Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 2, 1912;
KILLS 3 fflHNHES 7
Sfontn fliost on "WiiIIjo "Blows
l'p nt Kiiirr of Spncd
LIEl'T. I). P. MOIMMSOX DBA I)
Mnchinlsf Mntes liumpf and
Wilder Pio on Solnco Aciti
Newi-mit, Oct. I. The most serious
accident that has occurred Aboard any
of tho naval ships hero In a long whllo
happened this morning on tlio destroyer
Walkn when the blowing out of the
team chest on tho port turbine- re
sulted In tlio dixit h of l.leut. Donutd P.
Morrison, tnglneot" officer of tho boat,
tho Injuring -of Jtachlntst Mats J W.
Rumpf and Machinist Mote IT. U.
"Wilder ,(eo that they diecV after being
taken. to. tha hospital ship Solace, and
Injuries tow seven other men, tnchtd
lnc Lieut. JR. X MontRomerjr of
thsTdftstrfyer Fanning, who wan acting
as one of tho-timplres aboard the Walko.
Ths list, oC dead, find Injured follows!
' LIEtTT.-DONALD P. MORRISON, engt
ner offloer of tho Walkn.
J.W.RTTMPF, machinist mate, first class.
H. K-'WILDEIt, cnacbtntst mate, first,
CRAWFORD. E. B., chief (runners
mate of the destroyer Patterson.
DELAKEY, J fireman, first class.
HARGROVE, O.U., fireman, !second clas.
KELLY, D. fireman, flrst class.
MONTGOMERY, l.leut. R. of the
destroyer Fanning. ,
atachlnlsv Mates Itumpf nnd Wilder
died on tho hospital ship Solace late In
tho afternoon. Chief Gunner's Mato
Crawford nnd First Class Fireman U.
F. Kelly are In a serious condition to
night. From what Is known it Is believed
Lieut. Morrison was struck by the
full force of steam us It burst from
the etcnm chest when It exploded. Ho
was found nt tho forward end of thd
engine room, near tho bulkhead pump.
The body Is held Hboard the Solace
awaiting directions ns to Its disposal.
Lieut. Morrlnn died within half an hour
after tho explosion.
The accident occurred Just ns tho
Walke was about to start on a full
speed steaming trial. The boat, accom
panied by a number of the other de
Mrojrr. left N'orraganett Hay this
morning to make the text. All bad full
nteam up nnd when off tho lightship
nt Hrentons Itecf the signal was given
for tin- test f start. At the tlmn
'.here was a stiff wind blowing und a
ev rough sea was running.
.Inn ns i In- slanal was given there
Tens a loud report from the engine
room of tin- Walke, followed by a cloud
of rsmplng Moam nnd the groans und
i rles of the men who hud been caught
In the room.
I. ient I'lwrles K. Trnln, commanding
officer of th destroyer, was quick to
tespond with th other members of
the crew. As soon ns It was possible
'hey rushed into the engine room nnd
brought out the men, all of whom hnd
been scalded, some more seriously than
A signal from the Walke brought the
destrojfr l'erklns us close as It was
posslbl to get In the rough sea. It
was nt first wished to transfer the In
jured to tin- Perkins, so that time could
be caved In rushing them Into port, but
the sea prevented this nnd a hospital
stewanl was put aboard the Walks from
In the meantlmo a wireless message
from Lieut. Train to Capt, Kdwnrtl U.
Eberle, commanding otllcer of tho At
lantic torpedo flotilla, notified him of
tho accident, and the Walke was or
dered to proceed nt once to the hos
pital Hhlp Solace, which Is hern with
tho battleship fleet. Copt. Kberlo re
ported to Hear Admiral Hugo Oster
h&us, commander In chief of the (lent,
nnd lie ordered all medical officers from
the ships to report at once to the
Bolace. These, together with tho doctorV
regularly attached to the ship, made up
a largo medical corps to attend the
Injured men ns they were taken aboard.
Aside from tint wrecking or the
turbine tho extent of the damage to
the Walke has not been ascertained.
The damage and the probublo causa
of the accident are now being Investi
gated by a board of Inquiry appointed
by Admiral Osterhaus, with Commander
John IC Itoblnsoii, commander of tho
Dixie, nt Its heud.
Admiral ostorhaim made a personal
visit to the Walke soon after the boat
returned to tho bay nnd he also visited
the injured men aboard the Soluco.
Copt. Uherlo also made u personal In
vestigation nnd he took charge of the
situation when the Walke returned.
The accident will not prevent the
Walke from participating In the naval
review at New Vork. This afternoon
the boat moved from alongside of the
Solace to a mooring off the naval train
ing station. She will be able to proceed
under slow speed to New Vork Aftr
the review Mie boat will be .sent to
the nnv yard at Itrooklyn for lepah-s.
MORRISON A BRAVE OFFICER.
t inn iiii'inlcil fur IIcsi'iiIiik ii WreU
mi it Mini of Hie nILc'a Cren.
W.vkiiimiiov, Oct 1 A letter or mm
irepiliitioii was addressed to-dav by the
ii-ting Secieiary or the Xavy to l.ii.iit
Morrison relative to his cnurageoiihaeiioii
m Jumping overboard from the Wall.e
n the night of September last and
rii-eiilug from drowning an enlisted man
or the navy His conduct on thai uccn
eion wax highly eimimoiidcd bv his ini
mi'diale commanding oflicer, the ioni
ninnder of tlio All. mil,' torpedo flotilla,
and the c ommaiilci-in-ehic of the ,t
'1 hough on the Walke but a i-hoit time
I lent. Morrison hud become popiiln
(.inong t'iu men '1 ho ieuie lor which
lie was coniini'iiiled was tlmt (,r a member
i, I' hi w vim had lull,, ii overboard
while trv.oi; to boil. I I lie WnlUe ,(te ;li
lllCl t l.lcllt Mltrlson w;H in In,, 1,,.,-m
when b- Ii ..ml . (1N, r ihe man ami
jutiii'ov hi. o.i no i .I,,,, in getting on deck
; st'iiggling in ihe water
h" ji.ir '.il i.i . r riei him and was able to
l.i'iii Morrl-on wan born In I'le.-lmont.
Mo on l el.runrv n ir.ST He enteren!
i,lie pa-'il service as n midshipman on
Angle' ,'H, ismj, afior his course at tho
THE RIGHT TIME
It Ii hard to know when t tray
moit forma of InveitaeiitB. Yon hop
to get them before a big rtoe, but (hit
hope to teMoa retllMd.
Any Mae you have aoaey la the
tine to BnyoargaaraateMI nortgagea.
Then la no aieetlon a boat their
aarety and yoti can lit rest even ao
araaU a aua aa 10 a month with the
protection of oar guaranty.
If tnvtttor hat mt fetf m itllat
1TB Itaten 8U
INAUGURATION IN PANAMA.
I'mtdriit I'orras StronglT Opposed
to Itrrlrotlon of Chlrf Kseoatlr,
Sptclal Cabtt Dispatch to Tna 9cs,
Panama, Oct. I. Dr. llellsarlo Por
ras, former Minister st Washington, was
Inaugurated President of Panama this
uftornoun. Ho took tho oath of office
read by ths President of the Assembly
at tho National Theatre. This building
was crowded with diplomats, members
of ths Assembly and officials of the
In his Inaugural address President
Porraa reviewed the necessities of the
country, Ho recommended the enact
ment of legislation prohibiting tho re
election of tbe President. He urged the
construction of the railroad from Pan
ama to David as a means of developing
President Porras referred to the bene
fits which the country would derive
from the construction and opening of
the Panama Canal. The Interests of
Panama In this work, he said, were sec
ond only to those of the United States.
The President stated that he enters
upon his duties free of malice toward
his late adversaries In the late electoral
campaign and that he will not permit
political prejudice to actuate the acts
of his administration.
There was lurge procession after the
Inauguration ceremonies In which all
the organizations of the Canal Zone
participated. The Costa Illcan Govern
ment sent a band especially for the
Tho Inauguration was the most brill
iant In the history of Panama. The
Inaugural ball will be held on Saturday
F. T. MARTIN ON WEALTH.
Trill lifoMUh lletiHtltiK Society Why
He Wrote Ills Hook.
Sptclal Cablt tlftpatc to Till Sri,
I.nvkiinkss, Oct. l.Frederlck Town-
send Martin of New York lectured be
fore a large meeting of tho Fort Au
gustus Debating Society to-night on
"The Idle l'.lcli nnd American Man
ners." Mr. Martin said tho reason why he
wrote "The Passing of the Idle Hlch"
was to pull the bandage off the eyes
of those who had wealth nnd open
their eyes to tho responsibility which
accompanied this wealth ns well rb to
call uttentlon to the danger where gold
was concentrated In the hands of a few
who misused It. Thin, he said, led to
the decline of nations.
Speaking of the manners of the
American people Mr. Martin said
America was a country of liberty,
which governed the conduct of the In
dividual by law less than any country
In the world. Manners, he declared,
were stronger than laws, nnd It had
been well said that upon good manners
In a great measure the law depend.
Good manners, continued Mr. Mar
tin, are made up of petty sacrltlccs.
They are neither more nor less than
good behavior, which Is the reflex of
good character. It Is hard to believe
In tho goodness of those who have dis
In conclusion Mr. Martin maintained
that America was a country of sim
plicity. ISMAY RUMOR HEARD AGAIN.
Ilrvorl That He Will Itrslgn From
.Mrnmatilp Caniblup Drilled,
London, Oct. I. Tho teport that J
Hruce Ismuy Is to retire as president of
the International Mercantile Murine
Company has cropped up again. A
London shipping man said to-day that
arrangements ure In progress for the
withdrawal of Mr. Ismay and of the
transfer of the ships belonging to the
International Mercantile Marine to the
American register. P. A. S. Franklin Is
spoken of us the probable successor to
Mr. Ismay. who, It Is said, has received
the offer of the chairmanship of an
The International Mercantile Marine
has three ships of the size of the
Olympic building or planned and also Is
consldcilng the construction of u fleet
for the Panama Canal seivlre.
Mr Franklin said yesterday that the
story from London was only n tumor
and that no confirmation of It had been
received at the ofllces of the Intel na
tional Mercantile Marine here.
So far as transferring the ships of
tlie International Meicantllo Marine to
American register Is concerned, Mr.
Franklin said he could see no advantage
to be gained from such a move, which
would mean added expense and would
bring with It no nddltlonnl compensa
tion. STRIKE DAMAGE INCREASING.
I'erlalinlilr (iooils In llnreelonn Itnll
"ID Mellon llecn) lug.
MApniD, K-t. 1 The damage occa
sioned In llnreelonn bv the railway
strike s Increasing. The perishable
goods ate ro'i'mt in the taUway sta
Hons and It Is Impossible to obtain any
other merchandise which Is sent by the
ordinary trains. The Itarceloua news
p.iparo ate running short for paper.
ValeiHln teporis a strike on all the
local Hues. The reports from Seville
an- more favorable. The mails and the
regular passenger nnd freight trains are
only slluhtlv illxorgaiiUi-d.
GERMAN LOAN MAY FAIL.
II li o 1. 1. II run- in lliimlli. I'rojeel for
I'liliirse lim eminent,
ii,.,i' fxtmh A Tar Sin
Loslos, ii, t. l A news agency des
patch from Merlin savs ihe loan which
'lie WeHlt-ndniT company of Hamburg is
tr.vlng In negotiate fur Up. Chinese (inv -eminent
pmleihlv will be a fallnte. The
negotiations Willi vnilous biinKs up to
the present ,I , e been fiullless, as Ihe
moie Important of Uicsc houses are al
lied with the mI. Power group and the
others do pot wish to thwart the move
ment of lhat syndicate
The amount of the proposed loan is
now sam to ne only is.uoo.oon. n was
stated laat week that It was twlie that
BALKAN STATES SEND
. ULTIMATUM TO TURKEY
C'onKaurii from h'lrnt Vtiv.
that the mobilization of the Turkish
army und the general unrest may re
sult In Turkey uttncklng her neighbors
across the Hue, with an Idea of getting
out of her own difficulties.
At Uolgrade the whole city Is moved
with one desire, and that Is to send
the troops ugalnst the Turk, The De
fence League Is Inviting volunteers
to enroll. The army Is clamoring for
war. Tho newspapers are prlntlngi ex
tra editions with little news but plenty
of rumors. They have lis horses and
five aeroplanes consigned to the Turk
ish Government which they are holding
up nt the Servian capital.
Lutesl advices from Uolgrade state
that the mobilization of the army Is pto
reeding rapidly. Numerous volunteer
bands ure being formed. Sixty retired
officers of high rank hnve been "rein
stated in the service.
The scapegracu Prince George has
arrived in Ilelgrade and he received an
enthusiastic ovation from the students.
It Is assumed that ho will get an Im
portant post In tho event of war.
The schools, colleges and universities
will close on Friday and be turned Into
At Bona the Cabinet sat for many
hours at a conference with the King.
Tho Government announces that mar
tial law has been declared In the
Phlllpepolls and Iiourgas districts. It
Is stated that King Ferdinand of Bul
garia will be the chief of the united
armies of tho allied States when they
take tho field.
The general expectation nt Sofia Is
that Bulgaria will send an ultimatum
to Turkey demanding the nutonomv of
Macedonia and the vilayet of Adrla-
nople. All freight traffic In ISulgurta
has been stopped and tho passenger
service Is curtailed. Telegrams from
Soda ore rigidly censored, The banks
The Home correspondent of the
Dally Expren has sent a despatch,
which, If true, gives n dramatic touch
to the war between Italy und Turkey,
and Is nn Important reflex of the Influ
ence of the Balkan crisis. He says that
f.i.OOO Italian troops hnve landed at
Bculnnova In Asia Minor, not far from
tho Isle of Sanies.
Vibn'na, Oct. 1. -King George of
Greece, who Is here on his way home, Is
quoted as saying: "I hope nnd believe
war will be. averted notwithstanding
the military preparations."
King George will see Count von
Berchtold. the Austrian Minister of For
eign AffalrB, to-morrow.
Count von Herchtold and the other
members of the Cabinet were ques
tioned frequently by the members of
the delegation to-day In regard to tbe
likelihood of war and what would be
Austria's attitude. Count von Perch
told made It clear that Austria did not
Intend to mobilize her army ns yet, us
diplomacy Is still busy, but that the
logic of the situation demanded the
strengthening of the Austrian forces on
the eastern frontier. Meanwhile, ho
said, Austria Is awaiting developments.
It is rumored here that Greece will
proclaim the annexation of Crete.
Paris, Oct. 1. The attitude of tho
Italian Government Is regarded here
as crucial In the present Balkan situa
tion. If Italy throws her fleet and
army on the sldo of the Balkan States
It will be an enormous trump card for
Despatches from Home state that
Italy has decided to prevent the trans
port of troops by sea from Asia Minor
to Dedeagliatch nnd Salonlca. which
would be absolutely necessary for Tur
key In order to resist n Balkan attack
Paris flnnnclers nro anxious over the
situation. They say thnt the mobiliza
tion of the Balkan States means a
drain of 110.000,000 weekly for the al
ready drained Balkan coffers.
BALKAN ARMIES FORMIDABLE.
Uulgarla, SenlM, (irrrce and Monte
nrgru v'linlrt Milliter -400,000 Men,
Mention of the armies of the Balkans
brings to one visions of u Broadway
musical comedy, with mtistuched hus
sars In fctrunge and wonderful uniforms
prancing up stage In the chorus of the
lust uct, but as u matter of fact, should
Bulgaria, Servla and Montenegro strike
hands with Grtece and throw their com
bined armies over their respective bor
ders, Turkey would Hnd herself oppos
ing some 400.000 fighting men trained
In modern warfare. The latest records
show that the approximate war strength
of Turkey Is about 3iS,ooo men, now
incteused, of course.slnce the begin
ning of the Italian wa'r, but It Is doubt
ful If she could raise an urmy ut this
time thut could compare favorably as
far as numbers and training go with
the lighters of the little States.
Of the four States Bulgaria .should be
able to put the largest army Into Him
field. Statisticians reckon the peace
strength of Bulgaria nt 3.S00 officers
anil ,"4,000 men, but the field army,
which consists of nine Infantry divisions
and one cavalry division with the re
mainder of the reserve troops and the
mountain and howitzer artillery regi
ments, should come to about 235,000
The organization of Bulgaria's army
was first undertaken by Itiisslan offi
cers, who from 1S7 to lSS.'i occupied
nil of the higher posts in the army.
During this time nlso foreign officers
Instructed the militia, The present or
ganization Is based on the law of thj
first of January, IS04. The army con
sists of the active, or field army, di
vided Into the active urmy, and the
active army reserve, Ihe reserve army
and the militia or opltchenle. The mill,
tla Is kept for defence In times of
Service In the army Is compulsory.
Mohammedans ulone are exempt upon
the payment of a lax of f 100. Setvicn
comnienics at the age of 20, and Is now
for two ycats In the Infantry and for
thtee years In the other branches. He.
sene sci vice Is for eighteen veils In
the Infantry ami for sixteen years In
the oilier arms.
Milt when he lias finished Ills reserve
nervier the I'u'tnr n. isn't finished being
a soldier, lie passes then to the nillltl'i
or the territorial army and serves there
for nine ears Finally the men of ,.ll,
ill-inn pat-s for two years to the Infanlry
militia again, and by that lime thev
have i out plct fd n total service of
twenty-eight years. I
The llulgaiiHii peasant Is no imp t,, '
sneer nt In a fight. He Is hardy cour-1
ageoiis and obedient a llrst class light
Ing man The officers nre painstaking1
nnu cievoten to their duties. Thev
showed the world that they were sol-1
niera in tne brilliant victories of Sllv
nltza and Tsarlbrod, In the Bervo-Bul-farlan
war, when Prince Alexander'
whipped a poorly equipped army Into
shnpe, flung out at Servia nnd severely
trounced that neighbor.
The Mtilgittlnu infantry Is equipped
with the Miinnllcher magazine rifle ami
the cavalry carry the Mnnnlleher car
bine. The mm I nt ii In battel les nre nrm-d
with the light Ktitpp guns, The mili
tary budget of liulgHtla am. united laat
year to 7.tCS,410.
The urmy of the Setbs would come
to about 175,000 comhatutits In case of
war. in Servia, us In her neighbor
Slates, service Is compiilsoiy und uni
versal. Continuous service in the In
fantry Is for two years and for the
artillery und cavalry two years, Then
comes service In the reserve nnd terri
torial troops for every Serviun until
he reaches tho age of 45. The Servian
Infantry huts the Mauser rifle and the
artillery uses a qitkk firing field gun
on tho Schnelder-Cunet system.
Te war strength of the Montenegrin
army is variously estimated at from
30.0U0 to 40,000 men. The army Is In u
state of transition. A new law went
Into effect In 1910 making every M,onte
negrin subject liable to military ser
vice for n total period of forty-live
years. Two years nro spent In the re
cruit, thirty-three years In the active
army und ten years In tho reserve.
Men In the active nrmy ure liable to
bo called on for duty every yedr for a
period of ten days of drill. In addition,
as at the present time, they may bu
called on for extensive manoeuvres.
The Montenegrins havo no cavalry.
one or tho King's Guard was stand
ing In front of the palace at Athens
last summer and to him camo a party
American tourists. They milled about
htm and examined with Interest his
uniform and the stiffness of his
starched skirt. Their comments were !
loud. As they turned away the guard
grinned and then said In perfect Kng-
llsn: How are all the folks In Kansas
City?" He bad been a bontblnck there
and upon his return was caught for
service In the Gteek army.
The Greeks of course have more op
portunity to study the military theories
of their F.uropeun neighbors, nnd their
nrmy Is continually under the serunlty
and receiving the advice of foreign of
ficers, especially British, There are
many In the army who like the King's
guard have been In this country nnd
have studied our army. The service Is
compulsory und lasts for thirty-five
Greece's maximum peace strength Is
estimated at about 23.C00 of all ranks.
and nt time of war ' Greece could esally
r'iU"lr!"y "I '0'000 "'! "'
n.i i:, ' , . . . """"'"I "
" , l'0''.1.' I.:lrd". H
was trying to buy some old Itnll.tn
fighting ships. She has a Brlti-h officer
as naval adviser.
AMERICANS AT REBELS' MERCY.
. t'nalile (o Krnil llellef to Suffer
ers at .llnotrue,
Washinoton. Oct. 1. Americans and
other foreigners are complaining or great I
suffering at the hands or rebel bauds
At Chinandega, it Is reported, the house
of an American was sacked nnd occupied
as a cavalry barracks bv the rebel leader
(ien. Dacn. and his men. The relmU al.r,
stole thirty-flve horses from an Amerl-
can owned I plantation in the Chinandega
district. ITie servants and employees of
tho owner were maltreated and ho was
forced to make a loan of 4, W0 pesos,
about 2.400. United States forces at '
nv,i..i .i.i.i :n i .ui .
Chinandega probably w,l be able to
afford protection and obtain redress in
this particular case.
ARTHUR PLAYFAIR WEDS.
lOimllah Aclor Marrlril In l.onilon to
Mlas l.aurle Mevens.
,rri,il Cablr Jrupd'cA fn Tn Srv
London, Oct. 1. Arthur Wyndham
Pluyfalr, the nctor, wns married to-day
to Miss Lnurle Stevens.
Miss Lena Ashwell, the actres.-mnn-ager,
secured a divorce from Mr. Play
fair In 1D0S.
Mr. Plnyfalr started on the stage In
1SS7. He made his reputation ns Cor
poral .Yd ica rro ic In "The Seatlower."
Lena Ashwell Is manager of the
Kingsway Theatre, where she produced
"Irene Wyeherly" nnd "Diana of Dob
son's." After her divorce she married
Dr. Henry Slmson, n son of the late
Holiert Slmson of the Bengal civil ser
vice. Miss Ashwell appeared as Mrs.
Dnnr In "Mrs. Dane's Defence,"
FLASHES MOM THE (Attl.E.
SWANSEA Wnlf ItpnrniK p.U'ry if
snlUMon for Haii- nnrrlilp of llri:uh
mlnm a nnnounco.1 t.y I'rrMJrnt ttottpri
M in 1 11 ut tli iinnu.il mmlng of t)i. Miner
MoniMHf.ON "Stalled" by n liea.i lnt.
Aviator Hrodln hunr In the name position
l.SOO feet in Ihe air for thirteen mtntuen
hem. He Ure-cendcrl lately.
MANILA The. itencral tbup In the clear
makers' trade la unchanged. About 1f.no
men ar: on itrlke und all factories have
been cloned Korce. of ;iollre have been de
tall.sl to guard the buildings againm any
pu. bible attack.
MA PHI D Premier Oanaleja h.i gone
mi cum open ia reninary tele, tnere.
It- u II I return tn Madrid Immedlaielv and
lll ronttnue the drafting of the iet nf
me r r.tni'o-spaniftn agreement regarding
Proper Care of Hair
The worry und Iwther of wearing
liair-nels und veils to maku tho hair
stay up und conceal n dull, "stringy,"
unkempt uppcanmco enn cusily be
nvoided by stopping shampooing with
soup, Tlio "fre(" alkali in soap irritates
the wulp, mukes tho hair streaked, dull,
noarbi! iitul brittle. Shampoo with n teu
Hpnoiiful of cutithrox dissolved in a cup
of hot water and tho Imir will always be
ligiit, fluffy and easy to do up, besides
lookiiiK decidedly neat. This shampoo
lathers abundantly, dries quickly, stops
itching sculp mill cleanses as no other
shampoo will. 'I'ho luxury of extreme
elrunlincHs which conies from the tmo
of this sliumuoo lias made it so popular
that many of the best hair dressers now
use it exclusively. It ia inexpensive nnd
canlx! bought nt any dnifr store.
To whiten and beautify face, neck
and arms, dissolve four ounces of spur-
ma in n nan-pint witrn nnzri or not
water, adding two teaspoonfuls Rlycer
itie. Apply this lotion Irerly nnd it will
lone up t hit skin wonderfully and quickly.
It inakcH (he hkin boft and smooth, and
will remove that shiny, muddy look
which is no nnnnyitiR, This lotion will
ho found mUf'ii ltnftni lit nan llititi frsti
powder, ns it do"s not rub off easily Ilka
IKinuii nor noes it givo trie IHCP mat
"nnwrfai-erl nnr " Tl, :. . . I . :
. ,, " "" iiiih piiiinna iuiiuii
is excellent for removinR and preventing
freckle, chapping and roughneea ot Uic
Mi'i'is Oii.p of Old Assnelnics
in Ironworkers' I'nlon WKli
out Klin Hi in jr.
IXPOltMKIt PliKADS Ol'lliTY
C'otirl Grniiis Motion to Coii
solitinte Chaos mill Itc
lNiitANArol.iti. Oct. I. Korty-nlne
members und nx-meiubers or the Inter
national Association of Hiiclge and Struc
tural Ironworkers entered the United
States Court room hero this morning
and for the first tlmo heard in detail the
charges or conspiracy to transport ex
plosives ly Interstate commerce as they
are set out in the hundred counts In the
Some of tho younger men among the de
fendants were apparently Impressed with
the proceedings, but many of the older
ones seemed to regard tho charges with
Indifference und Indulged from time to
time in whispered Jeers with those who
sat nuar them. In tho audienco were
several or tlio wives of tho indicted men.
who showed absorbing Interest in every
thing said by tho attorneys and the pre
Across the aisle from the defendants
were ino men who had been summoned
as Jurors and who seemed quite as rest less
as the defendants themselves as they
regarded the prospect or being kept
away rrom tholr business for a month I
or six weeks 1
The District Attorney with two as-1
sislunts had seats at one table and Senator
John W. Kern and a half dozen other j
lawyers appearing ror the derendants '
hnd seats at another table near by. j
As .lodge Anderson ascended the steps
leading to tho hcurh n hush roll upon
the throng in the room which was not
broken till the bailiff announced that thei
term or court had opened.
I I ia tlriit ilrarnnfin arnnn nnnwrrtA u-lmn
rtie Mc.ManiKaI. the self-confessed dvna- 1
miter, ,.ntcr, ,'h roum ( L,,mrt?; of I
United State Marshal Schtnldf and a!
half dozeen detectives The uards
vir prisoner closely and at the
,i, rri ti,,i,.. i.,..
. , , ., .. - , . I
'i' r' 0'',le1 ,h' hn,
derendants, as though they anticipated
some sort of a demonstration
McMuniK.il was not at all uneasy in his
environment. Near him were a doen
or moro men whom he directly charges t
witii Riving him instructions about the '
use or explosives, with pointing out the
jobs to him and with paying him ror the .
work. He looked into the eyes or many
whom he had known ror years una or
many others whom Ills charges had'
brought under indictment, hut lie did
I'ho defendants were lull or ourlositv
and ninny a neck was craned to see the
informer as he was pointed out.
'rh women seated with the defendants
nV"tVot XrT roe to their teet and
looked at him after he was seated. The
District Attorney said that McManigal 1
was present and wished to plead to the '
'udictments and the court ordered him
to stand up. He arose, walked toward 1
the Judge's stand and entered a plea of '
"Do you plead guilty to all the counts." I
asked tlio court i
"Yes, to all of them," was the reply,
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and the plea wns entered by the clerk and
McManlgol returned to his seat.
Following tho plea of guilty ly Mr
Manlgal rormnl arraignment or K. A.
Oluncey and O. A. Tveitmoe, both of
California, was waived und they pleaded
not guilty. Both had lieen under arrest
when indicted and were not present when
the ot her derendants entered pleas follow
ing their indictment.
The District Attorney then announced
that upon further investigation he had
becotno convinced that lh charges
against Andrew .1. Kavanaugh of Spring
field. 111., mid Patrick Hyan and .1, W
Irwin, both ir Chicago, could not be
sustained and lie asked that these de
fendants be tlischarired. which was done
Foity-six defendants were thus lert to
be tried under the indictment.
The District Attorney then elected to
try the rase on tlve conspiracy rounis
and on fifty counts charging the unlawful
transportation or ilvii.imlto. Alter elimi
nating more than tifly counts a motion
to consolidate tho rases was made by tho
District Attorney and was sustained and
tl;e selection of a Jury began.
With Win examination or the flrst Juror
it was demonstrated at once that a thor
ough investigation of the lire or every
man summoned as a Juror hod been made
nnd tho inquiry even extended to the
relatives or tho juror and tho troiibl"s,
if any, that ho had had with organized
labor There was soon a manir-t desire
by the talesmen to escape rrom the in
quiry anil several confessed to opinions
before) many questions were asked,
When court adjourned this utternoon
there had liecti flvo excuses for sickness
and other causes, three because of opin
ions that evidence would not change and
nine had been examined and passed tem
porarily. The defence had exhausted but
two of Its peremptory challenges, ir
to-day's work can lie taken as Indlrathe
or t he whole, it is believed a jury will lie
obtained this week.
TO REORGANIZE SALT GABELLE.
Chinese (iovernmeiit Creoles Olllee
Sprrlal Cable Vnpaxch tn Tnn Sin
I'BKt.v, Oct. 1. The Government has
created the oilier of Auditor-General.
The perron holding this office will be
n member of the Cabinet.
It has also added to the Ministry
of Flnanre a salt gnbelle department
This Is Intended ns prellmlnnry to a
general reorganization of the salt taxa
tion. Sir .1. N. Jordan, the British Minister,
complained to President Yuan Shlh-knl
of the criticisms of the Pekln Patty
Xrwi on Great Britain's action In re
gard to the J.'e.OOO.OOO loan and asked
him to suppress such articles. Presi
dent Yuan said he snvv no cause for
complaint In the criticism, but he would
ask the writer of the articles to explain.
BARS CATHOLICS IN WILL.
Welsh Mine Owner l.enves nil l-'alnte
of If .-..ooo.ooo.
fipreint Cnltlr lsepnlci tn Th Sis
l.oNtHiv. net. 1. -The will of W. O.
Vivian, a Welsh coal mine mine ovvn--r
nnd uncle of Lord Swansea, who qle.l
recently, wss probated provisionally to
day. The estate amounts to 5.1,000,001).
The will bars nnybody Interested In
the estate from Inheriting any part of
It If he or she Is or becomes a Unman
THIRTY SOLDIERS DROWNED.
Colllalnn Retireen Analrfnn Trans
port and Steamer ear llaraovn.
BrCHAREST. Oct. 1. Thirty Austrian
soldiers, Including nine officers, were
drowned to-day when the military
transport Danube was sunk In n col
lision with the Austrian steamer
Srechenyt near Harsova.
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CollPftions $30,000,000 Mord
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A I TO .NTMBKRS 01 VE CM'K
Social Ilcffistcrs, Directories nnd
Ncwspniicr Stories Ifnve
The personal tax bureau has been
looking for tho taxable citizen so much
more diligently this year than formerly
that, some figures in tlio (lull of Uncords
showed yesterday, tho personal property
assessments aro $3(l,(KiO,00() more this
year than they wcro last year; and thU
Increase is $2ti,00(l,oiH) more than tho In
crease of last yeur's tax roll over that
of the yeor that preceded it.
So thorough has been tho investigation
thut Ihe investigators havo gone after
anil Into every source of information
that offered a possibility of turning light
upon persons and their belonging who,
the bureau believes, have been paying
less personal taxes than they should or
who have been dodging personal tax
Deputy Tax Commissioner .1 .1 Hnrt
has gone through social registers, lists
of automobile licetiso numbers, various
kinds or "blue books," rorporatlon di
rectories and has noted bequest made
in wills published from cl,ty to day.
The license number hanging from an
automobile hes betrayed many. Deputy
Commissioner Hnrt has sent his men to
Police Hendnmrlers on many occasions
to pore over the inilice registry of automo
bile numbers, not because nn automobile
In itself is a consideration to the bureau
but because, as t he commissioners pointed
nut veslerday, ownership or nn automo
bile suggests prosperity that mav turn
out to be or interest to the personal tax
Knch day also certain men in the bu
reau have gone over t lie newspapers for
details of bequests or other news that
shed light upon the financial standing of
ritirens that figure in the news. Figures
no obtained have been arranged and filed
in :t card index from which the tax rolls
have been compiled. Social registers
havo been thumbed in n way that they
were never thumbed, and directories of
corporations and similar business lists
have shown the same name again and
again in the lists of officers or different
concerns, thus indicating prosperity that
heretofore bad been underestimated on
the tax rolls.
In this respect Brooklyn offered ths
personal tax bureau much more trouble
than Manhattan. Hrooklyn has no cor
poration directory Information from
the Hrooklyn new in the papers helped
somewhat nnd tho telephone directory
of Brooklyn nnd Queens contained name
of corporations t tint were investigated
ill A II tu 11 V il b t n Wb nt U'ae ttiir! nt ihaHI.,.
capital about the concern in question
when it wns incorporated. The bureau
in this way got at least some figures upon
wnich to go when figuring out what
assessments should be.
At the personal tax bureau it was said
yesterday that the commissioners who
compile the personal taxes have worked
I especially hard this year in an effort to
show that personal taxes bring in mors
j than they cost and to refute arguments
of the single tax folk. So few citizens
1 know r,o far the amount of their assess
ments that the real invasion of the bureau
by those who want tn swear oft taxes has
'not yet begun. Only two or three men
I came to the bureau offices to swear off
i TXT a Tr Vt n 4-
- i y uiai,