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THE SUN, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 1912.
WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 1012.
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Nassau street, Vice-President, ftlward P Mitchell.
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lor IHt p-irposr
The lira to.
The four young; men pronounced
guilty of murder yesterday followed a
calling ns old as history. Its jiraetiton
ersdo muid-r for lure, without passion
or mnlico iigninst their victim. They
.depend on their employers for escape
from tlio i nuscqiicnct" of thoir crimes.
That thoir employers may not lie nbln
to mvr ilu'tn is one of t hi- rlkt of thoir
trade In tiu- iirt oiiiplishtncnt of thoir
purpoif. there i no more of sentiment
or cmoiion ifiap enters into trading; in
drugs and i hemiciil. paints, ready made
clothit g, or any oilier I'ommodity.
In this rao ti employer himself
was caught and convicted. He could
not make irood his promise of protee
tlon. Hi conviction assured that of
his hirelings. Me was to have defended
them through terrorism, fraud and
blackmail, not n the law courts. Once
brought before the bar of justice, their
fate war. eealed
Nothing could be more Fordid, more
.disgustinc limn the story of plot and
..counterplot that begins with IIcrmn
Rosenthal's ill fated gambling ven
ture, recounts the greed of Rkckkb.,
tells tho murder of the gamester nnd
.ends in the death house at Sing Sing.
In it only one redeeming chapter win
bsfound. Soiiety. through its proper
aRei.jos, has moved with promptness
and dignity, effectively defending itself.
In this demonstration of tho willingness
and power of the community to safe
guard itself will be found the true lesson
of a revolting episode.
Under all the circumstances the Hon.
William A I'rexderhast'h enthusiasm
for fusion of the Progressives with the
other anti-Tammany organizations in
the campaign of 1013 must be held to
bo altruistic. The political alignment
of the various parties in New York city
would seem at present to be of higher
personal interest to the Hon. Charles
H. Whitman than to anybody else.
Mr. Bryan n Secretary of State. !
On the ground that Governor Wilson
"owed hi nomination for President to
Mx.Bhtan's activities in the convention
at Baltimore Mr. Bryan's friends think
that the obligation should be cancelled
by his appointment to tho responsible
post of Secretary of Stato in President
Wilson's Cabinet. Some of the emi-
, nent nv?n with whom Mr. Bryan would
have to stand comparison na the head
of the department of foreign nffairs
'are, in comparatively recent times,
Daniel Werster, William H. Seward,
Hamilton Fish, William M. Kvarts,
iTamhh Ci. Blaink, Richard Olnev,
John Hay and Elihu Root.
To call this roll is to rniso a doubt
about Mr. Bryan's qualifications. Ho
is essentially a domestic politician. It
" in true that ho made a tour of tho world
in 1005-Ofi, but he wrote about it. Can
his friends find in his calculated views
and leisurely observations tho qualifi
cation for tho great oflico of Secretary
of State? It is more likely that tho ju
dicious would discover in them cvldenoo
of his unfitness. Mr. Bryan Is known
to have inspired, if he did not actually
t compose, tho national platform on
i which he made his second campaign for
President in 1000 without a contest in
the Democratic party. He was allowed
to make his own platform. It contained
Jhls declaration: "We favor the imme
diate construction, ownership and. con
trol of the Nicaragua Canal by tho
United States. Tho Hay-Pauncefoto
treaty was condemned "as a surrender
of Amcricnn righta and interests not
to bo tolerated by tho American people. "
Naturally Mr. Bryan has never been
interested in tho construction of tho
Panama Canal. Another plunk in Mr.
JIbyan'h platform would surely return
o plaguo him:
" "We favor a continuance and atrlot en
forcement of the Chinese exclunlon law
nnd Hh implication to the same clauses of
bfl Aamtiti mcee."
Mr. Bryan's platform viewed "with
!n'liK"tion tho purpose of England to
overwhelm with force tho South African
republics," nnd protested "against tho
,Jtpubliean departure which has in
volved us in so-called world politics,
including tho diplomacy of I'-uropc and
tho intrigue and land grabbing of Aula,
.'pd fo especially condemn the ill con
akl Republican alliance with Eng
land, which must mean discrimination
,'fgBinst other friendly nations, nnd
which has already stifled tho nation's
"Voico while liberty is being strangled
j "We opposo militarism, " said Mr.
31btan'b platform, and the employment
of volunteer organizations in Hie Philip
pines was denounced as u subversion
of ancient nnd li.u-d principles of a free
people." It will be remembered that
the "paramount issue" of Mr. Bryan's
campaign was tho granting of inde
pendence to the Philippines, '"it- quot
ing the platform, with "protection from
outside interference, such ns has been
given to the republics of Central and
It te fair and legitimate to test Mr.
Bryan's fitness for the responsible cilice
of Secretary of Slate by the sentiments
and declarations of the platform which
has always leen Intimately associated
with his iH'rsoualiiy ns a candidate for
President. Who can read it and not
shudder at the thought of entrusting
hlrn with the management of the foreign
relations of the Oowrninenl?
Patent Right Monopoly and He
strain! of Trade.
Monopoly under (loverninent patents
is permitted, not established, by the
Constitution in the euutnerallon of tho
powers of Congress. This is one of
the enumerated powers:
"To promote the progress of Jdctice and
uacfiil arts by hccurinir for limited tlmea
to authors and lnentots the exrliilve rlaht
to their rnpectlo writltina and tllvov
Kxclusive right, if Congress sees fit
to exercise that power. "The Congress
shall have power," nays the Constitu
tion. It docs not say that the Congress
shall promote the progress of science
nnd the useful arts by securing to au
thors and inventors for any time, long
or short, the exclusive right to their
writings and discoveries. There are a
good many "shnlls" and "shall nots," in
the mandatory sense, in the Constitu
tion, but this is not one of theni. The
patent right and copyright systems icst
solely upon the discretion of the legis
lature, like the borrowing of money
on the national credit, or the declara
tion of war. Congress may borrow or
not borrow, according to its ideas of
expediency. It may declare war or
refrain from such declaration. It may
maintain a system of monopoly or oc
clusive right under patents, or it may
refuse to grant anv more patents and
thus in time alxilish the whole svstetn.
The claim to exclusive rights of author
ship or discovery is rooted no deeper
than in the legislative exercir-e of a
power permitted, not enjoined, by the
This distinction is oficn overlooked.
but it is highly important to remember
that the patent monopoly right is not
constitutional, liko that of freedom of
speech or of petition, or of security in
tho possession of private property
against its appropriation for public use
without just compensation.
The preteni'e that in the legislative
system of patent right monopoly there
is a stronghold for tho restrainer of
trade or the conspirator against compe
tition is demolished by the decision of
the Supreme Court hi the flagrant case
of the Bathtub Trust. Hereafter when
the prosecution of malefactors under
the Sherman law encounters the claim
of immunity under the patent laws it
will be found, os Mr. Justice McKenna
expresses it, that "rights conferred by
patents do pot give, any more than other
rights do, n universal license against
positive prohibitions." This is a vic
tory for the freedom of business nnd
for the right of the consumer to pur
chase at prices established by honVt
I'urthermore, there is nothing sacro
sanct in the fiovernment granted patent.
Such monopolies rest on no constitu
tional right. Congress might stopgrnnt
ing them if it decided that there was no
other way to prevent abuse of them.
To look a gift hors" in tho mouth is
generally considered a somewhat un
gracious proceeding, but there are
times when the scrutiny should be made,
if only to ascertain that the quadruped
philanthropieally donated may not
prove in the end not a horso at all but
a white elephant. This is the moral
of somo passages in tho report which
Dr. Niciiolah MnnRAY Butler sub
mitted on Monday to the trustees of
Columbia University, nnd well inten
tioned people who nre desirous of devot
ing some part of 'their wealth to educa
tional or philanthropical purposes will
do well to observo wlint President Bt'T
LKR lias to say upon tho subject.
"What the university most needs," he
declares, "Is gifts that will aid in its
doing better tho work which it already
has undertaken, nnd not gifts whioh
compel it to nssumo new obligations
that in turn mnko an additional drnln
on its already overtaxed resources."
The experience of Columbia is a com
mon ono to universities throughout tho
world. They are frequently embar
rassed rather than assisted by tho gen
erosity of their benefaotors who insist
on earmarking their donations for a
specific purpose. This desire that tho
monoy they givo shall bo used for some
causo in which they aro particularly
interested is entirely natural and legiti
mate, but often In carrying tho schomo
to completion tho institution benofited
is involved in a largo oxpondituro which
might havo been turned into more ef
fective channels. The consequent waste
in energy is enormous, and President
Butler declares that "it would be very
easy by tho exercise of ordinary business
judgment to inako tho millions now
given each year for education in tho
United States many times as productive
as they urc."
If those animated by tho laudable
desiro to benefit publio institutions
would carry their philanthropy a little
further and, magnanimously effacing
themselves, would mako their gifts
unconditional, leaving the application
of them in experienced hands, they
would achiu vo far more good than when,
as tho president of Columbia puts it,
"they try to follow even after death
each separate dollar with their Indi
vidual hand." That Is u strong way oft
expressing tho case, but it is true to the
facts in mnnv inst.'inni.a fn, f I
--" ...v.. w (tiurt-
torful mind, whilo their philanthropic
Impulse is perfectly senuino, often
exhibit n reltictanco to entrust tho
administration of their gifte to tho
judgment of others nnd by attaching
a string to their benevolence Impair
Those who contemplate benefactions
to ublto institutions should ponder
Dr. Bin, er's deliberate conclusion
that "funds given for special purposes
would almost always be more wisely
sent if given to promote tho general
ends for which a university, a library, a
museum or a hospital exists,"
A Turklsti Appomattox.
The surrender of the Turkish forces
about Mouastir inevitably suggests that
the Ottoman cause has reached its Ap
pomattox. The army surrendered by
D.tAViD Pasha was not only twico as
numerous as that of lA'.K, but it wasalso
the last field force of tho Ottoman in
Kurope. Mouastir was to be another
Plevna, but lacking an Osman It has
surrendered after a struggle wholly
unworthy of Turkish traditions,
For the Serb the Mouastir victory
comes ns a well earned climax to a cam
paign gallantly begun at Kumanova,
pressed vigorously at Prilip and Krus
hevo, and now completed on the hills
before Mouastir. If Bulgarian victories
at Kirk Kilissch and l.ulo Burgas and
the Oreek rapture of Salonica have ob
scured the Servian soldier's record, the
surrender, at Mouastir, the greatest in
the war anil in Europe since Met, in
1871, coming at the firit moment when
the campaign of tho allien lagged, is
glory enough even for a Serb.
Turkish resistance in the last ditch
during the past few days has been gen
erally interpreted as an attempt on the
part of the Turks to prolong a hopelos
resistance merely to slraili the slender
resources of the Balkan States and thus
obtain a modification of (hose condi
tionr. which the extent of Turkish mili
tary disaster made inevitable. To that
hope Mouastir is a crushing answer.
Vol onlv is the Bulgarian advance
pounding nl the gate- of Constantinople
but victorious (ireek and Servian armies
are fmw teleased to join the troops of
Ferdinand in Thrace.
The outcome of the war was unmis
takable before the Mouastir capitula
tion, but the question of whether the
fruits of victory would go to the victor
remained doubtful. But now all the
Christian provinces of European Turkey
are in the hands of tho allies and save
for drianople cleared of Turkish de
fenders. The status quo is now a
weapon for the allies and even a con
tinuation of war can have far fewer
perils for them.
Hut if the contest hns ceased to be a
seiious menace u the peace of Europe
it has liecome a real peril to the health
of the world. By emphasizing the
nopeieness oi the itirkish cause
Monastir has thus provided Europe with
an effective argument for intervention,
an intervention which the cholera news
from tho Tehatnldja lines makes every
hour more , imperative. It has also
given point, to Bulgaria's consent .to
"Smlillir" nnd "Fasalt."
This letter recks with breath of ancient
homeliness. Be it right, be it wrong,
in its philology of reminiscences, wn
salute the author. He remembers sweet
Argos; and roaming amid tho places of
prosperity and lobsteriosity of Man
hattan sees the modest candles of home:
"To the Editok or Tns Sen Sin The
editorial on 'Soddln' ' In Tim Sun warmed
the cockles of my heart, for I am a native of
New Kn&Jand Tnr. Sl'.v la usually rlcht.
hut taln't "eoddlnV P'a 'bankln' ' Fifty
years ago In my old home In Maasaehusetta
I heard a farmer call out to a neighbor.
'What be you doln'?' The anawer was,
TeM bankln' up '
"The Boston fllohr ahould "have known
better than to write 'banking up hoiiaes,"
they should havo written 'bankln1.' Al
the end of the editorial you write, "Turn
on the faucet ' We used nothlnir as modern
faucets, we 'Jest' 'pulled Ihe tap' and
drew a pint
"I love In read Tni BrN because It writes
of homely, Interesting thlnga that no other
paper does H E. K.
"Nr.w York, November l,"
Did we say "faucet" 7 Let tho spell
ing be apologized for and perish. Tho
ancient, orthodox and only correct
form, happily married to the only cor
rect pronunciation, is "fasset," the ex
act reproduction in sound of our Jacob
Sloat, Elmira's pride,, our country's
too little appreciated blessing.
"Tap" is English of the taproom.
"Fassit," forgetting consonance and
concordance with him of Elmira, if we
may put in tho short T instead of the
political V who over heard of a tap
as applied to tho cider barrel, not with
out sacred mysteries of raw beefsteak
in its rich interior? "Go daown an' git
nbaout a quart of cider, an' bo suro ye
turn tho 'fassit' clear off." To ancient
ears that sounds harmonious. On the
other hand, "What bo you doln'?' looks
like great American novolist dialect.
As to "bankln' " and "soddin'," lot
the just founded IIosoo Blglow Dialect
Society collect and decido.
The Zaylstas In Cuba, refusing to con
cede the election of General Menocal,
now "proposo an appeal to the Supreme
Court on tho ground that the oleotoral
law, which the advisory commission
under Colonel Crowdkr rlrnw n n.i
Governor Maooon promulgated, is un
constitutional." Thuy might as well
protest tho I'latt Amendment as uncon
Spenklne ns n man In tho rnnka. Colontl
Iton.HKVKLT udtlrttiinv ZOO I'rourt itivei.
Kui.zkk will iimim only Democrats
Thus orovlitinir nverv Knnnlilinen arlth
a ready made moral issuo.
A journalist named Horacc TuonoaooD
trnve evidence that when ho wna Inveatl
cntiiiK chnreH ncniiiHt the directors In
lima the Hocrotnry of the company told him
Unit thoy did not doslro-anything more to
bo written about tho chnruea and handed
him nil en elope contulnlue a bank note,
which, tho secretary said, was not n bribe
but u recognition of tho trouble he had
taken.- Uitiptttcli rom l.nndan,
Suroly nobody would attompt to bribe
a icon nuinod Tuonoaooo,
NOVELETTES OF THE DAY.
The Money Trust Series.
Manufacturers of dime novels were
considerably overwrought by ths nswo
rrom Washington to tho efrect that Waco
Henry had dined with l)r Hwnmproot,
otherwise known ns Dollar Bill, of Ne-
hrnsku. This meeting Indicates beyond
tho shadow of a doubt the creation of a
dlmo novel trust for tho purKse of ex
ploiting monoy trust material. Mr.
Nicholas Carter says that It is a combina
tion in restraint of his trade and that ho
proposes to prosocute If their output is
so radical as to put him out of business
The fact that the Texas plain clothes
man has another powerful collaborator
on his staff, who was also at the dinner,
gives a sinister color to tho meeting
Ho was nono other than the distinguished
excavating expert. Mr Undcrininor
These political dime novels nro to be
known as the Money Trust Series, and
Dr.Swamproot Is to bo the general editor,
Tho fu-Bt numbor will bo entitled "Banquo'fl
Hnnk, or the Houso With Double Doors.'
Detectivo Stilwell has been asked to con
tribute tho introduction, which Is intended
to provo beyond debate how impossible
It Is to borrow monoy without good col
lateral. He and Colonel Sellers aro ex
pected to testify as to their hasty exit
through the double doors when thev
asked lianquo the banker for some ready
Chairman Puio, w ho has charge of the
publishing of Congressional melodrama,
has said plainly that he will not considor
this season a nuecess unless he can got
into Banquo's vault and allow Mr. Undor-
inmor to burrow under the floor When
credit is well concaved. Dr. Swaniproot
hoxw tohoahto to stave in seouritie-i gen
erally. Tliis hns boon the unrealized dream
of hit life during tho past sixteen years.
Some say that this fond ambition will Ho
much to prevent his entering Ihe Cabinet
as Secretary Swumprool.
What took place at this noteworthy
dinner is unknown, but it is understood
that tho collaborators could not agree ns
to jtiBt what term Is to bo adopted when
reference is mndo to "the money trust,"
This difficulty has arisen over the foot
that Mr Underminer has gone on record
to tho effect that there "is no such thing"
as i money trust in the sense in which
we uso the. word 'trust' as applied to un
lawful industrial combinations," nnd
that "there is no definite union or aggrega
tion of the monev powers in tho tinanciul
But Waco Henry would rather give
up the use of his right lung than give up
the expression "money trust." Of course
many other terms aro Ix-ing considered.
Detective Stilwell has always liked "tinan
elnl mafia." Dr. Swamproot says that
any term will le satisfactory to him pro
viding its usage will effectively tamper
with prosperity nnd thus put a certain
"crimp" in Wilson's chances for a second
administration. "If Wilson should make
good," reasons Old Dr Killorcure, "what
will leoomo of my other occupation?
So juat put n tunnel under our credit
and banking system, and I can remain
permanently in business for myself."
As for Mr. Underminer, he has a strong
leaning toward the expression "moneyed
oligarchy." which he says is likely to le
"more deepotio and more dangerous to
industrial freedom than anything civili
zation has ever known." Theso calm and
well weighed wonts from a man who
profesAeei to be "anxious for ilin confi
dence and cooperation of the financial
community and of the general publio'l
Waco Henry was forced to admit that
even his roman candles never shone more
brilliantly in the eyes of the plain people.
Accordingly Waco has the various
synonyms under advisement, but before
the dime novels go to press it Is expected
that he will call In Honest Tom Iwson
as the greatest "word slinger civilization
has ever known All hands admit that
it is rather futile to Investigate "a money
trust" when tho chief inquisitor has de
clared that "of course there is no such
thing " Huckleberry Finn says that
once a negro rebuked him for calling the
darkey "a nigger," and that he replied,
"If you ain't a nigger, what is you?"
riru sovEitEiax sex.
Superior to Mn In Krry Way. Will She
Allow lllm lo Keep Ihe nallot?
To trr EntTon or The Hr.v-.Sir I
"would ndvlse Arthur C. (Iraves that the
question whether woman shall te ctien
th" ballot Is not to Im determined by com
paring the Torrmn of to-day with the woman
of the past generation, but depends solely
ution whether woman Is qualified to exer
cise the franchise,
If It Is essential that woman should be
put through some comparison test before
she Is given her Just rlchts it would seem
to me that she should be compared with
man, who Is keeping the ballot from her.
Is shs any less lovely, less attractive,
less Influential, less rotlned, leas modest, less
Intellectual or any more sensational than
man? Not a bit. She Is man's Buperlor In
physical perfection, modest charm nnd In
tellectual capacity. Woman out of kind
ness to man has never asked for this com
parison In settling the (mention of her right
to vote, knowing full well that If she did It
might take the ballot away from man as an
Well. It Is not long before woman will
reign and when she does I hope she will not
say that a body of men on parade demand
ing the ballot of woman ia an "undignified
spectacle." Or, because mon choose to
parade, that the fact "reveals traits of char
acter" preventing them from bringing a
good Influence "Into the elective machinery
of the State," Jamks D. Dewell, Jr.
Nrw IUyem. Conn,. November 10,
1 XEW YOltK'S HOCKS.
A Crisis That Can lie Met by Enlight
To the Editor, or The Sd.v .Sir: A
solution of the present dlfllculty as regards
docking of the large steamers at this port
Is to be obtained by cutting Into the shore,
as has to be done In overy other port. This
could be easily accomplished betweenThlrty
fourth street nnd Fifty-seventh street on
the North ltlver. It only means the prop
erty being condemned and the city paying
tho necessary price.
If the city cannot do this then the proper
solution Is the erection of n suitable landing
stuge.like that In the ltlver Mersey. along
side which steamers could go to land and
load passengers, proceeding then to docks
In the vicinity of Constable Hook or on the
Jersey sido of the Hudson, where proper
facilities could be made for loading and
In any caso tho olty Is face to face with n
situation Unit is cither going to make or mar
New York as a port, and tho sooner they
get down to business the better.
Nkw obk. November in.
If men went forth In shrouds
Instead of trappings gay.
How many to tho battlefield
Would ever march away?
If drums ahould beat a dirge
Instead of "Forward I Charge!"
How many of the regiments
Would reach the focman'a margt?
If men could only see
The Vulture ncath the Dove
How many with a blood bought peace
Would ever fall in love?
J MCliANDBUBaH WlLIOM.
THE IXnEPEftDEXT "OUTLOOK."
A ttfantlful and Powerful Parable From
To Tilt: EntTon or Tnr. Hun .Sir: I want
to protest tiKsinst your unfairness toward
tho Outlook. My Aunt IWsy of Saxonvllle,
Mass., left mo a life subscription to this
mugnzinft in her will nnd I see it every week
and know what I am talking about. I
tell you that when It comes to mi absolutely
honest, candid nnd non-partisan treatment
of political nucstlons the Outlook Is superior
to any other flvo cent magnzlno published
In this l.intl, Simply borauM Mr. Roosevelt
was on tho board of editors yon liecnmo
otersusplclotis nnd Interpreted everything
that they printed during the campaign as
favoring Mr. Itoosevelt. Now, Just to show
how wrong j ou are I advise you to read the
Outlook for November 18, the current num
bor, containing the first editorial comments
on the election, In Its Issue of November
A this paper said.
The preent Issue went to press before election
day and therefore contains no comment upon
the outcome of the electlotiwhloh will be known
to our readers before this Ivdie reaches them,
The election results will be reported and their
significance analviedtn the ouffoo for neat week.
This promise was fulfilled In tho present
number, nnd on page .IM the ltoosevelt phase
of the situation was ably presented In the
form of tho familiar Outlook parable as
Three vaquttos weie encased In sawing of!
the horns of s great Mexican bull. "He killed
another of my hybrid bulls this morning," ex
plained the ranch owner. "He's an arena fighter
that I bought from a matador at Juarez." The
animal was Indeed a tighter. It took a heavy
tuck and reams of thick rope to hold him while
the three vaqueros relieved him of his dangerous
antleri.. When the task had been completed
they turned him loose and we all watched him
lumber oil toward a small Mater hole. He was
eMcntly the maddest bull In all Arizona, and
Intended In let the other denltens of the range
know as much,
llellonlnir forth terrific challenges, he ap
proarhel the half drlr,! pond, On the further
side Mood a big Texan longhorn, defensively
returning the rhsllente and hoofing showers of
sand and mud upon hl hack Pitifully Ignorant
of the loss of his linrn, the xlcxlran plouehed
around Ihe waterhole to hesln the customary
Pi eliminates of bntll. Itnsr after roar of
huncry rare now pllt from Ids throat, font
bv toot heawed the esrlli toward his opponent.
Clouds of ssn.l (lew Inio ihe sir over his lowered
hraJ. and ihe olher steers and rows drew hsck
and formed a circle, looking passively on. Sud
denly the roaring ceased The Mexican's great
muscled hind legs pushed Into the grounJ and
shot him acalnst the Texan. With a dull thud
his unprotcrtrd heal crashed between the long
hrwnM antlers of the Texan and met the temples
between Tor a morieut both animals reeled
sldew1e from the terrific shock, 'I hen the
Meilran drew out, parried with Imaginary horns,
and sloe again' at the temples of the Texan.
This lime his charge wnj more lateral, and there
were no anllrrs to rteflert Ihe plerclag prongs
as they ploughed a loan, tagged gv.h Into hla
great virile neck
With a hrlek of ps!n ihe wounded hull pulled
bark. i.tsiered and fell to Ids knees Daxed
snd mystified, he recmered himself, lowered his
tail between his leg., and backed slowly away.
The Texan did not flank him as he crept down
to ihe wster hole and drank heavily. The rrlm
on flow ooed from his neck and dllTiued plnkly
Into the Ihlrk. muddy water. Afler drinking
gallons the poor fellow slunk away on the desert.
The wound had nei bern fatal, but It had made
him reallee, for some lime, the loss of his horns.
like some dethroned monarch, he must now
rosm the range. hope!ely bereft of his power.
You will note that the Prst paragraph
of the parable Illustrates the Chicago con
entlon, the second the contest of the cam
paign nnd election, nnd the third the present
embarrassing situation. You know you
couldn't do any better than this yourself.
Now. don't let me see you printing any more
criticisms ngslnet this great and good mag
azine Instead, trv to pattern your paper
more after the (ifoofc and give everybody
a siure dal A. Ij. Ft.
Nr.w Yor.a, November I a
THE r.it'SE OF HEX!.
An Attempt la ! Responsibility en the
Chicken f the Coop.
To the Epitor or The Suv Sir. The
gentleman who wrote to TnE Scn on No
vember 17 and held Ihe hen Innocent of the
present high price of eggs must have had
a most fortunate experience with the poul
try business If he succeeded In getting a
high egg yield by mid-November
In my opinion the hen and the hen only
t responsible for the high price at this
season ef genuine fresh eggs Manipula
tion may no doubt b responsible for the
high price of cold storage eggs, which are
unloaded on the long suffering public as
"strictly fresh," "new laid" and under many
other deceiving terras.
The early hatched pullets, it Is true, are
beginning to lay and the hens are recover
ing from their moult, but the egg yield Is
ami must be for some time Kto come far
below tne average. Ihe raftner a flock
has taken a holiday from egg 'laying and
will not begin again until the lengthening
days of early aprlng. Only the bavtt housed
ami most scientifically managed iicns lay
In early winter, and a fresh egg at 'this sea
son will command a high price Whether
sold in n city market or bargained for from
the farmer s wife In the depth of the'r-oun
try Ihe trouble ii that paying S0,ir 60
cents a dozen will not Insure one's gMtlng
the fresh ones; It Is even probable tfjfct it
will be the cold storage variety.
to the educated palate is aa different
the fresh laid sa canned neas nre
fresh garden ones. Countbt Vowlt
Nkw Yore. November Is. 1
Cants Is Cards. . x
To ine Epitor or The Son Sir: YVhlli
I agree with Mr Hawkins that tho remark,!
made in the "School for Card Players" lay
merely sarcastic, I diner rrom him in hla
statement that It la counter to previous
teacnings oi i he fiCN. thk sun has always
been a consistent contender for fair play
and was the first to take up the fight against
the private conventions that eventually
I havo read The Scn ever since It has
published card articles and Its position has
never varied. If the meaning of a bid or a
play can be Inferred by observation nnd Is
based on the doctrlno of probabilities as
to trick winning. It Is perfectly fair. Mr.
Hawkins is unfortunate In his examples.
All the conventional leads can be shown to
offer the best chance to win tricks. The
king Is led from ace-king ho that If the kinc
is trumped the partner may infer the ace.
If tne ace were led ana trumped Ihe position
of the king would be a guess, nnd so on ail
through the conventional plays.
Hut when a bid or a play Is such that no
one could ever guess Its meaning or object
unless he were told by word of mouth that
it means something entirely different from
what It says, then your card man Is oulte
right. A person might watch the hands on
which two spades nro bid for weeks and
never guess that it meant "Never mind what
l say aiiout spades, 1 wnnt you to bo no
That tho adversaries are told does not.
alter the. matter. The American Whist
League found that out to its cost. Ilnvru
do not care to be told that they are about
to oe naimicappt'd ny a system of. nrivate
signals, The Se.V Is dead right In exposing
tho sophistry of such players, Once let
this thing get a foothold In auction nnd It
will bo us dead as whist. t'xin 1'i.ay
New ioiik, November 10,
'I hrnwln Critic Ilsnwa Nullar.
TO TUB KUITOR OP Tne Rtrw ! I.
. w.i , , ii icauiug
an editorial article In yesterday's Scn I am some-
any una wno nas lost so much
of his New Hngland speech as to hpeak of trans
porting ffludloluites and itslilli,. tn -ti.. -
tead of taking theni comfortably "down cellar."
,ium Kiiiiiira inr. ciunej Umlon aloft for
uanning up nouses instead of "soddln'" them.
M. A. STIMSON.
Deduui, Mats., November 13.
A Necessary Word "Vindicated."
To the Kditos orTnit snvir. j....
tlou o! 'suffrareUe." -a wnm ...... ...
woman .'suffrage." may be found In Webster's
mm luicjuauoosi uicuooary.
WAMMOtog, D, a, Novtmbsr u.
TWO GAMES OF FOOTBALL.
Deth Played at Princeton :One Wag Sport,
the Other Nightmare.
To Tnn Editor orTnu SUN-Sir: I saw
two games of football at Princeton last
Hatunlay. The first was as fine a bit of
sport as It has ever been my good fortune
to witness; thore were a couple of hundred
onlookers. Tho second game was dull
and hard to follow: thirty thousand people
watched It. The first game was played
hard and fast, and was fun for players
and spectators every minute: tho second
was furious, fierce, and exhausted the
players, wore out the officials and puzzled
the bleavherltes. "Who made that tackle?"
"Where's tho ball?" "What were we penal
ised for?" Half the crowd asked the oups
tlons; the other half, according to the Idio
syncrasies of temperamont, made a more or
less sensible bluff at answering or frankly
The first match required no technical
skill on the spectator's part. There was
abundant learn work, but the Individuals
were not lost In It. It was similar to the
team work In baseball, where the play on
tho bases and In the field, each move part
of a cleverly coordinated scheme, is open
to view. There was the excitement of
personal contact, but no Inducement to
roughness; In fact, the player who stopped
to manhandle an opponent was simply
left stranded high nnd dry, so swift was
the changing tide that carried the ball up
and down tho field. Every manly quality
of muscle and mind and "wind" was called
into play; that field was no place for molly
coddles. On the other field the problems of play,
Instead of being spontaneously generated
and mot, were stereotyped, cut and dried.
It was a matter of "formations." of ma
chinery. The "generalship" was up to one
man on each team. Ono captain went off
the field crying trom the pain of a dislocated
shoulder and the chagrin of a tlo acore,
when he had confidently looked for a vic
tory. Trainers and doctors kept a hawklike
watch from the side lines and patched up the.
bnttored heroes. Substitutes were sent In to
relievo the Injured and to carry strategic
messages from frantic coaches. The play
ers woro head harnesses, hand and shoulder
braces, knee aud ankle bandages and heavily
padded clothes, Their college mates In
the other game woro about three pounds of
clothing apiece, but each of these warriors
carried probably twenty pounds of armor.
Tho first game was safe, sane and sen
sible; tho second was a nightmare. Tho
first wns soccer, the second was "American"
football The soccer players had a morning
full of fun, the others had an afternoon of
iiltter work-their contest was, frankly,
not a game, but a battle between the two
universities. T. N, K,
Nkw Yoke. .VoTemher 19.
MAXXEES OF SOVEREWXS.
Certain Reflections on Them by Woman
of Open Mind. f
To Tnx Editor or Tne Son .Sir: To
paraphrase "C "a" preface to "Mother's"
letter In Tnn St'N of November 1. I am a
white haired woman of to, throughout my
life Interested In public affairs. My ex
perience with several suffragists (also eev
eral antls) I think would prove Interesting
both to those for and against the movement.
However, I forbear to give It, "study of
female manners" though it Is.
What I want to know is, do "Mother"
and her daughter "C." really believe thnt
these boorish, rude women were made rude
and boorish by advocating suffrage? Have
"Mother's "seventy years not sufficed for her
to learn that a good tree cannot bring forth
evil fruit? A well bred woman Is always
well bred, hut natural commonneas will
strike through any veneer of travel and
education Furthermore, have "Mother"
and "('." found bad manners confined to
suffragists thnt they should be "put at com
plete rest ns to woman's cause" by "Mother's
sad train experience?
Suppose these women had been on the
way to a Methodist conference, or a Presby
terian assembly, or sn Episcopal council,
or a Baptist consistory; would their vulgar
behavior have caused the elder Isdy to
exhort herdsugbter not to Identify herself
with the church they represented? Would
she claim that their church affiliations de
veloped their unwomanly self-assertion?
If she replies that women chosen to repre
sent a religious cause would not be of this
type she knows not whereof she speaks,
My experiences with women high In the
scats of the mighty In the A B C D E F of the
conservative religious world would have
"put me to rest completely" about their
movements had I Judged them by a few
sporadio excrescences; but 1 never did
them this Injustice.
I am not an enrolled suffragist. I am not
an antl. I think I have an open mind.
A Round the WoRt,r) Traveller.
Bctfilo, November ia.
The Man Who Made a President.
It was a performance oulte without paral
lei In our political history. Six or eight
years ago Colonel Harvey picked out Dr
Wilson aa a likely man to make a competent,
radical. Democratic President. Steadily
and ably he blew the doctor's born, gradu
ally making him a familiar topic of discus
sion in the newspapers and bringing him
to the knowledge of their readers. At the
proper time, with the consent of Senator
James Smith, he got him nominated for
Governor of New Jsrsey, raised a campaign
fund and got him his chance to win the
lection. He won It finely. That made
Governor Wilson a real candidate for Presl
dent. After that he took care of himself,
having such a start ns bis own abilities and
character and the assistance of the sup
porters they won for him were able, with
great good luck, to handle, nut it is a
historical fact that It la to Harvey fmmeas-
irablv mom than to anv other man excent
4r. Wilson himself that we owe It that Gov
rnor Vi nson ia our rresiueni-eieei.
L, That was an unprecedented exploit in
uromotton, ana tr uoionei nsrvey lives to
Have a tombstone It ought to go on It. More.
oer, It waa a public service done chiefly
bcause It seemed a public service. Mr
Hfcrvey is a congenital Democrat, deeply
Interested in Democratic success. He
wainted a Democratic candidate who would
bet fit to win and could be elected. Among
all V the advertised Democratic politicians
these waa none that looked available; none
thai seemed able to avoid destruction at
the liands of Bryan, and still carry tho State
of Mew York. So he picked an entirely
new 'man and set out to make htm known
to thie ci
country, aiiu ne uiu u; a wonaer-
Bermuda : An Interlude.
The sflll vext Hermoothes no Jonger art
Hut completely serene and content.
The Isfanders, wise to the faot that they're
Are giving their Joyousness vent.
Addressees of welcome quite Utter the land,
Engros'sed with elaborate care.
Wherever he turns there's the sound of a
And tho I hips and hurrahs fill the air.
The odoroi'ia scents of the lilies arise
To mlnglewlth musk of the rose.
And with thtAm the onion happily vies
With ever)) zephyr that blows.
The sky is so llue and the sand Is so white,
Hi ratlin r 'Inn la tha ba.
The caves 'mini the coral so coyly Invite,
us nappinrss merely to no,
Be happy be happy, then, while yet you
Thouuh loh seeklmr imtrlots pii
They're miles upoa miles of blue water
Alast 'twill plot ever be thus.
In not Water Will Dissolve.
The trult that makes bathtubs
mtd to the laughter;
IU of excuses!
will not nola watsrl
asoaoa B, Moaiwooo.
Commissioner Tomkins in C.-ivor
of Intlpppiidont, l)p-pnrtmrMil.
CITY SHOT'LI) ACT Ql 1CK1V
Plnns of Commissioner Onilinptl
by His Counsel to Joint
John De Witt Warner, private i-oiinrrl
to Dock Commissioner Calvin Toniklns.
told mcrahers of tho unofficial Joint Water
front Hoard of the Port of Now IVork at
a meeting In the Merchants Association
auditorium, 54 to mi Lafayctto etroet,
yesterday afternoon that the principles
underlying the CommlsMoner'B plan for
the improvement of the waterfront and
the increasing of shipping facilities are
not the proposed placing of big docks
nor the purchaso by tho pity of new piers.
but provlslone for a "circulation of trafTio
In connection with the piers.
This circulation, Mr. Warner said, could
be established through a marginal rail
road operated in connection with classified
yards, freight eheds and mechanical fa
cilities for tho handling of freight and
the protection of goods in transit. Such
a circulation could be established, he nalil,
no matter whether tho plerH were owned
by tho city or by privato corporations,
A plan of that kind, Mr. W arner pointed
out, would not only mako more com
mercially available tho docks owned by
tho city but it would be of great ad
vantage to mon engaged In butdnean in
tho neighborhoods of tho piere. It would
also mean tho Hjieedy interchange of
merchanditw between the docks and the
railroads and would enable freight to be
shipped to all points of the country nt
tho least poseiblo cost for hnndling nnd
Mr. Warner went into an exhaustive
explanation of the freight terminal art
of 1011. which permitted thn city to take
steps for tho organisation of a compre
hensive, terminal, a power distinct from
that granted in tho city Charter concern
ing the control of waterfront properties.
Under this ao t the operation of piern
owned by tho city was hImi granted tun! r
lease to private agencies .
Ho enld that a continuous attempt i
being mado to forco tho Dock Commw
elon into tho purchaso or dock provrt
although his aim ha been to pstJibliti
terminals. Ho spoku or the limitation id
tho dock funds and in referring to M-
Tomkfns'B plans for tho establishment ot i
terminal in South Brooklyn ho iiMortei'
that to put them in operation would not
cost mom than Si,&ou,oon or t'.'.'ioo.m i
Thie, he Kiid. would include tho cost ot u
four track Mirfacn or marginal rnllroul,
a terminal yard for the distribution o'
freight, nub-stations, .to. If tho city pn
ceeded to buy thn terminuls that an
offered and would bo offered, he tald, I Ik1
cost of taking them over might aggiegati'
Mr. Wamoroxplained that tho terminal
act of lull contained the provision that
if the city bought piers and waterfront
property it should not chargo mom tlum
enough to pay the operating cxponbo,
depreciation and amortization up t
fifty yoars. If this were done, ho said thn
city would bo in competition ruinous. I .
those engaged in tho operation of ad
jacent piers, who ore obliged, nmone
other things, to include tho payment of
taxes in their cost of operation. Ht iiaid
thatif tho city bought docks under lh
rovialons in tno Ulty Liiarier it wouio
avo wide powers to run tho properly
at the lest profit it could get,
He pointed out the grave dangers of a
depletion of funds now available foi
dock purposes and referred to the propo
sitlon to tako ra.nn.mo out oi tne cioou
funds for subway purposes, Hy sai I
that Commissioner Tomkins was exceed
ingly anxious to have the city committed
to n definite programme of dock dovelop
ment without los of time.
F. B. Do Berard. secretary of tho joint
waterfront hoard, awked Mr Warner
if it would not bo desirable to havo an
act passed by tho Legislature removing
tho Dock Department from the ordinary
framework of tho City Charter and placing
it under the separate control of a com
mission having at its disposal the funds
of the Dock Department.
Mr. Warner said that tho only thine
in tho way of a proposition of that kind
is tho Legislaturu. Ho agreed that tlm
only way to insure the successful solution
of tho entiro waterfront problem eon
fronting tho city w to mako tho Dock
Department independent, HI
It is understood that a number of sug
gestions for tho improvement of th
water front on tho west side of Man
hut tan and in South Brooklyn have been
sent to the joint water front'bonrd, whldi
was organized by representatives of com
mercial bodies, all of whom nro exports,
to nid thn authorities in an ndvisorv
capacity to work out tho problems at
hand, so that Now York city may enjoy
tho fruits of her wonderful natural com
mercial advantages. Somo of these sug
gestions mav never see tho light of dav
because of lack of importance, but all
which have merit in them will be placed
on the board's calendur for discussion at
Tho entire question on -which there
has been so much talk and little action
in the years gono by Is fast shaping into
something tangible and concrete and it is
expected that just as soon as tno nonru
gets really busy and tho views of business
men and experts aro injected into thn
discussion plans for a biggor nnd better
lort will bo evolved.
It is the consensus of opinion ntnong
tho members of tho board that the llr
important question to bo taken up should
bo tho adoption of plans for tho Improve
ment of the West Sido water front anil that
tills includes tho necessity of buildup
1,000 foot piers for tho berthing or the bin
express passenger steamships
REBELS XEAHIXa ASCEXSIOS
Federal Who Fled Into I nllrd
Stairs t.'nptnrrct by Sires cr.
Washington, Nov. to. Rebels und"
Salazar, Cone and Gomez aro ailvnn
Ing on tho town of Ascension, accordn.,.
to advices received ut the .State Depa
ment to-day, Salazar, whose force
featml a Federal detachment rt
Nogulea ranch a fow days ago, has burn' I
all tho buildings on tho ranch and J"in' 1
tho two other leaders with his men
A party of four Federals who lied fieri'
the border to tho United States follows -tholr
defeut by tho rebels hate been i"!1
turod by United States troops In N-v
Mexico. The Federals mado npplittii" "
to bo permitted to cotnmunicaln wnn
thoir commander In Mexico so thnt t'"'v
might get funds with which to return i"
their organizations. Inasmuch ns ti
men came into United Suites terntoi v
bearing arms, however, they will he lie
and not allowed to go back to .Veil' -for
the present. Gen. Rteover untitled
the War Deportment to-dav or what le
had done in this caso nnd his action ha
From Durango it is reported that
rebel aro destroying bridges on the rail
road to Torreoa. . . -