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,I,AY, DECEMBER ?M? 1122
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?fan f? H a" n-H -Hlw???i?? ?r?Jlt?l tn thl?
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The American Approach
?Jerrrtaiy Hughes'*? N?-w Haven
?peech discloses the Administra?
tion'-! linn of approach toward a
reparation settlement; and, since h
reparstion settlement must ?BfWe*-?*d4
tconomic adjustment it? Europe, the
Administration'? su*-r,rcstion:i are n
first move toward that economic re?
habilitation of which the whole
?eorld stands in need.
What .\n,?'ri<H ran do is ';
?ained by conditions which Mr.
fardlng and Mr. Hughes did not
create. They have to take account of
the tragedy which debarred th?
United Stuten from direct participa?
tion in tin* execution of the
- Treaty. We ?arara der
from our forner .-? Waben
-Senat? failed t?i ratify. Mr.
Wilson rlrain?'d unduly at a f?W
TWtrvations of m'-i- y .lomestic im
?erta'it-?'. He slauplitired his own
???fk rather than "tolerate pcrson
?.Ty emendations to it.
The reparation i-uet-tion was thcre
tv Eun-pcanizcd. The major Allies
a-re left to fleht it out among; them
I and with Germany. We have
only a reversior.ary int?-re?t, kept
alive by our separate treaty with
(.etmany and our Rhinelarxl
pntion bill. France, Belgium. I
Britain and Italy have apportiotu-ti
ity, and Trance
and B? ljjiuiii, at least, have an ?or
?tak? in collcc'ini?- it.
as ivo may be to an
of the reparation incubus anrl what?
ever solution we may ourselves think
ju*t, we cannot LaBpoa? our views on
the nation? of Kurope. They must
consent. As Mr. Hughes justly v?*
??annot consent for
ver, in our OWn ?H
tjiTeat .tr.-l i;i th*" inter? r-t of the
-*orW il br^'c. make friendly pro
l*?a?l? and offer our co-operation in
Wflfjnjc order out of chaos. The
H'.ion has always held t hat
r?erniai,y oupht to be made to pay
C limli ?.f 1er capacity. That
? w also. It
ssewhat more distinctly Donar
I.?w\ \iow than it was Lloyd
be rational limit of
No one can '
**f ?1-soltitcly. For one thing* Ger- i
Siatiy has never ?howr. jiny real
?illinftness to pay. Nor bas any-1
bVkIv yet taken her by th<> -cr.ifT rjfl
the nevk nn-l tri??d to ?.?mke her
!,,i ?-tit of her pocket
met heal, which would certainlv
r-awaken fierce national jenlousics
within the Entente, it i? elear that
-.?-a! ?--.rrsuHation .-an bring- no
erations will cor.tinue to outweigh
?ronomie ones and what the world
?mmefce and finance
g for will be only imper
Hardin-Lr-Hofnes proposal is
??take the reparation ?jjestion out
?f politic?. A purely economic body
*o*ld be asked to estimate German
espacity to pay. and the (rovern
?"?fits most deeply affected would
?re the option of accepting
fisding; or not.
?Such a plan ?five? Europe the last
*?rd hu it ouclt to do. But a con
'?nslon fortified by expert economic
knowrVdr-cc would have an enormous
*oral eaTectV It would impofe on
J? imajfinations of the politicians.
T^haps it mifirht sweep awav all
wUcie*. aa the dramatic an.r
?TV*,hc naval ho,id?j"ami
? ship Bcrappin?r program at the
winfton conference carric?! the
"??Id off its feet.
a.Th* A^'niftrati0r.V flrst ;
2**** .?d persuasn?. And
*** r?Par?t:oD problem c?n be solved,
from the outside only by a program
which is well fortified in both these
Unemployment in Europe
? mploymrnt in Europe de?
creased materially in \$2>. It hardly
in some countries?Germany.
F?ame and Belgium, for e\ample.
It is still acute in two ?ountrie?
which have made the fan ?at linar,
cial recovery, as marked 1-y t.
?.hang? value of their ?urreiicy?
Great Britain and Czecln
? nimg to figures raeantly com?
piled in Pan?, there are practically
no idle worker.- in France and there
has been little unemployment there
since the armistice. In Belgium the
percentage of idle was H in May.
1021 ; in January. 1922, it wan 11.2j
in August last it was only 4. Ger?
many's percentage in J.ily was 0.6
and in August 0.7. Out of 14.000.
000 German workmen there were
only 43,217 this fall hunting for
Great Britain has been carrying a
huge unemployment burden. In
June. 1921, there were 2.177.OO0
workers idle and 908,000 partly idle.
Ijast August the number of idle war,
1.378.000 and of partly idle I
The pound sterling ha.- advanced
sharply toward par, showing finan?
cial readjustment. But industrial
recovery lags behind, Great Britain
' still has a surplus of Industrial
workers, undrained by emigration.
The i'zecho-Slovakiari crown has
also appreciated. But th-- rew re?
public lias now about l?>0,ii00 men
out of work. IaBst July the situntion
was better, 2?,"..'.0 unemployed re?
ceiving allowances from the state
and 22,000 being: aided from private
sources. Austria is prostrate, finan?
cially and economically. Vienna
alone had 40,000 unemployed la*-t
May, about as many as all Germany.
Poland's mark has shriveled in
value. Idleness there i? also on the
decrease. Last February IR.T.OOO
unemployed were r?-ported. In June
total had fallen to 10.ri,000.
, Italy, too. has taken a big turn for
the better. Last July there were
only 407,000 out of work, compared
with 7r.0.000 5iv months earlier.
???Hand's unemployed decreased
from ]4>S,<>00 m February to 80,000
at the end of July. Holland ha?
.vercome unemployment. In the
Scandinavian countries the percent?
age of idle is now almost normal.
Despite pessimism and political fric?
tion Europe is mending beneath the
surface, although the healing proc
isa is unobtrusive and slow.
The bridge that f'ommisiioner
Whalen proposes to buil-1 acr
I-a-t Ptiver would cost more than
'00,000. The preliminary esti?
mate for structure and terminal i?
f41.000.00fi. Fnterpriscs of this
particularly when conducted
by Tammany, always far exceed th?
In the opinion of all intelligent
tra-ction engineer? bridges are far
inferior to tunnel? as a means of
?toss-river transportation. They
require large tracts of land at each
-ml. which must be acquired by con?
demnation proceeding?. Tammany
s batten? on the pur?-lia?e of
Plunkett used to call it
Vet Whalen Is determined to
build the bridge, confident that he
will have the backing of Tammany.
Tnmmany wants the bridge, be?
cause its members have lacked an
opportunity like that for a long
So, despite the opinion of en?
gineers, despite the fact that .'?
bric''-e is ?umber.'-.jrr.?' and out o'
?late and that it will cost an al
?eady tax-.iiudcned people many
. what it ought to cost, it is
likely to be built.
The one hope of the people lies in
?a Republican Assembly, which has
?the power not only to veto this gi
I gantic scheme, but to keep the con?
trol of i?II means of transit, includ
l ing mean? to carry people from bor?
ough to borough, in the safe hands
e Transit Commission.
A Mysterious Race
It would be a mistake to assume
from a casual reading of the ad
by Profes?or Roland B. Dixon
e the American Association;
lor the Advam-em- rence
that African negroes were the first
inhabitant? of the American con
j tinent. Hil theory <? that among j
?the ancestors of the American In?
dians of to-day are member? of the :
so-called negroid-auRtraloid race. !
which inhabited the mainland and |
islands of southeastern Asia and
Australia. In external characteris- -
t;cs this group is thought to be af- i
d to the negroid races of
Afrira. And his theory is only a
The intereatirg thing about Pro- '
fessor Dixon's idea is not so much ,
the Australian or .Asiatic origin of
such a negroid-australoid race as it
is that the American Indian is the
product of successive waves of dif
types of people. Besides this
australoid group he believes ba has
found traces of a Caucasii
coming from Central Asia ?
more distinctly mongoloid t
what period these came he t
attempt to say, nor to what
the blending took pi?
tains, however, that su<
waves sometime. amalgam?t
bes already on the m
and in oth
l*r?t ?orner? to seek mfgem
of-the-way places. I nun the
, it.g of the?e type? d
j American Indian of -
Al! -u. h theories a:
e. The real
; of the Indian Btlll remain ?
tery. But . makes
; portent contribu?
by hi? plea for consideri
peopling of this continent <
Europe and Asia. II
* d. for example, thst i
avis >.f peoples swept
Europe. Their remains shoi
' they were of different typf
thougri Dtoal of them bclonj
\ the Caucasian or white rac?
?n's contention is thst ?
waves of different peoples
That these were, as he suf
of BS widely different type? ;
Caucasian and the negroid-n
? loid races will, of course, h,
? tested by many anthropoli.frist
the analysis which he has brg
! the different types shown in tl
?lian remain ? may well i bed
liable light upon th?' nv.
'origin of tho American Indian
may ?how that I
?.r? in reality a comp'i*
stead of being, ns os?d to
of mongoloid origin.
W? po?e for the philosophe-!
, grave question: Is th?
thing as truly "dining" in jmbl
M many of us dine in N. ? Y?
New Year's Kve? Humanly >]
ing, the question might
?answer itself. The occasion is
ternal. Good will over:'
I stranger at the next ta! ;
matically a fri<:*id. Even the
critical members of k<? it ty may
with a sympathetic eje n?
other, admitting under tha pre?
of the New Year's spirit that
' Colonel's lady and Judy 0
sisters under the skin. And In
hotels, restaurants and rabard
is!, after all, possible 'for the e>
ing searcher to find gool
cooked. But will be And
ity that is inseparable from iii.
thentic art of dining?
This city is provided with ev
thing for the diner, f
chefs to delicacies magi? '
of season, ye* it \g hardly, a?
what you would ?all ;?
paradi??*. And *,*.?? ?ri
HI the fault of the public "ho-t,'
called. No; it i<- one of the penal
pay for our national boa-?t
"quantity production.'' The
tist in ri>?>king that ev? r ..
flouiish in New Vori .
, for only a few brief hc?urs or we*
Then he would be di-r
would be swamped with ?
would put in electn
and hi- plac?' WOOld
with i nrie hut
Paris has had
?phara. The Mai-on Dore?- falter
and died. The Caf? Al |
its way. Long ago the Tour d'/
ccame perilously popular, a
' popularity will k.ill a
t quickly as too much vinegar. We i
. member a dish of strawberries
the Foyot that used to !><? ileledab
t When they took to making it in bu
, it subsided into the dulncs? of
staple. Who shall bring bi
the magic of Solan's, the old haa
of quietude <-n University Place th
Sam Ward and Pierre Lnrillard um
to frequent and inftuen?.?-'.' V\'? ??
have suffered losses. Ti ?
other places in which
Y'orker could dine and m
silence. Now he eats, p
Haste has dot:?- a lot to land nil
in his predican- ? gmirnian
may hurry. For the gour
in a hury is a contradiction In I
As well ask bin to dine where ther
is noir>*\ or dancing. 01 t?xi mu?*l
light. One of the r.< I
the great art can supply is tin
grizzled Frenchman reposing behini
his favorite table ?t ?ome su.'li inf..
est restaurant as the Drouant anc
savoring with reverence the i
ivory' of his Camembert. It is a lev
son in appreciation ar.d wise self
discipline. The theater, of course,
has been r?*.;por.?ible for a cruel
quickening of the pate, both here
and abroad. Think of what it haa
done to that once honored Institution,
the after-dinner Havana : We shrink
from advocating the abolition of the
theater. And yet
Well, the new year is here. Heaven
knows what it may bring! But this
is a time always ruiUble for the
searching of hearts, and men may
well look solemnly, as they fa. ?
new year, into this question of what
they have be? n doing at the table.
Let the maker of good resolutions
ask himself, v.ith Hermione. "Have
I dined, or hava I failed?"
A RFA RM ARCHAEOLOGICAL DISCOVERY WHICH GIVES US THE FIRST
DERNITE CHRONOLOGICAL INFORMATION ON THE I II i
MXRITSOI rHE ANCIENT HISTOR : RIOD OF V
Bernhardt's Neu) York Debut ?j ??me, l a ?/
that memorable right v
? of ti; ?udler,
ever ???n !n Kam
apprai? the o
loneue who 1
a ?ingle nig
r,n* ?ucressful B4M
?me hero airain. S
nain? an im
ardt i? almost the on
great actress of our time? whose int*
thai sh? ci
n nianaKcr. H??th l?ach
that folio ? n cafre
y that ?t the dawn of tl:
_e ?II able to obt?i.
s. It was com?
monly reported that a group of i?cn
Leaded by Andrew J. Main, ci the
war for the Bernhard.
M who ?a? appeared
here in my memory came
such a wealth of alluring publi.
was I- '
tonal notoriety that
I . . playgoer
? ?:?? I'ariaian wi'
empty carriage dro.e to the ?tSSja
of th? and Sara
>a?t through the land, in company
with the tale that ?he hab,i
in a coffin. y ?as ,
of* such a ?lar r-j? aad ? *tnre j
nagged their head? omiaoualy aad de-J
.??nee? with -
We sia?t bear i
-? -earanc? of a v.
ss her "r
rlent" ar?vj-.?>d a ?t??rm of oppositior
an?! caused laasaierabl?
.* W?S I
in vain, ?r.rl in hi? ?
:ty. which ?!wa.
psrt In the ntal*S-Qf
American mind, was rsisetl t?> t
long before th?
the iliiutrious Si
wa? a matter of su
hardihood to ?.-''
memo 'it. Mr. Bah
? years had a bi
gave u dinnrr for her at ?
of popular disco?
Madame Bernharlt in the char?.
fore nor sil
usual assemblage. Ii laclad? I
translatioaa of the piny In bro??
pamphl?'. form, snd - turninj
l! rrf th?
for :. til in
:' her sut
in honor at
? I'd appear
her a ,1 de
Fact and Fiction
1!. Baudi ? or
uttcr,*d a etnaaon s ?boui
perhaps a time when dramatist? and
the society in which t
in a golden e*
every one had
???re. It may seem to a? tha
age (i.il exist in the pa?t, but
that it only b?en ? of talent
alone ?urviv? from the past. It we
re??l the mai? ?
- 'hat age.
. breach arousea the
L'atnour Is to th-in tha oclj way ai
M,air.n?-ion into poetry, and they
?er ?hat lrnmor?li'y c?n b?.
?. ss dull ?s lR?p.
' our literature from
?,..??*. i ?
? ?ache? of ?tlier command
fs? * .
? f th?
It' any on? tool? his Viag <>t th?
? ' ?
???? ?tul lui ?',<;. h? v
V. ?Id ' Serif so wild in
? ,?ept their
if we e?re f.,r th?m ?t all.
inditien of our enjoy
?i ?? %ka hi
?nd fact, ?nd the World of ?
res, of deir ' melo?
drama i? for us | *
"i sgainst the immoral*
do 10 becauie
they ,?v?j in the wick'
of fei -tupid
brutality of ihe Fiiglit-h aft?
I* i? merely a difference
?n that gorerns h??l wr
' way of e-cape from
the hnt'l lath of tolling ?ne ?ruth in,
In th? eight?? - ws?,
-Hid. a ro
r,f nan wei Irteeas, or
'i 'art?: had art of all kind? is
from fact: it never rail? a
.,1-. 'hough it ras*
id? either v ?RMBt
?lesee. Hut in
the re?! nature of a *| ?
"France Wants to Li\?""
Sbc Cinnot lore?* f*ull Reparations
M itlirnit ( nm|t?*n-.itin$* Aid
' i rede? by 1 i
at i?ast ???? ?res?
that th?* 1'iiire.j ! not abate
by a dollar the del France and
' American iiiumiioh?
the war ?"
?i??i the he
te advance to date
17,004 view of tiernianys
fallar? to pay, in long a? on the II
t, then, do UMS? editors and
?feaateri ?rent! That France should
i? more for (?ermatty than
The sfere?aid editor? and Senator?
ssdly elamorou.? that France shall
? ' ,i shall
' ' ?
experienced an ?
??me editor? ?'
After th? edifice of the *.or!d pea.-e
nad 1 nain pillar was
ry which, ?-.her
drawn, rt is for the |
lounlrie? arr willing I
, raed, th?ii
will rol last long after the '
. will have ?howi, the
U?re i? a will tl
Brtbi.f.l hair is coming hack, a
I.. .? \xsetiX Tee,
are not being lei
II fast a? th? ?tyl* do-to*
iFrort Vont'y Fair)
'IMIIH hand you have -??te?T*r?4,
Impa?ilr? ?i ?I '.-'?rh??!,
With Join'.? ??Jroltly curs*?-!,
And Anger? d?ftly m?*eh?vl!
? *A ?nd yeil?wi?b,
Ambigueo? to elaaa.
aa a fl?h.
And ?udd?n a? aa a?p:
It double? ta a flat.
It droops, cempo??d ?r,d ?MU,
?be? ef mv ?arri??.
? It te my ?rill.
It !??e? '.. nty command
Tautened, or trembling Uli
M within your her.?.
Anatomy of wax.
It I had ae?n ? them
Prnken to grape.vin? b-jdi
I' I had ?ver bom?
Child of oar mingl??f r
Rut now. romps? t aa ?ton?,
My h?n? pr???r*--?? a ?haf?
Too utterly It? oarr.
R. H. L
??> <?? f?? Wa
? . .J I 4|f /
B herons up the erase
L?t? In S?pt?*rnber.
Ig from o-ir f?l?|ii?
I>o you r?m?mb?r!
Swamp aider bu?he? bright
In dull November.
?lei If ht?
Gone all the red ?nd bin?
This dirk December?
Gone though your laughter, to?,
Death caf.'t ruin?rui?h yen
?Vhil? v? reni?trb?r!
Fran Ten iSong? of the Dead
Singer in Kioto
- r aj-ai TKa tftaaurtt
** \Jf the twi.tf.l rrbbon io ta?
they took '.
???al a silence fnr a eh
A drop of dea* i? tait?n from a whit?
By the 1 'ir.ty ?un.
How th? rsin drip? fr-o.i the rottinf
And ?1th a silrgr word
>urtl?M the gol- idea tata
In th? gr?en-hl?rk pond:
.- ? !.y.
Fur the emperor a box of ?rol4
I fWpest ?hireling* of Irory.
fat me the brown root? ?nd the ragged
Anil th? lightest fo?m of the cherry
? / ?' ''i?er>
' grav? ance^* ?
.r?--l III pa.
- in the group,
eg Im? needlework,
r loving f?th?r
. .ng hi? m?nu?enpt
fair da ugh*.'
- beff drawn g
Kiis?, in lier whlUn???,
Loving and idle,
r.nvie-l the other?.
So bjiy and wi??
F.li??, in Tier beauty,
And ?weetn??.? of heart.
Captures, f.ir ?Tir,
l's M.?10 ?orne ?(??
I irst .Snow
A H.l'.i! I 9? tae
'rie.iiaer.c ? v.l.
alley m ??niten???
like a dream:
An.) .. illtide wit? soft, gut?
Black were it? waters against i'i.
Of bat.? and bowlder buried thick aitb
And r be i
.1. ! iXE JR.
? ?nd ?bout?! touch yitss?
Could tmger-tip? ?? ihougkt
ike th? sie* ling iort?n?s thai
r? a? .orrr'.h lag it?p?
meant Io b? d> \- n
Save at the peace that brood? upe a
? in a far la: d
Remote from thoaghtt of m? sad f.vsa
And thi? I knw-A .. ??red laf?
And * li
? BRRM? E LKSH1A KL.N'YON.