Newspaper Page Text
. 0M B1
svJ' HE3IH( rrwXKi
TUESDAY, OCTOHKIt 8, 1912.
Entered at the Pom omce At New York as Second
Claas Unit Matter.
Sibirrlptloru by Hall. Postpaid.
DAILY, Per Month to ISO
DAILY, Per Year a ih)
81'NnVY, Per Yesr a BO
DAILY AND St'NDAY, Per Year H Sit
DAILY AND. sr.VllAY. Prr Month .. . 53
Pottage to foreign countries added.
All checks, money unlets, Ar to lie made ptiy
Published ftnllv. Including Sunday, hy the Sun
Printing anil Piibllhlnc Aurlalini at i;n.Vaui
treet, In Hie lluroiiili of Manhattan, Now Vol I..
President and Treasuter, William . ItckK. IJO
A'atsau street; Vlic-Prrstilcnt, lldwnrd P. Mitchell,
10 Nanau street; ftetrrtary, Chester S. Lord, 150
Lonitnn n!TWe. t'ffinaltnm llmtt 1 A rnxtt,.!
pmi umrc, itue iic in Miriioiiifrr. utt Hue .in
Washington olllre, Hlbbs ttultdlnr.
Hrooldyu orncc, n0 Livingston Mreei.
If our Irlenits tri3 furor tn vllh manucrtpl tot
funtlcatlnn trltft to hart rrxtlri crlhnrnumn Ihtv
mum in all rmej srntt stamps tor fiat purpost.
Courtesy to tile Fleet.
With the advent of (lie great naval
fleet tho necessity for wlf-rcstraint on
tlio part of the visitors becomes ap
parent. It is iinloi innately the fact
that too many people nvsiiriio the atti
tude that I1M till v.'ll liilittQ nro tli.i tit-.iti.trt
of the nation nnv citizen has (lie right
to do pictty miicli as ho pleases on,
board of one. This has been the historv I
of visits to warships for miinv yeats. i
Visitors ought to bear in mind llmt :
while the vessel nrc public propertv. !
they oie entitled to the same protection
and rare ns public pink.
Furtliertnoic it hiiim be remembered
that thc.o vc-rels are the comnulnorv
homes of nfiYcrs mid men detailed for
duty on board of them. The men of
the forecai t'e do not enjoy seeing'
strangers forcing their way into every
thing, trying to m-o everything, even
the clothing in tho ditty bags, lew
people know how sensitive the sailor is,
and his intelligence is lamentably under
rated. Much consideration ought to be
howii to him by nil visitors.
The officers have no other privacy i
than tha, which is afforded by their
vouiim. hi u in uy no means unusual
for visitors on wai ships to open the
doors and stnre in even when some
officer who has had a long hard tour
of duty is trying to snatrhn short sleep.
The wardroom orderlies are sometimes I
driven to their wits' ends to explain
to visitors that at a particular hour
they cannot push their way into the
only place which can be used for the
dining room of the officers' mess.
That breech mechanisms are not
public toys the ships' companies will
probably be able to convince visitors,
but we beg for a general observance
of the fact that the oflicers and crews
live on the nhips and are entitled to a
certain amount of privacy, even at a
tirno liko this. They will readily sac
rifice most of that which they enjoy at
other times, but when requested not to
enter any part of u ship the visitor
should comply cheerfully. N'o such
request will bo made, except with very
Mr. Tnft's Vetoe.
Nothing more impudent and dishonest
has been heard in thiscampaignthnnthe
Democratic attacks on President Taft
in which his vetoes of bills that he
could not approvo are described ns
arbitrary, unwarranted and in viola
tion of tho spirit of American institu
tions. Tho fact is that in no veto has
the President exceeded the powers of
his office or failed in obedience to his
oath of office.
Tho measures Mr. T.ut disapproved
were presented to him in tho regu
lar course of legislation. Ho did
not npprove them. He returned each
to the House in which it originated, with
It is not charged that lie refused to
sign any bill which he approved. He
did not go ono step beyond his duty.
Ho did not usurp any power or author
ity not distinctly nnd specifically con
ferred on him by tho Constitution. Ho
did not subordinate his judgment to
apparent popularity or suspend tho
functions and obligations of his oftico
in favor of personal advantage.
Were Mr. Takt more of a politician
and less of a man he might, in spite of
his disapproval, have signed bomo of
the bills ho vetoed. Had ho dono that
he would havo been guilty of a betraval
of his country meriting impeachment
and removal from office. Hut the
eourso he followed was in exact com
pliance with his oath of olllco and the
Constitution of tho United States, a
fact that not all tho mock heroics of
politicians can obscure or alter.
Intervention In the llalkau.
Tho announcement from Paris that
after preliminary exchanges of views
the Great Powers havo determined to
intervene in tho Balkans, making Russia
and Austria their mandatories, doubt
less removes every danger of war save
ono. Deprived of all opportunity to
obtain money or supplies, menaced by
Austrian nnd Russian nrnn'es and fleets,
Bulgaria, Servia and Greece aro hardly
likely to insist upon war. It remains
to be seen -whether Turkish statesmen
will bo ablo to restrain the rising pas
sions of tho Mohammedans.
The terms which the Great Powers
eem determined to impose upon Turkey
aro in reality such as to constitute a
virtual partition of Iho Ottoman Empire
In Europe. Macedonia and Humelia and
probably Albania also are to havo the
right to namo their local and legislatlvu
representatives and tho first two will
have Christian Governors. Turkey will
retain titular sovereignty and receive
certain taxes, which will go to meet tho
Turkish debt, but if reform is to mean
anything it must mean that Turkish !
garrisons win bo withdrawn from all
afciropean Turkey save the narrow dU-
I trlet nhAlll rtnolonlliinnla T.l.-b
"'I" is on obvious and considerable ro-
"notion of resources ond empire,
I he rnrdnmi principle of the present
policy of the Knropean Powers is based
upon the preservation of the titular In
tcgrity of Turkey. In other words,
litilgariu, Servla and Oreeco linvinp;
demanded llmt there bo reforms in
Turkish provinces whoso Inhabitants
nro raciully related to these nations,
Ilurope has Intervened and undertakes
to Kiiurantce reforms, btit In etiaran
teeing them also declares against any
subsequent partition of the provinces
umoiiK ttie Balkan States.
The reason for this Kiinrnntoe is plain
.Austria expects some dav to ro to Sa-
lonicii. Any reform now which by in-
rreusuiK the territories of the Italkan
Slates would place nil or any of them
across her pathway would necessarily
bo rejected. Hence tho present for
mula, which leaves the Balkans in statu
UUO so far ns Imtindnrlea nin ram.
...... I i ...
" eiiieti nun inns maintains tne "open
,"' haionica, is tho only one that
Austria can accept. In tho situation
Austria, backed by Germany, holds
the strategic position, and hor wish
must be law for the new Concert of
It would be idle to regard the present
arrangement, however vigorously en
forced, as more than a makeshift. But.
if Turkey accepts it, it will serve to keep
peace. lo-morrow tho httlo nations
which have temporarily coordinated
their policies will perhaps relapse into
their chronic state of mutual jealousy,
and then contlitions will Iks radically
'l,l,nKed to the advantage of Austria.
1 lu' tMr Cistern question can be
'y when by war or bargain tho
,l,t,'r'f,txl nations, which aro Austria,
'"'b' and Hussia, with their allies reach
" lK,mt r "Rreemcnt. Not being able
to reach such an agreement now, the
two rival camps, tho Triple Alliance
and the Triple Entente, havo fallen back
upon tho familiar substitute of a modus
Vivendi, but liko every other Balkan
moilul Vivendi tho present plan settles
nollm,K aml postpones everything; and
what arrangement bv European concert
t o which Austria is a party can bo viewed
as u fluidity after her enterprise In Bos
nia and Herzegovina?
PraUe for a Good Man.
Here are words of gold for Charles
son, whom wo venerate
paper maker but have to deplore at
a speech maker:
"To the Kmion or The BrsSir: The
chnnn of Thk Hcn of the past twentr-fiTe
yrar was that it would have tta laugh and
ll jrlhei whcthur It Invented a character to
poke fufa at. or took a figure In actual life
to drape it humor on. The remilt haa been
that readers have learned your editorial
page wtM replete with good nature, and If
at times It was apparently too captious and
critical of public men. It was evident good
natured raillery was the only Indiscretion
of which Tnr JJrs could bo charged.
"The Sen of to-day Is much The Sn.v of
old. except It seems to me that It has lost
a deal of Its tiood nature. The name 'Roosr.
vr.t.T' Is too much of a nightmare with you,
and for that reason perhaps you are a little
unjust to the Progressive candidate for
Governor of Massachusetts. You do not
know Mr. Bird. Jf you did you would treat
him illiferently Charles Scmncii Bino is
an exceptional man In many respects. He
Is independently wealthy. Is a money maker
as a paper maker, who in hU early years
worked twelve) hours a day In his father'
mills, and then and there learned that the
cooiratlon of labor with capital was not
properly appreciated by the latter. When
he became manager of the mills he alio!'
Ished twelve hours as a day's work, ran the
mills twentj-four hours each day, placing
three shifts of men at work, and placing
each man on an eight hour day. for which he
paid him twelve hour pay. He found by
experience that three shifts of men, each
on an eight hour basis, were better for the
men and better for the business. It was
economically and humanely correct. That
Is the rule of his employment to-day, and
heioT controls four mills.
"Aealn, when a man dies, having served
rnantrs Scmkkr Hihd as an employee,
and It appears that there is a dependent
widow with orphans, the salary of the dead
man continues on the payroll and la charged
up against the maintenance charges of the
business No better epitaph can be written
of any capitalist than the relatively recent
words of Mr Bmp. addressing a widowed
mother of a small famllv: 'As long as you
ate Dan Costkixo's widow you will draw
I)n Cosi kilo's pay.' That statement
illuminates (.'iiam.ks Scmner Bird, In
whose mills there uever has leen a strike
or even a serious dlsousslon of labor prob
"Another feature of this kind of employer,
whom i nr. hex would have us see through
Its funny glanses. When an old employee
becomes superannuated and Is retired he
goes out of the mills, but his name continues
on the payroll as long as he lives. 'An hon
est business should be honest to the men
who have given tho be.it they had In life to
Its service,' says Mr. Bum,
"'1 his Is the Progressive candidate for
Governor of Massachusetts. Ua believes
In conservation of property, Industry and
the home, Just oa Thk Hvs does, but he be
lieves In the conservation of men, women
and children first. You and he do not differ
fundamentally, only In those particulars
where he reads out of the 'Book of Ufo1 a
solemn boimden obligation as a neighbor
which some of our later day captains of In
dustry have apparently overlooked.
It us laugh with Tnr. Hcn. We Bos-
tnnlans love It for Its sparkling brightness:
we laugh with it at times, and again, at
other times we laugh at It. Your Itoosevelt
discussions are far from discouraging. Ten
years hence they will be positively humor
ous. Nevertheless, Thk Hvs Is a light of
good nature well worth keeping In view.
It certainly cannot be charged with agree
ing with Its readers for the money that It
ma'itis Jaiiki I'. MinrNis.
'.Iohio.v, October 5."
Our friend, if ho will permit us so to
call him, Mr. Macienih seems to us a
tritle mistaken. Everybody speaks well
of Mr. BmD. Wo knew him ages ago,
in t hu good old days of tho Hon. Fiianoih
W. Bino, his father, a Mugwump before
the race was born, an originnl indepen
dent , a man of spirit and spine, when not
to lie a regular and Grant Republican
was to b.nr tiio outlaw's mark. There
was a Bu d Club dining at Parker's forty
odd years ago; but as there was a Banks
Club too Massachusetts should not bo
too proud; nor is the habit of "dining"
at 2 P.M. to bo entirely praised by the
judicious. Twelve noon Is another mat
ter, and marks tho surviving nnd ma
jority habit of Amoricans.
Mr. Bird never had u strike in his
factories. He Is kind to his employees.
Good for a "good capitalist; tho Stand
ard Oil crowd,w still awaiting from
tho Colonel that returnable unrelurnlng
$100,000, can say the same thing of them
selves. Tho Hon. Charles Si'mnkr Bird, an
Ilia godfather's godson, must have all
the non-human virlues that make virtue'
bo popular among tho cynical; and he
has a thousand good human qualities
in spite of his godfatherly name. He
follows tho hounds fearlessly; he playH
a very good game of polo, we hear;
he Is a good judge of dogs, but of candi
dates and principles some of tm may
think him a less infallible Judge. For
example, he finds it
"Intolerable that Iab pasied by both
branches of the Legislature and approved
by the Governor should be nullified by the
Wo don't like to hear even tho best
of paper makers talking that way.
(Setting What Ynu llii.v.
Underlying tho new rules governing
tho making of weights nnd quantities
of a number of commodities, mado
public this week by tho Board of Regu
lation and Tolerances, is the simple idea
that the buyer is entitled to know what
he is getting for his money. The grosser
frauds, perpetrated by hanging hooks
on the scales, attaching putty to the
pans, and selling the butcher's thumb.
aro all adequately provided against
now nnd strict enforcement of tho law
is all that is necessary to insure the cus
tomer getting sixteen ounces when ho
buys a pound of goods. There has. long
been n considerable abuse in goods put
up in cartons, and this tho new enact
ments aro intended to curb.
Many of tho advertised and popular
cereals, which seem to have driven bulk
goods out of tho market, am sold now
without any statement of quantity, and
an illuminating example of one cont ribu-
tory cause of the high cost of living was
exposed recently, when the progressive
shrinkage in the sizes of the containers
of ono food was exhibited in this town.
When the new rules nro in operation
each package must loar in legible char
acters a statement of the weight of its
contents. Bread, now generally sold
by the loaf, must bo sold by the pound,
with tho weight marked on each loaf.
Candy, in buying which the public hns
long paid at the rate of SI a pound for
waxed paper and cardboard, tinder the
new dispensation will come so labelled
as to advertise how niuch of sweets and
how much of wrapper the thoughtful
husband carries home. So with other
commodities: the purchaser is to know
what is delivered to him.
All these things are excellent and will
undoubtedly contribute to the happi
ness nnd welfare of the community.
tot they will not relievo the consumer
from the necessity for vigilance. En
lightened rules can do something, hut
tho really effective protection against
fraud in weights and measures, as well
as against substitutions, is an alert and
suspicious intelligence on the part of
, . ... 1 . .
the shopper, without which no inter-
vention by the Stnto can accomplish
important results for his benefit.
Hrlttsh Ambassador's New
Hitherto mountain climbing and an
gling havo been tho favorite recreations
of the Right Hon. James Brycr, his
Majesty' Ambassador Extraordinary
and Plenipotentiary to tho United
States; flying will now bo added no
doubt, for Mr. Brtce after coursing
through tho nir for twenty-fivo minutes
on tho Massachusetts coast with Mr.
W. Btgrlino Buroehs last Saturday
said that ho was delighted with the
It is now thirty-fivo years since Mr.
Brtce tolled up to tho ico capped dome
of Ararat. He has told the story in his
book 'Transcaucasin and Ararat." At
13,000 feet tho last of his Cossack guides
deserted" him, nnd ho wont on and up
alone, as might havo beon expected
from tho indomitable Scotch-Irish
blood in him. Only fifteen persons, if
Noah bo counted, hnvo set foot on1 the
pinnaclo of Ararat, so that to achiovo
it is to bo one of a select company. Pre
viously Mr. Brtce had climbed tho
Shrockhorn, in tho Alps, nnd tradition
says, the Pio do Nethou, in the Mala
detta group in tho Pyrenees. His ex
ploits aa a mountaineer won him the
presidency of tho Alpine Club in 1800.
At tho ago of seventy-four cutting ico
steps on glacial peaks is denied the most
wiry and energetic of men, that Is to say,
the Right Hon. James Brytk, but there Is
left. him the scat of honor in an aero
plane, from which ho can survey tho
world from any altitude, even an alt i
tudo higher than Ararat, for M, Eeoao
.neux has recorded himself ut 17,881
feet. Mr. Brvck of course has no in
tention of attaining, such a height, for
it is possible only to younger mon of
nbnormal vitality, but ho has pointed
tho way aerially to retired mountain
climbers-tho whole blue dome is theirs
If they will follow his example
Probably Mr. Brtce will not be repri
manded by his sovereign, for tho Eng
lish are a sporting people nnd lovo ad
venture for its own sake. If Mr. Brvci;
is to be taken to task at all it will be by
his American friends, who know that
nono of his predecessors understood
this country, its virtues and its failings
as well as ho, and that a rupture of
amicanio relutlons with England is not
to bo feared so long as a man of euoh
learning, wisdom, fact and self-control
occupies tho British Embassy at Wash
ington. Bymany people Mr, William A Psrrmt
was not supposed to he alive when his
death at (Irenola, Kan., was reported
yesterday; yet no man in tho country wns
hotter known from 1801 to imi7, when, ns n
Populist, he represented KanMiiH In the
United States Senate. He rose to fame
in that dismal year for the Republican
party when it elected only eighty-eight
members of the'House'bf Representatives.
.-3OCKI0HB- .jkrhy Simpson also camo In
on tho tidal Wave. Mortgages In tho
hard times or tstw were as thick in Kansas
as jsckrabblta. The Populist platforms
bristlod with radical remedies for tho
stole of tho nation.
Senator Pepprr was the daddy of tho
new party of that day, a man angular,
sallow, hoarded to the waist, and a tire
less talking machine. His peculiarities
mado him a fascinating subject for the
cartoonists. No man's featurea wero
known bettor, no man waa more ridiculed.
But PsFrra was honest and courageous,
and he never Kinohed from his convic
tions. Ho nerved Kansas diligently and
made a better Senator than some or his
successors. Ho was retired when pros
Krlty relumed and the forme; began
to pay off their mortgagee. Mr. Brtan
hus complained that Colonel Rooskvklt
stole some or Ills Ideas; It is' just as true
tiiat Mr Bryan appropriated some of
WtLLtAM Atrnrn Pwrpen's.
Was there a touch of symbolism 'In tho
Mayor's decorations? From ur office
windows they havo sUKttested oh attempt
to glvo City Hall Park the semblance of
Vineyard Haven In honor of the visiting
As for politics, they come after the
fleet and ball games this week and a long
I.a I'oM.r.TTE spent fffl.MI. Urailinr.
Fortunately it was not his own money,
to that he could afford it.
Greeks war on bltf hats. lltadlint.
Ono Balkan outbreak thateven the Great
Powers can't prevent.
THE "POVVLAR" COXCEHT.
VI here Are the Oood Hngllsh llallaih of
! the Antr.Poljnlot Era?
To thk CntTon or Tiik Sus .Sir? When
ake.1 on Sunday morning what .I Intended
to do In the afternoon I promptly replied:
"Sleep!" but It was not to le. A musical
friend drugged me to what 1 believe to hava
Iwen n Franco-Portuguese, German-Austrian,
or maybe ttnlkan-Turklsh tlf at pres
ent that were possible) popular concert. I
had no programme, but It doesn't much
matter what It was, for one can never under
stand the words of n soni? as given by most
modem vo-allst. The scene of action wai
one of the most dismal I have ever looked
nu. It ugeat?d suicide, the only relief
on the stage being a piano with the maker's
iiumn on It In large lettors. A young lady
appeared nnd played rharmlngly what rav
rriend s.ild was a IWorle Varlee. Ills
imagination was so extremely vivid, ns he
decrlled the various supposed Inci
dents, when he said that the shepherds nnd
sltepherdenaes were nil golni: to sleep. I fol
lowed their example. But he awoke me for
A full Hedged lady, who might well
enough have been I.nty Marbeth or Diana
Vernon, attacked several songs most ag
Rro.ively I know she sang one love ditty
liv her actions, but there was no hilling or
ooliiB about it. Bhe loved her sweetheart
with an ardor he would have had some diffi
culty In icstrsinlng. The Inevitable encore
rame, and I'll swear the words of the song
were In Fsiwranto. Then jppnared a gen
tleman nho looked like to me all tee world,
a magazine editor with a lbaso profound
Miriott. I could sen him rjse on his rubber
heels and cast away manuscript in the
vate paper basket In a' sarcastic fury.
Lastly the young pianist obliged again, hor
right hand frequently crossing her left, as
If to pick up some notes.the latter had for
cotten, white the lelt hand did the samo
f.ivor for the rlchl. And that was the poly
glot popular concert.
May one ask if we are eer to have any
good Knglish ballads again? Why does
every young la.lv on being asked to sing
or play bl.ion forth with fireworks? Are
there no songs like "WhenHparrows Billld."
"Twlckenlnm Ferry." "Sweethearts," "Only
once More, ,c.i Are, there no more An
I In m youth I ns-d to co miles every week
1 1 hear an hnll"h ballad concert, and now
I I ni getting on In years I would even go to
the exiienso of a taxicab for the same pur
pose, and tiiare arc many others like me.
Brooklyn-. October 7. Peter Piper.
Imagination In the Kitchen.
To thk Epitor or TnK Hvn-Sir: If ynu
will turn to early spring you will see why
gastronomic art Is no more. For you then
permitted philosophical condemnations of
poets to pervade our editorial page, even
allowing "K, II. ,1." to make such heart
rending Intimations as that, poets were of
less importance than bricklayers. Ac
Now In a recent editorial nrtlcle, "Ten Cents
for What? "TiikHcn wuils In woful lamen
tation against Its successful extermination
of poetic cooking. Many at that time
wanted you against tho consequences of
unholy nnron poets, but without avail.
Nevertheless, cooks were poets, then, are
now nndeverwlllbe No one tint's philoso
pher wouUlsaythatawellrookeddlsh is not
a poem and the rook who made It not a poet,
the most Important person In the world.
But the oooks properly took Thk Sun
at Its v.ord, drank their tears and nte their
own cooking and followed Tiik Hi'.n's
philosopher nnd substituted philosophical
trappings for gastronomic poems, and now
the tottaiir'anta are filled with philosophers
who are so full of common seiiHo that tley
have no appreciation of gastronomic, cre.i
tlons .Some flay, imagination will ho again
respected, Then gaudy furniture, glaring
draperies, shrieks called muelo and butter
(who, when dining, uses butter?) will pass
away and life will be full of joy,
Jam eh I), Dkwell, ,lr,
New Hatbn'. Conn,. October 7.
Makers at Wraith.
To THR KPtTon or Tint HVK-.ltr: Thduih It
be not possible, at "U, P. (.'." justly observes,
to determine even approximately the contribu
tion of esvh worker to the wealth he labored In
conjunction with other factors to produce,
neerthcls that Is what has to be determined
somehow, slnre there 3 no "Idesl" society,
If the determination ran be made neither
mathematicslly nor approximately, we are con
demned to make It ss best we can la this practical
but Imperfect world. And he w,ho In any way
helps to make that determination so nearly exact
asjiuman circumstances will allow Is so far forth
a benefactor of his klqd, According to the cur
rent economic doctrine of supply and demand,
the "market" determines the amount every wage
earner receives for his hire.
It Is the unease arising from the shortcomings
et this system that makes the worker a ready and
eager listener to every liarx who has a remedy
to offer. That a remedy Is needed can hardly
be denied, What It Is to be or where It Is to come
from Is the question. Whoever Invents or brings
lt)to pats will be the workman's friend.
Socialism has not yet done to, and some be
lieve that It ran never do so by the way It pres
ently handles the business. Whether the Slate
ss now constituted could by legislative Inter
fereme bring about a fairer division of the com
mon product is one or the great questions in
Told. j, a. U,
Ciistii, October a,
Men may no longer past the lie,
With opltheta they may not vie;
The little man at laat may count,
The cost of living cease to mount.
We each may have a Jewel cook,
New York may catch each nifty crook:
Kach lover's ouarrel may be patched,
And every apoute'a sample matched,
Tho janitors may all grow meek,
The porter turn the other cheek,
The crops may always bump the bumps,
And storks may always Jump the Jumps,
The country may be always sjved,
All nlrslilp lllghlB be safely braved.
We'll have, though other woes are nil,
The "Trouble la the Balkans" still.
' McliAKDionuB Wilson.
J K1SO KltAKttl OX THE STAXD.
a I (tract Ion In layal Circles Over the
Arhletrmrnt oMhe Perfect Tlltnrts.
Alt the loyal subjects agreed that his
Majesty had made a most perfect witness
when he appeared before the Senate ex
cavators. Had ho not regarded the wit
ness chair as a revolving throne from
which ho had the opportunity of a life
time to issue proclamations on the essence
of virtue? Had he not been flippant, a
royal prerogative that tho cowboys
admire? Had he not sung the praises
of physical prowess in his encomium on
Battling Nelson and John Ii. Sullivan, the
"hundred por cent, males," worshipped,
by the great mass of huskv voters, and
by the more timid of the Moosettes? Had
he not held himself In control almost
as woll as did his draco the Duke of
Dixon? "Manners," said an authority,
"were invented to keep fools at a dis
tance." King Khakhi uruLrthe Duke did
not propose to allow themselves to be
heckled by fools; they kept thorn at their
However, the chief characteristic, ad
mired by every follower of Mohammed
lie Moose, was his direct unswer to
every question. When he was ger
mane, It was an nrtistlo rebuff. Heth
Bullock says that the theory of the otd
school of travelling salesmen used to be
this: If you want to sell a man a suit of
clothes, begin by talking about a watch,
and merely mention that you happen to
know where a suit of clothes might be
purchased at a bargain. It disarms sus
piclon. And so with King Khakhi; when
he was asked about Harriman a gold
watch ho talked about Penrose's dirty
suit of clothes, It is a poor cat that can't
climb the hedgo backward. Let us
quote the record verbatim:
"When I was Police Commissioner of
New York city, if a member of tho police
force had dono In connection with the
enforcement of the laws against liquor
selling what Mr. Penrose says he did in
this case I would have thrown him off the
A mild switch from the year in question,
1904, back to "when I was Police Commis
sioner." And speaking of my knowledge
of campaign contributions, that reminds
me of boozy cops. Now I tako it I have
answered the query to tho satisfaction of
every one. Let ua proceed with the in
vestigation. The investigation had to do with evi
dence; but when tho evidenco was con
trary to the acute moral sense of Theodore
nighteous, It wan to bo damned as "hear
say evidence," When, however, the evi
dence was in support of the spotless mem
ory of Truthful Moosevelt, "hearsay evi
denco" was the best obtainable. Lay tho
deadly parallel answers side by aide:
"Now in regard to the Harriman fund, "
began Senator t'lapp.
"There is no testimony against me ex
cept hearsay evidence," interrupted the
Colonel, "hearsay statements of men that
aro dead. Mr. Archbold and Mr. Penrose
purport to give statements of what Mr.
Bllsa had to say; Mr. Bile is dead."
But two minutes later, long enough for
the plain peopln to forget, behold Handy
Andy use the same verbiage in his favor:
"Have you believed all theao years that
tho Standard Oil contribution was not
made?" asked Senator Paynter.
"Cortelyou told me that; and Mr. Bliss
told Mr. Loeb that; and only the other
day Mr. Cortelyou told me that he had
been informed by Mr. Blias that no con
tribution had been made by the Standard
And now to recapitulate: Mri Archbold
and Mr. Penrose purport to give state
ments of a man who is dead, and they
should be punished. Mr. Loeb and Mr.
Cortelyou purport to give statements of
the same dead man, and should be placed
on high with the angels.
Beth had been working on his pocket
edition of Shakespeare, and ho said that
ho heard tell of college professors wasting
a lot of time figuring upon Just what
years such and such a play was written,
but that he thought It was more sensible
to figure what year each play was written
for. And that after hearing King Khakhi
testify, he was sure that "Lear" was
composed for 1912. And if any one
doubted him let him read over King
Khakhi's versions of good and bad hear
say evidence and then turn to where the
mud king said:
Get thee class eyet:
And. like a scurvy politician, teem
To tee the things thou dost not.
. Peers niipustlon r the Figure r
the Kansai Drys.
TO TK1 i:orroa or TBg SVH-SIr: Arithmetic
It a tubtle science and percentage Is worse. When
the Attorney-tleneralof Kantss recently Informed
the Prohibitionists of Tennessee that drlnklnir
an m uau eneris nta aecrea'eci :,oooper cent,
among the .Sunflowers under prohibition rule. It
was accepted as a great and glorious proof of the
power of prohibition, Nobody eveY thought to
stop a minute ana calculate, any more than did
Attorney-General Dawson when he looked at
tne ngures and dug out the per rent,
Kven tome of the newtpapera of New York,
where per rent. It a vital matter, didn't stop to
iuiui, anu announced in neaaunea this 2.0110 per
cent, reduction. Sadder still, several New York
ers to whose attention I called this amaxtng
rriiucuon iook u xor rraniea. and vh,n i
I plained, I'm a goat if they didn't Insist that
there could be a reduction to that exteot and
still something be left over for prohibition to
Only once In my experience have I known of a
reduction exceeding 100 per cent, and that was In
the cate of a buMneas friend of mine. He had
gone half and halt with another man and In a
year or so the firm went Hat broke, I saw him
shortly aftsrward and asked htm about It. He
said he bad lost 700 per rent, on the Investment.
"Hut you couldn't," I said, with a mild grin at
bit faulty arithmetic, "Just the tame I did,"
he Insisted. "How could your said 1, "One
hundred per cent, was all you had In It." "Trut
enough," he sighed, "but I had to pay the other
if now s part as wen as my own.
Can It be possible the Kansai prohibitionists
are furnishing t.too per cent, of the terrible ex
amples they are weeding out of their State?
NEW Yog, October 0. w, J, L.
Aatl So We Ckaaged Us Babject.
"Ut ut have i Parcels Pott," said the Average
"We must and we will have a Paresis Post,"
thundered the Honorable from Congress.
"Ily all means," assented the Postmsiter-Gen
"And at oncer emphasised the President with
a nst thump on the table. t
"Aw. left not," drawled t'he Kiprest Comptntet .
O dreadful news!
O fatal day!
.Such awful carnare
Deuce to pay I
nr In Ualkaus?
Greeks all slain?
Gore In Turkey?
.Vo guest again.
Japs In tlaughter?
No-glve It up!
Well-cling tight now
Hold your breath;
lor 'Us a tad, sad -
Toll of death,
Weep for Ihe orphanl
This Is Ihe day
Uhen 4U,ooo giandtnat
UotUy office bora.
t. W. Low.
MR. ROOSEVELT AS A W1TXESS.
A tmestlon About III Testimony Before
the Clapp Committer.
To tb Kditor or Thk Bvssin Kx
President Itoosevelt knew Mr. Harriman
to he "a practical, man": at least he told hi in
that they wero "both practical men," Now,
why. Instead of spending five hours In ver
bose anil tnrirld denunciation. In giving
masked advice to his superiors and In solf
laudatorv stumu apeechea for political
effect In his camnalgn for a third term, since
he aara It was Harriman who naked pecu
niary aid of him and not he who askedjt of
Harriman, why does he not give the peo
ple some cause to believe him by telling
ua what reason existed for Mr. Harriman
taking any personal Interest In the election
of Mr. Hlgglns aa (lovernor of tho State of
New York? Mr. Harriman was not seeklrc
nfflb-. .Mr. Harriman u net pelltlcian,
as Mr. Itoosevelt Is and always has been.
Mr. llarrlmati's alma were all personal, ns
no one knew better than did Mr. itoosevelt.
Mr. Harriman took no Interest In State poli
tics ecept ns they affected the 1'ederal
polity and aa they affected Mr. Itoosevelt:
that Is why Itoosevelt classed Harriman with
himself aa "practical," What inducement
had Harriman to ask aid of Roosevelt for
lllgglns, except to nld the pair of them,
Itoosevelt nnd Harriman, tho "practical
men"? Why did not Mr. Itoosevelt give us
some light on this subject? What does he
take the people for when ho puts up to them
such silly palaver? Jloahl He "crams his
words Into our vara against the stomach
of our sense." P. W. O.
IlsooiLT.v, October 5.
The Rooseveltian answer to tho fore
going would be that Mr. Horriman's in
terest in Governor Higgins grew out or
his personal relations with Mr. Odell.
Tom Jones en the ("amrmla-n.
To mK Kditor or Thk Hits Sir: One
hundred and alxty-three years ago a very
wise man, Henry Fielding, wrote a very
wise book, "The History of Tom Jones."
So wise was It that mankind Insisted that no
womankind should read. Kor his own sake
also Theodoro Itooaevelt should Insist that
no man should read It to-day, because
among other things It says, "The worst of
men generally have tho words 'rogue' and
'villain' most In their mouths." ThlnTheo-
dore Itoosevelt thought the world did not
Was Henry Fielding Indulging In prophecy
when lie wrote, "Predominant vanity Is,
I am afraid, too much concerned here"?
were theae other words also in anticipa
tion of Theodoro Roosevelt's appearance
Iwfore tho Senate committee? "Kor let a
man he never eo honest, the account of his
own conduct will, In spite of himself, bo so
very rnvorable that his vices will come
purified through his lips, and, like foul
liquors well strained, will leave all their
"In realltv." says Henry Fielding further.
"I know but of one solid objection to abso
lute monnrchy, the only defect In which
excellent constitution seems to be the
difficulty of finding any man adequate
to the ofllr of an absolute monarch.
To conclude, as the examples of all
acca show us that mankind In general
desire power only to do hsrm, and when
they obtain It. use It for no other purpose.
It Is not consonant with even the least
degree of prudence to hazard an alterna
tive when our hopes are poorly Kent in
countenance by only two or three excep
tions out or a tnntisand instances to n arm
our fears. In this case It will be much
wiser to submit to a few Inconveniences
arising from the dispassionate deafness
of laws than to remedy them by applying
to the passionate open ears of n tyrant."
init ineoaore itooeeve t must lmv
thought the world had forgotteu.
Himikric 8. Dickson-.
PntLADKi.riiu, October 7.
Jance for the fioose and for the IJsnrirr.
IO THE l.nr.Oft OP THR HVS Sir: Hin
editorial article appearing In Tut! Spn of
uctoDer 3 - I he Sleazy Syracuse Platform"
was evidently designed, aa perhaps Is per-
tccuy appropriate, for the entertainment
of those readers who happen to agree with'
the sentiments expressed rather than ns an
unbiassed summary of the Democratic plat
form, out ror the sako of those readers nho
may not happen to agree with tho general
sentiments expressed, would not an edi
torial article somewhat on this order lie
nut what shall he said of the earer rilMlt'Hr.
of the catchall adoptej recently by the Republi
can State convention?
AVe believe In equal Justice for all men with.
out regard to race or color."
We believe In the great educational advantaire.
of the New York State fairs. YVrlielletr
an agricultural survey of Ihe State should be
mane or tne Department of Agriculture."
We recognise the Importance of fctmnilfvlno
legal procedure, both civil and criminal."
"we favor a further advance In lezlslntlon
and the passage of such laws as may be
necessary ror tne protection or the lives, heallh
safety and welfare of employees."
Which of the two platforms do von enn.
elder atatea more plainly and falrli- l.i
ing that a platform's purpose Is to convey
ita message to the minds of all classes of
voters, tnoae wno may perhaps not appre
ciate the technicalities of n constitutional
amendment or parse sentences, as well ns
the intellectual) Its attitude on the question
of "woman mTrage"? V M. .M.hko.
Burrixo, October .
Our Buffalo correspondent will find
upon investigation of the flies that Tiik
Son's opinion of tho Republican State
platform was set forth with sufficient
clearness at the time of its adoption.
The Tariff and the Cleveland Panle.
To thk Editok or The Hus Sir? There
eema to be aomo confusion ss to the rela
tion of the Wilson bill ami tho panlo that
occurred during the first part of Cleveland's
second administration. The fact is that
the panlo began In the latter part of the
Harrison administration and Cleveland
Inherited It. The Wilson bill had nothing
to do with It.
When President Cleveland left the wi.it
Houso at the close of his first administra
tion there wus a surplus in the T rensti ri
ot more than :wo,ooo,ooo. When ho entered
the White House at the beginning of l.i.
second administration he was confronted
with an empty Treasury and overdue obllga
tlona amounting to many mllllona. He
really had to Issue bonds to keep the wheole
of governmout ninulng. Tha nsnin ..
business depression. Harrison l,nn0ii,,i
him started In Kurope and waa felt more
acutely there than In this country.
in ineiaai nan oi Cleveland's aernnrt .,i.
ministration business hnd begun to revive
and hla successor got the benefit of it
And the Wilson 1,111 In Ik. I..i . -.
- ... ..v ui its
existence raised more revonne nn ....
previous tariff bill, even with the Income
lax provision stricken out,
Brooklyn, October 7. a. B. S.
A Wet Celebration Proposed.
TO Til FIDITOa or THK Sex-Mr- Snni.ihl..
should be done this year to commemorate the
glorious deedt of nu. done 100 years ago. Could
not tome contest be arranged between the rival
teamen of the great Engllth speaking nations?
A friendly drinking bout between th. riv.i
navies would be most desirable. If the American
navy hat not lost Ita emclencr the Covtrnmeul
might onoe again hear an Inspiring mcsiage, "We
have met the enemy and they are touted. One
i" uemijonn, twelve magnumt and
Nk Yokk, October 5.
The Extra Charge.
Weary WUIIe-But I iput nou.n nood for a
lira. Knlcker-You'll have to split an eiira log
for the bread and butter.
Rnlcker Did ke speak from a cart tall?
Becker No; from aa extra Urt.
AiiHM'Jean .Murium Issues siale.
incut. Itpgnnling Its Kv
pptlli ion's Discoveries.
EXPLOKKR also talks
Tiilereslinj: Collodion of i)hsj
nml I'tonsils Put on
In rt-f illation of certain rriik-Nuie ituiil
in Kuiopo and rumors in America con
cerning tho discovery of blonde Ksklino
In the Arctic rcglonsby Villi jalninr.Stt fain
son, tho following statement was issti-d
yesterday by Dr. Frederick A, I.iicoh,
director of the American MtiMMim of
The Btefnnsson-Amleron expedition to
Arctlu America wns orgnnietl in inns.
nnd sent out under the nu:ilccs of the
American Museum of Natural History.
The expedition ws charire of Vllhjnlniar
.Stefnnsson nnd Dr. H. M. Anderson, boili
graduates of the University of lown. Mr.
Stt'fnnsson devoted his attention to the
anthropological work of the expedition,
while Dr. Anderson wns occupied with the
zoological work for (be musi-iim.
Iletewen Alitv l.i, II0, when he first came
In contact with tho Ksklmosof CnpeHexley.
nnd Mav IH, Hilt, when ho left the I'rlnr
Albert Sound people to return to his bm;
near Cape Perry, Mr. Htefunsson saw about
n thousand person", roughly speaking.
He took ccphnllo measurements of :o of
It appeared both to Mr. Rtefansson and
to the Alasknnnnd .Mackenzie HI ver Eaklmoi
who accompanied liini that the people
visited differed considerably from ens'
Eskimos they had seen before. I'erhspl
the most striklnt; feature was that beard
were not only morn common and mor
abundant Hum among the men of the et
ern Eskimo but nlo of colors varying
fioin black to a very light brown tending to
The blond tendencies aie most prominent
In Kouthweslcrn Victoria l.-iml, but they are
met with at least as fnr ent u a hundred,
miles east of the mouth of Ihe Coppermine
III ver. Coronation (Inlf, Although nn .ri
cntiflc census was taken to determine ths
exact degree of blondnef-s of every Individual
seen, Mr. HtefanHson feels sale In salni
that more than half the individuals seen
have eyebrows lighter than blnek and
ranging nil the nny lo n very light brown.
The tendency to blnnrtni) sent" lei
strong In Ihe women than In the tupn A
few Individuals lmd curly hair and perhaps
a dozen had eyes noticeably lighter than
the ordinary Eskimo brown, ranging to
blue or blue gray.
T bese nnd other facts of a similar char
acter were observed by Mr Ktefnnsou
and will In due course bp published by ths
museum. It I, too early lo settle definitely
on nny theory explaining the fact. Of
the various explanations that have o far
been suggested it ieertis lo Mr. ptefanssnn
that the one open lo the fenrst setious
objections Is that of the admixture of a
large amount of European blood at ome
fairly remote period. In this connection
Ihe disappearance In the fifteenth or M.
teenth centuries of "the Norse colony front
Greenland suggests ltelf ss n t'olble
source of the Kuropennlike character.
Many things militate against th" i-uppo-fcltion
that they enn be derived from nny of
the Franklin expeditions of the middle of
the last century One of these Is that the
only Eskimo of this dlMrid seen nt rlo
quarters by Franklin himself is described
by hint in terms which tit very well tho
blond type found tv-ila)-. 'Iho purely
biologic theories that might explain Ihe
facts also seem to lm e serious draw back-.
With tcfeienco to the discoveries of the
extwxli'ion in Art'lie regions, Kxplour
Slefonsson said yesterday, in icply to
Ht.mu f his ciitlo: "I .nu i. (it iiuikinc any
lecture tour for piofil and cannot nee vtlii.t
my object would be to make htntenutits
that cannot be proved. '"ho Held up
north it- en omii one nml nny ono can pn
there und m;o tho Eskimo tribes for them
selves." Two bunds of mUisioudrit-e from abicml
havo entered the Held recently, according
to lottetK received hy tho explorer yes
terday. Two mi&eiunaries reproent ilio
Chutili of England and others the Human
C'ntholic Ch ut eh.
Mr. StefansM.il lenflirnied yetttenV.'
that ho visited three tribes of I li ml
Kskimr h who lliul previously r-ceu v.-hi
men, bul said Hint eislu or ten otherlrilx s
of tho r.Hl.iino living on (.'conation (in1),
Dolphin and Union SI in lit., hi fat :ij
known had never met while mui.
Al)oiit ICpO Kpcclmeua t,f Aiclic curies
gathered by the cxpdiiim were idiicd
nn exhibition in the Natmal Ilisioiv
Museum yebterduy. They include elab
orate costumes worn by tho KokimcB if
Coronation (lulf. for wme cf which fulm
lotm prices weto puid: seal harpooiti-,
the wood utilized fiom driftwood and ihe
points inudo from caribou antlers; low-t
and arrows of t.pruco with the cords f
Tho arrows can bo projected fur a
hundred yards, easily, and aro nuiie
as fatal as n-modern bullet. The I.hkmn
uio not particularly good inaikhinen.
An American Itoy enn hhoot with greater
at curacy, says Mr. Stcfanwon.
Tho Eskimos are good singeis mui tnkn
up lentlily American hymns and (popular
A (juaiiit musical instrument the rly
ono (Uncovered by Mr. fitefuiiKson In tl"3
fnr North is a drum of ceaUkln, wi h
a frame of spruce,
Dr. It, M. Andeivjn, companion nf Mr.
Slefansscu on the Aictlo expedition. '
now on route homeward bound on l n
whaler. IMvedere, and is expected to
arrive in San Francisco the first or wcciul
week in November.
RESTRICTED SALE OF MlUi.
Ilonrtl of Health Pusses Itesoliitlniit
Its Effect June 1, 1 1)1 It.
Resolutions greatly strengthening th"
safeguards surrounding tho sale of mm i
quarts of dipped or looe milk n day i '
this city were passed by Ihe Hoard of
Health at yesterday's meeting, Aftr
June I, 191.1, it will be illegal to nell milk
dipped from cans except in approved
milk xtores under permits from the Hoard
of Health, or in stores in which food
stuffs other than milk products are sold
In original packages only.
In making publio tho resolutions Com
missioner Ijederlo pointed out that many
of tiio 11,000 places where dipped milk
is Hold aro grocery stores, where many
other commodities besides milk ure
handled nnd sold in a manner which mu-'t
necessarily cauau much (IuhL
"The solution of the dipped milk prob
lem," said the Commissioner yesterday,
"has been one of the chief objects th"
Department of Health bn bad under
consideration in connection with the
extensive programme for the improve
ment of New York's milk sutiply wnich
has been developed within the Wt two
yeart The facilities for tho
ing of uteiibiU, for the protection ol milk
front flies and for proper icing ni'n often
very inadequato and in too many caws
tho room where Die milk is sold com-mimics-en
cirectly with living apart
munte, CommiMdpnor Lederle nald that n
enforcement (f tho ordinance would
Kriotiuly affect ihu bin-incs of u i.reit
number ef tnmll tsti:tcko?peis ampM
time has been given for the adjustment
of trade conditions to tho new require
ment before it la rigidly enforced.