Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 1912.
I TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 1912.
Entered it the rest Office at New York as tiecond
Class Mall Matter
ftahsrrlptlaas lir Mall, I
DAII.V, Per MoiUi
DAILY, Per Year
NC'NIlAV, Per Year
DA I l.Y A N I) .St'.N PAY, Per Year
I1A1I.V ANirHt'NIlAY, Per Month . . T5
fostare In fnflin countries added.
All checks, money orders Ac , to be made pay
able to TnESlK. i
rubllhed dallr, including Sun lay. hr the Sun
Printing and Publishing Association at iro.Vassaii
street. In the nnrough t Manhattan, New York
President and Treasurer, William C Itflek, 170
Namaustrrrt, Vice-President. Kdwnrd I'. Mitchell,
170 Nassau street; Secretary, t Hester S Lord, 10
tendon offlre. I'fflnrjhsm House, t Arundrl
Parla oltlce, a Hue de t.i Uit-hndlCre, oB Hue du
Washington office, Jllbhs nulldlng
Brooklyn office, ion Livingston street.
It our rfemfs tWie tarnr i.j rilh naiv!(rlpt and
llluttratlont tor putnta'xm mil I" hatt rrJettHt
nriults relumed Piey null it all rates tend ttampt
for that purposf.
Not for Marine Monsters Only.
Because of the possibility that New
York, throupli lack of docks larRi?
enough to receive thousand fool "hips,
majr lose a valuable purt of its shipping
many persons believr tliut tin- problem
of port improvement would be solved
by a mechanically simple process of
pier extension, from adopting which
the city Is restrained merely by the
opposition of the United States Gov
ernment. The fact is that providing
berthts for these creat ships is only a
part of what must be done, and by no
means the moM important part
Tho whole subject of expeditious and
economical freipht and passenger han
dling must be considered, and modern
facilities for tho transfer of Roods from
ships of all sizes to railroad cars must
be furnished Should we be happily
disappointed, as we hope we shall be.
in tho effect of the enlarged Erie Canal
on transportation, the necessity for
disposing of merchandise carried on
this route will iauliediately arise. The
opening of the Panama Canal inevi
tably must increase the demands on the
waterfront. The city must prepare itself
to handle this trafl'u . and delay will un
questionably mean substantial loss, if
not permanent in jury. Other ports
are already well advanced in their re
adjustment to meet the new conditions.
These ports are rivals of New York
The enterprise mid intelligence of the
men who are developing them can be
successfully met only by enterprise and
Patchwork, makeshift and depend
ence on luck have had their day and
produced their result. Now necessity
will compel New York and its environs
to protect themiiolves, or deprive tin-in
of preeminence in commerce.
Tkt Iahrritanee Tax nf Oklahoma.
The new State of Oklahoma hus suf
fered much in reputation in the eastern
part of the United States by reason
of the exceedingly radical character of
ltn Constitution and the legW'atiori en
acted thereunder None of the many
extraordinary laws of tlr.s Commnti-
wealth has excited mote unfavorable
comment, not to say ridicule, than jth
progressive inheritance tax law The
language of this statute was believed
to be capable of only ono construction,
and under this construction a resident
of Oklahoma, if he inherited s.ifli-
rrlently large sum, would not only be com
pelled to turn over the whole amount to
the tax gatherer but would also tlnrl
himself still further indebted to the
wo quote from the treatise on inheri-
Unce taxee by Mr. Huoh Banoiioit of
the Massachusetts bar a supposed case
under the operation of tho Oklahoma
Suppoi a rich New Yorker abowa his
atrpraoUtlon of hii beat friend by naming
Mm hie executor and leaves him In addi
tion a handsome legaay of t:,ooo,ooo worth
of atock in an Oklahoma corporation. 'I he
executor la not familiar with the gyration
of Inheritance tax law and as he wishea to
reoelve his dividend hi aenda alone the
took for transfer We figure that
I.MI.130 In a very cloas approximation to
tho Oklahoma tax on thin legacy ' The ei
hllaratlnr feature of the situation In not that
ho ha only Mt.0'6 of the t:,000.ooo left whn
Oklahoma la through, hut a tax nf lus.74;
to still due on the lesney to the State of New
Tork, and the executor la personally re
aponilble for the payment of the whole
The Oklahoma inheritance tax law
under which such results as this were
deemed possible provides that upon all
Inherited property in excess of $5,ooo
the primary rato provided for therein
hall be increased "one one-hundred-and-twenty-fifth
of one per centum for
every one hundred dollars increase in
valuation of such excess," It was gen
erally assumed by tho critics of the law
that the legislature intended to in
crease the rate according to tho rule of
arithmetical progression. Thus upon
the first $100 of excess the rato would be
one one-hundred-and-twonly-fifth of 1
per cent.; upon the second $100 two one-huTi-rert-and-twonty-flfthsof
Fortunately for the good name of the
new State its highest court has recently
decided that, the statute must be con
strued so as to avoid sucn a preposterous
The real intent of the legislature,
according to this decision of the Supreme
Court of Oklahoma, was simply to im
pose n lax of l-r.'. of one per cent, upon
the rWior of thr rxcrnx.
"Nothing is better settled," says the
Supremo Court of the United States,
"than that statute should receive a
etisible construction, such as will
effectuate Iho legislative Intention,
and, if possible, ho as to avoid an unjust
or M absurd conclusion." Applying
this salutary doctrine to the inheri-j
tance tax law before it for interpreta
tion, the Oklahoma court has rejected
the progressive method of computa
tion as not having been intended by
the legislature and has construed the
statute so as to work out a result which
can give no cause of complaint except
to those who desire that the State shall
tax all large fortunes out of existence.
We gladly call attention to a decision
which thus removes a cloud from Okla
homa corporate securities as invest
ments, relieves the State's lawmakers
from reproach as foes of accumulated
wealth and, best of all, reflects credit
upon the wisdom of its highest court.
The I'attninii 'unit I Opening.
To most Americans interested in the
opening of the Panama Canal to the
world's shipping the date ofllcially set,
lanuary I, 101.1, has seemed unaccount
ably remote from the transit of a war
ship of the I tilted States navy, which
was promised late in Will. The expla
nation of this wide margin of time be
tween the actual completion of the
waterway and the opening of it to inter
national traflic may be found in the
annual report of the Isthmian Canal
Commission for 1111.', which has just
The formal notice to come and make
the passage between the Atlantic and
the Pacific cannot lie sent out until
there are facilities and accommodations
for the arrival, transit and departure
of the ships that want to ttsb the Canal.
There will be a rush of them and
the procession will be unending. Prep
arations to dock repair, water and
coal or "oil" them must be made on a
large scale. The ships will have to
wait their turns to go through. A
score of them may arrive at one ter
minus or the other about the sametlme.
I-ong piers with slips for vessels to warp
into must be built at Colon and Panama.
Them are to be three dry docks, one
for the largest shiin atlo.lt and con
structed from the solid rock.
On the Atlantic side a great bteak
watermust be provided to protect ships
at their berths from storms. I here is
to be an extensive system of repair
shops. Coaling plants with a capacity
of jdooO'I tons at Colon and 100.000 at
Panama must be ready when the Canal
opens, and for ships using oil as fuel
there will be tanks holding su.ooo burrels
at each end of the Zone. Tugs, lighters.
floating cranes are to be a purl of the
regular equipment I'm- the operation
of the lock gates elaborate preparations
must be made, and there are a thousand
und one details of management with
reference to the housing and care of
the great staff of employees to be at
tended to Then theie aie the range
towers at the entrances and along the
route to be built, and a complicated
system of lighting to be installed. Last,
but nf the first importance, the forti
fications, witli guns in plive. must (.
completed, or be so advanced that the
Zone can be defended.
A comparison of the annual report
of 190s and the current one will show
that an almost incredible amount of
work has been done in four years.
Colonel (iokihu.h could not speak
witli confidence in HfciS about the end
of the great wink, but it is now certain
that, in spite of a succession of land
slides in the Culcbra Cut. water will be
(lowing in the Canal 111 about a year to
bear an American warship, proudly
flying the Stars and Stripes from the
Atlantic to 111" Cat-die. and the Canal
will be thrown open to the world not
later than January 1. lfll.V and piolmhly
earlier. It is no seeiet thai Colonel
CIokthaI-K is planning to bestow the
honor upon the year lint
fl li Not MeC.ill '.'
Prcsumubly our esteemed contem
porary the Gardner Journal is mystify
ing its readers and treating itself to a
double ration of the pleasing, dangerous
grog of irony when, speaking of the
successor to be cleoted by the present
Massachusetts General Court of the Hon
Winthrop Murray Crank, Senator in
Congress, it asks: "Why notMcCAi.i,?
The why nots are thicker than cran
berries in the Capo bogs or new cults
in Boston. Why not McCau.V Hecause
Samuki, Walkkk McCam. is singularly
able, honest, accomplished. Because
to much of the learning, to all the ideal
patriotism of sttoh a once admired Mas
sachusetts Senator as Gkoiiok Hoar he
joins an independence which no man
of the old Republican days except
CtiARi.KS SDMNKR was permitted to have.
Because, first, last und most of all, he is
faithful to the Constitution, he loves
representative government, ho venerates
law and not an illustrious personality
or a sentimental funaticism or a part of
tho people, acting directly or passion
ately und posing as "the people." Be
cause he prefers the justice of courts to
that of mobs. Because, austerely aloof
from tho fashion and jargon of the mo
ment, he holds to the American polity.
Somebody of angles and opinions
less sharp, somebody more pliant, ac
commodating, unctuous, is the man for
Massachusetts of 11113.
Pro-Consul in the French Acad
emy. The French Aoademy seems also to
have surrendered to the military spirit
of the age. Certainly never in its long
history has it. as frankly chosen an
immortal" for military rather than lit
erary achievement as in the ease of
General Hi'bert IiVautev. its latest
member. Two brief articles in the
nYnif dm Deux Stondeit and a fraguien
tary journal of impressions of Madagascar-these
are the complete works
of ihe mail who Hiiccis'ds 1 1 F.N hi IIoiih
savk, tlie Napoleonic historian,
Vet if he has written next to nothing,
no Frenchman of his time has served
Franco more coiispictioustv in the 00-
I011111I enterprises of the Third Republic.
I When at tho first Moroccan crisis Gen
eral IjYai'Tkv was sent to tho Algoro
Moroecan frontier hu had already
achieved a reputation within the French
army that was eonderabb; whn his
later task was completed he wa4jiistlv
hailed as the French KlTCHKNKit,
Recalled to Morocco last spring wbon
the massacre at Fez had shaken French
authority in its new protectorate,
General Ltautkt went armed with moro
authority than tho French republic had
ever delegated to a soldier. I .muling
at Casablanca, he found disorder and
turbulence everywhere. Vet in a few j
brief months ho swept the Berber tribes
back from Fez, opened the roads, cleared
the lowlands and prepared the way for
Interrupted in the midst of this work
by a rebellion In the far south. General
Ltaittky planned and directed the
successful march to Morocco city, which
remains the most, considerable recent
triumph of French arms, Rather to the
taking of Morocco city than tohis youth
ful contributions to the Wrrue rff Dtux
Monrlr General J.YAtlTET owes his
latest distinction. For the French
African troops he hus recalled the,
glories of PURE Hl'OKAITd, he who gave
Fronce Algeria by defeating Abp-f.K-Kapkr,
but in the French colonial
world he is even more justly celebrated
for his administrative achievements.
Since BoutiANOKR France has had no
soldier as popular us Utavtet, but
Paris hears of him only in laconic des
patches from Fez or Morocco city. The
boulevards do not know him. Kven the
Immortals will have to ostpotie their
usual "hazing" ceremonies or omit them.
As for the statesmen of the Third Re
public, the power that they have dele
gated to this Pro-Consul indicates how
much General Lyai'TKT differs from the
old fashioned 'man on horseback" idol
f less happy times.
If every resident of New York were
a member of an organization like the
Gramercy Neighborhood Association our
great gift of unneighlwrliness might be
somewhat impaired, but a good many
petty annoyances would be speedily
eliminated. The streets would be
cleaner, there would bo a decrease in
unneccKsary noises, the Alderman would
know who his constituents were, and the
policeman on the beat would work with
more than 11 perfunctory interest .
The residents of the Gramercy Park
section who compose this useful con
fraternity seem happily free from philan
thropy They do not aspire to have the
prosperous tell the poor how to live.
Their outgivings are characterized by a
refreshing practicability. So far as
their activities have come to our notite
they ate concerned not only with ambi
tions possible of accomplishment but
with u-pirutions which involve no im
mediate upheaval of the social order
if any rebuilders of the universe are
numbered among them they an suc
cessfully repressed Nothing the asso
ciation has done or proponed to do which
has attracted our ut tent ion has involved
the dehumanizing of human nuture.
This is a hopeful sign
We do not know who the nmVers of
the Gramercy Neighborhood Associa
tion are. but we congratulate the settle
ment in which they live on possessing
residents who betray every symptom
of an encouraging common sense.
Peaks of Mind.
Some of those of us who weie biought
up "exactly in the ancient way," which
used to be called "the nurture and ad
monition of the Ixjrd." rnuy remember
a sort of puzzled wonder, not unmixed
with a malicious joy. that they j;ot out
of Second Kings, where the wicked
children of Beth-el yell, "Go up. thou
buldhead; go up, thou baldhead!" at the
Prophet F.MSriA, whose bare and awful
top is so soon, if rather exi essively,
avenged by the two she bears that tear
up forty-two of the young mockers.
Reverence for age was thus inculcated,
though some of us may confess an old
desire to shout at some deacon of denu
dated poll in order 10 summon those
attractive she bears.
Kvidently in Emsha's time bald heads
were not common. Guilty of being un
conventional, heinevitably attracted the
gibes of the young, those rockhound
conservatives. In our own day a bald
head is perhaps your commonest kind;
to acquire one early is to be sure of suc
cess; young doctors and lawyers have
been known to shave for them; finan
cial prosperity, intellectual acumen,
gilded man of the worldliness, these
and similar badges of respect glitter
from the modem bald head; and hair
lessness of crown is predicted for men
of the? future and is pretty nearly the
case with multitudes of contemporaries.
The forest keeps its foliage; Ahhai.om'h
Jn view of these dropped leaves of the
civilized race, what is this yarn about
a "Bald Head Club of America," to be
organized at "Falls Village, Conn.,
November i'5"? The name "Falls" is
suspicious. Why not some of the nu
merous Buld Heads or Bald Knobs? A rid
what enclosure smaller than the casing
air can hold the innumerable stripped
summits of this time?
No; if somebody got up a club of
hairful mon of forty, or even thirty-five
and over, there might be some interest
in the matter, though of course the club
would be of tho smallest. But a Bald
Head Club! As well establish a Two
Legged Club, for to bo bald is to he
Mr. CriAnuKs Br.rcrcr.BT, tho emlnsnt
Harvard go.il kicker, confessns that as
a sport he likes baseball letter than foot
hall, This testimony from so respon
sible a source sives the self-respect of
mere lookers on who have had the moral
courage to prefer bisnbill as a speotaolo.
1 There must bo solid merit in a mm
who goes through life with thu pectiliur
name of Kiiitland I. Pkrkv, wins pro
motion on the Ixmch and is singled out
by the (iiive.-nor of Idaho to fill a vacancy
in the United States Soiette.
'links tuUx new heiirl lltaillinr
But as the Serbs took Monastir
honors nroat least easy
A yieiiu linn la New oil; inherited re.
cii(ly HVKXimo, lor which he lolled not,
neither did he spin. UN father had not
either tolled or Kotui This youtm man if
I placed on hltnnn resources could not make
I, n wcl Thrjltv Sami'i.i, Woonnow
A young man with a fortune of $ss,ooo,
000 may be assumed to have "bis own re-
sources." But what does the Rev. Sam
uel Woonnow know about his capacity
to enrn a living, anyhow?
A Olose season on .Kgean Island ought
to be due soon. Hern are the Greoks hard
iat work baceinc all the same Islands tho
Italians captured at the cost of no much ,
ink less than a year ago.
Ronton still leads In anieathealii ffnafnn
Unquestionably, hut who doubted It?
.Mr !, Fni.t.KTTK neither foradvo nor
.wisci.t- .iifcnf,rr .Trnnnri.
Can you blame him? Scalped persons (
whorecoverare often a lit tlo prejudiced. I
Ciood work liv n "hos "-('hicauo Ttihunr
If his work is good he is a "leader "
Who if not we loves and will ever love .
tlie Hon. iJosKHius D.tvrr.i.s and hi.s
Raleigh .Vet iinrf O6ofrif r. but why does
it say that "the two best characters
in Dickkn's ore Brother Ciiahm;s and
Brother Nun"? Better thin Mr. Pick-1
wick or 8a!.t Wr.u.Kit or Tost or Klder j
StronrNs or Mr MrcAwnr.ii or Dick 1
Swi vkm.kr or the Marchioness or a thou
sand odd more?
I'hvalclan aiks divorce l.oe flesh nhen
wife scolds A'nuaaa City Jnurxol.
At last nn effective unti-fat. Why does
that doctor, ignorant of his bllsn, seek to
end it? What nn elegant slender figure
Mr. (AurLK must have hntt
The .Japane'n snare his leen revived
in u new form in Australls by WtrnuMi,
who calls himself King of the Loyalty
Islands, French possessions in tlie Pacill"
about Clio miles southwest of the Fiji I
Islands, 1,000 niilei north of New Zealand ;
and the sime distance east of Autr.ilii
The loyalty group consists of three largs 1
islands, Mare. I.ifoii and Uvea, and many j
small blinds, with an nrni of SO) s.pnre
rnilos, Their chief export product is I
sandalwood. King WxrriUMl declares
that the Japanese are overrunning tho
Ijoyalty Islands, although thu islinds are
3,500 miles from Yokoiunu; and ns the
intruders are veteran soldiers lie Is ob
sessed ith the idea thit ultimately tho
islands will be. 111 id a bw for n descent
uton Australia by the .Iapati-ei. Tho
King is now .in Melbourne spreading his
story and urging the Government to
uuike overture to l'rauce for the salo of
tho Loyalties to Alls train. They do not
got much attention from France, and
Witriami and his people would feel safer
under the Imperial flag with the u.stralian
navy within wireless call
If, as is stated, the Government has
promised to consider th King's request,
it must be to get rid of him or in defer
ence to public opinion in Australia, which
is prone to take such revelations seriously.
But it is probable that the .lupanene in the
Loyalties have designs only upon' then
bananas and sandalwood Th.- subjects
of the Mikado cannot all lie diverted to
Manchuria Somo of them are to be
found in every accessible Puciflc isle.
whre an easy hiuI profttable living is to
be made; it does not follow that they are
er-so!diers and conspirators France
doubtless would sell the Loyalties for a
good price If the Australians have been
properly frightened by Withiami, but
the Pacific W studded with island outposis
and the scare could be renewed periixli
cally WHAT Af.'H' rotll XKKM.
I'orrslcht Plus Koterprlsc mil Preerr
I he C'lt Proaperlt).
,To ihk hot rim or Tin Son- sir it
has been known for some im to the an
IhnrllieH and the romtner' lal Interests of
this port Unit the Imperatur wis liuildinu
mill thai l,e hs larger than the OImpir
11 hn also Knoirn thai the f.ilrwav of
the Hudson oupoiite the I helsea docks
coiil, 1 not li widened 01 the Jeraey ldp
lcatt of the rock hesdiunil of Stevens
Ml ihls doe not make II necetaari to
tiike 'h Imiiator to Mon'auk or New
lifidun . 'I he iher ldeu- from Mrwu
I'oiut 10 Kurt l'e and thrr- Is ample room
tor 1 .mxj or e en l.no foot pier on the V
hiiu Icen sho'p
'this locHtlon Is reai hed li a short ferrv
from 'I'aeniy-thlrd trcei No doubt then:
n!e nun- other locttions, li-it ivha' pum
to lie incl.im: Is ch e foiejrjht
Sen orl has never li.nl a l.oi.i Napoleon
or a Huntsman, but -Mine one pl.tmifd ( eti
tral Park, and he or Ihei must hsve lei 1
suicessors Or has imsiIoiii pn-h"i liiih,'
strinfifle tor the Immediite dollar'
losH'll li Hoi Mrs.
N'rW oih. Nmcinbor t
An Mpral l 'he .Man 1111 I he street in
In tup Kntioi: op I ill. Scs .Si, nti
sa that in behalf of enlarged Hhlpputi: up.
portunltles in thl city the authorities, tho
liiiaiuess associations, should take action
I put In a plen to the man oil Mie street
The Hhiiipinv facilities r even tenu
.tears a so will not do now What is larire
eiioitKh now 'lll he oiituronn in tneutv
reira So fnr the men of :K will wonder
how e could have Ihousht them sufficient
to provide now 'I he iiveraire h'isine man
does not l.iion how need urous
'I he hnv Is livlnir who will free lluee hun
dred and lift v million people in these I nlted
States We live In a new see with new mo
live power, new maiis of coiumunliatlou.
in o'-erv department of life It Is not in the
puwer of any man to picture the lapld
iriowth of the ocean travel and transporta
tion of Koods. lust as In the days of (ieorK
Stephenson no man could see what would
lie the luctedne In railway busmen,.
If t hiciico could lie made out of a ilr.'iiu
es Hivamp the level of the site IHI IO )(
raised and ws raised seven led If l.aiiin
ahlre men ould cut the ship canal to I, Ivor
pool. If Sue ran have a canal If we can cut
a sea way In Panama, Is It even a irreat
thine to provide uoi a wliaif a thousand
feet lone but say two miles or even live
miles of new iloc I a?
It Is slid von will bloek the stieam What
nonsense. I aunot a dock lie cut in laud?
Will not water till hole 111 New Vork as
well us it will in Panama or Siiej-v There
Is no need to dam the river The need Is
to niBke It wider .mil add lo its service
The need lor new docks is not a need lor
I litre slilpt only Theie is not loom eunuch
forth" uhlpsot all KiiiiIh in uee.iind the need
Kiiinsilallv. Make new loom for I lie larcer
ships and the places they vacate will serve
for other ships
lien; are men who win supply I he plitns.
they did lor the subway, for the liver tun
nels, the (treat brldues and the skyscrapers.
Here Is the money. Ileie aie to be had the
men to do the win I,. ,
The lievelopmi'ii' f Ha. republic needs
I It will bless the world and make New
oi h thu srentest 1 ity in all historic times.
I lie cleriry or every name, should help
in enconraifinc public opinion In 1'nuii or
a work not the Icsa irlorinus Imcause it Is
nmessary Wiu.imi Wilkinson.
nkw 11tiK, November is
l-'arljr Truuier Wearen,
From ihf Lonil'in 7irril,e
Tlie ceaien.'iry of tr.HMers" ot the modem
sort, perhaps, hut the Column of Tialnn nhiiws a
troun of .Sar nill in clothed hi trouncis thai ate
Just like our own cirly as v., I) r,s a Human
feneral created weal fcamlil hv rnlnic to war In
truuwrs, which were retarded as "barbarian,"
And It l Inlerestlnc lust now lo recall that when
the llulrtrlan Klne llufls was enn verted to Chris
tianity la Hie seventh lentiiry, nmonc the lot
question!, he pinimundnl to Hie Pope v whether
II was lawful fur Crulsilatls in wear Iruiom.
'Ilie explanation of UiK Is that Hie Uularlans hod
lone been amonir the trouktred peoples, but, as
ronverilon was comlni from the flow In 1 robed
(ireeka, they feared that robei Insteid if trousers
raliat bt eaientli! to ChrlttUe.lt,
THE SCIIUOh OF St'CCESS.
Umtu Trent the I.hes of the Chap'
Mho Hate Told Tales.
(All well reriilalM perlo Heals nowadays eon
tatn articles on how In make ninnev. Tn Kvx
confesves that II has lTfil be'alul In Ihli par
ticular, II will correct Its error. The auhlolned
la the five hundred ant foily-lhlrd of a series nf
nine thousand elfht hundred and sfventv-U
articles. The next one will not appear soon 1
l'ratikiv, "Cut Purse Bill" Is not, my
name. If I could talk to you man to
man I would tell you who I am. 'Hieii
you would know why I choose not to put
flown here my real name Hut what I
shall tell you is my true story, and more
than one reader will be able to Identify
me from the record of my success
Vor I have been successful. It Is a
tar cry from the day when I. but a little
lad, llrst nrljceed a door mat from the
front porch or the pre ichor n home in
the little Indiana village whore my father
was tlw ieserted physician. Ah! the
romance of that flr.U venture! The thrill
of accomplishment! Alas! tho thump
of the averiKlnK cane! I had been too
hold. Then and there 1 learned n lesson
I have nover forgotten. No sneak thief
who is always or even frequently caught
In Iho act has achieved true huccoss, He
muy once In a while pull off something
worth while, but ho will never rise in
hts calling to those heishU of superiority
that malio confession and reformation
It was not I'Hic after lliii Incident,
which at onco confirmed me in my life
Hinbitiun and impressed on mo the abso
lute tii"oesslty nf ettromo c tut ion in my
professional .viiivitWi, tint another icre-il
truth was b.irne in upon my eonse'runnosr
For some time I hboivd diligently V such
tasks as came, to my hand. 1 knw w iti
roaiN tho children folhwo i hi their re
luetan'. tripi tu sditiol, hnl ! nnde i' a
practico t.i surprie tho.se whose pirents
irave them (suiuies to Kiwnd. These I
would overpower and detach from thoir
line ini"d increment. This w.is profitable
and not arduous, and as I threatened to
lick uny child who snitched", I did well
at it Hut I hocutue too Ivild.
One mellow autumn afternoon I spied
from my coign of vantage 11 youngster
who kept his right hand in his pocket. I
watched him at first in idle curiosity, but
as he approached mo 1 heard a jingle as
of coins clinking At once my business
instinct was aroused, and when he was
opposite me I leaped upon him, intending
to throw him to trfe ground. To my
amazement he did not give way. In my
ardor I came into violent contact with
his fist and was overthrown He gave
me a kick in the s'ats And then he with
drew from his pocket his right hand. It
was full of iron washers, which he was
taking to his father, tho blacksmith und
wheelwright in a nearby settlement. I
found out afterward that this boy amused
himself by pumping the bellows for hie
falh-r whenever ho could not escape this
task This contretemps taught me never
to act without complete knowledge, the
necessity of which let me impresa on all,
whether they be beginners out on their
first excursions or seasoned veterans of
In my home it was the custom for my
mothereachevetiing to set a tin pail out
side th front door into which the milk
man poured the day's mill: the next morn
ing. Mother ulways put the monuy for
the milk in the pail, usually in pennies,
occasionally with a two cent piece among
them It seemed to me that this offered
a fair field for my enterprise, und so two
nights in succession I abstracted the
money from the pail But the system
broke down because of the unreasonable
nature of my mother When she uccused
me of taking the money she would not
believe my denial Humiliated and stung
by her doubts of my truthfulness I at
first meditated insidious reprisal Hut I
considered well my project, und on find
ing that she kept her ockerbook locked
up in a bureau drawer und carried the liny
in her pocket I gave it up Ah. mother!
could you but know the shock 10 my
youthful susceptibilities caused by your
unconcealed distrust! And yet I think
you loved me
Sometime after this I had the misfor
tune to cross a melon patch late at night
without previous knowledge of the dog's
whereabouts In hRsteningforitnelieible
tieel tripped on a cold frame und fell, ruin
inn the melon that I held in my arms
and considerably damaging my anatomy
Hy un odd coincidence the owner of the
melon pitch appeared Ht his window
pint then and tired a charge of rock
salt toward me. Fortunately the dog
interposed himself between my cold
frame and the muzzle of tile ipm. thus
intercepting the s-ilt Had 1 received it,
and had it affected me at all like it did
the dog, my plight might have been n
II soon bec!m evident thai the ojiera
tious 1 had carried on were on too small
a scale for one of my genius I took
counsel with myself to decide in what
guise 1 should exercise my talents seri
ously 111 life Note shaving presented it
self to me and I studied its portabilities
carefully. Hut it was too commonpluce,
and my love of romance eaasDcl me to
reject it At last fortuitous chance
solved the problem My father mcr mo
one day and said: "Boy, as you are good
for nothing else 1 ve hired you out to
.lake, the village burlier If I hear of
your doin' any monkey shines I'll lnni
the life out of ye!"
1 hud arrived .
A quest Inn for .Mr. lcherliuni.
I n 11IK Knnoit op Tin- St'.N' .ST, ; liefer
rime lo the article In Tin: Kr.s of November
I.",, "Supreme ( ourt Favors Itadlcnl I,nw
on Truss, ' and the comment of Mr Wb'k
crsham as published on November in, I
desire to make these iuiiiiiles
Can Mr Wlikeishatn pninr out when and
where the l.r, lo 'vhich he icfcis him been
so enforced that such law breakers have
been made to repent in Jail for then 1 rime?
If tint why not? Allium l lln.is
Miami oan'otin . November is.
Kites In Nave I.Ives at Sea.
To TllK I!niTO or Tlir Mrv k'lr Tl,- In..
life on the Atlantic and I'arlllc coasts In cnuse.
qiieme or Vessels, lieluir driven ashore by the
firry of the wlujs, lives last because It was not
p,islhl to set lines In Iheslrandel vessels before
they Uroie up. leads me to wrlle what t have
limr had In mind, but ueferre 1 In hope that abler
iiniitin ,t,,i, mrc lli III- mil.
If each shin was fiirnliliM with m I,n tii. nr
tilled r-lll. lo which was attached n stionit cord
the wind which dalves the ship nshore would
rurrl the, klle In Unite who would fasten the life
line iui mc urrrfiit- uiiuy io oe urawn nack lo
the alranded VrNr A .sm.tii tiiu rnn ...i-i.,
hr evrn butler
Itet WILLIAM IIOLI.INSIUD.
Sriam, X. .1 , Noveuibcr 17
The Indian o'er the country used mraiice.
I'ntll the White Man t ame, to make hlni chants
The ainallest chanije Indeed, as was but proper!
Ills cent was snod, and he was aim nt coppei .
I'or many years he seemed nut III content
To decorate the ttlvlal copper cent:
I mac I lie, then, how It his pride will tickle
To Und hlncvlf pronioied to Ihe nickel)
Hut sllll Ihe Indian on the cent was red,
And he must be a Paleface now Instead,
Ills head, like John the llapllsl's, on a charrer.
la silll served up -end Ibis last change la larierl
... QKMI B. MoaiwooD.
Same of Tlrelr Absurdities ami tneon
To tmk Knnon or Tub Scn -Sir. I took
my aeat In a theatre Inst night, which was
Sunday, In fear and trembling. A glance
, around Ihe house;, however, reassured inn.
.The auditorium was full from top to bot
! torn, so I contented myself with the thought
Mhat If by any chance I were arrested the
brlson would he comfortably, or rnayhe
uncomfortably, crowded. Had 1 mistaken
my destination and dropped Into the music
hall next door I should have had no anxious
1 oualms, for there a "sacred concert" was
belne held In all Its paradoxical earthly
fn the stage of the theatre.amonuothera,
was a fWirymnn, who far from apolojjirlns
for his presence expressed his opinion that
, his pl,ne was where he could do good, and
on this occasion he thought he mli'ht do
j some kooiI by iifipetirimr on the boards
and siing u few vvoids in suppott of the
object for which we were gathered. Had
an illustration of our oblect lieen irlven,
I hex. ever, some of us would have been prob
able not "summonsed," tnlnd you, but
I tanked off to Jail like common criminals,
jThls Is the law of our free nud In some re
. speciseasvirolngcllv Kvery peil;crtllluted
'on this childish discrimination and win
dnred whit duly of men In nil Ihe world
could he responsible for such n slate of
a Til lis If we want to be amused or bored
i facilities nte open, but If we wish to he
1 lii-trui'Vtl or to carry out a scheme of In
, aiructioti behind the footlights we tire in
' ilatigeror mc mention.
1 ew of us have un'- objection to a sacred
concert. HioiikIi tli term Is nothint; less
;t!ijti a lilispheni but isn't It about time
that some ral!v Kvisihle law was passed
so th.it it would be as easy to get Instruction
on the stacc on a Stindav nhiht-ns It l to
euinv nneslf at n misnamed variety enter-
' t'llnment? Mr crocer is allowed to keep
his store open for two or three houis on a
'S'lutlay morrittn; mv butcher is forbidden
to do so 'Ihe delicatessen man. the job
bing shoemaker and tailor are allowed a
like privilege, hut mv iceman would be
uromiitlv fined llti were he to deliver his
wares on a Sabbath morning 'Ihe saloons
are supposed to be shut, but the slimier
are wide open, and o aie the side iloor
Where Is the consistency in all this' Where
the sense? In reuard to such matters
we are the laughing stock of ever' other
union, mid I really think it Is about time
we ceaed to lie children .mil pursued Ihe
congrultv of sensible men rr.opos.
N'r.w Vor.K. November l
THE limit SCHOOL.
New Ambition for Hint Mas Once a Mere
To i nt: llnrTon or Thx Si n - s'i 1'rom
jour remarks on the educational propa
ganda of Mr. Cnndall ! Condon of Provi
dent e I gather that your belief is that in
New Vork the purposp of schools s purely
educational. In the old fashioned meaning
of the word
Nothing could be further from the fact,
as set forth In a little pamphlet entitled
"Success in School,' recently reprinted
from the Srhonl feriVie.
This arth le Is the work of-.sveral depart
ment heads In one of the Ijlfh srhnoK and
lr shows not education but Just exactly "civic
and social betterment to lie the chief If
not the onlv aim of the high school work
of this city. I uuote from the article men
tioned "Of nil things In the world a lilsli siliool
teacher must be encasing "
'Pupils will tome c school if they are
happy there "
"We uro to break uwuv fitim the tindi-
tlonal type of a study centred high school "
j "Scholarship Is not our chief business "
I thlld may be poor In brains, in effort.
In appreciation. In ratitiale. iu rcsc(t.'
nut irilnlng the chlMien we receive a ml
seiurlng more to train is one business The
grade of scholarship which lst trains our
membership is the grade we want '
"The business of the te.n hei Is to help
the student to llntl himself, to get the work
In powers obedient lo the will.'
Vow this I all verv well, but when an eni
plover eiu-ags n high school graduate it
Is with the expectation that he will have a
( sooil working knowledge of icrtaln con
, tial subjects
j If ncriuliing this knowledge Is no longer
neiessurv part of the high -cliool work,
! let us have the name of that iiitittuion
grud mleof the Sihonl l Sociil Potter
tnnt nmv be a more desirable elll.-en. but
idioi.ld not be unfounded vvl'h a graduate
from thai Institution, hv wlritever name
U mav he called, that rites the old fash
ioned high school education. I, I'.vi i
N i w or:K. November IS
toi.n sTuu.ust: mas.
Their Value anil ihe C'ostl lre Juillce of
the t'linsurrirr Agalnsl Them.
I'ii thk l:onnr. or The Si x sir I nend
I nderhill of Trelease ,t t ndeihlll. who
was Interviewed by h m n reporter and
endeavored to give some ' facts ns to the
sell es of eiigs, dltl fail Iv well, but he should
have gone u step further and explained
more In detail, mi long ns he was trying to
"put ' Ihe consumer "wise as to the value
of sloiage eires. lie stated that anybodv
could buy sound. ueiul, wholesome stoiage
e-gs at 'J-i cents ii doen
'Ihe wholesale nuiiket price of storage
eggs in car lots is ;i cents lo cents case
count. Hefore these eggs nie sold to the
consumer thev must be inspci tid and se
letled in at least two grades, which is gen
erallv done by experts. 'Ihe larie, clean,
full, perfeul eggs are put in the best iriacle.
and the small, dirty, weak bodied and
shrunken eggs,n snide
'Ihe letnller. nt the piesent vholejnle
market tuicij of tornco ogee, pays for
1 grarln Hi lenls to an rents, which lelails
.it ai cents to :t."i cents 'I'wn i?r.il, ivO.k'I..
I at ;.'i cents to 50 cents Moth grades are of
Iijnml value and the coii'Iiiilm i;mi Ih.v iu
coidlng to his pocketbook or renulrements.
Of course the .' guide Is not Ihe most de.
(.slrable, but the proper Iv handled l grade
win compare in-oiaijy witli tlie u tent
to cent fresh egas
'Ihe prejudice nalus' the term "cold
storage' is costing the consumer a lot of
money, and ihe sooner the consumer ie,t
lues that fact the belter It will be for hi
pookelhook W'is'lin.l) II Mvris
Nrw orik. November is
r ; (i i in, axo ttiui ui.oriirs.
Asa llrlrklavrr Heads Dr. ratten.
To Titr. i:nrTOit or Tun Hr:v ..s,r; The Irarnet
I)r Patten says lint every girl who earns hr
own lltlnT wsnls the best Hint money can buy,
and If she docs tun get II by her own labor then
che Is simply following the laws of nature when
she reors tn other measures tu obtain what
other, better dressed women have
In other words the doctor seems, to want to
eviiise an Immoral life In order that working
clrls should be heller dressed
I am convince.! that this Interpretation It nt
fault, but thousands of Ignorant penpls like my
self will view It In this msnn'r, thereforr Ii will
do a l.i i of harm. Ilul If the doctor w Ishri e;iert
advice on this qurstlun why not get thu opinion
of the parents of these well dressed working
tlrls Instead nt the views ot college stu lenls. or.
belter sllll, the opinions of the employers nf
these tlrls, who are so fon t of taking thm uul
Jny rldlns" InsontNT l!Kic!ti..vinr..
Nr.w Vork, Nuveinbcr 1J
Ihe Working Cilrl's l'urr.
To tut KtilTOR or The Sun - Sir: llr Patten
should engage the services of Professor Ston
to learh his Ideas ot arithmetic to the girls Ihe
doctor advises to run Into debt for belter clothes.
It would be a bully combination.
Tne professor ought ta go a Utile further and
see If he cannot cut out subtraction, because
It Is old subtraction that play Ihe vory ilev II with
II of us, , it.
New York, Novemher is,
rirsl Turk'- I'rople complain that they have
to Up the waiter.
Second Turkey- It's worse to have to Up ttaa
LONG PIERS ARE FIRST
liusli Terminal Flan Depends nn
Court Action Hcprarflinir
.1. .1. KOONEY'S VI KWS
Freight Lilies Have Heeii
Turned Away and (.ruin
Mayor Oaynor, In presiding yeslerdjv
a- a hearlnK in the Merchants Assocla
tlon's headquarters, 54 Lafayette street
on the proposition of the Hush Terminal
Company for the taking over by the cli
of Its warehouse and terminal facilities
In South Hrooklyn, said the city would.
If It could, take nil the docks alone th
79i miles of waterfront.
"I wish we owned every front foot o(
It." he ?ald. "but we can't do It all of a
sudilen. We will have to do It by ds.
(trees. Home years bro. strange as It
may seem, the city went to work ..
inrt Its docks. Did you ever hear of
such business In your life? We all
know that the tlxed policy of the city
here Is after the manner of the policy o(
.Itles all over the world to keep them
"If we acquire the new docks," h
n.ked. "what will we do with them'
With the proposition of ncqulrlnc them
there Is coupled the proposition of lea
Inc; litem. Heretofore we have leased
n'l our dock? that Is the way we have
oi' ninnaRinK our clocks. Hereafter vs
expect r,ot to lease them for such aat
terms of years.
"They have been leased out to on
m.ni for a loiirr term, and he sells them
to another man for that term and mafcet
a profit out of them In the sale. Mayh
5ome of them were leased In that way
for that purpose, hut I won't bo as far
as to say that. You know as much
about that as I do. Our policy Is Ii
The Mayor explained that the propo.
sltlon was to buy the Bush Terminal,
unite It with the city's docks to th
north and south of It and then leas' Ii
as an entire system, and second to ac
quire a marginal railroad to be opr.tlel
In unison with the complete system nt
The discussion was whether the pur
chare of the Hu-h Terminal ('onrpan"
and the New York Dock Company pro
etty for $l5,000.0fin wn.s warranted, ant
whether the Hush firm chould be mail
lrvlntT V. Hush said his firm cut' I
operate the proposed terminal mor
economically than the city, bavins lt
equipment In readlncs.
Kusene II. Outerbrldce. chairman c
the committee on rivers and ha-Wors e
the New York Chamber of Cnninic-n
said that the city should certify plans
for n comprehensive waterfront Im
provement, but chould wait un'U '
knew exactly what moneys It would i.i
at Its disposal for dock Improtenien
purposes before entering Into nnv con
tract for the purchase of the Hush Ter
rnlnal or for .in .IiIuk else.
He declared that the solution of th
Vrt Side problem In Manhattan. In
cluding: the necessity of nccommod.i
thins for the bin express stennuhl-
should be reached before the Smu
I Hrooklyn plan wus taken up.
I Muor (iaynor said that th" city hao
j not the slightest Intention nf putting I
mony In! ) tl"- proposed South Hrool.
I lyn enterprise unless the dark funds
I were tlrst released by the couru from
I the debt limit.
"(if all thtnee," he said, "the llr.'t '
I s-11. we are solnn to build piers Ion,'
enouch to receive the lonsert shin, nt
Tomlt'.n.s has s.iM. the Mayor has s.ile
and I think my a&soc'ntcs of the Boar I
of Kstlm.ue have said, that we Irave t
reason at all to acquire Cif.'c dnelrs now
except to put them In e unit with tlv
city's docl;: then manage thein to
setlier, but not even then unless we ta i
I,, I ii.li, iVif, i.viilnnl rnllrp.nl In t.l'
j scheme, which the city will own af'e
ihe end of twrnty-flvc years, to be con
tlnued by the railroad which Mr Tore
kins has shown y.m on the map her", a 1
around the waterfront."
John Jerome Itooney of 2! Hnndna
aid yerlerday concerning the water
'I bote has been talk of South llreoll'-"
for buret- ships, but the channel would roi
I lie deei) enough without dredging Hi
I large steamship comp.iries object been i.e
it i not uicersinie. vvicn cue opening
the Kourlh avenue suhwav that oblectisn
of aci e.s-lb'litv w ould ) ov ercome l'rrir
ilu.- Is easv proposition
While tins seems to be the dolnt of gn-s'
est public attention because It demarris hii
inui'cdijte nlut'ini. jet It i.s ecmparaMt
of n'cond.irv Importance. The prima'
' n-eil ol the port is the securing of nmp'
! nccotiupodnllons for the constantly ressinr
new demands from ocean and coast" -
I We have a harbor line that Hpptoilnia e
Imoie than Tfsi miles, taking the river an'l
fall parts sttiell" inchided in the hatbu'
and tel the tendency of the past has ts-e-'
I to congestion along the Xorth filter Mm
j hatlau v.aterfront
I Moieovcr, the gtrater part of that water
1 front from Pier to Sixty-ninth street
given up to railroad occupation for U'
use of floats It Is of e ursn essentia1 '
take tare of inilioads which bring f"""
products und other freight Into the en
and lake freight .West and South, but P
a bad policy lo give up tho chief poitl
the mend desirable part of waterfront
This situation has at own up fmm '''
fact that the railroads could and did ofle
the aieiitet rental return to the ctiy tm
the use or the cite dock" s a result
this this port has turned nwnv contlnuousb
during recent .tents applications of frelglu
sle.iiushli lineB, and these lines have gone
to other ports - llo.ton, Philadelphia .nd
Norfolk. Within Ihe .veins llfleen .
itiimtv Hiu.ii annlicatioas have ben ruriied
isiflu by the Dock Oepartmrnt by abmhitt
I he people seem to forget that New "
ls a Muipoit and that this is out pieaieo
I commercial nst-el. We all seem to be turn
lag Into strictly land animals, with no ulei
or public Impitiveinents eicept the Inula
Inn of mote subways, yet the ocean and our
' splei'tlld hnr'ior aro our chief souii
weallh mill have made New ork the nn
I perlnl cll.t
In the last leu veara we have lot ''
entire irralu trntle that used to pass thrnus"
' New York. I'lfteen or twenty eut
we were Urn chief etport point for cram
Ithe West To-duy we eiporl no em'r
II has tone to Montreal, lloston, ni"""1
phla and Newport Niiws.
t'nrnecle Won't Ran Xeni Batrraa.
. ....... . - n:,,.L...a . a.la'll, T
A report enmn irnin rumoura ; e
lint Andrew Cirnegio had decidetl to devoi
his imiyeraiil peace ertorts to trie ',"', ;,,
lion or Itttte news burejtii whii h '
tend out inurter designed to further the-' i ana
of peace.' t Mr. Cariiojrle's homo P
auld nothing wae known of any auch rroJ