Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 1912.
ONICA THE CRADLE
INTERESTING SCENES FROM THE BALKAN BATTLEFIELDS
BLESS ABSENT TROOPS
AT SERVICES IN SOFIA
Queen and Court Dignitaries
Rub Elktws With Poor
Ancient Scnport City Mmlc Up
IT HAS TOOK DKt'KXCES
Inilronds Protected, but Its
Cnpturo Would Not He
Salonika, the second city. In population
of liuropean Turkey, tlio point through
which the train of Macedonia pauses,
Vh greatest seaport of western Tur-
iv.y, Is the ultimate goal of the western
VlMon of the Balkan armies, and Is an
Vcctlve point of the Oermanlc ad
Jnce toward the Kant. Since the Young
ffurke rume Into power this Macedonian
Vty has been called the second cupltat
MA Turkey. It wum the mother und the
r,ur 0 II,P levoiuuun unu uecume mo
...it of an autocracy that controlled
Gtnsttntlnople Itself, anil through Its
ctnts. every vnnyet in me empire.
While the capture of the town by tha
alkan allies would he a victory second
IniDoitauce only to that of the occu-
llou of Constantinople Itself yet there
little likelihood that thry would In
ic effectively to use lt pomc.i.sIdii tii
done their demands In the nc;;otln-
n; (m peace, yalunica Is so wound
nltli diplomatic Intrigue, und mi In
itrlcably a part of tho fabric of tier
utile ambitions that Its lute would he
he greatest consideration In all Aus
Ever since the division of the totter
Is Turkish Kmplre In Kurope hn been
tlscusrcd as a possibility, Austria has
ad hT eye on this Aegean seaport, and
At directed toward Its possession on
unwavering course of diplomacy, tt
has always been recognized that her tie
mands for the right to build u rail
road through Novl ltazur. and her an
xatlon of Bosnia and Herzegovina in
OS were but steps to this end. In nil
these moves und alms Germany has
n In svmpathy, since Salonlca, nt
he head of the gulf of tho same name,
s the nearest and beat Kuropcan point
f access to the ports that she Is estab-
liihlns on the coast of Asia Minor, In
onnectlon with her Bagdad railroad en-
Salonlca Is otiu of the oloest cities or
Turkey, and has a Ions history of con
oufst and reconuuest. It was held by
ahclcnt Greece and Home, and fought
nver by Byzantines. Turks and blavs
for manv centuries, its various con
querors have left their Impress not only
!n wonderful nrclueologlcal lemalns.
Wluut also In the variety of names by
K which the city is known. There nre six
of thoe. and the Variety of pronuncia
tion by the different people who trade
fat the port brings the number up to
II It has a population estimated at,
about 150.000. Of every ten of Its peo
i.le six are Jews. The Greeks come
next In number and then the Turks.
rortlOed on tlic Hay Milr.
.Tho city lies at the head of the Gulf
,of Salonlca, on a fine bay, the ap
IToaches to which are strongly torn
hcd. The southern limit of the town
lj formed by the Oalamerlau heights
rind on the north and western sides
are broad alluvial plains, which huve
been created by the discharge of the
water of the Vardar and the Ulstrltza,
the two principal rivers of western
The city Is divided by one great
street, the Hue Vardar tthe Via Kg
natla of the Romans), which runs
parallel with the sea. On one side, as
tending the hill to the ancient walla
on the north, la the Turkish quarter.
where the Turks try to live the life of
Hie ancient Turkish regime, untouched
fcy the modernity that presses close
around them. This quarter Is a hap
hazard labyrinth of narrow alleys.
Kimbre and dark, with closed-door.
and latticed windows, with gardens and
hlKh walls overshadowed by traes
through which shine the white mln
urcts of small mosques. Its stillness Is
tcarcely broken except by the sum
mons to the faithful ut the hours of
From this Turkish quarter, which
necms stiunded on the hillside, tho
modern Luropeanlzed quarter of hotels;,
hops, warehouse, banks and consular
unites, tuibulent and noisy, descends
Kcntly downward to the white quays on
the harbor. Greek seamen from the
Isles, and Moselem boatmen, In baggy
breeches and white turbans, mingle
with sailors from ull the ports of tha
world In the loading and unloading of
Ithe boats that crowd Into the bay.
ireeks, llulgars, Turks, Syrians, Jews,
Vrmenlans, Germans and Austrlans
i throng the bazaars that arp laden with
all the wares of the Kust.
Down by the sea, where the city
moots the country, stands a great, grim
' circular fortressllkc building, a re-
mindet of old Turkey. It Is the "White
Tower of Salonlca." In the dungeons
of which thousands of people In the
past have been tortured to death. Its
history has given the themes for epics)
ithflt have been sung and recited from
the Kgean Sea to the Danube.
On tho hill overlooking the bay In the
most desirable residence section of tho
city Is another prison. It Is tho Villa
Matlni, within the walls of wlich lias
(Vcn confined for three years Salonlca's
inon distinguished prisoner, the deposed
Sultan. Abdul Hamld. The villa is
named iiftr Iir nrli-'tnnl owners, a
wealthy Jewish family thut made a for
lune from Hour and tile mills. Tho fine
'"1 house, tint root and upper story of
which may easily he seen from the road,
in the middle, of u pine scented pari;
'nc!o.-ed by hlRh walls. Abdul Hamld
was taken there, with a small part of
his h.ir.-m. on April 28, 1009. Hlnco that
'late no authentic news of him has come
'' from behind these walls except oc
'asloniil reports of his Illness and an
nouncements of his signature to checks,
for money deposited by him Jn foreign
and all news of Turkey's recent mls-
rtunes In the loss of Tripoli and the
fffiit war reverses has been kept
roil) him It tins often heen unlet thut
old Sultan has died and been ne-
f'ty burled In tho grounds of the villa,
llllt llltu III.:. a. ....... ,1.1.... n1A nnlnt.p-
i ttnu , ,;i 3 mill, um i-uuti i
"is him, Is nothing but rumor.
Teriiilinm of Four llallroads.
Salonlca Is the terminus of four rail
""Is, all of which am considered of
'trairU ,. importance In the present war.
a luv In Nlsli, In Servla, along
allies nave advunced south
"oiikIi C.iktib and Veles. An-
n 'ho same direction runs to
a Thh came Into prominence
through Hie fact that It might be used
by the .vustilaits us a continuation of
their projected railroad through the
sunjuk of Novl lia.ar. A third road
goes westward to Mouasllr. The orlg
itiul plan for this was for a railroad
through to the Adriatic. Tho fourth
load, und the one which Is perhaps the
most Important to Turkey. Is the line
eastward through tieres to Ku!cll-Hur-gus
junction and on to Constantinople.
This is the road that proved of euch
valuable assistance to the Tuilts In the
mobilization of their uimy tn the Gre
cian war In 1S97 and oer which ttie
forces of the jouiig Turks made their
advancu upon Constantinople In the
counter revolution of iaui.
It Is upon advantageous points con
trolling the approach of these roads to
Salonlca from the north that the Turks
have erected some of their strongest
formications. While they have de
fences protecting the allejs from this
direction they have been considered by
strategists as Instttllclent and It Is gen
erally believed that the Turks have de
pended upon heavily fortllled positions
In the mountains further to the north
as an actual check on the advance of
un enemy from that direction.
There seems to bo no definite In
formation as to the strength of the
Turks In this quarter. Salonlca Itself
at the outbreak of the war was gar
risoned by only two battalions. Mom-
stir, however. Is the headquarters of
an army corps In time of prace and
still mnlntalns a considerable garrison.
Here, It Is said, the Turks nre now
entrenching themselves. Veles also had
u garrison of full strength, but It
proved Insulllclent to stem the advance
of the Servians and the forces are
believed to have retreated to more
strongly fortified positions down the
More active preparations were ap
parently made nunlnst the advance of
the Greeks. Thi part of the Invadln
armies, however, crossed the Meluna
Pass, captured Klnsonn and advanced
to Servla and Verrla without much
opposition. The Greek army, It Is said.
was welcomed In this district by Its
almost entirely Grecian population. The
little towns ore comparatively prosper
ous and the people were able to fur
nish at least temporary supplies to the
Invaders. This has no doubt been of
material assistance to the Grecian ad
vance. Their forces now occupy the
low lands north nnil west of the
town and they are In a position to make
a strong fight before Salonlca, and thm
render Inestimable assistance to :!
cause of the allies.
COST OF WAR NEWS GREAT.
Onaoralilit I iiereimeM Itnthrr Thau
Cut Tclernih Toll
London, (Jet. 23. An enormous
amount of space, pages dally from the
very outset, has been devoted to the
lialkan war by the I.ondcm papers. Uut
the correspondents are kept cooped up
far from tho front and can send hut
little, often nothing, or the actual wur
fare. The homo war expert Is therefore
having a great show, and the state of
things is hardly exaggerated by the
following Jot In a weekly paper:
War Correspondent: "Hullo, Brown!
Any news of the war?"
Second Ditto: "Dunnn. Haven't had
the London papers yet."
This condition of affairs Is all the
more annoying to the newspaper pro
prietor In that telegraphic expenses
fr tn the front, or the background, of
Hit war nre heavier than ever. News
paper offices have been puzzled to re
ceive from experienced correspondents
long messages over'the wlro In which
no attempt had been made at "skele
tonizing." This Is the cutting out of "ofs" nnd
"ands" arid "thes," nnd many set
phrases, which In the hands of an ex
pert Is made n fine art.
One London news editor wrote to a
correspondent to expostulate against
this lavlshness, and the reply explains
matters. It seems that tho official cen
sor hns a fair working knowledge of
English, Imt Is not equal to understand.
Ing a compressed newspaper telegram,
and refuses to take any risks. Conse
quently every wotd, every "of" and
"the," must be religiously set down.
WAR NEWS IS HELD BACK.
CorrrMioniIen( nt Front IVel I'rrn-
ii re ii f AnlliorHIm nn Tliem,
London, Oct. 19. Tho war corre
spondents, nt the various TronlfT in tho
Balkans are already lieginning to feel
the pressure or the elnborato arrange
menta made by tho authorities for keeping
them In ortler, and it may lw, when it
comcu to great fighting their loiters will
provn moro informing than tholr telegrnms.
The trnnsmstioti or tiespatcnes intended
for popular distribution is at least as old ,
in our own history, as tno account or tiio
battle of Agjncourt, circulated on bohnlf
of Henry V.; but it is to tlio civil wur that
we must first look for n dellnito news
fatherer, oven though ho was nn official ,
his won "Maxtor llodford, Scout-Master
General to tho Committeo of both King
domes," und this worthy hod assistants
formally termed "mphngorH" at tho
various centres of tlio Parliamentarian
campaign against Charles I, It was thoir
duty to sonti to mo jiousu in i. ominous
detailed accounta of tlio progron of the
lighting, and Parliament promptly pub
lished them in their accustomed "news
WfcllVkick Sctrrotm3& Prison, of AV3cxl Htnid on.
tHe OtAtskirCs of Salome.,
MONTENEGRINS FOR FIVE
-Men of Little State lieeklcK at
l'liiy and at Arms, Imt
r.o.NPON, Oct. 23. It was .Mr. Glad
stone who once described .Montenegro
the black mountain as the shore
uhere, after bloody Kossovo, the wreck
age of old Servla, was washed by the
oncoming Turkish tide. They who es
caped Into those fastnesses were fami
lies of caste, chieftains and nobles,
who for flvo centuries and moro have
Thelo very vices show breeding, a
recklessness at p)a.y and an extrava
gance In dtess. Yet gamblers thougn
they are nnd dandles, they are honest
as to cash, and If a purse of gold oe
dropped by accident upon the highway
It will be discovered by Its rightful
Prison life Itself Is ruled by honor,
for convicts who may have pulled a
trigger wander abroad, meet tholr
friends, Join In festivals, and nre known
only by the dull music of a clanking
The Montenegrin Is not devoid of
education. He lias his school in every
hamlet, und there Is nn amazing story
of tho great Ivan, the prlnco who
burned his capital Zabljul; to save It
from the Turk, sotting up a printing
press in tibod Just twenty years after
Caxton had begun his enterprise at
Westminster. Tho machine vanished
amid the cluios, but It revealed an in
stinct. It Is as armed men that tho Monte
negrins now Interest us. When they
go marketing to the Austrian coast
town of Catturo they arc required by
tho authorities to rob their belts of the
mighty pistol, but at the frontier they
resumo It, and it Is the symbol of their
Humble homngc to tho Queen Is rig
Idly exacted by King Nlrholas, nnd In
the Palace of Cottlnje, Princesses, s i
for from being disdained, nro described,
paternally, as "my country'a most valu
To behead one's enemy Is tho final
Joy of the Montenegtlns, who, therefore,
dislike long range artillery nnd the
modern rifles which are received from
Russia as Christmas presents for the
THINKS BUIGARS TOO BOLD
Mlulonarr ' Turku Mmy He Pre
paring a Trap.
For fifty years the new Dr. George K.
Herrlck, now In New York, was a Con
gregatlonallst missionary In Turkey. Of
late he has been working on transla
tion' of the New Testament Into Turlc
l.di for the American Bible Society.
"It may lw possible." he said yester
day, "that Turkey Is lying low, walling
for the Bulgarians to get to the right
spot, When her soldiers will rise and
annihilate the Bulgars. There are tre
mendously atrnng fortifications between
the Bulgarian present arm east of Ad
rlannple and the capital Itself.
"I do not believe the Bulgarians will
be Hble to take and hold Constantinople,
whether the Powers permit them to do
eo or not. It Is to be remembered that
In the capital city there are 200,000
Greeks resident and only about 10,000
Uulgars. The Greeks would hardly sub
mit to nulgarlnn stipremncy pcrma
nentl.v, "A difficulty with Turkey Is the fact
that all of her leading men are ad
vanced In ycat h. Some of the men
whose names now appear In the news
columns have come from retirement.
They seem ho far to be hardly able to
cope with the younger Bulgars and
"Americans may os well remember
that when one conTcs to atrocities. In
Macedonia the Bulgars nnd others have
been quite as often the r,(tgres-orH ns
the Turks. There have been outbreak:!
Innumerable, but the brigands who
started them, who murdered, burned
and stole, were not all of litem TuiUr'
by u good deal,"
FEZ NOT SEEN IN WAR.
TurkUh Soldiers lime A linn do lied
l'lelareaqae llrail Cmrrlnif,
London, Oct. in. For the first time
tlio Turkli.li soldier is coins to war without
tho foz. Mnhmoud 11 when h changed
tho uniform of his army tri.-d to intro
duce the slmko, hut tlx oppoiltiuti of the
soldieri. wan too idroug for him, Tho fess
if oi r'.arnly, while a most picturesque
hT.tlj;e,ir, a poor covering for men on
ito'ivi) service, for even tho change of ita
color to khuki did not get over Its feeble
ness as n protection against sun or bad
weather Hence tho head shawl devised
some time ago to bo warn twisted around
The Turks' prejudice agulnst tho hat
reHts on a roligio;iH hat is. it tlm namn:'.
(form of prnyen I r''.tl performi-ii
tlm forohead must touch tho ground,
The brim of hat or the peuk of a cap
would prevent this. 4
Trio rfn tkelRosphorus'
m hi Green ajij -Gold Caviyiel
WHY THE WORLD IS LEARNING LITTLE OF THE
London. Oct. 2 5. The following regulations, say reports from the front,
have been drawn up by tlte Ministry of War in Constantinople cotuernms war
correspondents in Turkey:
No newspaper correspondent who desires to accompany an armv
corps vill be admitted unless he produces to the (Ministry of War ah
introduction from the embassy or legation of Ins o.wi country. '
The correspondents will leave in th? company of an official specially
appointed for the"purpo-,e and at a date wnich will be fixed.
No correspondent will be allowed to start for the Atlrianople zone
before the ,itwve Mentioned date.
Those correspondents who want to go to the Western region will
have in the same vay to notify their intention beforehand to the Chief
Headquarters Staff of the Imperial Army.
Bulgaria's rules ,iro as follows:
No corresponded.', r.iay move without permission and he mav be
suspended at wii!.
No information may be given on the organization of the army, its
numbers, its Mtuat;on, or its probable future movements.
Tiie names of the commanding ameers of the various corps must
not be divulged, and nothing must tie said about the effect of the
enemy's fire, nor the state of the 'always nor the roads.
There must tie no unfavorable articles written, no descriptions of
defeats, no details as to losses, and no criticisms of the dispositions
of the various armies.
CENSOR MANGLES NEWS.
Our l.rnvra la Uenaatch Onlj Minn
London. Oct. -3. An Illustration,
not without Its untuning side, althougn
the matter to which it refers may be
teilous vnough, of the degree to which
war news Is censored Is afforded by n
news cable from Constantinople dated
Mutuluy night. The message as It Is
ecelved reads as follows:
"Owing to an attempt on the part
of a correspondent to cross through the
ranks of a column of reservists who
were marching to the station, an unfor
tunate Incident occurred here this morn
ing, The Turkish troops cannot be
blamed for what happened, and no Im
portance attaches to It; the whole af
fair was due to Inexperience, und anv
other regiment would have acted In
That Is all! Clearly the censor has
struck out the whole of the meps.ise
coming between the llrst sentence and
the lust. Who the correspondent wn, I
what his nationality, and what the "mi
fortunufe Incident" wus remain invx- J
plained. U must be borne In mind t hat i
, this rigorous treatment of prcrs tnt-s-
tupH Is going on not only at Conn, anil-
I nople but also nt all the Balkan capl-,
MRS. MORGAN DODGES DEALERS.
JlnnLer's Wife .Neter Mup itl lln-
hund's lintel III rliirruer,
Siitcial ('utile HuiMttcli to Tim Sc.
KuiiinNci:, Nov. 1!. Mrs. J. I'lerponl
.Murmtn haa been nt the Hotel Grande'
llfntagne. Hhe never stays at the hotul
freiiuented by her husband on account
of the persecution of the art dealers, i
who try to sell almost anything. ,
The arrivals hero Include. Luclnn
Chapman of New York, Mrs. A. J, Hal-1
ford of Washington, Mrs. Albert Keep ,
of Chicago, MrH, Henry Turner nnd her
daughter of Ht. Louis and dames M,
I'aton and MIsj Lucy I'atnn of Cam-
William .MiKinay, who was well known
to Americans as the Florentine hunker,
died here suddenly.
Mrs. Edith Wharton has arrived here
in her auto.
Mosque of. Sultan AcVimet
ANCIENT PAPYKI FOUND.
I.arae Hall t'nrarturd .Xeiir Temple
In I'pper i:KP.
London, Oct. 23. The discovery of a
number of lurge rolls of ancient papyri
was recently made by Robert do Uustnf
Jaell, V. It. G. who bus now brought
them to this country.
The rolls were unearthed by a fallah
while digging near u temple of the
l'tolomles In upper Kgypt nnd nre said
to be of the fira'co-ICgyptlan period.
There are seventeen of them nnd they
nre ubout twelve Inches wide. The slz?
of the largest will probably be found to
be about fifty feet and If thU estlmat'
Is correct this will conotltute a record
length for a roll of papyri.
Such portions as have been re.vl show
that they deal with historical even .
Little of course can he s-il,l of Mi- ';
contents until all have bee.t ti..tisUted,
but when this Is done the mc .uiscrlp's
may prove to be of real nrchuHilogleal
value In adding nt fhvit band to our
prefenl knowledge of IJ-rypt and po-i-Klbly
Syria. The tolls ure probably
the most pri feet ever found.
LIVED LIFE OF INTEREST.
Aretiilul.p ItHlner, Vow III, Older
Thau Coi)lii rraua Jiisrf,
Vicsna, Oct. 22. The Archduke,
ttalner, whoe Mines Is announced, Is
three years older than his cousin,
l-'raiiK .lostf His life hnH been full of
varied Interest, and In every respect a
far happier one than the Umperor's.
The Archduke Is the most learned of
the llipslnirgs, nrclueology being his
favorite -tmly, To him the Austrlans
urn Indebted lor the foundation of the
ndmlrably ettulpped Krlence and Art
Mtieonm nt letinn.
The Archduk''s domeitlc life hns
been unclouded, and lavf I'ebriniy he
celebrated his golden w. d.ilmr. lie and
his wife delight In unconventional holi
days, and used nt one time to vlelt
frequently Ftrlghton nnd other F.ngllsh
watering places In the strictest In
cognito. Like Frederic Hnrrlsnn. the Arch
duke attributes his length of years
largely to abstention from spirits and
WOMEN OFFER CANDLES
Priest Speaks With Feeling of
Historic Wars With
London. Oct. JS. The flrrt flush of
war fover in the Balkan capital has
exhausted Itself, but the complaint ia
only entoring upon a new phase. The
men have .tone. Troops now are com
paratively few about the streeto In Sofia,
as in Belgrade
Those who are left behind hare no
longer any excitement to buoy them up
and are now waiting anxiously to see
what the next few weeks may bring
forth. The feelings with which the Bal
kan peoples have put their armies Into
the Held in faot were perfectly typified
in a special service, the 'blessing of the
troops" though the troops were absent
In tho cathedral at Sofia.
The cathedral was open to everybody,
and Ministers of State and ladies of the
court rubbed shoulders with peasant
women and wild looking men from the
mountains. Everybody stood and Jevery
body was unoomfortably short of stand
ing room. Before each ikon woman and
lads placed votive candles, strips of taper
the color and little more than the thick
ness of straw, to burn in silent petition,
until they were so numerous that the
place was lighted with them and their
smoke ascended in clouds to the dome.
Before some of the ikons simple flowers,
chrysanthemums for the most part,
were spread In small handfuls or even
in single blooms.
Most of the members of the Cabinet
were there, and just after the central
door-of the altar screen had been shut,
hiding tho glimpse of golden altar vessels
and the dim red light that had boen risible
before the Queen carao In, attended by
a large suite.
The .Metropolitan, wearing a cope and
the quaint Greek crownlike miter or
white, heavy with silver decoration
came to tho altar steps with his priests
to meet the Queen; and she, dressed in
half mourning, a drosn of soft gray with
gray furs and wluto ostrich plumes in
her hut, went to her place and remained
standing until the long ceremony was
at an end.
The votive tapers were bending in
the intense heat as an admirable choir
singing without accompaniment, for
the Greek Church will have nothing to do
with tho organ, opened the service; and an
tlm priests recited the Appointed prayers
and afterward constantly throughout
the ceremony burbts of cheering were
wafted In through the open doors The
For, ,i lew moments everybody, the
Queen nnd the people, knelt while tt
fervent prayer was said; and then the
Metropolitan, white bearded and with
flawing white locks, took his plaoe in
iroilb oi lliv wuui'll attain, nnu ma ihu
priest acolytes, each bearing three lighted
cantlleh tied together with a ribbon of
the Bulgarian tricolor, stood on either aitlo
of her Majesty
The .Metropolitan presented his crosi
to her Majesty, who Uissod it; and then
a young priejt, with long' black hair and
a big iK'ard, standing on tho altar steps
and looking toward the Queen, began
an impasionod address, in a great rich
bartone volco that carried Into the fur
the' I corners of the building, lie spokn
with int.wn feeling jf tho historio wars
bntween tie; Crosi und Crescent and of
tho a wMiion of ths Turk through many
Vh mi, itter a tinal prayer, the Queen
loft tho cathedral, looking very dignified,
b'lt ule uid very sad, md as she went
ilie iwwetl and jnooi; bands warmly
with a number of 'bo juicers who had
made a pathway 'or her to tho door.
As she emerged a wild .sheer was raised
ly i he Macotiontans :nd .Ue mass of
leople behind them, .aid n hour later
the crowd was outside ono of the publla
oftlreH, jtrnmohr.g lor copies of King
Ferdinand V proclamation that wero be
ing )ajje(i out to them in thousands
RELIC OF LIVINGSTONE.
I.eUer Written un .ewPMrr
.In n Uli- In II r Kxhtliltrd.
I.onuo.v, Oct. 22. An Interesting rello
of Livingstone, the great explorer and
missionary, which will be on view at tha
forthcoming centetiaty celebration, Is a
letter written on a copy of the Standard
for November 2t, HU9.
The fragment Is In the possession of
Mr. Murray, the publisher, who has a
collection of Livingstone memento.
The explorer wrote his letter In tho
wilds of Africa after his stock of Ink
bad given out, but as a substitute he
made a colored lluld from the Juice of
plants, t'nfortunately It Is difficult to
read the writing after all theso years,
for Ii has faded to a dull terra cotta
shade and In some places Is so pale ua
. ,0 tie undecipherable.
I A curious point Is that the fragment
c. the Ntinidiiid on which tin letter U
' w-ltten contains an account ff Living
it. one's work in Africa.
Over the printed words Livingstone
traced his letter In tho lonely jungle.
'"he letter Is written In n hold hand.
"The valleys Into which the water U
led," he says In the opening sentono,
"are covered with a thick sward of wiry,
dump loving grass nnd other aquatla
plants up to the verge of the forest,"
Unfortunately this sentence Is prac
tically tho only one which can be read
with little difficulty, and much is Im
possible to read with the naked eye.
LONDON THEATRES INCREASE.
(Iter 1'lvr Hundred Licenses Are
Sought ThU Year,
London, Oct. 19. The Gaiety of Lon
don is under no danger of an eclipse, to
judge by the provision of places of
The Increase In the number of thu
ntres. vniletv thentres and nlcture the-
' ntres during the past five years la
iiliown In the following table:
1908 371 for 851
1909 412 for 306
1919 ' 467 for 445
19 if 499 for 464
1911! 543 for 508
The new applications for licenses for
this year number SI. Among the ap
plicants Is Oscar llanimerstflln, w;ho
applies for a music and dancing licenst
for the London Opera House,