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WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 6, 1911.
Entered t the Poet Office t New York a Second
Class Mill Metier.
inscriptions by Mali Peitsale.
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able to Tn Son.
Published dalljr, tnelndtng Snnrlar. by the Sun
Prtntlnc and Publishing Association at 170 Nassau
street, In the Borough ot 'Manhattan, New York.
President and Treasurer, William C. Itelck. 170
Nassau street; Vice-President, Kdward P. Mitchell, j
170 Nassau street; Secretary. Chester S. Lord, 170 I
Nassau afreet. '
London office, Efflaiham House, I Arundel
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Washington office, Hlbbs building.
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It evr friends tcno fat er u trlM manuscripts and
Ohtstratloni for pubUcatton trtia M nuts rttcut
mtttcUt nturnid Vuy mutt ft all earn send t lamps
tor Mai purpose.
The End of Republican Rule.
The next President of the United
States, Woodrow Wilson of New Jer
sey, will go into office attended by an
, ample Democratio-majority in the House
of Representatives and encouraged by
the prospect of an imminent change in
the control oj the Senate. For the first
time since 1805, that is to say for almost
twenty years, the undivided responsi
bility for legislation and administration
will rest upon the party which stood so
nearly right with Qrover Cleveland
and went so frightfully wrong with
Brian in the disastrous adventure of
ISM. The deadly influence of Bryan
and Bryanism upon Democratic for-
tunes and usefulness ends with the
inauguration of President Wilson if
President Wilson so wills.
The best wish that The Sun can ex
press for tho President-elect, a compar
atively untried man facing an unparal
leled opportunity, is that he may seize
upon the windpipe of Bryanism at the
very start, and with all the strength that
tho sinews of long, lean fingers possess,
throttle that persistent and fatal thing
'into eternal silence.
That matter settled, there is nothing
but good promise in the overwhelming
vote of confidence and trust which tho
Afcerican people gave yesterday to Gov
pernor Wilson. AsState after State came
tip to him last night in the bewildering
( uniformity of the returns, he must have
felt that no President in all the long
II m . . J
IIK V Y Ui uiiiatiuu Villi? UMUCI 1UI1CI
auspices or with larger opportunity.
Good luck to him and entire adequacy
aa the President of all the people, with
a commission such as that which sends
him to the White House; and fair and
Impartial treatment from everybody.
He may be sure of it from The Sun.
The Architect of the Democratlo
Our congratulations and admiring
regards to young William Frank
MoCombs, who is the man of the hour
and of many hours to come. '
, Modest and potent Mr. McCombs!
He not only knows how to strike when
the iron is hot, but when the iron is hot
he knows how to strike mighty bard.
Most Progressive Thing
Politics being out of the way, business
Bow has a clear field. There never was
campaign that hampered business so
little as the campaign that has just
passed into history. Even so there
was more or less marking time, for the
feeling that Presidential politics must
be a detriment to business survives.
But it waa to be noticed tJhat business
tugged at the leash to get toHhe front.
The most progressive thing in America
to-day is business, and not the new
xiarty nor any other party. No longer
n the drag of the panio of 1807 felt;
actually there was a reaction last year
from the long depression, and over
since business has been steadily on the
up grade. There Is not an industry that
has not moved forward and upward.
In the building trades there is something
like a boom. Commercial transactions
have greatly increased in volume. It
is some years since there were so many
buyers aa visited New York this autumn,
and they almost doubled their orders of
last year. On top of the general im
provement came the certainty of bumper
crops; then the last vestige of doubt
vanished that business meant busi
ness. The corn harvest will be nearly
3,000,000,000 bushels; cotton equals the
fine crop of last year; wheat almost
breaks all records, and the potato yield
does. More rails must be laid and cars
built to move tho crops, and tho iron and
steel industry begins to flourish as it has
not done for some time. The demand
for rough as well as skilled labor is now
greater than the supply, but fortunately
there is an abnormal rush of immigrants
to this country.
A fow figures of actual production
will show that prosperity is at our doors.
Iron oro shipments on tho great lakes
were tho largest on record in AuguRt und
September, anil Iron Aye estimates that
tho year's output will bo tho greatest
eyer known by 20,000,000 tons. Copper
production is 00 per cent, higher than
last year's. Ono hundred and six out of
128 cities report larger clearings in man
ufactured goods than Inst year. Rall
road earnings increased 10.31 per cent,
in July over July, toil, and tho returns
fdr August, a dull month, showed an in
crease of 8,70 per cent. For tho first
time since December, 1907, tho railroads
reported a net shortage of cars in Sep-
r, toe number Doing s,aso, AUbo
cIom of August the balance of trade wsa
$228,288,675 in favor of thin country.
There is work for overybody. Let
everybody go to work. Not even a
chango in the national administration
can prevent the coming of prosperity.
The election of tho Hon. William
Sulzer and his associates on the Demo
cratic State ticket by pluralities com
purnblo in Democratic history only with
tho majority of Giiover Clkvkwnd
in 1882 is only partially a consequence
of a general political landslide. Tho
fact that In many districts tho Governor
elect's pluralities exceeded thoso of
the President-elect Is indication f the
public appraisal ali.ko of his previous
public service and his ability to us tho
present Democratic opportunity in tho
State of Now York.
How great this opportunity is tho
recent history of the State amply re
veals. What Tilden and Cleveland
accomplished at Albany, both for the
State and their party, remains in no
small part to be done again. Disordered
State finance, legislative scandals, com
plete administrative chaos, two years
of Democratic State control have only
partially remedied these evils. A gen
eration ago tho divisions of the Repub
lican party, far less considerable than
those of to-day, cleared the way for
twelve years of Democratic supremacy
in the State. Only Democratic ineptitude
and inability to take opportunity fairly
can consolidate Republican ranks. The
task of Governor-elect Sulzkr is to
demonstrate that tho Democrats of
New York deserve victory.
The present campaign will be memo
rablo for the fact that all three candidates
named by the considerable partes were
highly qualified to fill tho offices for which
they contended. iBut the Hon. Oscar S.
Straus, who made so spirited a canvass
and won such good opinions on tho
stump, was hopelessly handicapped
from the start by a platform utterly bad
and an association insuring defeat. Nor
waa tho case of tho Hon. Jon E. Hedges
materially better. Enjoying the affec
tion and the" respect of the people of tho
whole State, his candidacy supported
by the party on whom the stain of the
Grocery still rested was always doomed
It would be a mistake for the Hon.
William Sulzer or his party to inter
pret tho present victory as being an in
dorsement of tho existing Democratic
State administration. Rather, it is plain
evidence that the people of tho State
believe that there is again in the Demo
cratic party sufficient sanity, integrity
and ability to deal with tho present
problems of State administration.
"The victory," said Col. Roosevelt
on Friday "last, "is ulrcady won." He
must have meant victory over Taft
and the non-seceding Republicans. He
must have meant the triumph that
brought defeat and perhaps dissolution
to the party which has honored him
ever since he first sought its favors.
This is victory, no doubt, in Col. Roose
velt's habitually personal way of
looking at things. No other victory has
he won this year. ,
But tho man whom Colonel Roosevelt
has thus punished for declining to invite
young Mr. Garfield to tho Cabinet ma
hogany and for rightly dismissing the
insubordinate Gittord Pinchot from a
minor office has also won a victory of his
own. He has blocked the third term.
He has saved the life of the wise custom
which must ever be the main safeguard
against the success of the revolutionary
enterprises of popular adventurers. He
has maintained the cause of constitu
tional government and has held steadily
and courageously, in the face of almost
hopeless conditions, to the great princi
ples which must prevail while the Gov
ernment we have endures.
We venture tho opinion this morning
that President Taft'b victory js much
the greater of the two. Honor to him in
his honorable defeatl Gratitude to him
for this service to the courttry ho has in
all other respects served so well!
On Election Day, 1912: Gone and for
gotten, except by a little household in
Utica and some good neighbors,
James Schoolcraft Sherman,
Vice-President of the United States.
The Baked Beans Controversy In
The controversy about the value of
baked beans as a food which is dividing
the people of Boston, under the leader
ship of Dr. Harvey W. Wiley and Dr.
Woods Hutchinson respectively, comes
as a shock to conviction, because it waa
supposed that the baked bean was
almost as sacred In Boston aa boiled
cod and was consumed in far greater
quantities, slnco tho price of cod had
advanced with tho contraction of graz
ing ground in tho West far beef cattlo.
Dr. Wilet regards beans "as highly
nutritious and a valuable food product."
As ho cats them every Sunday "I am
a great lover of beans," says he it is
evident that baked beans, and not
boiled string or lima, are tho subject of
controversy. A stranger in Boston who
proclaims that his favorite Sunday
morning or Saturday evening dish is
baked beans, flavored with lean pork
done to a crisp, may count upon the
extended hand of good fellowship, but
who can suspect bluff Dr. Wiley of
blarney? This is what tho impious
Hutchinson has to say of baked boans:
"I think beans are one of tlis greatest
frauds in tha food line ever foisted upon
the public They are cheap and filling;, but
that Is the best that can be said of them.
They contain some protein, but it is com-
blned with a lot of material Irritating to the
alomach and trying to the appetite,"
Mayor Fitzgerald. "Honev Frra
sneaks ranturoualv of the onion rnnn
savor and tho nutritious worth of baked
beans, but he Is, Or was, a candidate
for United 8tatee Senator, and in no
sense can ho bo regarded as a food ex
pert. Of course, the Boston oven beans
aro "highly nutritious," ns Dr. WIley
avers; and when his opponent says (hat
thoy contain somo protein ho slurs
their food value. Tho dry shelled bean
Is composed of water, 12.0; protein,
22.5; fat, 1.8; carbohydrates, 69.0; min
eral matter, 3.5. When this dissenter
protests that tho protein "is combined
with a lot of material irritating to tho
stomach," is he not, to somo extent at
least, confusing tho constituents of tho
bean with the molasses and salt liberally
added to tho beans in tho pot?
As to beans being cheap, tho time has
gone by for exalting them as a food for
tho economically inclined. Fifty cents
a smull pot is'tho ruling price for "Boston
baked beans" in tho best restaurants
in New York; beans in tho New York
style nrft cheaper and less palatable.
That Boston baked beans aro not an
angol food scarcely ndmlts of dispute;
nor aro they to be cordially recom
mended as ideal nourishment to the
sedentary intellectual and to thodreamer
of dreams. Hero Dr. Hutchinson is
on safer ground. Against baked beans
as an always meritorious food for every
body there Is a smouldering revolt even
In tho inner circles of Boston.
It has been submitted that lumbermen,
longshoremen, trench diggers, field
laborers and "White Wings" can con
sume immenso amounts of beans with
satisfaction and without the slightest
distress. For tho rough worker the
baked bean may indeed be urged ns a
steady und valuable diet. The more
delicato and sluggish city dwellers.
however, do-not thrive so well on tho
traditional food. In the regard of tho
city bred outside of Boston latins may
bo "one of tho greatest frauds in tho
food line" despite Dr. Wilf,y.
The Complexion of the Senate.
That the Democrats will control the
Senate by at least a bare majority is
probable, and later returns may ossuro
them a fair working majority. The
terms of thirty-one Senators expire on
March 3, 1013, but because of the deaths
of Hkyburn fit Idaho and HuniiF.s of
Colorado, and the expulsion of Larimer
of Illinois, there nro thirty-four seats
to fill. A full Senate consistswf ninetyv
six members. Deducting outgoing Sen
ators tho Democrats will have thirty, or
nineteen less man a bare majority, wncn
the Sixty-second Congress adjourns.
Democratic Senators to fill vacancies
havo already been elected in three
States, Iouisiana, Kentucky and Mis
sissippi, and eleven other Senators may
bo added from- Alabama, Arizona,
Arkansas. Georgia. North Carolina,
Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee,
Texas, Virginia and probably West
Virginia. Having lost a Senator in Maino
the Democrats will need six more to
make the majority of 49. Two from
Colorado, one from Montana, one from
Nebraska and one from New Jersey
may be counted for them. This would
bring tho Democratic total up to 48, and
with Vice-President Marshall voting
the Democrats would havo a bare ma
Tho late returns show that tho Demo
crats may elect a successor to Senator
Crane in Massachusetts, where the indi
cations are that Wilson ill have a plu
rality of more than 50,000. There is a
Btrong probability that Idaho will send
one Democrat to the Senate to fill tho
Heydurn vacancy. Owing to tho in
dependent candidacy of Jonathan
Bourne, Jr., Oregon may elect another
Democrat, and Kansas may contribute
still another. Considering that there are
iiitui iivwiwi.o Miimiuu.vo .
Mnn. DpnnM.nlnii nnnHIHolAfl f rT Ihll '
Legislatures in Iowa, Minnesota, New
Hampshiro and Wyoming, the landslide
for Wilson may further swell the
Democratic total in the Senate.
Tho prospect, therefore, is that the
Republicans will not find themselves in
control of tho Senate in tho Sixty-third
Congress, and it is always to bo remem
bered that some of the Progressive Sen
ators in that body, men like WonKS of
California, will bo disposed to support
the reform policies of the Democratic
Disappearance of "Mr. Munsey."
At 8 o'clock last evening our esteemed
neighbor Mr. Frank A. Munsey con
ceded the election of Mr. Wilson.
All honor to Frank A. Munsey; and
what a contrast to the performances of
that mysterious person who has used
the name of "Mr. Munsey" during tho
campaign to suoh an extent that he
almost became a publio nuisance.
"A Silly Mistake."
Earth's most talkative detectivo ad
vertised over his signature, in thetaom
ing newspapers of Monday that;
"No person can rota unless he has lived
In the State for one year, In the county tor
The law requires only a four months
residence in tho county. When his
gross error was pointed out to the most
conversational of man takers his ex
planation and dofonco was;
"It was a mistake, a silly mistake,"
A "silly mistako" ; but what a tremen
dous howl of protest and denuncia
tion would havo been raised if tho
man responsible for that mistake, tho
ultimate cfJfect of which on the election
nobody can estimate, had beon William
Barnes, Jr., of Albany, or Charles F.
Murphy of New York cityl
"Onward, Christian Soldiers," seems to
be a better war song in the Balkans than
One detail of the present State sweep
is the overtopping of the Democratlo
high water mark in the Legislature, That
won made in the famous Folgor year of
1BS2, when they electedt18 of the 32 Sena
tors and 85 of the 128 Assemblymen,
Wo congratulate tho Weather Bureau
on the one absolutely aoourate forecast
of tne campaign,
The report that Prince GniRKA has
been proclaimed Ring of Albania olearlv
forecast the addition of another kingdom
WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 6, 1912.
to the number of European States. In
habiting a well defined territory between
Montenegro and Kplriia and tho Adriatic
and tho Vardnr the Albanians form a
compact and distinct racial group num
bering approximately 1,500,000. They
have a history qulto an glorious as that
of tho Slavs, and Austria and Italy are
fairly certain to insist that If tho policy
of tho "Balkan for tho Balkans" Is to bo
established, the Albanians obtain recog
nition. A majority of tho Albanians are
Mohammedans, but thero aro many
Itoman Catholics in tho north. The
former have boon for years among the
host soldlrs of tho Sultan, but dinsntlo
faction with tho Young Turkish reforms
scorns to havo deprived tho Turks of their
aid nt a critical moment. Accommodating
Servian and Albnninn territorial claims
promises to bo one of tho sorious problems
of the fit til ro in the Balkans.
I.lon nttacks automobile. Oakland rfr
patch. Oh, Tartahin, were you then too goon
as well as too lato?
It Is hnrd. but cannot bo called Inap
propriate, that election day this your
coincidod with Guv Fawkf.s's day.
The announcement that there has been
a change in tho ownership of tho Inde
pendent is mainly interesting to the publio
because It Is nccompanied by a guarantee
that there is to bo no chance in that useful
and able periodical. Under the direction
of Mr. Hamilton Holt tho Independent
has been honestly and intelligently edited;
under his ownership it is certain to con
tinue to command for its opinions and Its
purposes the general respect and confi
dence thoy have hitherto deserved. The
Son congratulates tho readers of tho
Independent upon tho fact that the future
Is thus assured. Mr. Holt's publio ser
vices are not limited to the field of weoklv
journalism, but it is a cause for genuine
satisfaction that ho is to continue to work
in that field,
.Taps eat beef to grow toll. Headline.
A new variation of the high cost of
At all events Mr. Bryan's hour for
retiring was not a matter of national
importance last night.
a cox a t: us a y.ioxa y.
Truthful Itcport of a Successful "At
Home" in an I'nldentinrd Suburb.
To the r.Drron or Tni! SCN-Slr.- Nome eve
nings aio I attended, quite unwillingly, a func
tion at a pretty considerable distance from the
city tn a suburb where the local paper Is pre
ferred to the New York dallies, so a description
of what look place wilt paw unuuilred by those
participating, but the event Is worth, 1 think,
recording;. It was called an "At Home," anj was
liven by a most respectable couple, living In a
sinaii cat in genteel poverty. I graced Hie occa
sion In full evening dress; so did the host: but
the only other man present didn't rlsesarlorlally
to the occasion.
The commencement of the evening was damp
eneJ by Hie announcement that, as an Infant
of some three months had csulrcd.ln the house
the day before, music would be taboo. This
prevented amateur vocalization, but there was
still talking to be done, an I It was done to death.
A youag thins about 21 first appeared, tliln and
lanky, reminding one of a spout of pump water.
Her ambition was to follow In the steps of a
Slddons. but fortunately she has yet to learn
mat in ner profrsiion theatricals should be talkel
ciciusueiy. i ne next on the list was a more
mature body. In whom were combined thecharac
tcrtsius of a kitten and a sine of Ivy. She abso
lutely clung to the person she was talking to.
said she loved money and was looking out for
a millionaire. The itUtancc ot the object lent
enchantment to her aspirations. The third per
son, also singular, recited, and she never let you
forget It. she could not give a reply without
some precious quotation, which she also acted
tragically, comically or sympathetically.
Rut the lioness was still to come. When she
appeared she looked for all the world like a female
forester and bore an air of dignity which an
enormous hat could not entirely nullify, She
reminded me of what one of the villains In "The
Ilabei In the Wool'' would have looked like had
he been a woman. She. I was told In a whisper,
was a playwright. As nearly every woman I
come across now aspires to the stage In some
form this did not surprise mc, though 1 thoroughly
astounded the hostess by confessing that 1 had
never heard of the lady's piece de resistance,
cal'ed something like TheSpeckleJ lien."
For thrre hours the conversation sprouted.
lagged and then lapsed Into coffee so tame that
. . . . ... .
ui inr suiagc store must na e been ransacked
The host, who had been hanging around like a
waiting waller and didn't speak two words the
whole evening, seized his chance and a tray, and
finally we all broke up, or were broken up. shortly
before midnight, and ushered Into a cold and
rhcerless night. A genteel poverty "At Home
Is entertaining In Its way, but In future Its way Is
not mine. I shall stay chez mot.
New Iqee. November .
Young Man, Come East I
To the Kditob or Tnn Sun Air: It I n II right
for young men and those of more adtanrcrt years
to go West to make their fortunes, but the men
of the West ran do a lot better than that by com
ing East and going about it right. I am reminded
of this by seteral circumstances which liae
recently come to my notice out of New England.
As Is ell known, there Is more dormant money to
thcsquarearreln New T-ngland than anywhere In
the United States. A- great deal of this money
Is In the possesion of charming and acconv
pllshed young women who have Inherited It from
ancestral accumulations of years of Yankee
thrift. These young women are either not at
tractive to or attracted by the home young man,
so he goes oft West to make his fortune. This
leates a shortage of young men In New Kngland
and gles the hustling Western man a beautiful
opportunity to fill a long felt want.
I am persoally acquainted with several men now
talltfactoilly married who came East and began
bustling In the smaller New England towns and
cities, i'erhaps they did not have matrimony
In view. In any event they did not say they
had, but they kept their eyes open and their
hearts ready, and presently the Inevitable hap
pened, The quiet and well financed nung
women of the I'-ast found In the active and poorly
nnaoced young men or the West lust what they
were looking for, and the rest was easy.
There Is no better combination than New Eng
land thrift and prudence with Western hustle
and common sense, and 1 am throwing nut this
bint for the benefit of both sections of our great
and crowing land, KNicsrRnoriK.il. J
New Yoke, November 5,
Where Gold Is Not Cheap.
To the l'.DlToa or TflB SrN Sir; In present
remsrks on the high cost of living I note that
reference Is made, as one of thefeaaons for the
prevalence of high prices, to the overproduction
of gold and' the consequent cheapening of the
purchasing power thereof, I am perfectly able
to understand such a phrase, but what are the
facts to prove It and who can give them to mc?
I have tried to obtain the Information from many
of my friends, bus merely meet with the assertion,
never the farts.
It seems to me that gold articles are Just as ex
pensive as ever. If not more so, but 1 will admit
that I have never had, nor have, the habit of In
dulging In such articles and so am qulto In Ig
norance of the eiact situation, Take a gold
rJgarrtte rase, for Instance; I can understand that
It must cost more to produce such an article now
than tn lluu possibly, due tn Increased cost of
labor and higher rent, but If cost of production
Is figured the same, would such an article of sim
ilar quality cost lets to-day than previously? It
would have to coat less, would It not, If gold were
cheaper to-day than In 1UUOT
New Yoee, November S, I). T, Ansua.
New Note From the tinard.
To toe Editor or The Sun Air: tn the four
teenth street station ot the subway this morning
I beard the guard sating, not'Strp Lively!" but,
calmly and pleasantly, "Take your time, now,
take your time," for which I felt truly grateful.
New Voni, November Nervovi Woman,
Society to Take a Itest.
From tht Bonner of Usllt County, Kentutkv,
Dean strlnglnga and fodder pulling! are about
to come 19 a close at Wis place.
The Philosophy or the (Jalllthump.
Tho Calltthump halted a moment In Its
march about tho vicinage and spying a
foreigner without a horn, rattle or any
implement whatever rebuked him,
"When in Homo," said tho Collithump,
you bocomo conspicuous unless you Join
tho sacred rites. No foreigner should
seek notoriety abroad. Thoreforo, pur
chase a drum, stranger, and boat it with
But tho foreigner, bolng of the roaula
tlon breed of foreigners, considered It
his duty to protest against unfamiliar
"You nro a pestllenco. " said the f orelgnor,
and I should bo n coward If I shirked the
nooesslty of pointing to you the errors of
your ways. A Jolly mosquorado I can
understand; a happy, gay street, throng,
merrily rejoicing nt a festival, I can ap
preciate; but you I can neither under
stand nor appreciate. You are not jolly,
for I have counted six fights In tho last
fifteen minutes; you are not happy, be
cause every face is set with the; grim
determination to accomplish something
not yet dono; you aro nolther gay nor
merry, for you aro packed too closely in
the streets to do moro than shufflo pain
fully along. You aro a strange raco of
uncouth creatures, and it becomes my
painful duty to say to you, Faughl"
"What you Intlmato may bo true," re
plied the Calllthump, "but nevertheless
this is our festival and we are rejoicing
after the manner of our kind. Bea sport,
alien, and blow yourself to a horn."
Hut the foreigner addressed himself to
the Calllthump yet again, saying:
"What festival do you cclebrato? And
why are you rejoicing? I am given
to understand you have this day made
various crosses in small circles and squares
upon ballot papers, but I am reliably in
formed also that thero has been no gen
eral unanimity in the places occupied by
the crosses. Yet you oro massing in
your thoroughfares in moro or less com
mon fellowship, 'litis I cannot com
prehend, for it is not the custom of my
own people to join in tho celebration of
their defeat. Half of you this day havo
picked the wrong man. Why do you
then pretend happiness in barbarous
fashion? 1 must say to you: Ugh! "
"I will whisper a secret to you,
stranger," replied the Calllthump, "be
causo you may Intend writing a book
and I would not have you misunderstand
our philosophy. Wo are celebrating to
gether this evening, without regard to
race, color or previous condition of servi
tude, because on this ono day pf the yoar
we the people aro sovereign. This is
our annual coronation ceremony, and
though wo ntxiicato to-morrow, yet to
night aro we King. So ngain. friend, I
pray you, buy a ruttlo and swing amia
bly into line."
"You would have mo compromise with
my conscience," protested tho foreigner.
"You may bo all kings, but you are kings
possessing opposito Iwliofs, .and if you
were true to your letter selves you
would refrain from associating with
tlioso who, you charge, tire seeking to
undermine your bulwarks of freedom
or destroy your prosperity. This day
of all days should Ixi sacred to you. Why,
therefore, do you desecrate it? I remark
to you: Get thee hence."
Thereupon the Calllthump seized the
foreicnor by tho shoulders and shook
him rouchly. declaring:
lou make mo wroth. Would you
preach blood to us? Would you have
us brood over our defeats and become a
danger to our glorious country by turn
ing misanthropes and declaring a holy
war of extermination? rubllo opinion,
my foreign friend, is like a woman's
hat, which is made only t'o bo replaced
by another. Public opinion also is like a
woman's dress, which is not for warmth,
but for display. Be assured, stranger,
that the people rejoice, not in what they
nay, but in their ability to say what they
please. We tho people are sovereigns,
but wo aro absolute monarchs and there
is no constitutional provision limiting
our royalty. Whoever to-day has been
victorious will bo to-morrow the aim
of our criticisms, for to-morrow we
shall change our beliefs that we may
have another coronation service such
as you see to-night. Be not so serious,
alien. Come with me to yonder tavern
and acquire a smllo."
"If you givo me one ray of hope that
you are merely joking with me I will
join you, " said tho foreigner, "for I would
like to think kindly of foreign lands.
Tell mo, without stopping to think, tho
names of tho Congressman, the Stat
Senator and the Assemblyman for whom
you voted a fow hours back,"
"You aro hopeless, cried the Calll
thump. "You seek to violate the secrecy
of the ballot. Publio opinion will not
tolerate such a question. "
Whereupon tho alarmed foreigner slunk
into a side street and was lost to history.
fanners Defend Their rrodacts.
To the KniTon or The Sun .Sir: In The Sun
of September 13 appeared an article entitled
Poisoned by Tomato raste, with the subtitle
Whole I'amlly Ill-Ilrooklyn Woman Kllle-1 by
The paragraph under the second subtitle says
that Mrs. Sara L. Thompson died from ptomaine
poisoning as the, result of eating cannel shrimp.
We are enclosing ou a synopsis of our Investi
gation of this rase, and feel sure that with these
farts before you you wilt want to make some
statement to correct the Impression given and take
the blame from the canned shrimp.
The aim of the National Canners Association
Is to uplift the canning industry and to prove to
the consuming public the purity and healthful-
nesa of Its products. During the past two tears
we have Investigated aer two hundred alleged
cases of ptomaine poisoning blaming canned food.
and not In a slnglo Instance hate we found a
You can readily understand that the publics
tlnn of such articles prejudices the public and
tends to reduce the consumption of canned food,
We therefore appeal to sou to make a correction
of this report. 1'iiane I'. (lonnKi.i,.
Secretary rational Canners .Worlatlon,
In the National dinners Asnociatlon repot t
on the 1'iiHo two physicians who attended
Mrs. Thompson nro quoted ns believing
that her death was not canned by ptomaine
Thel'nsolsed Problem of Vice Regulation.
To the KniTon or The Nun Sir: Cambllng
and the kreplng of houses ot prostitution cannot
be prevented merely by licing prohlbltcl by law.
Those who maintain resorts where lust an I grred
and desire are catered to pay an annual tax for
the privilege of being permllld to operate their
places. This tax Is pal l to lii'UW limit, lo protect
the payer against Interference by the police.
Why should wo permit our police force to he
debauched any longer!. Why should we not con
sider the propriety of licensing homes of prosti
tution ami gambling bouses and thus control
what we cannot prevent?
Licensing will stop grafting, and grafting ran
be stopped no other way. The tax Is paid, will
ingly, but the money so paid demoralizes one of
the most Important departments of the city gov
ernment. Why should not the police he saved
from debauchery and this money used for the
benefit ot the community!
Beooeltn, November t. Joseph W. Steat.
Ouestlona of the Amateur Norlnlocltt.
To hie Kpitob or The SuN-.sr: Why ilont
gnvrner Wilson ware his Hie glasses framed
Why dus the lady a ware there drisscs so Tlglit
Naw Yobs, November a,
1 PETTY EXTORTION,
Thenghtu Inspired by the Bread and
To tni Koimn or Tna 8u.v-.Sir.' 1
that the Hotel Mon's Association. stir
coated term for combine, hns resolved to
rid sUll another onerous charge of 10 cents
for bread and butter to the already exor
bitant charges they now make for their
I recall that when in New York last one
Item on my check of 13.05 for luncheon for
two was $I.N for four small lamb chops.
Of course the foreign hat and coat ontmn
had to bo appeased with !S cents, likowl
the waiter with SO cents, which he morosely
"accepted." , . . ,
The fallacious subterfuge Is resorted to
that the butcher's high prices compel pro
prletoM to devise some way to recoup their
losses, a uniquely ridiculous contention.
Any advance iu meats always results in
Increased profit to the purveyor In a quad
ruple ratio or more, never less. It cannot
be gainsaid that were meat prices the same
bow as they were ten or flfteeu years ago
i n.im.. Hi a uma aa were then
charged proprietors of eating establish-
. . . - . u L.1. Imlmltlnn
ments WOUIU una coneiaeruu u
Ib their plethoric profits.
A.. .!... l,tlAf ntlnn far thll SZtOrtlOn
ate charge of 10 cents for bread and butter
is that "all London hotels mane it.
Is aot within the facts, the exception being
k. ...t. ivb. ,v. imi.i hsrs you are
served with the finest luncheon In the world.
equal to a dinner. Tor nveniiiing,..
all the bread or rolls and butter you want
are given minus that despicable extra
charge of recent Innovation which has so
suddenly obtained In New York.
iagly greedy propaganda, and It Is futile
ror the New vora noieis io iou,i
maintain such a wide horlzoned ludicrous
nnllnu n lha h vnftt tl MS that til IH1S
conditions prevail over here; only la the
cheaper or bohemlan places uoes u nw.
Would not a charge for a serviette and
oondiments be equally In order? The addi
tional revenue derivett from mis sourei
would surely go Tar In satisfying me pur
Than here what all Americans
regard as an Inflexible petty extortion
(and so It Is), that Is, a charge oi u n
for a theatre programme. But this is or
traditional origin, and a Britisher ever
clings with determined tenacity to tra-
Jll. It. n aha nf fh "old School"
UI LlV.lt. . . V u, "
would feel uncomfortable did they not
buy a programme rrom tne wineonw
pedleress of sweets,
n,. ..A.iht.hu rhirlss Frohman sig
nally failed in an effort to abolish this dee
rooted custom; for some time at nis mea-
u. V..-. tr,ma war. frM. hut at
length h yielded to the Iraportunltlea of
kls conrreres to iouow in ineir iotwwk-j
and thereby add to his revenue from this
all profit source.
If Mr. Frohman has undergone any
chagrin at his failure to establish the free
programme system in London his American
rri.mii mn.i not h ton aavera with their
strictures on his well meaning head: the
persistent Insistency of his lenow managers
for him to become a member of the pro
gramme pedlers' association was too over
whelming for even this "Napoleon" to resist.
Theatre programmes here consist of a vo
luminous mass of promiscuous advertise
ments, chielly of cigarettes, dry gin and
Dublin stout, with the castor the play In
diminutive form hidden within.
Parties who get up this production de
rive considerable profit from tha numerous
advertisements und furnish these smudgv
programmes to the theatres ad lib. and for
this privilege pay the management a fairly
good sum, so when sold at sixpence each
the clear profit from this unique enterprise
The Amerlan contingent justly rebels at
this petty Imposition, particularly whea
t:.5 is the price ot an orchestra stall.
Manr Kcorr Rowland.
Lonbox, October 2.
HISTORIC OLD WARSHIPS.
A Proposal to Keep Them on View in the
Haters of Hampton Roads.
To TnE Editor or Tnn Son Sir: The
announcement that the old frigate Wabash
is to ba put out of the way by sals or
otherwise brings of course some sad reflec
tions. At the close of the civil war Secre
tary Welles proposed to establish the naval
school at Hampton Roads and to make
it a great naval centre, for which it was so
eminently adapted. Radical partisans, still
tinctured with the rabid sectional feeling
growing out of the war, refused to sanotlon
any expenditure in the. States lately In
The natural advantages of Hampton
Roads are so very pronounced that It would
be well to utilize these advantages to the
utmost. How would it do to make Hamp
ton Roads a national cemetery for old
ships with historic records? Is commer
cialism so rampant that we must turn
Into dollars nnd rents our finest historical
memories? Should not the visible evidence
of Karragut'sever memorable glories be kept
in view as long as possible?
The Maine was burled In mldocean with
proper honors. Are not some of the ships
famous in our annals entitled at least to
as good a fate, or better still, to be held
as emblems to Inspire the youth of the
country? ' E. T. W.
New York, November &.
To thk Kditor or Tnu Su.v Sir: It is
very painful to mo to learn that any one
questions the absolute infallibility of pro
fessors. When Professor Moore of Yale sayss
"There Is a situation in the administrative
control of the schools of New York city
which is both illegal and intolerable,"
that settles it. Statutes have nothing
to do with professors; they are made for
Just ordinary people. If the officers of
tho city of New York havo "violated or
ignored" Professor Moore's Ideas, that
People In New Haven would as soon
think of questioning the wisdom of Mr.
l'odsnap as they would n professor.
People In New York should get educated.
James D. Dewkll, Jr.
New Haven, Conn., November 4.
The Candidates of the Season,
To the Tditob or The Sun Sir; Can three
football players, Ketcham of Yale, null ot Mary
land Agricultural and Goodwin of Washington
and Jefferson smash their way across the line
Into your Hall of KamoT First Down,
New YonK, November 5.
The Day After.
The welkin, which incessantly since early
In the henson
Has lieen ringing, cets a chance nt last
It is flayed and cracked and has been
hacked nnd cudgelled past all reason
by hnrnnguc.1 nnd declamations sadly
Now the dear old water pitcher nnd the
tumbler nnd the table
May be hocked or lost or stolen; no one
While worn from uo the Pegasus of "songs
is iu the stable,
Antl tho "catiiniites" Ho full of holes and
"Our common country" fclghs a-lonirthy
nIkIi of witlsfnctloii,
And settles bnrk to do Its dally work:
And the "starry flag" will !lstless lug for
tnreo years and a fraction.
Reposing where the musty moth balls
It Is over! It Is over, and 'most every one
That It Is. Come, all together hip
Hut let us gun alert for one who should be
'Iho chap that's saying, "What'd I tell
- . U. It,
OF EDUCATION A FEE
Says Itcd Tnpo Mnkcs Efficient
Operation of Schools
LIKE A PARALYZED ARM
Aldermen Use Power Tllopiilly
in Interfering, Asserts
The natural dlBloulties which face tho
Board of Education aro almost insupernhlr,
but artificial difficulties have been super
added to ita stupendous task which render
it well nigh Impossible, "wrote Prof. Ernest
C. Moore of Yalo In tho rorrr. on Nw
York publio schools which John Purroy
Mitohel, President of tho Board of Alder
men, sought last week to have tid-v
Mr. Mltchel In a 20,000 word report to
the Board of Estimate remarked in a dozen
places that Dr. Moore's work was "false.
Inaccurate and misleading. Mr. Mltchel
worked changes on the phrase in many
ways, and told tho board that Dr. Moore's
work waa not worth printing. Mr.
Mltchel has asked tho Corporation Coun
sel to tell how the $1,800 which has been
paid to Dr. Moore for his work can be
recovered by the city.
Dr. Moore's work was 100,000 words
long. The burden of It was that ths
school administration is so bound up with
red tape that efficient operation of the
publloschools la impossible. One "stronc
man should be manager of the whole
system. At present the operation is
about aa vigorous, says Dr. Moore, as the
working of a paralyzed arm.
Tho quarrel that John Purroy Mltchel
had with the Moore report was that ths
Yale professor did not present da ta to sup
port his assertion. Mr. Mltchel sent to
him while he waa abroad a list of 222 ques
tions asking for information on specifto
points. Dr. Moore replied that ho wasn't
engaged to answer foolish questions and
Mr. Mltchel remarked that the reply was
Prof. Moore holds that the Board ot
Estimate through Its money control of the
Board of Education has mado it merely a
rubber stamp and that the Board of Alder
men has used its power illegally to Inter
fere with school matters. Mr. Mltchel
points out that the Aldermen haven't used
this power for many years. Dr. Moore
says further that the large Board of Edu
cation has no definite policy, has let other
city departments encroach on Ub proper
sphere and has not fought for sufficient
He thinks that the Board should be
smaller, that it should be composed of
unpaid exerts and that the Mayor should
not be empowered to make, the appoint
ments. The present school system is run
by a bureaucracy, he says, but it should be
controlled by a single strong man, upon
whom direct responsibility should fall
He thinks that the educational and busi
ness operations of the school system
should bo centralized and simplified. Or
Moore's report says in part:
The method by which New York ad
minister its school system Is that of th?
paralyzed arm. If money must be rnlscil
for shcool purposes each, committee of th
Board of Kducatlon estimates the several
needs of Its own division, the finance com
mittee reviews them, the board adopts
them, the Comptroller's staff attgcpsH
chances In them, the Board of Estlmxtu
modifies them and the Board ot Aldermen
mar reduce them.
When the appropriations are finally made
they are segregated Into specific Items
for particular uses, and transfers of funds,
which the exigencies of tho school business
necessitate can then be made only by formal
This condition of affairs Is due tn
an application of 111 considered laws and
regulations and a service defeating division
of power and responsibility such as Is
bound to destroy the educational welfare
of the city. A reorganization of the present
system of financing and administering the
public schools of New ork is imperative.
The Board of Kducatlon Is not the sole
representative of the school system with
exclusive powers to control manage and
administer all school property and school
funds. The counter conception which ths
fiscal authorities of the city seem to hold
Is that the school system Is In all respects
a subordinate department of the city gov
ernment. Through control of the public
purse they have given authority to their
views. In effect the schools have been
almost as closely annexed to the City Hall
as they would have been If the proposed
new charter had become tho organic law
of the city.
COAST AWAKE TO CANAL.
Ren, Wood Finds Pacific Cltlre
Counting; on Blar Baslness.
Washinoton, Nov. n. Maj.-Qen. Leon
ard Wood. Chief of Btaff of the Army, re
turned to Washington this afternoon
after a seven weeks tour of the army
posts of the United States. He was accom
panied on tho trip, which included almost
every State in the Union, by Capt. Frank
E. McCoy, his aid.
Qen. Wood said to-day that the most
surprising thing he encountered on his
trip was the tremendous expansion nnd
commercial activity on the Pacific, coast.
Every city on the West coast, ho said, was
fairly jumping ahead in ita preparations
for the new conditions to bo brought
about with the opening of the Panama
In talks that he mndo before business or
ganizations in almost every city ho vUitctl
Oon. Wood explained the Administration
policy of concentration of tho army. U-
reminded tho people of tho Paoiflti cnni-t
that if they wished the War Pepin t
ment's plans for the fortitlcation of th ,r
citiea carried out thoy must see thnt tlu-lr
representatives iu Congress cooperated
in securing sufficient appropriations
Gen. Wood said thnt no found every
thing very quiet along tho Mexican bur
dor. As tho guest of Oon. Autwrt. com
manding tho Federal force nt Jtinriv.
Mexico, (ten. Wood reviewed tho Mexican
soldiers thero. Ho will go to Hxton to
morrow to inspect pouts, in that pity und
will speak at tho Hnrvnrd Union,
ii UN BOAT TO SANTO BOMINUt.
Nnahvllli- tn Take IMaer of nisnhlcil
Washington, Nov. C The gtin'-fat
Nashville was this afternoon ordered
at oiico to Santo Domingo city iu tin
place of the cruiser llaltimoro, whli-c
suffered injury to her engines while
route to Dominican waters, Tho Nash
ville is now at Blueflelds, Nicaragua
whero she arrived a few days ago.
Tha conference botweon the United
States commissioners, the representa
tive ot the Dominican Government and
Horatio Vasqiiojs, relol lender, will prob
ably take plaoe at Satnaua liny Instetio
of at Puerto Plata. Tho Htatt Depart
ment learned to-duv thnt Vusquoz left
Puerto Plata before ho learned tha'
his invitation for a conference had boei
accepted. . ...