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THE SUN, SUNDAY, OCTOBER 6, 1912
SUNDAY, OCTOBER 0, 1012
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It our ftteniis vho ta'or us rth manuscripts tor
publication Irish tohare rejrcleit articles relu rned then
must in all cases stwt sta'nps tor lhat firpo.e.
sin Walter ralehih is tins to
theiuhhii: rihiseveltix v.tvi.
from "The lye," I'erctfs Itehyies. Vol II., p i:o.
Tell potentates thy live
Acting by others' actions;
Not lov'd unless" tltny give,
Not strong but by thoir frictions;
If potentates reply
Give potentate tho lye.
Tell men of high condition
That rule affairs of State.
Their purpose is ambition.
Their practise onely hate;
And if they once reply,
Then Rive them all the lye.
clutlonnry Change Which He Advocates.
ToTHKEDiTOROFTitKSttN-Slr As your
editorial article in TlIK Sr.v of October 3 is
entitled "Some Questions for Attorney
General Wickorsham," may I add one word
to what I havo already written concern
ing compulsory voting, even at the risk of
unduly prolonging this discussion and
of calling down upon my head another
of your most cherished and esoteric ad
jectives? You ask a number of questions about
thedctailsof compulsory voting which may
bo answ ercd in a variety of ways.
All of the objections raised in the ques
tions are discussed and dloscd of in a
comprehensive article entitled "l Vote
Obligatoire" by M. Felix Moreatl in the
lievue Politique rf Parlcmcntaire for 1830.
The system as operated in Switzerland
meets them in one v.ay. (See "The Refer
endum in Switzerland" by Simon De
Ploige, English translation by 1'. Tro
velyun, London, ISOsij that of Relgium I
In another (s?e "I..- Droit (.onstltutionni'l
de la ltelgique." Paris. lfiO&.byO. Orban).
After tho adoption of the Belgian Consti
tution in ltsxi. Article 4S of which made
provision for compulsory voting, the
"Code Electoral" was enact ed, containing
In Sections 2ro to III provision to carry
tho project into effect. Hoth M. Orban
and M. Dupric:: ("IOrganlzation du Suf
frage Universal en Helgique") testify to
the smooth and satisfactory workings of
tho system, which had reduced to between
B and (i ptr cent, the number of qualified
voters who fail to exercise the franchise.
It would exceed the permissible limits
of this letter to attempt oven a summary
description of tho Belgian code, but
provisions are made in it for unavoidable
absence at the timo of election, and in
tho hypothetical case you put of tho
voter being called on to vote for ono of
two equally objectionable candidates, ho
can cast a blank ballot. Such a con
tingency would probably never arise, as
practically every election is held to fill
a number of oltlces, and a voter may
scratch all candidates for one office while
voting for persons to fill tho other offices
Howovor, I have not suggested tho
adoption of this system in connection
with the choice of candidates for office,
but as a concomitant to popular voting
upon questions of constitution or law
making or removal of officers by way of
initiative or referendum or recall, should
these become a part of our institutions.
Such, it seems to me, would be a measure
of protection against tho otherwise dis
astrous consequences of subjecting the
fundamental rights of tho individual to
the hazard of destruction by casual vot
The system was suggested as part of
proposed constitutional changes, which
would meet your doubts an to its con
stitutional validity, but I am far from
conceding that tho legislature is now
without authority to compel the uxcrcisu
as a duty of the right of suffrage which
the Constitution confers on a citizen,
when the exercise or non-exercise of that
right may affect the welfare of every
No riyht.i can exist in a democracy which
do not entail corresponding Jutien.
(iV.O. W. WlCKURSlIAM.
Cedarhurst, October 5.
Wo assure our umiublo and accom
plished friend in the Department of
tlustico that ho need not hesitate to use I
The Scn'h columns for the dissemina
tion of his interesting views on com
pulsory voting in the United States
of America. tt muy draw upon our
space to any extent for that purpose,
and be welcome. All that we ask of
Mr. WlcKEHHHA.M is to dolino or describe
more specifically than lie did in Ponn
hylvania the other day, or even than he
does in the foregoing communication,
the practical and constitutional aspects
of this great, project of radical chungu
in America's polity of which he bus
now so courageously undertaken (amid
his many and exacting engagements)
to bo tho champion or father,
j Tor example, wo asked Brother Wick
f.RHHAM whether in his opinion the prin
ciple of tho coerced vote should apply
to every eloction of every kind or only
to certain elections, selectol by some
duly constituted authority as proper
j occasions for the compulsory exercise
of the right of franchise, lie replies
that he is not now suggest ing the sys
tem in connection with the choice of
candidates for office, but "as a concern-
itant to popular voting upon questions
of constitution or lawmaking, or re-
moval of officers by way of Inltlativo or
referendum or recall, should these be
come a part of our institutions." But if
the Attorney-Ocnerni resta his advocacy
of the compulsory vote on the broad as
sertion of legislative power which tho
last two paragraphs of his letter certainly
seem to contain, w hy should the enforce
ment of tho voto us n legal duty wait for
the establishment of the Initiative, the'
referendum and the recall? Pooh he
think there is any distinction between
the legal duty to participate in the elec
tion which makes a President of tho
United States and the legal duty to par
ticip.it'! in the
voto which by and by
shall unmake a President!!
Hut Profiler Wickkissiiam does con
sider the question of the enforced vote
for candidates for ofliee in his reply to
another question of ours. asked
him whether he would penalize a voter
for refusing to east his ballot, against
his conscience, for either of two candi
dates when he believed both to bo unfit.
The Attorney-Oonernl explains that
under the Belgian code in such a case
the voter would be allowed to cast a
blank ballot. So to that extent the
power of enforcement of the compulsory
vote does not go beyond the door of the
voting booth. The law would drag tho
elector to the polls and then not compel
him to elect. Against the idea that this
would be a futile and ridiculous pro
ceeding on the part of authority, Brother
Wickeiisiiam suggests that "practically
every election i held to (111 a number of
offices, and a voter may scratch, all can
didates for tin otlice while voting for
IHirsons to fill the other offices." We
should be pleased to ascertain the theory
on which the legal "duty" to vote could
be suspended in one instance and not,
if tho voter so chose, with regard to all
the other candidates for all the other
offices on the ballot.
Wo suspect that our distinguished
correspondent begins to see that it is
one thing to bring tho horse to water
and another to make him drink. In
addition to his proposed penalty of fine
or imprisonment for the failure to exer
cise a constitutional right which TlIK
Sf.N, with due respect for the Attorney-
General's opinion, persists in regarding
asa right which includes the right of non
exercise, would he tiot also provide for
forcing the reluctant citizen to the polls
by writ of court, procured in advance
anil backed by all the power of the
United States Government and its army,
and navy if necessary? A vista of pos
sibilities opens before our vision.
We note that the Attorney-General,
while declining to concede that this
tremendous and portentous change
might not be effected by mere act of
Congress, frankly speaks of constitu
tional amendment. We are certainly
with him as to the necessity of that
process. We are quite unable to per
ceive tho pertinence of his concluding
dictum: "No rights can exist in a democ
racy which do not entail corresponding
itlties." That is true, but it does not
follow that because the right to marry
exists in a democracy, or the right to
acquire property, and because these
rights entail certain legal obligations
as to the manner of marrying or of ac
quiring property, it therefore becomes
the legal duty ot the citizen to go to the
altar or to purchasj real estate or rail
road lionds; or that laws to compel
weddings or the acquisition of prop
erty would be constitutional.
If Mr. Wickkksiiam were merely some
whimsical reformer and not the chief
law officer of the Government of the
United States, we should not now be
offering him, cheerfully but respect
fully, all the space he wants in this
nownpapor for tho further exhibition of
The American Head In Nicaragua
Tho American marines of Admiral
William H. Southerla.nd's command
who were killed neur Masaya died in
a humane cause. Conditions in that
beleaguered town, which tho rebel
General X.eledon had refused to sur
render, were appalling. The non
combutauts, including Americans und
other foreigners, were in a state of
starvation and hourly exposed to perils
worse than famine. President Diaz
had offered amnesty to the rebels and
their leader unavailing!)'.
Admiral Softiieulani), who opened
the railroad with his police forco of
murines and relieved Granada, had in
the exercise of his discretion called
upon General Zeleiion to abandon his
strong position in the Barranca fort
uud x-rniit the entrance of the marines
into Musuya, with the alternative of
disputing their advance, in other words,
the Admiral served notice upon Zei.EHON
that th! Americans would be compelled
to assault his intrenclinients unless the
rebel General accepted the terms of
Pre-idcnt I)L7.. Previously the rebels
had retired from positions held by them
along the railroad upon tho demand of
Admiral Sol'thliiland, but in this case
they made a stand. Using no moro
force evidently than was necessary the
Americans cleared the way in their front
to Mawiyu. At Granada the marines
had hhared their rations with the
wretched inhabitants, and by this time
they havo doubtless ulloviatcd starva
tion in Mfisuyu.
It must be understood that the ma
rines are in Nicaragua not to intervene
in the domestic affairs of that distress
ful country but to protect Americans
and other foreigners living there, and
that it was at President Diaz's solicita
tion that Admiral Softheiiuvnii dis
embarked his force and advanced along
tho railroad to restore communication
between towns where foreigners were
isolated and in extremity. Tho fact is
that the Americans have been operat
ing as u body of police in Nieurugua not
only at the request of its Government
but with the sympathy and approval of
tho diplomatic representatives of Ku
rofiean Governments that would have
landed relieving forces long ago if tho
Administration at Washington had re
fused to act.
There are nettrilly no protestants
against Hie policy of President 'I A F r in
10 rebels led liv Mkna,
ZiiLi'.ixiNaud Iiiiah, and some politicians
and their allies In tho United States who
Laffcct to see nothing in tho presence of
American marines in Nicaragua but'
an act of war. If thoeo politicians and
their fellow Interpreters of tho theory of
international law hod not opposed and
fought tho Nicaragua!! loan treaty in
tho United States Senate thcro would
have been no carnage and no suffering
In that country, but instead a stablo and
orderly government, tho resumption
and protection of industry, profuse
plenty, and steady progress in the path
No ono who reads tho illuminating
exposition of President Taft's policy
in Central America by Mr. Huntinoton
Wilson, the Assistant Secretary of
Still, can doubt that tho rejection of
tho Nicaragua treaty by t hi! Senate wasa
counsel of imperfection, to put It mildly,
which hns entailed woes almost unnum
bered upon Nicaragua and needlessly
Impaired the credit and reputation of the
United States in Spanish America.
The Fleet In the North River.
For the spectacle of tho Atlantic
fleet and the reserve war ships of the
navy in the Hudson this week tho peo
ple of New York and their visitors from
other States are indebted to tho Hon.
Geo nor. von L. Meyer, one of tho most
efficient and indefatigablo Secretaries
of the Navy the country has ever had.
If the people of New York are under a
great obligation to him, so is tho coun
try and so is the navy.
The magnificent fleet does not come
merely to make a public holiday; its
visit has an educational as well as a
spectacular value. In this city and the
territory nearby thcro is a population
of six million native Americans and
Americans in the making. Their knowl
edge of the navy is imperfect and very
inadequate, and they should know it
well and take a patriotic pride in it. The
navy is the first lino of the country's
defence and should bo sufficient for all
purposes of defence.
list year the warships of tho Atlantic
fleet assembled in New York waters, and
the people of the metropolis began to
get really acquainted with the navy for
the first time. Secretary Meyer's policy
is to make the visitof the fleet an annual
event to complete the education of this
most populous part of the Atlantic sea
board in the sea tiower of the United
This year not only will the fleet be on
view and open to visitors, but the officers
and men of the fleet, 28,000 strong, will
march through the streets. New York
will see tho finest body of fighting sailors
in the world, an impressive and thrilling
spectacle. If it does not excite the
admiration and stir the patriotism of
this city, wo shall marvel greatly. New
York is fortunate to have the experience,
and it cannot be too cordial in greeting
and too generous in entertaining the
defenders of the country who wear the
uniform of the navy.
On ruddle Hock.
As wo dipped, with no divinatory pur
pose, into that treasury of wisdom our
old friend Koiiep.t Baily Thomas's,
now or formerly of West Boylston,
Mass., "01 J Farmer's Almanac," some
god of fate or soothsaying caught our
eye with "Forefathers' Day." Where
upon swift thought took us back to
Plymouth of the Pilgrims, to Puddle
Dock, where their august memory so
nobly is preserved. By a fortunate
coincidence some friend of memorial
literature and commemorative elo
quence was good enough to send us, so
that it came in the same pious hour of
reminiscence, an address delivered be
fore tho General Society of Mayflower
Descendants by the Hon. Arthur Lord,
president of the Pilgrim Society.
Never in the course of a long and in
dustrious life havo wo seen anybody in
these United States who was not a May
flower descendant. The Hon. Arthur
Lord's remarks might be called moro
exactly a Talk to Americans.
In view of tho extremely humble so
cial status of most of the Pilgrims, this
zeal to have sprung from their bowels
may be considered gratifying evidence,
and about tho only ono now on view, of
the aversion of Americans to snobbery.
their wish to be the children of their I
own works and contempt of genealogy.
The blood and breeding of Massachu
setts came from the Massachusetts Bay
folks. Somewhere in the dark back
ward and abysm of time, before tho
Commencement Punch, milk of the gods
and long rer-ult of the Parker House,
hud been banned by the unfortunately
still extant I'untans, some old men
among us remember hearing a mem
ber of the Massachusetts Historical So
ciety say, and no hidden thunder in
the stores of heaven blasted him, of
the common ancestry of Americans:
"They were a lot of damned psalm sing
ing wmvers." So Envy barks from her
loathsome cave; we name her but to
dispraise. Standing amid tho glories
and beauties of Puddle Dock where tho
Hock is, the Hon. AitTiU'R Lord invites
us to more splendid hopes:
"It Is now only eight yeiits beforo the
celebration of liuo which will mark the
close of the ami years since the landing, of
the Pilgrim'.. To that event the attention
of other societies has already been formally
directed, and In some quarters nt least
preparation for that event, or for the par
ticipation of the society in that event, has
nlrenily begun. A striking Illustration of
that fact Is that the great Order of lied Men,
vvilli its half a million or morn membership,
extending from the Atlantic, to the Pacific,
has already under consideration, and I
undeisland Is pledged to its prosecution,
tho work of const! ULtlng a statuo here to
tlin great friend ami ally of the 1'ilgrlms
Mashahoi r. sculptor has 'already mod
elled in clay the proposed statue.
"It Is tho plan of that society, as I under
stand It, that there shall stand on ('ole'
IIII1 his stately figure In lasting tironre, a
(It type of a vanished iaee. Ills out
stretched hand shall once inure be I ho signal
of generous welcome to tho appreciative
Tlsltor, as hla keen eye seems to see the
white sail of the Mayflower In the harbor,;
or the little band of Pilgrims a they Rather
round tho rock below, and his sad face to
tell the pathetic at on' that he alone of all
hla people la remembered by the new racea j
whose homes are alonit the shore and on
the hills he knew so well."
Long before 1020 Plymouth Rock will
havo been transferred to West Hurley,
N. Y., or Hohokus, N. J., or some other
place with tho imagination to lovo It and
tho pockotbook to maintain It. Mean
while, whlb tho Improved Hod Men are
striving generously to Improve the Pil
grims, let us see how an existing monu
ment" of the Pilgrims, a work reverently
esteemed by lovers of tho arto as on tho'
whob th'i most hideous and horrible
with which tills earth was ever laden
let us s"0 how it fares under a just
sky and among a saving population:
"Last week tlKonoEAV. IliiAtirmio erected
a staving which covered about nil or the
National Monument to the Forefathers,
and enabled a close examination to be
made of the itamaKe done hy tho lightning
of Auciiat S3. Mr. ('. F. CllESEr of the
Hallowed, Me., (Irnnlte Cafiipany.'tlit. prin
cipal bulkier of tho memorial, arrived here
and maito a tlofe Inspection on Tueaday.
After the examination ho decided that for
the present tho best thlnjr to do was to se
cure the disrupted stones by a metal band,
or chain, to be made of some non-corrosive
metnl, with turnbucklea Included In the
circuit of tho statue, to prevent further
movement of tho pieces of which It Is com
posed, the dally vibration of the figure
hiivlnc In his opinion displaced them since
tho disruptive shock of the lightning. The
weluht of the sections of the stattio above
tho section which havo been affected Is
estimated at twenty-five tons, hut In spite
of this heavy handicap Mr. BRADrorin has
some hopes nf moving the separated parts
back townee by means of chains and turn
buckles and perhaps will make the experi
ment. Mr. Ciilnet In addition to his sug
gestion concerning bands or chains also
proposes to have nil of the opened joints
nllril with cement, in order to prevent water
setting into the seams of the stones and
by freezing throw them further out of ad
justment In tho coming winter, frrnr
permanent rrpair vntlt the Pilgrim Society
it ready to atttmpt it.
"While he was conducting his examina
tion of the structure Mr. CnF.NET made a
measurement of the largest opening In'the
side of 'Faith' and found It to be six and
three-quarter Inches In Its widest part."
We trust that tho Hon. Arthur Lord
will put a lightning rod on the stately
figure of Massaroit, whom we remem
ber as a hotel keeper in Springfield.
Hull Moose Addlckslans.
It is a pain to tho good to see the
effort of so many of tho wicked to place
the Inventor of Honesty among the
Forces of F.vil.
Thus Mr. Henry B. Thompson of
Delaware prints letters of the finest
sound and reverberation from the In
ventor of Honesty revealing his fervent
opposition to our old friend, the Hon.
Gas AniucKR. "I am with you Mr.
Thompson-in the Addicks matter, and
if there is nny way I can help, openly
or otherwise, I will do it." (May 25,
The Inventor of Honesty had not then
risen to supervision of tho Universe.
He was only an unregarded Vice-Presi
dent, thrown into tho radiant obscuritv
by Mr. Quay and Mr. Piatt.
In 1802 and thereafter President
rtoosF.VEl.T gave all tho help, open, offi
cial or otherwise, in his power to tho
Hon. Gas Addicks, whoso ticket had
got some 12,000 votes to tho respectable
or regular Republican R.000. The ex
cellent and patient Mr. Thompson had
written the Colonel that the Hon. Gas
Addicks hud bought some fi.OOOScne
gambians and 2,000 Democrats.
What of it' A majority, not a Taft
majority, is a majority, and the people
must rule. The Colonel was delighted
to havo Addicks's people rule in Dela
ware, he used tho Federal patronage of
Delaware for that high end.
And the Addicks "crowd" is still
grateful. It hangs for all it in worth
upon the horns of the Bull Moose.
Strangely enough, the woman who, of
all I have ever known, understood a man
best was never married and lived
almost exclusively In dally Intercourse with
girls und women only. l'rocmor (iKoiuif.
'I ntiMtiublj Laud.
Why strangely. Professor?
Turco-ltallan peace Is
complete." - Ilerlin denpatch.
"No quarter" for war!
A certain pleasant novelty there is, too,
in the idea of tho good ship Martha Wash
ington convoying Greek patriots back
to Hellas to tight tho Turk.
"I.YM4.N here won't take breakfast with
me after reading the hcstblng denunciation
of ine this morning." Innocencr at home.
A burned Annorr dreads tho coffee.
Wo bellovo full und undivided credit
belongs to tho Hon. William J. Oaynok
an tho first Mayor to put a pergola In
City Hall Park.
Shall we call tho Balkan States nth
Powers to dist inguifth them from tho Oroat
Neuo fiddling amid tho flames of Itome
was not as appealing a spectacle as Mr.
Mmti'iiY eating frogs' legs In the suburbs
Spacious Times at Ureal Kllabrth.
To TllE UlilTou or Till; SUN .Sir: I'lla.
beth Ii.h comn Into her own. Tho Hon
William Sulrcr, Democratic nominee for
(lovernor of New York, and tho Hon. Job
Hedges, ItopuMicun nomineo for (lovernor
of New York, ero both born In this de
lightful place, Mr. SuUer's brother was
one of th founders of the K.liyuheth Demo
cratic Club, "the Tammany Hall" of F.llza-
both. It is encouraging to F.llubethans
to aeo natives successful, and It may act as
nil Inceiitlvo to some other F.llzalieth people
to Join the ranks of the. "great nnd near
great," Wo havo eclipsed liuliway.
Jamks i:. LowpEN
Ul.lzwu.Tlt, N .1., Octobers.
To ritH KlilKin or" TlIK St'N Sir; lam
"standing at Armageddon," with l.ooo.oon
othr Hcpubllcin to ote for Wilson If it
looks like Itoosnvclt, I havo not deviated
In in' Kepuhllnin voto since (lartleld.
liiishi.'., OiIoIht .I, IIhai'iin Hn.L.
A CrltlrlMn of "rhree lientlemen" at Oaee.
Plum boasted of frrhcrut..
"Wouldn't It be better If he had three Ulll
THE RELWIONS OF ULSTER.
Cathollct and Non-Catholle In the Or.
To the Eniron or Thb Bun Sir: For
ome time previous to the "Battle of Bel
fast" last month, there was considerable
discussion In American newspapers on the
general subject of home rule for Ireland
with reference to the alleged opposition of
the province of Ulster to the proposed meas
ure. Most of tho comments of tho subject
were entirely misleading, as In every In
stance Ulster as a whole, outside Belfast,
Is Incontrovortlbly In favor of home rule
1 his province, located in the northeastern
part of Ireland, has an area of MM square
miles and Is composer! of nine counties
with these areas and populations'
CounMs. Mil's. t:aiholle. CatheUr,
Antrim I,:tt IIM4A 3V),U4
ArmsEh Ml 11,117 M.m
C.ivsn 711 7I.IM IMM
Derry M1 U3S M.tSJ
Down IIS7 ;g,0fl 32S.S43
Dop.ft.il l.HTll 132.941 3S.477
Fermanagh 71. 34.7411 J7,o
UonsRhan Coo M.lll is. 054
Tyrone l,w n.aii M.toJ
Tntah 8.5S7 eno.Uil MS.431
Percent 41 M
A further analysis shows:
Carsn 1,7, Mh
Area CMboltc counties 3.091
, MO.t-CATIIOMC MA'OniTT.
Antrim , :1.70S
Artntrh . 11.331
Dtrry.. , Il,78
Area non-Catholic rountlc. 3,4a
From these figures, compiled from lost
year's census. It appears Ihnt Ave of the
nine counties of ulster having an area of
S.otil miunre miles, tliree-flrths of the total
area, have Catholic majorities, and four of
the counties having an area of 3.41X1 sdhare
miles, two-flfths of the hole, have non
Hence It would seem that If Ulster were
divided roughly on a religious basis the
Orangemen should confine themselves to
the four counties and drop the namo Ulster
out of their statements. Orangeland is
But It appears from political statistics
that In Ulster religious lines and political
lines are not the same. There are undoubt
edly thousands of Protestants who are
Nationalists. Ulster hns 33 members In
Parliament, Id of whom are Nationalists
and 17 Orangemen. Occasionally 17 are
Nationalists. In the last election John
Leslie, Nationalist, was defeated by 113
votes In Derry city by the Marquis of Hamil
ton. In fact, religion pure and simple cuts
little figure in Irish politics. The home
rule party was first proposed and organized
by Professor Joseph Oalbreath, a Presby
terian, Mr. Parnell was an Episcopalian. Nine
or ten of the Nationalist members of Parlia
ment aro Protestants, Including Samuel
Young, Havlland liurke, William Abraham,
btephen tlwynn, Hugh Law. Swift Mac
nelll and Captain Donelan. As matter of
fact the Ulster Liberal Association Is com
posed of non-Catholics. Lord Plrrle, a
stanch homo ruler, who is chairman
Is a non-Catholic, and head of the great
shipbuilding Arm of Harland A Wolff of
It Is also true that outside the city of
Belfast the Catholics and Nationalists are
in the majority In Ulster. Orange Influence
Is jinly effectual In a small northeastern
area of Ulster. Belfast itself sends a home
rule member to Parliament.
The detailed religious statistics of Ulster
are as follows:
All other :.01
For all Ireland tho percentages are:
Ornngeisra is largely confined to Antrim
and Down, which Include the borough of
Belfast, and Derry and Armagh.
If the State of Massachusetts should be
Republican In politics except Boston and
3.S0O square miles surrounding, and the
people in this area, which, say, was Demo
cratic, wanted to secede and set up n gov
ernment of their own, the condition would
roughly parallel that In those four counties,
Or If the politics of New Jersey outside
Newark did not suit Newark, and that
city and a surrounding area of 3,M0 square
miles shoald demand a separate .rovern
ment, then roughly another condition
parallel to Orangeland would exist. The
situation seems rather absurd to an Ameri
can. J. F. Healt.
F.LHNS, W. Va., October 4.
far Their HtrniCRlM With
Athenian Actually on Hale.
To in Kditos or Tnr Sun .llr: The most
Important baseball series of the year, between the
lkiston lied Sox and the Tiev voru uianis ror trie
championship of the orld, begins on Tuesday
afternoon at the Folo (.rounds, unless tne cic
mcnts connive to stop the sport the largest crowd
that ever attended a game at the rrounds It ex
peeled to be present.
New Yorkers have Just reason to be proud or
their baseball team, which for two succewlve
years has brought pennants to this city, the great
est bawball town In the United .states. Home
Hun 'taker, the demon batter ot the 1011 cham
pionship series, was the barrier that stood be
tween ttje Giants and the world s championship
last year: but ulth a fair share of luck or the
breaks of the game, as lucK Is lermea In Base
ball vernacular, the (Hants of lui: ought to bring
the premier honors of the baseball uorld to this
city. It Is certain they can depend upon the city'
baseball enthusiasts to help them along when the
starting bell rings on Tuesday afternoon.
We are satisfied to know the Giants will he one
of the teams participating In the world's series;
but we are heller satisfied to know there hasn't
been a ticket scandal this year as there was Hist
year. Through skilful planning and manage
ment the ofneers of the Interested club have suc
ceeded In keeping the choice seats out of the hands
of the speculilors. '"very one who gets to the
grounds eirly will have an opportunity to pur
chase a seat, the same as on weekdays during
the reeular reason.
People who supported the club all season ate
the ones w ho deserve first choice ot tho eat, and
this year they nro going to have their rights re
spected. The club will not permit speculators
to corner the best seats and sell them to the pub
lic at exorbitant prlre. Fax.
Nkw Yoiik, October 5.
The Great lasae.
To tii a i:niTOK or Thr avsstr:
"We'll bust." cried the clerk, "I'm afraid.
UnlM that two million Is paid."
"Charge It up." quoth the lloss,
To profit and loss,
Until the world series Is played."
Cried the Leader: "This can't be delayed:
Itlght here Is a President made,"
"Never mind let it wait,"
Said the big candidate,
"Until the world series Is played."
J, W. Low.
Satterlees of (ikanrateles.
To the IIpitor or The Son titr: In answer
to the letter "Milk From Contented Cows" In Tun
Sun of Octobers lot me mention
Asa positive proof that the "Satterlees"
Can claim no farm In Skaneateles,
They have missed their guess
That In Skancatelrs,
We ever call It Skaneateles.
A Discontented Seaneatelesan,
Albany, October 3.
"A Magnificent Vindication."
From an editorial article In Mr. ilunnv'i Press,
Itooaevelt prepared hla alibis as be went
along. . , .
A CniELAUAXG VS.
Frenteal observation Abont Thlt Town(
ny an Ainanian.
To th Editor or Tnr. Bun Sir' I am
home again after spending two woeks In
your good old town. While I have been
away my yellow ostera have wilted and my
aweet peas shrivelled up; the vines on the
aide veranda have taken on a tinge of brown
and the cornstalks rattle as the raindrops
pelt them. Ilut the pumpkins have nour
ished, and as I look upon them something
In their modest hue and delicate rind brings
back memories of the gay life of the me
tropolis. The old man who lives next door has
failed to greet me slnco mi' return. 'I his
morning ho passed by apparently lost In
thought nnd deaf to my salutation. Hut
1 have learned what the trouble Is, lie at
tended a Kepuhllcnn rally one evening last
week and has ever since been In secret
communion with the Constitution
My hired man, who Is h great hand nt
catching muskrnls nlong Meadow Creek,
has Joined the Hull Moose party because,
as he saysj he Is In favor of the lllble and
the Mississippi lllior and wants to see both
of litem Improved.
I had one or two pleasant surprises while
In your town. On tho fifth day uftcr my
arrival I met an old friend with whom 1
have spent many happy hocrs.
"t'omo with me," he said, taking my
aim: "I know a place near by whore we
ran sit down and talk In comfort, You will
have a hlghbull?" he asked.
"Of course 1 will," 1 replied; "but tell me,"
I asked, "nre you never going to leam the
language of this glided age? Why do ou
cling to the stilted speech ot the long ago?"
"I don't know what you mean," ho re
plied. "I mean," said I, "that this Is the first
time I haxe been decently asked to Imbibe
since I reached this burg. Acquaintances
and friends have offered to 'buy' me n
drink. I havo heard that It was this, that
and tho other fellow's tum to 'buy.' The
words 'I'll buy' linger In my ears like the
refrain of the auctioneer. No more n' touch
of courtesy In the rcuuest; no more a savor
of the amenities; but Instead an atmosphere
of gross commercialism In which even tho
graces of social Intercourse aro measured
by dollars and cents. It seems to mo there
Is something of the 'bounder In this sort
or thing. I always feel like asking n man
who offers to 'buy' me a drink If he really
thinks he con spare the money."
tjk'lt Is the spirit of the times." replied my
friend. "Who knows how far It will take
us? The next time I see you I may say.
Simon, old boy. If you'll come up to the
house to-night the wife and I will buy you
a dinner.' "
I was especially pleased and Impressed
1th the Imperturbability of rour public
officers. I attended two of the hearings at
which certain officials connected with your
Police Department were examined as wit
nesses. I could not help but recall the old philoso
It was a wonderful spectacle. Vvhen
under examination these witnesses. In
stead of nppearlng physically excited in
the robustious manner of the bourgeois
gave but the merest signs of cultured petit
lancy. In speaking their voices seemed
under perfect control, and they called their
Inciulsltor crooks, thieves nnd liars with a
verbal precision and a soft, refined accent
utterly unlike the crude speech of the prov
inces. There certainly seems to be something
in tho air ot Manhattan conducive to self
restraint; something that leads to repres
slon of the natural Impulses. Lven your
"gunmen," dapper nnd capable chaps, go
abont their business with n sort of quiet
cynicism which, although undeniably ef
fective, is radically different from tho whole
hearted geniality of the days of Itobln Hood.
I olserved, however, that Itobln Hood's
natural, old fashioned method of separat
ing travellers from their money is still In
ogue In your hotels and restaurants.
Of course there Is now an air of dignity
given to the performance thut was lacking
In the good old days of Merry England when
her bold highwaymen roamed the lnnd.
Uluff and hearty lads were they; whereas
their present day successors affect an nlr
of humility and wear costumes of sombre
hue that quito faithfully symbolize tho feel
ings of their victims.
It seems, however, only fitting and proper
that such concessions should be mnde to
the spirit of an age that deplores physical
violence except In political conventions und
prizerlngs. Simon Cbeel.
Albany, October 5.
To the Editor or Tim Sun Sir: There
are two reasons for not trusting a man.
One Is because we know him, the other
because we don't, We know Iloosevelt,
therefore will not vote for bim, and com
mend to him the following words of Mr.
Lincoln for which he. Koosevelt, has never
had any use:
"You may fool all the. people some of the
time and some of the people all the time,
but you can't fool all the people all the
time," the truth of which will dawn
upon him November S,
Debs is a saner, safer man for President
than Roosevelt, whom he will lead at the
polls. OEORUE E. BI8SELL.
Mount Vernon, October 8.
Afflictions of Flatbash.
To the Editor or Tbr Sun Sir: Residents
In the section between Bedford avenue and Wood
rut! avenue, Klstbuih. have been victims the
past month ot a succession of actual and at
The burglars conduct their operations by
closely watching the houses to ascertain when
the tenants will not be at home. Then after
nightfall they have made their entry In the rrr.
In every Instance the robbers have gained an
entrance by cutting the gluss in the resr kitchen
window on the rrmind floor. Several of the
families that have been robbed have been so
frightened at the prospect of being burglnrlzed
at any lime that they have had Iron bars placed
on these windows, which are considered the
most vulnerable spots. There has been no est),
mate made of the total value of the property
which has been stolen during the past month.
but II is probably not much less than SIO.OOO.
cannot something be done to put a ston to
these robberies! These bands of maraudrrs
have been operating In Flatbush for some time
and have the whole town terrorltrd. The police
of the Snyder avenue station have been unable to
obtain any clue to the Identity of the burglars.
FI.ATDl'SH, October 5. Citiern,
Tosslbly n Slightly Prejudiced View.
TOTHEl'DiTORorTliKSCN -sir; A diplomatic
official long resident In Constantinople Is rcnnrlcd
In The Sun to have declined lhat "the world
does not know Turkey," and then to have gone
Into an ecstatic p.Tn about the virtues and ad-
mlrable character of the Turks, whom he styles
ine unesi people iu i-.urope.
Hut how Is it that "the finest people In Kuronp"
have the most miserable government In the
If the Christian Macedonians and Uulesrlans
are desperate cutthroats, as this diplomat accuses
mem or Dcmg. vtnn taught them to be so!
tinder the criminal treatment of the Turkish
Government even anccls would resort tiiniimtrr
The Turk has not only tried to keep In bondase
an nis suujccis dui has tortured them ncndlshly
because they are his superiors morally, mentally
Vlctor Hugo has masterfully described the
character of the Turk hy saying: "I.es Turcs ont
passe la, tout est rulne ct deull."
Hy the way. Is the Constantinople "dlnlomatli-
official" a disguised Turk' It Is certain that no
diplomat worthy of ihu name rould be so Ignorant.
AHSUACI t), UAHDE8IAN.
New Yobe. October S,
The Ciospel of 'enunciation at Table.
To the KntTOn or The St'N Mr; "How use
doth breed a habit In a roanl" The more he has.
the more hn wants.
Dut the first principle of domestic economy Is
doing without things, and, It Is said, vva lltst
practised by Adam an 1 I've. There Is now some
evidence of a revival of this practice hy n part of
the household, and cpectanr) is alert
Why not an'eitenslnn of this principle"
"No one loves a fat man," while Us correspond
Ing presence In the only nther iinlmnl that ran
thrive where men does Is Unliable to piuvlde lis
full value, K, ,,
new logs, October t.
AMERICAN SHIPS MAY
Pnnnma Cnnnl Act Admits Five
Materials nnd Equipment
of Our Vessels.
mO SAVING 'FOR 0WXKKS
Lumber, Plates, Anjrles,
Iron, Steel Killcts mid
Wasiiinoton, Oct. 5. American Anna
mado In Ocrmntiy" mny bo seen flyitiR
on Amcrlcnti merchantmen as i result
of tho enforcement of tho provision in
thn I'minmn Cnnnl net ndmlttlnR ftco cf
duty materials nnd equipment cnlcr-
itiR into hip contdruction. This is tho
btdlcf nf Ticneury ofllclnls eiiRHKcd iu
thu task rf drawing, up the rcRiiIntions
under which the free ship matciial pro
vision will bo administered.
Treasury officials say lhat till" free
ship provision is likely to stir up a lot of
rcnentmont. They point out that it
means free trade In n multitudn of arti
cles that do not form integral parte of
n ship. Whether it will affect tho rev
enues in a matter of conjecture.
The law provides that all materials
which mny -bo necessary for the con
struction or ropalr of vessels built in this
country and all articles necessary for
their outfitting and equipment mny bo
imported free cf duty. Under the first
bend thero will bo admitted frco uttch
materials as lumber, plates, angles, pig
Iron, steel billets, 4c, all cf which when
lnported for other purposes are assessed
at varying rates of duty.
It Is believed that under tho heart ol
outfitting and equipment" will fall the
multitudinous art idea used aboard ship,
including tableware, bedding, carpet t.,
oilcloth, cooking utensils and other things
of necessity, comfort and luxury.
"flags are a pan oi n snips equip
ment, said a treasury omciai. -unaer
this provision of tho Panuma Canal act
it may be that shlpowneis -111 purchase
American flags abroad as a means of
dlccting economies in outfitting their
Treasury omcials beliove tne value or
the articles imported free will run up
into the millions.
"It Is u popular belief." said a Treasury
official, "tnut tho United .Suites has no
merchant marine. As u matter of fact
our ship tonnago is wcoud only to that
of Orcat Hritnin. Wo have more ship
tonnage than Sweden, Norway, (icrmany
and Italy combined. It is true that we
have few ships in the foreign trade. How
ever, our coast wlso traffic, including
thnt of the great lakes, is tremendous.
And all tho materia U that go into ship
building construction in tho futuro and
all the equipment purchased for vessels
now in commission and those to Im built
hereafter may bo admitted free of duty.
Just how hnrd this will hit some of our
industries remain to lie seen. The cfloct
of the law cannot even lie approximated
at this time."
The regulations under which the free
ship material provision will be admin
istered nro lieing prepared with great
care. The work is In the Immediate charge
of James F. Curtis. Assistant Secretary
of tho Tre.isury. tjecrotarv CurtU his
c.illod on all dnpartmciiu of the Ooveni
mont having to do with shijw to submit
data showing what comprie.es tho uquiti
ment of n vessel.
It is altogether likely that in tho regula
tions to be issued by Assistant Secretary
Curtis tho articles to be admitted freo
of duty as ship material and ship equip
ment will Ikj enumerated. The opinion
seems to prevail that it is only by such
specific enumeration of tho articles to
be admitted freo thnt trouble In the futuio
can bo avoided.
100,000 CUILDREX PARADE.
John Wannmaker Speaka at Phila
delphia Sunday School llally.
Philadelphia, Oct. 5. More than
100.000 children from tho Protestant
Sunday schools of this city held their
annual parade to-day. It was tho largest
demonstration that the County Sunday
School Assoclation'has ever given'and each
of the twenty-three districts into whioh
the city was subdivided for the purposes
of the parade was represented by a band
Tho girls and boys made a moat inspir
ing exhibition. The smaller children
were carried in automobiles that had
been lent for the occasion. It required
six hours for the parade to pass.
There were demonstrations at various
sections throughout the city where the
children met and they were addressed
in their respective headquarters by public
spirited citizens and city officials.
The speakers included the Mayor, the
Hon. John Wanamaker, who made his
first appearance after his recent illness;
the Hev. Floyd W. Tomkins of Holy
Trinity Church. President George W
Hailey of tho VVorld's Sunday School
Association, Marion LawTence of Chicago
Webster Grim, once a Democratic candi
date for Governor of this State, and
Director of Public Safety Georgo D.
Luncheons were served in the public
squares nt the various assembling points
and tho children listened to the spenkerv
who toured tho city in automobiles and
mndo tho circuit from ono section to
another as fast ns they had completed
thoir reviovys in another part of tho citv.
Tho largest attendance in the arade
was that from South Philadelphia, where
15,000 pupils living below Market street
attend tho Sabbath schools. West Phila
delphia with 13,000 was next and then
Frankfort! nnd tho suburbs of German
town and other nearby points with S.noo
each. Thero were (1,000 from Kensington
and tho same number from tho eastern
section of the city followed The re
maiudcr came from the northern tection
and suburbs of that section.
WARE THE St'XI.HillT HAttlT.
Ilnsael lllniurs (Mil Sol's Hnys
for American .Nervousness.
Wasiiinoton, Oct. 5, -"Excessive stin
linht may bo rosonslble for American
nervoupnees, ns sunlight is a nerve stimu
lant," said Dr. Gardner t Hnsset of the
psychological department of Johns Hop
kins to-day ir.n lecture at the exhibition
of hygiene and demography.
"Inn," he added, "how sunlight affects
mental activity is still a subject for in
vestigation," Mental work, according to I)r, Hasaet,
can ho done more effectively when one
is lying down. "Tho vertical posture is
better for muscular work, tho horizontal
for mental," he said. "In thinking many
people prefer a semi-reclinlug posture,
as in a Morris chair with the feet elevated. "
Mouth breathing, Ir. Hasset assorted,
affects n person's memory Injuriously.
The mouth breather is ulso slower nnd
less accurate in adding figures than is I he
"Don't allow your child to become too
solemn," said Dr. Hasset. "Undue Hui
niisness 'is likely to result in adolescent
"The normal poison," lie added a mo
ment later, "Is seldom uwnkn iu every
part Wo sleep in sections, remember
that Inattention represents tho real ol
tu nervous system.