Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, THURSDAY,, NOVEMBER 14, 1912.
: TOLLSjOR CANAL
Tnft Announces Schedule
Thnt Can Compete With
'WILL 1'AY FOR ITSELF
5 Great Fanama Ditch to He
of S1.20 a Ton.
PASSKXGKRS TO 00 FREK
But Wnmlilps Will Be Taxed
Expert Estimates $10,000,-
000 Revenue a Year
Wahiunoton, Nov. IS. President Taft
to-night Issued a proclamation for
which the business and shipping Inter
ests of the entire world have been wait
ing anxiously. It Axes the rates -if
toll on vessels passing through the
With the proclamation was made pub
lic a report of Prof. Kmery It. Johnson
of the University nf Pennsylvania, the
Government's Panama transportation
expert, showing the probable develop
ment of trutlic through the canal. Prof.
Johnson llcurea that under the system
of tolls promulgated by the President
the canal wll be self-supporting dur
ing tlio first decade and that In the
second and succeeding decadea the rev
enue ought to ba RUfflcient to permit
, tho ultimate amortization of the entire
4376,000,000 Investment In the canal.
The tolls fixed by the Ircsldent are
practically those charged by the Suez
Canal, with which the American water
way .will competo for a part of tho
world's shipping. The Panama Canal,
however, will not Impose any toll on
passengers, while the Huez charges ten
francs for each passenger.
Hero is the President's proclama
"I, William Howard Taft, President
of the United States of America, by
virtue of the power and authority
i vested In me by the act of Congress
,L approved August 24, J912, to provide for
I the opening, maintenance, protection
and operation of the Panama Canal and
i the examination and government of the
Canal Zone, do hereby prescribe and
proclaim the following rates of toll to
if be paid by vessels using the Panama
N "1. On merchant vessels carrying paa
r eengors or cargo, one dollar and twenty
. cents ($1.20) per net vessel ton each
one hundred (100) cubic feet of actual
"2. On vessels in ballast without pa?
engers or cargo, forty (40) per cent.
: less .than the rate of tolls for vessels
with passengers or cargo,
s: Unon naval vessels other thin
transports, colliers, hospital ships and
fcaupply ships fifty (u0) ccnts'per dls-
( placement ton.
"4. Upon nrmy and navy transports,
colliers, hospital ships and supply hlps.
one dollar and twenty cents (Jl-20) p2r
'net ton, the vessels to bo measured by
, the name rules as are employed In de
termining the net tonnage of merchant
"The Secretary of War will prepare
and proscribe such rules for the meas-
f urcrnept of vessels and such regulations
as may no necessary ana proper to
carry this proclamation into full force
It was upon Prof. Johnson's report
that the President based tho tolls. The
expert iyn In his report:
(iw ..t has heen estimated by tho
' Isthmian Canal Commission that the
' annual expense for tho operation and
tl 1 maintenance of the Panama Canal dur
ing th early years of Its operation will
amount .to 3, 500,000 and that (600,000
mil nr annum will cover the annual out-
, ,'-' lay for sanitation and civil admlnlstra
tlon. provided .the Canal Zono Is made
a Government reservation ana me
(stot population In limited to the canal opera
, tlves and their families.
3? "It is thus anticipated that the an
nual expenses for the operation and
maintenance of the canal and tho sanl-
Ul j tntlon and government of the Zone will
t in amount to S4.000.000. Tho canal win
Win cost $376,000,000. This Bum includes
' tho $40,000.000 paid the French canal
company nnd the $10,000,000 given the
iU republic of Panama for the canal con-
' "Tho cost of the construction work,
""7 -which Is now within one year of prac
tlcal completion, has been Kept within
the estimates, nnd unlpss unforeseen
contingencies occur tho canal when
finished will havo required an outlay
'of $376,000,000 on the part of tho United
. States Government. The Interest on
this sum at 3 per cent, per annum will
rnmoiipt to $11,230,000. The canal con
cession treaty between Panama and the
.(United Stutes requires tho United
MHtatrj. beginning In 1313, to pay 2r.o,-
3000 annually to I'anama. Thus tho
.7(nlnl (annual nVTlfiTIUnj fnl iht. fMr!1 tliMI
eMiPI PHIIII ...... ....v.. .... ...w ,
and maintenance of tho canal, the gov
ernment and sanitation of the Zone, for
I the annuity to Panama nnd for the tn-
terest on tho Investment will be $15,
ffrvrnnr Mnr Kaceed Kipcnir,
''If all vessels. American and for-
rlgn. using the cnnal ore required to
,-pay tolls ut the rntn of $1,20 per net
ton the revenues per annum during
the first two or three years of the
canal's operation will averago between
$12,000,000 nnd $13,000,000. lly the end
of the Unit decade the revenues prob
ably will hnve risen to $20,000,000.
"If only foreign snips are required to
tolls tho rerelptH during the first
wrew years will be between $10,000,000
nd $11,000,000 per annum and win rlno
,. tie nnft linn nr 117.000.000 liv the on, I
f tho first ten years. It is not prob
nble, however, Dint the rule of $120
pep net ton will be maintained through-
I out tho ijerade.
That Ih the rate that win tie charged
by the Suez Cunal Company In 1!)I3
nnd It Is more than probable that the
Bucz Canal Company will reduce lu
tolls below that rate within a few years
after 1913. It will probably be unwise
for the Ull4 Hlutes to maintain higher
tolls nt Panama than uro charged nt
"It will hardly bo possible to secure
from foreign shipping enough revenues
during the1 llrst decade of the Panama
Canal's operutlon to meet all operation,
depredation, Interest, annuity, xone
government unit sanitation charges.
"On the other hund If Panama tolls
are charged both Uxm American and
upon foreign ships ul the rate of toUs
that may be expected to prevail nt
Suez It will apparently be possible to
secure revenues from the Panama Canal
that will make It commercially self
supporting during the first decade.
TutU Klnallr Will Pay Inrrafment.
"With the growth of traffic through
the Panama Canal during the second
and succeeding decades of its uperatlon
It will be possible with tolls at that
time of not exceeding $1 per net ton for
the United Stales (lo eminent to secure
revenues that will permit of the ultl-J
mate amortUatlon of lbs ln eminent In
"It will be possible and advisable for
the United Ktntes, beginning with 1925,
to Invest 1 per cent, per annum of the
$376,000,000 Investment In a sinking
fund, If this s done the annual net '
revenues must amount to $19,260,000, or I
the sum of $3,600,000 for operation and j
maintenance, $600,000 for government ,
and sanitation of the Zone, $11,260,000
for Interest, $260,000 for the Panama
annuity ami 43,760,000 for the sinking
"During the second and succeeding
decades, moreover, It will unquestion
ably be necessary to devote relatively
large sums per annum to the better
ment of the canal to keep the waterway
abreast of tralllc need. Will this be
possible? An Increase of HO per cent,
during the first decade, ns has been
stated, will bring the canal tralllc to
17,000.000 net tons In 102.'.. Should this
rate of Increase continue, as It undoubt
edly will, during the second decade the
tralllc In 1935 will amount to 27,000,000
net tons; and with tolls at that time of
$1 per net ton revenues of $27,000,000
per annum may roadlly be nbtulned.
Iteoelpts of this amount would enable
the Government to meet all expenses,
Including operation, maintenance, bet
terments, Zone sanitation and govern
ment, the Panama annuity and the sink
Sara Kallaatra Are fnrrallvr.
"The figures here given of the prob
able traffic and possible, revenue of the
Panama Canal In 1925 and 1935 ore
estimates baited upan a careful study
of the rate of the Increase of the com
merce of the United Stntes and foreign
countries and If the development of the
traffic of 'the Suez Canal. While It Is
never safe nor scientific to prophesy
the actual history of commerce during
tho past twenty years clearly Indicates
the estimates regarding the Panama
Canal tralllc and revenues are constr
vatlve. If they shall prove to be so It
will be possible for the United States,
without unduly burdening commerce or
restricting the usefulness of the canal,
to secure enough revenues during the
first twenty years to make the canal
"To follow this policy will be to ap
ply business principles to the manage
ment of tho Panama Canul and to pre
vent ita being a continuing burden upon
the general Treasury and upon the tax?
payers of the United States."
Opposed Toll on I'mirnzrn.
The expert reported against levying
tolls on passengers because such a
charge Imposes an unjustlllahte double
tax on the portion of the ship devoted
to passenger accommodations, a charge
having already been made on the net
tonnage or earning rapacity basis. This
would be likely to result In steamship
companies giving passenger, especially
those of the third cabin, leos room than
In fixing the rates the Government
expert kept three points In mind: To
make the tolls low enough to enable
the canal to compete activoly with
alternative and rival routes, not so high
as unduly to burden or restrict the use
fulness of the cunnl und yet high
enough to yield revenues that will make
the canal commercially self-supporting.
The rates of tho Suez Canul begin
ning January 1, 1913, will lie $1.26 for
loaded vessels and a trifle over 72 cents
for ships n ballast. Tho rates fixed by
President Taft will put tho Panama
Canal on an equal competlvo footing.
The American waterway must compete
with the Suez route for the commerce
of the eastern seaboard of the United
States and of the Atlantic North Sen
ports of Europe with the Orient east of
Panama Roale to Save Karl.
"For voyages between the eastern
ports of the United States nnd the
Orient," says Prof. Johnson, "fuel ex
pepaea via I'anama will be less than by
way of Suez, and with equal tolls nt
each canal the Panama route will read
lly secure the trafilc."
Prof. Johnson does not expect much
of the commerce of Europe with the
Pacific seaboard of Asia to be diverted
to Panarna from Its present Suez route.
Tho exKrrt s report adds:
A I'anama toil of $l.:n a net ton will not
unduly burden tho commerce served by
the canal. I lie costs of transportation
between the two seaboards of the I nlteil
States will bo reduced Miveral times tlm
amount of the toll; and for the commorci
of the eastern seaboard of the United Stale"
with western South America and with
Australia the ceonoinlet edrtrd h- tho
Panama Caul will largely cicceil the toll
HinrRested. Likewise tho Ktvlni; of time
and fuel expenses via Panama as compared
with the Magellan route between our east
ern seaboard and New Zealand will 1h surh
as to Inajirotho profitable use of the Panama
Nor will a toll of $1 20 a net ton seriously
restrict the uso of the canal by Kuropean
countries, l or the commerce of Kiirone
with Chile and with New Zealand the saving
resulting from the shortening of the tlin
of voyage via Panama as compared with
the Strait of Magellan would not warrant
the payment of tolls of $i,:o a net vessel ton
for using the i'anama lanal, but the fuel
expense ia Panama will be ao much less
than via Magellan as to mnkn the canal
route preferable, even with tolls of u.vo
n net ton. Moreover, the profitable trade
route between Europe ami Chile is la
I'anama and the ports between the Isthmus
timl Valparaiso, I'anama is tlm natural
entrance and eit for the weM roast South
Toll Will Not Iteduer TratHr.
The normal growth of the trafllo of the
Panama Canal will not bo Interffimi with
by a toll of $1,20 a net ton. Tim tounagit
of shipping using tho Hue Canal has In
creased rapidly, the growth of Unfile having
been about 71! tier rent, during the last ten
years, although the tolls ut tint opening
of the decade were 11,74 per net ton ami in
inn .:io a higher rate than I recuiii
mended for J'anama. U Is MiKgested that
1 1..) tolls at I'anama start with tlm relatively
low rate to which tho Hub, clmrgi's will
have been biought lu 1013 tit the end (if
forty-three years of trafilc development
Prof. Johnson points out thut If ves
sels In ballast using the Panama Canal
are charged tolls 40 per cent, less tlnu
thoso levied on loaded vessels tho per
centage of reduction will be greater than
NEW HEAD OF PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD ft
tho duet Canal company granted prior
Prof. Johnson adds'
The policy of the Sue (inal runipaii)'
has li'Tti to make .in al-olulf instead of a
ppiuentiik'c deduction Iroiii the sliiniliicl
rate of lulls hi fawir of xeiels in halla-t.
A prrt'eiiuge reilui lion U more loaiml
ami is fairer lo lln two classes of vc.els.
When once an c'lnllalile relationship be
tween the dues payable by loaiteit essels
Hint by esels In ballast lias been eslub
lintiedH reduction in the standard rale of
tolls payable by loaded ships automatically
lowers by a Just amount I he charges payable
by ve-sels wit limit ia-eir,'er,s or carv'n.
Tolls I' Worship.
In the case of the Suez Canal tolls
are levied upon warehlps on an arti
ficial net tonnage basis, lle rate being
the same as upon merchant shipping,
but this h.is led to confusion In at
tempting to apply measurement rules
"A toll upon warships of fifty cents
per displacement tap," says Prof. John-
boq, "s somewhat mora thun the equiv
alent of a clurgo of $1.20 per net ton
calculated In accordance with the meas.
urcment rule of the Suez Canal com
The toll of fifty cents per displace
ment ton Imposes a somewhat higher
charge relatively on warships than Is
recommended for merchant vessels
passing through the Panama Canal.
This, lu Prof. Johnsons opinion, Is
proper, us the risk In lusslng warships
through the locks will be greater, and
special care will have to tie tnkep Willi
them to avoid delay.
Any detention cf a fleet of war ves
sels," says the report, "might be mad
the basis of heavy damage claims
ugalnsi the United Stutes Government."
"Tho tolls upon merchant vessels."
says Prof, .loliiibon, "should be fixed
low enough to enable the Panama
Canal effectively to promote the com
merce of the United States and of tin
world ; but the United States Govern
ment Is not called upon tu make tin
I'anama Can.il tolls upon warships Io"v
for tlje purpo.-e of lightening the na
yal burdens of foreign countries.
In sending their warships through
the Panama Canal foreign nations
should pay tolls high enough to cover
costs and risks Incurred by the canal
authorities In performing the services
Ifallmatrs firorrlta of TraBSc.
Prof. Johnson estimates that the ton
nage of vessels using the canal during
the first two years of Its operation wj.l
amount to about 10,500,000 tons per
annum. The Government expert says:
"If the conservative assuuiptjon lie piad"
thai this rate of increase wjl) continue
during the first decade of the canal's opera
tion Hi') shipping uttiL' (he Panama (Vmal
in W'JI will amount to 7,isi,ouii tons net
register. This e-ilimile takes no account
of the Influence of the canal in accelerating
the growth of (raffle. iii Jonnawe of the
Suez Canal has increased about 70 per cent,
during tlm past decade, and ll seems safe
lo nssuine that the trafllo of tlm i'anama
Canal will reach t7.ono,niH) not tons by IMS,"
Prof. Johnson estimates that in tni.i and
I0HI the roil"! to canal American shipping
using (he canal will be ,non,noo net tons
and in lO'.'J 7,000,000 net tons: American
shipping carrying forelun coinmarre 7:n,fMin
net tons in lit I a and I.I.Vi.ooo net tons In nr.',
and foreign shipping carrying rommeriT
of the United Statu anil foreign countries
s.'no.ooo net tons In lOl.'i and l.'l.SMt.oou net
tuns in IK'i.
According lo tho expert's figures the
American shipping Iroin coast In coast
may be eipected to double in the decade
alter l!U.". 1'rof John-ou oMlimutcs that
the total iraflln of the canal will Increase
at the rale of 00 per cent u dermic
(irnnlh of Itevriiar.
'I ho estimate of gios revenue made by
Prof. Johnson was ir.'.eoo.ooo in ioir, mmlo
up of l,:oo,ooo roast lo roast American
shipping, lso,ooo American shlppingcArry
Inn foreign commerce iind MO.MH.ooo foreign
lu in.'.'i tho estimated total of gross
revenues is f :o,ioo.iiini, made up of $2,400,000
coast to coast American shipping, $l,3b0,ooo
American shipping earning foreign roin
merco and f Ml.O'.'n.non foreign shipping.
The exemption by law- of tolls on Ameri
can ships enraged u coastwise trade will
of course leduce tlm totals.
The iirlliiu taken by tlv ('resident to-day
was under authority o tho I'mi'aina Canal
hill passed at tlm last session.
The proclamation Issued tn.day la prob
ably the nearest that President iaft will
come through any olUcuil act to partici
pating in the formal opening of the canul,
Wpodrow Wil-on will haw tliogoocj fortune
to lend lis name In this great achievement,
conceived and pushed almost to comple
tion by ilepiibllrnii Adinlnlstriitiunu,
W. fi. Wood's Kalatr linn o WNott.
Mim.iii.a, I, I., Nov 13, Tho will of
William 0. Wood, a wculthy luinhrr mer
chant of Laurence, hn ijt. on .Novem
ber 4, was 111 tt I lor probate hereto-day.
It lei rs all I lie eslalo lo his widow. Itfbecca
hi yod. .No, viiliuiiloii Is given, nut it is
said I but Mi, Vtood was worfli about $2M,000i
NEW THREE CENT LINE
TO BROOKLYN STARTS
Court Order Allows n Cnr
Cross tlx: Niw Mimliiit-
WILMAMK WAS ABOARD
Public Service CoininiNKioii Sus
tained in Giving i'crniit
to the New Line,
A Third avenue surfaco car parted
across the new Manhattan HrUgo at i
o'clock yesterday ufturnoon. H Inaugu
rated the long deferred uervice ol the
Brooklyn ami North Kiver llailroud in
which the four principal surface lines of
Manhattan and Brooklyn are interested.
The legal right alleged in defence of
operation wan a temporary isrinll issued
last F'obruary by Bridge Commissioner
Arthur J. Q'Keeffn and ratified subsc
fluently y tho Board of Kstinmlo. The
Three Out line, which ha been running
cars across the liridgn for several weeks.
has fought Hie ul)cd roads on file score
(hat thoy cannot opt-ruto without a
franchise. The Public .Service Commis
sion denied permission mi the same score,
Nevertheless Pulilio Service (Vninis
sloner tlcorgn V. H Williams wan on the
first car to crocs tho bridge yesterday.
The opportunity to start oars of the
Brooklyn and North ttiver road came yes
terday morning when Supremo Court
Justioo Kelliv in Brooklyn rofiised to on
tiuua a preliminary llijuni lion wnicii he
had issued last week forbidding the trucks
of ilia liridgu lo tho cjirs of the allied roadn.
This action nf the court brought to a
momentary stands! ill the object inns wh Ich
tho ihrco Cent line bail raised ,-i;uiiit
operation. The general ground of Jus
tice Kelby's decision wtu that sinoo tho
bridge was built by tho ;jty for faoili-
rutiug travel over the East lliv-r it is to
the public advantage that Mrent cars
lie opera toil over It w believer proper oc
casion is presented.
Kdward A. -Mnher, general manager
of the Third Avenue and president of
the Brooklyn and North Kiver Railroad
Company, as aoon as the r.iirl. renlml
him that Justico Kelby had vacated tho
nreliminarv iniunotion. uni ilnwn an
engineer of the road with a tang of ineii
tu wr iittL-mi .oiiiiticiiiiK inr raiiH on
tiie bridge with thot of tlm Third Avoni.o
ut Lunai Htrts't. .No official' inrormatioii
had reached the Uriel go I)enartinent
ulmut Jttbtioe Kelby's decision, and tho
engineer of tlm department iad the
coniruny rngmnor arrested. It was
Homo time later l-fore Mr Mahcr wan
nine to convince the Bridge llepaitmcfit
that the court had acted in hU favor.
I rack were ready at 1 o'clock. A
I bird Avenue storuge battery car was
transferred to tho trucks of the bridge
and Btarted for Brooklyn with If lira!
load. In the party bexldes Commissioner
Williams were Bridge Commissioner
O'tteoffe, Ueorgo 1). Yeomans, gunerul
oounwl for the B. R. T.S Chier Engineer
Johnson of tho Bridge Ix-iiartnunf and
bcveral oiwrnting oflloiaLs or the B. It. T.
Tho car caino luick to Manhattan and
rrohsud through Canal street to the Nortli
rivor over tho tracks nf tint Niv Vnrl
Railways Ompany, Then at 5 o'clock iV
siurieii pock lor uroouiyn.
HAMMERSTEINS MAKE UP.
Oaear nnd Han William fjhiiUr Mil nits
After llrand Qaarrrl.
William Hammerstein and Oscar, his
father, who quarrelled threo months ago,
have made up. William took the con
ciliatory steps yesterday afternoon uud
is again installed as manager of the Vic
(irand opera has long been tho rift
in the Uummurstciu lute and becuuso of
It William walked out of tlio victoria
Yesterduy Willie got into his car ami
went down to tho Victoria.
"Hello, father." said William.
"Hello, son," said Oscar.
"Well. Pvo comu buck,"
"(Had you have. Here's the theatre.
A handshake completed tho reconcilia
tion of tho pair, who hudn't spoken for
GETS A YEAR FOR GAMBLING.
t'onilrtlon nnil Nriitrnrr of .Mnl
Ibrtv l'xlr hald In Hr Pulque.
Judge Malone In (lenoral Scsslor.8
Court pentenced Matthew Coyle, a con
victed common gullible?, yesterday to 11
year's Imprisonment In the penitentiary.
This action Is said to be unique, us
Coyle appeared before, Hie court not 11s u
keeper, but merely as a gambler.
of imported models,
together with their
own exclusive de
signs, material and
workmanship of the
4 West 10th St.,
ShIIIIII'1 Hl'll, VlCft-Pl'PNllIl'Ilt, IS
I'lmxpii lo Sllfcocd
I Mi IIKALTir THK It K A SOX
lU'liriiiy IM-ftsidont Hns Upon
Connected With Line for
riilLiDKLiuiU. Nov. 13. -James
McCrea. nreiidont of the Pennsylvania
Ilailroad Compony, resigned to-day from
that ofliio to taku ctiecl January 1, luu.
Hamuel Ilea, vino-president of the
comixiuv. wan elected president aftr
the directors accepted th renignation
of Mr. McCrea. Mr. ltea aM was elected
a member of the board of directors lo
till the vacancy cauaed by the death of
Clement A. Oriscom.
Mr. McCrea resigned because of ill
health. Lait week his doctor told him
that he must give up his buslnes cares
at once or be prepared to shorten his life
bv manv years.
I lie death of Clement a. unscom aiso
helped Mr. McCrea to make up his mind
that he must relinquish omoe.
'Die directors of (he Pennsylvania
Railroad knew of the forthcoming resig
nation before to-day, but they kept the
matter to themstivo.
The position which Mr. McCrea will
relinquish on January I has killed four
former president of the Pennsylvania
Railroad. These were George Roberts,
Kiank 'Ihomson, Thomas Hcott and A- J
Samuel Rea. who wan selected as the
euuxsMor of Mr. McCrea as vicc-preii-dent
tix yeir ago, aspired to lie
come precideut of the road at that time.
By virtue of his position he waa the natu
ral puccessor of the late A. J. Cut-satt,
but he had been unfortunate in being
connected with certain companies which
had not h-ovtI to be huge business sic-
'I lie business onemies of Mr Boa used
this fact as an argument iim to why he
should not succeed Mr Casatl. and
these arguments wero so ptrong that Mr.
McCrea was made the president.
The president-elect of tlio Pennsyl
vania Railroad was I sun ut llollidaysburg,
Bluir county, Pennsylvnniu. September
21, SM. Jn tirst connection with the
Pennsylvania Railroad was in the engin
eering department in 1171 as 11 cliaiumaii
and roiiman. After erinrls of time cm-
ployed in other enterprises Mr. ium was
i.iiosei) us us-ii.Uiit to the president lie
Wis unnt uhrojd pn the Liy of his up
jxilntmeiil to 111 ytti gate the KnjjIMi nill
In 197 Mr. Ilea was aioiuled first
assistant to the picbidnit and in IMW he
was elected fourth ie-prrsident of the
road, his iswitiou gradually being made
moni important until mil, when he wus
elected lrt vice-president.
.lames McCrea has lieen at tlio helm
of tiie Pennsylvania system since Jaliu-
ury 1, 10)7, following 1110 oeatn of a. ,1.
I'asiutt in Oeromlier. ItoH, lie wus Isirn
in I'iilaielpbia May I, IMS, and was eilu-
cated at a private- scnooi nnu u inc rcnu
sylvania Polytechnic1 lnsl(tuti. His riiil-k-iiv
life liesan in lSO.'i.whcn he IfCaine .1
ivsimaii in the fiiifiloy of the tViiinells
villo und Southern Penn.syvjiiij Jkiil
load. bin Ihul imo he fia.s liren con-
Miiually with tho Pennsylvania t-ystem
or rpuils having be:u taken in by that
Thero was siirnribc in Wall Srrtt
osterday when the iiiiimuncmeiil o
'resiilenl MoCrej's r-iu:natiisi was lill'ie
despito the relfort at the lieginii'.ng i.f tl)o
)car that he intruded lo icsIrii.
Ill some quaiiers inciu was su inclina
tion to doubt that Mr MoCren's desire to
rest when only 05 yeuis old und five years
short of tho rctlrfni; age of 70 was (he
only ope lint prompled his withdrawal.
Fi let Inn In ti" man.iccmcnl of tho load
whs h leiison ussigneii.
Men wlio know PeimsylvMiiia Hail road
affairs, however, ucsortrd that there was
no Kther reason for Mr McPioa's retire
ment than that ho gave. They said thai
his fiimdn had known thnt he was, plan
ning to letiic.
TYPEWRITING RECORD GOES.
.lls PloreiuT WIUuii Wrl-s 117
Wurda a -llnalr.
A now world's record in fast tyewiil
ing was madu night bj'fore last ut the
Hixty-ninth lti'gimunt Armory by Miss
Florvnco K. Wilson. For an hour sho
copied off piattcr at the rate of 117 words
ii minuUi, The roeord wo mode nt the
annual Business Show Of the forty-fivo
competitors twenty were women
ijocoud place in tho race wus UiKen
bv Kmil A. Tref.ger. who was only flye-
lunlllb of a word u piiuuto behind Mis
WlUcn. H O. Blaisdcl) was third. The
nriite which Miss Mison won was un
Inurnutiiili!il IrnnllV ftf fn!lMWlMIHlll vulnu
oontrilmtuu iy mi i mo typewriter
Tlm lime nt writ ins wan one hour and
.1. N. Kimliull, a bliortliuiul und tyimwritur
nxperl, wuh In cliurKo of t)u jufgf und
cIio'I(th, ''Uv coDtost, wan buxud on
htrulRlit ropyiiiR work, wriling Irnm
Htrnni;i) mailer Kivo wonlh wuro du
ducted for tuch error main y tlio mu
chi'iu or bv the pporalor
'IVpfwrher coiitttf originiUwl in (oiifl,
wlum tlio llrot one wns woi by loo l(.
Frilz, who wrote b'i wtmU n nilnutK
ll .Inrtl i'hronn l-'roiu lltr liumr
MUh I '. I i 1 1 i b. .I.irtlh, Hlio II ws villi hoc
aunt, Mm I'ulier, it t l.'ll ltliilitn Ililve,
M1H tlitllHIl lllllll I IT liorht) nt llurrHlilp
llrlypiiiiil I'-ulli ul rrct rlonl.T, iifteriini'ii
Her Knll un liurt'iinl. At tlm Wiulilni,'
t riu llrh'lit HokiiHiiI it VU4 3.1 lil that lior
Thts Day (Thursday) will hold a Sle of
WOMEN'S BUTTON BOOTS
in black Russia calfskin and imported patent
leather. These boots, which are hand
sewed, will be offered at the special price of
$5.00 per pair.
Regularly sold in stock at $8.00
suitable for wearing with tailor-made suit,
are being shown at popular prices, in m variety
of smart materials, including chiffon, brocade
and crepe de Chine.
3HSi Amtutr, 34tij tuft 35tfj fttntte, Km f .
Each year adds greater achievements
to the artistic articles of utility and
adornment that we produce in Flint
Fine Furniture, built "Flint Quality,"
for the annual Holiday Season.
The great variety of novelties, at
prices' within the reach of all, as dis
played on our ten spacious floors,
assures appropriate selections.
Gifts for distant points will be skill
fully packed and all the details of
transportation attended to.
Geo. G. Flint Ca
13-47 West 2vSt.. ?,-2a West 24$
A Crucial Test of
SPEED nd STABILITY
will be operated continuously for
eight hours from 2 to 10 p. m
Friday, November 15th, by the
Eight Champion Typewriter
Operators of the World
Underwoo'l Exhibit at the Business
Show, 69th Regiment Armory,
Lexington Ave., 25th and 26th Sts.
ALONG ON$50,000 A YEAR
Court It tilt's HpsI of Im-onir,
$1 23,000, Must (lo to l'iy
I'mli.r n luilcrtilntit Hind In lln Klinrnllln
Court ycMterday Kihv.ird Hussell Thoniun,
vnu vuti iiiafinii ii iMtveiiiiirr ti ui
Nfwimrl to MIsh Elizabeth U. Klnley,
Wfll have to net HlnnK with $50,000 a
yrur Ineoine until ho Iiuh jialii on $l,0.r,
838 of ik'litH, nt the rtltu of ;i'J5,00() u
Thu Judgmont vu.i entered In n suit
lif. .1,11, r K., VV'tlll-.tii I l MIIumm I II. . e
Ulu llurdlnic, WlllUim II, Tuylor, Klver-
ion ii. unujmiuii :tnu v mirit'.l Ajc iuir
liey, un trusters uiinr nn ogreement
made by Tlwmnu In U03 to ll'iiildutc Ills
lldl:htt.'dnets dllitliiK lurely from tho
panic of U07.
Tlf triibtecs hrnuKlit suit asjulnst Mr.
Tlpimaf, Ida lirother-lnOaw, II, l.lvinif.
!iii Heeckmun; lieip-y I". KWhitlKe. mil
I'lmrlfM I. ili'ltinnuy, im eiceuiiiora mi
ll it lliu wl of Sir. TIrii)ius'H father,
flen. Humui'l Hell TliiilllUH, In luive the
eoiiits ilotermliie the amount of Inuomu
nicilfd by Mr. Tlioiiuis for the mipport
nf hllllMlf nnil ftifiillv nnil In Hlrurt Dint
. the remaiuliiK Incpjlie be applied to the
i .. . 1. 1.. .i .i....
I Hl)lllttoi ill n liuum.
I The luw)er uureeil to mvo Ilnrlan P.
' Stone drlri mine tho ciibp un referee, und
I to iii'cept bis ilncldlnn uh llnal, The
Judgment entered yesterday wait on the
ilut.Ulitn nf Up MI.,a
i ilrMcUurney, as one gf the executors
under (Ion. TIidiiiuh'h will, t8lflel llmt
tho total annual Income is 1460,008, nut
of wlilcli die widow . receives ( 00.00'),
and the rent Roea i fier chldrn. K.
Thomas anil Srn, II. I.ly)ngstin Hecl
liuiii. I jo sah hs Iwllcypd the ncnif
would Loitnu at that sum for a num
ber of yearn.
Sir. Thomas' testified that le Is en
titled to 1176,000 a year, and when klrd
by K. II. Ureen, qf counacl for the liqui
dation trimteeH, If tho Income Is mifh
irfent to pay 26,000 a year to the cred
itors und leave a reasonable and proper
Bum for the supporf pf hlpiKelf n his
wife, he nald It wBt
The Keynote of Health
Is the Llveft
Uuientlrtta have definitely learned lift
thu l,iver U ouo of e inunt miH9i)am
organ of tlm human ayuvem, It i tlx
hiuvu ulilo)i BurateH the gqr from lh
Ittd, thu niitrlment from the rM)jnn
Allow ilia J,lver to become tQriild or in
autlve, the poUou wept hrM'lhe'y,''
tent uud iliseaae h tlm raault, Flrt you
become bilious und constipated n4 biter
thu coiisiKiiiejictM are mpre eefimii. No
body cup ivn an regular clock lu
order In enjoy life wu subjeot otirselvex
to dietary indiscretion. Jf the proper
icpiudy U limn lined the trouble in nuicily
endiiij. A iHiimdy whi;h oomen neareu
to t hu heart of the people N napiral r''""
imIv The nutiii-ui remedy rml widely
used U lliinyadlilanos Water, the XatUM'
Uixatlve. Itii nature) nonibination i
wonderfully effective in rlillousne. Tor
pid l.iver und Constipation ' tumblerful
(leiiwee the Mver, nu,ilOJ the intwt ln-.
P'lrilloK tho ayntem nnd U gentle, ipeedv
and biire. Don't talia ituhxtitlititt; (hey
a id w orthlem imitations and may ! bar W