken in each
case as the facts seem to warrant.
Fuller Company Denies Charges
CHICAGO, Nov. 24.?E. S. Beiden,
vice-president of George M. Fuller &
Co., contractors, when told to-day the
government had brought suit against
primary contractors in the construc?
tion of various army cantonments, and
had sued the Fuller company for
$4,000,000 in connection with the con?
struction of Camp Funston, Kansas,
denied the charges, but said he knew
nothing of the government's action and
could not understand on what it was
based. Although it was said at Wash?
ington that Camp Funston cost over
$11,000,000, Mr, Beiden said his com?
pany had received less than $8,000,000.
Thonipson'Starrett Co. is
Sued Over Camp Upton
Daugherty Charges N. Y. Firm
Failed to Carry Out Terms
of Contract; Asks $6,000.000
Suit to recover $6,000,000 from the I
Thompson-Starrett Company for al?
leged breach of contract was filed in
Federal Court in Bn klyn by United
States District Attorney Ralph C.
Greene on behalf of Attorney General
Daugherty. The charge refers to the
building of Camp Upton, at Yi phank, ;
L. I., in 1917, the government alleging
the company failed to complete the
work contracted for.
The const., ?rtion, the complaint said, j
cost the government between $20,000,
000 and $30,000,000 under a cost-plus
plan, and the government reled upon
the patriotism and honesty of the con?
struction company to carry out the
terms of the contract and perform the
work agreed upon.
The complaint charges that the de?
fendant company failed to carry out
the terms of the contract, did not re?
spect 'he confidence of the government
reposed in it and ''recklessly added to
the cost of construction and performed
the work in an inefficient, wasteful
manner, which delayed the government
in making the necessary preparations
for war with Germany."
The complaint further sets forth
that the company failed to reduce the
cost to the government, that because
of lack of skill, government expenses
were inordinately increased, and that
"all these derelictions constituted fraud
In Ohio Supreme Court
Special Dispatch to Tn? Tribun?
CLEVELAND, Nov. 24.~The
right of Common Pleas Judge
Florence Allen, of this city? to
take the position as Judge of the
Supreme Court of Ohio, to which
she was e.ected on November 7,
was challenged to-day by Edward
Dempsey, former Mayor of Cin?
cinnati, in a letter to Secretary of
State Harvey C. Smith.
"As Secretary of State," Demp?
sey declared, "you should decline
to issue her a commission for that
office, at least until she establishes
her right to it by some court pro?
Secretary Smith said late to?
night that ho intended to issue
the commission next Tuesday
"unless restrained by a court
Is Taken Over
(CMitlnii-- tram ?aaa ?_?)
mix the Midvr.le coal and ores with
Bethlehem's p. sent coal and ore sup?
plies will be of much advantage to
both sets of properties in that operat?
ing costs can be reduced.
''These acquisitions will constitute
an advantageous development of Beth?
lehem geographically, in that they will
supplement its present plants by a
large steel plant with low-cost produc?
tion located ?t Johnstown. Pa., from
which an economical distribution of its
products can he made into the impor?
tant Central West Industrial field,
which Bethlehem cannot now advanta?
Discussing the merger informally
Mr. Grace said that the negotiations
had been going on for three weeks.
He asserted that every effort was made
to keep the deal a secret until after it
had been acted upon by the directors
of both companies and, also, so that
there would be no unwarranted specu?
lation in the stocks of both companies.
Expects Trade Board Protest
Asked regarding the possible attitude
of the authorities at Washington to?
ward the purchase of Midva'e, Mr.
Grace said he anticipated opposition
from the Federal Trade Commission
but none from the Department of Jus?
"The case is similar to that of our
purchase of the Lackawanna Steel Com?
pany," he explained. "We met opposi?
tion there from the Federal Trade Com?
mission, but we were informed by our
attorneys and the Attorney General
that we were not transgressing the law.
We have no reason to believe that
these conditions have been changed
with our proposed acquisition of the
For Economy, Says Corey
The statement made by Mr. Corey
said in part:
"The officers and directors of th.
Midvale Steel and Ordnance Company
for a long time have been convinced
that a larger steel tonnage, a wider
diversity and a better distribution of
products than their corporation enjoys
is essential to effect the saving in
manufacturing, selling and administra?
tive costs, and the economies in min?
ing ore, coal and limestone necessary
to secure the best results in the steel
business. The sale to Bethlehem has
been arranged with these things in
The pending dissolution of the Mid?
vale Steel and Ordnance Company, or?
ganized in 1915, or soon after the World
War started, probably will mark the
passing of William E. Corey as an ac?
tive factor in the steel business, al?
though he will be elected a director of
Mr. Corey, along with Mr. Schwab
and A C. Dinkey, president of Mid?
vale, got their schooling in the steel
business under the tutelage of the late
Andrew Carnegie. Mr. Schwab, when
the United States Steel Corporation
wa. organized, was made its first pres?
ident. He was succeeded by Corey,
who after his retirement from that of?
fice, was inactive in business for a
number of years until, he conceived
the idea of forming a steel company of
The stockholders' meetings and the
other proceedings necessary to the
i consummation of the merger will re
j quire sixty to ninety days before the
j transaction can be concluded.
"In the mean time," said Mr. Grace,
"the Bethlehem management will be
acquainting themselves with operating
j condittauis at the Midvale and Cambria
j properfFes to facilitate the taking over
j of the active management when the
transaction shall have been ratified by
the stockholders of the respective com?
Mrs. M. C* Ward Leaves
6 Daughters Over Million
j Will of Baker's Widow Give?
Double Share to Girls Who
The will of Mrs. Mary Catherine
Ward, widow of Robert Boyd Ward and
aunt of Walter S. Ward, was filed lor
probate nt White Plains yesterday. Al?
though no statement of the amount of
the estate accompanied the will it was
reported that she had left mpre than
a million dollars. She died two months
ago in New Rochelle.
Mrs. Ward's jewels are to be divided
among her five daughters, Edna Ward
Evans, Estelle Ward, Martha Ward
Hindman, Catherine Ward and Louise
Ward. Her sister, Mrs. Louisa Brein
irg, ???ill receive $5,000, and 200 shares
of preferred, together with the same
amount of common stock in the Ward
Baking Company, will go to her daugh?
ters, Louise and Catherine.
The Methodist Episcopal Union, o?
Pittsburgh, falls heir to*$25,000-, which
is to be called the Mary Catherine
Ward endowment fund, the income of
which will be used to maintain the
Robert Boyd Ward Home fer Children.
This was erected by the testator some
time ago in memory of her husband.
Her daughters Will receive the
residue of the estate, with the speci?
fication that if any of the girls re?
main unmarried she shall receive
double the portion allotted to each of
the others. ?
? .i.? ?, umm 9?-%m ? ??????,?j?.?m
Capital Believes Harding
Will Settle Packer Merger
WASHINGTON, Nov. 24.-~Deci.rion
by the Federal government on the pro?
posal of ?T. Ogden Armour that Armour
<& Co. be permitted to puro! ase Morris
& Co., another of the Chicago "big
five". packers, still was withheld to?
day, arhough a settlement of the ques?
tion has been expected early in th?
At the White House it wag stated
that the decision was not one for the
President to make, im?* *n other of?
ficial circles the opinion was expressed
that the Executive probably" would "be
called upon finally to tettfc the mat?
Eat Before It
Pays, Says Cuno
Declares Government I?
Eager to Make Repara?
tions, but Three-Year
Moratorium Is Necessary
Pledges 8-Hour Workday
Tells Reichstag Country
Will Never 1/eld Saar
to Any Foreign Control
By Joseph Shaplen
Bu Wireless to Th? Tribun?
Copyright, 102?, New Tortt Tribun, .ne.
BERLIN, Nov. 24.-~'*First bread, the?
reparations," the slogan uttered by ex
Chancellor Wirth soma time ago as
embodying Germany's ?reparation pol?
icy, will be the new government's pol?
icy, Chancellor Cuno told the Reichstag
in his maiden speech to-day.
"Practical work, not empty words,"
he said, "is necessary to put Europa
back on its feet," and he appealed to
America to come into the discussion to
help solve the reparation*, question.
Germany, he said, cannot recover
economically unless she receives a
three or four year moratorium ooth in
cash payments and payments in kind.
He asserted his government is eager to
do all it can to restore devastated
France and Belgium.
The new Chancellor reaffirmed his al?
legiance to the republic and regretted
that the Socialists had not seen their
way clear to join the Cabinet, but he
hoped the Cabinet and Parliament may
work harmoniously together so that
the parties outside may join the gov?
ernment. As an inducement to the
Socialists he declared the eight-hour
day will not be tampered with and
that whatever readjustment of the
working conditions may be undertaken
by the government will be on the basis
of the eight-hour principle.
Assails Versailles Treaty
Discussing Germany's condition Cuno
bitterly assailed the Versailles Treaty,
saying it alone is responsible for the
deterioration of German production
and the impoverishment of her com?
mercial and economic life and the de?
struction of German exchange. These
conditions, he said, will be still more
aggravated unless the Allies realize
the justice of Germany's damands for
relief. He pledged the government's
efforts to increasing production, gov?
ernment economy and the liberation
of industry from unnecessary state
control, especially in price-fixing, but
he added that the government will
fight usury and profiteering and that
trusts, while they will be given full op?
portunity to develop production, will
not be permitted to take advantage of
the situation for selfish purposes.
Chancellor Cuno also promised to re?
open the question of war guilt in order
to obtain a more just verdict on Ger?
many's part therein as a basis for re?
vision of the Versailles Treaty **n-i im?
proved international understanding.
The new government's foreign policy
will be based wholly on the last Wirth
note to the Reparation Commission,
adding "but if Poincare wants Ger?
many to get a 'o?ei??n lo.n ?"*>??* ? ?"?Mi- j
ize the mark then ! must answer him
that the Allies must halt ta.ir youcy
of threats and ultimatums."
Will Hold Rhineland
The members of the Right espe?
cially applauded Cuno's statement that
the new government will stand by
Rathenau's declaration that "Germany
never will permit the Rhinelacd, the
Palatinate and the Saar basin to re?
main under foreign control."
Concluding, the Chancellor promised
a more stringent taxation policy and
wider help for the neediest classes in
the population, adding:
"We want the world to understand
fhe genuineness of our good will.
Europe can recover only when all
countries agree to live and co-operate
as peaceful neighbors. I personally
take keen Joy in the opportunity to
help restore these relations of psace
and mutual confidence. We have
neither eastern nor western orienta?
Throughout his speech the Social?
ists, who had apparently agreed to
give the Chancellor a chance, eat silent.
Only the Communists persisted in
sarcastic interjections, during which
the Speaker was frequently compelled
to call them to order. On the appear?
ance of the Cabinet the Communists
shouted: "Here comes Stinnes's board
The Reichstag opened the debate on
the governments declaration this aft?
ernoon. To-morrow a vote of con?
fidence will be put. The resolution of
confidence will be introduced by the
People's party in these wordst 'The 1
Reichstag approves the government's
declaration of its intention to pursue ?
the policy embodied in the recent note
to the Reparation Commission." By
thus limiting the resolution it is
hoped the Socialists will support it, or,
at least, abstain from voting, thus
assuring temporarily the Reichstag's
support of the government.
Government's Chief Support
In parliamentary circles the new
government's chief support is believed ?
to be resting on the triumvirate com- i
posed of Baron on Rosenberg, For- !
eign Minister and a diplomat distinctly i
of the old school; Andreas Hermes, '
Financial Minister, Conservative Cen- j
trist and close friend of the big indus- ;
trialists, and Johannes Becker, Min
ister of Economics and representative
of the Right wing of the People's
party. All three are stanch backers of j
the Stinnes policies on reparations and
The Socialists expect the new gov?
ernment soon to give them cause to
abandon their present neutrality and J
unleash their active opposition. More- ?
over, what predetermines the Social-1
iate' certain attempt to upset the new
government within a few weeks if not
earlier is the distinctly friendly atti?
tude of the extreme Nationalists
toward the Cabinet. The Nationalists
of the Right are much mor? friendly to
the Cuno ministry than they were
toward the Fehrenbatib and Simon cab?
inets, which preceded Wirth'a, and
which were also composed exclusively
of the bourgeois parties. On the other
hand, the cuno ?government is openly
courting the Nationalists' support,
which is expected greatly to weaken its
position internally and to raise sus?
picions abroad, particularly among th?a
This apparently close alliance be?
tween the Cabinet and the ultra-reac?
tionaries ha? caused th? Center, where
the Left wing headed by Wirta pre?
dominates, to maintain an unmistak?
ably skeptical position toward tb? min?
istry. The only party which is warmly
favorable to tho new ministry is th?
People's, and It i? ?Ignifi-jant that to?
morrow'? xeaolution of confidence in
Cuno will b? offered by tb? People'?
party and net the entire bourgeois
It watt seml-officially ?toted to-day
that Her? Saelmiseh, president ef tb?
Court of Accounts, will be apfpelate*
2>i?4ator ?*? tfettaMt Se?B??*af>.
U. Se Will Not
To Undo Pacig
White Honte Asserts pw
Work Won't Be Hit L
Her Failure to ?W
Par?s May Be Excb*^
Revision of Treai^ t
Seen as Probable p,^
eedure by Other Nation*
Tntm Th? Tribune? Washtngt^ $?
Washington, Nov. R-gVea"* ?
Fraac? reject? the naval ??-?ftuaJ;
HmiUtion treaty and th? fon?.*?-.,/
Pacific treaty abrogating ti? Anil!!
Japanese alliance, the wort ^A
pliihed by the Washington eotf?.^
will not b? permitted to be ??-'^Jt
wa? stated flatly at the Whit? ?jfcJ!
? No details a? to the procedo? -*.
given officially, but the ondenttsf/*,,
is that the treaties will be WjJz
There were two reasons for f^ifo
France in the conference s? a!? tt!
cials pointed out to-day. On? w? the
mild hope that some ?greeiatnt mirli?
be reached as to land araaaent ??b?.
tatio?, which was dissipated th? -^
ment the French ?rrived in waghhu.
ton. Th? other was the deal? jf ^
government to have France a p*^y to
whatever was done, with the M-Jerj-**.
ing hope that the work of th? KtA.
ington conference might be g-rtfhfO*
expanded from time to time w
finally the result would achieve ?tut
some of its advocate? had hopea fa
from the League of Nation?.
In the case of the four-power trestr
France was included at the ?pedfic ta
quest of the United State?. The chief
object? of the treaty, of conree, *r.n
to abrogate the Anglo-Japaneje ?B*.
anee and to provide what ainotinted ta
a "breathing spell* treaty with Japan,
thus soft-pedaling the propaganda be.
ing used in both countries apparently
with the object of bringing statt ?
state of mind both in Nippen and her?
which could easily be fanned to vfiiu
heat by some incident in it?e!? uain*-.
Neither of these objects ret-r^*-*-4*?-! tfc?
inclusion of France, and both the Brit?
ish and Japanese representative? wert
mildly surprised when the United
States insisted on thi? inehuion. ft?
fact that France had possetgioB? ad?
jacent to the Pacific wa? the exeu?e?
not th? reason?for including her. At
the time it was thought the Prenei
were pleased at being included, ?ad
there is some astonishment here that
there should have developed oppoiitiaa
to her ratification of the treaty.
Poincare Firm for Rai'ficailoa
PARIS, Nov. 24 (By The Awj-cisted'
Press).?Premier Poincare I? holding*
firm in his intention to fnpport th?
ratification of the Washington ansa
menta Conference agretruent? in Pat
liament, it was authoritatively stsUd
to-day. He will aek & the ?imc.? ei
the government for approval at th?
pact?, but will not go ao tar, it w.
stated, as to oppose any reas??nt?
reservation which the Foreign Alto
Committee mnv report.
Forecasts of unfavorable r*ctio?%;
the Chamber are ?aid in gavernm?*
??reles to have no solid fonndstwt
although no one knows ju?t how ?t
Chamber stands on the question, far?
ther than that some or the Depute
have ??^pressed themselves in favor t?
certain reservations, particularly wit;
regard to the limitation of naval ton?
nage to the same total as that of Italy
Declarations that recently have beet
attributed to Georges Leygue*, for?
merly Minister of the Navy, in opposi?
tion to the naval treaty, have um?
less of a stir in French political?*?!?
than they seemed to hare clued
abroad, because it has been knows Ik
some time that M. Leyguea person?!!*
was oppo.ed to the Washington naai
accord. M. Leygues, however, declares
he has not said the Foreiga Affairs
Committee of the Chamber, of whitb
he is chairman, would report agsfhi?
the treaties. He doeB not know bow
the committee stands on th* (jae?tioc
he insisted to-day, nor ho? th? &**?
The Department of the Forelfo;*"*??
fica, which is giving its ??pemi ?\
tention *o the subject, bew?v?, ?
presses confidence that there wi?l ?
a ?good majority for ratification, m
restrvations considered accepta b e?
the other parties to the agreement
"Y*m need a good r*Mi**
mor in ?sinter earn ttvs*
them in summer?avoid*
dust and impurities of **?
vutaide ?rrir.** -
Having selected a gooe^**
erator "feed" tt enough W*
clean ice to keep it at an ^
temperature. A good &?**
ator is scientifically construe^
to save ice. The temp?rature g|
your house in winter is apP^
matcly that of a balmy *pm
day, so while you don't ????**
much ice as in sumffl-sfc'r
need it just as much. .
Knickerbocker ?c<! is P^Lgga
ctesa. tt i* sold *IJ?S*
weight, tt costs bat S J et *m**?
pound is Msahsttsa, BtooW* m