Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1912.
GENERAL BALKAN WAR
PROBABLE, IS BELIEF
Tails Editors Think Xoltlior
Turkey Nor Powers Able
lo Prevent It.
EPKOPK NOT ENDANGERED
AtMrin rind Russtn Extending
Efforts to Keep Klnnies
firrciit Cable lf rflcfi to Tnr. Srv
1'Ar.i. Oct. !. -When asked tn-nly'it ,
If he regarded n general war In the. i
Rilkans as probable Clapton Cnlmcttc,
editor of figaro, iald:
"I do not believe there "will be a
general war In Europe In connection
with the llnlknn crisis. HulKnrln.
Scrvla and Montenegro have grown
tired of awaiting the fntlllmcnt of the
promises which Turkey has made since!
10 and which Kurope, ever compln
(ent, has allowed to slumber. Thoy
cannot be b'.mird very severely, lint
the consequences nf u general conhV:rn
tlon would be too Immense to allow
men a conflagration to take vast pro
portions. The nations, tiermany ami
I'ranre anions them, would not under- i
Mand war for n cause which touches
neither Interests nor the amour propre.
A for Austria anil Kusstn, who are
more directly minuted In this dispute,
(hey Iw vp proved by the measures
taken In the last few wppks that they
would avoid aggravating the situation
by personal claims.
"The great Powers, then, desire peace
and the confusion on the bourses of
every great capital at the simple an
nouncement of complications in the
ItalkHns has shown them that by estab
lishing calm as soon ns possible In the
people's minds and by opposing any
general war they arc only conforming
to the sentiments nf the nations. Wc
have Arm faith In peace."
M. Lausanne, editor of the .Vafln.snld:
"When a block of buildings Is nflre the
brigades from everywhere nround seek
to prevent It from spreading by Hooding
It with water, yet their efforts nre often
Ineffectual. It Is n question if Europe
will be able to flood Turkey sufficiently
to keep the Are from becoming general.
"t'ndoubtedly 'feverish excitement
exists In the Balkans which makes a
general war there more than probable. ,
but we cannot help remembering all j
the time that when Governments really
mean to fight, as the Husso-Japanese ,
war snow eu. meir action is not prcracea,
by notification of mobilizations or pre
llmlnary talk. The strongest possible
Mow Is struck first and then manifestoes
and notifications follow If necessary.
This consideration Is strong against the
fpread of this war."
Th opinion of M. ITehrard of the
Tempt may p.obably be gathered from
an editorial In that newspaper. In which
h asks: "Were we wrong yesterday In
saying that If peace wns represented by
two war ought to be represented by
eight? The world asks If Montenegro's
declaration Implies a contract whereby
the other three Halkan States frill enter
a campaign, which amounts to asking
nhat the Balkan understanding really
The Trmps quotes M. Stanclof as say
ln: "The four Christian Balkan
States engaged to mobilize together and
i.ot to separate from one another."
The 7'entpa does not believe thnt Monte
negro was chosen to open
ties because It would be easier
enary to put an end to
Turkey and Montenegro th
tween Turkey and Bulgaria.
argument falls because Turkey is not
affected by Montenegro's action. If
Turkey believes In acting alone noth
ing but a general conflict can bring
pressure on Turkey. The Temp. con
iludes: "If peace Is safeguarded It will
be a miracle, and faith In miracles
hardly exists any longer."
BULGARIA CONSIDERING NOTE.
Rrplj In Poivers To-dny, lint Wnr
tttcial Cubit Detpntcli to Tnr Sin
Poru. Oct. '.. Bulgaria has not yet
Joined In the war. but no one here
doubts that she will shortly follow
Montenegro's example. The r.blnet sat
for many hours to-day to onslder the
note of the Powers In favor of peace.
TJurlng the session the Greek and
P'rvlan Ministers were Invited to Join 1
the conference. It Is understood that
the reply will be given to the Greek
snd Servian Ministers to-morrow. It Is
Impossible to Imagine that It will ac
quiesce In refraining from war unless.
hh Zm'l: 7?!k":
"nts to such refornin In the vilayets
as Bulgaria demands and gives accept
able guarantees. It Is Indeed question
able whether even then the Government
dare thwart the people's determination
nn war. Popular distrust of the Powers
equals distrust of Turkey, nnd the prom
Ism of one are not valued higher than
thnjo of the other.
The flags of twelve regiments were
hlrsped by priests to-day on the palace
Krounri1!. Tho King attended and there
wre scenes nf patriotic fervor.
TURKS CONFIDENT IN FUTURE i
Porelan Minister Sns Montenero
Inlntril All Precedent.
'rt'ial Cablt lieipoteh to Tin Srv.
'''VSTANTISOP1.B, Oct. 9. The Turkish
P'r'ign Minister. Noradundghlan Kf
fendi. In an Interview to-day said that
1 i country faced the future with per
ff ' ennfldence. He went on to say that
Mmitenegro's declaration of war wns ,
wndr In a manner contrary to the prac-
of civilized countries anil In viola
t m of the rules laid down by The
Hague Convention, to which Monte
nrcrn subscribed. He stated three
points In which Montenegro had violated
th convention: First, In that no at
tempt was made to seek tho Rood offices
of a third party In an effort to find a
means of avoiding war; second, that
the declaration dW not set forth uny
reel or tangible cause for wnr; Bnd,
third, that the Montenegrins began
h'lMllltles without granting tho usual
Preliminaries and even before the dec
laration of war was presented to the
The Russian, French, British, Qcrman
and Austrian Ambassadors met this
enln to decide on the terms of the
note of the Powers to the Porte.
The Tonln, the Young Turk organ,
nads Its editorial on Montenegro's
declaration of war; "Thank Goodness."
It rejoices, It says, that tho shots fired
on the Montenegrin frontier were dls
thrged over the grave of Article
XXIII. of the Treaty .of Uerllrf and tho
worm scheme of 1110.
MOVING ARTILLERY IN THE BALKANS
fTi rf ' yMuj i,. nil
I Mifl'v tiL : s)iiiHi i.rV ' I
it .gHrg&. .xv
BIG BALKAN WAR ! ' .
UVf intVIIADLt ' IP
after four hours of artillery llrlng the
Turks abandoned the heights of I'lan
Inltzu. After winning this victory, thu
despatch continues, the Montenegrins
advanced to assault a fortlllcd po.nl km
The Turks received reinforcements
later In the forenoon and the battle was
still continuing at the time of the last
advices received at the Montenegrin
The il I'irniifclr's Cettlnje cor
respondent telegraphs: "The tlrst shut
In the Montenegrin campaign was tired
by Prince Peter, the King's youngest
son, from the headquarters nt Pod
gorltza. It was dlreotod at the Turkish
fortifications at T117.I. which are now
(6:40 P. M Wednesday) being attacked
I by Montenegrin troops.
1 " ifiiLMe ic fii.ti nrv rrw twit noiir
befnro ,hl ,,PnnK l)f tnp battIo. Tno
cleneral commanding nt 1'o.lgorltza
comrn,)(1(, !)c(1r because he fear.d
that ne would bo SUpcrseded In com-
mnml owlnB to ,hu ,,rPB(.nei. llf King'
"information has Just been received '
that ten battalions of Turkish Infantry
and 5.000 ltashl-Hazouks are advancing ,
through the Saltchl detlle to relieve
King Nicholas of Montenegro Issued
a proclamation to his people and to his
army yesterday In which he character
'th' wa'roVwlnVh Monteno has
. . ... ., , 1
arked us n holy undertaking and'
res his subjects that they will have
loya ass-stance of hen la. 1 ul-
garla and Greece as welt as the sym
pathy of the civilized world.
That the Montenegrins have nctually
begun an Invasion of Turkey, following
their declaration of wnr, appeared to be
confirmed, nud with this news the hope
. u 11...
quite, abandoned. Kvcn though Hul
garla should not force the Issue, should
inK prevailing among the Turkish popu-
lace, who are represented as displeased
with the moderate attitude so far as
sumed by the Porte. Furthermore, It Is
hardly to be believed that In the pres
ent crisis the other Balkan States will
stand by and let Montenegro, the weak
est of them all, bear alone thu burden of
war against the common enemy.
The position taken by the Servian
Government nt present Is that tfie Pow
ers have taken steps looking toward In
tervention too late, and that to be ef
fective such action should have been
j taken before the mobilization of the .
Turkish forces and before the actual
outbreak of hostilities and declaration of
wnr between Montenegro and Turkey. If
Servla and Bulgnrla Join In the war
there will be In the neighborhood of
600,000 men ready to battle for the allies.
The Daily Tclrurnph't Constantinople
correspondent sends nn Interview with
Gr.md Vlzlpr Ohiizl Pjishn. udin. h, rjivw
Is vtrmitv rnnflilnnl nnil rhn..rfnl Thn
Turkish Premier said that as the Gov
ernment had done Its utmost to pro
.. . 1 ,.1,1 1 1 . ... . 1,
nd &"evenY. wUh cni.
confident that Kurope would realize the
the hostlll- the reports of a massacre of Turks by r..u ,....t. 1, i..'..i.. 1 . . . . .. ... 1 gard to adopting the reforms suggested
if Mc- uulnn at Turtukala be accurate. It Is " . " VJ,' Z . " " ."" ' Z"10"? ,,,.wl" "r"v" VTJ ."" by the International Commission In 1880
war between foart.d that Turkey may take the o I i; I 'Z' i 6 ' 1 ,nf r,m,rs mBr""1 , ' . ' and It Is doubtful whether the Govern-
an one be- fenslve so far as Bulgaria Is concerned. , , . 7 trJZ ".'! r ' w. ! mcnt will be able to -withstand the op-
Such this the more because of tbe high feel- 1, v "V "I IZ" "l v. 1 11 "e Vu..' . "r. iJ V. r" " .'. position which has been aroused.
sincerity of their efforts to preserv. ' xiegmg a 1 urKisu garrison mere, r.s
Internal order in the event of wnr. , '".'M,,a 11"rklK'1 whl1c1' "",
The Grand Vizier expressed t he I marching to the relief of Scutari, have
utmost surprise nt the action of Monte. , iw" the lUynna Ither unopposed,
negro in declaring war. remarking that' A f'""1'" of Montenegrins Is sad to
that country had always been ready to uve been repulsed at Kalava Par s
obey the will of a certain great Power '"rs that King Ferdinand of Bulgaria
(Hussla) nnd therefore her sudden , '" . alr,'iy. ,ll'ft s",,a V' l'n command
action was Inexplicable.
The St. Petersburg correspondent of
ho Dolly Trlcyruph says. It Is not dear
why the King of Montenegro, who Is'
n I?iiMljin Klflil Mfirnhnl mill nnlv thn
other day declared that the word of tho
Czar was law for him Jinil his people,
has suddenly declared war against Tur
key In defiance of the will and wishes
of his Imperial protector. Thero are
consequently reports that he Is sus
pected of duplicity,
A Constantinople despatch to the
Daily Chronicle says that the French
and Husslan Ambassadors made repre-
suntatlons to the Porte yesterday In a
joint enori lowarn peace. 1 ney urgeu
the Turkish Government In grunt com
plete autonomy to Macedonia, iilllrmlng
that this would be likely to aert war.
Tho Porte promised to give the matter
the fullest consideration.
Little hope Is expressed that theso
reprerentatlons. coming nt this time,
will avail nnythlng for tho cause of
Greece so far seems to be taking n
less belligerent position than the States
which may be her allies. She, however,
has directed her envoys to callMhe at
tention of the Kuropean Powers to tho
seizure of Greek vessels, wlUch she de
scrllies as nothing but piracy, nnd to
the embargo placed by Turkey on
It Is reported t hat Greece has bought
the Chinese cruiser llao-cho, which Is
now at ElswlcK-on-Tyne. whero It was
launched two years ago. China never
took over the vessel, tho revolution oc
cupying hor attention at the time of Its
Despatches from Vienna last night
reported ht thrt'r aeroplanes .'
rtneb raaka nsd consigned to tbt allies
X SaSSSSSSSSSSSSSBBSSSSSSSSBSSSSSK X VV II
I 2Z, X RftW . jv &
had passed through Innsbruck within
the past two weeks.
It Is reported from Constantinople
thnt the Turkish tiovernnient has de
cided to hold annuf; the !rcek vessels'
seized those which are best suited for
military purposes and to release the
others. Such action on the part of the
Ot toman Government will almost surely
bring Greece Into a more active hoa-
111 1 thnn , ,
, ? ,ock lnafkp,.llwn 'ct
"M-raWy mnre by the Halkan tr
than on Tuesday.
The market wns ex-
cited and prices fell severely nil around. !
Consols here were once as low ns "S-'Vi, i
hut made a partial recovery later. Since
the Inst fortnightly settlement the de- :
-r.ous Bulgarian stocks on the
London Stock Kxchange has ranged
"4 ;" n On-eksec.jrl-
The expectation of war has dlslo- Sprrinl ou.lt Utunict, to Tjie Srv
I cated the Russian grain supplies via I Paris, Oct. 10.--Commenting on the
the Dardenelles, and this has caused a panicky feeling on the Bourse yesterday
sharp advance In grain futures. Wheat j tlie VifKiiiclal .Vnc says It was a verlt
and maize at Liverpool opened nt to able panic, more serious than the one on
N or u penny per cent, higher than yes-1
clsed above 1 uesr.aj s prices. .
poneu cany in tlie day tlinl it nun re-
ccimu connrmauon 01 a rejMiri mat ,
not 11 HUlgaria nnd .servla hail severed ,
diplomatic relations with Turkey and
that a Bulgarian force already had
crossed the frontier.
A despatch from Belgrade brought
the report that Servian and Turkish
troops had met in the .lavlr district of
me sanjai; or .xovi-iia.nr, inn gave no
details of the encounter. Another un
conllrmed report of actual wurfaro
came from Constantinople. According
to this report, a Montenegrin dctaeh-
ment had crossed the frontier and hud
been annihilated anil -i.uou Ainu-
nlan troops had Invaded Montenegro
deports from Turkish sources htate
thnt Albanians on the frontier have
promised to hold back the Montenegrins
without Turkish help. Further reports
have It that 11 Bulgarian army has set
out for Mustaphn Pasha to prepare the
way for an advance on the Turkish
army nt Adrlllllople.
annus SKiimisnes are reporieu along
the , Servian and Bulgarian frontiers.
A Montenegrin detachment Is said to
be on Its way to Scutari, In Albania, to
Albanian rebels who are be-
of the nllled Hoops. King Nicholas is
now with his troops, but the under-
u..itl.,r. Iu !.., hn ...Ml c.rilr, .1,1
.,. ,,, (lf ,hn frnllllr. ,.
1 reotlng tho movements of his troops
from there. Prince Mlrko Is expected
to cross the frontier with the army.
No confirmation was received of a
rumor that Servian troops had crossed
the frontier at Samdoss.
Sotia despatches tell of the extreme
rapidity with which the mobilisation of
the Biilgnrlnn nrmy bus been eftected
and predict rapid developments. It U
snld that the Bulgarian Legation at
Constantinople has turned over its
archives to the earn of the Busslan Km.
The censorship nt Constantinople Is
reported to be very severe, one de
spatch received by a news ngency, the
sender of which nvoldpd the censors ;y
sending It by wireless from a ship In
the Black Sea, tells of demonstrations
by students In Constantinople when thn
news of Montenegro's declaration of
war became known. Thn Turkish Gov
ernment Is being reproached by th
Turks, the despatch hays, for lack of
Initiative In taking up the wnr. Tim
same feeling, the despatch adds, has re
sulted In discontent In the army.
STYLED A HOLY UNDERTAKING.
Montenegrin lilna Declares Tlie)
Are Plabl Inn for lire! hern,
Special Cable Urtfatcb lo Tim Srv
Ckttinjk, Oct. 11,- "Montenegro Is at
tacking Turkey not from arrogance but
Inspired by tho noblest Intentions of
preventing the extermination of Its
brethren." This Is tho keynnlo of the
proclamation of the King to the peoplo
and Um army Issued to-day. It ap-
J The possible closing of the Dardu- 1
1 d urn ,.. c. 1... Tn.bnu .r 1 . . . ..... .... (..,.,.
enls to the nation to help the Sertx
of Old Sen la, who are being masacreil
with the women and children. Tho
"We would long ago have gone to
their assistance, but have patiently
awaited peaceful attempts to secure
protection for those martyis across our
frontler. At length nothing was left
but to take up the sword."
The proclamation declare:! that In set
ting forth on this "holy undertaking"
Montenegro is assured nf the sympathy
of the civilized world and nil the Serb
people and the SUiv nice "nnd will be
loyally assisted by the Kings of Servla,
Bulgaria and Greece."
VERlTABLE PANIC IN PARIS
. , ,., .
.o..l,.nne.e Wnr Bettnn.
t(,e day after the Agadir affair und only
,ay ti,at the Husso-Japancse war broke 1
iHaytl UlP ,)nl.r, that business men do
nol cm,sider the peace of Kurope men
......a. ,lH rentes lost only 3.1 centimes.
wnll, during the Husso-.Iapanesc war,
when there was a possibility of Franc
being drawn Into the conflict, they
dropped three puints In one day. Ser
vian rentes fell ii.SO. Bulgarians and
1 f;r,.,s ...,.r no. niu.ted and there were
no demands for them. Turkish securi
ties lost 412.
Other examples of weakness were Al
gerian Bank, which lost 270 francs; the
Bank of Purls, the Algerian Company
ml lhl fni0I1 Hank of Purls 50. the
1,.n,e KnCPrc nnd .Metropolitan Om-
nlbus, SO francs each; Suez, 70, and
Among the Russians the Azoffdon
Bank lost ."n francs, the Ottmnon Bank
12, the Kusso-AHlnllqun Banque de
Commerce and Prlvee Banque Stberle
30 francs, the Austrian Credit Foncier
u0, Brlanlk r,0. Ulo P2, Sosnowlce 175,
Bakou 150, and Naphte Husse 10.
MOVE GREEKS OFF TO WAR.
e I:iikIhiiiI Contingent l.rnvfi,
KnKcr for Turkish Sculps.
PiiovinrM-u. It. I., Oct. 9. Nine hun
dred and eighty khaki clad Greeks
cheered this morning ns the siren nn
tho Fa lire liner Madonna bade farewell
to Providence nn the beginning of Its
long journey to Patras, where the sol
diers are to Join the nrmy In a fight
against Turkey for the freedom of their
compatriots under Turkish dominion.
The Boston company of 102 men,
nearly nil In uniform, arrived at 9 o'clock
nnd the men were transported to Fox
Point In special enrs. Announcement
of the declaration of war by Montene- I
gro was made to the soldiers at the ship
by n reporter nnd was greeted with
cheers, war songs nnd cries of "Death
t ti,,. TiirliQ' iinnih to tin, Turks'"
to the Turns, death to the lurks
An Inspiring scene occurred on board
NO SMOKE-NO TUNNILS
The beauty of the scenery,
the smooth roadbed and
easy riding equipment
mike the lourney alto-
the vessel during the morning when the
Itev. fl. I'apnlnnnnou of this city, a
priest of the Oreek Ciurch, addressed
the assembled soldiers, urged them lo
I fight for tho glory of their country and
elofc-pd by blessing them as they stood
with military caps in bands and their
heads bowed In solemn silence.
KING GEoYgEIN ATHENS.
Detention nf tirrrk Hhlpplncc May
lleromr crlno qnestlon.
Special Cable tietpalch to Tiik 8f.v.
Atiikns, Oct, !. King Oeorge r-
, rived homo this evening. A groat
crowd awaited him and he received an
enormous welcome. Ills Majesty almost
Immediately met the Cabinet and pre
sided over nn Important discussion on
Keeling here Is considerably Inflamed
nt the Turkish detention of Oreck ship
ping. The Incident Is almost treated aa
a separate question and Is regarded as
a direct and unwarranted provocation
lo war. The CSovernment Is determined
to have nothing to do with negotiations
until the ships nre released.
The King addressed a crowd from the
balcony of the palaco to-night. He said
he was confident that the nation would
fill fit every duty that patriotism de
manded. He urged calmness and a
manly attitude. He declared that he
had complete confidence In the Min
istry. Premier Venlr.elns made a Bpeech, In
which he said that there was still hope
that pence would be preservpd, since
neither (Ireece nor her allies desired
territorial conquest, hut sought what
wns liest for Turkey's Interest. If,
however, thnt hope was not fulfilled the
nation could conllde completely In the
army and navy.
RUSSIA EXPLAINS ITS MOVE.
Only Test Mobilisation and
Tronpi Are Disbanded.
Sprrlot Cohlr lepatei to Tn Sri.
St. pETK.nsiit'HO, t)ct. 9. With the evi
dent view of allaying nervous sus
picions at Herlln and Vienna the follow
ing statement Is published seml-
"The reports In German newspapers
respecting tho mobilization of Russia
are untrue. There Is no mobilization.
:and the test mobilization which was re
I cently ordered In some of the Govern
ments of Kuropean Russia have been
concluded. The reservists summoned
on that occasion have been already
BIPLANE FOR GREEK ARMY.
Ilerlln, X. J., Man to C.lrr Ilia Ser
vices to Ilia Country.
PiilLAKEt.riiiA, Oct. 9. The Greek
aeroplane fleet will be augmented by
the addition of the aeroplane of Angelos
Sterglos of Berlin. N. J who to-day
packed his Wright biplane and an
nounced that he would return to hla
native country and offer his services to
the Greek nrmy as aviator.
Sterglos has been practising for some
time and Is one of the best amateurs
about this city. He expects to leave
thl week with his biplane on one of
the steamships that will sail from New
NO REFORM FOR MUSSULMANS.
Hold Protest Merlin Against Turk
ish Cnblnet's Aetlon.
Special Cabin Hespalch to Tin Six
,, ., i 1. ri,.,i h ,
I.oNoN, Oct. 10. A despatch from
sulman population Is grieved and angry
1 over the Cabinet's announcement In re
Meetings of protest have been organ
Ized throughout the provinces and the
L'lema and Notables of Uskub, Prlsh
tlna,, DJakova and Ipck have telegraphed
the Grand Vizier positively refusing to
apply the reforms. Kven If the Min
istry succeeds In pacifying the Mace
donian excitement It will be faced by
a still more difficult task in Albania,
where the war enthusiasm Is Immense.
AMERICANS GO TO BALKANS.
They Hare l.arsie Business Inter
ests In the Prnlnaola.
Sptcial Cable Detpatch to Tni Scs.
Paris, Oct. 9. Many American busi
ness men have gone to the Balkans to
protect their Interests In Turkey and
elsewhere. Among these are W. H.
Mason of,New Orleans and W. H. Wells
of Jersey City.
flrrek Wnrahlpa at Marseilles.
Special Cable DetpatcK to Ths Sex.
Marseilles, Oct. 9. The Greek war
ship Kret Is coaling and taking on
stores and ammunition ns well as an
aeroplane. She will also take aboard
200 Greek volunteers.
Itnlo-Tnrklah Peace Signed.
Special Cable lietpatch to The Srv
Paris, Oct, 9. The t'lunro announces
that tho ppaco prltlmlnarlcs between
Turkey nnd Italy were signed on
French Fleet Iteacbes Tonlon,
Sptctat Cable Detpatch to Ths Sck,
Toulon. Oct. 9. The French fleet ar
rived hero to-night.
Vnasnr Students Are for Wilson,
Poi'iiiikkiipsik, Oct. . Vassar College
has gone Democratic, A straw vote polled
by the young women gave Wilson IM,
Roosevelt Ml, and placed Taft third, vote
united: The girls are enthusiastic poll-
ZTSl every hour
iTfclWltft ON THC HOUR
-TTKlTTj The frequency of the trains
JVffJIrlfTaKVA and their hourly leaving
iMvsvVWWk "me mke time-tables tin-
AYi aVl afiMaViA nsceMiry and avoid any
HM'BaSPBBHIm nnrarfalntv al train time'
CHINESE LOAN IN PARLIAMENT.
finvrrnment Outline It Position In
the His Power Xeftollntlon,
fptrtnt Cabft pnpatch to Tnr Sex.
ttONDns', Oct, 9. A question was
brought up In tho House of Commons
to-nlBht In rcKard to the Chinese loan,
especially ah to whether the Foreign
Office was hostile lo the Crisp group,
nnd If so why. Mr. Aclnnd. the Parlia
mentary tinder Secretary for Foreign
Affairs, speaking for Sir Kdwn.rd Grey,
said Great Britain had cooperated with
tho I'nlted States, France, Germany,
Hussta and Japan In supporting nn
International financial group because It
was desirable that these Powers, which
were very largely Interested In China,
should not compete with each other
by trying separately to get political
advantages. Without this agreement,
Mr. Acland said, the result probably
would be the Issuance nf a series of
Indiscriminate loans which would bo
likely to Impair China's credit.
China's objections to the terms of
the proposed six Power loan, said Mr.
Acland, were not Incompatible with the
fair consideration of nny proposals
which tho new republic may make to
amend them. It was not desirable to
break up the agreement of the six
Powers, continued the Under Secretary.
On the other hand there was -no desire
and no Intention to maintain it for
the purpose of Imposing harsh and un
reasonable conditions on China. Tho
Birch Crisp loan, he said, was op
posed because while the negotiations
were proceeding with tho six Powers
"we did not consider China frco to bor
row elsewhere. We were under honor
able obligations to opposo any outside
Apart from that, said Mr. Acland,
the loan did not offer adequate guaran
tee for the proper expenditure of the
proceeds which should be derived there
from. Asked as to what were the guaran
tees for the repayment of tho Dlrch
Crisp loan Mr. Acland replied: "That
Is a matter for the stockholders, not
for us, to answer."
ITALY TO OWN ITS SUBSOIL.
Government Measure Will Solve
Problem of Rxenvnllnsr Hrrealitn
Special Cable Vetpatch to Tnr. Srv.
Uome, Oct. 9. The Minister of Edu
cation In opening the International
archaeological congress to-day announced
that It was tho Intention of the Govern
ment to pass a bill establishing State
ownership of the subsoil, thus solving
tho problem of tho excavation of Hcrcu-
laneum. and making the expropriation
of the land unnecessary.
SR. BOYD REAPPOINTED.
Will Continue a Panama's Consult
ing Lawyer In Washington.
Special Cable Detpateh to Tss Sex.
Panama. Oct. B. President Porras has
issued a decree reappointing Dr. George
Boyd as consulting lawyer In Washing
ton to attend especially to tho pending
boundary dispute between Panama and
Costa Rica, which has been under his
charge for some time.
I he reappointment of Dr. Boyd to this
post meets with general approval.
Sailing on the Kaiser Wllhelm II.
Special Cable DetpatcK to Tni Sex.
Paris, Oct. 9. Mme. Slmone, tho
actress, and her husband, M. Cnslmlr
Perrler, Mr. and Mrs. William Guggen
helm, Mrs. Hugh J. Grant, Mrs. It. II.
Jenkins and Hector Dufranne, tho basso
who Is to Join the Chicago Opera Com
pany, nailed from Cherbourg for New
York to-day on the steamship Kaiser
From Bond Street
to Fifth Avenue
"117"E have devoted one of our
" twelve Galleries to an un
usual display of Furniture.
One of those interesting old
shops with which London's West
End abounds has practically
been transferred to New York.
English Cabinet Makers have
preserved so faithfully the tradi
tions of their Craft that their Re
productions of Georgian Mahog
any Furniture arc especially
noteworthy. This is why wc
have brought together a number
of the masterpieces of the leading
English craftsmen and arranged
them in a somewhat interesting
The spirit of the Eighteenth
Century seems to breathe in this
34 and 36 West 32c! Street
Between Fifth Ave. and Broadway
PERU STILL CONTINUE
Consul Fuller. luveHijrator In
Piitiiinnyo, Cnliles WcMlunpr
ton to Tlmt EffeH.
HE HETFRNS TO iOJTIOS
Will Mail Detailed Report of
Two Months Trip Through
Wahiiniton-, Oci n, Th Htri"iou3
labor conditions In the Putiimayo rubber
district of Peru am but little rhitigocl,
according to tho report of United Ptaton
Consul and Special Investigator h'tuart
Fuller, who cabled to thn Si Up Depart
ment to-day his arrival nt Iquitos, Peru,
after a two moiitlm trip into tho licirt of
tho rubber district
Mr. Fuller Is sendlm; 11 detailed report
of his investigation by mall. In his
cablegram he Intimated plainly that littio
real progress, ha been made by Peru In
establishing, nnd enforcing ermanent
measures of reform, desplto the nnssrlloti
of that Government. a
Mr. Fuller was appointed consul at
Iquitos, Peru, for the special purpose of
making a first hand Investigation Into tho
measures of reform which the Govern
ment of Peru declared had been instituted
in tho Puttimiyo. This action by thn
Government of the United States was
tho result of discussion of tho Putumnyo
atrocities between the United States and
Great ilritain. Tho revelation of the
practices In the Putumnyo came in thn
report of his investigations in thnt rccJon
by Sir Roger Casement as agent for tho
In response to repented prodding from
the United States and Great Ilritain,
Pent undertook a programme of reform,
and it has been frequently stated by tho
representatives of thn Peruvian Govorn
ment that tho intolerable conditions ex
posed In the Casement report hud boon
remedied. Mr. Fuller was sunt to Iquitos
to ascertain exactly how effective tho
reform measures were proving.
Ho left Iquitos on August 7 to visit
tho Putumnyo district. From Iquitos
Mr. Fuller went down thn Amazon to
the mouth of the Putumnyo River and
thence, up that stream into the region
known as the Putumnyo rubber district.
There have been meatro reports hero
from Lima to the effect that the Putumayo
scandal was turning into n vital Issue
in the political affairs of Peru. Charges
havo been made that certain Peruvian
interests were mainly responsible for the
state of affairs complained against bjr
Subscriptions havo been taken in Eng
land during the last few months to raiso
funds for the sending of a Catholia mis
sion to work in tho Putumayo district.
This mission has been formed and is now
on its way to Iquitos.
THREE DEATHS IN FLORENCE.
Tno ClilcflKonns and a Woman From.
Alexander, V Stricken.
Special Cable Deiratch to Tar Sex.
Florgncb, Oct. !. Three deaths o
Americana wero reported to-day. Wal
ter Mer'ltt Pond, a former Alderman
of Chicago, whose home w;us at Evan
ston. 111., died a few moments after his)
arrival hero from Carlsbad of urtemlc
coma. His body will be sent to New
York on the steamship Koenlg Albert.
Mrs. Henry Furber, formerly MIsr
Klvlra Irwin, of Chicago, died to-day
at the Hotel Victoria. She was 70 years
Miss Viola Miller of Alexander, N. Y
28 years of age, died at tho nursing
homo of tho Ungllsh sisters. Tho body
will be burled In the Allorl Cemetery.