Newspaper Page Text
'. VOL.Lin.-NO. 245. " NEW YORK, MONDAY, MAY 3, 1886. PRICE TWO CENTS. J
j A CHAPTER ON ANARCHISM.
i mos va A uson DOV1BINB JX A CI UAL
a Rrmnrknnte Pln" -t Karoeena JTIrae
Amcml his Avnweid Dl.clptaetn Jer 1'ork
CHI 'I-" Victims wir AH Insured
The llnetrlnn r rrt.pandn b Deed.
A tow weeks nffo IAburly, n papor published
in Boton In the Interosts of Individualists
Anarchist", proferrod ohnrges or a very serious
caturo against the Revolutionary Annrohlsts
' of this city, who nro led by John Most. Tha
' lubstnnco ol thoio charges was published In
Tint Bun nt the time. They wero to tho effect
that rncrabors of tho International Working
rooplo's Association of Now York had boen for
three )cars plotting end practising Incondlnr
Ism of tho most atrocious character undor the
pretence of aiding "the cause." No details
were given nor wore names mentioned against
whom suspicion might bo dlrocted, but It was
assorted that a feature of tho programme con
tistod of Insuring homohnld property and sot
ling Are to It In order to collect Indemnification
money, to bo contributed to the revolutionary
fun J. (19 well as to be used for private curposos.
The editor of Lihertv declared that bts object
In publishing the charges was to secure bona
fide Annrchlsts nealnst any stigma that might
attach to thom from tho criminal deeds of un
scrupulous men who advocate doctrlnon and
commit crlmos wholly at variance with the
philosophy of Individualism.
Tho effect of this publication was to bring
from John Most an omphatlo denial of the
truth of the chargos. This denial was made In
an Interview with a Hun reporter, as well as In
the nou number of Freiheit, where he said:
No Information hae been placed before me from any
quarter, not el en from Schwab, to toe effect that nny
inemtcr wliateier of tlie International Working
People's Assoilatinn had undertaken such operations as
are described In r.rrr
Even were Hie rase otherwise, I should haie had
hellher the bower nor the Incentive to tuterftrs In
eUsir. ivlih which neither I nor the party hail anything
toilo, which, moreover, eien If they had existed, should
be accounted for by those who were concerned tn them.
I would ti.iercondc.cend. directly ur Indirectly, to
lltie Intercourse with any person what.oi.ver who came
tome as an Informer. Let "aoclaty" look out fur lla
own fruit.. I am an Anarchist, tint a policeman
It 1. totally fal.e thni 1 ever had at my aide any
.- . .'lieutenant" (whatever that ntav mean) of any auch
An attempt to verify Host's denial discloses
a peculiar condition of things In anarchistic
circles hero. Tbure Is internal dissension nnd
discord, or rnther there was, for a considerable
? umber ol the hundred or so mombersof the
nternotional Working l'oople's Association
bao withdrawn from it. The cause of the no
cession lies In the facts which lnd .ion tu to
make Us charges of Inecndlnrism and rascality.
These facte, which have boon gleaned alter
considerable difficulty, show that the lending
members of tho International Worklbgl'ooplo's
Association hnve bean romarkably unlucky
men. Taken in connection with Most's ex
traordinary doctrines, tho curious fires from
which these gentlemen have suffered nro In
teresting. They have nil originatod In tho up
sotting, breaking, or oxplodlng of kerosene
oil lamps, and hnvo resulted in moro or loss
damngo to tho proporty of othors than An
archists, and In the collection of more or less
Insurance money each tlmo by tho persons lu
Whoio apartments tho Urea occurred.
Boforo taking up these, occurrences In detail,
it will be Interesting to rovlew rapidly various
events In the past few years thnt may tend to
throw light uppn the Gorman revolutionists of
America. Ten year ago the "Social Demo
crats" of Austria and Oermnny were little
heeded. Their propaganda were iroatod with
muoh the eame IndiUeront toleration as hns
been tho case here. This polloy was changed
alter the Russian Nihilists succeeded In re
moving the Czar. Every attempt was made In
Germany to suppress socialistic agitation.
Law wore passed for tho expulsion of all dem
. k ooratlc agitators.! rom tho land, and the police
were Intrusted with tho execution of the gen
eral edict. The Social Democrats then became
divided Into two elasses first, the conserva
tives, who trlod to accomplish as much as pos
sible while obeying the laws: second, the rad
icals, who dolled the laws and did everything
rossibte In violation of them. Tho lenders of
the radicals formed secret organizations nnd
called themselves "Anarchists." not from prin
ciple or philosophic com Iction, but as a point of
'tactics. Tho torm embodied for thom simply
their opposition to a ruler. The radicals met
with so little success in Germany that they
could not oount over one hundred meuibors of
In Austria the laws were not ao sovero as In
Germany. No general edict of banishment was
proclaimed, but the agitators were prosecuted
and imprisoned. Hero the radicals wero nu
merous, having In tbolr faction a large major
ity of nil the social democrats.
Ju? German pollco notified abont 200 per
sona nciui,,f.o'0Ourse-nlnn5r conservatives,
to leave tho couniiT: There was no trial ouoh
iafed to the accused. "1 no "..nhuopy democrat
received an official document annouC.""r ,nn
desirability ol hia tnklngatrip abroad, and it
be paused to black his bunts or enfold his
possessions In a pocket hnndkorchlof. ho ran
dangerous risks of undesirable detention at
home, liesldes the 200 who depnrtod under
governmental adilco. about ns many moro
made discretion tho bettor part of valor and
Jled also. Some of these nent to Switzerland,
btliors to England, and still others, of course,
to America. John Most wont to London; Wil
liam Hnssolmnnn, wno had been a colleague of
Hosts in tho ltelchstag, went to Hamburg,
then a free city. Most found bis way to this
laud of the free from an Hngllsh prison. Has
solmann came also nfter a while, and now
peddles soap and edits a pnporoti tho onst side.
Meantime significant oeuts weio taking
place In Austria, The radical democrats. Bolf
Ityled Anarchists, lacked money. Agltntlou and
priipugaMda cannot flourish without funds, rind
the lenders therefore begnn to preach tho doc
trine tint it u a a noccsslty of the revolution
to raise money. Doth parties agreed to this
lapa, and the result was a Berlos of appalling
crlmos fninillar to newspnpor renders nil oor
the world. One of the most striking cases was
that of jfeoratalllngor, b shoemaker, who was
fobbed and murdered. The assassins worci
irrnight to trial, but their comraJus In tho or
der flocked to tho rescue und gnvo evidence
tending to establish nlibK The prosecution
fslied from lack of evidence. Following this
camo the celebrated murder of Klsert. n small
canker of Vienna. Not only was lZli-ort killod
and his money secured, but his two
ehlldron wore slaughtered with bim.
Two men. Htellmaoher nnd Hammer,
wero nrrested. trlod, convicted, and
xecuted. Then the Annrchiits ptoalnlmeil
oponlythat robbery, arson, and murder were
the weapons of the revolution. Up to this time
they had kopt their policy i-ocret, but the exe
cution of the two nsROHslus was mndn the In
centive to a vast deal of inllammntoiy speech
making nnd bloodthirsty denunciation.
Btollmnehor and Hammer wore glorified ns
martyrs, and meetings weio held In many
places In memory and honor of their sncrlllcq.
Foremost among the admirers and disciples
of the Viennese murderers was John Most.
The executions took plnco aftr tho arrival In
America of the vociferous ngitntor, nnd ho cre
ated quite n flurry for a tlmo by his extravu
fant exculpation of Ills marl yrod comrades, nnd
nnmivlce to his hearers to go and do likanise.
Two exlruots follow from one of the many
editorials in iVeihni on the subject. This par
ticular article was Inspired by tho publication
pi a governmental report of Htollmnolior's
Kim. lie editor complains that tho roport
wa purposely written to suppress tho tiuth
anustiamo our noblo comrades." Thon:
Jliiitlil.clreum.tanco did not preunt an called " o-
SJtui!.".'!""0 . "' '' -v" rorkcr t'olii-
:" ', ' ininiiitc tne.iuri wiuireit (oiiinieui. and
Ir.. i',',""""".""""" inlrswlin wliluh the police
Sife ,' ' '"'' ho.-W aouirhi to bcilauh Hermann
si. , '""' '""lyroft heifoi lal r niuilon.
to",4UZu?ra "'' '"'""'"". "a. done hi. duty
lh.',.lnl"l!'''r,, h.'nU deed woko lou'l r.ipnnie In
K!.!.l,i,!,,l!,,,., "f, ,!,,, wnrWi '"' "OlM, wai
E.Vi. iwi '. "' ','! lubilallon. and. fal iik upon oriireued
Ut"!'" Ijaim' " Itahtnlm lla.u. Ilred iliiin to liul-
l'iii?''3nMosit ,'ou,1," tho 'International
Jiw.i"B .P8Pl8'? Association" (i,f(r;mlim;
frbfier Atsoctation) at, I'ituburgh. At this
June there wero two radical organisations In
CinhY"5k uc."?-,t.b0 .Hoc!al ll"olitlonnr?
Uub.M of which Hatseluiiiuu was and la Uio
feMIng spirit, and tho Boclalfstlo Labor
B?Ii 'f .? comparatively conaervatlve body of
i? ?! l,,"nocrata who were dlssntunod with
l'f (Iroonbick coalition In 1881. Most joined
w organization at flrst.but later founded n
e up. or group (amppe), of the rittsburgh Aeso
siaiion. The Immediate outcome of Most's harangues
SJ.f'iliigtbedoath of Htellniaclier and Kuni
nM!'l,t ,h1 .oeeertlnn that tho iloctrlno of
nr. "'P3-'1.1"'1 by deed" must bn followed here,
-m the nL'1'"" lm9 ,M" IHoraiy reporlod lu
huS,li,',ft,'0r9' '!." ! caused no anxiety
B. i?'"!"111 lno, lut whom his de
laBtiilS in,1! 'nyi" ln'" directed, and crontod no
only Li, !! lynMnn up,,,, ,1,,, publlo mind. Not
I. lliu'r.1,'. "'V I'liiiH. hut In lYrilieria
lf n ; rr Tr- ,',,,"'l wukly. proclaims it-
Oorman.B'rimui,'' 'i'10 Iniornnilonal Organ of
'u:r.nffihn4:A??r(;lllHt'' In 1831 thole-
rySocliiii ... xH. 0rS,,n on!18 Involution.
c!alme, In GsHiiiV .T ".'." '-antlun It was pro
Wulnst tyruutJi.!,1''''. ' monnsomployod
u"raut.areiusnnablc." Vrlou othtr
" f. !?.rn.ua tho iboii. among which was
Down with, throno. ohureh, and moneybag."
These genorallzed aphorisms are virtuous com
pared with auch odltorlal extraots ns follows:
VVhimexor a comraila doe. toniethlnr In thelntrrttt
ortherauae, he la pure of our atproaL We pro.
'mwl,,"1J,t w "llt morality, eo-ealledl w. r.ipect
We have nodliapprnval to utter rejardlnr any III that
tnav he broujrht about ajralolt capllall.tln anclelv, he It
July i'lsoi T' ,r'n r'on' or "" ""-rt-rlA'U,
In tho number dated Aug. 0. 1834. tho editor
closes an impassioned paragraph nssort
ne tho irrepresslblo nature of revolutionists
I'.n '"! P!ln.,lfr and dynamite wotk won.
unrlalnJ faeacllln Hgna! tor a unlver.al
This appeared in the Issue of Nov. 29, 1881:
When the people are hunry and food products of all
kln.l. ar- .lured an ay out of re.cli, It It .rlf.npparena,
i'i"'..1 ." !""' '"." reaort In plunder. Thle niay flP
ertcctuallyaccomi.lUhcd If people .pnly the t.iroh
If the pro liiceraito not itoe. their produntMhey had
better conaU, i them to featrurllon and name.
To nil who are without a lireilhood and are tn need, to
the hunirrv, w err with aloud lolcei
iiiim; llitmler! LyntM
liesldes editorial contributions to fVeilieil. of
which tho abovo are merely samples nf con
stantly roltorntod promptings to Incendiarism
nnd violence. Most tuts been n prolific xiroducor
of pamphlets treating of eeonoinlo nndsoclnl
problems in his own peculiar wny. Three of
thosp are advertised in the current number of
tYrihril. Tho first la entltlod -tnws( Hchaitm-Jf
uml tile rroiiagamla ilir That. According to the
advertisement, "this is thai best work that
tho author has yet produced." Another boara
tho commercial title. "Tho Ilenst of 1'ropcrty."
A thousand copies of this contribution to eco
nomic scienco can bo had for $8. Dut the most
striking work Is one now passing through Its
third edition. It Is called 7ffro'ulio,,act
ArirvstcissniHcAnt "Revolutionary War 8ol
once." Tho "nd" reads:
A handfro 'K for teaetilnffthe naa and compoiltion of
nltro kI) erliie, drnaiinte. sun cotton, fulintnatliir iner.
eury. bomb., torchea pnliom. 4c ,4c. lly JohanuMoat.
Price lu rema per cop,, 7 cent for urcntp. Rvery rero
tutlonlit should be in po.pe.plon of thle pamphleL
It bears out its title fully. Not only are tho
ordinary revolutionary weapons, dynamlto and
nitro-glycerine treated, but noioltlos In con
struction nnd design aro dencrlbod graphically
and fervently. For Instance, a very pleasing
engluo of war Is suggested in the familiar
tomato can, ' Let tho cover be removed, and
tho contents, poured out." says the doctor of
destruction. lie thon dosotlbcs how a hols
must be made tn the cover. In which n small
vlnl enn bo Inserted, after which tho cover Is to
be replaced. Then bonzlno Is to be poured In
ttutll tha enn Is about two-thirds full. A flask,
of a kind described by him In other experi
ments, is filled with gunpowder, nnd Bocurolr
plugged. Dut n fuse has beon passed through
the cork, and then tho flask Is Inserted llrmly
through the mouth of the vial into the can.
The author then suggosts that the fuse be lit
liv contact with tho burning end of a cigar.
Tho bomb Is now ready to be hurlod into the
t the mnniont when the fii.o burn, to the powder
the latter explode ard rnu.ei Plmultatieou. explo.ion
of the benzine The burning urtttor Mica lu even dlrec.
ttou and does It. matterl work. It Is ..If evident that
auch a firebrand need, not ticccMarilv to be Ihrunli, but
may be laid down In the de.trrd spot.
It Is by no means assorted that Mr. Moat has
hlmsolf out into practical uso any of his de
structive devices or even tlmt his friends and
followers have done so. but certain It is thnt
the idea of "Propaganda by Deed" was re
ceived by several members of the International
Working People's Association with enthusiasm.
Earnest nnd eloquent tn seconding nnd advo
cating Most's doctrines wero Comrades J. O.
Panzenbeck nnd Joseph Kniser. These two
are frequently montioned in J'icilicit as having
partaken in the public discussions of tho as
sociation, ns well as having made set addresses
on revolutionary topics. Among the radical
Socialists of tho city they uro known as
having extremely "radical" views upon their
relations to society, Uthers who listened
with marked attention to the soductlvo
doctrine wore Comrades Frit. O. HchaAr. WII
holm ScharfT, Carl Heusler. Otto Nlcolal, Her
mann Wubnit. Adolph Kramer, and Com
rades Nollo, Weber, Kut-ltsch. nnd Bock. Homo
ol these, ns Schndr and Kubitsuh and Hech aro
acknowledged us members In iYrihett: tho
others arc wall known ns frequenters of the
moollngs now held In Cobutger Hall, Rtanton
street, but formerly In n hall on llond street.
and In various other places nhcre tho associa
tion met to hear Most's harangues. Quiet In
quiries in various quarters olicited tho invari
able response that nil those men wero Most's
associates and members of either tho Interna
tional Working People's 'Association or tho
Social Revolutionary Club.
On the evening of May 11, 18S3, Comrndo
Josoph Kniser was so uufortuuate ns to suffer
tho ravages of a lire In his tenement nt 43!! East
Fourteenth street. The fourth floor of this
building was occupied by Adolph Kramer ns a
dwelling. Kniser lived on the third lloor. where
tho fire originated, owing, according to tho
story told to tha flremon. to Mrs. Kaiser's ac
cidentally letting a kerosene lamp fall. Tho
building was damaged to tho extent of (250.
Mr. Knlsor's furniture naturally suffered somo
Injury (25 worth, say tho official records of
tho Firo Department. The Insurance company
which took tho risk on the proporty, however,
thought dliTorently. nnd settled with the ngl
tor for 278.o9. The amount of tho policy was
f 100. nnd it is n piece of good fortttuii that Mr.
Kaiser had managed to secure the policy on
May 7, a week preoedlng thu calamity.
On Nov. 27 John Charles Panzenbeck was
then living nt40C East Hixtv-thlrd stroet. Ho
0-sonie rosldent of the building told the llro
mutt that n ""tro fell from Its ulaco on tho
wall and knocked oC.r korosnno olliamp. At
any rate the firo rosultlng jm this or somo
other cause damaged the house to the extvl!1
of $1.1.00. but Carolluo Yost, the ownor. was
amply Insurod. The contents of Pnnzenbeck's
Bulto on the third floor wero Injured to tho
amount of novoral hundred dollnrH, he said.
Kmo tlmo In tho first part of the month ho had
luckily taken out a policy for (700, and was
paid nearly that nmount as indemnity. Other
tenants In the house lost from 150 to $ltl0e:tch.
On the 29th of Docombor. 1881. Wllhelm
ScharfT applied toona of tho greatest compa
nies In tho city for ,i policy uiion worldly goods
contained In tho fourth floor tenement at 100
East Fllty-nlnth street. Ills npp icatinn was
successful, ami after the lapse of a few days ho
found hlmsolfthn holder of n document secur
ing 111 in ngninst loss by Urn to the extent of
(500. This was peculiarly fortunate, for In tho
eeulng of Jan. 5, 18H3, six das uftor his impli
cation, a kerosene lamp upset In his npatt-mentbaii-1
tiro broko out. The damage to tho
building, owned by John D. Ulnos. was not
overtJOO. Tho record makorof tho Flio De
partment thought SchnrfTs furniture was not
injured over (200 worth, but tho Insurance
company nevertheless wero Induced to settle
for (1.VJ.25. An Interesting feature of this case
was that when BchnrfT presented his bill of
losses nt the headquarters of the company, the
day altor tho flio, his polloy had not been reg
istered. The money, hon ever, was paid over.
Somo time In this same year Carl Heusler,
Social Democrat, established n small fancy
floods store at 137 Ludlow streot. The build
ng Is a six-story tonoment house, nnd was oc
cupied In all apartments On the evening of
Juno 5, Mr. nnd Mrs. Heusler. after shutting
up shop, nntei mined a few Irionds in tho room
back of the store. Theso people were Joseph
Kniser nnd his wlfo Mary, who lived ut tho tlmo
utt!5 Walton stroet. Brooklyn: Hermann Wnb
nltzof 61 Kist i'.lnvonth streot. Carl Damn of
1)8 Avenue 1). and Otto Nlcolal. the engineer at
St, Charles Hotel. Shortly after 0 o'clock a
korosone oil lamp exploded, and, besides dam
aging tho property, caused tnore. but not dnn
gorous. Injuries, to tho llltlo.p.irty.&Noononlso
In tho building was hurt, though great oxclte
ment prevailed, anil the lire was soon extin
guished, lliiusler'e goods nolo Insured, and n
collodion of upward of (300 was mndo from the
company. Most of tho utifortunnto persons
prssout, however, had to pass two or threo
weeks lu the hospital, somo going to Dellqvue
others to the Now York Hospital, Ileusler hnd
but recently atnrknd up his store, and did not
resume business after this unfortunate event.
Long bofoie this the International Working
People's Association hnd sulTorod sevoral so
oosainns. Cei tain of the members became sus
picious of their oomrndos, nnd preferred to
withdraw from association with thom. The
seceders are one and all exceedingly reticent
on the subj'-ct, nnd It was difficult to obtain In
formation from them, This much, however.
Isceitain; It was frequently iibtorted among
the habitue's of saloons whero thu nd winced
-molallsts ura in tho habit of congregating that
accldonts to korosone lamps wero sometimes
arrnngodwith grout skill : thnt tho comrades
worn shrewd and successful In thelronslnughts
on capitalistic society. It was even asserted that
the Injuries recolvod by the party In Ifouslor'a
backroom wero duo to tho promaturo appear
ance of the lira fiend, owing tn carelessness In
handling tho materials or, Ignorance of tho
Hut these nro not the only fires that hnvp
visited tho agitators. On Feb, 1, 1885, Adolph
Kramer took possession of a tonoment at 107
Jillory street. Drooklyn. in the house owned
and In part occupied by 1'roderlok Htuft, At 10
o'clock In theovenlng of lob. 0 a korosenooll
lamp brnko in his npnrtmcnts. nnd an Interest
ing conflagration a theioHUlt. Ktiift'snouso
w,w S'lilously damugod. over (.'UK) worth, ho
says, nnd Kinmer's inriiHuro nnd belongings
to an unknown .tmount, Mr. Kramer was paid
(300 by the Insurance company. It won not.
liowuur, until Kramor had been prosocutod
norfeauallyon it charge of Incecdlnrism that
he collected from the company.
In the autumn of thosnmo earn slmtlnr ac
cident hnppened In tho tenement of a house
nn Clinton nianuo, West Ilobokon. occupied by
KrM? - ,t,c!l".nr. The houso, ownod by Mr.
Yiilllntn Muipliy. was so badly damaged that
only tha walls remalnod Inlnct. Mr. Hcuaar
was forlunntoly Insured.
Mr. Muipliy. on nei. noted tho fact that when
he arrived at the sceno the only thing burning
was a bod, and that a strong odor of korosone
pervaded tha entire building. But tha odor
may have beou caused outlroly Dy tile lamp.
nnd tho tamp might hnvo been nlacod accident
ally near the bed boforo It broke.
Another unfortunate Anarchist was Louis
Wnbor, who lived nt 81 Avenue A. Tho lamp
exploded In his teuomontnt 7:53 o'olock In the
evening of Nov. 30 last Ills furniture was In
sured for (GOO.
Not long ago Wllhelm floharfT nnd CarlWII
mund wero arrested for carrying concealed
weapons with felonious Intent. The circum
stances nro woll known, although KchnrlT was
then travelling undor the alias Schliman, nnd
was convicted under that natno. He Is at the
penitentiary on Ulaokwoll's Island, nnd Wit
mund was sont to HI ate prison for threo nnd a
half yours by ltecorder Hmyth on Monday last.
It may bn remembered that a lettor was found
upon Wllmund In which ho nddressod hlmsolf
to Most, ofTerlng his services in the causo of
propaganda by dead.
In Most's reply to Liberty') charges ho hints
rnther broadly thnt ono Morltz Ilnchman
Played tho Informer ciciiMnziaiif and nccord
lngly This Hun reporter made every endeavor
to secure tho nsslstnncn of Mr. llachmnn.
Various Inquiries nf social reformers and revo
lutionists resulted simply In tha answer, "I
don't know where ha lives." Tin was found at
last, however, nnd proved to boory reticent.
He admitted thnt he had beon a member nf the
International Working People's Association,
nnd hnd brnkon away from It long since, but
preferred to keep his masons to hlmsolf.
Tha llnxen-halred Justus Kohwab wan also
nppronohed. The rotlcence of this reformer in
woll known, and In this Instance ho proserted
his character. After J.ibrrtu'i disclosures he
wrote a letter to tho odltor of Amur Tertfrl, nn
nnarchistla organ published In Dotrolt, from
which tho following Is nn extrnot:
Von have probably bean enlightened by liberty as to
how I atand with Molt Aa tor mirelt, I ta so far
amended the Jesuitical maxim, "the end Juptlnea tho
ineana," as to aay that the nieai.a must not ilc.ecrate Hi
end. 1 am no partv man. lu the narrow settee of
that term. May I also bo preserved In the nereis of an
Indspeudent Ju.ltfinant over atl deeds that come tn my
view. . Behind the acenes there are people from
whom t am minded to turn awav, on acoount of their
peculiarities. However deeply I may bo tin olved In the
whirl and cnhfus'un of citizen life. 1 have not yet In.t
my conceptlnna of love nobility, and deoenry. So be It
well. If former "friend." choi.e to attack me. I can
tieartutn the consciousness of never rtalna; proved
recreant to the highest Rood and welfare of soolaty.
"I would ratherhave nothing furthor to say,"
rnmarkod Mr. Schwab to the reportor; "you
know how It Is yourself 1"
"But would you explain upon whnt grounds
you ctjoctod Wllhelm SohnrlT, alias Rchliman.
Adolph Kramor. nnd Josoph Kniser from your
saloon, nnd forbade their return ?"
The muscular Oormnn drew hlmsolf up to
his full nelght nnd exclaimed sharply: "Where
did you got those names';"
"From tho ofllclal records of tho Firo De
partment." replied the roportor.
Theanwar apparently Iniled to satisfy Mr.
Schwab, However ho said:
"I turnod thom out because I had good rea
son tn believe thnt they wero immoral mon.
nnd thnt Is ronson onough for me."
An Interesting Interview was obtained with
n young mochnnlo who Is conversant with
these nlTalrs, Ho suggested a way In which
such fires ns hnto occurred might havo boon
sot, had the occupants so desired.
"Thoy might tnko n lamp, filled with oil." ho
said, "nnd securely plug up the pnssngo on tho
side of tho burnci Intended for tlioescnpnof
gases. Then if tho lamp be llglttoa mid
candle placed so that the cnndlo flaino touches
tho oil chnmher. gasca will bo qttlokly generat
ed that, having no monns of escape, will soon
break the lamp nnd cnuo n fire. It tho mate
rials nro skilfully placed, tho breaking lamp
will be suretn tip the candlo off the table so
that Its ngency will not be susnoctod. This
method may bo mndo moro euro by saturating
strips of cloth with benrlno and laying them
from n point near tho lamp to Inflammable
mntorlnl elsewhere In the room. Bcnzino
loaves no trace, nnd Its flro-conductlng quali
ties nro so powerful that nn experiment of this
kind is perfnotly sure of success. But if the
parties at. work are careless tn handling tho
benzine, a conflagration may take place prema
turely nnd somobody will got hurt."
l'OWDKKt.r ON STRIKES.
lis Taluks I.lltlo Else Tamil Kvll Comes of
Them llta Influetirje In the Cortl Tlealon.
ScrtAKTON, Va., May 3 Tho nbsenco of dis
content among the miners of the anthracite
coal regions, ospeolally among those of tho
Lackawanna Valley, is In part due to the Influ
ence of Ooneral Master Workmnn Powderly,
whoso opposition to strikes Is generally known.
In a reoent conversation with Tntt Sun report
er, Mr. Powdorly said:
"Woknowhoro to our sorrow what strikes
are, and wo want no more of them. I think it
will bo a long tlmo boforo ne have another
great sttlke hero. At nny rate. I hope so. The
terrible strikas that wo have had In tho coal ro
glons, during tho last twenty years, novor re
sulted In any good to tho worklngmon. They
all realize that fact now. Thoy couldn't boo It
at the time, but experience hns convinced them
that nothing has ever beon gained by strikes.
As n general thing the ond of a ell Iko found the
woikingmen In n far more pitiable condition
than they were when they began tho st rugglo.
lean lookback now and see where hundreds of
strikos havo been prevented by reason and
common sense, and I can look forwnrd to a
time whon nearly all disagreements botwoen
bujers andfielltih, nf Isbsr will to mutually set
tied by arbitration. I think It will como to this
sooner orlnter. If thenowurto order strikes
Is pincoa in inS ponds of the General Executivo
Hoard if each local assembly is compelled to
get permission from tho Oenernl Exeoutho
Committee before it can order a strike, less
hasty action and fewer strikes will bothoie
suit.5' " Will any notion be takon on this question at
tne iienorat Assembly lu Cleveland next
"Tim meeting will consider the labor troubles
throughout the country, and will endeavor to
decide on somo system of arbitrating disagree
ments between employers nnd employees. Tho
subject of vesting tne power to order strikes In
the (ieneral Executive Board may not como up
until i ho annual mooting in October."
Mr. Pow.lenystlll assorts that tho country Is
not yot prepared for ihu eight-hour movement.
Ho sajs tho subject has not been thoroughly
nnd Intelligently discussed, and that, In conse
quence. It is not properly undur-tood. Ho Is
heartily In favor of reducing tho hours of labor,
but he fears that too hasty action will render
tho attempt unsuccessful, and ho has nil along
been in favor of going slow and not forcing the
question, hop) nii that it would bo better under
stood before any general movement Vins made
to lessen tho bourn of labor,
In tho mining regions n refusal by tho com
panies to concede tho demand or nn olght
hour day will nut result In strikes. At a mam
moth meeting of miners In Wllko.sbnrro. n few
days ago. In favor of tho night-hour movement.
It was decided that. If the operators nro dis
posed to doubt tho wisdom nf tho movomont,
tho demand will bo withdrawn until further ef
forts can bn inado to provo tho justico of the
roqucst. No serious difficulties will occur In
thu nuturaulto rogionon acoount of the eight
Another Instance of Mr. Powdorly's influ
onco In this section Is xhnwu In the conduct of
the 8.030 employees nf tho Lackawanna Iron
nnd Coal Company. When tho prlco of steel
rails began to go down that company reduced
the wages of Its men 10 per cent. The prlcn
kopt getting ioivnr. und another 10 percent,
reduction was mado. Finally steol rails went
down to (28 n ton. und tho managers of tha
company told the emplojena that they must
submit to another reduction nr the works
would have to bo shut down. Tho mon pre
ferret! to be reduced n third time rnther than
be thrown out of employment for an Indefinite
period, nnd a 15 per cont reduction was
tho result of their decision. Thoy wore thon
working for 85 per cont. less than thoy had for
merly roculved, but they worn willing to do It,
as the works ran rlehtnlnni.' whlln unvnrnloinni
works in other cities ero Idle, At the begin
ning of this yoar 10 por cant, was nddod to
their wages. .the price of rails having gono up,
and on April 1 tho 15 percent, reduction was
restorod, the ralso having boon voluntary on
tbo part of thy company. The men hnvo been
busy and thrifty nil the time, and they nro still
busy nnd far more thilftv than thoy would bao
been if they hnd thrown up tholr jobs when re
ductions took plnce.
iue xjttt.Y ci.iisiNu morjtaiKNT.
Skua DeulcrV Clerks and Hunday Trade The
Fifteen past side shon doalors, so the sales
men say, will ha arrested this erenlnj for selling foods
on Sunday, The United Shoe Salesmen, at their nutt
ing yesterday at 10 lllvlnglun strest, recslved com
I faints sfalnit these dealers, and warrants will be op.
piled for In the Tombs Police Court. Vesterday the
uulou hat hslf a dozen shoppers out buying shoes. The
sslisMieiiitoiiotesiierttn crrr) Hie i Ulit hour ortnii.
but they Inltixl to ask a rtducllou In hours, los.onlnz
the work evenings,
Haveral hundred clothing salesmen ntteileda meet
ing lu M.i'delsllsltlu Fnrii-rnurlh street intcrilay. at
w fuel, nn organization for earl cine lug ouiitlm euforce
iiienl of the buuday law was funned
riieFaturda) lliif-llollday I'uinuilltee hars Issjed tho
JV ('' rWiitflon of lli"'lketptri mm Ojnv cttrll.
UasTLVMi-s i Hecing that the hours of labor ure greatly
lcujthi-uid fur nun and nomeii woiklnglu stores main.
lyl.y tho shopping of tho wives and families of those
win, are seeking tu reduce their own hours nt labor. Die
batiirda) llalf-llolldsy t'oiuinlttre submit the matter to
tour consideration, and molt re.irctfullj retpi.it that
you would I'M only bring the subject before the Central
Labor Union, but tint rou would as far as possible In
fluence the wives and famines of vnurnwn members to
do tbrlr iliopidug at as early en hour as poulble ovsrv
day, and not later than II o'clock on Saturday. Helped
fully yours, Keviao Jeua.toa, Chairman,
VY. i. llaustr, Secretary.
LABOR'S IIARD STRUGGLE.
A. LONG AND BTVltBOllN CONTEST
LOOKUli FOB IV CHICAGO.
Maar Non.ltrlUera le ha JLnched Out T.
dar-tVirikm.il Urge, Svelntl.ta to Keep
taa react Anarckl.la Arnaeel nnd Drllllnsr
-Nene of taa Hallmesda Will Xleld-Taa
.Events nr To-day Awaited wills Anxiety.
CntOAOo, May 2 Tho 40.000 strikers in this
city committed no overt acts to-day. Thoy
oven refrained from marohlng. Thoy sat upon
boards In the great lumber district nnd whit
tled nnd discussed hours and wsgos until tho
sun wont down: they swnrmed nround the
saloont in tho vicinity of tho Iron nnd brass
works tn Blue Islnnd avenue and Clinton
streot like bees nround crates of over-ripe
peaches, and thoy dangled tbolr legs over tho
steps of tho silent furnlturonnd box factorlos
llkothe pntlent llshorman outon tho Govern
ment pier. It was a day of quiet In ovory por
tion of tho city.
Employers nnd employees enjoyed tho brlof
armistice, but both aro proparod to reaurao tho
fight whon the whtstlos blow to-morrow morn
ing. All tho employers who wished to do so
bine hnd time to mako arrangements to adjust
their business to tho new order of things : but
the fact that so few have dono so ie evidence
that canltalists hnvo determined to mako n
Btand ngatnst tho demands -of tholr men. nnd
tho result will be a Ions and bitter fight. Hun
dreds of manufacturers who nro willing to
give their men a slight increase in wages will
shut down becauso of the uncertainty of busi
ness affairs. To-morrow morning thousands
of men In nddltion to the vast army already
out who expect to go to work will find them
selves lockod out.
The loading mon In tho Trados Assembly
(ear this phase of the agitation will causo
great trouble With tho present high state of
feeling among the foreign labor elcmont, and
the incendiary otlorta of the Socialistic lend
ers. It Is liuoly that tho Police and Firo Depart
ments will have their hands full, boforo the
end of the week. Tho situation Is alarming,
nnd tho promotors of the night-hour day are
beginning to appreciate this fact.
At a meeting of thu Trades Assombly this
nftoruoon commlttoes were appointed to visit
tho Socialistic strongholds, nnd urge tho fnl
lowetsof the rod Hag to preservo order during
tho present week. Thoy wore also Instructed
to nsk tho mon not to demand an increase in
wages where shorter hours nro granted,
While Ihefiu attempts are being made to
stamp out the lira that is smouldering lu tho
congested wards lot the city, there came woll
nuthoutlcntod reports that the Socialists are
drilling night and day ; that thoy aro armed and
nro determined to gain their point even though
they have to cross swnrdstwlth tho soldiers of
tho -Slate. Blood red flags nro now displayed
from tho windows of the .lrtnfrr Zeit.mg, tho
organ of the Anarchists. They snapped vicious
ly in the wind which swept down Fifth atenue
fromsunrleo to sunsot. When tho paper ap-
E eared on tho strums this morning the liens
oys wore quickly relieved of tholr burdens by
mon wearing black slouch hats and bits of red
ribbon on tho lappols of their coats. This was
what they found on tho editorial pago:
1 he only danger Ilea In the inclinations of thernn
seriatlve elements to compruiul.e with the bo.-es.
Any man who advocate, a comprntill.e should be Pat
down un in at once Iho workers must not place faith
in an promise, made by the bo. ex. Ihey ,uu.t eve
thnt the demands aro at ouco conceled nr aptili any
and alt mean, to bring tile eimluer. to term, llelny
of settlement means deft at. The striker, must be pre
pared for all eiuergci-cle.. In tho slriiffg tho .trnnge.t
will conquer. Worklnginen, therefore, mtut be armed.
The dla Is cast. The 1st of Wny. 1SSO, whore hl.torkol
Importance will be comprehended only In after years.
Is acre or twenty yejrs ha the laboring people
begged of the United Male, low-glvera and exturllonl.ts
to tntroduco the eight-hour working day. Ihey knew
how to keep tho modest beggars down, and 3 ear nfter
year rolled bj . W e do not believe, from all appearances,
that the thing will pas. oil smoothly. Hony of the ox
torlloulsts. In fact, most of them, are determined to
drive those laborers who will not submit to their
tyranny, by sanation, hack Into vlavery. It will now
bo seen whether the laborer will slowly starve, ftf
whether he will know how to Impress hts would-ha mur-
derer. with modern view p.
Tho freight handlers' strike Is fraught with
great danger. Should tho companies afToatod
attempt to hire now mon. trouble Is ce-'.nln to
ensue. The railroad managers think they will
find no dlfllculty In securlni. B'll tho new mon
thoy nood to handle tn- uusinsss, and if they
e!:,!Uo.I"'op?r rrtoctlon. expect to go along
without trouule. If the strike does not extend
to Sy other emplojoes except tho freight
hnndiore tha railroad people say thoy will bo
put tu llttlo Inconvouloncn by tho striko. as
they will only bo prevented from handling mer
chandise nnd such othor property as is shipped
in less than car load lots. Cars loaded at ele
vators, warehouses, packing houses, .Vc, can
bo promptly handled, ns well ns all other
Interchange business which rcrjulres only
switching from the Woatern to the Lastorn
ronds, or vlco versa. If, howevor. tho switch
men and other employees take a baud lu tho
conflict nnd join tho freight nnnu'UrJ. !h"n u" '
t"ia"!5 would bu suspended. Noue of the ronds
mean to accodo to the demands of tho freight
handlers, fooiing that by doing sont this timo
thoy would only nggravato the situation, as It
would induce tho mon omployod lu othor
branches of tho buslnoss to demand similar
concessions. The managers of the ronds aro
unanimous in saying that they cannot afford to
grant tho increase demanded. Their doing so
would Increase their oueratlni: o-tnensoH to
such an extent as to prevent thom from earn
ing sufllclont to pay their fixed charges and
expenses, and not a road In the country would
be able to earn any dividends with tho present
A majority of thom think, however, by meet
ing tholr men in a friendly spirit, nnd explain
ing to them tho unroaouab'anessnf tholr de
mands, and tho serious results to nrlso there
from, thoy oan be Induced to conttnuo nt work,
and without nn advance In wages until times
hecomo better nnd warrant an increase, A
fowof the roads fonr the worst, and uro of tho
opinion that no nmount of parleying can pre
vent a general strike.
Thus fur no stops hnvo boon taken to securo
concert nf action on the part of the mads,
evidently because many of them still bono to
be able to nvort n strike, nnd trust thnt their
men will go back to work to-morrow. If tho
ronds are prevented from working on Monday
tho meeting will no doubt bo hold, and con
certed action taken. It being gnnornlly ad
mitted thnt unions all the roads stand to
gether and make n common fight, the danger
of being beaten will be very great
At a meeting of tho striking freight handlers
to-night it was agroud to stand firm until tho
companies ncccdo to their demands. All Indi
cations point to nn oxcltlng day to-morrow.
Heavy forces of police and flinmen will be held
In rondlness at each station. It Is said thnt tho
thousands of strikors will movoon tho McCor
mlck Reaper Works at 7 o'clock and fores the
men employed there to drop tholr tools.
' jTwo h und rod frolght handlers from Iowa
nnd Wisconsin have boon Importod Into the
city during tho day by the Hurling
ton road. All havo boen sworn In
na deputies. Late to-night It Is lenrnod that
the company Is building barracks for the new
men In tho depot. Tha etrikois threatened to
blow them up with djnamlto.
For threo hours to-plglitincendlnryspooches
wero mndo by tho leudets of the strikers, and
It Is probable that should tho company attempt
to mon frelgbtto-morrow It will bo resisted by
0,000 MKN TO HTI.IHB IS BOSTON.
IlosTON. May 2. Tho building trades will
strike to-tnoriow for eight hours. Tho strik
ers will number 1,200 painters. H00 plumbers,
2.000 carpontcre. nnd l.oop bricklayers. Tho
mon will not parade, and do not propose eyon
tn go nonr their places of employment. Their
nrbitiatlon commlttoes will bo -tt hendijunrtors
ready to treat with tho master builders ns soon
ns they manifest a d sposltlon to arbitrate
Tbn striko will probably bo n long one. for the
master builders say they aro ready for a elcgo.
TO-DAV'H STJlthi: IN WABUINOTON.
VAstiiNfiToN, May 2,-rrom present Indica
tions 10,000 inen.ln this city will go out to
morrow on a striko forolght hours ss a day's
work. Tho various assemblies nf Knights of
Labor of tho building trades hold meetings to
day, at whloh arrangements for conducting the
lnovltnblojockout wero jnade. Thoy have or-,
dared their members to prosont thomsoltos to
tholr oraploycrs to-morrow morning us usunl,
nnd Inrorm thom Hint they will work but eight
hours a day, and if tho proposition Is not nc
copied, torofusotngoto ork. 1 hoy have also
oiderod thom to kecr. away fiom saloons, nud
not to congregate on tho streot corners.
OTUF.Il LAPOlt MOVKMIuNTs),
Milwaukrh. May 2. -Tho browing ooinnanles
resolved to-day to mnken uulted stnndugatnst
tho 2.000 striking browors. lien In tho Falk
browory having rofunod to join the strikers,
the latter announce that thoy will march to
that establishment In a body to-morrow and
force thom to quit. , II this plan Is curried Into
effect serious trouble Is uppruhontlod.
Pirrauunnit, May 2. At a tueetlng of stone
masons of Pittsburgh, aud Allegheny to night,
it was decided to striko to-morrow for f a.25
por day nnd nlnn hours work, Thoy havo
been receiving O-30 'of.,? day of ten. hours,
nnd the employers nro willing to concede them
the decrease In hours, but say they cannot
afford to pay morn than S3 conts an hour.
About 1,000 men will be thrown out of employ
ment by ilia strike,
IO.n.lT'3 BTtttKBH IN NKVT TOBK.
Demands Acceded In In Ulnar Cases HfTeral
Thomnnd Men May Strike.
At Iho meeting of tho Control Labor Union
In Clarendon Hall vestorday tho dolcgatoof tho
piano makors said that It looked ns If several
thousand piano makors In this city nnd tho
neighborhood would go on striko to-day for
eight hours. The Kxecutlvo Commlttoo of tha
Unltod Piano Makers of Amorlca mot yester
day at Its hoadquartcrs In Seventeenth street,
Thn employees will roport at tholr rospoctlvo
shops In this city this morning. Whon tho de
cision of the emploiers on thoolght-hour do
mnnd Is known dclegatos from each shop wilt
report to tho Executive Committee Tho om
ployoos of nny shop whore tho domnnd Is re
fused will strike. If In nny shop, howovor. tho
majority of tho omployoes do not want eight
hours thoro will be no strike. Tho Kxccutlva
Committee will hoar roports from othor cities.
The brass workers roported that they hat!
Invltod their 6mploorstn confer with thom ou
Tuesday afternoon at Ilnb'a llntol. They say
they will try hard to got eight hours.
Tho fresco painters, cabinetmakers, furni
ture workers, nnd upholstorors will demand
night hours. Tho clgnrmnkers, both Interna
tional and Progroaslvo union, aro nrrnnglng
for nn eight-hour working day. Tho houso
smiths reported that lliev want nine hours, and
hnvo Hindu a now scale of wakes, v, hi eh will be
submitted to tholr employers to-day. Dole
gates of the Furrrlorn' Union reported that, In
conseiiuonce of the boinos' refusal to grant an
eight-hour work day. thoy will go on striko tn
every shop to-day. Thero are about 800 mon
and women in tho union. Their hcadquartors
wlllb i In lloethoxonllnll, on Filth stroet.
lloports to Typographic, tho Gorman prin
ters' union, Indicate that tho olglit-hour rule
Isobseivedlu nearly all the Qcrnian printing
Tho delegates of tho marbto polishers, rub
bors. nnd sawyers reported yesterday that
nearly all of the representative firms In tho
business havo adoptod thn nlno-hour rulo. and
at the sumo time advanced wnges 10 por cent.
There v, III bo n strike In the other shops. Tho
abolition ot piecework Is now sought for by the
men. They will moot to-day in Hose Hill Hall.
Becond avenue. . .
Typographical Union No. C dlscusf-ed the
eicht-hour movement nt Its meeting yosterdny.
Tho delegatus who go to tho National Conven
tion In Pittsburgh In June wero Instructed to
work for a national time standard to govern
all unions. Union No. 0 favors nine hours ns
tho standard. Many mombors bollovo that
before nny tlmo standard can be adopted
umotig printers pieco work will havo to bo
abandoned. Union No. 0 will tnkn no dcllnlte
part 4u tbo local olght-hour movomont nt
The 1.500 employees of the nle nnd porter
brewors have como to nn understanding with
their omplnyors. Iloruafter an employerwho
wnnts n workman is to apply to the union, and
If ho ennnot get u satisfactory man will employ
whom ho p'onses, on condition thnt tho rann
shall join iho union, mid that ho shall not be
employed on tho recommendation of a cus
tomer. Ten hours Is to bn tho stnndard day's
work and llvo on Sunday. Wages for Inside
men not !o-ts than (12 n neok. drlvors and
stablomen to got (15. Insiders have boen get
ting (!) and (10 nnd drivers (10 and (11.
Tho Tumors' Progressiva Union met In Con
cordia Assembly Itoomt. Avenue A. und adopt
ed resolutions demanding tnnt eight hours
shall constitute n day's work, with a propor
tionate loductlon of wages. The meerschaum
and amber workers are an exception. They
demand eight hours with full pay. Tho ma
jority of employers in this trado have stontlled
tholr nccoptancn of the demand. A striko Is
ordetod for to-day in till shops not accepting it,
Ono huiidrnd dyote. apparently wearing
gloves of shades nil the way from black to old
gold, met at 207 West Thlrty-fourtn stioot yes
terday nnd organized a union. Thoy will ask
for moro pay. , , ,
The committee to engage counsel for tho boy
cotters who have bona nrrested recommended
to the Central Labor Union that (ion. linger A.
Pryor bo retained as counsel and thnt $500 be
paid him. It was suggested that tho entire
cost might bo (1,500. as tho cases would In all
probability go to tho Court of Appeals. Tho
meeting voted to rotnln Clen. Pryor. nnd not
bother about tho cost at presont. Tho Grand
Jury which found the indictments, ns well as
ltecorder Smyth aud tbo District Attornov,
A deloua'o of tho Eccontrio Association of
Engineers suggested that it would be well if
tho Central Labor Union would try nnd hnvo
tho conspiracy law rovixnd. Tho meeting do
cldod not to try, Tho dolegates said thoy did
not believe that tho law coverod boycotting,
This resolution was adopted:
Ttftolretl. Thnt we herewith protest against the pro
posed high handed interference of our public odcla's
with the liberties of the representative, of organized
labor, and the threated collu.lon of said otllcera with
monopoly as ngatnst the common Itttoresls.
Joseph C. Compos, delegnto of tho Cuban
clgarmakers. handed up a lettor from 00,000
Spanish worklnginen in the Provinco of Cata
lonia, saying that It Is with pleasure thnt tbny
learn of tho succoss of t o demand of their
follow worklngmon In America for eight hours
n day. They suggest that In enso their do
mnnd Is not ncceded to their follow worklng
mon In America should all buy rifles with all
the dollars thoy havo to spare.
ooxanussMAN wkavbb on i.Aiion.
Worklnsruert 111 net Seek the llerueiljr for
Their Wrong. In Ik Bnllot Has.
Conp;res,smnn Jninos B. Weaver of Iowa,
spoke last night on tho labor question In the
Grand Orern Houso. Brooklyn, under tho di
rection of tho rcllof commltteo of the Advance
nnd Prospoct Labor Clubs. Ho said tbo Itopub
Ho had becomo aristocratlo In splrit.tand that
the tendency ot population was from tho coun
try to the city, which showod an unhealthy con
dition of affairs. Hundreds of thousands of
ncros of the publlo land nro held by British
lords and nobtcmon. who must bo driven out,
but only by law. Something must be dono to
mako it ponlblo for n poor man to got n home.
The country has travelled fnt-t toward riches
nn ono sldo and poverty on the other. The
Government had been guilty of n serious error
In forgetting their trusteeship toward prop
erty. Think of 47.000 000 ncros ot land granted
to tho Northern Pacitlc llntlroad.
America was boglnningto feel the disease
from nlilch Italy, Germany, Itussln. Spain, and
Ireland have suffered. It the load woro takon
off, labor would takocaient Itself. If laboring
men know they could find a homo, one causo of
all this serious trouble would be removed. But
nt the present time labor failed to pay tho In
terest on the Indebtedness ol this counlty, tbo
balance ot trado was against labor, nnd tho Inw
of usury prevallod. Overcharging for trans
portation was another cnuso nf tne prevailing
trnublos. Thn first duty of the laboring men
wns to oignnhso for thoy woro not safe without
organization. But thoy must orgnnlro atom
perato und wlsn resistance to the ovils of mo
nopoly. Not nil tho Knights of Labor In Amer
ica, not all the business mon combined could
raise thn prices one farthing. The enemies ot
labor wautod this movemont to result In crimes
nnd excesses, Worklngmon must therefore be
temperate, law abiding, and lespootfnl of tho
rights ol property nnd pert on. And they must
keep on thinking nnd thinking, and seek to
find a remedy In the ballot box.
WAJt ON HOC I A i.lHTS.
Geromny Takes Vigorous Heuenrca to Snp
prrae Labor llleordnre
I3UHLTN, May 2 Tho Prussian Govern
ment, fearing that strikes nro impondlng, has
issued a docrco ordering tho pollco to interfero
In case strikers Intimldato worklngmon, Extra
vigilance luurdorod against strikos connected
with tho Social Domocrallongitatlon, tho load
ore of whloh make uso of tho strlfo for higher
wages to wldon thn gulf botweontlio employ
ora nnd the employed, to Increase tbn work
men's hatred of existing) political and social
order, and thus to bring ulintit a great and
Irremediable rupture between the laboring
classes and tholr omplnyors.
Socialist meotltige and publication wlll.be
put undor energetic r-unulllauce. Tho die
trlct Governors aro authorized to demand
troops it necossary for tho enforcement of these
Vlueyurd. In 'grit,
LoxnoN, May 2. A German wins grower has
produced an excelltut'iuallt) of wlnafro n the yield of
a vineyard occupying a large tract of land near Cairo,
and hi. success hal stlililll-ltrd the l!g, pilau (Invent
incut to glv every tncuuriigitnent to grire culture In
Uavtt Jig, ft.
Two truck "Vnckls.
Boston, May 2,-Oen. Palno's yncht Mayflow
er, tha rival of the 1'iirltan, Is completed, bho will its
launched on VUdne. lav orTliuisday.
The Srst changes In the 1'urltan since alio was
launched are now being made Her bowsprit is btlug
reductd lu slie. Hie n ill I o rtllllid rext week.
Yiienellus'' Ale nnd l.ngrr llecr.
ALsntutsly pur Mottled at the brow cry expressly for
family use, and dellured by A. Mobler i t'o, l.(h at.
aud loin sv., Mew Vurk city. Order by postal card JJn.
A Wooium, Mudo Judge,
Always decides for Trio's Pcarllnt for aasy washing.
JBFF DAVIS'S TBir TO HATAXSAIl,
Unannndcd Enlkuelnsm Everrwaare Along
the Reate-llr, IJnvle'elSpeeck.
Savannati, May 2,-Mr. Davls'u trip from
Atlanta to Savannah was a continuous ovation.
At ovory station crowds colloctod about the
depot, and wherever tho train stopped Mr,
Davis was called for. nnd was obliged olther to
bow or speak. Tho onthuslasm overywhoro
was unbounded. Tho spoclnt train consisted
ot six gayly deooratod coaches. Tho roar coach
was tho pihato ear of (Ion. Manager Cooll
Gabbottottha Wostorn Hallway of Alabama,
which brought Mr. Davis ftom Beauvolr
ovor tho ontlro route. It contained Mr.
Davis, Mayor ltoeso ot Montgomery. Ala.,
and tho Savannah Escort Commlttoo. Tho
noxt conch was tho private enr of Superin
tendent Fleming ot tho Snvannah, Florida, nnd
Western Railroad. It contained Miss Davis,
Mrs. J. B. Gordon. Miss Gordon, Mrs, Ilaose,
and a number ot othor Indies. Tho Pullman
parlor car noxt In front contained Gov. MoDan
lei. prominent citizens of Atlanta, and Invltod
Buosts. among thom bolng sovornl speclnl cor
respondents, representing lending Northern.
Western, nnd Southern pupors. Tho Blooper
nnd parlor car next In front contained tho
Montgomery Greys. The Montgomery True
Blues occupied the next car. These companies,
under the command of Col. Thomas G.Jones,
of the Second Regiment. Alabama Slato troops,
constituted the oscort of Mr. Davis...
At tho dopot In this city llfteon military com
panies nnd an Immense concourse of peoplo
nwnlted the train's arrival. It wns 6 o'clock
when tho train arrived, and the darkness which
bad fallen over thn city mndo It almost Impos
sible for the throng, which lined tho streets
from thn station to the residence of II. W.
Cower, whose guest Mr. Davis will bo whllo In
the city, to distinguish his features, but as ho
wns recognized the crowd overywhoro broko
Into loud cheers. Gov. McDanloI and Oon.
Gordon, wboaccompanlad him, were also loud
ly cheered. Upon his arrival at tho Commet en
House Mr. Davis, in response to tho ropeatod
cheers of the crowd, made tho following short
speech of acknowledgment:
I want to thank you from m) heart for tha manifesta
tion or your kindness, which convinces me that uur
cause Is not lost but lives eternil tn the hearts of tha
sons of 1770 We aro now at peace -with all the world,
and I sincerely hope thnt this may remain so Uutthla
does not tnvolie the Abandonment nt principle or the
denial nt truth. In this sense I retelie this manifesta
tion and for this I am heartll) thankful.
no was ngatn loudly cheered as bo retired.
While fooling the fatigue natural to ao evontful
a trip. Mr. Davis is mhorwlse in good health
nnd spirits. Gov. McDnnlol wrb escorted by
the military to tho residence of Mayor ltufus H.
Lester, where ho remains whllo in tho city. Mr.
IMvIs will probably remain horo throughout
thowooK. To-morrow ho will assist Gov. Mo
Daniel In tho military roviow incident to the
nnonlng of tho Chatham Artillery Centennial
Tit AGIO END Of A QUABBEL.
A. Father Accidentally Killed hie Own Son
and Aricrnrard SJommltted (inlelde.
Chicago, Slay 3. Alexander Itibbola, an
Italian. 02 years of age. living at 3.213 Butter
field stroet. this morning qunrrelled with John
Hlpsman, a German hostlor. CO years of age.
Tho barn in which Hlpsman was omployed Is
directly opposlto the barn on the Blbbola
promlsos. Tho quarrel was causod by Mr.
Illbbola accusing Hlpsmnn of throwing
slops Into tho alloy, which is botwoen
tho two barns. not words followed
and the two old men. thoroughly enraged, sep
arated for tho momont, to procure weapons.
They soon camo together. HIpBmnn with a
pitchfork, and Rlbbola with a rovolver. Tho
latter began by firing a shot which wns not true
to the nlm. Hlpsman thon nbnndoned his
pitchfork, and rushed upon his as-allant. grap
pled with him, and trlod (9 obtain posgegijlon
of tho revolver.
While the two d men were struggling, n
domestlo - ttje emBoy f jir. lubbola called
out to his sons, Follx nnd Stephen, thnt Hlps
man wus killing tholr father. They sprang
out ot bod. and. after dressing partially, ran
out to tho rescue. Felix rushod In botwoen
them. As ho did so a shot was Ilred,
and Follx sank with a moan to tho
ground, Hlpsman than toleased his grasp
upon Itlbbola'H wrist nnd rnu away. Illbbola
fired two shots nt the fleeing man, but neither
took ofToct. Then the fathor saw hia bleeding
nnd unconscious son lying unou the ground.
With a wild cry. "My God. I've shot my boy I"
bo raised his son's hoad. and placed It upon Ills
bosom and called upon him to sponk. Receiving
nonnswer, ho showered posslonnto kisses up
on tho Incennd lips of tho still unoonsclons and
apparently dying boy. Maddonod by grief, ho
left tho prostrnto form of his son nnd rushod
into tho house, entered his room, removed his
boots, throw himself on a bed, placed tho muz
zle ot tho revolver Into his mouth, and with the
remaining shot killed hlmsolf Instantly. Tha
wounded boy was shot through the lungs and
Tho Illbbola family Is ono of tho oldost, bost
nnd most favorably known la tho Italian fnml
Mo, InChiesn rSuX.'iIio wounded son. Is23
years Of S2d. ft'td bns boen for some tlmo pa-t
aolerk In tho lrlght department .of the Chi
cago. Burlington and (Julncy Railroad, bto
phen. tho othor son. Is nbout 2s '"!" "' "K0.
nnd Is pnylng teller at the Illinois i:'.'.at aad
Savings Bank. Ho Is a noted amatour athlete,
nnd hns won sovornl prbos In tho AthemiMim
gymnasium contosts, Hlpsman, tho bostlor,
as beon arrested.
AN AGED VABS1KB UUBDICltED.
Ilia llralua llanfen Oat with nn Axe In the
Ilnnde ofa Farm Hand.
AunyRN, May 2. A doliberato and atro
cious murder wns perpetrated in Owanco, six
mllos south of this city, nt 5 o'clock this after
noon. Petor Porter, an aged farmer, was tho
vlotim. Porter bad gono Into hts woodshod to
gather kindling for a firo, when Goorgo L.
Btahlnocker, about 30 years of ngo, entered,
nnd. sel.lng an axe, split tho old ninn's head
open. Ho made five cuts with tho blade of tho
axe, nnd fled the promises.
Portor's wlfo. nn Invalid, was amused by his
ory of murder, nnd went to the door to soe her
husband's brains oozing from his wounds,
Htnhlnecknr past-ed her In the door nnd ran to
his mother's houso half n mile distant, whore
ho was arrot.tod later In the evening bi Sheriff
Myors, Ho was brought to this city and locked
up. btahlnocker was at work planting pota
toes on n neighboring farm nil day, and drank
froolynf hardcldor. Ho says that Porter owed
blm somo money, but gives no explanation for
the assault. He Is n relative of Congressman
The Chnreh of Our JLridy of Good Cnunsel,
Tho corner stone of tho Church of Our Lady
of O00J Counsel, In Kait Ninetieth street, near Third
avenue, was laid yesterday afternoon lu the presence of
S.ooi) people. Archbishop Corrlgau officiated. The
Archbishop, wearing his mitre and carry lug his crnzler,
led tho procession tit white robed priests and Hie boy
rholr upon Iho grounds. After a ceremony of 1 (mut
ing and prayers the stone was lifted li, Its place, and
the Arohbtsbop sprinkled it threo tunes with holy water.
Among tho. o who took part In the seniors were Pnthers
Dougherty. Sweeny. anilCunroy of Hi Monica's t'liuicb.
Kather Kenrdon of Oastle Harden, Fathers flood, Hur
ley, ant McUee nf hi John the Kvaugi.llt Church, the
llev Ur. Wall of ht. Agues t'lirch. and Kaiher Uabriel
leal.) in ni. iicrimrii i.nurcu. Alier llie layilig Ol
the .lone tho Archbt.hop nnd prle.ts took seats oil ah
cletnled platform lu tho uild.t of the rnca. strewn spuce
w h.re the church Is to staud and the Jlev, Dr. Edward
XtcUlynn mado an address
A I'rehlstorlc Graveyard,
MoonEriEi-D, W. Va., May 2. On nn Inland on
the north branch of the Potomac, tu Hampshire county,
the grain nf about aw people, ei Ideally of a race that
precelod the Indiana, were found. The skeletons were
esposed b) the recent freshet undermining a poriion of
the island. The skeletons unlforml) lio on tha left sldo
with kneis drawn up. und with each skeleton are small
Lartlun bowls tilled with bone arrow heads. Hint knlvos.
Ao One skeicton had bands of ci peer about the ank.es
Stabbed tint Wouldn't SJlop In Iho Ilosullat.
Jamoa Boylo of 503 Tlrst nvontio, who Is said
toln 0 member tf the hlxl ninth Itecliuent, went to
Beltevue Hospital tato last night to have a atsb wound
dressed. He said he hnd been cul b an acquaintance
named John Kmulght at hirst aveuuo an l Twenty.
ninth street. Iho ih.lclana found that he had been
stabbed four tlnirs about the back and broast. lie re
fund to riinalu lu ll'i hospital.
Aire, Onrflild lu Bluasnckusetla.
Coscoitn. Mas. May 2. Mrs. Jume A. Gar
field ni.d her daughter ure vi.ilhig Harry liarfleld at St,
Paul's .chool here.
M'.lltKS fllOit TUB TKLEQUtPU.
Rnnzresii lau A, A. Uanneyrf the Third Massachusetts
di.irat has nnuounced to Ins frknds that lie will not be
a candidate for rteleotlou this fait.
bainuel Jackson, one of the colored men recently con
victed lu llaslilugion of perjury In bis testimony In the
ltelt divorce suit, w as sentenced yesterday to fire years
In llie Albany psullentlary, '
The State Forestry nvuimlsslon has begun a suit In the
Supreme Uourtln Ullca against Ilurd aud iiotchktss,
proprietors of tba Adirondack Northern Railroad, for I
trespass In cutting oiar 1,600 acres ot Slat forest laud
Id rraaklm county. I
BACKING UP THE STRIKE. 1
ALL TUB LINES VOTE TO CONTIXUM M
TUB Till HO ATKNVB flUUT, &
1 ' ?e
Cm-a Ta Ha Knn To-nlajht-Flenlr Yeairrday jy
Hnl Few Nickel.-Thn ntrlUere Nay Taer v
Will ('nil Out OO oriha New Man Tewdor. J'
AH tbo mombcrs ot tho Executivo Commit- .1
tee of District Assembly No. 75 of the Knights '
ot Labor, which comprises nil thn employees ot f
tho street car companies of Now York, Brook
lyn. Jorsoy City, nnd Btnton Island, wore la
session yesterday In Moty.'s Hall, in East -1
Hlglity-slxlh streot. Thoy reviewed tho Third ,;'
nvouuo car striko. and unanimously decided i
upon continuing It, until they bring the Thirl J
Avouuo Horso Ilallroad Company to tho torma 'ti
prosentod In their list of grievances. Ilopocta 4
woro road, stating that nbout twenty members '
ol tho nssombty woro now In the employ of tha J.
Third nveuue road, and could bo cullod out .
again to join tho Knights nt a moment's nottca, ii
Tho strikers nro still being ttidod by tho men. "
nt work on tho other enr llrcs to tho oxtont of a ji
day's pay each week for each mnn. Thoy sajr flfi
that not ono man In any ot the local nseotn
biles hns rot used to pay this, nnd that the con- ; .;
trtbutlons from outsldo otunntzntlons ar ty
largo. Theysay thoy will draw out twontr raes. j;
to-day, just to show the company whnt thoy Jy
can do. " '
Pfvo hundred polloomen bad nothing to do
on Third avonuo again yesterday. Tho rail-" -,!
road company, which on the bunday boforo had 'I I
out fifty-eight cars on tho avenue nnd ton oa '"
125th street, rnn yestordny ninety-live cars oa j
tho avenue, twelve cable cars, nnd twenty-litres ft
cars on 125th street. Tho Inst car was dragged ;;
Into tho depot at GX o'clock P. M. Tbo cars .,;L
had carried very few pnssongors. Huperitr. J
tendent ltobcrtsnn said that tho old tlmo tabla -.
will bo put In force to-day. and that cars will V
run till uight to-night, ' n
Tho frcestngus that thn strlknra ran did a but ''
buslnoss. Their load almost Invariably saluted ,.;
the depot with n shout at passing. -,
Cnpt. Tom Collilm, with his high hat, black si
suit, nnd two bouquets of whits flowers pinned -Jr
to his coat, piloted one stage. vt
Itcnewed reports of a split In tho Board of Df- ,
rectors, and a determination on the part ot .'J
some ot thom to sottlo the striko by a comprc- 1
miss, were dented by oiTlcors of tha company. '4 .;
Henry Hart wns nt thodopot In tho nftornooa - u
" I hnvo played tho vlolcon long enough." h ,
said, "and now I will lot the Btrlkers piny whlls ,'j
I danco. They have boon doing all the dancing, --.!
and I'm tiled of it." U
Conductor Bushnotl, who reslgnod from ths .,1
Emplro Association, and Is nt work for th ,
company, lives in tho depot, and is visited i
thoro by his wlfo and child ovcry evening. A
Is a very rumplcd-looklngmnn juft now. '"I
"I enn't even get shaved," ho tald, yostor-
day. ns bo rubbod his bnnd ovor his die days -
growth ot beard. "I havo visited nil tho barber l
shops lu the neighborhood, but the barbers -
won't shnvc mo. Somobody stole my Derby hat, ,
and I havo nothing but this conductor's cap to ,
wenr. so I an known wherever I go." . '
Tho switch In Chatham square opposite ...
Doyors street, that h.is causod bo much trouble r-
to tho green drlvors. brought up another ot '
them nt 2 o'clock yosterdny afternoon. Tha .-J
driver of n Second avonue down cor nhlch had
just passed over tho switch lett tho switch open
bo that bis rival got locked on it, A crowd ,
u.ulckly gathored, and mado fun ot the dlscon- i
ccrted grcon driver. It became doinonstrntlvo. " A
and tho police on tho Third avonuo car drew :'
their clubs. They drove tho crowd back to tha
sidewalk, compelled tho Second avonuo driver
to drivo on, nnd finally restored quiet. James J
Itellly, a hnckmnn. standing on thoe-quaro. was ,-
arrested for shouting "Scab!" Ho said h .,
lived at 223 Elizabeth street. An hour later
William Dawson stood on tliopornerof Pearl !
nnd Chatham stroots and yellod "Scab I" flt a 'i
Third aveuuo driver. He was arrested for In- "
loxleatlon. John Hess, nnostod on Paturdar y
for shouting "Scab I" at a groon driver, was ' ;,.
flnod $10 yestoydny. -
Tho bulletin of tho Evcontlvo Commlttoo re
ports that attempts of tho company to socura X)
Jrlynrs In various oities. oven so far West as V
bt. Louts, have beon frustrated, ft also says; ;
The company had moro men employed on Friday thaaj -
on any day sinco the trouble The same number oc u
cars wero run to day as yesterday. , ... v
Eight drivers loft tho company to-day and calle -S
upon us. is
I.cks passsngera rode in the Third avenue can to-dar s
than on any Sunday in the history of tho road. If tba .'
cars aro not aleanod soon, ft Js Lclloied the Hoard of i
Health v-ili be compelled to take action.
Ten etagts mado regular trips botwoen KUlity-slxtli ,
street aid the City Hall, ami ono wns run on USta '
street Tiiecontrtbutions for the first trip were tsl-OQ. k
Atirllcatlou has been made to lite Lezlilaturo for a
charter to run a line of stages from Harlem Bridge te t
the City Hall and return, for the conveyance of pasten- -
gers. And, th6 applicunts for the charter do-lrlng to com If
meiico hiilne.e Immediately. If the chnrtcr fa granted, ,
subscriptions to the capltil stook.nre hereby Invited.
The par value of a share is f5: total number of shares ' ,
W),oOO, twenty per cent pal able the daj after the char- ,'.
ter 1. granted; the halance In regular Jm-tallinenta of -
tnciity per cent, each thereafter, fourteen hundred V
shins haie already been subscribed for. Any persous l.
desiring to piece their names on our hooks for stoek -
may do so bv addressing- a letter to headquarters of ths -. T
IIV1S 11 E LOST IU031 THE ELM CITXt "'
The Ilodr ofa Uoalnr.e Mnn Wnshed Aahora
nt ( Ity Xalaud.
The body of a middle-aged m"" tr-l ta i
Hack was fo.int ot H.wiWs shljiyaTd, city'wari. i;
cst.rdaj morning. It had apparently been la the water t
about twenti four hours. Tlio man wns tall, well built,
and ha! ligiit balr, short moustache, and a froatea.
Part of the Index finger of the right hand was missing.
In hid pockets were found a sllvar natch with open fao m
and back, a leither spectacle case with steel framed r
spectacle, a blue and white striped silk handkerchief,
and a whito handkerchief marked "U." There were
a'Ho a ticket from New York to New Haven dated April
Ji, Htiauer Klinl'lty, and a slip of paper with VH West V
II Irleeiith street written on It.
Ilr Olmrles I lli-ry Deni'mi lite, r.t 1!4 West Thlr
teenth strt-tt. The family .aid la. t night that they had
been notltk-d of the llndlug of the body. A distant inata
reUtlienf thetra, they sold, Irnlelled a good deaths- -
tweeri New Yerk aud New Haven, but they could not
say whether or not he hud taken patsago on tin, F.lta i
t ity on la.t I rid iv night- Thet hod not seen Jiltn for
more tha i s x l.ioatb. He hat 1 i.t purt of one finger.
Duo of thu fuiull) will go this morning to Mount Vcrn-a,
wtiltbtr t'nroiur Tlce tit. riinowd tl-ejlod. They
ivlthholl their rcl-itlt t's name at present.
'I h President C'ulle mi Necrrlniy Slnnnliig
W'ashinoton, May 2. Secretary Mnnnlug. ao
conipoiitid b Mrs Manning nnl his sister, took a loug
drlietodny. During tho afternoon ami evening he ra
ceh ed a lare uuiiibor of callers, among ibcm being tu
President, Col. Lament. Secretaries Lamar and Whltnor,
A.tlstaut eeereturi Kslri'hlld, hi. tirltato .ecu taty, Mr.
Itruiunn, i-enaior. tlurinaii i ml Coll. and Ir. Hancrnft,
the hl.toririi. lu his Loiiiersnllon with the herrclary,
the t'reel lent expns.ed ttio hopo that lo wnu'-l soon ,
hale the plumtre ot seeing llr. lljnuliig occui y lug his
act u.loiued plm e at lie, t.'ubiiiet tmde r-en it r ill rrill v
had a i try pkn.aut chat w itb the Si crotur j csterday.
I.lvolr K.irly Murnlnir I lie on Iho Wr.tHId. ,
Furguson lirothora' mouldlpg factory nt 648
and stt '.Vest Cerlielli street caught lire M I.'); o'clock
jeatcrdo) inorniag. In the rtar end on the anst aids
were tenement houns, and tlose hy were ooiv stablaa.
The firo started In the rear of the factory, a fnur-srorr
brick hulldln, mil Just buck of It wa. a lumber ara.
The Hume, wer-i tierce, the uccui ants of the lei.ctnents
laeitei up and loi read) tnlcaie, and llie niwswera
drlieu froiii tho sutlcs Tho hrcnien hal hard work ta,
Tit nt the lumber jard. which nl,o caught fire. Tha
cunurn mbII cf tlio factory finally fill ami crushed In
Itohiniler'a hrlck shop and the low stublei. Fifteea
tli,iiK is d do tire will iover tliodnuiie. "
reretnan Ixuil. blvma-iu of Ktwlrei i wns tiikcu lotba
Iton.eiilt Hospital witli n spralu.d ankle, tho falling
wall liming in Ijted a boie jilpewbl.-li he was holding.
libit uxrl. ,
The illght Hon. John Tliomns I'rcoman Mlt- ,
ford, Karl of Itedesdale Isdt-od, aged Hljiurs He was
amcaiberof tho Jtnyl('omiiilleii on the I.uw of Dl-
lorcc. and ptblUhed a pamplilet entitled "Tlie Law oC
rcrlpluro again, t Plvurto" He oj posed disestablish-
mint and iti.tudowiiittit of the Protestant I2 IscopU
I'liuri'ii in Irrlntit. He took airomlnent part In the ,
dobales on the Inbania claims lu the House of Lords.
" VVerlJ" Nupplrraeiuia Throun Away,
Tho newsdealers of Jorsoy City began a fight
jcsierday against tha Niw York n'oitd by not deliver.
in.- the advrrll.lng supplement lo their cnttoin.ra. They
object to hniidliug the extra amount of paper tor lb
profit which is nowullowed Ihein, and tber expect la
this way to Injure the paper's alvcrlliln patronage.
Thn Weistnei Yc.trilur.
Indicated by Hudnut's tlmrmometor: 3 A. '
M 6ii u a si,o; u a. i a-i u ti . e.',: n-j
I', U , 71t B p. y , ii:,'t u p i on u midnight. W.
Average, 07,'; l average on Vfay i, Im-o i , ,
Sluiiiil llllli. I'reJIctlei.
Fair weather, atatlonat y tompcrnturo, varia
joiii.Mia Aitoi r iwi.v,
The tody of a ro'erel mnn was found In the East
Mil er at the foot of Itcesui ell street jr.leidjy.
Fire gutted the upiiirt ait of the building at -IT Utrcer .
street, occupied ty Pubfii.kl & Hliulcif. cap linkers, tea. '
lerda) orierni eu, and did ilamege amounting to 'l.ouO.
Henry Martin, atfej 17. of 44 l!ll:aboth street, was bell
fur trial tisterdui for tacking James Carroll', i.i.rkot,
while furroll was watching the procession on Saturday
Heurlellalule.ageil89.aseriat In John Bslnbeck's
houso, at 171 Kidrldge street, while lult.rlDg from a.
temporary attack ot Insanity yest.rdsr, opsued tha
veins of both of her arms nlih a kulfa she was takaa
to ll.llsvu. llospllat.
I i.r7fflMPL,aruLdr.'wrp' U" Ch",,, '"