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THE SUN, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 14, 1912.
TM'RHDAY, NOVKMHKK 14, 1912.
Entf red at Ihr Post Office al .New York as. Second
( las Mall Matter. .
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1 Published ilallv, Including Sunday, by the Sun
rrlntliu and Publishing Association nt 170 Nassau
1 Mrrel, Jti llir llnrough of Manhattan, New York,
j J'rnldfnl Htitl Treasurer, William :. Helck, 170
Nassau street: Vlec-l'rcsldenl.Kdward P. Mitchell.
170 Nassau strcc li Secretary, Chester 3. Lord, 170
' 1-oniton eifP.ce, Krnnghnm Mouse, I Arundel
Paris office, f Hue de la Mlchodlere. off Rue da
WasJilnrMon office, lllbbft Bulldlaf . '
HriHikbn omrr, Itn IJvlngstnn street.
out Irlrntt trim (mor us rWt manunrrlnhi rnni
f lflufrafian fnr puhtteatlnn vt'lt In hart rejettei
' eimtlts rriurneit intu must tn all eases sent stamps
tor tknt purpose.
Colonel tVattrrsnn Name the Killer
nf Ihr I'nklllrit.
Colonel Hknut Watteiibon viowii tho
landscape o'er and woe and carnage
moot his gaze, still kindling under tho
reawakened tmuno of the Star Eyed
Goddesw. positively revived for who
known how many seasons:
"Thj Republican party In dad. Its
leaders, with Taft at their head, may not
think so. but It Is as (lead ns a door nail.
At the institution of African slavery killed
the old Democratic party haa the Protective
Tariff System killed the modern Republican
It is more than possiblo that Colonel
Watterson in a little too rash and
sudden in his crowner's quest on tho
Republican party; at any rate tho crime,
if one Micro has been, cannot be proved
against tho -Protective Tariff System,
capitalize and penalize and fclonize as
Tho Republicans who voted for Taft
The Republicans who voted for Wil
son arc protectionists.
Mr. Roosevelt is a protectionist and
tho Republicans who voted for him aro
Colonel Watterson should sit again.
Albania for Albanians.
Reduced to its simplest terms, the
present dispute between Austria and
Scrvia is merely a quarrel as to whether
Bervia shall be permitted to despoil
tho Albanians as Austria has despoiled
tho Serb. Durazzo and Alessio arc in
no sense Servian, either through the
nationality or race of their inhabitants
or because of any valid geographical
claim. A brief occupation, following
an equally brief .supremacy of tho
Serb over the Albanian half a thousand
years ago, is tho only warrant the Serb
can show in history.
The fact is that since Austria has
annexed the Serb lands of Dnlrnatia,
Bosnia and Herzegovina, tho natural
outlets of Servia, tho Servians arc now
in turn compejled to seek a seaport in
Albania. Ragusa, Spalato and Cattaro,
these aro the natural sea gates to Servia,
and the country about them is inhabited
by Servians, but Austrian possession
closes these avenues to tho Adriatic.
Whatever tho motive of the Austrians
in raising the issue of "Albania for
Albanians," its justice is plain. Not
only are Durazzo and Alessio surrounded
by an Albanian population but if
priority of occupation is to count the
Albanian has all the right of the first
settler. The Greek, the Roman, the
Slav, the Turk all found him, conquered
him, but left him sole tenant.
Upward of 1,.'50,000 Albanians live
now in the region between Montenegro
and Epinis facing the Adriatic. That
they are mainly Mohammedans and in
return for supplying the Sultan with
some of his best soldiers were permitted
to plunder their Slav and Greek neigh
bors explains the disfavor they have
with tho new conquerors. But does
the past justify tho partition of this
people between Servia and Greece and
the creation of a Balkan Poland?
A real contribution to Turkish col
lapse the Albanians made two years ago
when their revolt taxed tho Ottoman
force to its utmost. True, the re
bellion was duo to the fact that with tho
Young Turkish supremacy the Albanian
lost his favored position, was excluded
from influence in the army, subjected
to taxation and severely punished for
plundering his Christian neighbors,
but even in tho present struggle his
scrvico to the Turks has been slight.
If tho question of ra is to weigh in
tho final liquidation of the Balkan ques
tion, the Albanian claim to the Adriatic
tshoro from Montenegro to Epinis is as
valid us that of Servia to Kossovo or
Bulgaria to Adriunople. Servian desire
for a window on the sea is a logical
national ambition, bu at Durazzo it
conflicts with tho even more reasonable
desire of the Albanians to bo free.
But if Servia ewinot go to tho Adriatic
without trespassing upon Albanian prov
inces, 6lu! cannot advance to tho Afccan
without annexing lands held by Bui
garians and other lands belonging to
Greek populations. This is tho fallacy
or tlie Austrian advice to Servia to go
nouth Instead of west to tho sea.
Abolish Central Park!
At present all that, threatens Central
Park is the erection of a lot of memorial
structures in tho southern end, the clip-
ling on or a slim from tho western sido
niid tho use of tho northwestern corner
for a mammoth cinder track nnd ath
letic arena. Perhaps tho owners of tho
professional baseball teams aro planning
to remove their diamonds to the park.
Wo know of no reason why they should
not, provided tho public has decided to
relinquish tho purpose for which it
originally sot the land asldo.
It is obvious that if Hho park wore de
voted to Athenian stadia, motordromes
and structures of a similar utility, the
expenses of upkeep would be reduced.
The necessity for mowing tho lawns
would disappear. The foolish expendi
tures for. flocks of sheep that cost the
city n pretty penny would, ceaso. No
sheep would be needed to crop tho foli
age on the tnnbark ring. There would
1m no occupation for men engaged to
prevent the destruction of shrubbery,
which would be, of course, entirely out
of place in nn nthletlc field.
Central Park hus been a great nui
sance, the source of vast expense, and
has proventcd tho development for
building purposes of ono of tho most
eligible portions of our island home. It
should be abolished.
The Warship Arroplnne Now Pmc
tluHhle. The invention by Captain Wabhino
ton I. Chambers of the navy of a cata
pult devico to launch hydroaeroplanes
from warships is described by Mr.
Glenn H. Curtiss as "the most impor
tant achievement since whecly were put
on land machines." Tho device con
sists of a slide thirty feet, long and three
feet wido down which a car bearing tho
aeroplane is driven by compressed air,
attaining a speed of forty miles an hour
when tho airship is east off, to use n
sailor's phrase. A test was made by
Lieutenant Theodore G. Ellykon at
the Washington Navy Yard on Tuesday,
t lie slide being mounted on a raft. Tho
hydroaeroplane darted down tho slide
and without touching tho water began
to soar under perfect control. About
tho success of the invention there could
be no doubt, for there was not a breath
of wind at tho time to help tho airship
As tho slide is constructed in sections
it can bo packed in small compass and
easily set up on the turret of a warship,
which can supply tho compressed air
in any force desired. Tho return and
descent of the machine present no diffi
culty, for it can alight on tho surface
of the sea nnd be taken on board with
a tackle. Hitherto tho only method of
launching an aeroplane from a warship
was to provide a platform, but it took
up too much of t ho forward deck space.
With tho use of Captain Chambers's in
vention every ship having a gun turret
can carry a hydroaeroplane or aeroboat,
and tho attachment of the slide to any
available part of the deck may be prac
ticable, for it would not take up much
room. Instead of a car to carry tho
machine greased rails would bo used.
Thus tho aviator could be sent up at
any time to reconnoitre, and reaching a
height of 2,000 feet ho would bo able to
report an enemy's ships when they were
not to be seen from tho lookout.
The United States navy as well as tho
army has been lagging behind the Euro
pean services m aviation, but the inven
tion of the catapult launching apparatus
will make up a good deal of tho lost dis
tance and give Captain Chambers, who
is Chief of tho Navy Corps, a prominence
which he has earned by his Indefati
' "Get a Gait On!"
Wo conceive that no man of intelli
gence in New York or New Jersey will
for a moment hesitate to indorse Mayor
Gaynor's prescription for the relief of
this community in' the matter of its
threatened commercial supremacy:
'We must set a salt on us. as the sarin-Is,
and build some new docks."
This is not technical language, but
it is comprehensible to all. It sums up
the situation admirably. It describes
what other ports aro doing. It does
not suggest crying over spilt milk. It
is adequate and convincing.
"Get a gait on!" says the Mayor, and
therein points out the only thing for
New ork to do.
He Hail the Omen.
Reading a Waterways Department
contract yesterday the Hon. Woodrow
Wilson ran across such carnegietied
cripples and bleeding cacographical
stumps as "thorofare," and, as became
a man brought up at the breast of hu
manities, he was shocked and disgusted.
"I can't approve of simplified spelling,"
he said; and multitudinous millions cry
Amen, und tears choke the bonny eyes
of the Thane of Skibo.
The old fashioned spelling is good
enough for Governor and President-to-be
Wilson, and from this adherence to
old lundmarks may be argued his sound
conservatism in matters more vital, his
aversion to change for the mere sake
of change, his dislike of newfangled
impertinencies or monstrosities of law,
polity and government.
A Business View nf the Alcohol
The "pocket nerve," though not de
lineated in works on anatomy, apicars
to be most influential. Many commer
cial and manufacturing concerns have
como to the conclusion that the abuse
of alcohol on the part of their employees
is detrimental to their interests and they
refuse the services of men addicted to
this habit. Few companies have been
courageous enough to refuse employ
ment to men who use alcohol moder
ately, because in this country at least
it would appear to be an infringement
on personal liberty. Accidents like the
terrible ono on the Delaware and Icka
wanna Railroad on tho Fourth of July
last cannot happen on the Berlin ele
vated railroad because every employee
before going to work must report to
a trustworthy officer, who ascertains
whether or not ho is under tho influence
of liquor. It were well if all railroad
companies adopted this rule, for it
would prevent much loss of life and
many maimlngs if all engineers having
control in factories und other places in
which largo numbers aro assembled
were subjected to similar scrutiny.
There is reliable authority for ovon
more exacting measures. A Germun
investigator has ascertained that to
workmen of 25 to tl years who aro users
of alcohol have been traced three times
as many uecidents resulting in injuries
as to all the other workmen together,
and tho loss of time arising from suoh
Injuries was fourfold that Incurred by
all tho other workmen. It was" calcu
lated that by forbidding tho use of
alcohol 7 per cent, of all accidents would
bo prevented, nnd tho workmen's sick
benefit societies would save 4,500,000
marks annually, moro than ono mill
ion dollars. These facts were clearly
brought out in tho hygienlo congress
by Dr. W. V. Boos, who also points out
t hat most accidents occurred on Monday,
showing that they were probably duo
to week end tippling, which leaves t,ho
man in an unstable condition. There
Is no doubt that tho regular uso of ulco
hol, evon in moderate quantities, grad
ually undermines tho nervous system;
tho man grows less alert, his senses aro
less acute, and when ho Is Injured this
is ovidonccd by tho occurrence, of de
When tho new workmen's compen
sation acts como to bo fully enforced
employers will begin to rcalizo the
r6lo of alcohol in tho production of
accidents for which they will bo held
liable, though intoxication may. have
been a contributory cause. Tho result
will doubtless be salutary; the powerful
"pocket norvo" will influence employers
to avoid workmen who uso alcohol ut
nil, in order to diminish tho probability
of accidents. There is no computation
of tho beneficent results of such a pro
cautionary measure, not alono In tho
saving of life, limb nnd property but
in the enormous benefits to tho work
man and his family, whose resources,
meagro enough ntbest, would no longer
bo crippled by the outlays involved in
illness and deaths caused or furthered
"HocUl elhlcs" Is perhaps too large a title
for the course In good manners which Is tn
be made compulsory in tho Htnto normal
school at l,os Angeles, but rccli a course
meets a real need. Sprinoflrld Republican.
It should be compulsory in all schools,
and Is especially needed by political
It was Governor Stcbss who wired Colo
nel Koosevklt that "the prairies are afire
for you." Kantat City 'Journal.
Can Sttjbbs be blamed for mistaking
the reflection of his own soarlot and in
cendiary poll for a flat continent ablaze?
Defeated but spent nothing. Ilraiilinr.
The punishment seems inadequate.
Outgrown clothes wanted. HtaHlinr,
Another Progressive opportunity.
Why don't the unfortunate peqplos of
France quit their Arotio snows and come
to the Manhattan Riviera for the winter?
Wilson Is catching up. Headline.
. Perhaps he will beat Die Colonel yet.
In any event It would be easier to cap
ture Tchataldja than to pronounce It.
Dr. 0. Stanlkt Hall declares that a man
Is what he eats. Ronton ,tiirrriiT.
This is the theory, and by some candid
and unprejudiced souls may be regarded
as the sufficient defence, of cannibalism.
There are said to be s.SOO cuss words in
the English lanmianre. oton ol.
Outside of Uncle Jok Cannon's collec
tion. A candidate told us that he paid $300 to
a committee and then watched to see how
the money was spent. He couldn't trace
more than M of It beyond the committee's
pocket". OA10 Staff Journal.
There is an insinuation here that sounds
not unlike a "squawk." This candidate
should have kept his mind cn his business
and not upon that t300. If he had he
would have stood moro chance of being
elected. Committees like a cheerful
spender, not one who is prying about
as to how much cash is left in their
pockets. No wonder the knife was well
used in his cose after expecting each
member of that committee to carry about
a pocket cash register and issue a receipt
every time cigars were purchased . Three
hundred dollars why, a bagatelle like
that scarcely pays a modern taxicab
bill in this townl Thin candidate thought
he was a patriotic! citizen. 1 ut the facts
seem to show that he is like . - other
more distinguished men, a poor loser.
Henceforth let him eschew polities and
According to a despatch from London
the Federated Malay States have offered
to present a dreadnought to Great Britain
nnd the offer has been accepted. The
wonder is that the Malay States can find
money for such a royal gift. Thoy con
sist of Perak, Selangor, Negri Bembilan
and Pahang, and occupy a large lart of
the Malay Peninsula. 'Hie total popula
tion last year was 1,0X2,416, comprising
419,703 Malays, 433,344 Chinese, 172,476
natives of India, 2,841) Eurasians, and only
3,284 Europeans and Americans. The
revenue in 1910 was $15,024,177 and the
expenditure $13,352,871). Ah a battle
crilisor, which is the kind of dreadnought
offered, costs $8,497,200 (the Invincible
class), the outlay would be a heavy tax
upon the resources of the Federated
Australia and New Zealand havo given
battle cruisers to Great Britain, but their
revenue In 1911 was respectively $94,647,750
and $18,332,725. It seems like a splendid
demonstration of the imperial spirit for
the Federated Malay States to lend a
hand across the sea in Great Britain's
emergency, but apiwrently it is not tho
Malays, Chinese and Kast Indians who
offer the fund to build a battle cruiser,
although tho money will bo furnished
mainly by them In terms of their labor
and products. It is tho able British
administrators of the Federated States
who should be thanked for the handsome
addition to the Imperial Navy.
To TBS Km tor or Tuk SUN -.sir; llffcrrlntr
lo ",. J, V " would ssy that Hits me burnlni of
the falltnar leaves hiut blmllnrly occurred to me,
The fulling leave when allowed to decay natur
ally are a source of fertility to the fcoll, tupplylne
humus and also a mall percentage or potash
1'or mytelf 1 lime for years uecl little else for
beddlnK for my horse, the tuorlnrc or them 111 bags
requiring only the mailer or a day or two of time
and tavlnc me the punhtsc of more eipcnslve
These leaves not only could but should be re
turned to the soil naturally, and their rie&trucllon
by lire Is JuM what your correspondent rails II,
"wanton waste," Hut this Is only one nf many
similar wastes. We are an extravagantly waste
fill people. K. KSTH WIAIti,
VnjtHViu.s, Conn., November 13.
Amons the Minor lllvlnllln.
To Tin. Umnm of Tiir. Win Mr' If A. Tin
gaud nl Manhattan Is not already In the Hall of
fame II nuiht he due lo neglect, lack of civic
pride or prejudice. moaud,
Nw Vona, November ll
"VAItn.H AltK VMIIKS."
An Accomplished Disciple or Marsh llsttlr
Uefendi the lllRor nf the llamc.
To THIS I'.DITOI! OP Tile Hl'N .Sir." In
the name of Ha nth Hat Ho and for the
sake of the spirit nnd traditions of the
noble occupation" for which she lived. I
inako respectful but emphatic protest
Hicnlnst a pnrnttrnph In tho ".School for Curd
I'layers- in Tmk hiin of November in. I
mean of course that pnrairraph which In
reply to n question about tho permissible sIk-
nlncaiito of n twospnrin bid flippantly sug
gests a manipulation of vest buttons its a
simpler and ctitinlly Justifiable method of
convoylnir tho" Information In question,
(ioml old Mrs. Hitnim never permitted her
self to take out her snuffbox or to snuff a
candle while h hand 'wits In prourens, 110
mailer how innocent of ulterior siunitlcmico
tho not mlidit bo or how much she or the
caudle might bo In need of snuff or KnuffliiR,
Anil now, forsooth, wo prulo of vest but
tons as slennl Hhbb!
1'rny do not think I have mistaken your
Irony for earnest. No les offensive lo Ihe
traditions of tho Rsnin is the snecrlnir con
demnation of a legitimate convention by
clnsslnir ll nitli ohll'iultous practices. I nm
not urrendinir tho value or expediency or
tho convention siiKgeslcil. but Its lclt
Imscy. I contend that Hint convention, or
any other, such as llin two spade bid as
a request for Information which wiim advo
cated by Thk 8 UN Itself and put into verse
by Waller (amp a ycarHgo, IkJuhI hs legiti
mate ns tho convention Dial such 11 bid
m pans two tricks, at least one In spades,
and 1 timber contend that your present
position Is not only Inconsistent with your
teachings of n year ago but is also a clear
example of Hint dangerous disregard of
fundamental principle., nnd of past growth
and development which Tim Sl'.N so ably
and vigorously castigates on its editorial
pagn week after week.
To help me to explain my meaning most
simply, will you kindly go back with me
In memory twenty years, to thn time when
preliminary bidding was not, and tho play
nf tho hand was nil? I wish to examine the
legitimacy of the convention of that day
nnd tho reasons for their legitimacy, and
then to inquire whether the same principles
are applicable to the bidding In modern
Consider first tho oiwnlnir lead. That
was determined by two things, primarily
the exigencies of the hand anil secondarily
convention. Common hense showed that In
opening a suit with a'hlgh sequence, such
nsK.Q.or Q.J. lO.onoof thn sequence should
be played to clear the suit, that in oiienlng
a suit of f.vo or moro to tho ace, the mo
should be played to savn it from a trump
nn the second round, nnd that to open n
long suit bended by a lone honor, not the
nee, by leading that h,onorwas folly. Hut
there were many cass in which common
sense would bo satisfied with either of two
or more alternatives. For Instance, in
the absence of convention It was imma
terial whether A or K was led from a suit
headed by thoso two cords, or whether the
douce or the ticy was led from the bottom
of five cards to tho king. It was such caves
that offered an opening to convention.
These alternatives, Indifferent to common
sense, could bo and were used to convey
information to one's partner. No one
objected or thought of objecting to tho
selection of ace or king to show length of
suit: to tho "fourth best" convention to
enable the partner to apply "the eleven
rule," to tho echo, tho trtimd signal. Ac.
It was theso things that made n true part
nership possible In the fullest sense, and
they were all legitimate signals because
thcylnvolvcd nothing more than ho playing
the cards as not only to make the most of
one's hand but also to enable one's lirt
ner to make tho most of his. To class such
conventions as tho l ing lead to show four
in suit with nngerlng n certain nuinb-'rof
buttons for the same purpose, or an echo
to a kick under tho table, even with tho
knowledge of the opponents, Is surely folly.
"Cards are curds" as truly now ns when
Sarah Battle announced that fact.
Now I contend that precisely tho same
principles underlie the bidding at auction;
that the wholo object of the biddinz. Just
as of the play of tho cards, is to make the
most of one s hand nnd to enable one s
partner to make the most of his, nnd that
It should be guided, again liko the play.
first, by common sense, and secondly by
convention in those tew tases where com
mon kchm) has no choice. Tho use of con
vention in such cases Is merely making
full and proer use of the possibilities in
herent In tho one department of the game,
bidding, holding Just such a place as the
fourth test lead or the loster echo
holds in the other department. To con
demn convention In one department while
admitting it in the other Is Ineonclstent
and is, moreover, futile: for without con
vention the iKissibilltiCK or the game aaie
not realized, so that players will nilt long
suffer its elimination.
Finally, let me say that the distinction
between "private" conventions him! others
seems based on a fallacy. Any convention
that is explained to the opponents is no
longer a private convention in any proper
sense. We may properly Judge the expedi
ency of a convention, perhaps, by its popu
larity, but surely not Its legitimacy by such
a standard. IT ts) per cent, of all players
discard from strength and 111 per cent,
from weakness, for example, does that make
the discard from weakness private and
Illegitimate? Surely not. Kven IT only 1-10
of 1 percent, should use the "odd and even"
discard recently sneered at by you, that
would make it no more 11 private and Ille
gitimate, convention than the common
reverse discard. A "private" convention
can properly signify only a secret conven
tion, unknown to opponents. i con
Yentlou is private or Illegitimate which is
known to the opponents nod which In
volves no aot bill those proper to the game,
that Is to Ihe spoken bid anil the play of
the cards. I,. A Hawkins.
Sciiksi cTAnr, November 1:1
A North Dakota l east.
To niK Knnoit or Thk Kp.s'-.s'iY ihe
enclosed invitation has leen received by a
member of the local chapter of Ihe Ananias
Club. It has occurred to 1110 that a sugges
tion might bo received with favor of hat, Ing
similar dinners in all cities in the l ulled
States listed in tho I'ost Office Directory
from A to Z, both InclusU e, with the possible
exception.' "ster Hay, N. V.
You aro re-;- "' to attend the Itrst
annual banq'Ht o, tn'J A.imlai Club, to be held
at Ihe McKenzle Hole lhsmarck, North HaVota,
Thursday evening, November 21, 11)13,
New York, November 13. II. V, II,
K.dmonton'i Report of Prosperity.
t To is r.DiTOR or Tub cn Sir: While we
are Justly congratulating ourselves on Ihe bumper
crops and the great propcrlty In this country
our neighbor to tbe north Is also making gigantic
strides and tbe prosperity of the 'ijist Great
West" Is shown by the following figures rcrrlted
by me to-day from Mr, T. lisher, .Secretary
of the Rdmontnn, Alberta, lloard of Trade.
I'.dmnnton, the capital of the Province ef Al
berta, Is u illy of about 60,000 Inhabitants anil tho
figures show the per cent. Increase for tho first
ten months nf 11)12 as compared with the same
period In IPII, These figures are worth study
ing: IBI2, Virttnt, Inc.
nank clearings il7l,80l,ono H7'j
Customs returns l,5.l2,mo l
llulldlng permits. .. . 13.oa.yoon s:u
Post office (stamps only) ISS.OOn 10
passengers carried 9,015,imo 81
Revenue ,. SH7.UM 7.
IJONEL II. (iRAIIAU,
It Yoai, November 13.
A Washington Yell Quern,
Ktallle correspondence I'orllanit Ureaonian.
The rooters' a.setnbly held at Ihe Lincoln
nigh .School liwloy by the 1,'jno ktudents of Ihe
school developed Into a 110 1 of enthusiasm when
(test. Wills, a senior girl, mounted the rostrum
and led the cherrlng students Inn number nf yrlli.
The rnlliuslshni of the rooters daring the lime
that Miss Wills acted a yell mistress was Irc-
mrndnus. Miss Wllls's experiment to-day Is
unprecedented In this .Slate and probably Jn the
country. Her success may popularize the 1 11110
tailou among Ihe other schools,
thk t'onr or sew voiik.
l-)nin's SiikecsI Inns for Ihe Consld.
rratlon nf Hxperts.
To thk F.niToit ok Thk. Mrs .Sir: We
have much almost wasto room In the upper
buy, back of tho Statue of Liberty, and as
private enterprise has developed consider
ably the frontage across thn bay from this
point, could not publlu Interest make use
of the flats bolow CommiinlpHW? '
All piers do not need to be extended, ns
not mora than six of the transatlantic lines
will require sut accommodations as are
under discussion for some time, so as n pier
has two ends, and wo may not extend the
outer end, how about the Inner? That can
lie decided by thn city, nnd It Is the city s
Interests wn wish to conserve: therefore
I nslt If at certain polntsconsidornble length
cannot bo added lietwnon piers by excavat
ing toward West street whero It Is widest.
This is a sacrifice, but wo are required to
We ilnd 11 solution nf this problem abroad
In many of the world'soldand busy harbors,
ns for Instnnco lAndon, Liverpool, Hull,
Itolterdam and (llasgnw. In none of these
am essols docked at right tingles to the
shore. Always It Is "alongside," nnd to
me the achievements of (llasgow, when
considered with n knowledge of Its water
facilities, are the most marvellous of all.
Iliey havo a first class transatlantic
service nut nf (llasgow. snd the commander
of ono of tho fleet told me that after dock
ing at Stobcruss (Juay and discharging
passengers and cargo there, they hacked
tho vessel, while light, down the Clyde
oino six miles before there was room
enough to turn her around. This was
done because It would Ims dangerous to
turn her In the strcsnt coming in laden.
Thn narrowness of the Clyde, is well Illus
trated by an Incident I saw. Coming in
on thn tide one morning It was decided
to turn tho boat, and In order to get lier
around, It being a Sunday and the traffic!
light, the stem of the ship, t think it was
tho California, had to le warped into a
basin on tho south side of tho rlvor be
fore her nose would pass tho quay on
the north sldo preparatory to docking her
with her bow down stream. This would
he attempted only at high water. Tl)ls
was tho only time I saw a bent turned
around in the channel In six trips up the
This' brings mo to my third method of
providing berths for large vessels without
going out further Into the stream. It is
tho method that tho Olusgow ship builders
employ for getting their vctssels launched
after they are built, on this narrow stream,
and without It thoy would tie liko the man
who builds a boat in thn cellar and can't
get it out. Tho yards all lay down the keels
at an oblique angle, pointing down stream,
o that tho launching may head tho ship
In that direction, and keep hor from poking-
her stern Into the opposite side of tbo chan
nel, which she would surely do If launched
straight out Into the river. All the yards
except those well down toward (Ireenock
are thus arranged of necessity.
Why should there not bo oblique piers
here and in Hobokcn? What the angle
should lie and what Ions of space would
result I am not engineer enough to figure.
but surely the loss of this space Is not to lie
compared with tli loss or our prestige: nnd
would not this urrungement tie a simple
and reasonably permanent solution of the
With many of on "Innovations " we might
feel a little ashamed were wo to know that
thn old World has met the conditions from
which they result In thn same way and
sometimes mu'eh bettor, years ago, w Idle wo
Ins our self-satisfaction, looking for the
"sights" In Kuroiie, fail to seo the practical
side of things and apply thn old time reme
dies which havo been proved to bo quali
fied for the circumstances.
New York. November in.
A travelled Philologist Hecks Enlighten
ment as to a Triumphant Word.
To thk Editor or The Mrs .Sir; What
Is a suffragette? This word does not appear
in the Kngllsh dictionary. The Century
dictionary defines a suffragist ns "I. One
wiio possesses or exercises the right of
s ffrnge; a voter. 2, One holding certain
opinions consenting the right of suffrage,
as about its extension: ns, a woman suffra
gist." Tho Standard dictionary defines a
suffragist as "1. One who has or uses tho
suffrage; nn elector; a votw. 2. An ndvo-
eato of some particular mode, limitation
or extension of tho suffrage; especially one
In favor of female suffrage; as a universal
The suffix "ette is of foreign origin and
indicates a diminutive. Thus, "barret" Is
a little bar (French barrette, diminutive
of "barre." a bar): "rosette" originally meant
a little rose; "turret" is a little tower (French
"tourette," diminutive of "tour," a tower).
Tho word "suffrage" Is the same, both In
I'.nglish and French, und means voto; by
analogy, therefore, "suffragette" should
mean a little vote. The w ord. however, does
not uppear in the French dictionary.
In .the absence, of any lexicographical
authority upon tho subject, will somebody
kindly shed an Illuminating ray upon this
perplnxlug question? A Mi: mi Man,
Nfcw York, November 13.
Suburbanite's llcply tn a Snobbish
To THK Koitor or Tltr. SCN-.S'lr; "Oners!
Ulllliy" was unfortunate In having felt obliged
to partake of hospitality which he could not ac
cept In the i.plrlt It was offered, and It seems
equally distressing that his host's "genteel pov
erty" should have been a matter for chagrin to a
guest. The motto "Noblesse oblige" still obtains
In the suburbs, and such direct abuse of courtesy
Is rather more a murk of 111 breeding than of
Al-o let me say that evening clothes, whether
they are worn upon all occasions or not, are In
most suburbia localities an Inherited rather than
an Acquired taste: and as for entertainments such
a ntir coircpondcnt described. It hus beeu my
experience that It Is Impossible lo differentiate
In quality between the amateur attempts of my
neighbors and those of acquaintances. In the
metropolis; In fact, the only leal difference Is
flnaurl.il. A .St'Ut'liiJANITK.
La Maux, November 11.
In the Itrookl-n Maze.
To the lUitToR or Thk HeK-Sir- Ijist night
I had to attend a recitation In, say, Long place,
Drookljn, llArly In the evening I commenced
Inquiries In Fla(huh as in the exact location of
this street, An Iceman Informed me that he
thought It ' near the brlditc. He guessed that
he used lo deliver his goods there. Tor the mo
ment I forgot that a guess In Brooklyn Is fata',
and took a car north. On my arrival at the llor
ough Hall I grew anxious and alighted. Pres
ently I Uekled a policeman. He was In great
gmsl humor, very Voluble and absolutely Inac
curate. Long place was five blocks west. Of
course It was; and five blocks west another way
farer sent me by some circuitous route to very
nearly Ihe exact spot I had started (rem. On
Inquiring of a learned looking gentleman with
glasses the Inevitable small book appeared. I
used to deride that book, but from experience
I am sure I did it an Injustice. It Is not the book
but the man behind Ihe book that Is at fault,
This time I went south five blocks again and
again Inquired, Kevin blocks ahead were now
added, and lastly two more blocks and one east
brought mo prelly near my destination, I was
thrrc-quaf lers of un hour lale, I had learned
that there were a great many people In this bor
ough who aro not geniuses nt locality, but for
fear of being considered Ignoramuses and of
no Importance deliberately Impart Information
which they must know is misleading, and that lha
maze, at Hampton Court Palace Is not a patch on
the maze In llronkljn when once you desert the
Jungle of surface cars and no longer hear tbe
mtisln nf the taxlcabs, Martib.
Hnoom.TN, November la,
Another Volume of tbe Desert Island library.
To TH KlUTOR or Thk .SUN-.S'lr.- (ireat Is
Hrnoklvn, We of Pennsylvania Dulchland dolt
our hats toi'homas, Flint, though his encomiums on
llio Immortal "Kieiirh llevolutloii" of that other
Thomas are all too wild, And If tho desert
Island llhiary may be enlarged ono volume, then
let the second be Jane Austen's "Mansfield Park."
1j.ua.nok-, 1'a., Nuvtmber U. . H.iOtas.
MAMONIt MINES tX BRAZIL.
(selling 4.0I1I Bricks a Not I ncnmmon
Occupation or Our t'ountrjtnen.
To the K.ntTos or Tnr Scn Mr; T he
article about the "salting" of diamond
mines In Uracil In Tun Uvs of November 12
Is Interesting to .those who have been In
tho district described. Tho statements In
the article are, as far as I know conditions,
substantially true. However, It Is well to
sav that the men who have been so nearly
"bitten" there have only themselves to
blaine. They dealt not with a Ilrar.illan
but with un American clllxen who tried to
sell them tho commonest kind of gold brick.
Had they done as 1 and others have 'done,
that la to sav, taken tho trouble to make
Inquiries at the Consulate-Oenernt of Uracil
In Now York, or at thn Hrazlllan Legation
In Washington, they would have learned
Just about w list Is to he found In the article
In Thk Sun. Kven had they neglected to
do so, common sense should hnve suggested
to them to call either at tho American Km
bassy nt I'ctropolls or at thn American
(lenernl Consulate, nt Itlo dn Janeiro boforo
going inland. They could even have gone
to tho ilrnr.Hian Department or Commerce
and Industry and they would have been
warned there not to invest In any of tho
many "played out" diamond fields of Minns.
If they had been n little Inquisitive they
would hnve learned that not .lews or Ar
menians, nor any member of the despised
Latin races, but citizens nf the I'nlted
States of America were "exploiting" thn so
cnllnd diamond fields, ns they have been
doing for years. '
I take this occasion to say that Iheieiire
very tow mining opportunities ror American
miners in South America," There uro gold
bricks a plenty. Invariably offered by for
eigners, tinrortunatcly usually by our own
citizens, but no South American Oovorn
mcnt encourages mining booms: nn the con
trary, they discourage such speculations.
Thcro are everywhere so many undeveloped
other natural resources that tho South
Americans do not want to bother with min
eral weclth. Jnrormatlon at the general
consulates or legntions of, tho respective
countries will savo many of our country
men trouble and expense.
There aro many opportunities for Ameri
can capital in Bro7.il and other South Amer
ican countries, hut certainly not in mining.
Nkw York, November 13. C. V.
XI At) An A.
Still Mere Power Can Be Taken From the
Falls Without Loss or Beauty.
To Tim EDiTon or Thb Sun .Sir: An
Immense power could be generated without
further diverting one drop of water from
the falls. Thn greatest advantage exists
on the American side near the present power
house, thn potentiality of which is far from
being exhausted. If we awing the exist
ing tunnel, which la perpendicular to the
pits oT discharge, liko a racehorse with Us
tail against tho arena, around until it strikes
the river nt a level 260, then thn length of
tho tunnel will be increased to a great
extent, hut the results obtained arn such
that they Justify thin work of mngnitude.
Allowing sixty feet for the total fall of the
tunnel our now level of discharge, centre line
of motors, will bo far deeper than tho ex
isting one, and tho total fall increased from
tho present la, to 228 feet. That means
tho capacity of the station will vary in the
same proportion from 110,000 horse-powor
to idt.ooo horse-power.
Transformation can take place by the unit
and gradually. Nothing is In the way oven
of Increasing the diameter of the penstocks
because of the existing power canal being
nblo to supply n larger amount of water
than actually taken by tho motors. An
other solution Is to let the present power
house remain ns It Is and to havo an inde
pendent power station take care of the
74,000 horse-power surplus power, or In
other words wo to use the discharge
flood of the present power house to feed the
motors In the annex.
The next solution is to leave both falls
entirely undisturbed nnd bore a tunnel In
tho counterfort Intervening between the
whirlpool nnd tho escapement. Then wo
dispose ot the wholo river, the power sta
tion being located around Queenstown.
The tall In this case will be reduced to about
twenty-flvo reet, but backed by the whole
volume. Changes will bo slight, the lower
rapids only affected. M, S.
New York, November 1.1.
XEW YORK'S "AT HOME."
Unlike In Many Details the Function or
To the Epitor or Thk Scn Sir: "Gen
eral Utility," who attended the suburban
"at home," might match his experience in
New York any day, for here aro given the
most provincial "at homes" imaginable.
To any one Iresh rrom the wholesome and
stimulating mental atmosphere or our
smaller Amaricnn towns and cities the
first glimpse or near celebrities, celebrities
and once celebrities whom our ambitious
hostesses corral is likely to produce men
The great pianist who consents to "per
form," the noted prima donna who is pre
vailed upon to "render" a selection, the
actress who dazzles her hearers at the aver
age New York "at home" are pathetically
runny and show Manhattan in Ita most
No! the suburbs have no terrors ror me
art er what I have found here.
Ni:w York, November 13. Hkowhkoan.
The Irish Police.
To the KniTott of Tin: fitix Sir: The
following extrnct from an English news
paper in regard to t lie Irish police, or t lie
Moral lilsh Constabulary, as they are offi
cially known, may bo of interest
The It, I, ' man's lot should be a happy one
to-day, It compliments count for anything. For
hours last night honryed words of highest praise
were showered upon him by statesmen, great
and small, on both sides In the House of Commons.
Had he been privileged to hear even a tenth part
or the adulatory adjectives applied to the Itoyal
Irish Constabulary, well might he have been
tempted to exclaim, In the words ot his coinlo
prototype on the siage, "It's a grand thing tu
be In the force!" Liberals and Tories alike the
Nationalists did not Join In the discussion made
It common ground that the It. I. C, were the most
efficient, Ihe most highly trained, the most de
voted and altogether the most splendid police
force In the world, Nay, more; one enthusiastic
Unionist speaker hailed the Irish police as one ot
the great bulwarks ot the empire, without whose
protection In time ot war the safety of these
Islands would be In Jeopardy!
It may bo mentioned for the information
or American readers that the men are re
cruited rrom the sous or small runners and
New York. November 13.
A t'allrornlan's Thanksgiving.
i thk KiiiTon op Thk Sun .sir. Tho
country has reason, noverinu hlgherdegree.
to be tlmnUful. First: Tho charter or
our liberties is still unchanged and Is not
likely to" bo disturbed In tho near future
Second: No man, however distinguished
in service, has et been deemed ellglhln
ror election to thn office of President Tor
a third term. 'I bird; As yet no radical
lias ever been elected l'resldent. Fourth:
The baleful phantasies or the Arch-I.'ema-
gogue have again been thwarted,
I .os ANoiai:s, Cnl., November .
To thk Knnoit or The Sf.v-.sir' 1 btt
that thn Itepublican party would be third
in less than thirty-eight States, My friend
li bet that the Itepublican party will bu
third In thirty-elgbt or more States. The
test Is or courso tho voto for ('residential
electors In each Stale. Did 1 win tho bet
or did my friend H? I, (i.e.
Ame.nu, November 12.
"There Is a tide In the nffuirs or men,"
et not In all, our tux rale plainly shuws;
For uo man living over know that obb
It always flows)
UtOIlCiB ft, MollliWOOD,
LET STATE SUPERVISE
DAIRIES, SAY EXPERTS
New York Committor IM-cpmcs
Bill for Rnriical Climmc
LESS WOJtK F0U THK CITY
Jnvestijfntors I'rjrc Thnt New
York Confine ltwlf lo Tost
of Milk Hpfeivcd.
Tim New York Milk Committee is i ,.
paring a bill which it hopes to piecm'
to the la'ttislaturo which will make I
supervision or the milk supply ul Hi
dairy obligatory on the Slate tusin-vl
of the city as at preenl. They coiilen i
tho city should devote ltn enerff!pa I
testing tho tntlk us received in thn riW
and that thn Hlato rthoutd lookout ror the
nereswiry sanitary conditions at thn farm,
The committee liolloves Ihe rity has
done a uroat Rood by attending; to tin
Ktipr.rviilnH of milk Htipplien, hut h?1ievei
Itetter result oould Im obtained If tin
Mat's undertook this work, ua it arguss
tho farmers distrust and" dislike lh"
ropreHcntntivosi of thn city.
Dr. Charles K, North, member of th
milk oommittnn. rpeaklnrjof the plan says:
The New York Milk Committee hRs come
to certain conclusions as to tho proper
division of labor of thn different constitu
tional authorities under whom milk control
can Imv curried out. They nre:
I. That there should be a division of
labor between thn State Department of
llailtli. State Department of Agriculture
and City Department of Health.
2. That tho Htnto Department or Health
should undertako tho medical Inspection
and licensing or dairy employees and nf
persons employed In creameries and milk
shipping stations, and that it should also
have control ot tho water supply nnd the
distribution of waste.'
3. That the State Department or Agri
culture should control through Its veteri
narian tho health of all dairy cattle ami
or thn sanitary conditions of the buildings
In which these cattle are housed, and ot
the methods ot milk production and milk
4. That the city Department or Health
should comorm Itsoir to tho laboratory
tests ot milk as It is received In the elty,
and that (tor sanitury control these tests
should be bacteriological, inal so rar as
the inspections ot the City Department or
Health are concerned only those necessary
for making sanitary Inspections of the dis
tributing stations, stores and wagons in the
city should lie employed.
It seems just ns necessary for dairy
farmers to be licensed for tho production
or milk oh it Is for milk dealers to bo licensed
ror its sale. Such a registration and li
censing of dairy farmers would foim a
record nt the Stato House! and from this
any Board or Health In thn Stato would
bo nblo to obtain information as to the
character of the dairy farms from which
their supply is received.
This committee haa statements from
good authority that the expenditure ot tl
ror laboratory work will accomplish ns
much as tbe expenditure ot 10 In country
milk Inspection by city health authorities.
While dairy Inspection can best bo enrritd
out by the State It must bo recoznl?ed
thnt even at best the insiwction or dairies
and the external appearance or dairy farnn
Is not or tlrst Importance In securing a clear,
sanitary and safe milk.
Tho present system of country milk in
spection is largely based upon the scoring
or tho farm. Unfortunately tho present
score card does not provide for scoring the
farmer himself or Ids employees. It1 Is
Impossible by tho laboratory tests to tell
whether milk has been produced at a tertl
tied dairy costing thousands of dollars
or whether milk has been produced In an
old fashioned barn with poor equipment,
but on tho other hand It is entirely poslb!e
to show through luhorarory tests whether
milk has been handled in a clean manner
and whother tho producer has been careles
Sneak in c of the nrobable cost Mr
Taylor, the committee's secretary, says:
in every aairy section mere aro iocai
veterinarians who would consider it a
distinstion to act as the representative
or the State in carrying out Ita part in
tho proposed plan. Likewise the State
Department of Health could easily find
a representative among the local physi
cians." GEN. 0'EYAN STRIKES BACK.
Ousted Guard Offlcer Would Prevent
Others F.xrrclslnsr Powers.
Albant, Nov. 13. Gen. John F. O'Ryan
has asked Attorney-General Carmody
for permission to instituto an action
in the Supremo Court, to prevent Adjt -Gen.
Verbeck aa Chief of Staff and Gen
James G. Eddy as Actinp; Major-General
from exereisinf? any of the functions
and duties of the office of Mnjor-General.
Gen. O'Ryan is acting through Morgan
J. O'Brien nnd, Henry A. Glldersleeve
of Now York city as his attorneys.
Attorney-General Carmody has re
quested these attorneys to furnish him
with a brief. Riving precedent or author
ity for questioning the acts of Gov. Dix
ns Commander in Chief of the National
Guard under the constitution. The Attorney-General's
Department does not
believe that such an action can lie.
Counsel to General O'Ryan insist that
the order of disbanding tho divisional
organization of the Nutlonal Guard wos
illegal and is of no effect "and that the
division was not thereby disbanded,
inasmuch ns tho organized and uniformed
military forces composing the National
Guard has by the Legislature ben per
manently constituted us a division. "
Counsel eontond further that tho order
rendering Major-Gen, O'Hyan supernu
merary is illegal und of no effect, "inas
much oh by tho constitution nnd the
military law ho is the Major-General,
duly nppolnted by the Govornor and con
firmed by the Senate, to command the
It Is further pointed out that the Na
tional Guard includes ull of tho organised
nnd uniformed military forces of the
State, and whether they lo organized
ns a division or otherwise, it is manifest
thnt thoir commanding oflloer cannot
be rendered or become a surplus or super
numerary officer in uny sense of the word
"Tho dlsbandment of the division
therefore, if such action could bo legally,
accomplished under the military lev
continues tho petition, "would not dive-'
tho Major-General of prescribed active
duties and ho could not in, any vtu
become surplus and cannot lawfully then'
fore bo withdrawn from uctlvo horyiee
und placed Uon the suernumorary list
Moclcty for Klectrlcal Development.
Al.ltANV. Nov. l.t, Tho Society for 1
tricnl Development has been Incorporated
to establish cooperative relations anions
the different electrical Interests In th"
l lilted States, Canada! nnd Moxico with '
view r Increasing the uso by the puhl"
or electrical current and to promote the we1
faro or individuals ideiitilled with '
branches or Iho industry. The principal
ofllce will be In Now York citv. Item? j
Uohcrly of New York U ono of the dliettor"-