Newspaper Page Text
til 2- - . THE SUN, FRIDAY, AUGUST 24. 1894."
I CHINA MI) HKIt ARMIES.
JlfK.V, MVXITIOXS, A XD TACTICS WITH
WUIClt TO EAt'EtAfAX.
ranrnnalsed Hordes l.aektaat Illtctpllee
i an 4 Modern Ana, und Without Com.
t mlesnrlul, Medical flervlce.or Means of
Transportation - Trseps aaa Leader
j Ma Maat atelj Ou-OMclul Corruption.
. Hoiso ltosfl, July 90. -Now thnt China and
Japan Are at war. and fighting has begun. It be
comti an Interesting matter to know what
preparations the huge Mongolian fin pi re Ima
made for military purposes, and what may be
t lief Ite and discipline, condition and rciulpinmt
of the armies sho may bring Into the fUll.
China has its " blue books" the same as any
other civilized power. These show her bat
talion to be like the sands of the sea, her sol
diery lobe counted by million, her equipments
to be splendid and complete. Hut the figure of
rkilltary strength In a Chinese " blue book" are
vastly exaggerated, and are contradicted by the
i oonsalar reports of the different pow ers and the
i statements of observant traveller nho have
Yljlted the leading cities of the Innd,
At least one-half the entire grown male popu
lation Is liable to military duty. This Is one of
the relics of the Manchu conquest of China In
the seventeenth century. At that time the Tar
tar troops were arranged according to ban
iters, where nowadays they are divided
into divisions and brigades. From this fact
they took the name of Ilannermen, which,
from motives of Imperial policy, has been pre
served ever since. The war was lint, as Is too
frequently supposed, a struggle between two
nations, the one Chinese anil the other Tartar.
!, It was really between a decaying and odious
(Hi dynasty, the Slings on the one side and on the
iJHii other alt Its foes, domestic and foreign. The
'frTlL ! victorious opposition was headed by the Man-
Ipljft I ohns, who have reigned ever since. This will
jS l&k explain why the original Ilannermen were Chi-
rfjffif j nese and Mongol as well as Manchu In national.
iff B I ' 'n nonur ' ""Ir success, the Tartar con
''.VBB I querors decreed that the faithful Ilannermen
iflW and their descendants should enjoy exclusively
$U ! forever the privilege of being members of the
fl "Imperial Bannr Force." Two centuries and
!8 more bava witnessed these descendants Increase
f. ' In numbers until they are now said to nggre-
f, I ; i gate-8,000,000 potential warriors, and, it may lie
''r addod with perfect truth, not 8,000 actuallonca.
3' l 5' Second In point of numbers, and even more
jg ! '. worthless In military eflicleucy. Is the army of
$ , the Green Btaudonl. which Is provincial rather
Stban imperial la character. Ita muster roll Is
( anywhere between 300,000 and 1,000,000. It
-j- ' l a nondescript organization, or non-orgunlzo-
,5 tlon. Its separate units doing duty as policemen,
h 1 ; constabulary, revenue officers, tax gatherers,
; I roadmakert, caretakers, court attendants, farm
i, hands, stable boys, and a great variety of other
'8 i " civil occupations. The green standard Is un-
,0, ! doubtedly a historical rello or heirloom, whoso
E' '' meaning is forgotten by the people of to-day.
9 Third, and more Important than the two pre-
ft ceiling combined. Is the "brave," or Irregular
a soldier. lie constitutes at least two-thirds of
, ! 9. the actual soldiery of the empire. He enlists
fl h and is discharged as frequently as a hired girl,
I! g j and has a knowledge of drill and firearms
;8 scarcely on a par with that of a Western boy in
I 'I g his first year at school. An American In China
f E met one. a boatman by vocation, who hail been
i : ? a soldlerman off and on twenty years. In that
f S period ho had carried a spear, a pole-axe, a
E ft' shield, and a banner, but Lad never handled.
i F much less dlschnrged, a gnn of any sort. The
r Amerloaa met others who had carried a musket
frlM? Ave years, but did not know that it should be
I borne In any way different from a caneora fish,
ipg pole- When on duty he poked and pushed
with it very much as a Ilroadway policeman
might use a ntglit-stlcl:.
The fourth class coinprlass the soldiers who
have been trained and drilled by Europeans.
They are more numerous than Is popularly sup.
I posed. Up to the Talplng rebellion European
tactics and ware raft were cither unknown or
despised by the literati of the Flowery Kinplre.
The remarkable success of lieu. Gordon and his
corps of British and American free-lances called
attention even from the sleepiest mandarin to
the superiority of Christian modes of warfare.
The impression then made has never been for
gotten and has borne, fruit In many fields. Eu
ropean officers have been acting as teachers to
the raw levies of China ever since. In the re
bellion at least -'00,000 men were drilled to a
greater or less extent, aud of these a quarter
till survive who can do military service. The,
i European teachers In the past twenty years have
i trained thousands more who can go through the
manual of arms as well an any corresponding
body of men In Europe.
This movement has not been a general one. It
reoreeents the energy and progressive tenden
j cles of only a few of the great leaders of the
empire. In the north the Premier, 1,1 Hung
Chang, has done his utmost to develop tho mill
' lary strength of his country. At the present
time he has an army of 20,000 men, drilled and
equipped according to the latest Ideas In war
fare. The veterans who once served him num
ber at least 100.000, and conld readily be mar
shalled Into a powerful army. Viceroy Tso.
.Tsung Tang was a worthy rival of the Pre
mier. He also organized an army upon Eu
ropean methods, and when called upon in IH74
to recover the province of Kuldja he took t ho
field with 60,000 well-equipped and well-drilled
troops. After a victorious campaign be re
turned to his headquarters at Nanking. Hut
; n little has been heard of his forces since that
, f time. Ilia school and arsenal at Foochow are
t Ifi st'll prospering, as It Is said are also his military
- Ill, academies at Nanking and In Hze-Chuan. in the
; K, north his men are equipped with Itemlngton
; It; rifle and Krnpp and Armstrong artillery: In
BJ roochow they have advanced as far as repealing
,. 5v . and magazine guns.
J lb InFormosaUovernor.fleneral Mil Ming Chang
HJ had all of his forces thoroughly trained bv the
1 W best liritlsh and German tacticians. They were
(, so expert that in the last war with France they
, - gave the tricolor an Ignominious thrashing at
V Tamsui. Though the Governor's forces on pa.
f ' er have been reported as high aa 30.00O, It may
it be questioned If ha ever had under arms at any
I ' one time over 10,000 troops, for Tamsui ha as
i x deadly climate Panama. 1,1 Han Chang,
i, :. Viceroy of (juangtnng and brother of 1.1 Hung
j '-' ' Chang, the Premier, has done good work
eft ' In the Mmo field. He has an army and navy In
t south China, and manages both with rare ability
for a Chinese official. His soldiers serve limited
terms, and as fast as their term expires their
VW- placea are filled with raw recruits. At Wham.
poa, near Canton, he has a large and flourishing
-y naval and military college, where the best na.
J', lire and foreign talent Is employed In the facul.
Ijj, I y. The progress made Is shown by the fact that
S many of the graduates have done special work
, HE" for the Viceroy, such as the manufacture of
: K cprdlte and other new explosives, the analysts of
n complex organic compounds, and the planning
', mm of forts, mines, and men-of-war, in which tliey
H . displayed ability and scientific knowledge.
' The other prominent leaders of the Chinese.
BB nation are very much like their parents and
Pji grandparents before tnem. arrogant, selt-satis-
Wt fled, conservative, and antiquated. They look
f with unspeakable contempt upon the "foreign
l ru devil," and actually believe that a regiment of
i i- bravca, equipped with spears, banners, and torn.
i r- toms.lsmoretbanamatchfuraKuropeanarmy
1 C sumilled with magazine rifles aud Maxim guns.
B, The four classes described make up the fight-
1 ff Ingmaurlal from which John Chinaman must
j draw his armies. They are an unorganized
ML force. Not only Is t here no general organization
B of these millions of potential viarrlors, but there
HL Is uo way of bringing tbem together, uo central
B rendezvous or headquarters where they ran
mw meet, un national depot of arms or equipments
PB for them to draw from, and nocommlsarlat to
B provide for their physical wants in the event of
k their assembling.
,R The real army of China is comparatively a
MM' small and Insignificant power. A late retarn
Mf from the eighteen province published In the
IH .viii-ixjo. a leading Chinese newspaper, places
' 'JH tbenumberof Uu troops in actual service. In.
Up, eluding sick meu. men on leave, details, and sol.
dlera ou garrison and frontier duty, at 030.000
jK men. Thf Atma-puo, the leading Chinese
Mr newspaper In Canton, disputes these figures.
ME- saying that they are the same a have anuually
appeared for twenty years, and that the actual
Int number of men under anna of all aorta In the
jwg eighteen provinces is about 300.000.
jB Of this army, waatever may be its actual
I number, not more than 70,000 have received
Bo i European training, and not more than 60.000
Ml1 j are armed and equipped in proper fashion. Of
IT ' the remainder, 60.000 are armed with Hprlng-
M rteld muskets, muzzle-loading rifles, worn-out
f Remingtons, condemned Winchesters, second
ar and third hand Martini-Henrys, and the cast-
f J off weapons of European and American armies.
u The rest of the force, whether It be 100 or
E 600,000 men, are armed with matchlocks, dint-
; and-ateel guns, blunderbusses, glngals. bows
T and arrows, spears, pole axes, plwbforks, trl-
tT dents, morgensterns, flails, battle axes, long
swords aud shields. A large and bulky portion
of thelrarmament coiulsts bf flags, banners,
placards, gongs, ombala, tom-toms, drums,
; grotesque helmets, masks, and properties such
. as are seen In western countries only In t'hriot-
mas pantomimes. These are an organic part of
jl I'Mnrae equipment, and are used to frighten the
H fos- In Mongolian strategy a great General
a , ntas has his meu to and fro before th enemy
ll I Mmjt
several limes prior to engaging In action In
order to strike consternat Ion into their hearts.
Nine-tenths nf th officers of the Imperial army
would try to do the same thing to-day when
about to attack a European army equipped with
the latest dcath-dcnllng Inventions. ,
This estimate of 70,000 soldiers, thoroughly
drilled and thoroughly equipped, errs. If at all.
In favor of thn Flowery Empire. The tendency
of lareful olwervers Is toward a lower total.
They bno their calculations upon what they
tee at the various tsirts along the coast. Tints,
for example, nt Wisisung. near Hhanghsl, the
soldiers have modern rlrles of some sort, but
keep them I kill up, nnd drill wills old
rushloned muskets. At Nlng-po a Inttallun nf
braves somu :ioo In number prait Ices with bows
and arrows. At Tainusl and Kceliing the troops
are pruvlitiil with discarded Winchesters and
HpritiahVId muskets uf the ln:0 t j t'. In Amny
in April, 1HIII, a thousand or more troops turmil
out to receive a new commander, and of the lot
only lift) carried llrrorins. The others were
glorious with Imnncrs, spears, and similar
mrillHval Implements nf rnrnage.
At .shanieen. Canton, In June, 1NII4, nunc HOO
soldiers were detailed to the foreign settlement
and Its nelghlxirli'NKl. Tlion'Wlmwrrpeniilpped
with firearms Isireguns which were In vogue In
1H00-1HT0. riltnllaraieoiiiits could he given nf
every )rton theciuKt, excepting, It mar lie, the
well-drilled cohorts of I.I Hung Cluing, (he Pre
mier. ThcMt w III i ompare mi eitial terms with
th best army dlvMnii of Europe.
With this Issly of T0.00O, refufori eel by about
.'10,000 or a second class, China will do her right
ing. Her men are brave, atleut, and long-suffering.
They are wiry, strong, and active. They
can do an Immense amount or work and endure
Inordinate prlvstlonii upon what sems a ridicu
lously small amount of rke and vegetables. If
they win the first liattlea of a war, their num
bers will be doubled, trebled, or even quintupled
by raw levies, similarly drilled, If not similarly
equipped, If they low tho first battles of the
war. It means greater disasters to Chins, Tho
parly which believes In the military sstem of
the "foreign devil," holds Its tenure of imwcr
by a mere thread. If their legions lose, their
leaders will lie decapitated or disgraced, aud tho
direction of the War Department will iuiss to
the hands of men who believe In the methods of
Zenghls Kahn or of Tlmour the Tartar, War
under such auspices degenerates Into slaughter.
As tit a medical department, acommlsarlat,
and an organization for transportation and lo
comotion, the Chinese military system Is piti
ably deficient. There Is no medical department,
anil not even a provision fur medicines nnd
surgical appliances. 1.1 Hung Chang Is said to
have) twosurgeons In his army In the north and
1,1 Han Chang one In that of (Jtiangtung.
These, with the few physicians attached to the
naval squadron, are all there are to look after
the armies and navies of the country. In war
times rich tienerals and mandarins often. If tint
generally, carry a des-tor with them, very much
as they take a valet or a cook. Hut these fol
lowers of Esculaplus know nothing of anatomy,
surgery, chemistry, and pathology, They arc good
bono setters: they show skill In treating lulls,
pimples, corns, bunions, warts, and prickly
heat: they are quite successful at times with
Indigestion, cholera morbus, neuralgia, gout,
rheutnatlsm.nnd affections of the bladder and In
testines. Hut beyond this they know nothing.
In the presence uf gunshot wounds and the
diseases of camp life they are worso than
powerless. What little they do helps the disease
uud not tho patients. When a fever breaks nut
in a garrison, the doctor removes the Ucnernl to
a "lucky" spot and waits till the malady
vanishes from lack of victims. The mortality
In ever)' camp and garrison In China, In times
pence. Is greater than that In an unhcalthfiil
European city; In times of war the percentage Is
In cases of gunshot wounds the Mongolian
practice Is to leave, the siltferer alone until the
hurt declares lis chnracter," I. e., whether
mortal or not. In such cases, little or nothing
Is left to the doctor. There Is no sue h thing as
an army hospital In China!
Nor is the commissariat In any better condi
tion than tho medical service. The victorious
Manchus of two hundred years ago lived off the
people they conquered. Why should not their
descendants who Inherit their glory, power, und
courage do tho same thing. Httch Is theslmplo
Srlncipleupnn which the army Is run even to
ay. That this shall not seem a groBs exaggera
tion. It is only necessary to cite the suppression
of the Kuldja rebellion in 1M74. L'pjm receipt
of tho news of the Insurrection, the Throne di
rected Viceroy Tso-Tsting-Jang to suppress It
and punish the ringleaders. Thanks to the care
ful preparations ho had made, as already de
scribed, ho took the field within thirty days at
the head of an army of 60,000 troops
and marched northwest toward the
Kuldjacanltul. As Ids forces moved slowly on
ward It tilled tho soil, sowed rice, potatoes, and
vegetables, and reaped the crops. At somu
points It built roads, bridges, and temples for
villages on the route, who paid. It Is said, not
more than the market rate. This stylo of
progress was adhered to until the rebel country
w as reached. when Tso-Tsung-Tang had no diffi
culty In crushing the revolutionists. It took two
years of marching, n week of fighting, and It
made the Viceroy famous for martial genius 1
In a camp or garrison the sutler and cook are
conspicuous by their absence. The soldiers form
Into groups or knots of from three to ten men,
each of which does lta own simple cooking.
Sometimes they get their rice from the officers,
sometimes from the General, and sometimes
they buy It themselves.
Transportation and locomotion are perpetual
puzzles to Chinese Generals. The Government
owns no troop ships and has no office or bu
reau which looks after the matter. A regiment
In Hankow is ordered to proceed at once to
Shanghai, some 300 miles down the Vang-tse
River. The commander ufter a week of deep
thought first tries to Impress a steamer owned
by Chinese. Fulling In this he charters u Hrltlah
river or ocean steamer of some sort. This prov
ing unsuccessful, he seizes enough Junks to ac
commodate his troops, and then floats and sails
downstream to his destination. If the supply
of Junks has ruu short, he calmly watts until
fortune or some imwerful friend in the neigh
borhood secures him the necessary craft.
When It comes to marching cross-country, the
progress of a Chinese army borders upon the
ridiculous. Tho General and the staff otilcern go
In heavy sedan chairs, carried by four, six, ur
eight coolies. The chair Is well furnished, and
allows Its occupant to sleep and eat, rend and
write. It moves at the rate of four miles an hour
in smooth country and two or three in rough.
With the General goes an astrologer.whoseduty
is to iiolnt out lucky days for inarching, and
unlucky days, when devotional exercises are
necetisary to ward off malign Influences- to Indl
cate where halts should be made, rests taken,
and deities and demigods recognized. His su
lernatural powers go so far that he predicts the
places at which bis employer may hn taken In
ambush, at which reconuolterlng parties should
be sent ahead, and at which battle would result
disastrously. Under such auspices the move
ment of an army Is often like tkut of a snail.
In 1B01 there was an Insurrection In Toklrn,
about eighty miles from Foochow. A General
and a regiment started out from the city to sup
ureas It. und consumed ten days in reaching the
scene of hostilities. This, far from being an ex
ceptional case. Is a fair example of the general
management of large bodies of men In China,
no matter whether In the cold provinces of Man
golla or the hot, miasmatlo lands of Ton-wan.
The evils described are bad enough, but taken
together they are Insignificant compared with
the corruption and peculation which runs
through military as well aa all official life. Ex
cepting the small army under the personal
generalshlpof Ll Hung Chang, there Is not a
branch of the service nor a command, however
small, but what Is undermined and rotten with
dishonesty. The iiosltlon of Tltal, which
la admiral and generalissimo combined,
has attached to It a salary of about
0,000 a year, but ita value ranges from
$60,000 to I '.'00.000 a year, according to the
district where the post Is situated. From the
Tltal downward the same ominous discrepancy
between salary and Income Is universal. No
where Is human Ingenuity better exhibited than
in the thousand and one wa) sin which theHtate
ami Individual are defrauded to enrich the mili
tary officeholder, A General draws pay for five
regiments, when he has four: n Colonel for ten
companies, when he has eight; a Captain for a
hundred soldiers, when hn haa nfti- In NunV-
ing Is a brigade of cavalry on paper. There are
actually twenty men mounted on ponies who are
detailed on the courier post office. In Hwatow
is a huge Kmpp gun, said to have cost Ju'00,000.
It Is really a Quaker gun. handsomely carved
from wood and painted to resemble metal.
When one of the great rlv er barriers near Can
ton was finished. It was hailed with a flourish of
native trumpets. It was described as a com
plicated but scientific structure of steel and
iron, so strong as to defy the heaviest armored
cruiser, and so arranged aa to perforate and
sink any vessel which might collide, with it. No
one cared to put the matter to a test, and the
sham might have remained unexposed for J ears,
but for a small Huttertleld A' .Swire's steamer,
commanded by Capt. Haxendale, which lost its
helm one fine day, and went through the " Im
pregnable" barrier without the slightest Injury.
Volumes of similar stories might bo adduced,
but would not make out a stronger case.
This Is the army and military system where
with China now threatens the Mikado. It Is
also the array which some of tho profound
thinkers or Downing street think wlllhean in
valuable ally to Great Hrltaln lu theevcutof a
war with Itussia.
A .VJSir Til ISO AT V1CXICS.
The rieyaiour Club la More or I.eas Later,
talatd by the Uanse du Veatre,
Fm-siiino, I ! Aug. '..'a.-The whole village
la talking of the sensational feature of the Hey.
mour Club's excursion to Donnelly's Grove on
Monday, . The club came from Hrooklyn. The
persons who furnished the sensation arrived at
the grove, by way of the College Point ferry,
from New York. They were a young woman,
said to be the original Fatlma, and her manager.
The woman performed the daiuK du rtntre in a
little pavilion In the gro e.
One of the picnickers says that many of the
men who went into the pavilion did not know
what they were going to see. Home uf them
retired in disgust as the dance went on.
One of the men whu left the pavilion early In
the dance said this morning that he thought
that the coinmlttto in charge uf the excursion
could uot have had an thing to du with the per
formance. Nothing was known about It on
board the boat going up the Sound Thrre were
many who paid goud prices for admission to the
Eibl dolljrs ezeurtloa lo NUgsrs rails via West
Snore B. U. 0 f, M. Saturday., Sse excursions.-A4c
ajjjfcf aria- -AWtsTkaWtaWsiAjBslaaalaV
Trr vnoroHEn ArronTioxMEsr.
JtronktjB fleaate Tltatrteta rimed so aa to
filve the Repithlleaaa Fonr Heantor.
At.HAMV, Aug. '.'.1. The Constitutional Con
vention Committee on Apportionment expects
to report to the Convention on Tuesday. The
apportionments of the SO Henate and ISO As
sembly districts have already been published,
with the exception of the boundaries of the .Sen
ate districts lu Erie, Kings, Monroe, and New
Chairman Tracy Decker of the committee lins
received several plans from the Hepuhllcans of
Erie county embracing the boundaries nf the
three districts for the county, but nothing has
yet be en determined with repec t In flnall) pass
ing upon any of them, The division of the inm
ate district in I hat county will make two Itepttb
llcnn districts and one Democratic. Two He
publican Senators now rrnresrnt Erie county.
Kings county Is to have' seven Senate district', J
from the Third lo thn Ninth Inclusive, and as I
they will be divided, thn Fourth, Hlxth, nnd
Eighth districts will be ltcpuhltcan, nnd the
other four districts Democratic, t'nder the
present apportionment Kings county has five
Senate districts, nf which only one Is counted ns
Kepubllcnn. Col, Morton, a ttepubllcan dele
gate from Hrooklyn, has the boundaries uf the
Hrooklyn district as they are to be inserted In
the Constitution, ns follows:
First District -Klr.t. !eciiml. Third, Fourth, Kirih.
and Hlith wants of Hrooklyn.
Fourth DlsUlet-ietentfi. Thirteenth, Nineteenth,
and Twentr-flrst wsrttsuf Hrooklyn.
fifth District -hlKhth, Tsnth.sml Twelth wsntsnf
Hrooklyn, and the ion ns of New t'treeht and Urarea
end. sixth Dlslrlrt' Ninth, Jiieveiiih, Twentieth, and
Twenty second wards of nruoklyn
Heventh Dtslrtct-Kourteenth. Hftesnlh, sixteenth,
and Keventeenth wards of lieooklyn.
I'lghth District- Twenty-thtril, Twenty fourth, and
Twenty.firth wants of nruukl)n, slid the towns of
Hstbush snd Klstlsnils.
Ninth Dtstrlei-F.IRhteenth, TweDtv.stuh. Twenty
seventh, snd Twenty-eighth wsrdaof Urooklyn.
This apportionment provides that an Assem
bly district shall lie within a Senate district.
Col. Morton thinks that of the twenty-one As
seinblydlstrlcts to lie apportioned Kings county,
that eight or nine nf them will lie Kenubllran.
Thn county of Monroe will have two Henate
districts which will be ltepubllrau. That county
has ono district now which Is Hepubllcan. The
Geneeo lllver will divide these two districts,
the territory on the west of thn river to be the
1 wenty-fnurthdlflrlct nnd the territory on the
east the Twenty-fifth.
New York city will have twelve districts un
der the new plan. John W, Heed and Mr. HIiss
were appointed by the Committee of Thirty of
New ork city to mark out the boundaries of
New York Henate districts, hut have not yet
completed their work. Mr. Heed Is In town, but
nothing could bo learned from him ns lo tho
progress of the work.
The committee Is awaiting the New York city
apportionments. A prominent Hepubllcan
memlierof the committee said to-night that It
would lie hard to apportion one Hepubllcan
Senate district in New York city.
Caadldate White Hhonld Remember Nallt.
vsi Couatjr aad Uo Nlovr.
Mo.mticei.mi, N. Y Aug. U3.-A. A. While Is
a candidate fur County Judge in Hroomecounty,
anil to give a bloom to his cam ass and msko It
popular he is making the hard times and econ
omy the leading Issue. The salary of County
Judge In Broome is $11,000 a year. Candidate
White announces that if ho Is elected he will
not accept from the county more than f 2,000.
Inotherwords.be will make the taxpayers a
present of $1,000 a ear during his term of
office. This offer is taking vastly in Ilroome
county, and the farmer vote is llkelv to lie
largely In his favor.
Cunilidato White and tho voters of Ilroome
evidently have never beard of the candidacy of
Judge Thornton In Sullivan county a few years
ago, and Its sequeni e. Thornton was a candi
date fort 'ount Judge, ami made Just such an
offer pi the people ns Candidate White is mak
ing now. Thornton was a Hepubllcan. and Sul
livan County was then strongly Democratic. A
popular Democrat was the candidate against
Thornton, but on his pledge that be would cut
the salary of theofllcein two. thus saving $1,500
a year to the countv, lie was elected. The election
wasenntested by his opponent, ou the ground that
Thornton's offer of accepting n salary less than
the legal one was bribery of voters, thus invali
dating his election. Tho point was sustained In
all the courts. Including thn Court of Appeals,
and Thornton was ousted from the ofilce. The
result was, however, that the Legislature re
duced the salary of County Judge in Sullivan to
$1,S00 a year, and at a new election Thornton
was elected by n tremendous majority.
Sam Francisco, Aug. tt3. The Democratic
State Convention met this morning for the third
day's session. The platform adopted endorses
Cleveland's Administration and the silver plank
in the national platform of 180'.', favors the
election of I'nltecl States Senators bv the peo
ple, and urges the construction of the Nicaragua
Canal. It also protests against any attempt to
extend the time of payment of railroad debts to
the Oovernment, and requires a written pledge
from all Congress nominees to oppose any efforts
In that direction.
A resolution endorsing President Cleveladd's
Hawaiian policy In attempting to penceubly
restore the Uueeti to hurthrune, and denouncing
the action of the Hepubllcan Administration in
acquiescing in the overthrow of a friendly
power, and assisting In the maintenance of a
revolutionary government, was lost.
Judges E. A. Hrldgefonl of Colusa, Jackson
Temple nf Sonoma, and James Murphy nf Del
Norte were chosen as candidates for Justices nf
tho Supreme Court. The Convention then ad
journed until to-morrow.
The Iopnllt and f. I V, t.'omhUe.
The rommltteesappolnted by the Populists and
the Central Labor Union to formulate a plan of
campaign for a coalition party, met last night
at the People's party headquarters, 30 East
Tenth street. Dr. J. McCallum, Populist, pre
sided. The other members of the Populist com
mittee were Thaddeus II. Wakeman, David
Knusseau, Daniel Ray, A. 11. Heady, and
Thomas Doyle. The Central tabor Union Com
mittee consisted of James P. Archibald. Henry
White, Hubert Winston, David Callanau, and
Andrew J. Smith.
Several hours were spent in discussing a num
ber of plans, all nf which wero rejected. A
committer from the United Hrotherhood of
Carpenters sought admission to the meeting,
and It was refused. It was finally announced to
the reporters that no matter what action the
Joint committee took It would not be made pub
lic untl Sunday.
Oaelda Delegates Instructed for Harked
fbr Mtate C'ommlttcemaa. !
Utica, Aug, as, The delegates elected to the
Republican State Convention in Oneida county
to-day were unanimously directed to vote for
Charles W. Hackett for reelection as Statu
Committeeman, Delegates to the Congress Con-
ventlnn were Instructed to vote for the nomina
tion of James S. Sherman of the Twenty-fifth
RociiChTER. Aug. un. The Renubllcansof the
Second Assembly dlstrlot of Monroe county
elected delegates to the State Convention to-day
and Instructed them for Mayor George V.
Aldrldge for Lieutenant-Governor.
nylac flroaa of the Uolbltes.
MlRUINaiiAM, Ala.. Aug. S.I. -The last dying
groan nf the Kolblte crowd was uttered to-day,
when small crowds of Kolh's followers met at
nrarlyall the Court Houses In the State and de.
elded npnn revolutions which they think will
result in the establishment of a dual government.
Incendiary speeches were made at nearly all the
meetings, and the behavior of those present Indi
cated that they were after blood If they could
get a large enough following. They organized
honest election leagues and passed resolutions
denouncing election frauds.
Mouth Dakota Hepublleaae,
Yankton, Aug, 2.1. The Republican State
Convention was in session here to-day, Robert
J. Gamble and John A. Pirkler were the nomi
nees for Congress, C. II. Sheldon was renomi
nated for Governor, and the Lieutenant-Governor,
Secretary of State, Attorney General, and
auditor were renominated. The Convention
adopted a freu sliver platform.
It,m Ballots, bat No Chelee Vet.
Fort Worth, Tex., Aug. S3. Tho Third dis
trict Democratic Congressional Convention in
session at Mineola yesterday, after taking .'1.677
ballots adjourned until to-day. JudgeMcCord's
name was withdrawn and the last ballot stood;
Craddock, 1; Yoakum, i.'3; Kllgore, 13,; Mil
Iastrutted for FaaaeU.
Corm.no, Aug. 3:1. At the Republican City
Convention this afternoon the delegates were
instructed to vole for delegates to the State
Convention favorable to the nomination of the
Hon. J. Sloat Faasett for Governor.
For afortoa far Governor.
Hour, N. V.. Aug. '.'3. The Republican dele
gates elected in Oneida county this afternoon
are for Morton for Governor. Hackett for State
Committeeman, and Sherman for Congress.
Bsrss Mnady Kills Ulmaetr.
Vixxna, Aug. v:i. -Baron Mundj, the chief
founder of the Vienna Free Aid society, shot
himself dead to-day on the tank of the Danube
MINISTER OTOUI KILLED.
JAPANS ItEMKHKXTATiri: AT .'-
out. hah iikks nvjiimnr.h.
Chlaa Falls In Her RsTVtrt to Raise a Iiaa
The Itrlttsh t'oaaul Here Forbids lirit
lsh Vessels to Carry Ansa to China,
London, Aug, !;l. Mr. Otorl, the Japnncso
Minister to Seoul, Is reported to have been killed
by his own countrymen.
The Central News has advices from Shanghai
to the effec t that the Japanese (Invernment has
declared rice to be not Included among articles
contraband of war.
Tho attempt nf the Chtneso Government to
float a loan of 1,000,000 t arts, to lie guaranteed
by Chinese merchants, has proved a Hat failure.
Tin' American Consul at Shanghai has ordered
Hie Japanese living In thnt city to discard the
J Chlneso costume, and advises a majority of
them to return to their native country.
In tho House of Commons to-day Sir Edward
Orey, t'nder Foreign Secretary, said In response
to an Inquiry on the subject that the Govern
ment had noofnclal Information concerning tho
result of the inquiry Into the circumstances of
the sinking nf the Chinese transport Kow Siting
by the Japanese war shlpNanlwa.
Mr. Edward (I our I ct asged whether the sell
ing of vessels, cool, nnd rice to China at Shang
hai would contravene thn Foreign Enlistment
Art. Sir Edward Grey replied that If the neu
tral powers should supply articles contraband of
war to the Chinese at Shanghai the Japanese
Government would withdraw Its promise not to
attack that port, and would at once begin Dera
tions against It.
It Is reported from Honolulu that trnublo has
arisen between the Chinese and Japanese
laborers employed In Hawaii, and that several
fights have occurred. The trouble is a result of
the Chlnese-Jnauese war.
Hbri.in, Aug. 2.1. -According to a rumor cur
rent here, nine Russian men-of-war will anil
from Cronstadt for the Pacific on Monday next.
Han FitAMClam, Aug. 2.1. The United States
steamer Philadelphia went to Mare Islsnd to
day. It Is expected she will bo ordered to tho
Asiatic! station after being repaired. Thn new
Japanese Minister. Kurlno, has left for Washington.
TltK CAM MVST SOT CA11IIY AKMH.
Her Captain No Notified by lha British
Coneul lrlnce Konalis Departe.
It was learned last night that the liritlsh
steamship t'am, which arrived here on Tuesday
en route from Coosaw, S. C, to Yokohama, will
not carry any arms for the Japanese when alio
sails from this port next Thursday. The Hrlt
lah Consul-Uencral. Percy Sanderson, acting In
accordance with the ixillcy of England regard
ing the supplying of munitions of war to either
China or Japan, had a conference with Capt.
Matthias of the Cam yesterday, and the result
wus-that Messrs. llarber & Co., the Cam's
agents, were notified that no munitions of war
could be carried In the Cam.
When the steamship finishes taking on board
her cargo of horseshoes and car wheels at the
Atlantlu Docks, Hrooklyn, she will proceed to
Pier 1, North lllver, and receive more cargo.
The Cam will touch at many ports In China nnd
Japan, Including Hong Kong, Shanghai,
Hlago, and llodrldah. Her Intention of
carrying arms and ammunition has probably
reached some parts of China by cable, and It is
very likely that her cargo may bo thoroughly
overhauled by the officers of Chinese war ves
sels. There are cruising about in Chinese wa
ters numerous war Junks heavily armed, that
could readily sink a vessel like the Cam, If the
commander should have heard of the report
and Should decide to take that method of pre
venting the Cam from landing her cargo.
Prince Yorlbito Komatsu and his secretary,
Mlcblnorl S. Nagasaki, with their servants,
left for the West by way of tho New York Cen
tral Railroad at 0 o'clock last nlglit. The Prince
did not feel well all day and in consequence did
not leave his room at the Windsor Hotel.
His ear. In which there Is a deeply seated In
fiammation, pained him considerably, and lie
called in the specialist who has been attending
him. During the afternoon Commissioner of
Immigration Srnner made a short call, and a
number of the Prince's countrymen paid their
respects. Thn Prince will stop over a dav nt
Detroit, and from Chicago the Journey to San
Francisco will be made by easy stages.
TUB IJtIHIl J.ASn COMMISSION.
They Hay Rehta Are Excessive aad ilastlee
Is Not lloae to Traaata.
London, Aug. 23. The report of the Irish
Land Commission was Issued to-day. It Is a big
volume, mostly filled with technical statistics.
The Commission say that the evidence before
them showed that the Irish rents, fixed by
courts between 1K81 and 1HH3, are now ma
terially excessive. The present system, they
say, appears to Impede seriously the administra
tion of Justice to the tenants, owing to tho ex
pense nnd delays. The courts generally have
denied the tenant a share In the value nf his
Improvements, although the Judgment In the
famous caie of Adams agt. Dunseath declared
him entitled to It. The Commission recommend
Ihst the occupant be no longer compelled to pav
rent on his Improvements. All of thesn ought
to be regarded as made by him unless the con
trary bo proved.
It is urged that a commission 1m appointed at
the next session of Parliament to Inquire fur
ther Into the subject. The above matter Is cov
ered by the majority report.
The minority report admits the desirability of
lessening the expense of litigation and revising
rrnts In Ireland, hut contends that In the fixing
nf the Judicial rents the net has been construed
In tho tenant's favor.
WELT.MAX'S AUCTJC VABTT.
There art Disgruntled Member With tha
London, Aug. 23.- The rail Mall Claittte, in
an article on the Wellman Arctic expedition,
says that It Is alleged the Norwegian members of
the party assert the unfitness of the Americans
who accompanied the expedition to take part in
such an enterprise, Mr, Hyerdahl, of the Uni
versity of Chrlstlanla, who was one of the party.
In a letter written at Wahlen Isle, said that the
R revisions taken by the explorers were not auf
clent, and that all the members were obliged
to live on short commons and drink salt water
and that obtained by melting, Ice and snow. As
a result of this he was made 111.
The flatfttt further says that. In fairness to
Mr. Wellman. the public should suspend Judg
ment until the explorer shall have returned
and been given n chance to defend himself.
.J!0 XIII, An ZOLA.
I The Writer arte Mneh Advertlslag Ost or
the Pope'a Denunciation.
PARI. Aug. S3. The Pope's denunciation of
Zola's " Lourdes " In his letter to Mgr. Rlcard
has stirred Catholic, circles In France deeply.
It Is supposed to Indicate that bis Holiness
makes belief In Lourdes miracles a dogma.
Previously there bad been no clear declaration
on this subject.
Zola Is revelling in the advertising which the
Papal letter has given him. and is giving Inter
views to reporters concerning his next book.
The title, he sas. will be "Rome." He will
make a long vlalt in Rome before undertaking
the work, and will seek an audience with the
Pope, He savshe was uuite sincere In writing
his novel on 1iurdes, and recorded only what
he believed to tie the truth.
7,BrT A LOSE 7.Y TIIK ICE SEA,
A Yacht raahle to Take On" Two Men It
Had Landed on an Island.
i Aberdeen, Aug, 23,- The yacht Saxson,whlch
has been In the Arctic regions for some time
past with a scientific expedition, has arrived at
Peterhead, Prof, Aubrey Uattye, the ornitholo
gist of the expedition, was landed on Knlgujvw
Island, southwest of NovaZembla, In June. He
was accompanied by one other member of the
! lwrty. Owing to the heavy sea w hich sprang up
I and the great quantity of Ice, which threatened
to destroy her, the Haxson was obliged to leave
Prof. liatt)eand his companion on the island.
In all probability they will be taken off by the
next Russian gunboat which touches at the
Named lor l"orcs.
Tweuty-thlnl New York District Wallace T. Poole,
Jr.of Port Henry iKrp.1.
Klerroth Iowa Diairlei-D. U. Orseser (Dem-j.
Third lawa DUtrict-Tne Bv. 8. II. Uuhore (Dero.l
Third Missouri DnirtclA. af. Dockery iDenM. Ke-
SUlh Kebraaka Dtatrlct-Oscsr M. Kern (Pop.)
Vourth HUnolt DUIrkt (Tank Lawler, by lbs Popu-
Kourth Teantaaee Dlatrkt-Dr I-roy Y. Wearer
Math Wisconsin Dlalrtct-RHsy BUhopiPop.).
Twelfth Tsiss Dlalrlel -A w Uuston ibeiu.).
HsvooU Kentucky District K- u Hebree IHep.1.
til ita North Carolina Dlatrlct-Jsmrs A. Lurkhart
Third Tenaesar District roster V Broun. Hep.
Eljhth North Carolina District U. i. Unoey. IUp.,
endorsed by Pupuluta.
Twenty-eighth I'enna) lisnla District-Aaron WU
llaros. Dam. .
asrond ITorlJs district, Charles It. Cooper, Demo
buioad Jtoilda district, Moat AtkUaoo. Populist.
las " Limited trains of the New York Csstral era
amodsls of s(d aaa tlgSBC. Ait.
SMAllT IIKAltS Of TltE PECOS.
Rntor-hnrk Hogs nnd Ranchmen Are Alike
Coequal to Their 0'nnntna;.
Santa Fie, N. M., Aug, 17. Tho people who
live on the upper Perns, away tip In the raflon,
almost In the afternoon shadow nf flaldy, nnd
Just this side of the Trurhns peaks, do not
assert that the bears of lhat region are wiser
than tho bears of any other rountry on earth,
for they arc ready to admit that In this wide
world are many things concerning which they
know nothing. Hut they never have heard of
any ticars more thoughtful than the liearsnt
the Pecos, and It is doubtful If anybody rise
ever has, Nnmnnrnn associate with bears for
any considerable length of tlmo without hav
ing It Imprrssed upon him that t'rsus Amcrl
canus Is nobody's fool.
Seilor Mariano Orilss of Hie Upper Pecos af
firms upon the faith of a descendant of the Con
qulstadores lhat this Is hi, nnd ho ought to
know, for he and the bears have been Joint ncctt
psnts of the ranch formally )cars. There wasn
tlmo when Sefior Ortli thought the Pecos coun
try admirably adapted to the raising of hogs, but
that was beforu he tried tornlse hogs there nnd
before ho had learned to npprecinta the mental
tn unities of liea rs, Sefior Ortiz went down to
Pecos town and bought some hogs, drovo them
up tho river, and turned them Into his alfalfa
field to fatten. They wire uf tin- genuine,
thoroughbred rnzor-bnck variety, trained down
to sprinting form, agile, self-reliant as mules,
tougher thiin braided rawhide, and disorderly In
their conduct. They broke; through tho fence tho
first night, went up Into a quaking asp patch
where there was nothing eatable, and had a
scrap with two henrs who thought Sefior
Ortiz had Invested In edible pork. Tho hogs
wern wiry nnd pugnacious, ami the circum
stantial cvldeuco plainly Indicated that the
bears had no walk over. However, tho bears
managed to get one emaciated porker after a
long chase, and they bit several samples out of
htm. They didn't devour tho whole carcass,
and they didn't try again for two months.
After a few da)s, thu hogs ceased breaking
nut of the field and settled down to the business
of laying leaf lard upon their rugged frames, n
lino of conduct which merited and received the
hearty approval of Don Mariano, and, as sub
sequent events proved, was Joyously appreciated
by the bears, Don Mariano was fearful that the
bears, having discovered the prevnleucuof ork,
would rnld his field and Introduce! difficulties
Into tho business uf hog raising, nnd hn watched
the drove with some solicitude, lluuto his sur
prise, he missed no pigs.
Olio evening. Just at dusk. Don Mariano saw
two bears romo out of the wools Just above the
alfalfa field and waddle calmlv down to the
fence. He hid behind n tree und watched them.
When they reached the fetico the)- stood up nnd
placed their forcpaws upon the top rail. Think
ing they were about to go a-isirklng, Don Mari
ano picked up a club and prepared to stampede
them, but they made no move to cltmb'tho
fence, uud he watted to ecu what their gome
might be. With their pawsupon the rail and their
snouts resting lazily upon their paws, like two
old farmers discussing tho crop prospects, the
bears Inspected the pigs In clover. Oue of tnem
fresently lifted a hind foot and placed It upon
he bottom roll, and Don Mariano was about to
break forth with a yell, when he saw that tho
bear was only getting Into a more lazily com
fortable position. Then the bear cocked his
head to oue side and thoughtfully scratched his
ear. The hogs were nosing around In the clover,
and the whole drove was In full view of tho
bears. Thn hogs were still lean and athletic.
After contemplating tha drove for about ten
minutes one of tho bears turned about, walked
two or three steps upright, ciimo down to all
fours, and, with n Brunt, shambled slowly away.
The other leisurely followed, and they dtsait
penred In the woods. Now Don Mariano didn't
understand at tho time, but ho learned later
that those bears were sizing up his hogs, and
after Inspection they had deckled that there
wasn't one In the lot fat enough to kill.
During tha next month Dun Mariano saw
bears loafing uliout the edge of tho woods or
lolling over his fence at least n dozen times, and
ho couldn't at all make out what they were at,
ns they did not molest the hogs. One day he
noticed with satisfaction that the hogs were
Improving and that oue voungstcr, who had at
tended strictly to his feed, was actually grow
ing fat. The bears must hnvo caught on at
about the same time, for that pig was missing
thn next morning.
From that time on the alfalfa field was raided
nearly every night, and the fattest pig was taken
ovcry time. A live-string barb-wire fence
proved to bo no protection, and the bears
wouldn't go ncaru spring gun, and so, to save
the rcmnunt of his drove. Sefior Ortiz set about
building a stockado corral, no high that no bear
could climb over It. It was slow work rutting,
hauling, and setting thu lugs, and when the cor
ral was finished there was only an old juw left
to put Into It.
The ww had n litter of a dozen pigs, and Don
Mariano fed them and saw them grow with sat
isfaction and certainty thnt the hears would not
get them. When they were about roasting size
Don Mariano looked Into thu corral one morn
ing and counted only eleven little pigs. The
missing pig c mild not have got out, as there was
no hole In the corral, and Don Mariano eyed the
old sow with suspicion. Still he was Inclined,
like all good Mexican people, to explain inex
plicable things b the simple formula: "It Is
the will of God," mid with u shrug he dismissed
tho mystery from his mind.
Hut when ha missed a second nnd a third lit
tle pig from the litter, he cienly and violently
accused the old sow of devouring her offspring,
nnd talked of sending down to El Macho for the
Padre. He did better than that, huwever, for
he Isolated tho old sow in a board pen and gave
the youngsters tho run of the corral. A day or
two later another pig mysteriously disappeared,
and Don -Murlano begun to suspect ills next
neighbor of reprehensible practices, and talked
alsiut sending for the constable. Upon seccmd
thought, he strung barb wire on the top of the
stockade and set steel traps cunningly ouulde.
Then half a dozen of the little porkers were
spirited away In rapid succession, and when Don
Mariano satisfied himself that nobody on the
Pecos had feasted upon roast pig since last
Christmas, he concluded that the devil had a
hand In the business fur sure.
Now, Don Murlano had been heard frequently
to say that he was not afraid of the devil, ana
truly he was no Idle braggart, for ho loaded up
his gun and laid In wait for him Inside the old
sow's pen, grimly determined. If the devil
swooped clown after another nig, to take a shot
at him flying. He fait sure of at least winging
the satanlo thief, for he had scratched a cross
on every buckshot In the load.
It was a moonlight night. Don Mariano lay
upon the clean straw that he had placed In the
old sow's lien and waited for thn hour of mid
night, at which time, aa is well known, church,
yards yawn and devils tilt nhnut. He had men
tally apologized to tho bereaved mother foren
tertalmng unworthy suspicions of her, and they
were on amicable terms. Don Mariano was al
most dozing when he was startled broad awake,
by a familiar grunt. Peering between two of
the posts of the stockade he saw coming
across the clearing, looming huge and distinct In
the moonlight, two bears. They were headed
straight tnr thn corral. Don Mariano knew they
could not climb the stockude. and ho watched
them with languid Interest, Hut the corral was
evidently their objective point, fur they lum
tiered along right toward it.
"Now look at those two infatuated fool bears.''
said Don Mariano to himself. "Thoyil get Into
one nf the traiw and make a grand row and
frighten the devil away, so that I won't get a
Hut the twu fool bears did not get into a trap.
Ithout delay they clambered up Into a large
tree, beside w hich the corral was built, and made
their way nut along a big limb that hung over
the corral. There was no hesitation in their
movements; dearly they hod been there before.
One of them, the lighter and moro active, went
well nut toward the end nf the limb, and the
other advanced slowly until their combined
weight bent the limb down over the top of the
stockade, when the first swung himself off by
his foreruiwa und dropped Into the corral.
"That's a very smart trick," muttered Don
Mariano, "ou are In, no doubt of that, but
how the devil you are going to get buck Is an.
The bear seized a pig In no time, and having
broken Its neck and slopped Its squealing with a
dexterous right-hander on the ear, he shuttled
back to a pooillon under the limb aud stood up.
right, holding the pig in his arms. Then the
other and heavier bear moved out toward the
end of the limb until it bent beneath his weight
so that he could reach the pig as the lighter one
held it up. The big bear took the pig. and the
other bear seized the limb uud drew it down un
til begot a firm hold with all four fret. Then
the big bear barked away toward the trnnk and
the other followed, and the limb slowly sprang
up to its natural level. The two bears backed
duwn to the ground ami waddled across the
clearing, the big one walking upright and car
rying thu pig lu bis arm.
Don Mariano did not shoot. "Tim Good
rather." he says, "has given brains ilkethut
only to such of his children as bavo souls, i
would not commit murder for tho value of a pig,
Resides. 1 casually noticed that 1 hud mirucu.
luualy forgotten to put raps on the gun. Never,
theless I cut away all the limbs from the tree on
the side toward the corral, and I still have the
old sow and oue pig."
Hhe Knew Her Latin,
row tkl indcnsdjicfta Journul.
" What," a aked the flippant young man, " was the
named Lots w If a t"
"aal. anawvred Ilia young woman from Boston
and the Blnnut young man w as atraUI l ask on what
premlaes she baawd her couclualoii.
without the aid of atcleplione. The Metropoli
tan Telephone Company now makes a rate of
tlOO to il&O a year, according to use. Writ to
H Vortlandt at-, or call up TcL -til C'ortUndu
THE pw BEDFORD STRIKE.
A rO.W'EllKXCE nKTirEEX TltE
MILL IIA.XUSAXItTllE MASAOERS.
Onerntlvra Hale! that Their Wnatea TVere
nelnst Cnt ontlnnalljr-The Controveray,
It la Hold, Mny tie Left to Arljltrnllon.
New llEiirottn. Aug. s.l.-Representattvcs nf
Hie various labor organlratlons. spinners, weav
ers, nnd card and plckcr-room operatives, met
Major ilrownell to-night In response to his call
for a conference.
The Htnlc Hoard of Arbitration was also pres
ent, nnd W. M. Crnpo. President of the Warn
sntla milt corporation, appeared for the mill
managers. The meeting was Important, Inas
much as the first ofllclal statement from tho
mill managers was made.
Hecrelary ltos of tho Spinners' t'nlon said
Hint one reduction had followed another, and
during two years there had liecn a reduction of
T.M per cent., while the reduction on fine cloths
amounted to 30 ier cent. Ono trouble was
that the manufacturers neverorTeredtondvanco
wnges no matter how good trodo was. Tho
spinners were never Informed of the amount of
reduction they were to suffer, and they would
never go lmck Into tho mills without knowing
w hat pay they are to get.
He never had advised n. strike and never
would, Ono reduction following another had
undoubtedly caused the strike. Arts on the part
of the mill managers seem to hnvo been haty.
Matthew Hart, representing the Weavers'
I'nlon, said that since lmio the weavers had, by
the system of lengthening cloth, changing style,
and paying less wnges, been cut down contin
ually. The Particulars hill has become n. law, but
the manufacturers arc not willing topayaccord-
HlncolHKi, the speaker knew that wages had
beencutdown from SI'J.oi) a week to 0.B0 a
week. , . , ,
Secretary Connelly of the Card and Picker
room Association said ho did not think the cut.
was fair, for had It been, tho operatives would
have accepted It. ....
W. SI. Craim said he was p-cscnt at the re.
ciuc'st of several mill managers. Ho
thought Major Ilrownell did right in calling
the conferenco In tho Interests of peace, har
mony, contentment, and the prosperity of thu
community . . ..,,.,
He thought tho gentlemen liad spoken with
great moderation, but. as a stockholder, hn
though they were wrong, and that figures,
would uhow it. The times were to blame, not
the managers. He said some of the mills had
paid dividends, not out of recent earnings, but
from motie)s laid aslda for other purposes.
Mr. CraiKi said that the reduction pnqiosed
was nut as much as the operatives claimed, lln
said that higher wages were being paid here In
New llcdfortl than In other places.
When spinners In this city get $14.05 for do
Inir thp urns work for which Y,ansdale snlnncrs
get $10.r0 It mokes comix-tltlon hard.
Mr. Crapo was glad thatMhe arbitrators wero
present, although he could not say that the
mills were willing to arbitrate. They would,
however, give tho Hoard evrry fact In their
Mr. Crapo asked Mr. Ross and Mr. Rowan If
they were willing to submit thu matter to arbi
tration. Mr. Ross asked Mr. Crao if he was.
Mr. Crapo said he did not want to appear as an
objoctor, if the scheme was proposed and ha
thought some course might be suggested agree
abln to both parties.
When the meeting adjourned It looked very
much as If thn present mill difficulty might lie
settled by arbitration.
CHASED Jtr COYOTES.
The Kxperlenee of aa Cheyenne Wheelman
Who Had I.oat Ills Way.
Vom (As Cheufnne Trader.
Teddy Dolson on Friday night had an exoerl
ence compared with which Tnm o' Khnnter's fa
mous ride pales Into Insignificance. Instead of
the horso with which Tarn was equipped. Teddy
had a bicycle; In the places of the witches that
pursued and plagued and almost crazed tha
Hcotsman. the Chejeniie man was followed by
hungry coyotes. Tarn, too. had taken n gener
ous libation of usquebaugh, w Idle Dolson's only
refreshment was a hearty supper.
Friday evening, according to his habit, Dolson
started out for a blcyclo run. Ho had Intended
to go a few miles south, then return, but being
unacquainted with the country lost his way, anil
In endeavoring to regain his bearings lost him
self entirely. He wheeled on In the direction
that Chejenne seemed to him to be, arriving nt
N:30 o'clock nt Wheeler's ranch, twenty miles
from the city.
There he wns directed how to get back to
town, and started back on the trail. On and on
he rode, hut in no filed direction, for In tho
darkness he had promptly lost his way again on
leaving the Wheeler ranch. As he wheeled
along in the gloomy night over the untracked
prairie, wishing for nothing on earth so much
us a comfortable bed, he In-came suddenly aware
of the fact that he was txing closely followed.
Hehlnd blm was a pack of yelping, howling
coyotes, that wero close upon him before being
noticed. Their Intention was so evident that
his waning energies were awakened with a
thrill. He bent over his wheel nnd pushed It as
fast he could over bill and valley, but always
closely followed by tho coyotes.
To add to his misfortunes, he broke a pedal In
attempting too great speed, and was on tha
point of giving out and letting tho hungry
coyotes do their worst when he spied a deserted
shuck a short distance, away. To this he
hastened, and, abandoning his bicycle, quickly
climbed upon the roof that slanted up from the
round. Even here the co)otes followed him,
nit n coign of vantage and place of refuge was
found on the top of the chimney.
All nlglit he remained there, at times driving
away his pursuers with fragments of brick,
which caused their retreat to a short distance,
whence, after a series of lugubrious howls, they
would return to the attack. At daylight they
departed with a parting salute of angry howls,
and Dolson climbed down and mounted his
lilcvcle, soon reaching Pierce station on tho
Denver Pacific. 3H miles from Cheyenne.
Hn wos unable to get breakfast until hn
reached Cary, and arrived here at H:30 the next
morning. The hardest feature of the whole
night's experience, he said, was the fact that he
had two cigars In his pocket and not a match to
light them. He was very badly used up by the
I.OVE AXIt JtASEItALL.
The Playrm rinyed as Long Game to Glva
One Captain Time to Get Slurried.
rim the CourierVournaf.
Paukfhsbuiki, W. Vn., Aug. 10. For two
years Miss Pink Riddle nnd " Pouch" Rathbone.
both children of prominent and wealthy peoplo
In the neighborhood of Elizabeth. Wirt county,
have been trying to get married. They are of
age. but Miss Riddle's lwircnta had sufficient
control over her to keep her at home, despite her
deafre to marry Hathlxme. About a week ago
the last unsuccessful attempt to elope was made.
1 1 was mo nun time in a vear that they bad
been caught by Miss Pink's parents, Just as
everything seemed to lie working nicety. The
girl was leaving the house at midnight, when a
watch dog awakened her mother, anil the elope
ment failed. Hut the young people were not
easily daunted, and Frlilay succeeded In getting
away, and are now man and wife, A game of
hall was played near Elizabeth between the club
from that place and the Hunting Hprlngs team.
Thn game had been arranged puriaisely by the
boys to give Pouch and his sweetheart a chancn
t" fool the old folks. Pouch was captain of the
Elizabeth nine, and as people from all the coun.
try round about attended. Including Miss Rid.
die nnd her iwrrnts. there was an excel
lent chance for the jrrand coup. The
Idea that Pouch mightelope lu his Iwsc
W V.',''l,,1!no "ever enWrecl the heads of
Miss Pink's parents, ond they gave her less
attention than usual. During the game, after
i.',"lc,,'.,li'Vj dropped out for an Inning's ret,
Mlas Riddle left her parents tinder some pre.
text, anil Joined the handsome captain In an open
buggy down the road and drove away. The
game went on uninterrupted, none of the spec,
latum knowing anj thing was w rung. The play,
ers were all on. however, and the contest was
stretched nut till dark.
About this time Mr. and Mrs. Riddle missed
their daughter aad also Mr. Rathbone. They
telegraphed to this city to have them Inter
ceptiil, but this did not work, for Rathbone, sua.
pec ting something of this sort, drovnuround the
c Ity ami on to Marietta, O., where the knotwaa
tied, "Pouch " making a handsome bridegroom
in his baseball suit,
Mr. and Mrs. Rathbone arrived here in the
midnight train from Marietta, and put up at a
hotel to wait till Mrs. Kathtaine's parents invito
them to come hack. " Pouch" had gotten a new
suit und discarded his ban-ball togs, and pre.
sented quite u natty appearance. They went
home esterday uud were met by tho town's
population. The Court House was turned Into
a banqutt hall, and hundreds paid congratula
tions uud helped the nurrj nuking. Mrs. Rath
bone's areiita relented, und the iieople, marly
every one of whom had at somu tlmo endeavor,
ed to aid tlw jouug coplu lu elope, were su.
Killed the Father of ltuttlers.
Vi tht .V (ill fiUJjt-lx L.ucrul.
MV.I,'.M'1" Autf- ,0' Thewrgrot rattlesnake
ever kjlted in this section, und l:iby lu the en.
tlrer-Utr. wo killed Haturday afternoon In the
East Macon district. It had twenty. two rattles
and a button, making it "U ) ears old. It meas
ured a fraction over live feet in length. Nulxsly
can bo found to have heard of a rattler i'.'l vears
old. A snake, that carries fourteen or all twu
rattles and a button is considered a monster In
there parts, anil is looked uim with most re
sixctful bearing. The men had quite an excit
lug t me killing the snake. None uf them dared
go within several lengths of him. and n hen he
shook his mighty bunch of rattles the uulae wa
awful, and struck terror to the hearts of the uo-
Kmw. causing them ch time ta retreat further.
e y finally despatched him with a long poia.
I Can't Sleep
I am all tired out say many people now. This
means that the nervous system is out of order
Hood's Harsaparilln Is needed to purlfj ij
vitalize the blond, nnd thus supply nrrrs
strength. Take It now. Remember
A Asvwvwtv parilla
and only Hood's. Wsk,
Hood's Tilts cure all liver Ills. blHniiartesa,
rff.K iiioii' vahi.i: iinuKi:,
Truffle on the Third Avenue Railroad In
terrupted for Two Hours,
The servlco on tho Third avenue cable tins
wns maintained with horses last evening on the
loop at tho Post Office, nnd late at night It was
said that the horses vv mild bo kept at their work
until this forenoon. Thin was caused by n break
In the slow cable, which runs from Hie llajsrd
street (lower housu around the loop. The fast
cabin runs between thn stow cables ami paves
over pulleys beyond the loop.
The slow cable Wars tho great strain uf draw.
Ing the cars up the hill, from Ilnxter street to
the Hrooklyn ltridge. and It is believed thatths
break Is duo to this strain.
Thu break occurred shortly after 10 :.1(1 o'clock
jc'tenlny mnrtilng. It wns nt once discovered In
the Hav iint street power house, and thn renair
men located It on the up track at Chsmlwrs
street. 1 hu ends wurc found to lie about '.'to
fuel apart. The curs soon liegan to accumulate
In Park row, to which point they had mads
their way down on the fast cable, and liefors
tha break was repaired there waa a line of them
stretching the entire length of thn llovvery 1 1,
East Ilroadway curs were nlso stalled at Chat
It was nearly 1U:;I0 o'clock when thn lower
section of thu road was In operation again. The
cars then ran on the! fast cable on the down
track to tho Post Office, llelow Mall street the
cohlo was dropped, anil horcs pulled tho car
around the Icsip to thn TIimm building, where
the connection was Hindu agulnwltli the fast
A Ill.lXlt HOUSE DOES $300 ItAMAOK
Ily llrenklna- at Druggist's 'Window In
IlrooLlvn- Kacnpen Hurt.
A blind hnrhe hitched to a single truck stood
for a lung time at Myrtlo avenuo and Cumber
land street, Hrookl) n, yesterday mnynlng. There
was no grass lu the street, and, as there wns no
other excitement nt hand, tho horse finally
walked uii on tho sidewalk. He seemed to be
feeling around for his owner, Andrew Rlabsldl.
Osincr Klupsch's drug Mora Is on the csirne r. anil,
its the horse could not sen where he wns going
ho walked steadily on until hn had (uki-il his
head and the wngon shafts through thn big
show window, shov Ing over the cut-glas Mile
of colored water and upsetting a pvramld of
nine-year corn cure.
Then hn backed out, with a shower of glass
follow ing him. The diimngn to tho window and
stock Is estimated at $-juo. Mil thohorpewas
not In any way Injured.
It EH It I SO SEA DAMAGES.
Proposed Commission to Decide the Amount
to lie Paid by the United Htntes.
Washi.ncitcin. Aug. '-.':i. Secretory Greahara
and Slr.lullan Pauncrfole. .! HriUsliAmhasaa.
elor. have agreed upon a convention, to Ik) rati
fied by the I'nlted States and Great Hrltaln,
providing for a commission to meet at, Vancou
ver anil consider the amount of damages to lie
paid by tho I'nlted States for seizing Canadian
sealers more than three miles from land, from
1KN0 to 1800, Inclusive. The Purls Hchring Sea
tribunal established as finding! of fact that
twenty such seizures were made. It Is under
stood that the President would like to have the
proposed convention approved by the Senaiu
before the close of the present session, nnd it wns
to learn whether this could be accomplished
that Secretary Gresham visited the Capitol sev
eral days ngo.
XEV TOltK'S VOT.ICE JVDOES.
Professional and lauslness Pursuit from
Which Thrr Have lleen Jrravra.
There are fifteen Police Judges In Now York,
having the following described professions or
business pursuits: Lawyers, 4; politicians, 4;
carpenters and Joiners, 2; liquor men, S, and
book BoUers. undertakers, and coal sellers, I
each. Since the office of Pollen Justice ceased
to be an elective ono In New York, In 1873. It Is
a somewhat peculiar fact that no former Pollen
Commissioner, familiar with the routine and
regulations of tho Police Department, has sub
sequently held tho office of Police Judge.
The appointment of a former Judge to be a
Police Commissioner was. In other political
days, no uncommon thing, a conspicuous ex
ample, which all well. Informed politicians can
call to mind, having been Matthew T. Hrennan.
who served as Police Judge In tho Tombs Court
before being appointed one of tho four Police
Commissioners after the breaking up of the
Metropolitan Police system, which includid
New ork. Kings, Richmond, and Westchester
counties In one district.
The exception to tho general rule- the Police
Judge w ho was a Commissioner before being sp
isilnted to his present office Is John R. Voorbia,
who for the last few weeks has been presiding
at Jefferson Market Court, and who will alter
nate there with Edward Hogsn as 1'ollcc Judits
during tho six months terminating on Jan. I,
1H05. The rules of the Police Department regu.
latlng arrests, prescribing the Jurisdiction of
officers on post, fixing the regulations undrr
which warrants ran be served, and defining
pollco duty In excise and other matters, are com
(ilex, and can nowhere be more surely or thor
oughly learned than at .'100 Mulberry street.
Judge Voorhls has, therefore, from past ferv lea
ns Police Commissioner, an advantage which his
fourteen associates do not enjoy.
He was always. In office, whether as Exrle,
Dock, or Police Commissioner, a careful, pa.
tlent, and painstaking official. Inclined rather
to be slow than precipitate, ami to listen rather
than to argue. These qualities stand him In
good stead In his present service, as is show n by
thn last report of tho Hoard of Police Judges.
Judge Voorhls ought naturally. It Is surmised,
to know a good deul about procedure in excisn
cases, too, for he wan an Excise Commissioner
before being one of the heads of the Police De-
Jartment, but he Is not exceptional In that,
udge Joseph Koch having been an Excuse Com
missioner before) being apisiluted a Polic e Judge,
and having had previously several years srr.
vice as a Civil Judge In what Is now the Clinton
For many years the perennial and professions!
reformers have been advocating the passage nf
a law In Albany rotrlctlng the Mayor of tho
city In his appointments of Pollen Judges to
members of the liar, but It was noticed last year
that, with the Republicans In control of both
branches of the legislature, they took no
stock In this particular reform, and In fact re
futed to adopt any such measure as the reform
ers proposed. It Is a well established fact In
New York that lawyers, as a ruin, make Inferior
Police Judges, whereas men of previous train,
ingaiidrxis-rlence In city departments -Police,
Excise,' Corporation CounaeVs offlre, or else
where are liettcr fitted for such duties.
All Car HCop at Grand Mtrsct.
I Nearl) every Third avenue car has to stop at
Grand street. At all hours of the day and nlglit
there lire persons who want to get on or off at
that point. In thn early evening, however, I lis
number l largest. Most of those who get ou t he
cars then are elderly, while most of tho.-e who
get off aru young, A large majority of the 1st.
ter are joung couples, aud many of tnem are ao.
cnniimnlrd by children,
"ihese people," said an observant ronduitnr,
pointing toa lot of passengers leaving the. ar.
'ure going to visit their folks. Thej were all
born down in this district, and moved up t"u
when tliey married. They have conn donwith
the I sidles til spend the evening. W hen we re
turn up town there will bo a lot of old peop s
getting on. They will lie going lu vllt their
married children up town. The oung folks
move up town aa soon as they make an) mone),
but most of the old folks stick, tu the district
even after they grow rich,"
ripollluic Ullke'a Vacation Plnas.
London, Aug. 2a.-It is reported here that the
French Government will not permlt,81r Charlea
Dilke to make tho tour of France's easien.
frontier fortresses which he was said tohais
Iilauned fur the parliamentary recess. Tnu
''rriu.li press protests against allowing foreigi -ers
to pry into French ursenals and forts.
, COLGATE 8c CO.'S
1806 LAUNDRY SOAP.
tot years exclusively used by the beat (aniUlsa,