Newspaper Page Text
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MONDAY. SEPTRMBRH 1. ISM.
NitKririioi by Mall rmi.r.
PAtl.T. rr Konlh M
PAII.T. Per Tear M
SUNDAY. rr Tear
paii.y and m mbay. rr Year
', DAILY AMI SI MlAV. Tri Month TO
Wriat.V. Per Year 1 IN)
foiUfffl to foreign Ceuritrtre sit it I
Till: M . x York n If,
The Centenary of the Capitol,
Ou tha istli of Bsptembor, nut. President
WASHDJaTOM', girt with n Masonic aproO
and holding Masonic trowel, Iflttt the eot
ner atone of the national aill.l In the pity
that hems his nmno. The hundredth an
niversary of this event has noonied to
the Fifty-third nontrnaa worthy of com
memoratlon. and accordingly tn-ilny tlie
Seuatonni tin Honso ni turn aside from
current business for nxorelsna appropriate
to the occasion
The foundation "f tho Federal city wis
curiously Involved iu one of (ho moat im
portant pieces of legislation that oamo be
fore tho second session of the l'irst Con
gress, namely, the asauinptlon by the fed
cini Government of State debts Incurred
during the Revolutionary period. The nd
vantages that might boderlved byaSlate
from poasosatug the sent nf Federal Gov-
rrnment appeared very great ul that time,
perhaps greater than they would appear
now. II t tin s turned out that in tho sharp
controversy over the bill for funding the
State debts thin partly related Bubjoet
of the Federal capital played n part. The
conclusion reached was, In brief, that the
seat, of government should bo removed
from New York, whore it then was, to
Philadelphia, when- it had been throughout
the Revolution until the meeting of a part
of the Pennsylvania line, in 178.1; that it
Should there remain ten years, and then, In
1300, bo transferred to Some Rite oil the
Potomac to be chosen by the President.
During the recess that followed the ter
mination of the First Congress, Washtxo
tov mndeatourof the Bouthern Stales,
and, with hs customary promptness, took
the oocnslon to select n sito upon the l'ot-i-mne
River for the future capital of the
Union. Virginia and Maryland ceded to
the Federal Government the area required
on their respective shores, and the wolk of
preparing the ground began. It was prac
tioally a wiidorness then, with a cottage
hem nml there; bill both tho levels and the
forest-clad hills showed Its capabilities for
Its purpose. The district was then ten
miles square, or a hundred square tnlles,
but the portion sunt li of tho l'otoinao. was
returned to Virginia In lull!.
The site chosen for the Capitol was tho
brow of a plateau: the material selocted.
White freestone. The work was begun st the
north wing, and it was there that Wash
ington laid tho corner Mono one hun
dred years .'igo. That w Ing was completed
and occupied in l-uwi. Jinny members of
Congress were nut specially eager to
leave Philadelphia, with its social advan
tages, Its libraries, and tho other attrac
tions of au old and largo city, for a little vil
Ilage set up iu tho woods. .li'i'i kkson, how
ever, wae among those who were anxious
to make the change. I nder his Adminis
tration, iu 1803, the south wing was begun,
and completed five years later. The centre
was not constructed until Isik. four years
after the British, under ItosK, bad burnod
tho Interior of the wings during their raid
upon tho city. These wings were rebuilt
In 1819, and the centre linisheil iu 1827.
Finally, the extension of IM1, completed
iii 187. gave u- the commodious and hand
some building u wo have i: to-day.
When, i u the ceremonies of I. -day, vai I0U8
iliorals are pointed and lossons drawn,
among them should be the need of such
niuiiitv and thoroughness in pushing on
the de.'encc of the COn6ls, thill the hu
miliation whluh befell the Capitol in lsil
may not bo possible again in these days.
The cm I tig onsiltiitlon.il Convention.
Tlio general election to be held in ibis
tit a to on the seventh of November next Isof j
exceptional importance by reason of the I
fact that the members of a Convention to
rwise and amend tlio Constitution are then
to be chosen. A Constitutional Convention
i., to assemble iu Albany on the second Tues
day of May. HOI. There urn to be iTadelc
jrat.es. lr these. Hit are to be elected by
Senatu districts, live delegates to each dis
trict. There are nl-o to bo Itfteen delegates
elected f i!' the State. n large.
One peculiarity of the law under which
the Convention is called is thai itporinits
the election of women as delegates. "The
electors may elect, as a delegate." says the
statute, " any mule or female citizen of I Ids
hui e above tho ago of ui years." This pro
vision, however, does not permit the elec
tion of any olllcer who is prohibited by the
Constitution from holding any other ofllce.
Tor example the Constitution forbids tlio
Judges of the Court of Appeals and the Jus
tices of the Supreme Court from holding
any other nfflco or public t nlst ; and declines
that all votes tor miiv of them for nny other
tl(an a judicial ofllce siinii bo void. Those
oilleers therefore appear to be disqualified
from acting as members of the Constitu
In the Constitutional Convention of ii;7,
whoso work with tho singlo exception of
the Judiciary article wus rejected by the
people, there wore thirty-two delegates at
lurge. Among them were (JkoUiik 1'. I om
srooK. BaHVOSD JO. Ciiiiuii. CiiAitLfs .1.
Fobomi, and Cuaki.ks AM,iti:ws, four men
who at various times have presided over
the deliberations of the Court of Appeals;
I William M. Kvahis ami FraNOW Ki:iinan,
who have since represented New York in
the Senate of the United States; and many
other well-known citizens, Including Hon
SOb Gnr.tfi.LV. (iKOBUH Uii.i.iam I runs,
IIkmiv 0. MoRMir. Afiirsn-s Si hei,,,, Ika
I JlAiiiiis. Kmii-ii .M WXKO, and William A.
j WhkriiRii, who was Prealdout of the Con-
I volition, aud who afterward occupied the
olfleoof Vice-President of the United States
; under the Batrs usurpation,
j There wore only four delegates from each
beuate district in the Convention of is,i7,
Instead of live au there will bo in the Con
vention of 184. N'ew York city then com
prised the Fourth. Fifth, Sixth, Seventh,
and Eighth Sonalo districts. Tlio Fourth
districtsent as delegates Jons R. lit 'iiiiill,
the woll-known lawyer: Ciiaiilks 1. Daly,
Jate Chief Judge of the Court of Common
Pleas; Sauuki, M. Uajivin, who was District
Attorney of this county twenty years ago,
and Abiiauam l: I.awkkni'e, now one of tho
J ut t ices of tho Supremo Court In this city.
From the Fifth district the delegates wuro
Rlbkipoe T. Ofjiiiv of the .New York Yacht
Club and the Society for tho 1'reveution of
Cruelty to Children; Nathaniel Jakvih,
Jr.. Clerk of the Court of t 'omniou Picas ;
Hknhv itiMiriis, and Norman Stuat
Ton. Tho Sixth district was represented
by Haunts Ghosh, FBKQWUOS W. LiOBW,
aftorwui-l a Judge of the Court of Common
tleas: AnuAiliM i. Kttsnm r who had l ecu
PSy si wliMI
City Judge, and Gideon J. TvOatni, who
was elected Secretary of State In 1887 and
who was afterward Surrogate of this coun
t v. From the Seventh district went J a mis
Brooks, the weu-lflnowu journalist; Ku-
WAltus l,n:itRi.i,oNT.v.lndge. Attorney-Oen-eral.
and Mlnlstor to Kaiglsud ; Anthont L.
Robi'.utsoN. Judge of tllie Superior Court of
this city, and Samuel ! ?. Tii.dun. who was
elected President of the United States In
lsTii. The members front the Righth dis
trict were John K. Dkvelin. tho lawyer;
VVtr.t.MM Hiti'HMAs. subsequently Spoaker
of the Assembly ; Pli'UAHD Ij- RarhemoBE,
aflorward t hlef .ludgo of the Court of Com
mon Picas, who died only a few days ago;
and Clai.dus R, MosEi.t,, .Kudgo of the
In iit7 Brooklyn was Included tin the sec
ond ami Third Senate districts. 'J ho dele
gates to the Convention from tbio Second
disiii.t were 1). P, BARNARD, CilAKi.r.s
IjOWKKYi John V. Roi.fi:, mid Walter L,
I.ivinoston. all well-known lawyers. Mr.
I.ivtNusroN afterward became Surrogate of
Kings county and Comptroller of tho city
of Brooklyn. Mr. Roi.ee Is tho only sur
vivor of the four delegates from that dis
trict. The Third district sent to the Con
vention Tfsts '. BbROBX, Stephen I.
cai. mian, John (' BoHuuAKKR, afterward
member of Congress, and WftiUAU 1.
VEKDRR. memb"r of Congress and Surro
l gate of Kings county.
I'lie names that wo havo given suftlco to
show that them wuro many strong men In
the last Constitutional Convention; and It
Is very desirublo that tho delegates to tho
Convention of 18'J1 from the State ut largo
and from tho New York and Brooklyn
Senate districts shall be a body of men
equally creditable to their constituencies.
it. Is time to begin to think about this
matter ami to chooso suitable candidates.
We shall bo glad If tho voters avail them
selves of tho opportunity to send some
women as delegates. It would be an emi
nently graceful act for each State Conven
tion to nominate one woman among the
delegates at large. For the rest, it is im
portant that tho members of the Conven
tion should, as a rule, be men of somo ex
perience lu public ulTuirs, acquainted with
the political history of the State, and of
conservative rather than radical tenden
cies. Tho peoplo do not want to smash the
existing Constitution. In fact, they are
very well satisfied With tho Constitution us
it. is for the must art: and while somo
changes may bo advisable, we are Inclined
to think that tho Convention will not find
II necessary to recommend any very great
alteration in tho organic law.
The Multiplicity of Cltl.cn Hlnrlchf.
It may have been June and It may have
been July when we parted with the Hon.
Frederick William Uinhichh, Citizen
ItiMiicus of Brooklyn, 'Twasat tho door
of the Citizens' I'uion of Kings county, his
door. Citizen HiNBlcus was tlio Citizens'
Union of Kings county. 'Twasat a meet
ing of the Executive Committee of tho
citizens' Uulon of Kings county. Citizen
nrxniciis was tho Executive Committee of
the Citizens' Union of Kings county.
AVe have known Citizen Uinrichs
for some time, and ho gives to us a
deep nnd broad-chested joy. AVo have
seen many liglitnlug-chango reformers,
uian v Mugwump marabouts, but never a ono
that surpassed Citizen IIiMticus in clever
ness and versatility. Wo know how ho
does the trick, and he does it often enough ;
but we always like to see him do It. His
brain seems to bo n system of mirrors, re
flecting and repeating Cltizon Hinrichs.
iii.en iiisiiH us nns met nimseu so many
times, nnd passed resolutions unanimously,
and deplored the condition of things lu
Brooklyn, that we almost sympathize with
his delusion that he is not plain Citizen
Hivriiiih, hut a crowd, a multitude, a ma
jority. Whether mad March Is boxing the ears of
t he Wnllabout or October is painting Pros
pect Park red. Citizen IilNRIOUS continues
his unceasing tnsk lu the treadmill of delu
bIoii. lie assembles and meets together:
" Kixdhnl. That Kings county has gouo, is
going, and ever will go to 4nolentNlOHOLA8
until sho elects a Mayor 'irrespective of
national party politics. Hexoliid, That
we, Citizen IllNiiniis, will end this period
of municipal misrule and institute tho
glories of non-partisan municipal politics."
" By Jove I" cries Citizen LtntBIOIIS, shak
ing hands with himself in a transport of
non-partisan enthusiasm, " my very senti
ments, our very sentiments. The citizens
of Brooklyn only need to be aroused, to In
troduce business principles iu administra
tion and to destroy tho political machine."
The three tailors of Tooley street were only
one-third of a man according to the obso
lete computation of sartorial averages, but
Citizen HiMiicim is, the good Cocker only
knows, how many men. He is a noun of
multitude, lie is Aroused Public Opinion,
lie is " and other citizens."
Wo like to think of Citizen HlNBIOBS,
herever he is, we know that ho has a Citi
zens' Union of Kings county on his person.
Few persons who see him on a Bridge car
know that from yonder spectacles forty
Citizens' 1'nlous look down upon them.
Wherever ho is to-day. we send him health
and greeting. Whether he is at Canursio
angling for lincUle-heads and blow-fish, the
Mugwumps of the sea, or breathing the in
spiration of a purer politics by the fragrant
marge of the Qowanus (anal, wo know that
he is organizing a Citizens' Unlou. that he
is nrousiug himself, that he is brisk, multi
tudinous, happy. The dear little man !
1 he Vigilant and Hie Navy.
Plenty of people have their eyes nowa
days on the licet and illppnry Vigilant, and
Secretary IIKHHBRT, of the Federal navy,
and Mr, QioanoiiN, the Chief Constructor,
are among them The navy is not above
picking up a point from tho yacht which Is
to defend the America's cup.
It Is well known thai one of tho Vlgilant's
merits, In fast a vary distinctive foaturo, is
that her plating bolow the water line is of
Tobin bronze, With bronze rivets, lu using
this material her owners counted on the su
peiioi smo ithUOSS of its surface; and her
opponents in tno trial raoas ascribed quite
a much Importance to the peculiar sllpporl-
ness of her Immersed hull as to her rig ami
model. Her bottom takes a high polish, it
is free from corrosion, ami it keeps smooth.
Tho problem of counteracting the ten
dency of steel hulls In rust in boa water has
long been studied In the navy. Chief Con
structor iIicmiouN, like ins predecessor.
.Mr. Wil.sos. has always been a strong a I-
rocate of composite vessels, to avoid this
evil, and also of sheathing steel vessels
with copper, a splto of the additional cost
and weight. Their views havo not yet pro
vailed, although two of the gunboats last
authorized would have been composite but
for an unrepealed general statute requiring
the hulls to be all steel. However, when
the Vlglluut was laid dowu. Assistant
Naval Constructor Steele prooeeded to
Bristol to examine the method of putting
on her bronze plating. Tho official re
port which ho has now made on the
subject strongly (kvorS the adoption of this
n 'i rlalfoi I 'n hiittoius of ships is to tho
III, IIIIMI I - in. i
I question of cost, ke declares that "the
yearly expense of a bromtn ship would be
greatly reduced, owltng to the saving in the
amountof coal ueconsarytoobtalothe same
speed, nnd also to the fact that It would uot
bo necessnry to dick tho ship every six
months for the proservatlon of the hull "
How furor to wlnnt classes of vessels this
recommendation would apply remains to
be seen; but the Bureau of Construction
and Benatrs will pn-ouabiy recommend the
early buildlug ofnlironzo gleam cutter as
I he rusting of tho gteel hulls, especially
In tropical waters, bas been otio of the
drawbacks of our nimVern Heel. Not only
are tho plates badly (fitted, but whore the
rue sets in xogetable and animal growths
promptly follow, and the fouling of the
bottom makes high speed impossible. Cur
crack cruiseis wbcu tBuus impeded crawl
along at less than iiiiM their maximum
rate, booking and scraping is tho remedy,
but the frequency with which it lias to bo
resorted to, iu spite of all torts of uti-foul-ing
paints and Incquom v.hlch have been
tried on tho steel hulls, adcls a serious ex
peuso.and tho vessels may lie cruising where
thore are uo dry docks available. The bos
ton, which has been forcodito stny at Hon
olulu for mauy months, wilt wlmn relieved
by the Philadelphia, be along time on tlio
way home lu consoqueueeof her dirty hull;
an. I when docked at Mare.lelandtebeuiay be
found In a sad condition
Another obstacle ngainfsi sheathing hulls
besldos tho lacrensed cost has beeai the in
creased weight which has to bo moved by
tho samo engine power; although it has
been strongly urged thut, after all, these
object Ions are moro than countorbulauced
by the greater quantlties.of fuel needed to
produco good speed wltii an unsheathed
liottom, with the clianee that such speed
cannot be had at all when required in an
Such Is the problem omwhich a new light
Is now thrown by the peiformauccs of
the bronzo yacht Vigilant. It Is protty
safe to expect that before long tho navy
will at least havo a bronze cutter of its owu
with which to experiment, so as to btudy its
resistance to erosion and also tho question
xvhetuer any galvanic action of consequence
is set up by the plan of using bronz.o plat
ing upon steel frames.
A Fight to u Finish.
Tho Republicans In tho House are danc
ing the scalp dance aroimd tho bier of John
Davenport, and trying to breathe the
breath of life into that, miserable carcass.
It Is a sweet sight to see the ono great
issuo that cau unite the Republican party.
Tho Democrats are in this light till tho
Republicans throw up the sponge. The
Democratic party is pledged to wlpo out the
Federal Election laws, and it will not stop
until the whole infamous system of Federal
Interference and bulldozing at tho polls Is
destroyed. The tlmo of the spies and bul
lies who Uavo flourished under these laws is
up. Tho bayonet as a vole-counting ma
thluo Is played out.
The Democrats will light upon this theme
until Tom Reed'b forehead reaches to his
heels. Neither blustering nor filibustering
can long prevent the Democrats from
purging tho statute books of these election
laws, and restoring to the people tho power
of conducting their elections without in
terference. The peoplo decided last fall that tho Fed
eral election laws must be repealed. Will
Tom Heed ever get tired of bucklngagaiust
the American people I
Fame Is Thin, Ignorance Thick.
Not from the midst of the bush or the
shade of the backwoods, but from Iowa, a
State supposed to be civilized and enlight
ened, and from the Stale Register, a Repub
lican newspaper to which tho candle of
knowledge has not been wholly denied,
comes a reference to " J. D. CHOATH, a New
Yorklawyor and reputed bright man."
Is Famo only a short-distance runner,
t hen. and does she dread to muddy her bright
feet In the Mississippi ? Joseph D. CnOATB,
a reputed bright man! Did tho Soutk
Apulian Herald talk of Marcus 1). Cicero, a
Roman lawyer and reputed bright man '
Did tho CIsalpIno Gaul Vox Populi and Ad
vertiser, rofer to Q. Veruilies Maeo, said
to be a poet of somo distinction at the Capi
tal ? Did tho Aqtus Sextta Journal quote an
ode lately composod by P. HOBATIUB Flac
cus, a &on vlvant and reputed wit ? Did the
folk in Dajla hear n rumor that C JULTUS
Cesar was a candidate for Consul Was
Plato Identified with Pluto In Bceotla? we
suppose so. for they seem to be uncertain
about Joseph IIodiies Choate out in Iowa.
We appoint Henry: HraKERPBABB, Sir
Simon BlaOKSTONB, LeMUBTi Johnson,
Upward Burke. Henky Taylor Cole
hidue, Sir GrALT BCOTT, William F. Thack
eray, James Pknnimoee Cooper, William
Refus CHOATB, Chief Justice James Mar
shall, Prlr.ce James Van BCBBK, and Rich
ard 1Z. Shkridan to try the case of the
People ngt. the Jowa Slate Register for libel,
malicious misuhief In dofaclng a public
monumonti and assault and battery upon
the middle name of a citizen who. If not
alwajs inoffensive, iu tho strict sense, is
usually witty an. 1 always admirable: and
who is us delightful in private as ho is
persuasive in tlio courts. We could not
have thought that ignorance lu Iowa could
be of such unfathomable depth.
If the Canadian Government stmii refuse
to enter into an a'roemnt with us for tlio in-
speotionof the Immigrants who come to this
OOUOtrrfrou) Burope by war of Canada, wo
shall doubtless be oompslled to prohibit those
undesirable European! frer, enteriug the
t'nibicl ."tatas. even though British-! 'anadlau
hi -Km li'. nin ...ui is nml railroads may tbu .
lose money. Foreigners who want tostttleln
this country ought to renin directly to Amer
ican lortn anyhow. All of tusm should be
thoroughly Inspected upon our own soil. A
ereut many of tliosa who get here by way
of Canada w ,uld never be allowed to entor If
tiny were brought under the obaeryatlon of
the officers at Ellis Islaad The Canadian
tiovernmeut will surely not IlnJ It profitable
to reject the terms offered by Superintend-
entSiiMc. Wo must trust that theuew (iov-ernor-Qeneral
of Canada will prove to be a
man ! .....; sonse.
The sixteen knots made bv the gunboat
Custlnelu bur trial run through Long Island
Sound form a fine lacoid lu our naiyfor
excess of actnsl over huarantead spued. Her
ingines. though constructed for fourteen
knoll, wars only required by the coalract.lt
la sun I. to reach thbteua. and actually hi
oOBPUlbed 1(1033 knots, us the svorace ot
four hours. In Friday's trial. Buoh a result
merited Hie despatch sent by Governor Ci SAVE
to tho Hath Iron Works, which expreosid the
pride felt by the 1'iue Treo Hlute in Its decla
ration that tho triumph " emphasize! Maine's
prominence in building up tho Amricau navy
aud the skill of her mechanic!."
To ear the truth, the Castine and her cister
ship, the Ueohlat, mar rather b called tint
fruits of Maine's contributions to our navy.
The State was a little long In swinging Into
line, as etoel construction was one of the In
dustries that had to be founded there. The
Hath Iron Works had to put in a new plant for
the purpose: but when they had resolved
to it. an, they not only secured this iml-of '
11 H hiiiiii, ii m mi
sunbosts. and also the ram Katahdln. bill
boldly struck out for the richest prizes h)
making the lowest bid for the Mlnnonpolli
before they had yet eompletod a single steel
ship. Mr. TRAGI felt compelled to refuse their
offer for the great cruiser on thej ground that
they were as jet too Inexperienced to under
take s 7,360-ton ship of at) pe unequalled at
that time lu the woild's navies. Hut If now.
with the Castlne's reoord, the lowest bid for
the next ll.OuO-ton battle ship should come
from bath. It would probably be accepted.
The Manillas, the Castine, snd the Katahdln
nil bear Malno names. ami the name of tho State
was given to the (list eteel armored ship
planned for tho new navv. The two gunboats
are of about 1,050 (oiih displacement, and have
a length of UKj feet by a breadth of ;t'J and a
draught of 12. fiaoh will carry in lis niaiu
battery elebt 4 Inch rapid-fire gun. and. with
their light draught and small expense ot
maintenance, they will be useful vessels on
some ot the foreign statins, to which, after the
usual prellininaiy service iu heme waters, they
will no iluiiM be sent.
The 1 rencb peasants at the close of the war
will, Uem.snj ,'. i tlisl iney tisd more rtsajr
money ihsii nny , ,..i.. or ttiulr rlsn lu the world
Tliire Is nq resiun 10 bshsvs thst lbs rrench nesiuul
orsrtusn Jest mure werk tlmn bis Amerlcsn l.r-i ...
and lu. earnl IMS! Imt Oo I r-n. lunn Iim- iin.Nry l
by st o,.- . ii.l oftl.eieir. the Amencau Is ssnersll,
In debt -,!.',. nj,,., . S Imltt.niJr.t.
It Is a mistake that Is made by HUhop Hav
ooou when bo says that tho American work
ing people lu the city or lu the country
are "generally In debt.'' To whom, pray?
Not very likely, uot very muoh. to the grocer
or the butcher, to the clothier or the shoe
maker, oreventotho long-suffering landlord.
There Is a good deal of buslnoss dono on crod
It, but tho credit is more apt to bedvento
people who are able to pay than to those who
are out of mouoy and In del I. What does
Fishop HaTOOOD know about the number of
dollars deposited In the savings banks of this
city, for example, by mechanics and other
woikers, or about the umouut otherwise In
vested by them, or about their expenditures
for amu-ements. and for cordials, and for tho
luxuries of the household or the table? They
are not generally in debt, either at the begin
ning, the middle, or the end ot the year. "Pay
as you go" Is their rule.
An International victory of the past week
which ought not to pass without comment was
the ono gained at Kosedale In tho cricket
match Dolweoa the Dominion and the I'nited
States. It was roally. as usunl. a contest be
tween nn eleven of the Uentlemen of Philadel
phia and the Canadians, because the (Juaker
City has for many years proved more than able
to furnish the teams for these annual matches,
and there is a certain advantage In having
an eleven whose members are all familiar with
each other's play. Thore Is no sort of doubt
that the Quakers enn play cricket. It turned
out, however, that while Philadelphia won
easily, according to its custom, and with four
wickets to spare, the Canadians almost divided
honors with them by reason of their excellent
second innings. After having mado only
B7 in their first turn at the bat, they
put on enough runs in the second to bring
the total up to 323, ibiinks to a line HI
of Tbbky. supported by M of OOLVINOBAU.
The bow ling of tho Canadian Lung In the sec
ond Innings was also no less a feature than the
work of these two batsmen, so that altogether
it was a great recovery for Canada from lust
year's match, which had fallen to Philadelphia
by a full Inning nnd 222 additional runs. Next
summer, accordingly, when tho scone of the
contest goes back to tho Quaker City, tho Do
minion orli ketcrs will have a good degree of
confidence in their ability to ruako a creditable
Ishowinc. Tlio annual matches, which date
back many years, havo mostly been In favor of
tho Cnitod t'tntc:;, but now and then our
friends across the border have varied the
lecord by a victory
Now that this chief of the regular annual fix
tures In American cricketing bas passed olT
In so gratifying a way. attention will be con
centrated on the coming visit of the Aus
trnlians. which Is, for the cis-Atlantic crick
eting world, the great event of the yoar.
We havo received a circular of Invitation
tiattond tho new Prcsbvteriau church of the
lEnniancsn.ua order of architecture In Ninety
tilth street. In this circular wo observe a
statement which may bo taken as evidence of
the bealthtulness and level-beadedaess of at
least some of the Presbyterian clergy. It ap
pears that tho church spoken of, which was
foundod iu New York r.s far back us tho year
ITIJU. has, during the whole of the Pit years
Of its existence, had only live ministers Lofoio
tho itev. Dr. Wvi i.'. who is now Its minister.
'.I'll is is certainly nn exti nordinary record for a
church. All Its miuistei must have lived to a
good old ago. as did JOHN Masov, the llrst one
of them. If the stalwart minister who now
tills its pulpit shall hold it for but a fow years
longer, the historian Will to able to any thai
Its llrst six ministers preached the Preslivt-j.
rlau go'pel In the eighteenth, the nineteenth,
and tho twentieth conturlos. or from a period
twenty years before the American Revolution
uitll a period at least a oontury aud a quarter
after it. Wo guess tli.it there are not many
chiirchos which could beat such a rocord.
The llrst odlflco of tho church was in Cedar
street, the second lu Crosby, and tho third In
l'ourteeiith ; Its nowedillce. to which we are
Invited, is in Nlnoty-flfth street. 'Ibis strong
euiuceougnttj last lor conturies. Perhaps It
will be used as a Presbyterian place of wor
ship in the third thousand your of the exist
ence of Christianity.
Weloarn from tho circular sent to us that
the aim Of the Bev, Dr. IVu.ir, the sixth min
ister of the lino founded by Dr. John Mason,
is to iimta his church "progressive and ag
gressive." That is an oxcoilant aim, lu cuso
the progress bo in the right direction and the
aggressivoness be against all evil. The Rev.
Dr. Wvuk'k motto Is " Welcome nnd Work,"
am! It is a good enough motto.
Knowledge of the benefit the world's com
nc r. e would reoelve fr m sbtptvay pl'-rointi .w injoi
bMlwrr,n .North unl south interim taakes it ttl Ic i.l
i ........ i i,.- tn tie i.i 1 1.1 u.,i oouae, .oil Th.ii bf
tore Ions. When lue invilo-.i-iiieiitur ,... ...i , ,..
peeled on tbu nohliaent, sua the cuir ot Mexteo he si
, . . ;i u .ii. route an the i I .... u . QumUU
The idea of establishing such a shlpway was
mooted In the year 152B, nn lor tho rolffn of
I'UH.ii'II.. who employed engineers to survey
a routo for it Wo have not yut secured the
iblpwsy, though both the Panama Canal ami
the Nicaragua Canal wore begun years ugo.
We need not lose faith that it may he con
structed In the cotirso of time. The Hue
Canal was projected in the time of ItAKESM
IL. aud Completed only twenty-lour vours ago.
The Corinth Canal In Oreeco. completed last
month, was begun under the Emperor Ksan
who worked upon a design that had boeii
drawn up centuries before bis time. Wo must
trust that the tfoiuYt tl GmeUe'$ prediction that
a shipwuy a toss Ceatral America will soon
bo opened may bo realized, and we woul I like
to see It niiuuod before tho end of the nine
teenth cenlury. or wlthoi foureenturles iittsr
tho time ol I'liii.n- 11. 'I he Maritime Canal
Company holds a hundred years' ooneesslon
lor tin, construction of a canal through tho
territory of Moarauua. between the Atlantic
and the Paeltla: and surely It till not be nec
essary for the successors of .Mr. Wai.vhu Mii
i.k.h to ask for a renew il of that eon--. ....,, ,,
In the middle of the twentieth eeatury,
ICuslnsM for H'uiuri.
ft ,i ri.u c ( ,t .
let ;i...i. . won. u fellow IBS exiiuple of JJri. tyrui
w. "ib .:..ir. i.i. i.. m.. OeeoaiC uUt'ouiiAie ...nin,.,
with rlilldren tu suprort anl no UiiIui-m iraie situ
shli'li lu - . " i . . i-: i -:. the ftsi. It u murlt ese:er fur
women to tint! rrsUy sale for coal than for the pretty
ttiliiKl on eablbllli'ti at the women's exebaugee. auU
ut-ahiig in coal la ae proraable for somen aa il la for
'I'hr rn.iiiu.. ui Dlai ... ill.
i'rim tilt C.iurl Journal.
Tb right pronunciation of the usme.it Disraeli haa
beei artlled upon the authority ot tba speaker tut lie
nno n. t ii, of the preaant g ensralton He prououaaea
it I'laraMl and tba eminent Prtni Minister seed iih
pronounce Me name. Uoubtleea Ur i oiling. by Disraeli
n-l ii--, i lie,, nreredeut-
n An Alt ao m -. 4n.
i Hull Hemarka AUnnt the stprrrkrle fjilgai
tN T'ntviiMii, Bqpt. l.'k-We hnvo hoard
much from Mr (Inns BpreoROls about tilt rulB
that Is situ in.; him In the face. Lot cs overhaul
these ruins and ecu if something cannot be
saved for poor Jlr. Spreeksls.
We must first nuderetnnd and understand
thoroughly that Mr. Hpreckels has but one In
terest: the Interest ot Mr. spie-keis. ibis
stands llrst. Inst, and all the time.
V: ' lie ki.i bus been tolling us for some
time i Kit that the annexation of the Hawaiian
Islands to tho I nltod M.itos will ruin his
business a a sugar planter. W, II, what of it '
That Is no concern of the I'nited Statos. tut
let us see If lie has told us the Whole story.
We have heard that sutrar ean be profitably
grown only where labor Is very cboan. If raw
sugar be such a cheap product, bow Is It. then,
that i .. lined sugar is so dear I Haw sugar can
be bought to-day tor 9S cents in New York,
nd flue granulated sug.u Is sold by ro
flners thoiu at O's cents per pound. Does It
COSt a! cents per pound to rellno the sugar?
We thought tho cost was but . of a cent, which
would Ieae a handsome margin for tho re
finers, of whom Mr. Bproelcols Is one 'Ibis
does not look like ruin
Hut it may be different on the Pacific coast.
where Mr, Bpreckels has Ills refinery. Lei us
see. There he pays less than the New York
price for the sugar that Is grown by the Ha
waiian planters. They have no other market
Slid nobody else to sell to. so he deducts ' of a
centforthe privilege of selling to Bpreckels,
and pajs them only It., cents Dues ho sell
any cheaper? Not much, Wesoo In the Sun
JVanciico Chronicle ot Bept, S that Mr. Kprock
els's refinery was Offering dry granuluted
sugar at C1, cents net cash, and lino granu
lated at 0'.' cents not cash, a full cent and
more por pound abovo tho price in New York.
Buying at .'a oent per pound loss ami selling
at 1 cent nor pound morodoes not look like
ruin. The refiners there a re aide to declare hlg
dividends Out of their prollts. and surely Mr.
bpreckels must he alio to keep the wolf from
the door with his slid largr profits.
Although Mr. Kellner Bpreckelt docks ', of a
cent per pound fiotn the price that he pays to
the Hawaiian planters, wo do not suppose that
bo docks anything or the puce paid to Mr.
Planter Hpreckels for the sugar that be grows,
r.ven if ho tlld it would he bo much more nroMt
Inr Mr. Itellner Bpreokels, and. if Mr. Planter
Ppre.kels were getting ruined, wo know thut
Mr. Iletlnoi spivckels would not be starving.
It ut then thore are yet other Mr. Bprsekelsei
on tho horizon. There Is .Mr. beet Suggr
tirower Hpreckels, This Kctitleinan grows
sugar beets in California, which ho sells to Mr.
Beet suffer Maker Hpreckels, and we suppo-e
there is money, loth in thi growing and the
making, for we have heard nothing of ruin iu
the beet sugnr branch of the Sprockets family.
1 hen Mr. Boot Sugar Maker Bpreckels receives
a I. .1,1,1 . of 2 cents per pound from a patorntil
Government for all the b"0t sugar that he
makes, over and above whatever prollt. if any.
there raav be In the making. And again. Mr,
lieet sugar .Maker Sprockets sells his raw beet
sugar m.iae in California. n-iU ou which lie hot
earned tho eountrv'e bounty, to Mr. Sutur Its.
Oner Bpreckels. who no doubt makes a profit
in tho purchase, and without doubt iu the soil
ing by Mr. Iteflner Bpreckels, be ausc wo have
I beard nothlngni out ruin in theseti nnsactions.
Suppose we I ike as g..spt the stttcment
that Mr. Hawaiian Cane suar (Jroworsprock
els would be ruined by the annexation "f the
Hawaiian Islands to the I nltod States, wo let
have a satisfactory degree ot assurance that
Mr Refiner Bpreckels would he making money
In bis business of ml'.tilng and selling what ha
buys from Mr. Cane Planter Spreckels. Thou
again, we know thut Mr. Beet Sugar Qrower
spreckels and Mr taw teat Sugar Maker
Bpreckels are making money with the aid of a
Government bounty: also thai Mr. Iteflner
Bpreckels conios in ngam to mako his share of
pr lit out of what lie buys from Mr. Poet Sugar
Maker Sj reckcls. and in the selling there .t
Thus we have a hnndsomo 4aiiiily treo of
Sweet Spreckels. and ul' of I lie name ol Clans
Sprecktis. only cue of whom is afraid of being
nilnoi. Wo feel quite sure that the other
members of tlie family, who are presumably
making money aud earning a falrllvell lood
mid fair wages, would not let this ,.,.. infiiber
of the family start e. We nco-1 not f-vl -in'-asy.
The President, Mr IVramottnt Itlonnt. ;ind
tho popple of the I'nited states need h.ive no
alarm that Mr. i ar.e sm.riir Planter Bpreokels
will ever I o In n.'e.l or go hungry. The rest o;
bis family are doing we. I. and. If nee, is he,
there is fr.end Sordhoff wi Ing to share a
orlist of bread 'with tho hungry Hawaiian
sugar planter, Claus Spreckels.
(ink Who Kkowb.
Mis. tiniitiiiit'M lueanlfr.
To tiif EnrronopTni: Bos- Sir: Kow that
Mrs. Unllldnj lias Leon 'tnl-tly couiined in the
county jail for five days, and during that tlmo
has been utterly free from tho excitement In
cident to hor examinations and informal cus
tody near Itloomlngl nig. a I. otter opportunity
has been given to the county officials to de
termine whether or not the woman's insanity
Is real or feigned. Not (or one moment lias
there been a doubt lu the mind of Sheriff
Ileeclier l.pon this vital question, Hon a
man of s und iudgtni n' and of rare discn !inn.
Nor has he the reputation of hastily forming
conclusions and obstinately maintaining thorn.
Probably bis opportunities for stud) Ing the
woman a actions hnvo been m.ich greater than
that of the mountain constables who first had
hoi in charge, and his oplnl n is. and has ben
from the llrst, that Mrs. Ilalliduy is not m
Now. what is there In tho line ol conduct
rursLed by her to warrant this opinion.
There Is not In asylum records a case of
marked lunacy-puerperal mania- that this
woman's u. tlons have not resembled. The llrst
three dare ol bur Incarceration she showed lu
u marked degree that utior lack of modesty
and cleanliness a I ordinarily exhibited by In
sane women, and ut the st-ht of visitors In-'....-
I In periods of apparent frenzy. Her
conversation was utterly Incoherent nml for.
sign to tno subjects upon which she was ad'
dressed. It was just this son of thing, ol
course, that mado an impression upon hei
during her former asylum career, and she cur
t.ilulr iii oe.-irs to li' an apt Imitator, if she if
I net roally Insane, Her very perfection In thin
si closely copying a "icc.f a-utetn ,nla ism
itself n suspicious Imumstnnre. she is play
ing lor a large stai.e. and to res,.rt t,, the
most disagreeable inothodc of eBtaidishinu
Insanity Is fully in keeling Wltll her
character and previous oonduct, nut there is
01 e little point on which the woman'" ui tions
might bo Improved, shs should have loarnad
iltulnc her stay in Mattewan. that tlioliajli
clnations of ,, woman suiTerlng from seu'o
maniu are nut temporary, merely ewilbh'n -l
Items .Ives during tho presolioo of itrungers.
1 h" natient In th-.t. t,- ,.f !.., o, . ;.'.
harassed at night by tlio fancies ol her i. inn
an. i converses with unioun f.. -s. 'l hero Ualso
dilation and InogUalltV of U,e pUp , f the
eyes, and Intense ui is 'tilur ennvulsii n, II ,t
not so Willi Mrs. Hallldny. WI ethei sho was
sleeping or notiturlng the llrst four nights of
herstayat the jail here annot I a suthi r.t t
lively stated, hut It is certain thai she iriui
Ms.-ic ly unlet, and that thenighi hours wore
marked by urn oi the den y that was al oneo
in, ii. f steii at the .iii ear :n ol strangers li
was for tho '.ereill of oh servers Unit 'he
slreni;tli uf voice and ln.,1, seemed to bo
saved, and sho did not seem to think herself
called upon to waste these frantic rlm iii'.ns
upon th desort air. Moreover. on Suturday
slierin lleeober, by means of a ladder uuietly
brought into use. muiiagi-il to obtain a View
of tlie woman i.nseeu by her. Uiatly and de
murely she sat like a woman In de ! th oiulit
and puaxllng how oost to obtaiu release ironi
a very unpleasant predicament.
Tho symptoms of acute innnia that cannot
l.e s.mulaied the wnmau does not slew lier
eyes are natural ami I ho pupils equal and of
normal size. There is absolutely no muscular
twitching, hut llist'-ad the usual a, ear nice of
a woman of stout build and phlegmatic ten,.
iinrament. li expert tostimonv iseulie.i tnesu
faots will tell iigaliisl Sirs, Ha.liday, and with
experts ie ore than With tho public at huge Inr
I ofigger.it"d attempts ul II I C la and noise will
I count foi little. That these uttenu ts at feign
I ing insiiiut iiio so extremely clever shows
that the . i.i ui Im proved hor time when si.o
! nn- herself a lunatic In th eyas of the law.
I 'if pinion of tlie more learned am intoiii-
I gent members of the community horeih ut
Is that Mrs. llalliday is moro un actress than a
lunatic. t W
Momiliixii, S. Y.. Kept. 13, 180,1,
Our ti'.'io.i aVliead,
i. , t . i. .i . . .
Bire Aifiel Mm .ii uoir no r of British llontfurai
Inn eriit to tie LcpdOQ ihaiulmr of I'oojuierce S col-
i. .ii. .a or MBtplei of seed gulling tools, n iha bone
thai tile attelill m ul mam fa, l iri-r, might, he -liri tcl
to the ,-oiuiiet!l;ou in aueli gobdl erbll b hSIBOV sprung
tii between Iba I lllteil states anil 111 g country fur the
aojip y of lljp-i uiii'lriu'-iili. In eTlllOh "tiil'ellll .n no
are hem,' laceialfully rivalled bi the t'iute-1 Stltea
He fiiggekta that It lillitlit be possible tor Buglllli in o
ufaoiiirera to turo out aa aarvioeelce aa art fie ai the
I'a. tea States aud at tbe aaiue coat.
I iiie,r,ri. Yearn In - . i.i Hrrvleo,
I'rviii t'. ( bj ,
I'.nli.i-ll White la the longeel M-i.e lean In the de
peruiirul aerrice. He U a rlerk .ti Hie aixlh Atulltor a
o I in Hie I . el otiu , I, a. ho.' sti'l he has been roui
l;i(t to bia d. el for ntty-aeven years lluea Is a f
V lots la 711) rare S He liae lie I I faDllll ol flfleeri
rliihlren. mint .( wlioui are a ive llonj au I '.u nn auar.
oe i -ii iietenCCa
riaiLAST aud yalktrib.
Foreeuoto or Their Chuereo, Arconlina o
Tbelr Foraa aad Wealker User..
To Tils F.niTtiH or Tub BtTM Sti'l Shortly
I Store tho races between the Ve iin'er nnd
Thistle I published a statement ol prohnbllN
lies based on the elements ot tho ileitis. In
dicating the success of Hie Volunteer, a I: In. mh
tho Thistle's extraordinary Performances In
British watsrs had convinced many shew uld
win the cup. Below I present a slinllaf oH-
mate of Iho ihances of tho ,L'il inf and
Valkyrie. In very rough water, elomonts hot
well understood are brought nto His prob
lem, and conclusions from the four factors
named may be contradicted !v the yacht's
pi rformanco. but in f.ihiy smooth water
knowing the faclois. .tie can ostlli ate the
performance unite accurately.
Now the elemonts of tho Vigilant an 1 Vsl
kno nre Sppri tlmntel) us . 'lows:
II. I l M.
l.-lic'li on n nler 1 ti 0 h, ..
li. ion over mi :
lirsiiulii j,' ,,.,,.
iii..la.ein..ii ,, ,..,,,
ballsplena is).., . ait i..t
I etitb on w.iter Ins s,i. r,.pt
' '' '" 21 real
I'lepli'-einaiil i ot , loot., ne
Ssilecrend 0.ai I fipisrl tell
Vigilant, therefore, has about I, nun square
feet more Ol sail, on 1 1 oiti In to '.u tons less
i. i ' ii-eni." i than Valkyrie. I or eaelt tun
weight lellsnt has about no suunre feet and
Valkyrie from On tottM anusre feet or sail arei
Hut thouah there is a certain liiottialn the
weight of the hull, yet this ts a small mailer
compared with the resistances proper of irle
tionand wave making, and wo reijulre to con
elder these rather limn displacement ill the
case of tho two yachts.
Hitherto in the cup in' es It is nlnio-t cer
tain that the Immersed sni fa e. on Inch fric
tion depends was the smaller in tin. case of
tile American yacht, and with the -ur,a,'o- of
both boats in equally good ooudltlon the fri' -tlonal
resistance ot tho Amen. -an was the
Hut this year the srea of immersed surface
of Vigilant is undoubtedly greater than that
of Valkyrie. Valiant luui about live feel more
beam and only two feet less draught Also
hor bo ly to the garboiirds Is relatively more
shallow in proportion to her whole draught
than Is the body of Valkyrie, and her midship
socllon departs innrii from the shortest lino -i.e..
the straight line drawn from the surface
or the boat at tbe water line to the lower edge
of the Keel than docs the midship lection of
Valkyrie. Also the longitudinal piune or pro-
....... ounji.c. ,., ,-ui una, e,eil moro tnnn
the same plane or Vigilant. I-rum nil these
causes it results, without doul t. that Vigilant
has matorlallv more Immersed surfaco than
Valkyrlo.and If the surfaces of Po'.h heats were
equally smooth the former would have the
greatest surfaco friction to overcome.
llur. first. Vigilant has more sail. Now has she
proportionately as much moro sail s she has
more surface ' it is Impossible to answer this
question with absoluto certainty, but from the
dimensions of both boats snd the known ten
dencies of the designers, I think it safe to say
thai igllant sail urea exo.eds Valkyrie's at
least as much as tho former's Immersed sur
fu. o exceeds tint latter' a. Hut Vigilant'!
bronze bottom. It Is safe to say. will bo In hot
ter condition on tho race days than will
Valkyries hull. Iho advantage to Vlgllaui
over the other American yachts nas been c-s.
tlmnted nt as much ns five minutes in forti
miles. Howeier this mav be. wn mar be rea
sonablr certain that the proportion of sail sroi
to total surface friction Is more favorable Ir
the case of Igllant than In the ease of Valkv
ri If this be so. then in light winds, pot de
veioplng more than six or seven knota speed,
vigilant should win.
As for resistance duo to form, there can be
no reasonable doubt that Valkyrie has lest
than igllant. All tlie dimensions of Vigilant
ore such as point to great relative conrsene-i
of lines snd hardnoss of form. She has pro
portion.illy to her cngth vory great beam anil
erv great area of midship ol loctlon. Now,
with small proportionate beam you mar have
large area of midship section, and with smai
area of midship set. m you may have greul
proportionate beam. In sacn caso wlthoul
r rent resistance due to form Rut you caniiol
avo both great proportl nufe beam aud large
urea of midship section without relatively
But Vigilant has both great beam and great
area of midship s.- ti n a- compared with Val
kyrle, and It will be altogether unreasonable
Jo contend that her form Is as easy to drive at
high speeds, say 10 to 12 knots per hour, an
the form of Valkyrie.
But, again, Is the incrono In the sail spread
or Nicilant prop'rti.nnte to this in.Tcssa
ol resistance V Kecent events In yaohting,
nnd also the trin's of Vigilant. Indicate it is
not. Hie trials of Minerva uga'ust I.irls and
tomahawk showed that It Is not always ros
! si! Ie to put power onongh on a boat of bard
form to drive her as fast, us less power will
drive n boat of easy form. Jflnorva had much
less sail than J.iris. vet beat the latter in prac
tl ally every try. 1 know- that various ex
planations nnd exouses have loen made for
vigilant but I believe one cause for her rela
tively poorer performance In running at high
snoods Is hor hardnoss of form, duo to her
unprecedented combination of great beam
g"at draught, an 1 great aroa of midsh.p
Therefore i regard It probable that shoul I
Vigilant meet Valkyrie In circumstances t.i
v.r iMo for very high speed, i.s 12 to IS knots,
sip -li as reaching in a strong breeze, the for
mer will bo beaten in such race
, h ''!. .qualities of pointing and fetching
high Vigilant is a great boat. All tho ex
I filer, 'oof i aste ii races and tho tests of the
Igilant and t'olonia indicate that in these
rosppcts she will surpass laiuyrie. should the
windward an I leeward riieo be sailed In a
hard sea. it will ' o reason for surprise if a'.
kyrle does not 'crab" to leeward. Now. sum
marizing the fnreg ingdlscusslon. If the wind
Is light in all tho cup races. Vigilant should
keep the o;p here. I ecnase of hor largo sail
are, i and bronze bottom. In any case sho
should v. In the r.i.-e to windward and leeward
from her superior qualities of pointing and
Should the wind ho strong in tho other races.
fo that. Valkyrie will attain a 12-knot gait.
Vigilant In likely to be I eaten lu such races,
and Valkyrie, bv winning thro out of five
ra 'OS. may take the cup back with her.
If she does so. vo may lie certain the ques
tions of I, nn and resistance will attain a
prominence in American designing they have
not bad for years. II. W. )j.
Beit. Uf, ls:'(.
MKSIDI'XT DIAZ'S ME8SAOS,
Hopeful In Regard to tin, Preaeut Htt-alned
Cm OP Mux ICO. Kept, 17. via Galveston. In
dependence Day was celebrated here oster
day with a giand military and civio parade,
which w.-n revlewi 1 I v President Diaz, A
number of members of the American colony
took part in the oelubration.
Congress was opened in the evening In tbe
presence of a lr.it.' assemblage. Tresident
Diaz read his mos age. He said that the rela
tione of the Govern men t with foreign powers
wore friendly, and that no questioned great
Importance were pending. Tho claims of tho
Guatemala Commission hi I bet n satisfactorily
settled, and porfect order prevailed In all the
States of the Union.
The cholera, ho said, hud not disappeared
! from Europe, und It t logon t measures to pre
vent the llltrodu lei of the scourge Into
Mexico Were still I e'eger forced a ail Mexican
I'.rts an I along the frontier. Tho police.
j prii n. sod si. lyhtouie had bo-jn groatly
, Improved, nnd mining and loxtile Industries
were mi tlie more i
The boundary im between the mi. . , .
nnd Mexico had been d-tlnitolt live I. Ilia
po-ial iliq in tment hal been greatl) Improved,
inn II. Ml. . kllciititres , f new telegraph linos
Hii'lrJi kllometri i of new railways had bi in
I Owing totiiei fall lu the value of silver the
I llnnnci . r ihe nntii -, i, , i been pi io I in a
, -I" ..us i tiillloi , bill i. ai pi' c. through n n luc
iioii of (be iiutlnlial uxpii e and an Increase
in the revenue, the uiin.'ii ty had been mot
lllcl i' iconic
In concluding, iho !'icsiii"iit thanked the
i baton, through it , representatives,! r ipe
I sacru,... i ii do In m -isttng lb. i . ve in tent
to nuiliita ., Ilopeful ..tlit ...... and sill I he he-
looeii nig , resent -fafin'l llnnnci .1 situation
wo,, i,i prove to be Iri.iisiiori-. n,,i thai, in ew
i i tin. large crops promised li ivas confident
the . or i hut li Igl t .it lip , I in the
jilure would uu nmbarrusi Iho progress of
tho not! ii
Mt'r. MalOlU '" llll I q en" .t" l A mra'a
Inn li I . IllO.'l.llll.
Mgr. Hat oil I will I av an oflloia! altlulln k
li ii on net lot celebrate pnnililnal high man
at tho c.'i se i.,ti n , i, tgnol's I liurcll at
be Lett, un, I in, i , i .,.is. J'at her Duffy, the
led, r ..f the p .: i ,h. nn succeeded In I lying
t IT e-.ory lobar ..i debt i the i .-n it . r i.i
chut di. and the con eci it Ion will bo n entnbl
event in II. iookl)U I irlsli. in 111 lihi n
' orngiin. In .1,. M lioan-l , in 1 i, i,.,, Iho,
l.lslio, s will robuhly lake p.ul
lie. Hoi lailPa t use,
Tho cunlii an rs I tllO I II iroh "f the I t ,i h-
any vim petitioned for the reiteration o(
Hi. Hurts. II of ;. n )U i the charge ol that
parish sui that lie iding to the.r Inf rma
tnm the niutter wbl t. dc'id'.l by the Props
gandn in octol nr. Wlietlur th s Is 10 or not
(the I'riipngaiida having nn e i asset! on the
question it la said thut Mgr. Su o , to whom
be petition was a'ldreisvd hs . ue.i,dedllit
Be "i- i o in in iho matter.
Moreth.in lO.OOtl tone of salmon era. ra le.l i,
tl.e rannerira on (lie Irarer finer. H. C, tin, tea.nn.
It tt ol nearly 80,000.000 ran
I it . an elilrt. w tiloh ie oi a .11 ' -n" Infl tnsds tl
batten IlkS S cast, II S feeint lavention. It 1 , , v
lutiltt I ,n a Hrui If.w- inn t , . :'ie . 1 e ! 1 .1 , ...
trailed iiiucii ntli-ntlon.
ami1, over inn' twelve feet hleli, tl e ,- ,
leeiiiiu 1111 ti 11 in, a, , 11 , mnfei 1 ' ..11 , j
tlort . -time brim nosiOd Sll)l ,' a : 1 I 0 .,
,..i., atol at 1 ntiir.il'. Ma, let v.. .. Inn 4
brancne sere over nine feel Ions
tmi eurtons remit nf tiiitiurri ins 1 -. . ,
Sonitiern feist lenntly was 11 aillttia: i-f iiiisnt.n
of fietl. for tunny dsyi albr ii, itortn 'I
Ir und sn'aniiati sail throiu-i ,.ic the it-.-., utters
III ford wsitnelt vented was stren 11 1 . . 1
t "iiiinan t, ,- I.iil.ia- or ttis MiitilcAtt s 1 1
I 11 1 1; 1 'ol 11-' 11 Mill Sal III 1:111:1 " , 1 .::,,-.. t
1 . luet of peiine iialiee this year at et unn.
Thi tntit rittie e the yur'sseatlnc orwlrifti 11 t
tie- rat. ,1 of I lie Is..", of tlie veil 1,1 Ol' I, N , . ,.
lino-a st all. ait $1 UOfl.OO I.
I lie dllleren -e Pels cell tlie slliio.plie-e a ' 1 .
vintlllleil tin i.i' ai.u Hie enter uri. Ill siral i y
ttie i "ii. I, ei nt .in rteweri n nn mi tin rei , -, r
ii . eiincss lint a Say or t o hen siantlingiu .... .,
sati'in doors sul lometlinee lire twice as leap; n -n
drop ed in a slisily pla.-s otil of iteon, ewn mi: c
tbe aid of oilier inoiitnre it.an tliey obta lied frutn 1
esrtti an, I i r
- A pollcimin in OmihA Ins lieen suspended fort.n
loo tleeu llil-i eetjn irlul werk Jill Ins ittenitisei
on elmreli a rvl.-s i.s ,iAtomiiii i -ne chann ie
"nesi.cief duty, .a i em to ,. nn dutj ' rlnofl
eir'l detenr.) w.ia Hist is nil., ll -a etolireb d Ii a
i.atroU iik i i- i-e it, m. i, t mini deaplj ibsorbed .
tbl iirvlci seine i.ii, reteslned loo long snd inir,..i
ooesictlunt witii tbe to. in :, in, ui
Tbe niclete and small Sill i i I .an iaM to the tirle:
sellers of tlio alevnted rallAaia in w York ail
BreoklyB rarely rea.- U ttio nistn i lllees if tboron.
pamea. iiy the mtdilli ot tbs afternoon, ut aemi of tl
prlneipal e.ationa. tbl leeumulitton .1 obanxi a a
weifb a uanibur of pouu.ls. Itolllt eoraci In tie foi a
of tradeatneli'e rierla. M to Iuk an ay tbe t ..In 10 an 1
lo. - and lenre bllla In p'a. e IblrSof.
-An alltiAtor et(fht feet two n.rhea in leniflh at -t
-.i,' :n,' - a i '. '. , .,' ' n Uie atbllBatpnl off
tl.e lavt-o nt St. Loeli i fea diyiljro. Allleatori Irs
yulte plentirul In Sotltbwestl in rivers, but tt.ey rare y
attalu a leng-ib of more tliuti teor test. So far aa
known tbl one is by fur tbe lara-n-l etirtSklO from
tba Mlasiaalppi. Some of Us tietb ere oter two Inrbea
lonif and very like the t. etli of A hharlt.
-Stock riilelus Ie a biiHlneee beast arltb many rlaka
wblrti do not Bins i. nli I tlie flO'-ke and lierde Are aafe
ly nil'',,- A Dock of aluep wae l.eliur driven
tlirousb Grant tonnty, (r . to market at tinker City a
few days bro. wto'ti, lu j. ... tlnouitli . narrow ta
vlne. Ilia eliei p atatuiiedel. an 1 after tbu srare sit
over tlie stockman counted oxer alsty lieud of dead
elieen that bal been amotbered In tho rruaii.
Tb ifre.it moral city of tbe irreat Weat la to be Vew.
berir. Or. Tbe City Council passed an ordinance a few
daye ao fort Id, llug any pere.n under the - . r R to I
wander about tha town nfier 7 r. M. between Novetu- i
tier and 'ail and after Jtt V. al. diirlni the reat ot the
yaHr. onleit beirlni a written permit from, or be.uit
111 .. ::; s:i v with, j iinics or I'Mirl',:.::., the penalty i
to be a fine of not leea than s B nor mora than $20. or
Itnprieoumenl for uot leai than two nor more than,
' Tha duplled and sometimes trouble.ome calbrla;
Cut grows so abundantly through the region ot .
York la found to be a blghly aflectlre iu-door deaoro I
; t Ion by persona wbo Lava tba knatk of obtAinlnj-
l beeutr from common things. Its full grown leaves
Are peculiarly rich In tbelr glaisy green, and the tend, r
young snoots hare a tine or bronra that la warm An 1
dellghtfal. Long pluses of the vine cut oil from the
, parent stem reiAin beauty and ritaUty for days it
I placed In n ater.
Tha lateit edition of tho Ultttary Coda of the state
1 of New York baa beeu prepares wttb ad eye to possible
i fotara amend menta. Tbe latter can bo ArrAuged nnder
tba general divisions to wblcb tbay properly belong
i tba compiler baling Allowed Cor from flva to twenty
I paragraphs under oacb Clvliloa, Tbna ArUola 1 In
cludes paragraphs 1 to 6. white Article 2 begins w'.i ,
paragrspb lo. Thla arrangametit Is novel, and It Is
j understood tbat Prof. Collin, a member of tho Commie,
alon tor tba Itevislun of iba 6tatntea, la leiponaibii
Six tbonssnd salmon ware takenlnneta Prom tl a
wbnrvea at l'or: Angelas, lviti, by amateur and cas
ual fishermen during one day of taat week. Tbe run ot
, salmon np lbs smaller atrasma entering tbe lower part
of .'u,,,i Scnnd baa been e--.e, than aver before
known. On aomo dayatho atreama ware qnlto obokcl.
1 and tbe bsrbArous prAotfce of flahlng wltb giant pow.
der in retorted to. nntll tba straits became flllel
a itb dead sslmou, and the attention of tbe State Flub
Commlaalon was cAlled to tba oou-Age, wben ll aui
Among tba ourloas products of tbe State of Maine
are wooden boltlee. Tbeae are mala not for ltqulde
but for plila. powdera. and tableta. Tliey are made of
white blrcb. are cylindrical In form, and shaped in :o
form tbe n- cte. They me stra.gbt bored tustde, and ire
provided wltb woodon stoppiril tba stoppers, escapt
of the very .;.,,, o sized bottiea. are hotlowod o,,t u,
s.de, so ti.Al Ib.-y may eerie as a measure or Loiter.
Tt, ess bottles, which are pstsnted. Are made In var: i n
aires, from oue smaller than oi.ee Hula f-uger to Abo t
u fuur-otince ilxaj they colt less than giasa.
I law tbo other day. said a citizen, iitr'v.T
who had a heavy load on a one-horae truek gel a", k
i n .. grade iu n down-loan street. Ilia loa.l wus 101 is
tiling In hsg4. wliich we:o piled blgb and wbtcb pro
Jeited bevuiid tho tail of his truck. Ilohadagi
borae, but the loa t was too mocbj be J oat couldn't .
tt. Com. us' up behind wne a man driving a 1 ig Ir .
empty, wilb a pair of big hortra. This driver set I I
p,.;e asa.ust the projecting loaa of Ibi one-borie ,..
and spoke to his horses; thai- Just lifted tl.e ore hi -
truck Into motion. The single b, rse spread ti ma, '
snd kept l.ts load gofug. Ihe man Willi the .... . i
iriick turned off at the next corner w I: limn a word; i i
had simply perfornitd sn ordinary courtesy ot lie
'" Tl.e farmer hereabouts Is popularly r aire lei 'o
be a hard working and bard'Wurked Individual" ,
a I...ug I.lai.d coiiiuniter, "but far a parson whose l
is not an easy one b any means, c, uiinend me to Hie
farmir'l Wife, Coming along by ono of the tow ir rk
faruie the other dnv. Iaaw ttio farmer hard si wc
th tilling out lettuci, and woikmg bard nt it. bark
br aka.g job. A fe.v ro-ts as ay Ins u ifr wis ! uu" t' 4
ssiaelhliig.butalvalhtrewAibes.de b-r lu the rows
a t.sby rArriuge, in which wne a young dull, .-. 1 s.
tin thinned out the ptunts with one hand sbe push. :
the Darrlieo backward and tervrird with t .i .t;,- .
I talking to tbs baby the while; mil in addition n n
was A i Mid of three v eare or so tagiring ut I ' i.
and ei. e bad tbat also to attend to. i. . t. ,
that itie via. pretty busily engaged "
- uiami-rript record of a C... re.i lis In ' re
girling alleged etictlon fntud wbtcb v. . . o
Nea I ork city lu the spring of ISOOcniits n
Interesting figures ritative to Ibe Post oat e, ...
Fowls'r tbi tbea Postimstir, empl jci 114 pen
w-ioiu 14', wer-i clerks, PI delivery carriers, un
col lev 1 1 ng carriers. Troui eicb ki ,11 to wli in a ci- r
ssi delivered tbe letter n: 1 r . oi e 11 . . ,
poekited ono cent, ind put it.e otberlntoicnuiu a
fund for ti,o piyiueut of exi'iuses In ; 1 io' -syateui
After lettllng ibcsetxpeni tho residue v
dtviited equally niunng si tbe ,..rr- - lbs -monthly
pay roll wai 110,11 it 3" snd Iba sun a re
celpts ironi I. ox reals Hei- fL'.'.O'e". 'II e Inveallgltl II
rererre.i to ws regirdliif tbi manner iu erbii 11 Colli 1
tor of t ui 101, h Augustus S.-ln I i si 1 Iher le.leral 1
rera lia.t raised vbat was called tin "N-n York I
font. r r l" I be election nf 1 -. -I
lletiry Irilng ind Ktlin I- ry leoin to havi
formed an - I ., .a 1 in. 1-.' .' irl standing
aiiliii. cultti . 1)1111 inhabitants, ir in 1 Iheati
ylsw point, t ry htftf n' from t ' .' I - 'I .oid in ti
pbiltcally i"! . 1 c 1 limn Kusiall and nisi,
w'alsd. tills Kim ind tllu IVilab, It sr ill i, ...
remembered, co.M 1 J no guod n Kan Krinoiscu,
sleld." I e.t II l.t I: a a. :,'. I. I 1 I .. " II. ' .) II '
Hi. ma i. ij Utterly lump) related, no. tr.'a .
reviled ' l.'ii.i t rati t 'oi.a a ei.. ,
lloua and i ial ': i 'I,-, n at i , mdiug 'o
I live ,;, ti io n lipri i ill ' :- is'l Bade
e: : .. i lln I i' i ' ' ' ,n
i: . i rl. a I e ir -' til it . : .. ..ii.l i ,
gffalr to any so Un novt time 1 tienr t a- o.iiil in "
, a ii. I Mr Ir. a. r . 1 1 - i a i, .1 ,, spieudlil In iej
and line Irienl t'.ey were 1 u tbuui ind ". lea
1 : A' ' , " '.. .. 1 . ni of I. and u au 1. cues I
:ii It aa Wal .... 1, ..":.. c - . 1 '. II
Prug cierki 1 fiei derive ruu - 1 "':'. from u -
,iv 1 : ...n, -' -.t ire left H itb ll'.et, t 1 .e : I ,t.
a'b. nil railed far certain tibial- -. - 1
ten by a .iii;' physio n ias I up in u 11 I a 11
i.l.iiraiii.i lbs t : ilu I dli i.ii. ' 1
low " tie tablet every tau houn f r 11 vi dn 1 si i
j f. '.r deyl a 1 oi.aio I:.',- i.gio 1 1 - . t
eiall 1 ,1 li 11 its tbe label ... 1 '. ..
, nttn 1 1 . i. 1 1 in 1 m ai ng 1
inn . ' 11 1. ci about letl poulal '
l.e 11 al 1 . ' ' .1! e 1 ; . '
j .-. , . . 1, lliscd lbs I' ' III 1 a 1
. d I . .; r . . 1. . . '. .- : ..
I f. . ;. ' I l r c ' .- . ,
1 1 :: : eat o. s 1 . .- salt tl - 1. 11. ' all '
1 . 11 .0, . i ,. . -1, v. r 1, 1 .... 1 . . . '' :. 0 -
11: , 1. ei ' f' ring . . , ..! .0 iimiinitai ae el
! 1., g ,. iba ir.,'... m hi ' . . 0 1
n . ' ) .I'd l. a ' 1. c: ,: - I : . '
' 'I. I" 1 . . r.. 1- id, ".:.)-- ... '
Ig eta ) 1 mi a 1 ...
I I is pnleon. Sll I I't SS 'Io ....
ae 1 1 nil's', it , -I' r.a' a ,- 1 ' ,. - ,,... 1 , :. ' " . . V
bungs will ,
1 Fw- 1 av 1 I iinr- is- I VU1 U ' IU 4l r nitrf ft
ii in . t w hi 1 id - 4tr '
ripta 1 - 1 1. krtti 'iMi juu ). int hvt i k i)