Newspaper Page Text
BIG BATTLE AT
Continued rom First rage.
Eulpnx fhells. nnd from tho city comes
Ok' word that ltn Inhabitants arc starv
ing and only too ready to surrender.
Some of tho embassy RUanl ships will
jand guards ns ii precaution In- caso of
trouble. The Austrian Consul-General
has ndtlsrd nervous residents to send
their wives and children aboard an
Austrian steamer whl6h Is at Constan
tinople and for tho men to remain at
the consulate until the arrival of an
' Aii.vtrian warship.
In tlm meantime tho Servians have
cfincnt rated nt Veles and arc marching
tr the Rates of Monastlr and Halonlca.
There Is n report that the Servians have
reached tho sea at Han Giovanni dl
MediM. Jf this report Is true a division
of the Serb, whoso doings havo hitherto
lpn unchronlelcd, must havo started on
their inarch to tho sea Immediately
after the (all of Uskub.
TURKS FLED PELL MELL.
Hounded hjr Bulaara Rons and ?fa
Srerial Cable Detpatch to Tni 8cm.
London, Nov. 5. Martin H. Dono
hue. the war correspondent of the Daily
Chronicle with tho Turkish army, who
makes It clear that It was Abdullah
Tisha and not Xnzlm I'asha, tho Min
uter of War, who commanded tho
Turk during tho fighting and retreat
from l.ule HurK.tr, expresses profound
sympathy with tho beaten commander,
llr ays he was one of those who knew
the Turkish army was a Colossus of
clay feet, but although he was heavy
with sorrow, knowing that ho was
doomed to failure, he "did not shrink his
duty, as did a brother General, through
whfe notorious Incompetence In a min
isterial ofllco much of tho present dis
"Already the finger of odium Is
pointed at Abdullah," says the corre
spondent. "He Is earmarked as a
national scapegoat. Ills offence Is that
without a strong army he ventured
Into the wilds of Thrace In an attempt
to beat a finely disciplined and highly
Mr. Donohue's despatch, which Is
dated November 1, nays:
"There haa been little rest and no
respite for the harried remnant of the
Turkish army. Onward, ever onward,
is tho cry of its pursuers until the Bul
garian cannon thunders at the rear, in-
utlablo for deaths to make its toll hourly
" of battered, tattered human wrecks, once
Koldlers but whose feeble energies aro
now devoted not to lighting but to fleeing
for their very lives over tho wldo Thracian
plain, up the steep, reeky slopes of
Tchorlu to its wide plateau and down
either side across the stony valley which
lends toward Tchataldja.
"The broken army la crawling. It
' can no longer run. Days and nights of
awful suffering havo reduced its gait to
a mere totter. The track of the fleeing
army is paved with the dead and the
dying and as an aerial rear guard a great
flock of black crows which caw a hideous
requiem ever hover near, marking down
tomo weary soldier staggering to his end.
"Prairie dogs of vulpino breed scenting
carrion have gathered from afar, their
, dismal howling resounding throughout
the night. They and the crows aro the
only grave diggers for the dead.
On the way from Tchorlu, while still
daylight, I came across the half devoured
bodies of many horses which could not
have succumbed more than two hours
previous. I shuddered to think of the
fate of the hapless mon who had fallen
dying by the wayside,
Those beaten forces which physical
strength permitted reached Tchorlu late
on Thursday night and bivouacked indis
criminately on the plateau commanding
the railway station and in the sheltered
valleys which adjoin it. The night was
intensely cold, which added to the suffer
ing of those ulrcady cruelly tried fugl-
tives. Only small quantities of flour and
1 liarley wcro found In the town. Theso
-ava nnmmnnrlaAPitfl ImtnA4la4o1w rfi
did not serve to feed a tithe of the starving
men, tho bulk ofwhom therefore passed
the bitter night without food, drink or
lover. Or of rice, which is the staple
diet of the Ottoman soldiers, not a grain
"By noon Friday efforts had been made
to obtain supplies of food from Constanti
nople, but before many train loads liad
lotiw through tho Bulgarian guns inter
vened and actually threatened the town.
"The enemy throughout the briof cam-
P faign has shown astonishing celerity In
pursuit, Its advance guard has never
I tcn far from the rear of the retreating
tft Tarty Friday morning the Bulgarian
artillery pushed on anew from Beldlor.
l'ast and west of the railway Bulgarian
i-eoiits overran tho country, cutting off
rtrogglers and capturing the few remain
ing wagons which had been abandoned
In tho laet phase of the flight toward
"The wearied .bdullah Pasha, with a
majority of his staff missing, was con
fronted with the grave problem on Fri
day morning of the safety of the survivors
of his bhattered array, who were now
threatened by the pursuing Bulgarians.
To remain would be to court disaster
and would load Inevitably to the rem
nants of th army being surrounded
and either killed or captured en masse
'y tho enemy. Even to a commander
nth a large foroe at his disposal, in the
link of fighting condition and plenti
fully supplied with guns and ammunition,
Tchorlu is strategically weak. It could
turned without difficulty cither from
th Kiuthwcst or northeast. A big Bui
earim movement was already roported,
probably by tho force that harried Mulch
Mr I'ns-ha in his desperate retreat, which
'lid to 13 descending the Jivalia
all.y upat of the Istrandja range. Their
, objective could only le tho railway line
"t I clierU-xsketit. With this point in the
i)my h possession nothing could save
"It did not tako Abdullah Pasha long
m to make up his mind. Once morn on
immediate general retreat was ordered
H and 1 1 . . . . .it , i
..mj i t'l uil'lllt' oi me army uiiruu'U
steps toward 'tha-entrenchod linen. or
Jtliataldja, where it was hoped that a
al Maud might lie made,
"'lho defences from which so much is
"peered may very likely whoh subjected
" 'he Mres and strain of war prove but
fnaro and a delusion.
"Tchataldja was being rapidly pro
'Uloned and furnished with munitions
&r- There always haa been an aliun
of war material and army eup-
Vatt nvnlloM i- r-i I- !...
V - m Turks do not poaeeas properly
UNREWARDED HEROES OF
Wv".'."- ' - ' ". (f- ' , . ,'"?' 4 - i,v r, !. , V - ! ji- -,
. V ' 4 . . . . ;. '
, . . . l .
r9m .iHf sHiwaT .Z E
i.5T4A'- v 'J'-fiJmmSmmmmimW. -m 'HSl-SVCfc ...
'TV " '; ' v vJw-Jj CSE WCBSaiMc? ''LBwljy-- ' "I y
eulpped intelligence department these
supplies and munitions havo reposed
undisturbed in tho stores of tho cnn'tiil.
It It no one's business to send them to tho
front. That N ono reason why Turkey
haspaifl the penalty of a disastrous defuut
and rout or hor army.
"Onco through the Tchataldja lines
nothing can stop tho army of King Fer
dinand unless tho Powers intervono from
making a dramatic entry into the capital
When in 1878 tho victorious legions of
tho ( 'zar descended the Balkan posses
and swept across Thrace, driving tho
demoralized Turks before them, Lord
Beaconsflold's imperious gesturo nnd
threat of war brought tho Hustians to a
dead stop at the gates of Constantinople.
In order to respect tho suseptlbllitles
of thoMoslems and spare theffurks humil
iation the Russians halted nt SanStofano
and did not enter tho capital. It is im
possible to foresee what would follow
the joyous entry of Christian troops into
the stronghold of Islam and tho very
suggestion of such a catastrophe ha
been sufficient to Infuse fresh energy
into the usually indolent Turk.
"Napoleon cherished the ambition of
tearing down the Crescent and placing
the Cross on tho minarets of St. Sophia.
The Napoleon of Bulgaria is fired with
a similar ambition which lends additional
significance to. his fiery worded proclama
tion that this Is a war of the Cross against
tho Crescent. Although tho King of
Bulgaria may be animated with tho per
fervid zeal of the Crusaders he will find
his path from Tchataldja to the capital
a thorny one, -full of diplomatic pitfalls
which have been carefully dug by the
zealous agents of tho European concert.
"For flvo hundred years Stamboul,
whoso beautiful Byzantine church of
St. Sophia is ono of the architectural
beauties and wonders of tho world, has
been In undisputed possession of tho
Turk, who has vowed that never again
shall the temple falllinto Christian hands.
High up in the magnificent arched dome
of the Interior is reared a figure of Girlst,
although it ,ia concealed by Moslem
emblems and coated and eroded paint
centuries old. There is a legend that
when a Christian host again takes the
city the face of tho Redeemer will spon
taneously emerge into tho light of day in
all its pristine splendor.
"Tills legend has long caused uneasiness
to pious Moslems who have spent large
sums and made unavailing attempts to
conceal effectually the facial outlines of
the Saviour of the Giaours. A fanatical
mullah of Stamboul has declared that the
advent of a Christian host before the walls
of the ancient Byzantine capital will bo
the signal for tho destruction of Saint i
Sophia and all tho Christians in the city.
It is tho hope of the Turks that tho be
lated if barren triumph accomplished by
the army when it recovered from tho panio
and had been to some extent reorganized
will be ablo to say to tho allies: "Thus far
and no further."
"Behind Tchataldja itself Is n barren,
windswept, plain which affords little shel
ter in Inclement winter weather to masses
of troops," It recalls what Osman Pasha
did In tho obscure Balkan town of Plovna
where ho entrenched and held out for four
months against tho might of Russia.
Plovna proved what is perhaps the truth,
that tho Turks always light best behind
cover. Very shortly, in all human proba
bility, they will bo put to a fresh test nnd
the world will have an opportunity of
judging whother tho Ottoman holdior
has degenerated slnco tho days of that
"The morale of tho retreating troojs
has Iteen severely shaken If not in some
cases entirely destroyed by tho ordeal
through which they passed last week'.
Thoy are in a thoroughly 'jumpy' condi
tion and aro suffering from what military
men call 'raausorltls.' Those who still
have rifles and cartridges loft In the
darkness of Satuday night saw imaginery
enemies on overy side and loosed ofT thoir
rifles indiscriminately. As often as not
they shot a comrade.
The stato of tho army in tho last stago
of the retreat was pitiable in tho oxrremo,
Hundreds of men with tho soles torn o ff
their boots walked with bleeding feet,
which must havo caused them excru
ciating agony every step they took. Ono
is compelled to pay a tribute of respect
and admiration to their Moicisin. Such
fortitude in such circumstances may well
exclto tho envy of soldiers of (ill nations.
"Tho Ottoman syldior ns I havo scon
him during thoso awful flvo days of tor
ture, suffering, starvation and defeat,
has always faced death cheerfully and
uncomplainingly. Ho wont for d.iyH with
out food. No murmur pf reproach crossed
his lips, When his woiry and IwiuiiiiIxmI
legs longer rc'iised lo support his
emaciated body ho lay down mid died
us complacently If death from starva-1
4lon was part of hh ovrythy duty. No
fear of the approaching end could ixi Been
in tho pain racked fo itures.
"In tho firing lino ho Mood, seldom
caring to tako cover, with folded arms
hla cartridge pouch empty, his rlflo "e-
lewj, and took the fearful punishment
meted out to him without wincing, meet
ing death with calm composure. Tho
olllert may havo beaten tho Turkish army;
they havo not conquered tho Turkish
soldier, He haa all the docility or a child
yet his courage l unBUrpaenwi. Proporly
led, properly fed and treated u an ordi-
ill 4 Kzj" MjpgMjBw i ''ill
Ha Been. Foo.Tu.tc
nary human lelng ho would go anywhere
and do anything. He would easily con
quer fresh worlds for Islam.
"It is comparatively easy to writo pane
gyrics about tho elan of soldiers in tho
flush of victory, but what of thoso who
died during Abdullah's terrible retreat?
What or those whoso cup of bitterness
overflowed with galling humiliation?
I witnessed their sufferings and sliared
their privations. In defeat wo were
companions in misfortune. They are
dead, but I live, aitd yet while I was
penned up withAbdulIah's flying army
I was certain that not ono of his soldiers
would have hesitated had tho occasion
aroso to givo his life cheerfully to save
mine, hated Giaour though I bo.
"Every soldier during that awful re
treat was ten times a hero. Thousands
of these brave fellows wero sacrificed
to tho exigencies of war. Desolate homes
In Anatolia and European Turkey bewail
their loss. They sleep their last sleep
on tho wide Thracian plain. May Allah
tho Compassionate look with pitying eye
on his dead children and receive their
souls In Paradise. May the tierce biting
wind which ever swoeps across the wido
Thracian plain bo tempered so to blow
gently over the ashes of those fallen
ADRIANOPLE HARD PRESSED.
DnlRarlnns 4 Attempting to Hasten
Fall of tbe Fortreaa.
Sptcial Cable Despatch to Tnc Sex.
Vienna, Nov. A. Lieut. Wagner In a
despatch to tho Ilclchapost dated "Bul
garian Headquarters, Sunday," says:
"The nttempt of the Turks to tako up
a position again north of Serai and at
Tchorlu In order to cover their retreat
totally failed, ns did also their Inter
vention to the eastward of Vlza. The
Hulgarlnns aro pushing the pursuit
with tho greatest energy for the pur
poso of driving tho largest part of the
defeated TurkB from tho lino of retreat
"The enormous exertions nnd sacri
fices entailed on the Bulgarians at Kirk
Klllsseh and Lule-Hurgns naturally
necessitate a temporary rest, but this
will not stop the operations long. On
tho contrary the ndvnnce on Tchataldja
may bo begun this week.
"Kvery nervo Is now being strained
to hasten tho fall of Adrlanople In order
to enable, tho Bulgarian siege guns to
bo released for eventual uso at Tchat
aldja. Adrlnnople's powers of resistance
aro diminishing vlslnty dally. The
Turks reply weakly nnd nt Irregular
Intervals to tho Bulgarian artillery.
The northwestern works have suffered
severely, and slnco the last greut sor
tlu In tho direction of Ma rash the ac
tivity of the garrisons seems to have
"The lack of provisions In the city
Is reported to bo already extremely
"Tho Imminent fall of Adrlnnoplo Is
regnrded hero ns of the greatest mlll
tury and political Importance both ns
evidence that Tchatali'.Ja cannot have
Constantinople nnd to enable tho whole
Bulgarian urmy to concentrate nnd
march on Constantinople.
"Anatolian prisoners blame the Young
Turks for tho Turkish reverses on tho
ground Hint they offended ngnlnst tho
Koran by deposing Abdul Hum Id.
"From tho military point of view the
campaign may already bo regarded as
settled. Tho Iiulgars look forward to
tho ensuing diplomatic campaign with
dark determination. They nave de
cided to tako udvantago of overy point
tliey have gained and will negotiate
only directly with Turkey."
FRANCIS M'CULLAGH MISSING.
Wiir rnrre!inleiit Tlioiiulit to lime
Iteeli Killed In llnll.nna.
Coiihldrralilo anxiety Is felt for Fran
cis McCiillagh, an American correspond
ent, who went In the RilkniiH for tlin
Until) .Yric ami Lender of himdon, For
Ion days no word has come from him,
A week ngn a censored desintch came
from tho scene of t lit) IJalknn disorders
saying that a "regrettnblo Incident" had
occurred lo 0110 of tho correspondents,
liiusinucli ns tho first and last para
graphs of tho despatch only remained
after passing tho censorship, the mime
of tho unfortunate correspondent was
not divulged. It Is supposed that tho
correspondent wan occldouUlly eoot or
THE WAR IN THE BALKANS
killed and It Is now feared that McCul
lagh was. the victim.
Francis McCullagh was with Admiral
Dewey In the Spanish-American war as
a correspondent, with tho Russians In
tho Russo-Japanese conflict nnd with
the Italian forces in Tripoli. While
with a branch of the Russian army In
the Russo-Japanese war ho was cap
tured along with other war correspond
ents by tho Japanese at the battle of
On the first of August, 1911, while
covering the war In Tripoli for the New
York World McCullagh was expelled
from Agadlr, Morocco, on the ground
that he had no letters of Introduction
to the Khalifa of Agadlr. As a result
ho and another correspondent were
forced to sleep In tents outside Agadlr.
In the early part of November of last
year ho gave vivid accounts of Italian
cruelties. He surrendered his passports,
he said, because he wns no longer ablo
to endure the sight of the atrocities.
It was reported that ho and other
correspondents had been expelled from
Tripoli by the Italian commander, but
McCullagh denied the report' and said
that his reason for leaving was the
continued cruelties which he couldn't
bear to see. Later In November of last
year a warrant was Issued nt Trln.ill
for tho arrest of the trord corre-1
spondent on the ground that he had
corresponded with tho yurklsh army
On November 20, 1911, he was In Lon
don, where he delivered lectures on the
GREEKS ADMIT REPULSE.
Force to Halt Advance Short Dis
tance From Monaster.
Special Cable tietpateh to Tni Sex.
Athens, Nov. 4. It Is officially an- j
nounced that tho Greeks while advanc
ing from Yanltza to Fiorina, about
twonty-fivo milts south of Monostlr, en
countered a superior force of Turks and
were compelled to Interrupt their march
In all the world there is no appeal so
strong as that of the home particularly
at Thanksgiving and the Christmas
Now is the time to refurnish or re
plenish; to "do over" an entire room or to
make those minor additions to its ap
pointments which at small expense add
so materially to the comforts of life.
Wc are showing many entirely new
;, and exclusive patterns in Tables and
Odd Pieces for the Dining Room and
,;. Living Room at very attractive prices.
Geo. C Flint Gq
i43-47WEST.23dSTJ ,24-28 WEST 2451
The Triumph of
the Man Who Acts
By EDWAPD EARLE PURINTON
Fifth Edition of 225,000 J7' JS FREE Now Ready for Distribution
ANITB WBINe WATXM CO. - GrutUa Srlafl, N. Y.
and establish themselves In strong
A Greek ship from Salonlca reports
that tho Turks who were beaten at
Yenldjo (Yanltza?) havo arrived at
The Greek fleet occupied the Island
of Ipsara to-day.
GERMAN OFFICER MISSING.
With Tnrka and Iteportrd Murdered
Dnrlns: Wild Stampede.
Sptcial Cable Dtepatch lo The Sex.
Soru, Nov. H. The relatives of a Ger
man officer named Von Welt, who was
a Colonel In tho Ottoman army, aro In
quiring If he Is among the prisoners.
Tho Bulgarians know nothing about
him, but it Is rumored that he was mur
dered during the stampede from Lule
Burgas. COMMONS DISCUSSES WAR.
Warships to De Sent to Protect
Foreigners at Constantinople.
Special Cable Detpatch to Tbi Sex.
London, Nov. 4. Premier Aaqulth
stated in the House of Commons to
night that Sir Gerard Lowthcr, the
Rrltlsh Ambassador at Constantinople,
had Informed the Government by tele
graph that It had been decided by a
meeting of diplomats there that It might
bo necessary to protect tho foreign
communities and that therefore war
ships should bo sent. The consent of
tho Porto had been obtained and one
British, ono French, ono German and
one Austrian-Hungarian worship would
pass through the Dardanelles, while a
Russian war vessel would pass tho Bos
porous. Mr. Asqulth stated that the British
cruiser Weymouth was at Beslka Bay
on November 2 nnd the Hampshire
should havo arrived at Salonlca to
day. Tho British Ambassador to tho
Porte, tho Premier stated, had detained
a British ship thtro In caso tho lives
of British subjects were, endancered
nnd it should bo necessary to remove
thorn from tho city. Ho Is also making
arrangements to sccuro another vessel
for this purpose. Tho French, German
nnd Austrian Ambassadors nro making
similar arrangements. Mr. Asqulth
added: "I cannot glvo you any In
formation ns to tho situation at Con
stantinople, for wo havo none."
"AUTONOMY FOR ALBANIA."
Farta Taper (Uvea Km Solution of
Special Cable I)epatcn to Tni SrK.
Pams, Nov. 4. The Journal des Debats
says Intervention between Turkey and
the nlles wouM be Impossible until tho
former had lurjrmed tho Powers
what sacrlllco tho Porte was willing to
Tho only practical solution of the
question, says the paper, will bo the
attribution of Macedonia and Thrace to
tho four Ualkan Powers, leaving Al
bania as an autonomous province.
BELIEVE FOREIGNERS SAFE.
Washington Ofllclals Think War
ahlpa at Constantinople Sufficient.
Washington, Nov. 4. The passage of
warships of the Powers through the
Dardanelles to Constantinople insures
tho safety of all foreigners in the Turkish
capital in the opinion of officials here.
The European warships are expected
to prevent any rioting or massacre In
the Turkish capital. The United States
Government is contemplating absolutely
no step in tho matter and will confine its
strict adherence to a policy of 'hands
off" the entire situation in Turkey and the
Youssouf Zla Pacha, Turkish ambassa
dor to tho United States, this afternoon
issued a statement in which ho declared
that ho did not bcllevo the press despatches
reporting the defeat of the Turkish forces
and also tn at ho did not believe that
Turkey was asking the Powers to inter
vene. At the Greek legation a statement was
issued giving glowing reports of the suc
cesses of tho Greek armies in the advance
Tho rapjdity with which the successive
developments In tho war between Turkey
nnd tho Allies have come continues to
amaze all official Washington. Tho gen
eral opinion is that nothing that Turkey
can do now will bo ablo to turn the tide
setting against her.
The embarrassment of theTowersover
the potentialities of the Balkan situation
and the fate of Tuekey is calling out no
sympathy in official Washington.
While no comments are made in any
official source for publication it is known
the administration expects to see the
Balkan tangle absorb all Europe for many
months to come. This, fact is regarded
with a certain satisfaction as it is ex
pected that it will serve to submerge for
a time the various controversies in which
tho United States is engaged with certain
European countries and especially the
matter of tho Panama canal tolls.
TURKISH "OFFICIAL NEWS"
Say Enemy Suffered Bla; Losses tn
Fight Near Banar-lIUsar.
The following "official news" from the
imperial Ottoman Ambassador at Wash
Will Display Full and Complete
Election Returns at the l
Sun Building Park Row
125th St. & 7th Ave. Harlem
148th St. & 3rd Ave. Bronx
Lefferts & Atlantic Aves. Richmond Hill
LATEST AND BEST
Reports by Special Leased Wire
to Each Place
Will Be An Added Attraction
WEDNESDAY MORNING FOR
ington was made public yesterday after
noon at the Turkish consulate, 68 Pearl
"Telegram received to-day says that the
enemy had suffered enormous losses in
yesterday's fight near Bunar-Hlsaar,
abandoning lots of ammunition, artillery
and rifles. Fichtlnrr, continues. "
At tho headquarters of tho Pan-Hellenic
Union, Broad and Bridge streets,
within a spltball throw from tho Turkish
consulato, between "oo and 800 Greek
from all parts of the country enlisted
yesterday for the Balkan war, fitch man
was obliged to pay $32 for transportation
back homo and most of them lianded over '
tho monoy willingly.
It is asserted that in the lust four week
H 500 Greeks have left this munlrv tn
take up arms against the Turks. The
eager patriots havo included manv hova
of 17 or 18 and a numlcr of strenuous old
men wno navo passed tho allottod three
score and ten. Onlv so-called first, irmln
men havo been accepted.
GREAT FEAR FOR CZAREVITCH.
Offlrlnl Statement Inereaaea Rather
Than Qnleta Alarm in Rassta.
Special Cable Detpatch to Ti Bp.
St, Pktkrsbcro, Nor. 4. The offloial
statement Issued last night in regard M
the cause of the illness of the Czarevitch
has caused consternation throushout
Russia, as it shows' that his health to
likely to causo anxiety alwaya to hi
The feeling la still very in salnilsajn
There is little doubt that the boy aoffan
from an organic defect of the blood tti
also that he doubtless haa tuberoulosJa of
AUTONOMY TO OUTER XOKGOIXA.
Treaty Between Raasla. and M
aol!a Indicate Sack m Flaau
Special cable Detpatch to Tn Sew.
St. Petersbubo. Not. 4. Rnarfa'a
determination to treat Outer Mongolia.
as an autonomous state Is made evident
by an announcement in the tforae Vrewya
that M. Korestoretz, Russian Mlntatertto
China, who is now at Urga; haa oonoludesl
a treaty between Russia and Mongolia.
CHH7A TO RE0AT5 XOlDOt '
Traopa Start far Western efsassHaj
tar That Parposa.
Special Cable Detpatch to Tn Snr.
Uroa, Mongolia, Nov. 4. The Moo
gollan Government has been Informed
that 6,000 Chinese troops have left
Gutchen with the object of regal nine
Kobdo, in western Mongolia, for China.
f TteWorld's 1
.1 Greatest Condiment I
I Kiowa the world orer. I
I 8AUCE I
M Tarn eaaaMML waneiatcaaiMBt H
fl A raparlor flavsrint fbr IM.M ana 1
CM Mm Stave. Ssmaaad Issftav
I AnAppHknr l(
aV J r-BmoiKli Sow. Atcnta, N.T. M