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THE SUN, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 1912.
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 1912.
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An Astonishing Misrepresentation
Is it tho Editor in Chief, or the
Associate Editor, or tho veracious and
a'ceurato Tiikodork Roosevklt, Con
.tribtiting Editor, who writes, in to-day's.
Outlook or tho Democratic victory and
its. promise to tho country? Whoever
at- is says:
" "Tho people have) no right to expect of
Jb partr any nctlon tending to lessen tho
'power of the bosses or to Increase the power
. of the people except In so far us the elec-
ttlon of United State Senators by tho people
-And preferential Presidential primaries may
jhftTe some such effect. Thr Democratic plat
form it ahtnluttlu nilent on thin subiect,"
Tho "absolutely sounds much like tho
Contributing Editor. So does the assev
eration about the silence of the Dcmo
(0ratio platform on the subject,
o Now, as a matter of fact, tho Demo
cratic platform, instead of being "nbso
ilutcly" or moderately, or even par
tially silent on tho subject, contains this
speciflo promiso of action tending to
lessen tho power of tho bosses and to
increase tho power of the people:
"We call attention to the fact that the
Democratic party's demand for u return
- to the rule of the people expressed In the
.national platform four years ago has now
Ibecome the accepted doctrine of a large
'feajority of tho electors. We again remind
j,lh electors that only by a larger exercise
!af the reserved power of the people can they
protect themselves from the misuse of the
'delegated power and the usurpation of gov
ernmental instrumentalities by special In
.lerests. For this reason the national con
tention Insisted on tbj overthrow of Can-
'nonlsm and th.) Inauguration of a system
dby which United States Senators could be
Elected by direct vote. The Democratic
pparty offers itself as an agency through
which the complete overthrow and extir
pation of corruption, fraud and machine
nile In American politics can bo effected."
. Such is tho "absolute silence" which the
Editor in Chief, tho Associate Editor,
yor tho Contributing Editor of tho Out
look discovers in the text of tho Demo
If this singular misstatement of the
open record results from a deliberate
intention to deceive tho readers of the
Outlook, wo condemn it accordingly.
4 'If from ignoranco or carelessness or
i 'l&zincss, we deplore and rcbuko it. The
fiuttook ought to be ashamed if itself.
The Battle of New Haven.
i. Two Princeton graduates, James
fclADlsoN and Woodrow Wilson, were
""elected to the Presidency.
Two Yale men, Samuel J. Tilden
and William H. Taft, were elected to
f'ftie Presidency; one of them was a vic
"Jtim of unrefomicd Republican mathe
imatics and was counted out.
These nnines are mentioned merely
.accentuate the immeasurable dis-
'tanco that separates trifling things like
i-tho Presidency from world events and
World shaking like tho football gume.
uSCo-day who is Wilson? Who is Taft?
ATbnv urn (IpserviMllv nnthinrr. svliih.
i'l.YKN and uk witt ani mo outer
heroes are moro than everything.
If Mr. Takt'8 side could beat Mr.
Wilson's side to-day Mr. Taft would
bo moro than reconciled, if ho wero not
reconciled already, to his littlo misfor
tune in nnother field.
May tho shindy bo gloriotm and tho
'casualties slight; and, after watching
i thegamofrom tho balconies of Elysium,
V - -1.1 T . Tl . .. - - .1 ,1. T 1
I "may om Jiet.-tur i itnnun ami uiu uov.
i Jonathan Dickinson tnko a friendly
r ....i. ,
nWhat Arc the Public Schools I'or?
Tho controversy aroused in this city
by tho rejected report of Professor
Moore of Yule University upon the al
leged defects in our pubho school sys
tem may well lead tho contemplativo cit
izen to inquire what our publio schools
ore lor, aiier an.
Other municipalities aro not without
pmoarruoainuuiu minimi w uiuso which
peset us. The oity of Providence, R. 1 .,
is one. There they have a school super
intendent, Randall J. Condon by namo,
j ,eho has just stirred tip a pretty kettle
of fish by threatening to go to Cincin
nati and confer tho benefit of his ser
ryiccs upon that town unless Providence
rpeedily comes to his way of thinking
vn tho administration of its school sys-
1 ,T'l . . 1 I 1 . I
Jim. J lit) cnangRa inv'ivuu in tins
tiHimatum require an increased cx-
TpendJturo of $200,000 a year, and Prov-
Jdenco must ngreo to this within a
week or R.vndaijj J. Condon will wing
bis way tp tho banks of tho Ohio.
" Thoro aro somo parts of the country
- jwhero rude critics would cliaracterize
puch an attitudo by tho uso of such
'terms as "cheek" and "gall" ami tho
Mke, but Mr. Condon says ho is ue
tuatod eololy by consideration for tho
' publio welfare. Ho has niudo out a
little list of tho needs of tho Providenco
eohools as he sees them, and it is so
much liko tho educational propaganda ,
in other "progressive" communities that
wo give it in full:
"Tho full conservation of tho health of
"Tho Introduction of manual and home
economics Into the elementary schools.
"Aile(iiialo pro leiim for nil children
ho nrn mentally uud physically difuctlvo,
the tubercular, thu lame, tho blind, tho
deaf and the feelilo minded.
"Tho development of indiutrlal educa
tion under trado nnd riitilltiuatlon schools
and part tlrim coopnrallim cotnws that
shall connect directly with tho lemllnc In
dnstrius ami nccupHllonH of the city.
"A distinct modlltcatlon of tho plan of
cratnmar school instruction alomr indus
trial lines for the over nee, mIow nnd Indif
ferent pupils who will not o beyond Ihe
"An extension of the home school to nil
sections of the city, cducatlmr ulrU illn- tly
for tho home ami for their future duties
and responsibilities at wives nnd mothers.
"An extension of Ihe kindergarten to nil
sections of the city.
"The nialntnlnlitc of summer schools for
children who need or with lo take ndvnn-
tnue of such opportunities.
"Tho opening of the schools as social cen
tres, for I )io uso of all the people In any
direction thai makes for social and civic
"A continual nnd distinct recognition and
conservation of the Interests of Ihe pupils
who can remain lonuer In sehool nnd who
are likely to pursue their studies beyond
the hlch school."
Somo of these suggestions are well
enough, of course. Xo one will denv
that the health of bchool children ought
to bo "conserved," nnd generalities of
that sort will always roiniuand nsscnt,
just as does Mr. Rooskvklt's demand
for "social nnd industrial justice." Hut
what does tho dogmatic school super
intendent mean when lie nsks that the
schools shall be opened "as social cen
tres, for tho uso of nil the people in any
direction that makes for social and civic
Some persons have heretofore been
under tho impression, perhaps igno
rantly, that tho schools supported by
taxpayers were intended for the use of
tho young and not by any means for
tho uso of all tho people. They have
nlso supposed that the purpose of their
maintenance was purely educational,
and not for social or civic betterment
in any other sense; but this, too, seems
to have been nn erroneous view if the
School Superintendent of Providence
There is another suggestion in Mr.
Condon's ultimatum which wo confet-s
we do not fully understand, the educa
tion of girls "directly for tho home and
for their future responsibilities as wives
and mothers." If the publio school is
to take up home training nt all why
should not boys also bo instructed in
reference to their future responsibilities
as husbands and fathers?
The new type of schoolmaster now
abroad in tho land is trying to cut a very
wido swath. We believe in the utmost
liberality toward tho public schools
within their proper scope nnd function,
but it behooves the sagacious taxpayer
to take care lest the common school
of our fathers bo developed into "a
civic centre" for all sorts and conditions
of men and women in which the ele
mentary education of children will play
a comparatively insignificant part.
The Mental Hygiene Kxlillilt.
Since the instructive exhibit on tuber
culosis which drew large crowds eager
to obtain information about the white
plaguo this mode of impressing lessons
on prevention of disease hurt become
popular. Not only does it enlist the
interest of inquiring minds but n more
fundamentally important result is that
the graphic demonstration by diagrams,
figures and epigrammatic statements of
facts arouses in tho average visitor a
desiro to learn nnd to participate in the
The people who have thronged tho
halls of tho City College, which have
been generously offered by Dr. KlNlxv
to tho National Committee for .Mental
Hygiene, attest to tho deep interest in
the exhibit of tin's committee. Those
who havo enjoyed instruction from Dr.
Salmon, Mr. UuEnsnnd their aids mny
no longer bo classed among that un
enviable majority referred to by Dr.
Llewkllvn I1aiiki:ii in his address be
fore the Washington congress ns igno
rant of the fact that the mind of tho
individual deiiends upon heiedity and
environment. I hey aro now also cog
nizant of tho long obscured truth that
imbecility, insanity, epilepsy, inebriety,
prostitution, vagrancy, paiiperism.eiinie,
as well as indolence and other menial
enfceblement, aro traceable to a defec
tive or unstable nervous system. 1'acls
and figures displayed in tho most con
vincing forms havo made an enduring
impression on those who havo visited
tho exhibit or heard tho lectures.
Wc aro informed, for example, Hint
thero aro now 'joo.uoo insane people in
tho lTniled States whoso support is a
financial burden of incredible propor
tions, and thnt tho number is steadily
increasing, because imbeciles propagate
their kind without let or hindrance.
Tho desperate nature of mental disease
is brought homo to tho non-scientiiio
mind when Dr. Harkf.ii tells us with
great apparent satisfaction thut '.'."i per
cent, may be cured under favorable
environment. A much larger percent
age of typhoid iscuied.untl wo"movo
heaven and earth" to prevent that dis
ease. Why then should we need the urg
ing of a benevolent national eommitteo
to help in tho prevention of this greater
terror which holds a malign menaeo
over our energetic, striving, hopeful
communities? Just as in tuberculosis
ignorance thrilled tho world with de
spair of tho task of eradication until
RoiiKiiT Koch's discovery imbued
good men and noble women with hope
and cheer, so may wo hail theso ex
hibits which will restit in deeper study
of Insanity as an augury of wiccess in
eliminating this worst) scourge.
It is our purpose lo acquaint tho
readers of Tin; Scv with these facts nnd
enlist their interest in tho cAliibilinii
and its lessons. Physicians, teachers,
lawyers, magistrates, judges, legislators
may noro uronden tiieir view uud revise,
their ideas of crimina) responsibility,
! the purposes of tninishment. testament
ary capacity, Vc. Escclally should
medical men bo urged to give moro
profound study to tho problems of
prevention nnd early treatment. Tho
Insanity expert, who has often hindered
rather than furthered criminal Investi
gations, may, it, is hoped, soon see his
last day and gio place to the trained
specialist who docs not depend upon
fees for treating nil sorts of nerve
t roubles, but who may bo employed at a
liberal salary by the State to elucidate
both sides of the case.
It. is a pathetic fact that this move
ment for mental hygiene originated in
ii "mind that found itself." A book
bearing this title was published by a
man who had suffered tho horror of
insanity. Unlike most persons, the au
thor had the courage nnd intelligence
to publish his misfortune to tho world
ns an impressive lesson, that insanity
is not a stigma and thnt it may bo cured
nnd prevented. This act of devotion
tosuft'ering humanity to which he is con
secrating his life hits been fully recog
nized by philanthropists and social
workers, who aro cooperating actively
with him in tho National Committee for
Mental Hygiene. Tho crying need of
dissemination of the data gathered by
this eommitteo is evidenced by tho fact
that so practical a philanthropist as
Henry Piiiits has given a million dol
lars for tho building, equipment and
maintenance of a clinic for mental
diseases at Johns Hopkins University,
which serves ns a model for the study
of the prevention and treatment of
mental diseases. Every largo centre of
population needs such nn institution.
fund of $200,000 is now being collected
to which a well known philanthropist
has contributed $30,000 under condition
that the remainder shall be forthcoming
for continuing the splendid work of this
The present activities of the commit
tee nre sustained by u gift of $50,000
for immediate use. To the fund, which
will soon be exhausted, are due the im
pressive exhibit and instructive lectures
at the City College. Hero is an oppor
tunity to further the prevention of in
sanity, n movement far more pressing
and important than the elimination of
any physical malady.
The I.tird of Skibo has blithely sworn
off his personal tax, alleging debts that
amount to $S,.t09,o:!3 ns an offset to cash
holdings of only $3,177,105. His assess
ment on account of personalty was
The 1 jiird pointed out yesterday that
the collection of n tax of nearly two per
cent, on bonds yielding four or five per
cent, amounted to confiscation.
Ijet us see. Suppose thnt tho Laird
hold $:;00,0'XI,000 of bonds yielding four
or five per cent. Ho was assessed nt
$10,000,OiK), not at $,tOf,00D,00ti. A two
per cent, tax on $10,000,000 would take
out of his pocket $:oo,uj us his contri
bution to the expenses of municipal
government. Hut this would represent
a tax of one-hfteenth of one per cent.
on tho $300,000,000, which certainly is
not confiscation. It is probably less
than the rate of additional taxation
which the Laird has imposed on somo
communities accepting his beautifully
labelled library buildings.
The laird's explanation of his per
sonal reasons for escaping tho munici
pal tax by tho simple expedient which
lie has adopted with tho assistance of
learned counsel is as clear as a mist
in tho Hiclands. Wo gather, however,
that he regards the transaction as being
for the lx-st interests of his fellow citi
zens in this town, and, in a remoto but
nobler sense, as a boon und benefaction
to humanity in general.
Jeorgo Fisher Tinker.
There have been few greater or wiser
benefactions than that of which people
learned yesterday by the announcement
of Mr. H.Ki:it's plans for the crcat ion of
a new and more efllcient New York Hos
pital in close working connection with a
mediial school of vastly enhanced use
fulness. Not merely for tho number of
millions thus given for the publio good
but also for their judicious application
tho gift will rank with tho most impor
tant in the history of this town, and in
deed in all history. The namo at tho
head of this paragraph takes a foremost
place in the honored list of Now Vorkors
of splendid generosity and of high in
telligence in the lcstownl of thej for
tunes for tho welfare of humankind.
The Operating K.vpenscs.
The charges fixed by tho President in
his proclamation based upon the investi
tions of Professor Emkry R. Johnson,
the special commissioner of trafllc, arc
Jl.'.'t) per net ton on loaded merchant
vessels, with a reduction of -to per cent.
on vessels In ballast, nnd f0 cents for
every ton of a warship's displacement.
In estimating returns from theso rates
Professor Johnson says in his report:
"It will hardly bu possible to sccuro from
forcimi shipping enoiurh roenue durlne
tho llr-t doeudo of the Panama Canal's
use to meet all o-ieriitlon, depreciation,
Intorest, annuity, one eoxernment and
Theso fixed charges will bo about
$15,500,000. Professor Johnson calcu
lates that with American coastwise
shipping exempt tho receipts during
tho first few years will bo between ten
and eleven million dollars per annum,
rising to between sixteen nnd seventeen
millions nt tho end of ten years. Thus
it appears there would bo n deficiency
of moro than $1,500,000 during tho earlier
years of canal operation, Hut if Ameri
can coastwise shipping wero not exempt
tho receipts, ho asserts, would bo bo-i
tween twelve and thirteen million dollars
from the beginning, and at tho end of
ten years they would bo $:,o,ooo,ooo, wilh
(ho tesiilt that in the first decudo tho
canal would bo self-supporting, Hut It
must be understood that if the rato per
Ion is reduced the assurance cannot
bo given that fixed charges will bo met.
Professor Johnson thinks thut the origi
nal intea will be reduced, as it "will
probably bo iinwiso for tho United
States to maintain higher tolls at Panama
than arc charged at Suez." ,
Perhaps it did not occur to every
member of Congress that tho,. Hue?,
waterway will bo a rival to the Panama
Canal, but there is no cscnpo from that
conclusion, if tho Panama rates aro
higher thun tho Suez rates ships sailing
from North Atlantic ports, both In tho
United States and Europe, will tnko tho
Near East short cut to tho Ear East. It
will bo a question of dollurs and cents,
and profits on cargoes must bo carefully
figured. Concerning tho adjustment of
tolls tho report to tho President says:
"The rate of toll should bo low cnoueli to
enable the canal to compete nctlvely with
alternative nnd rival routcs.the rato should
not bo so high as unduly to burden or seri
ously to restrict the usefulness of tho canal,
nnd the rate should be hlnh enough to yOld
revenues that will make tho canal commer
There can be no question then of rais
ing tho rato per ton on freight to $1.50
per ton, as was proposed in the Mann
bill introduced in tho House a year ago
No arbitrary tolls for foreign shipping
can bo promulgated to meet tho fixed
charges for maintenance, interest, Ac
That way would lie the failure of the
canal, which has cost. $375,000,000 to
build, including $40,000,000 paid to the
Kronen company and $10,000,000 to tho
Republic of Panama. Competition with
tho Suez Canal must regulate charges
As tho Suez rates are lowered bo must
tho Panama rates bo reduced.
It is now apparent that if our coast-
wiso shipping is to be exompt from tho
tolls established for foreign shipping tho
canal for somo time, and perhaps for a
long timo, will be operated at a loss.
The severest critics of the Turk will
acquit him of any intentional discourtesy
if ho is not in Constantinople- to welcome
the American warships, when they arrive.
Dr. Wilson's election I was announced
in all the restaurants In New York befoie
the dinner hour was over and champagne
corks flew, while the guests (as Is tho custom
In the Vnlted States) becamo more or les
hysterical. London Daily .Veirs and Leader.
Not merely tho custom; doesn't our
English contemporary know that hysterics
are compulsory in tho United States after
Fish Nearly Drown PiNcnoT. Headline.
And as usual tho Hon.OnronDPiNCHOT
was prepared to die in tho cause of real
In the reflected lights of the riots and
assaults that characterized the striko of
mill workers in Little Falls the attempt
of ClF.onoE R. LttNN to transform his pun
ishment for violating a city ordinance
into martyrdom in tho cause of free
speech falls very flat.
At least the war in the House of Com
mons might be sent to the Hague Tri
bunal. Tho Indian having been removed from
the ono cent piece is to reappear on tho
live cent piece with a buffalo to back
him up. Had the election gono otherwise
Mr. Lincoln- might havo found a bull
moose with himself on the smallest coin.
Mr. Patiiick Cudaiit thinks that the
cattle famine has helped people because,
among other reasons, "it hits taught them
to economize and to use cheaper cuts."
Rut this is not in the interest of the packers,
who like a keen competition for the dearer
cuts. Mr. CuDAlir's ole nation In valua
ble, however, as showing that the packers
have their human si-Zo.
Dr. H. M. Lanos, an expert of the
Department of Agriculture, says that tho
moulting hen is chiefly responsible for
tho sevonty cents a dozen egg. Tho hen
micht retort that sho used to moult in
the cheaper past.
As the football season draws to a close
witli the eliminating games for the chain
pionship to-day tho fact is borne in on
observers that the sport has not loomed ho
big as usual.
This year attention at the very outset
was diverted from tho gridiron combats.
A critical baseball series for supremacy in
tho nation taxed the zeal of sport loving
Americans, and the result left them limp.
whether in joy or Borrow. Then there
was a Presidential campaign of abnormal
complexities that further tried the nervous
system. And last, but not least, the chal
lenge of the Ilalkan Christians to tho Un
speakable Turk to a death struggle filled
not a little space in tho newspapers and
the nerves were overwrought again.
But football still draws its flag waving,
chorus shouting thousands, despite war,
pestilence and politics. Reputations have
been won, others will bo made to-day ut
Princeton, in the Stadium and on minor
fields. Tho vitality of football is tre
mendous, ever enduring.
What Is Man?
'lo tiik Knnoii or Thk iivs-Sir: 'iu
editorial article In Thr Sun discussing the
relative value of heredity and environment,
while most timely and instructive, ln-iin-suliiifying
to mo In one respect, ns have been
all similar nrtioles on this subject. One
point has boon lirnorod, one ouestlon left
unanswered. This Is: What has the man
himself to do with bis own character build
ing? Is there no ego to be taken into ac
count? Is there nothing liesides heredity
and environment which modllles both to a
certain degree, ordo these alone constitute
the whole man? If a man Is entirely the
result of his ancestors and his surroundings
then how can he be anything but a physical
mechanism? Hut, Is he? Much hangs on
th' iiswer. Sk&klr
Nkw York, November is,
A Tame Affair.
To thk KDiTOBorTnaScN sir: In the "riot
In the Com mom," as reported, no one seemi to
time railed any one a liar. How dcucedly un
common from our view point.
New Yobk, November 13. John Wobtbt.
Urn. K nicker Think baby will grow tip to be
a football player?
Knlcker I fear not: he puts his foot la bt
on a mouth Instead of In some one else's.
The Charmed Life.
Cried the Sword, "I ran It through
With my bloody blade;
Hut behold, it does jiol show
That a thrust was made."
Cried tho Fire, "I burnod It black
With devouring liame,
And the zealots plied the pyre,
Hut 'tis now the snme,"
Cried the Donili, "I blow it up
With an niiurcli burst,
Hut It lived whim I was done,
Kcatholess as at first. "
Then It was that Weapons Knew
They In vain were wrought
Naught on earth can kill a Thought
lint another Thought,
THE LADY AMt THE TWtlESSES
A Study of Certain IVmale Manners In
a Itallvtay car.
To the Knuon or Tun Hvx-Sir: I have
n hlte hslted mot her. "n years old, through
out ner lifetime interested In public affairs.
I.nst Monday sho made tho trip alone, on
the Kmplrc Stale Kxprcss, from New York
(o Rochester. Her experience with several
sulTriiKlsts I think would prove Interesting
both to thoso forniid against tho movement.
I enclose a copy of a letter I've Just received
from her. c,
Nkw Your, November 15.
Mv Dkah Du'nnTKn: When I bade you
good-by my story began. As you saw me
slandlng I stood III! the train passed the
High Hrldgo-long after. At your direction
the porter took me to tho only vacant seat,
In tho middle of tho coach. Two seats,
occupied by three women, faced each other.
The women promptly told him that they
were n "party," "had many packages, had
Important bu-dncss to tnlk over," nnd re
fused to let me have n seat. He stood
waiting, told them they paid for only three
and were occupying four. Finally one of
the women said: "Down nt the end Is n
man silling alone, (lo down there." To
which I mndo no reply. Then I turned to
the porter nnd said: "I do not wish to ride
backward, and If I'm entitled to n seat I
would prefer to havo tho seat turned,"
whereupon ho put his strong nnn on the
back nnd essayed to turn it. One woman
had a heavy, shrleky voice and called out:
"This Is preposterous I We never travel this
way. I,et us try to get chairs now."
While they wero blustering the trainman
set my suit case near the window and I
liopni to forget then, when down sat my
companion almost o,i me. Tho one back
of mo called out, "Well, If I were 1,000 years
old I'd slay at home!" At that, as I was
then standing, to mnke room for my Ama
zon, I answered, "Well, you nre far from
young. Judging from your looks, and I'm
not so old but thnt I know my rights." They
said many other things Tor my benefit, but
I Ignored them. This was the only remark
I addresseil lo them, Soon my sentmate
ordered me to have the trainman take my
suit case away. I at once turned It on end
In front of me, removed the three mascu
llno umbrellas to her. side, set my (lowers
on my suit (-use. got out my tatting and
alternated viewing the beautiful scenery,
smelling of my flowers nnd making tatting.
Very soon'T discovered from the Incessant
talk of the three women tluit they were
leading mfTragMs, having led In tho parade,
walking two miles, Ihey were o tired they
had not secured places In Ihe parlor car,
were to meet the (lovcrnor, ami one, the
rasping, heavy voiced one, a member of
norosls, was lo have a measure carried
at all haaids. Ilefore reaching Alhrfny
they disposed of a put up lunch, as they
would have no t line I o eat when they planned
to "storm the llnstlle."
The very nggresslve one was a much
travelled woman apparently, nnd in their
talk of leading men, all the lending women
and in various ways, they were or seemed
lo be women of superior education. When
they left at Albany a lady billing across
from me Introduced speaking to mo by
remarking Hint she saw tutting made when
she was a child. Then she went on, "I felt
very sorry for you when those women
treated you the way they did. You did
Jut right to Ignore them," I replied, "I
did not give It much thought nt first, for 1
thought Ihey were persons who knew no bet
ter. Later I found they were delegated by
very leading women lo represent them at
Albany and were, no doubt, women of supe
rior education." At once the man In front
of her. sitting wilh his wife, said. "I admire
your courage. You are Ihe sort of woman
(It lo have the h.lllnt. Their education In,
suuiy iieucieiii aim uieir coiiiempiiuie con-
duel should Mump Ihein mil nt decent so
ciety. A young iiihii sitting in front of me
took up the cue mid added: "If thoe women
were men and used you like that 1 doubt If
there would be a man who would not be on
his feet when Ihe slur upon your age was
offered, for w all have a mother or the
sacred memory of one." In nilnine people
took part. 1 was truly mortified. A man
In front of me whoso hair was streaked
with gray said: "I have bee ravelling a
good many years, have favored female suf
frage, but If I hat Is tho 'type,' then my mind
is made up."
Think of It, your little old mother In such
a mebs! Though unpleasant, tho experi
ence was worth the cost, for it puts mo at
complelo rest as to "Woman's Cause." The
movement develops a type of unwomanly
woman, self-asserting, domineering ami of
social unrest, and will bo the doing away
wiin me native cuivalry of our boys and
men. I hope I'll never know that you iden
tity yourself with htich women. I would
not write about a thing of so little account,
but It was so convincing that 1 want you
to know. MoTnilr..
Insufficient Accommodations m Park.
0 tlllo antl Kenalnnton.
To tnz Kditor or Tub Si-.v-.Vlr; The rial-
tul Taipajcrs Association Tand many other or
lanlzatlons nre trying toisolve many difficult
problem anil the most Important of all l the
want of Inner or more school",
The school needs of I'latbusli are particularly
apparcnl, especially In the Ituiihy, I'arkvltle and
Kensington sections. There will he a howl thnt
will be heard to the far side of the I'.isl Itlver
when the city uwes the prlllece nf the land at
the comer of l'nst Forty-ninth street and Church
aenur, on which stands Ihe Utile frame build
ing housing about 3.V) pupils, whose parents
pay hlch tae-. on properly In the Itugby
section, la March, 1DI3, ttie one yer lease which
was i-ranted to the Hoard of Fduratlon by a prom
inent laud developing company will ejplre. It
has been snlil the company will allow the school
term lo be continued. Ilu means that this lease,
which, by the way, Is the last to tie granted to the
rlty by this company, will Mrtually end In June,
Tho nearest school, at ltt and Amboy streets.
Is nearly into llrownsWIIc, nnd the other, at east
ern Parkway and t'tlca aenue. Is rldlug distance
In Ihe trolley rap. for many. Again, Public
School No. ui, nt the corner of Church and licit-
ford avenues, Is not a convenient distance for
the greater number of pupIR So thrre will be a
large number of peoplo who will suiter because
the Hoard of l.dueatlon did not at least pick nut
a site for a new building somewhere In the llugby
In the I'arkvltle and Kensington sections there
Is much being said aim some things are being
done about Ihe part timo uul which ihe children
of property owners are compelled to put up with
Instead of the full Ave hour school day that chil
dren In other sections of the rlty are allowed.
Cannot something be doue by the proper au
thorities to relieve existing conditions In these
districts? Tho people have been fighting for
thesn things for some time, and It Is about time
their demands were complied with.
UuooiaiN, November 13. CITIiai.
I'pholtlerrd Trucks for the Fire Department,
To thk IIditob or The ScN-sir: If an old
mattress lying casually In Greenwich street
saved the.llfo of a man accidentally pitched from
an elevated train, why would not a new mattress,
made specially for the purpose and carried on
wheels, be useful In saving life at fires where
people leach tho windows but must Jump to the
pavement or pjrlsh In the flames? i;. n.
HocuKSTEn. November 13.
I, nek of Kentucky Dog.
From the Carrolllon Democrat,
Tom Wells's dog Jack played la luck last Fri
day morning when Framme tiros,' meal wagon
was overturned near the corner or Nlith and
Main streets, Jack grabbing a steak and only a
blue streak was afterward seen.
A sixth sense Is needed to avoid motor ran
As more and more civilized we grow,
To know this Is Just ns well,
For ono only w ns needed a few years a go
I.. T. II,
Scribnir's ilaia:lne for Ilecember contains an
unusual amount of llctlon, live stories nnd the
continuation of John Fox, .ir 's serial. Christian
llrliiton describes llio palmers of Scandinavia,
Price I'nlllrr gliei his views nn (Irrmanv-. and
Thomas Nelson Page's story nf the Nativity Is
Illustrated with reallMlo colored pictures by
N, C. cili. Two pouts also contribute.
THE NAVV EOtl PEACE.
An Answer to Those Who Sec In New
Nhlps a Provocation to War.
To the Enuon op Tnt: StN-Sfr. The
declaration made by Mr. Horace While In
a letter lo Tim sun of November o that tho
peace societies "will try to knock out the
other battleship next time" Is but in keep
ing with the general policy of these societies.
Indeed tho statement was quite unneces
sary. Tho latest brochure Issued and
distributed by tho American Association
for International Conciliation, entitled "As
to Two battleships," Is an eloquent con
firmation of Mr. White's Insinuation.
It Is well, howcvcr.Vhat thu American
publlu should know tho position assumed
by the peacu eoclelles against our naval
defence. If tho pacificists could but trans
form our battleships Into a white fleet of
peace, with decks cleared of turrets and
guns, convenient for holding afternoon
parties and pluk teas, thoy would, I nm
sure, have no hesitation In doing wo.. Tho
burden of their song it that peace will follow
disarmament, an nssumptlou us false as it
Is preposterous. The history of mnriklnd,
of nations, of society in general is nn em
phatic denial of such nn averment, The
weak and unprotected will always remain
tho object of attack nnd Imposition by the
strong and nggresslve, particularly so
where wealth and prosperity nre nn Incen
tive lo Jealousy and conflict. Ourtinvy Is
and will nt all times remain our best In
surance of ponce. While ostensibly built
for war. If need be, tho real und sole object
of tho navy Is peace, to enforco our treaties
and arbitration agreements, to defend our
resources' nnd commercial interests nnd to
uphold that dignity which by reason of
supremacy, wealth and Influence for good
Is ours. Societies working In the intutest
of universal icace may ns well take cog
lil.ance of this Incontrovertible fnct.
When nations have como to an Ironbound
understanding thnt for war Is to Im substi
tuted n peaceful settlement of liiternntlnnnl
dispute It will lie time to begin to convert
our tmttlcshlps Into excursion barges.
Hut until that time arrives, and the I'.nro
pcan situation Just now does not lietokon
lis near approai h, it Is good policy to main
tain nn ndcipiato and efllcient navy, ready
to meet any emergency that may arlso to
disturb the pence which wo in common
with Mr. White and his colleagues aro en
joying. 11, K. Horn-:.
Director Navy tongue of tho United States.
ScniNTo.v, Pa November 11,
The Term IWplalnrd for the llcneflt nf a
fSctrchrr of Dictionaries.
To Tin: KuiTon or Tim Hrx Sir: Allow
mo lu my small way lo endeavor to enlighten
"A Mere Man" regarding the meaning of the
There are some very able leaders of our
cause who could give him the full history
of this interesting word, but fearing that
they may not have seen his inquiry I hasten
to contribute my version of the word. I
hope if I have made any errors some other
suffragist will correct Ihem so that "A Mere
Man" may be fully enlightened on the sub
ject. He has not been able to find the word In
the dictionary tor the implc reason that
it has not yet been recognized by the com
pilers of any dictionary that I Know of.
When I was In Knglnnd two years ago It
wns explained to me In this manner: We
have In America several slang expressions
that aptly fit the man who refuses woman
a vole. 1 hey told me that he is "the boob,"
or "simp" who figures that "the world owes
him a living" nnd n vote, nnd he Is the
same fellow who originally used the term
""iiffriigette" to ridicule the mllitnnt suf
However, the word had a euphonious
sound to their ears, and they employed It
quite frequently, until to-day It is rec
ognized ns meaning the militant hiiffraglst,
one who believes that inasmuch ns women
have mi voice in the making or the lawn
they should not be expected or compelled
to observe them.
While the woman suffragists of America
are not militant, but rather choose to be
lieve that Ihey will secure the vote sooner
by going about It In a legal manner, still
they do not rise up in unger when any ono
uses the term "suffragette." They want
the vote nnd mean to get It, nnd they smile
goodnaturedly and think with Julirt:
What's In a name? That which we call a rose
liy any other name would smell as sweet.
CslllKRINE T. Dr.sKF..
New York, November I.",,
A FARMER'S VIEW.
Sucirstlon In lleeartl to the Tariff,
ARrlcultiire and I'ducntlon.
To the Kditor ok Thk Sun Mr The
tariff question has been with us since Colo
nial days und brought about the Involu
tion. Changes In tho present tniiff we
exinct; great changes affecting many lines
of goods nnd products would upset busi
ness in general.
What would bo the result if whent, corn,
oats, potatoes, Ac, were given free entry
or cut SO per cent ? From elevutor and
storehouse thu holdings would flow, meet
ing the How from Canada, South America,
and from oversea. One may say the specu
lator would lie hurt. Somewhat, but with
contracts mada for future delivery or loans
nd valued on storage receipts he would
come out safer than the miller. The manu
facturer, grocer, baker, in fact nil, would
feel the drop In prices. Tho overstocked
market would bo followed by panic, Wo
lose track of tho lO.issi.tsw of ioplo we have
added to tho population since tho census
of 1 Csmi, almost equalling the present popu
lation of Now ior'.(, Massachusetts, New
.lersey mid Connecticut together, l'm
d notion of foodstuffs has lieen golnir back
fnrsomo time, Hven "hiimpor'' crops won't
go fnr In feedlne n "bumper" population.
From "Farm Wealth Facts," compiled
by the .Immruu Anriculturitt, 1 made up a
list of the average Income of farms in the
United ritntes. TomyHiirpriso I found Ne
vada headed the list with an nveragu to tin
farm of fe.GOu, Our own State stood six
teenth, average, tl,n:i7. North Carolina was
tnrty-elghth, average $iu. Texas, with the
greatest number of farms, i:i5,ooi, and
crops valued nt $6aj,(ss),wm, mi average of
II.4.V.', stood twenty-eighth. This wems to
show the condition of iniiiiv farms. Farm
ers lu many sections of the country buy
stock, feed, meal, butter, potatoe-i, in fact
about everything but milk nnd vgga.
i ho farmer of old days rulsed stock and
feed and a surplus for market. What he
didn't ralso he traded eggs for and seomcd
to prosiier. Wo have model machinery for
every farm purpose, iho trouble in most
oases Is lack nf capital, little or no idea of
what the soil Is best adapted to grow or how
to market urops. 'tenant farmers (somel
get what they can off the land (skin It) and
, If capital could be had at a fair Interest
for tho purchase of farms, stocking and
carrying through until crop matured, soil
to be examined and put (o tho crop which
promises I he greatest yield, properly worked,
and the crops handled at central points, our
farms would improve in fertility, pro
ductiveness and value. Put a tax on food
stnfls exported when needed at home,
why feed the cheap lahor the tariff
boosters fear at the expense nf our own
labor? Admit free what we do not produce
and when there is a shortage In our products
admit enough to make up the diflerence,
figuring what Is held up In elevators and
elsewhere for, speculative purposes as
shortage. We have a timo limit on holding
foodstuff lu cold storage: wonder if It's
enforced, Let us have hoiiih agriculture
taught In our country schools In plucuof
ancient hlstorv, (Ireck, Latin, An, Alt
imp Is can't go pn to college or prepare
for It. Home of them must help maintain
the homo as soon as pqkiblo, Teach tho
pd three It's with spelling and grammar:
history s inpHtled would answer for reading.
If our alien pupils must have something of
government, havo the copybook heading
supply It. Frll av ir vn nver li, Iw.nL I,-..., ,.?,.
nnd business forms, checks, notes, drafts
and bills of lading, ,ti and stun it midway
in nm Kiiuiiiiiiir scniioi. vvnen itio txinl I
graduates be or she will l 1,-n...- n,',..i
nt the start. Why not make two courses
above n certain griuln, collegiate or com
irterclnl, parent lo choose which?
(.omliig back lo the I a rl IT, I nm satisfied
"f. maiiy are. we have an able man who somj
In , lojiKi- ui our coumry s una iw, who
will n iijiHiidniiviii-iiti. nil I,.; i, -ii,., :
uushk.n, November u. A diuKaui,
Clinnsfo of Trcnsurors Makes the
Two Month Job a
NO SHORTAGE IS LIKISLT
Democrats Once Cnuplit, Kcpub
Ucans With Two Cents
WASflls-oioN, Nov. 10. "Speak softly"
will bo tho admonition to all visltoru to tho
Treasury Department for tho noxt fow
weeks. Undo Sam will bo counting liln
This count Is inndo neccscary officially
by tho chmiRO of United States Treasurer.
U'o Mc-Clung beiiiK succeeded by Curml
Thompson of Ohio.
When tho formal transfer Ih made tho
new Treasurer will nlvo a receipt to tho
otitKoIni? Treasurer for more than ono
billion dollars lu sold und silver coin and
This count Ih not tnado necessary by
any want of confidence In tho Administra
tion or tho out going Treasurer. Several
treasurers on taking offlco havo offered
to waive tho formality; There Is no bur
Kesjtlon that any officer connected witli
tho custody of Undo Ham'a monoy will
"short chatiRo" his nuecessor, but official
bondsmen are btlcklera for form und "havo
to be shown."
It is rather a formidable) undertaking
to count tho money in tho Treasury vaults.
At tho time Charles II. Treat relinquished
tho office to Leo McClung it took a eom
mitteo of Treasury ofllccrs, assisted by a
forco of twenty laborers, nearly two
months to make tho count. Tim work
Is carried on only during tho official houra,
from H.30 in tho morning to 4.30 In tho
afternoon. Unless tho count is begun
vory Hoon It may not bo concluded before.
President Taft goes out of office
It probably will take longer to make
tho count this timo than It ever has before.
Uncle Sam -has moro money than ever
beforo and it is In smaller denominations
of bills nnd coins than heretofore.
All of tho paper money is countod piece
by piece. Much of tho gold Is counted
in that way. but practically all the nilvcr
and somo of the gold is counted by weigh
ing tho sealed bags which contain it on
Fcales that nro delicately poised bo that the
i slightest variation from tho ascertained
weight of a bag of coin would bo accu
rately recorded. Tho silver and gold
coin is kept in scaled bugs.
It requires somo physical effort to count
then.!. They aro heavy and omii one
must bo handled separately. Taken from
the pllo in which it ih stacked by a laborer,
a bug is tossed to another laborer, who
pasM-'H it beforo tho committee- of inspec
tion. Thu committee after weighing the
bug passes it on to other Inborern, who
put it back in the symmetrica! pile until
the. next count is ordered.
Men havo been permanently injured by
accidents in handling theso bnga of coin.
Thero aro a number of men now being
carried on th rolls of tho Treasury who
havo suffered t-prnins or broken llmlia
or been injured Internally through living
hit with money bugs in tho courau of tho
The eommitteo which supervises tho
count' is usually coiniKvwd of throe per
sons, all officers of tho Treasury.
These counts, often as a change In the,
Treasurer's office ban required them,
huve almost invariably shown the stock
of Undo Sam's money in tho Treasury
to bo intact, but once thero was a shortage.
It was in 183, when the Democratic party
succeeded to power in theOovcrnment after
yeurH spent in tho political wilderness.
The fhortage was not wholly imoypoct
ed It was generally believed that the He
publican parly, grown arrogant through
jiower and probably careles and corrupt,
would he shown lo havo made way with
some of the vast stock of wealth Isuonging
to the Clovernment which hud been so
long in its custody. In fact tho Demo
cratic campaign had lieen waged on the
issue wholly of "Turn tho raswils out."
There was also a frequent demand from
campaign orators thnt the bookn of tho
Treahury lie opened and the cash counted.
Ho the country wns not wholly unprepared
to hear that too official count of the billion
or no in the Treasurer's office hod dis
closed a shortage.
Thero was really some surprise, though,
at the Bi7o of tho deficit, it was only
Republicans throughout t lie country
rallied heroically to tho relief of their
party. A jiorfect shower of two cent
stamps full i!xm the United States Treas
urer, coining through the mails from till
sections of tho country, but it was not
neoesisnry to turn to private Htilxoriptioiw
to make up the ilefli.it. Two days after
tho official count ended the missing two
cent were found as tho result of moving
So far nn the memory of the present
officern of tho Treasurer's staff goes thin
is the only shortage that has ever been dis
closed by any count of Treasury cash,
although it is Kssiblu that thero may
havo bet'li home others. There havo
been losses and thefts from time to time.
Ono United States Treasurer in recent
years niacin the discovery that a thousand
dollars was missing. The sum was rep
resented by n single bill. He made,good
the kiss and Congiess Liter reimbursed
Several years ago n negro lulxjror miui
ajced to make away witli several hundred
dollars while engaged in tho work of
handling bugs of silver. Ho was de
tected and punished.
He invented a novel motliod of securing
money and concealing the aol. He pio
vided himself willi slugs of lead each of
which weighed exactly the same as the
weight of a silver dollar. Not infrequent
ly in tho progress of a count these bugs
of silver coin full open or are found to
lie untied, it is nn easy matter lor u
skilful man to tear them oien by quickly
removing the filing,
'Ihis laborer from time to time, vhlle ,
working at tho top of a hugo hco of
sacks of coin, would report to tlie com
mittee below that sacks were 'ope.i i i;d
he would then bo directed to tie the w.uks.
Probably ho was personally res on
siblo for the sac.ka being open, In t, lie
sotzd tills opportunity to e.tratt- ono
or more silver dollurs from tho Uit nd
supplied lead wlugs of equul weight to
take their place,
When the lugs were weighed Icter thoy
were found to bo of proper weight, and
for a long time suspicion wua averted
from the offender He hud boon a trutrd
employee, which aided his plan, but
dually lie wns detected and urrested
Tho official count was halted nml l-lv.iin
all over again, It became, nocss.u-v
tp open every sack of silver, empty mrti
tlie contents and count each iii,( in,.
foro weighingand sealing.
vvnen hub recount was completed it
was found that the miscreant had made
way with Boveral hundred dollars.
Another theft of silver from tho vault
wuh effectod by a young Treasury watch
man, whose business was to sit by the
iron cugea containing boxes of tho coin
in bags. One duy he discovered that
pno or tho boMis which wus mada of plno
had a knot in the side.
His cupidity overcame him, Ho
punched thu knot out, cut a hole In the
liag of coin ami extracted piece after
pieco through tho wire cage until 'be
managed to possess himself of several
The young man spent, his ill got money
in riotous living. Most of it was trdia
Into tho Tenderloin of VosJilntou.