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mU jr ; thb sun, Tuesday, nqvembjsh h tsos. T::;; J I
f iH 'if TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 1, 1808.
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i jmwM Post! to foreign countries J led.
T Hi it Tin mis. Mew York City.
!U P; rAnii-Klosqu No. IS, nor Omul riot-1, and
Si !saWT fclosioe No. 10, Boulevard ilea Capuclur.
' iiBlf'' It our Jritnli A mri wtlh manuicrlptt for
i H J pililhatlm wiik It tt rejtel'd articlti rtturned, lliiu
IjL HU t tnml in ll taiu ind ilampi or Utat finrpoit.
t I H '( ' 1,' 8U1 T,cket and tho Courts.
If ;HJI P 'Hi election of tho Tammany nominee for
r Hit' Govprnor.AtjotrsTCHVANWroK.thobiother
H it ' tl10 Npw York "" JI,l'ori Would Klv
$ ilf 'r MK5HnD CiiOKEii a personal control of
4 HI Now York Stato affairs which would leavo
It H) :, tlw subJoctlonTjf tho courts tho ono thine;
. H) ' needed to mnko It absolute. Tlio success
W ''' of Tammany's State ticket, which would lw
' HI tho triumph of CnoKErt, would conquer tho
g HI . com ta for him.
i fl' Tho ono slnglo but slmplo way to guard
B justice In Now York nnd to me'ot tho Tam-
R ;, mnnK attempt to subjugate tho courts to
WJ H V partisan loodorollp Is to dofoat Van Wick,
J, H t Tammany's chief nomlnco for office, by
E? ''Pffi casting a ballot for his Republican antngo-
ml. iM 'i Ut, Theodore Boosevem.
KS i fl I V- I
jj-fl. jflH Tho Oreat Beer; lesue.
W HH Jk Mr. , Gjsojkib Eunvrr, a , distinguished
&' IlSfl s? brewer of lager beer In this town, has bent
m llfiii t to hisjeustomors this Interesting nppcnl:
Sfe I'iUy '' "The necessity for the maintenance of th extra
tt? Mm w tai an beer harinc clostd Hb the trttial rlote of
Wpb, tmw & tb flpintih, yttr, the tlnin would ircm tn hivo or-
KT H E rlfedwhen tbo'sewhnbeartliitheaTyburdenahould
J tK ' maks molt atrenuoua cITurla to be relieved of It. I
IS aW f thereforo now take tho liberty to aak yon ramcMly
fcjl jH , ,ni1 ursei)tlr to votefor and eupport tho Dtmoi ratio
vjjh H candidate for Conereu In our dltrlct. and to lnter-
L H L eat yourself far aapowlble In cndeaora to return
Sr" iBf I from oiberdlttrlctacaniUdatea for Jrealithe honor
fe1 KXf- who are of the aameolltlcil faith. If you and land
a RIm IbnaOf others with whom we have lntereat In com
Kp" :B!S" Inonwlll now put our ahoiildera lcorouilr to tho
Ipp )S wheel, there In reaion to believe that our movement
V RM' looking to a repeal of the war tax on our sooda will
IS' K "' be met with auccf'9."
mt h' It will occur to a good many persons that
mi B thorelsnllttlo tnomunh beorin tho Domo-
jfif HH ciatlo canvass. There Is no more prosper-
Wb v' ous business than tho brewing of beer, and
mST Hi' yet tho Now York, lotcrsnio invited to con-
S c elder; It as an tiffllcted and blighted but all-
mC' Bw Important Intcrost for tho. saUo of which n
MM LmY Semocratto Congress, a Democratic Lcgis-
Wf- Lm't laturoand aDcmoorallo Govotnor must bo
BeS B elected. Doubtless good loor Is a good
Wf mWU thing, but beer for Congress, beer for Leg-
If' HhP lsluture, beer for Governor Is altogether too
P K'. ' miiol(of a good thing.
1-" Hi Nobody dotes on paying taxes, but it Is
. Ill'' Impossiblo to. dlscoor that tho beer tax Is
' fl Rf t breaking anybody's back or that t Is nuy
fi y Hj moro onerous than any other of tho now In
1.2 mW . tornnlroonuo taxes mado necessary by tho
& Hi I' . expensos of tho war.
il Lm ' (Still, It appears from Mr. Eimirr's letter
Y HI thattho New York Democrats )m oat last
Kf H Rot a national issuo which is ulsonStnto
rep' ymTn k issuo. Jor thobonellt of the brewers and
-B f sollcrs of beer tho voters of Now York aro
jj H $ asked to approve tho reduction of tho State
"0 tmB 'it i nn(- national roonuc. Tho consumer of
Hb ? eT wl" not bo ,)cnoto 'n nny wBy' Tn
jHa $ non-consumer of lieer can hnidly bo expect-
S H - G-to havo any deep devotion to it
J jm ' Wo aro Inclined to think that this majestic
sSrfmm. IS lssuowill turn out to bo all froth.
ii ?alV :-.:'
''1" v w Democrats and Silver.
W, K S- Thn Chicago Tribunr has studied tho pro-
K Ur S ccedings of .TI7 out of 357 Democratlo
Qt B. Congress conventions held this year. Tho
course of theso nominating conventions ns
i K i to tho free cotnago of silver was as follows :
Hjt S- For Gold :Nono.
& ( m Against tho Chicago platform: None.
' -Hn 1 1'or silver: 22:).
W WP F Dodged: 124.
i S & Anybody who yet entertains any doubts
I iU k, as to tno l)08'Hon of tno Democratic, party
WL MV3 -' In regard to silver Is Invited to look at
K II JL these figures.
tw Mm I ,' ;
I' HI f' ' T,' B,,9lnc8S r 180S nna tbo Outlook.
jB " 'Whllothogonqral course of trado during
B ft tho year now drawing to a oloso has been
H & fairly satisfactory. It has not met exjiecta
H tlons, and Jn'somo',lincs of Industry it has
Hj ? been disappointing.
K $ Ono of i its oncouraglng features is tho
tHj it Blow, 'steady, and cautious process of build-
IbE ? tog up after tho panlo of 180a. While
K jf tho sjiall-liko paco of tho rovlva'lwas not
Hrf " expedted, some comfort may bo drawn from
HK ; thq fact that prices, on tho whole, show
K -l an upward tondency, nnd that tho bank
'MwL t clearings point to again In tho volumo of
H j f' trado of about ono-thlrd, compared with
'HH? that of tbo period of greatest depression.
Hwl" Following tho partial prostration of trado
Hh K Incident to 1804, tho result of tho llnanelal
-rdmU $? crash of tho year lefore, tho spring of 1805
tt HT wltnossed somothlng in tho mituro of a
Hk fe toodorato boom In Iron and stool. This was
Hf K treatodbythocommerclalweathorpnjphets
I' IB ntn good B'ffn' l,' C0Ur80 of thoso motals
, HK 3t being rcgorded as a trado barometer.
P OH ;E; J,llt tn0 ndvunce was short-lived, and the
UHf autumn found tho great motul Industries as
RHP flat aa (ncr' Ka'n ,Tua mado in 180(1.
HHJ not merely becauso of tho distractions of
HfiHH' Presidential canvass, but owing, rather,
B& Hf fc to thn menace to tho currency system by
Rr,H' J' the silver plank in tho Chicago platform,
Ep'Hjt , B)th foreign and 'domestic investments In
m. Hit ' J American nterprlsi's woro checked ami
Kf Hit i production and distribution languished.
Hi H' ' With tho dofcot of tho silver standard
S am. i enndidato for tho Presidency great things
wMhmW 's wo, expected from 1807 In tho way of
M$ Hi ti business rovlval, Hut coufldonco Is n plant
BpHJIft of slow growth, and capital, always timid,
BT EK wa3 tar 'rom '0"8er for Investment. On
R'HK' tnP 'vhoJe, how;qvcr, thq year ohowod a
K Bl wholesome Improvement of tho commercial
kI'HH temper and. led to confident expectations
Hl'HfeaP''' nh t0 t'1(? outcomo -"v '808. Tho earlier
HriHJK'4' nuintlis nf tho current year did, Indeed,
HfHJIf giro ovtdcnuo of a rovhal In nctMty,
HlHHE notably in tho' Wt niul Noitliwost, whero
pHjh:'. tho grain crops had been bountiful nnd
K'lHJi'i prices In somo Instances unduly Htlmu-
I'BH Intc Then came tho war with Spain, and
yp,HHf4 wit! It another halt.
H&HJl, lieforo tho close of tho war, however,
BglHi lr"n n,ul tcol Particularly steel, hud
BkHBhI' f'lt' tl10 cfrect f Increased demand ami
EjprHH $ Mloes began to respond to It, as well ns
KvKlfc to tho increased agricultural prosjiciity.
MP HM h Thoprolongod peilod of unforced economy
KH j in railway operation nnd In industiics had
SfH I had its natural effect, and n growing
BH h ticod for more cars, tools, machinery
Bi K M nn(- r structural material started tho
f'HJf -. flrpsMn lumdrods of mills and factories.
H&flKf p"' American Ironmasters discovered that
cheap oro and Improved rrocessos had
at last enabled them to compote. In tho
world's markets, nnd this nowly created
trade, together with Increasing foreign
' purchases of numberless industrial prod
ucts, showed that Amorlca had at Inst on-
: torod tho world's Industrial ns well ns Its
Commercially, howoor, tho yeor's record
leaves several gnpt. Tho cotton planter
has had to contend with tho lowest prices
for fifty years In the faco of congested
slocks of cottons In Now Englnnd, whero
manufnclurors aro again compelled to shut
tliolr mills In order to permit consumption
to catch up with production. An ovorsup
ply of foreign wools, which had been rushed
in to nntlclpato tho effect of tho Dlngloy
act, Is still disturbing Amorlcan wool
growers lv depressing prices of tho
domestic staple, and nnothor squab
bio over tho wool schedules of tho
tariff Is threatened. Hides and leather
havo thus far failed to dlscloso nn In
centive for tho higher prices which deal
ers aro anxiously awaiting and, most sig
nificant, of all, pet haps, advices from a
number of tho laiger western and north
western titles nro that few If any now com
mercial enterprises nro announced for tho
opening of 1800. In somo Instances several
largo jobbing houses will rotlro from busi
ness on tho ground that whllo their votumo
of sales has been largo prices havo been
shaded to an extent which has not left an
adequate margin of profit.
ThU survey, however, would soem to
leavo amplo room for confidence In the1
immediate futuro of business. Agricul
turally and Industrially wo havo prospered
in splto of tho distractions of war., There
is less to bo said that Is encouraging con
coming domestic trade, but with tho hands
of tho Administration upheld In Its efforts
to gather tho fruits of thn war tvith Spain
nnd with sound monoy legislators at tho
State capitals and In Washington, thero aro
n6 reasons for doubting that 1800 will bo
more prosperous commercially than any
year slnco 1802, or, porhaps, than any
year In our history.
If tho dictionary contained tho name of
tho only living Republican cx-Prcsldent of
tho United States, this would bo tho proper
definition to attach to the proper noun :
" Uenjamln Ilnrrlaon, n. An unoompromlalng
enemy of dlihonest moneys a thorough and true
And tho definition would bo justified by
Gen. Hawuson'b lost public uttoranco,
namely, his lottor to tho Chairman of tho
Republican State Central Commltteo of In
diana. As an uncompromising enemy of
dishonest money, ho snyB :
" tt would be avunpleasant thine to contemplate
if any of tubse who supported the cause of aound
money In lHUtt should now, either from letharcy or
pique, or throURh tho Influence of minor questions,
be led either actively or paaslvaly to tire their aid to
tho revival or perpatuat'on of thla destructive influ
ence." As a thorough and true Amorlcan patriot,
ho adds :
" Our f orcljrn relations are atlll acute and unsettled,
and tho appeal to which the reaponse was ao gener
ous and non partisan at the beginning of the war, to
atand by our own country and its cxccuUve and ad
ministrative officers, should atlll be felt and re
sponded lo. Our rloction results should not crte, or
even aecm to give, encouragement to those who
would And in our dlacorda and dlTlded counaela
This patriotic advice is calculated not only
for tho latltudo and longitude of Indiana,
but also for all parts of tho Union.
There Is another ox-President of tho United
States, at present In ambush in Now .Torsoy.
Ho has professed at times devotion to tho
cause of honest monoy and solicitude for
thoso Amorlcan Interests which riso abovo
the sphere of partisanship. No dictionary
that wo know of contains a good short defi
nition of Ghoveji Cleveland.
Tho Knd of tho Fishing Season.
A few bass aro still running, but tho fish
ing season is practically over, Thoweak
llsh aro gone and the blues nro going, Tau
tog or blockflsh maybe captured among
tho wrecks and reefs, but thero is Httlo
sport in them except when tho runs nro ex
ceptionally large. In a fow days moro all
tho fin miner und fall fish will bo on their
way to Southern waters.
During tho past two winters n start
ling surpriso was given to tho fishermen
in tho shapo of codfish in Now York and Rar
itan bays. Immense catches weromado last
wlnteron familiar fishing grounds, both for
fun nnd for tho market. Until recently cod
fish were unknown In theso waters, but in
tho opinion of somo sour ol'd salts, thoy
had always been here, and tho fishermen
were too lazy to look after them. However
this may bo, it is certain now that In tho
winter mouths thero aro plenty of codfish
In tho lower bay, and big fellows, too.
So far thero is no law against catching
them, for tho sport. If sport it can bo called,
Is sufllclently bluc-nobed to ploaso tho most
rigid of Puritans.
To tho bespangled squeteaguo, the striped
bass nnd tho beautiful blues wo must say,
" Au rovolr 1" It was a remarkablo season.
Tho wcakflsh camo In early and remnlned
until tho arrival of tho recent high winds
und somowhut wintry weather. All through
tho summer mouths tho anglers hud glo
rious sport. Many of tho old fishing
grounds that for years had been desortcd
by fish and fishermen wero this yenr onco
moro started In business. In Jamaica Buy
and othor fnvorito resorts of tho anglors on
tho Long Island coast tho sport was splen
did. In tho Rarltan nnd Prince's bays,
nnd especially in tlio Great Kills, tho run of
weakllsh was exceptionally fine. At Sandy
Hook, w hero chumming for blucflsh becamo
suddenly fashionable after tho removal
of tho mines, thoro was fun for all Who
lo o to hook fighting fishes. The blueflsh Is
probably tho hnidcst fighter that can bo
found In saltwater, und when tho' angler
tackles him with a rod and reel, loth man
nnd Hah aro tqrrjbly surprised. Smashed
rods, broken hooks and parted linos wero
very numerous off Sandy Hook during tho
last fow mouths.
Many old-timo Now York anglers will be
sorry to hear that tho old Romer or " Monu
ment" Is no moro. It disappeared during
tho lata war, and a llghthouso has token Its
place. Hut thq old looks remain, and tho
fish cluster around them In tho sfnxon just
as thoy did twenty golden yonrs ago. A
(list It was n blind beacon, a weird
looking affair, standing up like a monu
ment to Davy Jonls. Its nlcknnmo wis
appropriately startod by n skipper wno
tnmu near running his schooner upon It In
nfog. "Uarda-lco!" ha Hlioulnl. "What
hon of a bnion Is buried hero?'.' Slnco then
tho Romer lias been called tho "Monu
ment," and probably tho nnmo will
stick to tho new lighthouse and bo
u puado to futuro generations, By tho
way, thero Is a man thoro now. Dur
ing tho coming winter ho will doubtlesa
havo many opportunities to appreciate the
fur of the triad and sea, Tho Romer is ft
bad placo In a storm. It is to bo hoped
that tho now structure is strong enough to
resist nil wicked waves, nnd that tho keeper
may spend many p'easnnt etcnlnffs In
convdrsatlon with .TABisn's ghost. It
should bo romombortd that tho ghost on
thtf Roinor must now bo ndded to tho
already numerous and pretty superstitions
of tho sen. Somo years ngo h famous nhglor
named Jaiimi used to llsh thero throe or
four days In tho week during tho entlro
season. When hobeeamo hopelcsslylll bn
left Blrlct Instructions that after his
death his body should bo cremated,
his nshea carefully put Into a demijohn,
taken out to tho Romer, nnd thero
losscd and scattered upon his beloved
rocko. Tho members of tho Httlo club
lo which ho belonged carried out his last
orders to tho lottor. They hired tho pro
peller of Capt. Hemes of Clifton, BUtcn
Istund, went to tho Romer, nnd thore, after
a little speech by the Frcsldont of tho club,
tho demijohn was tossed upon tho rocks,
nnd threo rousing oheors woro given In
honor of tho dead. That was Jauku's fune
lal. Now, it is said that on stormy nights
his ghost inny bo scon standing on tho
rocks nnd fishing patiently. Let us hopo
that that angling ghost may yet provo to
be a jolly companion for tho lonoly Man of
Unllkotho summer of 1807, tho ono that
has now just left us was exceptionally froo
from squalls and etorms. In tho light and
cool breezes off shoro tho anglers pitied the
swoltorlng nnd mosquito-picked pcoplo on
land. In their little boats thoy wero com
fortablo and hnppyi At Orchard Shoals, on
tho innor and mlddlo grounds ofPrinco's
Bay and nmong tho rocks (iff Jaok's Woods
thore wero Httlo fleets 6t fishing boats, nil
manned with happy crows and loadod with
heavy bnBkots of fish. It was tho same on
all tho old grounds.
Reefs, mussel beds and old sunken wrecks
aro alwnys frequented by fish, and the
anglors search for thorn with groat patlonoo.
"Sweeping" for wrecks Is an interesting
oporatlon. When tho men have an idea of
just about whoro n wreck is located, thoy
start oft to "sweep." When thoy believe that
thoy havo readied the neighborhood of tho
wreck, thoy shorten sail, if tho wind is stiff,
nnd lowor Httlo drags or grapnels, some
times formed of big squids lashed togothor.
With tho shortened sail tho boat is tnado to
waltz about gently until the drags catch
tho wreck. Then Bho is ''shaken out" and
"killed." All hands oxcopt tho skipper
commence to fish on the bottom with small
hooks; and convincing ovidenco that tho
boat is over tho wreck is producod by
the hooking of a blackflsh. Ranges or
landmarks aro then takon, and tho wreck is
captured. In among tho old rotting tim
bers shcopshead und big blackflsh lovoto
link, nnd in tho eddies formed by tho old
hulk all sorts of game fish are apt to loiter.
It is believed that thoro aro very many old
wrecks which, if located, would delight the
hearts of tho anglers.
Now all tho boats aro hauled out; tho
winds aro whistling for snow; tho stoves
nro getting hot. and around them tho an
glers nro gathering to tell fish stories and
form great projects for thesummer.of 1800.
The Twelfth District.
If thero Is a Congress district in the
Union which more than another has a
great stake in tho raalntenanco of tho
gold standard and of 'tho credit of this
nation and pooplo lfc Is tho Twelfth Con
gress district of Now York. Its inhabi
tants in great part aroconservutlvo people,
whoso Interests demand imperatively tho
soundest currency system attainable. '
In this Twelfth District tho candidate of
tho Democrats for tho Fifty-sixth Con
gress Js Geohgk B. McCleiiIiAN, who voted
in the Fifty-fifth Congress for tho Teller
resolution, intended to establish tho silver
principle for tho guidance of tho Govern
ment. He refuses now to tell tho intelli
gent peoplo of his district how ho stands
ns to tho silver question, but that vote
Indicates very unmistakably whero ho
would bo If ho should be elected.
Consequently the running again of such
a man as Georoe B. McCleilan Is an In
sult to tho common senso of that onllght
encd district. No Democrat in it who be
lieves in tho gold standard can oto for
him without helping tho silver enemy.
Tho Republican candidate for Congress
In tho Twelfth district la Howard Conk
lino. Ho tells frankly whero ho stands as
to the currency; ho Is fox tho gold standard;
and being on that side he represents tho
sentiment of the great majority of the dis
trict. Ills election, therefore, should bo
certain. McClellan Is not worth the con
sideration of any honest man.
'I no Zodiac's Message to Augustut.
In tlio lack of any definite detailed advices,
such as tho Republican State Cdmmlttco
Is receiving from tho interior counties of
Now York, tho Domocratio campaign man
agers of Van Wyck (Auoubtus) havo re
sorted to an astrologer, described as "a
uniformly successful reader of tho zodiac"
His bulletin of encouragement and cheer
has appeared semiofficially, and It shows
how sweet aro tho uses of astrology In
some political canvasses,
'According to tho learned and erudite
soothsayer, with whoso astrological con
clusions tho campulgn managers of Van
Wyck (Augustus) ngreo, oven If they nro
silent on tho subject of tho Chicago plat
form, Sagittarius was rising with 24 de
grees on tho ascendant and 17 of Libra
on Sept. 28, at tho time of tho nomina
tion of Van "Wyoiv (Augustus) at Syra
cuse. Jupiter, lord of tho ascendant, wns
In close conjunction with tho mld-lioavou ;
tho Moon (silver at 10 to 1, tho Bryan
omblem) was In opposition to Mercury In
tho Ninth House (there is no third bouse or
lobby among tho stare) and 20 degroes of
Capricorn wero rising, und 20 degroes or
Scorpio woro culminating. That was the
sltuutlon astrologlenlly, when Van Wyck
(Auoubtus) was knocking to flinders Mo
Guire, Stakchfield, Sulzeh, and other
aspirants for tho Dpmocrutlo nomination In
tho Byracuso Convention. Everything wns
propitious for Auausxus, oxcept that
Uranus was a Httlo too far to tho left, and
Mara cast n strong shadow which it did
not seem llkoly could bo dlspcllcd.'except
by a moro rapid celestial movement;, prior
to Nov. 8, of Suturn, tho symbol of a cen
tral or irradiating figure, or Boss,
Such woro tho consoling planetary condi
tions, as disclosed to tlio eager vision nf tho
Domocratio astrologer. From the state of
tho zodlao this eminent political authority
reaches a conclusion which must bo very
satisfactory to tho supporters of Van Wyck
(Augustus) generally, oven though It u in
ono particular dlsqtilotlU(f. It is this; Whllo
tho position 'Oil Hcjit, 28 of Sagittarius, of
Jupltor, of Hatum, and of Mart) (on thn cubp
of mid-heaven) do not point to the Meotlou
on Nov. 8 of Van Wick fAuquurns) us
Governor, any moro tbn dp the dogieos J
of Capricorn and of Scorpio, thoy have a j
deeper, broador, moro serious significance.
Augustus may bo defeated for Govornor,
tho planets predict, but other and greater
political honors await him :
"The Democratlo nomine will arrive at greater
honors thin that of being Oovarnor of Hw York,
and tbeiu la every probability of his being nomi
nated and elected President of the United States."
Van Wyck (Auoubtus) may bo nominated
for President of tho United StatosT Such
is tho answer of tho stain, such is tho
messago from tho rodlao, such Is tho rc
sponso of tho oracle. It is a messagd.
which good cltlzons of tho State will
hoar with equanimity; for If Theodore
Rooievelt Is elected ns Govornor of Now
York, with a Legislature which will send
an honest money Senator to Congress,
and If tho Administration of William Mo
Kinlet is sustained, then tho nomination
by tho Democrats In 1D0O of Van Wyck
(Augustus) for President Instoad of Bryan,
whom Augustus supported In 1800, but
who fell behind about 208,000 votes at tho
polls In this Stale, would bo perfectly satis
factory. Auoubtus could run, porhaps, on
"Statu Issues" for President.
It may appear ungracious to criticise, a
political astrologer who furnishes tbo best
which tho zodlao has to offer to his1 friends
at a tlmo when Heaven's ebon vault Is not
studded with stars unutterably bright for
his party; but tho Democratic oraclo must
bo reminded that his horosoopo docs not
como up to tho standard In ono particular.
His zodlao Ignores "Btnte Issues," and a
zodlao which would do this, at a tlmo when
all tho campaign managers of Van Wyck
(Auoustub) aro agreed that1 "State Issues"
aro the only Issues to bo considered, Is not
a zodlao worthy of serious attention.
Tammany is advertising extensively a
collection of "Democratlo negroes " whloh
it has gathered for exhibition during this
campaign. It cannot bo denied that it has
been able to got together some suchspecl
m ens and that they havo consented to
mako a Bhqw of themselves for tho benellt
Tho "Domocratio negro" is invariably a
negro Who has loft tho Republican party
because it has not given him enough in tho
way of subsidy to pay him for remain
ing in it. Ho Is open to the highest bidder,
and if Tammany puts up the money it has
no troublo In getting him.
Tho collection of "Domocratio negroes "
now on exhibition by Tammany, accord-,
lngly, commands curious attention from
both negroes and white men. Go and Beo
it if you want to boo specimens of the Afri
can raco of tho sort that did not bring glory
on their raco in tho trenches before Santi
ago. Follow Trxodobe Roosevelt ? Why
should thoy follow him ? Ho is not their
sort of man.
Tho Deaf and Dnmb Party.
Tho Hon. Richard Croeeb made a speech
in behalf of his candidate for Governor at a
meeting of deaf mutes on Saturday night.
It was peculiarly appropriate that ho should
do so. Ho Is carrying on a deaf and dumb
canvass. Ask him or his candidate for GovT
ornor, "What do you think of tho Chicago
platform?" or "Aro you a silver man or a
gold man ?" and you freeze him into deafness
and dumbness at onco. Say a word about
tho groat national issues in regard to
Which Now York Is to give judgment next
Tuesday, and ho becomes deafer than an
addor and dumber than a clam.
Undor tho boss-ship of Richard Croeer,
the- Democratic party of New York Is a
deaf and dumb party.
For th,e Information of voters, wo print
tho whole text of the significant editorial ar
ticle la the A'aiuai Citu Tunis from which we
published a fow extracts yesterday. It In worth''
reading by every honest-money Democrat, so
rallod. who contemplates treason to the oaueo
of honest money by depositing' a ballot for
Auouhtus Van Wick.
Senator Turtie tells his audiences that 10 to
1 is aa much an Issue this year aala 189. Indian
And Senator TunriE Is right.
Tho Hon. James K. Jones, Chairman of
tho National Democratic Committee, denlos
most solemnly the rumor that ho has ousted
tho Hon. Coin IlAnvrr from tho post of Gen
eral Manacor of the Democratic party. Jones
savs that he approves Hahvey and that Hab
vet Is just tho man for tho job. So the work of
collecting contributions for the purpose of
spreading tho 10 to 1 gospel will go on under
the direction of an eminent silver crank, and
with tho sanction and cooperation of tho Na
tional Democratlo Committee.
The people of Massachusetts spend an aver
age or a a year for postage stamps, or at the rat of
1601etteraayear Springfield Union,
No wonder tho average Is high. For the pur
pose of communicating his views to an anxious
public, tho Hon. Gamaliel Bium-oud writes at
least 150 letters a day. and sends forth 1,500
coplos of each. He Is the best friend the Post
Ofllco Department has. and will ultimately
bring about one-cent letter postage.
cnoKEit Asn this policx.
frtmlhc Ulaatl-Ztitung, Tttltrday.
Now Mr, Croker baa again felt Impelled to atand
out as the defender of the police in order t repel
the belief that crime is again rampant and that
gambling hells are running without Interference.
Naturally Croker makes answer only in general
phrases and by letUng loose 'the usual attacks on
the Strong administration. It Is really too atupld
to attempt to do away with the accusations by as
serting that a member of the firm that publishes the
Journal In which the complalnta were first printed
took part in the notorious Seeley dinner. That is
about all that Croker lias to aay, eicept the state
ment that Tammany has done away with the police
If Croker believes that he can by such means re
inootbe opinion that the police are again permit
ting the Tiolatlon of the laws in return for regular
payments, he la mistaken. He may Indeed belter
it, for ha la dull enough to do so, Wehavealwtj
taken the position that Immorality can never be aup
pressed wholly In a large city, and that we should
be content to watch and limit It so aa to avoid publlo
siandal, Ono has only to stroll through the streets
of the city now, however, to see that almost every
where under tho eya of the polioo conditions exist
which would bo unendurible aa a permanent thing.
It is not even necessary to alt till after dark. la
theaame way any onoeaueaellyaaaure himaelf that
the old loaflng system haa agalu worked Its way into
the police, that policemen at night stand together in
crfcupa conversing if they do not happen to be
touted with eating and drinking.
IV cannot say that the police allow themselves to
be bribed, for we hate no proofs of this. We know,
however, that they permit things to be done which
they did not penult during the last three years and
which should be suppressed becauae they constitute
a public scandal and ar therefore corrupting growing
youth. Wo know, too, that tho police hare aster be
fore overlooked such matters without ecma one de
riving personal profit from it. The author of the
article which ao dreadfully excited Mr, Croker haa
offered to point out to the Chief of Follce the plarea
to which be referred. Probably he will be rr glad
if Croker will join the excursion. Why do not the
ccntleueu accept the offer?
TVaute the On roll lira and Mnrlnuas, Too,
To tux EoiToit of The Bum Sin Of course, every
body ie delighted that President UeUlnley has de
rided to keep the leey Isle. Uut doesn't the tall
go with the bldo j Mike a clean job of it andbu
Spain out of tbar-aililc. Include lbs Carotluee aud
the balance of tb Marianss, jilrutl
Nirroir, Mas., Oct. M. VULVut iiuim,
head xma xiKrons tuit yotb.
Tlio Situation In New York ami Kliawhrro
a It Appear to tho Free Mlvorltee,
7Vm thn A'diUJl Citu Tirntt.
Tho loaders of tho Republican party, who are
also tho hoad nnd front of tho gold standard
offending, aro sotting tho fact Into their hoads
that tho sllvor question will bo oven a greater
Issuu in 1000 than It was In 1600. Thoy nro
just beginning1 to roallze that the Democratic
party In all tho States ha directly or Indirectly
Indorsed tho silver plank of tho Chicago
platform. For a Httlo whllo tho Republicans
found comfort tn tho nbsenco of any refcr
enoo to tho Chicago platform by tho Now
York State Convention, but slnco then thoy
havo come to realize that tho Stato ticket
Is composed of ardent advocates of thn
frco and unlimited colnagoot slhor, and that
the same Is true In practically all tho States:
thoy understand that tho silver question was
not even so much as scotched In 1800. Thoy
are amazod, too, that tho "crnzo" should sur
vive the "marvellous prosperity which abounds
everywhere." but which doos not abound any
wlioro. There aro other surprises In store for
them. Tho election of 1800 settled only one
question. It proved that by tho llhotalueo ot
monoy and brutal Intimidation certain ele
ments ot tho voting population can bo con
trolled by tho nearly 100 industrial trusts and
combines. This knowledgo Intensifies rather
than cools tho ardor ot tho bcllovers in sllror
money, for It make's them roalUo moro keenly
that tho monoy powers would resort to any cor
rupting methods to fasten the cold standard
upon tho peoplo.
No one has questioned the faithfulness ot the
West lo the cause of silver, but that tho causo
should be making new friends in tho East Is
tho surprising thing to tho gold people. It Is
gratifying to the West to seo that tho East Is
coming to understand tho necessity for a mon
etary system that shall include both stlvor and
gold as tho money ot redemption. The Admin
istration Is telling the people that great pros
perity Dormentes nil tho channels of business.
Tho East is scoine what tho West has known
all along, that the olomenta ot prosperity
aro present In abundanoo, but that thoy can
not manifest themselves to one-halt their
utmost bocauso tho volumo of circulating
money medium is not nearly equal to their
demands. Thla tho East Is now realizing
keenly, because It hampers business expan
sion In fields that are most Inviting, and
consequently it Is espousing the causo of
tho unlimited cotnago ot slher as the only
means by which now fields may be opened and
old ones enlarged. In Now York andPonnsl
vanla moro especially the Demociatlo party
mado no reference to tho Chicago platform.
Republican corruption had forced it to make
local issues paramount to all others, but tho
conventions wero careful to nominate men who
wero conspicuous In holr advocacy of tho Chi
cago nominees. So, while In some of thoiEast
ern Statos tho stiver quostlon is not given
much prominence, tho people understand that
a Democratlo victory now means free silver
coinage. In 1900 aa tho leading issuo.
That is why the Democracy Is sure of carry
ing New York, and has a Httlo hotter than a.
fighting chaneo in Pennsylvania and somo of
the other Eastern States. ...
LIFEBOATS Oil DEATHBOATBT
Some Observations as to Lifeboat Drill
on Several of the Ocean Linos.
To ran Editob of The Sun 8m If my ex
perience is not exceptional, no ocean traveller
can fool surprise at the terrible- story Miss
ltoudebush tells of tho failure to launoh tho
lifeboats on the Uohogan. In that disaster, as
in that ot the Bourgogne and Elbe, thero was
ample time to havo put oft all the boats. Why
Is It that In such accidents few boats aro moved,
and most of those swamped ? Most of tho men
who go down to tho sea In ships would proba
bly reply. "Inadequate boat drill."
I havo crossed the ocean on tho bid Inman
line, on the National, Atlantic Transport. North
German Lloyd. Whlto Star, and American lines,
and have never seon a satisfactory drill.. At
most, onco during each oyago tho call lias
sounded to man the boats. On tho American
and Whlto Star lines each man know his posi
tion, and took it In fairly good time, but eon
on those lines tho boats are not lowered moro
than a few feet. Safo launching dopends upon
tho two onds of tho boat being lowered oonly:
for If the boat reaches the water on the slant It
swamps. How many ocean travellers havo
seen a boat well lowered at drill? I have never
seen one. To ao the work perfectly would re
quire an Immense amountof drill, and the men
get next to none.
I havo crossed on tho Atlantis Transport
steamors throe times on two voages there
was boat drill, on the last voyago no drill. Mr,
Williams, the London agont of this line, has
been reported as saying "that thoro Is not a
day on any of our ships In which a thorough
lifeboat drill Is not gone through with." In the
spring of 1817 1 crossed on the sam steamer
with this gentleman. Ono boat drill and but
ono took place, and Mr. Williams stirred up all
tho paHsengers to see it. We all felt sorry for
him whijn tho display camo off. Scarcely a man
knew his plnce.and tho, exhibition consisted
In tho sailors and stewards hunting each other
about from ptllnr to post.
On Monday. Sept. -0. I landed In New York
on tlio Marquette of tho Transport llnn. There
was no boat drill I on the whole oyago. The
English Board of Trado requires steamer to
put two boats outside the rails In going down
tho channel. The placing of theso two boats 1
watched on tho Marquette. The davits woro
sp stiff, and thn four or llvo sailors called to do
the work wero so new at tho duty, that the first
boat was wedged, and It took au Interminable
tlmo end many emphatic commands before the
boats were free. I thought ot shipwreck and
Perhaps the time has come for passengers to
protect thomsehes by using their Influenco to
make It compulsory for crows of passenger
steamers to give a complete boat drill every
tlmo they aro In port in tho presence of a Gov
ernment official, a eertlflcato to sail being re
fused should tho drill not be satisfactory In
WfSHr. rw g101 8-lJLATcn.
The Feelings nnd Hopes of a Democratlo
To the EDrron op The Sun Sir: On the
8th of November tho pcoplo with their ballots
will snow under the assallers of tho present
Administration. President McKlnley's bands
will be held up by just such majorities as ha o
always been glvon by the patriots In overy
groat crisis In our land. History repeats Itself.
It will repeat Itself in this Instance. I shall
vote for Roosevelt. Daly, Cohen and a Republi
can representative, and many ot my frlonds
will do the same. "I am a Democrat "and on
tho pollco fore ot this city. Asiemcan.
New Yon. Oct. 31.
Stonewall Jnckaon and James II. Wilson
To the EoiTon or The RvvSin I havo
been reading In The Sun of Oct, 10 the review
of Col. Henderson's book on Stonewall Jackson,
The author appears not to eonsider that
Btonowall was never pitted Against a really able
General, Four companies of my old regiment,
the Second Massachusetts Infantry, with a bat
tery, held Stonoirall'a whole army of thirty
eight regiments in check for halt a day, just
south of Winchester, in May, 1802, and proba
bly killed moro than tholr own number ot
Stonewall's men. Suppose all lianks's troops
bad been as well disciplined and as well offi
cered? Suppose Gen. Thomas hod been In
command on our side? Thon tho fato of Hood's
army might have befallen Stonewall's army.
Col. Henderson thinks Grant did not succeed
in mystifying bis enemy as Stonewall did. It
seems to me that Grant's march to tho river
below Vlcksburg. crossing It, and then march
ing fartothe rear ot Mcksburg. deceived the
enemy by each mouuiient as completely as was
ever dono by any ihfeiiiont ot Htonewall.
The same is probably true ot some of Grant's
flank movements in Virginia.
Col, Hendereon speaks ot ths battlo of Cedar
Run, We of Uankn's command, who fought thn
battle, called It "Cedar Mountain." I licllevo
the Confederates called it "Ulaughter Moun
tain.", If Sherman had been In command on
our side we should have whipped Htonewall
badly. As it was his loss In klllnd and wounded
must have been fnr greater than our-, Hanks
had, I bollflvn. 4.500 men and lost l.WKj. There
were largo bodies of Federal trooi three miles
In our rear which were not ougaged.
If Col. Henderson would make an exhaustlto
study of Gen. James Harrison Wilson's opera
tions during the last year of the war he might
find him a greater commander than Htonewall.
Awoa. Fla., Oct, 5j. K. C. Horns,
a 1) '
mZilOCRATIV MSXTtXtRSX 'OIt JtX
PAStOf. , ,
Yljrorons Kxpresalonsfrom n. Pntrlotleew
paper of Kentucky
It Is Inovltabfo that tho United Btates accept
tho lollcy of expansion. Itwould be a coward
ly evasion of responsibility for thb nation to
do othorwlso. Teonlo who opposo expansion
on llu; grounds that It would Involve now rela
tions with continental powors and would bring
up now questions of governmental policy are
tho v letlms ot foolNh fear The genius of pur
statesmanship and the flthess of our conbmlo
principles will mako us tho oonquorors of all
obstacles. Tho nrgnmonts such porspns ad
vance In opposition to expansion are at par
with the following;
"Don't you knotf." said n politician, "that
somo of the Islands in tho Paclflo Ocoan aro tho
work of coral insects ?"
" What has that cot to do with us taking pos
session of them)" askod the expansionist.
' " My.friend. you are wholly deflclonbln the
foresight that makes n statesman. Supposing,
somo ship with a caitrc of Insect powdor was to
founder In tho neighborhood?"
Tho evils that attend 'expansion are just
about as appalling as tlio results would bo wero
a ship loaded with insoqt powdor to sink near a
coral Island. '
Goethe on American I&panslon.
Ftom tAs Savu Vsnocrahc Keicipaptr,
Almost a contury ago Goethe, with prophetlo
foresight, saw that manifest destiny would
foroe the United States to adopt a policy of ex
pansion, and. in. his comments upon, the
Isthmus of Panama, ho predicted In tho fol
lowing words suoh a consummation:
" A, groat splrjt of enterplso will manifest It
self In tho futuro that will result In tbo cutting
ot a canal of such a character as will allow
ships with any kind of cargo, and of every.1
oven tho greatest, slxe to pass from the Gulf of
Mexico to tho Faolflo Ocean. This will result
for tho civilized world, also for tho not Uncivil
ized part ot mankind, in tbo most incalculable
advantages. I should, however, bo astonished If
tho United Statos were to let slip the oppor
tunity of getting suoh a work Into their own
hands. Ono may foresoo'.that that youthful
country, with its pronounced tendency toward
tho West will hnvo seized urxjn and peopled,
within the next thirty orforty.years, even tho
wide stretches of land beyond tho Hooky Moun
tains, One may also foresee that along all this
coast ot the Pacific, whero nature hast already
created thn most .spacious and most seouro
harbors, thero will gradually rise very Impor
tant coniirierclal'towns, which will become tho
Intermediaries of a great' intercourse botween
China and tho East Indies on tho ono side and
tho Unltod States on the othor. I repeat, then,
that' It is absolutely imperative for tho United
States to effect a cutting from .the Gulf of
Mexico to tho Paclflo Ocean. And I am sure
thoy will effect that aim."
Gootho was inspired with, tho true spirit ot
tho prophet and the. lapse of years havo wit
nessed a partial fulfilment of his predictions.
As ho forctold..tho Irrepressible tendency to
ward expansion, chnractoristlo of a vigorous
peoplo. has resultqd in tho building ot an em
pire upon the Paclflo slope. Commercial towns
have sprung up llkomagia and now the ripe
ness of Goethe's wisdom Is apparent in the
birth of tho greater America that is reaching
out for imperial power In tho Pacific.
Tho acquisition of tho Philippines, which Is
only a question nf months, will mako tho
UnitedStates the dominant commercial factor
in the East Tho merit and vitality or hor
economic system will eventually mako her tho
eontrolllng political force, all of which will pro
mote the woalof humanity, civilized nnd unciv
ilized, within tho pale ot her InDuenco! A
means toward that end will be the construction
ot tho Nicaragua Canal. Destiny has ordalnod
It and tho new-bora interests of tho republic
TUTS IflCtr BAST ItlTEIC nniDQE.
A Solid Foundation Found on" the Eastern
i Endnt lOS'Feet Depth.'-, ' '
0. F.'NIofioiifctheohiet ojwlstant engineer or
tho new East Elver bridge, made, an Inspection
yesterday of the rock foundation proparod'nt
tho bottom of tho river within tho north cais
son at Williamsburg to determine whether the
bottom which had been oxposcd was suitable
to lay thn concrete filling of tho caisson upon.
Ten days ago, a splld foundation of rock,was
found thoro at n depth o(T, 08 feot bilow h'lgh
water mark. Considerable difficulty has been
had by the contractors in securing a sufficient
number of men to work during tho1 full twenty
four hours each day down in tho caisson.
Lately tho work has been going on for only
twenty-ona hours each day. Fifteen men
workod in each gang, und these could only
work forty-five minutes at a shift, and the'
samo mon could only endure to go down in the
caisson twlco on the same day. Tho twenty
ono hours' work took fourteen gangs, and om
ployed 210 men besides a foreman for each
Thu short tlmo during which each gang
worked wns duo to tho great air pressure re
quired at tho depth of 108 foet to keep the
water out of tho caisson. Compro&ainc tho air
to tho proper degree raised It to the tempera
ture of 100 degrees. Before the air la sent to
the working chamber it ts cooled by passing It
through 3,000 feet of one-Inch pipe submerged
In tho river. When It reaches the working
chamber 1t Is still nbov o 00 degrees In tempera
ture. The- men nro taken into tno caisson
through an airlock holding an entire gang.
Jcw men aro usually overcomo by tho 'air
pressure, or "slugged." as it Is called, on en
tering tho caisson. Tho sufferinct are even
Sreater In coming out, when, owing to tho re
liction in temperature caused by tho expan
sion of tho air. lco Is at times found about tho
doors, and tho mon are apt to catch a cold or to
suffer partial paralysis. '
The rock bottom was found satisfactory and
now the work of filling tho caisson with con
crete will bo begun. .Tlio working, chamber
nnd the passages leadln? to it will be filled up
solidly. It Ih expected that thla would be
finished by the end of next week. There Its
moro concrete over the top of 'the working
chamber, and upon this tlio stone, masonry
work, which will finally support two legs of the
steel tower. Is being hullt up with the protec
tion of a cpfferdnm Thn foundations for the
north pier ore tho deepest over excavated In
tho Eastern States.
TIIK FOLICtCMEN'S KON.VJiION IIATB.
A Reply to Tammany's Attempt to Explain
Awny Tlint Attack on Labor.
The ByN stated a fow days ago that ths po
licemen wero wearing non-union hats, made at
tho order of a Tammany, Police Board, and
that moinbers of the Unltod Hatters of Amer
ica had deolared for Col. Itoosorelt and Issued
a circular askjng.al hatters to support hlra.
A letter but-porting to be signed by John
Phlllliw. Secretary of the Hatters' Union, has
Blnee been published. In which tho writer tries
to discredit tho previous olroular. which had
declured that "It remains for a Tammany ad
ministration to equip our police with- non
union lints. whllohowllng in all the'byways
and publlo places we hear Tammanv saving
Vi o. love the Morklngman.' Are you willing
to give up tho Htstpto such friends? If not.
vote for Theodore) Roosevelt, and to tho ox'
tent of your power register a'protest against'
any such actions as tho above."
The Phillips latter said that only Blxteen
signers could be pbta uod to this petition.
Jesterduv E. II. Kerwln. Assistant Huperin
tendont of the bIiop In which the circular orig
inated, brought to Tub Sun a statement that
there were sou union men in the factory and
not ono refused who was asked to sign the clr
culor, but alj did not have an opportunity to
do so. Mr. lierwm says that many moro than
sixteen men slgnd thoclrcular. but he oroeaed
off the additional ones for convenience In
printing. He concludes;
No action of Mr. l'liliilpa or any other llv
ing man can.make those scab hats union bats."
Guaranteeing Busar Prices Again,
The American Sugar RoDninrj Company and
the independent refiners of sugar. In order to
secure orders, aro again offering'' to guarantee
price on contracts or large orders. The guar
antee was withdrawn about two necks, whon
tho refiners had a largo amount of orders. The
renewed guarantee Is effective to Jan. 1, and
ch tt fo tho customers, who are thus Induced to
buy ahead, on Insurance against uny higher
prices than those ruling at present and also
lite benefit ol any decline, omoera of the
American Sugar ltefinlnr Company said ye -terday
that the company la not contemplating
the removal of It Brooklyn sugar reUn ng
plant to Norfolk, V.. a reported.
wsftyi iikijaaV VljiaBeaatote.lltf&iiyq
n-OMKtf TAtK OS VOT.tCt! JlltlnmT.f I J
Mr. Ttate of the Political Study Sorlrty ' '.f
Defend Men Who Take llrihrs,
Tho fur camo prellv noar living at tlio ment- fl
in' Of the Society for Political 8tudy yelerih )L
afternoon'. Dr. Jessie T. Hoglo wn ih 'X
sneaker of'tho day, and she read a paper nn wf
tho Pollco Department. Mrs. Margaret llMniot
Hates, a gcntlo-volced Httlo woman, surprised I
oery oboby savlutr. In (ho discussion nhieh I
fdllowed, that sho didn't blamo policemen tor '"
taking. b'rlbos". ,'
"I don't blamo a man who has to li vi ?
support a family on tho pitiably small oninrr 1
paid lo n pollcoman for sailng 'Pooh lull ,.. In
unstonally," sho snld, "Unless ho doi. , $
not soo bow ho is to keep out of jail." B"J
Most of those present looked at one on- If,
other disapprovingly, nnd tho Itov Antoinette, ,!,
Brown lllnckwell hastened to change Hie auu
jeot by talking about the two ways open town
mon In offeotlng reforms in tho Police Do.
partment Sho said that ono was bv dolnc
practical work and making tho best of thlnca '
as they are. and tho othor to try to Influence
publlo opinion by elevating publlo sentiment
Then Dr. Ellen E. Miles told what benerteiil
Influenco women had exerted In thn Illicit
Department of 'Now Haven.
In tho moantlmo tho members had Wcn
thinking moro and more about what Mr.
Bates had said. Dr. Miles had scarcely con
cluded before 'Mrs. Almon Hensloy was on her
"I am sure Mrs. Bates was joking In wlut
she said about the policemen taking brlhe,"
Alio begnn, "and I for ono would not like It to v
go forth that tho members nf this club an.
provo ot bribery In any form."
"I wns not joking," answered Mrs. Hates
emphatically. T bollovo that If I had had a
polloeman for a husband when I was rounr
and had manyi Httlo children and much care.
1 should havo said, 'John or Jack or Pete,' or
whatever his namo was. If anybody offers rmi
any money you will bo mighty foolish if voti
don't take.ltv Tho. little sum thatapol'oemaa
commands is not a theory; tt is a condition,
and I think whore muoh Is required of them
in' tho way of examinations nnd work that
much should bo given them. I'll walvo mor
als It" .
Mrs, Bates didn't gel n chahce io finish,
Miss" HelfferU attornoy-at-Iaw. took tho floor
Jnd declared: "I think, that IK) por ont -im,
'II sny 70 of tho policemen In Now lork do
not know enough to speak English grammati
cally. Fourteen' hundred dollars a yenr for
mon llko that Is entirely too much for tax
payers to pay. I know a man who competed
with a woman In a stenographic examination,
and ho was able to earn only $8 n-week while
sho commanded J1!0. He was mado a police
man. however, ot a salary of $1,000. Ho worn
tho uniform only a few 'days when he was
takon on the force oh a stenographer nnd his
salary raised to $1,100. Slnco thon he. lus
been mode a roundsman nnd gats $,4iM,
though he Is still acting as stenographer''
'"It Is not a question of bow much orliow
little a .pollcoman cots." said Mrs. Honslev,
,Tt Is a question of morals and honesty- nnd
us tho spokesman for many women, who, I am
sure, agree with mo, I do not wish It to bo forth
, Mrs. Charles J. Burgoyno said that sho felt
that something ought to bo sold about tlia
bravery of the police, who risk their lives l
most every day in assisting peoplo across ths
street. s "Any, way., ororybqdy says that New
York city has tho finest pollco forco In the
world, and I bollevo It," sno concluded.
"To sura It all tin., remarked Mrs. Mar
Bontoc Bedell. "I think we may safely say
that the pollcoman s life Is not a happy one."
Mrs. Blackwell expressed tho' opinion that
women should havo.a voice in tho Pollco Com
mission. - I
Beginning with next Tuesday, tho meetings
of the society will be held in Genealogical Hill,
220 West Firty-eichth street betweon Seventh
avenue and Broadway. ,
THE IIUNT MEMORIAL VJtTEILEn.
It I In Central Park, Opposite T.enoi Li
brary, One of the, Architect' Works.
The monument In memory of Richard Mor
ris Hunt, tho distinguished architect, erected
at the edgo ot Central Park near Seventieth
street by a number otArtsocloilesotthlscltr.
was unveiled yesterday afternoon at 4 o'clock.
The monument was designed bv Daniel Ches
ter French and Bruce Price. President ot the Bcoo
Architectural League. It Is a granite and Hrpn
marble semicircular bench, with high back ot JBuk
stonepanels and columns, recessed In tho Park IHst
wall. 'On a pedestal at the centre stands a fin jflmi
:lron.zo bust of Mr. Hunt, .sculptured by Mr. Immit
Frerich. and at' the front are two spaaes which Bftt
later are to hold lironze 11 cures roDrosentlnc lKch
Architecture and thu Allied Arts. The mon u- flv
meat faces the Lonox Library, one of Sir. Bcrol
Hunt's finest works'. Somo ot his other well- B'l
known, works, are' tho Statue ot Liberty pedes- VmMi
tak the World's Fair Administration bulldlne. Ill
the Marquand.Chnpol at Princeton and the . WVon
K. Vanderbilt manslonon iFifth avenue. writ
The ceremony opened yesterday with a pre- Tl
Kmlnary reception in the Lenox Library, after wrl
which the oommlttee ofarchlteots and other tup
guests marched across jand grouped them- pie
selves in front of the monuniont George K. ttr
Post, President ofitherlnstitute of American fiai
.rchltecta and ot tlio Fine Arts Foderatlon, and wei
Chalrman'of the Hunt Memorial Committee. tb
presented tho monument to the city, sneaking i
of Mr. Hunt's career and of his eminence as Itac
an architect abroad ajCwoII as in thlscoiiutrv. Krt
and calllnc him the fathor of American arclil- He
teeture. . net
At the conclusion of his speech the monii- rati
mont. which had been unveiled by Rlchnrd 'M
Hunt, a grandson of the architect watCdecked oat
with Wreaths. Randolph Ouggenlielmer. fAd
Presldent'of the Council, accepted tho memo- i rfa'
rial In the namo of the city, and (. C. Clausen ' ' -
received It In custody for the Park Boardof Mt
which he Is President. The ceremony closed f
with a prayer and benediction by tho itov. Dr. , "0;
William It Huntington of Grace Chureh. 7f
1 Tho societies" which erected the monument u"
nre: Munbinal Art 8o?letvof Now York. Keiv
York Chapter of' American Institute of Arehl- B "
tects. Trustees Metropolitan Museum of rt. ?lr
Architectural League, Society of Beaux Arts An
Architects, Century Association, National
Academy of Design. Society of American Art- "
tsts. National Sculpture Society. American
Water Color Society. Now York Water Color D
Club, and the Art Artisans of New York. uu
They were represented by tholr most dl- T(v,
tlnguished members, and a number of promt-
nent neoplo were present, among them the "at
following: Daniel Chester French. Henry Mir- of
quand. Porry Belmont Eastman Johnson, Al- ,
bert Blerstadt: John La Furtte. Henry D Bed-- "5"
wick. 8. P. Avery. thO'nov.Dr, Robert Collier. to
.Tamos 0. Carter, V.. Hamilton Bell. Stanford lot
White and John Drew. t
COItPOItATIOy TAX ZAir' VALID.
Supreme Court Affirms the CcnstUutlonnllty tn
' of the New York T,ow. '
WASUiNOTpS.'Oct. 31, Tho Supreme Court ttfe
to-day. In an opinion read by Justice hhlrai. ttl;
sustained the constitutionality of the law of the
tho Btato of Now York Imposing a dlscriinl- (ft
natlnc tax upon, tho capital stock of corpora- T
tlons, firms or associations engaged In manu-
facturlng pr raining, either wholly or In port j
out of tho State andidolng buslnoss In t1" ihi
Btate. -ThOjcaso was Instituted by Parke 3
Davis & Co. against Ellis H. Roborts, Come-
trailer, audpamo to tho Supremo Court from btu
the Court of Appeals of Now York, jjoj
Justice Hhlrns discussed tho law at some J
length In his opinion, coming to the conclusion tan
that Inasmuch ns It made no distinction be- foe
tween corporations of Now York and thoso ut J
othor States. U did not oomo within the lift of e
statutes discriminating against tho product of
tho other States, and therefore was not uneon- St
stltutlouoj. The exemption of "mnnufactur- M
ing or mining corporations, wholly encagod tn m
carrying on manufacturing ior mining oi4 ,
wholly within tho Btnto of New York," wsh n i Wft
restricted to New York corporations, thn C'm' ri
raid, and It was stated "That, subject to ee. Ml
tain limitations as respects. Interstate ami !" w
elgn commerce, a Htate may Impose such cin- . ri
dllluns upon permitting a foreign corparati 'i 'S"
to do Imeluese within its limits us it may juli: M
expedient land that It may make tho uranl r f
privilegn dependent upon tho payment rl
apeclllo license tax, or a sum proportioned "
the amount of its capital used within t I t
Htate." This must bo regarded as finally ' film
tied by frequent decisions. .W
Justice White did not alt in the case n l if
Justices Harlan and Drown Uhuontod in f
vigorously. Justlcn Harlan announced ' J
vlowsof lilmyolf and Justice Brown. Ho n J
sorted that thu long lllio of decisions by " "
court wore ut variance with the ono just a' - ,
Iiouncod. aud that tho Now York law was an
uriousdlscrlmlnatlonngatiiMttheinnnufaU p 0)
ng business and goods of other States, win " TL
the court had frequently held was forbidden I v ij
tho Federal Conrtltutlon. It wa easytoo-- "!
Justice Harlan said, what tho result would '
were all the States to enact laws similar to '!" ttl
ono undor consideration overy State w i l
exact a tribute or levy a tariff upon thn salo ' "
the products of otery othor State within '
limits. Ha Bald In conclusion: , , ttk
"That a corporation engaged in one State
tho manufacture of goods shall not send 7
goods to another Stato and there sell them N
oept subject to taxation on th capital (" iW
ploredn Ha business In the latter Bute y, h n 3J
no taxation Is imposed upon the capital of em' K,
liar corporations wholly engaged fa manii's Mm
turlnc like. goods Tn such latter, State. ; 9m
condition which. In my judgment. UforhMdia mm
br the Constitution of the United States. JgE