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title: 'The sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, October 08, 1859, Weekly, Image 4',
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F " '4,
HI I aia.i
Fwwkw ea Ma,
Wit beva, arruSoM pnrloooly, aTladed
t this mt Invention, litt Itt ImporUno U inch
I bat w again trfar to It ram felly wblhi th ma
chin U among tu, (al Hamilton Park) for xhl
Utka, la crdatf that enah of our rosier) a ar
dlKpoxd CM xmln It fur themswlve. W hen
It lit bora la nbd that lh p sneral Intr tdactlon
cf Um (fkkm blow, wl'h 'l Improvements
irblch tins ftnd iprrrenc tny add, moat evn
toalry reduce lb cost of Sour from to to t2 par
taunt, tod other t rcesaarle of tin In proportion;
that It w ill malt oi 'nnr,wth few aaetatant
to do Um work bereuorw done by tx tbat the
Tut pralriee of th wot will b tht future furor
It field of It trramph, en which act nf 1
ground, converted by the million, mar Ih made
to bloaoom with crop for Kurop. end ourselves, I
ad IbAt th advantage which w p jg w, bn b ;
Inland and It lntelliifrnt nan, will tei.ta'iy
fioc ni far ahead In tlxi grain, a we a'areye
toodta tbe cotton crvp; all the. circuimtan
eoa being considered, th first succrs-ful tm
4ow rank! In Important with th power
loon, th rotten gin, tlii ilram engine, anl
ctbrr kindred Invent h n.
At It recent exhibition In Chicago, th ma
china plowed at I b rate of an acta Intwihn
inlantts, and can break upfront 25 to Inserts i-t
day. Tba coat of fuel and attendance Is estimated
t fl6 rr!y, lnc'udmg Interest on the cost,
$1.M6. The actnal cost oM.rrtkntg pie'rio w Ml
It would therefore 1 but SIX ciia wr acre 1
tba present contract .rlc for breaking who. th
coma on plow I &U tr Atr. hen not ud
U a plow, lli ' giL can 1-j uaad a a atationary
engine fur dxitUg tlv thresher. th fu si mill, ur
tba wood aaw. ah whole icachlc weigh ten
Th following Is the trutt of the Committee
t tb National la'r, awarding th premium to
Fawik' plow, and gtvbig a description o
otbcri willed comtsjted mi tLat creation. It wilj
be commended for Ita fair, luipartlal aud moder.
3" tU Hon. Etmtit CVmmfWrt;
fiTbttiuib Tba utKlunkLMt, a Cornmittta to
wbuui wen ai5ri4 thvtnai nf Meem (Jiwa, anl
c4ber aultitlfa for tu Jww aelow iifxl, nwjiro
fuliy rr(4t UuU tLa loilowmg idij1 ueiita au4 ma
cUue were cifiVnd fur rianuiiatittijt
Ur Jm.k Daau, t Mi4iw, 1U., a I) -ubl Mlcdln
Bj Jam Van Doixi. A Co , of ChlMtfu, ut.iiut
for Uit now.
lijB. r, ibj, Miius nu , a auuiuiuM iur
Uy Jiaiani f. rawaae, LanraMer, Pa., St am
n Jiaia VTama. Pi t rod. M t., be. a n I'l ow.
lb Drat of tneee, a tmHigb iff, red ae Mtue bet
iwlreliur of tbe a.41," la u I.U g l't an urdiiut'-
liloa, dtaible, It la tiur, but HlJ a w to bo drawn
be loteie or ol u in lla naual a;, and toon fora nut
within ai of the aaaid.
k Tha eeiond la a raary cu'titator, dnmu by
atram, and arll-).nillii'g. Iiueu plowing, 11
met be apiAd to other uaa. etirh aa barteat
tug gialn, cutting gra, and, baritig a inn
ley ol eultebla ubuitiaioiie, may be uacd aa
atauary jaiwer bir faou inaiulu ry. ThU
tuacblu waa at work at vai'ia time u tn Fair
gnainde, but when the Cai mil tee atnt ornnal mtia
that tber vara leadr tx ten it in detail, tna owaer
oiuld noahere be fntimi, and uo opp irtuutty wae i
artetwanJaff.rued iiniii ue umee ii ma eiuioiuin.
The ttault of iur obairraiioria, boaevir, waa auoh
that we do not tl ink it woituy to C'nu , Ui Ita prea
CLt conditiu,iUi tnelaigeraudinonair(M.t iua
bine on tnal.
1 La third Implenieiit waa a nrolring plow and
an dli g mad ine. Tbe mat lone turnlig aa It travel
forwaid.tbeaiadreonuiuiK in hind, lilt tbeeaitn aa
they itLeigr, and dietuib ita ttlatlre h al'ion aa wand
a ade in It I aiala of a wan, ! that the awl It
sotlnnrttd Ilti,dlh"eiadingaiaratua, ou the
back it of the flame wbfc.n eurnaiuda the who , I
atowul oidlnary uit I at.iaiia,todit thea.d la
tliegnundwbulufadtolheiu byeiitable boppura
wiUitalvea. 1beUin,ui tt loadeja la e'ul hhoiiii.
atKoo' tbl MiiaVry plow," iiut did not eei auta all;
cd to aaatd It tin Uiand u.ad an Oai ot llouor.
Th'eethitelalig eftcluued.tb iwiiiHlitlon wa
narroaed dowu to I wo oouipitltora, air l JonrrJ VT.
laaaia.oObriatUna, Lauuaet, r County, fa, and
Jiaaa WaTiaaof la-tnlt, nunlgau, both eahloltor
aud Inrentotaof aUau Jouig enguue and apa'a
tua The Fa waia ma. Idiat ia tbua d ritd hy tha
Ci mnnttee of Machii lata who coieiucted tho rucent
Irla a i f tti am ploa at tne Fair ol lUu I iluola btale
Agiicultuial BwVat i
1o fjiu acotpk-ta eweption of thl ateun po,
1' t tbe Commute lecall the aipearaue cf a email
aisad tend of a In'tmeiee inaa tet anout baif
thatoreaidtaMtlooaa tbae de aid tank b removal.
aveiKw baveaomelb'Ua wb4.b r,at.o Ua uu teelv of
aaaaaa'aauacbina Int e mdiJle of the forward iHir
tlon rl the ylat oim atanda tba uir ahl boUer eblcb
laaleut H leet hlb eod 4l.t in eiamrter. the Or
boi end bah-ldt lal t ot courae bt loe the level of tha
platform, ai toe tin "?uur ouauioa furwaM. The bod
ercuntaitajrO Ijt lucn tufea. which roropuital to
(etUr with lb tmbL alvn 3ih li-Mol Ore aur
lace. Stiam a.a laait npiulAailoot, aithouah
tarteo tbattiaia la aeaall br-ary Tbe fuel mar
either lebltun in to coal r w aid. The tUurteraar
boriaootal, a icrhea id Atatnetr an b In.braettoke,
and an olaeid on eah eliao of tbe bulleia Tha 01.
tmaeejiu.uLlcl-i luiaaa. ot tolh- aide whna, but
a draoi or toiu.r, a f,a la nlaniitar and C feat loug,
wbicb,aa tliartiltiof the pia4uriu oveioang ie tmt
la comiraiivi l not i f alu. 1 be ormu la piaffed
about m dva tatw eti ae- rr 1 1 and laica ot the ma
ebioe i bet' ia it d, p. w!e ft, flre toni, auu over and be.
Llud it utbetaok, eovhat wbaiitba bitierajui tank
are full tl.) ui anr coubtrruaimtjce eaib vttiar on iba
aawi ia ,nv ortviu eivm
Tina Hmni la rmiiaa lnfl Iwal..,. ..!
dera and an Intnuo-alata onei to lb-, thick uanow
Placka,cut llet.,m,e'l Wtloa rh a. I, aie lailted
and form tba tt,htry. Th ailheau u la. tlouefire,
produeedbra auilaee ol aood aim fool lon, which
tiever tH-eon" poiii,l,ed,ana to baarina of which ia
aiwa) a ai roea tl. erain l u, ra la uo elloinir. in ina
chine ia atartaU anil bpad InateDtl.t anil. elce-t
when la-riailina Iteall a cuoahlerab e dlatauceoa turn,
pike or paved roede,tbe er and tear la a tht Ihia
euhatltutlon of tie tiiivlna roller tot the ordine-y aide,
a bet la, woDdertull lnrraaa tractioo, aud pn veuta
alouahlDaln wet or n I'iiuii a.l.t while inodetat lr
refuiaiitUw at irfae acarettl affat tbe ooaard
manh of tbe plow. Another gi,at atlianlan la fain.
d lr tliaaruui of Ibe drum Jnatrad of hoiua at.
orbed directly toarrauk on lb a&l of tbe tfruoi,
vavth conotctlbg rod eoioniunitatu n,t lion to a ptul n
which turn rarity, but Khout ahake on the ail jurt
mtntiontd. lie plaloi lliterltaka e 1th a e k led
Which, br a pinion ou naa.ua. In parta motion to the
oo' to 1 1 tw tal to tbe eriiln The ahuie tedna ao
proiiortluneo that ail ettokta of the latuo cauae una
revolotion ot the druv.
In' reaea of power end of control ever the uot t
luentaof theilialbeaar aecortat
la front of tii arelaix la a ahort tanerli a bow of
abett iron, wbk-b aerveaaa a atat fwr the nitlnu aut a
receptacle fo f ueL Thaiaieia auop e I ojralMhl).
tiolt on a truck enenp aed of two Iron ttul.io-aliHela.1lui a
aneoutdia f iu rtlao evr aud nlleeu inch ahrtvaa the
truck nicvcefre Ir like th front whtxieof aihat e,
and ia coi tn4 ed Vv a t-irina win ei locbaree ol lli
eufilneer, eo that tbe bale loarhine l turuedae readl
Ir and aa abort aa afatm waaou. The ouali.e I of
thlrtv bora-, powtr I he entire lulh of tha tnat blue
le about IS feet i it wiinht, aithi.air aut fuel, 10
touat and coat, Includiua 'dink)' eiuina ami puruis
about 4.fHll) ll thlatiuui.waUr may laidraaii fmui
a wilier creek, and tha tank tlllet.or waiir forced
from the tank to the holla r. 1 be tank htlaateelrc bar.
rela,eufuelii t for tlee boiiia runoii,. The ploaa,
igbt tn uonibar, ara atiaciied to one f-atu, alnch la
auapeLdedby tbaiua paa ina oitr arooie.1 ,1 iiaia
twe beenia. prtueitlua I'omthe eeat of thatntliie
Theeechaiteoomuiunlcate to a alitil aa In ehetr;e of
th flreman In front, by a b cb a aati ot paaini la,
raiaad or le-eetetj at pnaaura, an i tin- fraui ol piowa l
drawu brotlteacbalnawoirh are attached fj Itie un
airraid of th tjauie of t b engine
Waita'a plow ia rntneiy liaajml.r In evirrre-at-rct,
and may be tbua daaonlad It ia a Uao'uo.
tlv elifU,ei'b a uuio.tal lad f i uintallitug 1KI o
lnrbtubra. Theia are four cillnd-ra, t imkea in
diameter, with 12-uich atioki, makli 'ii nv nutioiia
to on of th diiveia. Theae are In fix t lu d win tor,
with a if Inch faor, made of ilgLt laliei Iron, and
with J, Iron atailiea. Twuetirlpg Mhooiaar piace.1
In fiont, B ft In die n tor, IK-lnth no., turned by a j
woim aud tbaln. The main axle la ol I Inch round
Iron, f t'od with inl-t il.t boxea. The f. a box la txi
feet, and la n,a.l foi either wiaal or coal. The laaier
la boltad to Mm aula by iVi -, and In rront lay light
iron biaura data u,a,u tbe aiUa ol the .(..ring
wUela. Motvai l givoi the dnveia by a pinion woia.
jng In lulei nal geara on the dre,.,' t, ,,lUlBl I
being tumid by It whiel giarmg t,,t , j lt , I
(rllia-aLall direct. To piwvti.t a pi tug, ri'ai ,, ,h
iron ara bolted on tha face nt tne dnvia,aod a,t diag.
oually, A tank laaucath tlia boiu r roida 5 galioua iif
a ater, bat a further aujajly of 15 barrcia ia cairn-d lu
atwowU'ekd water cait attached to the eiglie. Uu
the duk ofthla catt bla fuel la i'riid. T be ploaa, 18
la t unit i r, ara In gauge, i u two frauu-a,wlm li run on
ta-trr abcel. The gal g ara hitched on behind the
other, atidbctb bchlua th water cart, inakii g an
K?v el? . 5 V",0 T"' " l'uwa, rukk,n oT
aUMfost; pntemd t4.ortnj, Inaoirola'iuS" ni
JUiifJlu mlttejiK.aered. ""
A UVtUil If tlu KIMillMaw ILiar.l nf tl,. Be. a
i.TLTr itAli. r-, ZT.Z7-:. r Z "
tp ao average depth f nv lnchee, aut wr of aa ih
JngUjaVwfiaitiaantncboslu wktl. Thotluncin.
utbad u ttunlng tba Ant thmuga furrow waa
--"- J oui'a, ea, uiinute! UMUilrd, oiln.
ajrouig at tbe end eg furrow riZ ,7 . r Z -- ,
-..ten, at . iMZ, i wKSj, rouafj nK
S(ill.h.VV,"WiUr'',c. rth.publlo had 'gained iig.tkieno lu "tha Bold,'1
iy w,u-ttUl - ---.-."-..ar.ui.e.uTO.,,, , U(1 ,,,. nuentje uttla laich lu "toiegoue e mulu.
wltldatUlMaiajtwJSJ."? ;iil'furfliwb tou." KromTatu 4, which were laid ou the borne
toaBuuh.Wveirw,, 't, J '" removed ovur ulght, he ih cllneo b) 6 to 4 Biiinuieralte, the
Urouiida. l-aobcyvVwaTwr, f J ".'J"'" n duk a cutilx, whowa doomed hi. uaait dangaruua
ana of .round u, which ha o..i. w,.!., u c " " tU" oplament.liad not a etrong nuuiU-rof a-lhertutaainoi g
inaterd.i.tg., aa th. . J l'2"lt,,'1t,b,u "J toa public, but wa .urjiortcd tilily by her put!
tretchrfunUicluatdlaiid artu...i.irlu,.,u.,ll,"i''l troiu ...V drairiilliai uf tha rata it will la.
Ar.ILTn'J.i.r..- - aa-.eenguu, j -- iirauiii.ii4 waeaueu lu troiiDie,
Sl-.o'rw.S:"l',ttnS,,wWtoh ci!,rr""'if lu.uieu, aud weiprca4ly
laloi, lu rod uiam tlia tiacbliw uutd ha hal SJ i""".1 "Mlie puriant nf whluli waa un-
plowed four ftirrow,oi.40 feet in lenirth, and rcet ?",,a "d tthia.d by pooi4 at Jieatidh.
4 toUjla ,W .naklag, to j,, r HBVf Su 'Z.XVM "" 'S$i gTto mult
attam beaei 6 low that It required antna mln-itna
to tt tip aulftrteat to run th furrow tnrnogti. Tbl
Waa laid by Mr. rtttutotbahntof an hMtna.
rV nciot Airman, and to hi wood bstng aomewhat
(ntt, and not cut amal! enouab.
VnuKVannlitee, bowerar, throughout th till,
wcreif lhliiiniuik-i that ttther tha bnUer Itaalf
we net amuigtd to mala abundant aurHea of
(team, the work It waa put to wa mora than
bouid be ixpertul from a toeid btaler ofthla ale.
Wa f.-el aatlafled Uiat If cuttrta bad been attaoh-d to
all the plow, liwtcad of only th on on the land
aid furrow, tba power ooneuaiad n drawtnc th
aang of 'gtl thmiah a Tlrglu tiriri-l oiill
hare loan materially lraeetiM. Aa it w t'i rod
waa artuallT torn aeunikr aa the nlnwa erer furred
through It, Imt with aiataMe nrttera, tM fjrruw
tic rolKht hare lieen tunird with Imt little fp"'"di
turrof iwir. rnmoTef antlity and luep fiinna
outht-tifMr. rr,hedi.l n really i"-e
ao l?ood a al.KW of Hi ioere if hi" niathi
a I m'glt, and, in faH, tie aani may, with
aipi Jurtu, loaa'dia 1 1 .nitll"r, f tli d
thuie umw eeii t' trial m irrrrod for accident.
witrtMorlrit! let, ' ml;! t itanr ti t-sand
an I'ttl nirtrnful In Ibe e"ikjnif of tbelr own In
efitlie, tnht w rorrl" mlny di tall winch C'in.
IriLuUia-Mitally t Ihee'iii'rna nf Kit11o Ma'e. It
taoniy in wiaaitewieehav Un fiilly ehon at
a rh a liinr, tl at liirentira Ugln to airerla ttia
fjtia itira ier thrlr liiTcnti'tit and yeir Cenmttteaj
are ia reiiadi d that if eith rtl.e Kawaaa or Wtm
n airilnea,aaarn at rcpilar work uan a fann, a
latbrtl.iw wruldbe n.a-letlin the utiuo-t uii-ta
kliigMiiKatotliolireiaUinii( a tmiinltte at a
liiiroaiimlttoedmdnl ttelf ao that a portion
lli uld conduct tlietrlelnf tlia WaTiaa plough, and
t.e Mnaiudi'Mbat of t'ekaia,
Mr WTi.lll a a ting onltra 1 1 more, ipd
hta ft' am lip to IMI nn'llid- In a lirk I tlnie. a nreaaura
tin arf.ituiiariy iulhchandanf an Inetporlenoed
rriu. m iiaiiiiia: I'tmri, UiB giiaffe anowed a
nanreof 1 1 .urd,m.dir whu.li, alr auita iy
MlliMiiifT I othl'f Lla two aangaof loa, by
niaiait tbeecn a a ftarM for tnat airps he
tnovtd fomurdadiiitanMiiif JiiO'ert la two mtn it t
whin, on 1 1. Ling Lw (lift curre, tba ctMi,n.
cu tl tut t of liia aenaal low frauie, tiy reaaoq it
a p'Ulmia bci.ilns it Ita aliat, turnad allowiw,
aid hnta In ilma, litt ng two or thnw nf th
We in the gai g into the ground to lrrt depth!
t if tlrin waa an -d off, and fu'tlier work
rcndirtd lm laitliali.e, I rmil tlie Comnif noement
ol the work ii. til IIm untoitnaat aocUUnt
i rred, vaa l.t tao mlnutMi. Hie lurrow
timed ! t1 oll.litMn I'owa wan 13 fwt In width,
and tliedii-n.et-avee. llig a0 fmt, there aae
.niy knedrrKO aquaie lett, or a.anething mora
than anrghtli nfaua-ra of land raitaiuly not
imut. g.rea (a ruli a of the pomlli. rioro
ai.co tlir n aililne. lie aocldmt would m !.
iciinr-.l if an aii'ctird hand lad laeu pliwwd to
""' tai if .i . .wa, i or, i n aj, ir ilia ln
renlorUdlal llialaniM of anv traaonahle eiiav.
rniiai w.ui i Himi g ina, nil., ry, ai a it la a aotrce if
muchrgr,l ll.t th. ,ely to,.l ouami-e .g a
taiwvllol tractlim lln-ine
,e ah.a.ld not have
bnaigLt ia I, n.eiel) loan rarrlraa niauageioeiit, on
tbl inia rtant iaan. Wariaa'a engine haa on.
d'ailtadly great er, lint haa a me ohba tHioahl
featiina aa cell Theia lalng fair ryilmlora, the
tiachliary la tn aile un,iecaii plli ated, audbyaoniucb
the hva eaay of tnamigeuiri I by farmer. The
four (ylll dee ar neoie-ary to a iimmJiio Ilk tola
wlilch haa tao large travebng whettia, to keep each of
whkh In riKfarn at aid a falrof cllnfli,ra inuet la,
uaed, ft Wltlaait th in It vnailil I ot lai aeialtk to get
the alrrelei ff ceiitie um'rr annivetrcuinatanota. Iba
MaJtitkeiaoftheeiirlneraliiir H4 to each on ia tha
dnvtir, id of l,a.-aiiiton la tut ol tamed awim'ii.
enrata with the-.'d of th I ugllie. The gnat length
o'thr tram (,ftugiiic, trndi r ami love, maka it uu.
wiehly to handle, ai-d prew nta trimming up mruer
I oflotaaiidUiikaipfelinighaandbiwtn, where much
i wavteif land would be canard. It ia aiao a.arl,.l I..
tl at InveHot that hla field la red lauk furrowi-d and
nnlebtd oi.otit a attin ig tirt f-a-t la tft n, tLa-nnLiia.
j to laj nnMad b) borae laiwer. Tim trautlra airer of
ML engine alien at work aremed anilo but we are)
i iv re-aerd to ray Hat autb would lie the raa
l tknaigboirt a day'a work, but aupaie It winl'd. Th
I two lia ia cy'llidir being luleieiidcnt of each
I 4ht r, a acriona olietruction to on driver might, aud
i did, cauaai It to alip, while tba other bald Ita tractiva
loam tbua there wnu'd let a tendencT to throwluir
lutofllne. Tie Inu-ru al gvar g tlia d Itera b-tng
qulteexptwd tnduat and anud.tbe wear wou d be
ra id. 1 be raialng and Utwerlng of the gauge f
4valy a quick aenw. prvvedltatlfba.il for when
the lolita tan dowu ueap, tba downward putting
welgt t cato.nl the acitw ra4dly to run ut, aud tha
4waly a quick ecetw
piowa wera iiitrarai aiunaii to tba la-ama.
Ol caurae, fmtler aiiittueiit with Ur. Watia'a
niachine U'lug maalble, tha entire attcutiou of th
Committee waa given to tha Fawaaa' plow, ilie
work diie by tola latttr maihina thmagb
out wa excellent, tie furrow being even
ly laid, and tba turf oanplctcy buried,
even In aatntch of land broken up Into tue
lecka, with flwgeand other lepjatle plant gruwing
li-ou and around them. The -dl waa a b'e k mold,
ao aandy In arta tl at a giaal clod of aud o aikl not
bo )lckeal up: In othera, with much graaM inter
mixed ith tlta niold; and In otuera a flue Irlwck vi g.
i tali' to, jd, auchaa la ennmonaU nvor tba "black
laralrut," Yiair Conuuttte think tliat in building
another engine, Mr. Fawxu will add extra flue to
keep an extta euiiilr of atnam for emetsruolea. ner
hapa eidarge tba diami lor of hla e mik etaok, or mak
other proa,itlotial change which will lucre th
efhclency of hla ctigiuc, without at all aSocUng bla
Thu plow, aa now let In gang, ara llalila to choke,
In won ie kind of gnaind, I nau their being tiai m ar,
I) in a row laterally, wlienaa ir at t mme oblnu..y
on thefiaui, eacbfirrrow would l turued over be
foi th ol following would commence.
ltut, hl!yair Committee ar by no mean pre
pared to cettif that Mr. FvrkB,,A plnwuig ma
ctine I aa nached th degree of petfeotlon only to tie
haa alter mui h iitactical working on a farm, tbey do
tut m regard ita ai vera' weak a4ut, aa ataira no
t naj, alualldatlnglla c'alma to publie favor, for
enough gd work waa done lu the two inllraof fur
r w It ruu on Friday, to prove it bad great merit.
It plowed lor u at the lata of an acre In aerontetn
n luut r, or throe and a half acre air hour, Incln ting
tutna. At tlia H"jal Agricultural B.adtty uf En,
tauo'a ahnw tbla year, there were exhtMtal aix atauun
plow and cultivator In actual work, of th,
in neat bb mat ui joim rowijta, ja.t0f umdon,
whiam engine laatatlonod at one aide of a Hold, awlf
niovtngdruiu at the other, aud a wiracatile, which
wlud ai d uuw.iiu ou the above drum, and another
one Itfju-ath th engine itaclf, drawe a double gang
of powa-oiHMi! wttuplow in oneairettion, tn
other lu the coiitiary one. With thla appatatua, Uk
lug 4 filrrowa, 9 incliea I y 0, anil emj4oving a power
equal to 10 I orm a, 1 naala, 10 perih-a of grotuid only
wcr tiroteu up a,r hour.
To tht met blue waa awarded tlm Knia! S ioirtya
Orand lYlae of itaTn laat year, at Chtater, aud the
new prlae ot auo inia yiar, at WatwicM and your
Coiuuditt at of i pinion that it theae aaarde wera
witftblly n ade, tha n ait ine of Fawaaa la woithy of
cmmondatlin aiul aupMrt at their hand They,
thertfore, take liavura In r porting to the llouora
bla Fxecuttva Coinuiltteo, that tliey unanliniaiaty
award tb (J rami Old Mi dal ol Honor ' tint 1'ulted
Mtatea A,rhu!tura! ooolety, to.lnaini V. e'awaeaof
Clutatiana, Ijuiruatir county, I'euniilvanla, for hla
All of which bt leapt ctfully aubmitted.
II 1". JUIINSON,
SccnturrNew Vmk rltite Agricultural Society,
l"nnMi'nt Michigan Ma'e Arneultiua Society.
M. J. HAii:d,
P'lp't 4 Machinery Iliirmla Central BallroaJ.
Mailer Mechanic Michigan Central rtallma),
A. J. lltU.OWAV,
Laud Agent, Chicago,
ii s oi.oorr.
AgrUu'tural lUitor New Yotk Trtbunt
Tlio prcat " M, UKcr Day," at Doncialer,
bn light bitter diippui nt mint to a li.mt of llio
rporllni; gentry. Iho lotiln Imil, tip to tho
day tf the race, been all upon Mr. V. l)x'
colt " J'romUcil Laml " Kn at atarttiiK, tlio
la I ting M aa 5 to I upon Mm, while 20 to 1 via,
bet agatnat " Uamostor," vtlih.li cuito in tho
winner. Of I he ruco tbe Lomlon fiwni j t
lielu from London aud the manufaeturlnirdla
trlita anlvod in rapid auccwaalon throughout tlie
muiuitg, aud l"ii, laifure nam the atoiti woiv
crowdtd. lu tlw ihiultrof the Hubacilpti.in.raiui,
Jtople etlign gated lu laign maaaiaa, and it u an
oint, fit in tie aninty and curt.anta wul,U thiy
itliiotd, that tlie monoolv hn h Viviiilaud Laud
liudatrnna of t'le l Iting tolutud lather to fican
loau uitciiiiaii cue luieroei wuu wniiin tne pun! c
gel rial ret ded the race. The aaatriuti'vo.iii the
Town-iLiair v.a liniuenat, aud tbe tlrand tHtaml
eeietui d nailed I y human Im ada. A e Icar utunaipher
aud a luigbt auu addod to tlia ilitiiriaKpie tttejt or
Beene which woiild have animated irav attl auluiatwt
t vt nou the dream at Novembt r day. When the boll
rwgoit foraaddUhg for tha flrat race, the -ita-t'tiafrom
the etund weto inub ad to rtalle a v uu-
4itt tthutgthe iiuiiiine tuiUtltiide on the courae.
The oUicl.ud niuih cllhoulty m drilug the crowd
iff ine tunning ground, Imt the aiple UiLnrod wit.i
great g al hllnii r, at d Boemrd dt t f mined tl let uo
cnuiitum ir temair mar thtii eidnjmiut of York,
ahire'a greet a,rtlng Hitturliulla.
Theraia which pnHedtdthe gtaat event of th
day in. rely attvrdto atlnuUute tin curUatlty of the
J'n w "o".fv"' U". C''B tacle which wa. to
follow, Tlie prciliiilnan evcila. ,....,. ...r . .i
.1 ..t ti .-. .. . -.'. Y
aeeu that Promlacd ljind made all hlsoa-n runnliik-:
"rtalnly a land proceeding, aud oue whioh iudicabd
b. greaieouttiliiio which hi owner placed laid
"""" The excitement wita which Vhe raoa waa
a"bd,6tfuuilaecntw,eu, after entering th
atraight.it v, a. evident that oummeraldawa batj
&l.(4 Bl b..t ,-.... .1 -. ... . , . - ....
;. " .V.' Z "".V1" ppjuutuea lue loci. ueu,
intu. who aV-. -if .T a'niaig aurkauire-
l.rtaaed LU Uu. Tn & SS'TSSL.'!:
IUS IlUnUI. Mill taT tiit) at .... a- .- "" ""
i..,. un- ir.??..:"9'""'
ji waa luanrat to return to "weigh In," and b.th
'IT taT! "t JulW ."7 " ' V !"'.
uf (uthtlaaui, aud vhm Jviin Uwtj tuadeblt
.... a. a .v.. ... .,. M. ipiiuu rla. 11 lie 1.1.11 .fai ,. tl.a ul,...t.
-aa. UU I BJJIT
appeal are thtfamoua trainer ramaln fialrmnd
ouoratii. Proniiwd Land and hi rater ware,
bowarrr, nnJuatlSahly aatuted with dtoppoili).
amtrWM,wa Ivllera nred byth veteran glr
Caaauai Mnarait kla eeaU He.eey Caille, near Haw
ra.t'e, aad la a remarkably ramlaome brown colt,
etanding about IS I. To g-nt-emin anortamen, th
defeat of th farorlt haa bean I n.arked dlacoorog
Th rare) la tbu profeaaloaally reportad:
Th M. I.anaa raaaa, of S8 eora. each, for I yaav
Jdai oiHta, "at. 7lb. lllilea, net. lib., the asoand
to rroetra in eora, cot tf the atakea. St. lieger
Ooiira. 1T eube.
BirC.Mwick'aOan-eeU by wit Coaaack, M. Tib.
(AlrfCTOt) .,,, 1
Mr, gaion'a lli fender, Tib, (L. Bnowden)..., t
llarou tUtl.acUld'a MaJ no, Rat Tib. (J. Ol-
borne).,... , I
Lord Imdaborough'a Bummaralde, nt. Sib.
Wrll , ,,.,..,,.,.,..,, 4
Mr. VT. Day' The Promlwd Land, (at. Tib. (A.
Mr. & Tech' NaieVln,' '.' Tli"(Vurdlia,n)' '.'.', (
Colonel Tvwuey'a Uladlolua, Pat. Tib. (Hat-
Sir It. Pea Vreui'a Comforter, M. Tft. Aeh
Mr T lliint'a Aaton, n at. Tib. (C. Marlow) 0
Mr. .1. rerirnaona ITrtt, Set Tib (Fieuch) , ID
Mr, .1 Soott'al'ralan, M. III.. (W Bci) II
llrttlng at Hutting fi to 4 on 11m Promla. d Und,
4 to I et Humnionihlei 11 to I agat HafeiHleri 15 to
t agat (lladi4uai 13 to 1 agat Ma,eon4 W to 1 agat
The horera wen drawn tip at the poet arfln after
th' epHJnted tlina, and they werdlaitchl on the
met nttr-mi. Iiefender and Oatneater were quickly
n tl.tlr hga, but tbiy tad acarceygtd Into th"lr
tildwhiii Prnmlaid (ami ruahed to th front and
ba k a lead of three or four lengtha, n ailolua, Ciena.
at,r, and A.Um lulng 1,1 Un mediate attendant.
Midway up the till, Anton ran Into the aecnad place,
a n nicrelda gi4ng on third, and '1 adiolua. to irtn l
Italian rirtpvd boleaaly Into tha rear, ami waa
iietrt after anla aeen in the raoa. On went To:ni d
Land Itt. a clear b ad, Aton and Summerald beiug
aiitrnd and third, Comforter, Dlndlotua, Dtfe idarnnd
fl an.erter i eat At tL Bed lloiwe, tha 1. 4 began t
take a little cloarr order, AatiAi glrlng way to Mum.
ineiaiue, bihi nn umnlorter Joining Via lalea
(in a. Ilia bolua held the the I
1 p'are until aftdr
en wit g th r a,l, when be gave way, ant fla'ender,
i.ait the ral a,ti.,k hla pla a flaineater on tl a ii,air
ground now allowing eerj fornndah y In tlu-lr waae.
Mideay I ctween the road and thedlataur Sunumr.
aide waa a aten, and at tlm d etanr A l mm ),r
'nale" Pnrti iaril Ijind. and a tn mend aia about waa
raixd of "The favorlte'e Iwaten," and wuch waa tha
fait, for (iaineet-'reame out, followed by Ihfenlr,
but tha race aaa now viitoaily onr, ami fiaineater
ran bonie an taiy winner I y half a length! Mtgnum,
a ho caught Huinini.de at the etaril, waa beaten
1 ' -' " ' n""""" "'" "";"" "- - -
I " "'. '""',..J l:ui...f7,,.hJ""
two H l glha iroru tne aoroinj, ana niiienen a lira,! in
I "o. -;- '"- " -"-'
. p ,rwni iaa vivi't. ,.,u . ,,u. w ...., n,..n ,u
a anch wide interval that the Judgo wa enabled to
p'ao the lot.
laaaabrrt K. Ilranel, Eaglaveor of the Urm
Ilr IbaCtrcaaaian, arrived at St. John, wa
ara informed of tb death, from paralyata on
th IClh Intl., of Mr, IaAatngnT Kiwitox
DiilNKI, lb illualrlou engineer, lit wm im
niiillatdy of t'rencU dercent, 111 father, Mark
laAMtinir llRtMKi, who waaaho renownwl In
the ram aclrnra, being; a native of Rouen.
JatMiirfiT, tba aim, waa born at Portsmouth,
Ingland, In 1H0C, where lb elder llitDtirt.
waa emplojed in coimtructing th dixk of
that famnn aciport and araenaL. While
very joang, he waa aent to France) and
educated at the College of Caen, in Norman
dy. Un hi return to England, In lM'W,
lie was engaged to awil.it hla father In
th ennatructiun of th Thame Tunnel,
of which be waa resident engineer. During th
roc,rei of thla atupendoua work bo was, on
eeveral oceaalonr, expoeeal to Imminent danger
irotn tne irrupiiun oi ine water, especially in
lX'JH, when, Iwingsurpiiaeil by the current about
Jn,n, a um. imiiiu auiptinaa, uy luo curreni aoOUl
six litindmd feet frnra tb mouth of tb tunnel.
bewaaaoted by (he water and thrown upon
tha beach, sustaining, bowever,but little Injury,
homey ran before the completion of the tunnel,
namely, in 183.1, be was appointed to construct
the Groat Western liallroad, upon which he ern
phncil all the resources of science, and display
ed a skill as an engineer which waa never before
and baa never since boon equalled. The famouj
Jnix 'Junnrl, on this road, was entirely bla
woik. '1 he longest suspension bridge lu Eng
land, that of tlungerfurd, over the Tnarno, was
designed and built by blm. 1 1 assisted Mr. tJTit
i'Hsinln floa'lngand raising tb Conway and
liritannia tubular bridges, one of the most diffi
cult entcrprisee on record. He was alao engaged
In tbe construction of tbe Tuscan end of tbe ttcr
dlnlan Kailway, and during tba lata war with
Jtusela waa emplojetl to construct and or
ganize the aospital of Kenkloi, aituated on th
llardatielles. and intended to afford acoommotla-
ttun to iio less than three thousand sick and
wounded at on time. These are only a portion
of the land wnrk to which be haa devoted him
self. Most of the large docks at all the princi
pal eeaiairta of Or cat lirltlan were either wbullr
(omdraitrd or completed by him. Nor was
liis genius conhned to railroads, brIJges, and
tunnels, lie was also th constructor of the
Uriat Western, tba first colossal fleam-
thlp whlih trarrsed th Atlantic, and
whose ariital in the waters of our bay
will bo remembered by most of our
readers. That famous ship waa then considered
a monster of tbe deep, Iwing !23u foot in length
by 35 fret (i Ii ches In breadth. Suua her time
the Great llritain, tbe Tarsia, and all of tbe
Col Mia line, hae exceeded her in length, espe
cially the Tenia, which la 890 fuet long. The
Great Kasturn is nearly three times her longcb,
and to this laat crow nfng work of ocean naviga
tion, Mr. IIkoxki.'s fame la also Intimately at
tached. It was originally aiippoaoil on this aid
of the Atlantic, that ha washer builder,but such
is not ine case. mr. dtutt iichskll designed
her lines and constructed the iron bull nf the ship,
and considers himself responsible for ber merits
or defects, as a piece of naval architecture, lie la
alao roKponslbla for th paddlo-wbaol angina of
1 OIK) borae power, by which she Is propelled- lint
Mr. n.iaxri.t.acknoleiigeethatlt la to Mr. Ban
ri, aathe Company's engineer, that the oil
ginal conception la due of building the mam
moth ship, lb Idea of using two sets cf en-
I'lnes and two propeller, was also bis. It was
liisMta, also, to introduce a collular feature,
like that at I lie top and bottom of tb liritannia
llridge, into her construction. Theae are the
main charactrrlstlca which distinguish the
(iroat ICastcrn from other ships, and thea are
Mr. Ditriri.'. 'Ibe launching of the ship, her
rigging and masting, hor cabins and her outtlt,
were under Mr. UitoarL'l superintendence.
Reside the regret w bich will be foil at bis death,
Int ol) ing us it does such a loss to engineering
silence. It must naturally lie a source of grief
not only to his friends, and fellow artists In the
constriution ol the monster vessel, but
to tlio public at large, In Ungland and
In this country, who share ao much
iiittnxt in Iur aurccss. that he was
rot stmirdto witness it, and to be a lit Ing par
tali r In lu t renown. Uo was not able to 19 on
Uiiinlof her at tlie exciting time of her libera
tion from the Thames, and her triumphal pro
gress till she emerged into theChannel. IWlbly
l.c hcuid nf the disastrous explneion on board, a
short ,a riud before his decease, but the dispatch
which Informs us of bid death contains uo imr-
at. ..I.. a
Mr. llcrjMi. was elected In 1830 a member of
the 1(0 al Soclotv. Ho waa abo an associate of
Ihe Institution of Chil Engineers, of IheSocloty
of Arts, and n member of the Astronomical,
tieologliaifjid (iengraphlcal Hocletlra of Kng
l.unl. llertcohed from lii la Putt I iri'K,somo
oars since, the cross of the Lculou of Honor.
i'ana of ike (Icrnp Ilea f Haa Jaa.
IromlboSah Francisco HuUttin ofthefitb,
we learn what it states Is th true origin of tbe
pri scut difficulty with Hugland on our Taclllc
Coast. At the Jlw'rtm U uniformly w ell postml
cntirf rWrg and relublo In the matter of news,'
tht information, auiudngasit Is, may bodoemod
et rry w ay correct. It saj c
Wc bste ol talued, fnui. a reliable source, an Inter.
fi.tliigt.tjiUnie.ht of the fact to which Hon. limit
In a Hy alludea. It vemstlat Ur. Uairria, fliulaon'a
Hay Coin), any' aniplm ee, and Juatlce of tha l'uacw at
Bun Juuu, hail a lot of atandwlch la and hogsani
mal to ted for their predatory liabtt end a icullar
fnelllty for Kitting through aljnoat any kind of hedge
er fence. Home t4 the quadraieds bad trtsiiaaaud
Ua.n the farm of Mr. Irvcaa, aa American aittler,
andtia4tditpbUa4aVaai, He aotilW tbelr owner
ol tb tint, and announced hla tutantlnti of ablating
any of tunu that might rejaiut tee .thuice. Mr. l.ai -UN
aid no heed to th warning, m th come
quenoe w aa that M r, 1 1 rut alicl a Uatr lla luime
diatulv Infoimed Mr (lairriN what b hid dime, and
i Hi rid to pay a fair prh'e for tb animal: but (Imrris
rtfuacd, aj tug the matter would be otherwise) ait
The licit atepwaathe arrival of two mrmlraoi
the l.xecutiv Council i4 aucouver ou tee uland
(Mtasis. taasm and LUu-ii,) who calud on Mr,
HTcm, and Informed him that h luul comniittud a
lieinoiu. i tfeuoe, f.ir whlih be waa liable to trana.
poitatmui but after aoiiu) Ulk oD.red tl oouniu.
lulse tlie mattf r for lwi. Thla, I'lruta doclluod
Pulaiquiit i uiaiw(-tr wa sent to tua Uland.
wlthorelciatoarreat CiTisa, and bilng blm tiVic
tia-lafor trill, but he evaded aenuie t keetilugout
of th way. II then drew up a atiUou to lieueral
IIaksit, wldcb, btlng signed bj other rcldeutou
th U'aud, caxacd the otcujatlou.
The Hudson Tar and Feather 'Case
ifowr vi. floganlut and otKfrl. Tbe Jury In
thla raa at laat ihaagreed, anal war discharged. It
a underatiaid that three of lh Juror were lu favor
of an entile noipiittal of all tha defendants, and that
tl e other ciubt (thtr were but 11 ou thejury, aa oue
Waa aiClia.,1 on anA.iiit tit -L Irnaa.! want it.r a vt.e.
dut e,,!,,,. fc ,g tl dofaudanta-aetfju, for 10.. i
WW auj gIW (vt aj,5WCi
Further Foreign DUlla,
Till CIII'MI QCTgTTroa;.
Art otYnoW rf Mr. Ward, Mr new Minister to
China, wbo bad arrived then Jtut previous to
the UU combat between lb atnglbh aad Cbl
laaae, write to th Journal Commmx tb par
tlcnlar c tb conn taken ty tb American
Minister In regard to lb treaty. lUaayst
r. B. IYa 8m townklkn,
On T or Parxrau, Canaa, Tuly I, ISO.
My laat letter, dated from Shanghai, wa nd ted
In the moat exultant expectation. Our tew Minu
ter, Mr. Wo, bad been moat kladly taA honorable
received by the two Imperial Vommtaaloneni; no
vexed or vexatkai qiwetkaia needed adjuatment, or
j iu aoe Lnnaon u, profaaouiry. every kind
wlah waa expreaaod by the UtmimMoneta, and
every aaauranee given of the moet friendly Intention
and faithful ctaiduct. No opitlon waa mad to
Mr. VVaan'a g'4ng to Pekln, and he carried with him
a document fnan them autborlrlng it, ar-d directing
tl bawl authorlttc at Tn-tta vitnakea'l nerdod
vvrat)e for bt reoe4iou antl a o for hm con.
vejance. Tb sk lea were aetvne and tha air bland i
and the road being fairly oncd, and all th aua4ce
na-ait favmal.le, I tiPasd and Indeed fully expected to
date niyt reasrit nila-lve from the mystarlou cajittal
nf the Sun of Heaven." It U tpilt a dinVrent thing
to data It on board ship, anchored off the mouth of
thePtlhn,n the (lulf of Pichele, th'iugh Pekln Is
only 1 tulles distant. But It I no nearer tl an It
waa 'net a year ago, when wa lay for a month In
theae tan waters, and wltoeawed ataott th um
..'"l'"n returning to Hong Kong from Penacg and
tbebtmt! Malacca. Mr. VYan chartered a email
atramrr called the Toy-wan, which, a I under
spend, U tne name given by the China to the; laiand
of totnuea, whtat light draft ala4ed ber to the
navigation of tha I'elnn. or any other river which It
might bencreaaary for him to travel lu fulfilling hU
n.laalon In China. Kent hlng Shangluxl May 4Mb, h
at i nc Informed the Imperial OmimlawiotMra wbora
Le fund there, and who bail been there from tb I.
glnnlng of th )ear. In nnlertomeet the foreign
minister who were excted, of Ma arrival and da
aire at nice to unit with them In exchanging the
rat.flcatlon i f tha treaty negotiated by Mr. Kim
and tbemaelve. Iltaklr thla, he tad brought an
evtnjlTnih Utlrr Into tho reaident of th f nlted
BtateNbitti Kintatnir if China, whlrh ha ,im
quired liy the Prealdanl to carry to is kin In pencm
ikI preaetit there. Th Ctanmlaaluiiers, la rwply,
were quit roilltsaaje wr reefaHtful, espreaarlng kind
feellnira toward th I nlted (Hatea. and a eaaJlnea.
I to exchange rattflcatlnna i noedsl they ex pre any
ofiptasltloii to Mr. Wasn't avowed Intrntnai of folng
toWkle. Hit they said that at laird K.iWe rtw
quett wlienh want to Cant. an, they bail remained
here all tbe while lu sjrttion of hla return In an
week, but hail learnt tie had gone to Lug laud, and a
new niliilater had been e.(4nttd In hi p ace w ho waa
tUn on Ida way, and wa ion expected In Blianghal,
by whom and tlieuieelve In.p-irtant question
weretobeducnaaed ami netted before proceeding
toIVkln. If tliey wire to at tout for Pekln at once,
travelling, aa they niurt, In ctialre born on th thou Id
era of men, they could not reach there under nixty
da); ami If Mr. Waan slusild now proceod to Tien
tsin, a large t wn on the Pelbn river, end on the
route to I'ektn, he would la) 4,llgd to wait there till
they thnmaelvea bail gone to pekln and enme down
from there to Tien tain, where the ettinmer heat
w uld b rj prraalv. and alcknma at that naon oftaaa
pirvailed, lawldtai otlier annoyance which must be
experli l.cod by Mr. Wasn. TLey ad rlaed him, there,
fnie, to remain In Shanghai a while, and In the mean
time Invited him to an interview, wht n a nlan r.wtk.
Journey otailtl lie dcvlaed, mure agreaabl and eat.
Mr. Waaowaa not aatuafled with tb maaonslhey
aaaigned for delay, and to.d them h wished to a -cbanaa
tlie ratintwtlrin tn or ladura tha 14th f Jane
the rl.sl to which titey were limited, and which waa
near at hand. Mr. Waait alao wlakrd to ecaai all
etanpllcatlon, aud tha charge of eubacrvlency aud
crouching to other foreign minister sent on tho a tie
miwdoa to China, and Boon to appear there. Wlatilug
to taud balejieudent ail free, hs duel red to reach
Pckin, and exchange tatlncaUuua bofor any chanoe
for entanglement eonld anas. Iluaidua, to avoid tha
objection is tba lung time required for a land route
journey to Pekln, Mr. Waan auggoituel that the Im
petlalfjtiinmlaaiiceraeould talc on of tb Chlnea
tiauiara ftlng In tha harbor, and lu 1 or 10 day at
moat be In Pekln. I)ut the Comndatonr objected,
berauae frerUin4 by land wa acoordlug t tb uni
versal uaag for t!' onuatry for oieu of their tawl
Hon, while travelUng by ara wa contrary to the hm
lirrtu' rxprr onmmand. They said th French
nd Eugluth minister would aaam be here, with
wbotu Mr. WAXocaild nnlte, and ell proceed In one
rty. Tbey alao aaaured hltu tnat If the ratification
were tint exchanged within tha time aiaxTtied, It
ebieuld make no dilTerwnoet tbr they ahould be oou
cetletl to have th sain validity. They alao said that
a the right of tbe American mlnUter to go to Pekln
waa eecuied through the Engliab treaty, by "tb
rnnt favored natlou" clause Inserted in our own, It
a aa proper for the English n.bilater to go flrat. The
Uomndaaloner said that If Mr. Waan Initiated upon
going to I'ekin, be must conform to the provl
lon of th l'. B trealy, which allowed blm to -go
ktn irnjwrtani bumnftt mad It aeoeaaary," a
Ui treaty )clned, of which th Jimfimr, and not
th mfnia'er, must be th ludge. Tbe Intention isf
the minister must drat be communicated to the Em
aror, aud bla oonaent olaialned; aud, obvlotuly, be
tween the taiajioa, the pride, and tha self lutercat of
tli Ena-rnr, and tbe delaya ueofataary or Invcuttd,
tht ra could be no prospect that Mr. Waan, or any
other Amerloan minister, would ever aee tbe Inelda
or outside of the ca4tal of the "Sun of Heaven."
When Mr. Waan asked them If he tmlat wail UU the
rabttcatlon of the Kngllah treaty, they said tha ax
change of ratlflcaetona of hi treaty muat be In
SI angbal, should It be done before. Mr. Wash re
plied tliat be waa directed by tbe Preai.lont nf th
I nlted State to dolt In Vkfn, at the earn time do.
Uveting bl autogTaph k tier lo the Emperor, lie alao
aaked thtm. If th ratification should las exebaugod
In Shanghai whether he should then have the right
to go to Pekln with the other minister ; to which
they replied, that he could, if A Aad (mpnrranl
biuintt: Mr. Wasd retortect, that he would not
have the nature and Importance of hla bnatnea In
quired into and veclded by any one, and he would go
to Pekln with the first mltdater of any nation who
wut, and with a much courtesy and honor, or he
would refuse to exchange ratification, and return
bom. They replind that a'l the treaties were depoa
itedlnthe archlvea at Pekln, and the ratification s
Borne of them could be mail within the specified
time, au 1 a'l must be together.
At length Mr. Waau aaaented to thlr raqtieat that
he would remain In Hhaugtial for a time, and go up
In company with th ! rench and Ksglah minlatera,
making tlia following alipulaUoun, howover which
wre embodlad In a ibicument aigned by the Gotntule
1ouri 1. Tluy must acknowledge that he was
here within tn specified time, ami ready to exchange
ratification; and tharefore no blaiu ocidd tost on
him. . That he should go b Pekln with the find
nilulater of any nation who went. 8. That the treaty
was oonfiMilly vald. A few day later M stars.
Unit and llorarairum, the Pngllah aud trench
lulnlate-p, arriving at Shanghai. Mr. litre t refuted,
as It U reiairted enrreutly, to remain any time In the
p ace tn clmse of th questions left untitlet by
Lord Euiiia, aud which ha promised t- return from
Canton and atltle. lla would aubmlt to no delay,
but hurry on to Pekln, and deliver th Q leeti'a letter
to the Fuipemr, dij Ito all dlthcuitiea and obstruc
tions. He did aot even call uimii th Imperial Coin
misainui r, nor did he ask for an Interview, nor con
sent to one when It wusHkedbytheCotumiaaionera.
He wished tbeiu to hurry aaay, aajlng that Admiral
Hurt lad alredy taitetl for Th n-Uln, tiharged to
Inform the loeal authorities that Le hliusolf would
am lw there, and requesting preparations for hla re
ception. The Commissioner replied that, aa he
troWd go, tliey had written to the Kmtiemr to re
quest him to appoint noma un to realr to Tlen-tlu
to receive blm. The court in, wbo rellev on
another every n.llo, aa I am told, travel 0(N) If,
or tun mile, In twenty-four hour, and would
reach IVkln In eight or nine days at the furtlicat It
nilgl t to prteuinrd that wheu the mluiaUr arrived
at I'ektn Die olhclnls appointed bv the Emperor
wiadl lie there alao. The), them Iti-b, in view of U
tliscircmuatancs, had ouucluded also to loave im
mediate y. They had before rptet.tei M r. Usui a to
ncbor hla hlp-taw ar ouUiJo of tl a bar of the rlv.
er,ond tak witli blm lu bl retinue and baggage outy
wl at would lai within reaaonab e limit, in tht way
all the n lultrw would arrlv at Pekln, ai th Com
ailiuiitaier were confident, In tlm for lh due ex
change of th ratifications.
llttng la tng tliua arranged, on the 13th of June
tleIt,iiai1l0ominlasloner.Uitd for Pekln by tb
' ... ... .. .' . f
overland route, carried In cb&lra, and the French
r ng;-n neet rnMfHi isui tnetaiue time, while we
left two tr three day latcrt
Here follow an account of the movements of
tbe IlritUb fleet, resulting In the comlut on th
Tellio river, tbe details of which by tb cor
respondent are tb same as those pretiously
publbbcd at creatcr length. It has alrealy
been Ktatrcl that th Chinese objectod to tba
rt moral of Ibo rlter obslrucllont, ou tlio ground
tbat tbey were j laced there ai a protection
against pirates, which swarm tn these water.
To this, tbe correspondent addd another ret
They rtVe Chlneae) also stated that thla waa n t
the Pethts but that tho tiioutli ef that rherwaapl
or li u lira 1 1 the N"it)i, and that the mlulatera must
g by that roi.ta to Pekln. This river bad not been
beard of by any oue ou laard th uvruag-w&r an.
ihond here, Ft, nt h, ljigisli aud American, and Its
eskbuco waa d'Nibied, it boing ttiought tliat tha
Chtncae were only playing a riiaa to detajlve, (airplax
atsl get ihl is! dutagnealile vleitura. But after tl e
eogai,rme lit a Chinese chart waa eibtalned, aud the
r ver was t juud to to laid down upon It. Our mill,
latur, to ascertain It tval exaiterto and character,
on Wednraday, June Villi, sent the Ttaty-wan with
his brother and Iter, MstTia, one of the Interpre
ter, In searih of It, t ith,r with a letter to ttia
gotiinor i4 the iilacv, couched lu rrsioctiul
and couitrmifl tcrai. and reipieating an Interview or
coircpni.dtiH'e, lnfnmlng him of bl character
ami tbe docnuicut ol the liupenal Ooaimtatdonera an
tt.orllng hla pii'ceeding to reklu. Tbe river wa
f.mnd, as stated, and laid down ou th Chinese ohart.
Therewaaaoonslilrraliletiiwnatid tnunmeralile vd
lager, with a stioug fott near the mouth of the
river, with crow da drawn on the abora, of
poor, khul and Ignorant pop1, amoug whom It
watd Qleu'tto flud one abl to real or wrnta. At
teigth ouj waa found, who ptomlaed to cany
ttie letter to the Oovernor. v ho waa ttion au.
atht fr.sn tie 4aoo. A large b sly of Tartj
horaeujru wa aeen at Borne ditanoe, tftluiated t
b.otsi, whuhave a deadly boetUlty to a'l forelgmnw,
atd iccetvearewaid uiam carrying aheaduiaiu a
a ear In Pi Liu. Thektud-brhited iaaanUsaw the
horse' n m nulling down to the beaoh,eud warned our
'rU nds of their danger, wl o, there'orw, took to their
heels, having w-aily half a mile to run bofor reach
lug the water, T hen tbey dashed Into th water, th
liianHinon stopping on (lie tach, eice) t ten, who
diov b to th t water, following our friends as far aa
tliey could, who fnituiiately auooertbd lu leachbig
hi Tney-wanaml returning to our ship.
It was CkovcJl: ,'y dMtfUl what rtoeptioa Ur,
W AU.' litter rrsjld tweet wttb, but very jtidlelonsly
reanlvesj te try , And tntk tlw mouth eg tbe
oraaesharw-af rivtr, and tb qu!ry unheard of
(kvernor. Threw laye after, Isnarever, two goM
InAtlngJiuiks -a-t aevoarariaohlrig our ahlplatW
rooming, wldcb, whea they tA near, eeetned te
r etute. dace the hour bad taut arrived for running
itpU(Uc Th aansjanabara, obaorvtng thla, or.
oVred tb fltg to b run tip at once, when the Junks
cn to oof bow, and aa ofBcer caves on board with
the foUowlag letter l
To hi$ Kxeittmr (Ad Anvritm ItinUttr-Juni 10,
'Km fltw. IrtenAarl eg tU Clrvlt ef lh Depart.
tnent of 1 ten-Tata Dd Uokan, In tao Province of
Chile, barrwltb aende a eesxivnnoleatlefi. O tb 89th
Irwtatt, a diewateh wa raaelvad frvm tb Aneticaa
Mb utar, by the way of th Northern ef th
rtvar, ardreaaa to ui Oot ei uor (eetrer!, from which
It U nrderatond that tb Up taau lar hla Excellency
". .n.,'TTJ t" ael-bo (er rnm-rwi rtrrr. II I
eadett la Ihl Hter ) Th command of his loip-rlal
MK, hav already bawa rerrived. direct le thuov
. or Oaveral aod Treaasireraf the Provloe to reeelv
at on board hlaahla.'
The i4tnall nnaaait aM.hrarwwt Ska t,ILil. -.
tlcleat to abecis w bo,,, gifl chicken, sod duck, 10
lrg Istge nf rice, and M rg S,r, 4 basket of apn
cots, and td (a-acli, wtth a heap of garden vegeta
l ., .A.l.nr? ' "' Ma.tiolewereaeiitttlva
Fligllali snla fr lb benefit nf th wisinded, and
were msjat thankfully received. We ar now waiting
riraulramm'mrrwt!on from the (lneee Inteotl.
aut, and chetiah the hiT that our Minuter may yet
nlar th Imtarrlal City, and mm tbr with him.
On Hi naming of th battle, a Junk earn to the
English Mlnistet' ehlp-havlng on board three Maada
r tiafrnm tb tn at th month nftb,-n.ithrrn pe
a ge," whoreqiietauslhlm to there aial await tba ar
r.vslofthlmia-rtiC.imn.laai't)er atUlw8, mba
asiney wvreimormoa iiom natn,wialio: cat aent there
t ' recctv blm and conduct bin to Pekln. It wou'd
eem from what yet nra,thal tbe China a author.
Itb aee wMirg the EnglUb minister should proceed
to Pekln, but not with an armed force. B-aaVle, lh
Pethn waa a'dora-cad by treaty, and Mr. Bteos had
no right, therrft, to liurliat Unthat passsg,ex
clulvely,w bich the 01 tare Lav to atmugly fortiftnd
and oledn rtad, from ttia frar Oat foreign loroe may
asnend the river and ataek tha capital.
What will eonai nut of t!,e atisjiae and unfnrttm
ate event, remain to be aeen. It would not be
tiatige If the EnglUk returned In etrong force, and
I reanod on at a I hatards and any loss, till tha next
i'taty si all ls cs.nclu.L d lu the lininrlal city. But
It must I deferred till another year, th present
staannUao far advaired. In the masntlme, th
French ad Fnarllah fleita am retlnn. and In a few
dsjs a foreign sail will m te Been ou thee water.
coitaiBiuiAt vtvr optiir ciimcsK ArrAtn.
Tb London TtmH of tb ISth, In Its cocrcer
clal article says ;
The meieantlie letter frOTn China generally concur
In tha Hew, that th renewal ti boartllltle will not t
attended by any material Interruption nf trade. At
bhanghal. It la aaid, th natives are greatly annoyed
t wl at baa bepperaed, the majority of them being
peaceful wetl-wiebere tu the pnaresa of commerce.
Inhere la, consequently, thought to ha no danger of
the good relation with then, being disturbed. A con
viction la expreaaesl, however, tbaa tb Engliab Gov
ernment will have to send rait a very Isrg naval and
muivary i.aros. a ohcsso oi in vsntsia ant would
soon. It Is bellved, bring th Lnipen r to submlaxiun;
but thU, 1 y depriving Ureal Britain of a heavy por
tain of IU euatoma rteenue, would be equally dia
ass cable for bt Ah partara.
Tl e queetloo, however, U auggettsd whether th
lAiglUh hnnld go on paying duties to tb Chine,
which at Shanghai a one amount to 600.000 uer an
num! but In that case tL ctantingency b to be con
sidered that the Chlneae might rata lata ty ordering
an entire upiiion of busmen vrlth foreigner at
th varlnn an la, although rich a measure would be
fatal to tbeniaeliea, ainc It would practically have
the aame efl ct a a blockade. The American mer
chants regarded the question with cuoaalerab'e
tnteieat, amoe th tinted state autbortti had
decided that thev muat adhere literally to
their own treaty stipulation without ra
gatd to tbe course ef other Powers, a-, tbat
tbey might be comia!led to pay while the Eugllau
escaped i but ths ddScutty, suppwlug it to arise,
wosild doubtleeM be met by essy eidlent. It waa
generally eonaidared that tba newa of our defeat
would pan xalitinuly through HusaU, aud la one
letter It U remarked. "Nod.aiht you will reoelv In
telligence from Bt Paterahurgb hang bofor you get
tbl " If th event waa know a early at that capital
It haa Iscen a eecret well kci.
remit tTTAtL or mi osiat iaitxu maaam.
Th rasing around the funnel which blew up,
formed a kind of vettkal boiler, where th water In
trruiad to be uaed In tbe main bollere waa placed
around th funnel, ao a to secure Its heat and trans
mit hut water to the main bollere. Instead of cold. In
th top of tliU an opening waa left for the i scape of
anyaWam which might arise, and permanently, It
waa never exiected to to e'oeed. But, previously to
the departure of the vessel from Deptford, It became
desirable to teat thla aeparate vertical boiler
by hydremic prooraa, to do which, th per.
mannt opening waa cloeod and a temporary
faucet fitted, and thla wa by eome ahocalng lnad
vrtano neter taken away, aud what I worn, It waa
never turned off. Aa baa been the case before with
thla method of trying to heat wetr for the main
IxAler use, (tear which reason the aame apparatue bad
been abandoned, after trial hy the Collin's steam-ra,)
wheu th veaael had got under way tbe vertical boil
er did not euputy water enough for the main boilers,
and on -lrauulcatlon with It waa at one abut nff.
ThUkunderthaauppoaitlonthat an otienlrrg at the
top left a place for the escape or steam, waa
aufBdantly natural, but when the communica
tion waa Interrupted tha water left In the funnel waa
rapidly oommuuicated into steam, and the whole ap
paratue became a monatruua vertical boiler without a
safety valve or any vent whatever. That all the wa
ter left In the casing was converted Into vapor long
before the espkatlou took place la ault certain, and
It waa evidently not till tbe confined steam had gone
on expending and probably decomptaiing for anmo
hours that the casing at laat gave way with awful af
fect. The engineer who have tnicted ths rent maaaea
of Iron, and tha tremendtHis evidence waxloli yt t re
main of the force of the explosion, oome to different
emclual na aa to tb amount of steam prawu
which occasioned It. Some literally give It aa high
aa 1.000 taninda to the square lnc, but this apptat
almost lucredil4e. Tbe majority generally estimate
It aa having been between 400 pound and A00
round, tn amount of prsaaure which, as tar as can
be calculates), be never yet been gi4 by steam. The
highest preNHiire USler, for locomotive, are only ma.1
to withstand about lfiO pounds to the Inch, tvau
for experimental purpiaie, a pressure of bM pouude,
or tVM) pounds eem baa never yet been gen
erated. Jawta Watt, In hi earliest eiri
menU on evaporation, mad om vary iuall
gltsbulai bt4lrs, on which it wa aaid a prsajeur of
4isi list, wa eventually got, but authing approach
to&onlbr. or dot) iba. has never been so much a
heard of among engine) ra tl 1 tha present moat un.
fortunate occurrence. Qunpowdr whu exploded
cxijideHHlme Its bulk, and when eteamUau
rheated to an Intense degree, the water beooraea
utterly drceanposed luto lu constituent gaarn, oxy.
genandh)dneu, which, where brought lntocou
tint with any red hot surface, noomtdne with the
moat fetfu iliailou. ThU was xattly what took
place on board ths Q real Lantern, and the blowup
In iu force was precisely similar to what would hav
taken Ila- bad '.ti apkee between th Inner and
outer rasing of the funnel been filled with gunpowder
Instead is steam.
The at ok eta and firemen were the only ifferera by
the explosion, and tlie number of killed a al Injured
aniong them was feat fully aetere. One siorlellow
was at the aah-bole, (which U an opening at the side
i the ship. Immediately forward tf the paddle
wheel) euq tying ashea Into the atsx, wheu the explo
slon took i Jaoe. Through fright, or be, aua be waa
burned or acalded, he suddemy jumid out of th
hole, and caught with hU bauida uaiti one of the
a'anting btaiara extending from tba outov edge of tbe
wheel guard to the aide of the roast U Here he hung
forafew nioiuntiUby Ids hatols, aud theu,from want
of relief lu Ue oonfusion of the occurrence, or from
Injuries to his hands, be dropjied Into the water,
where be was aeen awiuitulug for a few aeooiels In
ad, ante of the lavklle whecL Hut it atam overtook
Mm, aud the ls,r fellow wa teen no more, although
life buoy t and c4he r appliances were thrown over
lasird from the atertl a tbNt wa jaiaaed where
his laaly w mild have been hkoly tj have u en, and
tb boat were altoiwarda lowered to eft" ct hla res
cue. The dis p linmcndon, an 1 the to.idun ua bio a t
of tlieguint ldit(whel, lelt him little chance fur
llfo. Am tin r acoount, however, atye that h wa
blown or fell thnigU U.a aah hoi eUtv..tiy Intoth
u htair a- lax lit la .1 1 at ta ti.ua In aa.l Bmi.aa .T lha t.aa.l I !
," " ,, , c , , i. J. aa.a,... vt ,J. ... ...
f mm w hlch he t elnly tilod hi i acape hy sw Iuuulng
Two tointsiiiions who were with him wore aaveiibv
the mercat hau-breailth rcne, one uf the meu cling
ing hi the other, aud toth falling In the gangway, a
skull distsiice from the ship's Bid.
Aft. r thsplo!ou th great ttruggl waa to get out
the inla, ratio (Irennu who it waa kn iwu wa s, aid
ing btlow, and w he torrible groana rai betl the
deck. As anon as tbe smoke aud ateam Ita I been
aurhciiutiy dsmieiied bi reudura descent, attaate,
but piesilile, (lor one of the find great apprvheti
siou vaa tlul ot a siibsequciit flre, tu siibduo which
tha hie apjartua had been gtt out, and an Im
mecae tiody t f water laaired Into tha hold,) aererai
mtn at ouco volunteered to go down tha shafts.
lu a very few inoments all the twelve firemen on
duty were brought up. Tlie worst Injured luttn.
ed in the least pain, and actually walked otltotho
ks Hal. Hut tl e slgtt of them was heart tending.
The acalpof one was hauglngluatnsi from bis head,
the boiled fit ah of ant ttar slTpptaVfnaii the bonce or
lils Lassl while rtmovlog bla coat, and tua skin i f
othera seled off with tbtlr vlnthlng. Tliey were gt n
era ly duffariuus, and all at enicd to be oild, and beggod
tobooovend up, Appnnintty, their actual utytfnag
wa n 4 extreme. Bui they had brratlied th fatal
steaiu, aud before 10 o'ebsk lu tlw morning, death.
It aimoet seemed mercifully, Lai oome to tne rvlluf
of three of tin ni. while at leant live t4hera were bs
coming quiet and tinconLUMi luhla iiutr aiproa.li.
Two or three of tttve v.ar fellow walktd op to the
deck aliui.t, if in t q ute, uuasaisted, aud tlu may
bar ltd to the tollnf tliat their luluries were slight
Ti rir aivct, bowevr", told It own ta'e, and none
w ho had ever aren blow n up meu before could fail to
know, at eglaaco, tbat souie had only two or three
hour to '.he. A maa blown upby gimisiwderi a
mere figure of rew flesh, which seldoia moves after
tho t tp'oslou. ISot so w 1th men blown up by steam,
w bo for a few inluutea are able to walk about appar
ently a'nioet unhurt, though In fact mortally Injured
beyond all botie of recovery. Oue or two, aa they
(merged fnan below, walked aft with tbat Indaecrtb
eWe expression lu their face only rtwcinb big Intense
BktotiUhuicnt, and a certain faltering of th gait and
tuuveruenta Ilk on tbat walk In hla aleep. Where,
tut gruuuied by tbe smoke or aahos, the is'onlkir
bright, at ft whiteness of th foa, band, or breast,
told at once tbat the akin, though unbroken, had, lu
fact, been boiled by the ateam.
One mau walked along with thla movena-nt and
look, and seemed quit unoouctous that th flesh ef
his tiilgh (moat probably by th ashes from the fur
atot) waa burnt In deep holea. To sotu nut who
came to Lis ssaiaUnca h aaid quietly, "I am all
riglt. Thenar other wore tL.au me. Go end
In. k afUr them.'' This poor maa wae the first to
A fresh panic, and a leg'tltnate source of alann,
w It bin tt u minutes after the expltwi n,wsa ths statsof
thetlhtrbtatcr, wlq;lias, hy (he. uiiKUatcJ, nw-
atJV.7V!wlT,' acaroei. over wbea
another stated tb mfbrtiaa aea.'. .-.. a.
,4Ja'D,--" company In
otj rfti- mtilSLZZJ?" atramedto grt
w,..t" " w.ay or a ehrp which staanaj k.mj r..
roiusion, and M mr vaeaas prow wi ;,iU.
towards Beechy Bead, not tZytSTt "!J3
tbe little ira UrsA and coi7K.t (icdf
lUaauoa had objected tn rope, and hid rVeifCt
CUU , whkh In IhTSsira. TThilf .Tl LoT.
tigged, the ahlp bring steered In the meantime bv a
uptaVmantary tackle, providod for euro, accident
Tbe usual varvtyof Inctdonni occiu-red, ahoar'.nar
the respective traKa of character which such dlaaa.
tera call rut. Tb pilot, Mr. ATtisto, wa,ta
eoune, on tha bridge, abaft th aeen of ths explo.
eon, and under tha Slower of gluts end ap'lntera.
PuJllr.jt his hat over bla head to blrld hlsiseif, he
at at ft In hi place, remarking, "that's none of my
btialneaaj j I'm going to ateer the ahlp aa long aa aha la
a ahla" Anrther hard-haadd o'd felknv as Is ring
a floor rn a part of tlie wheel-house. !1 waa aawing
Tt lst.k at the tirte of the dlaaater, and. without
taking hi knee iff tbe timber, he looked un till the
atiower i f prcjs ctliea had 'alien, and then quit tie re.
emneJ 1 la aw'ng as If nothing ad happened. On
of the tatwspsper reporter betook bimetal to tb t.
treme irteru of lie th p, roitfldently eitactlng that
tli otMr nine laHlers must neceaaari y go off In their
turn. Lie a train of mine. One person, approaching
an o'Hcer, exclaimed, "Tell me the worst, I a pre
pared to meet my 0al." Very few were loud aad
jsnane, a I have some Unite area Isy.pl la th very
Sevtial estsr'srent wera eaa.1a I, - - - am
board toaswrtaln the irprod, ly heaving biocta of
wood and noting the time In aeeonds ween they
reacted tb stem. A mean of a number of those
a aa avutr. an4 1.n ,1 m t mJ ..ha tMa,
aak""".". a .j: ;::,; ."zmwwwmVtj
thl.tlo-e tbe paddle were naktng sit revs' itlona
a,Hl the acre wlolrrv, the f.mer being Capable of
fourteen, and th. latter of fortyght? A aubas.
oattatatomentfr.n an officlil ainrce was that
Juringapnttltaiofber nryage the ahlp st.vnrd at
UieiaU of nineteen mlleaau I oir. Il-r draigbt lav
log very light, her screw wa ha'f out . ..,,
andrr,qurn.ly h on.y Mlf th. niofv. pow.J
Mtntuft ruuai to HDiniii Dmii kdiki 11 cimr. ai
wbk-h U tvlH MVf.t.uUlv v
At Irn o'clock V e ftevlowtor inonUbf , tht PtNinitr
cwi kbUinr til Fnrtljuid Hfcbor. A ovr fflorloui
Amy cotiM im t to IniauccJ, and fittvlt of ysobt-i Rati
vfvsviirrw r3ie wn 10 nit i n, wim naiiitrni, ia ran
nr, .na rn-nn?, iiu iDmuR uui ID fry nhtp
cari ksl dtad and dylnf
urj mui mioM loot.
cf the kingdom.
ti Tare to a antic a
InTT i i , . " " "" saucer-
bllt, and who waa on board a Ibe time of the explo.
Moa. sari t)At arratd'ijt Lt .Mnt .n,.M.u. tl..
mora, ear tliat acconllliir to nresrnt anta-aranea. eh.
Great haatern will now h-are tliitvhoed for IVrtiaud.
America on the Soth Octobi r, anl that It has la-en
....-.... .v H,r ...,u .n,vu... .ul ,u.. ,, IIB ,.q
fu.lv detemilned by the Board of Direction tht,frora
BBsaarallaaa.ja1 IT. BW W & at TJasiaLam llaa mS .awaat ah m. 1 1 .
excvraiVm trip fbnt Imt, bt) tht way cf Hn.
fy Hoot. Hefte tbe ship left tne Thsmaai.Capa. a aud
C)t. UAatiaon were qneatna.ed ou tb cubiect tofor
tb IVaerd of Diitctiian, aud IXb concutied in th
o4nioa that th Up can enter the ha'tarr over th
bar at Bandy Hook, drawing tweatyour and a half
feet 4 wale, with isrv'.rt aafety. The fain m clip-
a-l aldp Oreat Ketsibllc cneewid the bar ea'ely, dra.
ug antne lia-U over twenty-ftv fret. II waa then
atrangtd that at Ptntland, I . S , the Great r.astcrn
shall to lightened to the required draft, and then pro
read on hrr eteutwii, to thla el'y via Sandy Hook.
She will pn4atlilr anchor ocuewher lathe neurh
borbood of the Battery.
tbi otaATirssun TttantAra.
St. rtttrtbvrj, tVr;if. t I'n'esa th Transatlantic
Teltgisib (Vampany make haate to Improve upon
their former effort, tbe Kuaslan OoTmtnei.t will
certainty antinpaui th sucooasful coraplttion tsTthe
great undertaking tbey have but cumenoed. ia
tlie laat number tf tbe Irtmttt tlattttt, which haa
arrived he-v, (says the IMersbunr corraan.ae.laot ,d
tbe London TttrjrayS) I find anuyderta (bmeral
M"CXAVtxrr-AMCSst, th (levem.rrnr East Bilria,
wht rein he OKnniaud one Cataln Knsunorr to sur.
vey lue cssinery, nom irautaa ID 111 shore of th
Pacific arlth a el.w tn th. . mrf,-al J ..
electric telegraph. Th vrtre I to to laid by way
OfKlachta, the wtll knowa comnwrclal town on
the China frontier l and all authontire are request-
eJ to svtalst tbe Captain wherever and whenever be
reqiure tuem touoaia as uoaate la afflxed tethe
order.itbe protolitlltv Is thstthe urvevaa n..ri.
executed beforo It publlcslion. From th ahore of
th Pacific th win i to to carried on to tbe rnnil
Dent of America, either through the Aleutic Isle or
ty way of Ilehrlng Btralta. In uelther cam do anv
natural dlnieultle obstruct th realisation nf th
acheme, aud Iher la uo wld xlul of ocean to to
trtversed. Tl e Ikrllu firm, Stasias aV Ilataaa, th
aame wbo laid down the Bed Sea cable, andoon
atnactvd the whole network of Russian talegratahs,
will to entrusted with th execution of this grand
enterprise. Within a tear or two Loodou may ex.
Crct to commuulrat with New Tork vfa St. Peters
urg and tb North Pole, or thereabout.
Frtteat Ua B. Fanes) la tha Pr1fle.
Ocr present natal fore in the raciflcliM
follow a i
, . nag. eV tnemOuns.
Flag ahlpestaam frlgt Merrimack, sod 6O0 40
uag alilt, steam frigate Lancaster? let)
cover inas aomttning n wro'g-rat a chimney ciaetaaaie deshrud aaio-ia'iv to. ka iZZJTl
was mlU.g-and for an hour after th anchor wai ofcl a'dcTan 1 trSlllSle? T,i,T.T'ii
raat. tbey -died round and round th, v. In l- U ngennt. ir.de fcSSSS Tl? ..u'nt'u.
gandV OTTTgnK T
t Ji arm it waa at rcoa flash,! to tr.a
erf lot) ooO 14
., WT too t
,, 741 t30 SO
.. Th S40 VO
.. tfi xta n
.. "M UO tl)
.lliisS !s60 "lSl
meam irigste Harauac
Steam gun-btsst Wyimlug.,,,
Sailing alooaof-war Cyan
Sailing tlcaijaeif wtr audalla .
Railing eiM.f.wer St. Marya
Balling aloop-of-war IstTant....
The Lancaster Is now outward bound to relieve the
Mertlmack. The British have 11 Vessels, andS.000
men lu the Pacific.
The Bleaater Oytler Bed.
Tbe whole tin of shore from Rocky Neck to
Newlieien has IsaaVn roused to the most Intense
excitement oterthe accidental discoteryof a
monster bed of more than monster oysters. Th
bed lies a little oter tba centre of tb
(Sound in a line bearing from tb Morwalk
to Eaton' Neck light and from a party who
haa dredged oter it, w learn tbat tbe bed Is
certainly from one miV tcvie to about two mwVi
long. 0'ber stories ay Mrre mitrr trt.lt and ten
long! Hut, we bat e takeu much pains to get at
tbe truth of the matter, and I hiuk t he first state
ment entirely rebable. Ibe discovery waa tuade
etk before last by a party of live Uarien flalier
men, whose names aie William Wood, Jamm
VYahkiiii, Thomas (Jarlix, William Hovt
and AigxAsnut STEtras. These mon were
nut ttsbini;, and chanced to drop a Amtgt
for aq anchor oter tbe bed, when on taking it
up It waa tilled with enormous bliehcs, which
led to furthrrinvesttgatlnn, and the result itated.
One vessel, last weik, look up ctf ntmlrrH
bushels In a tingle day! 1 he bed aeeme to to
almost Inexhaustible, und must contain many
mi lumt oflvtlitU. e w ere alio a samples of tb
0) sters etterday as large as an ordinary gardn
spade, tbo meats from which looked more like
beef tcnguea than the ordinary bit aire! There
w er ou Sunday t wo iteamhotiti and about 150 sail
. csiels on I be ground dredging nearly all day
(mostly New lirk tiouple, w are glad to bear),
j bis, Monduvy-et cry thing In the shape of a boat
and an ojHer-droJge baa been brought luto
retiuUillon, and our blacksmiths are diligently
at work making more ittiplemonti to take them
wilb. There Is no me ins of even approximat
ing at a vuliiation of tbla discovery, l'Mlmlily
fier iiiiUhih of dclUirt would fall fur below th
reality, Nothing has ver equaled tbe excite
ment hereabouts among t he tlehermon and ma
rine speculators, since the great King En I oj s
ter war some thirty ears ago, when tho long
toma, 41 c, were brought and charged to the
nuiizle to I're ition the New Haven marau Icrs.
This bed is, in winter, from C to 8 fathoms, and
there b no telling what the eiTrct is to be upon
tbr oj a'er nuirket or iiolatct of epicures. Aor
(!, Of., e7jrffc, 27fA
ttHTIUIl 1U0M TUB OTSTER BFD.
The oj sters, though very large, sre not now
In good condition, and it is found iicceesary to
"luv tbera dov, u oguln fur a short ,11me before
seniling them to market. The lucky discoerer
of tlds unwrought mine of aquatic wealth, re
cell ed from some oe atermeu of City Island, tha
handsome sum of iOOfor the disclosure of bis
secret I 1 be llrtt day's ilroVIng la said to bat
much more than paid for the information.
Un laturday lust there were upwards of sixty
vessels and bouts, besides one steamboat mann
ed bv at least TM men, busily engaged dredging
for bidden wealth.
1 he oysters lie In deep water deep enough
to float the (ireat hastern and so thick that
tbe dredges caa witbdilhculty nuke an Impress
ion ujion them I
Of tours great excitement exists among that
(las of our population who follow the water.for
many mile along the shore, and boats and men
are In t cry great demand.
ai i ue ot ater na wunin me luriscucuon oi
the Male nf New York, cur neighbors from th
Connect leut shore hat a no rlizht to take them;
some of them, bowel er, have not thought lit to
absent thematdve from lb oyster bed on that
account, l.tforta arc, I am told, being maile,
bv those "to the mamr iiorn, to exclude all ,
w ho bat e no legal tights there, j be apparent
solflsbnets ( f this course Is excused on the plea
tbat tb laws of Connecticut hare been atrictly
enforced against them no one from Ibis staor
being allowed to tak cy stert within th water
ot er w bich Connecticut claims jurisdiction.
W learn from the Manchester, N. UAmtri
cvn, tbat a man naniod UoBtur lUNki arrived
In lUt city last Monday afternoon, and in tb
course of lla evening, while wandering around
the illy, collie to Merrimack Bquate, and wa
sclretl with a eb-alr to climb lo th summit of
th flag-staff, wblcb, If w remember aright, ia
Stlti feet In height. It was quit dark, but h
darted on bl itrriloae ascentt pusaed th first
lice, and gained tb dlzav altliud of 1 JU feet,
w ben be lost bla bold and felL lie struck first
on lb deck at tbe loner Splice; glanced ibenc
to on of lb Iron guy w hlch stay the lower
roust, and then fell tu the ground not dead, as
would, as a matter (f cotirc, be supposed, but
without a boil broksn, gt any eeriou Injury,
Oimw. or th Coop., U.nTBTCA)
attrute for eome time tsuat, yet the tsgulare
tnent of th rperataoe of th union ar bat mow
falily (ystematlred and announced. Tb School of
Peerfgnl Beading Boomi Might Inatrncttoa I Lecturg
and (Aber departments, are all comp'rt and ready
for irogrrata. Th davtlcatlon takes place next rrinf.
Tba following la the announcement by the I'nwa I
ooorrj tstoK rot nt ArvAiarxaiurT or
sctuaot Ajn tn.
II Trustee announce that dec th execution
and delivery of the deed by Psrtt O aorta, Kt , eon
viyirig to them lu fee ilmplo, without reservation of
?5" w'"!:! P""1" t the Junction of th Third
1.-1"?.'.' "".." . andprofita, Iher
bav. Ue u dl UreHly ng.gl la organising trJTlnatl
tution upon the es re ral trust contained In th deed-
1. Tui ecTtooL or paaiAar roa awtta, t
Wll rpen for the reception of tmpl'e on tb Mth
Be), lutt,. tinder the direttion of T. Anmaoa Rioa.
aana, M. A., aastated by Mr. Kottrr O' Balis la the
desvtnntnf engraving off wood and copper. The
d.algu of thla acUa4 Is 1 1 prear female to beonoa
teaclarra of drawing and palntuig, ami to enable tbera
to earn a Ursnhond by engraving. Pupil will b re
celved Into th Industrial claaetw without charge, oa
com laying w.th the rule of th achooL which caa be
atained at the office of ihl Union.
. aiAnrae booh.
Tb great Hall on tlie third floor haa t
ed as a reading room, and wld lie aupplod with bl
tlie .ending fntetgn and domeatlc aawiiainers and
i t - uw.fl a a ....an :.... w. .7' "-
w "-" ... - vr ,'iu wiu, cue iai oi novam-
i Safe and fVmale of i..J mJir.U.lt I"00
f?iiriv,lth l oi.fL!l TJ cSaraoter, who.
' ,, e.ias?rtTla n . eSJjid. " loo
. AtuVlid ttfthe iiisTSl I.. 1 e - .
blcb2J; l.Vt.dtie fnref wti?!-'7 rf ?2l '"
out charge, to the ,ibdc. ' " "u"
S. I'sriirarar or swrrr rasTsK-nois.
RegaiUr c'asaes Will ba ftM-nwt f.a In-...l. a.
architectural, free-bsnd.and natrbanlral Diawtrg nn-
at'llalllur alisa rla.alait.1. Ma.-r aT.a . a a. .. .
e1Miuir th drftUiili fff farmtiih 1. Caimtai' w
cb.uk-1 I1iiloi4iT. ililM-iiAifl...a ii1Mu 'Vt!
. j..,-.l . .. T. - . m
.V "iLT ..... "".T -- " preietr-irow
,, "S, I . "V" Tte lustructl.i
will to entrrely free, but will to systematic, and con-
aiajueeoe itnonsovrmia-r UUUI liar 1st igdune. Onlr
prison enterii g for tbe courae will to reoetved In
...tl..u.l i....c....c .,. . . .
any eg tin ao class, si but th puhllo will be permlttaxl
al- aaatea at any os to lecture.
im uutiruruoii in ajn, rnistry wui 1st sriven or
Pnaf. Joua v. Deal is j In Msthrmatlcs, bv Prof, it
as! II.. - a a ..... .vv as
ft. II toxica i In Mechanical Pblliaropby by I'rof. L.
The Drawing Caaeea wm be under the charge of
ot rope tent inatruttore in the several branches, with,
eaiajclal reference to tbe business aifth lai pile.
Th Inatructioti In Music wLl to given by Dr.
Cose. Gamma, and wld consist of FayatisVugr,
raclnlogi, and lljgelnr, aa artalnjng to tb vooal
audrr4rat.iry aitt.sna, e'aasical otrouf, vocalua
tlotH and lyrioal dee'amation.
On Saturday vtnlng, on lactur room will be at
the dlepraal of th student, lor the purpose of de
bate and mutual luatmction.
At 4ictnt for admiaaton to any or all theae elata
will register thir namea, agea, (which must not b
m a. mwai atie wa years, f in K try special parrot aton
end reaidenCe. With a esalitleataof aoml mtaral .,1..
nd residence, w.th a oeeUrlcateof good moral char
acter, without delay, at bio offio of tb Union, be
tween tb hour if y aud 10 A. M . anc' oa Maturdaw
evening from 6 to 8, when tickets of edmiaaiou will
In tha se departments nn preliminary education
will be rrqnlrrd, exorpt uch a may be aeqidrod at
the public ulgtiterhtaria, aa tbe otaumea glvn In tha
Imon are Inunded to Impart euen Instruction only
cannot be ,ot elsewber by night, without charge.
draa. rriaui f.
I rati rtatla LBOTCtn.
The Trustees are making arrangements, which will
to anunuuotd hereafter, for a courae of fre lecture.
m topic of a useful character and general Interest, b
be delivered In th great hall of the I'nlon on Monday
vTeotoa; , rawi awi. i
Nochanre will to mad for
admasekan. but tickets will to arlve: to such neraona
only aa shall apply for the aatne at the office in ad
B. eornTT or to AteocUTr.
Ry the Eighth Section of Chatter lt la provided aa
Tba Trustee of the Corporation, hereby created,
may at anytime aaaudat with tbemaelve such per
otiaaa they thall aee fit, a a member of th Corpo
ration hereby created, and rauth aucb pereoaa organ
ise a Bsclety, with the at) le and title of the "Aaaocl
atrs of the Cooper I ukm for the Advancement of
Selene and Art," the object andiurpraM of which,
ball totheeucouragemnntof Solenoe, Arts, Menu
facturea, and Commerce; tbe beatowal of reward
for suth prealuctlons, luvenUona and lmprovenienta
a tsnd to th useful emplnynieut of tbe poor, tha
increase of trade, and th ncbea and honor of thai
country) for meritorious works In the vaiiuua de
pattnieuta nf th Aus artsj for diaeoveriaw, invention
and Improvemtntat aud generally, by lecture, pa
per and dlscuasions therron, aud other eultebla
means to aaist in tbe advancement, development
and practical application of every department of
science in oouDectlon with the arts, manufacture
' and commerce of the country. The aaid Bo
i elite shall consist of th aaid asaoclataa, tha
g.vuw. v. ,u. auatituutaa uerruy enoorptiraaoo.
wboeediplomaamav include auch right and privi
lege. aud of auch other per su aa from tun to timer
aliall to elected memtora thereof, alwava Including;
t h member of th II rd of Trustees th(xr.per
Union for the Advancement of Selene end Art," and
all tbe memtora of the said sncltv shall, while mem.
tore tbervasT, be memtora of the Corpondion hereby
created. Tbe aaid lawrd of Trusts shall, front
tlm to time, prescribe tbe oonultiona and term oat
inemtorkhlp t the said tViciety, w hlch, subject to
th at prove! of tie said Hoard of Trustee, shall
make all nils and regu'atlnna for It owu conduct
and gnvemmant, paa it own by-law and prescribe
the autle nd paiwera, and annual due of It mem
tor and officer; and which aaid Society shall elect
ita own officers and member, and shall, from tta
member, annually elect a toiutcll vxsnaUtlug of at
leaat twtnty-fiair members of said Sicirty, whiclt
said cisuueil Is hereby authorized and empowered to
do and jierfonn ail and every act and thing whatao.
ever, by it provided to be done and performed, la
and bv aaltl deed.
As this Society lias the right of visitation of th en
tire Institution, the Trustees am desiruua that It aliall
to a large, resiaxtabla ami Influential orgaulutlon.
representing all c'asaes hi th community. Th Bo
il ty will have the free uae of the great hal of tha
I ulon one uigbl In each w eek, and many other Im.
pottsnt privlltge. It Is expected to correspond
nearly with tha Society of Arta In London, which haa
toon productive of eo much toned! to the Industry of
Great Britain. As it wl I to diffleult.tf not Un pose (tie,
for the Ti tietea to make a aelecthsn, which would not
tontn to crltlt Imn.tbey tiropiaio toaddresaaclrculac
to t he memtora of th leading ttterary,sclent!fir,rt!
tlo, and Industrial as,a;iatlous of this city, Inviting;
them totootstie the original ''Associate of the 1'nlotL
thus realizing practlsa ly tha btea of Mr. Com is in tlia
selection of the title of the Corporation. The mem
bers over SI yearn of age of the f tllowlng socleties,
atntvng chera, will to thus Invited t Th Society of
Mechanic and Tradesmen, the Chamber of Com
merce, tlie Historical B'sMrty, the American Geo
graphical and P'stb-tical Society, tne Society Libra
ry. Mercantile Library and Clinton Hall AaaeaUatlisn,
tn Alumni, associate, trust" and professors ia:
Columbia Oillrget the New Vork University, anl
tho frrre Academy; the American Institute, tbe Me
cliaulca' Institute, tlie Horticultural Sooiaty, tha
Ametlenn Institute of Architects, the Photograph lo
Soeietv, tlie National Acuthimy of liealgo, fie Cou
titry, the Atheneum, tha Lyceum of Natural History,
the l.aw Institute, the Academy of Medicine, tha
Banltary Association, tbs Clergy of Now York, aud
the Teachers In the Pubtlo Si bonis.
The tsrlglral aasoeltt-a will make ich rule anil
regulatNne tor future ailvilaali n of msuiiura, soil
the nrganiratlon of tbo rstv. aa they may ac fit,
ibject to the condition of toe chatter,
The pnbllo dedicatlrn f the " Union" will takes
flace In Jane next, by whkh tlosa It is tl be hcia,l
sat all the dutiuents of the Institution, exceit
tbe Polytechnic S ihiol, will be la full aperatiou.
By o-des cf the Trustees,
JAM! S T. HUlXiE, Asalsttut Bcc'rr.
.tvVorl, Scpf. S4, l5K.
The Greatest Cannes Yet.
Tbe English papers tell as that It ba been
demonstrated that the Armstiioxo gun will send
a ball with remarkable accuracy a distance of
fit c miles. Hut this is nothing to the range of
another gun, of w bich w bav the following;
account in tbe same journals I
A most wot derful long range cannon. Invented by
Mr. JtrraiM, trntre of the well known marina
glue. Is In ctairae of lalng mounted In th Koyal Ar
Htnal, Woolwich, forexiierimruu at Shoeburynea.
Its tang 1 spoken of as certain to eclipse every
it her weamu hitherto known, rh gun, with lu
Iiresetit bore, a three-'nch diameter, welgha aereit
ous, and pteset ts an appea anew (with the xeeptlott
of tbe pleaent calibre) snul'ar to on of our 6H
tiuimdere. The cbaige will ouualat uf eixieen ouud
of taiwdtr, and a coulcally sliajiod shot, weighted
witu uaa t nino iMjiiLiis. ana uuiowea siniuany i,a
the Mlnle Lulitt, whlib it I
presumed wl'i ber
ro)iciitHi nitcen or twenty nine, air. j arrant, is
1 -,-..! I,-- .u...ul l.lu . ...i.ltLti, that tt wmilit
carry rroiu Ikner to Ca'al. It lathe Intent! m of
the authontle tn tarry out a varied aud complicated
counts of experiments muter tue tuapecuon or tua
Be ect Oannilttoe uf Woolwich An nal. After being;
satisfied of its ),werlu ita presold furni, the bora
will to prngrewilvely Increased to a (t-pounder.
Tn enable th guuuera to alnt the gun, ihe trun
nion will be fittest with a couple of tolesoopo, to aa
aist tho eye over th euonuou isnge precLctaei.
With a fen such gum on a ship like tbo Qreit
Eastern, New Toik could be bombarded front
Sandy Hook, or Flushing Pay !
Ir would appear that the timJniutl Tract
Society an anti-Slat ery concern either In
adequate to th wants, or does not fully meet
tbe view of tbat portion of tha Wettera peo
ple w bo opisiee tbe priutlple and managemuit
of the American Tract (society of tbU city. To
supply tbla deficiency, or perbapt wl b a view
to extend tbe operation) of thosa who ara work'.
Ing agalntt the laat named Association, num.
ber of ierson at tb West bat anlcrtkkea lh
project cf starting t new Tract Society at Cbl