Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 3, 1912.
THURSDAY, OCTOBKK 3, 1012.
r.ntered at the Post Offlre at New York as Second
j:iass Mali Matter.
Sahsrrlptlnns hr Mull, Postpaid.
DAILY. Per .Month SO
DHL . Per snr I no
.SUNDAY, per Ynr a 80
DAILYAND.SU.N'DY. Per Year H BO
DAILY AM) SUNDAY. I'rr Month 714
PoMnKC to forclirn rounlrtcs added.
All checks, money orders, Ac to he made pny-
Published dally, Including Sunday, liy the Sun
Printing aim llilillslilng Association .it 170 Nassau
street, In the Hnroucll n( Manhattan, New York.
President and Treasurer. W I lltitn i". Itclrk, 10
Nassau street. Vice-President, I'dward I. Mitchell,
ljft Naau street; .Secretary, Chester S. I.ord, 170
I ondon nfliee, I'lTinehim House, 1 Arundel
Purl omre. n Hue de la Mlrhodltre, olT Hue du
Washington nmce, lllbhs llulldlnrr.
llrooklyn onkc, w UUnjston street. ,
If mir friends irhn fnrnr m tllfi mtmiitri? It fnr
tubtlealtmtrtilitohnrr rrjeeleit arlleles relurnedlhev
must tn all rases tend stamps for that purpose.
Thn Hlrnr.y Syracuse Platform.
Whatever may bo thought of tho
Progressive) plat fonn and Tim Sr.v's
ideas an; an remote from many of the
ideas of that document ns KcrRtieleti'rt
Lmd in from this delightful town it
present at least a consistent and
coherent prospectus of radical cliango
in governmental policy. But what shall
he Bald of the eager platitudes of the
catchall adopted yesterday by the Dem
ocratic State convention?
"Wk nrn opposed to unjust nnd oppressive
"We pledge ourselves to tires upon Con
gress tlio necessity of banking and cur
"F.very encouragement should be jlvrn
to the iurRiilt of agriculture in thlsSt.ite."
"We f.iwir the extension of foil survey
and nn investigation of the subject of farm
"The need of reform In the administra
tion of civil mid crlminnl laws Is urgent."
"Wo fnor th" enactment of laws for the
protet tinn of I lie pnlilio health."
"Wo fmor the conservation of human
These are specimens of the thought
nnd style of declaration deemed expedi
ent by the 'Democratic platform makers.
Perplexing uucMioiis like the initiative
and referendum, the recall and the suf
frage for women were conveniently re
ferred or deferred, as by the Republicans
at Saratoga, to the (ireek kalends of
u promised constitutional convention.
Three thousand words were naively put
forth at Syracuse mainly with the pur
pose of raking in together all the HuhmIc
tuuhed units of public sentiment, and of
showing by superficial and vague rhet
oric that this historio party is behind
nobody in its sensitiveness to every
ephemeral emotion labelled progress
and reform. Wo would not speak too
harshly of this performance; the f ranters
of the rcsolut ions nt Syracuse merely fol
lowed the fashion of tho times.
We confess that our disappointment
lingers somewhat fondly and hopefully
over this single spirited passage in a de
liverance for the most part dreary, inept
"Republican corruption eliminated. With
the advent of the Democratic administra
tion in toil the scandals anil corruption m
lone the sh.nno of our State disappeared
"I give 'em issues," Sami'ki. .1. Tilukn
used to whisper in his rare moments
of personal expansiveness. With what
rapidity and power would that great
giver of issues, or n modern Democrat
anything like him, have seized upon
tho central fact of the situation, here
fo casually and inadequately indicated,
' nnd made it not merely the paramount
but the only and all suilicient motive
of a campaign against the return to
Albany of tho bosses and Corrupt ionists
and spendthrifts nnd grafters of the
party responsible for years of shamc'to
And, platform or no platform, Tiliien
or no TILDK.V, tho issue which ho would
have given his party and his party's
nominee for Governor is there all the
same for it.
Flinn a rt Champion of
r The Colonel's fellow countrymen have
had his nssnranco that Mr. William
Flinn' of l'ittsburg "is ns stout a
champion of popular liberty as exists,"
Mr. Flixn'h testimony before tho Senato
committee in Washington must there
fore bo read In tho light of that reve
lation. If tho boss of Pennsylvania
stands nt Armageddon with a "dough
bag' filled to bursting, it is as a cham
pion of popular liberty, ns stout a one
as the Colonel himself wo havo his
word for it.
It is triio that William Fuss was
mipposed to have a past, and with a
man as black as had been painted the
Colonel could have no commerce; could
not break bread any moro than witli
tho tainted Lor.iMiut. Hut William
Fli.vn li'id been wronged. The Roose
velt "light," lie has tcbtilied reverently,
"wus the brightest I ever saw." Fulso
lights he had followed in his novitiate
in politics. There was the Quay ignis
intuits that almost lured him to his
moral ruin. He seems to have been
saved only by the example and teach
ings of the more experienced Maokk,
long his comrade in good works, who
pointed out to him the pitfalls and tho
snares in tne pathway of reformers.
In lh inquiry at Washington nn
attempt Itifi bcn made to show that
William Vlinn was oneu on the brink
of a compact with a lo-.s who was not a
champion ol popular liberty to deliver
into his hands several members of the
national and State legislatures in con
fddcrutiou of sordid advantages that
were to accrue to t he party of the second
part, but Mr. 1'lin.v explained ingeiiit
otisly that lieiii'MTsigned iheabhorreiit
thing and "sold Senator yr.y a gold
brick." Kven a reformer sometimes
has to fight the devil with fire.
Fait febls bccii) to havo danced bJ.
fore the eyes of William Flinn at other
times in his career. In hla noblo pur
poso to serve in tho Senato as a cham
pion of popular liberty ho was often
diverted from the strait and narrow
path by wicked corporation Influences
and (lie beckoning of bano men, but al
ways strayed back by tho grace of reve
lation to tho truo course. This hap
iened moro than onco In Philadelphia.
Meanwhile, he prospered in a worldly
way, as all good men deserve to. Lu
crative contracts dropped into his lap,
(hanks to his blameless associations in
Pittsburg and Harrisburg, and ho waxed
rich; so rich, In fact, that when ho beheld
the brightest light ho ever saw, as it wan
shed by the third term oriflammo of
TiiKODoitF. Rooskvklt the Good, Will
iam Flinn knew (hat his tlmo had como
at last and ho took his purse and stood
sturdily nt Armageddon. No less than
in Pennsylvania." And ho journeyed to
tho Republican convention at Chicago
and looked over the Southern delegates,
not to influcnco them with money, but
to redeem and regenernto them, to hold
a political revival, .as it wcro.
Many calls ho had made at tho sanc
tum of tho Contributing Kditor to con
cert with him tho battle for popular
liberty nnd was accepted ns a valiant
soldier in tho cause, worthy to stand by
the right hand of him who was his In
spiration. "I havo no ambitions politi
cally," said William Fmxn, telling his
simple story under oath In Washington,
"and I hope to continue my interest in
politics in tho future. I am not averse
to contributing to tho things,! boliove
in." A peerless champion of popular
rights, ho has tho money to gratify his
whims, even his fancy to sit in the United
States Senate to hold up tho hands
of TiiEonoiiK Roosevelt. A practical
champion, William Flinn!
Some Question for Artorney-Oen-cral
Tho Attorney-General's proposed
scheme of compulsory voting contem
plates an "adequate penalty flno or
imprisonment, wo don't know which,
but perhaps both for the qualified
citizen who fails to go to tho polls, and
deprivation of tho franchise for har
dened and persistent non-voters.
In all humility we should liko to ask
Brother Wickkiisham whether, in his
opinion, tho great principlo of compul
sory voting should apply to every elec
tion of every kind; or only to such elec
tions as shall seem to some duly con
stituted authority, perhaps some execu
tive commission, Federal or State, of
vital importanco to the public welfare.
When a voter's choice, for example,
is practically limited to two candidates,
both of whom ho honestly believes to
lo unfit for tho office, would Brother
WiCKEitsiiAM penalize that voter for
refusing to vote ugainst his conscience;
or would he force the voter to waste his
titno in going to tho polls and casting a
perfunctory and futilo ballot for some
What practical provision would
Brother WicKEitsiiAM's "law" make for
excuses for absenteeism, and to what
tribunal would ho confide the determi
nation of tho validity of such excuses,
physicians' certificates, affidavits as to
unavoidable engagements elsewhere,
and so on?
Wo should also like to ask Brother
WiCKEitsiiAM, as a constitutional law
yer of universally recognized eminence,
upon what enumerated power ho would
base a "law" punishing citizens for fail
ure to exerciso what tho Constitution
dillers from Brother Wickersham in
defining as a "right" and not a "duty,"
and thus abridging tho reserved nnd
immemorial right of the people to take
to the woods on election day when that
seems tho proper thing to do.
These uro really weighty questions.
Heeding tho gentle objection of our
distinguished correspondent, wo beg
leave to withdraw tho adjective silly
as descriptive of tills proposition and to
The Italkans and the Alliance.
However interesting in detail tho
present activities of Turkey and the
small Balkan States may bo, the real
question must be thnt as to tho present
and future stand of the great Powers,
now fairly evenly divided into tho two
camps of tho Triplo Alliance and tho
Of tho nations united in the Triple
Alliance Austria is tho most concerned.
For her, a success of the smaller Balkan
States followed by a partition of Mace
donia would mean barring of the road
to Salonica, which has been the goal
of Austrian foreign policy for nearly
fifty years. Germany, with her com
mercial and political ambitions and
interests in Asia Minor, might also bo
expected to stand squarely with her
Russia, in tho Triplo Entento, on tho
other hand, as tho protector of the
southern Slavs must look with disap
proval on any Austrian intervention
which by asserting Austrian supremacy
in Macedonia would crush tho aspirations
of tho Servians and Bulgarians as well
as tho Greeks. In addition, her Minis
ters havo several times recently en
deavored lo proeuro a modification of
tho portion of tho treaty of Paris which
closes tho Dardanelles and Bosporus to
the Black Sea fleet.
British interest is divided. Joined
with Franco and Russia in tho Triple
Entento sho would naturally opposo
Austrian advance in tho Balkans. In
addition Austrian possession of Salonica
would give her German rivals a naval
baso within striking distance of Suez
nnd Egypt and squarely on her main
route to India nnd Australia. On tho
other nand sno may wcil ftcsitato to
abandon her traditional opposition to
Russian suprcmnoy nt Constantinople
nnd tho entrance of Russian fleota into
Franco will unquestionably follow her
Russian ally, but, oddly. enough, Ituly
finds herself tn full sympathy, as well
as actual written agreement, not with
her Aiihtro-Gcrrnan allies, but with
Russiu, since Austrian possession of
.-waccuonui mignt open tho way to
Austrian annexation of Albanlal which
iu v i
would cany with It tho naval supremacy
of tho Adriatic, whllo tho advanco of
tho Dual Monarchy to Salonica would
rob tho Italians of tho newly acquired
advantages in tho Near East resulting
from tho Turkish war.
These rival ambitions of tho great
Powers mako it difilcult to reconstruct
tho Concert of Europe. Tho position
of IUily may easily threaten tho sta
bility of tho Triplo Alliance. But ns
tho situation now stands a square lining
tip of tho Alliances against tho Ententes
seems Impossible. In this perhaps lies
tho real chance that, at worst, Balkan
difficulties may bo localized.
T. K.'m Sacred lllrd.
Tho Hon. ClIAItLES SU.MNEIt BlllD,
inheritor of and possessed by that au
gust godfather whom Mr. Hkniiy James
in his biography of William Sionv ex
hibited to thn immortal laughter of gods
and men, is the Oyster Bay candidate for
Governor of Massachusetts.
Much can bo said in Mr. Bikd's favor
in spito of that fanatical ancestry of
nomenclature. It has escaped our no
tice, for instance, if, even nkneo be
fore tho god of his idolatry nnd Imitat
ing tho Hon. "Matt" Hale, ho has been
contumelious in his speech.
But even tho most prosperous of
paper makers under the best of tariffs
may In his felicitous midst havo marvel
lous germs. For example, the Hon.
Chahlks Sumnek Bird holds it to Iw
"intolerable that laws passiKl by both
branches of tho Legislature and ap
proved by the Governor should bo nulli
fied by tho courts."
Mr. Butn'H old professor nnd friend,
tho original Bull Mooso "jurist nnd
philosopher, the Hon. Daniel Piutt, an
earlier Roosevelt, could and should havo
taught the East Wtilpole maker of paper
and talk a wisdom twyond that.
In tho sweet days dawning for Massa
chusetts, "without Gon and without
law, in the beautiful, not too distant
dream of tho Ettors and t lie Haywoods,
where will tho rich Imurgeols Bmn Im?
Ho wishes no Bill of Rights to exist in
tho Massachusetts Constitution. Tho
dear "people," say 30 to 23 per cont. of
the votes of tho dear "people," ever ac
cepting moro eagerly tho gospel of the
flame and torch, tho ultimate result of
"social justice," may havo passed by the
initiative and approved by tho referen
dum the command, as well founded as
most others in Mr. Roosevelt's gospel
andthatof the Sacred Bird, that "hence
forth in all paper mills now existing or
hereafter to lo established in this Com
monwealth two hours shall constitute
a day's work, and tho compensation
for the same shall be not less than $3 a
If "social justico" has its course the
Hon. Charles Sumner Bird may be ex
posed to a lot of that sort of thing.
Drugs for .School Children.
While it would bo easy to become
unduly alarmed over tho situation re
vealed by the urrest of a Brooklyn liquor
dealer charged with selling drugs to
school children, tho incident strongly
suggests tho desirability of a thorough
investigation to lay bare the extent of
this evil. Such an inquiry might bo
undertaken by tho school physicians
without publicity and for no other pur
poso than to arm tho authorities for
effective action against a traffic that
is despicable and dangerous beyond
It is not necessary to picture tlic
effects of cocaine and similar drugs on
tho human system to condemn their
salo for self-administration to children.
Tho Stato has already recognized the
peril of these drugs when used by adults,
and has prescribed heavy penalties for
the illicit trade in them. How much
greater is tho harm dono by their in
troduction in an institution filled with
imitative youths is obvious. As a mat
ter of fact there is ample law for the
prevention of this abuse and tho pun
ishment of those who profit from it.
Tho school authorities should at once
ascertain whether any other schools
are afflicted with such a danger as has
been discovered at this Brooklyn pub
"Also we Indorse the compulsory un
It is odd how universal Is the appeal
to arma in tho horns rule issue, whether
it is raised in Ulster, Macedonia or New
Presently we shall have bread and
butter for desaert If we are lucky.
Governor Viwon hurries with speechea
to watch football. 'nn relnn drpatc. a
Clearly the lesser of the two evils.
Also "Moiuumkd must go."
The scare tjiat nn earthquake predic
tion gave the peoplo of Valparaiso laat
Sunday was nothing now. A fow years
ago tho prediction that on a certain date
an earthquake would mnko tronblo for
Lima, Peru, nnd the surrounding country
rrightenort so many persons that there
were not cars enough to tako them all to
tho foothills of the Andes, whore they
The prediction was realized the other
day, though the "quakes did not amount
to much; nnd Professor Falh's forecast
en mo true in 1883, when he said that Greece
would ho severely shuken. Tho fulfilment
of thla prediction gave r A,n such reputa
Hon as an earthquako prophet that Athens
was friKhtenoct out of her wits when he
sttroud the report that tho city would tie
badly uhuken on May S of that year. But
there was no trouble on that day excepting
that which the prophet caused,
Seismologists havo long lieen trying
to acquire such a knowledge of earthquake
phenomena as to ho able to reoognize all
the symptoms, if possible, so as to warn
people of impending (lunger. As yet they
have made little or no progress toward
this end; and the prophets havo done a
great deal more liaitn than good.
ToriiK I'.litToa or Tfts Hvs '.svr; NlrlMnj
Mfely mati'lio; If a piece of ron U nut luiiidy
safety matche will easily light upon a looklnc
glass or the window pane. These aro always
with us; coal Is not. Upward Howe,
Niw You, octobr a.
A letter nt Kxrulrtatlnn From Attorney
To Tnr. Editor, or Thk Sun-Si"'. One
of tho characteristics of current political
discussion to which the third candidate
for tho Presidency has contributed In
largo measure is tho substitution of In
vective and adjective for argument. I
must, however, confess to some surprise
to find that In the editorial discussion
with which Thk Sdn has honored a recent I
address of mine it adopts tills method
and calls that address "llly," because,
as the writer says In it, I "advocated
compulsory voting." J
Now, concerning tho wisdom of adopt
ing compulsory voting there may be, and
or course are. differences of opinion;
but do you think it is fair debate to charac
terize a proposition as "silly" which has
leen adopted to a greater or less extent
in the laws of four civilized oountries
and In suport of which many distin
guished jurisconsults are on record?
What I said on the subject was this:
There ran be no puuer without responsibility.
It nur Initltutloni be no modified that a mere
majority of tluwe voting may niter or make a
constitution, or a law. or a decision; or choose
or remove nn offlrer. nr cont rol hts official conduct,
II become a duty which every cltlien owes to
every other thai he exercise Ihh power, and do
not rae the laws nnd Instllutlnns of his .State
or Ids (iiiintry, and the rights of Individuals, to
the merry of mere minority rule. The perform
ance of this duty should be compelled by law,
anil Its failure punished by adequate penalty
and if persisted In, by loss of the franchise."
I have no quarrel with any one who
differs with mo in this view, but tho rea
sons with which it may lie supported, and
the extent to which it has already boen
recognized, cannot bo dismissed merely
with tho statement that the contention is
"silly." Okobor W. Wickersham.
Nkw VonK, October 1.
the nnva of death.
A I'lers;) man's Komlire Opinion of the
Mates nf thn Opium Habit.
To i ii e Km i on or Tu k8un .Sir; 1 wunt
to commend especially the editorial article
In Thk Si n of September 29 entitled "An
Opium Convict." There In no cure for
tiro opium habit but that absolute and
physical eetiaratlon Irom this dreadful drug
which can only lie secured by a term in
j.ill, I'tcu there the victim ot thin dread
ful liablt. impelled by overpowering crav
Inc for till driii;, may somehow eecuro it,
and often does. The ineenulty of the mor
phine victim to secure this nnrcotic is In
credible. Ills only cure i to be locked up
under n prison sentence and deprived of all
menus whereby to bribe prison officers.
Kven then, nfter some months of separation
from opium, if, after he comes out, boor she
takes but one dose of morphia, the old slav
ery air.ilii assumes dominion.
I have been for over thirty years In charge
of various rongrevatlons of the Protestant
I'piscotial Church. In my clerical exiierl
enco 1 have been brought in contact with
four Individuals addicted to tho opium habit.
HuvliiK hud some extended experience with
these "victims" I am Justified In asking you
to let me say n few words.
There is no cure for the opium habit but
death. And the worst of It is that the opium
i'l tlm, unlike the Ihpior victim, may linger
for eara. In the meantime every Instinct
of truthfulness, honor, common honesty,
faithfulness to every human relation, Is
ntterb destroyed. The Inebriate has a
chance. The opium victim has no chance.
The opium victim Is a doomed man. 1 have
never known any such victim to get on his
feet airafn. Therefore I make an earnest
appeal to men nnd women who have never
touch. d opium in any form to avoid it un
less they want to sign their own death war
rant. 'Mils death warrant is not the decree
of speedy physical dentil, but the absolute
assurance that every consideration f truth
fulness, honor, decency, common honesty.
not to mention Ildolity, to tho sanctities of
friendship and the obligations of family
suptiort, will be destroyed.
It is needless to say that most of the
patent medicines that promise Im mediate
relief from pain, various coiuh mixtures.
coulldent medicines that regulate the bowels
of children and make them sleep at night,
are only opium In different forms. All are
to lie avoided, and the men who exploit
them should tw Imprisoned for life, For
tney are tne enemies ot llieir brother men,
- 'I he lieirinninit of the opium habit Is often
the fault of shrewd and unconscientious
physicians, Any kind of r malady that
produces pain calls for Immediate relief
If the pain can lie stopped tho patient re
Bards himself ns cured. As morphine kills
pain and produces dellKhtful mental sensa
tion, thu patient is delighted with the doc
tor who can so easily relieve and enre him.
There is some Immediate relief, but there is
no cure etlvctod. The prescription, once
gieu. is filled over and over again, and
after . while the patient awakens to the
fact thut ho or she Is in the clutches of the
most dreadful habit known to civilization.
Insonuila is mo distressing, so unbearable
that many people cannot !ear It 'I her
resort to sleeping powders. These powders
are only opium under nnotber name. Thus
lu this way also this insidious habit Is fast
ened on its victims.
A physician friend of mine we were
bos together began "experimenting" with
opium at the age of 20, lie recently died
ut the nve of a:', having been a morphine
slave to the last, He died In squalor and
poverty, having lived au utterly wasted
Just let me say to the multitude of your
readers: Do not under any circumstances
ever touch this dreadful drug or allow It
to be prescribed for you.
KUWAItU W. McfiUFFEr.
Klmbtrst, OctoHer 2.
Disinfection of ScbMlhoasei.
To the Kditob or THE Sc Oir; Id the event
nf the adoption of Governor Wilson's suggestion
that the public schools be used as polling places
at (he coming election and as meeting places for
the discussion of the Issues of the campaign, it
Is to be hoped In the Interests of the school
children that measures will be taken to dimin
ish the risk of infection which must always be
present In places ot public resort.
It may be taken a quite certain that among
the thousands who will throng the schools for
either of the purposes mentioned above a con
siderable proportion will be affected, if not with
dangerous diseases, notably consumption, with
minor ailments such as catarrh, influenia, 4c.
Such persons must diffuse Infective material,
and If this be allowed to accumulate on the floors,
to mingle with the dust and be inhaled by the
children, there will be grave danger of epidemics
among the latter.
The systematic disinfection of schoolrooms
as advocated In a paper read at the recent Inter
national Congress on Hygiene and Demography
at Washington Is at all times an Important sani
tary measure, which will become doubly so If
they are to be ued as places of miscellaneous
public resort. It would be a simple and Inex
pensive mailer to spray the floor with an fflrlent
disinfectant solution at the close of each meeting,
and II is tn be hoped that the authorities will see
that this precaution Is not omitted,
J. T. AlNSLIl YVALIIB.
Naw Yoaa, October 2.
The Progressive Amelioration of Maaaers.
To thk I'niTos op Thk KUN-.SIr; Instead of
the usual salutation when ue speak to those
whose names we do not know nf "liow are you,
I'ap" nr "Huw are you, Ut. So and So!" the mod
ern polite manner to address our friends In will
be "flood morning" nr"(iood ctrnlng, Mr. Liar,"
or "How ore you, Mr. Malefactor!" When Mr.
"l.lsr" asks about our health or our business the
proper answer to such an inquiry will be that
we are doing "bully" since we became the guar
dian of "stolen goods," We are certainly learn
ing good manners from our modern public mas
ters, onk or tub Lisas.
New Yoag, October 2,
Four Hundred Houses la a Park.
Parts corre'pnndtnu London Daily Stu-s.
A remarkable scheme has been initiated by a
cooperative society of 400 worklngmen, who
having collected together the sum of 21,000
havo purchased the park and chateau of lira veil,
la the Seine et Otsc. Kour hundred dwellings
will he erected In the park without In any way
spoiling Its natural beauty,
Thu choicest portions of the park will be set
apart for the benefit of the community. The
chateau Itself Is to become the common house,
nnd In Its rooms are to be placed the shops which
will feed the Inhabitant. t
M'CLKLLAS AT MALVERN BILL
Hit Own Testimony That He Wat -on the
Field Hat Confirmation.
Totb Editor or Thk Hvs Sir: In Ihe
account of the battle of Malvern Hill given
by Rhodes In the fourth volume of his history
It It stated that General McClellsn was aD
sent from the field while the fight was go
ing on. Mr. Rhodes In making this asser
tion mar have depended on what Oeneral
Mlcble previously had written. In his
"Oeneral 'McClellaiu" page 3tn, Oeneral
Mlchle makes the following statement:
iVly on the morning of the first he rode the
circuit of the position, approved the disposition
that Porter and Conch had made of their troops,
and then returned to his headquarter at Ilaxall's
Landing, but shortly afterward went on board
the gunboat Galena, to select with Commodore
Itodgers the final emplacement for the army and
Its depots. No argument has ever been consid
ered strong enough to justify this separation of
General McClellan from his army, .then mani
festly on the eve of battle.
John C. Hopes In his history ovldently'ac
eepted this aocount given by Oeneral Mlchle.
who waa bitterly prejudiced against Oen
eral McClellan, and makes this comment
(Volume II., page 13s):
If Ms army had been beaten thaj day McClellan
would have been cashiered, and Justly.
Hay d Nlcolay In their "Life of Lincoln"
also accuse Oeneral McClellan of having de
serted the Armv of the Potomac nt the tlma
of the battle or Malvern Hill, nnd that thla
error is widely spread and has not been con
tradicted wit nitthorlty Is proved by let
ters recently published In Thk Su.v from
writers who have accepted the elandcrs
In Tun Bun of September IS was the ac
count given by an eyewitness. Frank J.
Jones, "Lieutenant First Connecticut Heavy
Artillery." He describes the appearance
of Oeneral McClellan and his staff on tho
field ot battle at Malvern Hill. Ho tells
how he saw them ride up through tho park
of nrtlllerv. where Beveral shells had Just
exploded, nnd men belonging to the bat
tery had been killed and wounded, ir, as
he affirms, these shells came from the
United Mates gunboat Galena, they must
have boen very badly aimed.
As to General McClellan's actual presence
on the field of battle tho testimony of this
eyewitness could probably he supported
by hundreds otsurvlvora who took pan in
the campaign. That Oeneral McClellan did
visit the gunboats at Ilaxall's Landing on
the morning or the battle is a fact told In
his' own book. After describing the In
structions given for posting the troops Gen
eral McClellan writes:
I then returned to Ilaxall's and again left for
Malvern soon after daybreak. Accompanied by
several general officers. I once more made the
entire circuit of the poslUon, and then returned
to Ilaxall's, whence I went with Commodore
Itodgers to select the final position for the army
and Its depots. I returned to Malvern 1 1 1 1 1 before
the serious ngnttng commenced, and after riding
along the lines and seeing much cause to feel
anxious about the right, remained In that
Although, according to the further ac
count ot General McClellan, the enemy had
begun reeling along the line and skirmish
ing between 0 and 10 A. M the gen
eral advance was not made until after to
o'clock In the day. A heavy flro of artillery
opened on Kearny's lert and Couch's di
vision at about 3 r. M. A full account
ot the battle Is given, ending thus:
Untlldark the enemy persisted In his efforts to
take Ihe position so tenaciously defended
but his repeated and desperate attacks were
repulsed with tearful toss, and darkness ended Ihe
battle of Malvern Hill, though It was not until
after B o'clock that the artillery ceased Its Are.
The result was complete victory. During the
whole battle Commodore Itodgers added greatly
to the discomfiture of the enemy by throwing
shells among his reserve and advancing columns.
The visit to Commodore Itodgers on his
gunboat on the momlng of July I Is thus
accounted for, and who can doubt the word
or Oeneral McClellan that he was at his post
and In command during the engagement
whloh took place later In the day? The as
sistance given by the shells or the gunboata
shows they were not too far off to take part
In the battle.
It may be difficult to nombat errors whloh
are current In so many popular hlstaiiea
of the day, but It is none the less the duty
of all who know the facts to try to defend
against aspersions the mentpry of so great
and patnolio a man aa General George II
lfiTXtTOM, Pa., September 30,
Eclipse anil Sir Henry .
To the Editor or Thk Bun .Sir May
I correct the very interesting and other
wise accurate story of the race between
American Kclipse and Sir Henry, which ap
peared in THE Ht'N of Sunday last, by say
ing that Kclipse was not born on East Island
at Dosoris, now the summer home of J. P.
Morgan, Jr., j stated In the story? He
was foaled and trained on West Island at
Dosoris, then tho home of General Nathan
iel Coles, his owner, and more recently the
nome or the late Charles A. Dana of Tun Sun
Oeneral Nathaniel Coles, by the way, not
only owned Eclipse nnd his dam. Miller's
Maid, but was also one of the owners of his
grandslre. Messenger. The nroient Mnr
gan island was nt that tlmo the Hummer
residence or John It. Coles of this city, a
brother of the owner of the great horse.
which ract probably gave rise to the error
as to the place or birth.
Purdy, the winning Jockey, was no
stranger to the old horse, and I have been
told that this had much to do with the re
sult ot the race. The only relic or the old
horse I have left Is one of his shoes.
John II, Coi.ks. Tap pan.
Nf.w Yores, October 2.
Qaatralai of a Dack Shooter.
From Ihi at. Louts Pott Dttpottn.
They say the season Is a little soon:
When one has waited till his heart Is sick.
If so thank Heaven for so great a boon.
It can't come any 'Shi Not yet a loonl
Thou welcome herald of the host behind,
ten me wnsi inriune i may nope lo nod.
When are ihey coming and where aretheynow?
Or am 1 too early 'Shi Oct In the blind!
A bunch of pintail over on the right.
Pushing Ihe record both for speed and height
Alast for caution and these number aiM
But great Diana, what a pretty Hgntl
no It. thou long tailed What, they're coming In'
The lame deooy begin lo nod and grin, '
. l'JJ,.n.lB nl lni to show himself alive.
And filling the morning with hts eager din.
A filth fif V H itn Iks w I . I.
The rush of pinions, and the Knees a-s'hake.
si "vci iney re going
Ye that have hearts prepare to let them ache.
la It nnf -. m 1 1 H Ih. n.ln I .--.-
Think uf Ihe massacre that might have been.
....'.. .Mumiiiiau, aim 1110 irmucfl
And picked survivors getting off the scenel
o-here they come again! Well. I should sayl
Boom double boom nnd boomde-ay
Khl U'ha.V rh ...111 iitH.. . L. -
'" Kft Y.1 A. "nyining7
" awn iuuiu t ii , narmrn
The Aerial Eia.
A Russian scientist savs It is nniv n.
time when eggs will be made from alr.-currenl
When earth' last henhouse haa faded and the
When old chanticleer falls lo awake us with his
rsi Hiiug narem ny nis siae,
We shall slog and fallh we shall profit, save gold
for an auto or so.
While Ihe henberrles fall from the heavens, for
price or ine egg will De low,
And those who like eggs shall h tupny; they shall
sit In h t. .-!.(. -V. -
- u, i K,na, in sir
And Indulge In a golden omelet made out of the
They shall find Intense satisfaction whethrr
Shirred fir srvamhUrf a trimA
And the farmer can go to the devil, for Ihe boun-
uui inccis win provide,
At last the egg trust will beat us. we shall still
have the grocer to blame,
ror with Ihe control nf the market Ihey will play
at the same old game.
They will corner the air nf the heavens and buy
' uni near ana from lar.
And "eggs" and the -strictly fresh" product win
be what wo Bud they now are.
tuviour ooym Ttmz.
THE COST OF SHOES.
Higher Prices for Hides Urrlarfr! Perma
nent In This Country.
To thk KuiTutt or Tilts Sun .Sir; In a
recent editorial article on the proposed ad
vance of 20 per cent. In the price nf shoos
you nsk where the hencfltof rrechlilcsstops,
intimating that It does not reach- the wearer
of shoes, and you rercr to t tin receipts or
cattle as indicating that lls'rc Is no ncttial
basis ror tho high prices of hides which are
Indirectly responsible for those or shoes,
The impression given is that the iidvumi'
Is not warranted hy actual conditions.
As regards Ihe duty, while thut was in
force hides or course cost us thnt much more
than they did In other countries! and leather
and sliocs followed proportionately. There
Is no evidence, however. In the fact Hint
leather and shoes am higher with hides on
tho tree list, that latitiers absorb tills ad
vantage, Tor or courso n duty only
determines values relatively lo those In
other countries. There aru In fact few
Industries In which competition Is keener
than In (mining or In which profits have
averaged smaller since hides beciunc frci'.
Tho Department of Agriculture reports
the number of cattlo In I tin t'nltrd .Slates,
other than milch cows, as follows;
January I, ll7
January I, llW
January I, lw
April IS, tarn (Census).
January 1. Pill. . .
January t, IU12, ,
The estimates for IDIt and tin: used the
census report uf April I., lull), as a base and
aro not therefore strictly comparable with
the preceding years. Allowing liberally,
however, for overestimates In theso earlier
years, a rapid diminution In number Is
Tho yenrly rerclpts nt tho seven larco
Western markets for tho sumo period wcro
. . . IMKUIO
. . . S.817,3flO
I loin. .
.... d.iwsi: I
The receipts lust year were smaller than
In any year since loot, when they were about
the Mime. This year they will he still
This decrease is due to three causes; (he
conversion of ranges Into farms, unfavor
able climntlo conditions nnd thn ovci-
marketing of cattle.
On this subject the National Association
of Tanners writes In substance as follows:
In lisia and 1010 there were teueral
droughts over tho We-lcrn and .South
western ranges, ex I ending Into Canada and
Mexico, and in Kilt a partial drought, fol
lowed by an unusually severe winter, Ihe
combined result being a heavy los in
breeding and young stock. There was
also a large overmarketlng of thin nit tie
In 1010 on nceount of the scarcity of feed
and in the following season of tnt cattle
owing to the large corn crop of liiiu nnd
the mild winter "that followed It. This
overmarketlng tended to conceal the de
crease In cattle to which it largely con
tributed." It nlo adds that the supply Is so ex
hausted I lint it will take several years lo
get back to normal conditions, If to get hack
at all Is pov-lble
It Is (he general opinion thill the present
high level of hides Is more or less a permnnent
one nnd that the old conditions in this coun
try as regards entile cannot ho restored.
Tho packers evidently reaile thin, fnr they
have been for some jears securing a loot-
Iioki in Argentina and I rugiiay. the greatest
cattle countries in the world, and arc now
well established there.
1 he removal of the duty on cat tie and meat
would do much to Increase the supply and
lower ine price or both, and this should un
doubtedly be done.
It Is evident, however, thnt the high piice
of hides, shoes, and In a les extent of bef.
are the natural result of cmiditions ipille
outsiue ot man s control. T..nkii.
Nkw Voiik. October I.
A Hull Moose IronM.
To thk Kditor ny Thk Siw-.SiV- Mr
tan is ciuiiicu in miH mornings i x as
saying that after election the few lone
Itepubllcnus who have turned aide to the
Progressive party may come hack lo the
Kcpubllcan party If they will promise to
support the liepubllcan Stute and national
tickets Ip the Tuturo,
It seems to me that In this the President's
kind heart has led him Into error, merciful
error perhaps, but none the' les-, error
t)l course being strong he can iiuiud lo
be merciful. Hut It Is possible. d carry
mercy too fnr. Thn common muss of
Progressives, if a body so small may bo
called a mass, may well he forgiven as Ihe
President says. Hut the President, for his
own sake and the party's sake, should
make a severe example of the leaders of
the Progressive rebellion He should not
permit them to come buck into the licpuli
lican party at all. He should fnrhlil iliem
to enroll as Itepublicans, to participate in
hepubllcan primaries or lo vote the lie
publican ticket. Indeed. It seems to ine
that the President ought to consider seri
ously whether lie will allow three ling
leaders to vole at all. The 'inn delegates
Irom the great Itepiihlican States who
bolted the national convention ought tube
Hy stern discipline the Problem and
Mr. Ililles after three months cainiiaigniuir
huve now made the Itepiibliean National
Committee absolutely unanimous In s
support of tho Hepubllcan Presidential
nominee. Hy patient effort the I'lesldenfs
Cabinet has been made almost unanimous
In his support, but one member nf it being
now suspected of supporting his opponent.
In a few more weeks the Pioldent will
succeed In getting ills name on I lie llepuli
lean ticket in the Stnte of Pennsylvania.
The outlook for getting enough signatures
In place his name on the ballot as nn inde
pendent candidate in Kansas ntid Califor
nia is good. Hy the most Impartial news
paper polls he Is shown to lie lending Colonel
ltoosevelt in at least two States.
Mr. Taft ought not to nullify the effect
of these splendid triumphs or to mar the
hopeful outlook of the future by Ids HI
timed announcement of mercy, however
kindly and admirable the motive which led
him to make the announcement.
Jamks M (iriAT.
Buooei.t.v, October 2.
The Campaign of Plplns lloek.
To utr. I'ntTon or Tiil' Sun .sir- 'Ihe
pangs or hunger aro really only momentary.
When dinner was at last consumed mi "the
evening of Piping Hock tho thoughtlessness
of "would bo" hosts was forgotten, but the
ninis seilous question arose, namely, What
wus the newlv made Ceneral's red purposo
in bringing thn troops tn his hailiwlekv If
lie has been correctly quoted lie clalms"that
he wanted tho men to parade before, their
bosses and thus get builder' will) them; also
to show tho wealthy employers of Locust
Valley what the Guard looked like."
If these wcro the reasons, Piping Hook
was ii fiasco. (July a small number nf em
ployers nnd bosses wcro on hand, and as all
the soldiers did not work iu tho samo Imllsr
factory many of them were, sad to relat.
forced to parade without behig reviewed
hy their boss,
Furthermore, iinfortunato as It Is iu this
case, many hundreds of members of this
brigade happened to bo their own bosses,'.
auu inousunus ni wiem nan enlisted volun
tarily in tho National (luaril, sua Hieing
time and money, not, tn parade hefnrn bosses
or employers or that vague liidetliUU) bodr
known as "society," hut they hud Joined
out of patriotism, to help uphold tho arm
of the law, to put down riots if need be,
and even if called upon to risk their lives
ror their country. Viitkran.
Nkw Yop.k, October 2,
Milk From Contented Cow.
To the llniTcm ok Thk Kcn- atr;
Two brothers (well known ns Ihe Satlei IceM
Hud a dairy form nenr hkanciuclcv
They claimed thai Ihcir rillk
, Was liner than till;,
Pecausc ihey procured for their rattl ease, ,
IN EUROPE THAN HI
Unfflior Just Homo Sa.rs Itump
SI I'll k Costs 3flc. and Uflc.
In Vienna nnd Paris.
CIIKAI'KST MEAT IS J,AUB
IJronst, of Mutton Costs i
1 1 pro It Is Hp. (lame
Kinil .loei'pn, a Washington Market
butcher, liiiH just returned from a tlin-i
months trip to Kurox, duriiiR which 1m
mixed IiiihIiii'hh with plcnsuro hy krepim;
hli oyo on thn tiinrktdrt of h'aclliiK Con.
t liiciitul t'ltlpn I'or thn purposo or wit 1-fyiuR
himself nn to living conditions and mnrx
particularly to nsccrtiiin thn prices paid
I'or meats in thn butcher shops of Vienna,
I'iiijIs nnd elsnwhern. Thn results of hH
Inquiries ennvinced him. he nays, that thn
customers of thn American butcher hum
I let to Mek about lu theso days of liij-h
cost of living than folks on tho other side
"Wherover I went," ho wild yesterday
nftcrnooti, "I found that beef was scarce
uiul much hlRher than In this cotiutry. 1
In sorao countries It Is so expensive that
tjoor peoplo can nllord to cat it only once
"Whllo In Vienna I dropped into a mar
ket thnt had been handed down from
, father to son in ii.tdruiRht lino for 4i)
years, it whs kept iy rredlnund ZinMer,
whoso uncle hud ii shop next door which
.supplies meat to roynl futilities.
"1 had a Ioiik and iuleresthu; talk with
Xinsler iiml was surprised great ly to
learn from him how much higher prices
uro iu Vienna limn hero in N'ow York.
"i'or instance, tho wholesalo prlco for
dressed calve.4 thern is -1 cents it pound.
whiln hem it is about 10 cenln. Sheep
with head.4 on cod HI cents, while tlm
prlco to the retailer hero is H cents. Thn
chcapeM meat I found iu Vienna was
lamb, whole lambs beuiK bought for !
apiece; thn v. holcssle prico in this couulry
is 12 cents ii pound, or uboiit to each.
" I ho retail prices of beer would jar you.
Hump or round bleak in Vienna costs
thn housewife is rents u hound, bones
and all, us uguim-l -0 cents here.
"1'ortorliousn roiit-t with or without
illlet brings M cents thern and an cents
here; tiite a dificrencn, as you'll obwrvn.
I'rimo rib roast is 42 cents a pound and
hero it is 2(1 cents. Chuck ro.-t beef
there m 33 cents and our customers ueAtr
have to pay more than lo cents.
"Now tuku the Paris prices. Thewhole-t-nle
price of liecf is from 1(1 to IS cent, a
pound. Hound steak in Paris coMs 2S
cents a pound; top chuck is 2 cents,
'the bet-t cut of 'plates' for boiled beef
or Miiip meat is retailed nt 22 cents u
pound, whllo in this country tho prion
ought to lie around It und 10 cents.
" I hey get 32 cents a pound tor legs of
mutton, and to-morrow you can buy Ihe
best there is in this market for 12? t retail.
"Oilier price are accordingly high.
For instance, they will charge you 7 cents
for a lamb kidney. We get 2 lind 3 cents.
Calves' brains are 32 cents n pair and hern
they are 10 and 12 cents. Mutton brains
are worth Tt cents there nnd only .1 cents
in New York. Hccf brains nrei quoted
at 28 cents in Paris und HI cents iu Wash
"A calf's heart is considered n great
delicacy. und you have to pay 32 cents for
it, which l considerably in excess of M
and 10 cents that tho American housowifo
shells out for it.
"Pork is very high in Franco, chops
bringing 35 cents n pound in all first class
shops; tile average Now York price is
22 cents. Fresh hams bring 21 cents,
us against ts cents here.
"I found that tho prlcea in (lerruany
were about thn same ns in France, and all
along the linn it was a cuso of very little
meat for tho poor folks.
"One day I droped into n big beer
garden in Munich. Thern wero hundreds
of men nnd women sitting at tables drink -ing
great steins or Muenchner beer and
eating radishes nnd bread. The beer
civ-t only lour cents und tho steins con
tained nearly n quart.
"Owing to tho poverty of the people
nnd tho high cost of living many were
compelled to get their dally meals at these
lu riome nf the flerman cities breat nf
mutton, which poor peoplo iu this country
won't look at ut 0 and S cents a pound,
cos's 22 cents n pound. Is it liny wonder
that thn poor can have meat only once a
week, ami don't you think wo uro much
better off in this country notwithstand
ing ull thu talk ubout tho exorbitant
Although nil kinds of meat nre higher
in I.uropo than in America, according to
Mr. .loMph, game is cheap, particularly
"In Paris." he sals, "pheasants are
quoted nt $1.20 to J1.40 npieco. while
hero thoynost $2.50. Hed pnrirlo chickens
are from 00 to 70 cents ench nnd grny ones
from 00 to 05 cents. Hern if you want
prairie chicken you must pay !5 n pair
Mr. Joseph's sons ran his business for
him while he was nwuj and as soon ns
he returned nnd realized how successful
they had been ho presented them with nn
Mrs. loeph accompanied her husband
II. It. GETS BAIt HAItnOtt SITV.
.Vetr llnven lluys Ms neat Acre at
Iteaort fnr Itttc lintel,
IlAn IlAnnon, Me., Oct. 2. It was
learned to-day that the Now York, New
Haven and Hartford Railroad haa become
possessor of the luilf dozen ucrca which
comprico tho Hardy's Point property at
Har Harbor, tho most valuable spot of
ground at the summer resort,
For several years tho railroad lias con
templatisl tho erection of a, luxurious
hotel to equal anything on tho Fastcm
coast, nnd Its construction nnd comple
tion is iisMired by 11)14. Tho property
covered by the transaction includes thn
prei-ent Newxrt, Marlboro and Itockawny
hotels, several summer cottages con
nected with thn hotels und u number
or stores and other buildings.
The railroad, It is understood, contem
plates sweeping changes, including thn
removal of a majority of the present
buildings and tho hiyincpiit of tho grounds
in superb rnshion. The now hotel is
to bo of live or six hundred rooms nnd it Is
understood that nearly 11,000,000 will b
spent upon It.
sTiiwEit nvconEAN itEroms.
Missionary Conference Wears of
Cniiillllmia In That Country,
IiAKK Moiionk, N. Y,Oct. 2. The con
dition of Christians in Corem, made known
in dnspatchnH from Christian missionaries,
deeply stirred tho sympathies, of thn
continuation committee of the, Kdlnburgh
World's Missionary Conference at ltd
final session hero last evening.
Tho general discussion was participated
in .-.peci'illy by lepreaontatlves of France,
tleim.uiy and (lro.it Ilritain. Owing to
thn Importune" of the subject, tlm wide
attention it has commanded nnd the in
tricacies of llin casn it wuh decided that
tlm cnmmltlco should give it further con
hideralion, Representatives or eleven oo untriea wet)
mw voai, October I. c. 8. P.