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THE SUN, SUNDAY NOVEMBER 8, 19l2.
SUNDAY. NOVRMItKIt 3, 1912.
Entered at the Post once At New York aa Second
Class Mall Hatter.
SabscrliKlnns by Mull, Postpaid.
DAILY, Per Month to BO
DAILY, Per Ye-ir e 00
WJNtiAY. Per Year a BO
DAILY AND Ht'.SDA Y, Per Year 8 SO
DAILY AND SUNDAY, Per Month J
Postage to foreign rounlrles added.
All checks, money order, Ac, to tie made pay
Published l All Including flunday, br the Sun
rrlntlng ami Publishing Association at 170 Nassau
street. In the borough of Manhattan, New York.
President and Treasurer. William C. Ilelrk, 170
.Kassau street: Vice-President, IMuard P. Mitchell,
170 Nassau street: Secretary, Chester S. Ixrd, 170
London office, Effingham ITouse, I Arundel
Paris often, Hue de la Ulrhodltre, of? Hue du
Washington office, Illbbs building.
tlrcoklyn office, lot Livingston atreet.
our frtendt who furor us irtWi manmcrlplJ and
IHunrallons tor publication ulsh to hare refected
. Article returnet thtv must In alt taua tend ttampt
tor Mat purpoie.
CERTAINTY AND DOVDT.
I have novor done nuything wrong,
Though, in reviewing the Incldonts of
my Administration, I am unconscious of
intentional error. I am nevertheless too
sensible of my defects not to think It
probable thnt I may have committed
many errors. Whatever they may bo,
1 fervently beseech tho Almighty to avert
or mitigate tho ovlls to which thoy muy
tend. UEoitoK Washington.
YVhnt Colonel Ropscvclt Says Wnsh
' Ington Snld, and What Wasli
Injiton Did Say.
.' Tho cssentiul issuo is between those
who believo in tho stability of funda
mental law and those who would
make tho Constitution a more fluid
instrument, responsivo to ephemeral
sentiment and readily unwritten. This
question overshadows all others to-day.
CoT. Roosevelt sets forth his position
- and project in an article in the Saturday
, Evening Post of October 20, and calls
" Geohoe Washington to his side as an
, advocate of easy change:
" "We will fix it so that the people can
jt, decide for themselves. The Pro-
u -rresslves are pledged to provide a more
easy and expedition method of amending
( the Federal Constitution. Thus Progres
sives are taking the position which Wash
ington and Lincoln- took, when Wasimmi
tok said In his Inst address thnt 'lhclmi
of our political system la the right if the
people to make and to alter their l'nntltii
Even this is not an exact qtiotatiun.
Washinqton was speaking not only of
1.t tho Federal system and Constitution
but of tho several units of the Federal
- "system. He used the plural where Colo
"inel Roosevelt quotes him as using
5 jtho singular: "The basis of our political
systems is tho right of the people to
i" make and to alter their Constitutions
TijI-eSovernment." Xo American ques
'""jtJons that right.
j j Tho verbal inaccuracy is of minor im
n portance. But it is an almost grotesque
J imisconccptipn or misrepresentation of j
. tthe ideas of tho Father of His Country
jto exhibit him as in agreement with
.-(Colonel Hooskvelt and his followers
i 'on the question of tho desirability of a
more easy and expeditious method of
J amendment than that now provided.
!J Colonel Roosevelt evidently did not
read tho Farewell Address beyond the
. passage which seemed to suit his im-
- mediate purpose.
J ' Wo continue tho quotation of what
, GEonoE Washington really did say
about the conservation of organic law:
J "Toward the preservation of your (!ot
! ernment, and the permanency of your pres-
ent happy state. It I requisite, not only that
! you steadily discountenance Irregular op.
. positions to Ita acknowledged authority,
' ' ' 'but also thnt von resist with rnrn thn .niri
- .of Innovation upon Its principles, however
' specious the pretexts. One method of as
J'f sault may be to effect, in the forms of the
i2 Constitution, alterations which frill Impair
tho energy of the system, and thus to under-
mine what cannot be directly overthrown."
i ' Geohqe WASniNOTON, in the Farewell
!1, Address now misquoted by Colonel
( -Roosevelt, directly denounced the po-
sition which tho Progressives under
1 Colonel Roobeveit's lead aro taking.
, Compare Washington's words with
- Colonel Rooseveitt's statement con
J cernlng them. Ho besought liis fellow
'1 countrymen to remember tliat:
"Facility in channel, upon Me credit of
mere hvpotnttit and opinion, rrpoies to
fierpefunf chan-je, tram the endlree variety
fcf hypothesis and opinion."
' ' Why was Washington against Colo
' , nel Roosevelt on this supremely vital
issue of tho facility of chango In tho or-
' , I l i , n
ganio law, ami not wun uoionei ttOOSE
'telt, as Colonel Roosevelt says he
was? Tho Farewell Address goes on to
-,'tell tho reason:
"The alternate domination of one faction
over another, sharpened by tho spirit of
, j ' revenge, natural to party dissension, which
' In different ngoe'AUd centuries haa perpe-r-(
irated the most horrlil enormltUw, la Itself
, a Irlgtilful ilespotlsm. Hut this leads at
' ! length to a ntoro fornml nnd permanent
despotism, Tim disorders and miseries
, j jA''1' result gradually Incline the minds
I Mi a2,on Hor' security and reposo In the
ns h&"' Power or nn Individual; and soonor
son. r mo wiiici ui mjiiim iiruvituniK lucitou.
Ion able or more fortunate than his com.
Horn, turns this despotism to the pur-
Oct tho Farewell Address down from
the shelves and read it before votinc
1 rti 1 e..l. f
turpassing wisioin and foresight will
seem to you like n ramrmlgn tlocument
for William Howaiu) Tait; not for
, Theodore Roosevelt, who promises
you that "wo will fir It" so that there
will be a more easy and oxpoditious
method of constitutional change, upon
the credit of mere hypothesis and
opinion, and who calmly informs you
that such facility of chango was what
Gr.ortoB Washington desired.
Ambassador Held on the I,at Days
of Horace Greeley's l,fe.
In Colonel Watteuson's remarkable
articlo on the Greeley campaign, printed
In tho Century for November, there is
this brief paragraph referring to the
tragio end of tho man whose bronzo
efflgy sits at the door of tins Tribune
"At home his wife lav III, as it proved,
unto rlosth. The good gray head he still
carried like a hero, but tho worn and tender
heart was beginning to break. Happily
the end came ciulckly. Overwhelming
defeat was followed by overwhelming
affliction. He never tmltted his deur one's
bedside until the last pulsebeat, and then
hs tank beneath the load of grlnf. 'The
Tribune is gone, and I am gone,' he said,
and spoke no more."
Having read Colonol W.vTrmtsoN's
articlo in manusoript, tho Hon. White
i,AW Reid. now American Ambassador
near tho Court of St. James's, wrote on
May 3, 1911, a short commentary in
criticism. His remarks are nlso printed
in Hid Century. This passage is perti
nent to tho foregoing:
"I was never convinced. that the 'last
words' you quote were ever uttered by htm,
'the 77foune Is gone, and I am gone Dana
was surrounded In those days by people
who for one reason or other had grudges
eijual to his own against the Tribune
Amos Cummis-os, who had left us in a pet
because of" some rebuke by John IU ssku,
Youso; Dr. Wood, whom Amos got away
from us; and, above all, a man In the proof
room who resented my criticisms of his
proofreading and doserted us, taking with
him the manuscript of one or two of (Iiikh
l, tit's unbalanced articles, which his brother-in-law
John Cleveland had discovered,
and brought to me and uhirh I tinprrsaerf
Iiecouae thru were rridrntlv unbalanced.
They revelled In thete things; and It hap
pened at that time to be all grist to Da.va'i
The looseness of Mr. Reid's statement
is probably diu to tho lapse of time.
Since The Sun is made to figure in his
comments it is proper for us to set
straight tho chronology and circum
stances of the suppression of Mr. Gree
LEY'h editorials in their relation to his
collapse und death after tho election.
This we do without animus and solely
in the Interest of truth.
Mr. Reid is right in his recollect ion
thnt Mrs. Greeley's death occurred
before tho election of November fl, 1872,
and not after that event, ns Colonel
Watterson had supposed. She died
on October 30, seven days before her
husband's crushing defeat at the polls.
The political disappointment followed
the domestio affliction.
How far Mr. Greeley's mind was
affected, how far his energy was un
manned and the hope of future activity
and usefulness crushed out his heart,
may bo judged from the tone and man
ner' of the card which he wrote and
signed on the day of his political hu
miliation. It announced his resumption
of the editorship of the Tribune and
clearly outlined in sane nnd reasonable
sentences his intended policy. We do
not think that anybody who read it
when it appeared in tho Tribune on the
morning of November 7. 1872, failed to
be impressed with tho perfect sanity,
cogency and brave cheerfulness of the
manifesto; and we do not think it will
fail to produco the samo impression on
everybody who reads it now, almost
exactly forty years after Its original
appearance in type:
"The undersigned resumes the editor
ship of the Tribune, which he relinquished
on embarking In another tine of business,
six months ago. Henceforth It shall be
his aim to make this a thoroughly Inde
pendent Journal, treating all parties and
political movements with Judicial fairness
and candor, but courting the favor anil
deprecating the wrath of no one. If he
can henceforth say anything that will tend
to heartily unite the whole American people
on the broad platform of Universal Amnesty
and Impartial Suffrage, he will gladly do
o. Kor the present, however, he can best
eommand that consummation by silence
and forbearance, The victors In our late
struggle can hardly fall to take the whole
subject of Southern rights and w rongs Into
early and earnest consideration, and to
them for the present he remits It. Since
he will never again be a candldato for any
office, and Is not In full accord with either
of the great parties which have hitherto
divided the country, be will be able and will
endeavor to give wider and steadier re
gard to the progress of science, industry
and the useful arts than a partisan Journal
can do; and he will not be provoked to In
dulgence In those bitter personalities which
are the recognized bane of Journalism,
Sustained by a generous public, he will
do his best to make the Tribune a power In
the broader field It now. contemplates, aa
when human freedom was Imperilled it
was In the arena of political partisanship.
Respectfully, IIork.k (InKFr.ET
"New Yoiik, Novembor e, 1872,"
Such was tho prospectus of an edi
torial future that never came to Mr.
GnEELEV. Such was tho condition of
his mind after suffering within the space
of ono week tho most dreadful of bo
reavemontsand tho severest disappoint
ment and humiliation which political
ambition can undergo.
There were seven more days between
tho appearance of Mr. Greeley's card
in tho Tribune, and November 14, when
tho physicians took him in charge, a
broken and hopeless man.
On November 7 the Tribune printed
on the same editorial page which con
tained Mr. Greelet'h notice of resump
tion the famous articlo entitled "Crumbs
of Comfort." It is too long to reproduce
here. It was written much in his style,
but it was not written by him. It was
in substance a potulant, undignified and
at tho samo timo flippant expression
of gratification that tho editor of tho
Tribune, being released from political
obligations, was no longer tho slave
of everybody who demanded his good
offices. Tho tone aiid spirit of this
article, in contrast bo) marked with tho
foregoing signed card appearing at
1U side, and so utterly unliko what Mr.
Greeley's old friends expeoted of him,
filled them with nmnzemcnt nnd appre
hension ns to his mental condition after
tho doublo shock. Tho concluding
sentences of "Crumbs of Comfort"
will sufllco to show the quality of the
article at first wrongfully attributed
to Mr. Greeley's pen: ,
"At last we shall be lot alone to mind
our own affairs and tnniinge our own news
paper without being railed aside every
hour to help lazy people whom we don't
know, and lo spend our strength In-efforts
that only benellt people who don't deserve
assistance. At last we slinll keep our
offlco clear of blatherskite's and political
beggars, and go about our dally work with
the satisfaction of knowing thnt not the
most credulous of place hunters will sus
pect us of having any credit with the ap
pointing powers, That Is one of the results
of Tuesday's election for which wo own
ourselvei profoundly grateful,"
Mr. Greeley's own amazement upon
reading in tho newspaper ot which ho
was the editor this staggering piece of
cynical malice, folly and bad temper
must havo exceeded that of any of his
friends. To correct as far ns ho could
the unnecessary misrepresentation of
his actual sentiments, ho wroto with his
own hand on that same day, November
7, nnd sent to the ofllco of tho Tribune.
for imminliato publication, this correc
tion and disclaimer:
"lly some unaccountable fatality, an
article entitled 'Crumbs of (,'omfort' crept
Into our last, unseon by the editor, which
dtes him tin grossest wrong. It is true
that office seekers used to pester him for
recommendations whon his friends con
trolled th Custom House, though the
'red nosed' variety was seldom found among
them: It Is not true that he ever obeyed a
j summons to Washington In order that he
might 'there promote or oppose this or
that private scheme, In short, tho article
la a monstrous fable, based on some other
experience than that of any editor of this
III form and stlbstanoo this correction,
forciblo but good natured, was pro
cisi'ly what the occasion required. It
never appeared. It was suppressed In
tho office of the newspaper of which
Mr. Greeley had Just announced him
self again the editor. As It is mani
festly sane, perfectly balanced In tone
and phraseology, absolutely suited to
the needs of the somewhat unpleasant
occasion, this unpublished correction
cannot be one of tho "unbalanced arti
cles" referred to by Mr. REID "which
his (Mr. Greeley's brother-in-law,
John Clf.vei.and, had discovered and
brought to me, and which I suppressed
because they were obviously unbal
anced." Perhaps one of the "one or two un
balanced articles mentioned by Mr.
Keid as having been brought to him and
suppressed by him because thoy were
obviously unbalanced was the edi
torial article which tho now broken
editor tried to write on November 11,
182, after the Boston fire. Concerning
this pathetic attempt to resume his
functions in the Tribune office, Mr.
Thomas N. Rooker, formerly fore
man of the Tribune composing room,
testified as follows only five weeks
after the event, that is to say on Decem
ber 18, 1872, in the Greeley will case:
"The next time I saw him after Mrs.
GRKr.i.ET'a funerall was on the lltli of No
vember, In his room In the Tribune office.
When I entered he was apparently
asleep In his chair, -Mr Jons Y. Cleve
land was In the room. He GrbIl
1,et said 'I have been thinking about
writing to-day. but could not write any
thing that suited me. I have been trying
to write about Iloston ' Ills desk waa cov
ered with papers, There was an article
about Iloston and about the effect on Wall
Street, and another about Mississippi, Mr.
Rf.id came In, and I said to him. 'Mr
Grebi.kt has been trying to write about
Iloston and about Wall Street, and can't do
It,' Mr. Keid said' 'He need not write.
We will attend to that ' I then tried to get
Mr. Obkki.et to come to my house,
I got him In tho carriage about r o'clock and
took him to my house In llrooklvn."
Most people will agree with the Hon,
Whitelaw Reid that cruel injustice is
done to Mr. Greeley's memory in de
scribing him as going crazy over politi
cal defeat. The point at which his
overstrained mind broke into incapacity
to do coherent work is a question in
volved in the chronology of the recorded
events in his case. That point does not
seem to have been reached when he
wrote his card of resumption on election
day, November 0, 1872, or on the next
day, Novembor 7, whon ho wroto the
suppressed disclaimer of the "Crumbs
of Comfort" article.
The Klectlon of Mciiocnl.
Wlillo tho count of vote3 in Cuba Is
backwnrd there seems to bo no doubt
thnt General Mario Menocal, the candl
dato of tho Conservative party, has
been olected President of tho republic
General Menocal is a much esteemed
veteran of tho war of independonco; at
tho samo timo he is a practical man of
affairs accustomed to direct largo busi
ness enterprises. No man who has ap
peared in public life in Cuba is more
familiar with tho resources of tho island
and understands its needs better. An
engineer by profession and a graduato
of Cornell, ho has many friends in this
country, somo of them capitalists who
can bo of help to tho Government in
developing tho island.
There is amplo testimony to tho high
character nnd personal independence of
General Menocal. With more expe
rience in managing men than Estrada
Palma, and, unliko President Gomez,
free from political entanglements, ho
seems to bo the man of tho hour for
Cuba, which under Lilieral misrule has
been going from had to worse.
While tho Stato Department at Wash
ington has maintained a guarded re
serve nlout tho Presidential cam
paign in Cuba, it is no secret, that com
plications were feared in the oveut of
the election of the Liberal candidate,
Alfredo Zayah, by fraud or force, which
a week ago appeared not improbable
Nor is it a secret thnt tho Administra
tion, without inking sides, desired tho
success of Menocal, for tho reason
that Cuban finances had been wofully
mismanaged and tho politicians of tho
Liberal party seemed to bo bent upon
mining tho country. Apparently noth
ing could savo it from bankruptcy and
intervention but a chango of party
government nnd the inauguration of
Mario Menocal ns President. Ho will
hnvo many difficult and harassing prob
lems to deal with, but to tho solution of
them ho will at least bring honesty of
purpose, courage and patriotism.
Modest Question to "Mr. Mtinscy."
Our neighbor around the corner, the
Pre, attributes to "Mr. Munsey," In
the largest of type, this remarkable
essay In vaticination:
"My prediction Is that ftoost.vHr will
be elected. I don't know that this will
happen. Nobody knows that It won't
happen. This Is a condition that cannot
be measured by uny known standards,
cannot be measured by any Itnown prece
dents. The problem Is Inrgely a psycho
logical one. Any deduction worth while
must he, In considerable degree, Intuitive,
Intuition Is not "a thing to bank on. Hut
supported by Innumerable soundings and
the political sweep, It Is a heap belter than
cold mathematics nheu mathematics hasn't
thing to get a grip on." ,
As there is only one "Mr. Munsey
in the City Directory, we infer that this
"Mr. Munsey" is Mr. Frank A. Munsey
of the gold dust partnership. We don'l
know that it is he. Nobody knows that
it isn't he. The problem is largely a
But if it is he, and nobody knows that
it isn't, we should like to ask Mr. Frank
A. Munsey, in the sacred name of meta-
physics, not to mention Delphi nnd
Dodona and all the earlier oracles, what
in thunder ho supposes an "intuitive
deduction" to be.
During the Inst two weeks the drift to
Rooskvklt and .Ioiinson has been simply
marvellous, It may approach the magni
tude of a landslide.- Chairmnn Dixon ot the
I'rooremite Xational Committer.
It Is a landslide in the Dixon swan song,
burying Republicans and Democrats in a
At the very least tho Hon Job K. Ukdqks
con congratulate himself at this end of
the campaign upon having lived down hie
reputation as a humorist without hnving
sacrificed his sense of humor
At all events Cambridge has not capit
Kx-Hultan crosses to Asia. Headline.
The "back to Asia" move'ment Is spread
The first renorts of the decisive conflict
between Bulgarian and Turkish troops
about Lute Kurgan indicate that in num
bers at least the conflict is comparable
only with Mukdeu in recent warfare.
Around I.ule Burgas preliminary des
patches estimate that Turks and Bulgars
had upward of ooo.ooo mon. At Mukdeh
tho Russians and Japanese numbered
euo.ooo. A measure of tho probable cas
ualty lists in the Balkan light le supplied
by the official figures for Mukden. There
the Rueslans lost 87,000 killed, wounded
and captured, vuliHtantially a third of
their army. The victorious Japanese lost
upward of 50.000.
PMVIt.EaES OF POVERTY.
A Denial That It Shortens the Live of
To the Eoitor or The Sum .Sir; The
Manhattan Philosopher's theories are gen
erally sensible und his deductions pithy
and free from cynicism, but when he says
that poverty has more to do with shorten
ing life than anything else I break a lance
Putting alde statistics, which may mean
anything or nothing, on what doee he base
his belief? Poverty Is relative. What to
one man Is poverty to another. Is wealth.
If he means abject poverty I grant his
K)lnt, but au ordinary genteel poverty
tends to lopgevlty.
Anyway, why bring In the wretched
question of money' One ilo-n't have to
pay to breathe fresh nlr Tho housetop
In the esrly morning will supply-that. One
doesn't have to possess n plethora of money
to obtain plain food, dexplto the high cost
of living, and fieeli nir and plain food will
assure n gru old age much better than
steam beat and luxury.
The privileges and advantages of poverty
are InNiinicleiitly appreciated. Poor eo-
ple feel no responsibility for their fellow
beings; they have no sympathy with the
troubles of any other cluss. Thy eut and
drink without a thought of the dystieiwln
of the hocIuI diner out, Thny' don't yearn
to amend the condition of tho rich, They
are certainly not content, but then neither
are the rich. They live their own lives,
and living thetr own lives gain, as a rule.
a prlre, for which they are not anxious
a long life for In this world we almost
Invariably get exactly what we think we
don't want. IIiuioki.v.v Hot'OTUV
HnooKt.TN. November '.'.
A New Orleans Inotltutlon,
To tbk Editor or The Sun Sir; The ttitrk,
red, delicious, piquant ami pungent aromatic
condiment mentioned la "A I'esst of the Old
South" by your correspondent William Seymour
In Tna Hum of October 30 was named for Uaunsel
White, the grandfather of the renowned metal.
lurjlst who recently died lu New Orleans and
who was the third ot that name. To this dar In
the oyster jaloons and restaurants of the Crescent
City this exquisitely titillating saner Is known
as Mtunscl White.
The first Maunsel White wai a soldier under
General Andrew Jaokson at the battle of New
Orleans, serving as a Captain of the Louisiana
niues, In ante-bellum days he was one of the
merchant princes of Louisiana and a prince of
planters, lie amassed a fortune In the cotton
and sugar Industries and acted as a commission
merchant for tirneral Jackson until the latter's
death, He as a man of broad lews, educated
In Europe, most generous and hospitable. In his
leisure momenta, because of his cultivated epi
curean taste, he busied himself In Inventing and
devising dainty dishes and new sauces for his on n
table, where he ottered his guests the cream of
culinary perfection and the gaMrnnomlcal art,
with the rarest ot wines,
He Introduced the Uilmvn pepper Into Loulsl
ana on his plantation In Plaqucmlne pnrbh, and
grew from this venture a superb and superior
bell shaped pepper which became the principal
Ingredient of the famous Maunsel White sauce,
so much used not only on the luscious bivalves of
Ilayou Cook and llayou Itaratarla but In the con
coctlng and In the eating of such heaven Inspired
feats of the gastronomic world all dishes nt for
a king as bisque rrafsh. gomuo nil herhes,
f ombo flirt, gombo nun (crevlsses, boulllrabalsse.
metelotte of eels and perch and the papabotte.
It, V.. lim.LT.
Jltisir Citt, N J October 81.
The Art ef foretelling Weather.
To tub l'piTOR op TUR SfN Sin On August
10 Mr, Hugh Clements of Wimbledon Park, Lon
don, predicted In your columns the ueathrr la
New York for the month of October. He prom
ised unsettled weather from tho loth to tho 14th,
Two of Ihese days were fine, and three were
cloudy, dull or rainy. The 24th lo the 27th were
to be unfair, Three of these days fulfilled the
prediction, the other did not. Of the other six
guesites three were right and three wrong,
Mr. Clements, I believe, bases his forecasts on
the movements of the moon, and he says' He
forecasts the weather In cycles, Our nun Weather
bureau, b'isliig Its forecasts on the real causes
of weather variation, hits the mark much more
closely than this long distance llrlng does,
Scbamton, l'a., November 2.
AT THE EXI OF THE CAMPAIGN,
Very Short Speeches Prom CI t lens Very
Much In Earnest.
To t KpiTon ok The Sun SO: The
following rpiery wns put to the speaker at
a Bull Moose meeting held nt Terrace Gar
den. The speaker was unnblo to answer it,
although he had solicited nucstlons'
"Suppose thnt' lloosovelt had received the
nomination from the regular Heptibllcans at
the convention In Chicago, what would have
become of his faith as he now preaches It?"
Ciiaiii.fs A. STAtit.r.n.
New York, November 2.
Why One Republican Votes for Wilson.
To thk Knrron or Thk HvsSir: Al
though I prefer Mr. Taft's personality to
that of either of his two main opponents, I
shall vote for Mr. Wilson. Mr. T'a'ft is under
obligations to Mr. Ilarnee for his nomination.
He cannot repudiate the able, resourceful
Albany leader nor refuse the requests made
by that gentleman, for Mr. Taft Is no ingrate.
Harrlng rather n mild mannered attack
mado at Akron, Ohio, some years ago, more
over, Mr. Taft does not appear ever to have
placed any great obstaclo In the way of Mr.
Cox of Cincinnati. IlKPiMit.irAS'.
Nrw York, November ?.
To thk Kditor or Tnr. Ms Sir: An
Elephant, a Donkey nnd a Moose were racing
to the Gate of n Clover Field where Avuncu
lus Samuelus stood ready to admit the
First Comer. A Hanging Hough caught
the Antlers of the Moose and held him.
Alas," he cried, "my characteristic feature
proves my undoing. How I wus wont to
admire my neo-natlonallsllc Crown signify
ing Agglomerated and Widely Ramifying
(lovernment. And now the People's Judg
ment arrests my plan as n Topheavy and
Oppressive Bureaulsm. There go the F.le
phant and the Donkey, and I have fio heart
to learn which one wins." N. II. K.
itosEf.r.K, N. J October 31.
The Christian Soldiers In California.
To the F.ditor op Thk Spn .S'ir; I am
wabbling and wavering in my faith In Bull
Mooselsm, At their meetings they fervently
sing "Onward, Christian Soldiers," shout a
lot of enthusiastic glory hallelujahs; then
the sanctimonious leaders of what I had
begtm to think was a divinely inspired
cause adjourn the meeting, go Into execu
tive session, and aa Progressive United
States Senator Works of California says,
"the Progressives have by a systematic
course of fraud, corruption and perjury
stolen the rights of the Republican party
to a place on the ballot and deprived thou
sands of voters of the right to vote for their
choice within their own party."
le that an application of the square deal
that we are told Roosevelt Invented, and
does that flux with that "Onward, Chris
tian Soldiers" stun"? .1. It, Salmon.
N wiRi. N. J., Novemlnir I.
He Will stand by the OKI Party.
To Tnc F.01T07I or Tltr. St'N Sir: As one
who, when n lad, marched proudly with
Fremont's Wideawakes nnd later with Lin
coln's Hallsplltters and whoso tlrst vote was
given to Ceneral (Irant, I ehall consider It a
very great honor at the coming election to
mark my ballot for Mr. Tuft and the (Irand
I he history of the Republican party Is
a story of constitutional progresslveness, of
the safeguarding of human rights and of
amazing national prosperity.
While not criticising others. I shall not de
sert nor defame my good old political mother
when she la In trouble.
I hope that the sober second thought of
her sons will cause them all to rally around
the standard ot the Republican party on
November S, but If all others should stray
after strange gods I shall stand fast
Nrw York, November l. H. K. T.
Democrats for the Protect he Tar Iff.
To the F.ditor or The Sun .Sir; There
Is still hope for the supporters of the great,
good, patriotic citizen whose labors In the
White House have been made so hard dur
ing thelasttwo years, and loyal Republicans
should stand together to do Mm simple
If Roosevelt had received his third term
nomination from the Republican convention
at Chicago he would have been seen stand
ing up and defending Republican princi
ples and bis "covenant with the people"
wotdd never have been written.
The situation is hopeless from a Repub
lican standpoint only ns our hopelessness
makes it so, The protective principle has
been well defended In the past and thou
sands of business men who adhere locally
to the Democratic parly believe In It.
There may bo thousands of Democrats
who to protect business will vote for Tuft,
and you may be sure If they are regular
organization men they are not going around
boasting about it, John J. Shf.ruun
IIrooki.tn, November I.
Not Waiting for the Cat to Jump.
To TnE KoiTon or Tiltt Sun Sir: I am
not a "loyal Republican" because although
born a Republican I slanted nwuy for drover
Cleveland, and I am not nfruld even now
to own to certain Democratic principles,
but I thlnW I am going to voto for Taft,
Just the snme, because I think that on the
wholo ho Is tho best cholco for what we nre
looking for In tho shnpo of a President,
And let mo stuto right horo that In casting
my ballot for Taft I shan't sit up nights
worrying whother my voto shall aflord mo
the exquisite pleasure of lxIng on the win
ning side. ,. w. K.
Nkw Yook, S'ovember
To an Automatic Piano,
Timotheus like, you raise
A mortal to the skies!
I play you and the bays
That rest abovo tho eyes
Of Puderowskl, Hoffman, llaiier,
Aro mlno for Just a llttlo hour.
No longer do tho mysteries
Of Unci) and llrahms elude;
Straight through their Inmost twlstcries
I glide with certitude,
And oven dare to run my chances
With Richard Strauss's dissonances.
Cadenzas crystal creep;
I eunro them as they run.
Or diapasons deep,
l.lko boom of mighty gun,
Spend lavishly their harmonies,
Without ii touch upon the keys
Not mlno to probe tho why
Ami wherefore of it all,
Tho coll unrolls nnd 1
Surrender to its thrall.
I crook the pregnant hinges of the knee,
And Musio yields her richest spoil to mo.
Hope for the Socially Oppressed.
Mrs. Knlcker-The Colonel will brine shmn
Mrs. llocker Then maybe he can make ihm
luck up M rt. Van Pelt call on me.
t SEEim NEW YORK.
Btrange Spectacles Are Utaolosed t the
Visitor from Afar.
RlerituMitnir automobile Pioneer passed
slowly through the streets of Now York,
Ita crlflwl rlrlvnr skilfully avoiding inc.
chasms that on overy side threatened
to engulf it. The gentlemanly guide
and lecturer addressed its pasaengors
through his battered mcfisphone:
"At the right tho stntuo or uonjamin
Franklin, late of Philadelphia, famous
a the man who spent his last penny for
bun. That was beforo the days or
high cost of living. A bun costs much
more than a penny now.
"(lathered at the foot of tho Franklin
statue are tho intelligent electors of
New York listening to tho appeals of
the Socialists, tho Prohibitionists, the
Hull Moosers nnd tho Social Ijaborltes
for votes. By ingenious arrangement tho
seakers all talk at once, arousing tholr
hearers to frenzied cheers in succession,
so that nobody can hear whnt any of
them says. If for a moment the cheer
ing ceases, the flat wheels of the stroet
cars make sufficient noise to overwhelm
all other sounds, so thnt nobody -is in
danger of having his political convictions
"In these crowds may be seen tho nerv
ous, overworked merchants of Now York
and their employees, carefully cultivating
tho character of tired business men in
order to support the offerings of theatrical
monngers who cater particularly to this
unique class in the population. Here,
too, the nerve destroying hurry and bustle
of a great city may be easily observed.
"On the opposito side, almost hidden
behind a grove of artificial palms and a
movable forest, lie tho headquarters of the
President of tho Ready Letter Writers'
League. Tills office is awarded only after
stern competition. Its present incumbent
won his title years ago, and no serious
opposition to him has yet developed. In
quantity of output he is unsurpassed, in
quality unrivalled. Not only does lie
write letters, but tho doodIo read them.
a combination most unusual.
"On tho left you seo the City Prison,
called tho Tombs, because Its predecessor
bore that name, standing on the site of
Collect Pond, and containing now somo of
our most accomplished collectors. This
institution commanUs the respectful ad
miration of all New Yorkers because for
seVerol days no prisoner lias escaped
from it. Tills spoaks volumes for the
humanity with which the city and its
agents treat the unfortunate lawbreakers
entrusted to Its care.
"Immediately to the north is the new
Criminal Courts building, which Is not
now In much worse repair than it was a
day or so ago, and may remain habitable
for some months to come. The District
Attorney earnestly hopes that It will not
tumble down before January 1, 1914. He
cares little about its fate after that date,
for ho is arranging to move then to a
building from which he can get an un
obstructed view of the post office mailing
platform. Those great crowds of superior
looking gehtlomen surrounding the build
ing nre our most conspicuous and well
known gunmen, each patiently awaiting
his turn to confess.
"As we pass quickly tip Broadway, ob
serve the busy van man, hastily trans
porting tho goods and funiiture of trades
people northward, ever northward, to
ward the now shopping centre. Watch
closely, and you will sea tho advanco
guard of the loft workers making its way
boldly after tho van men, with the Fifth
Avenue Association's scouts hellograph-
Ing signals of distress to the main army
of defence, Intrenohed just abovo tho site
of the Worth .Monument, now occupied
by a handsome shaft house which ade
quately overshadows the old Hoffman
"To tho northeast of what Is loft of the
Fiirragut stntuo lies Madison SqiiaroGar-
den, wherein is Installed tho largest and
most complete mechanical applause nnd
ovation producer now in use in this coun
try. This wonderful mechanism, oper
ated by electricity nnd controlled by fewer
than a score of switches nil under the hand
of a man hidden behind the speaker's
platform, has a record of forty minutes
and thirty-two seconds of continuous
Bull Moose applause on one night, fol
lowed on the succeeding night by sixty
five minutes of Democratic outburst. It
consists of brass Ikinds, stamtiers, cheer-
ers. handkerchief wavers, popular song
sters. Rebel yellers, howlers of Dixie nnd
echo producers. The only thing not in
cluded in its equipment is brains, whioh
nre excluded for obvious reasons.
"And here, my friends, on Inwood Hill,
our journey ends at tho giant tulip tree
nbotit which a thoughtful city government
has erected a substantial Iron fence. The
fence had two purposes: first, to restrain
tho tree from bursting with Indignation
when a lot of speeches were delivered at
it the other day; tho second, to prevent it
from increasing its girth beyond reason
"And now, If you will sit still for a mo
ment, the photographer will take your
pictures, that you mny preserve for all
timo a pleasant memento of your trip
through tho metropolis of America."
"The kind women of America should extend aid
and sympathy to the Turkish women who when
their husbands are killed In the war will be left
O sloe eyed dames of Turkeydnm, '
Our hearts go out to youl
For sad Indeed
This hour of need
Which you nre going through!
Around your doors lurk savage .Serbs,
nulrarlans sneak about the curbs.
While Montenegrin bullets scream
Outside the walls of each hareem.
And scare you so, you pretty pets,
You scarce can pun your clgarcttosi
At morn, when your divided spouse
On husband to a score
Of wives' goes out
You're filled with doubt
If you shall see him morel
In our land when n soldier dies
nut one poor widow for him cries;
Hut ten or more of you must sob
When Vussef Joins the martyred moh
Kipenslve mourning, not to mention
The fact that you must spilt his pension!
Then let us see what wo can do
To help you In your plight,
No, that can't be
You cannot read or write.
Cloak models? Could you work at that?
Alas, vteVe tol.l jou're rather fat
Hven too plump, in rumors state.
To be a perfect thirty-eight.
Well, manlcurlng's nice nnd pleasant -Hut
we've enough of them at presentl
Hut waltl We have the very thing.
Poor Oriental pets!
A call sincere
from sisters here1
"Come. Join the .Suffragette!"
Their ranks aren't full by any means!
There's room for you. () Turkish queens!
I'or fresh recruits ihelr nee.l Is great
In every single town and Htate;
So hasten, Turkish ladles lone,
And each may bo a Maud Malone!
The Clialee or a Cnlleite.
Knlcker Does your son want mi education?
HfWSIAV Iff L m 1 ...111!
, , n,iiinK lu l0 n quarter
back la the Ucctoral College.
PLENTY OF JOBS WAIT
Und More Openings Tlinn
It Could Pill.
FARM WORKERS NBEDEH
Otto T. Rannnrd Reports Mei-.
cantilo Bureau Less Success
ful in Placing Men.
In his third. annual report Otto T.
Kannnrd, president or tho National Em
ployment Kxchango, confesses that. thW
close of the third year finds the directors
"far from making tho oxchange a busi
Thoro has been some progress, how
ever," ho adds, "and tho undersigned
declines to be ralnt hearted as long as
the cost recedes and tho number In
creases of those whom wo aro helping
to help themselves,"
The figures accompanying tho report
Indicato that in its first year the exchange
was operated at a loss of $10,022.09; in
Its second year nt a loss or $n,600.in; and
In the year concluded Septemtier 30 Inst,',
at a loss of JM83.11; malting the total
loss in the operation of tho oxchange
to date $28,800.50, Tho exchange found ,
clerical work for 1,114 persons last year,
as against 1,331 persons the preceding
year and 537 the first year; S.232 men
secured places from tho labor bureau of
The demand for laboring men Is un
usual nt the prosent time, Mr. Bannard
finds, but at such a time laborers find
work for themselves, so that the exchango
does not profit in accordance with tho
activity of the market. "We are not a
factory." he says, "and cannot manu
facture our nroaucts. wo rcsomoio mora
an animated guide post, and many find the
road without consulting us."
Mr. Bannard believes that tho Cooper
Square bureau of tho exchange already
"stands tor honest dealing, good treat
ment and a good example to the labor
bureau fraternity, no matter how tin-,
welcome as a competitor. Foreigners'"
naturally go 11 rat to labor agencies of
their own nationality and are easily
prejudiced against us by misstatements,
but they are surely discovering that
when they apply to us they are In friendly
hands, with no Intent to oppress them by
The mercantile bureau or the exchange,
at 30 Church btreet, has not ma.lo such
satisfactory progress as the labor bureau,
and Mr. Bannard says it Is up to the -management
to either Improve the"'
efticienoy of the staff or extend the field
of service." The difficulty hero lies in
keeping employers reminded of the ex
istence of tho bureau without spending
more money on advertising than the
return warrants. Jn conclusion the
president of the exchange usks the sub
scribers "to be as patient as possible with
the buslnesslside of this entetfriae, which
lucks inherently tho customary eletnanu
of profitable possibility, and to satisfy
themselves with its philanthropic suc
cess." Ihe report of the manager, Edward W.
Carpenter, explains some of the problems
of the mercantile branch of tho exchange,
lie says that it has been amply demon-4
stratea that the exohange "has to depend
largely on those who nre employed but
wish to better themselves."
"Although there nre a largo number or
people out of employment," he continues,
"it lias been our experience that many of
them are either Incompetent or unrelluble.
Wehave secured employment for a number
of such people, but they either could not
or would not hold the positions furnished
them moro than a week or two. To
detect this class is not an easy mntter. J
Kmployers aro inclined to. give their
former employees good references (unless
they havo committed a serious offence),
not wishing to hurt their chunces of secur
In the year just passed the mercantile
branch sent out 7.G03 persons on the orders
received to bo interviewed by tho em
ployers, of whom 1,414 secured employ
ment, ino expense attonaant on Han
dling tho 0,159 who did not get positions
ts a cliler cause or tne present financial
loss of the exchange. Ine exchango has
accepted applications from 13,856 persons
in the three years, but only a few more
than 3,000 secured employment.
The reasons tor this, cited by Mr. Car
penter, are that in somo cases the posi
tions were tilled from another source
beforo tho exchango's applicants re
ported for an interview; in others "the
salaries offered were too low for the
work required; again the oxchange did
not have applicants experienced in the
(-articular lino required, and In mmy
cases tho appearance of the candidate
did not happen to satisfy the require
ments of the employer for reasons (leculiar
The manual labor branch received
orders for I.55D men lat year nnd placed
3,21.'. Manager Carpenter says many
moro could havo loon placed if mutable
men could have been obtained. In a
number of different occuations tho
number of orders from employer- was
far beyond tho supply of candidates.
"Home orders," Mr. Carpenter state--,
"were declined on account of the small
wages offered for tho worlc to lie done
and some on account of the long hours.
Good romiK'tent men will not consider
such employment." The exchange suc
ceeded in several cases in cottine tbn
employers to offer better wages. As for
'training, Mr. Carpenter Bays, the effect
of tho "few trade schools scattered
throughout the country" has not lxen
felt, and "many employers have to de
I pond on tho alien common laborers,
whom they train to liecomo the skilled
i workmen of their factories and foundrii's."
I Tho bureau llnds thnt tho steel and
other industries of Pittsburg havo been
, short ofBmen tho past summer "In
'fact," Air. Carpenter continues, "tho
shortage of men exists practically all
lover the country in mines, factories,
I mills and on contrnct work. The wage
offered on the whole wero higher thuti
Inst year. Notwithstanding the dnniund
for men wo had nn average of wiventv
tlvo laborers calling nt our ofllco dntlv
and wero in a position to offer them vari
ous kinds of work, but us thoy ditl not
accept it it was evident that thoy vtero
not earnest about wanting work "
Common laborers sen tout by the bureau
this paHt yesr remained on the jobs bot'-r.
than in preceding years, a f.iet whiat
Mr. Curt.ionter uttrlbuteB to the better
uccnmmodationu provided by employers.
"The desertion of muny laborers ehip-od
to factories," Mr. Ca'rpouter says, "is
dun to tho employers' disregard of the
making of proper arrangements in ad
vance for the boarding or the men
Hhippod." The demand for experienced
farm hands far exceeds tho supply, and
Mr. Carpenter suggests the po-M-ihlllty
thnt many idle men would become Inter
ested in furming if thoy hud a place where
thoy could receive somo truinlng iiloni;
During tho winter months tho echiuigo
waiting rooms wore crowded with men
out of work and orders were few. The
conditions were reversed in the spring,
and Mr. Carpenter says It "beenmo evi
dent thnt as soon as the weuther per
mitted them to loungi- around outdoors
a largo number or them hud no desire
to work when thov might have eurued
enough to carry them through u good
part or tho winter at least."