Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, SUNDAY, OCTOBER 6, 1912.
DTD you know that the city of
New York ns a part of Its
educational system, the most
remarkable In tho whole
world, maintains a school for horses
and that this school In Its various de
partments Is graded from kindergarten
to high school, JUBt as nro Its other
teaching Institutions? If you would
know how the police horse Is trained
to stand like a statue, mounted or rider
less, in tho midst of a noisy, riotous,
election crowd or New Year's night
merrymakers you should visit this
Do not think for a moment that In
the thoroughness of his education or
In the diversity of It tho four footed
employee of the city need "take any
dust" from his friend the trick horse
of the circus. There Is the difference
between his educntlon and that of the
trick nnlmal that there Is between the
Instruction received by the boy who
would he an officer In the army, the
West Tolnt sort, and tho young man
who aspires to n career on the stage.
One looks forward to a period of great
practical usefulness or n great crisis
when his country's need may be served
by his practical knowledge; the other
to a life devoted to the entertainment
of others and Incidentally applause and
glory and even wealth for himself.
The qualifications for entering Father
Knickerbocker's school for the educa
tion of four footed guardians of the
public peace are wldel?- different from
those which obtain at the buildings
wherein he houses the boys and girls
whose teaching he carefully sees to.
At the ordinary schools he cheerfully
welcomes every one of his boys and
glri. Not so at his school for equine
candidates for the pollen force.
Being a special Institution those who
would enter must pass a rigid exam
ination first. .lust ns the young men
who would enter t'nde Sam's military
school must be especially fitted for It
and be able to pass the strictest sort
of questioning, so must the horse that
Is to serve the city be ablo to come
up to the' mark required by experts.
It Is really a great deal more dlfllcu't
for a horse to get on the New York
police force than It Is for a man.
In a way the earlier qualifications are
the same. In the case of the man the
first thing expected of him la that he
must bo of a certain size and of sound
physique, clear eyed, mentally alert and
clean, physically and morally. These
nmc requirements apply to tho horse,
albeit In the place of mental alertness
comes what Is known aa horse sense.
Tho difference between physical fit
ness In men Is so widely different from
that of horseflesh, though, that the man
has a wide advantage over his four
footed friend when it comes to apply
ing as a candidate for police work. The
horse must be pretty near perfection be
fore Father Knickerbocker's experts
will admit him, even to the kindergarten
of this special school. The percentage
of horses that fall to pass Is ten times
greater than In the case of the men.
No horse Is admitted at all, even
after he has passed the first physical
examination under tho keen eye of the
ex-cavalryman 7ho Is superintendent
of the school, until after a thirty days
trial, and It Is a real trial and no mis
take. Political pull is of no avail In the
case of the horse. Tast performances,
even though they may bo praiseworthy,
are often positive drawbacks.
The horse candidate when he comes
up for admission to tho school and
having passed the first careful lnspee-
tlon as to his physical fitness must be
fresh from the ranges of breeding
farms, usually unbroken, untamed, ab
solutely a stranger to city life, city
noises and city ways; green Is the
word. j he learns that to obey Is Id be happy.
Ab Father Knickerbocker Is a The nnv horse Is then put through a
stickler for appearances and for unl- " ffWf simple stunts, the ell
formlty ho Is particular at the outset ! n'ntiiry rudiments of his education. He
In Insisting that the candidate be a bay
. HI, . . i
colored horse. The four footed cop not
being ablo to dress In a blue uniform
or wear a nobby cap or a gray helmet
or whlto gloves his uniform must be
supplied by nature; this Is the explana
tion of tho bay colored uniform of an
Important part of the city police.
Tho candidate must be over fifteen
hands high, bo without blemish and
have a good steady eye. The amount of
horse sense he possesses Is naturally
presumed In a large degree at first, but
It does not take long for the masters of
tho school to determine to a certainty
the quantity and quality of this part of
The cundldato Is now admitted upon
his thirty days probation. A month
must pass lieforo his teachers will de
cldo whother he Is worth breaking In.
Not until the trying times of thohe
strenuous thirty days have passed will
the teachers of the school decide their
ability to develop the animal into u de
pendable public servant.
If during these thirty days of pro
bationary schooling the candidate proves
lacking In any of the trying out pro
cesses or if ha shows any physical
weakness back to the farm ho must go.
Ho Is Bent back without apology to tho
dealer who consigned him. Father
Knickerbocker's experts are the Judges
i-olely. There Is no appeal to any dis
trict leader or boss or man higher up or
anybody. Tho candidate must rind an
other field for his endeavor or have It
found for him.
One of the first lessons taught tho
green horso who has pasBcd his pro
bationary try out Is the electrical and
gasolene course, The candidate may
fcave seen one or two remote automn
Piles In the neighborhood of his far
away home, but a trolley car to him Is
usually a wonderful and fearful con
traption. Ho is therefore taken to the
Police Department's training farm near
Jamaica, In the llorough of Queens.
This Is a sort of prep school. A member
of the force Is tho head master there.
He has a number of assistants, who
aro almost as skilful ns himself, nnd It
! a II no encomium upon New York's
police forcti that every one of these
men has been chosen from Its ranks.
Many of them have served upder tho
yellow cavalry guidons of Undo Ham
and others of their number have lived
among horses all their lives.
All tin., men understand
and horse nature from the ground up.
They know Just when to be firm nnd
when to be kind, and kind treatment so
far as Is possible Is the absolute rule In
Father Knickerbocker's school for po
lice horses. That this rule Is continued
during the whole police life of the
horses after their graduation can be
testified to by nearly every citizen.
When n new or green horse arrives
nt the school there Is nn Invariable
rule followed which nt once Indicates tb
the animal If he has the slightest bit
of horse sense that he" Is In friendly
hands; he Is given n good feed, Is put
In n clean, well bedded stall and Is not
disturbed until he has hud one good
night's rest In his new environment.
Early the next morning he is led out
and for the first time has an Introduc
tion to Ids teachers hU .lew masters.
Just like the new boy on his first day
at boarding school. he Is naturally
frightened and looks with wldo open,
startled eyes at the men and things
Speaking kind v lrds In nn easy, con
fident manner, the trainer or teacher
does everything possible to calm the
candidate and then puts on him nn in
genious bit of harntss km ,vn to horse
trainers as a dumb Jock. This device li
a cruel out If the :m e bee lines Intrac
t. ble or Is vlclo" s or recalcitrant In
learning his first lessons. '! he Is rea
sonably we". behave'1 It daes not hurt
him In the least.
The trainer uses It for much the
same purpose as the old time school
master kept a birch rod In plain sight
behind his desk - as a gentle reminder
to the bad boy of the school. At any
rate, the candidate scum learns that If
ho does Just what the teacher Is trying
to Instruct him to do the dumb Jock
need have no terrors for him. Otherwise
It will certainly cause him regret until
n iru nut, ill" in twin u 11IHH"
line and made to go round and round,
taught to stop ut u word, stund, turn
back and sidle.
I.uter, us his education udvances, he
Is to learn that he must do these things
at a mere' touch of the knee or a tick
of the bridle.
The lessons at the sta.t are given
during short periods to be lengthened
QUAIL CONSIDERED QUITE A
Ooriifn', N. Y, Ocl 1 "When Hie nr -
nltholnglcul nh.i i s wlio love birds Just
becue they are blids Insist that hawks:
don't destroy game blids, or that if they j
du they destiny so few that It doesn't
count, the hawks they lefrr to must be
of a illffeient make fiom the kind we have
everywhere In this stietch of cuiintiy, mill
consequently no one need feel any qualms
of condolence If lie takes his r.un and
knocks over the first hawk he comes to."
Such Is the emphatic opinion of an
Orange county observer who Is something
of a bird lover himself.
"Take quail, sjld he. "That Is, take
quail It you ran, hut tou will have to
search n I (Hind In this icglon, once si fa
mous for quail, n long time nowadays If
! you take one, and one of th principal
reason, why they have become so bcaice
"A quail goes crazy with fear when It
sees a hawk. Nothing, not even a quail,
nets scared ut anything It knows Isn't n
foe, Take quail, for lusturice, where
there me turkey buzz.tnls as well us ,
hawks. The petson who for the flist time
sees a buzzard aim cinesiri i.now u is a
lnizz.n d us It falls throiiKh tho air on
motionless wing will believe It to he a
huwk souring on high, so alike uie the
graceful flights of the two big birds. Yet
u score of buzzards might soar all day
ubove a spot where a covey of quail were.
feeding and not a quail would notlco
them. Hut let a hawk suddenly appear
up there nnd every quail will duck for
cover so quick that a Hush of lightning
could scarcely catch one,
"I recall seveiul Instances that went
far to convince ma that quail have no
more persistent foe thnn hawks, One
time I was walking along by a thicket
over Greenwood Lake way while quail
were still an asset In Orange county and
the adjacent country, when I heatd and
almost at the same time saw a quail com-
for the Force Have
Course of Instruction
as the teaching progresses. At
proper time, following his lessons,
I new anlmat Is led quietly to his stall
.lng through the brush plainly In a state
of tenor that could not have been caused
by my dux that was working In the stub
ble on the far edge of the thlrket.
"I was out fur quail and got ready tn
flixt takii In this one ami then tlnd out If
I eould what had seared It. I sot my
gun up Just as the blid came dashing out
J of the brush, but what I saw In Us wake
changed my mind as to the taking In of
tor- r- -i-
! HD U S E BOAT
Hern Is n houseboat built by To
llco l.leul. Kdward F. Manchester of
the West rlevcnteenth street station.
In It tho lieutenant and his wife have
ts bbiiiih bbbbbbbbbbbbbi
li III II Mi Mll w miiB
NEW YORK'S POLICE
to Pass a Stricter Examination Than the
of Animals That Excite Admiration When on Uuty
isssssssisssiissssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssrissssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssB - -z vfiLcran.
II J J
and gets the very best meal that
horse can want.
It would require a column to tell of
that quail. A hawk
lawk was on the bird's
Iter of only another wing
trull and the ma
flap or two was between It and Its In
"I let the quail pass on, but stopped
the career of that hawk theie and then,
lint that wasn't all. For fear, 1 guess,
that the first hawk might not hit Its mark
and the quail would get nwuy or pel haps
to pitch Into that hawk and fight for pos-
HOME USED CONSTANTLY FOUR YEARS
lived constantly for tho lust four years,
winter ns well ns summer. Tho hull
wan formerly, that of a steam lighter
purchased for $100, Dyrln eight
the many little things necessary to ar
rive at tho grand result In the, candi
date's Instruction; of the r.iany pitfalls
HAWKS OF ORANGE COUNTY
; session of the victim another hawk cam
"a-iilng along right behind the first one
didn't get the quail, but neither did either
of the hawks,
"One day I was hunting nlong the edite
of a stubble Meld on the outlook for quail,
months of the year the lieutenant has
tho houseboat towed to pleasant places
along tho North Klvcr and anchors thcro
until In the mood for a change ot scene.
...... rU . ... ... - i wa o surprised ut the sudden appear-
report of my gun did nut change Its lnri, nf , k , ,
course. 1 hadn had time o t.iku n y I BOt , lmi, , , , 1,'r
.,".,f',0,"! T'L ' ,0,1," "', J , : , l U in time, though, to send a Toad
dead almost on top of the first one. 1 1 !L .",", r ,mvk uml M 11 lu
Men Patience the
ho Is taught to avoid; of his many,
many failures, nnd last, but not least, of
the seemingly unlimited patience of his
The first big change In this primary
period of the novitiate's life comes on
the day his master first mounts him, or
mayhap It would be better to say tries
to mount him. Once in u great whllo
tho first attempt might be so described,
but more often It Is merely what the
teachers wittily term u Flnnegnn, mean
ing "on ng'ln, off ng'ln."
nut there Is little humor In It for
tho horse, or for that mutter for tho
Instructor either. The wit is usually
at the expen-e of the latter. It Is to
the great credit of tliei.e trainers of the
city's polite boises that In this tryhr;
part of their work In perfecting th
animal for reul police service they sel
dom lose their tempers at the expense
of the nnlmal. The chief Instructor
and his assistants are first of all real
horsemen nnd after that philosophers.
When the big day comes, tho day
the candidate Is to feel for the first
time In his life the leg of his master
flung over his glossy back, he Is led
nd almost stepped on a big hen hawk
lmt OM, frum i.,mil n ,,,, of W(,(d(1
,il ........ I.. . . . .... . .1
!':i'nL r wh.ht
1 Investigated that clump of bushes, j I
found a ouall there, n nle tdmnn
picked almost clean of Its feathers, which ! create a deslro to commit grand laicen)'.
lay In a neat pile on the ground. A hawk ! He referred to the horses of the depart
alwas picks Its chicken or bird before It ment. At the same time he might IW
eats It, unlike the owl. which bolts its expressed himself, though, even niori
feathers mid all. , admiringly nbout the mounts ot the po-
het ioh in ,diw L1'01'1'1 'We. l'on.n llcemen nnd remarked that Kins H'ch
tietter Joh In picking a nuoll than this . i... iwrwt
liawk. It nail tieen so ohsoihed In its 1
, L.. . . , .
insK mat it nail taken no notice of my
approach. I upolled the hawk's dinner,
but that didn't do the quail anv good.
"A prowling hawk robbed inn of a
couple of nice quill one time right In
Plain sight. I had marked the two birds
down where thrv had lit nfter something
had flushed them, nut In the centre of a
field, and 1 was sitting on the fence to
give them time tn foiget their scare and
settle down when n hawk came sailing
out of the woods on the other side of
the field and dropped down like n plum
met on the spot where the quull had lit.
"When the h.ik rose I eould see
plainly that he had a quull In each claw.
He was ten far away for a shotgun to
Interfere with him, nnd he dined some
where on the quail that I would have
bagged a little later on, sure as they
"I was reciting this aggravating epl
sode to h friend of mine who held to the
belief that hawks were not accountable
for the distinction of game birds, as n
points against his argument, when he
winded nw a little, I must say, by saying:
"'Well, would quull huvo been any
plentler If you hud got those two In
stead of thi hawk getting 'prr
,ii. . . ...... nif .
; nllr0 - V,o ha wk Vat qim.ua "Jhey
,.,.. wo.. riU anything e.tgbt ih.-,.
get quail, or something now ti good
lh .ran.. 1.1.4 I In. ' . T. .
I,,V BH.I,V WHU III. htttt
to an enclosed ring, bigger than .
circus ring, which Is very liberally
strewn with tan bark.
Tho citizens who may ho fnrtunitj
enough to witness this lesson ntu no'
long left In any questioning stnio i
mind regarding that tan baik and thi
reason for It. Nowhere In th wurM
nro thcro more, skilful riders than at
this horse school of the New YotK
l'ollco Deportment, but also tiowher
In tho world is thcro to bo seen mnr
magnificent horseflesh In the course .t
training. Human skill, the best ot t,
kind, Is pitted against brute r-jicc aal
cunning, likewise of tho finest.
iso matter now cnreiuny and kindly
the green horse has been coached
this point It Is always the trlng tni.
mcnt ot his introduction to flvlllz.iu0a
nnd never was thcro ono that under,
stood it at once. So no mntter how
expert tho trainer nor how ntherwln
trnctablo tho horse thcro Is bound h i
be a contest. Thcro can never b '
but one ctlmux, but often It Is attnlne
nt the expense of many bruises or ev(a
broken limbs on the side of the nun.
Itcmlngton's stfltuo of the bronc
buster gives an Idea of what happeai
when tho horso Is being broken to th
saddle. Thcro Is no moro wonderful
picture of tho kind than that of one ot
those ex-ciivulrymcn endeavoring tj
Btny on tho back of ono of the picked
animals designed for tho service of New
York's streets. It Is to be noted that
these unlmals aro tho very best of their
kind, full blooded and large, liven dis
counting the wlrlness and toughness of
the smaller sized bronco there Is room
for a comparison here which would in
dicate thut tho men who brenk the clty'i
police horses huvo ii harder Job that
tho Western bronco buster.
At the outset tho beautiful animal,
not heeding what is in store for him, j
unperturbed, calm uml docile after tht
few weeks of preliminary work, to
which he has now becomo nccus.torr.et
Hut nt tho first touch ot the heavy
saddle, although It is not ns heavy ai
tho one ho will Inter wenr, he becomes
panic stricken, nnd nt tho first feel cf
the Instructor's body against his ha
crouches like a dog under a threatened
whiplash; ho begins to sweat freely
and his eyes are wild. There Is no way
of making him understand that Mm
terrible fate Is not to be his lot and ha
does Ills utmost to unhorso tho rider.
Together tho man nnd horse dash
to nnd fro, the man trying to stay on
and the unlmnl endeavoring In every
way possible to shake the rider off,
even getting down and rolling over. At
such times It Is llttlo less than mar
vellous the way these skilled tralncri
escape Injury; yet when the horse agala
gets upon his feet the rider Is once mora
upon the nnlmal's back.
Occasionally ono of these men goes to
the liospltnl und once In a great whlla
the horse Is so Injured that his useful
ness as a police horse Is at once ended.
This seldom happens, though, for the
trainers would rather suffer Injury
themselves than have one of their
chnrges hurt. I'uttenco Is the rule and
In the end It always conquers.
When the candidate for police honor
has learned to carry a rider easily and
as a matter of duty he is put throuch
a long course of Instruction under th
spur until be knows n whole nlphabet
of heel signs. Ills education become!
so perfect that a score of different
touches of a rider's boot without any
suur at nil mean so many different
orders to him, which he obeys like a
Then comes his high school or finish
Ing Instruction In tho city Itself.
I'nless there Is extreme need for Ml
service he Is taken first to some outly
ing iirecinct. such us Westchester or
the furthest part of queens.
The animal Is now a real police horse.
actually on duty, but his education !i
not completed et by any means. Grad
ually hu Is made to understand tha
crowds, the .lecesslty for remaining
calm when others are making a noise;
he learns that a crowd of human belnti
does nut necessarily mean that there Ii
any trouble; that even If there Is a riot
In progress It Is his duty to be far
above such human foolishness and to
attend strictly to his business ns first
assistant to his master.
This he learns by being taken near ta
where throngs or gathering, such ns
at baseball games, parades and evia
Finally he Is ready for the real fin
ish of bis schooling. Ho Is taken to
where many of his human friends hava
gone for the same thing some of them
greatly to their sorrow to Uroadway.
Hv this time he has seen everything
he figures, horse fashion, but ht le.irm
differently very soon. Election nlrM,
with Its blnre and racket and red flr
and blocked streets comes nnd he must
stand like a statue at Union Square or
Twenty-third street, or Columbus Cir
cle, or some other humanity Infested
spot. Pretty girls mny come nlons and
tlcklo his finely pointed ears with di
minutive feather dusters, but he must
ascom all such things. And he does.
The first of these Uroadway experi
ences may' make him a little nervous,
but his teaching has been thorough and
his pride In his teachers perhaps Is too
great to permit of his letting thla ner
vousness be seen.
An Kngllsh writer who visited the
city a year or so ago and was very
much Impressed with the, Flro Depart
ment went buck home nnd wrote
im."lll weuv tui l liwitlti illiu
rr?ne nr,,cIe ivv,,lcv x -rE
JuMt to HCn " of N,!W lorks ,llC.C?'
Bins companies turn out was enmigii i"
.ttlll Mlin nui i ( ml, Ilk till II' ii
the prlcn of a horse ut a king's unison
Not all of the education of the Imitn
of the Volleo Department has 'wen
given hero by nny means, but eii'iusl'
has been told to give nn Idea of tha
enre that Is taken In training ,lirm'
From the touch of n bridle nnd t(
meaning of n buglo call to the stoppli'S
of n runaway, In which they sin "id
given almost equal credit with llu'l'
riders, tho horses of Father KincKir
bocker nro crcdlttiblu samples of h"
Wi'- dliicritnlnatlii'; In fa "T "f
any particular squint or stall'- 'h
names of n few of thn famous hor.iM
of tho department nro given, an ' il"
pretty well Indicate at thn same il"14
the nfTectlon their riders have for thotn
For It Is a rule of the department that
so far as possible each pollco hors" sha"
have but ono master after ho enter
actual servlco and usually his name l
given him by tho man whoso mount bt
Is to bo In "fair weather and In foul."
Hhnmrock. Mmellght nnd t'hecker
nro famous beaulles, nnd no horses la
tho world get better care than tliev ilc
Watercure. Scott, Goldhcels, Ha"11
sprlngi Tabasco nnd Dart each has
host of friends In thn squad which that
and their masters are assigned to.