Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, SUNDAY, OCTOBER 6, 1912.
RANDOM FEATURES OF THE REALTY WORLD
MAKING THE HOUSE
FIT THE APPROPRIATION
IHph Trice Often Results From
Owner's Lack of Frankness
'EXTRAS " ARE EXPENSIVE
Architect Tells Why Buildings
So Often Cost More Than
For months, perhaps yearn, you and
your wife, or rather your wife and you, 1
have been laboring ovit those home
made sketches which yesterday you
modestly, but with III concealed pride,
unfolded upon the lung uuk table In
your architect's private olllce, says
Itobert C. Spencer, ,lr., In the .Archi
tectural Record. They were really very
well dons considering nnd very well
considered all but the cost of
bulld'ng them, lloth of you, but par
ticularly your w Iff, k.ivo them mudi
study of winter evenings under the li
brary lamp, and when the last dosut
had been squeezed In ami even u space,
provided for some sort of u stulrcaso
you drew them over again nt scale,
only forgetting that wulls and pattl
tlons are thicker than lines. Hut tlin'
was excusable many country carpen
ters draw "plans" In the same way. Vou
naturally felt that little rematmul for j transoms over all the bedroom doors,
the architect to do but to enlarge them . "mI n" thu framing about thorn was
to the, usual working scale of u quarter ripped out and dono over. After many
of an "Inch to tho foot, design tho,llf ,n rafters were up they wanted a
elevation on the simple Colonial line. 1 n"'c of beavy green glazed tile In
upon which you had set your heurts and stead of shingles, necessitating heavier
dash off some specifications. You maln rafters, the lighter ones coming
thought that ho really ought to knock , l""'n. nn'l (,Mt of the roof being re
off a good fraction of his fee for the I framed. Altogether. Including the tile
labor you had already saved him. Hut r"(,fl tllrr were over J1.800 In "extras"
you encountered trouble Immediately at I on ,nn of "le original oontraots, ng
the first Interview. Your appropriation 1 KreRiitlni; nearly $20,000, which, by the
was $7,000. At n pinch vou might be sva5'- was really about what he had
willing to bpend eight, but eight -was 1 m,, spend. Pome of these extras
and Is the absolute ultimate limit. were due to haste or carelessness on the
Your first floor plan shows a hall architect's part In preparing the plans.
xl2, living room 1Sx23, dining 13x17. ) 'thor.i were due to the desire for n
kitchen 12x15, maids' dining room I "swell house" which grew as It took
8x9',-j. servlco pantry TxSU. cook's definite shnpe above ground. Others
pantry f..S, entranco porch,' kitchen ' mlnt ave 1,pcn "voided by due pre
porch and entry nnd a screened porch j "miliary cooperation and consultation
off living and dining room 12x17 lnsld-.
On the second floor you have three
roomy bedrooms, two baths, a dressing
room, a small study or "den" nnd u
linen room. In tho attic two servants'
bedrooms with closets and a bath. There
Is but one staircase, however. Your
plan, allowing for thickness of walls
and partitions, is a rectangle about
C2 feet long and 24 feet wide, to which
Is added tho lorge porch, the dining
room wing 7x14, the stair bay 69, tho
modest entrance poreji nnd the service
porcn anu entrance. It is about the ,
size of tho house, your cousin Jack
built twelve years ago for eight thou- j
band It certainly I no larger.
You mention your appropriation and'
your architect looks like u man about
to break a piece of bad news as gently
us possible, lie asks you If you are
averse to rather low ceilings- sav eight
feet six inches for the first story and
eight feet for the second. You are,
not. Then ho begins to do some tlgur-1
lng, while you wonder why he doesn't
say nt once that your appropriation Is,
ample. "Well," bo finally says, "wo
ought to build on tho lines you havo
indicated for about M0.00O, Including
everything necessary to make the house
complete, but not Including grading ami
planting walks, or architect's fees.
"These are the rough figures: (iroundl
area about 1,500 squnro feet, mean,
height, allowing for a roof of minimum ,
pitch to accommodate rooms In attic,
32 feet cubic contents, therefore, above
basement floor level 48,00u feet, worth
?,tuo at 20 cents a cubic fool Allow
ing about $."00 for porches and service
entrance extension it total $10.1u0 For
a well built 'frame and stucco' house out
there on tho river road twenty cents
is ns low a cubic foot cost as It would
be safe to allow. You may get some
what lower bids and you will certainly
get higher ones. We planned several
houses which were built there last year
costing from ten to fifteen thousand
und they average twenty cents. Twelve
years ago you might have built tho
same thing In tho same neighborhood
for sixteen cents."
And the little lesson In the high cost
of living Is discussed an hour or so
longer, while you hope that your architect-Instructor
Is somehow a mistaken
pessimist, nlthough It win doubtless be
best to figure on putting In thu nddl-'
tlonal two thousand as a last resort.
rather than give up that perfect plan
for a perfect house, which can't be cut
down anywhere nnd still remain worth
building on that beautiful lot.
Tho Johnsons, who built on the next
piecn insr, year, can t nrroru any better refused, as some wise architects do, to
house than you, yet theirs Is larger. You mnko even an approximate statement
simply can't cut yours down nnd be- a to the cost of a sizable house. I'er
Bldcs you really expected to spend nt haps an honest or Intelligent guess
least $9,000 and Aunt .Susan has prom- as to cost would haw sent Jackson to
ised to help you out if your building soma other architect willing to cast any
fund runs short. Hut of course, you sort of a horoscope to pleosq and hold
didn't suy anything to your architect ! a prospective client, but It would not
about this reservation. It wouldn't havo made him nn enemy in particular
have been businesslike nor safe. Why, and a detractor of architects In gen
it was only this morning In the smoker ernl. And It might have made him
of the, 7:43 that Jackson warned you j a friend.
against letting Hozart (the architect of i Take tho caso of G who went to
your choice) or any other of those,
other "cutthroats" know the full extent
of your appropriation.
"Whatever you tell him he'll get nay
ami mnko you spend 30 per cent, more
before you nro through with him. They
nil do, nnd besides the contract prices,
you'll have a lot of extras to pay for
before everything Is settled up."
The fact Is that Jackson Is building
a house that cost him over $20,000. had
been "stung;," or felt thut he had, which
nmounts to the same, thing.
Ho went to a young fellow who has
turned out some very good small
houses, but hasn't practised long. Used
to bn a designer In a New York of
fice, and when Jackson went to him
with a 120,000 programme and a r)12.
000 appropriation his Inexperlnece with
prices, his optimism urffl his desire fori
the "Job" led him to encourage the Idea
that while 112,000 was hardly sufficient I
Jlfi.OOO ought to be enough with eco-(
nonilcaLplanntng and not too expensive!
construction. A case of hoping against
hope, or rather against the cold facts
of the building market.
.Tackson put off building until he was
In u great hurry to breuk ground, al
lowing too little time for the prepara
tion nnd study of the preliminary
sketches, nnil so busy with ulTalrs at
his factory, whllo the, madam was
working overtime at auction bridge,
teas and receptions, thnt the working
plain and specifications were only hur
riedly looked over beforo being pro
As the nouse went up they both be
gan to think of things they wanted nnd
that must go Into the house. One little
All tho Interior partitions were In
place and the plumbers busy "rough
ing In" when they concluded to have
j with the architect; a few others were
fairly chargeable to the Inexperience of
a young practitioner. .
.lackson Is sore. If a "booster's
club" Is ever organized to help along
young Itnrdmuth's practice he will cer-!
talnly not be a member. Of course
Views of Roof Bungalow
i "... .
The Front Vr
Hardmuth enn't shift Alt nt th
for not making a firm friend of his
client. Ho should havo told the hard
truth about cost as soon as rough
sketches offered a basl9 for a cost per
cubic foot estlm.itn nr he nhniiM hnv
Venetian Canal Views, . Brightwaters
. If. ...
I) for sketch plans of a "postlvely not
more than $.1,000" house. To satisfy C
I) not only made sketch floor plans
and a perspective, but also four eleva
tions to scale and secured approximate
figures from contractors. These went
to $C,000. C paid U for the sketches,
saying that $5,000 was his limit, and
that moreover Mrs. O was very much
prejudiced In favor of '.'s unique Ideas
In domestic architecture. I' built Y.'a de
sign, complete In ev , detnll, Includ
ing n massive garden wall, and spent
$12,000 on his bungalow house.
ltefore It was finished ho advised sev
eral friends who Intended building to
go to D who had lost u small Job. but
had made a friend. This Is not a "fable
In slang" or otherwise, but It has n
moral. We may olways not be quite
frank and square with tho other fel
low, but he ought to be square with us.
The fact Is that architects are so sel
dom deolt with frankly nnd fully on the
question of building appropriations for
private work that they get Into tho
rather bad and unbusinesslike habit of
Judging a man's real appropriation by
what he says he wants In a building
rather than by what he offers to spend.
I.Ike tho old Oriental system of hag
gling over a bargain tho seller too
high, the buyer too low--until n mean
closing price Is reached, this method Is
bad and ought not to be considered
necessary by a practical people who nro
In the habit of buvlnr cnmlo nt nl.ilnU.
Let tho owner ray to his architect In
the beginning, before a lino has been
drawn: "You know nnd I know that It
Is not customary for clients to be frank
nbout their hnuso building appropria
tions. The average, client Is afraid of
tho proverbial extravagance of archi
tects. "Of course I understand thnt most of
you try to sen that your clients get as
much ns possible for their money.
Your reputation Is helped that wny.
Hut your tendency, slnco every nrtlst
Is somewhat of an optimist, Is to overdo
It. You count too much on theso low
bids from rellahlo contractors that sel
dom como when most needed. And
wo who nro about to build naturally
want more than wo nro ublo or at least
Continued on VAghth l'ape.
' v cr
Rcoxdenoe. of Gi. F .Wi.tt , Irca-fi p O
be Ve.Tctx "Ytc."bt "H.-rbor et Brxcjbt-
BUNGALOW ON A SKYSCRAPER.
Mmclima Home a Tap of Madison
Soon after skyscrapers first became
known the advantages of their roofs as
sites for summer camps were tested, and
every once In a while you would hear of
persons putting up tents on the tops of
lofty buildings and camping out there
during a heated term. One of the newest
forms of architecture In New York ts the
One ordinarily thinks of a bungalow
as a one story structure. There Is one
up town that la Just this height above
the eighteen stories that go to make up
I the skyscraper which forms its bue. It
I svems odd to speak of a bungalow situ
I a ted almost In the very hart of New
Voik. but that is where this one Is, an
the broker who Is living In It this um
1 mer asserts thHt It Is the most comfort
i utile place in or near New York.
, There Is nhas a breeze coming from
. some direction or other, and when the sun
I shines you get that too. Still, a broker
Is not in the habit of being at home
I much during business hours, and by the
tlmo this one gets up town tho heat of
I the day has been broken. He is so far
above the noise that It comes to him In
the natuie of a gentle murmuring.
l'ou can look In any direction und get a
tine view nut only of .Manhattan but of
tne surroundings, l.ach wnv vou lonk
1 u tine panorama spreads Itself before you,
and at night the lights and the move
I ment of traffic In the streets below give
ou u iiort of moving plctuie effect.
I The hungulow Is on top of the Cameron
. Building, at Madison avenue ami Thlrtv.
fourth street. If you gel far enough away
fiom that locality ou may see the top
of It over the balustrade that runs mound
tho loof, or you can see It from the upper
windows of the Vuuderbllt or the Waldorf-Astoria.
It Is built of concrete, and
you get little Idea of the comfort theru is
The structure Is a double nffaV. each
part containing three rooms, a bath and
u tiny kitchen. When the elevator has
taken you up as far as It will go you
mount one flight of concrete steps. Knter
Ing the doorway ou llnd yourself In a
long hallway leading to a big, comforta
ble sitting loom fitted up with easy chairs
and all sorts of comfortable deces, u
piano und a talking machine.
u ei head is a big skylight. When the
miliMrw if flw. Initial...- ..... I. I..
T . .. "-" " "l'.
meijis on me root were designed for'.. " '
stildlos. Then one of thn owners had one
of the npartinenta titled up for himself
and let the other to a friend, The two
apartments connect, but each Is self,
contained. Tho dining room of the larger
apartment holds four comfortably, and
when thu gathering Is larger the sitting
room of the other apartment Is converted
Into a dining room.
Outside there Is what corresponds to a
laige veranda, with a high railing about
It. On the west kldo of thu hungulow aie
hammocks nnd couches, benches and
chairs, with awnings. In each direction
there Is an extiaoidliiuilly tine view, and
the spectacle at night Is wonderful. One
amusement of visitors Is puzzling out the
electilo signs on Hroadway, which seen
from above, as It were, show much more
Indicate and curious designs than even
they display to those who look at them
Scene of Coming Auction Sale
A Ne Park system Delns; Installed
Lakes Delaa; Knlarjced.
A new park system In tho lake sec
tion of Brightwaters hi being laid out.
The lakes are also undergoing Improve
ment. Nosrekca Lake, which Is the
upper one of the chain, Is being en
larged from a shallow lagoon to a wide
body of water navigable for canoes,
rowbouts and small sailing craft. When
it Is completed It will be possible to
canoe from the furthermost point of
Nosrekca Lake to the foot of Lower
Cascado Lake adjoining the Merrick
Tho busy scenes along the lakes and
the groups of cottages and semi-bungalows
springing up on adjoining plots
serve to silence the charge that South
Hay colonies are for summer residents
SOD BUNGALOWS IN KANSAS.
IteTlrlna Earl- Types of Homes
Alone Modern Lines
Sod houses In which early settlers of
Kansas lived are to be revived. The
new eod house will be a bungalow of
modern architecture and comfort. The
first of the typo was built by Robert
Miller twelve miles west of Manhattan,
and Is so attractive that other farmers
are planning to erect similar houses.
Miller lived many years in a primitive
sod house In western Kansas. He knew
the comfort afforded In summer and win
ter by such a home. The thick walls were
n protection against the heat of August,
as they were against the blizzards of Jan
uary. Mr. Miller left Kansas ten years
ago, but the call of the prairies brought
him back. He bought a tract of land In
the Smoky Hill Valley 'which was car
peted with a heavy growth of blue stem.
After he had cut the big grass crop, which
he sold at Fort rtlley, he prepared for the
building of a home. .
"1 believe I will build me a sod house,"
he said to his neighbors, and so with his
team and plough he commenced turning
over large strips of sod. These he cut, Into
two foot lengths and built his sod house Just
as he did thirty-live years kq In western
k-.-itiw.'is. eveent thn lie Inlrl n fnmi.liitlnn
of stone and prepared for up to date
When completed the Miller sod home
was n modern bungalow In all Its con
veniences, but It still resembled the old
time residences of the plains. To cover
tho ragged outer walls Mr. Miller plastered
It with concrete. The effect was so pleas
ing that he added a coat of concrete to the
Inner walls, giving the bungalow the ap
pearance of a cement house that would
cost U'.'OOO, A dozen other modem sod
homes will bo constructed In the Mllles
iMioruitTY owxinis to mi:i:t.
The Ileal Kstate Owners' Protective, As.
socintlnn of the Twelfth und Twenty-serniid
ward will meet Monday evening in the Mu
nicipal Court building, southwest corner of
llroadwuy und Ninety-sixth street.
BLACK WALL PAPER
A NOVELTY THIS FALL
Comes From England and Ts
Decorated in Gold and
HETTKR TASTE IS SHOWN
Designs Liked This Season
Costly llund Mndc lfniiff
iiiffs for Walls.
Fashions In wall paper change with the
seasons. Just ns fashions In'dres ehanite,
and while some yenrs the line betweui the
old nnd the new Isn't strongly dellned this
full sees a number of mnrked novelties.
K.ir example, one style which holds the
public eye Jut now Is the wall paper with
a black eiound on which golden arabes
ques, bright pluniagej lilrds and gay
flowers abound. This Is an echo of the
coronation In l-ondon. Matching this
paper are carpets, chintzes and other
"Presumably," explain, d a woman who
Imports wall papers, "the black ground
was a eonresslon to the mourning of the
Knstlsh court for King Kdward and be
cause of lit royal origin found favor In
the eje of aristocratic Kngtlsh folk;
hence It Is recti In snvut drawing rooms
t1h here and abroad. As may be Im
agined It Is somewhat heavy In aspect,
or would be but for the brilliancy of the
design and coloring. It carries with It a
cei lulu tlkti'.ty when hung In slate apart
ments that Is the best argument In Its
"Another departure which Is making
Itself felt lests upon the Influence of the
Chinese designs copied from old prints
which were brought -Into Kngland from
China nnd India and this ts the style thnt
Is comprehensively termed Chinese Chip
pendale. Many of the designs are very
old , some copied from prints In the South
Kensington Museum date back between
sixty and seventy years.
"Just at the present moment the Eng
lish treatmAit of the chintz pattern so
much In vogue during the Chippendale
period has been revived and the same Idea
has crept into the wall papers with very
happy results. The background, gen
erally speaking. Is white, cream or twine
color and the figures are slightly eccen
tric without going to extremes. For ex
ample, there are to be seen on some
papers little groups of locks with flying
birds and arabesques. These designs are
essentially different from the Morris con
ception of wall papers, which followed
Publishers Building on 18th Street
llir-f "fr -Ji-
ifKL- T "fi- -3wnTlr1M
The northward movement of manu
facturing industries has aided the estab
lishment of a printers'
district between Fourteenth and Korty-
seconu streets on tho West Side. Here
tofore this industry confined Its opera
tions to tho district south nf u.nni...
third street on tho Kast Side.
Tho tendency to erect building!, with
nil tho conveniences required by print
ers has had considerable to do with tho
formation of the new printers' section.
The latest structure erected exclusively
more simple, conventionalized forms 11
were largely floral In character
"Hoth Persian nnd Jacobin rtYjlm
enter Into the Chinese Chlnpr n6t V.
pets and because of their el.itor,'iten,.
und tho expense of carving tin. i,it.
the cost of the paper In some eav tu '
as high as $50 for n nil of i icht r(
Jacobean styles Individually are i1Vn, ,
certain vogue In Ungland, though m j(,
they are not popular here. In splie of
.... ...1.1. .k. V'.. ..O.I. ... . ' gur
Ku nurau (-,'...1., mo .-ii.i-ii ,i p
ways In advance of us In nrcq ting n,.
llllUKn vriliv.il in r irtin nut.u HI CD.lrnCttf
ine juconeHii paper nines its surgd.
liuoo wiiin me i.-iinu.". ,ino ns 1rlents
llsm Is the fad this season It Is houm! t)
be more or less popular nccotdlng i,
women prefer form to color. Invarltbli
the background Is of linen, putty or ttr.,
color, whatever you wish to call It, lr'j
the pattern, a typical conventional mow
repeated nt Intervals, Is nrcotninnltd ,
gl woeful curves nnd seinlls.
".Subtle, Inexplicable changes nre tin.
slutitly taking place In the demand f.
wall papers. Taste seems to ?o In warn.
nui was iuiuiui a jnir uku in Out of
vogue this season nnn fashions i.
wouldn't be considered a twelve menu
ago are now much In evidence in tw.
calf gory Is the Chinese Chlppendile, Jut;
now me Japanese papers, lormoriy u
popular, are little In demand, though toy.
thing so essentially fine In quality win
ulwuys have a following. Of courts tk
Dutch drslgns will nlways have a nlir.
und Just now there are some charmlnt
panels, not unlike Whistler's sketches, ti
lie Itnd which seem to call for low beamn'
retflngs, quaint china cupboards and dec-
oiative plate rails.
"Presumably the tapestry papers srirr
never go out, since they fill a neefl that
nothing short of the textiles themtcWti
can supply. In fact any of the etrl.i
of wall paper that reproduce n fabric rt
liked, for It has been discovered that thn
Is Koinethlng (especially soothing about
such wall, coverings and the linen efTect
In particular Is In demand for ths lj.
foitnal library, living room or dsn.
"In the papering of rooms, sllrtt
changes have taken place. The old atylef
having the side walls plain with a floral
frieze has gone out. Now, Instead of thi
plain ground and heavy frieze, the aim
Is to give tho side walls a sense of bulb,
the effect growing lighter nnd light" ts.
wards tho celling. Kxceptlons to th nils
are found in the case of very high walli
when tne celling is Drought down bj
means of the deeper frieze. Oenerallt
speaking, It Is more restful to carry the
paper right up to tho celling and flnlb
with a narrow border. Narrow borderi,
by the way, are used for every room In
the house and some very decorative de
signs which look as .though done In water
colors nrc to ne nan.
"Modem taste, I should say, tendi
toward the selection of small designs
rather than largo and one rarely heart
the criticism nowadays, 'I shouldn't llki
that pattern i It keeps one counting and
Coiiffniicif on Vlahth rage.
for them Is tho Monahan Hulldlns, o
Eighteenth street between Soventh nnl
Klghth avenues. This structure Is extra
heavy flreproofcd, with light on four
sides nnd every foot of space avallaWe
for use, A guaranteed heat of sil de
grees, so necessary for tho free running
of Ink on tho presses. Is ono of the fea
tures of tho building. There nro ll.hW
siiuaro feet gross on each floor. The
owner of the building is tho Mnnalun
Kxpress Company. The company wl"
occupy tho store nnd first loft.