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JH f THE SPN, SUNDAY, JULY 12, 1890. ' ., Jj
T FIVE LITTLE PEPPERS"
AXD itnr rntir onetr vxnsn this
3 rj; or MAItaAItKT Jtinxicr,
f Utr It'1 Rln " Msirsjaret Lothrop, and
nre No,Y Ao'1' OrnnulmUK s Still
j,r(tr 1'nuiUr thus th Pepper ruMllr,
' ) Uie .Nnmo or tne New One la "The
I ChUl''" of ,h American Heolutlo.'
6AB iton. July 11. Mri Popper Ii here. Her
Mini l''t t0 " numl on the hotel registers,
v.ut there are '-wo verv goad reasons (or that. In
the drst ul-M-o, tier reel name It Mrs. Daniel Lo
throp. ami. ,n tuo ,octd place, she Is visiting
Mrs. J- " Mc'',!'' Mr, EutbroD came to Sara
ji to altml the luramer mediae of tho
Daughter! of lite American llevoluilon, ami
incldcntall) to promote a Utile further her
cn eel orgptilzatlon, tho Children of tho
Amftlcin Revolution. She Is as attractive a
uguii there! to be found In the corridors
the I'nlted States Hotel, the headquarters of
lu imuifiuT. and she le simply besieged tth
people "ho want to talk to hor about almost
ettry conceit ablo subject. Tins Sll. corre
ipondent. liUu the rest, had one burnlni ques
tion to ask lir. and It was this:
i "Who were tho'flve little Peppers, and how
I did thcr grow J"
1 PerbnDS some of " the grown-ups " will want
to know who tne Peppers are and what they
fjaretodo with Mrs. Daniel Lothrop of Con
cord. Ma.: but tho children won't bo asking
any such foolish questions. What! tbo five
little reppers? Polly and Phronsle and Jool
and Hen and David? And Mrs. Pepper, who
lived with her numerous Drogony In " the llttlo
j brown house" and had such a fathomless
jntndlng basket? Every well-regulated child
and many who were once well-regulated chil
dren, but are now buylnc books for their own
little folks know all about tho Peppers and
their ups and downs. There Is not a more pop
ular eerie of books for children than that one
which Is devoted to the chronicles of this highly
Interesting family, and It Is becnuso Mrs.
Daniel Lothrop Is tho happy woman who wroto
them that Tun Sux correspondent put that
question to her.
The Ate little P.opers are as real children as
ever got Inside of a book cover. They are so
' human, so companionable, that even printer's
ink and the disadvantages of appearing serially
In chsptsrs could not make puppets out of
them Everybody who has formed the ac
quaintance of the Peppers believes them to be
copied from real life: to have had prototypes In
Mrs. Lothrop' s family or among her neighbors,
bat when the reporter asked that question. Mrs.
Lothrop shook her head.
"There never wore any llttlo Poppers." ,
" Nor any little brown hooso J"
"Nor any little brown house."
"Didn't you. ever see one after which you
modelled the one In the story ?"
" Sever, except In my Imagination."
"And yoa did not copy the Peppers from your
own children J"
"I wasn't married when I began the stories.
On the contrary. Margaret, the only child 1 have,
seems to have copied one of the little Peppers.
Bhe Is very much like Phronsle."
1"Then you Just made up the Peppers out of
whole cloth "
" Vea. They simply grew out of my lot e for
children ana my desire to ghc them something
to read which was based on real, not artificial,
views of life. I lived with those children. As
Idroie about New Haven, where I then lived,
and oat Into the country around there, I car
ried them with me. I tried to let them de
velop as naturally and as spontaneously as
other children do. When I began. howeter, I
had no Idea of carrying on the stories as I have
done. I thought the first book might be mod
erately successful, and I had no thought be
yond it. But I simply had to write the others
because the children demanded them. I have
received thousands of letters from children all
ever the country. They always call me Mrs.
Pepper, by tho way. and will not believe that I
haven't five children and that I don't live In a
kttle brown house.
"And the letters do not come from the chil
Iron alone I have bad almost as many from
the mothers, the poor, llred-out mothers of the
land. I don't kt ow what It is about the Pep
ers that seems to appeal so strongly to every
body. Feooleseem to take as much Interest In
them a If the) were living human beings. 1
lib yoa could eee the letters I received beg
ging me with the most pathetic earnestness
tot to let Pbronslo die of the measles! The
children wrote me scores of letters about it.
They begged me to let Joel die. If any one had
' to. They eaid they never did like Joel, any way;
thathe was a selfish little pic. and they couldn't
bear It if I spared him and took Phronsle. And
the mothers, too! There was one mother who
had lost her only child, n little girl called Hilda,
and she seemed to havo taken Phronsle into her
heart as. In some wa, associated with her own
child. She wrote and Implored me not to let
Phronsle die. It seemed as It It would have
been an affliction as real, though not as deep, as
the loss of her own daughter."
"Are we to hate any further continuation of
the Pepper chronicles ?"
"Yes, I nm writing another book which will
to on with the elory of Phronsle. You know
the other are grown up. but I have never token
Phronsle as far as the ret- the was only fif
teen or sixteen when I left herlntne books.
1 Tho Mnry will probably not be published before
i nexr string. But, In the mean time, the other
'Pepper books' are constantly In greater de
mand. I ilnn't underMnnd it: their sale Is
double or treble now what it was ten yean
" What are your methods of work ?"
"Sometimes I write systematically, and then
again I don't do anything for a longtime, lint
I always have my work on my mind, Thii
morning on the platform." roferrlne to a large
gathering of the Cnlldren of the American Itev.
olutlon, 'nn Idea came tn me for a situation In
the elory about Phrnntle. nnd us I eat there I
planned the whole schemo of It. While I hovo
been t&lhlng to you I have hail a hint for
another situation. Before I sit down to write I
always plan the work I mean lo do. You
know I lire en Wayside. Hawthorne's old home,
nd ter often 1 spend the mornings writing
In the summer house which Hawthorne built.
It has been kept In repair by one occupant of
the place after another and ought to be an in
spiring place to work in, simply because of Its
associations. The home, you know, is the one
In which the "Mule Women" lived from 1H43
to 1853, seven Important ears in Louisa's life.
They called the place Hillside, but Hawthorne
christened It Wayside. The name is still tho
same, while tho place Itself has been but llttlo
"How did you happen to select tho name of
rtpper fur that of your family V" , ,
'"ell, I thought it was unusual. I had
never heard it, but have since heard from a
man b) that name. It Is strange; you may try
your best in devise some entirely new nnmc or
,c combination of names, but ou will almost
a'i always Hint that some one In real life has
r anticipated you, 1 wroto a story of old Now
England times, and In It wax a character
named, whose two nanus I selected quite ul
random. After the book came out f had a
letter troin aman up In New England asKlng
me how In the world I had over known hi
grandfather. It seems that I had uat amy hit
upon the man'), name, hut hid gle:i his very
Mrs Lothrop'o new family, the 0. A. It., as it
Isfamlllnrli k'mwn.wnsoigaDlzed In the spring
of IMUS, anil riiir- bids fair tube as popular us
the .iiclo;y uf Ihn daughters or the Ainerlcon
involution. Tor odin'o'lon to the children's
ociety no limit Is set In the lino of youthful
nis; balile.rnaj bo admitted at the request of
tueir parents ana may grow on In tho 1 1 A, it.
until they are old, enough In gradtiuto Into the
walMngrnnksof the Sons and Daughters. Tho
purpn-csof the society are set forth as follows:
'. Tne National Hoclety of Children of tho
American Itevolutlnn was furmel thut the
member, may help forward to patriotism nnd
good cltirenshlp, not only those who are eligible
to membership In It. but also thoro whnnro not
llelble. Those who Lelong to It will nut be
ttue to their trusts as descendants of their
b-ojd.snuled ancestors If they forgot forinno
n'eni the maiii ways and means by whli-h thev
can band logrthur the active members and
those ethers who, though Ineligible, may bo as
sociated with them In patriotic work nnl on
debtor. 'Ihe local ecrf-letle nro expecttd tn
ursa nd invite to nil public meetings all
thine ( hlldreu who want to go, no matter what
thili nationality is. Theso children are, per
I -op. Just as patriotic na If Ihelr ancestry
lncluod tho colonist and the Hevolutlonory
soldier, and they are expected to .keep
themselves In sympathy with tho children
Mm can claim ancestrt connected IJI
. the earlv history of nur country. One of Mm
I nblietsln starting this Nitlloial Socle'y Is with
I tho lifipti that it muyform a nucleu- for a pa
ll trim it organization that "III Interest nil chil-
i dren anil oung people of tho I'nlted Ho'ealn
t "uiiltnl eiinrt loluirn nil thnlcnn aid them to
Mtesa their lest development nnd good citizenship.
P ihe oc el) nn this basis call Le nf unlimited
m nope, with Us channels for receiving the good
& aimed at. I'iretnall whoi'ity desire It.
aaab " ' rm stuuynf American history win
B ' Ui ujirr'.r..cu by this children's society. b it Is
BamSammt . -iSJMaM
claimed hjr very n.any persons well fitted to
Judge that nur young people know more nf an.
clent and foreign history than they do of that
of their own country.
.1. The Inner workings of the local societies
will result In tho teaching of local history and
of government, rmtlonal aud municipal, while
practical pleasure will be derived from party
excursions tn historical points. It Is hoped that
this will tend tn Impress Indelibly tho great les
sons of our national history, together with tho
principles and Institutions that made the coun.
try what It Is. It Is also one of the official duties
to rind out tho boys nnd girl who helpod for
ward tho cause of intiepondcnco. There are
many such burled In history.
4. One of the reasous for starting tho work
Is that It will tend to nopularlre the work nf the
public schools toward patriotism and good gov
ernment: for those ihlldren who are tint eligi
ble for membership are to ho gathered by the
local societies Into all Its publlo meetings. Into
Its plans. Its work, ita pleasures, so that the
movement may bo said to be one of the broaden
nnd moat benell'.ent to touch child life and tho
llfoot oUlh that has jet b"en started.
a. The Heading Circle devoted to American
history In Its nrlous forms should be started In
connection with tho local society nnd under tho
nusplies of that society. Here the young penplo
are gathered to practise the lino nrt of reading
aloud, while at tho same tlmo they absorb the
history of their own country. And after tho
reading la completed, if they so choose, tho
members of the circle piny came, adding tbo
recreation they mny need In their young lives.
0. 1 he obe rvnm-e of all patriotic anniversa
ries In a reveroul spirit; the familiarizing them
selves with the Irclar.ttlon nf Independence:
the Constitution of the United States, nnd other
palrlntlo dooumont; tho memorizing of nur
national songs: tho love nnd reverence for tho
American ting; the following of tho Injunctions
nf Washington, who served his country In his
Jouth nil of theso are practical alms to hold up
before the young people until they are lufused
with a lot e for, and a desire for, good citizen
ship. The officers of the National Society are:
President Mrs. Daniel iAJtlirup. the Wayside,
Vlco-Presidunts Mrs. John W. Foster, Wash
ington. I). ('.; Mrs Mary Harrison McKee, In
tllaunpolls, Ind.: Mn, Henry K. Blount. ash
lngton. D. U.: Mhs Amelia 8. Knight. Provi
dence, It. I.: Miss Julia E. Smith. Westerly. II.
I.: Mrs. James Lyons. Itlchmond, Vo,; Mis. T.
II. Alexander. Washington. I). C.
Treasurer -Mrs. Violet lllalr Janln, Washing
ton, D. C.
Secretary Mrs. Charles A. Mann, Washing
ton. D. C.
Krglstrar-Mrs. llosn Wright Smith, Wash
ington. I). C.
Chaplain Mrs. Teunls S. Hamlin. Washing
ton. D. C.
The Stato Promoters of tho Society are to be
chosen carefully from among tho representa
tive men and wouion of each Stato. Mrs. Mary
Harrison McKco l to secure those from five of
tho Western States, while the work of district
ing the entire country is being given Into wlso
The list of those nlready chosen, who have ac
cepted, Includos such name as :
Mr. John Mike. Ph. I) . I.I..I).
Mr. (lov. Orcnhalge nf Massachusetts.
The Hev. Francis E. Clark I). I).
Tho Itev. E. Winchester Donald, D. D., rector
of Trinity Church, Boston.
The Hon. Chauncey M. Dencw. President New
York Sons of the American Hot olutlon.
Ex-Senator Nathan Dlxun and Mrs. Dixon of
The Hon, Jonathan Trumbull of Connecticut.
The Hev. S. E. Smith. D. D., author of "Amer
ica." The Hon. Frank A. 11(11. Secretary Massachu
setts Board of Education.
The Ilev. William Copley Wlnslow, President
Egypt Exploration Fund.
At Mrs. Lothrop'a request John Fiske. the
eminent historian, prepared a list of books for
the use of the C. A. Ft. In their patriotic studies.
Probably a good many others will be glad to
avail ihemai'ltes of his suggeitlons.
" For readers," be say. " w ho have access to
fslrly large nubile libraries there is no better
way to study the subject than to take Winsnr's
' Header's Handbook of the American Revolu
tion,' and look un. so far aa possible, all the ref
erences of which that handbook conslrt.
"A good course or general reading nn the sub
ject Is as follows. Hku's War of Independ
ence: Fiske's American Hct olutlon. " vols.;
riske' Critical Period of American History:
(reeve's Historical View of the American Revo
lution: Lecky's History of England in the
Eighteenth Century. 1 ols., especially tho
i hapten on American ntlalrs: Irvlng's Life of
Washington, S vols.: Scadder's (leorge Wash
ington; IxKlge' George Washington, " vols.;
Mor-e's Franklin: Morse's John Adams;
Pellew's John Jay: Hosmer's Samuel Ad
am; Hnsmer's Thomas Hutchinson (in
i press); Hutchinson's Diary and Letters.
J tots.: Krothingham's Joseph Warren:
Frothlngham' Illse of ihe Republic: Tyler's
Patrick Henry: Stllle's John Dickinson; Fa
miliar Letters of John Adams to His Wife;
Moultrie's Memoir of the Amerlran Retolu
Hon. '' tol ; Fonblanque's Memoirs of John
Burgoyne; Stone's ("ainj-alirn of Hen. John Bur
anyne; Mme. ltledeel's Memoirs; Anburey's
Trntelsln America; Roosevelt's Winning of the
West. .T vols.; If aao Arnold's Life of Benedict
Arnold: Sargent's Life of Andre: Ixiwell's Hes
sians In the Revolution: Kapp's Ltfe of Steu
ben: Losslng' Life of Philip .chuyler. 2 vols.
"It seem to me It would be a mistake to
recommend for nitng readers too long a list of
books. For hoys and girls of twelve to flftien
I should think this list would be about right."
ciior.vr str.KTs iii.h uptbit.
Jts Kpleode of Hoclal Intereonrse at st
MLatea lalnnd Picnic l'ark.
Sho was from the east side, fair of (Is J re nnd
countenance, with hazel-brown etcs and light
brown hair shaded with Just a tinge of auburn,
which was carefully comlied up behind, mak
ing the contour of hor head attractive. She
wore a cheap shirt waist with green and whltfl
stripes, a whlto butterfly tie. and a black fig
ured satin skirt, while a trim sailor hat with a
wito satin band retted Jauntily on her head.
She stood un on a grassy mound nt the plcnlo
grounds, where she caught the eye of Chonny
McCue. who. with his chum. Mlkey Farrel,
had wandered Into the picnic in the hope of
"catching on" nnd hating a dance. It was at
one of thotu Stnten Island plcnlo parks so
popular with city folks In tho lower wards who
want to hate a whole lot of fun for a very little
money. C ionn was tocged out lit his Sun
day best. Ho worn light trousers with a tcry
bright blue serge coat and walitcoat. a straw
hat with a bright red and white striped bnnd.
n bright blue necktie, nnd j ellow shoes. Flip
ping awuj the stump of ft clgarotte. ho said;
"Mlkey. I'tu found mo spirit. Watch mo
while I git trgelher."
Ho started up the mound at a slow pace. She
saw him coming toward her ami nodded her
head Hllulitlt in responds to a noil from him.
Then "ho turned her head away: but Chonnt.
encouraged by the nod. n arched bravely up.
" 'Sense n o." ald he, with uplifted hat and
a short. Jerkv bow."but dld'nt I collide wid
yon nt Newport last summer?"
"Maybe ou did but I was'nt them." said
she. biting htr llplii nn attempt to conceal a
smile. . ,, . ,
"lint's how I cnm ter meet er," aald
CTinnny, grinning broidly.
"Ynu don't sago)ilntn so?" she retorted.
This tins a new one on Chonny, nnd he was
stumped for n moment; but his ready it It
hclixil him the next a he blurted:
"Say, Mamie, what Is yi r first name, any
how7 "Why. it's ulo how did ycr guess Hi"
Then I hey both laughed.
"Well. Iniw are ycr on derimliiRT" said
Chonny. pointing to n roup swinging from a
nenr-by tn e.
"Oh. I'm a good thing; Just push me along."
said sho. nnd Chonny Just fell In alongsldo
her and led her over to tho frcup.
He lifted her on tlio scat iwil wa soon
swinging her Industriously. Their introduc
tion had b'-en aciompll-hed.
JIUJTKlth'T.ri!' A itIlVA3IKXTS,
IlrniHKul Hii.clmrn. Cultivated In Cuptlvlty
for Hecorutlvi- I'urposee.
One of the now and curious fads Is the treat
mentof biaullful butterflies, not as objects of
scl-ntlfln Interest, but as decoratlto articles.
When t al jab'.e collection of mounted butter
file wus sold recently, handsome specimens
were ln-ught by t arions persons, not with tho in
tentlouof making them features of a butterfly
collection, butsolelj for tho sake of tho inhi rent
beauty of the butterflies.
A comparatively recent Invention for mount.
lnjr and ejhl'Utlne insects has madu it ony lo
uso butterflies In tills fashion. Jlandsoino
moths and butterflies are nfttv mounted upon
piaster of parls tlh'S. each tllo tuivliig a depres
alnulnrrecelvlngt o iKidyof tlio IntecL Tho
mounted 'nss-t Is coven d with n glass plate of
the fjniiioilu IW'I shupo as tho plnsler. nnd
nlnss and plaster nro firmly held together by
strips of paper pallid on. In some Instances, for
better ilecorntlte effect, Ihn plaster Is gildid.
No littering or numbering appears upon tho
1 vl.ll JlVsiirliici'. On ll"' piiMebnnril back nf he
p as lir t' o I. t rltlen the cluMlllc pamu nf the
Eutcrlly together with tiliatevei nicount of
tho Insects and l.ahlts may be ilolrcd.
as some of the tropical hutlerlllcs are of raro
beauty thedecorallieetTraofthel.ihect. when
thus mou ted for exhibition Is very tr king.
much attention and Interest. (Ills H,:i '" i"
costlJ thati many others. Specimen butterflies
of rare beauty mny be had at from fJ to ?.. and
Uie mounting dots not mid materially to their
ro?t Many are n.it only beautiful, but -f.
i;i.. . iliiittrnttna Uie effects nf et olutlon.
The on.se .'ntlflc "inferest In butterflies I likely
I Jntorestlnt.' specimens.
SOME SENTIMENTAL FADS.
tjiofiiibh nnicu aitiLa axd
TO USO M ax i) A Til En.
The I.adjr-klller Who Appropriate Per-
aaal rropertjr and Duaata of Ilia Con
ejneata Utovee, iline'kerehlefl Hpoonn,
nnd Other Objects Collected-lIooUblad.
Insj amd (sentiment Combined.
"The fine frenr.y of the following of a foolish
fad" that Is the way one girl describes the emo
tions with which she views the queer collection
of things strung along the walls of her room.
HI a peculiar disease, this fino frenzy. Most
nf Its victims are young women, and It gener
ally goes pretty hard with them while It lasts.
Tho battered pigskin which tho maiden's hern
has kicked for a winning goal at footbnll, tho
pennant whloh was first at the mark In n boat
rnco, the balinerwhlcb was waved from tho too
uf a college coach, tho cricket bat, tho baseball
mask theso aro some of the dainty souvenirs
with which the up-to-date girl adorns her whlto
and gold boudoir. .
Mamma and papa sigh uncomoreliendlngly,
'tis true; but theotherglrli aro filled with envy,
nnd tho boys think she Is a brick, and so tho
contagion spreads. It Isn't tho girls alono who
are the victims, either. The fad fever attacks
some young men, nnd In a more malignant form,
too, tbnn it does tho girls. It seems to be a feature
of the disease that the sterner tho sex Is, tho
fonder and more foolish Is the fad.
Of rourse, sentiment is really Insldo of that
cherished pigskin In the girl's boudoir, but
you won't find any girl making a collection of
tho half-worn gloves and hnndkerohlefs, the
faded umbrellas and don n-at-the-heel slippers
of her masculine frlonds. Cast-oft clothing
doesn't seem to appeal to her ns It does to the
man faddist. He revels In wrinkled handker
chiefs, gloves which show signs of having been
worn, and discarded parasols. Tho man with
tho most comprehensive lay-nut of such articles
easily imagines that his reputation as n lady
killer Is established. Ho moons over tbem
when tho fellows are around. Ho looks un
utterable things ns ho furls and unfurls n fan,
and he cites the Impression that he could a
talo unfold of what took placo under tho
shadow of that rose-colored parasol which
hangs spread over tho corner of his divan (men
with such collections always have divans), but
discretion forbids him to spenk.
Sometimes his lot o of himself and his desire
tn nppenr as a conquering hero is too strong for
him, nnd then thero Is no more contemptible or
deadly nn enemy to Innocence than ho Is. Ho
takes his collection. Item by item, and he ro
mances to his hcait'i content over It. The way
he pressed the hand which once occupied this
glove or received a stealthy and flattering press
ure -"Oadl I was never more surprised In
my ltfo!"- from tho wearer of this other; the
tears of disappointed love "and, upon my
soul! I never gat the girl one shadow of en
couragement'" -which had been dried with this
filmy kerchief ; the flirtation which bad gonoon
under that parasol" I tell you, that girl was
Just a little too strong for oven yours truly!"
tho time he tied that slipper no words this
time, but a reflective smile and a long pause.
If only these combinations of silk and mull
and leather or whatever they may bo could
speak ! It seems almost strange that tho hand
kerchief does not stuff itself into his mouth and
choke him, the glove take him by the throat,
the parasol berate him across the shoulders, and
the slipper administer a kick out of all propor
tion to Its slenderness. Deliberate theft prob
ably Is at tho bottom of his possession of every
t' lng except the tllppor. That may have need
ed bribing of a small brother, or flattery may
have gained It from the girl who likes to hear
that she has the smallest foot which the con
quering hero ever saw.
There is nothing easier than for a young man
to acquire a collection of such apparent sou
venirs. To pick up a handkerchief and nut It
into one's pocket Instead of restoring it to its
owner Is the simples thing In the world. The
party glove which Is taken off for supper Is Just
a easily appropriated. Any young man of or
dinary shrewdness can manage to break the
stick of a fan. and. If his conscience Isn't too
tender, say that he will get it mended, and add
it to his collection.
"I'm gelling sick of this," said one girl to a
"What" tho matter?"
"Well. Dlcx Brown carried off one of mj
party gloves at the dance last night, and It's the
third plr I've had broken in as many weeks."
"Win dldu't ou tell him to give It back t"
" I did."
"And he wouldn't do It T"
"No, he wouldn't I"
' I guws ou'll havo to tell your father and
get him to do a mine does?"
"Well, sou know party gloves cost between
$ 1 and 95 a pair, and as 1 hate to get them out
of my allowance. 11 makes quite nn Item 1 1t
eo many through tho boys Mealinir tbern that I
Just couldn't stand it. If they'd only take the
different hnnils occasionally, so that ynu could
match up the odd one Irlt, why. It wouldn't bo
so bad! But I always take oil tlie same glote
when It comes to supper, and so it goes. Final
ly I told my father that he'd have to glie
me more in nij.nnd he wanted lo know why,
and I told him. lie said he would nttcnil to It.
He made me tell him tt bo had taken my gloves
and then he sent n hill to each of tho boys.
" Yes. I was awfully mortified it first, but I
concluded that if the boys didn't care for any
thing about me except my glot es they might as
well go, any way "
" 1 don'i think papa would et er do It "
"Well, jou might try another plan. When
ynu go ton party enrry one of the oil d glntes
you hate left and make 'em take that."
- "But I don't want them to hatr any nt nil!"
"Neither did 1. but that's all tlm good ll did!
You can't take ll away by main force. How are
you oil for handkerchiefs?"
"Oh, don't a"k inn! Yon remember those
lovely Swiss eiubroidi red ones that Aunt Mary
brought me from Europe t"
" ou don't mean to say they're gone!"
"All but one out of the half doron. Aunt
Mary Is coming next week, and will be sure to
ask mo about tocin."
This, if the truth were only known. Is tlio In
side history of many of these Huiiilmi-n:al col
lections. Of course. It Isn't alwa) s so, U hen a
collector Is a true faddist he is tcrv likely to
win tho sympathy nnd Interest ol his girl
frlmils. For Instance, If be is making a collec
tion of handkerchiefs, he will not lack for free
will offerings. It Is quite dlfflleut, no the girl
knowne. to contribute along with all the rest of
the girls, and she will stretch a point to inuko
her particular slit either costly or original.
One young man has a screen upon which
aro pinned rascadeb or handkerchiefs. Some
of them am of real lace; some woro
wore made by tho deft lingers of the donor
herself, and nre tnguely described by Ihe young
man as "drawn work"; one of them Is a child's
Mother Goose ken hlef, with bright red, green,
and blue llliihtrationsof the Old Woman Who
Lived In the Shoe, and nthoi well-known Jingles;
a good many are of xllk, upon which have been
photographed the more or less pretty girls who
g.tte them; nun is mnile Irom n laie tree, and is
asoutenlr brought ba k from a girl's travels;
another, an embroldertd silk one, came across
lue sens to him from a steamer uuiunlntaiirii
who went lo Japan: nuothiT Is a big, bright ml
ored bandanna from a girl who lltes 'way down
South in Dixie, nnd still nnoihrr is a gay siur
let one from a tobogganing maiden of Canada,
Ills really an Interi'sllng collection, and the
young man Is probably no prouderuf It than tho
girls were at being asked to contribute to it.
Another young men, a college fellow, seems
tn hate an Incurable mania for tolled lug rpoons.
Ills croyo does not tnku tho famlllai soutcnir
spoon foiin, Hedoesn't seim to care whether
t fit spoon I'J of pewter or linn uold, so ho can get
it without paying for It. Ho Is a clnrgyman's
sou, but lie si sins absolutely devoid of con
si lent u ill the matter. He net er goes to a hotel
or restaurant witlimit "sneHkli.g" one of the
spoons to add to his lolleciloii. Ho crltis them
from the dining cars, from the lunch stands,
from the soda-water tounters, and yes! oten
from the tea tables of his acquaintances! True,
ill the at-last case-, healnujb sends sum" offer
ing which, it Is to Im presumed, satisfies his
Ideas of Justice, but the sumo may not bo true of
the loser of lb" snoon. Ho loves logo over his
olio Hon and tell how honiuulr"d eitrh piece,
"I'll neter lurget the nlcht I got Mils sunon,"
he remarks, taking up a typical hold spoon
til h a mrco " W" iiigraiid on the handle, "it
wn Thanksglt lng night; I'riiircton had beaten
Yale, and wo dined gioilously at tho aldorf,
Here's another ' Vt ;' a ill lluri-n t one, you see.
It stands for Wanner, nnd I hooKed It on thu
dining car the last lime I went to Buffalo. The
prettiest girl 1 ever san ale three dUhvs of ke
cream tvllh it. ami 1 wasn't going to hate it do.
? railed to ordinary uses after that. Hero's a
'oilman one I sneaked nut hi Ohio just to get
even with them Iwcause they wouldn't sell mo
a glAssof beer until wo got out of tho Mute, and
me ns thirsty as lilies and Tantalus put to.
gether! And hero," fl lurlshing a i owiiir one,
" Is n relic of old Coney I had to order another
dlshnf iroiriaiii to Kit thut I neter did seen
follow keep milIi an iye on t lie spoons! You'd
hate thought Ihet it im solid gold.
"This one,'' olMii.iiIng a plnird spoon from
width much of Mir sitter I. nil lieen rubtied. I
upi roprlalt'd at .ithurih souuble. I null) had
todoitlo get eien with the ihurcli. tlio cu
cream was so thin This large spoon was ac
quired In tho tamu manner, except th.t tho uc-
caslon waa an oyster supper. At tint I Intended
to hate an oyster engraved upon the bowl and
end It back to the society as a delicate bint, but
I needed It In my collection." S
Ills trophlo, liv the wny, were arranged upon
racks after tho fashion of pipes, and they mnko
n glittering show. Not much more so. however,
than tho collection of buckles which another
college man possesses. This collection really
has some intrinsic taluo nnd Interest, aside
from the associations which go with it. Thtre
nro buckles of gold and of silver, of pearl nnd of
Jet; a turquoise bm.kle from Flnrrnco: a coral
one from Naples; a tortolseshell one from
Capri: an enamelled one from lurkey; a fill-
f:reo one from Rusiln. all of them brought
tome, nnd worn, too, by the girls who gave them
to the lucky faddist.
Another victim of the fever has bis room ap
parently largely furnished with feminine wear
ing nppnrel Ills tvnte basket Is tho big sum
mer hat of sonio bygone summer girl: his
tobacco pouch Is a long party glove hanging,
Fnthetlcnnd (dump, by tho side of his table,
lis friends say, however, that he never use It,
and that tt hasn't been refilled for a year. Ills
tablo cover Is a steamer rug Into which bode
toledly tucked Us quondam owner nn the voy
age over. He pokes tho fire with tho skeleton
tick of nn old umbrelln. Above his desk thoro
is a row of the queerest pigeonholes a man et er
hail: they aro the well-worn muffs which once
warmed half a dozen pairs of feminine hand,
nnd thev range from a big bearskin to a ridicu
lous little affair of silk with violets, nil failed
and dusty now.
Still another young man hat a rnnnla for ac
cumulating hat pins, and so stupendous Is his
collection that hi friends accuse him of
coming by a good part of It dishonestly.
Strangely enough, "dishonestly " In fads of this
sort really menus "honestly." That Is to say.
If a man should go to n shop and purchase a
specimen to bo added to his collection, that
would Do coming by It dishonestly. But If he
can hook it, or snenk It, or pinch it, or acquire
it In several other modes of expression whoso
words nro tn the same effect, he is coming by It
honestly. Strange paradox I
A fait which is really original Is one which a
New York young an with artistic tendencies
has devised. Ho has always been in the habit
of decorating his walls with sketches, old prints,
photographs, nnd such things, which he put up
with thumb tacks. He has now detlsed the
brilliant scheme of fitting buttons to the heads
of theso tacks. The buttons ho begs, borrows,
or steals from his feminine acquaintances, and
he ha become so full of the possibilities of his
fad that he Is constantly on the alert for button
which will, so to speak, tit his pictures. Histoid
of him that on one occasion he saw a lady at a
table I ear him In a restaurant. She wore ago n
trimmed with buttons upon which was an Imi
tation miniature of an old-time French beauty.
Tho lady-put her elbow on the table, and tho
unhappy faddist perceived that her sleeves wore
ornamented tilth half a dozen tiny buttons of
the same sort. He became uneasy; absent
mlndtd; ceased tn pay attention to tho meal or
his friend. Finally ho took a knife out of his
poiket, put on hlshat, walked over to tho other
lanlo. ssld "1 beg v our pardon," clipped four of
the tiny buttons from tho sleeve of the
n-tonlshed woman, opened the door, nnd fled
before nny one halt realized what he was about.
"I know they would bo perfect with this old
firlntof Diane do Poltler-." he said triumphant
y, as he showed them tn his friends later.
One of the most Interesting of fads. In the
depth nf its possibilities, Is one which a certain
young book lorirof this city ha developed. He
has, to begin with, a great lovo for beautiful
Undlngs, and luckily he has the means to grat
ify his taste. He displays with Infinite prldo
certain gems from too Dove tilndcry. without
which he thinks heaven would bo but poorly
equipped. But It was when ho came across a
book which was lined with silk that he bean
todetelop the latest form of his mnnm. The
silk Ison the Insidn of the coter nnd tho cor
responding side of the first and last fly leaves.
The young roan at once saw tho possibility of
selecting a silk which should harmonize with the
binding. Then It occurred toblm that he might
make the silk a connecting link between the
binding nnd tho book by mailing It harmonize
in color with the coter and In spirit with the
book. Tnat Is to say. a dainty flowered and
striped Wattenu silk should go with "Memoirs
of Marie Antoinette." a vivid scarier with, ear
ly lea" French Revolution," an old Italian bro
cade with nn edition lie lure nf " Romeo ami
Juliet," and so on. Finally he found another
Fosslblllty lu his fad. It was to get the silk
rum some woman of his acquaintance whom
he had seen wearlug It. This Introduced still
another feature. He must now get the silk only
fiom n woman who seoms tn harmony with the
book he Is going to hind. With all thc-e re
strictions tlio young man Is binding fewer
books, hut be gels a hean of satisfaction out of
those be doe bind. There is ono trouble, nnd
that Is Hist he Is unmarried. It may be that
when he does take unto himself a partner of his
Joys and sorrows and a reader of bis books,
those bindings will create a little rurlnelty lu
the mind of his wife. What If. after all these
hours of study and comparison, these day
spent over tea tables and these weary nights in
the ballroom, all In the hope ot surprising a
coincidence between leather, literature, silk,
and spirit, all those bindings should have to
be altered, and samples of the brldo's wedding
gown take the place of those laborlously
rhosen triumph of Insight and comparison I
Then the fad would hate come to naught, that's
all: still, a that Is the onllnar) fate of fads, 11
might not be such a dreadful thing auy w-ay.
TO ATTItACT Wtl.lt UlRnS.
IfTou TVsstTlirm Ahnul Yonr Ifnaae Plant
Jk Willie Mulberry Tree and Abolish Cms.
"If you lite In a suburban town and want
to encouraue wild bird to tlit and Hto about
your house," the obsertaut Jer-oyman says,
"you cannot make adianres to Hum in a
better way than by planting a whlto mul
berry tree and abolishing cats,
"The first thing to attend to Is to get rid of
all the cats which tomo about your grounds.
You can do this while your mnllierry tree is
growing, but don't tnko too long nbiut It. for
the it bite mulberry Is onn of the qulrkest
growing trees that I know of. Originally It
camolfrom China, and was brought to this
part of tho country nbout Ufty years ago,
when there was a craze for raising silkworms.
Slnco that time it bus been much neglected,
but thero am many places like my own part of
tho country upon the Shrewsbury River where
It has found a congenial soil nnd climate nnd
now grow wild.
"I hnvo one white mulberry tree. File years
ago It was only alout six feet tall, with a trunk
not bigger than a broomstick. To-day It is
thirty feet tnll. and its hundome irlobular head
has a diameter of about twent) -live feet. Ill
a prettv tre.-, wltli Its shiny lent i and Its close
fnliagn, and makes a sneiter which the birds
lute: but tt Is when tho fruit ripen tl at tho
tree become the strongest drnwing nttiactlon
for them. The fruit I nlul llire quarters of
no inch long and mawkishly sweet to nur hu
man tnte, but there seems to be hardly ono
cf our small nntlte birds that does not lot e it.
"Thi frultlieganto ripen about June 15 thl year,
r.ud cicr since then there hasn't been a mluutei
nf thoday when there wasn't nt least one bird In
the tree. To ono who I not rouiersnnt with
he great vaiictv of our intltn birds It Is a rcie
iallon to watch them tome aftnr a tastu of tho
(most fruit. There nre catbirds nnd robit.s.
sparro.ts of more klmb than you hate fingers
and t i'i. wnrhlern and treos, and emu hum
mlngblrds. The fruit will last until about
July 10 or lo.
Tho white mulberrv furrrlshot nnother
Fourceof delight to tho bird, which 1 not so
much a matter of pleaiuru to Its owner. This Is
becau Its leave s ore exceedingly toothsome to
some of the caterpillar, and particularly to the
lent r.itcrnlllnr. Ihn elder, the mulberry,
nnd the apnle tree am favorites nf this worm,
I have somo colonies of caterpillars on my
mulberry trie, but, thanks to the same bird
which eat tho fruit, the worms aro also toon
enten, and not a single i ninny of tho worm ha
so fnr got lK')ond the twig it originated npon
beforo Its mrmbeis were Hiinpped up a choice
gnraclN by tho colon) nf blnlH,"
"And do you hiitn English sparrows?"
"Certainly; a largo flock of thuni. They
lite In this wistaria tines and nest under tho
vat is of tho liirn."
"And do thoy not drlto wny tho other
"No. nor tlo llelicto that thoy hatedeno
so anywhere. II I true Hint thero are now
many places wln-ninone of mil- until o blrdn
is left, mid that in theso anmnplaios tint
English sparrows abound, and this lins glten
rise to lK-llef Hint the other hlnlHliatn been
drlton awn) lit them; but i hate neter srou
tho nntlt o hlids niirrleil hi them. On my llttlo
li'uce the) nil ev!t ti'cethci nnd in harmony ,
Tbo rotfti ain mnu iiinrrtlsiinn than tho
English h.irr"M". I IHIevo that if rnroful j
nbservntin . wuie iiivlo it would he found
Hint where the ii-ulto birds hato disappeared
jt nan tin rnsii't of oiliei iiiu'es. and that
thn English spurrotts ii mnlncd simply because
thuy do pot mind thing t.liUi would drlie ,
nil the wild birds fnr oh. People mil c ita
nnd lack of slindo and fiult are potent reasons
for tlio departure of tho wild birds, eats
Juvenile Tale or (he Unity Hippopotamus.
Irom thf Ia mhm I iiffy IrUyrtiph,
Thu steamer Calabar, from West Afrlnn, has
brought Into Llicrpnol a baby hippopotamus.
'Iliiinnlmal Is ubont thrieor four feet high and
four or live fun long, nt d I only three months
old. It 1 so tame that it Ith oildl-nt relish It
permits strangers In rub Its wise Thu capture
of tlm hippopotamus wa brought about in an
Ingenious manner. It M-emx that It was horn In
tho upper reaches (, tho li'auibla lllier, West '
Africa. It l nustmuary for thu male to eat Hie
young, and In protein this the mother usually
at crrtea her offspring The present Infant was
placed by the mother In a hnla dug on Hie
hunks nf tho riter, being nflerw an) cot ered by
weeds and gra-s. Thl operation was wMrhed
by tlio natiicaof thevillage adjainnt. and when
the mother went In the npioslm hide of the
rucr to feed thc'i pouiued on and securnl their
youthful prUe This it i- ilono by tutoring tlm
baby with a i el i, id t-entirlng it with ropes
The) brought thu.r tapturn with all pos-ihle
speed to the- tillagii and sold it I o a trader, who
I was a passenger ui thu Calabar. The animal Is
, In good condition, though ita hldn hears I rare
! or tho ropes that bound It when tint captiiird
iintlwhiu llscontwas tender. Its quarters nn
tho toy ago wcren lnrge crate, and its chief food
grass and vegetables.
MEXICO'S ' LITTLE LADY."
vrs axd Jjorr.vs or xveitiia
SKXOItA vk ton itnuiiDios.
A l.lttle Imnge of the Virata flronstht Over
by Follower of Cortex, Whose Credit
tVns Injured by Polltlee-Rnln that Fol.
lowed n Service at Her Hhrlne After n
T.onc Droncht a Iloom for Her.
Mexico, Juno 3D. A special service tn pray
for rain at tho shrtno of Nuostrn Scflora de los
Rcmodlos has been followed by a plentoous
downpour, nnd so tlio fame of tbo shrlno Is
proportionately greater. Yesterday tho sun
rose over Uie valley of Mexico with n clear,
koon, steady brightness that enucd tho old
pooplo to shake their bonds. It wni a day
that miulo tho woatlier prophets htdo them
tclvos In despair; a dawning that onco mora
painted on tho steel-blue sky tie words nf
which nil tho lnnd had weeks ago grown
weary "No roln." Etervwhero tho piilqut
fields and tho corn lamia lay cricked nnd
eoamed with thn Ion.-, s toady, scorching heat
of the tropical sun.
One who has lit ed long In Mexico learns
Instinctively to tell when tho ruin Is coming,
for the atmosphere, which Is tcry sensitive,
owing to tho great (dotation of tho taller, bo
comes heavy and oppressive often many hours
before tho rain oomrs. The winds from tho
Gulf drtro tlio clouds up from tho east, and
with thum comes the rnln. Thoriforo, If tho
clouds are rcon In the east In the morning,
ovon In tho faintest gray Unn, this Is a euro
sign of coming rnln, especially If they climb
up before noon ami cluster around tho bold,
cloAr-out, shining, snow-capped tops of Popo
catepetl and Ixtacclhuntl. The old people
will tell you that tho rain never comes without
first painting Its weather sign In the eastern
aky. If you ask a peasant ot the valley It It Is
going to rnln he will first look to ward tho two
great mountains that tower 10.000 foot above his
head, and after ho has studied them care
fully for a mtnuto or two, he will give you his
opinion without any hesitation, for the simple
reason that he has nono In his own mind. If
tho mountnlns nro clouded however Utile, thnt
to him Is a sure sign of r.iln; tf not, then not n
drop it III come to refresh the valley that day.
Yesterday thero was not a handful of cloud
of even tho fleeciest kind to bo seen lu the sity
until long past midday. From sunrise until
tho middle of the afternoon a curtain of the
deadest steel blue stretched taut above the val
ley. And the llttlo gusts of wind from time to
tlmo blow tho thick dust up In whlto clouds
that cropl Into the eyes nf tho foot passengers
and nearly blinded them. On tho rides of tho
foothills tho great maguey plants, that suck
their Ufa irom tho tolcanlo ash lands., hail
begun to hang their thick, floshv-leaved heads.
And when tho maguey plants cry for rain
then Indeed la tho drought upon the land.
But all this time a curious ceremony was go
ing on In tho little old historic church of Los
Remedlns, perched like a crow's nest away up
upon tho side of tho mountain, some twenty
miles to' Uie northwest of the city of Mexico.
Hero is housed what was onco tho most fa
mous saint in tho republic. Nuestra Sofiorn
do los Rcmedlos. This Is a little wooden Im
age ot tho Virgin, leas than a foot long. Though
It Is so llttlo, it has played an interesting part
In the history of Mexico since the coming of
Uie first Spaniards. Yesterday thousands of
people from all otrr the republic sent up their
prayers tn the little imago nf Our Lady of Suc
cor that she would remember them as sho had
dono In the past and send them tho rain to glad
den their parcjed fields; for such a drought
as thero has been upon the land for tho past
I eight months hoe not been felt in Mexico for
many )ears. Thero is tradition on tho upland
nlatenux that thn sowing season closes with
the present month. It Is neter thought safo
to sow unless there I plenty of rain to Insure
the germination of the grain. But this year
all through the sowing season there has been
no rain. I'ntll yeterdny hundreds of peti
tions and pilgrimages hod Is en made to Our
Lady of Succor without ntnll. Finally tho au
thorities of tho Church gate notice that there
would Im a swclsl service at tlio shrine. The
servico commenced at 30 A. M. with the cele
bration of low mass by Canon Pedro de Ve-
1 rona tiiltteriez. Thl was followed b) solemn
I high mas. which was sung by Fiitlur Flores
I of San Miguel.
At the conclusion of the mass the llttlo
1 imago of Our Lady of Surcor was carried
around the churchyard 'for tho laws do not
permit any publlo procession of n religious
character outside tho walls of the church
yard). Tho "Little Lady" stood erect under
n bluoand silt or canopy, from which sho
looked serenely forth upon it long procession
ot thn faithful, each carrying a lighted taper.
She wn clod In a dress of cloth of gold, cov
e"ed lntlshly with silter work. The Image,
which appeared to bo from elcht to ten Inches
long, wns 6tnndlng erect upon n hnlf moon
nnd holding lu its arms a tiny figure of the
Inrnut Christ. Both the Child and the Vir
gin have long. How lug hair.
When tho procession was over, the sun
looked down as pitilessly Into tho court ynrd '
of the church o It had continues! to do for
week past, but during the owning rnln fell
In torrents and the faith of thn believers 1
Th legend of the little Image of Totoltenec
is quaint and curious. It tins follows: Thn
hill of Tuioltetwc. on the coming of thn Span
lards, was nu Othnml Ktronghold. On its rug- i
god. iatn-senmisl heights whs a great building,
half temple, half fortre-s, whlrh was dedi
cated to the worship of Otomcapulco, who tj I
lnoro generally known by his Aztec name of
i TTaloeUamuiuquI, the god of the rains, mid
his royal sister, Chalchlulitlljciu-. tho spirit '
of tho waters. Tho former held dominion
oter the water that came from tho heavens, i
nnd the latter ruled the running streams and I
the tido of the sen. In pr;-Spaiilnli time it
great feast lasting a whole month wns held in
honor of those two gods, at which hundreds
of human sacrifices were offered. This wor
ship cxtendnd tn tho rencoaston both sides of
Shortli aft':r his first entrance Into tho an
cient city of Tcnochtitlnn (Mexico). Cortez
succeeded In persuading thu weak Montezuma
to allow hlui to pet up nu altar to tho Vim In '
lon the tcp of the great te-ocall or mound
upon which was built tbo temple of the Azlco
vihI of war. HuiUlloxchtll. :-o a part of tlio .
great tompln was i-et usido for thn housing of
the giils of tho .'lirittians. And thero for
a lime tho altars of tho two faiths stood side i
by sldo in the very h"nrt of tho mightiest city
and stronghold of the Mexlran empire. Thero
were erected a cross and a llttlo image of tho
Vlrglr, which had been brought from Spain
by one nf the soldier in the sorvtco of
Cortex, Juan Vlllafiierta. This Imago re
mained lu the great toucall until the Spaniards
were ilrh en from tho city on thu night of Juno
30, ln-JO. which has oter stnea been remem
bered tn Mexican history as the ualu trUtt,
tho sorrowful night. Throughout nil tho hor
rors of that night, so the legend says, tho t
good Vlllafucrtu carried the precious Imago
In his bosom, and thioughout the eubsiquent
nttai k upon the fortress nfTotoltepec. during
which ho wus sorely wounded, At last, find
lng hlmsilf about to din, ho hid the imago
under tho grout, lcate of the mauoy plant.
Twenty years aflcntard Coqunliutln, a fo
inotirt chief of thnOthoinl nation, who had
lately become a Christian, happening to be nut
hunting upon tlio hill, suit- n vision of the Vir
gin, n ho, in her own person, directed him to
Honrch under the maguey for her Image. Tills
ho did, and, hating found It, he took it to his
homo; but tho mimu day it returned to Its placo
under tlio maruuy. Again ho tarried it to his
houso and set beforo it, tn a gourd dish, tho
most tempting food thnt lie posxessed, but
iumIii tho imago fled In tho hill, Ome more ho
wont for It nnd rnrrlod It bock tilth him, nnd,
lo makr euro of It this time, hn locked It secure
ly In a tttrong box upon the ton of which ho
Hindu hi bid for tho night. But when ho
utioko in tho morning the Image had ngnlu fled i
to lu pinto imtler tho miiguoy plant, Oqua- '
hulrln went that tery day to thu hoi) fathers
of Sun Oabriel In Tucutut nnd told thorn what
hud happened. They nt onco dltinod thnt tho
i Irgln desired a temple to foo erected tn her ser
vice upon thu hill nf Toiolterec. Accordingly
a little church wn Immediately built upon tho
epot whore the image had been disiotered, nnd
Mine thirty-fltn teats later the present build
ing was completed iln7".
In tlmn tlio hrlne upon tho hill o'Tntoltopoc
hicnmn liv far the richest and m'Kl famous
thriiighniit ull tlo hind Tim Jcai HhiiiI orua
munis nf tho "Llltlo Lad)" nlniut iwrn t.iluid
nt hi, nuo.ooo; ihe railings thalrm lured Ihu
main iillnr un inrtvd Horn in mho linn of
alitor; before the main altar It-nlf stood nn Im-ini-nso
maguey plant of pu-e slluir. l.iory
win re were scnttrtvd In profittln'i gold and fil
ter ornaments Hint mmln the church ihid mas
nf brilliant') when the nun ehoue In through
thu lofty windows. But rf late day eiei)
thlnj? hns changed In the eiinclunr) of Totolte
pci, Tho hands tf tho reformer li.it e torn Ihn
mneslio sliver railings Irom their place, and I
ruder hands hate robbed the "Little Lady"
of her Jewels: the gold nnd Miter nrnnmonts
thai cote.cd almost etcry lmrtluii of the walls
nf the saiictunry hiitp he n swept into the pub
lie trenHUit. nml tho woiideiful Hlter migui1)
Pliiut. of whkli nil Mexico l.ilhol nt one time,
lias gonn Hie wnt nf nil he ri st For "Our
Lad) ofSuno " wisunlortunatnenoiigh tolakti
part In thu warn ot ludepei dcni o that devasted i
ihu rountry for to muny yenrn. and rhe wns I
till more unfortunate in taking side with tho J
losing party. As sho had ever shown herrelf
partial to tho cause of tho Spaniards It was
but natural that hor aid should be invoked by
those wno were upholding the cause of Spain
In tho New World; and so Nuestra Scflora do
los Romedlos wns made general of the 8onn.
Ih armies In Now Spain In opposition to tbo
Virgin or Ouadalupe, who was the deolared pa
troness of the revolutionists.
After the revolutionary wnrs wore ended tho
feeling ngnlnst Spain naturally ran high, and
o nn order was passed tnexpol Lit Vlrgcn de los
Rcmedlos from tho country. Hut this order
was neter tarried out. T hnngh rhe has been
suffered lo remain, her fame has oter slnco
boon eclipsed by that of Our Lady of Guada
lupe, who Is very dear to tho hearts nf Uio
Mexican penplo, who arc trongly patrlollo
in their feeling. Tho latlor achieved her
chief triumph Inst year, when Rho tea crowned
olemnly as the patron saint of Mexito by n
represeututlto of tho Pope, nent all tho wny
from Hume for that particular purpov. On
thnt occasion fully half n million peopln visit
ed tho shrino in thu llttlo village nf Ouadalupo,
nnd fully as mnny inoro went to pray nt tli
snnctunry during tho rnllglou service' lu
honor of tho event, r.lilch lasted throughout
But though tho lustre of thn glorv nf Our
Lady nf Suctor I dimmed ho hn still many
-.'lungadmircrs. chief nmnnp- whom are the rem
nants of tho old Imperialist party: nndevry
good Catholic in Mexico I willing to rtdmll her
wimdonnl power over 'ho rit era and tho rain,
which she uviriied from thn ancient Atzeo gods
of tho floods and tho storms. And so she still
continue to inhabit the hare, dnmp-stnlnod.
smoke-colored wall of tho ancient, half-ruined
sanctuary on tho hill of rotiiltepcr. thnt. ns y on
nppronrh It from the city, looks inoro like some
etei n old German castln mi Its embattled heights
tbnn onn ot f he most famous of tho Christian
churshes nf Mexico. Outside, over tho main
entrnnco to the church, thero i a tery ancient
Imago of tho Virgin, buffeted nnd scratched
uyutherude bauds of time. Thl Image, that
must onco have stood rcplendnnt In purpln
mid gold, now looks sorrowfully down with
her ono remaining eyo upon tlio ruin of tho
courtjnid that Is scarcely le rultud and font
l rod than hcrolf. Hero for three centurlis
nnd n quarter she watched the pour Indian pll
grlms that came to tho hhrlne In tho daysnf lis
prosperity. Now thn great hedH nro n ma of
ruins, nnd tho enrved posts thnt onco supported
the red-tiled root He ruled mi In thocontroof
tho dceorted and ruined courtyard.
The Educated Taste or thn Expert nnd the
Method In Which Ho lines It.
Tho rodeo expert was clearly in a good hu
mor when ho got around to his Becond cup of
coffeo at dinner and was perfectly willing to
tell somo of tho sccrots of his trade when aski tl
bow ho nnd his follow experts distinguished
one grade or kind of coffro from another.
"It iroosy enough to makr thu coarser dis
tinctions." ho said. "I oould tench a person
In a tery little tthllo to toll n Java from a
MaracnlbooraMnrncalbo from a Rio; but when
It comes to making the distinction which are
required In tho trade it la different matter.
It takes years of practice, nnd that otonwould
bo of no uvall without having a natural taste
and aptitude for it. Then It becomes a life
work. Tlio curious thing about It all Is that
thero Is absolutely no standard by which tho
work Is done.
"If one ttero assorting linens, ono guido to
quality would be tho number of thrend to tho
lquaro inch nnd then would come the ihnracter
of the threads and of the weave Etery qual
ity which makes up value is In night and ono
may learn to know these positively. Hut
when you come to Judge coffee, 11 Is like Judg
ing n picture or a poem. Every expert mut
carry his standard in his own taste, and yet I
will guarantee that If I test a sample of coffee
nnd at the harne time twenty different expeits
In this city test the same coffee, each inde
pendently of the othtrs, there would not 1h-a
tarlntlon in the prices set by all of more than
onoquartcr of a cunt a fiound.
"At the same time If ton could make a pho
tngruph or mechanical dlaf ram of each man'
idea of standard tiste for coffee, tt would
probably bo found that the standards we-e as
various as tho nnmlier of men nnd were
mnny of Uiem wide apart. Excopt ns to Jnvn.
there Is nothing to offer ns a guide. Java is pe
culiar to Itself.
"The onlv traders who test coffi o nre tho
largo wholesale dealer. The Importer doe
not neul to test It except for his own information-
because it make no difference to him
whut tho flavor Is. He simply sells It lor tho
tK-ol price which "e wholesalers will gin-In
rants tltlon with one nnother. To us. although
wo aro not going to life a bit of tt, tho flator
of the coffee Is of tltal business importance.
Our euccess In trade depends largely upon
our ability to select for stock coffeee which w 111
not tary from yar to year in flator. In
strength, or In roasting qualities, and then
from the stock thus carefully selected to be
able by another 'election or by mixing Uie
coffees to match ill tlm snme way, yenr after
i year, the different brand which each nf our
I retail customers wants nnd 1 ncrustomed tn.
I "The export's first enru. then. Is tocrente for
I himself n eet of i-tand inis. You mat- judge
what a tnk thl la w hen I tell you that the
coffee in our rnnrket comes from more than
I 100 distinct parts of the earth, and that with i
etery variation of climate or soil tho coffee
taken on n eparate character. The ordinary
, citimn or housewife may hnd It hard to realize
tha: there are so many different kinds of
I coffee knnw-ii to the trade. If you go to n re
I tail store, etenof the largest, anl ask ivhat
I kinds of coffee they hate, the answer will nl
I ways lie the ame 'Java. Mocha. Maracaibo,
Rio, and ground coffee." It Is In theso few
forms that etery kind of corree raised in tho
world nnd its flnal market. Tho exiiort
must recognlzo In enen kind its char.ncterls.
Ics, nnd leatn first to sort the coffee and then
I how-to mix different kinds so as to blend into
, tho desired flator.
j "For then purposes he chooses his standard
I nnmnles. How mnny uf these he will havo de
pends upon himself nnd his manner nf work,
but In nn) case he must hute a good msny of
them. Each samplu is kept in a tin cae of n
st)le made for the purporu. These cae are
round anil open nlxmt In tho centre of
their length, where they hato a slip Joint,
which works as tlghtl) and neatly as Is (his
Bible. A rack full of pigeon holes holds the
sample case. In front of tho rack stands the
sampling table. It is peculiar and Is made for
tho purpose. The tup Is circular, usually of
black walnut, and it rets upon n centre stan
dard, which turn In a thrto-legged stnnd.
Seated at one side of this table one may with
a touch revolve it, and so bring all of Its ton
louts readily to Ihe hand. Rnngtd tilting the
edge of the tahle side by side lire two or thriu
doen cup. Those nre peculiar to tho trad"
and nre used for no other purpose than tho
testing of caff to and ten. They aro known a
ten testers. They are nf white chlnn, thin al
most as imier ntid without hnndle. Each 1
about tho slzo of tho ordinuiy teacup, but of
n bjwlshnpc. Only one house in the world
makes them. They cost S.'t a doren. It 1 Im
(Kirtnnt for our work that etery cup shou.d lie
alike in urery respect. Beside the- table stand
it gns HtuVe with many Jets and upon It a cop
per tea kettle. I'nder the table I a slop lar.
"Now toil may supnoso mo ready to go to
work. The wator in thu kettlo has buo'i dull
lKiilod for at least 111 teen minutes 1 oforo 1 ! i
glu. I hate been down iimong tho tofft-n
brokers looking lor coffeo to replace Mime of
our stock. I nave gathered up perhaps two
dozen hamplcs which I hate hero ready to test.
I hate already exercised considerable judg
ment in choosing these eumplus, for ench 1 of
the proir gradn of roasting that I want, and
there nro file separate rousts known to the
trade. Now from my sample rack I select the
standard which I wish to match. 1 sut my
hand ooffoe mill just to a notch and grind ono
eampla after another. Of each I weigh out ex
act!)' twenty grains, mid keeping each kind
separate I put thorn all Into cup around 'ho
i-ilgo nf tlie tablo. In n scparntii cup is my
standard sample. Thu boiling wnler I poured
into Ihu cup nnd each cup is tilled just ho far.
"Now begins tlm real work, 1 smell and
sip tho standard snmplo mid elowly reiolte
tho tablo no that one cup after nnother comes
In front of inc. Here la onu which I onlv need
to smell to know Hint it will not do. It may
bn muth lietter thuii the standard, but that
does not matter nut It gees into the slop Jai.
The next ono I tastu, perhaps. It will not do.
Out It goes. Here Is una I am In doubt about.
I leave that for the time. By the time I hate
got nrnund once, there will not bo inoro tbnn
ten or twclte of the original twenty or thirty
cups left. Then I begin a seennd round. Per
haps this time I hate tnAsjio each one more
than onto nnd try th sisjCpIo cup oflcn to i,
but when thl round 1 Unit tod I liato ills, anled
nil but two or tlirco cutis. Then ionics thn
Htm tent, nnd tlunll) 1 fettle dotVu to ono cup,
or ptrnnps two, n Wing right nlwn sun
posing that nny of them Is whnt I it, int. lor
sometimes I do not llud one anil lintc tn beuln
tho hunt for samples all oter again 'I Ills
wimo prnio Is repeated wlthcciy hitting,
nnd oftin when wo aro matching n sample fur
n customer it lien we aro willing again
"A mlfoH Inster hns tn lake great cure of his
senses of tnsto nnd smell, for the moment they
go tn playing him tricks his business will be
lie ISosrw for Cnf rTotvere.
Florists keep their resort o stock of cut flowers
In Ice boxes, having the door opening in from,
Sumetlmos the door Is made with glass pant Is
through which thu Mowers mny bo seen. Thu
larger Ice boxes nf the ,tholeale dealer Incut
flowers are In dimensions more Ilka a deep,
good.eized closet. The door Is sufflcleutl) high
so that one mny step through It Into thu interior
to select thn How era required. Flowers nre
brought from Ihegreenlinutes nf the gumer in
the wholesale dealers in tho t Ity pntktil In hoes
luaile for tho purpose, hut without Im 1 lie dis
tant esaro comparntliel) short, the Unworn urn
brought by i-ipicss nnd baud led quickly, hiiiI icu
is not needed, r loners shipped ftoin In re in dis
tant points it is not unusual to find limit rs
Irom hi re to points hundreds nf miles away
are parked lu boxes made lor that purposu wiih
a compartment for leu which I wrapped In
paper lo preserve lu
.TAKE WARNING.OIF.YiK EN! ; ifj
nosiAX in awaxcixo stonn JtAr- jjfy ,
JDZ.T Til AX IS TIIU MALB BBX. f.
' i t'i
Girls Are Developlnc Fooler Tanai Boysj- J U j j
Hhe L,enps Toward Perfection IVIilU i ,,' .
lie rltanda Still-Home or the Kaaana V i ii
Ibr Thl. Nets- OrderorThlntt.-Tk.Cosa- V ' 3
ests of an Intelligent Corre.poad.nt. -A . V
To tiik EtiiTon ov Tit- nan-Sir: Men r JIJ j
Iho lords of creation, so men havo Ingonu- &JL If
ously observed. Tho position Is attractive, Tlti f V
but has Its disadvantages. It Inottnet to In- 5
dolencc. and men have need to lnwaro lost ii A
somo of thulr lordly potve's slip away from (i
them. There is a picturesque fablo about 4 J J
tortotso nnd u hnro which most of us havsj t M
tlotostcd from the clays of early youth. Th J ,l
two trcnturo started a raro, you remember, vm
and tho hare gained so long a lead, that ho re- t j, jj
flectod pn tho orlmo of overexertion anet A'jj If'
stretched himself out for a nap. Meanwldle., 'Viilr
the tortolso-cxomplary croature slept not, rtyfii
but went steadily fonvnrd nnd won tho raot. Mfc
One's sympathies, incline, porbaps. toward the J I $
haro. There Is suroly much to lit said In hli 1 i
bohalf. Wo fool. In tlioso July days, that Rooct ,
senso Is on hi sldo. Yet tho result vrasttn- -jv
deniablv In favor nf tho tortoise, and we are v ,
forced to acknowledge that tho haro. If he ?jjj t
races again, must olthor persuade Uio tortolte .!! ..
tn lie sensible and slcop too, or ho must re- 9,ljj
nerte his own napping nntll tho finish of the ilk
course. Had his rival been not a tortoise, hut h .
n quick llttlo squirrel, for example, on who i jj 4
could mote qullo as fast its the hare, and who T-
hid merely liennutiiayesl by a fondness for -aj
darting from tho path lo explore the beauty of jj
tho woodlands, how much more disastrous 'IT1'
would havo been thn hare's defeat! j .
A man differs from a hare In several parts J 1 1
Honiara, wo grant. He Is not so graceful, and ii(
ho is less llbornlly endowed with logs, bu ,ji
thorn is resemblance In this: when onco ho has fjt
put himself ahead ho docs liko to take a little M
rest. Verily, thoro Is danger that while men IW
nro resUng women will outstrip In the race for lw
power. It Is slgnlflcnnt, if somewhat amusing, IsbbbbI
to note at the feast of suffrage qnestlons tho fsal
statement that woman, powerless, Isatpresont SH
oppressed by man, sitting cheerily, check by (ilnLaaal
Jowl, with tho other statement that woman I. SHuiM
the superior being. Without dlsouasing a 9k! 9
question so delicate and so Impossible a the Sif-iS
ono aroused by tho latter statement we mar all MfTeTM
lierhaps agree that the mere fact that the state- niinfl
ment is made at nil lu tones that are serious, IjtSbbb!
not merely flattering, is interottlng, because It liraM
Indicates a distinctly now situation. Buch a filial
statement wouli not have been uttered ilM.al
seriously by any one a half century ago. 'li'S)
Progress ii a word whose Import varies with ""WliM
tho listener nnd whoso true manning must, aa ii (mob!
It seem, lio beyond our grasp until we can illYlB
lenrn the whole scheme of creation. What- a 'Miami
eter Its final meaning mny reveal Itself to be, I'Ssi
progress certainly Implies change and If we 1 tvlfl
lest tho progross ot the sexes !y tho changes fkiifl
In the sexes as wo test the progress of the race Vial
by the change In the rnce, then women are pro- IUbbbbbi
gresslnk more rapidly than men. There Is aawaaH
more difference between the woman of to-day Jnaaafl
and her grandmother than between the man KWbbbi
of to-day nnd hi grandfather. The woman I. !Vbbbbb!
stronger physically than her grandmother. 911ibbbbb!
bUe can walk further, row further, lift more, 71H
wear fewer wrap, and require fewer salts e'lrJH
bottles than her grandmother, or even her SmIbbbbI
mother, did at ner ase. Her nerve and her u IsbbbbI
sight are better than their. VIbbbbbbI
ahucan drlto a nail more truly nnd behave bbbb1
better upon a runaway horse than they were 1 IbbbbbI
evernble to do. Her mind also Is trained to MJbbbbbI
mnro accurate reasoning than were theirs 1;bbbbb1
before her. All of this Is true, not because 'IUbbbbI
she started with any more abilities, out be- it'aBBBB
cause she hns been trnlnesl with reference to tli'StaBs!
Uiese things, bho goes off for long tramps, KibbbH
hasher own canoe. Is a frequent attendant at Ii IsbbbbI
the gy raunstum. nnd is mode to work at her v : M M
Greek nnd Latin and mathematics. Her VbbbI
brother, on the other bnnd. Is walking over lnW
much the same ground that bis father trod I'JbbbbI
licfore him, and the walk Is affectln?, him SattnaBBBBl
much as ll affected his father. The opror- .sHJHdH
tunltlcs before tho woman have change!" ""PsJbbB
more than those beforo the man. and she , , "ibbbbbbbbi
making better use of her opportunities thalx ''"' ,J H
he of his. The mere fact that the twsal- ffi JJH
billtles are new to her gites them an aitrao- - bbbbbi
Hon to her that they huve lost for him. Col- laBBafl
lege, for example. Is an old story to the man. v M
It 1 n new chance for the woman. Hence V B
we find the number of college women In- ,i IH
creasing -nnunllt much more rapidly than IlH
tho number of college men, and tho work of wo- i 'Tbbbbbi
men in college Is, as a rule, more serious than Tbbbbbi
the work of college run. In each new busl- Usbbbbi
n-ss or profession upon which women enter. dH
tho coiiFcIoneness that they are beginners and ifSBBBi
are being observed a such acta upon them as !bbbbb!
n spur to make them try their hardest. This j' HH
IHT'.Utent endeavor must In tho end prove j .ibbbI
successful. I' 'sbbbbI
There may be a question which is greater, the 'L.'MbM
power upon tho throne, or th power bshlnd it, VcbbbM
The power upon tho throne has one certain ad- v-Ll
tantnge. It holds lis position by virtue of he- t''9fl
rciltty nnd law, while the power behind Is ns- ' ' JH
unlit n matter of tact and smiles. A woman's i x9bb1
power hitheru). ha been largely of this nature ' '!
a-i Influence a great, perhaps, ns a corner in 4jbbb1
it heat, but less definitely to bo reckoned.upon In ' IbbbV
it ducts Tlie woman is scarcely to be -IH
blamed, perhaps, if she wishes to exchange it vtIIbbb!
fur whut si ems to her to bo a more stable artl- vuiH
cle. We mny say all we llxe about the false - M
political economy of tho situation may prove "if !H
p) emu luslvo llgures that if women would stay t i H
at homo the effect upon mou'a wages and house- ! H
hold management would bu such that a large ' M
lucrea-c in the sum total of human happiness ' H
srould result. Thn question ot the "sum total" f M
ecems to trouble the nternge woman much loss ' H
than tho particular share In taut sum which.
she.and perhaps her immediate family aro tore- $ ;
celt e. and the fact remains that a constantly 1 sal
lucreutug number of woaicn are manlfesUns bjSbbI
their preference for tho "house-bulldlng" dl- 1 jsksbI
Msioti of the "homc-mnkimz" lalior. These wo ? ratH
men are working intelligently and with perse- ifljB
tcrencc, and nothing but superiority ln work- iHibbbi
m.-uisldp will in thecim tlecide which sex is to laifl
bu the provider nnd whhh the distributer ot MiH
household necessities, buc.-O's Is an absolute) 9l
t"siof the Illness ot a p .-rsoii to a work. ' I S-H
If women are displacing men oa typewriters I SjH
It I becniisn they meet better tho requirements i tlH
for typewriting. If they do not do such good ', 0bbbi
work and still succeed, it is becaUBO suca good l"'3M
work Is not needed and consequently will not 'jliH
1 u paid for. There are times w hen what wo . wJsbI
want is a carpenter, not a ciiblnetmntier. Wb
Many nf the tr.idui nnd professions a re as yet itu'sB
fmictlcitll) untried b) women. Whereterwomen itHfl
into I'litctcd thoy .ire dllUentU- struggling, HiM
knowing thuloul) by strong enduat or cjin they" '?
hope lu gulp tlio Held aud feeling themselves '
conspicuous lu their struggle. -Men. thinking "91
the Held alle.id) their own und being some- ?3?V
what less ob.-oitcd. .ire more frequently con- SiiH
ten' to tlo bumow-liat less than their best, MfM
Thus thero I' ivul dancer lest. In the struggle !S?fl
that Is bciuulng, whut man has been pleased fniM
tn cull thu "weaker t easel" may provu Itself i'lsl
to bu u tide not only of material inoro beautl- i' bbI
ful than hi uwn, ns he has nlwnts gnllanUr 'fi jH
ilctlarod.li.it of more durable substanco as ys
well, and tne funny t nlumn stories nf the now- Jj
woman luwyer, with her baby-tending bus- ' i$S
band, mu) come within another century to be JDS
lit lng fact. Mnrcotcr. lu sin h homes, one Is UH
im Until to think that unless men feel an Ii .:
nmbltl in in thu new work that thuy seem Jos- !
lng in the old, tho clients will bo sorted more , )WM
ullklelilly tliiili 1'iu bibles. f 11
tut: fAttii. j!H
I'urle or One of the L'ltv'a Iluslest Streets Y-l
That Are Thus Iteerlbed. '1 JM
Those parts of widened West street, which ' r
have been filled In are known along the titer as iftlH
"The Farm." TLo Farm extends for blocks 'ifl
continuously In some places, where the Im- JIbbbI
piotument ha been completed, or it may be la j inH
pitches, with sections uf thu street where the i !m
old bulkhc"td Hue has pot yet been carried out, -f9
Intervening. The Farm is simply tho wide, fl
open spacu along tho bulkhead side of the I . jifl
strut t. In front uf tho pier sheds, Tho space ,fl
Immeiliiitcl) In frunt of a steamship pier, for I 1S
instance, would bo spoken of ns the Farm; the ) vfl
tle.miei t hairs iiudfrull and one thing and '''tasl
uunthcrlhui are orjicd to passengers outside ;,9
the plir slnd nu stcwicr dn)a lire nu the Farm, Ufl
Tho space thus deiwribt-d liua no absolutely '(
dellnlle hounds. In Ihe mind of ono speaker ifl
tluis de-i.tibliiL- it tho Farm might extend for a -rasl
lonfiet In fioiitnf the buildings on the pier. uJM
Tlm iiimo geiiciul idea of the 1'nrni, however, is tiiM
thii ll txtt-uds to tlm wcnturly s.du of th";;ire !H
tar trai k In i't Mm t, a ilUlalicu of -Juu feefl . . I jM
the nldiii .if Iho Illicit. ill section But all agree j
that the I-arm Ilea entirely lo the west of the " ' j 'M
street cur Hacks. tM
Not uici) li.nl) whose business or work lson
Un .North Hiter fi mil speaks nf the Farm. ' lX
'I In in nro man) to whom this is simply the t EH
bulkhead, us it woultl be along iho water side of r'B
any water front street; but pretty nearly every. M
bod) lias luiird uf tLu Farm, and there aro many IlifJ
lij whom it is thus commonly spoken of. All kH
p illt emun speak of thu Kami, aud so do many till
men employed on steamship piers. Nlf
Wojt slrert Is ono of the busiest, most I 1,
rroitdeil, and nnlmaltsl slieelsin tbecily. How !,
an) pari of this busy ttrert totild liave got the 'fl
qu ot nml peaceful titlo of "The Fnrm'Ms not YM
quite clt-.ir; but it is suggested that tlio name ifl
may liu.e been first applied to the broad filled. I ,fl
in sections of laud when thu widening of Ihe 1 fU
street it as first begun and before the new laud i ifl
was pavocU I Mj
BjMBjs jqparKflttfeflttflMiM iiMSB-fr?i '-rTtflflB