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title: 'New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, December 31, 1922, Page 2, Image 20',
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Workers Party of America
Starts Drive for U. S. Soviet
Move by Agent* of Bol?h<
viki Seen in Or. at
ization Formed Hen* I
Stir I p ?Klan*? H.iir?*
20,000 Charter Mfhft
UiiregtrirtriH Frertlom an
Fund?? in Litre* Offrrrd
Marriage N Sf-WifH >
By Giltnan Parker
fashtssn of ? -?
w?rrer? 1*i the bollef th?'
at last Iain down to ?>?p. hat
?at Into the open la th? '
Under th? name of the Work?i
ISrty o* .?.??-erica th? ??;?
country Anally h?*<
?errad flat net)?** o*
and at ?ettlag op "the dieUtor?hip c
th? ?--? '*?- a- '>?
?tlto'e for th? ?**t?tlng g'<\?mmenti
A? a nueJeaa th? Workers '
a charter membership of about
Tb?*M are under the d.r?rt m of be
tw?4? fifty ?',d ?eventy-f,?i paid et
gastiere, agitator? and other i
of tk? party. Th?y ?r? to SB**.
??repaganda eit eommur. ?.?*
??aunt among th? wage oaraen
**?tlr up c!??s hatred" ar.d by a
ariUabi? rmean? pave the arts
uprising of th? from eles-ei
district ?Wees through?-..' th? '
th??? under the ger.er?:
a ?i?tior,sl headquarter? in a room a
Bait Ogered by Tart)**
?ent of these aims the Worker? is"
M of unrestricted tree
dorn and funds for the working-men
th? canonisation of ?ex freedom f?1
houMwIree, and the millennium gener
ally for all but the hated "rapitallil?'
snd th? gams more hated "hourc
Moit of which i? ?et forth fraakl]
In the program sf the organization St
it ?ii adopted lait Monday and Tae?
day at its second annual cor- ?
snd all of which either was proclalmc.
In the address?? of It? leaders fro.r
the convention floor or is con's
the books, pamphlet? an?1 oti.er propr?.
garda published officially by th?
"party." The convent:on ?vas
To b? ?ur?, th? jrorr?m does r ' it
dare go quit? so far ?? to at*|
'masses'* to undertake an armed
utHo' did the dele
.?at?? or?- the fox
? represented by tSO l>ep?rtment <if
*u?tlee. quite to the seist of declaring
'?r ? fu'l ?nd r>pen affiliation -*
.?mmuinst Tnterr.stior?! of Moscow,
?hifh was erected on the p
en? ?nt Insurrection
reletar ?' '
Program Sent Broadcast
' - ? - '
? ?-d lh? ' '?raliir? tk? I .?
? putting out. ,
I has sa?ei
?"Work???, the 1 "
? * ret
'\rh ?r.- |
ng when life f| ?
-?r afr.-iM '
- 'or an ?] ?
a? tatlcn ?o ?iron? thst th? d?
?ma when if? reemhers r?n. by t*. _
p arms, ?-nndu-t a ?aeeeesfSl n
? cver*.hro?? of iha '
owing parsgrsf ?
en?i idltsg rs*
* The Work*-*
,r**p?g?-> s Is hi .
nsderstandlng of th? seeaei
?" ? c s* SI sting rspit.1 |
nent with a ?orlet gorem
AtUrk or < apltstlst?
**Th? eilitirg ea<
s a dictatorship of th? r?
lay In th? I'nited .??(???? a cempara
.lr?ly ?mall group of eapi'r ???
Hal and Industrial king? wit**
luartar? In V?
the ?tato? ard munir
th? capitalist government this gT
financial and indu?tri?' king?
their will upon the 80,f*?i?.?>i>t) worker?
and their fan-.
"Whlle part --rke?-? ?re
granted the hollow mock?
tk? Republican or | candi?
dat?. In time
meat I? elway?
cial and Industrial king?.
"Th? ???riet gt,-. ? the
?a-erter? will. !>??
ceatity tha n?'
th? raplta':sts-be a i
workers. The government exp"
the will of the worker* will openly use
tU power in th? intere.t of ?he S
SBd ?gainst the capitalists.
?rill )*? the task of the g
?sent ef th? M,eao.t>'
country to Iss?
the control snd ?*-?/nership <?( -sw ma
teriala and snaehnei) ..' ,
Btea which the werken arc dependent
High y otos in Hymn of
Hato of W"orkrr? Party
At]- ?1 for the
throwing of the government i f
? made by '.he
newly organized Workers pnrt
. | . ? ? OU*** aims laid to
>d sterling Ameri- I
ran patriots are:
Arou*e di??*ontent among the
?p rlas? hatred by I
,od known to a *
PaTe the way for an uprising
of the "masv
Abolish marriage a? an Initl
Rally working farmers and ne?
to the "es
i the American Federation
of Labor and lead the unions into
the fold of Sovietism.
ball '? ? - and happiness. '
and to establish ( - *?-n?r?hlp.
Msnagement of Indastrr
"Together with this collect!-.?? "wre
ship the worker?' government ??
quickly as possible develop th? manage?
ment of the industrie? by the work?!*?.
"Through the establ.'hment of this
fomrr. ? era*
? ? -' - work
I Tided. A? th? power of the
capitalists in industry wanes and com
meaitns is established, the struggle be
the cl???e? will disappear, and
the dictatorship - ariat will
become unnee?.???ry ar.d will cease to
". b? government will bereme
?n instrument for administration <>'
dustry. and the fall, free communist ?
society will come lat? being."
Propaganda Among- Negree?
In it* effort? to attain It? obje<
aceording to the program, the organ?
ization'? agitstors are to conduct an
? paganda among the "work?
ing farmer?" and the negro??. But It?
chief field !? to be among th? members
of the trade unions affiliated with t*M
an Federation of Labor the
"boring from within" process of placing
?? ?.rents within the union r?rks for
the purpose of agitating une
behalf of eoriirau' - leavers I
*. the Federation and bring the
unions into the fold of the soviet.
A? to Ott drrect gel v?en
.-?er?' Psrtr and the Communist
International of Moscow, nothing is
- the rrogram, although marrr of
the delegate? to the convertion WJ
aelBN flatly for "open
communism." Willi? II was deemed
prudent, ths'. ?hi? he omitted, ?v?n fesr
of th- t of Justice ?14
??????? r ?. ? delegate? from adopting; a
? folowing paragraph:
Forward to the victory of
- ^'uded th?
a tall tat
' ork?r?* Party 1 ~? to
? ? ?h
? gr.a'er Influence of
? ?ctusl ?trnggle? of
? ira ard ? I h new
Nstmr.al Ir.stilDliona Venared
That lb? Workers' Pari
' - the
- ? 0
' O an
? -ature d?
'?:?' at ?o
? v hour? H
'? in love wrth each other,
each basinf faith in the nth?*
? ? ? ' ?
rkja free union. in?te?r!
gal slavery of the peel that i?
en ?r.d worner."
headquarte-? <,f the
??-Sway is a
a tense glance? they direct at ?tr/
?nd ' it lag feature ?
?bed hair, ?hich appears IB
rem? n among feminine up
freedom for m?n
In addition to the national office the
rrganitati-on maintains a district office
'w York City. The other <i ?
?nd 11 rougb these
undertaken t? "???.ict.z? Aat?
Bills to Await
Prr.cnt Session I? Not Ex
prcled toTou'h Important
I,ejrir?latiot* Which Will
MTri't Lines of Nation
Freight Car Pool I rpetl
Plan for frovernment Con?
trol of Carrier* Will
Mrrl With Big Oppo-ition
. ?'nttmme't ?r?.?*rr??? *??????
rr?c*iesl!.T ?1! hope? of r?ilro?d
-,f Importance ?t th? 1*4
?.-?.- .??? M o' i '-gress h?r? r??
?b?ndor.?d by Senator? and House
member? who h?ve been keeping in
?inch with condition?.
In ?pit? of th? fart ther? is a form,
dable list at railroad l?gi-l?tive steps
g rsn be aeeomphshed until th?
new ( ongress comes Into
Then, if ther? I? ar n'ra ?ession
eal.ed by rre.ident H?rd:ng. ?s m?ny
b?l?**e probable, there i? little q*i?s
tion both houses will plunge deep into
the consideration at rs.lroid problems.
Ones these problems ?re ??rioui'y
taken up there is almost ?ure to b?
evolved legisl?tion of the mo?t ftr
reaching moment both to the roads and
to the general public ?o the employees
of the roads and to ?h,;,pers
Senator ?"jmmins, chairman of the
Senate Jr.!' -mere? Commt'
'?< will introduce m the Senate ?oon
after th? holiday? ? ?eriei of min
ure? In the r.?tur? of nropond amend?
ments to the transportation act. They
?HI cover a ?ride asid ?nd open up for
thought and discussion a number of
phase? of the present and futur? of
the transportation lines in the I'nited
Poollrg of Freight tara
One of tha most important of them
?rill provld? for wh?t is commonly
known as th? pc> ? *?.ght cars. ?
provide for the formation of a
single government-?-ontrolled corpora?
tion whlrh will take over th? freight
r?r? of the various ro?ds. It is pos
?ible that ?ome other equipment of the
road? might be included, but the chief
businei? of th? proposed corporation
will be to tak? over the freight c?rs of
sa?. It would then proceed to
allot them to th? various roads and
apportion thern with a vi?w ?lsrays to
th? transaction of the n?tion-wid? bJ?l
ne?s of tran?portation in the meit ?f
w?y. Th? great objective, of
courie, would be to prevent ear short
age? ?nd increas? th? effectiveness of
freight ??rvic?. while tending to lessen
eoits of maintenance ami operation.
This plan of pooling of freight c?r?
ha? th? power'j) suppo?* of th? \'s
lions! Association of Owssfl of Rail-,
road Securities and of many leading
busiT.' ? ?r hand, i*
has th? on of niany pov
railroa-1 factors. This opposition is
ha?"l ?lief that th? pooling,
'?' tr* gbl rar? a? would b? ?I
toward government own
?rahip of rsllroads, and not only a dl
bet s lesg st?p.
President Harding h?s become con
to the idea of - ? rh?
handling of freight car? ander s single
All the ? _ts ?r.d ?
sr? that the CssMSlSS amend
tgf th? pooling sf '-? ght e?r?;
? II ?*?":?? ? g?*e?t esntestien ii
gr??? |t . ?r,we*.?r.
to ,-??, ireeesi -hort |
s?v? h? does |
- - on his
-tant amendments this winter.
11.? amendments of Senator I
III will rover mo*' recsav
mendatlon? msd? by ""*r?side-*? Hard
- his annus; m??.ige
? for th? -isoli
datioo of the r?:,rr.m'? ?nt? a limited
number r>? ? ? ? ?
qtjeation fraught ?rith Ttitiel, contre
v?r?y Annth?? will V.? 'or Um "'.iving
wage" for railroad employee? Another
w. Ich aleo pi ' g th?
sds when ? . be* th?
order.? of the Rai'.road I^bor Hosrd. It
? ???? attempt
m ??? th? law relalI ? ? le
Railroad l.?'?or Kr - up a
labor Roard geaiggallSllsa
P-cident |i,. th? Rail?
road Lahor Koard r?r,r_?r .?-; ?. t\ con?
solidated with ? i teeetat? torn
mere? ( omm.ssion. Senator CSI
IS eel Is introduce an ?mend
.- this matter, as h? is
?SM other S?r*a?r,r will.
In these j'roposed ?mendment? alon?
t h?r? is ?nough m?teri?l fr,r d?h???.
month? of t ongres? But this is only
a part of what it ah?ad, once the rail
road problems ar? fairly throw
-ation of i>nate and
The farm bloc ?nd progressiv? ?I?.
m?nts are as strong as ?v?r for th?
??ramping of th?
rate making provisions of th? trans
- ? 15A,
eeate -at ?mount,
a? alleged, to guaranty of a rea ?on -
1 abl? net re'urn to th? road? by >*
1 or as a whole. Efforts to ehar.r
j rate-mtk.ng features of the trans;
? ?ion j. M th? OSSH
?w will r*?et w ... ?-,,,.
ter re.iiur.ee from Senators of th?
cons?rvatiT? type, who ?r? called pro
SSd Senator? by their oppon?
? ?re pending in both
j houses covering phase, cf tee -
?rjr'a transportation problem. Some ar?
| local and some ar? general. S
Gooding, of Idaho, ha? a bill to e.
t r?tes on agricultural products
,SS\ ' . horisonul cut
j atar Gooding is an aggressiv? chain
? pion of agTie_:ture. M ^ to
I hear.ng before ? . inUr.
i ?fate t oramere? Coaim.ite?. Hi?
I will hare powerful turn hie? ?apport
Women Elbow Men in Rush
To Rich Gold Fields of Arizona
Pro-apertor* From Far - Away Africa Raer for
Ix>cjit.onr,; Old Mine Renume*
Search for Wealth
| .lotdlers of fortune yeung ?nd ol
; both m?n and wom?n ar? ?till fl?K
Ing to Oatman. In Moh?re County,
pro?peet for go'd. and many of th?
are rinding it T*? Oatman geld fleli
ar? ?h? mest s'tive on H
American continent and th? bloom
not yet off ? ?h Weathe
t beaten adventurers who got the woi
while digging awa> in faraway par
of th? world like Africa ara arrivin
with all the enthusiasm of their fin
e ?t n?tma
ha? re?umed, and to tho?e who knot
about gold mining that new? c?rne
signifies--? '' -r.ear? a permaner
eamp in all likelihood and deeeiop
ment akin to that of th? as
. ?a. The Tr'.ted F.aitern Mn
Ing Company i? cutting a drill ?tatioi
??nth lerel 'l*M feet i ?nd s
the hr?a?t of th? l.?*)0fl-fo?t
into the hanging wall. The drill wT
be pushed down an angle 2.000 feet
it being ;nt?nd?d to cut the known big
vein at a depth of 2,600 or 2.700 feel
below the ?p?T. That Is one of th?
biggest operation? going on at Oat?
man. on? that may m*?n m.
Th? Lucky Boy Mining ?
Company ha? ?tarted another hole on
it? property which la expected to
?trike a ?,?;-. at -Ml fe-?t Th? Lucky
Boy i? financed in Mew York a
campaign i? on a big seal?. Th?
Bonanta Placer Company ha?
across a sl!v?r >dg? paying $M to
the ton and work h?? b?en begun to
take out t'a? prot?t. The Frisco Mine
?rilling, with psy in
hand and more in ?J|
Oth?r companie?, big tad
?cratching and gnawing at th? earth
in all direction?. Not far from Ost
m?n work Is going forward eras
ral Park in the turquoi?? ?
among the ,?rg??t ,n America, owned by
the Tiffany?, of New York, whlc
lee ?dvfnturer? up into th? r?gion from
M?gica a? far back a? 1530. It i? hu
tory that at that date secaral h\. ?
Spaniards and U.OOO Indians left M?x
lee City to find ? I tr?aaui
of th? tUrrert Cltie? of C?bola, In I
pr*??nt Sut? of Arl??n?, ?nd th?t fn
IRSO to 1S1? rort?s ?ent four ?spea
tlon? up from M?? e?\ or? of which
v.sJ'i hlmielf. Frier Mareo de Ni
Il wa? who brought back to tbe 5pa
|?rd? 'he wondroui tale? of ?
villages where "they u?e ?.????'?
rold and ?ilver, for th?y hare no oth
But th? present pro?p?etor? at O?
m?n ar? all of th? ?or? of folk wl
nerer loo* b?ek. They llr? rom?n<
Inste?,I of reading it; their lire? ?r
?Ued ?ith th? adrenture of |
unchanged from th? day? of Cortex tl
c?pt for modem ?ettlng?. There? ail
danger enough to make it ?ttrartlv
what with dynamite and moonshin
whisky and the age-old impulse? th?
follow In th? train of sudden wealtl
?n wa? named after Roye? Oat
man, a settler, who cam? with hi
f?mily from Mi??ourl in ISM and Io
eated at Oatman Flat, The parent
w*r? killed by Indian? and two daugh
'.ry Ann and O.I.*?, ?eren am
? i years old, were earrisd
? Mary tied after having b??r
traded to ?eversl tribes, but Oil?-? ?ur
sr.d was recovered by Ameriear
troops flv? -fears later. She was sent
K?st U b? educated, and returned tu
a. where ?he lived to a rip? ol.l
age and was a leader in soeial affairs
However, she alwsy? wore a feil In
public, fnT the Indiana had tal
their tribal ;n?igr.ia on her rh
(.old ???? fi.?eo\fr?d at Oatman by
I'nited Stat?? ?oldicrt in 1R65. Johnny
? " | ? The
gold hunter? of California heard of i'.
?nd ?oon George Hear?t, fath?r of
William Randolph Hearst; I.e. i Tar
?on?, Jo? Clark and other notah!? ftg
ure? cam? ov?r and ?tarted a pro?p*ct
ir.g ?yndicat?. Many a for?.ire va?
taker, out of th? eitth l| the year?
that followed. But the real Oatman
boom began with the finding of a fabu
!ou?!y rich l?dge by the I'nited E??t
?rn :n 1914, whieh ?hoe? no ?Ign? of
Titled Britons Turn
'Fishwives' for Charity
Shop In Bond Stre-e-t Filled With
Sea rWlrafir? Attracts
ft/ *r*l? 4?lcr<9f?'l **-???
..-, |i Htm i^n
don's Fifth Avenue- ar? what might, in
? ? ernaesler, be termed "r?re birds ";
bat whan they h?ppen te be 'it'ed Eng
Hihwomen, as wss *h? in thil
their rarity Is Still mor? enhanced.
Sever?: wiv?i at prominent I-ordi.
und?r th? leadershio of Lady P.'
denned rubber ?prom ?nd too? stsi ?
flih ihop in th? faihionabl? ?hopp.r.g
dlitrir' They pror?-'i*d le STTSBgl
kippers, bloaters, floundsrs and oyiter?,
and a?i their brothers sr.d rous
such ? m?nn?r tha* -.'a ! ' - ? ?
?.r usual te?',y tpp?ara**,r? th?y
?hroughotit London b-*gan book?
ing order? at f?rcy pr:c?i.
B? |1 4?>d on b?h?lf g. th?4? a
eratic 'Aleswomen th?t they mrr? not
?ft?r ?ordld gair
? nor?! ?chem? ' 'jnds
f^r th? Dor-iiand Bett seat ??
mngtown, ? fsmou? ?
?ponior?d by lead.r.g ?resteers s.
Music Library ( .lo*.* -
In a Burst of Soup
Curfew Air Notifira Tairons It
la Tim?** to i^iiit the*
Sty Tm? All^Mtli Pet*.
Th? library attached to th? Paru
Oper?, whleh is er?rr?tr known to ?h?
g?r.?ral publie hut which lnt?r??*?
music lovers anri ?
?fternonn s' < | - It whiet* mo?
ment th? af*ndant culls sal
? - . ?
This m?th?>d of annour,c?m?r." If
pesr?,| to the lihrary offi-Ul? ?? h?rd!y
nrb?ne ?norjgh for th? nstion?] U
of mijrr, and so a phonographic di?<
has been mad?, for which th? riV
;er? sang the "t'urfe-?" air from
Meyerbeer*! "ffagseaats. eied '
th? text in read ?s ai Invit?t
* ->?r th?lr hom?s, "?s
' o'clock h?d sounded,"
I . S. (,v\* P.rturr of
British (?rceting to Fleet
Murinc Artlsl Depict?*-?! Wrl
r?imr <?lvrn Ships in 1917 at
a Bj- Tt? Aaeoc.it? 1 1 ?
The American mllitiry a;t?c;.s kat
announced that th? Navy Department
has purchased th? painting by Bernard
Grlbble, th? not?d English msrine
?r*.?*. depicting the srriv?l of th?
Amfrrrir, b?ttle?hip ?quedron under
Admir?! Rodm?i ?t 5c?p? Flow in
The foreground of ta? pictur?
rennt! th? quar'.erdack of th? dread
noug. -sbeth, with Admira,
Beatty leading tal c-.??r,ng of th?
British bluejack?ti ai they er
aitia-at ' '
i ? p? approach on the ha
Adir.rra. R?atty evprriicd Keen ap?
preciation of th? p?intU.r wh?
'. at th? emba??y r?c?ntly. Th?
- - ? "gton.
wher. - hung in the Navy De?
France Plan?? Io Obtain
\S ar Aid From (Colonies
Pcvrlopm?*nl Ma?. Supply the
>r?r<Ieil Morks ??f FootlslufTs
ami (?ml in Plenlv
A proper <\' '
"a . r r -| r, ? ?h? gap
m?d? by t ' ? w?r,
I ?.--'? |
h?rt Sarr? I of rol?me?, who
? ?wn in the I'nited State? b?r?u??
? work at th? WbbI
?r-nsment ronfer?nc?. M .c?rr?
-??der ii ? ' T ?
rite 0f another
??ar I- I not depend on th?
I? ?orld for her ?tocks o'
coal and other surr "
The French color??? rn ? -
A? a S'e ?lightly lsrger th.i- ? -
?H ?iberwl?? f - .o-, ? ?jo
of the <-r..
The ni* re papalatlew? o? Krerrh
ea-.',oni?i ir. ieatrihai at .- iltfatthi
toward their ru!?r?
Builder of Great Pyramid Knew
Figure of Earth to an Ineli
The designer of th? Gr?at Pyramid
m Tgypt mu?t h?v? had an abiolut?
knowledge of th? fig- ??rth.
?n oblate spheroid fattened at th?
leset a. o.
of the Po-r?l Kr.g-.neers in
Egypt- Th,i ?s?**' ? based on
Ike 'act that the pyrsnvd stands at
itrse center of the land mrf?
??-cording to ??creator's pro?
- ?r.ted to th? four ear
dirai points of th? heavens with an
accuracy appar? "aineble in
-g at th? pre?ent tim?. The
"(?rest r '
center line? of th? a.e?*.*1ing ?
descending passage?, aid th? "Grand
Gallery" must, tt the d?t? of build?
ing, hav? coincided ?a:*.h a ?aro-.
s'.ellar conjunction wl leh car
only one? in ?very 2J.S2C years, the
number of year? in th? preeesaion of
th? Equinox??. H?nee. according te
?"ole* m the
date of the commet cement of th? eon
?.ion of the Great P>iam.d a? 2170
B. C-, at which period Egypt vai raled
orer by the h?t?d Hyk?o?, or **h?j'h?rd
In carrying out th? measurement?
?par? ar 1 tfsM I "-""?
have be?n u?ed. th* "p> ramid inch,**
which i| equal to l.OOt British h
and th? "s?ered cubit" of twer.*
?i '-h??, or ?6.025 Bl
-?. which hss the ?sme length ??
the cubit employed lr - ctlon
Of th? T?h?'n?-c tre A'S at
land i| ?s?e*tly on? twenty millionth of
the ?srth's rol?r ?si? of rotation
By dividing the length of on? ?id?
, of th? Great Pyramid, which is
I 9.1*1.066 pyramid inehe?. by th? s?cr?d
rubit, the product is Mt.llfl, the ex
ar*. number of dayi snd frsction* of
! a day in th? ?olar year.
Th? two diagonal? of the baie added
together ?r? within ? fraction of the
number of yean in th? preeemon *>f
the eaumoxe? namely, 26,6*26*.
Th? estimated weight of the Great
Pyremjd is just one billionth of th?
sted weight of the earth, or,
- r. fi.OfjO.nOt) tonr. Th?re i.
enough ?ten? m it to build a wall
six f??t high all around Franc?.
U. S. Leads All
In World Trade
Race Since War
Amrrli- I? Declared To Bi
at th*? <>o??roHil? of Moat
.Vomiting Era Known in
Who!?*- Kronomir History
Alnrm Shown by Briti-h
Ormiinv Not OmsiiIrrrH an
Srrioii? i.oniprtitor in
South Amrrirnn Mus-inc?.?
Flsring fsr outdistanced (.res?
snd other rivals In the
war race for the worlds trade, the
? ? to day "at ?he eros?
mads of th? most promnlng era In i ?
whole economic hl?tnry."
a in ?ub?tane? is the ?tory told In
a detailed and precl?? report or
eign trad? condition? Ju?t pre ?er, ?
fengr??? Th? actual firurea for the
? -incipal eipf.rtmt co.intrte? ?
that a? compared with the fr.relgn busl
n???e? don? during t-tai?U *
SU*.?? ha? m?d? ?n Inrreaje of II p?r
I ha? gained only f. per cent
The foreign trade of France has a]
a derrea?e In that time of 4 per cent,
while c;?rm?ny has lost 14 per cent.
The voluminous statement wa? drawn
up by the Departmer* of Commerce
'he moit careful investigation?
in ?eery corner of tr.e earth. It will
t? by Congre?* ?? th? bad? up *i
which will be determined the future
policy of official support and ?ruidanc?
Two oajtiti.nllr.g note? were ?trie*
in the rep in. Tv at througn ?
the expans:?;* a year ago of the Bu-,
reau of Foreign and Domestic Corn
mere?- the American government trade
departmer.t and the resultant si
this country ha? mad?. Great Rr
foreign commercial representativ?. ?re
g their slsrms into London. If ]
'-ently gained advantage? ?r? to
-d State? rr.utt, there?
for.?, exert ?till greater effort?.
The oth'r high point of intere?t in
th? report ?how? -ha-, tne German
come hack ?csre ha. failed to mate
r;si:t? (.ermany is ?o-day "not a sari
? : ajtenttal competitor of American
exporter?, e?pecially in the South
American countri??," where that coun?
try formerly had ?uch strongholds, it
ii dcelsred. Thu ii due to the great
obstad?? that country is under, such as
th? fact that a larg? part of th? Ger?
man raw materials mutt be bough*
abroad, whera the mark it worth but
Warning (on cerna Germany
Ir, ,'s d.scusslon of Germany, how?
ever, the report sounds a definite warn?
many Is not productif? of
many raw materials. Take, fa -
?rancs. Stammt. Yon cannot go fsr
th? indu?tr;?l field without copper. I'
rnutt be bought from us lit vary high
mark quotation?. The aama I? true
: lead. The only material
of which Germany bold? any n?* et
I result is her competitive threat
:? ? ral down.
laeleaa, she is beginning to mend
her s.tus'ior. somewhs'. though h?r
currency troubles are still serious. The
?? with that fluctuating cu~
'hat th? mark ii low -it i? that
"Th? German ?ituat.on muat h?
?d from now wi'h special cs?e h?
csu?e of th? penible ??ab, ' nation of
? urreney ard it? cor.
our trad?'' ' ?tie?
' this curre? a--, ? held at
a fairly immeh?'- ??*>'? com
materially change. Ther? is tome po?
' fjture Germsn competition
an nearby, short haul markets and
hase had old
? ?d? on."
|l .r,4,-c. -f ??h. foreign trad?
gain? mnde ?inc? the reorganisation a
???r ?g" ?af the Bureau ?I Fetn\gjn and
? mmeree, which now offer?
a deficit? ?ale? ?ertrce to every Amer?
ican producer cover.ng the entire
world, it i? pointed out that the volume
dled durin?- nr ;: a-re???d SOO
T?', agi ? ? , , ?
tude of '.?her c-.-n.t r ?er. "-w.-trd the for?
eign trade acrr ?? of the
I'nited State? unr? the war. the report
diicu????, a? an ei?mple, the ?it
in South Africa, where thi? country
**a? just getting a foothold at the out?
break of the war. Tbe Rriti?h ar? now
.^outh Africa, ?nd ar?
?Baaing e?pecl?l!y ?trenuou? effort? to
? their trade in thi?. which th?jr ,
r?r?rd as a prior field for them. It say?.
However, a? th? reault of the opera?
tions of the American office, the F?d
?r?' a of Rritisli Industrie?, which
corresponds to th" American National
itinn of Manufacturers and is
an enormous organisation of all th?
gr-st industrie? of th? empire, has
rnsde this report:
"There it no organisation in behalf
?h firm? mor? complet? or up to
date than the commercial bureau of th?
-an government trade dupar*
No troubl* is too gr?at and ?x
? ? ??cordary consideration to
th? securing of business to th? 1
State? of America. The Amgrm? of
American penetration into the South
African field is not without it? las
American Activity Watched
i?r warnings are going to F.ng
lar.d from South America. On? of them
to *'Th? Shipper? and F.aporters Trade"
states: "It is somewhat remarkable
>at Arnerie.tn activity in Argentina la
very noticeable, in view of the diffi?
culties imposed on United Statea aalea
by the high quotation obtaining In
Huero? Ayrrs for I'r.itrd States dol?
lar?" It addr there is srtinl? "evidence
of hew will tht United .->tate.. i? carry?
ing oat the pract'ee of crtating a favor
.hl? market** Tb.r? ar? numero??
other ?ueh tribu??? from British ?r?nt?
for th. Information of British ?nteres??
?d in the report
day 47 per cent of our ?1
? re msnuf?et?ir?d or partly manufac?
tured eomn -lusiv? of manu
<?d food?*'ir*Ts." ?h? report adds
?i,?r words, a rapidly Increasing
sh?r? of th? great b?n?ftt of our bu?
reau !? aiding the tho?is?nd? at ?"?Sll
m?nuf?eturing plant? ?II through th?
try which ?re m?klng their first
attempts ?t foreign ??IHng.
"Another t?*uir* cf our ehanglrg
posltro,, in foreign ?red? I? the very
?rab?? inrrea?? in th? rropor
tion if o. i ' 'ropical raw
materia'? 1 ' -? I ? war ?bout .10
p?r c rnport? w?r? made up
l| -aw material?, includ'ng ?ug?r.
rubber, dy? woods, ?te , coming moitly
from th? Kar K??' ?r.d Uttn Amarle?.
To day ?bout n0 per rent of our im
pr,r?s ar? mad? ur of thos? raw ma?
"Now thst mean? two thing?. In
the flr?t piare, it ?how? that our man
ufseturers ?r? requiring mor? raw ma?
terial? o." thl? ?or. and, in the MS?
ond plae?, It mean? that w? now hav?
etubllshed In thl? country more er?d
it? from thoa?) ?rea?, which ar? can?
ter? of intensive competition.
To conclude this general ?ummary
of th? changes in our commercial sit?
uation the enormous inereaM of our
foreign investment?, which I? bound to
continu? fir ?om? time, ?hould be
A? ar? ail agreed that ?h? deter?
mining factor In ?itahliihlng the
in of foreign trad? Il th?
amount of capital invested abroad r ?
ports follow investment?. Tha? i? th?
serret of England'? commercial ?uc?
e?is. Public uti.itie? througho'Jt th?
world ara owned by Brif.?h capita!,
and that determine? th? amount of
r..achin?ry, euppli". age* going out to
keep thos? vs?t properti?? going.
"For that reason the statistics which
? mptrolier of the Currency has
Jost issued regarding our Inves*
abroad have a d.rect bearing upon th?
problem? of the bureau. Ae
cording to thu eitimate we now havr.
invested abroad no les? than $21,760,
000,000-an impo?ing figure a*
ha? not ?topped growing, by ?ny means.''
Official Figur*?? for General
F.lrrtion. Ju-t IsAUtrd.
Sho* Eh Pollril 10.000
].c*h Than Six Years Ago
''Machine91 Hit, Is Charge
Senator** Campaign ?allot!
(.rrutr-t Effort He Ha?
Made in Political Career
Th? following is printed rer? by
"The San Diego l'nion" under a Sacra
?tor Hiram Johnson
and his supporters to promote his 19.'4 .
Presidential asp rations by seeking to ;
make him app?ar as the champion vote- j
getter in hts horn? ?t?te have been
- y jarred by official figure? for
alifornia general election, just
msd? public by S?cr?t?ry of Sut?
Frank _. Jordan.
"These figures ?how that, far from
being th? leading political figi.
rnis, Senator Johnson Is? a?t|
ally fallen in popular favor in the
?nd that Instead of heint; respon?
sible for th? hu-;? Republican victory
November ? .*?'?n?tor Johnson polled
votes lees then th* vote for the
Van nomine? for Governor.
Frir-nd W. Ri?*h?rd?nn, who foug;
it* tsecaine sad refu??
his campaign in ?He hand? of the Re
publican Sute ?entre r be -,
.-?use ?'??tion of the chairman of the
rommittee was ?lictated by the Johnion
R??olt CSSSSS S?rprl??
Bvea more ?igniflrant of th?
?tor's declining politic?! ?treni
thi? ?tale ihnn hts failure to lead the
ticket in Novemb r. S. retar
report ?how? that ir the general eiec
tion thi? year Mr Johnson's total vots
N less than the vote polled by
the Senator six year? ago.
"And while the otic?! figures them?
selves e-.plod? in large me?.ure th? ei
travagent propaganda being broadcast
in the Senator's behalf, the
tif his waning political fortut'
found in th? fact that in hi? latest cam?
paign for publie office h? felt called
upon to exert th? greateit effort of hi?
-' career *_?in?t a Democratic
opponent little known to the general
public and likewise a stranger to po?
"In the election November 7 John?
son received iMyttl vote? and Rich
ardswn 67H.446, th * Senator running
.'2.000 behind the ('< vernor-elect in
southern California. Mr. Johnson's po
lit.cal stronghold is in San Francisco
where hi? machine leader? maintain
headquarter?, but ?ven in San Fran?
cisco his vote in November was 2<"',000
'ess than he received to hie horn? com?
munity in 1016.
large Vote Bought
gni/ing aft?r th? primary that
where?? Mr. Johnson a? th? Republican
renomm?e could not be defeated by hi?
relatively obarure Democratic oppo?
nent, '?.. had ?uffered considerable losa
of pristigv by reason of hi? poor ?how
i'ig against Moore, the Senator'? cam
paifn manager? and th? Senator him?
self ballyhooed around th? ?Ute in a
mo t active and painstaking endeavor
to pile up a vote that would place John?
son ahead of all other nominees Thi?
they signally failed to do, for ?everal
nomine??, including Governor, S?ere
UTy of Sute and Attorney General,
ran fat ?h?ad. Th? Senator*? actual
majority over hi? Democratic, Trohlbl
tion and Socialist opponent? i? 1S4.?44,
approximately '_4,000 leas thsn hi? ma?
jority In l?lt\"
Higher Pay f0
Envoys of U. ?
Secretary of State? Sum*
Rogers Bill, F.gp,. tV7
B* Arti-d rpon ^
I rrarnt Ungre*** ^
Inifien Diplomatic W?
Would Mergi? Con.ul, fo
of Reward? fa A?JJ
rropo..d !.g-|,:_t?on ,h?t m^
ity with th. dlplom.tfe ,M "
- of oth.r m.n,?^ ,, J
'"?'??* AW* shift sill ??
Jaauary 4 to m.k? ? f?TWtW#
on th? Ro,.f. Mil f? ?, ?VJ"
Mon snd Improve?.,* of *J|? ?_.
Provide?, among ?ther tSmat. i?
?rea.?, in th? ?Un., ^n7 '
??-?r., were completed m?* ?!!.
?Co Th. m..iur, ., origin. :,^
hr R?pr.MnUtlT. Rflg,rs. **
?"?nor eh.ngei, I, .,?,<?.,? ? ^
?'"ted to th? Ifou?. with ?h? ?tag
rner.oation that th? l.glil.tlon \
P?u?d during th? pr.??-? gagging* g
R??!i?lng th? n?e???tty for a? tit
quat? for.lgn ?ervte? and deelroaa ?
placing th? AmerWn eer.stjUr ?arimg
on a firm foundation, eapab:? of m*m
? si demands upon It 5?cr?tarj- ?
? ?1 rrong'.y ? ;;pir*i? ta
?*? war candltloni,- tUeratof]
Hughe? said, "hav? r?t*d?r?d ? gnm
?rent of th? pr?tent orgar.'utla
10 imperativ? that tailor? to provhh
for reorganization along eonstroetj.
would be tantamount t? r?tr?
Ad mini ?trat Ion Rack? Bill
The Rog?r? h'.'A r?pr?i?nu th? ?i?vi
of th? Administration on fortip 1?.
lee ??gitlstion, and itmnf ltresnj? gfl
b? brought to b?ar opea th? He?,
to tp??di'y ?n?ct th? biiL Th? ??is
feature? of th? Rog?rt amir? sra
vid? for the amaigamati?? ?f the
diplomatic and consular Mrvkm jgt?
a s.-.gl? foreign seme? ?a m itftr
changeable baai?, together nitk ??
er??*..on of a r?tlr?m?at gggtm ni
provision for rspreieeUties ? r.
"The diplomatie servi?? _ gi-tattt
underpaid.' ?aid -'-?***?. E?|h?4
"It ii well known that t mat *?***????.
mear.i, wh?'?Ter hl? tsssas?itf.
cannot aeeept th? man lss**e*aBt
po?t of ambassador or ? siiUr, hat
of more imm?diat? i_p?jrt?ne? Ii tk?
fact that th? ??'.area of leer.
the diplomatic ??*-?'c? sr? so l?w thst
the choie? of c?nd date? Ii largely ??
-1 to young men ?f ?nshfcf
f?milie? who ?r? ?hi? ?n?l w ?? >?
a coni.derabl? extent to p?y thetr ?*?
"It follow? that th?r? taott ht a
(aer?ese in th? a?!?ri?t ?f dipliiserti
?ecret?ries ai a m?ar.i ef breadsetSf
th? fi?!d of ?election by ehialnstlsgAs
? ty for priv?t? tneonwi ??d pit*
Z th? r?!?t;v? rrents of csadl
date? to be adjudged on th? bui? ?f
"Furthermore, if young men ?f ta?
rre?te?t ability and inteilKtual ?aH?
tion are to be a*tr?et?d to th? ?eermt
gg*e% *f c?r??f.
rcr.*s. il <>n ?~i ? lfl ?A1*'
?h?y moit '? ?pieWJ??
?nd fidelity will b? r?w?rd??T*r
>n to the htgh?r gr?d??. TV
rl???in>?tion of minister?, a? r repisai
- H sea?
-?ful ir thi? *?gts**i
Raainea? Tempts ?Rant M?n
?The con?ul?r servie?, er. th? ttset
h?nd. while aniUtr paid, ntert frtm
imiution? ?? s ?suhtVi? isnoT
Ther? i? no pro?p?ct tlatmaattoa*
yond the consuUr ??**-**?. ?**?* '?"
with difficulty thet rmUjeti**am
men ?r? retained beef.??? at \eMgS**
offer? constantly mad? t? tWs aj
.hr ?bjeet ?f ??'?T -?*~r
contemplated by the *????? ? ?
Hughe? said: ,
"After a very careful *mT-\\\
into the actual requ remefit? ?f
-?s it is thought ti?t th? mam
of salaries proposed, which tassas ?T
regular incr?m?nts from ***** ^
I would sufle? for th? F******
which w? ha?*? in mind.
'try Hughe? Inder**?* ?* r*^
clpl? of government osrn?r?h^* ^
ba??y and Ugstion bul'.d'.ng? a*** ^
a mean? of lightening th? *"?7^.
personal ??pen?? on Amer*?*** *"^.
??dor? and ?lini.ter?. "**^J*Z.
propnation? ar? ?ought f?r ??"'^j
. (he pre?en' tiaia." **m?mn.
believe it important thst ?SsA***>-^
vision should h? mad? ^* !an\f
plan would remain inrompl?***
adequate without ?ome ?c**''vJL-ii
tern for the superannuate ?? ^
beyond a certain ag? In T"*^rT|ce
fact that both branch?? '_ \\
ar? well e?Ubli?h?d on a *** ,fcJ
under the prevUiont of ts? ? ,
ie? retirement act of May ??
Death of a Family < Jt
Venice officially ?????>*?*? ??"
?t.. h.rbor?d by U#? f?e??*u>___,.
ti.na aJor? their .at? and ^'^'^o
giv, th?m an airing in ??'?'???JV. ^
canal? Baeent sUtUtic? e#|'Jr\Lii
th? city authorltte? rere*!*4
number?. .- mm
?Clo??d on account of ??s'?
the poster hung up outa'd? * ^
man? ?hop th? oth?r 4?> ^^
friend? learaed th?t th? '^m\w*
momber of ta? faaiil? **es ???? r^