H .9 rr-
IA tnuf tiirnlr, To-llar.
Atiilrmy f Mn-fo tr-10 t llCflitiMI,
AMrU mm iM-tlfHio R 1 1, Hi ii.i.'l -irtt: i J Ii '-Jitft-t
rr am t It Tkflre
tlowtrj 'IlifMrr-r-ni -n flfi ft,
Dun lrrt(' Mtn&lrrl' rtm-tli rd iimt,
Irj lirL lrr, .1 f.-l -1 r I f i.trwi. K K.
m rMi ('Mllfortilft JllnttrcU f .).
(if sad Upem House lu- uit'lti
OlyMpte '1 hrntrr- So' l ,
HU James's Ifcesdre-asi li s .-. Hurt'.:.
Dltalrc Cuatqae Ai t n.i, . J tl s. l.l,
Tny Paster Ope re. lloiise-Nlw Utrolsi.
I'hIab Hqtisrr 1 InsUre-Aim.
W -.Hack's -)imal on Ualawt.
tTl' ltrun t mImm Mulli...
II rrrns nl Tho Siin.
ri itiH htitiMhti sri on
tn ...... i.i .J "!!
tlinpnb'lHlKlM Jf II?
S lit nf.if Men. ft-lSfr.., t So IMI
fviiftii.r' ' I uo
filUitT AMMtM I, V'l '', IHiM.
Iii, . . i MM,.
II "I.,-. Il
ft tiss V nii, bah lite If' I'1 t f n, T.Kti,
St.rlll NlTI'Si. .11.1 .VL.ti.f-, .id Pr.t -,..l' , . OUcu,
...li. Mints. itk " Ai-.. ' i i ' Jl tfMf
l.r. ft SO
F),-l. Mttna, wit " am .lUr II, III Sf Sd
,., ti it. J il)
Aiisiis-tkr I W mil, I ' fu ti l nib
A . Ai ,..H .hug."!)., , n ir" I VrtU Ifi:,.
Aiftwt'tl' ,tl W l.ti I, l l I 1 -Il.ili
tl .Ml rvtif, S.fIM,i r IS!". .U,r-l. Til,
tl i SW, t In "i-fl n li. Wai? s.1m.l lt.ly iia
'Ilia .''. ' 0 II i 'i. .lrU',l.
For the accommodation of up tottn residents, ajrrr
ttiioiiDlt lor Tiik &v.i mil tu receded at our regular
rates tt the up.oo ndvertUcnii nt cftlccs iV( Writ
Ttdrly-KCona UrC'l, Jnrn Hon of Ilfnmlnnr mil Filth
Knur, nml 3IIS Writ Tnrntjr thlrilrtrrct. oppmlte
tinnit Optra limine, ami on tli rait tl'lc ai . 1 1 i.rnn l
tr.Tt bMr Pattllroailoar, fronts A. t. to SiLIO P.M.
IIkucs tit llic Xott I'tiur YciUh' ('nm
I .Vo crntmlluillnn. A'o r.icnWoii of the
junctions of the 1cra Government.
II. Vomjrem and the I'reUtcnt to be Io
j rltfc of tilt ccitlrc iiiiuii(fiiii':t(
imicrrx timunuil it nit nil ami ino Ihcutir,
nml to lie hrtniylit Imrl; wl'hln if ttmitio)
III. The State to control their nun if
fain, eiml ewelally tlu lreleettoiif.
IV. Uefurmoj theilrll tirrke.
I. Hatomtlon of )C(lc nnymcntr.
V'l. Ilnxnvc r funii internal tairito
fit almlhheil ; thitaiijj tube put on a reve
VII. On'n i. nc term for the 1'ietliUnt.
VI II. .Vo nrc-ton of Grant In t76.
I A Pnrnllrl.
Tlio n.ptiTilltan pnrty fouslit Its first
nntloniil bnttli' npilnt ulnvi-ry i-xti'iiMtm
In 1KKJ with John C. Tkemont as It i-ntnll-tlftt
mid wn lii'.-itt ii.
Tlip unity or tliivory oxteualon took
I liiuit comfort fiotn tJt'ir miclum In flint
iito?t, and rt'Jolceil us ovor Uiu iluul ill v.
romfltuic tind ilt"tniotlon of tlio HcpuliU
ciuis; Imt tli latter wcro trno to their
prltioiijli?, nml In lH"fl el'ited I.iniols.
And ttii'ii Muvcry I'-xk'iirlon mid iluvviy
Huclf wore wipeil nwtiy fon-vtr.
Tho LI1kt.i1 Jk'inovrucy tmve now in
1PT2 fousht tbi-lr tlrt t'niit lmttU- ncnliist
(x'ntnilliitioii, II ii' itfloilloii of tlio rrc.-l-ili'iit,
dud oxtcutlvf nnd lt'sNlntlvc oornip
tUui. They ufo UcuUii, ni.d irriat In tlio
rejoiolnjj in tliu lio-n of thuir (ow; nml the
latter are uot llki'ly to repi nt nml icform
Uii'iiiM'lvui by leaMin of their victory.
In l:;7i;ilii) Literal Ueuioirary will imve
to conteiiil n'uliifi the JlIlo enemy and the
sauio evlU mid ulmseii, ngsr.ivated anil en
venoininl liy long Impunity and u leau of
power fancied perpetual. Patriotism nnd
every innml eonriileUlUon w II inspire new
zeul for lluf lit w mid more diuigerou. und
noce.-fiuy contest; mid tin) examples of
hlrtory pive iiiHii-.inee that in muIi ctru?
lea llilellly to iirinelplu and duty l cer
t..iu to tuixecil at hut.
Tim Ruiuoiik Why.
H, The ili ilflvo tetiron why L. S. (Iiiant U
ri i lei led lie" liliunlv iipnu the tiiirdlec of
Uiiiig", mid lia been repuitenly stated in
our columiii. It Ik tho mitiisonirin of that
part of tin' Ui'inoenii'y fainlllaily known
Hl hk Coppi rln mli to the Cliniuiiati platform
und to IIoii.mc fInrELi:y a it eaudidate.
H' Hud thin cltif of Uemoci-atd been willing
to tipport Oiirt lkv he would havo been
elci tul by the mMo of ani:iny Htateaaud
by a larger popular uiiijoiity thmiCiusT
Hi hiu now leeelred. Hut mo-t of tliem ub-
ptniued Irom voting nltoretlier, wlille their
Hji c.xiiniplu cneoiiniiied many of tho Iiiimt
nort to cell their mfTrnirea for money, and
Ht to vote for (Iiiam Minply heeauso they
Hl wcru paid for it.
Hj It I pos'llilo tliut il tint Clneiiiuati t'oii-
ventlim had iioui mited ?o'iio other en rid i
H' dulo than Dr. (iiini.i.uv they inniht have
pot mc.ro Dtinoeriits to rote for him, but
Hf they Hinitil liuve lont veiv many llepubll-
cnilP. ClUUl.CH TllANtlS Adamb, it It ?up
H poied by tome, would have 1ihii u HtroiiKer
rnndldate, and no dnnht lie would Iniverc
Hf ceived a eerlulu iiinouiit of Mippoi t among
thoridiin t it eltles, nml nmoii profes
H. iloual men, wlilili Iki.h lieen lefiued to
nncrLEv; buto art1 eertaiu tliat in Hie
BJ Uiial cauvnaj lie would havu fared much
ttonm than (Jni'.iM.ny Iiiih done. Juduc
Hf Davih also would have rallied nrotiud liiin
H' n great iniinlier of thu DemocintA who
K havo now kept back. Ills decision In tlio
Miu.ioan ease laid reinlercd him more a
HM; favorite nuiniiK tho Copperheads than any
HV' utiier Republican; uliileto the marnn of
Hj i tho Democrney he would Imru been much
HJ easier to lake tlian (Jiieci.isv, lieeaiis'it hu
HJ! had never been known at a politician, and
HJ hud never been il Helen mid Ulerelletia as-
HJ :diiuit of their party and Its doctrine. In
HJ fact, of nil tliu candidate!) wIiomi frieiulB
HJ competed for tliu iionilnatlnu at (Ineln-
HJl uati, JiuIrh Dai is U the only ono of wtioui
HJ It could he Raid with any eonlldcnee that
HJ he inifilit have proviil stronger with tlie
HJc peii)ile than tlie mini "elected, Hut lie wax
HJ.', no lavorite in that Convention, and rectus
HJ,', nover to liavehnd any real proppect of oli-
HJ tuinlnjr it iiomluation ; o Unit wo uiie-t,
HJ', on tlie whole, iidiult that IIoiiACC(iiinri.i:v
HJ,! wiw tho bent eiiutiidato that could have
HJ been choen at Cincinnati to lead tlie new
HJ; departure, jut n John C. I'iicmunv wax
HJ' the beet for the lift Hej ublienil crusade
HE or iKvi.
HJ! Wlille personal untaemiUin, resentment.
HJ nnd uHfrleuitlluii'H tnwanl Dr. (liiKr.i.r.v
HJ had much to do with tho action of tlio
Hrj I'nppcrhi'Uiln, thlH wan not tint mont power-
Hj fill cuii'ii operntlns ujion their mliidi.
HJ , Wlint controlled them was ti moro renpti-t-
HJ niile nnd more Importailt motive. Tlio
HJ tluclnuntl-italtlnioro platform wan tho
! nejratlon of oinu of tlielr most ctier
J lclied political Idea. It not only admitted
j iway what they bad niont zealously con
j tended tor, liut it einphatleally and plainly
, et up tho contrary. H admitted nud liy
HJ ; implication declared that tho war was
, right, that tlio abolition ot Mavery wiw
HJ I f'ht, tluit tVt l'i-rontniocUiu niRnaure
H 'w,,Te rlttht, r)Ui nritachlment o(
tho nrproes wn rlRht, nnd thnt tho lnlor
fereiieo of tlie Federal (lovernment in tho
affairs of the Mutes had been rlfiht.
Tliis was too much for tliem; tiny
could not -.wallow It. Tho Mibju
pited Confederates mijtlit do It, hut
not then- uiieomillered tebelsof Hie North.
I'or them tlio war wns not yet foiiRht out
to etich it deRieo that tlieywero icady to
turrender their ehct lhcd opinion". Ulhors
mlcht lie prepaied for reconciliation, but
lh"V were nol j and the fervent, noble, and
tiUVcttiiK appeal.or(liiEEi,t;v in that bcliaif
met with no reponc front tliem; and Hits
It was Hint decided Iheeltelioii,
Justice to the honest ma's of the Hepnb.
lieans requires it to bo Mild Hint u very
hirRo proportion of them havo not taken
(JttANT willingly. They know his charac
ter; they undernlnud his grievous political
vices; tlioy appreciate tlio tremendous
evils which lie has fastened upon the Ad-mlul.-tmtloii;
they would fain bo rid of
them and of him; but they havo not been
wIllhiK to turn out tho party of their niTcc
tlous, and ubo e all, they would not briiiK
Detnoenits into power, i.iko tlio Copper
heads, theso men conscientious nud
thoughtful men have not beer nblu toseo
that tlie war was really over nml Hint tlio
tlinu for peace had come; olhenvho there
would havo been io vast it s,eeo.slon Irom
HieOitANT parly Hint little of II except tho
onieelioldei-s would have remained.
Bueh aro tlie forces of pawim, of preju
dice, and of sincere cimvletiou, Hint have
produced tills remarkable fact or tlie re
election or CitAi.-r in IK ;, and Imve opened
the way for his n'cond reelection in W,ti.
Prco T tn ilc A Point oriliitory.
II is uverreil In the IPoiM that "flee
trade has been for moro than forty years a
cardinal tenet of the Democratic creed."
As tills assertion l contmry to the pre
vailing opinion upon the subject, we have
looked back into the national platforms of
the Denioeintle party to ueei tain iilnit is
Tlie llrt Democratic Cum eiitinn that
adopted a plalfoiin was Hint or 1MD. and Us
only rcMilve beiiring iimiii the fiee-liade
iiue-tlon wns the following1:
" t:e.otrtit. Tlmt Jiultrr anil touml pnliry forlilit l
1'rilrral llorrninrnt lo toirr i n tranrh nf irt,.et y
to tin driritntut et auollirr, or lu rl.t rlli tlie lutrriru
ot nnr rorUoii lo llir Injury of anitvr portion of nnr
romnion roiuiirr-thiii rsrry cltlrn ami errry irciion
o( tlir louiilty liah tlie rulit t'liicuuiiiJ auil Inalal u,Kin
uue(;tu!U u( rlRlit .mil jrlvtlrcia."
Tills re.-olvo was renfllrmed by tho Con
ventions of 181P, IMS', Ifttl, nnd lHiO. This
wns all that they said about tlio tariff, ex
cept that the Convention of 1PI", iu a mis
cellaneous, omnlbus-lnad resolution, reck
oned auioiig the fruits of tlie election of
Polk und Dallas "thu noble impulse
fil en to tlie eaiire ot fice trade by the re
peal of the tariff of IMS' and the creation or
the more equal, honest, and productive
tat iff or ISti;."
Hut In 1SCI thoDcmnciutlcXatlonnlCon
veiitiou at Cliliaj.'') :i'nl nothing nt nil on
the sulijeit; and Hie Convention or ISC' In
New York rpecitii d iiinoug tliu measures
which it advoitited "a tariff for revenue
upon foreign imports and such equal taxa
tion under the internal levetiuo laws ns
lll afford Invhlental yrotidton todomr
ffe wnnufacinrer, and nn will, without im
pairing tlie rcieuiic, Imposo tho leant bur
den upon and best promote nnd encour
age thu gicat iudustrt.il interests of tho
Tliesenronll the oflleial dcclanitioiu uf
tho Duiuocnitlc party Muco it began to
hold Ji'ittloiinl Convent ions, and after a
arcfitl study of them wcure nimble to sen
tliem In tin- nunc light as tlie World. Thu
cut d'uul ti nets on uliU li the liinuoer.ttiii
pull has tought tti. great cauipalgns linvo
been -.t forth fiotn tunc to time with great
explleltnev, so that no mnn need 1m mlo
takeu respei Uug tliem, nud so that no ono
ot tliem can lie understood in two ways,
lint these iiltcram i .- iiiou tlie titriITnic,iu
our Jiiilgineiit, not ot that character. Tnku
Hie oilgiuul rifolutlon of IMS, repeated by
every rub'etpicnt Convention for twinty
yiui, Hint "juMlce and sound policy fur
bid Hit) 1'edenil (ioveruineiit to footer
one liniuch of industry to the dctr!
mi nt of nnotlier, or to cherish tho interest
of one pol l Ion to tho injury of another
portion of our common country." Tlieie
is no doubt that this could be tnken by
free traders n in favor of freutinde; but
oil tlie other hand, protei tlonUts could
nlo iiiiiiutiiiu that it wn not against pro
tection; und Mich no doubt wn tlie pur-po-e
of tlmee who draiiglittxl it. It win
not a wpi.iro anirmutiou of n distinct and
ell-undeistood piiuciplc, but nil ev;iivc
foimiila intended tn pain tilth holli parties
to tills gjeat controversy without alien
ating either of them.
When from this old resolution of l0 It
iu1 ic iiic down to that of 1"(, v. e Hud that
it in utill more uiuautlid and diibioiis.
Wlnlt It nii'iitlons a tniKT for n eiiue upon
foieign Import-, It carefully avoids saying
Hint tills tariff should be for revenue alone;
and m lule sjm alvlng of taxation under the
iuterual ruwiiiic laws, it specifically cm
ploys that fiivoilto phrase of Hie pruttiv
tionlslH, " incidental protectioii to domeatic
mantifiietiircs;" so that they may fiilrlj
claim tliat in lf5 tlie Diiiiocuicy was ou
II seeiii." clear, then, Unit Hie Democratic
party has never frankly and fully, iu a
MiilcMiinnllke and philosophical man
ner, aflliiiud nnd muiutaiued tliu doo
trinu of frco tmde, nnd hns never
iu tlie whole of its career plainly nnd
unequivocally preeiited that Issue to tliu
puoplu for decision in nuy election.
It is true, however, Hint there have
Itcen nirniy free traders iu tlio Dumn
cnitlo party, nml tliat our only
tariff within tlio last forty years,
framed designedly with rererencu to the
theory ot rreo trade wo mean tlio tarifl'of
IMC was the work of a Democratic Secio
tary of the Ticiisiuy, and win passcil in
Conglcf-s liy the casting vote nf a Deiiio
emtio Vice-President. Hut on thu other
hand, tlieiu wero ulvvuys fico trnduis in
tlio old Whig party; und tlio Itepuli
lldin piiitv fiom its foiiudation lias
contained u great uumlicr of tliuin.
IndiH'd, we siippoo that tlio ablest, most
eurnent, and beat-informed advocates of
free Undo linvo been Republicans. Most
of tho Journals which of Into years have
made n specialty of free trade linvo nlso
been Republican. Tho Chicago Tribune, tlie
Cincinnati Comwocidl, und Hie j,'rUM(
Past, nro completions examples of tills chits
of newspapers; and it would bu dilliciilt to
match them with nny equal number of
Demoenitlo orgnns of similar nblllty that
havo followed tho snmo lino of nrgnment,
Inilcixl, tin' only Demoenitlo Journal that
wb remember which hns advocated freo
trado with etmnl power and continuous
pertinacity Is tliu World itself.
Very possibly tho Now Democrney,
whoso foundations worn laid nt Cincinnati
and at llultlmoro, may add frco trade to ita
crenel in rntoring iixn tlio etinvass ot 1878 ;,
but If it does so, wo lire confident that tho
'rfeclnrnjfloh itIH bfl plain, unequivocal, nnd
tlinroughgbliig, and very unlike nil Hint
hns hitherto been said Upon tho subject in
tin platform or Hie Democratic parly.
X Promising Vtrlenn Itcpubtic.
The rich hut undeveloped reourOcs of
tho African republic of Tmtfsvnnl nro nt
Iniiiliig tlio attention of tlio adventurous
throngs who have rushed to the diamond
fields of Hoiilli Africa, and ns Hut diamond
diggings appear to be nearly worked out,
It would not bo str.iugo If the next year
should show n large emigration of'theso
fortune seekers to Hie inviting coililtty
which lies Jut to Hie lioilli of their
present Held of industry.
Transvaal is pronounced Hie garden or
Africa by thoo who linvo visited It.
Already It is scndliis Inrgo quantities of
agricultural products down to tlio Drltlsh
colonists in tlio Oriingo Frco Stnto and
Cape Colony. Its soil is exceedingly rich.
There Is scarcely a variety of fruit, from
the orange to tho I'ngll'li while currant,
which docs not grow in abundance In tho
gardens ami orchards of Tnimvaal. Tlio
grapevines produce as luxuriantly ns in
tlio south of France, while apples glow as
nliimihiutly ns In the most prolific orchard
grounds of I'ligliind. The coffee true mid
sugar cane grow side by side with cereals,
and the facilities for raising live stock are
superior to those of thu Free ftnto or Capo
Hut what will chlelly Influence the emi
gration of diamond diggers to Transvaal
Is thu discovery or gold Iu that country, In
regard to which there i.t now no doubt.
About u j ear ago we published an account
or tho first wcll-nutlientlcatcd Instance of
gold being found in tho interior of Hcuth
Afilcn. That discovery lias been supple
mented by others, all within the borders
of Tninsvnal, nnd It Is now definitely ns
ecrtiiincd Unit gold fields of considerable
extent nnd varying richness exist In dif
ferent parts of the country. In relation
to some of tliese, rather contl'. uiig reports
of tlie ield havo gniueil clleulaliou. HUH
tho undoubted evidence Hint gold rcnlly
exists there is so strong th.it numbers of
diggers liavenlinndoned thediamoud fields
of Dutoltspan und Xevv Hush In the hope
or betteiiug tlielr fortunes in tho new
Upliir. One of Hie latest repot ts Is that u
very rich gold ilcld lias been found within
sixty miles of Pretoria, nud Hint copper
ore nnd coal deposits have been discovered
In the snmo region so near en eh oilier that
the ore can bo smelted on the spot w here
it Is dug, nml tho metal shipped in n puru
statu from tho mines.
There can be no doubt that Trnnsviuil Is
i Icli in mineral deposits of various kinds.
Copper mines which havo been worked
by unlives informer times aru found nit
over the republic, nnd discoveries linvo
been made of leatl, iron, tin, silver, und
t obnlt. Tlie republic Inn recently elected
u new President in Mr. Huuoliis, who is
described n a learned and able mini who
is religiously devoting himself to tlie ele
vation of his people nud tliu Improvement
of Ids country. A nillrond I shortly to tic
constructed to the Portuguese port of De
lagoa Hay. which will afford an outlet for
the productions of the country, tlie Poi tn-gne-p
authorities uniting with the Trans
vaal (lovcrumeut In tho execution of this
enterprise. With gold Melds to attract emi
gration, f-itile lands to induce permnnrnt
t tileiin iil, nud n liberal and progressive
tiov eminent to maintain order nud protei t
the right of nil, the republic of Tranvnal,
although liitlHito nlmo-t unknown, may
liavc a biilluiut future bcfuiv it.
Cvcnt llritalii Is supposed tn enjoy en
tire lllieriy nf 1 he pre", but novvpnNr ml-ll-hrrs,
In nnlttr that tlirlr Itwtics niity lie tnuis
nilttrd tlirotiuli tlix malls, nre olillunl tn en
tlirmuli tlio term of ulituiniiiL' hii itiitliorlzntlon
from the l'oitoirkc Uipartmint. This In been
t'niMlilerril a mere foniullty, but under tlio
prr.cnt ailmliitslrntlnn of the llntlUli PoHOrtlio
Deliartnit'iit tlierc have In v n sennit attrmiits
in. ulf to coiiatruu till, putrrr of aiitlioririttlouaa
n censorship. Mr. Hit UJl.rlli' Jonrnal, tlia
.Vutloricl I'rjornur, vrua rcluscil ii'clHmtlon for
i-t.il lr.iliMhi-lnn, but the not rallrti out such
an oiltliliritor popular IntHminllnn Hint the Post
Offlfo uuthoritlui liustcncil to revcrso their (!
rlsluii, nt thu snmo tlmu laylnz ull the blnmo
upon the shnulilrrs of some iinfiirtunte sub.
urtilimto. The most rnrloiu lnstaiiro of tliU In
terferuiirr of tlio Poatoalrc itiithnritli'S ulththe
affairs of newspapers that luu orcurreil toik
plain In rvUtlnii to tint 7Ir(.(o( Mtuurv. The
proprietors of this slieet, expcrlrnelini a ion;
diia) In iiroi arliiL' tlio usual nliliunl niithori7i.
Hon, sunt a Inter of linitilry to utiertnln the
reason, anil received for reply from some hrll
II. mt Kealiis connected with fiovrrtiiiiciit the
astnnUhlii Information that tho law requires
that a netvspnper shall consist wholly or In pent
part of nuns, which was ronstriietl to mean Hint
inuru than half the contemn must corml.t of
news. This rc'iulrcuioat tho Mil cum had fnlK'd
to meet. The piihllcalloa would, liuw ever, be
placed on thu register, but the proprietors were
reiiiestei to uiiiUo urranKeineiits for piilillhliie
inoru iinwfl mid Irs uilvcrtlseinrnta la futuro.
The ollli lal who sent that letter evlili ally pos
sescd nn ovcrwiitimlnf sume of theresponrl
lillltles nf bis position.
it appears by n cable telegram Irom St
l'l'terslnirt; tliat Uio ltiisslaa liuveriuiii'iil I wis
itli.andoiit'd Ita eipt'illtlun iumIiiU Khiva.
Wlietlier tills step Inn been taken In ciuiiv
ijnerire of inUuciices hroutiit to lieitr from ether
Western potvers, or for other reasons, Is nut
stated. When thu Khun of Khiva learned ot the
preparations uiailo aiiulnst hlui lie sent an envoy
to l.onl Noiuiiiuioou, the (lovvnior-Geiierul of
India, to Kollclt Ills Intervention, and la return
received the Judicious slink-cation that hn hnd
better atone nt ones for the Insults nnd Injuries
complained of by itussta, nnd so make peace, It
Is possible that the Kali it has nrnnted by tills
Rood advlrn, and thus saved Ills dominium from
IliissUa invasion, for the preont at least.
III Austria there is n law which empow
ers the (iovcrninent to tnku possession of mi)
railroad und mnnaire it at the expense of the
on tiers If the line Is not kept In rood order for
tralllc, orlf theru is nny other mismanagement
affecting tho Interests of the public. In virtue
of this law tie Austrian Minister of Commerce
has recently seized tho Lviulicrg.Czeruotvltr.
hallway, tho rompany after repealed wnniliiLH
from the (loveriiiuent lulling failed to remedy
the lumiermnt defects nnd evils In the constrno
tlua und iiiauact merit of tlio rum! whnh had
been pointed out to It. The lino was In such
bud rrpnlr that It wits found necessary la tho
Interest of public safely to ccuso running Ci
pro trains ou It, whllo Its condition In othor
rospects failed to fulfil tho requirements, of
safety or reaulurlty. Thu Ooveininunt, being
cuinlnoed that no liiiproveuirut Iu thUatato of
tlilntta was to lio itxpeetoil from the udinlnlitra
tlnuof Uio railroad coiiipiuiy, took tlio mana.
nient Into Its own hands, and proposes to run It
hereafter with a duo regard to Uio safety and
convenience of tho public.
The l.nsl nf llie Horse Miibuly.
A Hon reporter visited the stubleu of tho vari
ous rsr and !" eompsnli s yitstrrdsy. Tito horses are
rspld improving, and on nearly every road lite full
complement of cars la again runuliiK regularly. Tlie In.
runvvntrDie anil auiio)snrrs conieauent to llie ecus
lion ot travel arr lliliisi ut Hie psst, Thesirrimsiif
trade hare rrsuinril thrlr srorlsd rliaunrls. la llrook.
lyn many nl the cars are sllll runoloiioa short trips at
In Kingston, N. V Oie street ran vrre stoppeil its
Irrdsy, sna It Isiutuorcil (list, owing to the lions ill,
trniurr, navigation uiuil Dt suspended on the nrlsware
and lluosoa Canal.
LAWKliNCE AND O'fiRlM.
COSVMMATIOXS Willi TJIV TITO
lWFXATr.l CA NlUDATJiS.
How nir. Ahrnhnm It. I.aivrreiirii Aeeoilni
fer ,1Ir. llavetiieyer's .Vlnlorltv-Tliu New
'I ill or uot llie ( hnlee orihe 1'cople.
Last evening u firs reporter called on
Mr. Abraham It. Lawrence, at Ills residence,
laut Thirty-first street. Mr. lafwrctire was en
Jojlug Hint social leljuro of which his late clior
cetlc canvass of tho city lias forsomo time de
prived hint. Ho looked well. Ills clinks vrcro
ruddy nml his o)o wns clenrnint spnrldlng. Ho
received the reporter r.lth tltat cenlul courtesy
which nlwnys cliararlcrlcs him, nnd gnlned for
him such raidil und genuine popularity during
tho recent rnmpalmi. Tho follow lint conversa
tion took place during tlie Bfif reporter's Inter
vlow vlth Mr. Laurelled:
Iteportcr Vou have nAcettalnetl, I presume,
how tho Mayoralty returns stand ?
Mr. Lnvvrenco Yos; I suppose there Is no
doubt that Mr. Ilavcmeyer has polled the I jrucst
number of votes.
Iteportcr Yea, lie Is about .1.000 alidad.
Mr. Lawrence Despite that tact, 1 believe that
I am tho choice or the peorleor New York for
Major. I don't think that any man that over
run ns rnnilldato for Mayor had manifested to
ward him nlarecr amount of tmptilnr sympathy,
or was mora cordially approved by tho masse?,
than I vva.
Iteportcr I can vouch, In part, tor the truth
of that remark. Hut how do you account fur
Mr. Ilitvemeyer's polling so law n Vote?
Mr. I.ntvrenca-f bollavo that It nroso, from fi
false bupropion In tlio minds of thousands of
Ihe must reputable citizens. They assumed that
Oilrlrn was the striuiKcst ranrlldate tn the field,
and Hint the only way to bnat him was by plllmt
up votes on Mr. Ilavciuryer. Hundreds of my
personal friends were misled by this fnlc Irn
jiresIon. I bellere. nnd others cannble of Jmlit
In? ncree with me, that 1 lost not less than 1U.UA)
votes from this cause.
Iteportcr I'hcio was n very prevalent tdeathat
O'llrlen would rim far ahead of vou.
Mr. t,ntvrence Yes; my best frlrmU did not
know liotv strop j a hold I hud uimjii thu masses
of the people. If mil publish anv of this con
versation, say how irrntrfiil I am to the people
for their reception of meilurlng the canvass and
for the way In which they stood by mo on tho
dm of election. Tho press, also, hat my warm
est thanks tor tho support it has given me right
The Hon. Jnnirn O'llrlen' Rxptsnntlon at
his Defeat No Inspeclora-.lll the Ilepnrt
nirnts A tnlnst Hint.
A Srv reporter cnllisl yestcnlny nftcr
miononthe ll.m. James O'llrlen. Ilcfoundthe
ex-eandldate nt the Jackson Club, Ixlngton
avenue and Thirtieth stieet. Mr. O'llrlen was
seated In tho Mlll-rd room, surrounded by many
of his political nssoclatts, looking atagamo or
billiards. Ho bowed pleasantly when ho saw
the reporter entor, and readily showed hint Into
the luxuriantly furnished front parlor.
Iteporter I -co you do not take your defeat to
Mr. O'llrlen (smlllnc very coed nalurKllyl
No, 1 abide by the result. Tin peoplo did not
elect me so I supp. se they had no confidence
In mo, und they eleitod Ilavcmeyer because.!
presume, they had confllenee Iu him. I only
did my duty. That I all. If the people had had
ennfldenre In uio they would have elected mc.
Iteporter- Do you think It was a fair election?
Mr. O'llrlen No ; I did not Iinve a fair chance.
Tho Inspectors of LTcctlon wero nil aoilnst me.
Now , In some districts where 1 had cltfht or nine
men norkltut I only uot one or two votes, Tuke,
for Instance, the Tenth District. There 1 had
In sew nd places rlflit or iilno men working and
I uot onlv ono or tso vnlus It) some of these
places. Of course, them was somethluir wrong.
Aiiyli.dy win s naiuo had never been heard In
llie city would have received own votes than
that. If ion ha 1 run there and the people had
never lienril yiuir name before you would have
received more votes than Hint. There must be
someihlni; wronir. (With euiphai.s.' Thcru
nut, be somethlnir wrung.
I(e...rti r How did you vote 7
Mr l'llilen-I voted llie straight Democratic
lb kct all through w ith the exception of tiu eley.
I voted f irdr.uit for President Of iniir.i'. It U
a hitter pill to nwillntv; but a mnn ha n rlk'ht
to take his choice between two Ib publlcauv.
TUG etLSATOIl CHSATr.II.
Itrportrr Hnd the rumor that Mr. Have
mover was but n dummy for you nnd that vou
were the real candidate of the (riant Itopuuli
rllh. a'lt 4iiill.datiill 't
Mr Ullrich .None whatever 1 t.., them
tint I sh'iiild nerer exiti-et anjlh iiL' nf Ihein,
ami refused t i inak' unv "f lie. l."1 v o'' 'li 'i
nero iropi.M'.l I., inc. There timer was an ar-
rnii"i'ineiit that Ilaveniejecto'ilil wltlclrnw In
my favor liurlil before the election. There was a
li.ircu u made nn la-'t suiuiner, but tlie papers
in id" up Unit bargain.
Iteporter Have tho (1 rant Kepubllesn treit
ed you fairly t
Mr (t'llricii (bltterlyl -No, they have net. I
could have pi t the Joint Democratic nomiiiut'nn
all nJ. 'lie It I hadbut consented to dolt ; Imt f
would not l. bullied and browbeaten Into anv
t' ! I have been eboatod out of It. Of course,
all the candidates who Bre defeated think they
have been cheated, and I think I have been
cheated. Slid. I am inakliu; no complaints.
abide by the result. 1 am a young man and can
wall I ran wait.
Itepnrter Hn vou think you received many
Mr o'llrlen I did not receive two hundred
llepulillcan totes In the i ity and county of New
York, ntul t don't know that I re. elved a hun
dred Republican rotes In the city and i mint) uf
Iteportcr-DId the (lermana vote for you V
HOW THE 1ILIIM INS TIIKVTtU II1U.
Mr O'llrlen No, the tlerma'is went as a unit
f. r llnvemeyer No, the (lenuans did n t net
faint t.'Hitrd me In this eluctb II, for I sustained
all thrlr ciuidldnles und irsto them all they
wanted. Why, 0U.U.HI people hate come to me In
Hie but three months ami offered voluntarily to
elect me Mayor-voluntarily, mind you. This
onlv -h.ms how people will chance tlielr minds.
Still, 1 am a voting man and I can wait.
Iteporter-How old are you?
.Mr, trillion Thirty-three. This oujht to bo
n black eye fur'ull the yoiim; men of the rlty. for
I have always stood up for tho younir men nud
worked for them. This Is a creat country-a
trout country for youiurmeu nnd I always li.ivo
stood up for Uiem. os. idw.ils. If 1 had licilt
elected Mavur I should baveiiied hard tolni
prnte (heir c.inditloii as well us the cnndltlnn nf
llie w'iirkliik.'iuru anil of the meelumli s. 1 havu
always been heart and soul with the work Hit
men. A fair day's work and a fair day's pay lias
.ilwavs been my motto. This ought to he a black
eye for (lie workiuBinen and tic yuunj men of
Iteporter- There was a story that you had
been prnnilsed $4n.'Vl by the firnnt party, ami
that tliey finally offered you hut tai.nm, whloli
y on refused to tako. Was there any trutli Iu
Mr. o'llrlen No.slr, I have never received a
cent from any Republican source w hatever, and
never intend to ns luim as I live. My friends
r.u-eil einitigh money to carry on this canvass;
tln v spent more than there was any need lor. I
presume they spent from "ii,ii tn tuim, and
h good deal of this was tluowu anur. 1 was tou
busy to superintend matters myself, nud I really
think that many just put the money In tlielr
pocket and never-never nveroven voted fur
me. Yea, tills la a great country.
Ilenorter Some say that you spent a fortunu
In this campaign, Senator?
Mr. O'llrlen- 1 did not havo any money to
spend. All they could do to me was to run me
t,UU or f 10,000 Into debt-that's all, I should
havo spent a Rood deal of money If I had hnd It,
1 am now no better off than when I flist went
Into the Sheriff's office.
iteporter- I'hat was a pat In? office, was It not ?
Mr. O'llrlen Yes, but still 1 never could save
any money In It, I suppose they have run inn
fS.iai or SIO.IKKI Into debt, but that's nil. 1 had
no money to spend,
now TIIK IIIIHIIMKN THE ITCH HIM.
Iteporter Do you think you received the
tti'tid lush vote
Mr O'llrlen-No. How many votes did I get?
.H.KH that was about It, wasn't It? Oh, the
Irish vote Is WMnKi nt least. A meat many would
not vote for mo because they thought I wns
airalnst Kcrnnri. Tho pnpeis abused mo very
in i.'li. They mndu all sorts of Ktuteinents. that
I wua against Kernau, tliat I had made a bargain
with the Itepublleans, Ac, anil thero was never
n shadow of titith In nny of these charges.
These papers neither helped themselves by
utilising me. nor did I Hey help me.
Iteporter- Some will e.iytliul you nro political
Iv t end 1 it.
Mr. O'llrlen - Well, they have said that a good
many times, but I have ulwitvs, somehow or
other, managed to rlso again, 1 stood the praise
of tamo ol the papers and 1 could stnnd their
abuse, I expect to llvu through It all, and to
coino out all right jet,
Heportor You thluli you have lost only two
Mr. O'llrlen- That's all. Perhaps after two
yeais, when peoplo will havt had enough of
lluveniojor, they will think. "Well, we'll havo
now O'llrlen." I havo now as many friends na
I ever had. As for Havomeycr, he means well,
hut he is twenty years too old. Ilo'll bo sleep
ing half of hU time, ami when ho awakra he'll
Und that they have stolen moro money man evor
the Itlng stole,
Iteporter Do you think the Ttmsa treated you
Mr, O'llrlen jbltlerly)-No, tho Tima did not
treat me fairly; 1 inado for them one of the
most splendid newspaper properties In New
York rlty, and the least they ought tu havo done
wan to let the people know who would glvo
them reform, ana whether they oould over get
itentilno reform without mo. It was 1 who
brought about reform, for lia4 It not been for
those figures, the I tin would yet tie In power,
Mb o.ucle wanted i man with sufllulsut bold
ness to come forward: a man that wtuM4b
bold enotigli to attack tlie King, and I did It.
NOT A PAlIt Kl.ttCTIOM.
Heportor- Coiibl you linvo boon elected If wo
liadlhad a, fair election?
Mr.O'fJrlen If 1 had had n fair represents
Hon nmoiig tho Inspectors of Election I think f
would havo been elected. You sen, llavuiuoior
had two Inspectors at each place, and Lawrenco
Ijsdtwo', 1 did not Have nny. 1 suppose the In
spectors of both parties rhnnged tho votes that
wero given for mo alternately for votes for
Ilavrmoyernml Lawrenco. This m in's vote for
O'llrlen would be counted for Hnvdnldycr, and
tho next mm's for Latvrenoa, and so on.
Iteporter-Wero thortiot watched by n good
mnriv -by tho officers stationed at tho polls, und
Mr. O'llrlen Oh, wo did not pay nttirh nlten
Hon to wiitehln.r tliem, liul that was tho way It
wns done, I sunpoau. 1 ccrtilnly would havo
been clnctodlft had had afnlr chance. Whv,
tho feeling, and the mcatlngs 1 had, and tho en
thusiasm with which I was received everywhere,
ovntywhcTO- why. It was something liumatisii.
Iteporter I heard this afternoon that Law
rence was olocted by twenty-three mnlorlty.
Mr. O'llrlen- Wolf, they'll try to count Lin
renceln, They do something In that lino. T'hoy
can do ..nmelhlng In that line.
Ileportei -1) j your friends feci bid about your
RTIM. K VOrNO MAS.
Mr. O'flrlcn Well, a good ninny nf them feel
pretty bad about It, but I tell th.-iii. "Wlint'stho
use ?'1 better men have been defonted befoio
me. f abide by tho result. I am a louiig man
and can wait.
Ilcportet-Ycs. (Hlstng) I thnnk you, Sonator.
Mr. O'llrlen It's mining hard j can't you stay?
There was anothorthliig I wanted to mention to
you. All tho departments Wero ngnlnst mo, and
they Influenced tho election tu u very great ex
tent. Iteporter How so? Did they spend money?
Mr. O'llrlen No, not so much through that;
hiitngrent innnyof tho Inspuc on held offices
under them, mid all that sort of thing. I could
havo won them nil over tn my side If I had been
willing to cuter Into a bargain with thorn.
In portcr Into n money bargain? . .
Mr, O'llrlen Well, If I find promised tliem to
keep them In power after I had been elected
Major. Hut I would not do any such thing, and
so all the departments wero against mo. Good
bye, my son. You want an umbrella?
ltcpmter- No, thanks, (lood-hyo.
And tho Senator showed tho reporter out,
with many smiles.
SL.ur .vA'ir noons,
Wbiit We Might Know nbout Insects.
Of tlio many works on scientific subjects
which havo been written by tho Fronch author,
M. Louts lWmir.it, the entertaining volume Just
published by 1). Appleton Co. of this city, en
titled 'i7ie Imeel H'ortd, Is probably tho most
strictly accurate and trustworthy fn all Its de
tails. When a Frenchman undertakes to wrlto
ou popular science ids Imagination Is apt to run
away with him. Wo do not know that M.
Flguler has suffered such a mishap, except In
so far as relates to his latest and weakest book,
"ThoT'o-morrrowof Doath"; but it Is never
theless satisfactory to know tliat the present
work, In Us llngllsli dress, has boon revlso.l and
corrected through out by Trof. V. MAnTin Dun
Can, T. II. 8., of Klni's CollC'C, London, an ac
complished entomologist, ami himself tho
author ot a recently published book on thu
transformations of insects.
Probably most persons, if asked to give ex
amples of tho tmects more commonly met with
In this climate, would mention spiders and cen
tipedes as among them, and when wo know that
neither a spider nor a contlpeds Is In reality an
Insect at all, this fact onablos us to appreciate
tho popular need: of Jujt such a work as
that beforo us, presenting some of tho load
ing truths of entomology In an attractive and
vivacious style, with many Interesting anec
dotes by way of Illustration. In every chapter
one Is surprised by the strange facts hitherto
unknown lo him concerning the most familiar
Now, whstarothe exterior characteristics of
an luieet? In tho ant placo he belongs to tho
groat prlm-vry division of tho animal kingdom
kn.iwn as tho .trftciitdta ; thnt is to say, animals
of a ring-like structure, among which aro Includ
ed tho cridace.i (lobsters, crabs, Ac), the
nraohnld.1 ispl.lers, from the Greek ururMlf, a
spldori: an.l tho niyrlaiuda (cntlp?doj, i-c,
froniaOrcek word me mini myriad-footed), as
wil ns Insects. Ills body Is covered with toush
inle'umsnts, and Is divided Into three parts:
First, tho head, with oyes, in juth.aud two horn
1IW" sppenliecj cilled antonn; second, the
thorax or trunk, consist. nt of threo segments,
which always lini six legs underneath It. and Iu
most casei two or four wings abovo It; and
third, tlio abdomen, in nlno segments, some of
which are freipientlr not to bo detocted except
upon close ex imlnatton.
Tho circulation of tho hlood In Inscts was dls
covered Iu 1S27 by a German naturalist namd
Cams. Tho circulatory system, however, is In
complete. Thero nro no arteries or veins, but
the process Is carried on by means of ths hevl'a
action In distributing tho fluid through tho
dorsal region, whence It returns between tLe
membranes and fibres of tha principal internal
organs, or throuj-h tho gaps which separate
these organs. Tha nervous centres consist of
ganglions or bundles of nervos, placed In tho
bead, and aloiu tho under side of the body.
Membranous duets or great tenuity, called tra
chea, constitute tho essential portion of tho
brcathiii'appvratus Into which ulr psustrates
from the sides uf tho body.
All hii-reU have six truo logs, though In snmo
casus every one may not bo d:volopod. They
have two sorts of eyes, shnplo and compound,
each of the latter made up of many facottes,
varying In number from fltty tn tho ant and four
thousand in tho common houso fly to more tlisn
twenty-flvo thousand In tho vSrnrii'xriis htetle,
Tho requlromonts of each particular order nf
Insects determine tho type on which tho mouth
Is formed. It is adapted to suction In such as livo
upon ll'pilds, and to biting In tho caso ot thoso
that reed upon solid substances. Tlie antenna)
or horns, of which thero aro alwav two, aro
usually placed Just In front of the ees. They
nro frequently termed feelers, but their 'unc
tions In this rospect aro IkjIIovo.I to bo subordi
nate tu others not yet under-tood. It haibeen
conjectured that they may be organs d hearing ;
they certainly having nothing to do with tho
taste or smell.
Tho classification of Insects Into orders, of
which thero aro nine. Is based upon tho d'stlact
Ivo features of tho wings, except In tho case of
ono order which has no wings, and thero It is
based upon that fact. Tlio name of each order
ends In p(rm from tho (Ircek word plrroit, u
wing. Thus wo hats thu Apttra (without
wings), comprising fleas, audllco; tho Dlplcm
(two winged), gnats, Hies, and uiusqultoos; tho
frmfpfmi (half-winged), bugs, cicadas, and
plant lice; tlio LrpMoplrrrl (scaly winged), but
terflies and moths; tho Orlhopfcm (straight
winged), grasshoppers, locusts, crickets, and
cockroaches; tho fmnnipffrei (membraneous
w lnged), bees, humble bees, wasps, and hornets ;
tho ;fiinnp(ri-.i (with fringe-like wings), small
black flics; tho .Yritropfmi (with nervo-llke or
lace-llko wings), dragm (Has, May files, and
white ants; and tlio Oofroptrni (with sheathed
wings). Including the various species of lief ties.
Of tbcio nlno orders tho ffumciinpbTiJ rank
highest in Intolllgenree. The honey beo af
fords a familiar example of this preeminence.
Our author status that the Hebrew nauio for
bees Is Deborah. Its nlso oontends that It Is In
correct to ascribe thu Invention of tho art of
embalming tu the an-imit I'gypliaus, saying
that bees wero really tho first 1 1 prncllso It,
When mi Imprudent enemy has penetrated tho
hive and been stung to doath there, thu bees
frequently find his body too heavy for removal ;
but If It Is allowed tn remain untouched tho
health of the community will ba endangered by
Ha pre- cue, Thur therefore at unco set about
etulmlinlng it. This is dona by enoaslng It la
tho resinous and sweet-scented substance oallcd
propolis, which possesses nearly the saint quali
ties as wax- although It has noyer been em.
ployed In the arts und is used to cover the In
nor surface of the hivo buforo tho workers pro
ceed to fill It with honey. When tho carcass Is
coated with this It heoomes Innocuous. Propo
lis Is also used with deadly effect upon such
poor snails as find their war Into tho hivo.
Upon receiving one sting, tlio snail uf coura.) re
treats Into his shell. Tho bees Instantly com.
menco to wall up Uio opening with propolis,
und Iu a short time the hinder is entombed alive,
to die a miserable death,
M, Ftguler Insists that the mother beo Is Incor
rectly denominated queen, and that a commu
nity of bees Is not a monarchy htit a republln.
In fids connection he tolls tho following story ;
" 'There la no such thins as a king In nature,'
Jsald Dauljenton one day, In one of his lectures
at the Jardln des Plantes. The audlonco Imme
diately applauded, and cried, 'Hravol' The
honest satVmt stopped, qulto disconcerted, and
asked Ids assistant naturalist tlio cause of this
applause, perhaps Ironical. 'I must, havo said
something stupid,' repeatod poor Duibcnlon,
romembcrlng tho sa) Ingot Phoclon under simi
lar clrctiin'tanros. 'No,' replied his aslstntit
naturalist, 'you havo said nothing but what is
qulto truo; but, without meaning It, you linvo
mado n political alltltlon. You spoko against
kbits, nnd our young republicans thought you
were alluding lo LoillsXVL' ' Indeed.' snld tho
coadjutor of Iliilfon, 'I had no Idea that I was
In power of sustained flight, bees, wasps, and
oilier species of ll-jmrnnptcm, notwithstanding
tlielr apparent superiority In strength, nro sur
passod by tho homo fly and other dipterous In
sects. When they havo passed from tlio larval and
chrysalis states Into their final and perfect form,
the Lrpfdopftni are tho most graceful ami beau
tiful of insects, comprising, as they do, tho
numerous and liandsomo families of butterflies.
To this order also belong tho hawk-moths, of
which tho largest Is tho well known death's
head moth, on whoso black thorax, marked In
yellow, appears tho rough outllno uf a human
skult. Among tho Ignorant such a peculiarity
could scarcely f All to excite superstition, and In
many rural districts this harmless moth ts look
ed upon ns a messenger of death. When caught,
or It teased, It utters a mournful:cry,whlch adds
to the terror Its approach Inspires. "One hears
It said In country places that this ominous In
habitant of tlio air Is In Icatuo with the witches,
and that It goes and murmurs Into their ears
with Its sad and plslntlvo volco tho nimo of tho
person whom death is soon to carry off." In
reality, boos aro ths only creatures that havo
roason to dread tho death's head moth; hs Is
excessively fond of honey, and his ekln Is Im
penetrable to stings, so that Ids entrance into a
hive is followed by most disastrous havoc.
The Colropttra, or beetles, usually occupy the
most prominont placo In collections of Inserts,
because they can bo so easily preserved. Thero
aro believed to bo at least ono hundred thousand
spScles: a first-rato collection will ordinarily
contain twenty-flvo thousand. Among tho
curious Insects of this order aro found tlie rose
beetle, gntlath, stag bectto, nnd Spanlsii Ar
ia ltussli tho rose bectto Is dried, rcilucod to
powder, and administered Internally as a remedy
for hydrophobia. "According to M. llogdinoff.
In manv governorships of tho south of ltursla,
the lovers of sporting are In tho habit of making
their dogs, from time to time, swallow, as a pre
servative, half of a Cttonla (rose beetle), with
bread or a lit tie wins. Lr cry oris In those coun
tries Is persuaded of the efficacy of this means
for stopping tho development of ths disease."
Tlie gollath beetles of the western coast of
Africa are gigantic Insects, which attain a lenpth
of from three to flto Inches, and aro captured
by shooting them from tha trees -.rlth guns
loaded with sand, In tlio manner adopted to
secure specimens of humming birds. The slug
beetle Is called oak-ox In Sweden, from Its habit
of Imbibing the, honeyed liquid which Is found
ou oak trees. "Swammcrdam had ono which
followed li 1 in like a dog when he offered It
honey." Oanthitrldcs, tho Spanish llles of c m
merce, are gregarious, and are caught byshnLlus
them from the trees on which they allg'.t at
night, when they aro bonumbed by lbs eld and
unable to escape. They are killed by Immersion
In vinegar. In gathering them It Is necessary to
take tho precaution of putting on gloves, as ths
naked hand would bo seriously blistered. In
spltoof tho powerful corrosive principle con
tained In cautharldes, other Insocts feed on
them without suffering any apparent Injury.
Kntomology enjoys one great and manifest ad
vantage over other natural sciences of similar
rnnk. It can be studied anywhero and every
where. Insect Ufo Is almost omnipresent. Of
late years It hasbeenthesourcowlicncostudcnts
uf tho modern acleie-o of biology havo derived
many most valuable facts. Thero are these and
other forcible reasons why the study nf entomo
logy should bo eiicouinged. and we til ilk this
book will contribute largely toward awakening
popular Interest In It.
Itovv Ihe llnutisti .Miners .Vtenn to fJet
Voire In I'm Humcm.
t orrespoadrnee of The San.
London, Oct. 2. Tlie Amalgamated Asso
ciation of Miners, a union of L'ulniis. extending
over nearly all tho eonl regions of Knglaud and
Wales, are Just now holding their autumn con
ference at Walsall. In October, 1W, they had
C&oO members; In October. 117), Sl.GTfl members;
and this year they havo TCsM members, and
iM.I.'l In the bank. The President stated yester
day that the excess of the production of coal ill
ls71 over the previous year wns valued at I'M.
fsU.Ouu, nnd tho agitregnte wnees of tho linnets
did not exceed Avi).oji.iJ. He did not consider
that asatltfactnn state ol tilings, ami advised tho
drb'gntes to set to work to employ their surplus
fundsas capital Inc. .perativ-M production, to be
come owners of tho mines I n w hlch they work
ed. Another question of Importance which the
conference Is to tako In hand Is to send their
President (llalllday) Into the House uf Com
mons at tho next eleition. There aro places
burn nnd there tn the coal districts where the
miners themselves havo almost tha majority,
and the conferenco will havo tu settle what par
ticular place Ic most sure for n successful con
test. The miners of Northumberland, an Inde
pendent union, aro going to turn old Sir (loorga
(iroynut at Morpeth at tho next general elec
tion. The borough nt Morpeth consists of three
mining villages belonging to tho Howard", who
ould put In whom tliey liked, and Sir Ueorgn
Orey was nover put to the trouble of a contested
election. There were, about S,dt electors i tho
rest nf the householders hnd no vote. ecutia
they did not pay tnelr v n rates, being week. y
or monthly tenants. Ily an act passed In l(ij,
providing that householders shall have voles
whether Hie) p i) their own rates or not, exactly
!!.'l miners wen put on the register, who, with
with Hie shopkeeper and mechanics, that make
a llilng out of them, have it clear majority, and
arc going to put It to account bv sending Hurt,
their agent. Into tho Hoitss of Commons us
member for Morpeth. The union baa a perma
nent fund ot :u,ijo.
The l'nrly I. Ho ol Jonqulii .Miller.
yromthe JtuutU Hhaita CitrrtponJtni.e ojiht Calitjo
When Joaquin Miller lived here lie was
less than 1S1 years of age. but even then he was
looked upon us a character with whom It was
dangerous to Interfere. Tho rich gold diggings
Iu tho valley had not yet been worked out, nnd
tlio entire population wero rough, long boarded
mlnets, miinyof whom were desperadoes, repre
senting tho scum of tho cities of too world.
These men wero nlway armed, and bloody
hand-lo-li.md encounters wero common. Joa
quin Miller, who was much of a recluse und very
eccentric, was for a while a butt for tho ridicule or
theso men, Although usually dressed Iu rough
biickskln.he took especial caro of his lung flowing
locks, which reached almost to his shoulders,
and he invariably wore gloves. On one occasion
ho was Insulted and attacked by several nf these
fellows In a barroom ; pistols were draw n, and a
regular conflict ensued. In which he caino off
victorious, after having disabled two of his an
tagonists. After this Ids reputation fur courage
was established, and ho was not molested. 1
am Informed by a printer Iu tho office of a news
paper In Yreka thnt Jonquln Miller several
times sent In vor-es for publication, which were
Invariably thrown Into the waste basket by the
editor, with the observation, "There Is more
trash from that absurd lunatic."
It Is evident that the occasion of his betaking
hlm-clf to the fastnesses of tho mountains und
Hung among tlio Indians becamn the foundii
tlun of his poiim, "tnllfornlnn," lie was Is Ihe
employ of a farmer In Hhast.i Valley, nnd, for
some cause or other, tho man flatly refused to
pay him his w-agei. lie nt unco saddled one of
Ills employer's best horses, and proceeded to
ride oil. lie was followed on horseback b the
owner, the Mhorllf of the coLiity, nud two other
men, ami was overtnken ou tho brow of n hill,
ltefusliig to siirreudrr, it desperate conflict en
sued. Iu which the Hherlff was badly wounded,
and Joaquin Miller dashed down tho bill, with
Ills clothes full of bullet-holes, nud escaped Into
the lofty mountains beyond the Mclioud Itlver,
where he remained hidden mining tho wild In
dians for moro than a yrar. although the Sheriff
siltccquontlv lecovorcd, ami Miller's conduct
was sustained by tho community at large, who
know tho circumstances.
1 A New Specimen of Hrutliers-lnI.nvT, "";
iVcm Ms ;;-' i ;ij.
Wamiinhton, Nov. 4. Judge Dent, who
practices law beroro tho President, Is now out
done by Hen. V T. Dent, Military Secretary, who
sells Ids Intlueucii with fnelgu countries for
contlngont loos. In a suit between two claim
agents here, which comas on to-morrow fur a
hearing, and whore an Injunction Is prajed fur
to restrain tho ilefendnnt from collecting any
thing further iu thu way nf fees ou behalf of
what la known as tho Capt. Williams claim
against Now .calami, a contract has been put In
evidence which sots forth tho following facts:
"That P.T. Dent, In consideration of flfluen
fer cent., agrees to prosecute this claim against
lis Ilrltlsh (lovernment, and to use his influence!
for Its siieedy settlement." A guarantee from a
responsible party accompanies the contract,
promising that Dent shall act In good, faith III
earning out the Intent ot the contract.
TIIOS. DOaXOHUFS FUNERAL. I
.in nt rssn i: si.nricrs ix tub
tm in it oi' tii i: jji'ii'iiAxi; il
Multitude Thronging Hie House of Mourn-Inc-Tnltrhlnr
hrrnrs (Iter tlia Itody of
.lull u riimirll'si Victim Thu llnrlnl tn i
t'lilvnry t'emetri-v. j
Vcsteidny tho rcmnlna of Thomas Dono. J
lino wero burled iu Cnlvnrv Cemctory. Tho body
hud been encased in a handsome rosewood cas
kct, which wns elaborately mounted with all.
ver. and lay In stnto In tlie front parlorof the j
I to residence of the murdered man, 1V liust
A TiAST MIOK AT TIT!! TtttJf USfS.
At nn early hour throngs ot friends of Ihe do
' censed hurried to thu house to tnko ft last look
nt Ihe remains. Many of them imru In tlielr
bands el. gant florul tributes. Wreaths, crosses. fi
nnd heart-shaped floral doslgns of tubo loses I
and Immortelles wero strewed on tho coffin In I
profusion, i li" friends passed In the front door
and viewed the remains or Donohue, umt then
mado their call by the rear pallor. Many shed
On n inaselve silver plnte on tho casket was
: thomvh tiovntirt:. i
! 1)10.1 SA S'oveinlicr, IsTJ, :
; Aeeil IW years, :
The Inside of the coffin was padded with white 1
satin, and tho body ot tho murdered mnn wiut
neatly drcs'cd In a plain cult ut black. In ids
band wns a small cross, Tho "ippearniice of Hio
body did not Indicate death. It looked us though
tlio last victim ot tho political feud, began
nearly thrco years ngo, was sleeping. Hut thou
there was tho susplclnua hole under Ihe left eye,
and the four ugly nl.ra.o ns on the forehead to j
remind the visitor tliat tho dead man hud met, I
his death by violence.
a iiitto.Nu or visiTOits.
For ncarlv thrco hours tho throng of vl-ltors
continued to poiirln auilntit of thnlioue. Thero i
were host i of personal und p illilcal friends nnd J
thousands of ladles who viewed Hut body. A f
feeling of Intense sadness scorned to pervade
tho whole nsciiiblauc, as they passed In and
took one last luok of him wiiovviisso litelv
among them full of life nnd manly vigor. Nearly
all Die members of tho Amcrlcua ('tub, Illossnm
Club, and l'htenlx Club were present. Alderman I
Dlniond, Ki-Aldentiau Ltigunn Dunlin, Deputy
Sherllfs Neil Hrvant, William Il.tlrd, mid Jmnes 1
Krb, Charles II. Hall, Secretary of tho Amcrlcus I
Club, Assemblyman James Irving, (labe Uie, 1
Prank Vnrulerhcck. Lawience Clancy, T. J. Coe, 1
and delegations from the Tainmaiiv Society, 1
Liglitcctith Ward Tallin .my Association, and
several olhcr politlrtd and be-o i ..lent associa
tions, were among those who took a last look at .
the remains of their friend,
a last rAiim-Ei.r.
Atom) A.M. nnd while Ihe Increased throne '
about tho house numbered ncarlv five thousand
ln-isons, (ho tloors wero closed to nllow tho widow
and family of the murdered man to take a last .
look at the remain. With heads bowed down
the family descended the stairs and erilered tho
room where the dead lay. With the bereaved '
widow wero several good Sisters of Mercy, who
whispered words of consolation tn tho almost .
heart-broken widow, whoso sobs penetrated v
even to the hardest heart, nnd made stern men '
weep In sympathy. As each ntcinbcr of thi j
family stood over the coffin their tears fell copi
ously over the dead body, und when each bad
kissed his forehead mid looked upon his famll- B,
lar face for tho last lime, they wero tcntlyre
tnoved Into the back parlor.
a Toccui.Nn scrsn.
Then eame the Inst sad scene. The brother ol
the murdered man who had been pUndlng near
tho rnfllo advanced, and with n countenance be
tokening acuta suffering, bowed over tho body
and Imprinted a kiss on the marble. like features.
Ho stood (hern ns though i.p-11-bounil, unable,
to move, hardly realizing that ho to whom be
had been so fondle attached during life was now 1
nn mere, and Hint tho nssnssln's bullet bad sepa
rated them forever. His tears. Ids nbject griof,
and tho recollection ot tho sorrow ninnlfrsfcd.
by the bereaved widow, sister nnd other rl.i-
lives was still frch In the minds ot those In tho I
room, and when they saw the strong man weep
ing over the remains of his murdered brother,
the effect was so touching that men nnd women
went out of tho room In tears. After the stricken
brother had been gently removed, (he three Ms.
tors of Men y knelt nbout tho head of the casket
nnd silently nraved for the snul of him whos,,
body wns about being removed to Its last restlnj
the noDV cviiuir.n to tidi iikaiisk. 1
Then the p.-ill-bcarcrs, twelve In number wear- L
lng long white aashis trimmed wit h heavy hha U ti
crape, slowly entered and carried ihe remains tu I
the henr.c. The pull-bearers were: 1
Com. Oweii llrennan. -John Ivni-.
KlreCom. Il.'iiji-i). ,Mii luef JO (.raih,
t hsrlri ... t'nrnrll, '.tohii vrih tt,
Snpl. .Isrttes MiOregor. jK.iward Ki sriu i,
t ire Com. Ilitihm.u, .I'uiirl Weisus,
Kort'is Holland, 'Criir Traj 'inr.
The funeral proeei t. in was llit-'i formed, nnd
moved off slowly down Kli'lile mtu street t
bccoiid ate line, and up theaveuuvi tu the Lluilt.1
of tho r.plphany.
nir. rt'.s'EnAi, seiivicku.
At the dior of the i hurch the ruittgr vas met
by the (lev. 1'nthcr lluilsell, Father l.iughlln,
and Fnther McUrath, with n long tral i of ucs. 1
lytes hemthg crucifixes, lighted tan rs, nnd 1
holy Incense. Following tins olontn pr-.-esdnn,
Ihe pall bearer bore thecoma up tho p. dn nHo
and deposited the remains upon it loglicata
f.iliiue ut the foot of tho ihanccl. ' ic organ
pealed forth a funeral dirge ns the pioees'slnu
entered, nnd when the eoftln was In Its pines a
beautiful harp, composed of tubo roMs. Inter- ,
mingled with evergreens nnd exotics, vtas pl.u
on It. Itvvu. presented hythe lllnssoni (Tub. 1
Then followed the decoration of the coffin hy
kind and sympathizing friends, who uliuost
covcicd It with gifts of wreathe and cr jm'S ol
Tho church was crowded to excess. Thou- '
sands of persons wore refused admittance, untl
as the ofllclutlng priests, followed by mo aco
lytes, entered the chancel, the scene was nn Im
pressive one. Immense candelabra with lighted
tapers were placed at each side of the catafal.
que. and us the funeral dbgo w.is on. bided ono
solitary rny of sunlight si reamed through tliu
church, nnd seemed to llluminato Hut nml.
whom tho remains went piu. ed, ll many It waa
thought to bo ominous.
A SOI.CUN limit MAM.
Then Father HurNell, assisted by Father Lar.
Mil ns deacon und Father Mt'Orath us sub
deacon, celebrated high muss At times, after
tlie resj mines of the choir, repeating tho prayers
of tliu oinelallrm priest, had mod away, the soles
of the widow and sisters uf thu deitd man could
be henrd ubuvii the vole of tho priest. Afts-r
iii.tcs Father llurlrcll delivered nn eloquent and
touching discourse ou the uncertainty of life,
and Its dangers and perils. His words nf enns...
l.itlon to the nflllcted family vveio very Impres
slve, and when the learned divine said, " Word a
cannot express the sorrow nf the heart," many
tearful eyes gnvo evidence of thu fact that
though thev offcrod con' lathui, they weru
themselves unable to withstand tho solemn I m
prcsstous of the list rites to the dc-ul. F.iHu I
llurtsell then spoke of tho manv excellent quail
ties of Mr. Donohue. nnd pointed out the moral
at his sudden taking olf, and said that It was a
warning to all to be prepared at all times f.o
deutb. Ho closed bis brief discourse by a touch
lng prayer for tho bero tved widow, brother, sis
ters, und other relatives nnd friends. The Irn.
presalve sceno was brought to u close by aprnyei
for the doad linn's soul.
TUB rtr.NEHAI, COllTEOK.
Then as tho grand organ pealed forth anntnrt
mournful dlrpe, the pall-bearers entered the
chancel, nud bore tlie remains to trie hearse
Tlio street was blocked with persons, e-tlmated
at over ten thousand, and when those In tint
church canto nut the throng was Increased many
hundreds mure, After tho coffin had b-ei
planed In tlio hearse, those who li.ul not heri
fortunate enough to view the remain crowded
about It, nud would not leave until their curio--ity
hud boon satisfied. As they walked awa;
und gathered iu knots about thu corners, wait
ing to too thu funeral prociwsloii mote mt, Hm
details of thu u order weru free I) dlseiissKd ut i
commented up ui iu language more vtudlcbi
than seemed p.opor under the solemn . .r.ui".
stances of tho Icur.
Slowly, one by one, tho carriages coiitaliilm
Uio family and irlcuds were placed in lino, un'i
the cortegei was drawn out ami mad" one "f tl r
largest and mosl Imposing funerals 'tor seen i it
this illy. Nuaily two bundled earrligcs vvcr Iu
Jtwns nenrlv noon when tlie heirse, follow I
by the. long line of cuirlwi., smtl moved off Iu
the dlreclliin ot Canary Coiu'-tiry, which vr..r
reached after the ruin h id begun to fup There
tho lnsts.id rlies of theCithohc I'hur li w.
administered and thu body of Tiiom is I) n m "i
was lowered lulu tho gravo ninid the leu on
prayers ut his bereaved family nud f liuulb.
Mnjnr.ticn. (tiilucy A. (milium'- Wed tin;
Mnjor-Oen. (J. A. nilluinre., nf tic Fn '
etatcs Artillery, who distinguished tiliusel! I '..if i
tvar by Ids iituslcrly rnglun r!ii be'ors t hurl
where his Swamp Angel proved so srrvlreati e to t'is
fetters! artni, was yesterday married to Kirs lsurr
Prsgg, sn accomplished and wealthy My, who ir
llrooklyn society movrs as aitsrot the f.nt uisgaltauu
1 lie rrremony vrss coudiirteil Iu ths most qui I invar, a
I'oiiilile, only a very few of On- iiitluiste frfei is "I
IsinilUs being present ut tlie superb oil "' "i" "
vrss provided at tlia resl lenee of tlie hrldi , II. K' uis, u
street, Urooklyn, where tho wrihllug took ilsie T'.c
dsy viss sornewlist Inauspicious, lint not mil' irntly '
lo dampen the spirits of ths General or Ins Islr srile.
who was insgnlrlcenlly atlired, ami ts.lrlully sili.ra. il
with costly hut unostentatious Jewelry, ilium of nu "i
i umerous other valusblu aitliles, sire llie gins vi
frlunds and relstlvee. .
Alter the breakfast the bridal pslr. smld Hie neatly
good wishes of Uie sssembleil guests, departed In J"r
rent of ,rsln to cstch the sdrrnnon train f"r vv s.n tig
ton. Their wedding tour will lie very oriel i'n liiris
return lo llrooklju they will glvo serin uf briiii'M
I t The Mutual Denedt Saving ' Jink. In '"
aalldiuc.uusrs msuy sdtsutssi-s V upvillois "'
xml | txt