Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, SATURDAY,
Only One on Warship Saved
After Crash With the
Amrrlkn Ncnr Dover.
CAME LT UNDER HER HOW
The H-2 Was One of a Flotilla
Manoeuvring Off Kentish
Special Cable fleepateh to Tm flex.
Dover, Knglund. Oct. 4. Fifteen ofTI
cers and men of the lirltlwli suhmarlnc
H-S were drowned to-day off the coat
of Kent when the Hnmburg-American
liner Amerlka cut the submarine In
two., Lieut. Percy H. O'Hrlen, com
inander of the smaller vessel, was
drowned, and the only survivor wan
Lieut. Mellaril I. Ptilleync, second la
command, who was rescued In an ex
The AmerlkaV bow waa merely
scratched, and eho proceeded to South
nmpton after Informing tho rest of the
flotilla of submarines of details as to the
The H-2 wns manoeuvring with flvo
other submarines off the South Fore
land. There was a thick haze. An hour
after the manoeuvres began the accident
occurred. The big liner cut the smaller
vessel In two as If It had been of match
wood. The Amerlka ntood by and threw
out life belts. Lieut. Pulleyne. the only
one saved, was too exhausted to say
more than: "The submarine Is cut In
two. I went down a mile."
The second officer of the Amerlka said
that he was on the bridge at the time
of the accident and that the red light
of the submarine came up Just ahead
of the Amerlka's bow. Kfforts were
made to avert a collision, he said, but
the B-2 was too close.
The B-2 sank Immediately and the
liner stopped as soon as she could.
Boats were sent back to the spot, but
Lieut. Pulleyne was the only one found,
and no bodies of the rest came to the
Tho B 2 was built a year ago and
was one of the newest In the British
The Amerlka left Hamburg on Thurs
day and waa due to dock at Southamp
ton yesterday morning. She was to liave
proceeded to Cherbourg In the after
noon and to have steamed thence for
New York, the liner being scheduled
to arrive here October 12.
Among those taking passage on board
the Amerlka were Mr. and Mrs. James
fifteyer. Consul Henry Lund and Mrs."
Lund, Mr. and Mrs. H. S. Hardenbergh.
Mrs. S. B. Elklns and party, Mr. and
Mrs. Frederick Vandeibllt, Mrs. C. C.
Schuyler. A, A. McKay, i.'apt. C. Stuart,
Mr. and Mrs. Mnloney. Gen. D. L. Gil
lespie and Mrs. Gillespie, Mrs. R. Forsch
nnd daughter, Capt. I. P. Jones and
family, Capt. Charles Dltrlch and other
The Amerlka Is commanded by Capt.
H. B. Knuth, who was perhaps one of
the most careful captnlns on any trans
atlantic liner. He Is almost eccentric
tn his devotion to duty, and when In
port he never leaves his ship, under any
pretext, over, night. ,
178 KILLED IN SUBMARINES.
France, Crrnt Ilrltnln, Inula and
Japan llravlrat I.nsers.
During tho twelve or thirteen years
tn which the submarine boat has been
developed to its present efficiency as a
fighting machine, It is estimated that
nearly 200 lives have been lost by acci
dents. Since 1904 a total of 17S members of
crews have been drowned by the sinking
of their boats or by explosions, the prin
cipal louses having been in the navies
of France, Great Britain, Russia and
Japan. France has lo-u sixty-eight men
in three herious accidents, and Great
Britain, whose submarines have given
het the most serious trouble, has suffered
the loss of forty-eight. men. Russia in
two submarine fatalities lost thirty
live. Numerous accidents have occurred to
American submarines, hut the loss of
life has been insignificant. There have
been a number of narrow escapes, but
the crews pulled through with good man
agement and some luck. It is asserted
by Uncle Sum's naval men that our sub
tnerglbles are managed with greater caro
than are the submarines of European
TV. I I I ... I , 1 - ..u.t.
j iic jjriuuif jui nuuiuariiie uu.ii laiuimes
have been as follows:
March in, icwi I he British submarine
A I will In submerged uas in collision with
the steamship Herwick Castle oft the ltle
of Wight and sank. eleven men lost. Includ
ing I. lent. Muneerah.
June H, l in -Itiislan Delfin Mink nt her
moorings In the Neva, St., Petersburg,
twenty men lost, tnrliidtnir Lieut I'hltka.-otT.
The ai-rldent was caused by the splashing
of water through im ojn hatrhwuy by a
passing blilp. An effort on th part of u
member of the crew to close the hatch was
futile, as an lneMerieni.eU man's arm was
In the way.
February IS. IBOJ-Iirltlnh submarine
A hunk In the (Jueenstovvu harbor fol-
low Ins tho explosion of gasolene, of whiih
there wuw seven tons aboard, four men
killed, im hiding Lieut. SMiiner, and hewn
men were Injure i.
June ft, noli Hritlsh submarine A s
sank off Plymouth as the icmiII of u similar
explosion of gasolene, ItfU'en men wero
July . ifrt.1 French Hiibmatine I'ufnniot
ilheil on" Dierta, Tunis, anil iiiuliln't n.-e.
The enel remained on the bottom lor
sevetity.lvvo hours. .Ml mi mIIic when
le uh brought to the surlaie, hut several
suliseiiui'imy ulfU at the leatill ul their e
October 17. inns sixteen men lost their
lives on the French submarine l.utln. which
went down in a submersion trial upHr III-
teria and illd not rle I ho accident
whs ciuseil by the iiiteriioMtlnil of a
pebble in the slunti eate of l lie soa valve.
January 111, IH07 1'our men, a it. tenant
and three seamen, were killed on the Hritlsh
submarine C-8 by an explosion of gaso.
Kept. S, lKM-The 1'nlted ''tales sub
marines (irampus and 1'lUe vveie d,unagei
by an explosion on a barge to which they
were tied In the Mai Island .Saw Wd.
One man was killed and sever.il were hurt
April '.', itmii-The Italian submersible
Foca suffered an explosion In the Cay of
Naples, gasolene being Ignited by a lighted
cigarette four were killed
June is, ilim- Kussian submersible Knm
bala was rammed bv a warship oft hebasto.
pol ciew of flfleen killed
May ', nun -The Frenrh stihiniiilna
Pluvloie. In collUInn with tht iross.cliaiinel
steamer I'ns do t'alals shortly after she
steamed out of Calais harbor, foundered and
twenty-oight of her crew were drowned,
'I he captain of the steamer thouaht he had
hit a submersed wreck 'I he submarine
iabvi U ilt siittaco soon after the croati
and small boats were sent to her. A few
minutes later she sank,
Jan, 17, inn 'I he German submarine
t'-n sank In the harbor of Kiel with thirty
men aboard three ivcie suffocated. 'I lie
other. saved themselves by putting on
divers' helmets nnd shooting themselves
through the torpedo tulie,
Feb. 2, mi J The Hritlsh submarine A-3
was sunk In collision with Its. parent ship.
the Hazard, oil the Isle of Wight; tho en
tire crew of lour officers und ten men wero
d i owned.
June s, inil-The French submarine
Vendemalre In making a theoretical at
tempt to torpedo tho battleship St. I.ouls
at Cherbourg was rammed hy the Ht.
Louis as she appenred under the battle
ship's prow and went down, twenty-four
men, Including two officers, were lost.
Onn of tho most remarkable Incidents
recorded In the) history of submarine;
sinkings was tho heroin death of Lieut.
Hakuma, who waa lost with h!s crew of
fourteen men when the Japanese ub
tnarlno went down in Hiroshima Bay on
April If., into.
-While waiting for death In his boat on
the bottom of the hay the Lieutenant
busied himself writing a Ions letter to
hm Emperor In which he said: "Words
of apology fall mo for having sunk his
Majesty's Submarine No. A. My subor
dinates, are killed by my fault, but It Is
with prido that I Inform you that the
crew to a man have discharged their
duties as sailors should, with the utmost
coolness until their dying moments. We
now sacrifice our lives for the sake of
our country, but my fear is that the disas
ter will affect the future development
Other subinurine accidents with no
fatalities have been as follows:
January II, 1007 French suhtnarlne Al
gerian sank at her moorings at Cherbourg:
no loss of life.
January II, 107 French submarine X
became unmanageable at sea off Cherbourg
and went down, hut was rescued by tor
pedo bo'.'.i. with all on board.
March 5, 1007 The French submarine
Oymnote. manoeuvring under water off
Toulon, struck a rock, ripping oft several
plates, but managed to reach the surface
and was towed ashore; no loss of life.
October 10, lOOl-Tho crews of the United
States submarines Octopus, Viper and
Cuttlefish were much affected by poisonous
gases generated on a run from Jvew Ttork
to Norfolk, hut no one died.
October 15. inni The French submarine
boat Fresnol ran Into a Jetty at La Rochelle
and sank almost Immediately. Her crew
was rescued with difficulty by the steamer
July ll, tsio The United States sub
marine Itonlta rammed the gunboat Caa
tine near North Deach. Mass.; the gunboat
was beached and nobody was Injured.
Almost 6, 1010 -The British submarine
At, which was sunk off Portsmouth in ltsii,
was badly damaged by an explosion of
petrol: five men were Injured,
April H, mi: While on tho bottom of
the bay at San Francisco at a depth of
so feet the crew of tho 1'nlted States sub
marine Carp faced death for an hour and a
half because a steel cable of a ten ton anchor
became Jammed In tho hawse pipe, holding
the submarine a prisoner.
May 17. Kit21 he United States subma
rine Tuna ran on a shoal off Xongport,
N. J.; all saved.
PUTS BLAME ON AMERIKA
London "Trlectraph" ftajra Liner
Conld Have Avoided Accident.
London, Oct. 0. The Dail) Telegraph
insinuates that the Amerlka was cul
pable. It quotes local reports to the
effect that the submarine flotilla was
well outside the normal course of liners
and says that the Amerlka was ap
parently cutting a corner with a view
of saving a few minutes in crossing
an nrea where there may always be
Tho paper also criticises the Amerlka
for the high speed at which she was
travelling, which, It says, must have
carried her three miles beyond tho
disaster before she could stop, notwith
standing the reversal of her engines.
Lieut. Pulleyne hns not recovered
enough as yet to make a statement.
LAUDER ILL, BUT STILL SIN0S.
Scottish Comedian ITnderKoInu
Treatment for Duodenal Ulcer,
, Sptelal Cable Deipateh to The Sri.
London, Oct. 4. Harry Lauder, tho
Scottish comedian, who has been ill for
several days with intestinal trouble,
spends his days at a nursing! home and
his evenings on the stage singing, not
withstanding the fact that he suffers
frequent pain. Ills physicians have diag
nosed his trouble as a duodenal ulcer and
are treating him with a serum, believing
that it can be cured without an operation.
B0UTELLS SAIL FOR AMERICA.
Minister In S vrltserlnnd Will Attend
Special Cable tletrotch to Tnn Srs.
London, Oct. 4. Henry 8. Boutell. the
United States Minister to Switzerland,
accompanied by his wife and daughter,
Alice (!., sailed for the United States
to-day for the wedding of Miss Bou
tell to J. W. Hrocks-Ladd of Boston,
which will tHke place at Washington,
D. C on November 28. The newly
married couple will pass the winter In
WOULD SHOOT LLOYD GEORGE.
So n)s SuffrnKettr at Itreeptlun for
Pomp ld L'ollraunra,
fpednl Cab'e Henpateh to Tss Srv
London, Oct. 4- During a reception
to. night to the released suffragettes at
Claphiim, Mrs. Duval said that If she
was present with n revolver nt one of
Chancellor Lloyd-Oeorge's meetings, she
would unhrsltutlngly shoot him.
ANOTHER AVIATOR KILLED.
Ilerr lllrkmnler, Herman Filer
Meets Drnth ar Hanover.
ipeclol Cable Peipnteh to This in
IlANovxn, Uct. 4. Aviator Hlrltmiiler,
i while flying In u monoplane trr?l.iy, fell
In a Held and died shortly afterward.
FLASHES I'llOM THE CABLE.
ItCiMll.fl.U Secretary of Btnlf Knnx
and SnTury nf the Interior Klihfr r
vlrwiil nearly 4.000 t.'nlied Main tinenn,
Hnlh leave tn.ila) for Seattle on board the
I'APItf -Th I'lHensry of the etjblh,h
inent nf the Hpsnlsh I'nrtes, or Parliament,
Is lieliiK celrlrute, here with brilliant fen.
tlvllks. which are in extend nur several
iU). HwiUI nilMluiia frnm it 1 1 the Hpan
ln-Amerit.in inunirio, im limine Mexico,
MO.II The areitfut rains In years hsvn
riehiKpil northern Japan In ihn Ut three
1 ilava, ami cnnrldrrsiile iiutrcm anil suffer
Ins am repnrml from a senre nf towns und
I illles upon the north snd wen ios,
Knint 1'onjl comes the report that mors t,in
I sevmiy small Itshlim v resets hiivs' lten
atuimpril nr driven ashnrr during tuV-atornia
iful ilia t lo.j uf life has been trt.
UpIIpvps Tupkf.v's Loss of Mnop
douln Would Mpnn Kncl
Ipss Civil Wnr.
ALBANIA HEADY TO AID
Since Spttlpmcnt of Hpr Diffi
culties She Will Gladly
The Ottoman Ambassador to Washing
ton, his Excellency Youssouf Zla Pasha,
Is staying In New York nt present, and
last night at tho Ritr.-Gtrlton ho was
obliging enough to express some view
on thn present disturbances to a Bun
There Is nothing Oriental In tho appear
ance of the now Ambassador, n man of
middle stature, with closn cropped beard
nnd hair strrnlced with gray, not so dark
as many Italians, or for that mutter Now
Yorkers home from their vacations.
Dressed in perfect taste, there Is nothing
to distinguish him roin any well to-do
American gentleman in n crowtl or on
the street. .Foe the present ho prefers
not to talk In English, but his trench is
that of Paris and of cultivated society
the world over.
The Ambassador showed little anxiety
over tho reported outbreak of hostilities
on the Turco-Bulgarian frontier and
waa aure that the Turkish Government
Is not nt all alarmed. He recalled that
Turkey was able not so long ago to more
than hold her own against Russia, Ru
mania and Montenegro combined, and
thought tho Turkish soldiers would have
less difficulty with the troops of the little
Balkan kingdoms. Whatever the issue
of the fighting, however, tho great Powers
have declared that the status quo shall
bo maintained in the peninsula, and thn
Turkish Government has absolute faith
that tho Power will keen their Dromise
Ha hnrl aonn th novvlv.inrr rpivnrf R thftt I
peace was nearly concluded with Italy.
which should make it simpler for Turkey
to deal with her lesser foes.
The pretext for attacking Turkey in
the case of Bulgaria, Servia and Greece
is at bottom their dissatisfaction with
the treatment of Macedonia. YousAouf
Zla Pasha in answer to n request brielly
summarized the Ottoman view of the
recent disturbances. Tlieso arose from 1
the desire of the new Government, ufter
the establishment of the Constitution
and of parliamentary government, to
decentralize the administration In some
degree. There' was no idea of erecting
the provinces into anything like states.
but it seemed desirable that many local
affairs should bo settled by the local
authorities without referring to the
central authorities at Constantinople.
That measure of self-government hns
proved satisfactory in many parts of the
In Macedonia, however, the population
is inxtricalily mixed; Sorbs. liulitars,
Greeks, Turks are neighlsirs and often
hostile to each other. Instead nf com
bining to develop their local administra
tion Into a form cf self-government as
Ottoman subjects, each nationality be
gan to conspire for "autonomy," each
hoping to get the better of the others
if the revolt was suocessf ill. and each
encouraged by the independent State of
its o'Mi nationality, which hopes to annex
the whole country to its territory. Tho
term maceciniiif wnicn tins neen nuoptccl
by he kitchen might almost b d.-scrip-
tive of Maciioman nationality, a mixture i
of materials of ull kinds wnich do not
It ecni8 n fair inference from the
Ambassador's remarks on Macedonia
that the Turks look on themselves as i
the twnd of peace in tho land. If by any
chance Mauedonla should be cut off from
tho Ottoman Umpire and not annexed
to a Power strong enough to keep it in
subjection It would seem innvitablo
tt it Serbs. Bulgars and Greeks in nlmost
every village would strive, to get the
iiper hand, for they wm to 1 in I uracb
other worso than they do the Turks, and
civil war of thU most intimate kind would
be kept up until the strongest racecrushed
its rivlls. In the same way it may be con
ceivable) that the combined Kilkon States
might get the better of the '1 urks; how
long would miy combination between
them hold out. however, when it came
to a division of the spoils, and how long
would Austria and theother great Pouets
hold their hands ofl? For these guefcaes,
however, the Ambaskador Is not re
sponsible, With regard to Albania, where accord
ing to the latest reports all dissensions
nave lieen appealed. Youssouf Zia Pasha
osoribes tho trouble to tho conflict
lietweon feudal and modern Ideas. The
Albanian mountaineers, Moslem and
Christian ullk", havo been accustomed
to carrying weaftVtis and using them on
each other with little ptovoc.it ion, in
which respect they are not unlike souih
mountain folk in the United States. When
thn new Government required that the
arms be given up its purpose was mis
understood. Thn misunderstanding has
lieen cleared up. apparently, ond the
Albanians pacified, hd that now they nro
clamoring to be allowed to light for
Turkey and to lie sent to tho front. That
is tho gist, of tho matter;. The foreign
complications th Ambassador naturally
could not bo asked to touch on v
The onu' aspiration of new Turkey,
according to tho Ambassador, is to ha
allowed to introduce and develop within
the empire ull the improvements of mod
ern progreerj from whioh il has been
ho long debarred. That it a grout work
which calls for time and peace. The
empire linn no deslro to extend ite boun
daries; its one wish is that Kiiroiiean cu
pidity will vvutm to covet its tertltory.
It is trying to extend civilization as fast
ns it can and has no desiio for war. The
Turkish soldier, however, wlieu it comes
to defending his country is as officlcnt
now iw he was at Plevna.
This is not Youssouf Zla Pasha's first
visit to Now York nor to this country.
Hokwas sent to Washington an envoy
to inform President Tuft of the ac
cession of the Sultan, and also repre
sented Turkey at tho Hudson-Fulton
celebration. He is very much interested
In this country, and partlculatly In tho
ttrst nationnl election which ho lias been
al" toobservn near at hiindiandispleaiind
with thn opiKirtunitv- he bus to watch tho
working of tho politicul mccliunlstn
CORTES TO CONSIDER STRIKE.
Kins Alfonso Calls Special Session
All Optimism Vanishes.
Madrid, Oct. 4. King Alfonso to-day
called a special session of Parliament
for Oct 11 to deal with the railroad strike
The optimum which prevailed
In ofllclai circles yesterday over
the prospects for a settlement of
tho Catalonlan railway strike and tho
proposed general railway strike has
va,f1slhed. The majority nf the strikers
rcpudl.Vto tho draft of their demands
which vvns presented to Tremler Cann
loinu vKsterdav. Thev snv that the
lenders wefya'unauthorlzed to -state their
OUTBREAK OF WAR
CoiifMitcrf from First Paat.
demonstration nt Htamhnul nt which
references to possible war were tumul
tously ncclalmed and a mention of tho
allies drew a chorus of curses.
It Is reported that the rebels on the
Island of HamoH have proclaimed a re
public. The Government has ordered the
Turkish troops to leave Hamos on the
ground that they were only sent there
to preserve order and now that Drltfsh
nnd French warships are Insuring tran
quillity the Turkish troops are not
Dully Turkey Is bocomlnr; less docile.
She appears bent upon settling her po
sition In tho Balkans once and for all.
If there Is to be a war so near at home
diplomats and those who have followed
the tankled doings of this crisis feel that
the Turks will go Into It with n whole
hearted, fierce enthusiasm very differ
ent from their attitude toward the Ital
ian conflict. The' Ottoman (lot-eminent
hns ordered all railway communication
with 8ervia stopped.
All the horses In this city have been
'requisitioned by the Government for;
the army. Tho Government has ordered
the withdrawal of the Turkish troops
from the ltlo of Hamos snfl the Prince
Governor will leave that Island for tho
time being. The Government haa or
dered a strict censorship of all tele
grams, official or otherwise.
It Is regarded as very probable hero
that there Is some truth In the de
spatches telling of the fighting around
Adrlanople. Military men here regard
It ai nothing more serious than a skir
mish between'outposts. One report has
It that three battalions of Montene
grins have come across the border to
Join the Mallacor! tribesmen against tho
advancing Turkish troops. Another
says that at Harmanll, thirty-seven
miles north of Adrlanople, the Turks
nnd Iiulgars met In a battle In which
four hundred men were killed. It Is
doubted here that nny such casualty
Hostile troops manrcuvrlni;
, nlmost within gunshot of each other
nlnHM Hvnlf r a n knnlaii line.. r ,.
alons their own border lines are very
apt to ensnge In outpost firing even
though there hns been no declaration of
war, and while It Is probable thnt thero
mny Rave heen encounters between
scouts It Is thought unlikely thnt any
general engagement has as yet been
The ultimatum from Itulgarla has not
as yet been received by the Porte.
Athens, Oct. 4. This capital was
astir to-day with the report that there
was a general plot on the part of Tur
key to assassinate all the Greeks In
Albanlai Simultaneously word was re
ceived here thnt the four destroyers
recently purchased from Argentina
I by Greece had sailed for Plneus from
1 Liverpool. The final touches have been
put on the warships and they are now !
.... 1. nl . . . i-L. . . . ... ..... I
mi .n.-ii nip ctiniraci uy wnicn
the vessels were transferred was closed
only a few weeks ngo. Tho destroyers
nre manned .by Hritlsh crews.
.Just how the report from the frontier
that the Greeks were tn be mast-acred
arose Is not known. At any rate all
the newspapers here carried such des
patches saying that a Greek notable at
Plllplade has been killed by the Turks
nnd that the Albanian Governor of
Jnnlna has marshalled n force of out
laws and freebooters for the ostensible
purpose of running down Greek rebels.
As a matter of fact, say the despatches,
these outlaws have been got together to
kill ull the Greeks in the vicinity. It Is
Hi lhn, k.mh ,,... , ,i
,"L , 0U.raB a,rc bfl2R
ca1r1"""J tanwA by the Turks, who
will throw the blame for them on tho
Greeks after the harm Is done.
ltEuiRAriE, Oct. 4. Premier Pasltch
made an Impassioned speech to-day to
the people of this city, already on
nerve's edge for the struggle they deem
"The die Is cast." he told them. "W'e
cannot now go back. It Is the Gov
ernment's determination to compel Tur
key tn grant autonomy to old Servla."
Hut while the statesmen watched the
'people whirling through the streets In
long riotous processions demanding war
and extermination of the Turk under
their breath they dtscursed In grave
tones the one thing that has really kept
back the order tn the troops of the four
States to cross the border Into Turkey.
This thing Is cash and their crying need
French and other "European bankers
have refused to finance any war In the
Halltans. This decision makes the
cheers of the man In the street ring a
little less forcefully In the ears of the
rulers of the Halkan States.
Vienna, Oct. 4. The Zdf says Aus
tria's chief nnval station ut Pola Is very
busy preparing to equip the Meet
promptly, but the ships have not yet
been ordered to mobilize.
PRINCE GEORGE EXPECTS WAR
Leaves t'oprnbagen for Paris With
Special VabU Impatch to Tna 8r,
ConcKiiAGKN, Oct. 4. Prince and Prln
cess Georgo of Greece left here for
Paris to-day. On their arrival at tho
French capital, Prince George expects
to receive a telgram from homo sum
moning htm to take up the command
of a Greek squadron.
The Prince told an Interviewer to
day that he regarded war between
Turkey and the allies as certain. The
Princess will remain In Paris with her
father, Prince IloUnd Bonaparte.
1,500 GREEKS SAIL TO-DAY.
steamer Macedonia Turned Over
t'oiuplrtrl v to Would-no Hoteliers.
About 1,500 able bodied Greeks will
sail to-day for the fatherland on the
Greek Line steumship Macedonia to take
up arms against the Turks if the present
strained situation results In war. The
Theniistocles, the noxt Greek bteamship
to leave this port, will sail on October 17.
This ahip will also be filled with men
of the reserve and with volunteer.
Besides the shins of the Greek Line,
tho Austro-American Line steamships
put in at Patras and these ships, while
not devoted to the transportation of
possible Greek soldiers to the exclusion
of other business, as are the shlpa of the
Greek Line, will carry all of the home
going Greeks for whom there Is room.
In addition to the two tinea of ships
btopping at Patras, many of the men
from the Balkan States who are looking
forward to seeing service against Turkey
will take the tinea to Liverpool, Havre,
Hamburg, Bremen or Antwerp and then
will cross Kurope by rail to their old
homea, This la true of the Bulgarian
Servian, Montenegrin and Albanian,
who either would have to pass through
Turkish territory or through the Dir.
daneltea, which would b quite as bad,
to join tnetr ooumrymen,.
The oall tn tho colors Issued lr the
Groek Government aJTncts those Greeks
who have served their tlmo In the army
and who, following that service, are in
tho reserve. Tho call was for men who
had entered the army In 199 or later,
or practically wat for till Greek citizens
of military requirements between tho ages
of 21 and 35. There is compulsory mili
tary servlro In Greece for all male citi
zens physically qualified when thoy reach
the ago of 21. There nre exceptions,
however, such as men who are only sons
and who, liecauso of this, are exempted
on tho theory that they ate or mny become
tho sole support of their families.
The greater proportion of Greeks II vn
undor tho Crescent nnd thcec, under Turk
lsh laws, are subjects of Turkey. They
are, therefore, not subject to Greek com
pulsory military duty and tiro not mem
bers of the Grek military reserve. It
is from these Grsoco-Turkish citizens, to-
fi ether with many of tho Greeks In the
nlted Htat and other countries, that
the volunteers for wnr will come.
It is estimated that thn present num
ber of Greek men of military ng In the
United Ktatns I about Mum, Of these,
nbout ino.fioo come from oreeoe, nnd are
subject to the reserve rail of their Govern,
ment, while 250,noo come from Turkey or
from countries under Turkish suzerainty,
Of the Greek males of military age in
this country 76,om have seen service of
from six months to three years In their
The Atlanti. a Greek dally newspaper
published In New York, for some time
has urged upon Greeks In this country
tho advisability of Joining the National
Guard in the various Htatee. Many of
the Greeks have acted upon this adrloe.
Kor instance, there are four of them In
the Hoventy-first regiment, N. O. N. Y.,
with George Piuiopouloe, president or
the Greek American Athletic Club, aa one
of the moat ftrtlve.
With a nucleus of these National Guards
men,, the Greeks In various cities have
organized Greek volunteer corps, with
nn organization modelled after that
of the National Guard and with consider
able made of the social features. Many
of these organizations are uniformed
and armed hy their own funds and have
been keeping up regular drill for some
time. In case of actual war with Turkey,
It Is expected that most of the members
of these organizations will volunteer at
.In accordance with orders received
from the Greek Government, through the
homo office, the officers of the Oreek line
in New York have refunded the money
to several hundred Italians who had
booked for aseago on the Macedonia
this morning, nnd these will sail on ships
of other linen. The few women and child
ren who had been booked also will be trans
ferred to other shine, leaving the Mace
donia to take only the men of the reserve
and volunteers. Kven tho cargo has been
taken off nnd will go by other routes.
There waa a waltingline all day yester
day at the offices of Consul General Botnsil,
3S Month William street, of reserves
responding to the call nnd seeking to
obtain passage. The Consul General
said that at present no volunteers would
be asked for and no assistance would be
given them to return to Otveco.
BROOKLYN MAN DIES ON LINER.
Apopletr Censes Madden Drnth at
Herman Petersen, n Urevrer.
Special Coble titircr.ett to Tnr. Sri.
Plymouth, Oct. 4. Herman Peter
sen, aged 60, a Hrooklyn, N. Y
brewer, who was a saloon passenger
on the Hamburg-American liner Cincin
nati, which arrived here to-dny. was
found dead In the ship's lavatory by the
vessel's doctor shortly after dinner yes
terday. Apoplexy was the cause of
The body was taken to Hamburg to
day for an autopsy.
Herman Petersen had been for
twenty-ihree years manager and treas
urer J Plel Hros. brewery In Hrooklyn.
A cablegram announcing his death was
received at his home, 123 Pennsylvania
avenue, He was born In Germany fifty
one years ago nnd came to this country
tn his youth. His wife and a son, Her
man, Jr., survive him.
KAISER SCORES HIS AVIATORS.
Mnkrs Criticism of Their Work D or
itur .Vasal Manoeuvres.
Special Cable tietpateh to Tnr. Sen.
DnnsnuN, Oct. 4. The -Vcitsfc .VncJi-
Hc'ifrn says the Kaiser was dissatisfied
with the aviation showing during the
recent naval manoeuvres.
He told Admiral von Tlrpltz, the
Minister of Marine, that he was disap
pointed with the work of the naval air
men. Neither the airships, the aero
planes nor the hydroplanes Justified hi
$1,530,000 NOT COMING HERE.
Onld l'nxssed for er York Taken
hy Dank of England.
Special Cable Vetpatch to Ts Six.
London, Oct. 4. In consequence of
the present rate of exchange H.530,000
In bar gold which was engaged for
New York early In the week was taken
to-day hy the Bank of Kngland Instead.
BROTHER'S THEFT KILLS HIM.'
Well Known Moscow Dnslnrss Man
Dies on llrarlna the News.
St. Petrrsburo, Oct. 4. M. Yaslunln
sky, tho well known wealthy Moscow
business man, a member of the Council
of the Kmplre, died suddenly to-day on
learning that hi brother had decamped
with $350,000 belonging to the firm of
which both were members.
To Brln; Mrs. lino's Body Home.
Special Cablt Ucipatch to Tnr. Sox
Paris, Oct. The body of Mrs. Har
riet Christmas l'nu, who died here yes
terday, will be taken to New York on
th steamship Franee when she salts on
October 19. It will be accompanied by
the daughter of the dead woman, Mrs.
Leon Grade I, and Miss Mary Plnchot Eno.
Mrs. Pat Campbell Is Worse.
Special Cable Detpatck to The Sex.
London, Oct. 4. The physicians
who are In attendance on Mrs. Patrick
Campbell, the actress, report that she
was not so well to-day as yesterday.
rlrlngs Back IV arse Bride.
Samuel Cohen, a diamond merchant of
Manhattan, living at 1137 Forty-fifth
street, Brooklyn, whose departure from
home a week ago last Thursday and
unexplained absence since caused his
family speculation, returned from Phila
delphia yesterday with a bride, His
wife was Miss Elizabeth Kinehandle, a
nurse who has been attending the small
son of Mr. Cohen's neighbor, Philip Von
Tiaac. also a diamond merchant. '
Bathing Compound F
and soll by
NIKOLA CHEUICAL COMPACT,
tt West I2ad Street.
Dr. Alfred do Qticrvnln Snys
Ho Hcnched Hltrlirst Point
on July 12.
FOUND NEW SWITZERLAND
Inland Ico Not So Hrgulnr ns
Hns Boon Supposed No
tpectnl Cable despatch to Tn Brx,
GM'bnhmikn, Oct. 4. The newspaper
Uigrt printa the first detailed story of the
eipeditiem of Dr. Alfred de Qtiervaln
which crossed the icy waste of Greenland
some tlmo ago.
The expedition consisted In addition
to Dr. (Juervu)n of six Swiss savants. It
Btarted with iwenty-nino dogs, three sleda
and ten Kskfmo hearers. The first diffi
culty waa the reluctance of the bearers
to persevere in the venture. They prom
ised to accompany tho party for five days
but one by one they deserted. One only
stuck through the whole journey.
The aaoent toward the Interior pla
teau waa reached in ten day and on June
20 the expedition began the real journey
of eroeaing the ioe wastes. At first they
travelled only Bixtcen miles a day with n
view to snaring tho dogs. There were
tremendous ico crevasses all around.
S. Altttmtt $c da.
ANNOUNCE ' FOR THIS DAY (SATURDAY),
A VERY SPECIAL SALE OF
WOMEN'S CHIFFON BLOUSES
THESE BLOUSES HAVE JUST BEEN MADE UP
AND ARE OF ENTIRELY NEW DESIGN.
ALSO A SPECIAL SALE OF
MISSES & GIRLS TAILOR-MADE SUITS
AT THE FOLLOWING ATTRACTIVE PRICES:
MISSES' AND GIRLS SUITS of serge
OR MIXTURES. ACTUAL VALUE $22.00, AT $12.50
MISSES' SUITS of cheviots, actual
value $35.00 ; at 18.75
misses' and girls' dresses for academy,
afternoon and evening wear. tailor-made
suits. coats and wraps for all occasions
will be found in the regular stock at
a specialty is made of garments for
children from 4 to 14 years of age. in
cluding dresses and coats. for school
wear. party dresses. etc
3. AHmmt & (Ho.
READY-TO-WEAR OR MADE - TO - ORDER,
FOR WOMEN. MISSES AND GIRLS.
RIDING HABITS FOR CROSS- OR SIDE-SADDLE.
REPRESENTING THE LATEST APPROVED IDEAS
OF THE FOREIGN DESIGNERS. SUPERIOR
MATERIALS. WORKMANSHIP AND STYLE ARE
RIDING SHIRTS. KNICKERBOCKERS. TIGHTS. CORSETS,
HATS. BOOTS. GLOVES. ETC
WHIPS AND CROPS.-
NEW ASSORTMENTS OF
BOYS & YOUNG MEN'S CLOTHING
FOR SCHOOL. ACADEMY. COLLEGE AND. GENERAL
WEAR ARE IN STOCK. INCLUDED ARE
BOYS' SUITS OF BLUE SERGE AND MIXED CHEVIOTS
(WITH TWO PAIRS OF KNICKERBOCKERS) AT $6.00,
7.50, 630 & 10.50
YOUNG MEN'S SUITS OF MIXED CHEVIOTS
(SIZES 32 TO 38) AT $13.50 TO 27.50
jrtOf Attttutf, 3411) mi2t35ttj Uttti Mm
They wore In the most dangerous part
when suddenly, while on the thin ice of
an inland lake, tho, whole expedition w.n
Immoined. On enlarging they found that
their clothing had been fro-ien stiff, but
fortunately only some of their provisions
hud lxen lost.
Gradually the dog marches wore .
tended to twenty-eight miles n day Thev
were frequently almost overwhelmed bv
flerco blizzards. Tho highest point, s.n.tn
feet nbovn the level of the sea, wan re u limi
on July 12. This was In longitude it i
groos 42 minutes west, l.itltmio n; do.
grees 23 minutes north.
Meanwhile the eXiedlllon had to-ie'ie
Penry'a and Nordensjold's (tacks, it
was ascertained that N'ordensjold's Lap.
landers had not gone-ST far ns lia l I n
stated. Thclf high resords did not tally
with the facta.
To tho northward of Hormlll't fiord a
great now mountainous region was lo
cated and chrlstenei Hwltr.erlan'l. Tin
highest peak seen, 0,2O feot above ejri
level, was named Mount Foral. It is ths
second highest petW In Greenland. At.
this time a new dunger threatene I tim
expedition. The food cache on th" eist
const could not be located owlns; to an
error of tho map, 1nt fortunately Ang
magsalik was not sa far away.
Dr. Quervaln aiya the Inland Ins Is not
ao regular In Its formation as has hitherto
been assumed. The lowest temperature
encountered waa 23 degrees below. Flora
was absent, but birds were located as far
aa the forty-first degree of west longitude.
Tho dogs behaved excellently and It was
with sorrow that thoy wore) slaughtered,
but this had to ln done as they would not
tie allowed to enter Angmazsalik. Dr,
Quervaln I convinced that the dogs are
better for this sort of work than the ponies
which Capt. Koch proposes to use in his