Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, MONDAY, NOVEMBER 4, 1912.
MONDAY. NOVKMUKIt I, 1912.
I.'nlered at tho Post (invent New Vol Us ifa-rund
(t Un.l Matter
fnbserlpllnns br Mill. Postpaid.
. DAILY, Pit Munth IU SO
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SUNDAY. Per n a SO
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DAILY AM) aU.NUAV. I'rr Moilli 15
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Published dally. 1 nol .i l I n or Sunday, by the Sun
Printing anil PiihlWilnir Av.uclKtlnnat 170 Nassau
Ml ret. In Hi- Rortniali of Manhattan, New York.
I'rcfMriit nml Triasmrr. Wllllnm l Itrlck. 170
" Nkstn strict; Vli-c-I'ir'lttint. IMttunl I', Mllrliill,
. iTH Niwmiu mi ret, iircictnty. t'liistor S Uml, I7n
.N'aissit trrf 1
, London oinco. l-.tlnihom llciiifr. 1 Arundel
' furls nfllcr, c iiiic He l.i Mli liti.lltrr, nit Hue du
Washington untie, lllbus building.
UroiUjn urtici. lol Livingston street.
, t our friends irhn furor tit with mannurtptt ani
Illustration (nr publltutiim tilth In hnre rtjtrlnt
"" nrflrtr returned "in? must In all fairs jfnrf Xoinpj
' irr that purpotr.
Tlir Silent Voter.
To (hat hiipa-iuoly important and al
wuya Unfiling Kcntlctnati tlic silent voter,
tlui tnunuKorH and aillioreiitH of the uh-
pir.iutu lor the ofllws to bo filial to
morrow now turn. Tiny liitvi; iiiilen.v
ored in every way to stir his sympathy
nnd iirotiMj his t'litluisrtsm to a point at
which h would disclose his intentions.
Their cITorl.s to uncover hla plans have
lwHiti even is uiiecesHfnl this year than
.In the past. He has kept his mouth
abut, with admiralilti cons!ntotroy, un
nioved by th fmtvt flights of rhetoric
or tlw mo.t industrious and persistent
of straw vote takers.
No politieal manipulator can tell to
which landidato the silent voter in
clines or whose programme most ef
fectively impresses him. He remains
the unknown quantity or the struggle,
ilio doeidiiig force in the contest. As
ho votes so goes the nation. His is the
ballot tJiat. decides thu victory.
Three hundred and sixty-four days
annually pro wierilieed to kihhmjIi. The
actually important day is allotted to the
triumph of the silent voter.
The One I'olnt.
From thn editorial columns of the
Albany Evening Journal we take the
"The one point that the Krrning Journal
''. has made ix this. Unit ths fact that Stat
, ximisos did continno to Increase under
tho Dlx ndmliilMrtioti convict the Demo-
:ratlo party or falsehood in making ths
charge that tho Iluuhes administration
, was extravagant.
"Of conn, 'flit; Sun Ik not no dense that
'It doosn't sec that point. It deliberately
, dodge It. a It must, in order to porform
thedifficult lnk which it has set for Itself
defending thu Dlx administration nnd
itpportin? tho candldacr of William
Sui.ZRn of Tammany.
s Tho one point The Sen emphasized
in its previous discussions with tho
' livening Juurnal watt tho fact that tho
t Democrats were in control of the Stnto
Government in all of its branches btit
( one year and that in that year they re
duced tho general fund budget from
JW2O,507.5)U to $ys,03i,ont.7l, that is
by approximately $t, 400,000.
Tho budget for 1912-13 was made by
B Legislature which had a Kepublican
majority in the Assembly. It waa ma
terially larger than those of 1010 or 1911,
but the entire responsibility cannot bo
fairly or properly fixed upon tho Demo
cratic Senato or upon the Democratic
Our contemporary has several times
referred to tho "plain facts." There is
but one, and that is that having promised
the electorate of tho State that if it camo
into power it would reduce the cost of
" Hfate administration tho Democratic
party fulfilled this pledgo In the singlo
.. year in which it had control. An to the
Evening Journal' statement that it
makes no pledge for the abolition of the
" direct tax if the Hon. Jon E. Hkdoks
"is elected, wo advise it to compare this
with tho appropriate plank in tho Sara
T, toga, plutfonn.
i i Loan Slnirk nnd Their Vlrllius.
Assistant District Attorney Biiooks,
head of thu bureau of usury, deserves
i tho heartiest congratulations on the
Miccess which has attended his efforts
.ln ctu-bing the activities of loan sharks.
.. Whllo it is generally recognized how
widApread have lwen the operations of
these vultures, the revelations contained
in the recent report of the bureau's work
. will corno an a surprise to most people,
Tim extent of the usurious loan business
tn the city of New York, wo rend, "is con-
Bervatlvely estimated at more than20,
IWO.OOO annually, at an average of over
k 200 per cent." Some thirty thousand
'employees are week by week turning
over a portion of their wages to salary
, loan companies, and not less than a
' hundred thousand wage earners in tho
city have been in the clutches of these
It is obvious from these figures that
,;6fncl.il action in the mutter has been
taken none too soon. Thu subtle mcth
' odnof theloanslmrknrc familiar enough
and nothing but pity cin bo had lor
those who are unfortunate enough to
get into his clutches. In tho majority
,'Of cases, as inu report bhows, tho first
Btcp is taken on account of dire necessity
and often through no fault of the bor
VSwor. Sickness or similar misfortune
may bo tho original cause; the employee.
earning u smau uut steady s.ilary, finds
himself in urceut need of a sum nr
i Allured by tho promiso of n loan on eusv
terms ana no security, no betakes hlin-
.'feUtothomonoy lender, an agrooahlo
Iiurton without guile, who is free with
ynipathy and offere of assistance. Thu
uplrit that animates him is one or tho
purest bouevolcnco toward his fellow
creatures, and tho victim, his need being
toaialng, signs, possibly without read
4nff,;or It ho roads without proper un-
derstandlrm ot its technicalities, what
ever document is put beforo him. IjOtcr
he discovers that puro iK'nevolenco is
synonymous with an exorbitant rate of
interest. The note becotnesdiie nnd he is
compelled lo renew it, with I'elion piled
on Oswi in interest. If he exhibits signs
or revtiveness a tlneat from the usurer
to inToim his employer as lo the trans
action issulllolent toreduej him to sub
mission, This lust threat constitutes the prin
cipal hold the .Shyloek has over his
victim, for in most largH linns the
discovery that an enifiloyco has had
dealings with money lenders means in
stant dismissal. To this asect of the
case, therefore, tho bureau of usury
liiw directed iwrticular attention, and
through its efforts in pointing out that
by dismissing employees on these
grounds they were really cooperating
with the loan sharks many firms have
Imh'Ii induced to change their rule.
As a result of the activity of tho bu
reau thirty-one arrests lme been made
since .Inly s, and of these twenty-one
have been held for trial: numerous vic
tims or the raacity of these scoundrels
have been relieved of their obligations
on layinent of tho sum borrowed, plus
0 per cent, interest: and Mr. Hiiooks is
able to declare his belief that "less than
one-half of tho volume of business is
being clone by tho loan sharks at the
present time that was done before the
District Attorney took up the prosecu
tion of violations of the tisurv laws."
That is n very creditable record for
the four months work of the bureau.
Austria nnd the llalkuit " HIorsl-
The despatches from Vienna reveal
tho fact that Austrian statesmen are
again confronting a familiar disap
K)iutmcnt. Twice in tho last two cen
turies tho rise of a little people, subject
in part at least to Austrian rule, has de
stroyed an Austrian dream of empire.
Is the Balkan "rioorgimento" to prove
tho third and presumably the last, since
the ring about Austria-Hungary will bo
elosed if the Balknn States now realize
Until FnKDKntcit the Great made little
Prussia, smaller than modern Bulgaria,
a jwwer in Germany, Austria claimed
and exercised control in Germany.
Wliat FitKDERit'K began Bihmahck com
pleted and tho rise of Prussia finally
wrecked Austrian ambition on the north.
But already the statesmen who served
tho house of Hapsburg had turned
from north to west, and the congress of
Vienna, which gave Atist ria Venetia and
liOmbardy, prepared tho way for a now
Austrian supremacy. This supremacy
Sardinia, playing in Italy the role Bul
garia has played in the Balkans, brought
to a disastrous close.
There, remained tho Balkans. Ex
pelled from Germany and Italy the
Viennese statesmen promptly trans
ferred to the south their campaign for
a greater empire. Possessing Dalmatia
and Croatia, inhabited by Slavs of the
Servian race, they planned to extend
Austrian boundaries to tho .Egcan ami
replacing Turkish by Austrian rule
acquire Salonica. By the annexation
of Bosnia and Herzegovina four years
ago they took a long forward step.
But now a new awakening of another
despised race has come. Bulgaria, Ser
via and Montenegro, counting eight or
ten millions of peoplo. united by ties of
race and religion and bound by an
alliance, have swept tho Turk from
Macedonia and Thrace and are pre
paring to divide his estate. Such a
division would give Serbia tho road to
Salonica and place across tho eastern
pathway of Austrian statesmen two
compact Slav States. Even worse, it
would stimulato the ambitions of six
million Serbs and Croats, now Austrian
subjects but bliaring in tho aspirations
of the Southern Slavs.
Austria must now decide whether to
attempt to play in the Balkans tho diffi
cult role she played so unsuccessfully
in Italy and Germany or acnuiesco in
the riso of two strong Slav States. At
the risk of a Russian war sho might ul
timately crush the Bulgarians and Serbs,
but would tho result justify tho risk?
At all events, the wholo course of Aus
trian history suggests that only a post
ponement of Servian national ambi
tion would be achieved. Yet to resign
tho great plan of Eastern empire is a
difficult thing. It is with this dilemma
that Austria is now wrestling.
F. ii rope, -m anil Amrrlrnn Medical
There is no subject which more closely
touches the huppiuess and welfaro of
tho people and which receives Kcuntl.ir
attention than the education of the men
and women into whoso hands wo en
ipit.t 4l,,. ..r i i.i. i , -
mini. inoii.-n ui iicuuil Ul! SICKnCSS,
life and deaUi. It is or paramount im
port to overy reader of Tim Sr- in l...
assured not only that his physician is
a man of character but that he is thor
oughly fitted for tho responsibilities of
his vocation. This is our warrant, for
watching every movement connected
with medical education and the conser
vation of health and rarninir canneiiv
of the people.
TJjo recent report of the dean of tho
medical faculty of Columbia I Tnl vnrwl v
to tho president of that institution brings
into ciear perspective some hitherto
obscure phases ot medical education in
this country. Americans generally have
(uito complacently regarded tho stric
tures upon laxity of medical eduentinn
in our country and our resources for
laboratory and clinical bedside tmininw
as merited ny existing conditions. It
is not only gratifying to our national
pride hut exceedingly satisfactory to
.our sense oj security to lenrn from the
report of the Carnegie Koiiudntioii,
I It'll!. I lint. tli...... ..I. It. I ,
. """ rH-uicHiigm lUIOII
i.i.li,.,.! t I.. '
miiiiii,ii .innmum ui mis country with
the result of exposing nmny weaknesses,
I that tiie Mime conscientious and pains-
miiiiig investigation ims demonstrated
that the German, Cnglish and French
medical schools are not so superior to
tho American as is erroneously sup
posed. Tho clinical instruction received in
uermuny is often -bud and inferior to
that given in the best American schools,
and laboratory methods In Germany are
very elementary and Inefficient. Tho
Carnegie Foundation rejiort leads us
to Infer that laboratory instruction Is
of a low grade in Franco also. Dr.
Immmkiit concludes from a searching
review of tho Carnegie Foundation re
IKirt that the best medical schools in
America furnish better labomtory
teaching than tho German schools and
that they are rapidly Incoming as good
clinical schools as are those of Franco
and Great Britain.
The amount of money expended by
our medical colleges for tho training of
each student Is much In excess of that
spent by the German schools. Tho
average cost in Germany is S50o annu
ally, while Columbia Unlvorsity spends
J700 on each student. Tho difference
In cost, says Dean IiAMHEHT, does not
represent, as muy on superficial view
appear, the true difference between
American and German values, because
in the German estimate the entire cost
of hospital teaching Is added, whereas
here the hospital budget is not included.
This includes the Presbyterian and
Sloano hospitals and the Vandcrbilt
The fact is that tho medical depart
ment of Columbia University faces a
deficit every year, as does every other
school that furnishes tho liest instruc
tion. The general fund of tho uni
versity Is drawn upon to meet this
deficit, because the medical school has
no endowment. While It receives occa
sional liberal donations, these aro pre
carious. It would appear to be a philanthropic
enterprise of fur reaching beneficence
for our public spirited citizens to en
large tho Hurkness Fund sufficiently
to liberate tho medical school from ils
present dependence and to consummate
tho splendid plan of converting tho
Presbyterian Hosfiitnl into a teaching
institution combined with research
laboratories that may Ikj equal if not
superior to uny medical school in tho
Tlio Ohio woman who on recoverinpt
hr sight after four years of blindness
Mild, "What awful THrIiIs the women aro
making of themselves in the new stylesl
experienced tho same sensations that
usshII the student who examines a family
lortrait album of a score of years ago,
Another New Jersey publio school row
resulting from u child's refusal to saluto
the Hag lias Ix-cn settled' by explanations
lietween teacher imd parent. A compe
tent instructor in tactfulnnss would lie
worth a high salary in any school system.
With the political campaign in the
United States closed, and the military
authorities in Europe suppressing the
war correspondents, what is left for a
contemporary historian to do?
The Argument in Fat or of a New Political
To tiik tlnnon or The His Sir: In his
letter on llronx county In Tub His this
inornint: Cliurle II. Ajres makes the state
ment that the cost of llronx county will lx
about ii.mn.oho nnniiHlly. No man can
tell to a dollur Just what the new county
would cost, hut there are certain guldcponts
which lead to n rixlit conclusion.
The appropriations for county expenss
for Kings county for th year IPI2vire tl.-
s4, Kin. 4.1. Klncs county Is almost four
times as larce as The llronx, and can any
reasonable man say Hint It will cost more
to run llroni county than it does Kings
A fairer tet l shoim In Queens county,
which ha all of the machinery for county
government and the cost of which for the
year mis is .im.3h.m.
The Sliu.coo. in round figures, which The
llronx contributed to New York county for
mi: would U- sufficient to run a county
government here, and the payment of this
sum to N'ew Yoik county would stop ut
once on the creation of llronx county.
It will uIm Iw noted that therntt of county
offices in the county bill of 1107, .'ix Is well
within the amount that The llronx now
contributes to New York county.
Assuming that llronx county would cost
SKju.ooo more than we aro now paying, al
though it is doubtful If it would cost any
more, this excess cost would be ruined on
an assessed valuation of real property In
The llronx of more than Jtci.ooo.Ooo. rig.
urine this out it is seen that the oxcest cost
if any would be about IS cents a thousand.
In other words, a man who Is assessed on
tio.isio of realty would pay about 11.50 more
annually, If anything, for tho cost ot llronx
lu Tub His said in an editorial rela
tive to llronx county: "It Is plain that Tho
llronx could support a county government
without dlftlculty in time Ths
llronx liecauso of Its size, the magnitude
of Its commercial interests, and tho increase
in its population will demand a county
government and receive It."
Cnlesh all ordinary signs fail the people
of The llronx believe that the time has
arrived width Tin: Se.v seven years ago
predicted. Hi:nrt K Davis,
New Yort, November
Ksriirt for the llolj t'arnet.
Frnm Vie I'npUan tla:ettr.
As Is well l.nonn lo Moh.immrilRn, bill to few
Uurnpean. the Holy Carpet nlvtsy travels with
an error! to nnd hum tlic holy cltl of Medina
ami Mecca, 'I hit rcort consists of .'no to 3M
mru of one of the Kg) ptlnn Infantry regiment
Willi two small flcM pieces and two quick nrlnr
cuiib, nml annul forty mnunlcd men, together
with ihclr lmri.es. Tho object of such a stroni
rsrnrl It to protect the sacred object fiooi falling
Into the IianclH of the Dedouln tribes, throuth
whntn countries It must pas at various stage
of Its Journey ami who are alto on the lookout
for II. as the carpet Ii worth a One ransom. Des
perate attacka are not Infrequently made upon
the Holy Csrpet by the Ilcdnulns of the detert.
Ilcuce the etreneth of the escort.
The Kcuadnr Blanket Tree.
From llarptr't Wrrklu.
Illinkets grow on trees In l.'cuador, and w hits
the Idea of an all wood, fresh from the foret
beJ covering might give Intomnla and a backache
to the rWU of rlUllzatlon who likes to snuggle
comfortably under keveral layers of down aad
wool, the natives find It all right, as In fact It la.
When an llciiartor Indian wants a blanket he
hunts up a demajagua tree and cuts from It a
Ave or six foot tectlon of the peculiarly soft,
thlrU bark. This l dampened and beaten until
ino i.riuii ui me meet 11 mucn Increased.
'The rough, gray exterior Is next peelel on, and
. thcfheetUrleJ In the sun. Tlieiesull Is a blanket,
I stilt, light and fJlrl' w aria, of an attractive cream
iiilxr. It may be lullet Into a compact bundle
I lUtliMUt hurl, ami with onlluary iivurc will latt
for eiml )cnr.
' From thr wmmtnvtr ilu:n'r.
M i:mrt IjuIs" has turnel u.llu from hU
I'M'irlcal labors In rrl.ile a lion mat by hi. f-leud
MnsM-mt, 11 was nt a lima when ihe mutlrlan
was cii.iiitliig .i;urlmMiH mid the 'historian In.
1 tUlrtl the mollve tif tho rhauge. "I was Inn ur
.known thfii!," ,M:isse-irl rcjHIel, "i:rrjboly
was too oinrefliey polite. Onlv the i,th,r .1.,.
I happened lo buy n penny stamp In a tobacco.
nW's thop 'I'lay do not trouble tn carry It.'
said Ihe tobacconist. 'It will the us the
pleasure to taua It isuud to you,' z
A POLITICAL CLINIC.
How Certain Campaliin Ittoes took
Under the Knife.
To the Knuon op Tiik HVSSIr: It Is
not an easy thing for the voter, save In crll-
leal cnmpalgns, and not always then, to dis
tinguish the imramoimt from the minor
Issue. A Presidential election does not
necessarily Involve a conflict of vital prin
ciples. Until this year there lias not bcon
a national Issue of real Importance or of
pressing appeal since lino, when the Demo
cratic party, having atiffeted one of Its peri
odical aberrations, was committed by an
apprehensive majority to the psychopathic
ward, whenos it has recently emerged on a
probatlonal release. Having urged free
silver as a curs ror low prices In lm on a
losing venture, It now seeks rehabilitation
by advocating n quasi free trade as a cure
for high prices in HI,
Tho Democratic party, despite the formal
Hp service whlrh It still professes to Its an
cient fetish of tariff for revenue onlr." Is
ipilte ns thoroughly committed to the policy
of protection as Is Its powerful adversary
the Itepubllcan party. The reason is not
hard to find. The Mouth, which has always
been the citadel of Democratic etrcngtli
nml without which the Democratic party
would be practically nullity, has conned
to be exclusively agricultural and Is nip
Idly becoming Industrial. The old Hoiltli,
the Hmilh of slave labor, of rice swamp nml
cotton field, of unreclaimed wilderness and
unsounded resource, waa uncompromis
ingly free trade. The new Mouth, the South
of free labor, of cotton factories sand Iron
foundries, is frankly protectionist, which
proves, ns a Demooratio Pestilential candi
date once remarked to the gleeful contempt
of n scornful enemr, that "the tariff is a
Not only the Demooratio parly, but the
country nt large haa become converted to
protection If tho country can bo said to
have become "converted" to a policy which
it has always believed In. Protection may
bo an economic fallacy, a political hoax,
a moral outrage, us Its academic foea assert
nml theoretically at lenst easily proved.
But the people of the United States, farmer,
laborer, manufacturer, seem to be over
whehnlilgly of tho opinion that somehow
protection rosters conditions wrhlch make
for national well being; and while they occa
sionally chafo under Its considerable op.
presslons, they are apparently resolved to
endure the prosperity whereon they fatten
rather than fly to untried expedients of
more than doubtful remedial efllcucy.
Tho man on tho street la not Interested
In tariff schedules, whose baffling intricacies
and puzzling contradictions he has long
since despaired of comprehending: ho is
mightily Interested hi prices, but he cannot
dgiiro out the actual connection between
the economlo policy of government and tho
cost of food and clothing. Nor Is the pro
fessional economist much wiser than the
simple public. The effect of protection upon
the cost of living Is conjectural at best and
undoubtedly exaggerated. To nttribtito
tho upward movement of prices mainly to
the tariff, as the Democratic platform does.
Is manifestly absurd, since similar advances
have taken placo practically the world over.
In free trade England us well us in protec
tionist France, Germany and America,
To say, as some republicans stoutly assert ,
that the tariff Is nowiao accountable for the
high prices which prevail in this country,
is also untrue, though In lesser degree. Hut
to determine exactly tho relation between
the dutr on wool and the price of a suit of
clothes Is Impossible.
That the consumer would derive no Im
mediate benefit from tariff reduction Is
certain, that he would derive any con
siderable ultimate benefit la uncertain,
for the reason that the Increase. In the cost
of living; is due to causes which aro far
beyond the power of legislation to abate.
Nor are the trusts and largo combinations
of capital responsible for the conditions
which ure the subject of universal com
pblut, for the prices of their products
are generally lower than prices were under
open nnd wasteful competition.
Higher wages, shorter hours, the de
preciation of gold consequent upon the
mining of Increased quantities, the drift
of population lo the cities and the growing
scarcity of land suitublo for cultivation. 1
these nre the true underlying cnuses of
the Increased cost of lhlnir, and they are
irremediable by political nostrums. It Is
true thut the supply of everything, crops
and manulactuies, has increased both
actually and relatively to the growth of
population: but It has not increased rela
tively to the larger demand. That Is to
say. tastes nnd desires have risen faster
and higher than incomes, nnd many com
modities which not so long ago were re
garded bv the mm of modest means ns
unattainable luxuries are now familiar
items in tho family budget. We want
more food, of better tiuallly and in greater
variety, to-day than we did tlfteen years
ago. The man who in iviil.wus satisfied
to ride a bicycle now covets an automobile.
and impatient of the slow accumulation of
Ids savings he mortgages his home to pay
for the automobile and then mortgages the
nutomobilo to buy the gusoleuo to run It.
Kveii religion exacts an added tithe of
voluntary offering, and where the humble
penny once sufllced a nickel or a dime is
now the least the contribution plate uoccpta.
vta are helter orr to-day than ever before,
measured by actual means, but loss con
touted with what via have. This condition
s not undesirable, but It la necessarily
Of course these factors combined have pro
duced an eoonomio lesion which la not with
out Its serious Inconveniences, The prob
lem will solve itself In time, as auoh prob
lems have always done, by the gradual con
vergence of Incomes and commodity prices,
not by means of petticoat enfranchisement
or old age pensions or the trust busting
futilities of infatuated governments, but
through a natural evolutionary adjustment
Induced by thn ceaseless play of inherent
forces. Meanwhile the case is hard for
most of us, und for some tlmo will probaby
grow worse; but no ono is to blame, and
while It lasts there Is nothing to do but grin
and beur It.
The National Progressive party halts the
upward movemont of prices as an issue to
be settled nt the pnls, and with a logic com
pounded of Insincerity and Ignorance pro
poses to reduce tho cost of living by putting
up wages and prices still higher through
the effective agency of the minimum wage
and the eight hour day. At the same time It
Insures the virtual confiscation of the mln
mum wage and every other moderata in
come by the fiscal necessities and multiple
xpedients of State socialism, which this
party promises to establish on the wreck
of the Constitution.
Now In all this there Ii no trace of the dis
tinctive "moral issue" which the National
Progressive party eeeka to Inject into the
present struggle and of which It claim to be
the virtuous and sole embodiment, (stripped
of the usual campaign veneer of emotional
flubdub nnd exalted sham, the sordid fact
remains that the "outs" want to cat in,
the "ina" want to stay wher they are, the
poor want to be rich and fancy that a po
litical victory will somehow make It easier
to get a living and bring within shorter
reach the luxuries of wealth.
But while there la no eoonomio Issue In
volved iu this campaign that is capable
of settlement by any of the method advo
cated, and no moral Issue that is discernible,
thorn is u politlcul issue of unquestionable
validity ii ml of supreme importance. We
are expel Hiring an epidemic of unparalleled
humbug and hysteria engendered by proph
ets of the "sociul uplift" who, unconsciously
allied with "certain lewd fellows of thn
baser Hbrl," have preached claiM hatred
with relentless persistence for twenty years
und with puitloular virulence nml effect
for thn last ton. The philosophy of thesn
revolutionists s lulrly suggested In the
popular slognn "IM the ieople rule!"
which lining Interpreted simply means to
transform American government from tho
representative typewhich though not
without its small defects ha nttyertheles
proved marvellously aucceaiful In reflecting
tru publio MBtunsnt and tn preserving
th genius of free government Into a pur
democracy where capricious and passionate
majorities inny tyrannize over unprotected
minorities, whoro tho finalities of Icgnl
Judgment rest In plebiscites and curbstone
referendum!, and where the surest aventio
lo placo and power for ambitious scoun
drel lies In catering to the etude prejudices
and the llorce resentments of apotheosized
Igtiotance, Inoxperlenco and Conceit.
lit the lineup of political paitles the Na
tional Progressives stand flatfooted for tho
speediest poseiblo attainment of direct
democracy and thotiltlmate realization of an
undisguised State socialism. The Demo
cratic platrorni, though suacopttbl of an
extremely radical construction In the same
direction, Is tempered by the moderate ut
terances of tho Democratic candidate, The
Itepubllcan party concedes nothing to ths
demand for revolution whloh In differing
degree finds expression In thn Demooratio
and National Progressive platforms, but
frankly declares for tho retention of the
Ideal and method of representative govern
ment. If Itepubllcan conservation favors the
perpetuation of boss rule nnd machine poli
tics through the maintenance of present
forms, "progressive" radicalism tiQuues
tlouably Insures tho reign of the Untnagogue
through, the nullification of constitutional
restraints upon tho licetiso of majorities.
Which Is lo apprehend the more, the party
chief who holds a legislature in his hand but
takes his orders from the men who repre
sent, the thrift and Intelligence of ths nation,
Its Industrial enterprise and opportunity,
or the idol of a mob whoso power and pelf
depend upon his constaut attitude of ag
gresslvo and vociferous hostility to ths
forces of conservatism and advancement?
I'or we shall bo ruled either by the bos or
ny the demagogue: the question Is, Which
one! I.kon C. I'mnce.
Carlisle, Pa., November 3.
COMMENCE AT Til IS rOIlT.
Hlathtles That .Inst If y Alarm Over the
To thk Editor op The bun sir: In
lOoo there went out from this port forty
nine steumships each-with a full cargo ot
grain. In lull not a single cargo of grain
left this iiort. The business or exporting
grain has been transferred almost entirely
to tho ports of PhlladelDhta and Baltimore.
That Is a serious decline of trado to which
we should not blind ourselves.
There has becrf a large falling off In our
exports of fresh beef, provisions and dairy
products. , It is true that there ha been
a falling off in such shipments from other
iiorte, but not to the disastrous extent
experienced by New York.
In lufifl Now York exported twenty mil
lion bushels of corn crops: In 1010 New York
exported seven million bushels of corn
In loos New York exported almost four
times as much wheat as Baltimore and more
than three times as much wheat as Phila.
dclphla. In into Philadelphia and Haiti-
more each exported more wheat than did
New York city.
In 1011 New York Imported much less
sugar than Ineltlier of the years loon or 1010.
On the other liuud. Philadelphia Imported
more sugar In tun than in inon or 1010.
Last ear our Importations of coffee
materially decreased, while Boston's Im
portations or coffee materially Increased.
Our Importations or ores have decreased;
Philadelphia' have Increased.
f could continue these comparisons al
most Indefinitely, but It Is unnecessary lo
do so. There are unmistakable Indications
that the business mini of New York al last
are urousiiig themselves to their elvio
duties. JU'iioi.nt II. TrsKVATHia.
New Yoke, November I.
Activity of Our lllvals.
To tut. KntTon ok Thk HvsSir: Are
New York hiiMliieas men awake to the fact
that Iloston is Ktlrrlu? heaven and eurth to
divert commerce from thn port of New York?
In a slntle recent edition of n ltoston news
paiicr I saw that the port directors of that
city nre nttemptlns to got thu .Stale to re
vluim certain piers from the Now Haven
ruilroad: that 1 ho Hamhurg-Amorlcan Line
has agreed to establish a lloeton-Kuropean
i-crvlco and that a direct steamship line
between Iloston and Norwegian Krt has
aleo been arrauced.
What tills nivalis Jo New York may be
gathered from tho following quotation
attributed by the Iloston Tramcript to Gen
eral Hugh Bancroft, chairman of tho port
"The railroad rates are the same here as
to New York, anil where tho service Is at
all coin parable with that of that port, Bos
ton will gut the business. Iloston is nearer
I'.urope than Now York, and it is one of the
cities best calculated to attract passenger
l raffle. "
What are New York's business men
dolni lo keep the traffic that New York
already has and Increiwo It? Mr. Kdward
Hatch, dr., Is not alone In wanting to know
thn answer to this question.
The Iloston I'hamhor of Commerce la
the active organization that is promoting
Boston's effort to tako our trade away from
us. It Is tints New York business men
showed as much civic, spirit aa those of
Iloston. J. K. Knrtr.
Nkw Ynnc, November .
The roasaa Paradise.
From Wis lord Xfitl.
I.orUlkthr native heath ot the opossum, No
where ele does he abound so plentifully or thrive
so well. It Is here last the Georgia people get
their line tpeclmens when they nln to entertain
Pretldent Taft at a patsum dinner. Folks com
from North Carolina here to bunt them, and our
narket supplies Delmonlco's and the St. Regit
and many other famous caravansaries,
Aa the canvatbark duck and the dlamondbark
terrapin are to Baltimore, to It the possum to
Ixirts. The Maryland uurk feeds on wild celery,
which grows on iho flata ot the headwaters of the
Chesapeake Bay. II is this that glvea them their
ntic flavor, Jusl as peanut and acorns flavor the
raznrback hog and produce tho .Hmllhflcld ham,
The Ixirls possum feeds on chickens, nice young
fat chickens, buch at only 1-orls has, and many ot
them are from the postmaster's private crop,
Mlisourl Court Tard Repartee.
From tin D4 Kalo Countv lltrnld.
nspartee of a high order and rasping quality
nips bark and forth between our ritlatat, whs
sometimes seat themselves on the beaches of ths
maples. In the court bonis yard. It Is of such a
pungent nature that It might have called for
Pistols and duels It It had been hurled seventy
five or a hundred years ago. For Instaece, oat
fellow the other day waa speaking of a hypocrite
ha had In mind who could unfeelingly shed Mars
a big as peaches. "They wouldn't bt very Mr
If they were no bigger inan the peaeh yeu
sold me last summar," the other fellow said, -I
sold the peaches lo St the man." was the retpSnt.
Aad thtre wasnoOght. Everybody jut Uughtd.
1 i" ' i"
Reiterlat Caatdsac la am IlIlDet eats.
J'roni th$ Enfltu Exvrtn.
About seven years ago one of our subscribers
cam to us and told us to stop bit paper, bt
was behind and unable to pay, but said he would
nay all "arrsarasat" when ihu u
nam off th Hit and forgot the matter, but not
iw ww uvmuiuont incno. ror on last rTlday
he came In our office smiling and banded ut two
tllver dollars, ths amnuni h i
. .w BCVCU
years aro. It It such tatngi at tbtt that help ut
w unvw .uuuucun m uur rcuow man,
High Spots In HtstlatlpBt'a Capital.
From Iht aulfport lltrali.
Vlalt ihe Slate fair aad tpend a fatr days tn
yur capital rltv. The manv nnlni. ... .
trr e II worth the trip alone. The new Capitol,
t-apuui, insane nonpuai, mind Institute
.State Charily Hospital, Deaf and Dumb lattltute
Old Utiles' Home, Methodist Orphanage, llaplUt
Orphanage and numbers of other ,,nin,. .
Law of th rendalan.
From Ihe VhrletUm UtraUt.
la the latitude of New York a pendulum mutt
be sill Inches to vibrate every second. Nearer
lo Ihe pole such pendulum would vibrate more
rapidly, and nearer to the equator more slowly
for lb reason that the pull of th earth la leas
sine at the etjiuie-r lot pendulum u further turn
the centre ot gravity tl ta aarlk.
THE APPEAL TO COLLEOtASS.
A Spirited Reply From the Democratic
PsMMtor of Several Of irees,
To tb Fditob or THE SCM-.Hr.' You have
lrcetitly published In criticism of the activities
of the Woodrow Wilton Collet Men t League
two eommtinlcotians the force of which wt
,somwht diminished by the circumstance that I
their auUiort did not think much of flovernor I
Wilton and might therefore be considered to be1
'jmduly critical of movemeat. organlied In his
1 The appended letter exprcuei the views of a I
roiirgc man ssnu is tujjiviiint viutviiiui ,iivu
la thlt campaign.
A.n. tHARvafew: A. U. (HtaTiao): ph. f. (Co
Lntau). Tcxaoo Piaa, November I.
Dear Sir: I am In receipt of a communi
cation from your orfnnUallon of which
the bulk consists of soma very fine tnrlff
and trust "dope," hut which Include nlso
a request for monetary contributions, or,
falling this, for suggestions.
Such monetary contributions as I ran
afford to make toward tho success of the
Dfmocmtld party I nm In the habit of
maltlnif through regular clinmiol. I -am
willing; to make auggwtlous, however, to
thn entire world, and accordingly gladly
avail myaelf of the opening you have given
me to say:
First, that "dope" audi ns you have stit
out could only be prepared by Homebody
who knew something about the subject
matter: that an expert la likely to have
secured at least part of his information
through colleges and universities and la
therefore likely to be a college or univer
sity man, and thut tn so far aa th purpose
of your organization is restricted to secur
ing the cooperation of such men anil pub
lishing the result of their expert researches
your organlistlon seems to me to' 1 n
vory good sort of thing, and to Ikj amply
justifying Its existence,
Would that I oould atop here. 1 gather,
however. In the second place, that this
"dope" la not Intended in Ita preaent form
for the publio at large, but only for that
Intelligent minority which has enjoyed the
advantages of n college training and that
an important feature of your work is to
induce young college men to stand under
Wilson banner and transla'3 this esoteric
Information into terms suited to the com
prehension of their untrained auditors.
You obviously yourselves realize that If
tho publio should become awara or this
patronizing attitude your movement would
fail of Its purpose, far you carefully state
that there Is to be "no Indication that it
is a meeting conducted by college men."
That Is to say, you preserve your attitude
but envelope yourselves In a mysterious
cloak, hoping to accomplish your alms by
dlsoreet and tactful methods,
I must say that If when younc college
men rise to address the publio In this spirit
thn publio does not auicklv pierce their dis
guise the public must be more stupid than
I for one believe. Assume that your meth
ods ure effective, however. Does sincerity
count for nothing In a political campaign?
I for one when I belong to an organization
like to have the whole world know the fact:
and I am careful not to belong to organiza
tions that I am not willing to have every
body know all about. Perhaps, however,
this is not the best way In whloh to elect a
The serious part of your mistake. If I may
venture to call it such, is not, however, the
effect that you are going to have upon the
public. The public, after nil, is abundantly
able to take care of Itself and accords lo
the college bred Just the respect they de
serre and no more. What Is unfortunate Is
Hint you should encourage the college bred
themselves to consider themselves as a class
apart from the community as a whole. It
Is natural for a young man Just out of col
lege to believe that he knows it all, and this
illusion can he easily explained and excused.
In my opinion your movement tonds to keep
this belief alive and consequently to weaken
rather thiin strengthen the influence of col
lege gradual es.
Poverty Not tho Most Potent Sbortrnrr
at Hainan I.lfe.
To the EotTon or The His Sir: 'While
I regret to differ with "K, II. J." I cannot
agree with him when he alleges that "poverty
has more to do with shortening life than
any other single factor In creation."
Nobody will deny that the unsanitary
and unhygienic oondltton which obtain
largely among the poorer classes, particu
larly in our larger cities, tend to lower th
physical stamina and thereby make the body
more susceptible to infectious and other
diseases. Hut how about vice and im
morality? Are they not among the chief
factors that lead to an early death? And
no one will contend that these traits are
the exclusive possession of the poor. Let
"K. 11. J." scan statistics and see whether
our modern social conditions are not mora
'to blame than poverty.
Herman statistics show that Kurope has
at present more than seven thousand people
who have passed 100 years.
Bulgaria hfadsthe list with ,ns centena
rians. Rumania and tservia follow with 1.074
and tn respectively. Among the other
nations Hpatn has U0, and Prance, with a
larger population, but 213 oentenarlnns.
In Italy there are only 107, tn Austria-Hungary
113, in l'.nitlantl 3, In Ilussla 80, In
Germany 7, in Norway jn. In Hweden 10,
In Belgium S, and In Denmark 2.
Theso figures are taken from llorprr'i
Wtrklv. What do they show? Hlmply that
In the more progressive end active nations
the chances of longevity are very much
less, than In nations like Bulgaria, Rumania
and Kerviu. The great nervous strain to
which the more advanced and enlightened
peoples are necessarily subjected under the
high pressure of modern civilization tends
materially to shorten the duration of human
life. The conclusion Is, therefore, that not
poverty, hut rather the pace and worry
Inoldsnt to modem life are among th
greatest factors that cut short our earthly
"It Is worrj. that kills." A. U. B.
KUTtTuwx, p Novsmher J.
Tlpplag Ihe Hat at Harvard.
From iht Iioifsn rati.
Kvenbodv tips bis bat at Harvard these days.
Thecubtom batbeea grow Ing gradually for several
yvars and It It now In full bloom.
livery student ot the university and there are
over 3,030 ot them tips bis bat to President
towcll when be meet him on th street or In lb
yard, and the chief executive of Harvard rsturnt
the tlient greeting In like meaner. The ttudenta
universally recognize Dean, LeBaron Itutsell
Brlggt and Dean Myron a. Hurlbutt aad severe
other widely known membert ef th Harvard
faculty by Unplug the bat,
Students In the courwa at th college are ex.
peeled to tip their bate to the professors or a.
slttant professor! wbetber they know them per
sonally or not. Th Ha Is drawn agalntt th
A Wireless Map.
From iht London Olott,
A novelty In the way of mapt has just been
Uaued by lb German Imperial Pail Omre. which
hat complied a chart shewing th principal wire
lett telegraph ttaUont In the world. The object
It to advertise the facilities now afforded In Ger
many for "drabtlote" telegraphy. German sta
tions are. of course, given special prominence
oa the map, sod In this connection It Is Interesting
to note that the ttatten at Neuen li claimed to be
th moil powerful lo existence, Ut range belug
5.100 miles. Thlt Is too rail mors than that of
the ElBet Tower.
rrom tht Clertlantf Plain DeaUr.
The whole world wan to Ihe telf-tanie tune.
The tklea and th alara above you:
The setting tun and the rising moon
All teem to croon
And when 1 rite at the break of day
From wonderful vltlont of you.
The new morn slats In the s me old war,
And seemt to tay
la the rushing winds, In Ihe babbling tprlnn.
lu the volnua of lark , rtnv. . v "".
Still call my heart, till It tpreedt lit wlait
And, aniwerlng, stags
O lev, reply r the Uakllng herd.
Or the bree that Mow above y
SAKS LAW NOW SEEKS
t..i,,., nokoll Ii.MiW Minimus
MlMIIt'C HltStCII I UllsCn .MOIllTIl
Method of Dcnlllllf Willi
ONLY WAY WITH A fill 1,1)
Tells Coiifii'csntlon KiivIpdii-
lllt'llt In lilpo-cT Fuel or
Til tin lloi'filily.
t'hlef .liisttce Inane Franklin Kiimxh)
of Spcclnl Sessions declared ycsteiila
morning at the I'nrk Avenue Methods
Church that environment Instiud n'
heredity Is now rciritrdcd an tlio con.
trntllnc cnuso. of Juvenile delinquency
"It In pleasant to hear that environ
ment 1m more lmportnnt thn ti heredity
tn Influencing nnd determining criminal
guilt," ho auid. "If It Is too late to se
lect our nncestors It remains: entirely
possible to change our environment.
"In reality, what Is glibly culled Ju
venile delinquency mlRht with quite ns
much accuracy be styled parentul de
linquency; nt least, wo can auy that
three-quartern of nil the. case.i that
crowd tho calendars of thn Children's
Court of Nov York nro tho direct re
sult of Improper guardianship.
"When tho child's: environment be
comes what it should be the aid of this
court In no longer needed."
The Chief Justice said that modern
penology Jfinorcs retributive Justice und
seeks to accomplish thn amendment of
offenders through reformatory fluencies.
rnc juvenuo ucnmiucni ih not nmv re
garded aa n criminal, but as one who
needs the caro nnd protecton of tlm
State. Tho betterment of social condi
tions' Ih Fought through education and
repression rather thun by Imprisonment
and punitive discipline.
The new tendency, he said, was sug
gested by Ihe medical fight for the
benellta of prophyluxls rather than
therapy attacking the cause of nn ail
ment rather than simply Becking lo cure
The new method, said the Justice, has
brought forth statute for compulsory
education, factory luwn, atrlct penalties
ngnlnst corrupting morals nml the rale
of liquor to minors. The Chief .lurtlcc
declared that It is not unlikely that In
tho nenr future psychiatric examina
tions will be n necessary part of the
hearings accorded to all young delin
quents. Many cases can now be treated path- y
ologlcally. Many children have been '
put down as backward or delinquent tn
schools whose only trouble wns bud
eyes. Glvo them eyeglilanes ami they
were all right. Adenoids nre believed
to Inspire u restlessness nntl nervous
ness that ends in truuney nnd wander
lust. The Indeterminate sentence, the Jus
tice thought, waa a wonderful utep for
ward. No two natures ure exactly nllka
nnd therefore no fixed punlilinient ne
com. Holies a result desired In both
EWOVS IW.ICII PUEHTO PLATA.
Will Confer With Insarrrrtos In
Vr'A:-Ht.vmnN, Nov. 3.--Special Com
missioners I?oylo and Mclntyro, wr.t
from tho United .Stutcs to unravel tlm
tangled fltuatlon in the Dominican re
public, arrived nt Puerto Plata yesterday
for conferences with Horatio Vaaqiiez,
tho leader of the revolutionists operating
tn that region. This movo on tho pait
of the commissioners is rpganled here
as significant and likely to provo the
means of a final adjustment of the situa
tion. It Is expected to put an ond to
fighting for tho present at least.
Doyle In reporting to the State Depart
ment to-day the arrival of himself and
Oen. Molntyro at Puerto Plata stated
that they had como there on the invitation
of Yasque:! liimsolf. Tho fact tliat it
was the rebel leader uho nought the
conference in regarded aa giving tha
American commissioners a distlnot ad
vantage in the discussions which are to
With thn American commissioners is
tho Archbishop of Knnto Domini;'). H
will represent tho Dominican Government
In the conferences and Jiaa been given
full power to treat with tho rebels in any
proposals they nay submit. Tho arch
bishop was chosen for this mission an an
indication of the sincerity nnd good In
tention with which the Dominican flov
nniment with the plil of tho American
commissioners Is endeavoring to bring
to an end tho troubles,
Horatio Vrsqucs, v!;o )i"U1 a cr.Himt
office under former rdmlulstr.it iona in Hie
Dominican republic, N umlcrbtood to
control a sufllcinnt. number of rebel force 4
to makn it worth the while o( the govern
ment and tho commishinperH to iltul with
him. He is known i.s u nun of consider
While not u bIubIo word his been re
ceded here as lo the prolnbln result of
the conferences with the rel.olis ui Puerto
Plata, much is expected. President Vic
toria has already offered amnesty to tlln
rebels and as a further eoncili.'.lorv ii.omi
has agreed to retiro from oflieo 'Jule 1
1014, Ir.stc.id of Mu-ving until 1018. 'in
situation thus brought about )ikh gjvei
rise to Um bnllof that, tho fnrthroidl'
conference will rwult in Horatio Vr.sqt.iv.
being given some position in tho govc' -ment
which will i.s(turu tho re! t.. i,f
representation with tho tinderstat ill i
that ho Is to be a candidate for l'roltt t
when Victoria retires. Kuchaprocrait i
It is believed here, would put nn e-( o
the rebellion now colng on. rn-torn irr
and nut tho opposition faction in "m
position of simply waiting until do Sf ,ri rj
of 1M1 to go before tho country t (I t -deavor
to get itself elect ed to power
Such a programme of course, "o 'rl
be autlstuntory in n general v.:iv to m
American commissioners and the T'l I tl
States Government, provided oihcr es
sential details could ho arranged,
IF. MOIWAS SHUSTKIt MZTl .'.V.s.
Howe From Trip of Invrstluntliiii In
Among the passengers on the Alliniivu,
which nrrived yestimlay from Cristobal,
were W. Morgan Sinister, the former Persian
Minister ot Finance. He came from South
America by way of Colon with 11. V. t'atui
stud It. II. Morton.
They all represent the National City
Bank of New York and have been on a tour
of investigation In South America. '1 hey
sailed from New York five months ago still
visited Itlo da Janeiro, Santos, Sao Paulo,
liuonos Ayre. Valparaiso and Santiago d
Chile, und talked with thn presidents of
iiichm. ui iiinnuutii Aiiivrican rcpuunis.
Thev didn't eelanv mail from home lamr
times for five weeks at a slratnh. One el
the object of their trip was to look