B THE SUN, WEDN KSUAY. !NOVKMBKR 6, 1872.
II Salsa, for Alt. i
WKONKSOAY, NOVUM IlKlt 0, 18T3.
I Amusements To-lnr.
A1m orXiidf IVij Tas a la r.mira .
Aaa.rl'aa Isatltsts-Kak, Plalf lM thus trassa.
llsl' Theatre .Km).
Hssrtr j Tltrsitre- W'l. P.
IPsm TlrMlit aflastrft'a fa-as't laiel Msaa!.
llr Its cirsaa, A.-riiiiirart.ni,r n.
1jsifrai's CultforaU Wastrels 11 Prwdsat.
rtnk Atsaur The stre-Tk. ImoIiii,
HraadOsera 1lae Hoi
Olssspl Theatre-run.. Bra
HI. Jaasrs's 1 Pisatre-s.. liasdaao Mlsiltlt..
TPaalrs .sitnusAa a I". Haliaat
oay Pastor's Oara Ifsas-rst4l.
Falsa Noaarr T aire -.
"aPAltafk's -I'lfmallaa a.,1 LaTaus.
(7l'iHai PHm !. MaPats.
I Term of The PUio.
t ana. sat 'aa, Iam.,1 (dWitlsti, . ...... (000
luivWuilt.lfi mr, li lift
Taa aai.'a, l.sna a-tdiaM, ........ a 1st Oil
c lai k i,,a ataia, . B."a OO
! ..., la OS, a-ldta., . . a a a . SO Oil
Vkiiii.r")-" I on
Pairsasv Sa aatl.tas. ft uaa, 4Usi
T. ! '
Taia. IIik II "
1 ttiaaias.isi.sa, saf-a- Maar ato . I1". lr lift, ..!.
Palatal Vsliaa, aftn M.soefa and P.aO., a. Una, . tlae.
tumi Vlams. llh ' Asa. ' iilt M, 1.1 I'l'.r'
... 1 40
Raatlsa lianas, silk 'Apt'' n.r I, II st N
tafa tf II B0
atsasaaiatwiaa i Waata., ISfaiei par ho.
Ail j) ihimkimht .ha.al .r I i,. al .. .l A a ila a a,
Atvaitraaifaaia la Sast W aaatt. I" n at l.i,.
1 asbav Asoisu.awaaTa Saif.,!! hi inaipsaa ssTia.M. V
St awla Ia mai If sa-,1 (It tha tt.akla aft I Saisl VVaaaly sllh
sslfina al aria, at Ua . I.IUrt, M lha t,taarl1ar.
ITur the accommodation att up-linall irililf bla, a laar
tl'infnl(orTilScx "111 l rrffltfil atnurrmuUr
rlf at thp up-liurn adrftllatmcut offlcra Mil Wrat
Tl.lf II icrond it.v. I, Junction l',ru.liT an.l lilli
vrnue, anil ,'IO.S M eat Tunilj Iblnl ilirfl. opiatc
Oruxl Optra llouac tnrl on Ihr rait aide at S 1 1 (irari.l
ilrctt. nrar Kat llruaclwiy, (rum S A. M. to hillO I'.M.
Ilnacs ol llic Nct rmr Ycnri' Ciim
prtiBii. J. So cottiallzutUin. -Yo ixtcnelun of the
JutictlonsoJ the Federal Corentmcnt.
II. t'otitrfM iml the 'rflifnt In Ln tlr
f.WtyiJ tl rjri'(' rim iiiiaHfinri'ml
jiout nn(inrJ (Jtirn(i run nrf the trar,
and to be brouyhl back irllMii . Ilml(ii
III. The Mutts to control their mt a'
uirs, ami cMccllI, icfi clcWIoiU'.
i l'. Htjorm of the clril crf(c
K. JftortUUm of tixcie iyim iUc
VI. Jlcveuue rcfonnall Intrnuit taiejto
Ik abotl thed ; thcUirt) to be put on it ictv
I'll Oulu one term (or the Vretldtnt.
VUl. .Vo r(iccton of 0nn n 1KB.
It The KeKUlt.
s Wt- iirotmiH the rcuili'rri of Tim Sl'N nm
ttotfuiprUitl itt tliv roult of t lie l'loslcku-
I tial uonUvt. From tin otiUct of th inm-
iuvlfin tilt now wo bavt? laid before lliem
all the fiu't of tlu rase, t'oni'itillnc uotli-
k lnp, coloring ltutliinir, nnd fiHh-.ivoi-iiip to
. keep eoivxtitnlly lieforo their nilniN the
L" coiitrolllnn eonMdenitloti that if all the
F DemoiTatM untl all the Liberal Ui'pulilli mi"
F yfcre true lo (iiirr.i.KV nnd llitov.v, the
f would be eleeted j otherwlto they would
I The irtiinif from the rcrerul MtatoJ llon
E that the Liberals have bivn faithful lo
I their nled(,'e, but that a iiflleieut number
of Drmoei-utK have ah-ta!ucd from votinfr
I or huvo voled for Chant uud Wiio.v to
K've them a dfelslve majority.
By Hull contentions ami division, the
DeinoenitH 1-1111111(41 Die Ui'liuhllinn-i to
I oleet I.i.M'ouv lu InX), nnd uuiu In 1M4,
L anil O kant ill 1WW. Hut never before did
a jxirUon of the Demoerutle jiarty
i eontritmte o much and mi direi't-
( ly to tho defeat of their Presidential
( iiiiili(lalo n in the coiile't which him Jupt
tlowil. Not only did a large body of l)em
' ocr.itti refniiu fiom votiiiK for Mr. (iiu:r-
I laKY,but another lai.ue body of them voted
for Oi ii. (Iiiant; nnd to thwe two claeri,
' rather than lo the Ueimbllcau paily, lie
1h liuleliliil for hi!" election lo a eeond
Thee fuel illiihti.ite m a very etrilunp
tnanner the in'tability of iiartlca and the
iueoui'ii-tency of politii Ian?.
Ht Itutiin .llarcliiiiK On.
Hl' Tlicdieudof ItuKlan ai-.unllomciit in
H the Iu-t, which Iiiik welched hi oiire
H lively on the mine!. of HritMi Htatincn
cverrlnce the time of I'rrr.it the llreat. H
H likely to be reueweil and liitcuxillcd by the
H j niiuouucemeut lecently made that a Itus-
H Man military expedition is mnrchlng on
Khiva. It was the fear of llua.inn Inllu
enco in tho Kast, and not any particular
H " rcfiiud for Turkey or any hpeeial rever-
Bk encoforthe obllxntioiiH of alltanceH, tlmt
Hi. led Grent Britain Into the Crimrnu war;
Hl and the result of that war was mainly
rejoiced out iu tho belief that it had
H alfonled an effectual chis'lc lo Iliiila'd
HJf fiiipofel doin ngaiii't the pcrmancnco
H:' of Biitbli domlimtioii In India.
B! But the traditional polli y of tho Itiiiau
B (lovcrninent to extend the bouudarie. of
lt cm plie In the direction of the Ililli-li
H ' pivfcfsioiip lu India appeal tohavcuuder-
K'Mic. no chiiuge In coic-eiiuciice of the un
f foitiiiiale event of tho htnigi;1e iu the I'li-
mii. On tliveoiilrary, llioliislani hojtllllle.i
! wete brought to a clo.o Itiiiia hni-tcnrd to
Hj iio(tt by the Icfnu of experience, lo
H- remedy n rupidly n posiblo the defectj
in hrr military rstnbilliiuent, nnd to
t-l.'ciiKllien In every pos.-lble way her
uilUlary icMjun (3. llailwny extcuding lu
every direction havo been lalil nut nnd
piiahed foi ward to completion with tinting
. glut! energy, this uutwoik of Intereommu-
luciitlon evidently being intended us a
means for uipiilly conccutiatlng troop as
lt flirt nnd most Important object, rather
f than for the mnru peaceful object of af-
fonliiiK tiansportatlon for travellers and
' the commodities of commerce. In order to
Hi render thefc loadx uuavallnbln to invaders
B': they hnw been hiilli with a different gauge
fiom that used In the rent of I'.urope, so
B;' that If a eoniUciliig enemy desired to u-o
them nr the I'l ii.-aians iim iI tlic 1'ieiuh niil
' wav in UiO, the rolling stock from other
Bi' countries could not be operated on them.
Ha Ki!wciuiul.,s)ilp", iiiiilainiameiithliuveaUo
Hh been added, until Itula 1ms become a
HM much stronger power than at any formci
period of her exiMcnce.
HM Meanwhilo the Hi'-Imi Covernmeut hn
BM' been ipiletly but pctllniielon.sly pushing
HV' It H'Iiciuch of ten itorial iiggiaudiement
Hi in Ci.'iitial Abia, and tho e-vpedlllon to
Hb i Khiva i a march on the direct road to Illn-
Hi 1 ilnnaii. Khiva la a country of Independent
HI Tat tary, lying to Ihu eut of the Caspian
LKea, with an niea of about l.Ml.OOO miuare
iiil'c. nnd a population eMlmiitcd at two
liiiU'oiif. It eons;!-! mostly of Mindy
deserts, with a narrow strip of fertile land
along tho lUer Oxtu, upon which aro a
great nimiber of unnll farming intablUh.
ment'. Thli oiisli U well cultivated, and
Inhabited by ludusltlonii trading trlbiw,
who to tho iniluMrles of civilization uiilto
ilho mrllko iplrlt nnd Inollnntlona of linr
Vnritm. in 1717 rrrrn tho (Ircnt pent nn
vwy aealmt t,ho KWvftni, untlcv Oen.
Dkkitvitcii, who wiv defeated: nnd kgalu
lu 1839 an winy of 1,000 men, with 1D.W)
eninelf, wn pent ngnlupt the pame people,
with nn eiunlly dlpnplroup renitt. Tlie
prepent expi'dltlon Ip the repult of n pur
pope long held In view, nnd carefully mi
tlerlnkrn with n full knowledge of the dif
ficulties before It, and moid probably it will
suisshhI. Khlvu oucu uoiuilelely under
Ituptaii pwny, In a few ycarp the t'niicnsup
iumI Hoiilheru UiippIh will be In peeurceoin
miinlentlon with Centml ApIii.
AppiiiiiIiii: this eondtlloii of nffnlrp to
have nrrlVed, It. would tie iibnrl to nip.
poiMi that Ituwlii would rciiniln content
with her new frontier. Should Ureal
lliilaiii again uuilerlnke In Interfere be
tween tho (?overiimentn if ft. I'eterplmrg
nnd rotiFtmitltiopIc, ItupPin could at once
nmkoKhlvn theptarllnppolnt forndemon
ptratlon on lliudoptaii which would be
likely to give the Knpll h nil the btiPlnep.
that they would cnie to nlteud to; while
even If no pueh eontlnpeney fboiihl oeeur,
anil Hussla "hould be content with the
Oxus for her bouudaiy, the presence of
llu'rila at so iiduucil a point would be a
Ptiiudliig menace to llritlsh iloiiiluatiiui lu
All tbve eonldenitlnnH have prefenteil
tlicnipolvex lo the Mngllrh. but they do
not pee how they nre to help thcntpelvce.
nnd nre trying lo view the situation with
eejti'.iiilmlty. Hu?ln Ik too mighty u power
to be uttiukcil by (lieat llrltaln plngle
bunded; and the other gieat Stntex of
Kurotio iir.- too Intent on h hemes for
securing ltiissla a. an ally to entertain for
a moment any idea of Interfering In her
liiarrel with a small mid almost un
known nation of peinl-lmttinrlniip lu Aln.
And po ltupsin may now gniu a perma
nent foothold In Khiva, unmolested by any
of the Western powerp, only lo make Hint
a bno of operations for n still further ud
vnnee In the direct Ion of India.
The October I.leetiou iu I'eunv) Ivnuiu.
As tho fuels lu regard to the manner in
which l'enusylvuuia was Illegally cmrieil
for the (Iiianv parly lu the Oetoberelee
tlon are brought gradually tuto the light,
the evidence beiiinies more and inure con
clusive that the result of that election, as
nftlcially declared, wnp the mot Ptiipen
dotts fraud upon the people ever perpetrat
ed in nuy Northern Slat'. Even the Phila
delphia 'rev, which of late hits been mii
IKisrcd by no organ in its dcvotcduct-ti to
littANT, at lust ucknnwledgcd that I'hamijls
1L llur-KALKw in reulity cnrrliit Phllndel
phln by u clear nnd ample iimjority, al
though tlie ofllelnl declaration of the voto
gave u majority of '.'tl,(3T to his opponent !
Tliv dlpgniceful pretrm of organiriil it1
peatiug, false pi ronatlnU. and ballot-box
ptulTIng which wa practised not only in
Philadelphia but In many of the Interior
townp, linn already rex cived nollce In thene
columiip. Proceedings in Pcuuslauia
cniirtn have nlso kIiowii Hint open uud un
blushing bribery wa reorteiI to by the
caudidutcp of tho Oiiant party In diffeivnt
parts of tho State, and that other offeuoei
ngitlnt the Jiurlty of elections, were pmc
HmsI by the Administration cuudiiluti
with a degiee of rockier! effrontery hither
to liilliout pamllel. And now priiceaillng.s
Instituted in the Philadelphia Court of
Common Plea have brought out legal el
ilence of (he fait that iu that city the
liliANT election olUccis, not sutithcd with
I lie bold and shaiucUxa fititid ulllill by
their complicity weie pcrpetralcd inot
Ing. priicecdeil after t he polls were clo'isl to
alti r the records of election by changing
the llgurcp on the ruturiip so n to reduce
the vote for IJrcKAu:w and Increase that
for IIaiitiunit iu puch a manner as lo se
cure n large majority for the latter.
By the efforts of the Municipal Reform
As.( cialiou of Philadelphia an older was
obtained fiom the Court of Common Pleas
iiiiihoriziiig .M.iii'.ur Wji.lh.m to examine
the returns of election on llle in the ofllce
of the Court. On Saturday lat lr. Wit
l.t .JtH liresenteil an afllduvil giving pome
of tho ro-iilte of hi Iuvc.-tlgiition, from
which It appeal- that not only were thoo
provision of the law intended to prevent
fraud pystemalii ally disregarded or vio
lated by the judges of ek'etion?, but that
the returns showed numerous' erasure.,
alterations, mid changes iu the HgurcK, nil
of whli h fraud weie committed lu the
interest of the liiiANT pai ty. A list of tho
alteration made lu thirty-live division of
twelve ward accompanied this aflldavlt,
and Is given here. The 111 ft column of
figures contains the original return; the
second showp tho figures as altered and
counted In making up the olllclal major
ities! .irh'itifT. i' Itil'ir.
l-l Winl. lat nit talon UutolM PI lo t l
M ttarii, Jil nitliun ... nil in ah IMIiiha
lat Winl, Oil IMvlalon .. . H.i. n;ii,i r!
lai Uar.l.HH DUIai. n 2.inl HI in
l.t tor., null lilt in.. li ttim f.i 11, lo a
r la ttanl, l"lh imialon Kvtur.t l.t In tl
7th Waril. Ulli llivlaltui . . . . lil tu J5I llild I)
ih ttaril. fah liltl.u.i IM u :n nimiitl
vin Ward. (Hi liivrion u i .11 jio M
Mil Hapi.M IMUalui: ail . l Ull.i ;l
I Hi ar'. M lllllU'.n . . -.iSlnlM Mlnl'iil
I in Ward. 11 Dlti.ion 'J'lio.'li ti.i.'i
f't ta Witrd, t,tii llhl.lr.ll 311 In. si Intnl.!
."in Word, in minimi i;:tiuiii m; tu in
Oii t aril nn lilt 'mm .. . .'.-slu.tH si.Mnl'rj
."Hi v.ard, Uih liitial' n 'Js.'o...j) I' to Ml
j ih word, nli iiivuiiin .... n iuxi ; in ji;
j Hi Ward, lull pulsion VI-low iMiolui
Jilh Ward. IMU llltlalnn IVIul.l 121 In l"i
j:l Ujnl. Ulli IMiImoii nl,;trt l.vtio ,u
.MM am, Pili IMi I. Ion l'.iioll Ipitul'U
.Tiili Ward, Plli lilvlsiun ISCtii.is into hi
r.iii Uuni.wli Dlv'.t un uilui'jl laiioVd
'.Mil Wanl. nil lllilsli ii IINtoVii II J to m
i ill ward. Kill liitialou S;'.i lo Mmltl
Will Ward, lllll IMUlloli Win 4.3 iUlto'jrJ
'.itli ttjrd. mill Diti.li.u li; tu 'jtnj mto i"1
f.lh Ward.M Pit Moil M'tu.'l llllil II
villi Ward, I'tli bolaioti i6; to .n; lilin 17
..Hi Ward, iii IMM-loii ... Iljiol'tl tViiuini
J, III Word, kill llltlaloa l.Ulnltl lilluli
Jilll Wjrd. I.I llh laimi .. KllnlVJ hi tu 't
.'iih Wrd, li Oltlilon nituii inito Iih
-nil Word, f.tti Imi.ioii .. .. ibtuJiil i.,l lu Ivi
"iih Ward, WIU lilt lainn .. . HOtolJ VMu 1)
The frauds exioctl lu this list nro only
tho-e iliscovered In thlrly-llve out of morn
than three hundred nnd llfty divisions, nnd
these thirty-llvu divisions lueludu about
onc-tcntli of the whole votepolltsl lu Phila
delphia. Tho ligurcs given show altera
tion to tho extent of tl.'JIU votes. If falsi
llcutlon lu the remaining districts was car
ried to only hulf the extent that has been
1 1 rot en lu thOM- given above, the voto of
Philadelphia wa falslllcd at least lift i
thousand by this mean alone, to say no
thing of all the icpcntiug nnd false per
sonation which nre known to have taken
place In that city. These developments,
taken III connection with those heretofoio
made, render It certain that Pcnnsj lvniiln
was fairly carried for 11ituai.i:w In Octo
ber, as North Carolina win carried for
Mkiiiiimiik lu August, uud that lu each
case the, man legally elected in (lovernor
has been cheated nut of his ollleo by tho
fraud and perjury reported to by tho sup
porlers of (J it a XT
Such faotfc us. those carry their own com
incut. Now that Ihu excitement attending
tho Presidential conlcM is over, poi haps
people will llnd time to rotleet seriously
on tho extent to which criminal menus
have been used during tlio campaign Just
closed to advancn tho Interests of tho
(ItiA.STjmi ty, mid deprlvothu people of tho
United HtaU.3 of their constitutional right
to cliooao tholr own rulemt nud perhaps
with rotloction will couiii a retilltlng some
I of what the tucevteful coueummntlon of .
nich lirfnmous fyii?igeBon tho llhcrtlcpi of
Oic oouulry inlcBlntNl to loud to In tho
lUoremcvt Agninnt n Notorious Judge
Tho llndlenl ltcforiu Uub of Philadel
phia are taking netlvc iticiisiircB to pro
cure the removal from tlie bench rt .Imljre
At.t.lsoNof the Court or Quarter Sewlnn,
a mnfelstrntc who In controlled by tome of
the womt elements In that untortuiiatu
city. Thoppecial occasion for thin move
ment wnp mi Indignity Inflicted on a
Qunker frontleinnn nnmed Ki.kinitir, who
clmnccd tobi'puiumoncdto At-i.tsoNVeoutt
up n Juror. It In 11 privilege which has Ik-ch
judicially recognized In Pennsylvania that
men holding the icllgtoiio faith of Wil
liam Pknn may wear their hats wlierc
ever they please. In Mr. Hi.kinton'pi case
hip hat wa removed by force by an officer
of the court, in compliance with an order
front At.i.i'os, nnd this net Imp been re
pented with great feeling by the mopt
eminent eltl.etis of the Quaker City.
A Philadelphia correspondent of the
Sin InutU UI lleiHihllemi says that a larger
number of peixius than that which con
plllutcd Philadelphia's lute gigantic ivgls
try could readily be foil ml lo unite in a
petition ft r .fudge Ai.i.ipon'h rciuotnl.
We nie happy to mi y that while juU once
Is the right rule for PrwldciitM, it In not np
pllcable to t-uiulltlatc for the Prtldeliey.
on ! asy, r in nu at e iiy liir iiawn's ntrly Ittftil.
Wliai mi loou'll)' tic lultid at ilii' inlllulit'a ltat
Whoi ' iTood itrlpta and tirlyl.t alurs tlirur.cli the
OVr tlio rsttirnrts wp wotcliiil rre o nallautljf
atrranilinc J ...
(Hi aa, ilma llui it ir ap.-intcl t nnni r )ri itc
OVr Iho IsdiI ul tlio Irrr anil llif linuifiir the I rtr
.Not tor Sulfa
Old White lints are fur mle to-lay iu
vnrloup place. at cheap pi lees.
At The t-t'S otllce there U none for wile.
In India there I a strong reform party,
tlir olilrrt nf which la to promote tlir ninrilaKo
of uliluus. I'nriiicrly Hie llliiila widow rnn
alilcrtil It tier ilul)' toco to tlie fiiiicrnl illvntitt
1 10 consiinieil with her liusliaiul's i'nrpe; but
this pracllic liatlng been iilmlislieil by the
ltrltls.il iiiitliorltlos In IihIIa. tin pl.in of sturtlng
lis frertuontly litrn renortiil to by nltlowti tm
moaiu! of fuinillna tlio rriitlri'iaf nls nf ttiolr
rtllrfou ; while those stho lnivn cnnscntril tu
itirrlte tliflr Innls bnvc been ohllnetl by pulillo
opinion lo woar a certain ilrrA., live hi retire
ment, ent tp.itlnnly, anil ninV,c tliemelrra
as uilienililo n.i iiiissJMc. Annlntt puch
ivaiulremeiitt tlio reform lutrty apuken
nf are waving bitter wnr, Inslsthur tlmt
there Is nu good reaann why Hindu wliluws
should nut be ix'riiilttcil tu marry n seceinl time
as well ;i Ungtl-h wlibnts. A rei eiitiiiiiiiliernf
the llmnlhiy (..i-flf culitnlli un account of tlio
tribulations ,f u ymiiig wlilow iituni iUiviikiii:,
kIhi had I'liftra," of a a'ltl' si'JiihiI In ;i inllllarv
tlll.ineln the llroacli ciillei'turtiti'. mill who an
far detli'il uatlte iiilliloli as to ri!ili'!ii,iluc n-si'i'-(iinl
luiu rlatce. The mother uf the lad) illacot
in il her uValttn, and had lur strletl) watchiul tu
prevent her lrlnt:liii! surli disaVacc upon lier
family. A atralaceia on tint part of Die )ihuu
lailj's Inter to ettwlo thla surtellliuue wan dr.
terta'd h the tlll.iccra, who roso In tlrtuuiw In
illgnutlon, wined JtvoKiir, shaved lierhalr and
cruelly tortured her. after whlrli plie tra taken
tu another tillage nnd put under lock ami chain.
All these Indignities to JlvotitE only sened tu
Inrrrast' the determination of her lover, who
was n iliooiiiatcr, and he appcided tu thu
lUBtflstrate fur aid. Kvctitually Hie widow win
released, while twoof lieriwr-t'euturat were eoin
mttteil to prlaoc for trial, tuul noun after she wua
pile ly umrlcd l Ilrnhtuan In the preseiifc of
a hirite iiiuiiln r of thu reform party. It In nut
priibtiMe. however, that JiviiKIIK't- troiihles arn
oterjet. for tlio Hindu are greatly Incensed
ngintist her for what the) regard as aslioi Lln
vl liulnii of murallty. The prlet wim per
formed the ceremony are threatened tvlt'i ex
commimli atltin, nud tartous ways will iinilouht
edl lie f'niiid t" remind both Itii'lianil nnd wife
of the eMlin.it I. n la tahkh lhe ure m 1,1 i, ilu Ir
nelchlior". Mill the eteut la eon-IJeri', inip"r
taut as a pr..i'tli'til step towuril trie curreliru
of a fube public sentiment imciiir the llihilu-.
We take it buck. Jonv Tiimiv cannot be
ejlled irooil any more. He wa for llAti.tiKtr.u
JealerJa). but not by fair ineans. He sent the
folluwlim ciretdpr on Moiid.ir aflernuun to tart-
ous Individuals about town :
"N Yor.K. Nut. 1,1875.
"t.r-od for nns cold pen. lirut Idiil tour dt.'rl.t la
earrl- d fur II as ava . en. .ion a. Polkv "
What Is this but bribery? Oiiuht not John
l'OI.KV to be imlleted?
The British Admiralty, ufter iniieli pro
funnd rngitulon and an expeiidlluro of tiboiil
fl.U'J.KO, liatu proiluroil a naval strticturo
called the Det aetutloa, which was Intended lu
represent tho nrst-rlats Iron-clad uf the Imme
diate future, aa they comprehended the require
ments of the natal sertlce. The new Uoutliu
battery, which scarcely can bo called a ship, Is
described In the London .Yni us a compound
of a foundry, n lloatim: brlduo. a colliery, n
burk'e, nnd n lilting bell. This uiHiine monster,
hating been completed, was recently taken out
for n trial ti Ip, nnd after a sucresftil run of
fully two miles off .pithead, both of her cmiiues
f.ivn out, when it was found necessary to post
pone a further teat of her sailing qualities until
her iiiui hlnery could be thoroughly overhauled,
Prom I he description of the Devastation kIicii
In the lliii'llsh Journals It would seem that tho
-csi.e! Is a monument of Inventive genius -u
Dunlins: musciim of slnu'iilar mechanical con
trlvniiee, which lu fair weather and with all
thhiirs v orklng Piuootldy must nustter lu cteiv
lespect tho purposes sought lu her coiislruc
Hon, Hut the sudden giving out of both her
cnitlnes on the very outset of her preliminary
trlsl has Inaplrcil dnuhta nn lu the manner hi
which so complicated a machine would net
when exposed to thu more est ions danger of
ncllte warfare. Mnchlneiy, even tho best And
most thuroui,'hly tested, Is llahlo to sudden
derangement, and thu helpless condition lu
which tlio Devastation found herself idler her
mishap, until taken In tow by a friendly tin:, hns
suggested tu tho thniiu'litfid Hrltish mind that
If alio had been In tho inlddlo of tlie ocean
when the caualty occurred there Is no telling
what might hatu bei'innc of her; for slm has nu
sails, and would drift helplessly at tho mercy of
tho winds, wates, uud currents, perhaps to bo
dashed to pieces ut lust upon u rock. Udls
pblcd lu it naval engagement sho would bo hi n
pltlahln predicament from tho Impossibility of
handling her; and, tiikhiifall theso things into
conilderatloii, tlioso Interested lu such mutters
hate come tu eiitorlalu grate doubts III regard
In the practical utility of thlslatest acldvemeiit
In natal nrchltectuie.
I'.teii conscrvallto relluluiis hoole. seem lo ho
-lr d tiltli the itnl or iiiilnn anil rienni-tlinipin. 'I tie
Old Silinol 1'rcabyti rlau Miiauurl hjuoil Ima luminal
dertdrd by a utuuliiiuiis tote to mtk an alllanea w ilti
Ilia Suuiliirn l'irt))terliii anil Iloforinnl l'rral.j.
tirlaiia, The MUiourl Hynoil etuliritees rlghly inlnlili ra
uud 8t0 coniinunlraiili. Loiuailtlcra l,au lii n ap
pointed tu accoinpll.il I lie pruputiil union, uud ll.e eon
trot erslsl iliiam n 111 toun lie Urblpsctl our.
The Fifth Arcintr .hmrnni publishes n portrait
of Uru. (li.tNT ullli Imperial rolnimt rmbleuts,
The Itecelpi nt'llie i:ieetluii Ueiurus lu W'usli-
Wasiiinoton, Nov. li.- Tho proprietors of the
miruliiK newapapera liatlnff made arrangements loptliu
early reception of the rlretlon nawa, large crowda aa.
leinlitei to lilgtil In froul uf the respective, ratabllali
mrnts, w hire tlie returns front lluie lu time neehtil
wirorradlo tbn ilrmonalratlvf audllori. Hetrral of
tho aieclal rurreapoiidruta item In receipt of ilea,
palchra, aud tbelr uitlcea were also eeutrra of attrac
Hon. The cruwds at ill tlirse pi a eta rrtualiieii unlit a
lale. liotir. There waa a hand nf imule at the Kultouul
It'lHibihtiH nfflee. l'resldeiit Urant ani uthcr proinl
hent nrrieera uf Ihe (loveruinsnt rccelvsil a large mini.
urriit dripalclxa lunlatbt from trarloua statea. (lood
urderrveryHhere prrtallcd. K"ilr In the ennlni hl
UuarwuhrUk loaliilr ou lualorlllea.
AMONG THE COKK OVKNS.
rnn coat., irtoir, axd cokk or
aovxiirrsKTitnit rmtsn tl va jv ia .
home Areonnt ofn ProfltiaHii Imlnrr-t
trnnrsllnitrv Nalural Aalttnlniie for Iron
Worlt-An Interesting tnstaneo ol Huc
Correapundcucc uf Te &un.
I'niontown, l'a., Oct. ft. PoiithwePterii
fKinxyianln ronlnUis n grent number of very
undent villages, tho origin ol moat of them
dating hack aw far km iriM. That portion of tlio
Rat lying between Uuri'l ltblpo and the Vir
ginia linn Is wonderfully rich In minerals, and
has a remarkably feitllo soil. Tho Mouonguhela
and Ymigldoidieny rivers Dow through tlio north
western pu'llon of II, while tlio Ohio rlicr
courses tilong the southwestern extremity. H
is one of the most, beautiful sections of tho
State, line forcslp of noble onk, beech, sucur,
maple, nnd a snl variety of other tries, abound,
and their luxuriant follago attests tho strength
of tho soil from which they spring. In pausing
through n rnnsldcrnbln portion of tlie county
I could not but lake nolo of tho apimce nt thrift
and prosperity of Its farmers. N'cat. sulotnntlal
brick houses, Inunnnsc frame barns, ami yard
fences set oft etery farm I passed. There seems
tu he a good denl of tnsle n well as thrift nud
Industrt among thfso ieopln, for almost eterv
farm house had Its nent 111 1 1 o vard In front
adornetl vvllh belntlfiii Ittnvcrs. . ,
In Hint portion nf Fayette county bins on tlio
Toiighioglieny river nnd Its tributaries, and
Jacobs creek, sime thirty mllisi northeast of
Hd point, there Is a peculiar brunch of Indus
ti) known as
The coal basin I) lug all idong I he foot of Lau
rel Itldgo Is fniiiiiis among the iiiuiiufnclurcrs
of Inui. Tho tola of coal which lies uppermost
In this basin Is frsm eight tu ten feet In thick
or. s. nnd Isof it eculi,ir iiunlil), being almost
free ft oiii siilplmr. nnd of that proper density
tiei'iKMiry tu produce a inline artluu of coke.
There nre now somo a.'ia , oke otens I) lug
Hallroad and Its two branches, tint one leading
tu Mount Pleasant, In Westmoreland count v.
nnd the other to Hits place. 1 can glte no belter
description of Htese coke ovens thsn tu say the
closely resemble the illustration ol rvoilmailx
now huts which graced our uld-llme school
geographies. They are circular anil constructed
of fire brick, about fifteen feet In diameter . ml
arched to u point, where nn ipenltig about
eighteen liu' lies In diameter ml ml Is tho coal
nnd affords rui escupc for llame uud
smoke. All aperture In oto side al
lows the coke after It has gone through
the operation of burning lo be wit I drawn. Tld
branch of Industry affords eiuluyment for
about SAV jneti. ami supports a opul.ttloli of
near n,nrO souls, l'roni SltolVl, ani sometimes
ri ot ens ant comprised in tho cok works of a
single) (Inn. Neat, coir tittle homes aro fur
nished by the owners for tho uciximi iodatlou of
their eiuplo)rcs. lu this war a little, town
springs up around erery establishment. Krom
bnloiitowii toDavvsou' station, on the Vnughlo
gbeiiyriter, u dlstnnco of sonic IP or?) miles,
there is almost a continuous town. Nearly three
millions nt bushels of coko are produced monthly
which f.ods its way to almost every city nnd
niBiuifsclurliigtowu In tho West and Northwest.
Not imfteipienllr orders are received from as
far west as Salt Lake City, and lu a few Instan
ces car loads hate been shipped to Massachu
setts nud South rarollim. The market value nf
coke Is now lite cents per bushel, and thus
about fl.Vl.iKI ef ready cadi Is monthly distrib
uted between Hie emploters and cinplojee.
The oo.il diggers rccelte a cent a bushel, and su
expert will knock down from three to lite hun
dred hiishcli per da). Ninety cents su oven Is
paid for drawing the ck. and agond hand will
make fi.'in .Mn 9 per day. The men empl'ivod
aro mi'i-lly natives, witli a few Irish end Her
man" hit, rmlngled. As u rulo they are Intelli
gent, thrlflv. and orderly. A notnworthy fact
was observed lu the entire absencp uf rum shops
at any of these establishment, though 1 am In
formed that the men were not by any means
teetotallers. Saturday night frequently finds
a goodly iiiimhtrof litem at smno ot the little
tillages near, though tho authorities informed
me that lights aud brawls were exceedingly
rare C ke tanking must be ua
KXCIILI'IMJI.Y I'ROIIT.VIILX Ut'SLSrsS.
for I noticed that at ulntost every establishment
a strong force of mustns were employed eidsre
big the work. In many Instsncea thev were
being doubled and trebled III c.'ipneltv. A well
Informed gentleman told me that the net ost
per btihcl of i oke loaded In a car was from '.'U
lolii, lautb. This lentes a fliiemarglu forprolit.
line of tlie netti t and Isrgi st i-talillshiiieuLs.
six miles from tins place, owned by Messrs.
Ilogsatt. Watt , i' l the tints about frtl.oj'.
Thet have oi.ly been rtitinlng eight mouths,
mid I was informed that they had not only
rentlred siiflh lem to tin ) the lirsi cost, but had
a handsome bslttce b bank. Seterst of the
largest In n mills In Pit, liurgti own rokliiges
lal li-tiitielits in this eoituty. and n cinslileruhlc
proportoin of "tlio eoke iusuuf.i,l urcd here is
of i otirsc sold In Pittsburgh, hut lite demand
elsewhere I lapldly 111' rrasiitg. A I'cntlt in tn
who owns some clfht or nine hundred acrts of
coal sit. inll.s from this nlnce, on the line
of the rultroad. Inf'o co-d toe that uluoiatitery
we k he wus appr-,:o'ln il by mnne)ed men taint
urged tu ullow them t i ptu un otcus nud work
his coal on the haltes. 'the atcrafc price of
coal h.nd wltlilti a mile or evn two miles of the
r lilrond Is f.Vn ,i r t. re. and but very Utile lobe
o'lialned at these figures. Most uf tlie owners
hold thuii caiiil hauls at Al.lui per acre.
nu !l vim iui. iiEMit'Mri:.
iir,e striking lusianeu of tho iiotiiitlfiil gifts of
tial .re in IhU- locality Is to he ubserteit sll miles
... iin of tld, p dnt. Ihu ralrclniiico Iron
Works and I'.dictiam e Iron have lot g been fa
miliar terms to lion men. Darin.' Uic wir of
PI- Ihe Iron nininifai'tureil at tins iilioe was
used for caatlug the i union which did audi
good sertlce under Perry on Ijil.e l.rle. The lo
cution of I In i works Is one f tue most beauti
ful spots I eter saw. It Is tin ubii iht level plain,
lylnc along the head waters of a little stream
known na ilroi go s Creek, hemmed III by ranges
of hills on both sldei-. and containing between
live uiul sii thou. .nut acres of remarkably fertile
land. I lose to the base of tho mnuutalns a fur
nace und rolling mills are loeuled, while the
princely residence nf Iho former proprietor Is
situated about u mile and a half northwest.
Tho tenement bouse nf the employees arn scat
tered around, delightfully shsil.il with locust
and water maple, with carefully tended gardens
attached to each. The I'siniiellstllletetn of coal
Is found here ten feet hi thickness. A fen feel
aboto tho coal I aulieteili of bluest' die, and
a few Inches below nn is-liich lead of Iron ore,
known as blue lump, below this again Is an
other vein of ore very rli li, thoiikli )ieldlng a
less percentage than the flr-t. Hue "drifting, '
ni tho operation of mining Is technically railed,
suffices lo bring to tho surbo e thu ottl to pro
dine tho coke. Iiiiie-toite to nld tho llux. and
the ore lo pnduce. the Iron, while abote
ntl the soil is a pr ibn tlve a any In the count.
If ever mil lire wn hit Ish In her gilts II isccrtnllil)
tit tills po.nt. for on the land on nr. I I y the pres
ent , otupiitit food cull be grow n to feed n vast
fotce of workmen. Iron, ccrtniiilv . ought to be
prodiu d here u cheaply as niiiwlicrc In tlie
world. If II Is wished tu ninkenn extraordinary
line grnde of iron Ihe moiiiil.nii dn-trh t i lose nt
hand will furnish the timber to make nu tiliiui
dsni e of i hamuli. 'Ihe fotuier propitelor of
this taltinble establishment wu Mr. I'. II. Oil
pluiiit. 'I he property liad been owned b) liitii
'.elf und Ids father for muiv yiars. being
of nn advanced age, without any nude heirs, he
n year or two since dl-posed of it to n compnny
of foreign i iipltnlisls. the prlnclpnl of wliom Isu
The pic uit cnnipany Imvc -. "I '' ' r ible
linptoveiiieiitH, tie' prill. 'I a! I ' I' li I a
railroad leading Icnu I ten: i.u i , "n o f r
liace. This road Is graded timl remit for the
superstructure. The Veniisyb nnhiConti.il. which
Is liulldiii.' the ooiilhwesteru Peiiti-t Itanla Ibiil
rond from liieeiiburg lu Wesluioiel.uid county
to rnltnioutit or t'harlestoii. )) eat Virginia, tin
Conellsvllle und I'nioulnwn. s nuvv iicgotlntlng
Willi Messrs. Thompson v Cn. for tho ptiichnsu
of their rond as funis ridrch.iuce. 1 uudnrstuiid
Hint when tlie rond Is lomideled to the furnace
the company Intend tu cti'ond several hundred
thoiiHuiiil dollars in Incieaslng tlio capacity of
their winks, uud tlio)' hopo 111 a few years lu
have a rolling mill eipial In capacity to that of
the Cambria IroiiCnmpnny of .lohn-totvii, Pa. In
passing up the line of the rond lending from tl.U
place tn I alrehniice, I noticed Hist iirepniutlons
werenlroaily making for lite election of coke
mens, llv the time the road Is completed thcio
will he several bundled nvons read) fur opera
tion on this new line.
lii.niiHti.M'ii kkii ptrccrjisn i. kntiiiii'iiisk.
At lliinl sr. a little vlllsgn nbottt nine miles
from ruloutoHii, Is locuted ope of Ihe largest
fiunnccs lu estern Peiuis)lvuiiiu. It isoniteil
bv Messrs. l'echlti .V ( Idlds. Mr. I'echlli Is, I be
teive, n unlive of Philadelphia, though for ninny
teuis a resident ol New York city. Ho seems to
be tho very soul of energy and enterprise, lie
csine licit). I bollcve.in His or 18i,'J as President
of I Iih old lltuibur Iron Company, a concern
Hint wns hend titer heels In debt, nud not
milking enough Iron lo pay running expiucc.
Heat unco took hold uud begun tu reorganize
Iho c-labllshmeiit, unit tlio Hdid day titter liu
beaniii the Mn rilf canto douii on III in w lib no ex
ecution on a .bidgnu nt obtained ny some nf the
credltnis of iho old compnu for somo fl.Mi.oo
or more. Hut lids w.n nothing tu the enterprl '
lliglltthi fellow, Hn posted off Lusl, called u
uieollng of tho stockholders, luld beforo them
his Plans, told them what a wonderful country
surrounded their propel ty, Infused n Utile of
his own lire and tliu lulu lliciu, ttnil obtained
cash stinicleut tu pill the concern nulls feet, lu
n few mouths he hid tho concern lu flist-rnte
running order, had erected two largo hot blast
stotes, Increased the height of Urn stuck, and
was making from flfleen tu twenty tons of A
No. 1 Iron, Hut his misfortunes wcio not ut nu
end. Just aa litertthiug hud been nut lu admir
able order Urn lining burned out, the gas found
U way Into the ttonu work of Iho stack, and
before ho know what he was about
TIIK W1IOI.K TIIINO t'AMB Tl'Jim.INd DOWN,
Tills was enough certainly to discourage an
on nary iiiun, but Mr. I'echlli Is by no moans an
ordinary man, Ho went lo wink with redoubled
energy, obtained inoro money from the stock
holders, Incieased ths capital nut of his own
pilvslumtjuu,, bvi nisout luiiltUiuriswiucii larger
furnsnce, siter tho most Improved pla ntv
talned directly from tho Ctevoland furnaesy In
Ungland. In less than ft year ho had ft morjern
furnace, new engines of great power, new liot
blast stoves, nnd begnn to prodnco from 3o to JO
tons of good Iron ovrrv twenty-four hours. Ho
Invented su oven fnrroastlng tlx ores, null I a
railroad from tho Fayctto county branelt to his
furnace, about half a mllo In dlsttuu'o, and
continued It somo two mllcB up Dunbar
creek. Ho mccccded In orpanlr.lng a enm-
Imny to start a sand-crushing mill upon
iH'Ir own prty, o'iied new oro
mines, built Ills uwu ooko otutis, and Is now
able to produce Iron of tho first rpialltv, having
all tins resources iiku their own iioiorty.
from five to six hundred man are employed
here, nnd nent nnd tasty dwelling provided for
nil tlioso who have families. Otiltc ti little town
lu thla nay has sprung up nrotmd the furnace,
which Is locntoillii u beautiful little Tnllev, sur
rounded by high and plottirosiio hills, with n
brnwllng Ptrcnm courting throucli It. Prepara
tions are nl ready being nindo tocstnbll' linnother
and silll larger furnnrt'. nnd the foundations nro
being prepared for n largo rolling mill. Titers Is
a first-rule win of flro clay mi the property, and
In .1 fow w oekH nn cxtrnslvo manufactory of fire,
hrlrk will ho In operation.
The great demand f or Iron n Ith It present en
hnnced price Is giving groat Impetus to the Iron
business ut this county. Mr. I'echln has leastd
an old furnace somo thrco or ftnir miles distant.
Iroiu I'niontown, on laturol tlldgo, nnd Is now
rimnluglt to Its full capacltv. He has atpnlensed
the Ml. Snvneo fnrnat'O near Cumberland. Mary
land, and will sunn bate a largo establishment
III full operation there.
so mi: Mjeir itooim.
Tjndiil! on I'ernm nt Winer.
The title of a book should be itmile nt
tritctliehy Its iizgcstlvencsa. This rule seems
to hate been appreciated by I'rtif. TVMiAlX In
naming Ids now volume The Minus of ll'tilrr, in
C'oittlAfiiid iflivrs, frc mid !icsr, Just Issued
by 1). Appleton Ar Co, Now, wo nre apt tn think
of water only In one of Its forms; no ordlimilly
forget that Ico l water at all, and wc fall to re
alise huvv much more lllertilly we could say of
tho atmosphere than of tho ocean;
Water, water etcryliere,
Hut nut a dmp to drink."
ru that the icrynamo of Oie Imok arouses a
sense nf pleasing surprise which Is the best uf
Introduction to Its contents,
t'er nearly twentv )ears I'rof. Tyndnll his
been a teacher of n'lcnco. In 1KM he was iinan
Imotfly diosoli Professor of Natural l'hllowiphy
In the Royal Institution, London, where .Sir
Humphrey Daw and Prof. Faraday won their
distinction; and since that time until Ids pres
ent visit to the rnltcd States he has been con
stantly occupied In original scientific research
and the duties uf Ids professorship, with the ex
ception of the summer vacations which ho has
boen enabled to devote to Alpine travel.
Iu the domain uf physics, as what wns once
termed natural philosophy Is now usually call
ed, Trot. Tyndall bus no superior. In addition
to this, he Is at the head uf modem writer on
science. Ills books, Hko Ids loctures. nre popu
lar because they arc Interesting. The reputa
tion of tho author Is security fur their accu
racy i let us hope, ton, that tlie world has out
grown the fallacy that a popular presentation nf
scientific fucts necessarily Intoltes untruth.
beginning with the onuunuii tea-kettle and
leading on tn tho grandit phenomena of na
ture, this excellent little elementary book con
tains ti clour, accurate, and Imtirrsslte account
of the constant circulation of water, tn Its various
forms, uver the surface of the earth; and nn.
w hero can tho student find an older exposition
of the pubjoct.
Nu hesitation Is evinced In pointing out tho
errors concerning water which sre Mill main
tained and taught by good men. Il Is well
known, for example, that moat substance con
tract as they grow odder. Water, however,
etp.iinls in freezing ; It Is by reason of this that
I. e limits. Were It not for this charactcrtlstlc of
water. Ico would tint bo formed at the bottom
of lakes nud streams Instead of at their surfai e,
and they would ultimately become solidly
frozen. Such un incut would of course result
In enormous destruction of life, both aiilmnl
a'ld vegetable. The cxpan-dnii of water In cool
ing has therefore long been regarded as among
tho etldenees of natural religion. Itwusaldtu
be the old) exception to nu otherwise unlrirwi!
rule, and c'rar proof nf a deslgu to preseite
organic exlstcnco for the special benefit of man
kind. So thought nnd reasoned eteii Count
Kuniford, whom Prof, Tyndall himself describes
as "one of the most solid of scientific men."
" Ilul." sats our author, "thewhnloof Count
lttimford's delight and enthusiasm in connection
tv Itli I Ids subject, und the whole of his Ire against
those who did led share his opinions, wero
founded upon an erroneous toitou.
" Water Is nut a solitary "coplloti to an othcr
vae general law. There ure other molecules
thiol tho-c of this IPpild which re tube no iu
I ,om iu tho solid crystalline condition than iu
the it'ijuent molten condition. lion Is a on. o
la point. Solid Iron Hunts upon moltrii Iron ex
at tly us Ice floats upon water. HWmiiUi Is a still
more liuprcasltr case, and we could shlter a
1,11.;, to- urtalnly I )' thu sohdlQc.itlon ol bis
muth as b that of water. There Is no Hsh to bo
tuken euro of hero, yul tho 'contrivance' Is the
Doing one ot the laoit aecotnplbhed moun
taineers In thu world, and an earnest Inter ot
Alpine scenery, I'rof. Tyudall naturally treats
ot considerable length nf the physical forces nt
work In mountain regions, and more purtli u
larly of glaciers. Ill this connection he men
tions n remarkable fact. Moat poisons would at
once assent tu the proposition Ihut a diminu
tion of solar energy must be followed by an In
crease In the magnitude of existing glacier.
Hut this Is n d tho case. " It was -ilppo-cil, wo
are told, "that If thu sun's heat weredlmin
bhed, greater ghilers than thoso novv existing
would ho produced. Hut the lessening ot the
sun's brut would Infallibly diminish the inuti
lity of iupioous tiipor, und thus cut off the gla
ciers nt their source."
A curious anil beautiful clmid effect often
seen iimld mountain ranges Is thus explained :
" Vi a f icipieutly see a sin utnerof cloud niauv
hundred yards In length drawn out from nn Al
pine peak. Its sIctidluesA appears perfect,
though a strong wind mtiv be blowing ut tho
same time over the mountain head. Why Is the
iloudnot blown nvva) i It (s blown aivuy;lts
permnucm c Is old) apparent. At one cud It Is
instantly dissolved ; at the other cud II is Inces
santly renewed. Supply und consumption being
thus eipinllrcd, the cloud nppctirs us changeless
ps the mountain to which It seems tu cling.
When thu red sun of the evening shines upon
thee i loud-'.treamers they resemblo tust torches
with tin ir Haines blown through thu ulr."
As conipsred with those of former epochs, the
ghiclers of to-day nie insignificant In number
and extent. In the remote past tho mighty Ice
fields which overlay so large a portion of tlie
earth embraced even Lngland nnd Irolnud. Tho
finned and lotely Lakes of KUIarnoy " now
fringed with tender wnndlaud beauty were all
occupied by the ancient Ice. It has disappeared
und seeds from other regions have been wsfled
thither to sow the trees, the shrubs, the ferns,
uud the grasses which now beautify Klllarney.
.Man himself, they say, has made his appearance
In the world -ini'c thu' time of Ice; hut of the
n id pel hid nnd milliner nt man's Introduction
little Is professed tu be known, Place to iniiUo
llieui sipinre with science, new meanings have
been found for thu beautiful myths and stories
nr Ihe lllhle '
Wo must clo.o our mention nf this ndtulrable
book with ono more iiuotutloii, which ought
uspei tally t lutrioet our fulrop i eadeisi :
Vou may notice In it ball room that as long
as tho doors und windows uio kcptclostd, uud
tho loom remain hot, tho air ioniums clear ; hut
Inn when the doors or windows aro ononuil u
dimness Is visible, cuiised by Iho piuclplllou lo
fog uf the aipicotin vupor ot thu bull room. If the
weather bo Intensely cold the entrance of fresh
ulr muy even caupo tnoic to full, This lias been
ohscivud hi ItiissUu ball rooms, and alsu lu tho
subterranean stable at Drzcrootn (a city lu Tur
key), when Iho doors ara opened aud the cold
morning ulrla permitted to enter."
ff,.i,v;pi i'khm 7 k vi:,i ,v c i ji ,
Count Andrass), Chancellor of the Auslrlun
I.inplie, has htin appointed a MaluMU'iicral of Hie
The Count d'Harcotirt was expoctrd to write
In buiuluu ittttriUy f ruui Paris,
.Tho " Druee," from B-intii Anna de Chaves, in
tat llulf el Utimci.rur . ilmoiilli. was rrceallt wrackld
st nr. and ten ol il , rwut were oiusutd.
jtaKarivn rnofi colohavo,
A Qlowisur Description nr Its Attractions bv
swt Actual Hetllcr Health and Wealth
WltlaU Patsy Itcneh.
CerraissndcDCC of Tim Hun.
OobonAtio Citv, Oct. 28. Dm lug. the
post summer our country has boon crowded
with tourists seeking health and recreation tin
trnmmollcd by tlio usoloss forms and conven
tluiiollllo.i of tho usual siytimor rosurts. Tho
glories uf auliiinn ara now displayed on ovcry
mounts i sldo and In msry valley, and the rtcli
colorlngof liKcs,'shriibbcry,and plains Indicates
tho appropriate name Hint our Territory bens
"Oiilorrulo." Until Hie latt siimmor the aoenm
inodatluns nffercd to travellers In this section
hnto boon of tho frontier order; but now nt
every railroad station commodious hotels,
Btimptuouu tables, and good allontlauoo aro of
fcrod to tho wayfarer nt tnodcrnta ratos, and un
uneriuallcd cllmiito nud seutiery, exuelllng Hwlt
zerland nr Italy, nro f roo tn nil. No.ir this plarc
are' mineral springs of Infinite variety, which
havo been Uwted with favorable results by
mnfiy thousands of visitors during the past few
months. In our Inunedlnto vicinity are resorts
i uud scenes of Interest Hint the nya never wearies
moi'Ktainb ituinr.n TnAN tub At.ru.
without their glacial austerity, nnd plains nt
their huso as limitless us the sea. On the New
Ungland mountains vegetation ceases lit all
Hill tilde of li.tflo f esit there the timber line girdles
the mountains at liffM feet, and on tho sum
mit uf Pike's Peak, 11,710 feet nhuto Ihe
level of tho sea. In the summer llowcn
nf annual growth, ot dellealn huo laid
fragrance, hud raid blossom from fissure
on tho projecting rocks that aro surrounded
by tho siiowb of centuries. Our climate
has undergone n wonderful chuuuo since
tho construction of rnllrouls Htitl tete
gr.sphs. Ilalns fall more nhtindnnlly, nml
crops of grain nnd vegetable tho past season
havo been uniformly proline, without the
necessity In any seelloii ..f resorting tn lrrlg.i
tlun, which huretofnro Itantseeu a laborious and
cosily prerequisite tu Iho growth nud yield uf
cereals. Tho agricultural region lets heretofore
been confined tn tho narrow talleys along the
streams, that could Ihi wittered at will by means
of ditches; but the soli Is uniformly rich, tilled
with phosphates, ami where rain falls crops will
grow ami yield abundantly, liven our sparse
population have hi pa-t years been cumpollod to
look to the border Stntcs for n parluil supply of
corn and wheat, thus draining the country of Km
resuurcos, nnd making money sritrro; hut the
present season large amounts: of wheat nre being
nhlpiKid Dist to be ttilt'd with Inferior grades In
Kansas and Missouri, tu render the same mer
chantable. Our Territory oitendlng from tho thirty
seventh to the forty-first parallel nf latitude
north, ami from the twetity-liflh to the thltty
Heciitid parallel uf longitude west, except the
limited portion under tillage, Is one vast field of
liny, natural grasses, cured upou the root, over
which i ft le and sheep range, kccidug fat the
year round, nt till seasons fit for He shambles,
without other food than that natntv supplies.
The raising of cattle and sheep Is the great
Interest In the Territory, and those who have
embarked thereiu pre rapidly growing rich.
Our winters arc mild and more pleasant thu-i
summer, and while tho mountains are covoretl
with snow tho valleys bosk In sunshine as
genial as May The mining Interest Is rapidly
but surely arrowing lu magnitude, und for the
past year the yield bus been uniformly large
and profitable. Vast ipiantltles uf oro now
piarrled out. that will not bear the cost of ex
pensive transportation, are awaiting the erec
tion nf smelting woika or the cuuMriirtlnn of
railroads, and wilt eventually be turned Into
(lOl.tl AMI pu.vgit i.tntiTp.
Colorado offers many Inducements to emi
grants. Chuico lauds can bo obtained under the
I'lednptloii or Homestead acts, and within e ir
limits Indian busiilllloji hatu entirely ceased.
The thousands who are crowded In the Lastciu
cities, leading live uf iudhfeucst and uncertain
ly, cuiild by fuming hither at mice secure com
petence and Independence, and peradvonture n
a short time wealth. This I truly tho land of
pmmlic for people of broken fortunes or bro
ken health, t'uur dots' travel by mil from the
seaboard places! the Itinerant In the centre of
our Territory, tho sanltortum of America.
A Visit to Hlng Slug.
At lint a stranger is somewhat suri'lsi d
with tho air ot laxity that teems to predomlti.r.u
here. One wonders how it Is that nil tho con
tlcts have lint escaped long agn. Hut then this
Is unit a first thought uud one most likely tu re
sult from seeing so many convict moving about
outside the prison walls, apparently without a
keeper, although In fact there ure thirty guards.
A lew minutes of careful observation nnd you
discover your error by comprehending the line
situation of Iho prl on and tho tl HQ cult y of
anybody's leaving It without the sanction of one
of tho guards who signals the othorssometlmes
with n llltlo red ting, or simply by watlnj his
hand, vvhtlo a white ting denotes danger.
'Ihe prison grounds cuter about forty acre of
land, Including tlmt on which tho btilldltigi
stand. Hat k of Hie main building, a little Ingl.i r
on the hill, nre drawn a Hue of guard house- n
tiew of em h other and all lu sight ut the prhe t
pid guard hoese, which Is situated near t1 ,
prison building, lly this vigilant hitnngcmctit n
double security Is afforded nt all tln.es. Durlt.,'
the day theicsle all tlmt secure the flvehninhed
lotiv'cts who work In the stone quarries fr, a
t sciiplng; nit hough a few years -'inc. d mine tl.o
pu valence of tthtavy shower, while paril) c ,n
i ealed by the ruin, one of the navh Is succeeded
lu pasting tho guards, although several shots
were filed at him. After escaping Immediate
danger he went tn a neighboring orchard, w here,
taking refuge In tho brnnchot of nn apple tree,
ho remained until discovered by some boys who
were In search of rreeu apples. Ho then catiui
down, and begging Ilium not In expose htm, hid
himself lu a clump uf bushes, where hu was stib
The average number of prisoners confined at
Slug Sing Is about l.:VK) males uud 30 females,
although tho number t uric almost dally, somo
being discharged and othsrs arriving.
As)ou enter the prison. Hie first thing; tl'tit
nttrtp ts your attention Is thu following notice,
printed In gold letters over the Inner doorway ;
Tin Way or TsNsonrotis is Harp.
S'one tut those eonufeted w 1th ihe prl-ou will he
all oed In pass hi re v, annul a permit front Hie ortlec.
la-tors nut allotted to corncise with nrliirutth srt
i h-a uf ony html to liu- euuticts. I Mt'-hnrc I eoiM.ta
li,,' nllovrtd lo t tall Ihe prison. laituts admit red d olv
Sundays rieeplrdl from IU A. M. PI I P. M Nn 'U' i
leut ur pro fn lie language tn he used ht snv peraou s hilt
eieriuihe pri sun e ut cuuv lets. Puatiivel; uu siuos,
lug a luHed.
At Sing Slug there nre about l.'sJO cell. Un, h
cell Is iibnitt eight feet long, four and n hnlf fei t
rtUle. and seven fuel high, Iu some of these
small rooms two convicts sleep. The bed con
sl(sof n straw mattress and two blanket, lu
the nude prison such luxuries us pillows are
unite unknown. In some of tho cells wo noticed
rough paintings, one of w hlch was n large em
blematic piece with tho word "Hope" Inter
woven. In unothcr was painted In large letter.
" I.lto and let live." One cannot avoid shudder
lugtthllo gazlngnt tho "dark cells" Utted tilth
doors of sheet Iron, wlthntit snygratlng. It Is
there that the imfoituiiito criminal must en
dure Ids punishment wlthntit light, nnd with
but little ulr. Iu the dark cell tho prisoner has
nn bed. The Hour Instead Is entered with shav
ings to the depth of jierhaps six Inches, while
the only food consists ot bread and water.
At six o'clock lu thu morning the bell rings for
Ihe prisoners to got up. At half past 8 titer pro
feed to the mesa rooni,!whcre breakfast It served.
Knell prisoner Is allowed a rpiart of oofTee, al
Hintigli those wliu profess tn bo wl'o nu the sub,
Ject nftlrin It tn be somelldngeten cheaper Ibnii
chlccory. The only sweetening glton Is iiiolss
ses. Sugar Is allowed to those who can affonl
to pity for It. At dinner the fare Is changed on
different dys. It generally consists of some
kind of meat nr soup with plain vegetables,
breakfast and dinner are eaten In the mors room,
while their supper Is taken to them In their
The lontlcls hate tho privilege of writing
once a month. Their loiters uro critically ex
umlucdhytho Warden bafoio being sent, as it
all the mall matter that comes for thecontlcls.
Uvcry Sunday morning at nine o'clock the
prlsoi'ors attend dltlmt sen leu lu tho chapel.
This It the only religious exercise during the
In innit of the contractors' shops tho com leu
huvo a regular tusk assigned tiiem for tho day.
Owing to this arrangement theie Is niilcli moie
energy dlsplajed by them In completing their
day's labor, lly working steadily some of them
manngo to finish their day's work by three
or four o'clock. They then hav e the remainder
of tho time until tho shop closes lu which to
read orrnnverse together. In the tone quar
ries they have no regular task assigned them,
but are required to du as much as they can bo
made to perform. Tho convicts toon leant how
to consume the time tnd do am little as possible.
Borne of the contractors mv tint with a prison
contract for Ave years person can make It very '
profltablo, but that for tho first two orthreo
years they loso money. At first nil tho work,
men nro green, and It Is Impossible fnr the con- j
tractor to mako any headway until tho convicts) J
have gained some knowledge of their ocouptv- t
tlun. When In the course of two or thrco ysant I
tho convicts havo boccmo well accustomed to
their work a fow new hands among so large
number of workmen nitko an taatartsl JlOor. I
encc. At this prison ono of tho largest con
tracts Is for Hie manufacturing nf harness. Tills) ,
Is carried en very cxtttislvety In all lbs bnuKhu. i
l!vrythlnc,eventu'thecastIngf,lRmtle hem. In j
passing through cms nf those shops annsmr. ths) i
prlcturcs wo noticed ono of "Orant Tcaclilnj
D.ito to Pace." 1
HI i ocs nro manufactured hern, as In almost H j!
prisons. There) Is aloan extensive furnhvur) ;
manufactory, as well as two fouiidcrlcn fonuaJt.
lug malleable Iron.
The hospital Is one of the nioif enrorftitfcprpmo
Imaginable. Lteryl ItitiK Is as whlto as snow,
eteii to the walls a' id oelllug. and tho sick ooa
vlelp hnVo everything dono for tlieut that crtl Ul
nuy way allay their sufferings.
Tho femalo prison Is ent'relv separated from j
the ntPln building, Mid Is situated rt short dls I
t ineo higher, facing the river. As ono enter i
tho bt.lldlngtho rioat contrast It Hfonls to the
mala prison Is very notlccnbla. Ahnnst all the 1
cells are carpeted. The beds nro furnished with M
shrott and pillows. It wm mousing lo soo the I
i.-teut number of fashion plates Hint adorned the I
v alls. I
ofjf i'ni:sitn:.TH' MAftaititx. '
The Pullslicil (ieiillenien Vho llntp tirneetl
Ihe i:ccullte Unnala i uud the I it polished
Person Who DIpgrnrt It.
CurrcapoB!ticof the Pan.
WAPiliNtno.N, Nov. L It may be a quco
Hon whether I httvi n right to air my I'ushlciu'ii
bud mnnnera heft, to the puhll:, I confess Ills J
very delicate iitulti r, iiutl onu for which I havo j
no pnrttcitlur taste. I ntn also admonished by
the fact that Settatnr Colikllng and others, (
known as "Oram's Own," hold that might said J
ruralnst the Kxeciillvtt Is high treason to tho B
pnrty. Novcr mind that. I must relate rt little 1
neeurrenco In which tho Incentive's maojioifl
were (to forcibly Illustrated a tu make n lasting
If lint very pleasant hnprcjulon on me.
I railed at the Kxtimllve Mansion lo pay lor
respect! to my President, as a duty to conrtesr, t
Just as I had culled In pay my respects to a uuov j
her of Presidents. I call Crsnt my President bo I
cause I assisted In building up tho party Hurt I
elected him tu the highest efllco In tho lift of a J
generous people, nnd which nuw covers hist I
weaknesses with Us forbearance. My relatione
with President l'lllmoro had lioon of the most
friendly kind. and I had enjoved maiiyu plenttani
hour lu ihe White House with him. Hu always '
had something ciitertnlnlug to nay te hit
guer'.s. nud be said It with such a lirtttlaf,
cheerlul smile, slid a conrtcsv uud djgni- ,
ty that made you feel that you wero In tho
prcSMiff of a trim gentleman. Ha nlwaya r
recolvivd his guests stsodlug, and ulwaya sent
them nwsy, feeling thai tuny hail at krat re
ceived n hearty welcome. President l'letvo, tj
was remurkuhlo for his cour'esyand dlrailtr QZ
mnnnets. When Pierce and Mdney We bets
were tho ruling spirits lu tho White llaatise, vtsltw
t,,rs were ulttu) sure of klud aiul gxiiUemavnli
Ireatmfiit. l'lerco rdways received Ids gaestia
whether on huslnisvt or otherwise, slamuiic, uut
was also lotiiarkolilc for h.s kindness nnd coiutCA)
to women. whether rleli orpoor. lltichannn wna I
Ml so even tenipercdatl'lercot tsuttvlien in the
sis-lrty of Indies he wat extromelv dlgntQed svad
courteous. Hu had been our representative at
two l.unqieau court, had a keen ssn-e uf tho
tuluo uf courtesy lu a ruler, aud no man knew
better than he what v.asduo to thepeopleontho
score nf manners. I.lncoln'a manner ul r, 'reiving
his guuslt. and discharging bis official dutloa
land you all know how numerous and exacting
hey were), was what nikht be enllud raw and
awkward. Hut tttiik'r tlio rudo stirfuco Uioro
v.-.is a touching tenderness of heart tthlcJt was
c iitlnuully troppllig out aud fascinating you.
Ills IsiiL'li, too. was so liesrtv, suit his lttttti
r ess) full otgenulno humor, ai to uiiLvoisssDs
tlrcly forget what Uteri) was of avvkvvurducssnr
iiidcuess lu his manner. I alwajs received tt
w.'irm weleoitie at the hand nf President Un- t
colli ami his) otiug Secretary, Juhn Hay.
Hveu An ly Johnson was courteous and divi
ded, uud received hn gnestswlth a hourly greet
ing and a i liecrful smltn. When in his calmer
moods .lohn- oii's mumiers were thosi uf a pol
Hicd gentleman. . ,
Hut what shall 1 snv nf my rrcldcul? As!
said before, I called tu puv my respects to him;
and I will let his milliners sMuk for tbcuttelvto.
(Jen. Dent, familiarly known in tho army an
Jeiry, received me wry politely 111 tho anU. ,
room, uud wus kind enough to carry my curd In
to Ihe llxccutlve. Do returned In a few mla
utes, saying, with it bow, that Hie Prisaldent
w ui'd see inc. "(iu along In," he concluded.
I went "along In." as directed, nud found tho
mnophere uf the large, miuare room rank with
tobacco smoke. 'I hero wero frii fifteen to
twenty persons, men and women. In the
room, all waiting nn audience. )ly Presi
dent was touted at the end of it Ion u table, fiuv
ing northward. There uiy President tat, with
o.uuiti, Imiieiturbable lace, smoking rt big
cigar, the smoke rising lu lantusttc curls over tilts
I end an J tl.lltii; tlie room. Of coumit ho wimo,
'privllcdgi d chartp tcr. " ami the only onu smok
ing in Hi" r""in HJ. re him stunii slender
i .d dell iilclv formed young girl, drested In
deep uioitrulug. Her soul was cvldenly filled
at tli trouble, for yai could retul toe story f
It In her sweet, pale face, nnd her blue, sympa
tlietlc eyes, which more than once tilled wltti
teats. Mie was nddrcs-lng thu I'retidetit In it
Iowa, soft voice; was telling him the slory of her
ulillctloii, uud asking a tutor- pcrhiipt ihnt ha
would aid her In truing an appointment. Aha
addressed my President lu this intuiniir for
some llflcen minutes, during all of which tlmo
he never relaxed puffing Ida clear, ludeed, tlio
smoke ascended directly In her face, and wan
i fcnslve, for she twice turned her hend aside
pud coughed, once violently. Still my President
wus Insensible to his own rudeness, nud ptn
-.icd his smokliie.
My President did not rccognle mo as t en
tered, nud I took ti scut on his left nnd near tlra
window, w here I had a good view of tho scene.
When the girl was through hor stoiy there w
u pause lor a few seconds, durlrg which my fell
ings had undergone considerable cliiingn at tho
sight of such unnecessary rudene. s. Then my
'resident relieved Ids month of the cigar, put. It
carefully on the tuble, took up a curd and wrest.)
s anethliig on It with it pencil, gave It to that
toting weeping girl, who took his hand, thanked
him, und with what seemed a glad heart has.
tent d nut of the room. All this time my Prosl.
dent never showed tho slightest emotion. HU
mind und his Icurt seemed lo ho lu his clear.
Two elegantly dre-sed ladles, one of them
leading a brighl-faccd child by tlie hand, now
approached in) President. Ilefr.g In Washing
ton on a visit, they had merely culled tu pay
Ihclr respects tu tho President, and wero
evidently well-bred people, M President
iu vor rose from Ids seat. How 1 did hopo
he would let Ids cigar rest on thu Uhlu
us tltey nppionched hlttl. Not a hit 'f
It. 'I hat clgnr wus his great Imllfl
pi nsnble. Ho ph Led it up, deposited the sshei
on ihe enrpet, nml resumed his smoking Just
us they begun nddresslng him. In siiort, the
smoko curled up Into their faces and was mani
fest!) offenslte to them, for they ri Hind In
haste ufter exehitnglng u very few words.
" Ma, ma." said Hie child, us they wero
pui-idiig down stalls before me, " was that man
sitting In tho chair smoking his ti.'ir I'rtsl
" Vo, my darling, Hint Is tho President,' re
plied tho mother.
" Why, ma." resinned tho child, " ho smoke,
light lu your face. What did he do that, for V '
"Until know, darling. It looks us If lie had
imported the loose habits and rude manners uf
the camp Into the Lxcutitlvo Mansion."
1 need not state here what my feelings were
at what 1 saw. I left without so much as bid
ding my President good morning, uud but
never seen him In the While llouac nlnce.
An Kx-Stakf Oiricuu
Washington, D. C, Sept. St, is"'.'.
f, om l.t Loiute'l .', .o.
The Kreneli Sncletj for the Piutection of
Animals Is divided on the question whether lies'
- liould bo matin to work nr not. The editor of a
li'iitnal published by this society considers Idle
in ss as injurious tn dugs us tu ineii, and,An,
contrast with what hu considers tho wretched
cM-tonce nf unemployed dogs, quotes tlio In
stance nf four honest workmen ho hud scon st
Iho marble ipiuriicsof IhigmVcs de lllgarrc, earn
ing their livelihood by turning an immense
wootlen wheel, which Is the motive power of
-me rimchlnery ued for sawing marble. The
'hirst of those good dog and true is Cesar le
ini, a brown bull-do , who carries nlf hlstwelte
vi irs, seven of wldcli have linen spent la lilt
i rcenl einplnv iiicnt, remarkably well. Hlsiuts
t'-r tiinght him hi. business by himself turning
Hie wheel on all fours, Negrol Unionist .is old
as his comrade, ami iioeses tho same cslliuav
I Ic qualities, Ho behings lotheres'iectahlflinr
porul on of shepherd dogs. Cesar lo Nolr ta In
Hie prime of lile, aud something of a ctiou', hut
n good workman, I'nraud, n shepherd's dog
unexceptional liuppv disposition, Is etlrwuel
Intelligent, but lias one fault he"iittlliidlulss. '
When spectators nre present he Is apt to turn Hp
wheel with breathless haste, only to let It rttt
when left tn himself. K.ich uf the coiutsJoS
winks four hours u day on two uie.ila of dog tHfr
rr.Asn t:.s mom tii i: o c va si.tn r. us.
The election In Tiverton for member of I'nfllaj
liirutietultrd In Ihe s'tccsat of the II gin IP u. WrUWaifl
N- Msasey, Ills I. Ihu at rso.tllala. 1 lie '!' ',"
alitrply cuaiKeteil, tial Mi. Masti) liad eioy mini t
The ltusslsn Onrtrnnietn das s'i 'd rd'M Uf
(ba recall uf ihv upedlllonslp f""a " " "
laHHMHHHHalVl - 111
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