Newspaper Page Text
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K FBIDAY, DECEMBERS 1808.
l Sabferlptlons by Hall, raitpslt.
f tUtXT.jer Month 0 BO
f &AIX.Y, per Tear,'...... ..'..! 0 00
r pTUrTDAY, jMrTast1... .......... ... "00
MILT AHbStnfDAaypVr tea. BOO
L BAH.T ANDOKDT.PrMonlh. 70
$ roaUi to foreign countries added.
' Taa Sex, NewTtrk Olty,
; Pairs aTJaeepe, Ho. Jl. But Grand JIoteL and
1 ' '.' ,
? r Viands wJU Ml artA mamttKrfptt
, v tmhtitathn U to Mm rtjntU articXtt returned, tStv
Before the Proper Tribunal.
Mr. AcausTiDB Van Wtck and others en-
dekroi-ed to make a political lesuo of tho
obarge of- mismanagement or fraud In the
( They naked the people of Now Tork to
;. constitute themselvos Into a trial Jury, nnd,
without hoarlnjr witnesses or examining:
vhienee, to rote at tho polls last month on
the question of the Innocence or guilt of
the aoausod officials.
The people of Now York properly de
ellned thuvlnvitatlon, proceeding from mo
tives obviously far from being disinterested.
' They contented thomsolvcs with electing as
Governor a man whom they knew to be
honest, and. safo to depend upon for hearty
Intolerance .of roguery anywhere around
him along the lino of the Erlo Canal or
Thus tho charges of oanal maladminis
tration go beforo the proper tribunal,
namMy.'tho courts of tho State, to be de
termined on evidonco and according to law.
Justice, and not political sympathy, has tho
matter In hand. Tho case will be prosu
m cutod but not prejudged.
x Fending tho inauguration of Governor
g Boosevxlt, one month hence, FitAtfK. S.
BiiAOK Is doing his duty as an honest Chief
S Magistrate and a faithful publlo servant.
iTlio Antl-Expanslonlsts Cannot Agree.
The Evening Post printed on "Wednesday
upon its editorial page a letter from an nntl
xpanslonlst who mado admissions scarcely
calculated to please tho editor of the paper.
They are curious, considering their source,
and so is the oholce of an antl -Imperialist
leader, in view of tho fact that tho latest
declaration mado by Senator Hoah, whb Is
tho man selected, is irreconcilable with tho
k. writer's fundamental concession.
K The correspondent of tho Evening Post
fi v begins by owning that his fellow opponents
Sr of expansion have been hitherto on the
K wrong track, and have Injured their causo
&' by,tholr .method of defending It, They
ought, he says, to havo recognized that tho
S surrender of the Philippines by Spain was
E the first step necessary, whatover course
'tho United States might subsequently do-
aide on. Ho goes on to say that they havo
5 Wso. mado a serious ralstoko In coupling
M with their denunciation .of imperialism
"so much distrust of tho pooplo and Gov-
ernme'nt of tho United States as almost
fit ' to drivo all self-respecting Americans
t to wish that we might undcrtako tho
M" took of g9vernlng tho Philippines simply
IK ttfprove that we have tho capacity and vlr
M tuo which ore required' Tho writor, for
M- , his parf, reppls tho imputation that tho
S United States are a " dying nation," which
M't cannot loam from its own past shortcom
H ingsjand sufferings ; and ho will not tolerate
a' doubt that "if thopcoploof tho United
m Slates deliberately determined to under
w take to govern tho Philippines, they would
' Boon learn how." Ho shows that ho is per
il eonally sound In head and heart by adding
k that " it is folly to say that wo could not
govern tho Philippines well, and it is an In
sL eult to say that wo would not." Ho ends
Sp thlspartof .Ids letter by adjuring those
Who like himself) are unfriendly bp expan-
don to stop insulting tholr country.
Acknowledging that tho acquisition of
tho Philippines from Spain is, or ought to
' be, a fact accomplished, tho correspondent
jl of tho Evening Post expresses the opinion
r thatflnioUigent men should now conflno
i thcmBolvcs to the question, "What shall bo
' done1 with, the Islands? Touching this prac
tical inquiry, ho avows with regret that
(- "the men to wliom wo hno been accus-
Itomed to look for guidanco aro fnllures."
TheAntl-expanslonlsts, ho says, " noed lead
ers in this crisis. Sonator Hoah scents, so
far, to be tho only man who is ready to lead,
and all who ogreo with him should follow
and support and strengthen him."
It Jsovldont, however, that Senator HOAlt
andithei-Efaenintf Pout correspondent do not
agree. They differ on a fundamental point.
Tholattor approves of tho siinender of tho
Philippines by Spain; tho former disap
proves of it, and means to do his lt to
nullify It by opposing- tho ratification of tho
treaty In the Senate. In a communication
whloh tho Woroestor Gaiettc, printed on
Wednesday, tho Senator said that " if it is
proposed to buy of Spain the sovereignty of
the .Philippine Islands, and to pay twenty
million dollars for It," ho did "not bellovo
that a treaty to that effect would he, or
ought tp be, ratified." Of course, If tho treaty
be rejected, the transfer of sovereignty for
which it provides goes for nothing. Such a
result would run counter to tho convictions
of those who bellovo that under no cir
cumstances should Spain bo sutTored to
retain tho rights of sovereignty over tho
It Is 'doubtful whether Senator Hoau's
qualifications for the leadership of tho antl-
expansionists will bo strongly commended
by tho reason whloh ho gives for objecting
f to the payment of twenty million dollars
fortho Philippines. His reason is that "tho
ii Constitution was framed uon tho theory
( that sovereignty Is uot a salable article"
j. The position Is untenable
There was, to bo sure, a time in tho early
v years of tho present century when it wus
lield, not only by tho Federalists but by
', some anti-Federalists as well, Jkfi'kiiso.v
.himself was at llrst Inclined to doubt
whether tho Constitution authorized him
l- to buy from France tho Louisiana Terri
tory. Happily for tho nation's destiny,
I ho overruled his scruples on tho point,
5, and tho validity of tho purcluibo has been
I affirmed repcatcdlyslnce then by thoUnlted
States Supremo Court, -Rhoso interpreta
tion of the Constitution binds all American
: citizens, including ovon Senator Hoah,
We need not say that what we Ixiught from
Trance was tho right of sovereignty over
' certain specified tract. Nor is It In tho
v case of Louisiana alono that all tho organs
' of our Federal Government, the Executive,
' the Legislative and the Judicial, havo pro-
l ceeded upon the theory that sovereignty
t is a salable article,
If We havo acted since no fewer than four
f times on. that assumption. Under tho sec-
f ond'Uniltiiftratlon of Jaujm Monrob we I
t 'beught.from Spain tho sovorelgntyovor the
JClorldas. Under PoiK'fl Adminlstraiion
wo bought from Mexico (ho sovereignty
over a vast region stretohlng from tho
Hocky Mountains to tho Paolfla Some
what later, with a view of rounding out tho
territory thus acquired, we bought tho'
sovereignty over an additional strip known
as tho "Gadsden Purchase." ' Wo scarcely
need remind tho reader that, .under Jomr
box's Administration, the sovereignty over
Alaska was bought from Russia by Becro-,
In every ono of t'neso instances the valid
ity of tho purchaso has been affirmed by
the United States Supremo Court, so that'
at tho present time thoro Is no prlnoipls
more lmpregnably established than the'
constitutional salablllty of sovereignty.,
Absurd, of courso, Is the Senator's sugges
tion that tho constitutionality of a sale of
sovereignty is affected by tho number of
people that may happen to inhabit the re
gion sold. In international and municipal
law the word sovereignty has an unam
biguous and inflexible meaning.
If Senator HoAn means to adhere to the
argument outlined by him in tho Worcester'
Oacettt, tho friends of expansion will bo
pleased to see him act as leader of tho anti
expansionists. Once more the blind .would
bo the leader of the blind, and both would
fall into the dltoh.
Neither Indemnity norRecompente.
We cannot agree with the conclusions of
our esteemed correspondent who denounces
the agrcomont to pay $20,000,000 to Spain
as an unnecessary "indemnity" and a too
generous' " rccompenso" for tho transferof
sovereignty in those Islands.
This payment, when approved by the 8en
ato and Anally mado after the ratification
of tho treaty, will bo In no senso-an indem
nity to Bpaln for tho loss of her posses
sions. Tho money was not offered as a sol-'
ace to wounded national prldo. It Is not
intended as a partial recompense for cash
expendod by our enemy in fighting us. That
view of tho transaction Is Incorrect.
The twenty millions signify in tho settle
ment simply tho commutation, at on ex
tremely reasonable figure, of the responsi
bility which would otherwise como to us,
along with tho sovereignty of tho islands,
for that part of tho Philippine debt actually
chargcablo to local Improvements. Wo pay
a lump sum Instead of assuming a bondod
Indebtedness somewhat vague on account
of tho oharacter of Spanish bookkeeping.
It is a release from an obligation which
would otherwise fall upon us, properly and
Justly, and which wo should be morally
bound to meet hereafter, tho only alterna
tive being repudiation by the United States
As to tho Carolines, not captured by us
during the war, whatever may be dono will
bo merely an affair of sale and purchase ;
and tho question of Spain's past misdeeds,
and the trouble sho has put us to, is no
moro involved in that purely business
transaction than It wo had always been at
peaco with hor.
Nobody has forgotten the Maine. Spain's
penalty has been terrible. The Idea origi
nally cntortalned by the Spanish states
men of persuading our Government to en
largo tho payment on account of- tho Phil
ipplne local Improvements to fancy dimen
sions, such as would constitute, in fact, a
war Indomnlty from tho victors to the van
quished, has not prevailed at Paris, .thanks
to tho wisdom and firmness of President
MoKiniet'8 Administration and its repre
sentatives in tho Peace Commission.
Here is Another "League."
An association calling Itself the "National
Municipal Lenguo " assembled at Indianap
olis on Wednesday for tho discussion of
" what It regards as thn first essential of,
general municipal roform an ideal or
model systoni of government." The so
ciety appointed a committeo last year to
formulate such a system, and it was re
ported at Indianapolis by Dr. L. S. Rowb,
"Professorof Municipal Government In the
University of Pennsylvania."
Reformers of tho Indianapolis sort think
that thoy havo got ahead a long way so
soon as they havo established a chair in
somo collego to make a specialty of their
"reform." It Is not cosy to Imagine, how
over, what Prof. Howe can profess to tho
students of tho Pennsylvania Unlvorslty.
Municipal government does not belong in
tho category of tho exact sciences, and It is
not posslblo to get it tborc. It is a matter of
politics, about which from tho beginning of
timo thero has boon disagreement tha will
last, probably, to tho end of timo. Not bo
inga science, with a perfect, "Ideal" system, '
but n mnttor of experjmontabout which dif
ferences of Judgment aro unavoidable, it
cannot, like mnthematlcs, physics or chem
istry, bo taught by collego professors, how
over owlish they may bo.
The truth Is, too, that thero is no other
department of government which would
get less profit from tho classroom thoorles
of college professors Ignorant of tho
practical affairs of life. Wo havo found by
experience that tho essays of no such pro
fessors In any Held of practical economics
havo boon pioductlvo of valuable rosults.
Whonevcr they havo undertaken to lay
down laws for" tho practical guidanco of
legislotlon ns lo tariffs, flnnnco, tho cur
rency, and tho llko, thoy havo mado a
mess of tho Job, and usually havo failed
to influence tho Judgment even of tholr
own pupils. When legislation has paid
any heed to them only disturbance 'and
confusion to tho business of tho State have
resulted, Prof. Wilson Is an example.
Theoretically ho know all alout the laws of
trade, but when ho sot out to make a tariff
ho constructed tho most Inconsistent, Illogi
cal and Impossible tariff bill evor passed,
and It Is not likely that Congress will ever
again sit at tho feet of a college professor
for Instruction in legislation affecting the
courso of practical trado.
Municipal government Is not under the
domination of great laws scientifically de
monstrable It is purely a matter of ex
peilmont and of changing requirements
and varying conditions, social and political.
No other department of government has
shown greater advancement during tho
last generation both hero and in Europe,
and In none is the improvement so
manifest. More than any other It affects
directly tho comfort of society, and
its adaptation to tho publlo needs, always
under public criticism, has become steadily
moro satisfactory. Fifty years ago mu
nicipal government In even the oldest
and richest capitals of Europe, In Lon
don and Paris, was rudo and Inefficient, and
Its piogress from that condition to its
present efficiency, unequalled elsewhere- in
tho Stato, lias taken plaeo chiefly during
the last twonty.flQ years. Tho cily of
Now York lias kopt pace with that Im
provement, though mennwhllo social and
political conditions have existed herei
which seemed to mako such progress
peculiarly difficult, If not impossible.
All this has taken place, too, with-
out" tho direction or assistance of "Pro
fessors of Municipal Government" either
in Europe or hero. It has been due to the
progress of solenoe and tho quick utiliza
tion by cities of modern Inventions and dis
coveries'. Streets whloh wore onoo dimly
lighted In Now "Stork aro now mado bright
by electricity. Whore they wero once ill
paved and dirty, they notf havo smooth
pavements and are kept cleansed. Fires onco
provoked scenes of violonoe and disorder
undcravolunteerflre department, but now
a municipal Are department handles them
quietly and effeotually, so that losses on ac
count of them aro proportionately far less.
The death rate, even, hasfallen marvellously
under a system of publlo health regulation
which has no superior In the world. Police
protection Is Infinitely better and the
water system Is Improved vastly. New
York has now by far the best and the cheap
est rapid transit system In tho world.
In every direction the increased efflolency
of municipal government has bocn made
strikingly manifest to every oltlzon, and
this progress, still going on continuously,
has proceeded without aid from "Profes
sors of Munlolpal Government." The coun
try looks enviously at the multiplicity of
the provisions now made for tho comfort
and convenience of a great Urban popula
tion, and the greater- consequent attrac
tions of urban life whloh aro drawing pop
ulation' thonoo to participate' In the many
advantages obtainable only In the great
Tho Mugwump soolety now meeting at
Indianapolis proceeds, however, on the as
sumption that municipal 'government has
been so conspicuous a failure that-jpeclal
collego 'chairs forv'lta reformation aro
requisite and a spectilo constitutional
amendmont Is necessary to remedy Its dread
ful defects. But whatever thoso wiseacres
may say or propose in tho effort to magnify
tholr office, tho rosults prove that, of all
departments of government, municipal
government is tho most successful achieve
ment of modern politics. No device for tho
radical transformation of tho system con
trived by a collection of lmpracticablo theo
rists will command respect from any sensi
Moroover, the pooplo of this country have
Just now more Important things to think
about than the pretensions of Mugwumps
that their whimsical Imaginings constitute
a veritable science.
Bridging the Katt River.
Mayor Van WrcK's recommendation that
measures be taken for building, as soon as
possible, two more bridges ovor tho East
River, to connect tho borough of Now York
with tho borough of Brooklyn, besides tho
bridgo now In uso and tho ono in course of
construction. Is wlso and timely. That tho
one existing bridge Is Insufficient for tho
needs of the lnhabltontsof the two boroughs
is.pluln, and it is almost as plain that the
new one now under way will be also Insuf
ficient when It Is completed. Of tho addi
tional structures recommended by the
Mayor, ho proposes that one be located
midway between the present bridgo and
that now building, and tho other much
further north, crossing BlaokweU's Island.
Even with these four bridges, New York
will be far behind other oltles of its size, in
the matter of overcoming artificially the
barrier which water interposes to free com
munication between its two most important
districts. London has bridges over tho
Thames at nearly every half mile, and Paris
has them over the Seine still closer to
gether. Tho smaller European cities
through which rivers run havo built bridges
wherever thoy aro demanded by travel.
Tho consolidation of the various sections of
Greater New York will not bo -completo un
til they aro tied together by roadways of
iron which can bo used at all times and sea
sons and dofy fogs, ice and other impedi
ments to water travel.
How much more pressing is tho necessity
for the proposed bridges than for tho
chimerical north and south underground
railroad, which still finds advocates, re
quires no argumont to show. Wo havo
plonty of means for getting up and down
town, whereas for getting across tho East
Blver wo havo only ono bridge and tho an
tiquated ferries. As soon as tho enlarge
ment of tho city's debt limit will allow tho
bridges to bo built, there is no question ns
to tholr superior claims to consideration
over the hole in tho ground.
Southern newspapers are finding a now
and powerful argument for diversified tiR
rlculturo In tho recontlotterof Mr. Edwabd
N. Townsknd to The Stjn, pointing out tho
Inevitable effect of British occupation of
the Soudan upon our own cotton-growing
Industry. Tho Columbia Slate remarks:
"In the light ot these facts who can fell to e a
greet mentie to the South' cotton enpremecy in the
cewlr peciSed ana reopened BoudanT The ex
plolUUon of the reiourcr of the SoiuUn -nill quick
r follow Ite reitoretlon to Analo-nKj-ptUu control,
the oommnnlceflone with Zurope br war of the Nllo
will be eUll further tmproTed, end under tho etlra
ulue of BrlUih ciplUl end enterprise wo mar look
r jiut that rlTalrr which Mr. ToTBrs,D forecaete.
For rears put CgrpUui cotton haa brou Imported
Into the United Blatet In Increasing quantities and
haa had the preference In rnanr lines of manufac
ture. What will It be when tho present limited area
aTallable for the crop In Kirypt Is supplemented bjr
the boundless and eijuallr fertile territory of the
"The South must prepare for this competition by
'disestablishing cotton ae the basis of lta Industry.
It cannot keep down Soudanese competition by un
derselling Egyptian grades, for that Is done now and
tonoeffeot, the Egyptian cotton being teller than
ours and commanding n higher price. Ihe South
must grow cotton only to the extent that It pars to
grow it: it must turn to other crops and make ready
foradayerenmoreeTtlthan the present. What we
manufacture at home there will always be money In,
but we cannot count upon profit In raising 7,000,
000 bales for export."
Cottontot Is tho name appllod in tho
South to tho men who bellevo in staking
everything upon tho cultivation of that
particular staple. Events In thowoild aro
moving fast and far, and the advance of
General Lord Kitchiener up the Nllo hit
King Cotton and the Cottentots hard.
Many pooplo look upon the forolcn relations
of hle country self the lreldenta a dictator In
them. It is fair to President McKinui to say that
uch Is not hin view. Uotlan llirall.
Who are the "many people" that look upon
the President as dictator o! our foreign re
latione, or as anything eUe than the Constitu
tion makes him ? Can you name twenty par
sons, or ten, or two, holding that vlow? For
merly it appeared to be entertained by some
Mugwumps, back in the ancient days of Cuctz
i and and bis Paramount, but we think those
Mugwumps have mojtlr reformed.
St. Paul the Victim of Bad Seamanship.
Frtn "Ptaut of ill) Lift," lv tktDtn of llriitel.
From time to time I met at dinner a great friend
of Lord (lage'e, Admiral Doyle. Invariably when
we met, this Admiral of the old school would come
to me and say; "Do ou, sir. read the account of
St. Paul's shipwreck!" "Yes, It Is the appointed
lesion." " Well, all I can say, as an old aailor, la
that If any Captain In her Majesty's jienrlcs handled
his vessel as the Captain ot that ship did, be would
have been coutt martlalled next day and sUsmlssed
tuk mtano asd xns aOtrxRAaxz
An Rxpletnntlon ornisTlewsbrEx-Ctayernor
Dulloek of Oeorglsi.
To thb EnrrooTnaBuK Sin Your edi
tion ot Sunday, Nov. 37, contained a striking
editorial on "The Great Revolution at the
South," In which you make kind reference, to
mrself. and to ot communication ot mine re
cently published by your neighbor, the JV j.
It my porsonal history is of any Important;
lnthlsdlfteusalon, let me say for myself that I
came from New York Btato and made my home
In Georgia boforo I was old enough to vote.
Tho oltles ot Augusta and Atlanta have been
my homes since then. I was a Georgia slave
holder, and opposed secession eo long as It was
a debatable Issue; voted tor Bell and Erorett,
and was in tho Confederate service from Fort
Bumter to Appomattox, where I gave my pa
role as an Acting Quartermaster-Oansral of this
Confederate States. Mr parole bound me to
return to my homo and obey tho laws there In
force. This parolo I have carefully kopt. I
was never a politician, was never a candidate
but for the ono political office whloh I held,
and hnyo no ambition to be a candidate for any
other. 1 resigned the posts ot President ot
tho Macnn and Augusta Railroad and Secre
tary ot the Southern Express Company when
I accepted the offlco of Governor.
I did hot "start out as a stout supporter of
negro fninoliloe."nordldlowe to it my " eleva
tion to the Govornorshlpof Georgia." In tho first
publlo speech I mado attor acoeptlr.g nomina
tion as a delegate from my county to the Con
stitutional Convention, eallod under tho Con
gress law for the reconstruction of the South
ern States, I deprecated the wholesale enfran
chisement ot tho negroes, because of their
unfitness for its responsibilities, but counselled
our white people to aocept the unwise condi
tions put upon us as the oholoo ot evils; that
tor our material Interests civil government,
even with negro suffrage, was better for us
than Indeflnlto military rulo undor Generals
having unlimited control of all our domestlo
and civil affairs setting aside tho judgments
of courts and jilrio. and rendering impossible
tho U6o of our credit foroapltal in the North or
abroad. Absolute stagnation undor military
control, or an effort for better things oven with
the negro as acltlzon and a voter, was tho lssuo.
Slysolf and a largo number ot our best white
cltlzons, having concldorablo pecuniary inter
ests at stake, accepted what seemed to be the
inevitable, and recommended similar action by
our people in accepting tho Illogical and un
wise policy of Congress.
It may be well Vt point out that the State
Constitution, framed by a membership includ
ing a. largo number ot colored delegates. Is a
fundamental law whloh restricted the general
exercise ot the franchise) to the election ot only
ono Htato offloer. and him only once in four
jenrs. thus minimizing tho dancer from the Ig
norant nowlv enfranchletl. IIo harm ever
came to this State from tho negro voter. The
Stats officials under that Constitution were the
peers of any before or since. Tho expenses of
Btato government and taxes wore less then
than at any time since. My election as Gov
ernor under that Constitution was not due en
tirely to the colored vote. Many of tho counties
liav ins tho lamest n .gro volo wero returned as
glvlni; majorities for Gen. Gordon, then my
opponent tor that onloe. It was the steadfast
ness of the white Union inon of tho mountain
counties which secured ray election. Ho rauoh
for ancient history,
I have continued to maintain to the best of
my ability tho civil and political rights of tho
eolorcd citlren. I havo sustained tho President
in hlsnppolntmentof competent colored men
when duly recommended for office by tholr
party organization. I nave not changed my
views in the slightest. I havo believed and
lmo long since- advocated a Stuto suffrngo
based upon intelligence and property qualifica
tion. Vt Idle, there mny bo thoso amone us who
would Beck to limit the suffrngo on a color line,
no ono who can road tho fifteenth Amendment
fs tool onougli to attempt such n proceeding.
It can be safely accepted as a fact by our
frlsnds North that the Intelligent, proporty
ownlne and tax-paying colored citizens of
Osonrla havo no objection to a modification of
tho franchise ot our Htate upon such n basis.
Tholr Interest in nn Intelligent franchisM Is
greater than that ot the white man, because iv
white man can caro for himself even under ad
The first effect otesuch modification of the
franchise would be a lenity toward whlto men
who are not legally qualified. Hut the rivalry
of candidates- would soon enforce tho law
ennnlly. Thero Is no denser, there has been
heretofore no fenr. of nerro domination In
Oeorgla. there Is nono now. nnd there will be
none hereafter. If thoro hail been I would
nunr havo consented to tlio Congress policy.
Is It not trim that no Itepubliean Htato In th
Union would sustain a Congress policy whloh
cnntempl.iteil "negro domination" in any
If onyot our States. In their restless fear cf
such a danger. hno dolled thn Fifteenth
Amendment, the way to correction is open
through the United States Courts, and will
surely be found. When wo keep within that
limit, and do not deny anyone tho right to oto
"on account of race, eolororprei Ions condi
tion of Bonitudc." we can regulate tho fran
chise, in our Ktnte according to our best judg
ment, and ft In n question for tho Supreme
Court and not for Congress to construe
Tho general complaint against the South Is
thut our election laws are loose and liable to
fraudulent manipulation: that by Intimi
dation and otherwise largo numbers of negro
voters nre not permitted to ote for members
of Congress. It Is tho duty of Congress to sen
to it that its niomtiora are fairly representative
of a majority of all the voters In their respective,
districts, nnd when a man presents himsolf
who Is not thus entitled, my recommendation
is that Congress rofuso to seat him and notify
tho proper authorities to order a new election.
Tlio result of such action. If persisted in bv
Congress, will be u full, froo and fair vote, and
an ncto opposition cnnvnss In each district.
Thero enn bono doubt that It is bettor for us.
better for the country,-that wo stand unrepre
sented while we are bringing about such elec
tion systems In ourdistnets as will command
tlio confidence not only ot Congress but of tho
people at largo.
lou mistake when you say that I brush away
the eoudltlons of the Fifteenth Amondment.
On the contrary. I accept thqm as conclusive.
Hut I contend that the option chon us In the.
South by the fourteenth Amendment, to accept
or reject tho enfranchisement of tho colored
man, and to increase or decrease accordingly
our representation In Congress, Is abrogntod uy
the Fifteenth Amondment. which doclares af
tlrmatlvely that tho Hlnto shall not dony the
right to vote on account of race, color, io.. and
therefore our option is gone. Thoquostlonof
our basis for representation is fixed, and we
eannOt modify It. If any Stato violates the
Fifteenth Amendment, tho Supreme Court
must so declare, and Rill bo ablo to enforce Its
Altor ten years of reflection, some observa
tion and experience, the slmplo remedy which
you havo .uotcd seems to bo the best course
for Congress to pursue.
I have not modllledmyvlewsastothenegro's
civil nnd polltlcnl rights or ns to Ills lawful
exercise of them, nor havo I nwir hesitated
to malntnln them publicly: but the time for
legislation by n Itepubliean Congress In his bo
half has long s-lnco passed, whenover it Is
understood that the negro Is simply a citizen
like tho rest of ns, ana not the, "ward ot the
nation "or thn " pet of a party." he will receive
justice from tho people among whom he lives.
Sporadic cases of unjust, unluwful nnd bar
barous treatment of tho negro cannot be de
nied, nor is It entlioly confined to tho South,
llutsuch Instances nrollclit compared with the
total number of tho negroes. Thero Is no re
corded history of any raco having onualled tho
progress of the nogro from slavery to the pres
ent day. lturus B. Dui.ixjck.
Atlanta, Ga., Nov. 28.
A Constitutional Amendment XeoessaryXJe
cause of Negro Disfranchisement.
To thk EDiTonor Tne Sun AV Your very
Just article In TnK Sun of the 27th on "Tho
Groat Hotolution at the South" refers to Gov,
Bullock's recommendation that Congress shall
refuse to seat a Representative " whenever tho
total number of votes cast for a Congressman
doos not bear a fair proportion to the whole
number of Inhabitants In the district," but It
does not seem to mo a practicable suggestion.
If followed, some States would be without a
single member. It persisted in, it would result
in donylng representation In Congress to the
people of at least seven States.
As you say, the pooplo ot the South are deter
mined at all hazards to suppress tho negro oto
by legislation which will avoid the inhibitions
of the Constitution, nnd they can easily do so.
Tho public opinion of the country. It It does
not approvn ufllrmatlvely of their notion, does
not strenuously condemn it. Tho results of
that action, however, cannot bo viewed with
favor In tho rttntes which do uot abridge tho
right tp vot of any citizen ot tho United Slates
ovor tlio nge of 21 years. Tho States which
suppress negro domination" ought not to
havo and, In justice, ought not to ask repre
sentation In Congress or the electoral oollego
based upon the number of Inhabitants. Tho
remedy fs In an amendment to tho Constitu
tion, and It lies uowhor else Section 2 of thn
1 ourteentli Amendment ought to bo chingod
so as to read substantially as follows;
ltepreaentaUt es shall be apportioned among the
several Statea by Oouirreaa according to the number
of male citizens of the United States or the age ef si 1
yean, voting for Representatives therein, and Con
gress shall havo vower to eeoertaln men number
from tune to time.
This provision would properly take the plaea
i t the whole of seotioa i. the hut paragraph of ,
which fsnltogethpr Ineffectual for the purpose
for which It was adopted. ...
Suoh on amendment would, of courts, meet
with partisan opposition more, or loss, vio
lent, but that .opposition . would gradually
die out. Its justice nnd fairness would,
before long, commend It . to the whole
people, under It any State might nhrldge.the
right to vote, provided It was willing to loso
representation In Congress ns to those whom
It deprived of the suffrage. The dcslro to have
representation would act ns a constant Incen
tive to Increase the number ot electors, and
would strongly lontf to make .restrictive, laws
equal and lust and to prevent thorn from being
capricious or oppressive.. The people of those
States who foar negro domination" could rid
themselves of that evil without evading or
violating the Constitution, and without re
course to those barbarous and Illegal methods
which hare been a reproach to ourolyllltatlon.
Cnxnus V. TnoMAi.
IHLt.KVU.LX. 1I1...N0V. 20.
JaJCJtK IS xnvjs KSXltVaiABUi
A Correspondent Who "vTnnU n Bang-TJjs
niow-Ont In Greater Maw Torlr,
To arm Ksrroa or Tb Btm Sirt Now for a,
peace Jubilee I The metropolis is the place and we
axe tho people. The writer suggests that the new
city, Greater New York, has never bad a real bang-up
blow-out. a fitting celebration, a birthday party.
The Charter Day celebration, which was so splen
didly started and planned, was "deferred,"
"postponed," on account of the declaration ot
war, to be revived " when peace was assured."
Again, some months ago, about Sept. 1, a good
ly number of representative clUtens met and,
with the patronage of the Mayor, started arrange
ments to celebrate fittingly the return of our troops
and the victories won, but Influences were brought
to bear (need I say political T), and the project was
Let us have a big blow-out the merchants, marra
factnrars, tradeimen, transportation companies,
hotels, theatres, everybody, can stand it with pleas
ure and profit. We wantto show the Kast, the West,
the South, the world, our new and grand city. We
will polish It up a bit for company, hang on I some
bunting and flowers, ereot triumphal arches, put on
our best clothes, and throw up our hats and hurrah
for ourselves, our city, our country and freedom!
And Incidentally whisper It gently we want to
reap the benefit of the lmmenso amount of money
which such an affair would bring Into our city.
Whore Is that boastful cltlo pride which we pos
se's r Chicago, Philadelphia and other cities can get
a'hustle on them and pull off a racket with no ap
parent reason, ofttlmee at the wrong time yet don't
they Just know their business!
Now let us have the biggest peace Jubilee ever
planned, and begin by naming the time now and
getting to work without delay. War was declared
about April 21; how would that be for date 1 It's
a good season of the year for parades, banquets, fire
Perhaps we could have the first annual reunion of
the Army of Cuba, the orgenltatloa whloh was
formed In Santiago by the soldiers.
Let us have Dewey, Hobaon, Bampson, Miles,
Wheeler, Merritt, all the heroes, and, of course, the
President, Cabinet and distinguished guests.
Invite the world to come and see our new New
Tork, our magnificent big new buildings, our public
parks, our up-to-date electrlo surface roads, our
clean streets (It won't snow In April), and then with
the aid of Tnc Boa (we know where our patrloUo
friend stands) we can throw out our chest with a
eonscdenUous feeling of might, right and a bully
time. What asy the people? A. B.C.
New Toax, Deo. 1.
The Kast Itlver Verrles.
To Tme EniTon or The Sow Sir: Won't you
shake up that ferry company a little more f I mean
the company running the Itoosevelt street line.
Beally It Is a case of charity to the general publlo
and a question deserving attention.
Jo send a reporter, and let him endure for a short
tune the hardship I mposed on the passengers com
pelled to use the ferries managed by this company.
-That company controls. I bolleve. four. If not five,
distinct lines along the East River front, and tha
Twenty-third street line is the only one which ap
proaches decent management,
Boats are used eu the Grand street lines which are
forty years old, so antiquated that they would dis
grace an up-State river town.
The walUng rooms and adjuncts are filthy beyond
description, and It Is time the Health Department
dfd eomethlng here.
But It la the schedule of time, if such It cam be
called, which clamors most f of Investigation.
OntheHoojeTf.lt street line the Hew York waiting
room la packed at nlsht to suffocation before a boat
leaves, and it is cruelty to keep people standing
about, moving first from one gate to another,
awaiting tho arrival of some old hulk to ferry
Generally the boats are righteen or twenty min
utes apart, and the trip across the river, whloh
ehoitld oousume eeen or eight minutes, takes
double that lime, and often more, too.
On the Brooklyn side there Is no waiting room at
tlio slii. Mornings one must stand In the cold
wind and rain till some boat chances to come in.
Formerly It wae not quite so bad as now. There
has been some change In the mismanagement of the
lllie. A new company wan formed, and It la econ
omising at the cost of our h'Sltb and comfort.
Now. as to the leal aspect of thin matter. It hau-
ScJis that there is a aectlon (l.UTT) on our statute
ooke roiinirlng this company to run boats during
ertalnhonreat oertalu Unii. During the dayUme
it Hhould run boata every elsht minuter.
It Is quite Ume that our Dock Ooinmlaeloners (If
the power Is now veeted In them) took hold of this
company and read the leal a iect of this matter to
If the new concern doesn't want to comply with Its
charter, then let some one else have It.
There ll power In the authorities to enforce a
reasonable compliance with the law. It ahould have
attention at once.
The company should be compelled to ran the fer
ries in better shape and reduce the fares at onoe to
two cents and one cent where three cents and two
cents are now charged.
Our Legislature can see to this. It should.
New Yoni. Dec 1. T. A. J.
Sorns Tennessee Names.
From (Ae A'athvlll Banner.
naxen Babbs, a mall carrier, was caught In the act
of looUng the malls of registered packages, and Is In
jail at EnoxvUle.
Baxter Scruggs, son of Sheriff Oeruggs of Smith
county, is minus the thumb and two fingers on his
left hsnd as the result of trying to pick a dynamite
cap with his knife.
Tom Dox attempted to place a band on the fly
wheel of a stationary engine while In motion, at Box
Station, when his hand caught In the machinery,
breaking his arm In several places.
To Col, Waring.
O Colonel Waring,
While this town Is swearing.
Sweet recollecUons spring up of thee
And the snows that flurried
While tby " White Wings " hurried
To cast the "muckle" from street to sea,
" Qo, sweep the street. Sir,
And be complete. Sir,"
Said Mayor Strong, as he tapped his urn,
" The people want It,
And we must grant it.
Long as the 'dough,' Sir, holds out to barn."
Tby foes they grumbled
As thy hansom rumbled.
It oost seven hundred If they spoke aright
But damn tha coat. Sir,
Spite of rain or frost, Blr,
The snow, they say, soon went out of sight.
" And out of sight," too.
From morn till night, you
Proved your work on the city's streets.
And, spits of comment.
You'd begin each moment
Borne useful act, whloh the next completesl
For this we thank you.
And we proudly rank you
Without a doubt, Blr, tha beat we've seen)
And now we'd meet you
To madly greet you
If back again on this storm-swept scene.
No "storm-eweptseene," Blr,
When here, ever seen. Sir,
Could tarry long with you In command!
The anow drifts vanished,
As by magic banished.
For In beating storms why you " heat the band."
The ladles praised you
For, sure, nothing feared you
In the line of duty, when It came to dlrti
For each fair one shopping
lied no need of stopping
An hour or two, Blr, to clean her skirt.
Peace to tby ashes!
May the Storm King's flashes
light thy cleanly soul to the realms above.
May "Yvhltu lnga" deck thee.
And may nothlog check thee
On the Oolden Streeta to the Throne of Love.
And on looking down, Sii,
On tbla dirty town, Sir,
Please to remember the grief we felt,
When yon did go, Blr
And as for the snow, Blr,
Den'l ask tbs Lord, sir, to "Let it melt."
TBtt XWBXTT MiniitOS DOt,T,AttS.
U It night to Var Spain AnytMncf
To tub EniTon or Tub flON-.9frr I tfrllo'
to ask whether thero is not danuor of our
showing too much sympathy with Spain when
wo agree to pay S20.000.000 Indomnlty for the
Fhlllpplno Archipelago, besides the valno ot
one ot tho Caroline Islands r
How is Spain fairly entitled to any recom
pense from us? Evory dollar Amorloa pays
her Is a icratulty, under' tho olroumstonces.
Did we seek, war with Bpah.? Wo simply do
manded Justice for her oppressed colonists.
"What has tho ever done toward tholr advance;
ment or forwarding tholr interests? Battier,
has she not over observed tho same dospotlo
polloy of barbarous brutality and treachery
that marked hsr coreor in 'Pant and Mexico.'
and which fairly led to those countries throw
ing off hor hoary yoke? She has been too
arrogant and avaricious and domtnoorinc to
learn wisdom by past experience, and has pur
sued the) same grinding despotism that has
caused her to lose hor possessions ono rjjfter
Now It la agreed that we should pay $20,000,
000 as a panaoea for tills retribution Bound
less generosity, indeed, it is on .our parti "Ho
nicrabor tho Malnel" thatdastardlyuct should
have been tho war cry ot American patriotism,
nottlio cry of "relieving sufTorlng and op
pres'sed humanity," for that would havo beon
compelled through tho war. And although
there was no need ot urging Americans to take
up the rifle and the sword. It would have often
made them feol happier to think: they woro
fighting, first, for our national honor, to up
hold our dignity and respect; and, secondly,
to benefit tho condition rjf the downtrodden,
oppressed inhabitants ot tho island of Cuba.
When Spain awakens to a state ot higher
civilization, hnd "Spanish honor" Is a term'
that can bo applied by hor in Its projier sense
that other nations can appreciate it will bo
Quite time enough for hsr to boast ot possobs
lug such a quality and for Americans to feol
that they are justified la bestowing sympathy
upon her for her fallen condition. Generosity
is a noble trait surely, and Amcricu jkis .osses'
a full measure of It; a quality that should
make the American hearts bound with pride
and ffratitudo: but in this case justice demands
that we recolloct all that we have suffered
through this war, to whloh wo were compelled,
and at least for the present keep our sympathy
nearer home and its many afXltoted ones.
New Yobjc Boo. 1. n. S. VB.
NBIT ENGZAXD SEtiTIStEXT.
The Expansion Opposem Are the Same Old
To tsb Editor ot Tjtb Bon -fir; It Is an
Interesting fact that tho small body of support
ers In Boston of tho Antl-Imperlallst League la
composed In great part of thoso who. just be
fore tho outbreak ot the war with Bpaln, sought
to misrepresent (perhaps not maliciously) the
sentiment of the majority ot New Englanders
as belnc opposed to any Interference In Cuban
affairs by tho United States.
Then, as now, their attitude was born ot a lack
ot confidence in this country's ability to take
care ot itsolt. Then, they prophesied bombard
ments of our coast cities and defeats, and some
een mado haste to take their securities to sate
deposit vaults in Springfield or Worcestor for
safe keeping. To-day. they would have it be
lieved that this country Is not fit for such re
sponsibilities as will be entailed upon it by tlio
President -(contemplated programmeof expan
sion, and when Congress moots we shall prob
ably wltnoss attempts on their part to misrep
resent again New England sentiment to our
representatives at Washington.
Boston. Dec. 1. Nsw Enounces.
"Science Is Common Sense Educated."
TotjieEditob ot Tnn Sun Sir; The, criti
cism of your editorial against Christlan.SclencB
by a so-callod hard-headed business man
shows how little he possesses ot what business'
men call common senso. '
t It'fs to be earnestly' hope'd for 'that the'day1
may come when every editorial writer will try.
as The Sun's does, to criticise -fearlessly 'all
fanatical hobbles fostering undor the shelter
ing cloak ot rellsion. The progress of the
nineteenth century was not accomplished , by
following- any supernatural hypothesis, and our
progress In surgery and medicine was opposed
by those who believed the Bible the only true
gnldo. Whon amesthettcswero introduced
thoy wore opposed by such typos ot intellect as
are constantly calling- upon tho supernatural
for aid; thoy opposed the dissection of human
bodies, which onablod us to learn how to sue-'
ccssfully operate on the diseased body; they
opposed vaccination and all progress because
tho Bible rules said nothing: about It,
Tho "Christian Scientists" now Call on ua to eot
rid of oureommon sonso as rational bolirgs who
administer to tho sick.andtodepond on thosamo
class of men who would pray over 'on 'insane
man. horlng to cast out devils ; who believed In
witchos because theysald the Bible said so. and
who wore sure an old woman was a witch If she
cried aloud when olns worn stuck In hor body '
They want -ns to have tlio slok taken care of by
the snmo class of Intellects that requested pub
lic omclals to appoint a day for publlo prayers
on a measure for abating tho plague. Instead of
adopting- sanitary means. If n house Is on fire,
why call upon tho Fire Department? If the In
mates can't get out. let us call upon thorn to
havo fnith and thoy will bo saved, even as those
In tho fiery furnace woro saed in days of old.
If a person Is run over by a cablo car. why call
for an ambulance ? If nn artery has been sov
ered. let those assembled Implore tho Injured
man to have faith make hlra believe he is not
injured. .How much money would be savod if
everybody dismissed doctors and all experts
nnd rel led on faith and prayer Instead of skill
antl wisdom ?
The ideapf oalllnK "Christian Sclenco" a sci
ence! Prof. Huxley snys: "Science Ib common
souse educated." Is thore anything- so ridicu
lous that somebody will not bo found to believe
,nJt? Another Business Man.
New Yonr, Nov. 24.
The Plcltsitnlra River Controversy. ,
To -rnB Enrron or Tnr. Stn Sir: Somewhat at
length a pronominal correspondent from Jersey
City has written to you in attempted correction of a
short article commenting on the customary pronun
ciation of the name of the runatnlre Itlver as Picket
wire by most people In Colorado and china a speci
fic Instance In which that pronunciation led to a
slight confusion. Incidentally, by one solitary word
In the whole article, I touched on the origin of the
name Purgstoire. Presumably in the Interests of
accuracy your rorreapoudent has written nearly half
a column to prove that this one word la In error.
She does not dispute that Picketwire la the com
mon mlspronunciaUon of Purgatolre, she does not,
atall contravene the theology of the statoment that
Purgatolre docs mean the place botween heaven and
bell, she grants that It was Frenchmen (by Implica
tion) who gave that name to the river. But I submit
that all the rest is distinctly another story. My lit
tie story recorded a real Incident In Colorado In lta
modern and civilized days, It was quite foreign to
my purpose to die up a story of ancient history
which by this time Is somewhat of a comraouplace
at lraat among those of.ua whose residence in the
West Is less remote than 30O years ago. It 1, a most
In 'resting story Indeed, and it acems to bate been
told aitaln bryonr correspondent with anfaelat Ua!
accuracy, but I muet confeas that I niV.. , H!.., ?l
hae hesitated Iwfore auggestlnB to THr TsSl h.m,ld
atorr which h.. become .0 crTnTmTn a."' flnd't
prrai,ngnwVl0te'rna1I,wJ,fy.Cfrt4ln " " ?&?
Of course. Picketwire is Purjatolre and !.,..
fiPMilsh "Itlo rteMa. An mas P.rdlta. ' ,11 .f .n,V
as our correspondent seta forth. It may nerwi V.I
judged ixiNslble that this correction waa'V.SXK.SJ
not entirely l.r the de,l foF i? PbuT .h'...
there was at least 11 trace of the wish tS Tiniv. V"
to rou and to the world at lane t bat ihi.".'"01
Nw Yo, Nov. ,IxwrLL v CiiuacniLU
No Tmy Out of It,
udtSStfSHSjSSpJ1 out of . .ick
"ehUudtogoishshadatleket." V '
v 1 BJBJ
vxntot xim rzita.
A Pathetle And Significant Ipcene in the J
Vnr Times of 3.1 Yenrs Ago. !:
'rem (as l'eufA't Cfesipanini, I
I have seen the American flag h many eoita- 1
tries and clrcumstanoes. I hava seen It float-
Ing nf tha heAd of a great Tnr Wpuidron, I
onco saw It cnrrlod.'ragged and wct with blood,
but Ulumphant, from a bnttlofloldl which was
strewn with the corpses of men Who had died
t""defcntl It. But nowhoro has l seemed to
mo moro touching ond Impressholl- used than
In a homely llttlo wotie of which 1C happened
to bo a witness durinir tho civil wail.
In AURttst lt. I wnsgolno frorrfjWestVlr
sjnta to, Philadelphia through PonWlvanl.
Tho south-bound trains that sumrnW wnr
heavily loadod with troops and provisions tor
the army, but golnic book they carried tow
At Pittsburg, when the train rolled Ih'o the
station, a iircat, silent crowd waited forfit a
splendid funeral cur stood In tho backcirounrl
surrounded by troops antl the strcot wa niled
bv a long lino nf closed carrlnces. A volrmteer
oinccr In. tho Union Armv.lwho had beenl 11 man
ot Influence nnd hlgn position In i'ltlMiurg.
had bocn kilted In tho Inst battle nnd ilovchls
mitivii city mourned him nnd did him hior
Tho coflln, rich in decorations nnd covi-red
with flowers, was reterontly borno fronrthV )
ear. Tho troops presented arms; tho Mnnd
nrdt, draped with black, were lowered, and '
the air was filled with tho solomn musi f
f unoral mnrohes.
After a short dolnr the train rolled 011.
Late that afternoon It slopred t n little (.
tlon among- the Alleghany Mountain.. -j,a
station bouse wns but it rough shed; n pig wis
rootlmj under the, plntform. In tho back
ground was a squalid cabin In a mtnto patch
Tho. whole landscape spoke of baironness and"
Standing ou tho platform was a woman, a
poor country R-lrl. She wore an old. patched
Koirn that clung limply to hor thin body, end a
calico sunbonnet, which she ban thrown buck
that she might bettor watch the train, a lit
.ln barefooted boy clime to hor. but she did not
heod him. Her faoo was pinched nnd blood
less. Sho loaned forward, staring with child
lsh. dilated eyes Into each earns it paod.
There" was u grating Bound as tho trainmen
dragged a rough pine box from the freight car '
and laid it on the n'atform. Tho woman went
up to It. nnd. without a word or n tnr. dmntwil
down and clasped her arms about It. 1 hern
was not a man on the train' who did not un
, cover his head, .but sho saw nothing of the
mauy Btrango. pitying eyes llxcd on hor.
Her boy cutno to her. orylna: "Whore Is
papa? xou Bald he would conic."
Sho did not hoar or answer; only clasped
the box closer.
IThe trasedy was so squalid, so hopelois, that
ib onlookers saw only Its cruelty. Why
muld this poor farm boy be struck down, and
da helpless wife and hor child bo left to strnc.
ale and to suffer? Why need there betliU
waste of human life? Just thon 'a man ran
out-of tho station currying a tattered old flag
and spread It proudly over tho box.
. And at tho touch of It. It seemed to ns who
watched as It our country laid her hsnd as
the Poor coflln and said :
"This is my son. He died for me. Pay rev
erenoo to him."
The train steamed slowly away. 1 he setting
sun threw Its low light over the lonoly group nS
tho Platform the woman and hor child and
her dead but tho flog ennobled this poor mar
tyrdom. Never In the triumphs of peace or
fury, of battle did It express with mors
emphasis, the majesty of our country than V
when It claimed the poor volunteer as its jon.
one of the heroes to bo honored for all time.
OLD GUfOEIt FIXOEltS.
By Thntiaine Did an Artilleryman Addreu
1 Gen. Mrndo nt Gettxsbnrc. k
From te Piltibura Commercial Oautlt.
"Tho artlllory flro at Gettysburg." saia a
gunner of tho old war, "was simply magnifi
cent. I was In an Ohio battery, posted on Cem
etery Hill. Wo wero running short of ammuni
tion, when Qen. Meade, dismissing his staff b.
low, rodo with a single orderly to our cxposM
position. The boys wore all at white heat and
in a state of frenzy, becauso tho ammunition
called lor had not come. Thoy heard tho quiet
man on horsobaak say repeatedly to tho Cap.
tain that Uie hill must be held at all hazards,
ammunition or no ammunition. This vexed
them, but they know that tho ofllcor. whoever
he was. spoke tho truth, nnd thoy beir.in to
collect tho unexploded shells that had been
flred nt thorn from the Confederate batteries.
' Thoro wero a great many of these scHttereil
over our part of tho hill, and when Mends com- l
prenended what tho boys wero doing he wasi
greatly pleased. Ho dismounted, and in a quiet
sort of a way proceeded to supervise tho collec-
tlon ot shells. Ho was in fatigue dress and
woro no shoulder straps, and nono of the men
nance officer, and finally, when he. turned his
horse over to his order! y and procoodod to oarrT.ii
Bholls himself, thoy did not rcsent'hlssuper
vision. As a rule tho shells woro heavier than
the General expected, and ho did not compare
in eplcienoy with the stalwart-artillerymen
rushlnc about with tho recklossness and energy
of mndmn. H
"John Snicker was ono of tho best men In the
battery, but was rough in Bpeeoh and action.
'Seolng. as ho supposed, a Lieutenantor Oapt.iln
from the outside stooping- to plok up u shell, he
pushed tho ofllcor aside with the remark: 'Get
out of this, old Glncer Fingers I Your .minds
wlllln'. but your body a weak, nnd you are In
tho way.' Mcada. surprised and amused, stood H
aside. A few minutes later Oen. Warren and
staff rodo up for a conference with Meade, and
thn oat was out of the ban;.
"Snloker was so overwhelmed with confusion
that he almost had a lit. The Sergeant trlod to
comfort him with the assurance that Oen.
jueado would exouse informality under such
circumstances, but John insisted that what
scared him was that he noiercarae so near
klcklne a man In his life without doing It as he
did Gen. Meade wheh ho stooped to pick uti
tho shell. Ho was grieved to think he hadn't
recognized Meade, and was In a panic when
ever ho thought nbout what mleht have bap
fiened had he noted on the impulso and kicked
he General commanding the army."
Available) Testimony. '
From (As Indfanapolit Journal.
, A story told bv Major Blenzles Is being circu
lated through the oflloes In the Stato House, of
?k vinconnes lawyer who appeared for thode
endant In a trlahby jury and put on tho wit
ness stand a boy from whose testimony he ei
pected to sain a great doal. To tho confusion
of tho attornoy, tho story told by the boy was
greatly to the detriment of tho defendant, nnd
tho attorney set to work to show thut tho boy
"What is your occupation?" ho asked the
' I work on my father's farm." tho witnest
;,XPu.dP't.domuch but sit around. do you?"
But yon re worthless, aren't you?" was the
attorney's decisive question.
I don't know whether I am or not," retorted
th witness warmly.
Then thonttomey took another tack. "Yonr
father-j, n worthless man. Isn't ho ?"
-Jioll. he works about the farm "
The nttorney hero fastened an eye whl"h
gleamed with triumph on tln jury nnd nalKl
itlie boy with n Blanco from thn otnei nnd said: '
Isrt t Ittruotluityourfatliordopsn'tdouinuih
work tp prevent his bolng called worthier '
lhe boy had chafed under these nnpleasint
questions, and. summoning IiIh courage, h
said loudly. "If you want to know eo Md
whether ray father's worthless, ask Mm; there W
he is, on tho jury."
Frlres In Dawson City. B
.From the St. Louie dlobe-Dtmoerat M
Mexico. .Mo.. Nov. 24.-B. r. Wyldo of this
county, who, went to tho Klondlko country
with tho Mexico party Inst spring, iindinnnir
at Dawson City, writes homo Hint flour Is m-
ine at $10 por 100: corniiie.il. -'5 cnt p-r
pound; bacon, :i.ri cents to !i0 cents pet pound;
beans, 15 cents per pound : rice, l!."i cer'i I"""
pound; evaporated fruits. Xi cents per pound i
baking-powder, Slper pound: cm butter. J
pcrpotiiid: mlfk.Sl per pint cim. b'Meal.. 1
cents toxlper pound ;moot incut. (lOccnti- per
pound ; sugar, .15 emits per pound: iotnto..
50 conts per pound: irrocn apple. 'J.'i cents
ench; watermelons, 'J5 enih; ernnbein inn
custard pies. $1 oach. anilHeim'ii licit. Hi" P"- r
follow thut has to out thoin 'j'.ibieiii i now
"elllng at 2 GO per pound Tln-reiim .ill'"'
milk cows In Dawson, and. although fee J'
high, hay bolng MOU per ton. the "Wi r i
coining money. The two cows ore l.r.iik'h'
down the aukonon aseoiv, and tin-own. rm
offered $500 tacit for them before th new
Unmasked by Nrlnirr.
o the Clerelaml I'tmn liral"
Tho lady professor suddenly reached f rwjrd
and deftly picked u long, light bun fn.ni lii '
husband h coat
"Wretch," Mm cried, "whoso Is this
ono of 1, our ow 11," lin ansn ercd -.ioiii 'y .
n will see." sho haughtily nlwn I '"I
speedily vanished through o d..r 1.1 '
laboratory," 1'oron hourornior. riiiind
of clliiklnu tubes and kIuhhim vhh fjlti'iyl" ,rl
throuKh. tho heavy partition. , ,
'1 hen tlio door suilibinly opened and tli'ia'1'
profesjor stood on tho threshold
tK,r.tla9n .,vnR Marlins.
" Villain," Hlmcrioil, "It wasbhuv b'd
But he had gone.
Slurried In n Ilm-h lit the Tlienlrr Vnnr,
Frotn (As A ansat Ctli Jottrn i' H
SpeaklngorWlehlt.iwi.ddl.ii:i.. 11. ir'- I' '
IP to thn local thciiltu the nlhi-i iiir-i ' i r'nJ .,
III for a Justicti of tho lVuee li.i .- .." ' ""f '
tho POrformnnco. ThoJiiBlliocini - ' ,n, .,
holding Ills return check In one band ai.d !'" B
license in the otlmr. ailmlniVt'r-d h lee
prooesa to thecouplo, who stuck their heids m
ofthehaokor. After which llmJiisiicstinr. K
jftdbaik: infltho theatre to see all the knlW H .
marry the elrl H
ItfjmitiitfoM tfjlu gajM9