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THE SUN, SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 1912.
SUNDAY, XOVKMIIKIt 17, 1912.
Entered at the Post timer-at New York M Second
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Plntlnn noil PulilMilnir Ar.tni-lat in at 150 Nassau
Mreet, In thf llnrnuch of Manhattan, New York,
President nrd TrrnMttir. William . Itdck. I"n
Nassau street. Ire I'rrsMrnt, lliltvnrd P. Ultrhrll.
IJONsksaii trfd. Pmrtaiy, Chesttr S. I-ortl, 17n
I on J on office, rffiisham noiise, 1 Arundel
rarlo office, a Hue dr la Mlrhodterrt oil Hue du
Cuatre Srpt'mbre -
Wajhlnfftoi office, Jllrfts llnll.llnr.
BrooVbn offlrr, toa UvlniMon street.
If our trlrndi trhn fnror ti uifa manur.rlpti and
lllutlrntloni fit' ruMltattoi irlta In finro rtjrctrd
tatultt rttutnttl IhtJ muit In nil easts trrut jlamjij
for Vot rurpvte
The I'ltutl Test of the Jtnlka Vie
Tho approach of tho end of tho Balkan
war serves to emplmsizo tho fact) that
tho real tost of the capacity of tho Jtob,
tho Bulbar and the Creek to direct their
own fort lines in now to come. They
linvo formed an allt;in which Europo
In the light or liittory deemed incredible:
they httvo eoniiUTed an enemy vho
nt. tho oiitM-t seemed utterly beyond
their statute. There remains th prob
lem as to whether (hey can agree on a
division of the spo I;'.
Tho provinces vliioh the vietoriocs
armies now hold have long been tho
object of ih .iniliitioiis not of otto
but usually of two and sometimes even
of three Halknti States. Greek troopt,
now hold territory Hulpirian insurgents
have fought over for a 'generation.
Servian forces before Monastir are also
on Bulgar laiuK Serb and Bulgar,
Greek and Bulgar have killed each other
within half a dozen years to establish
rival claims Hits the greatest conse
quence of thw brief, splendid war been
tho extinction of these rivalries, or at
least the stirring of a spirit which will
permit accommodating them?
Not in the war nor in the peace terms
with Turkey, but in the conferences
nnd meetings of the representatives of
tho four little- States which have juM
defeated a great empire, lies the teal
interest for tho next few days or weeks,
because here will lie determined the
immediate future of these rareh, and
hero also it will be disclosed whether
the Balkan league is a new European
The Mchnol Inquiry.
All that has been urged against the
usefulness of Ehnkst 0. Mookk'h report
on the public school system of New
York is that it was not accompanied
by exact and specific data to support
ills conclusions. It has not been sug
Kestcd that his criticisms were in each
case or generally unfounded in reason
or unsupported by evidence.
Tho Board of Estimate's school in
quiry committee has now engaged two
men, Frank .1. fioon.vow of Columbia
and Fnt-DEntCK 0. Howe, to cxamino
tho situation and express their views
as to tho faults in the system and tho
proper means for its correction. We
presume, that they will I earn that Mr.
Moonr. was entirely justified in many
of his findings. Wo do not believe,
however, that they will content them
selves with the mere recording of judg
ments. If they do, their labors will
lie wasted. We expect that wherever
they find an abuse they will give chap
ter, page and paragraph, thus enlight
ening the whole community, and par
ticularly those on whom the burden of
reform must fall and without whoso
cooperation no progress toward better
schools can be looked for.
A small bundle of facts will be more
useful in rebuilding the educational
plant than a carload of excellent sug
Kestions the necessity for adopting
which is liot made plain by the exhibi
tion of horrible examples.
The Liberal Quandary.
It Is impossible to forecast just what
course of action tho Liberal Govern
ment will adopt when Parliament reas
sembles to-morrow. Whatever way out
or the impasse it may finally onoose,
the Ministry is clearly in an awkward
predicament. In time alono a week has
been lost out of tho schedule mapped
out for the consideration of tho homo
rule bill, and with its crowded par
liamentary programme time is very
precious to tho Government. Tho loss
In prestigo must bo still more serious.
The snap defeat of Monday was, of
course, tho merest accident, and when
its full forces aro assembled the Gov
ernment has an ample majority to
overwhelm any opposition, but tho faot
remains that these snap defeats almost
invariably occur when a Ministry is
The Unionist demand that the Gov
ernment resign on account of the defeat
ia not to bo taken seriously. Mr. Bal
four in his last Ministry accepted more
than one such reverse before finally ap
pealing to the country. Tho difficulty
of Mr. Ahquith'h position is that there
is no precedent for rescinding an ad
verse voto of tho House, and the House
of Commons has for precedent what ap
pears to us an almost superstitious ven
eration. If tho voto is not rescinded,
then it is impossible for tho Govornmont
to proceed with tho bill; if the motion
to rescind is brought forward again,
the Unionists have announced thoir de
termination to rcnow tho disturbances
which necessitated tho present adjourn
ount. It is a quandary which will tax
the Ingenuity of tho British Cabinot.
Most probably, as has been suggested
by our London correspondent, tho Gov
rament will recommit the whole bill,
allowing one day to pass tho clauses
kud? considered en bloc, and will then
proceed with tho financial clauses as
though nothing had happened.
Meanwhile- tho difficulties of tho Gov
ernment have acted as a stimulus to tho
hopca and energies of tho Opposition
and we read of wencs of tho wildet
enthusiasm at the meotlnu of tho Nation
alist Unionist Association in tho Albert
Hall on T ursday night. Tho Oovern
ment, with its coalition majority of
overahundrod.isstill in a strong posi
tion, but signs of disintegration have
already manifested themselves, and
when that happens majorities have a
way of dwindling in tho most unex
Keif-Support In rollege.
The young man who goes to college
properly prepared by nature and his
elementary schooling for the plutigo
into Math. 31, Eng. 21-antl, it is to be
hoped, Lnt. 10 and G'k. 11 with health
and a little cash and no duty to oon
tributo to tho support of others does
not deserve pity any more than he de
sires it. He fairly warns an honest meed
of praise, but he has no need to Miff or
In tho process. Ho loams tho lessons
of honest work, careful administration
of his affairs and reasonable sacrilico
but tho traditional bitterness of "cam
Ing a way through" Is flod forever. Tho
boy who does that nowadays is not
called upon to starvo In a garret or to
steal tho clothes off a scarecrow. Bu
reaus of "self-help" are effectively busy
on every campus devising ways nnd
means of self-support for worthy and
At rrinceton last year, where thin
work is under the chargo of a graduate
council, there were registered in; men
either wholly or in part dependent upon
their own canting capacity; forty-seven
of them had less than $200 each, and of
these there were nine who had not more
than $50. nineteen who had between $50
antl $100, and so von who had between
$100 and $200. Those student earned
last year $17,500.0.1. Only two of these
men left college during tho year. More
over, theso figures apply almost exclu
sively to tho two lower classes, as mem
bers of tho Junior and senior classes had
provided for themselves before tho prea
ent system was In operation.
remunerative occupations open to
students were newspaper reporting,
tutoring, commercial agencies, type
writing and stenography; but many a
helpful dollar was mado in tho old
fashioned, humbler wayB tendinc lawns
amwurnaces, shovelling snow, clerking
in stores, staying in homes at night when
the folks were out. Fifteen students
put in a summer of hard work on the
collego farm and aro now selling their
surplus product preserved for winter
use. It is proposed to install a canning
plant to give tho farm that full effi
ciency which will como with release
from the necessity of an immediate
It is all a part of tho changing times.
Modem business efficiency has largely
eliminated the old" time choice between
wretched poverty and belittling accept
ance of charity.
Is Property More Valuable than
Startling as this question may s?cm
at first blush, facts and figures appear
to answer it.
"Tho conservation of human life con
stitutes the grandest movement of tho
twentieth century," saya Professor
Ihyino Fisher. Lot us see how tho
governing authorities of American
cities further this movement. When n
Board of Estimate tho members of
which ara-tho peers of any in tho world
mont of Health of New York" city, allow
ing one million dollars less than tho
department's estimate of its needs, tho
following figures nnd facts ceaso to bo
matter f surprise:
The Stato of New York spends for
health preservation the munificent sum
of 1 7-10 cents per annum for each of
its inhabitants. Massachusetts spends
4 2-10, Indiana 1 7-10, Kansas 2 7-10,
and ho on. There is not one city
health board that obtains enough
money to carry on a successful fight
with disease and death, despite tho
fact that most cities aro provided
with efficient generals for tho battle.
Fifty of tho most important cities in rln's
country in 1011 averaged in expendi
ture for tho prevention of diseaso and
loss of life 30 cents per annum for each
inhabitant, while the per capita average
spent for preventing fires was Ji.ux
Tho number of preventable deaths was
117,724, involving an economic loss of
$200,000,000. These figures aro com
puted from data liko tho following:
Minneapolis spent for fire prevention
$l.7 per capita, for disease prevention 14
Portland, Ore., spent II, 01 for fire
preventloa and 13 cents for dlaaae pre
vention per capita.
7,;i4, t,og iur urvv, i.' centa for
Providence, It, l spent St .00 for fires
and it centa per capita for health.
Tho Department of Health of New
York city asks for 200 food inspectors
and obtains thirty men to supervise
27,000 plaoea which supply its inhabi
tant with food. Is it surprising that
our milk is tampered with, that wo see
men carrying loavos of bread on soiled
arms from their wagons, to bo shoved
into our windows; that wo see passing
through our streets loads of meat with
filthy men sitting upon them, and that
food of all kinds is exposed to street
Philadelphia has seven inspectors to
watch ita 8,000 meat stores. In San
Francisco tho Marino Hospital men dis
covered cases of bubonic plaguo several
years ago and at onco instituted quar
antine and other proteetivo measures.
i no commercial interests annlied to ihn
uovemor to protect tho city against
tho bad reputation tho doctors were
s"11 " uiruiiK i mo uovernnr
and other influences induced tho Secrc-
uuy or tho Ireasury to remove tho em
bargo. But thoso sturdv defender fit-
health caused an unbiassed committco
to investigate and verify their aotlon,
and they saved tho country from a most
An cxatnplo of tho attitude of Legis
latures is furnished by that of Ohio,
which granted tho farmers an appropria
tion of $23,000 for a laboratory to pro
dueo serum for preventing death of
their hogs from cholera, but refused to
- i grnnt an appropriation for tho produc
tion of a serum mntitoxln) to prevent
their children dying from diphtheria.
It. has. been well said that tho war
against preventable disease is a strugglo
between death and the dollar. When
our governing powers begin to realize
this solemn truth they will bravo tho
public clamor for low taxation and
cense to prefer a high death nito to n
slight and temporary Increase in tho
tax rate, or spend less on public build
ings and ornamentation anil more on
Dr. Wilkv has said statistics show
that we die sixteen years before wo
reach our maximum usefulness. Why
should we be content, with an average
life of forty-four years? Health is our
most valuable asset. Tho slightest re
flection upon the above data proves that
it Is not protected with one-tenth the
caution and effort that wo exercise in
tho protection of property.
Not without regret, indeed with sym
patny lor the unfortunate victim, we
have to give a public admonition to
our esteemed contemporary tho Boston
Glonr, which from its urban fastness
records a ntral fact in tho tonguo of
burghers, of "cits," not in the homely
speech of New England:
"New Knslanrl farmers have wtnely taken
clvantaRH of tlio recent ilellclttfiil Indian
eiiminrr weather to perform tlie aniittnl tank
of binklnc up their hoitaea,"
Who ever heard of "banking up" a
Massachusetts house? Tho right, word
for the process of fortification against
tho winter referred to by this erring
BostonlHii is "soddln," an infinitely moro
genial, juicy, expressive and meaty
vocable. It takes tho hearer or reader
back to tho cold but hearty times of
those tough and viable folks described,
if wo remember, by the Massachusetts
Constitution as "our wiso and pious an
cestors." It waves the memory back
to generations that know not tho luxuri
ous abominations of furnaces, steam
heat and so on; generations whoso
shins were habitually scorched at the
great fireplaces (before which ink has
been known to freeze) and that habitu
ally saw frost on tho coverlid and could
not peek out of the window of tho freez
ing bedroom before nibbing off the
windowpano an inch or two of white.
Soddin' 1 Tho ancient bethinks him of
the footwarmcr in tho cold storaco
meet in house, of tho long handled brass
wannin' pan moved up and down the
Arctic sheets of the bed in the spare
room when some Sybarite from Boston
came for his sins to shiver through "the
Yes, but soddin' brings back too the
inflamed face of tho tight air stove,
glowing through all his mica like Mos
cow in flames, more scarlet with all his
dampers turned than tho red planet
Mars or Governor Stubbs'b noil of
flame. Waves, oceans of heat throb
out. There may bo moro healthful.
more msthetio moro engaging means
or warmth than tho tight air stovo, but
there never was or can bo such another
nurse of heroic and intolerable heat.
Soddin'! Tho'dalyis'and the "glad
iolis" (stress on the penult) have long
ago been transported to tho cellar or
"sullar," a brother sound to "cniller";
are stored there to be
picked over in tho winter nights on tho
in,lica,efl fn th0 01d Farmer's
Almanac; there in many a barrel are
the Hhode Island greenin's, tho bright,
blushing Baldwins, whoso name remains
to cover who knows how many nlien
fla-ors; the Hoxbury nissets, and other
choice sons of Pomona. Pickin' over
tho apples will bo done pretty thor
oughly by the boys of the family.
Speaking of apples, what are those
barrels over there? Bring down a
pitcher, not the tall ono with tho Toxas
Campaign on It, but a plain white one;
tho other might get smashed in the
uncertain light of tho cellar. Turn the
faucet, a pint is enough for now. Not
bad, although not quite hard enough
yet. Be nil right by Thanksgivin'. As
to stono fences we were not talking of
fences but of soddin'l
The Dctign of the New Nickel.
Tho familiar nickel with comely Miss
Liberty's head surrounded by thirteen
stars on the obverse and an enwreathed
V with "E Pluribus Unum" abovo on
tho roverso is soon to mako way for
a design of which the following descrip
tion is given:
""An Indian head will adorn the face of
the coin and the figure of a buffalo the
reverse. Tho doslgn ia intended to honor
the disappearing Indian nnd buffnlo, linked
together In American history."
No doubt Mr. J. E. Fraber'h design
will bo so attractive that the demand for
tho new nickel will bo brisk when the
coin is put into circulation, but the
nrtist probably never intended "to honor
tho disappearing Indian and buffalo."
It is pleasant to know that the Amer
ican bison is not destined to becomo ex
tinct; on tho contrary, all danger of its
disappearing is past: tho family multi
plies rapidly; ono he I enjoys Us free
dom as in tho dayi before tho "iron
horso" invaded tho A'ebtern prairies.
According to a report mado by Mr.
Wii.mam T. Hornadav recently tho
free buffaloes nro roaming tho rugged
I'latheutl Ileservation in Montana, where
"there is food, water and shelter for
ten thousand." They escaped from tho
collection which Chief Paihx) sold to
Canada; nn in-'-'lied nttcmpt to re
cover thorn 1 1 futilo. Theso un
trammelled h.. aro now under tho
protection of Game Warden Avaiie of
.Montana, soventy-fivo bulls and cow
Knrovor may they enjoy their liberty I
Tho other herds aro more or less under
restraint, somo very much so I public
parks and "zoos"; but in tlio Grand
Canyon Prosorvo, tho MonUwa National
Bongo, tho Wichita Game Preserve and
tho Ycllowstono National Park tho
American bison is practically in n wild
stato still, although his Independence is
qualified by guardianship. In June
1012, there were 2,007 "nuro bloods" in
North America, as compared with 1,017
in tho year 1008. Excluslvo of tho
seventy-fivo "outlaws" on tho Flathead
Reservation, there wcro 1,288 buffaloes
in tho United States. It is estimated
that In all North America there aro 475
free and wild bisons, as compared with
x:.r in 1008.
Tho Indians have also been saved
H . ... .
ana are slowly but steadily increasing.
In 1000 tho United Statos Government
returned 270,514, of whom 133,382 wore
on reservations or at schools; a census
of the Hvo Tribes, Cherokees, Chicka
saws, Choctaws, Creeks and Semlnoles,
gave 52,003, not including "colored.
On Juno 30, 1011, thcro were 310,02B
Indians on a full count, and the pure
blooded of tho Fivo Tribes hod Increased
to 77,042. Tho future of tho American
bison is assured. It may bo tho destiny
of the American Indian ns an aboriginal
to disappear, but ho.too is multiplying
Scutari Is manifestly
county of Turkey.
The "unspeakablo Turk" at least has a
And less than a fortnight after eleotinn
tho Hon. Woonnow Wilson Is "at sea.
Did tho Democrat lo national platform
mako any declaration on the limerick
Ths fact that they Ithe Domoeratal ara
soma to rcvlne the tariff means the death
Knell of prosperity.- VeeMent Nathan T.
Koi.wr.LL of thr If anuaclurera C'fiifc.
Perhaps It will not be, an bad as that.
At any rate, the pessimists should remem
ber that the Democrats have received a
"mandate" from the peoplo to revise tho
Tho 200 "bonnets" burned by the Craw
ford County Suffragist Assoolatlon at
Pittsburg, Kan., to celebrate tho recent
woman suffrage triumph at tho polls
must havo been obsolete headgear and
not modish Parisian "creations." And
yet a husband who witnessed tho bonfire
burst into prophecy: "If this form of cele
bration is to bo followed extensively by
the woman suffragists, they will novor
carry another State." Perhaps ho would
not have known this year's fashion if
ho had seen an example. The average
woman would gladly give a hat of 1911
to the flames without a tremor. Hut the
citizen of Pittsburg, Kan., spoke like one
inspired U the women were burning their
Kansas hats of this year, that Is to sav.
tho Parisian models of last year. If the
suffragettes are going to sacrifice the
latest millinery, which Is almost nrohlbi
tive in price, to celebrate their nolitloal
victories, a sullen but determined revolt
of man against equal suffrage may bo
expected all over the country.
Brother Watteraea Rellri.
From Iff Loulmllt Courlir-Journal.
To turn EDlToa or Tim Sun -air: In your re
port of Mr. Watterron'a article of -The New nti.
pensatlon." referring to Mr. Cleveland, he ears:
Thus he wrecked hta party, wrecked II afler It
rial reamed what aeemed a safe harbor, and left
It a ?ery hoik upon the wide, wide lea." I have
alwaya been an admirer of Ur. Cleveland's
versatility, of which a new phase Is here dis
closed, and I am Intereated to know how and
why he got the wreck out of the safe harbor and
it! t it on the wide, wide sea. Oscaa H. Lain.
New Yoke, November .
v,hy. after he wrecked It "la port,
drifted out to sea, you donkey I
The Draught la the Street Oar.
io ths r.oiToa or in suic sir: I ery
aearuiy agree witn wnat ur. King says In your
paper this morning about the awful drauzhla In
the street cars, tf you stand still In a room for
a while between an open window and door In a
araugnt you will quickly become chilled. But It
is much worse In a car going at a rapid rate, for
the speed creates a draught much greater and
more dangerous than In the room. So I think,
too, that one part of the car should be reserved
for those who are susceptible to colds. .
Not long since on the Williamsburg Bridge a
very sick lady In appearance appealed to the con
ductor to close the ventilators over her head. At
the end of the trip an Inspector noticed the closed
transoms, and although the conductor eiplalned
the matter the Inspector said he would report
nlm. Mrs. R. U. Stous.
Nrw You. November 18.
Oae Explanation of the CoUnel'a Lead.
To tbs EoiToaor Tin ScN-air: In Its Issue
of November B the Lttttary X)ljl says: "Much
Interest attaches to the fact that Colonel Roose
velt, while falling to reach the goal In the Presi
dential race, nevertheless left the Republican
candidate far behind." From this one would
Judge that It was a source of wonderment that
such a thing could happen. This most astound
ing result can possibly be explained by taking
Into consideration the fact that thousands of
Taft men cast their votes for Mr. Wilson to pre
vent Mr. Roosevelt from getting his "third cup
of coffee." G'EORas v. tak Sicxr.N.
CoiNWAtx-oX'TlCDSox, November 15.
Pregreis la a Missouri Town.
From nt Louisiana Prt$s-Journal.
Meilco Is certainly a growing town In certain
lines of Industry. During Sheriff Johnson's term
of four years thirty-six prisoners were sent to
the penitentiary. This number his Increased
to Dlty-ooe under Sheriff Woolery.
The Count In Callfornh.
At 1 P. M. the count was 10
In Dr. Wilson's fitvor: then
T. rtoosevelt had a little run
And led the Jereeymnn by l
At midnight. Flashed upon the wites
To all tho nation' nous and sires
The new came winnlnc that by dnwn
Another precinct wood row d drawn
In the count In California,
nigh noon arrived across the plains:
The word was wafted, "Teddy gains!"
Hull Moosers ahouted "We are Itl"
And fires of celebration lit:
Hut Just about tho twilight hour
The clouds' of doubt begnn to lower,
For oni'o ugaln It went for Woody
And nil the Democrats cried "fioodyl"
At the count In California.
The midnight "Uxlrays" shrilled the news
That lioosemoose was the real "Who'a
Who" In the (lolden State, by lending
Ilia rival at the latest reading.
His sure plurality was 7
Then Woodrow passed hlmby tl;
And then, of course, nt half "past to'
The Oyster Dayman led again
In the count In California.
'Twna Teddy's Slate for half of Sunday;
Then Woody carried It on Monduy;
Hy Tuesday night the voto was lied.
Hut Thursday morning Shasta shied
A precinct down from tin the creek
That had been ttnhblltig all Ihn week;
tin first report It went for Ted,
On second thouiilit for Wilson read
In the count In California,
When Ted Is one of age's wreiks,
When Wood becomes an ancient V..
When peace upon Madero sits.
When European Turkey quits,
When Unties frccr.es over, whrn
fourteen and ft add up to to,
When Tnft is President ngaln,
Then mnybc wo shall hear st last
How California's voto was cast
Uy the count in California.
stories of man finance,
Celonel Selten of Sellersvllle.
Not since Arthur Htllwell drew a map
of El Dorado, the olty of plpo dreams, has
a more exquisite "plan" appeared on the
market than Colonel Sollers's Tmst Me
certificates. The engraved "warrant for
subscription, " sent postpaid to any reader
of, "The Remedy," is a masterpiece of
workmanship, having nearly two Inches
of real gold leaf on the margin. And a
very small margin, as a first donation, Is
required to own this valuable heirloom,
as It Is Intended to bo kept In the family
or every reader of "The Remedy until the
grandchildren wish to collect the 11 per
cent, premium. Or If they happen to be
In a hurry to spend their money, they have
tne option or using "service coupons,
which entitle tho bondholders to send
astral messages over any trunk line be
tween New York and Pipelnnd.
JBhould bondholders find difficulty I
finding the offices of tlm company, or
should the offices bo closed on account of
repairs to the cash drawer, thev may de
posit their "service coupons" In a hole in
the wall. In fine, the operators of the
old company, which had lnstnlld exprl
mental wires to every woodshed In Sel
lersvllle, quit their Jobs until such tint
a It may be convenient for Colonel Sellers
to construct, single handed, the mala
line between Chicago and New York, via
The main offices of the oompanr are In
tns Fine Organ Building, near the old
iulte of the Metropolis Mulct Comoanr
representing the United States Muckrak
ing Company, the same stand from whloh
Brother Stilwell used to issue bulla of
excommunication on the Money Trust
nrotner Htil exposed the Money Trust
and then retired to his Florida Pelican
Orove Endowment Company. And his
"Wall Street wolves were leased for this
season to Honest Tom Iawson,
When asked If It were true that the
flotation of his own or other good thlnes
Invariably followed the appearance of a
series of his articles, Honest Tom burst
Into a hurricane, one of those par well
nurncanes that sell hy the word.
"It the investing public Judge me by
my past, - said ne. " t his universe is going
neiiwnrd unless It listens to me. Buy
us next instalment and learn how I pro
pose to stop the Stock Exchange from
preventing my getting to the lambs first
It's an outrage. My readers know that
I am the only legitimate operator: the
others have no right to exist. It's a lie
that I write for money. It's a lie that I
own a magazine. We have merely signed
a pledge to do tne best we can."
Red flames leaped from his Hds. Red
Ink flowed from his pen. The sign on
nis desk said "Busy This is Vitriol Day.
Accordingly the simple investing publlo
were turned away from his door, and
Colonel Sellers invited them to look over
the cut rates on 10 per cent, premiums
sold only to original buyers.
Forestry In Ttili Town.
To the Kditor of This Sun Sir: What
Is the use of trying to Inculcate local pride
in our city anil desire for Its Improvement?
ror many yeara a society has existed In
New York to encourage the planting of trees
in our streets by the authorities und cltl-
rens. otwithstandlng this, yeaterday five
poplar trees twelve years old. In eood run
dltlon.on the corner of Thirty-fifth street
and Lexington avenue, were ruthlessly cut
uown. prrsutnaDty ny tne present owners
of the southeast corner. These trees had
been set out by a former owner and had
survived the erection of the present building.
oniy to rail wantonly at the last, a d scour
aging sight to the neighborhood which had
long enjoyed the llttlo glimpse of green
they afforded, an oasis In the wilderness
or stone which hew York has become.
4 Tree Lover.
New Yori, Novembrr It.
Thai Plr Serrtc la MaahattaaTllle.
TO Ts Editor or T.t - re doesn't
tne Fire Department Install an auto enrlne In
the flrehouse of engine company 37, at Lawrence
street ana Amsterdam avenue! If there Is one
district in the city where such an engine Is needed,
It Is the district covered by company 37.
The engine house Is located In the very centre
or me nariem valley, formerly known as Mn
haltanvtlle. On the north and south the ground
rises at an unusually steep Incline, making It
extremely difficult for horses to drag up the
apparatus, in good weather It Is a hard
task for the horses to pull the engines up the
Inclines, but when the lntcr comes and the
ground Is covered with snow and Ice the horses
nave a hard time getting a secure footing, and
valuable time ts consumed, with the result that
tne company arrives late at fires.
Sometimes when the horses are bavin a hard
time dragging the englnea the Amsterdam ave
nue trouey cars come to their assistance. The
cars 'get In the rear of the engines and when the
motormen turn on the power the engines are
pushed to tne top of the Inclines without much
Property and Uvea would be belter nrotected
in tne aisinci ir tne t-ire Department Installed
an auto engine. The auto engine would make
belter time In ascending the Inclines, and In bad
weather It would not be delayed by now and
ko, mere would be no horses to slln and fall
The auto engines could get out of the nrehouse
quicker than tne old fashioned apparatus. Con
sequently tbey would arrive at fires much qulckei
than the present apparatus does. There are auto
engines in other parts of the city where they are
not needed, but here Is one district where an auto
engine Is required. r.O,
Mtw Vobe. November te.
From las London CAronlcIf.
Although Servta does not treat Its criminals
quite so leniently as Uontenegro, prlsonera In the
lormer country enjoy a certain degree of lib? rtr
.Some, for Instance, are employed as road swren.
rrs, and theso are allowed to smoke and chat with
uiser'sby. provided they do their work efficiently.
When U. Vesnllch, who now represents Servla In
Paris, made his first appearance at a Foreign
Office reception after his appointment ha was
greeted as an old friend by Prince Radoltn, tbs
The acquaintance dated from twenty years
previously, when the Prince was stationed at
Belgrade. In those days U. Vesnltch was a jour
nalist, and for an article attacking the Govern
ment he received two yeara Imprisonment.
While serving his semence he used dally to aweep
the street where the German Minister resided, anil
the latter used often to hand over his cigarette
case and have a chat with htm.
One Thing ne Knew.
From l Toronto Mali and Empire,
Lord Dufferln delivered an address before the
Greek class of the McGlll University, about which
a reporter wrote:
Ills lordship spoke to lhe clasa In the nureat
ancient Greek, without mispronouncing a word
or making the slightest grammatical solecism."
"Good heavens!" remarked Sir Hector Lange
vln to the late Kir Jobn A. Mardonald, "how did
the reporter know that?"
"I told him," was the ConservaUve statesman's
"nut you don't" know Greek." t
True, but I know a little about politics."
I'm thankful life Is brimming full of various
And sundry sorts of blessings, multifarious.
For Instance, there's the garden of my neighbor,
Where, In the spring, my chickens love to labor.
Then there's the telephone he kindly pays for,
Whose unefulnesH we dally find some ways for,
I'm glad to share his car, good man, toot-tooting,
For that comes even cheaper than commuting.
To use'hls mower In aummer I don't stickle,
N'or am I diffident to try his sickle.
In winter I am grateful for bis shovel,
Likewise his evening paper, or a novel.
Uost people seek a selfish end In living.
But I the whole year round keep up thanksgiving,
OtlWIN OF SVFFRA VF.TTE
France Not Retponslble for the Word,
bat Hyde Park May ne.
To tite L'niinn or The 8t?N Sir: To
those who seem so much puzzled by the
word "sttffrasetto" let tno any thnt If the
suffix "ette" indlrates It to be of French
origin, llko trompette, serrnadetto, follotte,
this does not signify nt all that surTragette
was born In France.
From tlio beginning of tho entente cor-
tfiale, a thing by tho way very doar to all
French hearts. Includlnir mine, the birth
of many a new Kngllsh word can b traced
to Pnrli, nnd In return for Unit politeness
morw limn one French word has lieen
hatched on tho other side of the Channel.
"Suffragette" must havo boon born In Ion
'Ion, nnd probably In some corner of Hyde
Park, not far from Marble Arch. Thnt It
Is not yet to be found in the French dic
tionary of the Academy Is not. surprising,
the word "suffragette" being hardly three
It has tHken the Immortals many years
io reacn tne letter For tho new dictionary
so It Is it certainty that "suffragette" wll
not be christened In It fnrnt leiisl. n HepjHe
In the meantime we shall perhaps ntJopt
tne woros "martyrette" and "angnlette
which with "suffragette" will make a lovely
.tnnttyette. Henri nr. Lafitoi.e.
Nkw Yori, November IS.
Negraet Who owned Slaves.
From an art Ida by calrtn Del Wilton in tho Papular
Wt Shall attemnt to make an estimate of
tns number of negro slaveholders through
out the period of the existence of slavery In
America, and the number of slaves held by
tnem. we shall proceed upon the basis o
certain data already ascertained.
let us take first the date 1790. In that
year there were In Man-land fortv-elrht
negro slaveholders, owning 143 slaves.
l here were then In that State free negroes
S.043. The ratio of negro slaveholders there
and then to other free negroes In 1790 In
.Mryland wan 1 In in:. The average nf
slaves per owner was 3.
There were In IS3S In New Orleans Sin
Slaves owned by free negroes. The average
h staves per negro owner In Maryland was
hb we have shown, 3. Taking the same
average hs holding In New Orleans In rela
tion to these eo slaves, we have 21.1 colored
slave owners In New Orleans In 18.18. We
may safely assume that there were as many
mora In the whole State of Louisiana, or
4:0 In all, at that date.
There were In Louisiana In taao we ha
the census byjdecades. and not for the yeara
between), free negroes, lfl,710. The ratio
or the 428 colored slave owners to other free
negroes would be t In 89,
Again, In Charleston. S. C. there wars In
ism colored slave owners. 132. We mav
safely assume that there were as many more
in ino wnois Biate or soutn Carolina, or
284 in all.
In 1880 there were In South Carolina, free
colored people. 9,914. The ratio Is i to every
.17 other free colored people In that State
at that time
There were In the elaveholdlnar KLatea
attring tne wnole period of slavery nt least
Mxi.noo tree negroes. This can be estimated
hy taking the total census of free nesroea
by decades, from 1790 to 1800, dividing In
mm to avoid counting snr ona twtr and
dividing again In half to exclude the free
Taking the ratio 1 In 187 In 1790 In Mary
land, and 1 In 39 In Louisiana In 1838. and t
n 37 In 8outh Carolina In lsoo. and taklnir
their sum and dividing by s, we have the
ratio of l In SO as a slavo owner. Applying
this ratio to the 800,000 free negroes, we have
6,200 negro slave owners.
Accepting the proportion of slaves to
each owner, as found already. 3 each, we
have more than is.ouo slaves held by negroes
in tne course or slavery In this country.
Vie believe this to be a serv moderate
estimate. We are of the opinion that these
figures are much below the fact.
Tbe Innocent Hen.
To Trig. Editor or Tbi Suk Sir: The
distinguished gentleman who wrote a Utter
from Washington under date of Novem
ber 14 with reference to the Innocent
hen and hold her responsible for the high
price of eggs evidently knew very little
about that class of bird. Hens have com
pleted their business of moulting, and are
now considering the matter of producing
eggs very seriously. Furthermore, pullets
are on the Job now, at least a great many of
tnem, and are producing the much sought
Tbe people who control the egg situation.
as well aa many other problems with refer
ence to living, are responsible. There la no
reason In the world why eggs should be so
high, and the whole trouble lies at the door
of the bosses, or tbe manipulators, If you
please. Any person who knows anything
at all about eggs and speaks the truth will
acknowledge this to be the fact.
Twenty years ago I owned oulte a Ism
poultry establishment and at that time It
was hard to sell eggs at 10 cents a dozen.
Of course that was before the day of
O. O. S.
New 1 ona, November 19.
Rabber Trees la Hawaii.
From Ma SprtntfUl KpuHca.
It haa long been known that tbe rubber trae
grows In Hawaii, but It baa not beea cultivated
commercially. A . new and valuable Industry
likely to develop from Uie reported discovery
that 8,000 acres of native rubber forest rrtnr
on the Knna Kohala side of Mauna Kea's slopea
yieia runner or gooa quality. Tu forest, wh ch
eHatahelchtoffrom2.000 toS.ooofeet aadwLtca
somewnat Inaccessible, being above the lava
nw of 1801, Is on Government land, and the oues-
Hon has already arisen whether the leasee for
grating purposes has the right of tapping the
rees. u me opinion or experta as to the duality
f the rubber is confirmed this will Drove a vslu.
able Dad, but a somewhat extended test Is needed .
for Ur. nock, territorial botanist of the College of
Hawaii, says that this species Is found nowhere
ise in tne world.
The Cora Disk Sign.
Ctmtponitnct of tno Indiana Farmir.
I bad always heard of the old Indian slrn that
thick corn husks meant a cold winter, but I had
never tnougnt to notice it until about a year at.
mi t was nuimng some corn i inougnt one or the
rs had a thick husk, so I counted the layers and
found there were seven of them, which was a
good husk. So this year, notlctnc the busks
seemed tmck, I went out a week or two ago and
pulled an ear off that looked as If It had a thick
busk on It, and cut across It at the stem end and
counted eighteen layers. So If tbe corn husks
know more about the coming winter than a man
does, and such a winter as last followed a seven
layer husk, what 'will follow aa eighteen layer
Telling Father la Kentacky.
From Its Vanrllls Rullitn.
Judge Rice's raatl recently contained the fol
lowing Inteiestlng epistle:
oCt. 9 tall.
Dear ear I will sende DaCke that atlfet to you
pleas eue me I had to sende It to mont Carmel
to my wife father to let him no we was marry
It was a run a way margte good by. Prom Peary
Larence to Ur. Juge rlCe.
Cblaasa Diplomatic Institute.
From His rln DaUv Ntw.
Owing to the lack of men well versed In Inter
national politics, the ex-Premier Ur. Lou is mak
ing plans tor the organization of diplomatic
Institute In Pekln for the study and discussion
uf questions relating to International Intercourse.
Sweet Times at Dlrdsong. ,
Btrdiona corrnpondinet St, Clair County Demo
crat. The sorghum mills are running early and late
these good days. The quality Is of tbe highest
Mrs. Kntcker-DId the exhibit at the Horse
Urs. Becker No. the had no clothes.
"Back to tbe Land."
Noah Hinted Ararat.
"I am certainly beading that movement!" be
PROF. STONE PROPOSES
A SIMPLER ARITHMETIC
Says Radical Changes Arc Mndi
Needed In Elcmcnf.iry
MUST WEED OUT WAST
Declares Commercial Kfficirnn
Should Supersede For
John C. Stone, head of the tHwrituctt!,
of mathematics In. the Stato Norir tl
School at Montolnlr, N. sine titiiu
told tho New York Kdticationnl Council
In an address on "Humanizing; Klmient
ary Arlthmetlo" at tho YounR Men's
Christian Association htilldlnp, Twenty
third street and Eighth avrntio, yrg
terday that tho tlmn had . arrived fnr
some radical changes In tho .elementary
school Instruction in arlUimntio. He
proposed the elimination of much that
has been the bono of existence? of the
average small boy nnd smalt girl, and
If his views aro over adopted in text
books and in class rooms the professor
will undoubtedly be tho most popular
man In the land in tho eyes of young
He said that changes are needed In
order to bring arithmetic "into har
mony with tho nature of childhood and
Into conformity with tho dotnands nf
society, and commercial nnd industrial
efficiency and social insight should bo
substituted for format discipline. "
Tho wasteful, tho obsolete and the un
true matter in elementary mathematics
should be weeded out, ho declared, antl
teachers should socle tn dovelop gn-oter
skill in computation and greater power
In solving tho problems of everyday life.
The great need in-'-elementary schools.
he said, Is to emphasize tho practical
side, but to keep the material within
the child's comprehension.
Prof. Stone predicted that ten years
from now we will look back In astonish
ment on things that wo ore now doing,'
even in our most progressive sohools, not
withstanding the many changes in the
course of instruction in elementary
m athematics in the past decad e.
Here are somo of tho subjects which
the professor claims could be cut out,
in oracr to -givo sumcicnt time to develop
greater skill in doing that which is use
ful." and it Is a formidable list thnt has
been responsible for untold spouginpi,
heart breakings and mental gyrations
on the part of untold millions in daya
bygone: almost all work with frnrtiont
whose denominators are larger than in;
most of the work with such tin common
fractions as sevenths, eleventh, thir
teenths and fourteentJis; tho greater!
common divisor: tho least common mul
tiple, excepting In determining by in
spection the common unit of two or moro
fractions: all Indirect problems in frac
tions such aa those In which a part of n
thing is given and all or some other part
is to do round; an tames oi denominate
numbers not in common use; all (indirect
problems li percentage in which a certain
per cent, is known and all or somo other
part is required; all applications of tx.-r-oentage
not consistent with mcHicru
business rjrinclDles: all emblems in Inter
est tn which time and rate aro not thrv-e
actually allowed when borrowing or loan
ing money: all partial Davinents: true
discount; tho direct or inverse problems
in Interest In which the Drinclnal. interet.1
and time are given, to find tho rate, Ac;
all problems in taxes, duties and cus
toms, insurance, stock Investments and
bonds. exccDt thone renl nrnhlemM net it-
ally encountered in life and which v. ill
tnus give inrormatinn tnat will contrib
ute to the social insleht of tho nunil:
partnership, cororxiund nro portion: cube
root; the measurement of tho fruBtrum
oi a pyramid or cone; tne measurement
of the sphere: foreign exchange: tho
metric system; longitude and time except
so far as the subject deals with principle
necessary to an nnderBtnndine of stand
ard time; all vocational arithmetlo when
by that term is meant technical problems
relating to a particular vocation and to
practices best learned In a period of
apprenticeship in the vocation: all prob
lems of plastering, paporhanging, carpet
laying, brick laying, floor laying, paint
ing, Ac, that are subject to particular
trade practices; and all methods of solu
tion and of computation not found in
common practice out of school except
wneu more economical metnoris man
those now in oommon uso mar be found.
"Pupils." Prof. Stone said, t'should
bo taught to look at combinations or
figures and call results just as they learn
automatically to look at letters and words
and call words and sentences. Oral
work ought to be developed to the ex
tent that pupils before leaving school can
give without a pencil tho results of num
bers met in making ordinary purchases
at the grocery store, the market or tho
I am in thorough sympathy with the
movement In some rjuartora to reduce
the time given to arithmetic If that re
duction is made at the proper time In
the programme. In tho first years of Uio
course, not in tho last. "
He said ho behoved that nothing Is
gained by beginning formal number
work in tho first grade, declaring that all
home work and all seat work ehould le
eliminated from the first three grades
"Such work," ho insisted, "is not onlv
a lobs of time, but a real detriment to
During these years, ho said, the pupil
should be trained to call results automn
tically by sight and to do puiflv mental
work. , At first tho time hpent iu'workim:
with charts and blackboards should not
exceed ten minutes a day, he. contended,
and aa the child develops thoro ahoultl
bo a marked decrease in tho direct super
vision of tho work by tho teaehor.
"But In all grades," ho caid, hom
work should bo given sparingly.
"The exaininntlniia. " hn il,mlil
test the accuracy and tho judgment of
the pupil, no his momory Henco in
passing an examination Uio pupil should
be allowed tho USA Of bin tnitllrviU or nitv
other helps to which ho would havo aocoas
in preparing nis dally work. "
Before going to Montclair Prof. Stone
was i associate professor of mathematics
tii. uio niicnigan stato normal Uollegtt
He is the author of tortlmnUu In ,,n.
tary and high school mathematics, a.otw,
000 of which havo been used In tho last
HARVARD TAKES CRAIG PR17.I1.
Radcllffe nirla Iluve Written wiii-
nlnir Urania for Two Yenra.
CAMBBtnoK. Mass.. Nov. ie. Tim iltinl
annual contest for the John firnlir nn
Is ended, From the mnny nlava atibtnllli'il
bv the Harvard nnd ltmlrlirrn a.! i u I in I a I lit
JiuttaM. .Iphn Craig. Horace B, Stanton uuil
hdward bheldon.hnve selected a comedy lu
JOllll riederlrk Hnllliril i, vrnrtnnln .,t ll,i
Ijiilvernlly of hehrnaka and a holder
the deree of A. M. from llarviud.
The litln of the piny l "luie .Me. S
tlppe The play deals with American II i
antl manner h. All its hauptnlnirH i
possible, and thu dialogue id litenke n id
in parts brilliant. Its openlm act tnl.i i
place in New York city, and the renvilnliiK
threo nets have for their scene. Ihn moun
tains of southern Colorado. The pl.n.
deals with the escapade of u lively younn
man who wagern that ho can biicceiHfulh
eseapn capture- hy detectives and polio
officer; after ho has committed what seems
to be forgery. Even when hn reaches Onl
prado ho finds the arm of tlio law Is reach,
ing after him, and during threo nets his
experienoea are detailed In a humorous
way, The outcome Is unexpected.