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The sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, May 13, 1906, Third Section, Image 36

Image and text provided by The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundation

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030272/1906-05-13/ed-1/seq-36/

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1 II f Ir
A t o fiiI ftt IIIft AY MAY 11 IIIL 4 L I =
I 1 1 1 gq 1 Till JI nl8
IuI U
Hollands Rule in the East Indies
lilt
Wj1fvaK DtKrlMI tht Dutch PIn of eofOftit
aolfftfftfftt
r
N
U wUtfAt IMlfflfn ItAV
t ttI I 4 gJHc fI
vivfrn Iff nfl U ptotcvH
VP SiAO the rMe h4
IWpn lii 1 thAi II 1fI
11t1i14 Iulh i htf1UI ln 11 fI
ten ht I mh t4 ol ths ipfnm
iittipfit I thsf tsfhM I h Ul II
I IJ 11 11 t 1 tl l 11111
NfltflIfl If
thttI hllln whlh mlf
di li iI srIIiI 19 111 ll tp
tlr
Ink I hhl Iwi tsnIhI i frnn f hlh
ht
feMI MlnI N14I IIII1
tlf ill hiil ti I IJ h Ih I frngt
tI tJlntr1 ull In lbs huI t
u4ij cto llt hlit It I att
ttt 4XO fflhtA
I snf 8 In fPr Mi
Inng n ubIIIJI tl rI nt II fl Ithl
f4np 111 ttM InIIIleli IW mit wllj
Homi ft th IIInI4 ll rr fUfl
t1n Ittstc nn1 4ew Iulnn I
Mr Kiltol I Jufl thn Ihal 111IIh
flni
flniHi Ihs 111 thn Idnl or I1I archtfiqi7jgi
III like lrlla etone cnll AII
II AlIrall hu iiie writer nrgitfti
tunti iIii fua nnel trnni I
tfn bi nr I wI
the dllth ft Irrundln atef ontnel
thnt th wndvrti bhml re fn eltenlon I
td
tr Ali 111 tho eIIr 000 lenlln ci
AutrIIt Alf1 1111M11 Wa1L1r for In
Aulrl bt thn tInIm4e IMIII I
tRfl IJlnll Ilt tha Anltll
h1 nlral Iroduu 01 thM Iwn p cton
I ll r I Ilull QI to IUIIt thnt one Iroup
I mloh oldlr tllh tho olhnr
h prnhIIfJnIaio b the hOfM 01 fn 01
hl rMI io which ha human Imly
II IIItdCtI th MnllY or hwn rce
thein fotIn nm 1lot In gppesunne
I TPf many 01 thEIr rhraIt train
tho 111w and hrk fOn 1 wel M train
I tho wIiIto rIU
ThTe lr In utnn 01 the 1land rlmJMt
nf IborlRloAI IriLo hut the lalaYI frm
time Imrnorl1 have rlrnlAhd the pro
veiling typo They havo aw them
allnl
Mlve arhlo of cantinunts and ly tmatC
tAhor where they have been ubjeoed
to ooroln or where ii Aumrlent Indncment
hii been pentd a Unllus but th
ilepresIng Innuenc 01 A MntruolA Am
depllnp t tho bOUIY 01 tho tplC
I ha ratuly made thom lets IndUtrloul
then thcl In the temprate Ino
Tho kthlnl required by the May I
l hnUlant In nmoult and vlln The
littin children are bare and seem 10 enjoy
It
1 shower a much 1 ducl d In Sura
baya the tcnd city In Java we MW a
I group of them llked ldlng on their
I BtrUlchs on the marble noor of an cpn
I porch durIng a heavy rain Th1i Imd
eubstituto for the Ice
a farl IUflctr BUbttUI 10
pnd orthe norh
wn TUR soa
EV wJITE WEn 8AIONO
The adult both men and women wear
a arO except when the men content
tITJI with a breech clout The
themetv lmple strip 01 cloth I draped
abu Jlle 1fre WIth I the fulneM In
fronts and flt ed I Ime tyterloU
way without the aid of buttn hook or
plnl
ThUgaflnt U garment I may be cle
glvesportunlty for the oxclae of taate
glva eXrls
and the range tn proollllUmoltt to permit
I of lome extravagance In drS The boat
native MrngR are more exponRlve thai
fk the cloth being overlAl1 wit wax
upon which the pattern I tro and the
dyA pp1bd bhad The maea use 4
cenptton prnt made In Europe
On ot the trlklng plullrle ot
Java f lifo IR the adoption ot the Nrng
by the European women for morning weAr
I LadIewho appear at dIner In full even
ing dM may bo ron o the baoonle
Inl tl I the morning hourd old In
10010 hanging IrnR and thin dpslng
Foueathelr bare feet onoae In 8ahl I
boat whloh wo left
t On tb butch upon lef
ItavIawo saw pot el notices deslinltlg
llatAvW
the could
the hour during whlolt Mrng
he worn ad giving perwt1ealon to lon to
wear A pajamnlkl outfit during the a
hour
TheMl women rear no hath but
the mtu8ly wear a turban the tying
01 whIch Ie a great perplexity to the
foreigner
Thfnnlvee 01 the Many IRladl Appear
to ht tt mild mlnord and peaceful people
ltho 8b 1hUng trlbl have ben en
Count tqd I the mountain regions the
IllPIJTWOn o wbloh hl cost the Dtoh
IIMY Iv and a large outlay of norDI
thru sectioce that boyd
In 8ubittra thtr r sotonl
evoroan auhdued
o1JtnI3e IN THO LUD
OINYU TI
The Chinaman Ie to b found through
out thd archipelago In fact he far outtrp
aU other foreign elemeulA The ppula
tio of Java Ie given l Z740 In the I
Covmet IttPte and 01 this total
CbIxieio
277O are Clel
The lWbr of Eup Ip give a
7 and the number of Arab 1 180
wbUe a Itt mOn than SO cml from
other Aejatlo cute 1 wax Informed
that the C3ooo dean Ibod a EupR i
cud the half ot who number more
than 40000 about the number of real Eurpl
being bt JO
I t other islands Otle by Ito
land the poput I gIve u a Ute more
than 10 and L half mlo and the nu
br of Chinese at 200 while the Euro
pe3fl population is estimated ot 1800
the Mobs at 10 and other Aati at
180 U will b seen from tel fr
tat the Chinese form the chief lorg
ingredient i Newld India A they do
I Borneo and the Stll Bttemenl
I Jav where we had a chance t ob
sere tewo foud that the Cine maop
oU t aUe bU0 except
whonto we compelled to share It
with Arabs and Id Wo alec her
Df them u money lpanora the rate or 10
tct big generally UurloU
It may b sd tothalr credit however
that u Sb710 the Aabs can lu
them The IUprOrt of the Arab I W
rpt hu liveD rise t the saying among
the Datves that the Caa leaTO a
native wit nothing but a sarong while
Eta Arab Rtrlpshl bar
May Cloa o bate grown rich and
have pront Identll themeelve
wltb t country and of tet some have
IhCDded the queue entirely while oter
have retained it i a dInuUve f n a
little wep Dr hair growing from a ptnot
much Iarger tIJL dollar and lengthened
10ut w UfClk thread
rut lCE8 rum T ACCUT
AprPOR t the Cllnel IltaUoD agat
ur EcluAion act lte Inteliig to know
that the hIDp1 born in Java preeentcd a
Jtltlon to the GovemorGeDeral 3 few
ears ago Iklng for tho restriction of the
further immigton of Chineec cle
The petition wee not gated but the
I leader 01 the movcment lu tho
I
qarn s f rnttIi I hsi IPt I M1144 f
lu
hm 1f a ftI nI III heu ff
1MI A 11 fI Its 11 fit f his npittm tfri
14 flml t IfIUnt 1 EM t I
M9M PIdI tbA 4IA ff etlnm l f
Inn tMml whll Ii ti Id tftIt I
OtiS fti t hh tsWta
Vt ttitIIt Hnrtie lhefA Ie distrIct valltit
I Hott HtH Ilf I 11111 1
gw I nwatI rnI flll ti i 1
ft1o II Ia knnwn U UJtt 11 WPwi
I war FaaeIft ffitqrngf Ilnm
IIMI It I innnln ri an At9MI
Ihl h tln the fltll tffl I
bd tit 11 lut IhI I ei f
I oNur tMrm amIltr fain anti rl
InIIII tut urnk Ifqitoi 14 Ihs nuft nMe tit t
In all of lhA Irtht t IN of 11
1114 Im 1 19 sIc Inlnt fn ti
Jnvernmnnt as 111 rIiteantI wse t
onmmlh trUI
mllli of fliq lh Ital it rlln wPu
JtikItigI Informed t 1M bq hid i Nil
liii t lot efipNtng 1 tlt el
Amlr gsnda In p Is would da v1v
him II Amtlt rlmUM which hi
Wa ypry fonti
tht lteh ratter followed the Porftt I
giiiie into Ih fAt ll and I 1M sup I
1Iallli flitun lollld theli chartirtwl thi
ut India TdJ Comp and Amee
dam became the spIne Ctr from whki
aU Eurbr drew its ulpl
TYIS IPO NOIOr
The Dutch Trdl Company wee mannel
br s thrifty crow anti It wu nQt beg bro
lucy rnhell of monoplalnl the worll
rim market and they almpllhed thl
Iy dlroylnf grovett end prohibitIng corn
< tlol by treaty with the natlcs T
fro Ilw charged with destroying plc
17 the 1m h AIlam In ardr to male
luln the price One apologist for this 61
mOt universally cOdeme practice or
Ih Dutch
N
ohl the Dutch tblaho theIr i
lue 1 the seas Md relieved the nat
princee tram their r ruRUe oppreetori
they PW that the Mf1ft way to rr7
thcllV would be to get thl spice tre
Ito heir ow hand
For this puo they adopted the w
principle of concentrating the QUUu of
theM valuable products In the spots of
lpa
which they could have complete control
fo do this effectually It was necessary to
nbolb the culture And trade In aU other
placer whloh they Muce In doing by
treaty with the native rler I
Thete agreed to have all the pic trees I
In their pOAeAlone deetroye They gave
up large though fluctuating revenues bu
they gained In return I lied subsidy free 1
dom from tho conllnnL atacl and harih
oppr lon 01 the Portuguese and a con
tinuanoc of their regal power Md exclusive
authority over their own lubjeas wbob II
maintaIned In all the islands except Ter
nale to this tiny
11111 nodouht eUPPo8db moat Englishmen
been accustomed to look
men who have Lon loustomed lok
upon this act of the Dutch with vague hor
rr aaomethlnl Iterl unprolpl and
barb4r that the native populton euf
farad grevous by this detrcdo of such
valuable property But It I certaIn that
this i not the C
URAs REPLY TO WALiC
le then proceeds to charge that the native
I eultanshod a rigid mODopoly of the plc
trade before the Dutch arrived and that
tho latter by prohibiting the cultivation of
Rplol loft the natives more time for the
production or food and other elable thIngs
and concluded
I bleve therefore that this aboUton of
the spice trade tn the Molucas wwi actually
benel0lnl to the Inh4blttd that It was
In act both wise In itself and morally and
nUtloly JUltfallo
It will be noticed tnt In a very brief I
space he employs the arguments may
relied upon to support monopoly wherever It
bait apIenred and itlo for olonl16 I
form
its worst for
In the flt plo the Dutch h tore
themselves for having relieved I
plY Ilemslvo havig rleved I
from their Portugues °
Iho native princes lrm tbelr Portul0le
opprtorsIbat II toy had to aol I
leot pay for their phllnthrphy second i
1 the sultana were doing the seine thing I
the Dutch might as welL do Ittlat Is the
very familiar argument I we dont do I
smobody elsa wl and third It was a god
thing for tho ntivesIt II never difficult
to provo this to the man who prntl by the
BYltem
hut nothing II Ild 18 10 the eflect or the
monopoly upon oontunicrs of spIoeithrough
out to world It doce not Ir to our t
the wrier above quoted aloe that
thy nr to be oon8lderd
Tho point o view fr wbloh ho look
the whole mater can be judged from ide ad
monition to the Irtllh that they must not
bo too much afraid of the Ol of despotism
and slavery U they are to improve their
rude subjet and raise them toward
their own level
At tho begin ot the nineteenth can
tury the Dutch East India Company b
Involved and tuniod tin poseeMlons
came ad tued IL pO 8lol
over to the Crown ot Holland since which
time Netherlands India has been a Crow
colony There waR a bret interim of British
rlo 81 to 1816 but At the close pt the
Napoleonlo wars the Dutoh regained their
p0ie610ne by treaty and the English
congrtuated themselves tat they bad
ben relieved ot a burden
gE DUTCH 8TsM
RE Tr
The Dutch have governed Java through
the natives a resident acting al elder
brother to the Javao ruler While the
native Oovmmlnt bu not been disturbed
aDd while tbo native ruler 18 prtced from
rival claimants be IR realty I preonet i
his own castle and cannot leave the prom
tees without pnulon
however as these native rulers receive
goo salaries nod are allowed to exact
homage from their subjects they ream
quito content with thor lot and the people
naturally docile yield obedience t the
chiefs of their own race
The culture Btem aside from the indirect
direct method of ruling Ic the distinguish
log feature of Dutch colonialism a I ex
tte uti recent y TJo East India
company followed the practice of the native
princes and collected D Land tax or rent 01
oDofh of the crop and required In a
dillon the labor of all able bodied males
fof one dayln1lvo
the dvo ot British rule
During years rtab rt
toro lbor was abolished and a land tax
substut for the onffth rot while 1
Ipt property system wan enoouraged
enors
A 10n M the Dutch resumed control
thoy wont back to their old rgi expt
that they demanded one days labor In
toven Ilten at one day In fIve
3900 I nm IU I
By regulating the crops to b plate
by collecting onofUtb ot tb produce of
I F 1
1f LI
the I sed Ie eeNiiIia t rM
g tl a tfl4a llt Ii eI
I 9 isM r t Mfi4vecflffinI1 I pr
Id Mo th ftl pclsfM UesffliNt
ot I sl4 Jit 1m r
114 VwH iont It Mi bean
II I f
M4Md a 1f e jat a suM I
It tflffttllct fisfife
III fw I lMf ittit III lhit tto IIf f
ltftr 1k fMft fnlvs I
A IIgM Ia jttnrM 1M 1110
wt4vdM4t Iflf 1ft IhA MIdlt rV Ihlt
nllff tt Mqtqiasil fftlfflIttf IIIIIfIt
Iliff he tutttklt tI II l tOt tffiipeil
In aM Jltft t4hM4
TItMNnOtcIiflMftItYI If tllII
MAhl4Iftthetfftfk of th4tti HtIffltfMwfl
l4 IM miqfgvWfat hpW1 Me ft tit
fNtfl thaft g otMfIt 114 JIIIfIINJlh
MItf loft MIM 4 M fIlfftdf H If 0tIft
IIM hlt tIlt w + l 1111 arni will illJ
aHiec gri4 M lIrffI1 fin Ul1h11f Ih
MNfI fltA hy IM ftllfMf fit hit
MffllltlfJlt fit IfIIf IMAfttlll ft Mlilt lit
tflftftnl haw IIf fti4I Iftft tire lWri
wftbfti gt mMf tfIfMU eti led hefori
1 PtirogM 4 foe4 Ieft 04 teN
tM4 the IMtHtI If MffItf ifltflllhlfM
W I hi itsfeIt w th pfsIiitte wMet taI
MINt1 tii4 ttf8tt
118 Thtfe4i h 1 ehMgail 11th pwfr
fop the Ittt r iifd HIIt le
hills Uaflion in III InIfH1IfoI afld MOt1
Iniftfot t4 ef Uti pMlIIf
In itrptl4 that hJivts9hasI i
well nllln1 syitttrn ot egrlenilur Mill
1ItloII before the rurOJ strived
f aslied 0 intsiuIM MoItt Whal
Ib bve the uto IItfttit Ite JsIsMISV
atIft Isp t1 Iaui4flg1y
awl have tauIL lh to pay UtI their
ftUts1Iat1IttI IIKOM
thatbft cu1tlir lisa
The fact that syMe
alter full dtouMlo bean atlanhllli
W IItItRclfmt nftdelMaUlln ot Ii Altd tlM
fact that 1111111 are baleg ItHroduoed
Is a conleMloft wi they were secled t
hd lbs pleatJt 01 iesatteg lbs IJIetlfflt
OoTlmor oa Va t sad louad hJ
Interested In CllIar1 h eaeJ
system and In lightening the hWdeM UfIOD
the wwpl
110 hsi already reduced the labor 11It11re4
meat onehall 10 that the eMPres BOW give
one day In fourteen to the 6nernaent in
stead 01 OM day In seven
The Jovarnor or Nethepisads fruits n
calve the same salary It QUI lresidapt
and the Prealditni receives a salary whIch
including aUowancee amount 0 ntly
110000 TiM e xpencq of the colonial
Jvernnumtare paid by the natiVes and by
the forelgnre residing there bu the 001
ernment 01 Jrolland no longer draWl an
income from the Islands
liar dvanta ant at present Indirect
OOet and consist first at pronte earned b
her citizens trade with the islands second
of reals collected by her citizens from
plantation and third 01 salaries drawn
by her citizens for civil or rnllttaryservlce In
the islands
onnerly land was mold to forellllera
but for a great many euilit bal been the
policy of the Government to ell no land
whatever to either Europnns or AslsUOII
but to lease It for IIIIventylvl7e1rs or lee
1 WIlli much IlUrpriaed to find that the natives
on lderably more than twice as much
1111 forelllllltll hold under le180 or deed I
and that land the produot of which must I
be sold to the Government at II fixed price
baR been reduced to 100000 acres
One 01 the beneficent reforms about to
be IlIouaurated It the ellbllllhm 01
Government pawnshop which will loin
money to the people at a lowrate of In
terest and thus rescue them f1om the ex
tortion which ba been praotlsed upon li
The Government hu already elltabllllhod
savings banks In which the deposits are on
slant lncreistng
J4YoLNlt WANT ORE nrCOOflTfOIf
There is a crowing demand Java for a
greater recolllillon ot the people tn the aov
eminent and this demand II being yielded
to In the cities The colonial authoritIes
have encouraged tbo eoldlN to marry
native women the marriages tennlllAUn
when the soldiers return to Europe
All a result there is a half mate element
which has been given better educational
advantages than are Aooorded to the na
tlVOI This element considers itself aD
native although counted In the census
III European and laalre1dy organizing with
a view to securing more civil liberty
Whatever may be said of Dutch colonIal
hm In the past a new era III dawning and
the present rulers reoocnb that their
admlnllltratlon mt bo measured by the LID
provemont In the people rather tbdn by
the profits drained from the land by Euro
peace
3PRING CuL OF TIlE SARDINE
How the Utile Ftm Are CauGht aDd Pro
pared for Market
From the pftiiadepAa Dulelln
A delicate faint squeakln like the squeak
0 mice arlz said the Sailor ThD sound
oom from the drln IArdlne
I dont believe It
You dont believe IU Well that ahow
yer Ignorance the matlner rr sumed It
shows ye never been to Brittany Theyro
preperln for the urdlne luaoll In Orittany
now same as In Phlladelph theepreparln
for the shad season
The nrdlallll appears on the French coast
every year In Mar Their course IRlnurably
the Mme In March and April they follen
the Adriatic aDd Medlterraneeo horea
Ioln wt The 110 through the straits or
OIbrlltar They skirt Rpai1 and Porturel
The spring and summer lee em off France
and the early autumn 1Indl tsm In English
and Scotch waters
X done a lot o rlttanr sardine ftahtn In
Ooncarneau In 611 We used to nib five to a
boat Our nets was hand made and 01 as
orted sires Iur bait wu the intestines 01
the Ch calledrloe
We setth nets We throweot overboard
handful o the vile bait and It luck wis with
Lii the blue water turned silver colored and
qulTer with milieus 0 sardines Wo hauled
em In dumped em In the bottom o the
boat and lOattered nit over em They I
dlod the pert delicate critters III a minute
or two They Queaked as tey died lite
roles It was kind o pitiful
OD the clear whIte land under tbe blue
altT in the pleasant eth r the fetio
omen worked a hundred or more 01 them
euttln off the sardines heads walhln the
Bait off 010 drrln enlln the sun bollln tm
a couple o minute In big cauldrons o IIweet
flll and paokln enlln tie boJt and eolderlnl
m Pial1or sIghed
11110 works abou Itartln now In Con
Irntlllu he aald I wlaht I 18 there
I can heAr the ad flqullllkln o the little nah
The sound scorns to call me
Killed Big Sturgeon fo DUall
rand Fork corrnpondeA JJlnna oli
Journa
The State Game Warden may be called
upon for a ruling III to whether tho present
II an open season for thehuntinsotbiggm5
wbeo tbe lame take the shape ot a forty
pound sturgeon Angus daand II com
panion wore strolling b4ut the coullif
In the vldinIt cif the Jades aillIvau arm
whoA they notIced a great commotion In the
eaters ot a ditch
InnUaUon showed the cause to hi a
bht flab wbloh appealrd to be having trouble
aver some QbRtructlona Beourlp a gun
hey attacked the I1Illl18tjlr and alter a hard
Irl auooeeded In Isndlnll It It proved
10 be a turltlon nearly live foI Inlenith
and weighing fQrtY pounds
it III surmised that during the high II kter
It left the river anO Jomered out Into th
pulnbeR aM 00 thtIt1b1ldence ot the Inc
found IftU stranded III the ditch I
L
DAIICZIS If ewclI PI imc
IIIf h nf r isriu ir
1 vP tlfl H If Mr
I Ifs tItHI H pfI silt
Ames U1aff Iff 0 1ti1S Pses
I Ha Mfmft tfIfIt tfte Phic 1ft
fNft ivmvsne nntr af ffe
40 nVeIbt ts 0111 f tiiwtlr in Iinihti
a few vbs agi rll fittO t view 1eaft ficf
dItlilt fifAflh iin4 IM man reM pail II
IIIIt tliw II tI baIIa tbsP hot gef a
4tgdIt ri nvhbt mud Mflf Pfs a
1IIIIul ens If It wniilt nnf kvi Ilffitn
hitI tip f efteti a flgiiv and IS must fiav
t Hilt nIIf Intl ii Ifill ltIN fit 1M
Mt11
fIg liwn 1mW IIMI C tnMJlh liii hIlt
filIfletibip rtf Irnhe4 111M flf ib rePItI
MMIIU ehi eve aIwsis oiiIurIng hapfr
In stimbk tlfJII 5CIPIP 11M IiU if niI
Ir I ImprnWlilt lIe ran ill It anti
tHsee nV Ihe flew ilsnia iii it nell iieR as
long u 11 dsttt insIfiS 1i1V and if ha lit
4 IfIlfIf1nr MIMh11 I ide nrdlld hntiit
hIS 110W p1ltfMIII lIslIglita JIm lluf IInl
MttlttN of Ifs baiurr hut tifAIIN It 10
IIInRII flJ him snil 111m titan II I nvn
th1n6 be Is prntui en nwn
larn oeMI sri nit nptwaslty e1insIve
PIIIA lhay elI Jot nt money and
IIOflletlm himirn Ifto hfnr ltsy ever
arrive in liintkn where most ii t the heel
Otis are sent The men wis hnt tllllm
datati sad gsst goad pay bctcSUIIIJ their
wotk 18 no easier or 1cm IAIIArou Ullln
that of the lttlr5 upillrer
RAte orchids are the 01 that grow tAr
from the worlds IIn track ThClyr In
ib Ju 01 Asia lii thlt forests of Africa
In the tangled woodhnl of the Amaaot and
the mM who start bravely tllth In fittest fJf
them know from personal experience and the
expenlenceutothar tha t thya ro bra Yln the
Tim 10000 onCUJD
Ikngerl40f beet fever treachery and starva
tion It III only natural therefore that or
cUd hunters are few and that their II1y Ie
big wtea you fled ono 01 the best of
tem you have found a man who has tray
elIcit Into almost every part of the civilized
world
TiereR excitement In the work Ihallgh
and that 1 what make It endurable Itll a
gamble too for often a man returns from n
trip that hu lasted perhaps a you perhape
I three WIth a lot of dry root the value ot
which II absolutely problematical Any
ODe of theta may turn out to be worth mon
thalIooo perhaps there 1811 record brelker
among them they mayalt be oompsrathly
oomtyon and tporeroro worth but little
Oaly whoa they live revlvol in botboillOs
and their bloom appeLr can the llllotor
tell whether his trip hall been a fllllure or 11
success although no exporlunoe orohlrl
hunter ever cornea home without MOl11ethlng
of value
South AmerIca 18 n favorite lelll tor
orchid hunter In spite of the fact that tin
mon who goes there after them must rlllk
the fever and dl1el811 that Are common
pestilential climates The finest flowers
are found often In the mOilt Impenetrable
places as though nature held thorn out as
a prize to those who could conquer her
Ihlok swamps or dense forests
WlCkA are spent floating down South
American there on rafts Trees overhan
the banks And on these are time sought for
orchids But with the beautiful flower
In their natural elate are flnakel and wild
animals hloh add a now danger to tin
game and insects who e bite Is serious
80 thick are the IDlIOOts In some localities
that the experienced oolllnl cut the over
banging tree drOPS It Into the river Md
tOIlS It for mile unlll the danger from
the poets that nooompany the sought for
flower hl11l been eliminated
The orchIds ft9wOr onoo a year and It It
this fact that makes the game of collecting
thorn such II lottery Tbey are not always
In bloom when the oriiid hunter comes
along and he can tell only in a general way
what they are when the fiowelB are not pros
nttc guIde him So ho take a fow Mmpl8l
or nil the varieties which llromlee any
thing new or unusual Tho roots are care
fuliy pulled from the Ilto01e1 tree trunks
or stumps Ie II11loh they cling or n portion
of the base from which the plants depend
It out Off and tho roots are left AS they have
grown
Then the plants are drle carefully
packed to avoid being crushed or brulAei
and shipped away to the North A oertlln
percentace of course Is kllle In tranper
tAllon but the plants which BunIve live
for YOlre
It two or throe yeu trip Into the troploa
for orohldRl1 a mighty expensive IUldertk
lag Provisions must bo bought aDd a
party ot natives hiret The expenses Are
moat unlimIted and It IR problbly duo
o that fact t1tat acme ot the orcbldhunten
never como back
A London firm sont IL roan into South
AtneriO 1 few yearsagofora twoeJr trip
He had about 150000 with hll11ln gold wIth
which to form hrs expedition and pay his
nativeR lie went Into the forest and Dover
turned and there IR a strong belief that
be was murdered by the natives for hili
money
There died In Flushing a few year ago
a man who bad hunted orchids all over the
world for Sander I Co the London fInn
which made a peollllty 01 mre flowers
hut name was Ignatius FoslQrman and 1
single instance of ne ot his upeditlolll
shows protty well what sort 01 a task II
tnnppod out loran orchid hunter
A man walked Into Sander CoR omcea
ono day b3ck In the 8S carrying II dried
orchid which he said bad boon sent 10 him
br a brother In IndiA 110 wanted to know
fit were a new species and If It had any
particular value There was no way to tell
thnt until It bloomod and he left the plant
with the Importers
When the flower came It was recognIzed
a a new ipecles It was beautiful too
anti hroujtht SI2ro Sander d Co con
gratulated tire owner upon his good luck
snd fOnt Fostenunnto India 10 find moro
01 the new poole ororchld It WIIII a tough
job hut IiOIItermln started ou with plenty
of hope courage and 1IS CIne money
That and experience woreabout aU behad
for bo did not ono know where the man in
I
11141 wtity hart sort Illt erehW 11ve4 If
ktww ftflll fine lII1IMi 1
tt 4gkIlifli 1w imitifreti aS ieifAi tIiUQ
h rPlItRh rnflrjCn iiii ivstfi I
flisl IpIIf5w itt hi en A m IIMI re ft
I ffiltnlffJIfIIfItfUlltUkl1
I It IPIot fI f the rlllfIWI cg thff lIfrtIInrt
II Thec 1111 rJlw hw f vt 111t
I names ari4 IhIt Inwiw IrP Ptfrfr ha ttWVP 1t11
were ir yfls ayart tHe ut hut ride I
J Vtsnis etti fItIIt ansi iher 110 fl f
I the mote he oia elg iitI net iIe friert I
IDI t flte iyf he waa t hhl illwniritgrd I I
fill IIItmllkttt I gnipetl relir a Ih
i mum smsI Itigils ansi its rflyriIctI
iIittul nit fiIMinL I
r iy M C IIItIt highs f nii iiti
livell 49 hadIit 11t1 tt1tf Iff 1tI IItIm
IIIY CIIIIS4 If IttiPo In elite higi Jisrigiti
I It4 till 11 mmev itnil e14 ifity Iae yiii
h chile I Will ihrti f iNtI1 fns1ff etchis
Ifs MIftfft which I hntjfflf I tiail MIII IICtMt
ror f iifl It M I hIeil if mine
J fee pef eVn e f II ti oIIncoYhe
r vns 1M were thlnd tilt II flu f 4f iiiti
r lIfI ctltllq hn he If a It eeqrimntL4
I eefnnin thu fnl lilt fri sppM In
msirh Inftumtti Idit tit WIhI ittiMing tllf I
I 1l dsp lPiniIii hut for flit lititil tIIltdl1
II1t N0feiiterrn 1111 mecifhin HA leufit I
the Jllhfjlll all tit aiI It If A Iret 11111
whir lbs rite rrhlI It flfA the ef pet
per1fwt sifrmrIsie self fntvrtniin nt
thntiantlq ri them tie fnnlIn Tb fled t
In lIIlh uS1I1 IrnI lg price IIltt
eervnil iianlfy pAid IIItOI Titer Ofthl1
11111 IlfOOfntt too CmlfMlt and the 141m All
felt off
A few weetta after Fltltflrman wnr
was time ii rty1 tlllnter whl hd teen
esni uul to 111 same 141111 aiceeshe
In getting earn fInd htlly pent them to
tie IlIIportlnte linn flleh hail cnt him nut
1111 was 1111 111 FOIItM11l1n warn su fi
ahead or hlrn IhRt the cost of the rtI
0111111011 was Rlmllltt entirely lot
SonlImlltl PMlIlaUon I I ornhldit resitilti
injn Mndome prom tot a boyer A lito
Wield or a wealthy English Iron merchant
who paid L17 for a plant hurltlt from a
tendon dealer When It bloomed It prond
to bo 1 beautiful peclre lId the Iron met
hDt divIded the pant Into ten rartAtbloh
netted him 110000 The nnn from wbloh
be purolllUlOd the plant renlislng their rule
take offered him 10000 10 get It back aaain
bclore tllIt divisIon took place but belr
offer wes Ctirndddown
Them Li also a tradilion among hernei
who Import and make a specially 01 orchid
that sometimes they outlive mODllnd ill
aid that one Instance is known In wbroh
IIn orchid lived to 00 loOyeaa old It cam
from Venezuela and was bought by flare
Aponya a Hungarian nobIeml1n who paid
15000 for It That is a pretty high price
for nn orchid but MINt Helon Ooull Lot said
to own aslngia plant which 111 wortb the
same amount
All orohld are not rare however and not
all 01 them como from tropical countries
Most of those whIch grow best In he wanner
climates ore eplpbIIIIlhl1t is they grow
on tttOI without receiving nouriehmenC
from thom apparently existing upon air
They have boter nerial roots wbloh
absorb 1II01stUr and they are friquentl
provided with otldo Iulllll solid sweUlnga
In the tIssues In which Water and nutritive
materials ape IItoted Huoh orchids ntI
thefil which Are often IlCn clinging to a bit
ot Wood In II florists hop fit the popular
conception of an orchid but there Are many
othera which grow wild WIthin a very few
miles of Now York In tact orchids grow
In livery part 01 the World except In the
coldest regions and the most arid plain
The dornstio orchids however do not
exist on aln Mcs t lr them root Into the
ground 8Qtn8up sfat r orchids The
Ladys SlIpper ryj ium III a common
form 01 orchId and 80 are the lIOcaUed
grass pink 81111ke mouth and ladles tresses
About sevontyflve lpeoledof lie SOOO known
grow wild In the United StatOR and some
of them CAn be raised in II shady garden
Some of the domestic orchIds are very
InterestIng 10 botanists and once In a whllo
they are found In unlooked for place
Up In Franklin county Ic an amateur bob
anlRt who h411 made 11 conidderable study
01 orchids and In studying a certain epeelllR
he came to the conclusion that the clImate
and condlllonR 01 his home town were
about right for that particular lower
lIe had never seen one however nor could
hI find anyone who hail
He studied the lay ot the land thereabout
and finally rome to the conclusion that A
nearby swamp should contain the plants he
sought So he made drawinGs of what he
vanted described the flower to a native and
sent him Into the swamp on a little home
made orchid hunting expedition Back
he came with a handful of the flowers
The scientist bad figured out their abode
with absolute accuracy
BOIIi ENCOUNTER WITh TIGER
llln Eatlr OnrporI Them hut They
IJe to Tell the Story
RI llIhalllIr eorrepondenrf Indian PItd
Jhulan Jaur and llIa Gear his brother
were grazing hullOlkR III light Jungle near
Son ahal IIhllhal village about halt a mllo
from the bust about 0 A M The cattle
erll 111 front thllI calUo Nile Gaur and thon
about fifteen peers behind blrn Jhulsn Gaur
They had Just orosed a nla lila was
to ono side when Irom the other IIldoeuddenly
R tiger rushed at a cow slapped It aside wIth
a biow 011 the rump ani In the same atrlde
JumtJLti onJhullln Gaur borobun to Ihotrround
doubled up In the position or a Iohamruedan
1Ilnl his prayers or B hlaamllnkoowlnc
the hind paws on his back Uld1be tore paws
on his head
Jhutan Was Quite conscIous and knew his
doom wis sealed At the Utile he was born
to the ground he called to hilt brother to bell
hint flat when the tiger began to bake
his bead from aids to skoconsclousaess left
hint l1a heard hIs brothers shout for
help and ran to him at oMe The tiger was
Gi his brothers head and Slla struck the
tiger to bless on the head with a IIIht
drovers stick he had In his hind The
tlllllr had his mouth open and ses growling
and Lashing hlR tail l1a went III front of
the tigers tao and hen he struck the tllrer
the brua e rang oil his brother on to him
lie did not slap but pushed him backward
Ho bit consciousness at once Jhulan
IS Mon 18 the tiger left bll back regained
his senses and eav tho tlllr on his brother
Ills brother was on his back with his face on
lie rlllllt vida and ono forepaw or the
liner waft on his face and tue other w
on his chst lie struggled up and with
the light stick In the hand which he had
never relInituithed I hfl struck Ihe titer three
tlmls on he side 01 the head Tho tiger let
tlfer
10 hi brother lnd took 1 clrrln rounti then
fII Jhllinn and thratrnCd him agaIn bt
rrOIII1Il and mAd aB It he meant to attack
a ruin buton Jhulu raising his stick the tiJrr i
lunlt Into the T1als anddIIllPPltrd I saw
IIIIm ten days after admission Into hospital i
IUtl they woro both dolllil wdl bu 8eOIlllt1
Clulel and subdued
Maine ORb Found the flhICkC3
111 Slit Sal Jranri4co ChroicIc
Honabody hM two barrel or whiskey
that brlonllcx1 to T FitElIlrltld Fitzgerald
is vrr amtlou to kndv who has It and to
fcellre II rlplo11I for the goods
The Nlrthfllllltl did not lIlrct ItElIlrlllll
scrinueb nor did the stirring en 01
A 11111 Ill ito thpu the 1II0rnlllil or April III
rnlllt n01l1l1 null tIlt rim or tho Urn line
Irirall to fllll along 80111h or lilpnclt
Street Fitzgerald tiled 10 his place or hU81neos
md dUll a holll III the back yard wherein
Jie thoughtfully embalmed two barrels or
tile choicest stock When the Sehe hd
reeled luttlclently to permit fir rNlurrootioa
ltllrOreJd dug EIIIlously tar his barrelll but
they were not here
J
r
I
rH r AtIlWttf tIM
r
YiVep ies t4aeiIHtNS till 1M faSfeV5 fA
III 1Mw I fHKfItt iI
I
the Isi atinital tflf4lt EhIfItI tlftH
tlnaf flltttlnlft IftfIfilM renllfltltkttt
I III 1ft IIktlfl It Apiife0 lefbeI Vflf
tllm lift rIfI In ltnlftlt It It wnitfeer ff
I If flcige r SImflf 11 tf iiI the afc tI
Ihr ni anti prose of nsf nf
I MIINII lrTp 1 fir IItct flWftt
F rareene kflnw PItt hull 1tmlnt1
flnlt nite IftlfiN I lftInfl fl4 tm
rfr tot wsr S4IINeINe ftp fs01f ti fin
vmilt WM IPlctI fAf of fIr Iflrmefltt
I lilt hlch In 11f111 vtf dtfjF II1M
hIs art llr flhlI tIIftnIIM fet
I 111 t A fIsi sVAMI afif tiftitillIN lof 1ft
tmIIfl4 Ifttthutin AM lIAtP IlfiftMII Y
114111141 fttM lfllll0J IM flIflrft
11ItI UICtrIUt
a4 faq mPIM tIQ ft lf fit J141f0 01
I the frequent flltiWf4twflf If rv
sew aa fhIUuifr4 M 4M fHftllflWfI
of the n44 11fI AIftfr t4ItflhtHtf
I rot IIlIttnfllcl iy IhfI gfe fal iiti1eatNP
IVf Iflil nnrlPim Ihlttf tI tftltt tesMry
I wa4 I WA psnntftene IW 1M4 I Mot ctrtH
was pmvgil II tIIltft i tktd IMIfHtI
h 1 aelsta
1tt1tJtnlrr ls Wilt let Ill W0 fn Ihe
fhllIff1I4 AMI4IItI that 11ft htt flllft41
usAn1 ytIets nt Mona Oft Ih IIIWOI lit
lAke OhlMI MctMld IS fSS INIsisetbid ln I
Isilsiethal lomafi I4 f 6msfwiuiti
li lean fermiwi IJt MUltI Iii AA pJtna I
anti out ef ftc nine kind 01 earth
they must hays beets 0enI5iII tttte 117
ow ailtaotdktry MItM He UIMitflt
emne mighty tfIht11Wof1 lit natUffl lit at
earthquake or porhsfes the Itlltin of
vat inks pouring its watefe 0S beet
allltlltW hAd prodlltf this CfIIIIwolon and
disorder In the rocks
Prof AmM rAIUI er to acoooo ro
the mllllM of Itrllfllle anti 11IRUe weigh
lug from ono 10 lIly t fll which he taunt
scattered stong 0 COfiMetlcut P4ver
u could thud no solution ual4lM M OM
time the valley Wit filed up IIIJ a to Idke
a descent from Itwo Chllttr reng nf
granite allll yenlto cloItn whIch thais
trqmeat1radualladVlne McJ the
phenomena or glacial drift OR the UWQT1
that at one tIme the ltrth clranmld tJitl
position of its cxli Ito that the suit ray
melted the lOll taps 01 the pr regions
drowning the lower latitude withs tr
mendoiia outpouring flI the polar wature
upon whlh floatlnr IQ broUaht the boulMIII
that are IlCAtlered over our norThern do
main
When our countrymen began their tud
or field tltoloiY soms or the leading Euro
pean 80logl88 were teaching that granite
core oharacterieodU mOUJItaln ratlaell
and that Ibe remains Qflhe nwamotb
Mil other large ankniil tolU1d In Siberia
were trallllportd thele floods from the
rs Ion of the U1fttE Franklin
inupndentfr eolnd the theory that the
interior of the earth consisted of mckee
matter on which the IfIIr portlo Qr crust
I floated He itaid be had ease 01Jter shells
I m In the atones wt4ch hiiiloatod an
elevatIon of the knil above sea level and
this he conceived could not take plo U the
earth U solid
Who ever thinks 01 Thol1 Jltrrer u a
ontoloBIst But no Milt of politics
no froth OnunclatIDna of himself and his
policy pnlven dhIm from carrying no his
geologicaL studies even In the White HOUSe
He sent for more than O specimens of 1011111
bones from the tamoUs Ble Bone Lick 01
Kentucky and IIpl them In one of the
lsro rooms of the Presidential mansion
The exploration 01 this lick wu mW at hla
uwn expense and he found time to write and
II read popenl on fossils
flleorlWII were another perplexing toplo
It was not till 1808 that Prot KlnlrJe
I after his study of 1 meteorite that fell In
Connecticut a year earlier evolved a theory
I that these ilelitul strangers which oomns
10 the earth from space It Jn4r not be
true but Jefferson Is said to hlhe remarked
II Ihlll deduction
NIt ill baster to believe that tWO Yankee
professors will lie than to dmlt that stance
can fall from heavf
The famous Dr Cotton Matber IIILW In the
discovery 01 the bone of a mastodon near
Albany a confirmation of the account
given tn Scripture 01 a mOIl of antediluvian
giant They must have boonlants In
deed for the thigh bono which Dr Matbr
mistook for that or 110 nian was lIIItenteen
foot in length Another maptodon exhumed
near New burgh In loot was regarded all
unquestionably oro1vbroUII a blunder that
frightened Dr Dueler Into writing We
onnnot hut thank heaven that the whole
generation 1M probably exUnot
The unscientific chra ter 01 mach 01
the work done In thooo early day may be
inferred from the following quo Uon
describing the narrows ot the COnntetl
out ter
No living creature Will ever known to
pails through this narrow except an IndiAn
woman who drifted Into It In II canoe
perOllvna her daDlllr she drank the whole
bottle 01 rum she had with her and then
lay down In her canoe to meet her destiny
Sbe IMrvellous1y went through aafely
and was taken out of the canoe some miles
below quite Intoxicated
We know that the famous Natural Bridge
In Virginia 16 aU that 11 left 01 the roof or a
limestone cavern hut It was a puzzling
queRtion In the oary part of the last century
Jefferson argued that the formation of the
bridge WIIII duo to some lIudden convulsion
Francis Wllllam Gilmer though soarooly I
known W geological science proved him
t9lt far In advance of the wQrkertS 01 lila
day by his theory that It was what WAIl left
of a cavern which had been formed by
the solvent action 01 meteorlo waters on I
Ilmeetone The Rev Mr ComellWi die
rented from all the via exprelllled and
said he could BfOO no dHfioulty In supposing
that the bridge had procooded from the
band of the Almighty as It hi
The geological plonetr made many
blunders but Huxley wrote that the attain
ment of Bolentlfio truth had been brought
about to a great extent with the help of
scientific error With iii their blundera
fierce disputes and many weaknesses
thoBO first men In tIN field laid well the
foundations on which reeta the present
Idenoo of the earth
FIlE10N7S UNMARKED GRr
The Pathflnder Was Buried 10 Tear Alo
to RookJand Cemetery Tear PJermont
From IAe Rocltlcnd Coulltu Journal
Th body of John C FImont still 11111 III
unmarked grave In Bockisad Cemetery 00
the helrbll above Piermont UI wife
uholher remains were Incinerated In Call
tornla Yheu she died a few years ego
are waiting for something to be done be
lore they are Interred br her hUlblndlI aide
It Is understood hat the urn with the ubf
hll been brought on from the Vt and is
aome1here In the neighborhood
When len Fr mont died at New York
JulY 13 1800 the commanding IIltq now oo
cupled by his grave was selected as a mOlt
approprlato spot for hi Interment It was
clloen with deliberation by a committee I
orlnl2ed for that purpose and with the
turther intention of erecting upon the lIe
a monument suitable In style and execution
to the nailed position held and the dlstln
tuishtsd services render to bill country
b the explorer Oenrral and statesman
nice known II The PatIiflndsr
The burial which we delayed considerably
the death 01 len Fnnont
tIter n was he 00
cnslon 01 a gathering of men eminent In the
Srln navy arid In public lIfe and 1911 am
ended with npproprlllll rcmonlcs At
about the saints time the John C rIOIonl AI
BOclntlon incorporated with the object
or providing a 1II0nullleni and lIIemorlat
oIbloh should Ite A mnrk for all passing UI
med Itown the tludnon River An elaborate I
dlslan for such I 1II0nUnllnt to COAt a large I
lull ws prpard and It Is believed adopted
b the IUAoulallon arid 1 buo thorefor was
laid M the toot at the grave
Since then nothing hu been done and
nolhlnlf to mark the grave apPlllrs In the
oemolCIJ save a little fa4ejia which poe
Ilbly may be renewed annually with the
addition 01 a bunch ol flowers on ooracloQ
Day
iI
L ± I
mcrni s IAPAMESE
r
4 IIIHH1IfIr 1 171 l1
tN INN 1HI1 fUfRh
1eolwOIausiI H tftjf
Hit lit me tvtsw Nagerap
NtWV lIf5lff1 Is Kq
ffMf 4r 0 fUffi JafI
Ifltfolllll1ft t mUf nluttf
IMMH AIW ftWt sri ArtlfI p
KumflNftt eM Nyt he kflnWd ° It 111141 i t
nt 14wWis Mirngo As a ruts SiPhet
fIf1f tiNe InJ4fiti at an fhss I t wf
lnnlt flllft Nt sftrnsbl IImf 1 ct IUH
fd mote h It liii tIfi It he tsAflSti I hot
IIUItt 1i14 eSiIIII ftu it JfI a
flUflfifffMII It this ttfllfr1 1I1tt knw
iIge tIIseI0 t In liayritfil tllsani tlWotf
1tWt 11 fJ InM1i IfIJotI
NttI t f It IHItf Milt PsmnklfAIIa
lit ilNet MqrirS 1ft lovn will its JIIIII
IafiI1Js 11M lit iifmtiI ii lbs lIlri AM I
ahoeU is HI Ii is ttllllllc I 1 Iiwi
1fHf fHfftff IV PJrtl1MhU cut Ic Cithef
ii af nr IH passed the kMIII ags limit
hIte Ie IftJthtHt tsl hi ffI4lftn n lit
fklrlns ftlff fett hfe I nuI Iii none In its
vfntfnf fAfftlltIU1I1 I tVC In Nuf
A feeoncfi1Uonarstret ltrniklyn
111 Ytn rIIMlHin Ii tsaf flltl his
JlrnlllMJtm its Stir lime eo eItHi his J N
twae issimioe ire orBA fo 1If11111 1llnlf si
tPi1 he flY some ili7 14nnI a IfciIi
Mttm J10 I SIi hIs 11111 mints mites
baea the outbreak nf the ltuJn
Ca Wills Itt ftt1n a Jaxnpse yintna 1M
who r iinstl lit n Iftth or two In fever ht
aftoth ho Itt turn urrwmleltll iris scet ri
tothipveseMmonehsrlro IMIIIhlII1
Of 1 LIberty street Hrtlnkln
When the last nfIIl 111 the 1It of itt
instructors lor the first time called on list
ltietiy ptoter two yearn sign Just a
little artr the t1IrtLk lit the wnr1 liii
prospective pupil wise AIltrrc In Ifl
to tIC a very genial man slitiwsil hllll 1111
bum J4anseYnglieh dictionary arsi
a little ortalllIJoIJ1I1III1 prima IChool
resist which he had In his on
Proto rrantk III not satisfied merely
with being able to emy some word In
Jpriew lie must go at IIIfl b tlotu of
the tiring 81 be aid to read hooks lint
only IJ the floinin alphabet hut also In
the oriIn1 writing
With thia Is view the teacher and the
pupil cowMiefwd plugging thtt former
aaeumitigJor ooueiiissnoq an th air of All
eklerly PerflODj while the latter for 1110
ttame rfUO traesformnsd himself Into 1
little Japan boy of 0 OM evening II
week for two years contlnuall uoopt
for a mOJ1tkduring the last summer when
the teacher bad to go to Portsmouth for
the peace conference tho two could be
seen nt the pupils home digging the root
and sterile 01 the Japanese vrbi and trail
atlzijr literally well a freely tb Jpaoe
ICIntenc s Into ElIIIlab
Hepburn dictionary bu a brief out
line t the Japanese If explained
In English this grammar wa luppl
minted with several numbere Jajlal
arid America a monthly rnuazlne Pub
liabed In ie York tbreerellrs ago now
discontinued 10 which the grgmmai WI
printed
A8 for the original Jparieee writings
they went over whattba pupil bad learned
beginning with the stllabariell nero aa
fifty yUllbariea In the Japanese llUllti
They are written in the primary re dtf
In a tabl6 beginning with a column or five
vowel I i ue 0 and the reatbelag formed
by ad41n1 systorpatjaa4lyk11 t b
1 r W to the vowel Ihe jim two tyleJ
of writing tlelJylibui ntrl1uina AiId
Kat4k1
After the prin reader wu rend
through Prof FrailOken iIocUrod IL new
reader from a Japan lIbook store tnSU =
Franoloo and later 4 complete net of
IIuteenvolwnes of thti uthorlucl grammar
and bleb school rondera from Japan
Already Prof Franolien lisa mastered five
of the grammar school ieadexn In them
are a number of ChInese characters which
are treed In combination Ith he Jlrane
lIyllabarf
Ho acquired the Art of using the Japanc
brush mid Ink and Is n9w able to write
as good La many of the native 01 jJarotl
Aa be roads the chapters In the rendl1l
he copies the writings wIth the brush dipprd
10 Ink on B sheet of paper tranFcrfbe In
RomAn alphabet atthefootottiie original
writing and addll English translation 10 II
Already ho hu a hundred ot those sheets
Tbe art or using thobrnal1 and ink II h1
no mean an easy one although It 18 not
80 V much complllated First yoll
hold asohid block of Ink a Ort 01 Indian
Ink and scratch It ona little atone mortar
with water on U
The longer you continue scratching
the bleaker the dissolved Ink becomes
The mortal baa a basin for this
You bold your rbM1 between the thumh
and two or throe lingers or your right bend
You dip the tip of the brush In the Ink
Holding the brush perpendicularly yoi
write upon alllllIOt or paper
There is A bit or science 10 the art of wield
lag the brush You must lot the lIoHtnM
tip or the Ink laden brush Illdo gracefully
and In making each stroke must twist And
turn the tip according to ltanaturollrend
Otherwise an Ideograph or a Jalisneis
11111Abar written or moro appropriately
speaking painted I may appear but n blotcb
of black Ink
pror Franoken noW can write the IdeI
graphs and lIyllabacloaln a perfectly 111t1b
manner epbume grammar had lllnriy
been conquered Now along come Plants
Japuo80 Conversation Grammar Be
sides the grammar the book contains ox
erclael and reading lesson all In Unman
alphab6t The selections for the read
Lag lessons have been mad from popular
lepnd and articles doaoribln life and
sceneries
Whata the use ot studying the Jar
mesa Ianuage many may IIIIY Be
dell ho1tOuld a man ever expect 0 read
Japanese wrftingst
Someonehu said the devil created the
Chlneee language This man exposed his
Ignoranoa and ill acme order of devil him
self forProf Frano1coo says repeatedly
tYhy Mr ashlguohl this IR marvel
oust Th Western people do not know What
Is good for themselves They ought to
Rtuily JaPlLneee and they dont Why the
Jopanlllll language is simply beautiful
Indian unit the Telephone
JJvlcogre correspondence Kansas Ctt Jill l
There II consternation In the central ofliA
01 the telephone company at HoldenII IIl
cauae 01 the fact that a full blood Creek Jlldlan
who cannot speak English has become n iron
ron John Ooat a tullblood nieniber of th
reek council who IITIII In tho wos1
nile south 01 HoldoovlUe he brJlIIII Ii 1101
Ihf advanced IdeaR orthe whIte IIIAn U > 111 r Of
1 Private telllpbone IInerun out trom that It
to tile bOllleo
bit is probably the only fullhlO If hA
Crefk nation who halll tfIlPoone Snit 1100
dlacoverro that It III ot little use 10 film
hI rails UP be rnnnot by anr lIIrAIII1
tlllI race or signs or tire body mAko twIr54
underRhnd what 1II1U1ber ito inid 4
In a while when he flop aud In cttrZ
number hI can find nil one AC the oI1r t
or the wlro who ran talk to hllll hi says
one of his ndlan friends capmesefs It 0
ciephone can tahI crrek only at nit itc It
1 other end persists in speaking Enriiefi
f other fuhlblood follow the rxaiipi t
rpnn float It wUl be necessary for tfw I
mon coay to maintain an ietcrlrctr a
t
4 c J

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