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THE SUN, SUNDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1912.
AW if 1
'1JT R I
i ' ll SUNDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1012.
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Prl oiflce. a Itue de la Mlchodlf re. oil Hue du
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"!;, If eur Irttnds uhn tator us trffi manustrlpts lor
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more postal ruins.
'"To thk EuiTort or Tiik Son -Sir: 1
L mJiave noticed for tome time the tendency
! --Of which Tiik Su.v speaks, namely, to
j. express the doubt that President Taft
can be reelected.
'...... ' nave no ynpathy with such expres
'.nnm ions and hold it to be the duty of every
1 "srood Republican And Inval fnllnwar nf
v.,,y. Mr. Taft to refrain. The very fact that
home Republican have been talklnc in
$f'u.ti' tn's w' has made votes for Wilio.n every
w lit I cannot believe there is any firm foun-
' elected. There may be some basis for
- peculation, but at best it is speculation,
-'and the gentlemen who are talking pesai
mlsm are dealing with altogether an un-
jsIjiknown quantity. H.
;-.f ew iork, October 12.
r To the Kditor or The Sdk -Sir; Here
Is my postal card. I am a Democrat, but
I think the situation in the country is
L 2 "'out enough for me to disregard party
obligations. 1 shall vote for Taft.
It. Tl i .
f:iisi.. ne overpowering question, in my
'"M,i opinion, is the extinguishment of the
Ticious and mendacious third term can
K". ti; didacy. Everything nhould give way to
Wilson is too much of an exppriment.
New York, October 12. E. T. V.
. Evn nitrlnr5 Is Not an K.cttse.
. I he res;istrrttion for the counties of
NVw York an-1 Kings for the first d.iv
cr 1912 was r.0.0'ia leis than in 1000 and
V1.W Ics3 th in in laoi. It was 29.000 loss
than in 19rtS. In the period between
IfiOl and 191- the eily has added a mill
ion to its population. What is the
'Wo think there will be nnt n few nf
Stiff m'i, our roa(Je"s wlio will sco in the increasing
diKparity between KrowiiiR population
ami aeciinniK reeictration a reflex of
SjjiSi: ;- the intense w
wf. e'- P,0Kress'
"IJm tifinult, almsp
I' Jlr'; '" PorPot"a'
tKlS.7T Ik thoro nnt i
intense weariness which the pres-
ogressive popularity of noise.
ise primaries, pre-nrimaries
and pernet'ial nritnnrii-s hnAPiicnmlnrnH
CfrrinlB there not foiiio Iwroinetrtc relation
. ween popular di.iRiist nnd diminish-
(..,; UiK lists of eligible voter;?
l'.: Yet not even digust should, we be
1"'CJ1 lievo. persuade the citizens of this town
Y and State lo neglect the opportunity to
lb"" v.0,,! ,ni' 'p"r' There is a plain and
K - eimple duty to be clone, and the more
t'" ' 1.1. . ; ....
I ft'4 13- ,,,ur"uK'"i i" is priormcd tin year the
& '. .. moreattraetive voting will be hereafter.
t The time to defeat Theodork Hoose
f'.'.""T!?iT 'n ,01'' iH on November 3, 1012, and
help defeat him on that day it is
S necessary to register.
t inr" ' ' -
.jUtOvrrnor Wilson on Ills Fellow
(Ulr.n of Korelsn Hlrth.
"u -To the hiipposed discredit of the Hon.
t.jV'oonrtow Wilson the New York Trib
' ,1 ity'y exhibits what he said in Chicago the
oilier dav about hit, fellnw riti,,a n.,,i
f mhat he tvtUl alout them when he was
xritins; his monumental History of the
Tho merely superficial or flippant
mind may think that it detects mi aimnd
wl ludicrous) inconsistency between the
Tt ' utterances of the candidate nnd ih
I of I
v " fon
tho historian upon tho value of our
foreign immigration. We put them here
Bide by side:
, "As 1 reflect upon
th erent boilles of
people Hint hne
come to thli treat
eountry of outs, with
love of llbertv In
, thsjlr heart", not onlv
the creat Irish pro.
( pie hut the itreat
, ljperty lovlnc men
Tn v. ntsTor.Mv
"nnt now there
came multitude of
men of th oest
class from the south
of Itnl- and men of
the meaner sort out
of lluniraiy ami Po
land, men out of the
ranks where there
was neither skill nor I
L and v.'omen Irom
civilized ounn- Hative (,f ,f. n.
LV'lt,-r'v 0,1 k'01'. the tvllieenre. and they
lTfreat people of llh-lrame in numbers
Ifl. i ertr lolnK Poland' whic h Inrreaxed from
. where so niu h lilood! jear to ear, as If
Ui ha" ,,n bl"" In Iheithe eoiintrles'of the
,r 'iranse of human south Of l!lirilMA Knt-
riht the nnilent disburdening them-
Italian iieople, uhoh I selves of the more
i., lqo of liberty runs ordid and hapless
" bat'k tO the daVS Of Lln.ant. nf .1.-1-
the I Ionia ii Hepulilir
l . ...v ...r. ,,, turn
population, lh men
the reat Hlaic eo.
i pie, tjlie Bleat poo-
Pleoi)tof blfily, the
,, treat lieoples from
vry iiWter of the
l0he wh,o have come
llli Ktainl.lnU nf
life and work were
Mirh as American I
workmen had never
dreamed ol hitherto.
to America in order
fellows who came In !
to he fneo, reflect
upon ihlis onenioii'
What dll they tome
to he frejed from?"
at the Eastern pons
er tolerated he.
cause they usurped
no plaee hut the Tery
lowest In the ncale
of labor "
Wwitimit that instead nf Kni,, ,.ir
;ultincation this may bo a ease of phil-
ipmcai uiscruQumuon 01 tuo pro-
fotindest cltaratjter, Immigrants of nil
races are of two kinds, the desirable
and (he uritleslrable. In his recent
eulogy of tho liberty loving Irish, the
lllierly loving Poles, the lilicrly loving
Italians of noble Homan liferent, the
great Slavs, tin: great Sicilians, the
liberty loving immigrant from every
quarter of the glolie. Dr. Wilsov was
referring lo the dccirables who have
sought our shores In order lo bo Ameri
cans and who have lui-onic naturalized
and invested with the franchl e. On he
j other hand. In his vigorous condemna
tion of the low class southern Italians,
the meaner sori out of Hungary n'id
Poland, tho sordid and hupl"s immi
grants from various quarter. of th'J
glolie, lie was referring to tin tuida
sirabk'B who have no sympathy with
the spirit of American institutions and
no part in our el-otoral system. In tho
passage quoted from his Chicago speech
lie said nothing alxitit tho undesirables,
for he had already attended to them
in his hook. In the passage quoted
from his historical writings he said
naught about the desirabl.-s, for he ex
pected some day to ho ahl to culogizo
them protierly in a speech.
The two tmsRagcs must be rend to
gcther in order to get the rounded and
complete development of Doctor Wil
son's thought. That is why we have
printed them in tho parallel way.
If the historian and candidate tan
present a belter explanation of thut
which it is sti easy for the superficially
minded to denounce as inconsistency,
tergiversation, self-stultification and
mean truckling, we yield to him the
platform for that purpose.
.Some Truth About the (J rent l-'leel.
Tho fleet which is furnishing the peo
ple of New York with a superb spectacle
in the North Iliver is very modern as
years go,' Tho only battleships on view
that took part in tho Spanish war of
13$, fourteen years ago are the Indiana,
Iowa and .Massachusetts. Tho Kear
sarge and Kentucky were launched in
that year but not completed and com
missioned until some time after tho war.
All live of these ships ure practically
obsolete to-day, although the Indiana
and Massachusetts carry main batteries
of four 13 inch guns, and the Keurxirgc,
Kentucky and Iowa four 12 inch guns.
Aside from broadside battery power
their slow speed relegates them to the
Another group of ships of u later day,
a day seemingly very near to tho present,
would no longer be placed iu the first
line of battle in a war with a great naval
Power; and yet they look like magnifi
cent fighting machines. To name them
in alphabetical order with displacement
(normal) and date of first commission
they are: Alabama, 11,552 tons, October
16, 1000; Connecticut, 10,000 tons, Septem
ber 29, 1006; Georgia, 1 1.9IS tons, Septem
ber 21. 1906; Idaho, I3,ooo tons, April 1.
1908; Illinois, 1 1.552 Ions, September 10,
1901; Kansas, lfl.ooo tons, April IS, 1907;
IOtiisiana", 16,000 tons, Juno 2,- 1900;
Maine, 12,500 ions, December 29, 1902,
Missouri, 12,500 tons, February 1, 19ns,
Minnesota, lefro tons, March 9, l!K)7;
Nebraska, 1I.0IS Ions, Juno 1, 1007;
New Hampshire, lG.ooo tons, March 19,
190S; New Jersey, 1I.0IS ions. May 12,
1900; Ohio, 12,500 tons, October I, 1901;
Rhode Island, H,9I8 tons, February 19,
1900; Vermont. 10,000 tons, March I,
1907; Virginia, 14.9IS tons, May 7, 1906;
Wisconsin, 11,552 tons, February 4, 1901.
It is important to note the dates of first
commission, for nlthniigh three of tho
dates are as late as 190S and only one as
early as 1900 there is not one of these
line looking ships that should be risked in
fight against a dreadnought battleship,
yet all of them but the Ahbama and
Illinois carry main batteries of four
12 inch guns the Alabama and Illinois
four 13 inch guns.
The First line of battle ship's in the
fleet are the eight dreadnoughts, includ
ing the Michigan nnd South Carolina of
displacement clO.ooo tons) inferior to
the other six hut both all big gun ships
(eight 12 inch) and technically dread
noughts; the Michigan was commis
sioned on January 1. 1910. and the South
Carolina on March I. 1910, and their
speed is eighteen knots, which is lower
than that of rocnt dreadnoughts in all
navies. The other six all big gun shifts
in the fleet are properly the pride of
the navy: the Delaware, 20,000 totw,
commisionrd April 1, 1910; the North
Dakota, 20,000 tons, April II, 1010- the
Florida, 21, S25 tons, September 15. 1911;
the I'tah, ?l.25 tons. August 31. 1011;
the Arkansas and Wyoming, 20,000 tons.
just commissioned and the most formi
dable battleships now afloat. The Ar
kansas and the Wyoming carry main
batteries of twelve rj inch guns, the
other four ships have ten 12 inch guns.
The people of New York can look upon
the Arkansas and Wyoming and take
pride in the thought that neither the
British nor the fierman navy can match
them in commissioned ships. It is true
that the Hritish navy is building four
battleships of 26,000 ions that will carry
ten 13.5 inch guns and that the Herman
navy is building four ships of 27,000 Ions
that (it is reported) will have main bat
teries of Ion 1 1 inch guns. These super
dreadnoughts will r. more powerful
than the Arkansas and Wyoming, but
the New York and Texas, of 27,01X1 ions,
with ten It inch guns, will lie commis
sioned before nny of the foreign ships,
and the keels of the Nevada and Okla
homa, of 27,500 tons, with similar bat
teries, have been laid. Moreover, the
tremendous Pennsylvania, of 30,000 tons,
has lioen authorized.
It should be borne in mind that the
six indisputable dreadnoughts in tho
North Iliver have a speed of from twen- I
ty-one to almost twenty-three knots, I
and speed is a factor iu a modern war-1
ship that may decide a tost of sea power.
Tho thought suggests a disadvantage
or a handicap which tho fino flt'ct of
Admiral Ohtkhiiauh labors under: it
has no battlo cruisers, swift ships of'
irom twenty-eight to thirty knots
equipped with powerful batteries, such
as tho TlrHlsh and Oerman navies pos
sess several examples of. These mi-,
tions nro rapidly udding othsr great
cniisprs to their line of battle. Such a1
ship is the Lion of the British navy, with
a displacement of 20,000 tons, main bat
tery of eight 13.5 inch guns and it speed
of thirty knots, Originally l:it"iiilcd (o
prey upon th" enemy's common: those,
j fast, formidable ships, it is now maln
I tallied, can b used to destroy torpedo
'boat destroyers, and will be Indispen
sable becaus!! of their great sp-ed and
heavy guns in line of batll" tactics.
Secretary Mr.vi;it has recommended
that some of these Rteat cruisers ho nu
I thori.ed. .)axin lia-iuioh a high regard
for their lighting value that him Is.now
building four of Ihem for every IwiMle
hhlp. In a report .recently made the
(icnoral Hoard of the Navy, presided over
hy Admiral Deuisv, has urged that two
, baltl- cruisers be added to the estab
lishment every year until Ihero are
'eight of them. ,
In passing the North Hiver fleet in
review one cannot fail to bo impressed
by tho rakish and vicious looking tor
pedo boat destroyers. Nevertheless,
tho number of these dangerous ships iu
.the navy is so inadequate as to consti
t tlitea real weakness. All naval authori
Jties recognize it, nntl tlic'(!t tieinl Hoard
j estimates thai the deficiency in destroy
ers on the basis of thirty-three battle
ships is seventy-four. It may be ob
served that our rivals, Fnglatid, Oer
inany and Japan, are paying particular
attention to destroyers and building
.great numbers of them. There should
jlio three to each battleship, for defince
as well as for offence,
j It is natural to feel a pride in the
tnrniada anchored in the North Iliver.
jantl even lo plume ourselves upon its
fighting power judged by its array of
heavy guns, but it is wise to recognize
the fact that while the dreadnoughts arc
modern and some of the second lino of
batll" hips are valuable pro-dread-noughts,
the Heel, lacking battle cruiseis
and being deficient in destroyers is not
ns mod rilandass!rongas f should be
. Ntirplii at l.at.
The report of the State Comptroller
for September discloses the interesting
fact that the first Democratic budget
has been liquidated with n surplus of
$5,551,727.81. This is the first time
since the administration of the late
Frank W. Hicoin'.s that there has been
an excess of revenue over excnditiire.
Tho aggregate deficit of the four Hughes
budgets was $lo,5tXi.00O and the surplus
in the State Treasury during those four
years was reduced to $3,253,000. A
singlo year of Democratic administra
tion has raised it to $S,&')5,000.
During the progress of the present
campaign the Democratic party has
been criticised because of the imposition
of a direct tax by the first Democratic
legislature. The futility of the criti
cism is revealed in the following figures:
Tho direct tax income for 1011-12 was
$0,320,823.13, the surplus of revenue
over expenditure $5,55 1, 727 .S3. Had no
direct tax been imposed the deficit
would have been $772.0!i5.;i3 and the
surplus in the State Treasury would
have been reduced to $2.isi,ioo.
The Treasury statistic for the first
year of Democratic control of State
finances supply a legitimate nnd ap
pealing campaign document. Iu the
first year of its control the Djx Ad
ministration reduced the total amount
of general fund appropriations by
more than $l,(vx.ooo. It imposed now
taxes which increased the State revenue
by $7.7:i8,00'j ami it produced the first
interruption to an impressive series of
deficits which iu four years of Repub
lican rule almost completely emptied
the State Treasury.
Is SitioJ.lii Injurious?
This question often agitates the minds
of anxious mothers, wives and other
who would fain have their loved ones
forego the pleasures of the weed be
cause of the impression that it menaces
health and life, an idea which is fos
tered by certain would-be reformer.
The most recent example of the later
is a corresKindent who has addressed
to The Sr.v a diatribe ag'iinst tobacco
smoking, concluding that tobacco is a
most pernicious poison to the human
race. This otherwise pious and getttlo
crusader has done some good service
in limiting the smoking nuisance, but
he has made himself obnoxious lo
lovers of the weed by causing the arrest
of men lighting cigars nnd cigarettes
iu tho raijroad stations and other places
where it is forbidden by law. In one
instance his zeal led him so to rebuke
the men guests of an equal suffrage
public dinner that these gentlemen
actually yielded up their fragrant post-
prainlial cigars, livers of the weed
have dubbed him the pious but pestif
That smoking is not injurious to
health if practised in moderation is the
common experience Physicians of abil
ity tell us that nicotine is an active poison;
when taken internally it so relaxes the
system that lieforo the days of anaes
thetics it was used in t'lislocntions anil
strangulated hernia for that purpose.
That it has not produced serious results
even in these largo quantities indicates
that it is not a very dangerous poison.
That nicotine is absorbed during the act
of snioking is prove by the nausea it
proilueesin tho novice. That theliuinan
system easily becomes immune to this
action of nicotine and that the latter
becomes harmless is a matter of daily
Tho case is parallel with tea and
coffee. Although thein and caffejn
are less dangerous poisons than nico
tine they nro doubtless indulged in
by Peaki: himself. They are regarded
with the same suspicion by many dys
peptics and other unhappy individuals,
A physician of half a century's expe
rience has said that though not n
smoker himself he has rarely had
occasion to interdict smoking and that
ho has never seen a death attributable
to smoking, and only two cases iu which
life was actually endangered, one of
these being an idiosyncrasy. In fact
he regards smoking as a boon to the
excitable neurasthenic, for whom it
"knits up tho ravelled sleavo of care."
Modulation is the keynote lo the Joys
of the weed, as lo all other good things
in life Overindulgence in "tho pin
liko mother makes" has sent many a
vigorous man lo bed. Indeed, the
victlmB of immoderate cutlug and
I drinking nro 'legion when compared
witli those of tobacco. Ami yet, eat
ing being so universal a practice nnd
. habit, no one dares to characterize It
i i . i - .
it may no remarKcti mat wnue pnysi
ologists concur almost unanimously in
the view that oven the moderate use
of alcohol damages the human body.
, a lyontlon Lancet laboratory committee
or physicians has recently reported that
I in smoking only an infinitesimal quan
tity of nicotine is absorbed. It may bo
I of interest to nolo that while n cigarette
i yielded only fl-imi per cent, of nicotine
a piM gavo 37 to 63 per cent., because
Jin the former tho combustion ,of the
lonacco is more complete and in tho
latter it Is burned as in a retort. Ciga
rette hmoking, however, is more irritat
ing to Ihc throat The cigar 1 1 the least
injurious form of smoking. The Brit
ish cigar contains twico as much nico
tine as n Havana cigar, and the latter
liberates less titan half the quantity for
tho nlworptlon'of tho former, showinfc
the unerring accuracy of popular judg
ment. Death from alcohol Is quite frequent:
I death from food (acubj indigestion) is
; often reported: a death from tobacco
has not to our knowledge 1ecn authen
tically recorded. Doctors ''very prop
erly forbid smoking in certain cases; so
' .1- .1 . .
uu inuy luriuu sugar, poiaioc or oincr
food, even water sometimes. Mani
festly this fact does not. as is too 6ftcn
assumed, demonstrate their poisonous
A neurologist who is often mentioned
in tho press wrote that if alcohol were
suddenly withdrawn from the human
race tho raca's efficiency would be
imperilled. The absurdity of this idea
liecame evident when the symposium
of experts gathered by a contemporary
failed .even to dignify it with mention,
except one who defended tho reverse
of this proposition nnd demonstrated
tho utter fallacy of regarding alcohol
as a food or useful sustniner of energy.
Incorrect as this idea is regarding
alcohol it would apply correctly to
tobacco, for in these strenuous days
of wear and tear and nerve tension
tho weed has becomo indispensable
as a veritable nerve restorer. Like
all sedatives, when used judiciously
and in moderation it is n boon; when
used in excess it becomes a bane.
The Triumph of CIvIIIk itlon.
Charles Keade in the course of his
thrilling description of a Henloy re
gatta sets it down, in effect, that the
modest ambition of tho rival English
universilies is lo wmp all the outside
, worm. and men tacitie one anotner lor
1 1 he prize.
; This exposition fitly represents the
state of mind of the Atlantic capitals
with respect to the battle of the giants
mN. B. Not exclusively tho technical
, "Giants") for the lead of the majestic
baseball world. These effete commu
. nities resent being forced into com
I petition with the barbaric ynwpcrs
I west of Buffalo. It matters not that
i we gather our gladiators, as erstwhile
imperial Rome did hers, from all tho
I provinces, that they are but our hired
I men. All the same, they carry our re
spective municipal fortunes on their
i bats or in thoir southpaws. It may lie,
j for all wo know, on tho banks of tho
Mississippi that a wail goes up when
. Mliiki.e fumbles a grounder; that yells
of delight proceed from tho Yazoo when
j Maiiqita mi strikes out a fated three;
that the shores of Lake Superior re
! sound with prideful shouts when Doyle
smites a two bagger to left field. Nei
. ther does it matter that next year we
may lie fanning nnd rooting for Wood
1 as our pride and hope and pouring
i vociferous contempt upon Mathewro.v
when ns Ihe representative of Pitts
, burg or Chicago he is "solved" by some
j yet unheard of "Giant" for a homo run.
Meanwhile these Swiss arc our mcr
Icenarics. Vehunt Cn'snrem etejus for-
tnnas. So long as they are loyal to us
we will root and fan for them.
Happy for us that the fortunes of
tho game have of late sent tho final
struggle eastward. The irruption of
extraneous nnd irrelovont Pirates and
Cubs nnd Tigers is viewed bv the
dweller in these haunts of ancient peace
as the disgusting aquatic inferiority of
Cornell was viewed by Harvard and
Yale what time they withdrew from
tho rude competition nnd resolved
henceforth to row hy their lonesomes
nnd "tneklo one another for the prize,'
allicit it was morethan doubtful whether
it was the first prize.
Things nro coming our way, the
effete Knstcrn way. Inst year it was
New York and Philadelphia. Strictly
speaking it was Philadelphia, though
Philadelphia bo the only American city
of which tho inhabitants are so lon
gmvous as to consecrate their scanty
waking hours to cricket. This year
it is the culture of Boston that, to em
ploy an expression that would shock
it. we are "up against." Never mind!
It is nil iu the family these years. The
wildness and woolliness of tho West
nro in tho discard. Tho splendor and
Ihe havoc of the East nre alone in tho
"Ex Oriento lux et Indus hut we
admit that, not being Bostonians, we
do not know the Latin for liaseball.
At this point the sun began to break
through the mlM and the light became far
stronger, showing up the fielders clearly
for the first tlmo.-o(on detpatch.
The Kun of Austerlitz on the field of
Three (iernians hae Invented a machine
which digests vegetables like n cow and
k'iNes chomlcal milk. hinilnn dftpalth.
And now for tho mechanical vegetable.
Doesn't the Hon. Jon E, IIrdoes realize
that when ho talks about the Ten Com
mandments he is guilty of larceny and
of a particularly reprehensible form of
We do not seek to fathom the reasons
far the floral offering laid at the feet of
our neighbor Nathan Half, yesterday;
whether it was a participation In the glo
ries of Columbus Day or not we cannot
say, But for tho bestowal of the decoration
we have only praise. Not even Epicte-
tub see ma to us to rank with Captain
Half, ns thephllosophnrof City Hall Park,
who seeing all things holds tho balance
even between Broadway and Park row.
It ought to bo porfootly clear to all
observers that tho rest of the Balkan
Htates are moroly waiting until the world's
championship series is over to declare
war. Even Montenegro must see. her
mistake by this time.
"Like Tom Sawtrr I am wsltlnn for them
lo whitewash the fence." Mtnrntv-nmtral
Does the distinguished Attorney-Qen-
eral believe that whitewashing should also
bo made, compulsory?
AT THE PLAY.
A Defence of Those Who Seek Mere En
To mr. KoiTon or Tiik Hun Sir: A
writer In The Hex complains of the frlvo-
lous character of popular plays and Ihe fact
that serious plays are not patronized. This
complaint is not new and it is Just a little,
wearisome. People go to see what pleases
them. The fart that frivolous plays suc
ceed while serious plays fall does not mean
that people are frivolous, hut that they are
This Is not what Turitrnleff calls a reversed
platitude. It Is not even a paradox. It Is
simply a plain truth. Of course frivolous
people co to frivolous pIrj-s, hut the point
Is that serious people do not support serious
Plays. It Is the seriousness of life that makes
people seek relief.
The Increase of nervous diseases, insanity
and suicide explains the vogue of Ihe frlvo
lou plays. People who are really sad do
not enjoy sal things, ".Make us latmh
Is Ihe universal cry. It Is the Instinctive
effort of nature to right herself. Of course
more things than onV contribute to this
result, changed limes as well as changed
When books were scarce nnd people
unsophisticated the play look the place of
books and ministered lo their Intellectual
wants. It Is easy to see how the ground
lings of Shakespeare's time sat through his
plays. t is easy lo see how the rhapsodies
of Homer's time found IU audience in the
public streets. It Is easy to see how a gen
tleman In Pliny's time could assemble his
friends to listen lo the reading of some
thing he had written. In this day and age
It is foolish to look for conditions that have
long passed away. Even novel writing Is
about played out. Poetry is dead.
We are too sophisticated. There is such
a thing as knowing too much. Instead of
learning more we would probably be happier
if we could unlearn n little. In much wis
dom Is much grief, and he that Increaseth
knowledge increaseth sorrow, said the
Preacher. Teach nfe to forget, said
Themlstocles to one who proposed to teach
him the art of mnemonics.
Four hundred years ago Erasmus, one
of the sanest men lhat ever lived, wrote a
book on "The Praise of Folly." one of the
sanest books ever written. Erasmus saw
clearly, what we would do well to learn, that
folly has a strictly rational basis. Is funda
mental, organic, a perfectly valid phe
nomenon. Old tlurton, Montaigne, llabe
lals, Omar, Dcmocritus and the rest of their
illustrious company understood the propo-
sltlon very well nnd tried to make the world
What we need In this country Is amuse
ment, trolssart. travelling In England,
found the people taking their pleasures
sadly after their manner. It Is the com
mon remark of travellers In this country
that we are the most serious people In the
world. After Son years we are stilt English,
only we grow worse instead of better.
England has vastly more amusement
than we have. The universal outdoor
sports there, hunting, cricket, boating,
walking, bicycling, are enough In them
selves to account for a wide margin of
difference In favor of England In this re
spect. Brisk circulation and good nerves
help wonderfully to bear the weary and
the heavy weight of all this unintelligible
The craving for funny, touch and go
nieces in the theatres is a sign of the times,
hut not. I think, such a sign as your cor
respondent see. It Is In fact pathological.
Instead of discouraging these amusing
pieces we should encourage them. 'I ho
more the merrier, and the merrier the
better. Let' us laugh. t'.ti. H.
tit'TnntK. Okla.. October s.
THE PVBLIC UBltAltY.
Its Honrs and fatatory Arrangement!
To the Ehitob or The Hits Sir- When
the New York Public Library, after long
years of promise, opened Its doors, there
was hope In the hnirts of the common peo
ple that at last New York was to have a
library for the accommodation of the pub
lic. Iloston and Washington had long put
tnts r it v to shame hy the provision they had
made for a readmg loving people.
For a long time New Yorkers endured
the folly of the Astor Library In shutting
out those whose only time for using the
library was a holiday or a Sunday or eve
nings, No library for ordinary working
lieople was this. So with the Inox Li
brary no plare for night workers. Hut
when the great triple foundation free library
was opened we suffering plebeians hoped
for better things.
On Inquiring for a book on New York
history one evening I was' told I could not
see It after B o'clock, as the room was closed.
The same with the rooms of geological
books and of maps-closed at n'
Well, 1 went lo the circulating library and
asked for a hook recently published by a
well known author, and largely read, and
1 was Informed "We don't have that author's
books In Ihe library " What' Have we a
censor over the popular works of the day?
Who prescribes what a gentleman or lady
(who must present credentials before using
the lihraryl shall be allowed to read?
Again, during the summer 1 went Into the
wash room with hands soiled after handling
the alcove books, and asked for a towel.
A surly negro In charge replied, "Haven't
got none " I asked, "How do you eipect
people to dry their hands?" He replied,
"I'se your handkerchief." "But," I said,
"lhat Is not a cleanly thing lo do." "Well,
then," he replied, "go without washing."
This from a servant of a public institu
tion' Such a reply made to an Englishman
would have resulted in the gentleman of
color picking hlmseir off the floor with a
On Inquiry 1 learned from another source
the reason of this imposition on the public.
The trustees had provided a roller towel
for the wanhroom, which when I saw It was
black. The Board of Health compelled
those In authority to reinovo the towel as
unsanitary. In retaliation evidently for
being thus dictated to the management
refused lo make any provision for cleaning
ono'a person after using the books which
the Dublin Is Invited to consult.
Would such a library be tolerated by any
other than a New Yorker? Perhaps I am
not the only sufferer. Historian.
New York, October 12.
The Flacking of Daisy.
To tub nmron'or The StiN.sir: from the
pates ot a weekly publication I pluck the follow.
Int. recounting a omeuhal unhiue performance,
which may Interest some of your brlgbt pintle
worker: "Cordelia UloMim meditatively pulled
a rialty from Its bowl and plucked of! the petals
with the thumb and forefinger of the hand with
which he held It." J.Y. C,
New Yoke, October I!.
Knlrkrr Mow do you stand with the
Candidate I don't standi I know 'em well
enough In tit down,
Cried Satan In Jubilant tone;
"1 find that more precious l'e crown.
Since beef en the hoof
Climbs up to the roof
I needs I be hiding my
IIAItnOll IMPtlOl 'EM EN T.
Municipal I rclsht Terminals Ueclared
In He Necessary.
To the Kniion or Tnr. Brv- .Sir: The
arlion of the New York Hoard of Trade nnd
Transportation yesterday In adopting a
resolution against tho plan of Ihe Bonnl of
Estimate for "a comprehensive and fully
equipped waterfront terminal" In Brook
lyn, operated us n unit nnd owned hy Ihe
city, Is directly contrary lo the universal
experience of (Ircal Britain and Ihe coun
tries of Europe, In each nnd every one of
which It has been found necessary for the
publlo to own nnd operate as a uninrd sys
tem Its waterfront facilities lo save ami
promote Its commerce.
The Hoard of Trade objected lo Ihe Idea
of municipal ownership and said thai "the
sphere of the city'" operations should he
confined lo such acts as cannot he best per
formed by private enterprises nnd It should
not undertake the operation or development
of terminal warehouses or factory plants."
Practically every great harbor In Europe
has become a great harbor through Ihe
building of municipal docks nnd harbors.
London was losing Its trade; it was being
throttled by the fact lhat Ihe waterfront
and docks were Inrgely In private hands,
A few years ago, and at colossal expense,
London found it necessary lo buy out the
private dock owners In order to sae Its
commerce. The city Is now developing n
comprehensive imitilcipnl dock and harbor
system ns a means of self-prolecllon. The
Manchester ship canal and the Manchester
harbor are operated as n quasi-public under
taking under public control nntl ns a unit.
The Manchester canal saved Manchester
from commercial decay. The great docks
of Liverpool are under public control nnd
re operated by public bodies,
Hamburg has liecome the greatest com
mercial port on the Continent through Its
public harbor, which Is administered, oven
down to the smallest details, hy public
authorities. The cost of transshipping
freight Is reduced to a minimum by the
physical union of the railways, docks, har
bors and railway sidings, which nre equ!pted
with the most modern hydraulic and elec
trical machinery for handling freight.
There Is no waste, no loss of time. 'Ihe
entire harbor, including the warehouses
and with all the means of land nnd water
shipment. Is In public rather than private
hands. Tho seaport trade of Antwerp Is
promoted by similar public action, all of
the docks nnd harbor facilities being under
One of the chief explanations of the
marvellouslnduatrinladvancc of (icrmany is
the municipal docks which have been erected
on every navigable river and along tho
North Sea. Private initiative is not per
mitted in this Meld, It is universally recog
nised lhat the commerce of a seaport or
river town is too important to lie left in
private hands, nnd that only by tho big
expenditure which the municipality can
make and through non-profit making charges
can the commercial eminence of n city be
Frankfort, a city of about on,noo, K
spending lis.nno.tssi on its dock mid harbor
facilities, ll Is at the headwaters of the
Khlne traffic. The dock Is connected with
a vast industrial territory bought by the
rlty as farming land and developed Into
sites for factories and homes for work
Ingmen. These iites nre being -rld at
their greatly Increased value nnd for a
price which Is expected ultimately to pay
for the whole harbor project. There are
harbors for coal, for lumber, for oil and for
miscellaneous freight. Railway xiditrgs
gridiron the place and give every factory
the best of water and railway trnnsporta
Ion. There are nil kinds of warehouses,
and everything Is under municipal lontrol
and is worked as a unit lo facilitate Indus
try and free ii from not only the charges
but the lack of coherence of piivate con
trol. Amerhan clt le. too, nre realizing Hint
their waterfronts and harbors en mint lie
left In private hand. HoMon N currying
out a great harbor project Chicago it
doing the same. Baltimore has made a
great financial nihcos of Its municipal
docks. Los Angeles is planning a 'great
harbor system, ns are a number of cities
on the (irent Lakes.
All our experience demonstrates that
private ownership is fatal to (rude mid
commerce when permitted to own or on
trol the dockrige facilities of n lity, and
New York can only continue in its command
ing position by a comprehensive harbor
project close linked with rail transporta
tion no ns to ininituie the heavy costs of
of transportation nt the port
Knr,iK,Ric C IIowe.
Director of the People's Institute.
New Yore, October 11
THE Hid Til It EE.
nilllam Howard Taft.
A solid man, both fore and aft, Is he who's
known as Mr 'I aft. lie hits high iu tho
hall of State, a man of most uniiiiestlond '
weight. He bus tho manners of n .ludge,
and hence is rather hard to budge; and its
the man, so the official, moves slowly on
through paths Judicial, loo human Is he.
and his friends by whom he ptands oft
thwart his ends-he overboldly shares their
lot I they ileserxe the same or not. If he
could have eternity to make things as thy
ought to lie, when time hath reached its
end afar we'd all dwell in t'topla.
Oh-Bllly. Blllv. Billy!
He will dally, he will dilly,
He will hae us willy-nilly as it w ere before
He'll Inspect us an.l direct us;
He'll protect us, or reject ns.
On the basis of a referee's report port
port On the basis of n referee's report.
Now here's a man of mind nnd vision,
headmaster and astute physician. A com
bination of the doctor, good prencher nnd
a college proctor. Conditions without fuss
or splurgln he'll diagnose like any surgeon,
and operate for good or woe without regard
to friend or foe. His siear is minus all rela
tions. Ills speech lacks all tergiversations.
He has no fear to change his mind and
put what's gone before behind. 'I he only
things that he stands pat in are honesty
nnd Oreek and Latin, and when he twists
Ihe White House knob we'll doubtless find
him on the Job,
Oh Woody. Woody, Woody!
With his hoodv-hoody-hoody,
He will le a goody, goody old headmaster
of n school.
He will preach ns, he will teach us:
He'll impoach us, but he'll reach us,
Like a master sitting on a wisdom stool
Like a master sitting on n wisdom stool.
Theodore," 'tis rather odd. doth
nlgnlfy "A gift of God," and that same
Deity on high Who gavo the locust and
Ihe fly, the kangarooster and the shoat,
the bull moose and tho billy goat, hath
filled our cup lo running o'er with (his glad
gift of Thoodore, A sort of Human Tur
key Trot! A kind of Johnny-On-The-.Spot!
Ills middle name's rtiiulty. His battle
cry Is Semper Me! Saint Vitus on a Mare of
Night -some say St, (icorge come back lo
fight who'll Jake this world, In six days
done, and mako a better Job in one!
Oh-Teddy, Teddy, Toddy!
Kver rough and ever ready!
He's a sort of overhead)' recreator In the
He will "smile" us, nnd begullo us;
He'll revile us, and he'll rile us,
With his Will for Constitution and tho Law
law - law
With his Will for Constitution nnd Ihe Law.
Horace Oopd (Iasiit,
Let the Sleeping Typhoid OjMer .Sleep.
To Tnr KniTon or Thk Sun -.Mr.' II It would
not be regarded aaan Impertinence I would Mm
fttt to the Hoard of Health that an elTerlhe way
to top the Mle of Uphold oyMrrs would be to
prohibit and prevent their rctnoa from contam
inated beds. OiCAB II. Lais.
..Nsw You, October 11.
ATTEMPT AT REVOLT IN
Fugitives From Leon, Nlcar
ngun, Scntterptl by (Jovorn
inent. Troops After Fight,
RAT) SEASON FOR RERELs
Some Wlio Thought They Had
EoCfippri Arc Cnpttiretl'in
Wabiilvoton, Oct. 12. An attempt to
start a revolution against the (iovern.
mcnt of Honduras haa been frustrated
by Nicaragua!! Oovernmont troops, oc
cording to despatches to the State be.
part mcnt to-day from Minister Weitzel at
Two hundred fugitives from Leon under
tho leadership of Josd Rafael Oeorlo
were marching through Nicaragua vith
tho avowed Intention of starting a revolt
against the Honilla Government of Hon
duras. Theso men fled from Loon upon
tho surrender of that city to tho American
forces. They arc not Nlcaraguans, but
came into the country to Join In the revolt.
A. force of Government troops under
Gen. VI que, pursued tho fleeing force,
overtook them and defeated and dls'
perscd them near Somotaillo. Forty of
tho fugitives were killed or captured n
tho battle and as many more, including
Osorio, were wounded.
The Government forces recovered two
machine guns, a large number of rlflei
and 7,000 rounds of ammunition which
tho fugitives were taking Into Honduras,
It in believed this engagement marks
the final disturbance in Nicaragua. Nearly
fifty rebel leaders escaped from Nicar
agua by way of the Gulf of Fonseca.
Minister Weltzel reports. They carried
dyunmito, rifles and machetes in small
boats across the gulf and proceeded to
La Union, the Gulf port of Salvador.
Thero they were arrested and disarmed
and are now under surveillance at Ban
I Has and Ksoinosa. two 'professionals
who came into Nicaragua from Costa
Hicn during the Mena revolution, fled
from Leon with a number of companloni
ami landed in Honduras. They were
captured by Honduran troops and have
lwvn sent prisoners to Tegucigalpa, the
capital of the republic. Irias and Es
plnona were the men who agreed to sur
render the city of Leon provided Col.
Long of the Marine Corps would afford
them safe escort out of the country.
This was agreed to by the American com
mander, but the two rebel leaders elected
to take flight instead of carrying out
their part of the bargain.
The payinr off of the Government
troops of Nicaragua is continuing in
Managua, and the men are being sent to
their homes as rapidly as possible.
WOVt.l LET STVOEXTS VOTE.
MciIkcs nnd lloti'hklaa Favor Cos
Ithaca, Oct. 12. - Replying to a query
from theCorncll Daily Sun, Job E. Hedges,
the Republican candidate for Governor,
goes on record in favor of a constitutional
amendment giving tho studentt. tho right
to vote on nu arrangement similar to
that by which Mjldiers vote in time of war.
State Chairman Hotchkies of the Pro
gressive party also favors tho plan. Mr.
Hedcos wired as follows:
"I think the proposition to amend the
C'ountitution to permit college students
to vote under arrangement similar to
that by which soldiers vote in time of
war is a reasonable and just one. They
ought to l allowed to vote with the least
trouble and expense to themselves. I
favor an amendment to let them do so.
I believe provision should tie made where
by commercial travellers absent from
their voting residence may be registered.
Careful provision should be made to pre
vent nbiihe of this concession, with proper
penalties for any attempt on the integrity
of the ballot."
Mr. Hotehkiss says:
"Personally I should favor the amend
ment allowing students while in college
to vote under a similar arrangement to
that by which soldiers and sailors have
their votes certified to their home dis
tricts." PttEntCT SIX POWER LOAN.
WaahlnKton Officials Disease Chi
nese Situation With W. D. Straight.
Wasiii.voton. Oct. 12. Wtllard D.
Straight, the flnanoial representative of
I. P. Morgan A; Co. in tlie Far, East, and
tho man chosen by the six Power group
of bankers to conduct the negotiations
with China regarding tho proposed $300,
000,000 loan, visited the State Depart
Department officials stated that whll
tho Chinese loan situation was discussed
with Mr. Straight no new course of acthn
was decided.upon or requested by the
bankers' representative. Mr. 8tright
was connected formerly with the State
Deportment and acting Secretary Hunt
ington WilRon and other oSiculs are
ntnong his personal friends.
It is understood that Mr. Straight and
tho Department officials found themselves
agreed in the oninion that the proposed
loan by the six Power group is still likely
lo becomo n reality. It is'stated the
tho greatest witlsfaclion is felt over that
continuation of tho cordial undertaking
between the six Governments concerned
nnd thnt nil are waiting in harmony and
contentment, tor wiuna to resume tns
GRADUATES Sllt'X MINISTRY.
."Vnmber Wlin Seek I'roteatant I'nl
plt C'onatnntly on Decrease.
Washington, Oct. 12. A remarkable
decrease in tho number of Protestant
ministers graduated from the universities
of tho country is shown in a current re
port of tho United States Bureau of Edu
cation "It is plain," says tho report, "that edu
cated men no longer seek the cloth as
they did when the nation wna younger
It may mean much or little that the per
centage of ministers Among the gradu
ates of typical colleges has declined from
a proportion of 00 or 70 tier cent, to less
than 10 per cent."
An examination of the figures collected
at tho cloae of tho nineteenth century
from thlrty-enven representative colleges
dlscloson tho fact that the ministry takes
between S nnd fl per cent, of the uni
versity graduates, which marks the lowest
point for that profession during the two
and nne.hr.ir centuries of American col
Between tho years of 18M and 1000
only 8il5 divinity students were graduated
from thirty-seven representative colleges
and universities, or ft.0 per cent, of tba
total number graduated, which H orsr
HONDURAS A FAiLUR