Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, SUNDAY. JANUARY 1, 1911.
SUNDAY, JANUARY 1, 1011.
Eaiirid st the Tost Ornrc at New York as Second
'U Mnll Mutter
Subscriptions by Malt. Postpaid.
DAILY, I'er Month ( SO
DAILY. I'er Year
MINtlAY. I'er Yenr '-'
DAILY AND SUNDAY, I'er Yenr "0
DAILY oil) SUNDAY, I'er Month "
Postage to foreign countries added.
All checks, money orders, Ac. to be made pay
Published tiy the Sun Printing snd Publishing
Association at 170 Nassau street. In the Borough
of Manhattan. New York. President of tt.e Asso
ciation, I.'dward I' llltvhell. Uo Nassau street:
treasurer of the Association. M. I". I.aSnn. 170
Nassau street. Secretary of the Assoc laUon, D. V.
Cutun, ltO.Nnt.snu street.
London office. nfflnham House. 1 Anindelstreet,
..Strand. The dally and Sunday Srs are on sale In
London at the American and Colonial Kxrbaner.
Carlton street, Itecent street, and Daw's SteAmshlp
Agency. 17 dreen meet. Charing Cross Itoad.
Paris ofilcr. M Pile Louts le firand The dally and
Sunday editions are on sale at hlnsqur 12, near the
(irand Hotel; Klnsque 77. Unulev ant dcsCaruclnrs.
corner 1'lace de l'Opcra. and Kloo.ae ll, Boulev ard
dri Italltns, corner Hun I-niils le t.rnnd.
whether tho country I innto whom was the. direct causo of tho I not bo a simple matter. Avii
ingdoni, an empiro or u assassination of King Cablos and hisltako it toll of lives, but tho
m, .mu. n.,.6uv..., - . .... ... - - - i L 1
republic. Some of tho Primo Minister's i oiuesi boil j no uovun.in.uv u u.
collenRU.'?, M. Mll.LKitANi) and M, , loft in control throtiRh tho lack of Intor
Viviani, showed marked ability In con- est or tho Portuguese; It has been ac
Htructivo legislation, but the utriklng 1 ccptcd at do facto but not recognized
event of tho year has been tho develop- by tho Powers, and has governed by
merit of M. HlitANt) himself. In spite decree, wmu swoopniK uui niu nu.
of his sociitlistio antecedents he hns
shown that lie is determined to preserve
our ;nc nds trno furor us triM manvsertpts tor
pullltaimn tliirnwrr rrl'cttit articles rrlurnnilhrv
(nu in off ctses trnd ttamps tor thjt purpose.
order in France regardless of what his
party may demand. His energetic:
measures put nn end to a widespread
nnd dangerous railroad strike, and ho
had tho courage to deny in Parliament
the right to strike in certain services
and to promibo legislation that would
keep organized labor within bounds.
He found his colleaglies unwilling to
follow him, reorganized his Ministry,
and in spite or tho uttacks of his own
party has so far been upheld by the
majority in Parliament. I'riiiico recog
nizes that it has at least one man cap
able and strong enough to manage her
affair properly, who is not afraid of the
political consequences to himself.
The (ierman Kmpiro has pursued Its
prosperous course with few noticeable
incidents either in its foreign or internal
affairs. Tho Kaiser has seldom broken
the silence which has now become habit
ual. At Khnigsberg, nt a strictly Prus
sian celebration, ho repeated in plain
language his belief in the divine right of
kings and his conception of tho Prussian
King's duties, ideas which he is known
to have held always; his emphatic state
ment therefore made comparatively
little impression. Dr. vox Hethmann
Hollwlo, the Imperial Chancellor, as
Ktirnpc in M10.
In so far as foreign affairs are con
cerned tho year Win has been renin rk-
nUI nr,..fi,l in t'tirunn Vn KpHnlls
" 1. I.. , .... ,!,, likl pi...
. i I i..,l..1r Imim nfi.r.tt i 1 1 1 1 1 " HIM'! 1JII PI U tin lIKti' litu ss ii - - .
nmonrrtl,., Powers, an.l none is in sight ; doe not go beyond that of a bureau chief
there l.ns oven been a dearth of the land that he possesses
"littlo wars" with weak opponents that
1 1 l.-,. vf Hntvwl fi rn trio-ether II
i i ii, m 1 1 v ' i j-w . . - - -----
tiatlonal assembly. A curious commen
tary on its powerlossness nnd on tho
degradation of tho Portuguese Is tho
refusal of its sailors and naval officers to
proceed to tho relief of Madeira, whore
there is cholera. This, with tho m.lr
on tho Hrazllian warships, shows what
tho race has como to that sent Vasco
ha Oa.MA around tho Capo to tho Indies
and bred a Maiiixlan to circumnavigate
tho globe. Senhor HimiA, and possibly
tho republic, will last till boiiki ono thinks
it worth while to turn thorn out. Of
onlv burlesque interest is tho uprising
in Monaco that secured a constitution
for tho Monegasiiues,
Ctteeco apparently has thrown olT the
tvrnnny or the military oligarchy and
has reverted to the politicians. In
M. Vknezelos, vv ho comes front Crete,
she sefins to have found a statesman
nblo and shrewd enough to restore or
der, and for tho time being is ready to
follow him. Tills may prevent lung
CiKonr.K from throwing up his office nnd
will probably relieve tho Powers for a
while from disturbance about tho Cretan
question. The new Turks seem nblo
to care for the fragment of the Ottoman
Kmpiro that is left; tho other Balkan
kingdoms nro quiescent, nnd tho Kast
ern problem seems to be reduced to
ftruggles for railway concessions nnd
for linnnciul control.
are usually going on in some part of tho
world or other. Kven tho Balkan States
have been quieter than usual; the Turks
have put down a revolt in Albania, and
have now suppressed disorders in Syria;
the Greeks have been so busy witli their
internal troubles that tho Cretan qites-
antl that ho possesses little tact. He
caused much irritation in his capacity
as Prussian Minister of the. Interior by
his handling of a suffrage bill, which
in substance refused to extend the ex
tremely limited electoral franchise in
that Stute. and by his taking that oppor
tunity to denounco the more liberal Ger
man suffrage. On that occasion non-
tlon has remained quiescent, and Prince partisan demonstrations were made in
Nicholas of Montenegro s assumption
of the title of King passed almost un
noticed. The death of King Knw.vitn
VII. removed one strong assurance of
peace, for whkh tho liberal-financial
endowment by Mr. CABNLiilK is hardly
Berlin and other large cities in behalf of
tlii! extension of tho suffrage, and the
Social Democratic party showed tho
strength nnd the discipline of its organ
ization. The stubborn adherence to
traditional despotic methods is driving
tirocressive Germans throughout the
... . i . : i r . : .. I . ..
Tho death or King Howard VII. and j empire miom.-am-mi yt in.auu .m.
the accession of King CKontiE V. marks I oven when they . are httlo for racialism,
tho vear for Great Britain and Ireland, as Trom that party alone, apparently.
ti.' ...... i.-iw Jmm, mnMi of t lie can liberal reforms lo expected. The
tiint. rli.Htinmiished his Kaiser, at any rate, i awaiting tho day
and tact that distinguished his Kaiser, at any rate, i awaiting ino uay
- in dealing with public affairs, and when the German Beichstng will con
nects are rapidlv forming the im- tain a SoHal Democratic majority. After
on that ho is a man who thinks for forty years the ReichMag has ventured
himself and will be an important factor
in British uilairs. Tho long struggle be
tween tho House of Commons and the
House of Ixjrds, which ha involved two
general elections within a few month of
each other, still remains undecided. The
gravest constitutional question that has (
arisen in Great liritain since tne nrsi
lot'orm bill, involving I evolutionary
change in the organization of tho Par
liTiRieht, has been treated like any tem
porary political issue. On the one hand
tho Commons demand that tho legiola
tivo poyers of the lrds shall bo very
greatly reduced; on the other hand the
Iords have voted to reform their own
House and to separate tho hereditary
right to legi-latu trom the peerage.
Though Mr Asqfini has leen returned
to power on Ixith occasions, with a coali
tion majority that insures the retention
of offico by his Government, the two
hintnrie.il nnrties iii loth Parliaments
have lieen equal in nunilx-r. and the j more likely to mnno trounio with tier
to remove usace-l.orraino irom its
anomalous condition as a conquered,
imiMsrial territory by granting a consti
tution, such as tho other German States ,
enjoy. Though hemmed in with an
noying restriction, this g'antsa repre
sentative assembly of some sort to tho
Hmieror Fkantis Joseph, the one
band that holds together the Austrian
States, completed his eightieth ear and
the empire still stands. The bickering
ljctwcen its various constituents con
tinues, but has not Iven mi violent asl
uual during the year; the Czechs in
particular have Iwen pteternaturally
quiet The absorption of the provinces
taken from the Ottoman Kmpiro has lieen
completed without objection from the
Powers, but with some friction cjuo to
Magyar pretensions. Austria-Hungary
has deckled to take a share in the ship
building competition, it step that is
Liberals are wholly dependent on their
Labor and Irish allies.
Tho outcome is. that Mr. John Red
mond is in a position of power such
as no other Irish leader has held. He
is tho arbiter of tho cxitenco of
Mr. AsQt'iTii's Government. In the
last election his Nationalists won sears
from the Unionists and from Mr.
O'BniEN's following of discontents.
Tho Liberal Government is bound in
honor to submit to Parliament at once
some substantial measure of home rule
that shall satisfy the Nationalists, and
if this is reasonable in its terms it may
oven pass the House of Iils under
existing circumstances. Whether con
cessions thai laigiuiid may agree io
now will satisfy lteland lor any length
of time the future will show. Mean
while Mr. Ill OMONti has the opportu
nity to demonstrate whether he i as
1 clover a statesman ns he is a parly
I leader. The cause of Ireland will by
helped, in the discussions at leabt, by
tho example of the self-governing fed
orated colonics over which British im
perialists have grown enthusiastic, and
not least by the Union of South Africa,
whoso first Parliament was opened in
tho year by tho King"s uncle, tho Duke
of Co.S'.VAioiiT, and whoso Premier is
(ioneral Lor is Botha, who a few years
ago was fighting tho British in the field.
A cause of worry to all thinking Kng
lishmen is the serious and general
discontent in tho Indian Umpire. Tho
demands for some form of national leg
islative assembly, for u share in tho
govcrnmt at and administration of tho
land, for spending on India tho mouey
that India contributes in taxation, and
for tbo protection of Indian industries,
was spreading from the classes which
have been educated in Kngland or in
schools on Unglihh models to tho peo
ple. Kven Ixjrd Mohley has boon
obliged to sanction severe measures
of repression for acts and words which
in England would hardly attract notico;
he has been obliged ulso to punish
more nerious violence and sedition.
Tho victory of Japan over Russia has
had its effect on tho Hunt, and Knglinh
raen havo morn cause to heed tho warn
ings from India than scares about Ger
nuin armaments and invasions and com
plaints about tho uggrcssion of Gorman
in Franco the elections brought with
Ibcm no change of importance: tho
Italian partner in tho 'Iriplo Alliance
than to alarm the great naval Powers.
Russia with its dtima is very much
like Russia without it. The assembly
has shown itself less liberal than the
Czar even in its uttituda toward the mb
jected nationality, more eager to sup
press tho liberties and privileges of Kin
land and to Russianize its people, and
has manifested no inclination to protect
the oppressed Jews. The Czar has
maintained ns friendly relations with
tho Triple Alliance and with Great Brit
ain us ho has with his French ally; ho
is likely to do so tfll his army and navy
have recovered from tho Japaneso mis
hap. Iss has been heard of unurcjiists
and nihilists, but on tho other bund the
Asiatic cholera has appeared in tho land
and Russia has sent it out to tho rest or
ltuly has been celebrating Garibaldiun
anniversaries and is preparing to cele
brate that of its unity. She is making
a gallant, light with scientific methods
against tho invasion of cholera and
may yet win. Otherwise it has been a
fortunately uneventful year, free from
great calamities, for disasters liko that
at Ischi.'i seem small when sho remem
bers Messina. Spain too has had a
quiet year, save for its break with the
For the Pope it has been a bitter year.
Kvory Catholic Power in Hurope, except
Austriu, has now broken its relations
with tho Vatican, i no dibputo over
tho temporal power put Italy under the
ban; tho associations law cut Franco olf;
now Spain breakh tho concordat, and
Portugal, for tho moment, drives the
Church out. It is strange to find the
"Most Catholic King" following thoex
atnplo of I lie land of thu "Most Chris
tian King." In tho last thrco countries
tho chief ground for d7sa(Tcction to tho
Church has been tho abuses of which
the religious orders havo been accused;
these, orders havo been steadily uphold
by the present Pontiff. Pit's X. with
his personal character, with the reforms
ho has tried to instituto within the
Church, has been a model of what a
Pope should be; it is clear by this timo
that he has no sympathy with the moro
liberal ideas of Leo XIII. and that ho
is endeavoring to restore a moro old
fashioned orthodoxy in Catholic doc
trine and action.
Littlo Portugal his attracted notico
by driving out tho royal family and pro-
' Culture" YcIIk.
We have already reprobated tho re
marks of Pr. Lowell about "organized
cheering." The fruits of a college edu
cation should not bo and aro not in
this fortunate land hidden from nn
admiring public. A faw paleolithic
survivals like tho HarUord Kiirfinf,
whoso ancient theories wo roproduco
merely ns a curiosity, may lemember
a timo when undergraduates and gradu
ates at an intercollegiato match behaved
like mere ordinary gentlemen, when it
was etiquette to applaud every good
play, especially if made by the oppo
nents of your own college; when "errors"
were jutssed over in silenco und any
attempt to cheer them was attributed
to "muckers or small boys und promptly
hissed down. In those dark days it was
possible to distinguish students and
A. B 'sassembled at a game from strait-
A brighter time, a mor! radiant "cul
ture" now prevails. The corroboreo of
tho Australian black fellow, the pro
longed violent ward, all tho wild yells
'of all tho savago secret societies, the
j furies of shaman nnd medicine man and
, ntigekok- nil theso aro outdono by the
, Corybants of alma mater, and the old
1 lady is justly proud.
This delirium and inde!iionium.
' these cries ns of ten trillions moro than
all tho fiends that fell, this explosive and
vocipotent education, aro ably extolled
from tho medical oiiit of view by Dr.
i William Lee Howard, whom wo put
above tho Hartford Cov.ranl for its
refutation nnd its shame. Only on one
jHiint, a main point, to bo sure, do wo
differ from Dr. HowaiiD. Ho denies
that theso syndicates of sound nro
"signs of reversion to our savago an
cestors." On tho contrary, that is, to
us at least, tho best jiart of their valuo.
They keep up and rnttlo tho chain of
heredity. TWv bind us to tho heart
of Africa, and more immediately to tho
Rod Indians. They confirm tho hope
ful theory of the growing lndianization
of tho North Americans.
Whatever Dr. Lowell may say, the
spirit of the Hon. Caleb Cheeshah
TKAl'MUCK ill. C, ltW5) would le
charmed and feel itself at homo at a
contemporary college game, that is if
Caleb lias now got weary of being a
Politics is the science o( organization
and hullabaloo; so is college education
What could m moro admirably practi.
cal than tho latter? For this and sun.
do' other good reasons wo thoroughly
approve -tor tho uso of others the
music of tho ncademic Curetes, and only
stay nwuy from it because our health
is good already. As for Dr. Charles
Hopkins Clark of Hartford, let him
go to Now Haven, if ho dares, and re
peat his treasonable sentiments to "the
wibcr youngsters of to-day."
will not bo abandoned. If mechanically
posslblo It will bo Improved, and In tho
meanwhile there will be plenty of vol
unteers to tako tho risk of flying. Somo
rules might bo drawn up, however, to
minlmizo tho dangers of public exhibi
tions, and feats of recklessness could bo
eliminated. Military uso of tho aero
plane must bo considered apart. Casu
alties are inseparable from war, and tho
neroplano has proved Incontestnbly Its
valuo for rcconnoissanco. Moreover,
a soldier is often exposed to greater
danger in tho field from mines, shells and
rifio flro than tho aviator carrying des
patches or seeking Information for tho
Intelligence department would havo to
The sensitiveness of residents in placoa
noted for public Institutions for tho
morally or mentally afflicted to tho gibes
and witticisms of their acquaintances,
which has brought about in this com
munity the change of Sing Sing to
Ossining nnd more recently of Mattea
wnn to Beacon, may bo found on tho
other sido of tho Atlantic too. For
nearly threo hundred years thoro has
boon a madhouse, the most famous in
Franco, at Charenton, just above Paris,
back of tho BoLs do Vinconnes, Charen-
ton-lo-Pont, whoso bridge is ono of tho
marks of the Seine floods.
Tho name has entered literature and
tho spoken language. To tell a man to
go to ( harenton needs no comment,
oven Frenchman understands it, and
from Madamo do SAvioxti down the
naino has been in common use. Tho
people who havo to live in the town nat
urally resent it ; they are sick of the daily
jokes at their expense, tho moro so that
tho asylum is really in tho neighbor
ing commune of Saint Maurico and not
in Churenton. Thoy accordingly por
tioned M. FALLifenF.8 to change, not the
name of thoir town, which In time might
havo been an effective measure, but that
of the asylum, and he has complied with
their request, rechristening it the "Na
tional Kstablishment of Saint Maurice,"
which does not romovo tho literary op
probrium of Charenton.
That lets loose our old friend Henri
Rociiefort, bright ns over nt eighty
odd. in La Palric. He wants to know
why madhouses should bo national, why
various iwonlo should not bo there, why
unv one should objoct to being called
mad. and he enumerates M. Fallieres's
oualifications. UOCHF.FORT keeps as
voung ns in tho days of La l.anlcrnc
May he live long!
TUB SPADE IX EOVPT.
An Appeal for AuliUnce by the Explora
To TnE Editor nr Tnr:He Sir; Arrhm-
ologjr Is fast giving us a new nntlritiity.
The Esypt Exploration Fund, established
In 18M, with hendriuarters In London and
Boston, has since tlmt year brought to light
moro of the life of tho nnciont Nile dwellers
than all previous agencies combined, livery
Its AMnmpttoni, Iti Fallibility, Its Failure
to Explain the Scheme of Thlnii.
To the Editor op The Sun Sir; "Ito
llglon Is b fake. I believe In evolution."
The person who says this or words with
similar meaning may be set down ns a foot
and an Individual to whom no respect is
due. Hi'llglon is otilto ns explanatory of
tho nature of things In themselves as le
force of laborettt sol to work by tho Egypt science. Evolution explains nothing: It
Exploration Fund closes up a gap between!
civilization or puslios back t lie dawn of his
tory. Tho last year lias been especially
rich In the number and Importance of Its
discoveries. No story of tho ancient world
would bo complete without n account of
Th importance of the testimony of
Ahydos to the Oslrian worship observed
there throughout the duration of the his
tory of Egypt, tho secondary character of
Its royal tombs, the antlnitltles themselves,
cannot be overestimated. Without the
archipologlst's spado we are at tho mercy
of the theorists, Tho future understand
ing of history lies In arrhtrology and In the
excavations through which II. lUes and
grows. The civilization developed In the
Nile valley must ever be the standard ol
measure In this science, for In Egypt alone
we begin nt the beginning, with tho Nile
cutting Its way through the valley, making
the land ready for occupation
This winter In tho canu at Abydns every
effort will be made to shed more light on
the primitive civilization generally called
prehistoric or predynastlc We have
nothing older In Egypt except perhaps a
few palaeolithic remains. That these neo.
llthlc people lived and held to their own
customs for generations, doubtless through
the eleventh dvnnstv. Mm clear, for at
ADyaos It Is nosslh In to xturlv their bur als
in relation to the known and died dynastic
periods. So much work is to bo done at
this site that some selection will be neces
sary. Excavation at the royal tombs needs
continuing. Two lines of railway are In
operation there and work will be pushed.
The meaning of the "Red Mound" must ho
settled, the Oeirlon must bo opened and
copied, the large stalrras tomb finished and
the great cemeteries examined.
rroblems so comnelllnB In Interest are
opened tor determination at this site that
the American branch of the society is to
have a representative on M. Nnvllte's etatT
this winter. Professor Thomaa Whltte-
more of Tufts College will go out for the
Fund and have residence at Ahydos; ho will
keep the society in the United States In close
touch with the developments on the field
everything costa something. Intellec
tual and moral costs, as well as pecuuiary,
are to be reckoned In connection with
every great work of man. So the great
Assuan reservoir on the Nile is not only to
cost millions of pounds: It Is also to with
draw permanently from the area subject
merely describes series of changes and
procpsspg by which the simple becomes
complex and tho homogeneous becomes
N'o light whatever Is shed on the nature
of the vital force Inherent In protoplasm,
which has enabled It to modify itself In rela
tion to environment, to develop protective
devices, and through selection and Burvlvat
finally to Integrate Itself Into the marvellous
ly Intricate and unstable organisms which
Inhabit (lie pjirth. In n hi 111 lironder sense
It should bo observed that natural science
in attPtnptlng lo exnlaln the nature of mat-
tpr or energy Is travelling In a circle and
deluding llsplf Into accepting ns explana
tion that which turns out tobe verbiage and
elaboratp definition. It is thrreforo hope
less to look to science for ultimate truth.
Let tm therefore Investigate the claims of
science ns to infallibility in unfolding tho
natural law and In unravelling for our edi
fication that Infinite chain of sequences and
corelatlons in a flux, to which our minds are
tangent for one short second in eternity.
The so-called laws of science are general
izations liaeil on Inductive reasoning: many
are In fact empirical. It Is plain that the
validity of laws based on inductive reason
ing depends on the number of observations
from which we draw our conclusions. It is
a generally accepted fact that sulphocyanate
of ammonium causes an oxidized solution
of an Iron salt to turu red It would require
an Infinite number of separate observa
tions of this one so-called fact beforo we
could categorically affirm that this reaction
has always taken place under these same
circumstances, or that it always will. It is
needlei-H to draw upon other branches of
Physical science for Illustration, ns this en
forces our point.
Mathematical sclonro (not applied) Is en
tirely based on deductive reasoning, ss.ve
In certain of the more abstruse depart
ments where solutions ere arrived at
largely Inductively: but oven here the ulti
mate test of validity is purely deductive.
It might then be assumed that mathematical
law, being based on deductive reasoning
could be positively assumed to possess the
finality of Intrinsic and eternal truth. All
mathematical reasoning bases itself finally
on what are commonly known as axioms,
or axiomatic truths, The validity of these
axioms concerning the nature of space,
tlm und degrees of freedom brings us up
agalnt tho Incertitude involved in tho
qup.-tion us to wheil.ir human thought
to the a rchwotoglst's search tipastires of t pok.pps ontogenetic reality or merely
incalculable value as revealing tho history I subjective validity. The paia century has
of human culture. At the end of two ypar.s ! in tho realm of mathematics seen serious
the waters of the Nile raised bv u dam
giving a head of ninety-five feet will cover
this district- the papyri hidden beneath It I
dry soil will be destroyed nnd the more
refractory objects will bo mado forever
inaccessible. Ten temples nnd three for
tresses after lot: will be flooded during lhe
UUfstlonlng and in eome Instances com
pletti abandonment of what was formerly
considered truth, though unprovable. We
bus i. extended and generalized our space
concepts, and the question of spaco curva
ture, hah oven been admitted In the discus
sion as to the truo value of observations
If the aeroplane is dangerous in the
hands of the daring professional. M.
Henri Farman seems to be a witness to
us wifetv when t is managed by an
fixnerieiieed m.vn who confines himself
to method cal flying. M. jtabman is in
the air as much as any nun who docs not i
follow the circuit, and for three years
he has devoted hlmseir InUeratlganiy to
the sport. In 1009 h won the Michelln
prize for lonpest sustained mgnr. wnn
i word of 13S miles, anu in miu no
iccomplished a flight of 3(l mile. Yet
M. Farman lias never met with a serious
Poor OARinALtnl He was a hero, if
ever man was. hut he wouiu insist, on
writing and even descended to vers".
In this anniversary year when men are
remembering Marsala nnd Palermo and
the renunciation on the Ciarislni.no. a
PriliiOi female admirer bops tit to publish
liis forgotten epic poem in thirty cantos
on tho struggle for Italian liberty. The
evil that men do lives after them; it ought
to lw interred with their bones.
winter; In the summer and autumn the nilns t nude for stellar parallax. Such funda
will be out of the water, but the raislm: of i mental assumptions as the doctrine of the
the barrage will swamp and destroy all tho i conervatlon of matter and energy are
cemeteries In lower Nubia. j being seriously shaken as tho result of u
This plea Is sent out for asslstam In more complete invetigatIon and undor
order to seize this fast sanishins oppor- standing of radioactivity and its asso
tunity. Wages are low in Egypt. It Is ' elated phenomena
estimated that l:s will support a spade for The remark with which I began this
the season. ' letter Is. then, tho secretion of a mind un.
EQVITY COl It T TRIALS.
countrv seems satlstled with M. lliu- i claiming a republic, giving on Fiiropeun
and'8 conduct of affairs and returned a soil an ovamplo of Central American
majority in support of his Ministry j revolutions, Tho outbreak was con
largo enough to keop him in ollico after fined to bi-bou, but was accepted upa
tho oxtreme Socialists abandoned him. tliuticully b tho rcv.t of tho country. A
Tho Third Republic under a radical ad- iwptvtablo fanatic was put at tho head
-v.lr,iut,.iit Inn Iimu npi.sr.rvi.il I llA trfirli- (if t hi rcrut hllf'! I MO M iniMtprrt ami f llOlT
J-' ,1 rr,er.rl I'm' t tut I ii i rim i incur-v wbiidi i ill ( (illlrnl M'etn In lut fur the most, tin 11
2 ruieu franco emco mo uuva..ot j corrupt jjuuiicuuis iuo miempu to-cum-
Axlutlon's Death I.lst.
Mr. CiiAiii.vs K. Hamilton, the avia
tor who niiide a flight last summer in a
blplatio from New York to Philadelphia,
and back, has been quoted as saying
of tho professionals, liko himself, who
draw crowds to witness thoir feats in
tho air: "Wo shall all bo killed if we
stay in tho business; it is only a question
of time." The spectators dosiro scn'-a-tions,
and tho airmen strivo to please
thorn. This i.s not said in a spirit of
flippancy. The old year closed with
fatal accidents to two of tho most pop
ular Anieriu'in aviators, which brought
tho death list up to forty, and unless
tho aero clubs, or thu polico authorities,
throw somo safeguards around the sport
of flying, fntalitios will bo of almost
daily oi curronco during tho year that
Mr. Curnr. OitAiiA.ME-WniTK esti
mates tho prcsont number of aviators,
professionals, amateurs and pupils, at
y.fxm. This no doubt Is nn oxnggera-
tion-Mr. fliiAliAME-WiliTK 13 commer
cially interested in tho aeroplane busi-
ne; but, at any rate, the total must
bo in tho hundreds and rapidly in
creases, lhe. lact that aviutnrs aro
frequently killed will not have tho effect
of thinning tho rankh of tho airmen
so long as pursoa am offered for fresh
exploits at meeting'! which the, publig
patronizes, homo poopio might trtav
awuy from a dread of witnessing (ho
death of nn oxhibitr, but most poopio
would take tho chance of it, confessing
In tho end, unless tho aeroplane Is
made moro stablo and less dependent
upon tho working of tho motor, public
opinion will demand supervision of
aviation moots. ?iioirrogulatioawouldL
I'neonitltutlonal for Molatlons of the
hhcrman Antl-Truit Act.
To Tin: Editor op Tnn Hc.v Sir: An
act forbidden by Congress and made pun
ishable by tine and imprisonment is a
"crime" within the meaning of the t'nlted
States Constitution. Italian vs. Wilson,
127 L'. S 110,1
The United States Constitution expressly
provides that the trial of all crimes shall
be by Jury.
The Sherman art constlt utes cortaln doings
crimes nnd makes them punlshuble by Im
prisonment or tine
Therefore n trial to ascertain whether
accused persons or corporations have done
these things can bo only by Jury.
Therefore, also, a trial by a Judge alone
slttlnir in equity and without a Jury to as
certain w bother accused persons or cor
porations have done these things Is con
ir:.rv to the t'nlted Wtates Constitution.
'therefore, nli-o, the .so-called suits In
I'HUity to try wneiner mo nisnuuru uu
Company and the American Tobacco Com
nanv have done theve things aro contrury
to ilm Vultod States Couitltution and should
In Callan vs Wii-on, 157 v. ao. M7,
the lulled Stntes Supreme Court (Mr. Justice
llarljn giving the opinion) said.
Kirrpl In that oluss or frsije of offences called
ctlty nittnccs, wlili-B, According m the common
liiw.nm) he proctMlrrt stnst summarily In any
trlhuiul Ifrally ronMltutel for IDt purpow,
the cuiiraritf e vt an Impartial Jury to the
In a criminal proeniilon, conducted either In the
i.aine ur by or under the authority ot the United
states, cures tu him the rich t to enjoy that mode
nf trial from the lira moment and la whatever
tourt he Is mil nn trial for the offence charged
In such rases a lurlrment of conviction not baed
unou a verdict nf guilty by a Jury ! void. To
accord to the aromrd a right to be tried by a
jury la on appellate court after be has been
once fully tried otherwise than by a Jury In the
court of original Jurisdiction and aentesred to
pay a line or be Imprisoned for not paying It
doea not satisfy the requirement of the Con
No umounl of snphilry can make the
Sherman act anything but a criminal
stntute. The United States has uo civil
right of property or contract to constitute
the bBbts of a civil suit in equity under the
Sherman act. Indeed the common Ian
guage nf the present day which speaks of
tho pronecutlons" under the snerman
act (referring to so-called suits in equity)
testiflex to the real nature of these suits.
An Injunction In tho absence of a "trial"
umomiti! to nothing. The Sherman act
is lluelf an order or Injunction. The pur
pose of all theso stills In equity is to try
w hot her some specifically named defendants
huve violated the act. If the court of
equity goes on and Issues an Injunction
nnd then there Is a further violation, and
then a punishment for contempt, the result
is that the court of equity, without a jury
has really tried u crime and decreed punish
The United States Supreme Court has
never considered, or at least adequately
considered, the aboo propositions. Any
thiaii In its decisions under the Sherman
act to the contrary. It Is respectfully sub.
milled. Is unsound, and If followed In regard
Id crimes generally might result In drawing
Into a court of equity without a Jury a Juris
diction over criminal acts which tlieComtl
tutlon expressly prohibits. It. il.
XiW XoajaDoumbM Jl. . -
The purposes of the Egypt Exploration
Fund are to organize excavations in Egypt .
to publish periodically descriptions of the
sites explored and excavated and of the
antiquities brought to light, and to Uixiire
the preservation of such antiquities by pre
senting them to museums end similar in
stitutions. Our museiimscoiitainhistorlcal
treasures incomparable In variety and ex
tent, aoqulred by the Kenerou returns of
the explorers in the Meld to the generous
helping hands of those at home.
Thre are three departments of our work.
The Egypt Exploration Fund excavates:
the Arehii'olozical Survey I'und copies
Inscriptions: the f!raco-Homiiii branch
rescues papyri. Tho results are recorded
n flfty-cljbl olumes nnd the annual re
Annual membership to cither branch Is
5 Life membership is fi;.V Patrons
subscribe $;s Each of these subscriptions
carries with it the right to one copy of tho
annual "Memoir" of the department con
cerned and lhe two reports, one illustrated.
Checks should be made payable to the
Egypt Exploration Fund and sent to Mrs.
Marie N. Buckman, 657 Tremont Temple,
lloston, Mass. Circulars will be sent upon
request. Dwiuht Lathrop ELMKNDonr,
Honorary Secretary for the United States.
Boston, December 31.
.trained in the scientific) method nnd void
of poetry or Imagination. The fact that
the rellulous Instinct In, mankind is uni
versal Is Immensely tragic: It signifies that
I without tbo hope of something better to
cotno there would bo no life. Intellectually
considered, It Is no more repellent than many
i of our scientific dogmas. To say that Cod
'made tho earth nnd all that threln Is is
quite ns good an explanation of the naturo
of things In themselves as any that science
can offer. Ai.hkrt It. Gallatin.
.'tw Yung, December 31.
The Convent of the Sacred ITcart and the
To tb EoiTon or Th Son Sfr: Mr.
Hopper Striker Mott In his letter to TBK
Madame Chegaray's famous boarding school
for young ladles whtoh bad been located on Broad,
way was removed to Madison. N. J.
In a book full of old New York juat issued
by the American Presa, "The Life of Mary
Aloysla Hardey, Religious of the Sacred
Heart," there Is n picture of this old school:
but it Is put at the corner ot Houston and
Mulberry streets and the name Is spelled
"Chcgrey." This was the first convent of
the Sacred Heart In New York and It was
opened as such July 13, 1MI. Itso remained,
until 1844, when the Ladles of the Bivntt
Heart moved their school to Astoria, L. I,,
and the Chogary mansion In Houston (street
became the first convent of the Sisters of
Mercy, and for many years after was known
as St. Catherine's Convent and the Academy
of uur i.adv of Mercy.
The famous Kussian Princess Madame
Oallitzln Inaugurated the first Sacred Heart
convent In New York and placed Madam
Hardey nt Its head. Writing back to the
Mother General of the Sacred HeartiCongre
gatlonln Tarls, Madame (lallllzln says ot the
The. bouse Is situated In a charming oosltlon,
It will tie a Joy for mr to show It to Mother Salllon.
She will be astonished to And that we havo spent
so little money.cnnsldertog that we have renovated
every room from garret to cellar, and they num
ber thirty. The parlors are very simple.
In tbelr elegance, for we have bad them carpeted.
we could not do otherwise, at carpets are Used
here In all the bouses, een In kitchens, and the
sisters of charity also ha e Ihem In their parlors,
Madame Hardey'a memoirs tell this about
The houte destined for the Sacred Heart Aca
demy bad beta occupied for years as a school
under the direction of Madame Chegary. a French
refugee who had sought a home to America, far
from the terrors of the Pevolutlon In ber own
land. In the early part of tbe century her aead'
emy bad enjoyed a brilliant reputation and had
become celebrated as the alma mater of many
of the best families of the States. It was pleas
antly situated on the corner of Houston and Mul
berry streets, a part of the city not then Invaded
by the march of traffic. The spacious apart
merits, communicating by massive foldlug doors,
the commodious arrangement! of the building
and tbe pleasant garden outatde adapted the
place 4n a splendid manner to tbe purposes of a
It Is a strange coincidence that the house
near Madison, N. .!.. to which Madame
Chegary went from New York also became
a Catholic school. It was purchased by
the late Bishop McQunld and opened as
SetonMlall College In September, US.
Mr. MoU also asks In his letter to Tar.
SCN. "Who remembers the Malson Dorcs"
in Union Square? Lots of us do, and also
the "Moffatt Mansion," where Head Centre
John O'Mahony established the headquar
ters of the Fenian Brotherhood and made
war on the later Sassenach And, along to
the west. Bigot's. In the basement of the
house where the tailor shop Is now, but then
the delectable spot where If you had the
price you could take your best girl and buy
her those lovely French creams and patis
serie, the taste of which lingers In mouths
that are half a century older. I tell you
these degenerate Ice cream soda days have
nothing on us old fellers.
And, say. when we got a little bit older,
the things wo used to hare at Solari's,
round the corner In University place! Just
get hold of Madame Carl Strakosch Clara
Louise Kellogg she'll tell you.
Happy New Year to Thu Scn! One of
the pleasure's In anticipation Is the con
tinuation In its pages of the delightful
stories of old New York. M. F. Thomas.
BnoOKLTN, December 31.
The Rocking Chair In Australia.
To TBI Editos or Th Sew 4'lr; "Confer'' In
TBI SUN of Ijcrember !8 gives the cause nt
the unpopularity of rocking chairs In our ktep
mother country, old England. In '7a and '77 I
was travelling In Aulralli and on every hand was
found tbe rocking chair. When a stranger en
tered a bouse after the warm Australian welcome
almost always tbe flrnt thlug said was this: "Take
the American chair. It was never called the
At nrst I supposed It was hoipltaltty forced
upou inc. or I upon It, because of tame option of
special mnrtk to me as an American, r sort ot
comfortably familiar reminder of "borne"; and
this, of course, was tbe motive spring In some
Instances. Hut very soon 1 noticed In not a few
households where 1 was detained as an honored
vagabond and made to feel at once that f could
not stay too lung, what an tnvarUible custom It
was to ure tho rocklug rhstr on any vMtor.
however casual or momentary, or un any old
friend who "dropped In."
1 could give thirteen good reasons, one for each
of the original states of our Union, why I do not
own a rocking cbalr. a.
PoaioN. December SO.
Medical llefencc of the F.xploshe
Method of relocation.
To thk F.pitor or The Sun Sfr; it is
really unfortunate that President Lowell
has shown a forgetfulurss or absence of
What! No yelling or mob singing at the
games? Any physician can tell President
Lowell that this explosion of energy is tho
safety valve for youth.
Go on, boys; yell. sing, howl without
method; It will do you good; likewise you,
President Love ell.
Youths, like their arboreal ancestors, hate
the monotony of method. Even the most
slothful will sporadically indulge in some
sort of rough exercise, which acts as a pur
gative in eliminating through the normal
vents excessive physical energy. If silence
is to be the ntmosphcrc and the harmonious
mingling of trained and nursed voices the
stimulation lor me iouiuuii piayers, then
build around the stadium a psychopathic
And what about the fathers, mothers
and sisters who have yearly received physi-
Das nf the Uog Cart.
To thk Epjtor or Tub Sun Sir: I
would like to refresh the memories of old
timers as to the manner of removing garb,iK
in vogue many years ago. It was carried
away In carts drawn by a woman and four
dogs; two dogs in front of the hand bar,
tha woman within, with a dog on elthar side
of her. One or tub Old Ones.
New York, December St.
A Cheat In' Mustache.
To the Editor or The Sun Sir; Some
of the volunteer firemen affected whatwaa
known aa a "cheatln" mustache." Instead
of elmply adorning or covering tbe upper
Hp It ran down the sides of the mouth some
thing after the style of the late John A.
Logan's. It was called "cheatln" because
tho owner "cheated the rest of his face." o
I was told. Some of the old New Yorker
wear that kind of mustache to-day. and
you want to look out for 'em. They are)
always looking for trouble. J McG.
Brookltn. December 31.
Columaui torruponitenct Indianapolis Xtvt.
Deputy Sheriff William C. Smith, commonly
known as Capacity Bill, has a new method of
nnenlnr tbe sessions of the Circuit Court, lie was
a nddler In tbe old days. He has won raaay
prizes at old fashioned Addling contests, and
often remarked In court that If be bad bis fiddle
with blm be would entertain the crowd with some
choice bits. Attorney Boy W. Emtg prepared
for him. and when Smith expressed a wish for a
.iniin nnn riv this week Kmlg slipped one from
under a table where It was bidden and banded It to
cal benefit from watching the games and i blm. Smith was Importuned by members of the
listening to the howling and cheering? The Jury, court officers end others to play, and play
physical relief wmcn comes rrom witnessing
London Charles Street.
From lie llVstmliuler C,a:rlte.
The Ix)udoa County Council are endeavoring
to reduce the number ot Charles streets la Loudon.
They have already brought about a considerable
decrease In the number of John streets. There
are tltbtecn Charles streets In the County of Lon
don, five of which are In Westminster. It has been
suggested by tbe London county council to Wctt
mlnster City Council that Charles street, Long
acre, should be given one of the following names
Arne street, after nr Arne tie composer; La
roon, after Captain Laroon (IMS 17731, an actor
or sjog er at Urury Lane: or Mobun. after Michael
Monun. an actor penorrowg ai me uocupit,
I'm sick o' New York city an' the roarln' o' the
That rowl abov tbe blessed roofs an' undernallh
Wld dust an' smoke an' dlvllmlnt I'm moldhe(ed
bead an Draimi
An' I'm tblnkiu' o' tbe skies of outd Kllklnney t
Bad luck to Owen Moraban tbat slnt the passage
Tis he's the cause, the oroadbaun. I eer tuk the
"Tit he's tbe cause I'm weepln' bere. a dbrayman
on a float.
Wbln I should be savin' hsylnould Kllklnney!
The sorra bit 0' grany field from morn till night
Nor e'er a lark or linnet not to mind a weeshy bee!
Octal An bonsst Irish mountain now would lift tbe
heart o' mel
Will I ever see tbe bills of ould Kllklnney!
Tbs rattle on tbe pavemlnt blocks Ii fit to make
A bundhert snortln' carriages like fire an' brim
stone fly I
Tin tbousant people, tearln' wild, black sthran
gers. pass me by!
An' to think I left me fri'nds In ould Kllklnney!
Bad luck to Owen Morahanl If I'd the passage
TIs shortly I'd be borne agin across tbe ocean
I'd not delay In Queenstown, an' I'd fly through
for to greet tbe neighbors kind la ould Kll
a collece came is w ell marked. The howllns.
yelling horde of adolescents, their dancing
and singing, grotesque costumesand ridicu
lous rhymes and apparently mad leaders
are not signs of reversion to our savage an
cestors, but an expression of normal energy.
This howling ami physical exprebslon of
enthusiasm produces an erethltlo Intoxica
tion nt an age when every artery, vein and
musolo can lespond to tension and flushing,
enlarging the calibre of blood vessels and
forcing the blood to Irrigate newly growing
ttbres and cells. All the yelling nnd cheering
Is really n grand feeding process, and the
psychic activities respond to the normal
Which do you think sends more blood to
the arteries and brain, rngtlme nonsense
under 11 mad lender or "Old Hundred" sung
by a senile c hoir?
Piesldent Lowed, get a couplo of sphyg
mogrnphs and test tho matter.
William l.t.u Howard, M. D.
Socthpoho, Mus., December 31.
That Absurd Orgniilfd Cheering.
From the llartlotd Courant.
Good for President Lowell of Harvard!
He put into clear mid unmistakable English
tho feelitiirs of a multitude of less gifted
folks with regard to this fool business of
"organised cheering It is witnout any
kind of defence, but It prevails, aa every
football cranio and other college gathering
demonstrates. There la no beaiy about
It. no magnetism. It's Just confusion for
all who want to nay attention, besides being
incidenta v contortion extraordinary tor
the "lenders," whuso writhing are really
laiiBhable until they become even to the
Tbeie Is a htory of an enthusiastic fox
hunter who look a novice out Willi him
After 11 while the bounds picked up the
scent nnd began their deep mouthed bay-
li--. "Hear that cpliudld tnuilcr asked
the excited hunter- "No," answered the
Inexperienced, "Umbo damned clogs make
so much noiso that I can't hear anything
Well, on lhe ball Held it Isn't tho dogs but
the leaders that make all the noise, and they
hbotild bo shut un as common nuisances.
It Is 10 be imped mat the boys of Presi
dent Lowell's college will take his advice
and shut down on ttili foolishness. It
hothrrs nlayera and bothers wutchers, and
its only merit Is, that In moments of especial
interest and excitement it Is forgotten and
omitted. In other words, It I pumped up
enthusiasm. Now let s stop the pumps.
he did. As he hammered the floor witn ms ngni
beel to keep Ume he gave such classlo selecUona
as The Slump Tailed Dog." "The Brown County
Olrt." bis own composition: Turkeyln IbeStraw."
"Tbe Old TJIacu cal vviin 111s nmuni ju, .
"Who Tied the Horse by the Elm Stumpf "Tha
Irlh Washerwoman" and 'The Devil's Dreara.t
Smith had every foot In the court room keeping
lime to hlsold rasntoneo jus.
"Judge Wlckens may fire me for contempt of
court, said smitn. oui no uuiy m mis
yet to serve anyway.'
t tri f.mtor or TBB acN-Sfr; The police
would do well to look after the young highwaymen
who roam at large through the city eonflscallng
fruit, chocolate. c Irom tne sianas 01 poor ran
trying to earn a living. Tbelr modus operandi
1. ihui The vouniest or most Innocent looking
of the gang will approach . sland, Up It up or
dislodge some ot Its conicnvsvnu men tun. " m.
the alarmed proprietor has his eye nxed upon tho
fleeing figure along come one or more members
of the gang and grab for the spilled merchandise.
with which they follow tneir companion, nvt
addlni Insult to Injury by casting Jeers or sar-
donlo laughter behind them. Of course tbe poor
merchant Is estopped irom pursuing mm, iot
i h. i,rt hli stand cood-by to all. Tha police
should make an example of some of these young
Ntw Yoai, peeeraocr si.
Our careless p.ui
Will write It Hill
A Logician on Wings.
Trt . KniTon OY TnE SVHSIr: In TBE SCN
of December 20 tbe Kev Mr. Ilottome writes of tbe
proposed Increase in peca uinn mr .uwiuumit..
ii. ..u. ir ihrra la any accompanying plan to fur
nish the unhappy pedestrian with wings. Obvi
ously If the pedestrian can keep out of tbe way
without wings, wings aro svipciuuuw.. mo
ran't. wings will be furnished. Tbe proposed
change may not be a proper one. but Mr. Bot
tomed objection Is not well taken,
numu w ii....
BEAiUNa, Pa., December SO.
Italian Irish I'atronjmlci.
m tm p.niTon or Tar. SUN-Sir: I have, a
boy as my assistant who father and all bis
father's people, so far as be knowa. were from
Ireland, and yet nts Dame i nruuirim, .
hould stand with the four other Italian patro
nymics borne by Irishmen, over which I have been
quite as puttied as "l. II. B." In to day'a SON.
I await with Interest an explanation.
M. Dewbcsst, M. D.
New Yobs, December M.
To t Editor or Tbb 5m-Jr; Waar"
there tbat Is "Italian" about Delano, originally
Delanoy or De La Nolst It Is French. B.C.
Niw Yoga, December SI.
m tu Editor ot Tbb SCN Sir: Please taks
and bonds. Jacksonville. Fla. J. 0. 0.