Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1912.
,Jj . THURSDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1912.
Entered l the Post Office nt New York as Second
Class Mall Matter.
Subscriptions by Hall. Postpaid.
DAILY. Per Mouth.
DAILY. Per Year.
dUAi'..Y. Per Year
DAILY AND Hl'.SPAV
DAILY AND St'Nll W
, I'e r Vear
, Per Month.
"oslne to foreign countries added.
All t hecks, money orders, Ac, tit be made par
able to Tick Mux.
I'uhllshrd dvlly, Including Sunday, by the Sun
rrhtltii! mid Publishing Association lit 170 Nassau i
Ircrt.ln tne lloriug.i nj Manhattan, New York.
President n:nl Irrvsurcr, William ('. Il'lck. 170.
Nassau street, Vlrc-l'icMilent.Kdwardl'. Itltrhrll,
1)0 Nassau street; Secretary, Chester S. Lord, 150
Aiukt-n nfftre, Cifltigham lluuse, t Arundel
f'.uls office. A Hue de la Ulrhodltre, olt Hue ilu
Wadlugton offlre, Hlbhs nulldtng.
Brooklyn oBic HVI Livingston street.
It our rlenlc irtn faror ui iriih manuscript) for
puhlleatlon trtttiloiart rejected arlttten relumed Me v
mull In alt nut 1 tend ttampt tor thai purport.
In Justice to Colonel Koosevclt.
Wo nre asked by on esteemed cor
respondent nnd friend to pnt at tho
head of our editorial columns, nnd to
keep standing there until election day,
a "deadly parallel" consisting; of the
1. Judge. Parkeb's original charge
eight years ago concerning corporation
contributions to the campaign fund
for Colonel Roosevelt's election for
a second term as President.
2. President Roosevelt's tempestu
ous denial on tho last day of October,
1804, ,'of Judge Parker's charge, with
all of tho adjectives of mendacity usedr
on that occasion by the foremost lio
giver of his times.
8. Mr. Georok R. Sheldon's testi
mony the other day before the Clapp
committee in Washington showing that
almost seventy-five per cent, of the
Roosevelt campaign fund of 100 1 came
from the corporations.
In tho interest of truth and strict
justice to all, including even the most
objectionable of God's creatures, we
are glad to exhibit in proper sequence
and with suflleient amplitude the exact
text of the three utterances referred to
above. We frankly admit that we
should not hesitate to do so if the effect
of the "deadly parallel was such as our
friend and correspondent seems to ex
pect; namely, the obvious conviction of
Colonel Roosevelt of that sin against
truth which he ho readily and frequently
and glibly imputes to other.-.
tainty see no reason whv Tin: Sl.'N
should hesitate when the elft cl pro
duced is rath'r favorable, on the whole,
i.o Colonel Rooskvelt. so far. at least,
us concerns the technical accuracy of
hir, ntii::itioiis denial in 1901.
When Judge Paiikli; was running for
Piesident, against Colonel Roosevelt
ho delivered from tho Ksopus veinnda
n speech which attracted n great deal
of attention. This was on October 24,
loot. Tlte Democratic candidate said
at that time:
" lolitical contributions by corporations
and trusts mean corruption. They cannot
Iss honest. Merely business Interests nro
moved by merely business considerations.
A corporation will subscribe to a political
party only Ivec.nuse the corporation expects
that purty, through its control of public
onicers, executive or legislative, to do some
thing for the benefit of the rorpor.itlon or
to refrain from doing something to its In
jury. No other motive can be Imagined
In the nature of things no other motive can
exist. The relations established mean the
expectation. If not an agreement actual or
Implied, that governmental action Is to be
Influenced by and for corporation internets.
No sophistry can give any other aspect of
the transaction in the minds of reasonable
These ideas on corporation contribu
tions were repeated by Judge Parker,
if we remember aright, in slightly vary
ing form in other speeches beforo No
jtfc vember 1. It will be observed that if
"Colonel Roosevelt had been stirred at
woihat time to deny that his campaign
Wvrommitteo wns receiving nnd expend
ing any considerable volume of corpo
liveitlon money the statistical disclosure
til'h' Ir' 8hkldon' the other day would
weha'fl afforded an uncommonly un
" Next nt commentary upon tho Prcs
"ht!Mi.B 8,a,ement' Rut I happened
and J- Mr- Roobkvrlt kept still until
pln'ns adversary had developed the
"'true gravamen of his charge, which
was not merely that cash was be
ing collected in largo amounts from
Interested corporations but that this
was being done corruptly, either by bar
gain or by blackmail through the coer
cive use of information procured by the
Executive in his official capacity. In
the Madison Square Garden on Octolver
.11, 1001, Judgo Paiikek charged specifi
cally that crimes of that description
were being committed for tho bene
fit of President Theodore Roosevelt.
Among other things ho said:
" In an earlier utterance 1 have referred
In detail to what Is notoriously going on in
the matter of the collection of funds by the
Itepuolican party for the campaign. Now,
I know as you know that money Is required
in order to defray the expenses of a cam
paign. Hut the spectacle of demanding
cumpalgn funds now presented to this coun
try Is, when rightly regarded, of a character
to shock the moral sense, Con-
""N . k'ress creates a new Department of Com
merce and Labor. Of that department the
Tesldont of tho I nltcd Htntes appoints a
-yecretary. Within that department pro
vision Is made for the collootion from large
corporations, Including the so-called trusts,
of Information which It Is to be borne In
mind Is to be submitted to the President for
public or private use, as he may direct. By
grace of this same Executive this Secretary,
through whose department this Informa
Uon U collected, becomea the chairman 0f
the National Kepubllean Committee. Ills'
chief duty It has been and still Is to collect '
funds for the purpose of securing the elec 1
tlon of the President. And It Is now no-1
torloua that there has resulted from this
artaAlMd Importunity-whateTer may be
the precise way In which It In made effectlT
ati ove rflowlng treasury to the committee,
of which boast Is openly and continually
Four days Inter President Roosevelt
Issued from tho White House a state
ment in which he both defined Judge
l'AHKKit'.s charge and denied it. He
did not deny that corporations had con
tributed largely to the campaign fund.
What he did say in denial was this:
"The usecrtion that Mr, Coruni.Tor had
any knowledge trained while In any ofl'rlal
position whereby he was enabled to secure
! and did secure :iny conciliations from any
corporation is a falsehood. The assertion
that there has leen any blackmail, direct or
Indirect, hjr Mr. Cormxroti or by me, la n
"'I he assertion that there has been made
In my behalf and by my authority by Mr.
CoiiTKLYnr or by any one else any pledge
or promise, or that there has been any un
derstanding as to future Immunities or
lieneflts, In recognition of any contribution
fiu.ii an notiiee is a wicked lalsetiood.
"The statements made bv Mr. lAnKr
ure iintiuulifledly and atrociously false."
It is only fnlr to point out that this
characterization of Judge' Pahkku's
"stalements," whether mndo by Colo
nel Roosevelt in tho Indignant con
sciousness of perfect innocence or
adroitly and in exercise of what Mr.
Mi'Nsuv's Press has naively styled his
genius for "preparing his alibis as he
goes along," refers to charges spe
cifically described, and not at nil to tho
general matter of large corporation
contributions. Tho denial by Colonel
Roosevelt eight years ago has no di
rect relation to and is in no particular
contradictetl by tho testimony of Mr.
Oeokoe R. Sheldon last week:
" Of my personal knowledge I know
nothing about the large contributions to
the campaign of 1904. When I took charge
as treasurer of the National Committee In
1B08 Mr. Buss handed to me a copy of n list
of the Important contributor to the cam
paign of 1904. I looked orer that list, Anil
aa a large part of the campaign fund had
been contributed by corporations, and as I
could not under tho law accept any contri
bution from corporations, I put It aside and
returned it to Mr. Buss.
"Senator OMVKn You mention a 'large
part ' About what proportion was con
tributed by corporations?
" Mr. Smfldon T'o 1 perfectly frank,
Senator. 7.Vj per cent was rontrlbiited by
The suggested parallel, therefore,
would be devoid of deadline. We say
this in simple justice to Colonel Roose
velt, a politician whom The StN does
not regard as a proper person to be again
tin- President of the I'nited States.
Tile First Stop.
Tn spite of the presence of the war
ships in the North River and the possl-
i bilily of Giant defeat at the hands of
the Red Sox, the boards of inspectors
will In; at the polling places from
7 o'clock to-morrow morning until 10
o'clock at night to, register voters for
the election of 1012.
There can bo no excuse this year of
overcorifidenre or nre-i'lectlon dis-
' couragement for those who seek a rea-
son not to take the trouble to vote.
Nor can any man sav that the candi-
' dacles beforo the electors do not offer
him a vehicle for the registration of his
j desires. There can be no shade of politi
'cal opinion that is not represented in
the tickets already in the field. He
would be a doubly ingenious person
' who could to-day devise a rational
J explanation for not wanting to have
his name on the poll list.
If. you do not register you cannot
vote;, a truth so often rotated that
it is in danger of being forgotten. To
morrow will bo the first day of regis
tration for 1012.
Washington .Market In ID I 'J.
Anniversary celebrations must go on
no matter whut the rival attractions are.
Especially when nn institution is a hun
dred years old no postponement is pos
sible. In 1RI2, when Washington Mar
ket "was established, it may have oc
curred to its founders that nt the end of
a century the event would lie handsomely
commemorated, but they could not have
foreseen that Admiral Osterhai'b's
armada qf leviathans of war would be
on exhibition in the Hudson River, or
that the Giants nnd Hod Sox would be
drawing tumultuous thousands to sec
them play the national game of baseball
for tho championship of tho United
States in a city of ,1,000,000 people New
York contained less than a hundred
thousand souls in 1812.
But Washington Market is sufficient
unto itself, nnd the anniversary cere
monies are going on bravely and to
the complete satisfaction of a pure
democracy that sells puro food. Too
much stress cannot be laid upon the
fact that the market men and market
women constitute a society where no
rank exists and all are equal; mid it is
certain that no belter and therefore no
purer food can be found anywhere.
Commissioner Walsh says that the
tenants have given him less trouble
than any other set of people who use
weights and measures. In Washing
ton Market the squuro deal is prac
tised and tho Golden Rule has many
votaries. That gtod temper nnd good
manners prevail is proved by the fact
that its old men are youthful at heart
nnd in a stale of florid preservation that
seems to defy time, whilo its younger
men aro pictures of health and con
tentment. This would not bo tho ease
if cheerfulness, an accommodating
spirit and a philosophical view of life
were not general,
Thero is more human nature and more
optimism in Washington Market than
in ony other equal ground spaco in Now
York. Tho comradeship of the people
of tho market is ono of its most pleasing
feotures. A community apart, they
have their own men of noto and weight,
their own characters and their own
humorists; they aro all known to ono
'nnot,lcr an'' uro 8 loyil as they ure
1' tno endless procession of students
' K0' faro and tho high cost of living
'ln have passed through tho market
thero cannot bo ono who does not hold
it in pleasant memory and wish the
mnrkctmcn a merry nnd profitable
celebration. There is something else,
however, to wish them, nnd that is more
commodious and attractive quarters.
While the market has lately been im
proved by letting in light. and air and
giving it some architectural touches
that make it more presentable, not to
speak of long needed snnilnry reforms
in the nncient interior, It Is still too con
tracted nnd has too few conveniences
for tho business done there. As tho
chief market in tho second city of tho
world it is n humble, inadequate, in
consequent ial mart of trade, nnd by no
means a credit in Its appearance and its
Washington Market should bo at
least twice as big us It is nnd ten times
as handsome, and it should have vvcry
appointment known to n market in this
year of grace lOI.'. In a word, it t-hould
be a market worthy of Xcw York.
A rilillc Freight Terminal.
This morning the Hoard of Estimate
will givo a public hearing in the City
Hall on tho proposed contract between
tho city and the Hush Terminal Com
pany for tho construction of a public
freight terminal on the South Brooklyn
waterfront. The scheme proposed in
cludes tho purchase by tho city of tho
present plant of the Hush company and
tho organization by the ofllcers of that
corporation of a freight handling ser
vice on a commission basis. Tho finan
cial details of the proposed transaction
and its physical features havo already
been described in Tin: StN.
It is not to be supposed that the pro
losed contract is disadvantageous to
tho private-corporation offering it lo the
city, but that fact dois not ni'-un that
it is unfair to tho city. It has been
passed on and recommended by Presi
dent MlTCHEL of the Aldermen, Comp
troller Prendeimjast. President Mc
Anenv of Manhattan, President Steers
of Brooklyn and Chief Engineer Lewis
of the Board of Estimate. Their indorse
ment carries great weight. In addition
to this, the contemplated action is con
vincing evidence that the improvement
of the Krt is receiving the attention
from the administration which the con
tinued prosperity of the city requires.
This fact should insure attendance at
the hearing, which opens at Hi:) o'clock,
of all who believe they can contribute,
in advocacy or opposition, to the wel
fare of the city and the enlightenment
of the board while I he plan is under dis
cussion. Moreover, the presence at this
hearing of u representative body of in
formed citizens would be proof that the
necessities of the town are realized by
its people, a condition which may well
exist, but which has not so far been
As we understand the declaration of
tho great Powers the H.ilUan players will
not bo permitted to shnro in tho gate
The lraw vote which the llrrnld hn
t.ikcn In Connecticut thus far is not borne
out by the results of the town elections
The ,Vie l'orfc Herald.
Obviously, the elections should be
declared void, and another balloting
The Newark children who demand 'the
recall of their school teucher are merely
serving as boy scouts in the struggle for
"Onward, Christian Soldiers" has taken
the Haitians now
Clerk Smith Informs me that the srore l
'.' to n in favor of New York Whatever 'hit
means, I don't know but perhaps thero am
some ersons here that will be IntereMed
.wce Knturnii K Lin ton o (hi .Wnii.
chutrtin Superior I'nvrt.
A candidate) for tho judicial recall.
We presume the proposal to subject
German girls to compulsory military ser
vice is to protect the Kaiser's empire from
invasion by militant British surTragettes.
I feel that I owe the American people
an apology for presuming to run for the
Presidi-noy when there's a world's base
I M II championship -.series going onf'ot
ernoi Wilson at SprintiitM, III.
Or. W i Laos expresses a common feel
ing of inadequacy and impotence in the
presence of the fine frenzy that now
poKsessos the American people to the
exclusion of nil things spiritual, material
The Sing Ing Candidate In Connecticut.
To hik Ennori nr I'iie Hl'N -Sir: tome
lo us. "Peter Piper," where even politicians
sing English Imllads. leave llrooklyu lo her
If you will Hop with us and hear .lohn
L. (illson, the llcpuhllcau randidalc for
Judge of Probate, sing "Twickenham Kerry"
you will stay and vote for him, fur he will
slug himself Into your liesit
This artistic, fascinating, uplifting and
elevating means of campaigning wo,b"i ought
about by (leoree I,. Koi"s interpretation
of the Connecticut roirupt pnicllcn net,
which doesn't permit a candidate for office
to provide any oilier form of cnlerlalnmeul
for the people except such us can be fur
nished by the voice. people are tiled
of dreary siieechniakers Ilrolher (illson Is
easily singing himself into oRIi e
.hvili l 1H wn.l., .lr.
Nr.w IIatf.v, C'onn , OiIoIum s
l'- rr hotly Challenged In I'lnd the Match
of Fielding's "Tom .limc."
To Till Kniinn oe 'I'm; Si . -.Sir: Talk
Ing of I'lelding's "Tom .loans," who was
Introduced to your renders In a political
discussion by a correspondent In 'I lit. m n
of to-day, can any of your readers llnd time
to divert himself from politics, baseball
and tlu Meeker trial to name any other
work of flition written at any time in any
clime that contains within its covers hiicIi a
wealth of humor, Insight Into human nature,
wisdom, Immunity, good cheer and all
round entertainment? W.
Wisni.MiroN, I), c, October 9.
The maple leaves havo reddened
Slnco autumn's lurches came,
With bright and vivid beauty
Tho uumtK'hs aro aflame,
The dancing leaveH aro rippling
Like little toninirs of fire,
The woodland all Is rlnwhu,
A corgeous golden pyre.
Hut soon with drear November
Will coiiim the storm king's vamps
To ipiench lh conllugrallon
In reeking raina and damps,
Arid when the sodden ashes
Are lying round about
The north wind, shrill and shrlekius.
Will whistle loud "All out!"
Our tongues are sore from passing lies
In politician's game., .
And now we have in twist them round
To get the llallau names.
the ni'MAX niosoon.iPtt.
A Chapter Krom the Chronicles or Kind
Very llttlo surprise wb expressed
n round tho court over the fact that tho
, invontor of tho phonograph had de
clared himself for King Khnkhl. As
I every courtier said, It was perfectly nnt-
tirnl that the, Wizard, more thun any
j other expert, was capable of understand
.Ing the moral mechanism of the Orcnt
i Oraphophone. "Nobody wants to be
I reformed who has a Rood thing," said
( Kdison. "Tho principal influence against
Roosevelt in this campaign Is the people
I who have a good thing." What sort of a
good thing? A reaper or a Tennessee
("on I nnd Iron Company? Or does the
Wizard refer to tho good thing Hinge
Manager Howland tnkes In through the
box office at the Outbreak Opera House
nvnr nn !mirth Avahma? DnAsn't tha
(Wizard admit the five easy marks who
I contributed 11110.003 nor ivinlta In 1B04
$100,000 nor capita In 1B0-1
woro good things? Particularly as thero
I was no cash register handy to Issue
J receipts! Shouldn't tho Wizard niter
Ids statement slightly and say: "The
I principal influence In favor of Roosevelt
1 in this campaign Is the people who nre
J good things"? Angolswlth their wings
j turned to antlers. Ask the man who
j owns one.
I Mr. Edison wns so considerate that he
. turned on a whoto roomful or incandescent
. lights. Here in one gleaming beacon with
a hundred candle power:
"Roosevelt would win easily I f there were
not so many sheep In the world who won't
Then the sheep are the crafty hushics;
men, hankers, brokers, manufacturers?
Here wo have a strange shift In logic,
i Honest Tom Law son must be mistaken;
j ho says the plain people are the lambs nnd
, that Kdisnn's sheep are the wolves, This
i year's futile is confused as to the villain,
The muttonhendrt change corners as eas
. ily ns partners in a quadrille.
Who nre some of the sheep who won't
think? There nro surely some blue rib
bon bell wethers in this year's cama!gn
( fair Nicholas Murray Hutlcr won't
, think. And tho only good thing he has Is
a university Charles W. Eliot of Harvard
has stopped his mental processes. He
quit hU good thing, so he would just as
soon be reformed. Josoph H. Choate
unci John Wnnnmaker nre Btlll dense.
Hut the most peculiar thing is that a few
who just n short time ntto wero wis have
' grown dull and liecome sheep. Senator
Lodge and (loernor Hndley are tho prize
exhibits in this class.
To offset the sheep one must name
some of the good things: Amos, Keeper
'of the Privy Pnrso and handy with the
check book: Mousey, Perkins, Hnntm A
Co., By lioynl Apointment, Purveyors
' to His Majesty cf all the good things
' east of the Mississippi And the Marquis
of Flimi, by the grace of tho Ixird fighter
at Arinugeildon don't overlook the con
tracting crusader In any choice assort
ment of good things. Beforo tho Clapp
committee ho was proud to state that h
was a manufacturer of gold bricks, and
tried to palm one off on innocent Matt
Quay. Next to thieves nnd crooks, like
William Howard Taft, the progressive
political police regard Gold Brick Flinn
as the greatest tinder of good things In
seven States. He knows how to apply
j the acid test
i Even the Wizard had to admit that the
larch receiver of stolen goods is "a fine
I man." But immediately afterward he i
I turned on another nro light: 1
I "Taft is n fine man, but unable to cope
with that bunch. They've put it all
They never put over quite such a plum
as the Steel nngcls were permitted to put
over in tho panic of 1907. After the return
from the Tennessee liear hunt Teddy
I knew nil nlioiit Tennessee Coal and Iron.
1 lie could cope with the bunch. And tho
stockholders? Ask tho man who owned
J "Itoosevelt," says tho Wizard of Oz,
, "is capable of handling the bunch that
; he has to come in contact with if he is elect
ed President " No doubt theWizird refers
lo tho famous stopping of the prosecution
of the HarvestorTrust. It takes a capable
m.in to say: "Never prosecute until you
hear from MK." King Kh.iUhl and that
bunch know how to handle eich other
mutually. You take a fall out of me nnd
I'll take a fall out of you, and the plnin
l people will watch the Wizard's moving
Ihe Mayer's Tltaalc Fund.
To tbe IlDiToa nr Tux M'N ."Sir: Canymi tell
If y account or statement has been rendered
to Ihe public of the mnn?y contributed lo Ihe
Mayet s Tllanle fund While the Women's
Titanic Committee, throuih Its chairman. Mrs.
Kelson Henry, ha renilered a prompt, bu-lne-llke
and most creditable slalement, accounting
lor the distribution of every dollar, I cannot recol
lect any public report from Ihe trustees or
handlers of the Mayor's fund as to th distri
bution of the large amount of money contributed
In that direction.
.should not a generous public be taken Into
complete and deserved confidence retarding the
disposal of ihU fund? T. M. U.
Nr.w York, October .
The Mayor turned the money contrib
uted to him over to tho Red Crois, which
has already accounted for what It expended
and which Is administering tho balance,
"T. M. M.'s" Implied criticism of the man.
ngeinent of this fund Is whdlly unwarranted,
for th" publlo has Uen fully Informed of
The lorturln' of the Oysters.
dr. Wiley says that when salt Is put on ovsters
thev suiter eicrurlatlng pain.
(Willi apologies to Iludyanl Kipling.)
"What makes thit oyster look so sad?" the grave
lle.id Walter said.
"A touch o salt, a touch o' salt," old Doctor Wile
"They nre tnrturln' the bivalves, they are fvaltln
of 'cm down,
Thej, ate glvlu' 'em tabasco fit to mike tha dlvils
An' they'll die In 'arf a minute In an agony pro
Oh, they're tnrturln' tha oysters most alarmln'."
"I've serve I 'em 'ot, I've serve.! 'em cold," the
grave Ilea I Walter said.
"They oufler either 'ot or cold," old Doctor Wiley
"I've poured the cocktail sauce on 'em," the grave
Head U'jlur bald.
"You should have been arrestet then," old Doctor
"They are saltln' down the bivalves; you can hear
the ciltters moan,
"Th an agony of torture that will make an oyster
I'm golu' to utart a great reform If 1 "ave to act
Ob. thes're lorturln' the bivalves most alarmln'."
"What's that a leanln' on the bar?" the grave
Head Waller n.l,
"It's one cf them S, I'. C. A" old Doctor Wiley
"What's that that whimpers over 'ead?" the grave
Ileal Walter said,
"It's oi Melt' so.ils that's pasln' now," old Doctor
"And they're fortnln' In procesMon! yo i can hear
Ihe Head March Play.
The officers nre cnmln' an' you'd better skip away,
The coppers are In column and we'd better say
goo I ilui ,
Or thell put as In the cooler for longlsh sort
Atter tnrturln' the otsters all the evenln'."
Sl.NBOKN IIOVB TKNNhT.
WUXIamitown, Mass., UcWber V.
prior, skeat's nissii'ATios.
The Flnl Adventure of a Famous. Phl
To thk I'tiiToii or Tin: Hf.v .Sir; Why
"razors In tho nlr"? Why not "ates to
grind" anil primitive turtlebarks at. that?
Huch, however, Is the iicrtlnaclty of the
eccentrics and charlatans who advertise
their liecullar disability under (he banner
of Bpelllng reform that unless we desire
to hear our children speak wllh the accent
of costermongers and yokels we must
teach our new spellers how to speak cor
rectly. How Indeed shall they spell unless
they can pronounce, nnd how shall Ihey
pronounce unless they hear, and how shail
they hear without a teacher: aa It Is written
"how beautiful aro the feet of thoso who
teach the gospel of good lingllshl"
How thoroughly Ihe late Professor Skeat
must have enjoyed n recent Joko at his
expense In an Bngllsh paper' It describes
him as growing tired of triumphs In philol
ogy, and finding "no mor adventurz ov Hint
partleyular clnd nosslbl he has satlt sum
I prcshus soelz as hi and drl nz himself for
annulling tit du, and sed tu them ml deer
frends and feloa ov tho plernnt plains of
nolej I hav a gralt afecshon for yn mil and
am hapy to tel yu that Ihe delltcs of senility
ar not what wun mite caul shaterJ,"
As n delight of senility, the new spelling
Is advisable, but backed by an eccentric
millionaire It becomes a danger to correct
Knglish. Who shall phonelle Ihe pho
netlsts? AN OLD SrKLLKii.
Ni.w VonK, October n.
Tolls at the Hue. Canal.
To THE Kpitor OF TtlK SCN Sir. Yes.
terday 1 noticed lu TltK Hl'N the state
ment by a Columbia College professor that
"Knelntid, IT I am not mistaken, refunds
the lolls to her ships Hint pass through Ihe
Hue Canal." Maybe It's not minted by
me "word for word," but that's the gist of
lie Is mlslaken Would you kindly let
some of those chaps who dig Into merchant
mnruic matters know that Ihe canal Is an
organized company w it h stockholders? The
head ofllce Is In Paris nnd the "actions" nre
regularly quoted on the Bourse.
Do you think Hint the stockholders would
land for any such discrimination? Cer
tainly not. Tills is one of the Ideas boosted
nbroud by means of newspapers to make
people believe that American ships should
escape I lie Panama Canal tolls because
the British do this In the Suez Canal. I do
not pose ns a Judge whether they should
or not, hut the Suez Canal argument does
Further to prove my case, I can. If neces
sary, give the name of a steamer that took
a cargo of case oil to China and sailed via
the Cape of (iood llop "to avoid the canal
clues." Why "avoid" the dues If they are
How serious rjenllenien can allow them
selves lo put forth such erroneous state
ments beats me, .IaMI'.s M. (i IIRow.v.
Nkw Vqiik. October S,
Starting an Allgstor Farm In Mouth Carolina
From lh' Columbia State.
.1 W mark and T M lMtrlck of this place
have starlet an alligator farm. They did not
rlxlually Intend this, but circumstances have.
In a wav, forced the new enterprise upon them.
Tuesday Ihey went fishing on Ihe Killstn lllver
nnd found an alligator "nest" containing twenty
slieggs They "robbed" the nest and placing the
egg In the foot of their buggy started home.
They had not driven very far before they heard
a faint barking and looking down Into ihe buggy
they found two or three Itttle 'gators wriggling
about their feet
Dy Ihe time the gentlemen reached home eluh
teen of the alligators bad hatched out and Messrs
niack an I Patrick were riding with their feet
upon the dashboard, the bottom of the buggy
being too crowded for comfort The noise made
by Ihe Utile 'gators sounded like a puppy show
Three more of the 'gators have since batched out,
and now ihe family numbers twenty-one. At
Brit Messrs. niack and Patrick were greatly'
concerned over the problem of feeding and caring
for the orphans. In their desperation they have
made several attempts to capture the mother
'gator, but so far the old woman has eluded them.
HoAcver, after much experimenting they have
found that the little saurlans are particularly
fond of bread and bananas, and that Is now their
The I'nmentloaable Ilea,
To tfik KrtTOR or Tni Sus .sir; After a vain
hunt thrn.igh all the natural histories In the
public library. Including the six volumes of
l.ydekker, 1 have to appeal to the one lource of
alt knowledge, Tin Sun, to answer this tlmple
What Is a hen?
The dictionary says It Is the female, of the
domestic fol, and It wivs fowl means "po'iltr
In general, any bird, birds collectively."
If one looks through a natural hhtory for a
cow It will be found under "oxen." Ducks v. Ill
he found as ducks, sheep as sheep, horses as
hordes, dogs as dogs, but there Is not a sign of
a hen In the whole business. t.dekker gives
more than :.! varieties of birds, with lllustrn
lions of their various peculiarities, notes of their
descent, descriptions of their habits, but not a
wont about Ihe hei.
Is It possible that while poultry farmers recog
nize some eighty varieties of hen the natural
1st never heard of an one of them" What Is a
hen anjwav' Is It of the family of Ilalirnclpl
tldr, or Is It Mserodlpleryi' Or does no one
know Its Ijitln name, or did Adam forget tnglvc
It one IloosTHK.
To tbi I'.oiroa or tub srs .sir; Mot a few
travellers are acqualntel with Polish music and
operas, The opera "llalka," exceedingly senti
mental, l known In (iermauy, nula, (Ireat
Itrltaln and Frame. I remember tho delirious
French translation of "llalka";
"Don i Z'phyre. halelue des bruyeres,
Aoule ta plainle a cies prleres."
The great drama "Dzlacly" from Slowarkl,
who as n poet ranks wllh Oocthe and Shakespeare,
Is overpowering. Translation Is Impossible, I
am cop) ing from my note book Ihe following
"Cemno hyllo cemno cendile,
Ollurlii b)ltn gllupln tendtle
I diladowl skurka swcndide."
Polish arllsls are famed throughout Ihe world
and It Is ,in esiihllvhed fact that liters Is hardly
a country which had produced more palmers,
sculptor", mmlclms, sin gen and particularly
soldier, than Poland Ite;e I may add that
. the name "Napoleon' s composed of three Polish
words, "na pole on," sur le champ de batnllle le
premier And Napoleon dl'posed of nearly
1M.HTI Poles In his armies, (iuoiis Tsottkr.
Nkw Yosx, October 7
What Russian Workmen Spend for Drink.
From the U'rsfinfn rr (;.; ell e
At the temperance conference held at Moscow
It was slated that llussla spends annually about
a milliard roubles on vnlka, while ihe consequent
diminution of Ihe working capacity of ihe people
and the disorganisation of labor are responsible
for a monelaiy loss of at least three milliard
roubles annually, Dr SaJIss In the report he
prcsenlel to the conference gave a scale of the
amount spent on drink In various countries. He
pnlnicd out lhai the average American workman
only spends on drink .1 9 per cent of his earnings,
Ihe (ierman workman li.S per cent., and Ihe Itus
slan workman ?4.T per cent,, while In some places,
as In the (iovernment of i:katcrlnnsav, as much
as 47 per cent, of ihe workmen's earnings Is spent
Prater for a Candidate.
To Tiir. r.mroR or Tmt Scn .Sir; The spirit
of I Incoln Iv surely alive and car. be found at
times rather unexpected,
A few d iys ago a middle aged lady upon seeing
Candidate Sutler's picture spake aloud: "Oh.
what a horrlJ fare' I don't lllie II." A boy
nesr the lady said to her "Mr. Sulier may not
sulv you by his looks, but he was nominated for
(iovernor Just the snme." and that he wished
also that Ur, Suiter should be like Lincoln some
day. A rmanrlpalor of political truth and a
movlut spirit In uhnlll,tng -trail.
Ilelng a hctrrr to lids cimveralnn I hope that
the bu's wish shall be realized,
Ui.li. October s. IlKAIIIR.
The Schools of China.
From Hit PcMn Dallu .Vrm,
The Ministry of ('duration has made a new
Investigation l.ilu Ihe educational statlstlo of
theiouiitry. Now the Investigation Is completed
and a repurl Is prepircil according to which there
are US.ir'j Institutions of training of nil grades,
military and uaval schools not Included. The
number of students sluUlug la these schools
nnrisixa tiie iwuha vs.
A Nrhcilule Ucslt-nrd to llrllete HinlnfM
and llrnrllt Ytnrhrrs.
To Tilt: Kimon m-Tin: Si'N S'fr: Koine
body recently advocated a rearrange
ment of our system of legal holidays so that
their observance would Interfere less than
at present wllh commercial affairs. May
I record, Mirough you, my vote for this
change as one of an army of travelling com
mercial men who would Is? Immeasurably
aided by the suggested rearrangement?
The Idea us 1 recall It was to hav e all our
holidays, with the exception possibly of
Christmas and New Year's, fall oc Mr.r.day
about as follows:
Second Monday In rebntary. . . . Lincoln's Day
fourth Monday in Tebruary Washington's Day
Last Monday In May Memorial Day
First Monday In July ... .Independence Day
First Monday In September Ubor Day
First Moiday H October Coh-mhis Day
First Monday In November Cleollon Dai-
Last Monday In November Thanksgiving Day
It seems practically needless to point
out that when a holiday falls on any day
other than .Monday or Saturd-y n dispro
portionate part of the week Is In n manner
lost lo business and some such nrrangemen t
as that which Is hem suggested would surely
have tho support of the commercial world,
nslde from that second dependent nnd
larger world of those to whom this would
afford n recurring opportunity to exclnlm;
"('.eel Nuthln' to do till Tuesday."
Thomas II. KlLncrP.
Nrw lUvr.N. Conn., October I).
Modest nrstip.t of the Hull Moose In
ilrrstiul). To tiik r.niTon ok Tin: St'X .Sir; (Irant
Ing that the right to vote Is n privilege of
transcendent value In America, nnd one
clearly cherished by Ihe women of California:
granted further Hint some women of Cali
fornia purpose lo vote for Taft; could (lov
ernor Illram bo induced to call together
the California Legislature that n law may
be passed to make easier the casting of Ihe
ballots by Taft's women supporters, he they
only seven or eight?
Having heard Covcrnor Hiram's speeches
this request does not seem Inharmonious
with his expressions on "social Justice."
(U'nitni-: Hiram Mann.
Or.TRoiT, .Mich . October a.
To the nniToa o.Tna st'N .Sir; As an addi
tional answer to "A Hook Hunter's Question,"
will say that I have a copy of "The History of the
Devil, Ancient and Modern," In two parts, pub
Ished In Philadelphia, ISOU, original bl'allng.
New Yona, October t. Jomi lUZKLaian.
To inr. Fditor or Tns Slx .Sir; The only
"True HlAlory of the Devil" Is In the only book
worthy or the name, the Illble, where he Is shown
to be one of the Four who were In existence before
the world was created, before this planet Harlh
on which we live and move and Hive our being
was evolved from Ihe dark vasty waste of waters
that covered It: even before Christ (John 1, II,
where he, the great red dragon or devil (Uev
xll 1 standeth before the Woman that Is about
to be delivered that he may devour her child
il'hrlst), and where afterward he "and his angels"
fought against Michael the (Ireat I'rlnie (Christ!
anil Idsnngrls: wllh Ihe result that (Uev., xll. 7-9i
the greal dragon, he thst Is called the devil and
Satan, was cast down to the earth with his angels
and where the Incarnate Chllst (Jesus) said to
his disciples (l.uke, x., 10 "1 raw Satan as light
ning fall from heaven."
The description of ihe devil In nev. xll,, 3, and
xvll,, 3. the New Testament, Is that of a "great
red dragon or scarlet colored beast wllh seven
heids and ten horns." I could write a volume
on this subject, (I. I'rrntiss Hicrarhson.
Boston, October S.
The Simple Explanation.
To tiik Hoitor of The Scs .ir A poultry
raiser once caught a colored brother coming
away from his chlrken houses and halted him
for examination. Nothing In the darky's hands
and rip bulge In his pockets, but the man still sus
picious, and finally he pulled off the African's
hat, and lo. there was a chicken In the crown.
Hut the darky was still Innocent. "IV. de good
liwd's sake, boss. 1 specs dat chicken must a
Just done crawled up mab trouser leg."
This story Is commended to Senator Clapp's
committee. The tainted money which got Into
ihe Colonel's hat In Itmi wlthojt his consent or
knowledge must have crawled up the legs of his
trousers. ,1, W,
Ilr.00Kl.TN, October 0.
Legal Reform Advocated by the Manhattan
To Tm: FniTOR or The Sun -.Sir: These street
murders by gangsters and gamblers ore deadly
In the effect they must have on the ruwdles
loafers, Ac, of this city.
It a man has committed a crime all he has to
do Is lo shoot the witness.
SJCh an act ought tnbe used as evidence against
a criminal -not In hi favor as some people seem
to think It Is. i:. II. J.
New York. October 9.
Vf omen at Crrman t'nlversllles.
Krom the Wtstmlutter Gatette
Nowhere In the world have the universities
a more masculine nutw-ard aspect than In
(iermany: and yet, If we may Judge by recent
statistics, feminism Is surely gaining ground,
even In these slrnnghnlds. It Is now only four
years since women were by law allowed to study
at (ierman universities. Now they represent
5 per cent, of Ihe Incorporated students, llerlln
counts 845 iby far the largest numberi; llonn.'.'.Vi;
(ioeltlngen, Mnnlch, 1SR; Heidelberg, ISS,
Freiburg, 140; Ilreslau, 134, and 1-elpslc lot. Tn
Ihls total It Is necessary to add nearly l,S03 un
attached students, making the grand total of
women students In (Iermany 4,f09. The major
ity are Protestants nr Jews. Very few are Cath
ollcs. The courses of study most In favor with
them are phllospophy and history.
French President's Song Collection.
rarls correiponilrnee l.omlon Telegraph.
No French President ran during bis tenure of
office escape being "blagu" "ragged,"vve might
(ranslate It-sometlmes rather ferociously. Of
this ragging M. Fallleres lias certainly had his
full share. It appears that he takrs It all In Ihe
best spirit He has even collected all Ihe sonjs
thathavebeenwrltlenaboul hltn.and In Ihe eve.
nlng afler dinner he sometimes r.sk one of his
Intimate Irlends tn sing selections from Ihe fat
volume they make. He Is said to derive a goo I
deal of quiet amusenfent from a study of the
fares of his orderly ofllcers when the song Is more
than usually personal and outspoken,
Tgypt ti Preserve i:cret.
-'roil Ihe London CKroiitrle.
Mr Dudgeon, illrerlor-sener.il of ihe Depart
ment of Agriculture, Mate that Ihe department
Is Intcre-ttlug Itself In the propagation of the
white egret, which Is a greal worm destroyer.
Cnfortutuiirly. owing lo the trade thai Israrrled
on In Us feathers, Ihe sperles had become rilhrr
rare In i:ypt. A law- has now been passed pro
hibiting Ihe shouting of the bird, wllh the rrsult
that while In Ihe beginning uf the year there were
only son white egrets at Sltr.hellawen there are
now about double that number.
.Maryland's Tomato Crop.
Chesternun corretpondenee nalltmore Sun.
The peach crop In dns gone by was every
thing to Kent county farmers. To day the to
mato yield has more than taken Us p'ace. The
estimate of this year's crop Is f3.f,7rt tons, at Hi an
a ton, which gives to Kent farmers the large sum
of ::7,:a n. Possibly the biggest jleld Is re
ported from Hock Hall, where from eighty ocres
Ihe ed was an average of leven tons an acre,
Clifton U Jarre!! had lti arresl tn Just across the
river, and says he will clear Ml an acre above all
Intelligent I'tgs In New drrsev,
l.oictr Creek corrrtpondence Salem Sunbeam,
Do animals reason? Well, a lower Creek
farmer's hogs pasturing lu a pear orchard sp
narentlv do. .for thov take turns In rein? in iu.
ha'tglsg limbs oft!ie prar Hoes, grssn with the,
mouth a limb containing peart, sit on their
haunches and shake It until the penis fall, which
Ihe r.Uirr hogs come and rat.
Deer Ton Fat to Hunt,
From the oml.m Dntlu Uall,
The wild deer In Devon and Somerset, owing
tn the abundanrn of good fnl. have become too
fat to provide the follow era of the Devon and
Somerset staghninds with goo I sport,
An Illinois Itnlllnit Slnnr.
J'Vom ihe While Hall llealster.
Afler an absence of four years Henry Slone
has come back to town and again It In charge
of Sam Udwardt'i delivery wagon.
Attorneys Toll Intcrstnle Com-nif-rcp
FEAK PARCELS POST TOO
Unkci's Piiy SMOlr.ono n Ycnr
on Urpjiil Shipments 'imi!
Wahiiinoton, Oct. n. ARser'in: iliy
had not been mndo parlls to tho investl.
Ration Instiftilod by tho Interstate Com
meroe Commission nn n ""suit of which
the commission ordered mikstantlil re
ductions In express rales throughout
the United fitnten nnd in tho rules and
regulations of th" express romp-iis
nttorneya ropresentitiR tho larpest rail
rands In tho United States nppe.nred !;.
fore the Inteintnlo Commerce Commis
sion to-d.ny nnd nekeel to In mndo purtloi
to tho investigation Instituted by (he
eommlRelon Into express rated,
This waa the Investigation which re
sulted in tho commission ordering suh.
Htantlal reductions In rates nnd tho es
tntilishing of u zone system of charges,
provided the express companies, could
not uliow causa why tho order should
not lie carried out. Tho railroad attor
neys asked the commission to take addi
tional testimony from tho railroad point
of view before making its order elective
In ndditlon to this attorneys repre
Renting tho express compunles filed
figures vrith the commission which they
said showed that tho proposed new rales
of tho commission would result in the
express companies doing business nt
From to-day's developments It would
appear that the express companies, being
Involved in n last ditch light against rate
reductions, have passed the contest up to
tho railroads. The testimony In tho case
thus far Hhows tint the railroads get
about 50 cents out of every dollar collected
by the express company and tho vital
interest of tho railroads ii therefore ap
Tho commission's attention was nUo
directed to-day to the fuel that Congress
has authorized a parcels post system In
this country and that this will take away
from tho express compnnijs all of its
business up to eleven pountU. On this
I ground tho commission was asked not
I only to heir additional testimony but to
i clofer its proposed r.ttos uhtil It could lie
heen to whit extent thi Gavernment
parcels post would affect the express
To-dnv's hearin! was given bv fii
commission to nil concerned to show cau-e
why its propo.sod reduced express rates and
regulations governin; the oxpron co n
panies of the country should not go ii i
effect nt once. It is probiblo thit ti
commission will devote the remiindir
tho week to hearing argum ents on I ,e
Wade If. Ellis and Charles I. Kit
representing bukcrs, said they desire.1
to file nn intervening petition ugaitt tic
proposed rates, as thev would prevent
shipments of bread. They filed figures
showing that tho hakeVa cf the couii'-")
or consumers paid revenue to the express
companies of about Jl.ooo.noo u year for
the shipment of bread and that If the pro
posed rate of the commission were ap
plied to bread it could only be shipped
at a Ios.n to the linkers.
Walker I). Ilines, representing tho ex
press companies, muae tnecntei uunress.
It now appears that Ihe rates proposed by
the commission could If applied to exisimi
business of Hie Adiiins, American, SoutHern,
1'nlled States and Wells Cargo companies
eiente an aggregate loss In tolnl oix-ratlug
revenues of SJT.Vti.l.'S", would wipe. out their
entire profit, which on nn average do not
excised l.s cvnls on the dollar of revenue
collected, and would entail an aggregate
n'ci loss of ir.',I.Vi,ui.n a year, producing
for (hem an aggregate deficit of lli.'t.l.n:.,
vvllli the result Hint Instead of making any
profit they would on an average lose about
S.s; cents on every dollar of revenue col
letted, 8. IV Rledsoo. representing the Santa Ft
system; U, C Wright, representing the
( hieanound Northwestern: (leorcohtuart
Patterson, representing the Pennsyl
vania lines, nnd Clyde Hrown, represent
ing the New York Central lines, all united
in a requoht that the committee defer
action and receive additional testimony
before making its order effective, nnd told
of the loss in revenues tho commission'!
new order would entail.
All of tho railroad nttorneyis laid stress
on tne met tnnt tnis loss in revenue came
nt a time following increases granted by
them of wages to their employees ana
increased operating expenses otnervvise.
stati: srnrLVf $4,000,000.
Comptroller Sohmcrr Han Increased
Albany, Oct. 0. Comptroller Rohmer
gavo out a statement to-day Including
a rcrcpd from his books which shows tho
nevenuo, 101 1-112. SS3,:n.'l,2RS,3l; ex-
ondituroj, c5.nSI,?!.77; surplus, l,
3M.971.54, Itevenue, loon-in. $iS,HI3,575.8'j; ex
penditure, $oa,0.)'),75t.:o; dlicit.
When asked if lie had anything tn siy
about tho statement mule by tho i!-
ptlblloans that tho expenses of hi. oP.ii
had Im'imi increased over Unit of his pre I-
ecessors tho Comptroller said that tiur ig
his ndmiuUtratioti ho had incrcused t o
indirect revenues of tho Stato by nn un
lu his statement it was polnte.l out i it
tho Comptroller collected under lavs
existing nt the beginning of b- to. n
S4.202.utHl more revenuo than ' r
obtained In tho history of Cm ii .e
This lncioa.su does not include an-' "f
moneys secured by the enactment if 'ce
now legislation during hi term 01 illc,
such as tho liocureil clelil ta. law ,iru n.s
boxing law. Nor (Ikm it incltitio 'noiirVH
received from the direct t.txe.i, the e;.ci'
tar, the moiIriigci t" or taxes on muo
inebitoj nj- ''my or iho largo inhervt: c.'
faxes neerulng to the Htato Uoiiim f
tltcs I itunio disaster.
Tho Comptroller said ho has organized
& Mtwllrctd dbt tux hnrcvm tn.nHi nivos-
nary by tho enact tnont of the secured debt
tax law and from this sourco has col
lected SI, 411,5)7. which Is in addition
to the Increase referred to. Ho ha or
ganized also tho private bunking bureau
aii the result' of legislation enacted after
ho took office,, thereby providing pro
tection for more than S2,txm,(Hl deposits
uf mom tbmi 'Jfi nnn Htiinll rlencvdton.
lio litis udvocnted and secured tne right
to examine tho 1,200 towns In tho ht.nts
or wiucn tie nad previously nau no supervision.
r,,,,.,..., , -- , . . lj