Newspaper Page Text
!f J j THE SUN, FRIDAY, AUGUST 24 189.
Iff I rPfe:
1 , J----
I Iflfi FIHDAY, AUGUST 84, 1H94.
t w8 I Lr-tut. "twa-The City and Suburban Hwe Bjreo.
S. JltlJ tnCirnTOrendNiw Tons Aesomro Pars
ft iflEIri " Sft tl to 1 Ann street. All Informetlnn end
1 Mi fit ' documents for public use Instantly disseminated to
S -kf Jl I th ems of th whole country.
dfjRj! ; The Bound and the Free.
a j It Is evident that no member of a. party I
fja'j i i bound by tba declarations of the platforms
Maa presented by Its Conventions unless he ap
ftlf , proves them. Any citizen has an unques
ijgM tlonahle right to leave his party at any time
! ; and join another; and he haa an equal right
WfJ to approve some part or parts of a platform
w3 ( . And reject tha rest of It.
Rj5 j , The case Is different, however, with a can
US j ' dldato for offlce. It Is true that he may nc
Jfijr oopt the nomination of the Convention and
B IjS i reject Its platform as a whole or In part ; but
I j then he must, as an honest man, tell the
MjB Toters of the party what he rejects and why
jejjfl ! he rejects It, so as to jrlve them the oppor
ai8 tunlty to vote airalnst him If they wish
ijySSj to do mi on Bccount of the rejection.
Mm If he falls to tell them this, and leaves
j31 I t ' them to believe that he accepts the whole
fijp:!: I platform and means to carry It out If
W& ; , sleeted, when he does not accept It and
JkB; , means to carry out something else, he Is a
j j j I fraud, a liar, and an Impostor; and no good
fflg. , 'i Mil be expected from htm.
fji,!3. ' In the national election of 189B Governor
jMii' ' Jloweii occupied the position of a private
Sfjjtt eitizen, so to say. He was not a candidate;
May' , he was Governor. He was free to nd
& HPf vocate the election of the national Dera
fi ill ocratlo standard-bearers, even If he dis
ili lV& approved of the Democratic platform
K ijM either wholly or In part. If he made
w IsRr ' speeches In the canvass, all that could be re
s' tf&v'l quired of him was that he should not ad
I' ill?''! dress to his audiences any proposition that
US (" n8 '"rt not DC"eV0 '"' or T0 Bny dvJce tnftt
IWM'-'t.' he did not mean to follow himself. Thus
ft frjjjjl there Is nothing to find fault with In the
Mrffll It subjoined statement, just made public by
Sfsla I Mr. Grorok Alfred Townsf.nd:
" "It wat to me that Governor FLOwtn tpok latt Sun
day on lbs tariff.
I Every sensible man Its protectionist,' said th
Governor loudly. In defiance of tha President and
avlatfnrm. 'tf wa pass a tariff bill. 1 am In favor of
passing a psrty resolution tbat will not dliturb tho
tariff again for twenty years. And If wa fall to pan
a tariff bill, wa ought equally to moire not to dUturb
iaafJXIS tha afcKtsur bill for ten years at least,"'
fSgj! This Is the Governor's opinion. He has a
SmJ& perfect right to hold it, and he avows It like
EWjV tna 'rank' outspoken statesman that he is.
H3jliH He is a free citizen. He has not compromised
HCf I himself in regard to the subject, and no one
.Hj can charge him with being a bad Democrat
j or a dishonest man because his doctrine Is
HfRj not that of the Chicago pint form. In fact,
jJH he holds the doctrine of ANIHIF.w Jack-
fcf ' 60V and of SAM Hand MX; and mure need
fHnf not 1 said.
j-Bi)' 1 lint the same Is not true regarding any
'jHlj . one who was a candidate for Federal office
iHWS ln 1Hoa; a,l especially It cannot apply to
'MhHX J the candidates for President and Vlce-Presl-
jBl dent.or the caudldates for the House of Rep-
Bl resentatlves. Whethertheyopenlyand une-
jHI1 quivocally declared their adhesion to the
Si platform or not; whether they explicitly
H: . pnifessed it to lie their faith that protection
Hn Is uilconstitutlonal, and that tariff duties
Hf cannot rightfully be levied except for reve-
fBfj tine only, or merely passed that question
jjHft by in silence during the canvass, they are
M all bound alike before the tribunal of per-
1. . snnal honor, of morals, and of politics, to
lBf stand by the Chicago declaration.
' Tills Is a distinction of much Importance
;Hft at all times, mid just now it possesses a spo-
'Hg' clal Interest. We shall doubtless have occa-
iBJk ' slon to refer to It aguln.
jHH , Stato Charities.
B ( We desire to point out to Mr. Koward
B IiAUTKnnACH, and to other members of the
BH I Constitutional Convention, what In our
BS juiigment Is the possibility of a very serious
BB I mistake on their part.
BH ! Mr. Lauterbacii, as the Chairman of the
ABJ ; Convention's Committee on Charities, has
BBjK presented to the Convention amendments
BB) f giving large (uldltlonal powers to the State
BBfi Hoard of Charities, the State Board of
Bv ! Lunacy, and the State Hoard of Prisons, so
BBflK that In fact the entire management of the
BH public Institutions of the State will be In
vBEff ' the hands of these Boards, Independent even
fBfg of legislative control. We do not believe that
IBJl the text of thn proposed amendments Is in
Bj. final Hhape, as Its authors wish to have
BBl "' nn'1 therefore we cannot consider the
IBJl amendments as a whole to be fairly subjects
Mai of minute discussion. It Is, however, an
BBvI axiomatic principle of constitutional legls-
BBV lation, which is quite applicable,we think, to
BBV tho measures proposed by Mr. Lautehuacii,
BBf Uint auch sweeping grants of arbitrary and
BBfSl nnrepeAlable power should be enacted only
H with the greatest care and circumspection.
BBuj Rut our present concern la to mrall with
Bgl I souib emphasis to the minds of Mr. Lautkk-
II bach and his fellow members of the Conven
tion the fact that one of the boards thus ele-
i , vated to a virtual dictatorship, the State
BWI t Board of Charities, has been ln the past a
BBVU' purely ornamental appendage to the execu-
BBTi( . the routine of the State, having no func-
BBlk i tlnns, powers, or duties, meeting usually
BBBJ t but once a year, the mere phantom and
BBS t shadow of a Hoard; and that as such Its
BBBJ 1 memlershlp has never been conspicuous for
BBS t experience, trained ability, or any degree of
BBS public usefulness. We have before stated,
BBW i and do not now think It necessary to repeat
BHjf at length, our opinion of this Board, With
VBJl' the estimable elderly ladles and gentlemen
KB 3 j composing it, who owe their appointment to
BEkJi the fact that the duties of the offlce were
II honorary, ami who have for some years duly
, performed the mild parlor functions of
iHj their station, we hae no personal quarrel.
BBS); Hut the actual work and oersigbt of the
BBS ; State's charitable Institutions is entirely in
BBS I the hands of other and separate branches
BBS I of the State Government, and it Is imme-
BBS dtately apparent to those who look Into
BBS the matter that either the State Board
BBjK . of Charities should be abolished, as
j f Governor HILL recommended, or that some
BBS i, ( reason should be afforded for its being. If,
BjjSBk lu 'be interest of a more simple and com-
BBSE pact system than the present, the Constltu-
BBSC ttonal Convention should see fit to vest In a
BBSH body which should be called the State Hoard
BBSJt of Charities the entire control and care of
BBSjl't the iustitutlons now sklmmlngly visited
BBS V ' at desultory lutervals by the present
BB weak committee, we might perhaps
IH I favor tue arrangement. Hut it would
IHBi ? be, in our view, absolutely the first
BB i ' Blatter to be thought of, that the vast re-
BBflj m jponslblllty of this direct control and dally
BBB management of tiH.OOO inmates of asylums
BB t 1 and homes should be transferred to the
BJl V hands of men competent to assume It, and
BSjS t vrno wou1'' Kl'e their time to It, and
BBcK j , that It should not for one moment be suf-
BBST' i fared lo rtouiu with dilettante phiUnthro-
slfv; .,.. ... .
ptsts, the amiable old gossip and bunglers
of the present Hoard.
We trust we have made ourselves under;
stood. If the State Board of Charities Is to
be really Invested with the actual and de
tailed management of a large share of our
State Inslltut Ions, it will lie no less than a
public calamity brought about by criminal
stupidity and negligence If the people do not
get a chance to put upon the Board wise
and careful men In place of those who were
appointee! when the duties of the office were
merely social, honorary, and perfunctory.
A Suhject Tliat Cannot De Ignored,
The railway trains going to Ocean Grove,
In New Jersey, have licen crowded of late
with people hurrying to attend tho camp
meeting, which was formally opened there
on Tuesday, and will continue until tho
close of August.
On Monday preliminary religious exer
cises took place and a great multitude
Joined In them. The most Impressive of
these ceremonies was a communion service
In the evening, at which ns many as twenty
five hundred of tho attendants partook of
the consecrated bread ond wine. Thus tliey
pledged themselves anew to fidelity to the
faith, and particularly to united and har
monious efforts for the conversion of souls
In the camp meeting to begin the next da).
In general they were Methodists, tho camp
meeting being under the direction of that
denomination of Christians more especially;
but Included In the number were many
other Protestants of the Churches described
This communion service was conducted
after tho old and still prevalent method of
the Protestant Churches. The wlno was
distributed In chalices, from which many
sipped, nnd there was no discoverable indi
cation that tha partakers were mindful of
the dangers of the common cup as pointed
out by medical societies, In accordance with
whose advice two large churches of Roches
ter, In this State, substituted for It a
separate chalice for each communicant
a few months ago. In their religious
exaltation the thoughts of the multitude nt
Ocean Grove seemed to 1 concentrated on
the significance of the holy mystery. Nearly
all of them, proliably, would have resented
any Interference by human science with
the method of the celebration ns n pro
fano worldly distraction and desecration.
Tills feeling evidently is now general
among earnest Protestant liellevers. As
yet the Innovation Introduced at Roch
ester hs been adopted by only a very few
Churches. Important as It Is, It has been al
most completely Ignored by the papers rep
resentative of the different Protestant de
nominations. They seem to be nfrald to
touch It; but their silence has not prevented
Its discussion among communicants of the
Churches to which they belong. The change
at Rochester nnd tha reasons for It have
spread fears of the common chalice that
must eventually compel the papers to treat
the subject as of grave Importance.
When a physician writes to a newspaper,
as one wrote to The Sun the other day, that
he refrained from drinking from the chalice
at a recent celebration of the Eucharist In the
Episcopal Church, because liefore him two
patients of his had sipped from tho cup, the
one afflicted with an odious nnd the other
with a destructive communicable disease,
reasonable fears of the danger of the hal
lowed practice are excited even among the
most devout of communicants; and such
fears, thus justified, an quickly anil widely
diffused. Is it unlike. , then, Is It not
probable, that this a -m will become
ho extensive and so great hat all Churches
whossi doctrines require t! at both elements
shall be administered to the whole body of
communicants, will bo compelled to Imitate
the Rochester example, or adopt some other
method devised for the same purpose, In
order to save the communion ln both kinds
from perilous disease t
It Is true that the multitude of 2,500 who
partook of the communion at Ocean Grove
on Monday evening were not Influenced by
any such fears. They joined In the Lord's
Supper, having faith that the Lord would
protect them from natural dangers while
they were rendering what they regarded as
obligatory obedience to His command In In
stituting the ordinance. In thousands of
Protestant churches in which the holy
communion Is celebrated monthly, the
use of the common chalice continues undis
turbed by the admonitions of modem science
against It, and so far as we have seen, with
out provoking any discussion as to its un
questionable dangers from any ecclesiastical
body with authority to modify the existing
practice, or which expresses the general sen
timent of any Protestant denomination.
When the medical inventor of the Rochester
separate chalices undertook to Impress
the importance of the change on the
Baptists ln Convention and the Presby
terians In General Assembly at Sara
toga last spring, he was successful only
ln Influencing a few Individual ministers.
The subject was Ignored by the conventions
as a whole, and there has been since no imi
tation of the new practice by particular
churches, to Indicate that he produced
more than a transitory Impression on the
pastors he seemed to have converted
to his views. The physician who wrote
to us of the liability of the communication
of odious and fearful diseases by meaus of
the common chalice, represents, undoubted
ly, the opinions of the medical men general
ly who are his fellow communicants of the
Episcopal Church; but by no authority,
convention, Bishop, or priest of that
Church has any judgment on the sub
ject been expressed, so far as the
public knows; though It Is probable that
there Is not a single pastor to whom mis
givings as to the existing practice have not
been confided by some of his parishioners.
Letters from individual communicants in
papers not professionally religious Indicate
that the example of this physician lu pass
lug by the common chalice untasted is
frequently followed, and this frequency U
sure to Increase as the subject Is discus-sed.
It is a very difficult and delicate matter to
treat, and we are not surprised that the
churches are fighting shy of it; but it is
manifest that the time is not far off when
they will be obliged to give official attention
toadmonltlons of science, which are respected
by their most intelligent members.
He la Cornlug Sure,
It is just twenty-five years since Gold
smith Maid made the trotting world wonder
at three heats under 8 :80. They were lu
ailOti.SsK.andSilOJ,'. The recordsof
the Grand Circuit for 1804 make the Maid's
figures read like those of a far up-country
fair. The five meetings held so far, at Detroit,
Cleveland, Buffalo, Rochester, and Pough
keepsle, giving nearly sixty trotting races, I
counting over two hundred heats, show only '
twenty heats slower than 8:80. Of these,
nine were by two-year-old'.,, three by three-year-olds,
and several can be accounted for '
by rain and by the winner jogging In slowly I
in the last heat of a long-fought race.
Everything jl has Wen in 8:8 J or betUr,
fin m mmm&mmimi
as though practically the entire Grand Cir
cuit trotting clasi was an army of Goldsmith
Mnlds. Coming down second by second,
there hare beeu five races of which all herds
were In 8:20 and better) two In the same
way In Silo, six ln Stl8, eight In 8:17,
seven In 2:10, two In U:15, three In 8:14,
three In Silt), four In 8:13, three In fill,
one In 8tl0,and one In 3:00.
This does not jet tell entirely the story
how the once peerless Goldsmith Mnld has
been left behind In the dust of a thundering
track-full of faster-going animals. Three of
the races classiiled nbove ns 3:80 were of
four heats. Two of the 8 ill) class were of
four, or five heats. Five of tho 8:18 were
of four, or five heats. Threeof the 8:1 7 class
were of four, or live heats. Thrreof the".: 10
class were of five heats. Two of the 8:15
class were of four, or five heats. One of tho
8:1.1 class woa of four heats. One of the
8 lis class was of live heats; and two of tho
8:11 class were of four heats.
Ouo rare from without the Grand Clr
cultmustlie added to this remarkable record.
Allx, at Term Haute, reioatrd the straight
heat victory of her sister of a quarter of a
century nijo, in 8 ,011, 8 :0(l , 8 :03'i. Three
heats under 3:07, aternglng under 8:00'
We see a perfrct mob of great flyers rush
ing forward, any one of which, years ago,
would have been looked on ns the wonder of
the day. Can there lie any rcAsonnblo doubt
that sooner or later mhiic phenomenal one of
them will move ahead out of the ruck and
come round thn track In an even two min
utes i Wo bavo none.
Manufactures In Massachusetts.
The Massachusetts bureau of the statis
tics of lalior has published a report settluu
forth thccondltlon of manufactures lu that
Stato for tho) ear I SOU, as compared with
the preceding twclu month. Mr. HoUACr. G.
Wahi.IN, who has collected and analyzed
the facts, hns produced In a volume of some
400 pages iv model of what such compila
tions ought tolio.
These statistics are of general Interest,
because they bear witness to the mischiev
ous effect of circumstauci'H from which the
country, ns a whole, bus suffered. Unques
tionably, the anomalous condition of Massa
chusetts manufactures during tho year 1I3
was due to tho prevailing Industrial depres
sion. It is true that there was a slight In
crease In the. amount of capital Invested,
but this wns probably nn ostensible increase
only, explicable upon grounds to which
we shall presently refer. In each of the
other elements considered, namely, value of
stock used, value of goods made, average,
number of persons employed, aggregate
amount of wages paid, average yearly earn
ings per individual, proportion of business,
nnd average number of days In operntinn,
wo observe u decided decrease, when nil In
dustries are examined. We should mention
that by the term nil Industries is meant the
7f classified Industries, represented by 4,.'1II7
establishments, which made returns both
for 181(8 and 18t9.
Let us glance for n moment nt these data
In detail. There Is, ns we have said, n trivial
Increase in the capital devoted to produc
tion in lHO.'i, m compared with 181)8; this
amounted to 1.84 jior cent. It does not
follow that there wns an Investment of
more money in productive enterprises; In
this report the statistical Increase is at
tributed to the, estimated value of stock on
hand, or of stock lu process of manufacture,
or to some Items classed as capital, other
than cash. When we turn to the
value of stock used in all Industries
In 1808, we find a decrease of 7.38 percent.
There wuh also a decrease of 8. 10 per cent.
In the value of goods mnde. This Is tho
first time since theso reports were started
in Massachusetts when a decrease has been
shown lu the value of goods made In all In
dustries, viewed collectively. On the con
trary, for a number of years thore had lieen
an average annual increase of about threo
per cent. Tho Industry which exhibited
the greatest decrease in the value of goods
made was the manufacture of woollen goods,
which fell off 17.05 per cent.; next came
that of leather, which declined 10.00 per
cent., and then metals nnd metallic goods,
of which 12.88 per cent, less In value were
produced in 1803 than In tho previous
Wo pass to the number of persons em
ployed and to the wages paid. In 1808 tho
average number of persons employed ln the
4,007 industries represented in this report
was 80(1,203; while the return for the same
Industries In 1803 was 203,1 BO, the decrease
being 4.86 per cent. The shrinkage In the
number of employees was greatest in the
carpet Industry, namely, 7.83 per cent.
There wns also a decline of 7.87 per cent, in
tho total of those who found employment In
the metal Industry, nnd of 7.10 per cent. In
tho Held of lalior ofTered by the manufac
ture of lioots nnd hhoes. The aggregate
amount of wnges paid in the 75 Industries
which figure In this report fell off 7.70
per cent. In 1803, as compared with IHVi.
Especially striking wus the drop of 33.00
per cent. In woollen goods. The average
yearly earnings per individual, without re
gard to sex or age, were reduced by 11,04 per
cent., that Is to say, from $450..i0 in 1808
to $J34.17 In 1803, The higher earnings
were, of course, obtained in the industries
demanding greater skill and employing men
chiefly, and the lower In factory Industries
employing a large proportion of women and
If these proofs of curtailment In the nut
put of goods and In the amount of wages
distributed should seem lea impressive than
may have lieen expected, one should bear in
mind that for many years there has been In
Mnvsachusettsa steady annual Improvement
In both particulars. I
A New Rule for Channel .Navigation.
The rules of the road at sea have been
tinkered with in the River and Harbor bill
In so far as it concerns the channels leading
In or out of New York harbor. This Is the
new law :
"II ahall ba unlawful for any prrton to engage In
flihlug or dredging for ihelMth In an j of I he channel
leading lo or from the harbor of New York, or to In
terfere In anjf way with tha Ufa navigation of theta
channel! by ocean ileamablpe and ahlp of great
Leaving out the restriction on fishing or
dredging, it remains "unlawful for any
person to Interfere in auy wa) with the safe
navigation of these channels by ocean steam
ships and ships of deep draught "
What does this mean t Are shallow coast
ing vessels to navigate the channels by a
rule which doesn't apply to other places?
Are ocean steamers and ships of '"great"
but unknowable draught to hold their course
regardless of lesser boats r What would the
yacht Pilgrim bo with her twenty-two
foot fin J What would be the Vig
ilant' standing before a steamer
from Savannah f Has the magnificent
impartiality of the sea been replaced by a
discrimination ln favor of certain vessels
over others r If that is so It is serious busi
ness. Certainty as to the right of all craft I
and the unvarying obligation to ohserve I
them U the essential principle of safety. I
What boat can read It right of way clear
under this new and new-fashioned regula
Our esteemed contemporary, the Hartford
Ttmt. thinks the CfOR.MAif-Wlt.sow tariff Is a
irooil thin, and that It Is not "protective." be
cause "Important materials are put upon the
Why, bless yonr trnstlne hrsrt, the free list
Itself is a protective Invention, ilmluntd to favor
rertatn Industries and certain kinds of laborers
at the rxpense 0f the central public.
A truly Democratic tariff cannot hare any
protection In It. and for that reason It cannot
have any free list.
Tho opening of the life-saving stations on
Wednesday was the first fruit of the new law
which prolongs the servlco t.irouuh nit but two
months of the year. Hereafter only June and
July will he excluded, but the law was not
passed In season lo begin operations this year on
It might well be suggested that the next move
should be to have the service continuous through
the twelve months, particularly as the chief ad
ditional exnenso would be that for the surfmen,
since the district superintendents, station keep
rrs,nnd some other officials are atready engngrd
nil the tear around. Htlll, perhaps the crews
themselves might prefer a two months' absence,
astheycet nn opportunity to look after their
farms or to serve as Imtlilnu masters or other
wise at tlie seaside resorts during the vacation
season. As for the needs of navigation, these
might be siintclentl)' cared for, perhaps, by sup
plementing the present plan with a provision
under which tho station keepers, after com
municating by telegraph or otherwise with the
district superintendent, could call a crew for a
The August storms, which have occasionally
been very destructive during the last ten years,
and particularly the ravages of the August hur
ricane of last summer along the Atlantic roast,
have fully Justllkd the new law, and llfo nnd
property wilt now be made more secure by It,
Why does he now prefer a lighthouse tend
er with a derrick?
Ari'KAI. OF A FltEB TUADEIt.
An Open Letter to CJroTcr t'leTelnsd.
Suit Asa Democrat from conviction, and not
by Inheritance or from self-lntertst, as a be
liever in the kind of tariff reform that would
soon lend to free trade, and as ono of your con
stant nilmlrers and unswerving supporters, I
nsk tiii lo veto the (iortnan Surrender Tariff
bill for the follow lug among other reasons:
I. Its passage by thn House, wns a cowardly
surrender to a conspiracy based on fraud and
chltanery. Its enactment would bo a notional
shame nnd htinilllntlon, and would dishonor
'.'. It accepts and sanctions the pri'sctlre
principle In defiance of the declarations of the
1. It betrays the confidence which the people
reposed In ou and tho Democratic members of
4. It places the Democracy In an apologetic
and defensive attitude when It should stand
aggressively for the right.
ft. If thn country can prosper under a 3a per
cent, protective tariff, then were tho campaign
assertions of Democrats mere lures for the
thoughtless nnd unwary.
(I. Should thn bill become a law without your
signature, you will be accused of cowardice and
tho charge will be believed.
7. Its enactment through your signature will
still agitation, but It will delay reform and will
not gain credit either for yourself or your party.
Your denunciation of tho traitors In the Senate
will then prove ss fruitless as was the passage
of the several freo trade bills by the House after
Its Ignominious and needless surrender.
8. The crisis demands Hint you hoed tha ad
monitions of conscience aud follow the path of
righteousness, rather than yield to the counsel
of tlmo-servlng politicians and the warnings of
I). Though your veto may raise a tempest of
clamorous excitement. It will Inspire tho cham
pions of honest reform to press a bill to Its pas
sage that will fairly represent the Intelligent
and patriotic spirit that won the grand triumphs
of lHUOsnd 180V.
10. The people are with you. aud require only
a renewed demonstration of your courage ana
devotion to principle to cause them to rally en
thusiastically to j sur support.
1 1. In the face of such a popular endorsomtnt
as your v etn will call forth, the Senate, unrepre
sentative as It Is. dare not refuse to pass a bill
thst would meet the needs of the consumer and
of the Trcatury.
IS. Your veto, in the presence of a frightful
Industrial depression and In defiance of Its pre
tended cause, wilt place your name on the ped
estal of fame as the brave't, wisest, and most
faithful public servant that ever honored any
people or distinguished any age.
ALrnan J. Wor.r.
18, JOIIAI.EMON STRICT, BROOKLYN, Aug. S3.
Ball Dearliii for Ocean tsleawiars.
To this Editok or Tin Suw-Sir; I have read
The Sum for years and have noticed your inter
tercst In the "get there" of ocean steamers.
Having used ball bearings to receive the end
thrust of shafts, and finding the resistance re
duced about 00 ier cent., I suggest the use of
this principle on propeller shafts. The present
construction of thruat bearing consists of a
series of flanges nn the propeller shaft which In
tersect with similar parts In the box or bearing.
Itv Increasing the space between these flanges,
chilled cast Iron balls extending alt around the
shaft ran b Introduced. The result in their
use ould be a great sav ing In power, no danger
of the bearings becoming overheated, and the
doing away 1th water Jackets and oil.
I am positive that exi client results would be
obtained, and hope that soma builder may have
equal faith and try It. The principle is not
patentable and is free to all.
"If 1 don't sen this article In Tnc Bum I shall
think it isn't so." W. W. HAsTiNas.
Jmsxr Citv. Aug. 21.
Tortoise-shell Cat Lor.
To the EiirroiiorTiiEBuN Sir: The com
munications which have appeared occasionally
In o.ir esteemed psper, bearing on the subject
of "Tortuise-shrll Cats," have afforded me con
siderable amusement. From all acoounta these
cats seem to be a rather scarce article in this
country. To ray know ledge there Is only one place
on this earth where this species of cat abounds.
This place Is the Danish Island I.ange!and.
w here 1 spent two and a half j ears, owing to the
extreme "kindness" of the Danish Government.
On this wonderful Island (which by the way
Is t lie homo of the famous Orcat Dane "I there
is only one kind of rat vlr... the much-talked of
tortoise-shell rat" Mrange m It may seem,
these rats and the "(Ireat Danes " are on terms
of intimate friendship. I am of the opinion that
the tortoise-shell cat are peculiar to Laugeland,
and that those found elsewhere must be de
scendants of the parent stock, which has had it
home on tha Danish Island for hundreds of
I'erhaps ou ran Inform me whether these re.
roarkobie cats are found In large numbers In
other part of the globe. 8. n. IUluwih,
New nit, N. JM Aug. S3.
Peltate, tha roaaaaaalaa Cas, ail tha Blkla.
To Tax IlDltoa or Thi Bcs Sir: Dr. Albert B. Ash
mead's letter In your tn-day'a luus regarding "the
cup In tha communion " reminds me of tha observa
tion I mads not long ago In n DUlrtct court lo Ihlsrtty,
A man and woman, after being duly sworn, were
asked lo kiss the Bible, which they did very Impres
sr aly 1 he woman was known to me to be syphilitic,
and the man subsequently and colnrlJentally applied
to my clinic, showing large ant scattered mucus
isyphlllllc) patches nn his lips and mouth. Now, both
these wltnrsae were a source of infection to all the
rest who followed Ineni Ui the abuse of tha good book.
Home or all may hate ek-aprd InfecUon. bat that
ercr) one of them, the mafltlrate not excepted, was
cipoeed to It I tatauot the least shadow of a doubt.
KlMlng It a ery well rtt-ognlied source of sypklllUe
Infrcitou. aud, from a ayslenlc standpoint, I fall to
see the different a between a luetle lip and syphllltlo
Bible. Think of the HI bit thsl did scrrlce during tha
luiestlcatlounf tha lxow committee) Think of It!
Thlslssn age of irevenUre medicine, arul It Itlustaa
fair t demand the rviuoial of the Infectious Bible
from the courts at Ihe abolition of thecoaununlon
cup. or any other cause of tumnmntcable disease.
Science end the Bible cannot be on kissing tams.
B, All, una. U. D.
IMCuiwi Srurr, Stw Toax, Aug. !, 13W.
As Ineldent aTa Qnaer CatMBalens.
Vum fat ClmrlcrVoMnult
t'ssssroET. k Aug so. Mrs. Hack Arbraham of
Ihlt city look morphine and ancnle to-day with snl
cldsl latent, aud It thought to be In a dying condition
to-nlgbl. she quarrelled with her nasbaad because
he wanted to go lo hear Brecs Inridge at Georgetown,
and when be tuned to go she took the drugs, having
previously warned hint that she would do so tf ha
l la Dale.
II rs. Cunuo So they married In haste, did Ikey
Mrs.Catker Yet, a&4 uowtaey are repenting la
njsrxAT or womax buffxagk.
Mr. Htanton, It Foremost Chantnlen, Dlw
en th Act of th Convention.
To Tnx KntTon or Tnn Bun Sir: I am asked
how t feel about tho action of tha Constitutional
Convention on the suffrage question.
Suppose 1 had had a fine estato left me, vrllh
executors who, as prodigals, were, In ettravn
gsnee, dissipation, fraud, and corruption, rap
idly depriving my children and myself of tho
means of future livelihood. Then suppose I hml
applied to the courts to vindicate my rights, to
appoint new executors, or to allow me to admin
ister the estate. Then suppose my appeal vvss
made toasmsllbody composed ninlul) of very
ordinary men, who said they could do nothing,
that the case was not of sufuclcnt consequent e
for tlie consideration of so august a body, or
even to submit It for adjudication to a more or
dinary body, the people.
In the nature, of things how must a woman
feel under such circumstances? Depp ssed, in
dignant, humiliated, anxious ami apprehensive
for the future. That is as I feel now.
The condition of our country, the disgraceful
proceedings In Washington, tho strikes, the
terrible revelations of the wholesale corruption
In our metropolis nnd In every department of
fovernment, sswcll ns In the buslnrss world,
brought to light by liivrstlgstlug comniltteisj
the rapid content rat Ion of wealth In the hnnds
of the few. all this fills me with nppnlienston
as to Ihe safety and stability of a government
composed of men alone. Women and children
have equal rights nnd Interests In this heritage
left us by the fathers, and I am not willing to
trust our future welfare In such hands as ad
minister our (lovernmcut to-day.
If we stand psrlrylng with such classes In
power another half century tho mass of the
people will have no rights, privileges, or Im
munities for which to contend. Wo must pre
pare at once for )olltlcal action, and inaugurate
a people's party. Itcjcctcd by itepubllcnns and
Democrats, our political aristocracy, wo must
cost our lot with the laboring masses, of whom
ninny thousand Jolntd us lu our petition for the
right of suffrage.
If we are to have anything from the wreck of
our national fortunes, we must try some new
methods of action nt once. When ninety -seven
men can plnv football w Ith the rights of half tho
peoplo In the State, nnd that half meekly
accept the abject condition of mere sub
jects. In n so-called republic. In direct violation
of every principle of our (lovernmeiit. the women
of the Empire blnto might as well be under the
Csr of Russia as the Amerkau flag. Wohavo
filend our cause lu Congress nnd courts and tho
mils of State legislation, but failed, thus fnr, at
every point. What next? The excuse of the
ninety-seven men who voted Nn " was frivo
lous to tho last degree. They said " the majority
of the women of tho State did not make thn de
mand." Have the majority of lawvorn of the State
asked for the proposed cliangcs In tho judiciary
Have the majority of the people In N'ovv York
city asked ir tho proposed changes In the
method of governing our metropolis?
Ki.izAnmi C'aiit Stantom.
Oheat Nitcx. I.. I., Aug. SI, !Hl4.
Dad nehaelor oTOur llrltlah Conatns.
To the EntToit or Tim St'.v .s'fr; Will you
permit a Ilrlton to enter n protest agnlnst tho
surly, churlish, brutal, caddish, and snobbish
treatment accorded to your fellow townsman,
Mr. George (lould. and to his Vigilant by the
British press in general, and also by the llrltons
who witnessed the various races In which tho
Vigilant participated. Tho defeat of the Vlgl
lnnt in most of the rates In the Solent was a
foregone conclusion ln tho mind of any one who
knows thnt racing ground thoroughly, and who
knows that the Ilrltatuila was built for the
ground, while the Vigilant was built for the
open sea. Even In the Solent, however, the Vi
gilant showed her remarkable uuallttes, when
ever there chanced to be any wind and she found
water deep enough to pass her over without
pounding or without smashing her centre-
What I wish to protest against Is the stolid
brutlshnrss of the llrltons toward Mr. (lould. I
never rould "sire up" thnt stripe of surly bru
tality until I got far enough away from England
to get a "perspective." so to speak, on the. arti
cle. Now 1 can understand It In all Its nastlness.
and I am sorry It Is Just what it Is. Just fancy
Mr. A. D. Clark's Sataulto, or Lord Dunraven's
alkyrie. or the Trlnce of Wales's Ilritannla
brought to New York for raring. Could the
Americans he so nasty, so churlish toward either
of the three? Never! Their behavior to Lord
Dunraven last year was In marked contrast
with tho rotten, nasty treatment of Mr. (lould
by the llrltons this vear. They dragged him,
with an open-sea and strong wlnrt boat manned
byanevvtrew. with tlie exception of the Cap
tain, into a shallow, land-pent course utterly
strange to the Vigilant and her men. known like
the A H ("s to the tirltaniila and her men, handi
capped him, refused to sell him a sail, greeted
his few victories with bitter contempt, de
nounced him as a common cheat, while they
Jockejedhlm several times openly and every
possible time secretly, accepted their fluke-won
victories as evidence of the superiority of the
keel boat over the rcntrebnarcler, and now are
winding up with a blnst In all their "sporting"
Journals that would dlsgrato the surliest brutes
ln Mashonaland. It is not a pleasant spectacle
for the Ilrlton away from home to contemplate.
It discourages on who would like to think that
" England and Englishmen love fair play." Hal
most Justine the Krench comment on Great
Britain as " A land without a song, without a
sauce, without a smile, without a soup, nnd
without manners enough to distinguish Its surly
citizens from the savages of the wildernesses of
the world!" Nor wns the treatment given to
the Yale College boys much pleasanter. They
were Jockeyed from preface to flnls. They re
frain from complaint, but one who saw their
work write me that " fair play Is an unknown
thing nowadays In English sport si" Theso
things are decidedly unpleasant to the natlv e of
Great Britain, who. living abroad, cannot feel
pleased to see that his native country, while
Ieadliigln manufactures. In commerce, and In
clv-llUing agencies of all kinds, still lacks the
graces of courtesy that are the only true marks
of the culture and real civilization of it people.
I am afraid that Americans will not be eager to
fo to England lo engage In sports hereafter,
he Britons hav e Invited them. It is a lament
able fact that Continental sportsmen do not car
to go to England, and for this very fact,
they do not like English manners and can
never feel qnlto sure that they are really wel
come visitors. Now. let me suggest that the
holders of tlie. America's Gun seiidthat niece of
silverware back to England without the for
mality of a contest. If It Is to engender and
represent tm h uasttnrss nnil surliness as have
been poured nut ou Mr. Gould and his Vigilant,
the sooner It Is out of the way the better for the
cause of International courtesy and good feel
ing. I am sure that the lrince of Wales does
not approve Capt. t'nrter'a jockcvlng. and that
he must regret the villainous discourtesies of
th English sporting Journals to Mr. Gould.
Aside from the vet unsettled question of superi
ority of yachts, the w hole season's record Is such
a will diaconraga future International contests,
and particularly In England. I and other Brit
ons living here cannot help feeling that we are
disgraced by the surly brutality our people at
home hav a shown to their American visitors
thi summer, and I hope that tho States will
never again aend over any contestants In any
Una of aport. If their going must elicit another
display of British hastiness, vulgarit), discour
tesy. Incivility, and downright dishonesty like
the on just displayed.
J. Al.KXANDEn MACQILLICCUDY,
BvrrAi.o, N. W Aug. 18,
What People Think and Nay,
frust (Ac lndtptolfl.
The Democrsllo party, now It has tha Senate, Home,
and Pretldtnt. and It free lo enact a law In accord
ance with Its policy and promises, what hat II done?
It hat deliberately repudiated Itt policy and broken lu
promises. II denounced protection as a"fraud"and
a robbery "In the campaign of two years ago, and
declared that II fostered no Industry to much at that
of Ihe Sheriff. ' fraud" and " robbery" are criminal,
and cannot be condoned. The pemocrello party wat
solemnly pledged to root them out of ourruttnms la
Ercrybody knows It has not dono so. It hst rev Ised.
but not eliminated; II hat reduced, but not cat! out
the"fraud"ana "robbery. " It hat, ou Ihe contrary,
refnacledtha "fraud" aud "robbery," and It guilty
of the crime It charged agalntt the Republican parly.
It It condemned out of Us own mouth. Itt own head.
If Mr Cleveland In Ihe face of hit defeat may be till
called lit head, bit declared It guilty of "parly per
fidy aid parly dlthonor." It bat been false to Itself
aud false lo lha country, aud, according lo one of Itt
own organs, hat put Itself " In the pillory of uulrrrsal
contempt." And all thlt comet at tha end of a period
of butlnett prottratluu almoit unequalled hi tUa an
nals of the country.
frvut tut Vfrotf 7Vour.
Impetuously ha poured forth tha ttory or hit lore.
"And all I hare." Be protested, In conclusion, a ha
prostrated himself before her, " i at your fl
She looked at him incredulously. """
"Alii" she repealed. I
He shrugged his shoulders.
"Practically all." n said "Of murae I have
another suit of clothes at home, but It really Isn't
for tba drat lima sha knsw tLe silent of fcla
A friarely Bin.
Iu tkt ludtpndtml.
Ur George A llearunas given c. in Metropolitan
Museum a Urge oil ptlnUng by the late Oeoge lnuest.
The Dlcturt It about usT feel, and I entitled " feloa
ndi-Unty." It u ou of atr. I uncus baa aed mail
IrapaViaai works. Mr. Hears has uroeloutly bean a
tnaldus g.ter u tha muss urn's art coUectlen.
Tonvxno jtoATit rorr.n A taxlvrk.
England1 e Mantetivfee of J4 Mak
I'nrUTornhle trltlttema Them,
nom thi toncfon nines.
A subsidiary feature of the manceuvres. of no
lltllo Interest In Itself. Is th total failure of the
torpedo lionts on either side to put In an effec
tive uppenrniico or In any way to hamper the
motrnunls of their adversaries. This U. of
fo.irse. mftlv dio to tho fact that, ovvlug to the
in r mature conclusion of the manenivrcs, they
had onlv n slnule night In whlcli to operate.
Admiral Kit? Hoy palsed Carneore Point, where
n force of Blue torpedo lsstts nilghthave been
expected to be font entiatecl, after nightfall on
Saturday. On the same night both of the Blue
fleets were within striking distance of the lied
toriKsIo Isiats stationed at Belfast. Admiral
FIU Boy does not seem to have been attacked at
all. The U Blue fleet was not attacked at all,
but the I) Blue fleet was attacked early lu the
night, apparently without success.
The lied torpedo lnnt found Admiral Drum
mood's lle-t. but fulled to attack It successfully.
But one division of tho Blue torpedo Isiats met
us on Saturday evening off the Klsh Bank. Its
lender wns Informed by the Admiral that three
licet, hml been seen from the slgnsl station at
Blucksod Hay nt nn earlr hour in the morning,
and might therefore be expected to be lu the
tietghlxirhood of Belfast during the night. Here
was n rase In which the torjiedo boats had a
definite object to look fnr and a definite place In
which to lixik for It. They found three cruisers
under the .Mull of Galloway, and, not receiving
or fulling to understand the prlvnto signal, they
forthwith proceeded tit attack them. Unfortu
natelv the three cruisers In question turned out
to be the Wnrsiilte. Australia, and Galatea, be
longing to Admiral Drummond's fleet, and
though no ship was torpedoed two out of the
three toriKilo boats were put out of action, the
third huv lug previously gone astray. Twopolnts
aro here to lie noted one that the torpedo boats
were operating not at random, but In pursuit of
a defliilto object, namely, three enemy's
ships, whose probable position and course were
approximately indicated to them beforehand!
the other that after all the object they found
was not the object they sought, but three friend
ly ships whose destruction, had It been accom
plished, would have Inflicted Irreparable loss on
Ihelrnwn side. This very awkward habit of
mistaking a friend for a foe Is one which hss
often liefore been exhibited In manceuvres by
tnriiedo Imsla. It Is lees likely to occur In actual
warfare, because nearly all foreign ships differ
very widely In external appearance from any of
our own: but Its occurrence Is regarded by many
authorities as sufficiently probable to require
that English torpedo Ixvats should always make
the prlt ate signal liefore proceeding to extremi
ties. This means, of course, that English tort-do
taints will never lie able to attack except under
the most unfavorable conditions conditions so
unfavorable. Indeed, as almost to Insure their
Hut those who take this view regard It as a
logical deduction from Lord George Hamilton's
dictum that tho torpedo boat la essentially the
weapon of the weaker combatant. So regard
ing It they also regard the almost certain de
struction of nn English tnrtiedo boat by an
enemy as of less moment to England than tho
possible destruction of an English battleship by
n friend; and thev consider that the best way to
avert nucha catastrophe as the latter Is tore
quire thn torpedo boat to declare Itself by mak
ing the private signal In all cases which leave
room for more than a shndow of doubt. Theso
vlcvvn are new to me. ns they will be to many
of your renders, who will perhaps be not a
lltllo surprised lo -learn that they are held
ny professed advocates of torpedo boats. They
seem to place the strateglo value of the torpedo
boat for English purixises even lower than some
of Us most severe critics have ever ventured to
place It ; and It Is certainly not a little remarka
ble that they should be entertained at a time
when some high authorities are beginning to
doubt whether the position even of the battle
ship In the naval w nrf are of the future Is not be
ginning to be Imperilled by the development or
vessels of the Havockand Hornet class, regarded
as sra-keeplng torpedo boat, which might ln
favorable circumstances attack even In the day
time, or having found their enemy in the day
time might hover round ont of rango and attack
In large numbers after dark.
Sevea Tears Without at nirtbdny.
rom thr IWtubvrjh nttpntrh.
A Scottish clergvman, who died no years ago,
Mr. Lelshman of Kinross, used to tell that lie
once lived seven years without a birthday. The
statement pu riled most who heard It. They
could see that If he had been born on the 20th of
I ebruary he would hnve no birthday except ln a
leap year. But leap year comes once In four
years, and this accounts for a gap of three years
only. Their first thought would, therefore,
naturallv be that the old man, who, in fact, was
fond of a harmless Jest, wa somehow- Jesting
about the seven. There vv as, however, no joke or
trick ln his assertion.
At the present time there can be very few. If
there are any, who have this talo to tell of
themselves, for ono who can Ull It must have
boon liorn on tho 20th day of February at least
OS years ago. Hut a similar line of missing
dates is now soon to return: and. Indeed, there
arc, no doubt, some readers who will have only
one birthday to celebrate for nearly SO years to
The solution of the puzzle Is to be found ln the
fn t. which docs not appear to be widely known,
thnt the rur 1H00 wa not a lean year, and
1000 will not lie. The February of 1S02 had 20
days, but in all the seven years Intervening be
tween IROtI and 1004. as well as In the three be
tween 1M02 and 1808. that month will have
Cornering; at ft ahermaa,
from the St. taut rionttr Frw.
"So you've neon fishing." said City Ticket
Agent Green of tho Wisconsin Central to Com
mercial Agent Lord on his return from an expe
dition last week near Steven's l'olnt. on the
Portage branch. " Where are your fish ?"
"We ate. em all," replied Lord. "Collins,
Horn. Dr. Vlttum. and myself ate 'cm all."
Green's eye twinkled under the lid. He In
geniously turned the conversation in other
channels until Lord wa off his guard, when he
asked In all seriousness: "And so J ou really
had good luck on the square?"
, "Wo had fine luck," responded Lord, boast
Ingly. " What would be your average catch apiece J"
"About 100 trout each."
" Easily a pound and a half?"
"And you were away four days?"
'!.u?. T,'i" mra.n i ui me tbat you and Horn
arid Collins and Doc Vlttum ate 2,400 pounds
of fish ? '
"You're a smart mathmatlclan. Green."
mrekl) responded Lord, "and 1 guess I'd better
Long; In I'nele Havta'a Herrtce.
From t4 Chicago Colin TWbmie
AI.MAMCE. O Aug. lO.-Th oldest living
Postmaster in tho United States, in age. perhaps.
f"w.'S,,.",nA'0,nt r continuous aervice. Is W.
II. Wallace, Sr..thepresent Postmaster at Ham
mondsville, some twenty miles south of this
city. Ue assumed the duties of his present
office sixty-four years ago, when but 18 years of
age, and has served under thirty different 1'nat-mastert-General.
During Mr. Wallace's early
years as Postmaster the postage ou letter was
VS cents each for 400 miles or over. He luu fre.
quently accepted two butlieltof oattor potatoes,
or two and one-third bushels of wheat, or one
and cine-third pound t of wool, or five dozen
I eggs, or four pounds of butter as a fair compen.
aation for the postage. The Postmaster were
exiiected to tee that letters were written on one
heet of ivaper. If two sheets were used th
postage was to be doubled.
Killed by a, 'Xarantnln.
OM Ike .litany retains Journal.
Ritxanii. Vt.. Aug. 20. -The to-year-old
daughter oH.U.QUmb died ln Bradford on
Saturday, from a sting supposed to have been
Inflicted by a tarantula nine week ago. The
nurse left the child In a baby carriage on the
ddenalk while, she stepped Into fruit store.
The child seized a small bunch of bananas fronv
the stand In front of the store, and was playing
with them when the nurso returned. On the
wu) home the little girl complained of a pain
over the left j-ie. The ee awelled, became dls.
colored, and black iniU appeared all over th
Ixxlv The nurse failed to 111 the parenta of
vteim,iY,,,lt. "'. tie ' When the child
dleda Bradford plDsleian, who had previously
treated a similar case, pronounced thecauseor
death a tarantula bite. No on saw the spider.
Maes Hptacc'a Ktraace Advealure,
f Voi IU Atlanta (tostftuffo.
A queer ttory come from North Carolina.
Sam bjience. a colored man of I'lilnn county,
was In the woods gathering wild grape, lie
climbed a tree and slipped off. His foot became
entangled In the vineeund he was suspended In
the air by nns foot, ti pence had to wait for as
sistance, wli'rh did not arrlvo for more than an
hour. The h.ixd all flowed toward his head, and
alter he wat taken down ha became very sick
Since Uiat time all the wool on hit nt-ad han
pulled out aud he Is getting almost aa white as a
wh lo nun. Hlsskiu first Tx-gan fading In spots
w hlclt huv now spread all ov er his body.
Han' Adecat Explained.
fronlhtst lxU RtpttbHt
Ottawa, Out.. Aug, :o. Prof. Wlggloa ha a
theory that man originally came from Mar on
the tail of a (omet. There Is, in addition, the
1'rufrssoi iufc, overw helming evideut that Eve
fuaad her way here in the same manner.
"lhave no timet now to enter Into a detailed
diuuseJon un thU point." said Prof Wiggltt:
"bill 1 lielletethe serpent that beguiled EvYulid
caused all our viue w;ut a comet."
Ftomtki ZadlaiuiDoItt JaunutK I
Jimmy- What It thlt moral murage that the Bundir I
school teacher wat telllu' us sbou.? 4' I
f uumy-As near as 1 km guess It. It's tha kind of
courage that kldt hat thai a staid to fight.
Vom JL'srlraa lift. ,
Teacher Whan water becomes lc what anal I
change takes plao? - i
JuU -The chaos Uta price. I
-Jack In the-pulplt Is scarcely to be reerirn'rf .! mw.
sdaya by hit friends of tho spring Jack lilmsetf hut
developed Into a clutter of glassy re I lier-les ani hu
lita pulpit has withered Into Iwn long ilrbsl si itIK
The berries, If such theyatvrlghllv termed arest,., ,t
the mett gorjeout d-vorstlon of the wtssllsmi th,M
Blood red leaves show her and there on Ihe ,
frat troos, though thousands of lt mitten tht)
leav es retrain green. It It a fine faculty that 11 . mv
safrss trees hare of groupln themselves In grvr'nl
fashion, nnd hy theehipealid illrctllon of their MmM
ttieystigKest,atnlltlledlstaliee,ptlvelrersni th v ,p.
pear upon Kalian lillltlih s.
When the threatening autumn hat MUM (he t
of all ranilllarblnlsiherlileJsagalnsMl'ti'ii Vou
see nowadays hit red gold body swing lu som. h'lh
tree top and hear his twittered Outliii; so tlrar alt
sweet, falling through the Mrrno Atimi.t air like- i,(
waters of a tiny brook. Heen afar lie seems t,. i
glorified "Ith a perianal suntet.
The black-eyed suranllniters here and there l.rt '
sadly dwsrfrd In atnlk and flower, I m none t
within a foot of th ground Instead of Ihn-c, four n,
or six feet In nlr.and Ihe blossom Itlwnlnchti In
diameter Intteadof three or four as In July whllMlt
rich brown centre, looking like a touehrtone ulthht
golden streaks of pollen, hst shrunk to a tiny button.
-Philadelphia It likely to loo a notable iimnuimi.t
Inltienobleotd elm tree that hat loiigovir.linilo-tfd
Walnut street Just below Prosit Mrs. Inula. 1 t.piu.
cott, who has long defended Ihe old trre fr i ilr,-at
ened destruction, ha Just died, and It Is likely ..., t,
be remored. The great tree shadows Ihe wliol- wMm
of tho street, and Its largest limbs otcrlinitt; the opo
Ilroadway and fifth avenue hare obtained con
jointly a new and Interesting feature. A iKwir huut
thnpnn the west side of Fifth avenue abne txintr.
fifth street silo fact on Mrnadwsy. It l mvWa
tunnel with great theelt of plate glass al esrh end,
and as the wsres are kept nn low tablet, pnli-Mrlsni
on either street hare an unnbstnictlre view tnriiiiir'i
the shop to the parsde on the other thoroughfare
The belter class of even contract dwelling hnit.st
now are built with due regard tnsanltallon, especially
In the nistternf the bathroom plumbing. Italhliibt
are made smply large and are set free from all sur.
ronndlnga to as Xo Insure cleanliness The hathniotnt
In tucli houses aro handsomely finished In tiling, and
a builder affirms that he finds that $300 put on th
bnthroom w III snmettmet tncreate the telling price cf
the house a full $1,000.
"The long stiff leaves of a pineapple plant," said
a Fortdlan, "are so formed that a heavy dew or tight
rain will give nourishment to the roots. Kach leaf t
a conductor which leads the water to the heart of the
plant, where It collects In a diminutive reservoir, al
lowing the plant In drink the fluid at Its leisure. It It
not rare to tee n small green frog titling In thlt pool
of water, atyl he gares at the observer with a look of
solid enjoyment as If the whole arrangement was
created for hit special comfort."
- Suburban woodlands hereabouts produce th
desdty amanlta mushroom made famous by Hamilton
Gibson. It Is one of the most lieatitlfut of the mush
room family, being nearly pure white Incotor. stnlght
and sturdy of stem, and with n glossy white rap of
perfect form. It Is easily distinguished from other
mushrooms by Its cup at the base of the stem and the
veil a little lieneath the cap. A person unacquainted
with Its highly poisonous character might easily mis
take It for n peeullsrly wholesome mushroom.
West Farms does not obserrelhelaw of the breech
clout. The city line there takes the centre of th
Dronx. and while It Is Illegal to liathe without a breech
clout on Ihe New York side of Ihe river, on theoth-r
side there Is no law against It There Is a rock con
veniently situated almost In the middle of the stream
below the last dam, but a 111 tie nearer the Westchester
than the Mew York side, and here naked youths dli
port themselves In the eye of th- New York puhllo
and the New York polleo safe from li.ehandof the taw.
Cool nights on the east side, even In the worst parts
of the tenement quarts', are pleasant enough un the
tlreets. The purlfjtng north wind or the Inspiring
tea breeie blows through the thoroughfares favorably
sltusled In relation lo the prevailing winds ever-i-u.lv
Sits In comfort beneath Ihe electric lights, children
plsy on the sidewalks, rnung girls walk liackand forth
with Interlaced arms, after their own clinging fashion,
and there Is a life, motion and cheerfulness that go
far to explain why the poor prefer the nelghtsirllness
of a crowded tenement quarter to the roomy solitude
of Ihe country.
During a continued dry spell In South Florida, rep
tiles often sra obliged to resort to unique methods for
obtaining fresh water. Ono need not lie surprised
white pumping water to sen little brow n frogs Issue
from the pump, and one man a as rather startled
while pumping to see a snake two feet long Issue from
the spout, and upon striking tha ground, quickly
crawled under house. Tlie reptiles crawl Into the
pump to enjoy tha water held up by the valves. It
would be Impossible for them to come up from below,
at the wellt consttt tnerel) of a tmallplpe.drlrendrep
Into (he ground, having a atratnor over the bottom
During the tummer tnnnthe the district along
Indian River, Florida, can give points to any other
place on the mosquito question. Housekeepers are st
their wits' end to keep the pests from entering. ITau
ally, outside the screen door hangs a "mosquito
switch" uisde of split palmetto leaves. II would bean
unpardonable breach of hospitality If the visiter
should neglect before entering, to switch himself
thoroughly from head to foot, suddenly open the door,
and dart In, then slam the door In the faces of the
winged trllia trying to follow him Inside. Msny
houses have the front porch entirely screened In so
that the people can enjoy the evening air and listen
to the humming outside the screen.
Foreign Note of Ileal Interest.
The Warrior tha first real Ironclad built for ih
Ilrttlsh navy, was recently surTeved at I'onsmoulb
and declared to be practically worthless. The ship
was built at IUackwall.
A new route Is soon lo be ettabllthed across ths
Irish Channel between Palllngeary. near Wexrordand
Fishguard In Fembokeshlre. Th time from land lo
Isnd will then ha reduced lo 00 or 100 minutes.
A Scotch minister, a few Sundays ago, held nut aa a
w arnlng to his congregation, the case of an Al-rnlrfn
man who rode on his bicycle on Kundays with the re
sult that " he broke a blood vessel on Muuday, went
to hell on Wednesday, and was burled on Saturday
In digging the foundations for a house near the
church of St, Stephen In Jerusalem lately, a lieautlfiil
ktasonle pavement wat discovered which meaturcd
twenty-one feet by thirteen and contained an Arme
nian Inscription. Vnderueath was a cavern In whlili
wrre fourd bones, lamps, and glass vases
Slgnor Soniogno hat at last been Installed at Im
presario of Ln Hcala In Milan, he has gtvrn up Ilia
subvention of (10,000, hut the inunbipalltv win pro
vide lb Ibratre, on hrttra, ballet, and mg hewls.
lie wilt give nest w Inter tasca,'nr uev. ot-c-u- Rat
cllffeMand "Sllrona " "tittteuet't aarri and
rrancheltl't " Atrael "
A butt of tha Her rranrli llenn iirf hst Jutt
been placet In the library of Ihe Brittn Mutr-oni.
where Mr. C'ary was keeper of prfuirtl Isntk. Am
lbtol8M. Ilels bettknowu at the trantlatei It
Dante and the Intimate friend of Charles lamb, who
addressed some of hit best letters to hlni. snd dined
with blm at Montague House for many jeart
Innovation! mutt creep In by roundabout wavt In
Fngland. Among the amendments lo the .quails
lion of Ilatet bill, Jutt passed In Parliament. It one rt
tablithluga quluquennlul census for Ijindon A ill
reel recommendation by the Centua Committee In
1SJI lo have tha centut taken every Ave yeart was
put off by the Uoverument on the ground of ei i-ense
Accenting to a recent pamphltt by an Italian do, tor
a ture way of restoring life in cases of syncope it lo
hold the patlenl't tongue firmly After Isn other
doctors hsd worsed forau hour without result over a
young man who was apparently droit ned, hi thrust a
si-oon Into Ihe patient's mouth, seised the tongue, and
worked It violently until Ihe victim gave sums of life.
Forcenturlet It haslicen tha belief of tha common
people of lirnoa Uiat treasures were hidden In th l-l
of therolcavrra.a tlreainihal runsby therlly lie.
cently a carter. In dlgglug for sand In the bed of lha
dried up torrcm. rams upon hidden treasure, of whli h
so far cola of the fa. a value of on.OOO francs has be. n
found and Ihe supply Is not yet rihaniusl. Ilj Hit
Italian law half of this goes lo Ihe Stat and half lo
the finder. The value of the coins It far bryoiid the
turn mentioned, many of iheinaru rare and of gcrat ar
tittle value, they are chiefly gold and belong c,' die
period between MAO aud 150, tbat Is. the m'" "'
1-oulc XI., Cbarlrt VIII.. Louis Xil..andrranii and
are all either French or Genoese The (lenot se iu ait
areiieilall)rarandwllirrtchhlgbprkvs Tin ms'iU
for treasure Is going on under police supervision
The qualm Hills tleniUb town of Fumes, tituttrl
twelveuilles from Puulirk. hat jutt irlvbrstcd nt
tr.nual procession with ihe fervor or the mlditle
ages. This procession, blob lu rvallly It a I'tttion
plav , enacted by groups, waa Instituted many i.n
lurletago. In atonement for the sacrilegious act of
two soldiers, and has since undergone no tbanMe.
The town bet-oinrs for thlt tluletlay In the fr H"
rsndrsvous for devotees ami pLU-rlmt from all -rn
of ltctglum The procrsslou contJttt of forl gru -and
Ihe cotuuivs many of which arr provided b the
lubabttault of iheloHU. who regard II at a privilege
to Bgurc among the ac tors ere of the richest ... -'l
llou. The tatrla.a of Abraham. Ihe l'rb is
John leading a lamb, Ihe tUble of lu.iultr-.iu i
aUry and child, the thephvrdt. tl.a king, of tbeta-i
the flight Into lirjl. and all the rpt-s.l. '
Ihe (saviour's lite. Hit entry Into Jeritoalrui ui
tho Apostles, the 1-asl hupper. Ihe cjrdcu f
Olives, the bttrajai by Judas, ud ihe scenes ' n '
I'ructQalou are tae groups waich coni:tfr ihuit
rema ox lha Fasslon. ac! group u precede .
penitents earing long rotes, with head snd fs- '
reeled by a cowl, and walking tanfoocal. Ate".
lh- Passion play " lauvtr It public hciu art be
sieged aad dancing Wglu lu tba auourvut U-ulht -
1 v for th eocaatea.