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.HI' THE SUN, FRIDAY, AUGUST 12, 1892.
Hl FMDAY. AUGUST 12. JS12.
BK' Subscription by Mll-rH.r.iM.
H DAILY. Ter Honth SO
B. DAILT. rr Year
LaLWf uNAr. rtt rr ?
LaHl' PA1LT AND Sl'SPAY, Per Year
K: PAII.T AMI Sl'MPAY, Per Month
P. trr.EXLY, Per Year
XIL iumt to foreign Countrlei lit I.
P tub run. yw yotx city.
e'wS ?yrfre,irAotwinl niviKrbv'l or pWi"
'apfe '' "'"' "J""- "'"'" '"" '' nv" '" " OM"
' gSt Mri "'"' ''' rw-
JnwlR " '" M" ' '"'' "f """ "'" 'n"' 4" c '
Blfc eireflr7errff..ttrasf, lerl!.
w C Improvement In Mexico.
KS J, Moiieo Is about to redtco tlio BlwnnU
RS ' cobtof hernrmv. TUo project or rodnotlon
E ?' Is to bo carried out In nowdanco with ths
('K ' policy of retrenchment vthlch tho Govern-
dp It' mont haa adopted. If there bo any country
51' $ In Christendom that has no need of sup-
h porting an oipomlvo uillltnry eetabllbh-
i,K y mont. It, Is Moxlco. Moxloo Is not
'ft $ In daugnr from any advozixrtry on this
E '? continent, bouudeil as sho Is on the north
by a friendly power. tli-J United Stntsj.
5 nnit on tho south by tho fcchln republics of
k i ', Coutr.il Amorlcn. She Iim enjoyed dome-
I I H1 ttutiauquilllty. oxroptlni; a few local dis-
I turbaucoj. o or blnco tho overthrow of tho
It , Maximilian umplic, a qunrtor of a ceu-
j tury ago. Shu lb oullo saf.i from the
5: u lntorforeno of any European Govs
I I rnraont. Her nrmv is an Incubus.
I 8ho U unable to support It. and
"h S bortow money nbr-itd for that purpose.
S h . On a ponce footing It lo 20.000 strong, ami
? '' ? on a war footing" ovci right times as strong.
' i i whilo cnWt of tlio States hart a militia of Ita
JJ ' I own. The pension list l liavy. nnd tho
5? f f ntimbor of ofllioi on '.ho ictlrod Hot with
' : pav and r.ink is l.vrr;i. It lb estimated that
t 'ft', Mexiio. nhicli Iim aliendy rut down hr
5 ?.- civil IUI. e.-.n rrduco hot military oipondl-
Jji turea SlOAOmo or $12.(00.0u) a year.
-' T,1 '"c,1,t -01 tl1" "eT l)0,lc' of :otrenoh-
i fl , mont Is due . Seltor KoMi:no. for many
' ill' yeit tho reprewntatlvu of his Govern-
fs 1j mental WaslilMRtou. and recently recalled
'( m'? by J'robido'it Dl7. to enter the public ser-
A Mh TirAaSoetetr.ryut tho Treasury. He found
? . 7" that tho Treasury was In disorder, that the
public debt and the forolixu loans were
i t steadily on the Increase, thnt tho expcudl-
)t ture were beyond reaoon, that the system
, i if taxation w.i lcloiis. and that tho jwpu-
IV, KrcotiplalnU a.ili'st It wero moro than
I ? justlflablo. Ho has made It his buc-inesv
r, ulneo ho took ofllce lait spring, to draw up
"i i and Ciccuto lari; projectr. of economic ro-
f form, and tho leaults nro already begin-
it rilUB to be Mt lu Mexico. His latest
Q project U that of reducing tho cost of
f . tho Military c-5t.'.bllhment. Itttilluotbo
t oailly cnrrieil out. for the General's and
J tho retired ofllcers. and tho pensioners ate
i V -" a fnt midablo body: but we a ro pleased to
: i 7 believe that it execution is within tho
t i powor of Setior Uuuci'.o.
Jj J. A Glgnntlc Job in Photos.
1 s Thotiioat and unprecedented job of of-
"l & flclally photographing every Chinaman In
j tho United States, under the authority of
fj f tho Fcdoral Government, has been begun,
' ? I as provided for by tho act of Congress
f ?- adopted In tho month of May last and
M signed by President H .itmsoy. ngalnst tho
. m remonstrance of the Chinese Government,
; ' Kf made through its Minister at 'Washington.
V H, When this unprecedented job is done, our
$ M Government will be In possession of tho
b lh photographs of tho wholo of the 130.000 (ac-
f !' cording to ToiiTElt's census) or 140.000 Chi-
H& neso residents of the United States. Intact
;Hf,, It will hJe three photog-inphs of eaeh of
'" W thorn, for each and every ono of thom all Is
Ml requirod by law to havo three copies of his
L IB', photograph taken, ono copy to bo dc-
t Be posited In tho Federal archives, one
HI 00,y' to lield by tlie Inernn"
1 ! Revenue Collector, and one copy to be re-
5B tolncdbythe photogiaphed person. It Is
i "B provided by tho law. as expanded by Sec-
jfcT ) retary Fosmn of the Tieasury Depart-
jt w, ment. that no tintype shall be accepted, and
K !'' t,mt Eulllno photographs, properly so
( called, tihall be required lu all cases.
I' m - Oar Government will boon possess tho
ifir'jBv, j-J rtf!st wonderful collection, tho mostglgan-
PI'aB' Uo pile of photographs ever taken by tlio
it B order of tho Government of any country In
1 1' ipji the world. It will bo worthy of the lnspoc-
PV B' tlon of othnologists. mind readers, phronol-
; i oglatg. physloguomlsts. psycliologlbts.
If. contortionists, and all observant persons.
lis IS mnj' "artl to dlscrlm'nate between
IE. I ono Chinaman und nuy other; but wo sup-
j,- pobo that the difflculty can bo overcomo by
HI M'; oloao, careful, and pcralstent study of the
HhiK' fcus, through tho aid of sdoutlflc appll-
wil nc8. We hold that tho photographs ought
KlH to bo clusailled. Those of tho Chlnamon w ho
mtH wear quuues ought to bo separated from
K9i those who do not: those who havo been
Efl conortod to Christianity should be sop-
V&l'c aratcd from those who worship Joss. Such
EI' of t'tcm n3 rla''' ,('-'1'tnl1 or lllt tho D'P
fill! should bo separatod from such as do not.
JU Thus no would be asslstod in making a
BSBf acluntlflc study of them all, and In drawing
flil deductions that might bo useful or huraor-
Hfl' ous' a Kreat national museum ought to bo
Vf I'V estsbliahod In which all tho Chlnose photo-
BJf 1 graphs might bu seen In line on tho walls.
JMEIt But we uro not only, under tho now law,
I, 1 to have tho photographs of all our 130,000
lc tl- or liO.OOO Chinamen: wo are also to hare
IV, t'l tho weight aud tho height of overy ono of
hs im thom; wo are to havo tho ago of each of
H.' tmi them; we are to luuo tho pioper names
Ufl,t f all of them, written either In tho Eng-
"':'If Uh lUphnbot or In Chlneso characters.
jt wWn Btlll further. It Is prescribed In Secretary
K lit Vo3TER'h regulations, issued under tho
L pM, authority of the act of Congress passed in
B B-K May last, that tho "color of tho eyes" of
H US ever)' Chinaman In the United States shall
Bis ry glveu. so Unit ho can be Identified at any
B time by an Internal lie vonuo Collector.
B 1 When all these things, and several other
Hi , B things not here mentioned, havo been dono,
B;' ' each Chlnuumu shall bo regUtoicd In tho
B' .It; eollootlon district lu which ho resides; the
Bt," li Collootor shall give him a numbered and
BT ft? signed ccrtlllcato; tho number of tho ccr-
Hj' BT''' tiriCAts and tho name of Its holdor shall bo
BF-;BT written across tho photograph, and red Ink
BcfBTj, only shall bo used by th official writer,
BJffBTif Thus It Is prescribed In the oCictal regulu-
Bk.'BJf lions Isouod by tho Treasury Department
BjfBR and signed by becrotary Fostei;.
B!Js Bjj When a Chinaman has been photographpd,
B''B weighed und measuied, when his optical
BV 1 and other peculiarities havo been nmrUil
BI Hi? onUrocorded. when ho ha bean registered
H'! Br and has got his certlflcato numbered In red
KvBjV Ink: when ho has paid tho sum of $1 Into
BJrtflj thoTroasmy of the United States through
BJf flj tho Internal lloveuuo Collector, thenthen
K flji what ? Ho shall, under N:c rotary Fosteh's
Bb BjV rcgulatlom, "bo lawfully untitled to re-
Br JB- main In tho Uultci States."
B Mr As nlroady announced, wa have begun to
B. Bj' enforce tlio new law adopted by Congress
Bjft B" for tho regulation of our Chinese residents.
Vv Bf Tho Internal Itucuuc ColUutorb lu tho
States of tho Paclflo coast, whoro Chlna
mon abound to tho numbor of nearly
100.000, havo begun to onforco It. Tho Col
lector of tho Itochostor district. In tho
State of Xow York, la enforcing It this
week. Tho Colloctots of tho Sooond nnd
Third districts oro almost ready to ontor
upon tho job of enforcing It In this city and
Brooklyn, whoro thcro oro four or flvo
Gen. Knnwis has ascertained that every
Chlnamon horoobout lo pcrfootly willing to
got his photograph taken, and payout his
to learn that the Chlncso Minister at Wash
ington Is preparing to loavo tho country-
Tho Government of the United Btatea
never beforo undertook such a glgontlo Job
In photography as It has now In hand, ac
cording to tho stntuto enacted by Congress
and undor tho regulations of tho Treasury.
Although wo aro familiar with tho nomca
of many distinguished llusslan scientists
and men of learning, very llttlo Is known
in this country about tho eealo and aim of
the nrrangoracnts for promoting tho higher
education In the Czar's dominions. Wo
havo read, thcreforo, with unusual interest
an artlclo on tho subject in tho last number
of tho Scottish Kevieic by n contributor
who has attended lectures In tho University
of Kiev, nnd who has consequently ob
tained bib Information at first hand.
Tho Russian university system is of com
paratively recent date, tho first experiment
In this direction having been mado less
than a ccrtury nnd a half ago. Thoro nro
now. howmer. eight unhersttlcs In tho
llusslan ornpiro. exclusio of Dorpat In tho
Baltic pi o luces and Helslngfois In Fin
land. Dorpat. which Is Just now passing
tlnough u crisis nf change, has always hith
erto been moro German than Russian. Its
1.C3J students In 1SSS Included 1.179 Protes
tants, mostly of German descent, 2J0 Jows,
and only 03 orthodox Russians. Tho eight
llusslan universities, named In the order of
their foundation, are Moscow. Knzan. Char-
kov. St. Petersburg. Klov, Odessa. Warsaw,
and Tonihk. All of theo nro endowed by
the State, and havo to a great extent boon
organized after tho Gorman system. At
the head of each university stands a Hec
tor, who holds tho place for four years
and Is eligible for reappointment. Tho
Rector Is asblstod by a Board composed
of tho deans of tho four faculties,
an Inspector, and on official to look
after tho domestic economy. What is
allied tho Goum-il of tho University con
sists of tho professors under tho Presidency
of tho Rector. Upon this body dovolvos
the duty of selecting names to bo submitted
to the Curator, or provincial supervisor of
education, nnd to tho Minister of Public In
struction for appointments to vacant posts
of " readers" and piofessors as well as can
didates for honorary degrees. All sciontlllo
societies connected with tho university also
come undor tho control of tho Council.
The faculties in tho Russian universities
wero originally only three, but nro now
four, namely, law, medicine, philosophy,
physics and mathematics. Tho University
of St. Fet'rbuig has a faculty of Eastern
lnngu.iges, but none of medicine. There
nro lh o distinct classes of teachers, viz.,
the emeritus professor, the ordinary or
full profe-sor, tho extraordinary professor,
the docent. nnd tho lector or reader. A
professor keeps his appointment for a term
of twenty-live years, after which ho may
be reappointed for live years more. At the
close of thirty years' scrvico he must retire
from tho regular staff, but may retain tho
title of emeritus professor, and may dellvor
lectuiesfor ono or two additional periods
of live yoais. the Incomes of Busslan pro
fessors vary widely. Tho ordinary and ex
traordinary professors aro paid threo and
two thousand roubles respectively, but they
receho In addition fees which constitute
the varlablo element. Tho Rector gets fif
teen hundred roubles extra and tho denn
of each faculty six hundred. The hono
rarium of a docent varies still more, being
mainly dependent on. tho bounty of tho
Minister of Publio Instruction. Tho docents
nro tho class from which professors aro
chosen. Tho flvo chief universities employ
about threo hundred and fifty professors of
both grades and two hundred and ten do
cents, with some twenty lectors. In Russia,
as in Germany, tho rivalry botween pro
fessor and docent Is generally wholesome;
it keeps tho formor from relaxing his ex
ertions, whilo it stimulates the latter to
One of tho improvements recently Intro
duced In Russian unlvorsltiea is the Insti
tution of Examination Boards. Tho tests
applied by these Boards aro guarantees
that students on leaving tho university
havo attained to tho standard required for
entranco into tho civil service. No student
is admitted to tho examinations who has
not kept ten half-yearly terms In medicine
nnd eight In any of the other fcftultles.
Each faculty prescribes tho examinations
for degrees and prizes. It should, by tho
way, bo noted that In tho Russian universi
ties tho degreo of Bachelor is not conforrod.
At the conclusion of their course the gradu
ates aro practically divided Into threo
classes; those who pass out first rocelve tho
tltlo of candidates, next como tho " real
students," uud, llnnlly, those who merely
obtain certificates. Tho ldghcr degrees nro
thoso of Doctor and Master.
To show tho courso of studios pursued In
tho Russian unlvoroltlos the S-ottiah Re
view soleots Moscow for an example. Hero,
In tho School of Ancient Philosophy. Prof.
Gbota in 1890 took for his subject Plato's
Dialogues and the Platonic Philosophy,
Docent Lopatdja lectured on Kant, An
cient art was expounded by Prof. Tsvetaev,
who Illustrated his subject with plaster
models borrowed from tho Museum. In
connection with tho lectures, students wero
oxpoctud to study Pliny's Natural History,
Bkunn's History of Greek Art. Oveiiiieck'b
History of Greek Sculpture, nnd Bau
meister's History of Monuments of Class!
cal Antiquity. Four other professors and
elz docents lectured on various other
branches of classical literature. There
wero also lectures on Sanskrit, on Old
Hlatonlc. and on Russian literature. Each
foreigu languago has Its lector, genorally a
foreigner, and among tho European authors
discussed wero Schiller, Beacmaiiciiais,
and Byiion, In tho mathematical and phys
ical faculty throo professors and two do
cents wero engaged In lecturing on pure
mathomatles; two professors and two do
cents on mechanics nnd Its branches; while
about twenty-tlvoof both classes of teachers
lecturod on astronomy, physics, chomlstrj'i
mineralogy, goology, paleontology, botany,
zoology, physiology, anthropology, and ag
riculture. In the school of Jurisprudence
Gaivs and Justinian wore expounded, due
consideration being also given to other de
partments of law; tho lecturer on police
law rovtewed the Russian institution for
publio safety and comfort. In tho roodlcal
school btudents attend lectures from 0
In thn mornlug until 8 In tho evonlng, lis
tening to specialist?, some of whom havo
European reputations. It should be par
tlculaily noted that Orleutnl learning has
bucu couceutiuted by tho ltueslau Goveiu-
mont lu the Unlrorslty of St. Petersburg.
Thero nro proressorial chairs for tho fol
lowing languages: Arabic. Persian. Turk
leh. and Tatar dialects. Mongol and Kal
muck. Chlnceo, Hobrow, Armenlnn, Gru
slnlan. Manchu. Pushtu. Tibetan, nnd San
skrit. Tho profcatorlat has been composed
not only of Russian and Germttn scholars,
but also of natlvo Oriontala of high lltorary
reputation. Tho nainoa of many of tho
mombors nro known to OrlentallsU
throughout tho world.
Eighty years ago strong lnducomonta
had to be hold out to young men to got
them to enter tho Russian universities.
Now tho does rooms aro paoked to
a degrco Injurious to health. In Char
kov Unlvorslty lu 1690 the locturo
halls woro entirely luadequnto to tho
throngs of students. The professor of
physics had threo hundred students, al
though ho had only room for sixty, nnd tho
professor of chemistry, who hod only scats
for seventy, had two hundred nnd soventy
applications for permission to study undor
him. In tho flvo chief universities thcro
nro now ovor nine thousand studonts.
Thus St. Petersburg In 1891 had 2.087:
Moscow, tho year boforo. 3.473. while in
1839 Klov, Warsaw, and Kazan hod re
spectively 8,088. 1.131. and 785. From a ma
terial point of view tho situation of tho
great majority of Russian students Is not
onvlablo. By far tho larger propor
tion of them are sons of officers whoso pay
Is small nnd whoso llfo is a continuous
strugglo against want; about one-third
nro children of merchants nndshopkoepors.
Out of four thousnnd In St. Petersburg and
Klov ninety belong to tho poasnnt class.
ThoJow6oro llmltod to five per cent, of
tho total numbor. It appears that tho
minimum sum requirod for the malntennnco
of a student at a Russian university 1375
roubles. Assuming for tho moment that a
rouble Is worth fifty cents In gold, this
would bo equivalent to S187.50. Threo or
four students often occupy tho same room,
each paying ono and a half roubles per
month for his corner. Cases havo boon
known whero students havo hod only flvo
cents a day to buy food. Of courso. unaer
such circumstances, tho purchaso of books
is Impossible. According to tho Scottish
Review, however, a great deal of credit Is
due to tho Govornment for the nssistanco
it affords. In 1877 no less than eighty-two
per cent, of the students woro In ono form
or another aided by tho State. In tho ac
counts of tho Unlvorslty of Moscow for
1891, tho sum of 130,000 roubles Is credited to
stlpendia or exhibitions, varying from 200
to COO roubles a year, nnd distributed
among upward of four hundred students.
Moreover, between six and soon hun
dred students hnd their fees remit
ted. In Kiev, also, about a third
of tho wholo number woro excused
from tho payment of fees. With such facts
beforo us. It cannot be alleged that tho ma
terial welfare of tho undergraduates of
Russian universities 13 neglected by tho
Czar. On tho other hand, wo should not
omit to mark a groat deficiency In tho Rus
sian University, viz., tho absence of nny
clubs, such ns nro found In Germany, whero
opportunities might bo given to tho stu
dents for meeting togethor In a social way,
and where esprit de corps might be fostered.
The Russian Govornment, fearful of plots,
lias always discountenanced any such feel
ing on tho part of students, and has Invaria
bly rejected petitions to tolerato under
graduate clubs. At present the university
is llttlo more to the Russian than a series
of lecture halls, which he enters three or
four times a day to spend an hour or two In
them, and, what makes his college life still
less attractive, thero is apt to exist between
professor and student an antagonism which
at times goes tho length of hatred.
In an article In the last number of tho
Cbntemporary Review, Mr. Erastcs Wiman
calls the attention of Englishmen to the
"tremendous sacrifices" which loyalty
to England costs Canada. Annexation
to the United States would bo plainly
and greatly to the Interest of tho Dominion :
yet at the recent assemblage in London of
representatives of the commercial organiza
tions throughout the empire, "of all tho del
egates present, those from British North
America wero tho most Intensely loyal."
This sacrifice of thopiactlcal to tho sen
timental has in it a feminine quality, and
tho more so because it is mado by a mcro
dependency. If tho prldo of independenco
Induced Canada to remain by itself lu pov
erty and feebleness, the sentiment might
command respect as an exhibition of
tho strength of tho national char
acter. A determination of a people
to prescrvo their national individuality,
even at tho cost of tholr material Interests.
Is not extraordinary, and it may bo
highly credltablo to them. But Cana
da is only a colony of Great Brit
ain, a dependency of a Govcrnmont
thousands of miles away across tho Atlan
tic Ocean. It has no individuality of its
own. It has not even a homogenoous popu
lation. Itsstrongost province is French,
with no race attachment to England, but
rather an hereditary race animosity against
it, Thobeutiraontof Canadian loyalty, of
which Mr. Wiman' speaks. Is therefore
childish and an indication of weakness and
not strength. Its oxlstencn is oidcnco
of the inherent incapacity of tho Do
minion to stand tho rough and tumble
of tho competition of this practical work
day world and tlnio. It explains why Can
ada Is dying of dry rot, and why Mr. Wimas
appoalsto us to help along tho poor wcuk
ling by giving It tho samo trado and com
mercial advantages which it would enjoy If
It wero onnoxed to us politically.
Individually, however, Canadians aro set
tling this contest between Interest and
childish sentiment lu a more manly way.
Instead of bogging us to oxtond favors to
an English dependency, they aro sac
rificing provincial loyalty by coming
over to us to win tho advantages
which Canada throws away by tho stub
bornness of its colonial policy. " This exo
dus," as Mr. Wiman says, "includos ono
or more representatives from almost every
family In tho Dominion, and Implies
a proportionate personal annexation to
tho United States of male adults of
which thcro Is no parallel, except
that which depopulated portions of Ireland
in her worst days." If this emigration
to cscapo from ruin as tho prlco of
provincial loyalty goes on, Mr. Wiman
admits that " even Canadian submissive
noss to Great Britain will bo un
der a strain too tremendous to con
template with contontmont In vlow of Its
posslblo talluro," As it Is bound to go on,
if the policy of this Govornraont toward
Canada Is eenelblo, tho time when tho snap
must occur will not be far off.
"To obvlato such a dlro possibility," Mr,
Wiman wonts " a commercial bargain be
tweon tho United States and Canada " that
"will completely obliterate tho barrier bo
tween them commercially, leaving IxUh
to occupy their present political status,"
Ho would heve us sot about building
up a pestilent little enemy and commercial
uud agricultural rival by chins Cau.ida all
tho praollcal benefits of annexation without
actually nnnoxlng provlnoon which would
sUrvo without tho mlf-saorlflc!ug gift.
Yet Mr. Wiman. with his Canadian assur
ance, thinks "thero Is no doubt that this
can bo dono, for it exactly fulfils tho now
reciprocity policy of tho Republicans and Is
In oxnet nccord with tho frco trado dootrlnos
of tho Democrats." Itonly remains for Eng
land to say tho word and for Canada to roach
tho point of asking for It. " Whon Canada
Is ready to accopt an oflor of ft market
with 05,000,000 In cxehango for a market of
5,000,000, a business arrangement can be
mado between tho two countrlos that will
completely provont a desire for a change
In her pollttcol condition, bocauso thoro Is
no argument on behalf of that chango ex
cept tho commercial or material advantage
to bo gained." Such noblo self-sacrlflco on
our part, according to Mr. Wiman, would
bring " prosperity, contontmont. nnd de
velopment" to Canada, and, moreover,
It would not "lesson tho loyalty of
Canadians" to England, Probably thoy
would bo moro loyal than ovor, for
their loyalty would bo gain Instoad of loss.
" Tho gain to Great Britain" from the un
selfishness of the United States, also, would
bo "boyond estimate." as 'Mr. Wiman
says. Canada would grow rich and wax
moro Impudent. Wo should havo a moro
annoying enemy on our northorn border,
an3 England would share In tho profit mado
at our expense.
Mr. Wiman ought to understand Ameri
can sentlmont bettor than thot. If either
tho Democrats or tho Republicans mado
auy such unequal bargain, tho bargaining
party would bo swopt from power in short
order, nnd It would be long before It
recovered from tho disgrace. If Canada
wnnts our market of 63.000,000 In exchnngo
for Its markot of 5,000,000, it will havo to
como Into tho Amorlcan Union to got It.
Otherwise It must stay out and starve
So long as Canada remains tho bantling
of Great Britain, it will have to run to her
for holp In Its troubles. It can oxpoct no
aid from us until It gets under tho Stars
and Stripes by political union with us.
A Mild Disclaimer.
Wo observo with horror that our ovor
eoteemed Republican contemporary, the
Inter-Ocean, bunches The Sun and tho New
York Evening tout together as " two of Mr.
Cleveland's ablest defenders."
Wo respectfully protest against tho dis
tressing juxtaposition. Tho Evening Post
has no standing in the Democracy. It la
not a Democrat, never was, and never will
be. It is a Mugwump and Free Trador,
and an nntl-Amorlcan from oway back. In
oil matters affecting tho national honor,
the opinions it expressos proceed less from
patriotio conviction than from tho counting
room of tho Hon. William Bowdedow
Grace. Its business in politics is to boss
tho Democratic party if it can, and to beat
it If it cannot. It is tho invoterato sland
erer and enemy of the Democracy of this
town nnd this Stato. At tho present timo
tho only way In which tho Evening Post can
servo Mr. Cleveland, or promote tho suo
cess of tho Democratic ticket, Is to padlock
its Mugwump mouth and throw its Freo
Trade stylograph into tho East River.
Foolklller Whitney is sometimes heard
to sigh deeply in tho midst of scenes of
social gayoty, and even at Important politi
cal conferences. A singular look of pain
overspreads his handsome countenance.
Do you know why? It is because he Is
thinking of tho ghastly work ho may havo
to do In Mugwump Row lietweon now and
November. It is becauso ho has hoard a
rumor that Godkin has sailed again for his
adopted land. And without an alothometer !
The Inter-Ocean Is a Republican, and it is
a thousand miles away, but it ought not
to need to be told all this.
What has The Sun dono that It should
thus bo unequnlly yoked to an unbeliever ?
Mr. Cleveland and the Chicago Brigands.
Tho Republicans In Illinois are already
trying to mako political capital of an al
leged refusal on tho part of the Hon.
Giiover Cleveland to Interfere In behalf
of Chicago's demand for $5,000,000. Tho
Chicago Tribune prints the following state
ment, which is highly interesting:
-About two week ago, vben It b,emo apparent
that tlio boitlilt j or a majority of tho Democrat! to tba
Scnata amendment woaM not ceaie. Ur. W. T. Baker.
l'rtti'lenl of the Board ot Director!, hlmiell a itronf
frea trade Democrat, tool a itep which ha bettered
would iUe the enemy's gun He eent a prlrate met
eace to Mr. Cunun tbrouxh a cloie friend of the
latter, aitlnf him for political and patriotio reawna la
come to the aulilance ot the Fair br ualng tola Influ
ence with the Democratlo Conj reiemen. Ha waj told,
what ha knew Terr wall, that an eanieit word
from him would chant, tho iltuatlon. Mr.
IUkii wu ao thoroughly aatlaHed that Mr.
Cutiukd would act In behalf of the Fair that b let
hli friend! know that the nre-mllllon appropriation
would b, lecured. and he hlmaelf. baring no doubt on
the eubject, went to Europe for a abort Taeatton. But
klr. Clbyxund nerer ipoke that word. Tb metaaga
reached bin. for It wat intrnited to a man for whom
CtaTiuvD ) alwayi aceeiilble. Mr. Cutiuxd de
clined to budge In behalt ot the Fair."
If this is true, and wo havo no reason to
doubt It, tho chargo brought against Mr.
Cleveland by the Chicago looters is greatly
to his honor.
Tho candldato who for tho sake of a polit
ical advantage to himself would personally
request mombors of his party In Congress
to voto $5,000,000 for nn unconstitutional
nnd undemocratic purposo, would bo en
titled to hearty contempt nnd distrust.
Practically, ho would be aiding in tho thoft
of monoy from the Treasury, raised by
tho taxation of citizens of all parties, and
in tho pervorslon of thnt money to tho pro
motion of ills own political fortunes. That
is what tho uso ot Mr. Cleveland's influ
enco would have amounted to had he exer
cised It as requested by Mr. Baheb.
As tho Chicago Tribune demonstrates, tho
Hon. Groveh Cleveland Is not that sort
of a man.
Lot thoso people who whlno about the
weather day after day tale notioe of any of
tho hundreds of Italian laborers who work
from morning till night in the un without
making tbomselvoa misorable by thinking all
tho time of tho heat, tho humidity, tho high
pressure, and other suoh things.
Threo or four new religions havo been In
cnted out West recently. At tho head of each
ono of thom stands tho inventor, who aiseseei
tho members, draws up tho creed, oollecta the
dues, coverns the church, holds the cash, dls
cipllnes tho disobedient. Invests tho funds,
interprets tho docmae, draws tbo profits,
prescribes tho rulon, guards the treasury,
operates tlio machine, and grows rich
from the proceeds. Tho founders of these
bogus reunions make them pay. They give
their rellBions a solid financial basis, and got
tho benefit of It. They aro sharpers. Even
BciiwEiNFunTii. tho oddest humbug of them
all. Is buylnc real estate In Iowa,
There is a little fighting in Morocco be
tween the rebels and tho Bultan's troops;
thoro has been a little fighting- In Honduras,
and some nretty rough nshtlng In Venezuela;
thoro may ha.o been a trifle of fighting In
Atehanlstan. where tho Russians and Chinese
aro troublesome; there has been some slight
Jlchtlns In Dahomey between theFrenohand
the natives, and there has been a little fight.
Inn in the Nyania region between hostile
tribes. Aiurt from these Incidents, the humsa
race has Iked In peace this year thus far.
There is peace In the threo chief empires of
the world, whleh contain moro than ono-half
of mankind, tho British emnlro. tho Chinee
empire, and tho Russian cmplro. tho comblnod
population of which Is about 750.000.000. The
Chlnose Emperor Is very desirous ot main
taining the peace, and so Is the llusslan Km
peror. and so Is the British Govornment.
Those partlos alt declare that thoy entertain
this desire ory sincerely, and yet they watch
eaoh other, sword In hand, rlflo on shoulder,
and cannon all around. Tho American Gov
ernment Is the peacotulost on earth, and yet it
could bo provoked Into lighting.
Tho Carriage nnd Wagon Makers' Union,
sssemblod In conentlon ot Columbus, O.,
adopted day boforo yesterday this resolution:
"JlrKltnl. That wa denounce tha parnlcloua practice
of large manufacturer! during labor trouble! of hiring
Futtarox men to ihoot our fellow workmen, and that
wa me all honorable meant toward the aholUbment ot
Tho newspaoers which prlntod this resolu
tion prlntod also tha following Item of news
"Josn Riiis. a non onion watkman employed at tha
fpper Union Mill, wai anulled by two men while on
bliwayto work thli morning and badly beaten, ltla
auallant! were arreited and taken to the nation
home, where they were recognised ai Edro Zinnia,
a itrlker. and Thohis Coiiom. a former employee."
A resolution denouncing Zimmzr and Con
kobs. and calling for tholr abolishment. Is now
In ordor. Or perhaps tho Wagon Makers'
Union should denounce Reams and abolish
what is loft of him.
Mr. Walter DAMitosonwas perfectly Jus
tified In reorlmandlns tho nolsrand nogllsent
People at tho Waenorlte concert of Wodnosday
night In tho amphitheatre of Madison Square
Garden. His languago of roproot was tem
perate and courteous, but It was evident that
he folt slighted by tho conduct of a part of the
audience. It would havo been wrong for him
to proceod with the muslo whilo tho air was
disturbed and while nobody could hear it:
and ho did well to pause until quiet was re
stored. Had Waoneh hlrasolf boon alheand
present In tho amphitheatre, he would cer
tainly havo withdrawn tho orchestra and
endod tho performanoo. Wo praise Mr. Dam
Eoscn for his act of Wednesday night, which
waa In the Intorestof thoso who desired to en
joy tho oonoort: and wo say that It he shall
ever again be disturbed by talkors or walkers,
he will b justified In addressing them in
language of much greater severity than he
Thoso of the Southern cotton planters
who, a halt year ago. wero anxious to bring
about a genoral reduction ot tho cotton prod
uct. In order to raise the price of tho staple In
tho market, have seen tholr object gained
in an unpleasant way through the destructive
forces of nature. Tho extent of the reduction
is shown in the reports of tho Department of
Agriculture containing tho facts gathorod In
all tho cotton-growing States. Tho product
has been reduced by heavy floods In soma
parts of tho South, by on excessive rainfall or
weather otherwise unfavorable In many parts,
and by other causes not under tho control of
the planters. Thero woro fears last spring
that cotton would bo an unprofitable crop this
year, but those fears have been dispelled by
agencies that havo brought grlot to many
Wo Hko tho programme for tho floral
celebration at Long Branch ten days hence.
Wo guess that the battlo of the flowers and
the children's festival will be tho biggest and
nicest things ot the kind ever scon in this
country. They can be mado as picturesque as
such things always are at Nice and othor cities
of France. We may say, however, that tho com
mittee whtoh has charge of tho pageantry
would do well to seek for Ideas bettor
than any that haTS yet been offered to it In
tho speotooular lino ot business, Americans
aro hardly ever even tolerably successful. In
our popular festivals wo never see pageantry
comcarable with that which can often be seen
upon similar occasions abroad, as, for exam
ple, in Italy. Torhaps It would be well for the
Long Branch people to got tho advlco and
help of some of the romantlo Italian devisers
who abound in New York.
A Brooklyn policeman has been dismissed
from the force In disgrace for clubbing a citi
zen without excuse in mere wantonness. Be
was punished with severity by tho Police Com
missioners. Bis badge and baton were taken
from him. the buttons wore ripped off his coat,
and ho was turned out of the station house to
tho street in shame and dishonor to await his
trial in the police court on tho charge of assault
and battery. Judging by the testimony In the
case, we say thatthls man's punishment is just
Ho will suffer from It whilo he lives. Cases of
this kind are extremely rare in tho police es
tablishments of Brooklyn and New York. The
police ot both cities aro finely disciplined, and
the rules ot disclplino are rigorously enforced.
It Is dangerous for a policeman lo perpetrate
a wrong against any oltizen.
All Aajalnat Anarchy.
To the Editor op Tub Bon Sir; The
subscribers to this letter nro all Republicans,
and therefore do not agree with tho politics of
We do. however, doslre to express to you our
feeling of satisfaction that on every public
question In whloh the honor or security of tho
country is involved, your paper rlaos abovo
mere partisan politics and fearlessly and ably
advocates crinoiules which aro vital to tho
safety ot the republic.
It Is for this reason that we. as Americana
snd not as partisans, desire to become sub
scribers to Tar. Sun. and wo should bo pleased
to havo you enter our names as such and for
ward your paper to our respective addresses
set out below. Very truly yours.
SiaciL Mtrnia, 51 Euclid avenue. Cleveland, 0.
Jmii ricaaxm, 120 Kenward itreet.
Jivai 11. Hott. 880 r-roipect etrett.
D. Z. Ooirox. 1.393 Euclid avenue.
Hinar O. Dutof. 109 Walton avenue.
HiariT II. Blows. 753 Euclid avenue.
II. Cooiar. care of Plckandi, Mather A Co.
sitn W llicaoi. Wait Cleveland a
M. A. DuM, Cleveland.
II. M. Iluii, 009 Proipect itreet, Cleveland.
Aaiw Saciia. 269 rrnnklln avinue.
W. C Rcirroir, 719 Geneiee avenue.
W. O. rouoci, Terry fajne bullllng.
Wiium J. amir, Mercantile Bank building.
Too!! Ooodwiiui. 1.17 Proipect itreet.
B. A. Uiixm, S0 rroir act itreet.
Of oaes W. Biujxci. X.8J9 Euclid avenue.
11. t. CuwroiP. 172 Kenward itreet
Jiau ranui. 1.005 Society for Saving! building,
D. R.Tivioa,0Pablle equare, Cleveland.
J. R. Zaaii. Weatern Re lerve building.
Wiiuim UcLiccnux. f.9 Holyoke place.
W, B. Stoxt, S7 Franklin itreet. Boiton. Mm.
ClITIHHS O . Aug 5, 1892.
Am Honorable Correction.
Tnm le hJK aflaer. liy SS,
The llnel estltled " A Campaign Conundrum," which
appeared In the Jmrr yeiterday rnornin?, and from
whleh the credit wai accidentally omitted, were taken
from Tk 8r. The Mint' makei the correction new In
order that the reiponitblltty may reit where II belong!
on the ehoulderi ot the poetlo genlui it Tui Svh
which ihluil for all.
The Copper Core.
JYom (A MjfcJwipeHe evrnoi.
-Oleeoke bai quit drinking."
"Jto. Copper, lie got ninety diyi"
From (A MiamapotU Journal,
- Mill rtgg." began the lammer young man. " when
I Sril net under the Influence pf .jour magic ipell-l
mean whin I nrit reel ou and fell under the t amuur,
for aven you In joor maiden Innocence tnuit beaware
of your power, and hitherto though my heart hai beeu
anasceptlble. but the light that UeeU wamaa'a eyea
I especially youra er ah "
The young woman continued to beam on blm kindly,
but the young man fcadu t ale notea, and hie memory
had departed, taklig l.ie prepared propoial along aud
be ccnflonly geipi ' Hill lift, where wai 1 atl"
rnn uvruiiTioxxitST qvbstiox.
Tha t'enrta and Varnnetttntlonal Acts of
To the EniTon op TuESus-SIr; Tho view
generally takon by ablo lawyers, qualified by
knonlcdgo nnd psuerlenco to expros an
opinion on tho subioct. Is that Judge Itumier'a
doclflon declaring unconstitutional tho new
apportionment t III not stand tho tost of ap
peal to tho hlchost court In thoStnto, I do
not think It makos vorymueh illfTereneo. In a
political sense, whethor tho apportionment
made by tho rccont Democratlo LcgMaturo bo
overturned or no. Tho Stato ot Now York Is
always closo In Presidential elections, and
thorn I, no patticular advantngo to either
party, so far a, tho Assombly Is concorned, In
tho now apportionment, for. whllo It docs
atvar with a host of Inequalities prejudicial to
Democrats. It adds materially to tho number
of doubtlul districts, hitherto Democratic, lu
Now York nnd Brooklyn. Many of theso tho
Hepubllcans may bo ablo to canturo.
Hut thero Is ono phaso ot tho mattor which
Is Important, and that Is the claim raised by
some Democrats that the courts havo no right
tointorforo In tho mattor of apportionment
Tho HbtM. alnays prominent In every ovll
effort to bring ridicule and reproach upon tho
Democratlo cause, avers, with characteristic
recklessness, "that If tho courts bo asked to
perform a duty devolving on tho Legislature,
or to eot aside an net of tho Loglslnturo on tho
ground that It Involves an abuso of discretion.
a wide nolltlcal Hold Is opon to tho Judges."
Po far from thlo being tho case. It Is a woll
ctabllshcd principle, nnd ono of tho bulwarks
of Democratlo party faith, that a Legislature
has nowor only to enact such law, ns tho Con
stitution creating such Legislature authorizes.
Tho Concren, of tho United States ha, no
power to enncta law which contravones tho
provisions of the Foderal Constitution. Should
Itattempttodoso, appeal is at onco taken to
tho courts, and tholr right to declaro void tho
stotuto which thoy Hnd to bo unconstitutional
Is known to overy schoolboy and recognized by
every votor. It Is hardly noccsfary to quote
instance of tho acknowledgment of this
powor. but threo enses will serve: tho leeal
tendor case, tho original package case, and the
civil rights hill.
Tho J.egMaturo of tho Stato of New York
lias no otliernnd no greater power in the mat
ter ot apportionment than tho Constitution of
tho Stato give, it. Its members must follow
that Constitution, and thoy cannot override or
Ignore it. If thoy do. the right of the oourts
to deolaro void their acts is undoubted, and It
would be a serious mattor Indocd for tho
Democrats of the Stato of New York to bo put
In tho position of claiming that tho action of
tholr representative In the Legislature was
superior to the Constitution and tho courts.
The Constitution says that the Legislature Is
to dlvldo tho Assembly Into 128 districts. Say.
for Instance, that tho Legislature distrustful
of tho wisdom of this provision, establishes an
Assembly of 150 members. According to tho
H'orlct, thoro would bo no rodress for such an
act. Trio Legislature could do as It pleased.
If It could Ignoro tbo Constitution, so far as to
change the numbor ot districts, or to Ignore
the provisions of that Instrument in dividing
them. It could abolish tho Legislature alto
gether, and who would thoro bo to appeal to?
Such a proposition is allko untenable and ri
diculous, and no moro serious evil could be
fall the peoplo of a State or of a nation than
government by an Indopondent body ot Legis
lators, having plenary power to make law
without appeal to any tribunal a tyranny of
the worst and most un-American sort
In thus writing I do not for a momont seek
to uphold or to justify tho claims of unfair
ness mado by tho Hepubllcans. but I do con
tend that they aro right in claiming that the
courts havo tho right to review and to rro
nounco void legislation which is in conflict
with the Constitution. With Its usual reck
lcssnoss. the HoWd says that the courts of
this Stato bave been asked "to perform a duty
devolving on tho Lecislature." They have
been askod to do nothlnir ot the kind. No
ono has asked tho courts to mako an appor
tionment of legislative districts, and such a
request would ho preposterous. The right to
apportion belongs to the Legislature, and not
to tho Judiclnrv; but it can only be exercised
within constitutional limits, and any attempt
to go beyond theso Is subjoot to review.
The Democratic party In tho United States Is
tho party of law. order, and tho Constitution.
It Is tho party which yields prompt acquies
cence to the mandates of courts, and It has
been during the lifetime ot tha republic its
strongest conservative force. I discern ot late
many unwise and dangerous attempts to ally
the principles and purposes of Demooracy
with incendiary notions and communistic
Ideas. The plan of endeavoring to Ignore the
courts, and to challenge their authority, in a
matter so vital as the apportionment of legis
lative districts Is fully In line with this des
perate and domoralbing tendency.
The most ordinary business transactions be
tweon men are subject alwa s to an appeal to
courts, and what would bo thought of an In
dividual who declared hirasolf superior to
legal tribunals and refused to abide by tholr
determinations? What could be thought of a
Legislature, claiming to be Democratic, and
performing duties intrusted to It by the Con
stitution, which claimed to bo superior to the
Constitution and higher nnd greater than tbo
courts which tho people havo established ?
The Worlds claim is ridiculous, 'llio ordors
of courts are to be obeyed, not resisted, and if,
ns I boliove. Judge Burnsoy has rendered ade
clelon which will not stand tho tost of appeal,
tlieduty of tho Democracy is simple, to go to
tho highest tribunal. theCourtof Appeals, and
to abldo by Its decision. New Yore.
New York, Aug. 10.
Note, of tbo Hebrtwi,
There are at thli time 18 inmatee of the Mont.flora
nou-.c for Chronic In Midi There are 8 applicant!
waiting to enter the borne If a fun 1 of SIOO.OX) were
railed for the eer ice of thli iuititutton Iti field of un
fuloeia would be greatl enlarged. Preecrlptlom are
given freely to outdoor patlenti.
In the Tcnip'e Emanu El there li an Ini'.ttuilon en
titled "The Perpetual Salem Field Improvement Ft.nl. '
wMch prov dei for the proper gnardtamh p of the
burial lole of i jell periom ai may have aubirroed to
it lorthe mm of HOJ, y!rldlng$5 annual lute'-jt a
graw nlli be kept in perpetual order.
TLe Hebrew Home fjr the Aged at Vonken i a ccn
etautmurie of pride tot ha Order BenajiKr. b. by which
It wai foundi 1 The building li of nateljr r' po""e u.
an 1 it lurrouiKied by broad acrei well kept It under
excellent management, and Iti poor Intni'M fee. that
they aro worthy brethren of the family of I.rje..
In thli city tie oung Women'a Hebrew a.i cutlon
maiut4Uii lIiici fur initrucilon In tlrcmuaiiu mi.
linen cm kery and phy.ical cu.turo It he i.iit.i
cUne. . terary KOiMrtlei. an 1 realini; tr M til
a ioa t a ition Ilouie or lummer retort It lueuiteri
penona tartrate with the ) oun Je e.e '-o el
Joy l! bee Iti
JeM'. f.euei are to be prominent tb i irar In
the s-rtoo. of Applied Etblci In Plymouth va . Ranbl
Ulrica f rii.cago u the lecturer an Ibe n.nud'
lUbin Korrli Jaitrow, Jr. lecture! on I e P.uual
anll.aw ' Other Jewtih title! are The 1 1. --r 'lue
iha Hoo.i. ' The I'ropheti," an! 1 ' Relation
of lil 1 1. I1 Ancient Pvriiait Ite i;
The urior) upcratue. in Kail Rur haverhlll,
Pror.dtt.-' I. nn en 1 otl.er Sew En.A 'ni are
complvicintf of the inl-ix of Jtuitlau i ' who, ac
cord'if to tie operative, re luce wa,i. ail aro at
wax real? t ik the p aoe of ilrike , fie feeling
agimit the neun'Uier' in ionic of u .ictorlei u
verr itron.', and tie agitator! are urjin. be unlouuu
tu take men rei topreeut more of t eu from get
The lew live a foreign cirr. . -ndent. "are
miuh more mimeroji ail wea'ior t Jay than erer
brfo einthr r lory ot im'uill In ncliiior .he
greateitproi;erii anl i wruf tne . -tub kin; om,
under iUwd an 1 i-o.jrr.on the probe v did not tJm
berai.told m 're than .'.OOO.OjO they n'.mber
cor.i'.d. rab. y more than wice as un. In Ana their
or!k!uai!.o(ne nereare i.it more tb-. haif a uul.lon.
sell ed in. Sjrru Perata. Aiahla, India md t'hina. Per
hipihalf atnUlon more are to be 'rent In Afrlta,
chtety In Morocco the deicendanti of thoie Jewi who.
In the year of t'olumbui i dticovcrjr 'f America, were
eipelledfiom dpaln. A ognMo:aVle oaiiniteut 1 to
be found In America 1,-jttne chief uwlerc home of
toe Jew li in eaiten and antral Karor. where toey
ee'l cl In the daye of tie cruiil'i At one time tae
klnglom of Poland contained bine tenth! of all the
Jewiln the world. Two yeerv ago 'tele vera la la
Rciiian empire, .'blear In iti Pollib pronaeei. tally
6tjOnoii Jee In the mum proJ.ncei nf Anuria
there are 2 ikWOOO. and In Uumioi W,0O0, and it.
, the I at td etiKi l.OtM.oux,
tjiadkb tTifioy war.
glow Labor la Made to Murttr by tha Aate J
crat of labor Orcnnlaallon.
To Tits EntTSJi or Tits Sun Sir Trads
unionism In tho Unitod States to-day Is shst.
torlng itsolt against the rock of constitutional
rights. Trade organizations, to command ths
respect of tho peoplo. must conform to exist
ing laws. Wherever It can bo shown thst ths
laws Interforo with Individual rights or aro
baneful to tho great body of tho peoplo. or do
vised for tho bcnoflt ot n fow, the ballot must
bo rollod upon to romedr tho ovll. Tho trade
unions must omploy mothods that will meet
tho approbation of the publio or fall Into
deopor disfavor than thoy aro hold In to-day. ,
Trados unions havo a standing grlovnncnl
that forolgnsrs aro Imported here to take the
plaaos of Americans. It Is not long slnoo ono
of tho most influential men among tits leaders
ot tho glass workors was corapollod to confoss
In open court that tlio, union ho represented
left him no other cholco than to Import ex
perienced glass workers. Ho and tho union he
roprosented could not furnish the number of
workmen roqulrcd. Why? Becauso their
rules regulating tho number of npprentloos
wero enforced so rigorously that thoro were
not onough experienced Amorlcan workmen
ou hand: consenuontlv tho, spectacle was pre
sented of an American trado union conniving
at Bonding abroad lor workmen.
A few yo.trs ago homo worklngmon did not
fare much bottur at Homestead. The Mill
Lumnilltvo almost invariably suppliod men .
vUiorc now pla"p wero created by enlarge
ment of tho works, or lnoroasod facilities, or
when a vacittcy occurrod. How did they do
It? Thoy did nut promote, ambitious, active
worker In tills country: thoy sent, to Lngland
and Vvalcs. to Doulas and Swansea, and '
"skilled" men camo at tho call of clannish
workmen to do tho work Amoricans ought to
do, and, when the opportunity Is glvon, can
do as well ns an workmen In tho world. Tha
Amsigamatcd Association has pursued this
policy, has been tnkon to task for IU but In
dulges in It to this hour whvnevor opportunity
offers. When the association vtas charged
with gross Inconsistency In this matter no
rnsponso was mado This thing has been
practised by the association in ovory mill
where foreigners havo tho control, or can
shape tho committee.
Hero wo have Iron and steel workors. and
fllass workors, prompted by friendship, family
ntcrest or n policy that excludes Amorlcan
boys, discriminating In favor of foreign work
men and against Amorlcan mochnntca I These ,
nro tho samo men that ato constantly crying
out against Immigration and howling against
A son ot ono of tho ownors of a mill at Ap
pain, l'a.. desired to work in the mill. Ho was
informed that ho would not bo permitted to
work In tho mill bcaauo bo was not a mombor
of ths association, and tho rules would not par
mltthe son of an oh nor to becorao a member.
Tholmmodlato result was tho soveranoo of re
lations between tho ownors and tho associa
tion. Tho mill became a non-union mllL
A boss bricklayer In Pittsburgh had two
sons whom ho desired to place at work. He
was told ono might hecomo nn apprentice
"Do you mean." ho asked, "that I cannot
teach my two sons tho trade I learned and
that they dolro to learn ?'
He was informed that tho rules wero im
perative Only ono ot hla 6ons could bo ad
mitted: tho other must wait so many years.
The union was very stiff, but they had a man
to deal with.
"To tho devil with you and yournow-fansled
rulesl Tho union I belonged to was based .
uponcommonsense. llotli my boys shall go '
to work to-morrow, and hereafter I will om- (
ploy whoraBoovor I plcaso." And ho did.
Another bo's bricklayer deomod It politic, to
f:lvo flvo of his men half a dollar a day moro
ban the rules called (or. Thoy were paid the
excess moro than two months. Thoy received
$4 por day. A contract pressing, tho employer
socured additional hands, somo of whom
proved so inferior that ha allowed throe of
them only $3 per day. A committee waited nn '
him. He was Informed that tho threo should
bo paid half a dollar moro per day.
Tho committee acknowledged that the men
could not do three-fourths ot tho work
tho members nf tho committee accom
plished: but thoro wero tho rules. It
was made qulto cloar to tho employer that ho
must pay the poor workmen tho union prloo.
He assented. At the samo time ho Informed
tho committee (two of whom wero receiving
$4 per day) that there would bo from that day
no dlfforenco in his pay roll Ho had of his
own cholco paid live men half a dollar extra,
because ho thought they wero worth It Since
the union compelled him to put all on one
plane, on ono level they should stand. Did
the committee conclude a $1.50 for three men
was worth lighting for when Ave men lost
S2.50? Thoy promptly held tho matter "In
abeyance," and received their pay as usual.
The Amorlcan people's patience Is tried br
conflicts between rival unions. When one Is
satisfied, another excites revolt and we have
the strange spectaclo of a susponslon of labor
while contending factions, each claiming to
champion the cause of labor, strive for su
premacy. It is doubtful whether one in seven
of ull tho mechanics in tho Unitod States Is a
member of n union. I doubt if, oountlng
those who havo been members, but who
for sufficient reasons have left the organi
zations; the rolls would show a seventh part of
such as are called skilled workmen and
trained mechanics. Be tho proportion what it
pay. it Is a minority. How long will the ma
jority, and, back of tho majority, the tremen
dous force of agriculturists to say nothing;
whatever of the merchants and professional
men endure the turmoil created by trades
unions whoso methods aro odious to tho
publio and whoso rules violate the dlctatos
of common sense and tho laws?
This Is a question tho unions must answer.
Whereas formerly it was a question between
capital and labor, latterly it has become a
question between trades unions and law.
i'lTTSBUr.O. Aug. 8. Alleouaxt.
The Claim of Strikers to a Copartiierehla.
ToTnEEnrron or The Su.v-.Sir: Strikers
not only claim a right to detormlne wages,
hours, tho number of apprentices, and a host
of othor privllogos, but they nUo Insist that
they are or ought to bo actual copartners In
tho profits of tho business which gives tliem
employment. Thoy argtio that because their
labor has helped to build up such business and
make It profltablo to tho proprietors they are
equitably entitled to participate in its gains;
also that, although tho dwellings In which
thoy and their families reside have been
erected by their employors. tho lattor have
no right to dispossess thom without recom
ponso for their loss by a forced removal.
Now. a copartnership, unless spoclflcallr
otherwise provided for, always makes the co
partners sharers as well in Its losses as in
Its profits. Suppose, then, a body of mechan
ics aro employod to do the work required in a
manufactory that, after full trial, turns out to
be unprofitable, and suppose the proprietors
'ay to their operatives, "VTetlnd womustget
our work donent lower wagos or cease doing
business," how much assistance and oncour
agement will thoy get from these volunteer
co armors It Is "afotosay that, instead of
assistance, they will pass a resolution that un-le-i
thoy can have their present rnto of wages
continued thuy will quit work and do all in
their powor to pi ovent othor hands trom com
in In to take tholr places, buuli being the
fasi , their claim to copartnership seems too
abs ird for serious consideration.
'1 heso samo strikers and their sympathizers
nlTeLtto boliove that thoro Isun essential dlf
forenco between capital employod In tho hire
of men and capital employod In the purchase
an i sale of merchandise; that thero is some
thing snerod with the ono whloh should ex
clude It from tho oporationa ot the law of sup
ply and demand that doos not pertain to the
other. 1 fall, however, to comprehend any
such dlSTeronoo. huppose a capitalist long en
gaged In the employment of men for wages,
hueli wagee uluuy having been fixed by this
law-, concludes to chango and engnge lu trade, '
his hiislm s- bftliig mainly thubuj lng and bell
ing of tho camo clui-s of truods of which he had
formerly I euii the manufacturer. Like all the
rest of tho mercantile world ho would go Into
the market and buy and sell wherover he
could make thu most profitable bargains. In
doing tin he would violate no principle rooog
nlzed a, just bet eon man and man; no striker
could complain that ho had beon wronged, tor
no striker had boon employed by this capital
ist in the conduct nf Ills luisinesv. and set. as
the iir'i'los dealt In came through manufac
tories whero till system of wage labor had
been carried on. tho consoquences to thedii
satlstled strikers would be juet ths same.
Lot thesn strikers oxplain. If thoy nan. how
this capitalist Is nny moro blameworthy in the
first tdbo mentioned than In the last. In both
haha'-undenv rod tomako uso of his capital
In buying meii'handlse and in hiring labor ac
the, .rwost pri' ns the market will afford, and
tho net rult to emploreos Is precisely the
sumo When wo have throughout the entire
liabitablu world that l't. pia which will drive
all personal Iflshness from the human heart
and make cuirybody as enrofiil for the Inter
ests of another us for himself, then wo may
look for c.ti ital nu 1 labor to bu no longer op
posed toea h othor. nud then, and not till then,
will thoclnliu of V'a strikers to n copartner
ship with their employers bo recoguized.
Golnc a-rielilae In Texas,
Inm IA ,!i.o M.
In a hnrrle 1 Inventory of the wtgurt we found ilx
fti'inroti a ioa or treat, tbre 'am f earl nei a
frying fan one i laeUone bar t.f e aj, b rte n b ttlea,
and uu Jt ci.
Throo Feaoui I owns.
tU ntm Jfombj lUrnt I ni Hi'y 7o a ,e
A story li waded from Kalaiuaioo
oi nailitoneitbat fell there fu I two Inches ttiwi
But then ti no telling what lien can do
I la bUbogts, Otalgia, or lii.imij.ua.