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THE SUN,' MONDAY, OCTOBER 7, 1912.
MONDAY, OCT011KR 7, 1012.
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Published dully, Including Sunday, by the Sun
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Mreet, In the Dorough of Manhattan, New York.
President and Treasurer, William 0. Itelrk. 170
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London office. r.fnngbara House, 1 Arundel
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our friends irho furor us trll)i manuicrlnM for
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An III .Judged Performance.
Tho notion of tlio Drmoorntio Stnto
convention in respect to tho nomina
tions for tho Court of Appeals was clc-i
The Republicans liad invited the Dem
ocrats to unite with them on this part
of the ticket. They nominated for one
of the two places Judge. Frank H. Hls
roi'K of Syracuse, who is now sittfnR in
the Court of Appeals under a temporary
designation by the Oovernor. They
appointed a committee with authority
to make the other nomination after the
Democratic convention should meet,
with the expectation that the Democrats
would name Judge, Hiscocrc and u
Democratic lawyer who would lie ac
ceptable to this. Republican committee.
The Democratic convention ignored
the invitation thus extended and nomi
nated (wo partisans of whom tho most
that can be said is that one is n good
fellow who served for nome years as a
deputy in the office of the Attorney
General and the other has been Cor
poration Counsel of the city of Buffalo
without ever attaining anything like
the rank of a leader of the bar.
The exeu.e for this performance was
Ihe pretended apprehension that tho
Progressives would denounco fusion
on the Judges as an agreement of the
The Rull Moose State platform con
tains this bit of insolence:
" 1 lie selection of .ludges by amicable
understanding between tlio boes of both
political parties mill lawyers of easy parti
anhli but anient devotion to corpora',;
Interests wo denounce ns a frauii and
travesty upon Ihu principlo of non-parti-eanship
in the choice of Judici.il oflleers."
The baseness of this denunciation
consists in the utter falsity of the as
sumption that any such thing lias ever
occurred. All tho present members of
the Court of Appeals but one were the
nominees of both the great political
parties, and no one can truthfully assert
that tho election of any one of them
was duo in the slightest degree to tho
influenco of political bosses.
Yet by means of this unfounded im
putation the Progressives havo scared
the Democrats into aiding tho Bull
Moose judiciary ticket, which would
linvo been certain of defeat if tho Demo
cratic convention had indorsed Judge
HlfiCOCK and nominated a capable
Democrat of high professional stand
ing as his running mate.
The Non-Voting Fraction In .w
One question which must interest all
who nro estimating the probable result
of tho November election in this State
Is whether tho rapidly growing non
voting fraction of tho electorate will
this year go to tho polls. With it may
easily rest the decisivo influenco in tho
How considerable this non-voting ele
ment is may be deduced from tho fol
lowing statistics: Between 1S9S and
1010 the population of this State in
creased from less than 7,000,000 to over
11,000,000. But tho total vote cast in
1S9S was 1,3:9,100 and in 1010 1,415,219,
or n gain of 0 per cent, in votes, against
B0 per cent, in population. In this
period tho expansion of tho Republican
nnd Democratic vote combined was less
A comparison of tho 1900 and 1908
Totes for President reveals a similar
circumstance. In 1900 tho total vote
was J,5l8,ai2, in 10OS it was 1,038,320,
a gain of just 90,000, against an in
crease In population of over 1 ,.7)0,000.
Of this Increase only 37,000 belonged
to tho Republican and Democratic
parties. Thus between 1900 and 11(03
the various small parties gained 53,000,
and in 1003 200,000 voters, taking tho
ratio of one vdter to live, failed to
go to tho polls.
Between 1900 and 1012 the State has
added at least 2,300,000 to its population.
This should mean an increase of above
150,000 voters this year, or a total of
2,000,000. This is more than 300,000 in
excess of tho total voto of 1903, and
represents an element never before
testetl. It supplies one more Interesting
problem alike for tho mathematician
and tho prophet.
More Facts of Slate Finance.
To tho various interesting statistics
of recent State finanto wo add tho fol
lowing tablo which shows tho total
.revenue and expenditure for the State
during tho (iseal years covered by tho
last four Republican budgets:
Ritenue, Krptmlttm r. lirflctt.
1007- 01.. lM,0!l7,fK") Mi.SIH.hno ISSIKM)
1008- 09, ,t 3l,f7,l :ill,:M8,(l00 7,6M,INin
, ltw-l0,., 37,u'in,nN) UH,:i.u,ooi) ovum
, Il0-ll,.-,a.'i,'-91,("1" ys.OiJ.tmi) .'.l.'iL'X'd
, .1130,301, KM IN!I,(I3,000 0, ,160,000
Total rtefloll, to,.v.!j,ooo.
On October I, 101 1, when tho first
Atcal year for which the Dlx Adminis
tration is responsible began, the surplus
was $3,25,1,537.08, and the Indicated In
crease of sinking fund charges nbovo
$1,500,000. Thus it was clear if tho defi
cit for 1911-12 did not exceed that of
$2,151,000 of the 1910-11 budget thero
would still Iks nn actual deficit in tho
State Treasury. Naturally, the direct
tax was imposed.
The full report for 1011-12 1s not yet
published, but the Comptroller's state
ment for the first cloven months shows
the revenue lo havo been $43,643,601.05,
tho expenditure $11,. 121 ,4.12.70, yielding
a balance on tho phis side of $2,100,000.
If this relation is maintained in tho
figures for the twelve months tho State
will havo its first annual surplus since
the Higgins Administration. Surely
these statistics should stifflco to demon
strate tho wisdom of the Democrats in
1911 in imposing n direct tax.
Dr. Wiley Not an lillol.
Dr. Harvey V. YVilky'r story of his
classification by President R008KVKLT
as an "idiot has a sequel that perhaps
both of them would like to forget. The
story as told by tho former Government
chemist in a speech at Terrc Haute on
Wednesday Is that at a conference nt
tho White House in the autumn of 1901
concerning the use of benzoate of soda
and saccharin in foods ho said to Mr.
Roosevelt, "Mr. President, every one
who eats these products is deceived,
believing that ho is eating sugar, and
his health in threatened by this drug
saccharin." whereupon Mr. Hoosk
tklt with "a fierce visage exclaimed:
"Anybody who says saccharin is injuri
ous is an idiot; Dr. Rixrt gives it to
me every day." Two days later Ihe'
President appointed tho Remsen board.
"It was received," said Dr. WILEY at
Torre Haute, where he was campaign
ing for Woopnow ilson, "with a shout
of acclaim from Ihe throat of every
adulterator and misbrander of foods
in tho land."
But so far as saccharin was con
cerned the shout of acclaim by the
adulterators and misbranders changed
in due time into nn outburst of rage
and resentment. Tho Remsen board
vindicated Dr. Wilet and in effect
rejected the classi Ilea t ion of "idiot" that
had been applied to him by Dr. Rixet's
distinguished patient. After painstak
ing experiments the Reference Board of
Consulting Scientific hxperts, of which
President Rk.mbbn of Johns Hopkins
was the head, condemned saccharin as
a deleterious substitute for sugar in
foods and reported that if its use were
continued it would cause digestive dis
turbances. Accordingly the Pure Food
and Drugs Board, consisting of tho
Secretaries of Agriculture, the Treasury
and Commerce and Labor, gavo notice
officially that foods or drugs that con
tained saccharin would bo regarded as
adulterated, and warned manufacturers
who used saccharin in their products
that they would be prosecuted.
Coal tar saccharin, whioh entered
into the preservation of no less than
thirty articles of food on the market
at that time, was tho discovery of Dr,
Co.NHTANTiN Fahldeiu) when he was
employed in President IrtA Rkmskn'b
laboratory. " he fact demonstrates tho
unflinching honesty of the scientific
man who had been selected to preside
over tho board which Dr. WlLEt has
assailed in and out of season. Its other
members wero Dr. Theobald Smith
of the Harvard Medical School, Pro
fessor Chittenden of Yale University,
Dr. John Lono of the Northwestern
University, and Dr. T.vi,on of the
medical school of tho University of
Pennsylvania. It' did not agree with
Dr. Wiley about the harmftilness of
benzoate of soda as a preservative, but
it did sustain his protest against the use
of saccharin in foods.
What tho Remsen board actually held
was that tho continued use of saccharin
for a long time in quantities over three
tenths of n gram a day would impair di
gestion in tho case of tho average per
son. It may be hazarded that it might
not harm an ostrich or a bull moose.
Saccharin is sometimes prescribed as
an anti-fat. Why Mr. Roohevklt con
sumed it has not been disclosed, but was
it not significant of the Colonel's mental
processes thut because ho felt no ill ef
fects from saccharin anybody who said
that it was injurious when used as a
preservative of foods must bo an idiot?
Tho presumption is that he has never
apologized to Dr. Wilet, but it will oc
cur to thejfair minded that if an apology
s duo tiie Doctor he on his part should
never tell tho idiot story without its
sequel, Tho Remsen board is evidently
not as black as ho has painted it.
An Inlt latlveAnientlrneiit In Uoiitnr
inoutlila. It should bo happiness enough to be
alive in these consummate October
days, but ho who will take tho troublo
to look toward where rolls the Oregon,
to Bournemouth, so to speak, to tho
relentless mother of nil political im
provements and newfangleism, will be
rewarded, as usual. So far as the dark
ened mind of the Kust can see, tho Ore-gonians-tho
poor devils havo to voto
on something or other or for or against
somebody or other every fifteen min
utes of tho day and evening the Ore
gonians are now sniffing somo sort of
an "Initiative amendment" which puts
tho Mate .Senate out of business alto
gether and provides for proxy votes
and proportional representation in tho
legislature or what is to be left of it.
lx't us gaze reverently upon the "awak
ened conscienco" and intelligence of the
earthly paradise of cwnks; let us lout
low before statesmanship In action:
"livery candidate for fiovernor who shall
rotolve a hljtlior number of rotes for that
oflkK tliHii are cast for any other candidate
nf tils political party for (lovernor shall he
ex officio n member of the Htate J,eglela
tine." This is all too Orphlo for the likes of
us; let it stand as a curiosity and let us
follow, if wo can, the ex officio grandee:
"livery such ex officio member is the proxy
In the legislative assembly (or the total
number of eleclnts lu die Stale who voted
for unsuccessful (uudldntes of IiIa party
for KeprewuUtlvo, sail every eucb ex
officio member shall cast that number of
totes for or ntrntnst any measure on any
All clear as tho mud on Letho's
wharf; and tho insertion of theso ex
officio sages in the legislature or tho
House, if tho Senate Is to bo smashed,
looks as promising as bob veal. Is
that wise old friend tho Orrgonian right
or merely reactionary when it says
things like this:
I'pon repetition of the present political
alignment In the lower house of the Oregon
Legislature, a Democratic Oovernor, under
the operation of each a law, would have the
TOlluit strength of approilmately one-third
the Legislature. Were be one of three
primary candidates (if primary election is
referred to by the section) who had received
a higher number of votes than 'any other'
candidate, be would be one of three members
who would each have Ihe voting power of
one-third the I.eglslnture. The Legislature
would present tho anomaly of having five
thirds, yet. a number of voles equivalent
to a majority of all voles cast In the election
would control legislation. The three Gu
bernatorial ex officio candidates could be
the Legislature and the ordinary member
might go fishing."
Why should "five-thirds" be deemed
an "anomaly"? There shall bo as many
thirds in an undivided whole as the
poop leprescrlbe; and.all unintelligible
"initiative amendments" shall take ef
fect before being proposed.
Certain Document s In the Case.
In the four letters that Big Jack
Zei.io, otherwise William Aldehth,
carried in his pocket when death over
took him in a form no doubt entirely
appropriate, whatever tho motive of
his slayer may have been, the inter
relations of the gang men nre revealed
with such simplicity that they take high
place among tho documents in rhe case.
Four "gunmen," more or less inconven
ienced by imprisonment incident to
their vocation, report to their leader and
friend. They aro less concerned for
their future than for his comfort.
They assure him of their satisfaction
with their situation. They are not se
riously discommoded. They speak a
completo faith in him, a confidence
that accounts more satisfactorily than
anything else for tho potency of the
"I know that everything you write
comes from your heart"; "Zel, take
care of yourself"; "I know what you
are made of, having full confidence in
you, old boy, that you will stick to the
end"; this written on n Thursday, when
"Zel's" end was to come, so dramat
ically as to gratify tho most ambitious
of outlaws, within forty-eight hours.
Thero is no hint or trace of fear in any
of the letters, except the fear that
Zelio might be worried over tho dif
ficulties of his associates. There is
something forced and strange in Ihe
protestations of "good times-" among
the prisoners, but the motive is ap
parent. Their leader must be spared
whatever of trouble on their account
they can withhold from him. Ciiiofici
has "more faith in you (Zelicj than in
any other living being in this whole
country," a fact not tinworthy of the
attention of dabblers in "social justice."
The protective efforts of the leader aro
as completely disclosed in Whitev
Lewis's letter as in any other:
" Well. Jacx. I wish you would thank
IUnnaii for the kindness she has shown
us by sending us tho bundles, for you know
what a Job she must have to pack up four
big bundles for us four hie ftr. Jsca;
1 am getting fatter every day and calnlnt
weight at the rate of Are pounds a week "
Tho murder of Hehman Rosenthal,
with all its sordid and amazing inci
dents, will not produce anything more
human, more homely, than theso let
ters designed to relieve the anxiety
of tho "dear pal to whom Cinonci,
"being I am a dago," wrote that he
"prayed to-day for your dear little
wife, God bless her." Respectability
can produce no more uncompromising
loyalty thun they discover, and would
deserve high congratulation could it
always reach tho level ignorant lawless
ness attains in this instance.
I am In this fight on principle. 7Vif linn.
Hut more especially for the interest.
The ticket seems to read: "Brtan and
When the police are putting their Rreat
intelligence and stainless souls upon the
old task of shutting up respectable res
taurants at 1 A, M. every "old New
Yorker" who has benn here more tljan a
week feels that the cause of public virtue
President F. K Hcott of the (leorula
Ilallrond has appealed to novernor Knows-
! for protection. Ho far the Oovernor baa
I declined to order out troops, expressing
the opinion that the civil authorities along
the line ought to be able to furnish protec
tion Thr iieirs o ietterdau.
And rellove the Governor of Georgia
of hia responelbilltien toward the citizens
of that State.
No doubt Admiral BotmiK.Ri.ANO is en
tirely justified in saying that "the Navy
Ueartment and the country have every
reason to bo proud of the officers, marines
and bluejackets who were engaged" In
the brisk encounter at Barranca, Nicar
agua, on Friday. The country has looked
for generations to its sailormen and sail
ing soldiers for gallant conduct, and it
has never been disappointed. Moil and
officers alike to-day sustain most cred
itably the traditions of the past and the
reputations won by their predecessors,
Iet all campaign speakers take notice
that when a auffracntte nukx u rmetin.
she expects it to be answered promptly,
ana not at tiie convenience of tho inter
nut of all the great and of nil the big and
of all the hold and nil the bravo things that
this man ever did In all his bold and bravo
and great career, the bravest and the great
est was when this year, throwing aside
consequeuces to himself, he determined to
lead this movement for humanity in tho
United Slates. The fon, II hum Johnson.
Bo T. R. is "humanity. "
No doubt those citizens of lwrencti
who are threatening the louder of the
Industrial Workers of the World will be
Dronerlr denounced liv Mr 11. run,,,,
and his uaocittc u lawless and vicious.
TALKS Of TIIK YiSCOVNT.
A firantl, sweet Hons; From an Illustrious
Member or T. R.'s Angel Choir.
After much persuasion Viceroy Munsey
consented to talk In a freehand manner
about political business and to tell how
the wheels go round and how one may
oil tho cogs without ever doing It directly.
After a trifle mora persuasion Viceroy
Munsey consented lo talk about "Mr.
Munsey" and about the generous work
that "Mr. Munsey" la doing for humanity,
the same old humanity loved by Kins
Rhnkhl, the identical humanity kept in
permanent typo at the Outlouk. It begins
to look as though humanity had put the
plain people out of business. Ah for the
farmer, ho gets only two paragraphs
nowadays at. beat. The farmer used to
play the double part of "humanity" and
"plain people," but his Humorous dovil
wagons fnroud him to show his hand.
When I,ord Harvester, the generous
Karl nf Perkins, conwnls In 'nn interview
on himself and his children ho squares'
himself before his check book and talks
loosely about millions. With "Mr. Mun
sey" the method is slightly different.
When he consents to talk alxut himself
he squares himself before "my publica
tions, loth magazines and dally news
pners," and says:
The money I hve pent (for polltlral bul
aeml means the same to me as If I had given It to
a hospital, a college, a library, or any public In
lllullon all of which gn lo the .account of ths
What a pity Lord Harvester's children
cannot rend a sentence like that about
their generous ancestor. But they will
at least havo tho glory of knowing that
Lord Harvester and Viceroy Munsey had
an Interchangeable pair of wings. And
they will be proud to think that their an
cestor and "Mr. Munsey" were entered
in the Humanity Stakes, "all of which
go to tho account of the common good,"
just on sight drafts go to the account of
special trains for Teddy.
Getting down to tlio brass tacks of
politics, the Viceroy says lhat what we
need in the White House la a man "who
has Ood given executive and adminis
trative qualities." The Almighty has
been accused of giving various powers
from time out of mind, but never before
haa He been accused of giving the power
to say, "Do not prosecute until you hear
from me.-" Then the Viceroy goes into
detail as to other God given qualities:
"Roosevelt reads everything and has
been reading everything all his life. He
not only reads but remembers."
All except the Hearst epistles. And
la it not wilfully false to say that he reads
everything, for how can one read what
never was received, nor written, except
for the record?
Then tho Viceroy tells us that King
FChokhi is "a man of sclntlllant imagina
tion." Another God given quality? A
man with so much scintillation in his
chaste bosom that ho can imagino that
blackbirds turn while north of the Mason
and Dixon line. A political nature faker
on a backsliding hcale. Who would have
imagined, save those that are sclntlllant,
that Dr. Crum would crumble? And that
Booker T. would havo to eat luncheon
at the side door if he came to Progressive
conventions? Has the square dealer
definitely decided that the White House
is for white men only? Or will "the beet
white men in the South" discover familiar
post-electon characteristics in their God
given protector of tho sugar tariff? By
the way, how little we heard about Lin
coln on tho Southern swing.
Tho Viceroy tells us that our present
President is sadly handicapped; he was
once on the bench, the bench has fallen
into awful repute in these dark, gray
days of general recall. Let the ignorant
"'raft is a lawyer and a Judge. This
training often minimizes vision and clogs
it with precedents and balance.
The Viceroy nover created a fairer
jewel. To havo "balanco" is to be unfit.
And a Judge "without precedents" is
unable to let a good trust swallow its
largest rival Bravo, Viceroyl
K IIMurbril I'lat Dweller.
To the I'.niTon ok The Sex .Sir I have
always sympntldzed with people that got
tit it t up in folding beds, and now 1 feel that
some sympathy Is due to me in return. I
don't on a folding lied myself, but the
folks upstairs do, and from that our
I think that bed must weigh somewhsre
between one and to tons, and apparently
when Ihev pull it down at night they just
start it mid then walk away and look out
of the window or sit down and read the
patier. and let the bed come, and when It
tills the floor it strikes with a shock that
makes tlio whole house shako and tremble.
I have m doubt that if this is continued long
enough it will shake the house down. Just
how long it will take I don't know, but I do
know that nightly I look forward to that im
pending shock wltli apprehension,
Whorefore I crave tho sympathy of all
folding bed sufferers. True, I am In no dan
ter nf being shut up In one, but Is not my
danger ns great? And it springs from the
A DisTCRHPO Flat Dwei.i.ks.
New York, October a,
A Tibet Stamp.
From the London Chronicle.
A lihllslellc rurlcwlly has JuM resrheil this
country from Tibet It Is a postage Mjmp ile-
Ignrtl smt rxcruteil apparently In anticipation
of the return, after his long eille In India, of the
Ilslnl Lama to rule once more over Ihe land of
Of ruddy purple color, Ihe stamp Is very crudely
designed and printed, and hears traces of the
dlilne ruler's long residence In India, It has
evidently drawn Its frame and spandrel ornamen-
tjitlmi rrnm the um, i'mIii nf the !,1warril,i t
j anna slamp of India, In the place of Ihe cenlral
portrait, nowever, mere i ine mysterious looking
beast Identified as the while lion of Tibet. Possi
bly by an error of drawing the white lion Is shown
In color on a white ground.
The Inscriptions are In native and English
characters, the latter Trailing, "Tibet-Postage."
The nallte characters air Interpreted is (at topi
Pint Tibet, Mining-Government; (below) Vlg
letter, The-llu postage or stamp, Kha-anna,
Tip Legalized In Switzerland.
tlenrra rnrreipondence London Standard,
Thetlphas Just been legalUed by the Hupreme
Court of llerne In a test rsi.e. , calle dealer
recently sold for 1".'7 three head of rattle to a
farmer, but as the latter refused to give the usual
Up of one franc an animal to the srrvant the
farmer would not deliver the raltle and sent
bark the money by post, The farmer brought an
cllon for breach of contract before the can
tonal tribunal and lost Ihe rase, Ihe court Uniting
that the tip was a "usual custom" In Ihe canton,
and therefore without It the sale had not been
Not sallsned with tho verdict the farmer ap
pealed and the matter came up hefoielhe Mil-
pieme Court, which look the same slew of the
rase as the lower tribunal and condemned the
farmer to pay costs amounting lo to.
Rolling Barrels to Calliope Hlc.
From the it, Louts Cllobt nemotral,
Harry Moore of Alton was engaged by Cant.
Sam tlregory of the steamer 0. W. Hill to play
I Ihe calliope while the boat was making Ha first
trip In Calhoun county for apples Sunday, The
I i-alllope was played whenever a landing was made,
and was even kept going lale lo the night, at
I trading much attention,
The negroes working -s roustabouts on Ihe
host were given lively tunes, and they kepi step
Kllh them, working haider lhan Ihey hsd ever
been known In work belmr. In this way the
Hill vms loaded In record lime sad brought out
an Immense cargo ut apples. ' '
OtT O.V WASHINGTON HEIOtlTA.
Mlgratery Manhattan He n he Has Lived
Almost the Length of the Island.
To i hr Editor or Thb HusSir: Well,
we've moved on up. We have lived as far
south as Varlck street. From there at
Irregular Intervals of time and with Jumps
of Irregular distance we moved uptown and
kept moving until finally we landed In Har
lem. It was from Harlem lhat we have
Just now moved, this time to Washington
Heights, and well up on the Heights In the
Fort (leorge dlatrict. Maybe In the course
of lime wo shall roll down Fort (loorge hill
andlbriug up in the Dyckman, but 1 don't
believe we shall ever get off the island.
Nice Island, Manhattan.
Hut what I wanted to speak about lawhat
we see tip around here. Where we live the
ground is very high, Then? Is more or less
building going on nil (he time, but there
ate still plenty of wide, open spaces; and
you see glass here and trees, regular big
tress, and If you hapten to live In Just the
right spot you get wide extended views.
We live on the top floor of a house facing
south, from which we can (look down over
the city by day. And then you ought to see
the lights at night, including many with
which we are familiar and which we can
readily pick out, the one that thus far has
most caught our fan'ov being that on ton
ef the Metropolitan tower. Eight miles
er more we are away from It. but we can
see It very clearly.
i on know about this light? Or course.
It shows with a steady white glow through
the night except at the quarters and at the
completion of the several hours. At the
first ipiarter after any hour the white light
dlaapiiears and after a second or two or
time you see a red light In Its place,
marking the quarter. The red shows
hriefly and then disappears; and then after
a little. Interval or darkness the white light
again appears, to show steadily till tho
half hour comes. Then In like meanner as
at the ipiarter you get two red flashes, fol
lowed by the filed white light as before un
til threc-iuarters of the hour have pnssed.
when you get three red flashes. At Ihe
expiration of the hour vou get four red
flashes, and then after a brief interval you
get an evenly spared succession of brief
white flashes indicating whnt hour it l.
I hu last night as we watched we saw first
the while light go out and then Ihe succes
sion of fourred flashed unit f hen theailrces-
alon of ten while flashes, marking Ihe hour,
and then the steady white light again, so
iu giow nn ine next quarter.
Fascinating it Is to us now to watch this
light, but I sunnose we shall upL used to It.
and then we ahull give it no thought except
as we set our clocks by It.
fcisHiNOTas-.HmonTS, October 5.
THB DllVa OF DEATH.
A Proilelan'g Criticism ef s Clerg) man's
To the KniTon or Tiie St'.v .Sir: I
would ask for your indulgence to reply
to a clergyman's views on "The Drug of
Death, printed on Hie editorial page of
The Sex of October 3. Ills view is not
charitable, nor Is It merciful. He would
condemn the unfortunates to Jail and
confine Ihem to live a life of torture and
dread while the cravings for the drug were
They are not criminals; they are unfor
tunate. Many have taken to the drug
through ignorance of the consequences,
first having been relieved of pain by a phy
sician, who unconsciously perhaps has told
what he Is using and possibly has prepared
a hypodermic in the presenc of Ihe patient.
The effect of the drug when It takes hold
of one is the worst form of slavery; one
may try t break tho chains that bind him,
but he finds it impossible. When the hourlv
period (usually a sis. hour interval) comes
around and Ibey cannot obtain Ihe drug
the mental agony is unbearable and they
pas through hell; It means either a lost of
mental balance or self-destrupiinn.
It is all too true about the moral sense
being blunted or obliterated, the victims
'ius iiuisuiw n icn um i nun. stealing, corn
nvltt insr crimes antl iiireAiuis nf nil bin.iu
Their criminal acts often lead to detection
and punishment by the law. .Should not an
honest effort lie made to reclaim Ihem before
they fall ao low? 1 do not agree with the
n-verenti gentleman mat tne narilt cannot
be cured or broken tin. I think ir nif.n
bold of with intelligence before the whole
Physical system is wrecked many could be
saved. No one could he saved by placing
mm in jhii lau culling mm on.
The oriminiltitl Ilea tint tin mitnli ultl.
the victim or wUi the doctor who gives
the drug carelessly and freely often for a
long period in a case or prolonged Illness,
then leavinff1 his natlenl tn work nut hlw rtu-,.
Salvation wlthnnt nallafvlnv 1,1 m.nlr u,.,
he is not In danger of forming a habit, Tho
criminality rests wun uioso wno sell or
supply the drug without knowing that It is
tor a legitimate purpose. I Mere are many
remedies to relieve nnln. and the iWtnr
should hesitate a lone w bile before resorting
to bis hypodermic or even morphine to be
taken by the mouth The habit once
formed requires the greatest patience ami
tolerance for those trying to correct It It
does not call for contumely and hate.
hnwAiin ll. tir.t-.KN, SI. D.
East Orange, N. Octobers.
Blasphemy From Capital of Cultivation.
To THK L'DlTOn or Thk Si's -.Sir.- Have
you noted Tan Vnlkeuburg'a rush to the
defence of "lioosevelt'a Honesty"? It nreia
defending- so ho thereby admits. His hon
esty is an Issue in this campaign.
Brooeline. Mass., October
Dr. Bark's "Menace."
To the Hditos or the nusSin An article
entitled "Ruardlans of Liberty Meet. In the Sun
of yesterday, slates that "Pr. J. I) lluck of Cin
cinnati, one of the national counsellors of the
tluardlans, said that 'ihe great menace to this
country Is the Influence of the Itoman Catholic
Church In thr direction of wiping out civil liberty '
He said that 'the iluardlans were not attacking
the Itoman Catholics, but were defending the
country from them,' "
!o far as can be lesrned from the newspapers
which I read, four In number, the (itiartllans of
Liberty have never let us learn, In any manner
by which the whole reading public can learn, lust
where the "menace" referred Incomes In or how
It operates, If lis patriotism permits, n might
be well for the society mentioned to give to the
general public all of Ihe details about the whole
matter. Then If some or all of the cltlrens of the
United Stales found sufficient reason for worrl-
ment about the doings of the ttonian Catholic
Church, the additions to Ihe Guardians might
In Ihe course of time equal In number the addi
tions by conversion to Ihe latter. Uul II Is too much
to expect that we shall accept their Ipse dixit
without knowing all the facta In the rase.
Faib I'lat Fob All.
New yoag, October 5.
Rrlarn of Naiad Days.
Parti eorrtspondtn; London Tclearavh,
.Sol so very long ago salad was anathema lo
French doctors. II was Indigestible. It was un
hygienic, It was a great many other things be
sides. If eaten at all It must Brat be carefully
slewed for several hours, So touching a fallh
has the general public In medical omniscience
lhat the horror of stewed salad was actually per
petrated In not a few unhappy homes,
Now the doctors have made their cusiomery
volte fare with more than their customary pre
cipitation, Our salad days have returned. Salad
It now appears Is a gentle stimulant of those gas
tric Juices which exercise, as llyron writes, so
great in Influence on our Intelligence. Its com
ponents lettuce, chicory and so on, are excellent
for the complexion. Add Ihe seasoning, pepper,
oil, vinegar and salt, and a salad may be looked
upon not only as a possible work of culinary art
but In ihe barbarous medical Jargon "very Judi
ciously composed from the alimentary point of
All this Is the best of news for the vegetarians,
but what tbry will not perhaps be to pleased lo
hear Is that wine Is to share the rehabilitation of
the salad, A sort of hydrophobia ha seized on
Ihe medical profession, Kven Ihe mineral waters
by which they swore some few years ago are
Peace Among the Dlrlgos.
To the HoiToa or The SUN-air; In order
lhat full Justice may bo done to ihe memory of
the departed, please reserve a rornrr among the
Immortals for Sleeper and Dyer, whose tombslonra
are side by side In a cemetery near Dockland, Me,
NawVoaK. October. H.a.M.
A Veatllea Mariner.
To the Rpitob or The sun air; Children
are taught that North America waa discovered
by John Cabot, His name was filovsnnl Cabnto.
lie was a Venetian mariner, Ills real name
should be taught In our schools
New You, October e. nutuo Uouwo,
THK LIVING ISSVF..
Rarer Flylntf Through the Air From thr
Hands of Uootl Carneglelles.
To the Epjfott or Tub ac.v-A'ir: Mr.
Frank H. Vlzetellv In his communication
of September 29 appears so much to enjoy
being "set right" about (he progress of
simplified spelling that I cannot resist Ihe
temptation to afford him more of the aamo
kind of enjoyment that he derived from my
letter of Seolember 21. And I shall iry to
do It with the same naivete that contributes
so greatly to his delight. In fact Mr
V 7Ate v so naive v in sconslrties my at
tempts to correct him that it Is bard to es
cape the Impression that be has deliberately
Invited the pleasure of being "set right"
Thus Mr. VL-ele lv wl doubtless derive
great enjoyment from the assurance that
the board is, and has been for some years.
orkloir strenuous y and continuously on
the preparation of just such a comprehen
sive aUJhabetlo list as be is demanding in
behalf of himself and other "men lo whom
timo is money."
The tireruiratlnn of such 11 list does 1101
take much money, but It docs lake much
time. Ihe lime of tho bnsv men who are the
executive committee of Ihe Simplified Spell
ing Hoard, who must meet frequently, dis
cuss at length and carefully consider each
recommendation for simplification before
It Is submitted to Ihe consideration of the
entire board and Ihe advisory council, who
must In turn Individually take the time
necessary lo pass Judgment carefully and
wisely on the entile list.
Mr. Vlyetcl v retiu rea no correction in
his assumption lhat the editor of tho .Sim-
plifird Spelling Bulletin is "very much alive.
He Is not only alive, but kicking (vide supra
et Infral. It will be a pleasure, however,
for Mr. Vlretelly to be set right In his er
roneous Impression that the editor's middle
name Is In some subtle way responsible
for this activity. Mr. Vlretelly himself
haa successfully shown, both In his own case
and In that of Professor lllppmann, thut
names are not lo be trusted as Indications
either of character or nationality.
Is It worth the while of a man "to whom
time Is money" to quibble over the exact
number of circulars, bulletins and leaflets
that have been Issued by the Simplified
Spelling Hoard? The more the merrier,
say I. But only twenty-five circulars of
the regular or public series have been
Issued for general distribution, as I stated
before. Mr. Vizetelly declares that "the
Simplified Spelling Hoard lias Issued Just
forty-two bulletins, circulars and reprint
leaflets by actual count." Hut many inoro
lhan that number have been printed for
various purposes, of w hich Mr. v Izetcll)
haa not, It seems, received or preserved
copies. But what of that' The point is
that no man "to whom time Is money," or
no other man, would expect to find or would
waste t me tn looking for alphabetic lists
of words In notices of meetings, reprints
of articles and addresses, or In explanatory
and hortatory circulars, which have a
dinerenl purpose, as snown uy ineir un
ferent titles. ......
deferring to his copy of tlio Alphabetic
List of March , llioo-eo it appears Hint Mr
Vizetelly bad one all the tltr.e'-lie finds that
It contains only :t,n words, and asks'
"If In the Kngllsh language, which contnlns
approximately eoo.tion words, there are only
a,) that require simplification, why should
it take from March, loot), to March, ipou
three veats to simplify them? This Is at
about an nverago of three words a day."
Why. rather, should Mr. Vizetelly rashly
assume that thete nre only a,;tr) words that
"require" simplification? If lhat wete all
It might indeed take three years to dig them
out of the "approximately aon.onn words"
that Mr. Vizetelly says the KngS!h language
contains about 200.ono of which, though
known by Mr. Vizetelly to exist, have
never been included in any dictionary.
Tho Alphabetic List never claimed to
contain all the words that "require" or that
would even lie improved by simplification.
It merely contains those words that the
bonrd hsd up to January, lw. recom
mended for simplification. It is not the
policy of the board to reform the siiellini;
of English "all at once." It would fie neither
possible nor politlo to do eo. The result
of such an attempt Is seen in tlio scheme
adopted by the Simplified Spelling Society
and so sweeplngly oondemned by Mr. Vize
telly. Yet the publication of thut scheme
has served a good purpose in arousing in
terest in the general movement nnd in
stimulating discussion. IVrwons who are
shocked by the'extremes of the British sim
pliflet's will perhaps be the more ready to
accept the less drastic and less revolutionary
recommendations of the American simpll
tiers and so be prepared to accept the much
longer list of words that is to beput forth.
If the business man or nnv other man
cannot find simplified forms of such words
as anachronism, blarney, blasphemy, Ac,
In the Alphabetic List, then he may lie quite
certain that the Simplified Spelling Board
for good reasons has not jet recommended
Mtivsimpliflcat ions of those particular words.
But it remains quite within the province of
nnv one tn adopt and tn use such logical
simplifications of those words as would in
evitably suggest themselves.
The reasons why certain words have not
lieen simplified by the board, while other
words apparently In tho mime class have
been simplified, arc various uud suftlcieiit.
But the most frequent reason is that the
simplification of some particular word
would Involve It the cate of some other
words a principle of simplification that tho
board has not as yet liven able to recom
mend, When Mr. Vizetelly writes that the Sim
plified Spelling Hoard between IWI0 and limo
simplified "on an average" only threo words
a duy he doublless quite unintentionally,
but not the less augrnvnt Ingly, tends to
perpetuate a curious misconception in the
minds of some pesons of the activities and
functions of the board. If, as some un
thinking critics appear to imagine is Ihe
cjjse, the forty odd members of the lioard
were in the habit of meeting dally in con
sultation for several hours, and could as a
result of their delilierations succeed In add
ing "on an average" only three new simpli
fications to the list at each session, tho
friends of reform would have a right to
despair and Its foes a right to scoff
The bonrd does not meet once a day, or
Indeed ever, for the purpose of adopting
particular slmpllllcations. Its members
ate agreed upon the main principles of sim
plification I hey are now considering the
application of these principles to particular
cases. That Is their main business. Thev
vote by mall on the recommendations of
the executive committee This committee
meets as often as it can. and more frequentls
than could 1 expected, nnd It works hard.
But the problems that it has to meet are
Intricate and perplexing. Its members
must consider tho Luglish language and
also the great Kmilish speaking public,
which is still In this matter groping under
thick clouds of Ignorance and prejudice
If Hie board should wait until all its memlierx
could sirree upon a really "complete" list
of possible simplifications Its work would
never be finished and no list would ever ap
pear. To mako anything like a complete
nnd at the same time logical simplification
of English spoiling with only twenty-six
letters to represent forty or more sounds
Is a physical Impossibility. More cun lie
done, however, and is lielng done, lhan the
board has as yet announced that It has done.
And when a new list of simplifications shall
appear Mr Vizetelly and others who com
plain of the slowness of the board will doubt
less realize, to some extent ut leust, tho liifll
rui ties that it haa had to encounter and why
t has not made piecemeal recommondutlons
lu the Interim.
In conclusion I most respectfully decline
to accept the responsibility for an unim
portant erior of a Hun compositor In putting
anextia'l in theword speliugz und.bythe
,' that "Alfalietlo List of Sim
plified Hpeling." which Mr. Vletelly says
has been Issued by the Simplified Spelling
Society f Mr. Vizetelly will glance over
his quotation rroiu the "Scuulbol'z Story"
In his letter or September IB he will see that
sich an alphabetic list to be complete
KouJrtJ,ave to contain, more lhan half of
his "tmo.iioa words."
v. IjKNItT OALI.t.'l- l'AINk.
Nkw , ore, Octobers.
The Antiquity f Elevators.
Horn correspondent London Pally ,Vetr and
The recent excavation In Palestine will shortly
be opened In the public. When the clearing q
the rubbish from Ihe atrium of Homttlan's palace
nas nren completed an excellent view will be
obtained of Ihe vast linpluvlum of the palace
of the Osars. Tills colossal fountain had a
rapacity of 1.000 ctiblo meters, The water was
distributed In lead pipes from Nero's aqueduct
fifteen feet below the Impluvlum,
The foundation of the golden house and earlier
Ciesarlsn dwelling have been '.aid bare. Delow
these have been found pre-pomulsn remalus,
Including twelve ancient lifts. One of these lifts
Is now being cleaned and put Into working order
for the arrha-oioflral congress next mouth.
Fall Itlver Kent ttt Fame.
To the Kpitok or the Sun .sir. James
.Snliip Is a cobbler on lledford suet! here and hi
the Fall Itlver city directory for iikki Is the name
of Mr. Kkonoml, a ronfeeiloucr. Qi'gquEciiiN.
uFsllIUvee, Mass., Octobers.
Act Mnkcfi All Amci'lcnn Sl.iys
Pni't of I iitcrnat iontil
IX KFKECT ON DHC. Jo
Country Is Divided Tnto Xlne
Districts, Knell Under
Washinoton, Oct. 8, The net to rccu
littc radio communication will lake effect
on December 13. Taken lu connection
with the Berlin international treaty,
which was ratified In April by tho Senate,
it makes American ships equiprd with
wireless u part of an International system
liy which every vessel has distinctive
letters, registered nt an international
bureau in llerne. Using tho Continental
Morse code, every vessel will bo nblu
to communicate intelliRlbly with any
other ship regardless of nationality.
Acting Secretary Cabcl of tho Depart
ment of Commerce and Iwibor will issue
a circular tills week giving preliminary
regulations and instructions for the
enforcement of the act.
The act establishes a completo system
of Federal control in the interest of safety.
It requires all wireless oitcrators nnd
all apparatus which work across .Statu
lines or can communicate with ships Hi
sea to be licensed. Amateur stations
within thescoH number several thousand.
About tnti American vessels, nearly Kid
commercial stations and many, more
stations connected with colleges, schools
and experimental laboratories come under
the authorization or tne act.
The Department will combino the ad
ministration of this act with that of the
act of 1910 to require wireless apparatus
on ocean passenger ships and will make
Use of its four Inspectors already stationed
at the New York. Haltimore, New Orleans
and San Francisco custom houses. Addi
tional inspectors will ins appointed for
Boston. Chicago. Savannah. Seattle and
Cleveland. Tho country has lsen divided
Into nine districts, as follows:
First Headuuarters nt Uoston, com
prises Maine, New Hampshire, Vetmont,
Massachusetts, Ithode Island and Connec
Second Headuuarters at New ork.
New Voik (county of New York. Stalcn
Island, Long Island and counties on the
Huddon Itlver to and including Albany iiml
Itciiselaerl ami New .Jersey (counties of
Itergen, l'asalc, Kssex, I'nlon, Middlesex
Third- Headquarter at Haltimore, New
Jersey (all counties not included lu Second
district), Pennsylvania (counties of Phila
delphia, Delaware, all counties eniitli of the
lllue Mountains, and Iran kiln county,
Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, District
I'oui'.li -Headquarters at Savannah.
North Carolina, South Carolina, (ictirgla,
lToridu nnd Porto Hico.
Fifth Headquarters at New Orleans,
Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Tesns,
Tennessee, Arkansas, Oklahoma and New
Sixth Heailuuarters at San Francisco,
California, Hawaii, Nevada, t.'tah and
Seventh Headquarters at Seattle, Ore
gon, Washington, Alaska, Idaho, Montana
Klghth-Headquarters at Cleveland. Ohio
New York lull counties not Included in
Second district), Pennsylvania (all comities
not included In Third district). West Vir
ginia, Ohio. Michigan (Lower Peninsula).
Ninth Headquarters nt Chicago. In
diana. Illinois, Wisconsin, Michigan ll'ppcr
Peninsula), Minnesota. Kentucky, Missouri,
Kansas, Colorado, Iowa, Nebraska, South
Dakota and North Dakota.
The act docs not apply cither afloat or
ashore to apparatus which merely re
ceives radiogram and. nccosydingly, can
not in any way ofTect the sending of wire
lews messages. Stations on shipboard
aro divided into three classes, apply
ing to iiassengcr steamers, cargo hteam
era, with crews of fifty and more, nnd
vessels voluntarily equipped with radio
.and stations are divided into about
six classes, that is, coast or shore sta
tions, general public service stations,
limited commercial Mai ions, experiment
stations, technical and training school
Btutions, general amateur stations, sieciai
amateur stations and special class sta
tions, Acting Secretary Cabcl states that tho
Department recognizes that radio com
munication offers a wholesome form of
instructive recreation for amateurs, but
at the paine time tho users for this pur
oso must observe strictly the rights
of others to the uninterrupted use of
apparatus for important public nnd com
mercial puroees and that the Depart
ment -will not knowingly issue a license
to an amateur who does not recognize
and will not obey this principle.
Applications for licenses for ship hla
tions should be addressed to the Depart
ment's radio inspector at tlio custom
house of the port whence the vessel usually
Applications for licenses for coast
stations should be addreKKcl to the De
partment's radio inspector if there be
one near the station, if not, lo the Com
missioner of Navigation at Washington,
Applications lor other stations should
be made to the headquarters us given
Applications for operators' licenses of
the several commercial grades should In
addressed to examining oHioers or radio
inspectors, who will arrange for examina
tions. Women are eligible ns applicants
for licensee of any class or grade upon
the some conditions as men.
The examination of operators will be
held at the United States navy yards at
Boston, Brooklyn, Philadelphia, Wash
ington, Norfolk, Charleston, New Orleans,
Mare Island (Han Francisco); Puget
Hound. Wash.; at the naval stations at
Key West. Fla.; Ban Juan and Honolulu,
ul the Naval Academy, Annapolis; also
nt Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, Tex ;
Fort Wood, New York Harbor; Fort
Omaha, Nebr.; Fort Lstavenworth, Kans.;
nt tlio army stations at Ht. Michael, Alaska,
and Fairbanks, Alaska; also at the Bureau
of Standards, Washington; and by the
Department's radio inspectors at the
oustom houses in their districts and
elsewhere by arrangement with them.
Operators are divided into three classes:
commercial, of which thero are five grades;
amateur, two grades; and technical,
' The Department suggests that amateurs
should read and understand the emsential
parts of the Berlin IUdio-Telographlc
convention and the act or August 13.
n iLLOI'KN cmAitn COAL lanh.
Trusters of Rstatr Deride tn Lrasc
lllcb Mrharlklll Deposit.
Plili.anKU'HiA, Oct. . The O Irani
estate hits decided to throw open for lcaso
aeveiul of Its richest deposits of coal In
the Schuvlklll district.
The Hoard of City Trusts, which ad
ministers the estate, will this week award
the leases to the highest bidders for the
privileges of mining coal on this land for
The argn acreage which it has decided
to irlease for mining Is uudeilald with
millions of tons which have been under
water for tunny yenrs. Kxperla have held
i Hint coal under water Imptoves with agis
The discovery of this tonl was made by
accident two yeais hro. II Is said that
this lund is richer tb.an thut owned by the