Newspaper Page Text
.Would Do Awn.v Willi lliilf
Fillnl Cur I'loals in
iho If nrhor.
BKES KCOXOMY IN PLAN
Connect Injr Komi From Site on
Pnl of Sl'llClllO.
A plan doMKiied to do nwny with the
freight conKotlon In tho port of New
York hnH been proposed by Irvlnp T.
Buih, president of tho Hindi Terminal
Company, who sailed on Saturday for
Kuropo. U contemplated tho estab
lishment by 1 tin Joint notion of tho
railroad nnd the miintrlpnllty of Now
York city of a union clearing terminal
on the Bayonno, N. ,T., waterfront on a
ulte which, Mr. UusOi s;i, already Is
nvalliiblo for tho purpose.
Tho scheme provldea that floats from
private terminal carrying cars lontlrd
with freight ron.xlKiicd to vurlous rail
roads shall bo taken to tho union ter
mlnal, from which point they will bo
forwarded on ono of tho utllrond.t now
LTosMng Nownrk Hay to n point back
of Newark, whom connection shall bp
made with a freight road to be built
crops the Htickcnsack Mendows.
The proponed new lino would run as
far north as tho West Shoto Ilallroml
and connect with nil tho trunk linos nnd
Sselr branches huvlni; terminals In
Jarsey City nnd Ilohokcn. KrclKht
mlnir Into New York would, of course,
be handled through tho fame facilities.
Tho freight terminals In Manhattan
nre now operated by the railroads, each
by n different road, and with ono or
two exceptions those In lirooklyn ore
owned by terminal companies which op
erate them as union frelKht terminals
for tho railroads. Vnder tho present
system, Mr. Hush says, a terminal can
send out a float loaded only with cars
for one line, at times rltllnir tho harbor
with partly loaded floats, which causes
b loss of money to the shipper nnd the
consumer and sometimes delays by rea
son of the fact that It Is found neces
sary to hold back floats to awali the
arrlvnl of more cars.
With a union clearing terminal at
Bayonne, such as he proposes, he
points to the Brcat advantage of hnv
lnjj floats sent from nny railroad or
private terminal loaded with cars for
II the railroads, lie Insists that the
adoption of his scheme will bring about
tho e&tabllshmi'nt of small union ter
minals at nrtous points nrount1. tho
harbor whenever It Is found conven
ient, and predicts that It would en
courage the establishment of manufac
turing plants In the various 'troughs
of the cltjt nnd In New Jersey alone
the line of the proposed connecting
The work of floating from the exist
ing terminal, he declares, will ha
greatly economized because of the sav
ing that will follow by tho use of larjjo
floats on which cars for all roadj can be
In tho formal announcement of his
plan Mr. ftush says that the present
lack of freight terminal facilities In this
city Is the result of methods adopted
when Manhattan Island comprised all
of Industrial New York. Plans sug
gested for tho Improvement of con
ditions ho calls defective, because they
have been aimed to provide additional
facilities solely for the West fJIde of
New York, where values ore the highest
and freight handling conditions the
most difficult and expensive.
"If New York were not to prow
larger," Mr. Hush says, "tho piesent
terminals nnd equipment might bo ad
justed, after a fashion; but If It Is to
expand and develop as the great civic
Investment In transit lines has made
possible tho question which arises for
Immediate answer Is whether or not
each separate road shall continue Its
policy of bearing alone tho cost of ad
ditional freight terminals or shall Join
in tho ownership of union facilities of
all Greater New York. Whether the
principle of freight, terminals may be
applied to tho West Side of Manhattan
may well be left for decision to a
later day: but I believe that one or
two terminals could ho established at
once on tho Kant .Side, where at tho
present time shippers are almost with
"A principle which must be recog
nized In this plan Is that of coopera
tion between the city and the railroads.
Tho proposed terminal could be con
structed by tho city and operated by
a terminal company formed to operate
tho entire system. This company can
be organized In such a way that H will
act as an agency for the railroads ns
well ns for tho government. The rail
roads should own n substantial ma
jority of tho stock on a basis prorated
according to their tonnages. This will
Hive them a continuing Interest In the
development of tho system, and will
lnsuro Its being carried forward on a
bafts of friendly cooperation, because,
the major portion of whatever protlt Is
mado by tho terminal company will re
turn to the railroads."
Mr. Hush points out that the parties
Interested In his plans aro tho railroad
an a group and the communities In
New York nnd New Joreey, and eneii,
he says, will be benetlted. The plan will
relieve tho congestion on the West
Bide to a largo degree nnd, ho thinks,
all tho sections of the greater city will
be benetlted In that Its advantages ulll
attract Industries to them. Ho IihUim
that New Jcrhey will benefit by the
scheme because It will give convenient
terminals nnd Junctions whew final
loading may bo dono and will open up
Industrial communities. The advan
tages to tho railroads nre emphasized
becauso of thn suggested solution of tho
problem of terminal cost, both an to
Investment and operation.
Calvin Tomklns, Commissioner of
Docks and a member of the New York
Harbor Commission, Is tho originator
of a nehemn Intended to wdve the
problem of freight transportation and
Ruhstltuto order for disorder In Man.
battun whereby ho proposes that a
freight tunnel bo built under the Hud
son Hler having connections with all
the New Jersey railroads,
According to his plan It could enlet
New York ut ,i point in the neighbor
hood of Went I'lfty. seventh street utld
there conned with an eiovntnl freight
toad In West street, where the New
York Central now ban tracks, run
ning down as far as Cortlatult street,
purn would run on to tho vurlous
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tnn r.Vuni.i . nJV .";'. . '"rw'"' in itk m 1 now iw r iin' nunnumi and wire
Jfle'.llli.l.llll..,,,l ,;-;, V,i,rr i? nwmni ,,,,ir W,""V,",I '"""I ul"' ero
ItttaUifnU-utwaijBaltuliluiiiuiT tV!.Ju treated and cauterizul. Thn lioultl.
TRAILS ELOPERS FROM EUROPE.
tliimnnlnn'a Wife nnd Tat Collec
tor Arrested In Philadelphia,
t'lllt.Ar-KU'iilA, Aug. 11.- A worldwide
chiiso, beginning In Itumanlii, extend
ing through nearly every country In
Kuropo, across tho Atlantic nnd to
Philadelphia, ended hero Inst night
when Joseph Ilengan, n wealthy Kit
manlan farmer, at last caught up with
his wife, two children, nnd, as he al
leges, a defaulting tax collector, Joseph
A veralnnhcou, with whom his wife ran
away. After causing the arrest of the
tax collector nnd thn woman the farmer
got his children nnd told the story,
Ilengan says that ho sold his farm
nnd all his belongings when he found
his family had left him. Ho trailed
them through Kunmnla, across the
steppes of Siberia, back Into Russia,
across Germany, down Into Italy and
across lo America, He traced them to
Chicago, Ditluth, St. Louis, Pittsburg
and eventually here.
To-day ho offered to take his wife,
but the local authorities refused to per
mit this. They have communicated
with the Hungarian Government telling
of the arrest of the tax collector. Un
til some nnswer Is received both the
man nnd woman will be held.
Mrs. Hluc Heron Resumes Her
risliiiiof in Central Piirk
Mrs. Blue Heron returned to her quar
ters on tho lower reservoir in Central
Park yesterday and all humans who had
observed her nt tho reservoir In the early
bummer gave her a royal welcome.
James Hrown. caretaker of tho reser
voir, saw the big bird swimming north
of the gatehouso nnd was downright glad
that she had como back, because she had
been or great servico to the municipality
in removing troublesome fish. Policeman
I.ohmeyer recognized tho bin! a his old
friend from tho way she shook tho plume
on her head as she floated on her old
Ashing grounds. Tho strong breeze car
ried many flies, grasshoppers and other
insects out on tho water and the fish were
ri"lng finely to tho bait.
Mm. Hluo Heron was such an industrious
fisher that observers thought she mut
have hid scanty faro sinco she listened
to tlie love song of a gr,., nt Blue Heron
and left. That was two wits ago. What
her friends in the pork could not learn
was whether some reckless gunner had
made her a widow or she had tired of
domestic life in some inland retreat whero
fish and bullfrogs and other neee.-uries
of life were hard to find.
Mrs. Bluo Heron came to the rk early
this summer and, avoiding the lakes whore
the swans nnd geese and ducks would
afford plenty of society, chexcu lone-uum.
life on the reservoir. There win plentv
of food within easy reach and lm waxel
plump and seemed to be happy in the
centre of n big city.
When night approached she departed
from the usual custom of her lril- of
sleeping on the water. Mio took lo a
tree and roosted on a branch well up from
the ground. It was nppirent that 0m
had her suspicions. These were probablv
aroused when Chief Keeper Sn viler of
tho menagori" tried to catch lief to nut
her on exhibition with the other big
birds in tho flying cage. Snydor went
out in tho boat with the caretnkor und
tried to lure her in his net, Tho heron
was too quick for him and got awav.
After that she would not let the bout
approach within netting distance. She
was such a handsome specimen of her
kind that the chief kootT was great Ir
disappointed in not adding her to hfs
Two weeks ago another bluo heron
dropped down utioii the rowrvoir. The
park observers saw by its markings
that the newcomer was a main ami hi,ii.
lated whether it was n deserted husband J
wooer nravmg uw clangers or a big city
for the object of his devotion.
No explanation was forthcoming, but
that afternoon tho two left the water
and took wing, their long legs stretched
out behind nnd their heads pointed north
ward. It was with regret that Mrs. Blue Heron
fled the park and now hor friends nre
rejoicing over her return und hope she
GOAT DIES OF INDIGESTION.
IVte, 7,mi Pel, Ale Something Other
Thau Tin t'nn.
Hereafter all these Jokes about eating
tin cans and other kindred substances
cannot be told about goats, becauso It
has been proven that goats, at least
some species of goats, have stomachs.
Nay, even more, here's one, ivte, a
Urunx Zoo goat, that died of acute In
digestion. Kven though this fact may
upset some of the duta. collected con
cerning the early history of Harlem. It
Peto was a Markhor Asiatic goat,
that is a sort of Oriental Itocky Moun
tain goat. Ho had a pair of cork
screwy horns, and when his stomach
was In condition he would climb the
side of a house. He was nice and
shaggy. Kveryhody knew rete. He
had lived In tho Zoo for more than
lr. W. K. nialr. the "house physi
cian" at the .oo, examined Poto and
said some ono must have fed hint some
thing or other very funny. Maybe
some one In tho crowd which ulways
gathered round Pete's Asiatic scenery
had given him something about Kptc
tltus or Armageddon and ho ate It.
The doctor could not say, because Pete
had simply up and died, and to make
H worse, he, a goat, died of acuto
MAD CAT FIGHTS THREE.
Tnkrn Prisoner In Klnt br Hatband,
Wife and I'ollerman.
A mad cat fought with a man, a woman
and ii policeman lor ten minutes yester
day in a Hronx Hat. Tho oat was cor
nered und forced into u breud box. rt
is In the Tremont police station.
Abraham .Schmidt und his wifo Vo ta
of 3SM Third im mui went out for a wulk,
leaving their llvo children ut homo. They
returned about noon, As Mrs. Schmidt
entered her apartment a larg i-irny
gray rat loaned on hr bosom. Tho
Schmidts realized that if the cut col
among their children tho result, might
ho sorloii-. so thoy fought into u position
between tho cm and the room in which
their children wore crying.
Policeman Puto hoard thn children
ereum and ran into tho apuitmont
After u desperate struggle tho pole().
man drovo the cat into a comer. Mrs,
Schmidt throw tho bread box over it
nml shut down thn lid before it could
Iji,..,!.!...-, au... i.Vu...V. -".T"'-
puv. smi cwww uiv vuv iv-uae , .
SWIMMERS BOTH LOSE
Kndpninchcr flets Cramps and
Uronn's Kyes Am Swollen
LATTER NKAHLY FINISHES
Choppy Soa nnd Tide Hinder
rrorres,s From Pier A,
H would have been better for Alfred
Drown of the Flushing Pay District of
tho American Life Saving Society and
l'rnnk Itndemacher of tho Hackcnsack
lllver Division of tho same society to
have slipped a dime to n, H. It. T, ttcket
ngent nt Park row nnd taken a car to
Coney Island yesterday, but that
wouldn't have won famo und a vaude
ville engagement for them. So they
both plunged olT Pier A, North iTUvor,
und struck nut for Coney Island.
Half n dozen police officers of Pier
A and ono or two peanut venders, a
doctor or so nnd mhiio dear friends
loafed nboul on tho Htrlngplecc and
everything wns as quiet as could bo
when nt S o'clock n little yell accom
panied by two well built anil husky
men crime from thn headquarters of
the Harbor Police on Pier A, North
They trotted Into the sunlight and
discarded their buthrobes. Then Com
nuuloro ltrennen. president of the
Amerlcun Lifts Saving Society and who
Is also Urown's manager, cnlled the
men together nnd gave them final In
structions before the start. After
moving picture men took some pictures
of the swimmers and the party on the
press boat Commodore Hrennen gave
the signal and the two men split the
surface of the water at exactly
S:3 A. M.
Hrown used the trudgeun stroke at
the start nnd Ilademacher used the
single overhand stroke. Iloth men,
headed for the southern point of Gov
ernors island, but found the tide a lit
tle strong, and It was some tlrr.e be
fore they made tho point of t'.ie Island
and headed for the Narrows. A large
group of soldiers saluted the swimmers
when they passed Kort Jay at the
southern point of the Island, which the
swimmers passed at 0:4." A. M. ,
At 10:40 they passed the Naval Re
serve and both were using tho double
Thev unssed the EMI-
son Illuminating plant ut 10:50 A. M.
When about a mile and a half off
shore the press boat Maud rescued an
Italian who had been stranded on nn
old mud scow for two days. The Italian
said that he had had no food.
At 11 A. M. Hademacher took cramps
and his brother, who had been pacing
him In a rowboat. Jumped In nnd took
him to safety. Itademacher's legs were
all cramped up and ho couldn't stand
on his feet when pulled Into the boat.
After being doctored up he was satis
tied to watch his rlvul finish the swim.
Hrown did not seem to tire, and used
a strong stroke all the way. When
asked how he felt he said that he felt
like n two-year-old. He passed the
Crescent Athletic Club at 11:20.
At the seven mile point Miss Klatne
Holding, the champion woman swimmer
of America, passed, Brown and wished
Hrown now had the tide with him
and passed Kort Lafayette, the ten mile
point, at 1 1 :T.O A.M. He rounded Nor
ton's Pidnt nt 1 o'clock, nnd the Muud
went ahead to notify folk that Hrown
All this time a disagreeable chop wan
Inflaming Urown's eyes, nnd to add to
his discomfort the tide turned agnlnst
him when he had rounded Norton's
Point. At about 1:1.1 the pilot boat
could hardly make headway and the
swimmer's ees were almost swollen
shut. So nt 1:20, when Commodore
I'.ronnnn was about to notify the crowd
at the life saving station to be ready
to greet the swimmer, Hrown was
forced to give up. This was almost
within n stone's throw of the finish, but
Hrown could do nothing with the strong
of course Hrown was disappointed
wnen a rowboat brought him to shore,
but bo is not worrying about the $500
which be was to have received If he
hud finished, because he and Hade
macher are going to try ngaln In n
couple or weeKs. The race yesterdav
was to be for $.".00 a side nnd was to
terminate nt I.ande's Sea Cute nation
of the American Life Saving Soetelv.
Hrown holds the title of long distance
professional champion of America. Ho
won h wnen no beat all comers on
September S. Kin?. In 4 swim over the
same course. Ills time then was four
hours and forty-the minutes, fifteen
minutes slower than Hud Godwin's,
lie Is the bolder of the record for the
swim through Hell Oato to College
Hrown swum from tho Battery to
within half a mile of Sandy Hook on
tho first Sunday In September of last
year, und two weeks later gave up only
a quarter of a mile Hwuy from his
i ............ nirni. any swimmer
. , " nllr'ni""i the Hook swim.
. ....... nni in -ouoy jand many
times and never failed to cover the
Ttnrlr.tTinMmv. t, n .. . ..
from tho Brooklyn Hrldge to tile lslond
,. ",7 : " neen train ng in
the Hucltensnck nnd Hudson rivers
KILLED FIRST DAY ON JOB.
Conrtnrlnr Thrown I'nder Wheel, of
1 rack Wlitle Klln Switch.
(in hi t flr-t day as conductor M r..r
.v. yours old and married, of e:'4 k xth
street was killed by a motor truck at Spring
street and Wet Uroadwuy early veMe'rday
lo bad jumped off the front platforn of
.1 1 1 '"'"T'nn boforn Coroner Pelnbsrv
ivr.fi?;;' bc,u" "
TAFT HAS QUIET SUNDAY.
AllrncU Service, Then Nora far an
Wahiiinoton, Aug. U. President
Tart spent 11 iiiilet Sunday, enjoying
tho cooling breezes on the south portico
of thn While House during tho eve
ning. II- attended service at All Bouls
Churrh lu tho morning und In tho af-
ernoon went out for a drive throuvh
Hock CicK paik and into Maryland,
iicconiiiiinli'il In' Mi, I,.,. 111, 1.1..
- . "i tua
miu n- ifr ir t ( nil a I
DIES AFTER NIGHT ,IN SWAMP.
Hotel Martlnque Waller KalU tfn
enascloaa and Main Deluge Hint.
Half drowned by a deluge of rain,
Hdward Passanl, 43 years old, of 242
Kast Forty-sixth street, Manhattan,
who was employed as a waiter In tho
Hotel Martlslu.uu, wus found cutly yes
terday half submerged In a swamp
near the Woodsldo station of the Long
Island Itntlroad. He was taken to St.
John's Hospital, hong Island City,
whero ho died.
When found Passanl wns unable to
speak. After being revived ho sold ho
bud lain In tho swamp nil night. Ho
was on his way to sco a relative,
Charles Caldora of 166 Hiker avenue,
Woodsldc, and left the Pennsylvania
Railroad station on the Haturday night
train Which reached Woodsldo at 3:36.
Ho says ho felt III while walking toward
Hiker avenuo and fell Into tho swamp,
where ho remained unconsclons
through the drenching rain of the early
An autopsy la to be made to discover
tho causo of death.
SHIFWBEOX AT LAKE GEORGE.
Stranded aasamore'a PaaieBsera
Taken OS In Storm.
Lakb Gbobob, N. V Aug. 11. All
efforts of the steamer Horlcon to pull
the Sagamore, tho second largest of
the Lake Qeorgo steamers operated by
tho Champlaln Transportation Com
pany, from tho Haguo sandbar, upon
which It grounded Saturday night, have
been In vain. The Hagamoro ran on
tho bar shortly after 8 o'clock in a
heavy rnlnstorm. Tho pussengers were
taken off In small boats.
After breaking all her hawsers nnd
nnchor chains the Horlcon was forced
to return to Lake George village,
twenty-elght miles, to take aboard the
Sagamore's usual Sunday excursion.
Six New Yorkers who had staterooms
on tho Horlcon, as no sleeping quarters
woro avallablo at the hotels, were forced
to break up a dinner party to board
the Horlcon when It left Its night
moorings. Tho steamer returned to the
stranded vessel to-night, and unless she
succeeds In floating the Sagamoro It
is probable that a dredgo will be
brought to the lake to dig a back
channel for the boat.
MOTE ON GRAFT CONFESSIONS.
Detroit Prosrcntor and Detective
Darn to Cnofer To-day.
Detroit, Aug. 11. Prosecutor Shep-
i herd refused to-day to nfflrm a rumor
here that Eddie Schrelter, secretary of
the Common Council committees, and
several of the Aldermen accused of
graft have confessed. It Is admitted
though that Detective William .1.
Burns, who conducted the Investiga
tion, will be here to-morrow for a con
ference. "You know I've got to save my am
munition." said Shepherd. "I'd like to
tell you everything, but we've got to
keep our powder dry.
"No one will be exempt. I would
rather get tho 'higher tips' becauso
their capacity for doing wrong Is
greater, but we will convict every man
we can, whether he did wrong Just once
or was continuously In the grafting
QUIET REIGNS IN HAYTI.
Gnu boat .aahrllle Likely
Washington, Aug. 11, Minister Fur
nlss at Port-au-Prince stated to-day In
a coble to the State Department that the
situation In Haytl following the explo
rlon In the Presidential pnloce. In which
the President wns killed, has quieted
He dors not think there Is further
need there for the gunboat Nashville,
which was sent 10 Port-nu-Prlnco from
Guantanamo nt the time of the Incident.
The Nushvlllo probably will be with
TO SIGN OPIUM CONFERENCE.
Twelve l.atln American Cnnnlrlr
.Vollry I'lillrd Slnlm.
Wahmixoton, Aug II Twelve Latin
Amcricnn countriet have notified the I'nited
States Government of their intention to
Hiitu the international opium convention
drawn up at The llaifiie latt lanunry. The
('tilted States, In accordant o with lisiilcdge
made at llie Hague, Ii cooperatim; with
tlie Netherlands in obtaining tho signa
tures of the Governments of l.atln America,
'I he countries which have attlxed their
name to the convention which pledges all
to join in the Mipprebniun of the opium
frame are. Mexico. Guatemala, I'.iiiHiua,
Kciudnr. Honduras, Cuba, Costa Klea,
Dominican Itermhllo. Haytl. Salvador, llo
llvia nnd Ohtle. The other Latin American
countries lire expected to signify their In
tention of signing soon.
CABARET SHOW IN COURT.
Thirty- Men and One Woman I'lned
for Making Too Much NoUe.
A telephone mossase was received at
the Tenderloin police station at 2:30
o'clock yesterday morning complaining
that a cabaret show wus making no much
noise In a restaurant In the baitenmnt at
643 Sixth avenue that people were dis
turbed a block away.
Detectives Kuline, Moore and Hengan
found thirty men and a young woman In
tho rertuurant. They took them to the
Paul Antonses, the alleged proprietor,
and James Qstos, a wnlter, wero held for
examination to-mnrrow on a charge of
excise lolatlon. The others were taken
beforo Magistrate O'Connor, charged with
A young man who said he wns ArlMldcs
Dctmos, a waiter In the Hotel Helmont,
explained that ho went to the restaurant
after he got through work to Join friends
who wero returning to Greece because of
expected war with Turkey,
The Magistrate fined the prisoners $1
HOME WITH BARREL OF BUGS.
Coraell HotomoloaUU Itrlarn From
Camp In Georgia Nwamn,
Ithaca. N. V.. Aug. 11. With a sugar
barrel full or smitten, lizards and unusual
specimen" of flub, a large collection of
birds, about 10,000 Insocts and spiders
and the carcasses of three large bears and
two cub Prof. C It, Crosby of the depart
ment of entomology til Cornell I'nhemity
and Dr. II. A. Vt right, member of iho
Cornell expedition Into ihn OUefenokee
swamp, have relumed to Ithaca,
Prof, Crosby, four other local scientist.
H. i. Worshmau, Ktntn KnuimoloirUi 0
Georgia, and his HiltttntH, entered (be
swuniu about June I for on!oniti,.i. .i
1 no aniiKea, iiAiriia unit tlMi taken were
hardened In fiirimillno und packed In ,1
Mi mounted3 un" Ba," ,'rol"'t
jlntnmoloitloul Department other mom.
tiers of Hie party are ekioelei to rei'ini
at the end at two nak. uiih ,i.il.Y.; ...
ALLOWED BY STATUTES
Lnwycr Pos Passos Says Law
Makes It a Crime Only to
Cheat at Play.
JNOT IMMORAL TO RET
Social Evil Can Re Hidden, Al
though Vices Cannot Rc
lohn It. Doa Passos, the well known
lawyer of 20 Broad street, has prepared
for Tub Sun nn analysis of tho situa
tion which exists in New York in regard
to gambling and other forms of vice.
Mr. 13os Passos, who has hod an exten
sive experience In tho legal phase of
tho problem, Is an optimist In his views
of tho existing conditions and he re
grets what ho terms the outburst of
Indignation and tho passion for reform
which havo followed upon the heels of
the Rosenthal case.
"I represented The Allen In the fa
mous case which was brought against
him by the State in 1902," said Mr.
Hon Passos. "and in lighting his convic
tion ns u gambler beforo tho Court of
Appeuls I attacked the constitution
ality of the law. Tho decision was re
versed. I also obtained a reversal In
tho case of tho People vs. Snedekcr,
which wns essentially tho same. That
led me to make an extensive study of
the legal and moral aspects of gambling
and other forms of vice. As a result
I came to the conclusion that you can
not eradicate gambling and prostitution
and thut tho next best thing Is to
suppress them and to keep them from
tho public gaze.
"These outbreaks such ns we arc
having now have come periodically,
nnd they will continue to do so. Such
outbursts of tndlgnntlon and demands
for Immediate reform aa follow them
are ridiculous. It Is not the way to
handle the situation. I believe that we
havo the finest police force In the
world, and I think It is a shame to
break In upon the discipline and esprit
de corps of those men.
"The government of New York pre
sents ono of tho most difficult nnd
delicate problems that statesmen or
legislators have to deal with. I agree
entirely with the view that In Its gov
ernment a liberal policy must be
ndoptcd In dealing with certain vices
which I regard ni Inherent In the
human race, und my reasons arc the
result of a long and Independent study
of these conditions together with prac
tical knowledge gained through Im
portant capes connected therewith."
This Is the analysis which Mr. Dos
Passos makes of the present condi
tions: So far ns my observations are con
cerned no public man or writer In the
State of New York has ever ventured
to treat the subject of gambling, keep
ing houses of prostitution and the ex
cise laws with Intelligence, frankness
nnd broadness. The politician, regard
less of the Inherent right or nuture or
the question, shupes his views to meet 1
temporary conditions. The clergyman j
nnd reformer tune their appeals In the
Impracticable key of absolute annihila
tion of these vices. The nature of these
crimes seems to be totally misappre
hended by legislators nnd officials who
linv tn ffonl tvttli flim. ttcnro the In
calculable confusion In the law and nY
consequent failure to establish a fair
equilibrium between these nnd other of
fences; and whnt Is worse than all, nn
Increased growth of the evils which are
sought to bo removed.
To the legislator truly anxious for the
welfare of the people nothing offers
more difficulty than the treatment of
gambling, prostitution and the misuse
of liquor. They are ull vices Inherent
In the human system. Gambling, pros
titution nnd offences growing out of the
use of Intoxicating liquors nre not
crimes against nature, but offences
ouatnst foclety. They nre acts mala pro
hlblta becauso of legislative prohibition.
Kven at common Inw the distinction
between crimes mala In se and mala
prohlblta was regarded, nnd although
the keeping of gambling houses was nn
Indictable offence, this distinction was
never lost sight of.
No writer of merit and distinction
so far as my rending extends has ever
claimed that In the abstract It wus
Immoral to bet. Lecky, whose rank
as n scholar and moral philosopher Is
Indisputable, says: "Gambling Is not In
Itself n crime. Few moralists will pre
tend thnt a man commits an Immoral
act If he stakes a few pence or shillings
on n game of chance; or If, on the
chance of obtaining an unusually large
return, he Invests a sum he can well
afford In some highly fluctuating secur
ity, or In some undeveloped mine, or
In snmo Insurance or tontine Invest
ment." Jeremy Hentham, whom I may
call the great legal diagnostician, advo
cates betting on certain lines. And
wagers In general, by the common law,
wero lawful contracts.
So far as the regulation of the sub
ject of gambling has been guided by
principle or rule tho view has been
followed not to punish private or Indivi
dual gambling, but to make professional
gambling nnd the keeping of gambling
houses or Instruments of gambling
criminal. At common law the whole
subject wns trentetl under the head of
public nuisances, being such incon
venient nnd troublesome offences as
annoy the whole community In general.
And nil disorderly Inns or nlo houses,
bawdy houses, gambling houses, stage
Plays, unlicensed booths nnd stages
for ropo dancers nnd the like wore
public nulsnnces and indlctablo as such.
The distinction between these uoveral
acts when conducted in private and
when carried on as a business or pro.
fesslon in a way that would or might
offend the eye, taste or senso of the
community rtinH through all intelll
gently framed statutory law on tlitse
subjects. Kven In the fitnto of New
York, whero much blundering and
Ignorant legislation upon tlieso nubjecta
has been made, it can be traced.
To-day In this State 11 1. . .
crime for individuals to gamble. They
cun no so with perfect Impunity, in
fnot, gambling for small sums seems to
bo expressly sanctioned by statute, be.
causo If one wins or losra less than
$2.1 within twenty-four hours a re.
covery ennnot bo had under Section 990
of tho Peiinl Law. if ho loses or
wins over $2.1 within such period ho Is
liable to this penally, but he commits
Honest gambling Is, by the statutes
of New York, enforced, and cheating
irowneu upon, ror under the pgsth sec
tion of the Penal Law one who by fraud
or f.ili-0 pretence, while playing at any
ikuiic, or while hiivlns a share in any
Mr played lor, w, whlla bcttt&c o
' Gravwood tvne " hilher.
It cannot be Imitated.
Made only by the makers of
" Troy's Best Product."
EARL ft WILSON.
The perfect eallar.
the sides or hands of such play, wins
or acquires to himself, or to any other,
a sum of money, or other valuable
thing, Is guilty of a misdemeanor.
Again, no law prevents a cltlxcn from
gambling In his own house. No officer
can break Into his castle to Interfere
with such an act, and no Legislature
would dare to make a law by which the
privacy and sacrcdness of home life
could be Invaded. Such n license for
It would bo nothing else would put an
end to the fundamental principles of
social organization protecting personal
security. Hut a citizen cannot commit
a murder or robbery In his house, and
this further illustrates the distinction
between crimes mala prohlblta and
mala In se. It also Illustrates a theory
of criminal Jurisprudence almost un
known or disregarded thnt many nets
committed In private are legally In
nocuous, which, when committed in
public, become crimes.
The Taws upon the subject of gam
bling In the State of New York are su
premely inconsistent, and as well from
that cause as from the indulgences and
habits of the people ore practically
unenforceable. The Constitution of
New York provides: "Nor shall any lot
tery or the sale of lottery tickets, pool
selling, bookmaklng, or any other kind
of gambling hereafter bo authorized
or allowed within this State, and the
Legislature shall pass appropriate laws
to prevent offences against any of the
provisions of this section."
One of the Immediate results of its
adoption was to force our Court of Ap
peals to uphold gambling on the race
tracks, thus producing the paradoxical
result of sustaining public betting and
condemning gambling In poolrooms.
Has gambling been eradicated by this
constitutional bull? No. It .has In
creased. Why? Because, apart from
the distinction between gambling In
private and gambling In public, the
habit Is practised In a thousand multi
plied forms In all branches of private
and commercial life. How futile and
vnln laws against professional gam
bling nre when great masses of the com
munity from morn to night openly In
dulge In the vlc. To attack and erad
icate the dlsea-e reformers must go
below the skin to the root of the
malady. The people must be taught
to feel and believe that all gambling Is
evil. This Instruction cannot primarily
be communicated by legislative man
date. The education against the vice
must originate In the achools, temporal
and religious, nnd in the churches
not In the halls of legislation. The
pastors fulmlnnte against the vice only
after It is full grown. They do not
seek to prevent the seed being sown In
the habits of the people. !
For a variety of reasons, some of
which 1 have alluded to, It Is Impossible
to enforce the present criminal law of
New York relutlve to these offences. I
Yet I do not for one moment advocate
that the reformer should abate his ardor
and determination to suppress them.
Contrasting the number of Indi
viduals who break the laws upon
these subjects with the great mass
of those who do not, the re
sult Is far from satisfactory. The main
purpose of all laws, however, against
these social evils must be primarily
aimed to keep gambling, prontltutloa
and the Illegal use of liquors from the
public gaze. The example corrupts the
manners, habits and tnstes of the peo
ple. It Is perfectly practicable, In my
Judgment, to make and enforce laws
whose effect will be to drive these vices
behind sealed doors and windows. We
can suspect that un evil exists, hut as
long as It is not seen, as long ns it Is
frowned upon by the statutes nnd con
demned by the highest moral sense of
the community, as long as It must be
practised surreptitiously and In private
and Involves moral obliquity It must be
assumed to bo well under Control. In
the meantime, aa n handmaid to mod
ern repressive legislation, let the bat
teries of morality, ethics and religion
keep up an Incessant fire against these
habits; let the eloquence of the lecture
platform, the pulpit and the press be
used to Inculcate abstinence among the
Whut we may wish Is one thing;
what Is attainable la quite a different
affair. There Is no solid bridge which
may be built from a hope to a realiza
tion in the efforts to suppress vices In
herent In the human flesh. If the peo
ple of this country would tolerate, or,
what Is better, support men for office
who could speak as they feel on these
subjects: who could In legislation net
as statesmen Instead of demagogues
and hypocrites we should havo no such
public upheavals as we now periodically
witness. Police protection would van
ish If there wero no field for It, and
with Its disappearance tho dreadful
spectacles to which tho people nre now
FINDS $10 BILL IN BIRD'S NEST.
Sparrows Abode Yields Treasure to
Boy Ilritroylna- Thrm,
C'Af.nWKl.i,, N. J Aug. 1 1. Ordered by
his mother to inakn war on sparrows that
hud taken possession of attic windows
John Howman, is years of age, found in
one nest part of a $10 bill. In the other
nests he found other parta of the green
back. Ho gathered all he could find and will
forward the pieces to the Treasury Depart
ment for redemption.
Fer Hoys andVouna Men.
iaa-l7 W. BIStT NT.. NEW TOHK.
, , FOUNDED ITOIt.
Prlmtry, lirammr suit High Schools.
... Prepares for sll College.
Ulrls and Youaa Women,
HARLEM yTV. C. A.
74 West I JSIh Utrrrl.
Dsy and rvrnlnt i-law In liro.msltlnr. Ml!
Ilnrry, Cnokluc aiiiI ulliri uli)ivi UwnnA.lum
ror Both twits.
rilKPAtll'. fur eollrvr intranet-: obtain eeni.
ti.lnf llllAr. Klii(4.',,ta Cninlni ntiit Ittir...
l?Ml)''x wjMLLY-W. WAYIM tt'wW
Boys! Big and little!
Boys' double breasted and
Sizes 7 to 16.
356 were $7.50.
181 were $8.50.
300 were $9.50.
567 were $10.50.
365 were $12.50.
261 were $14.50.
Boys' wool Russian and
Sizes 3 to 9.
18 were $6.50.
58 were $7.50.
133 were $8.50.
Boys' long trousers suits.
Sizes 13 to 16.
32 were $14.00.
51 were $16.00.
12 were $18.00.
35 were $22.00.
Boys' two-piece long trou
Sizes 13 to 16.
11 were $12.00.
68 were $14.00.
80 were $16.00.
Boys' neglige shirts.
165 were $1.00.
1428 were $1.50.
344 were $2.00.
184 were $2.50.
398 were $1.00.
Rogers Peet Company.
Three Broadway Stores
at at at
Warren St. 13th St. 34th St
CRITPRinil n'v. 4uh st. Kit.tii.ii
VnilCMUH Mallnrr Saturdiiv at J:15.
Richard Carle-Hattie Williams
THE 6IRL FROM M0NTMARTRE
KMCKKIdlOf KHn. ll'nar A .INUi St.
TO-Mlilir HilO. Wed. A 3:10.
The DK KOVI..V OI'i:ltA COMPANY In
CinilAT CAST OF (iltAN'D OPERA STAnS.
flllETY "'' nti nth. i:vr. si 130.
nib I I Matinee Weil, ft; Sat. ai5Sn
. RKMI'MINU ITS KI'N TO-NllillT.
Anmner i on an a Harris Nticcesi
Till' UK! l.At'fllt IS IUCK
tiui l.eorut' hi.ii u juuaa fani.au...
ZIE6FELD MOULIN ROUGE
0Mevr new foam rutATme -imo"in
MAI I.NK:SWfOM:NIAT KATl'RAT
t . w - m itvm
7B-WONDERFUL CHORUS -7S
ruining "IKUFULU rOLI.II.H"
fil ART H'wav 1 S'IS. Uatlnrr Wrl
LUBE . si. i (Pod. Prices) A Sal 5.IJ
t inesi uprrauc
Hlie Spilns Msld
Ifir MfFRFI't H'way A Mill SI. Kir
IUC nl0r.ll a Uat.Tum..TnurK.!at.!i
pf.ul RAINEY'S AFRICAN HUNT
at a SI MaLTn-m'w.J
Till: I'AKSIMI MHO OF IBIS
m STREET TliEiTRE Jin.,
F.ve. !!. Mai. Thur. A Snl : H
!) Georee HroailhurM and Mart Ssn
Broadway Th , cor. 4IU. Kv. lis. Mis Urd Sl
Sftxns' HANKY PANKY
BOUGHT AND PAID FOR
William Collier' Itomedy. lln. It. of iry
Si? BUNTY PULLS THE STRIN6S WIS
MlVlUe ri I IATTI 3th. Hot
MiMdi.19 aTmcdvREADT MONEY."
CASINO Bnr'Tuis., Am.20t.
Ncwcomto THE MERRY COUNTESS
Manhattan Op. tie.
NKw" natiy mm. :sc. LhUISE'sUNNMS
McMahnn hauelle. Kyonj'
Kent. Ltd Mclillllnii. ,'
lirrrn. r. Alhleile (ilil., lisudlm
A Urarlrl. other.
. a If p ii'WiV AliH'.ll fhjulwlrk A C
5IR ft El sau, st. Malcolm Scott, (ir.cf WH-
Mstf. S3u.Kvs.i5e.il mi. Norton A l.rr.oWP-
A8J0R The Grayhoun-
MONDAY SKAT SM.f. THl'USPU
HA MM Kit
ItSTMVS (irimil lie SALOME
I'.Hiy ,, Mvai ,
Manure ii ihm iii.ti
b. r. Kunir
n,i nrUv llii.if A hnidaS
MRU! 0.1 HUM amlnthfr, HtlV
lOI.I'MIIIA llnrlr.queMatTo day I.V
' Ha A47 i:.ASttl Mill '.'Selntl .w.e.W
CT AOi. MATINKBS OAILV
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