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THE SUN, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 21, 1912.
THURSDAY, NOVKMHKIt 21, 1012.
Catered at the Post Office At .New York as Second
fllbserlptlnns lij Hail, Postpaid.
DAILY, lr Month to Rti
DAILY, Per Year O OH
ttUNDAY, Per Yfr SO
DAILY AN'I) SUNDAY, Per Year - RO
DAILY AND SUNDAY, Per Month 7
Posts re to forelm countries milled.
All checks, money orders, Ac , to be made pay.
able to TBI SDN.
Published dally. Inrlurtln Sumlnr. h the Sun
Prlntlncand Publishing Asorlstlnn nt I ;i) Nassau
treet. In the lloronzh nf Manhattan. New York
President ar.d Treasurer, William f Itelrk. 170
Nauauilreet! Vice-President, IMward P. Ultrhrll,
1TO Nuiiii street: Secretary. Chester S. Lord, 170
London office. Ilfnntham House. I Arundel
Pari nfflre, a Hue de la Ulrhndlfre. off Hue iii
Wathlncton office, Hlbhs Itillldlnc
Brooklyn office, tot l.hlntMnn mm
It eur riendi uhnfainr in irlf'i mantKf 'Ifi'i an1
lllujtrslliwi for ptiMIrallnn wli lo lure rtjttltd
triultt relumed fit mini II oil taif t nnd Damps
tor Mat purrinif.
IVe Connratiilnte Secretary Meyer.
Tito protection of American lives and
Amcricun interests itt Constantinople is
now In tho competent hands of our
friends tho Knclish. At Inst accounts
nritishnviriiieH Mere guarding the t'nited
SUtca KnibaBsy. There lias ulso been
dependence al Washington on Russia's
good offices in case of trouble.
Roughly speaking, t here are on Ameri
can warships in or near ports of peace
and tranquillity on thin hide of the ocean
thirty thousand of the tineM and litter.!
men in the world to do die duty which
England, peihaps aided by Itupsia, in
now generously doing for the American
flag in the Bosporus.
It was not until after the Presidential
election was out of tin; wuy that our
Nary Department took any steps to
reenforeo the handful of American ma
rines from the little guardship Scorpion.
The Scorpion's men have been stationed
at Arnautkeui, near Robert College.
For weeks before then the danger had
been obvious to the civilized world. It
had been illustrated by reports of mas
sacrereports fortunately incorrect, but
not for that reason the less significant
On November S, three days after elec
tion, the light nrniorcd cruisers Tennes
see and Montana were ordered to pro
ceed at all speed from the Philadelphia
navy yard to tho rescue of American
lives and interests in the Orient. The
two warships sailed the next day. They
are due at Constantinople in seven or
eight or nine dayi more -probably be
fore the first of December.
We congratulate tho Hon. Georoe
ton IjEKQerke Meter, and all others
concerned in tho tardy despatching of
the American ships of war, on tho es
cape thus far from a terrible responsi
bility and reproach. We ltope that tho
same good luck may last until the ships
arrive at the place where they uro
needed, and to which they should have
been sent days or weeks earlier.
Vie liave seen yet no denial from Mr.
Samuel Untermyer that it would re
joice his patriotic and disinterested soul
to continue, as Attorney-General of the
United States, the pursuit of that "Money
Trust" which, as he has so ably pointed
out as a private citizen, is all the more
pernicious because it does not esist.
That is a legitimate and praiseworthy
ambition, open to every citizen morally
and professionally qualified for t lie post.
But would Mr. I'nteiimyeu really enjoy
It might bo supposed, for example,
that ho would find it embarrassing, if
not personally unpleasant, to address
as the official representative of financial
purity a Supreme Court bench on which
Mr. Justice Maiii.on Pit.VEY was seated,
gravely regarding him.
President WIUonN Chief of .Staff,
As the act of February It, 11)03, creat
ing tho General Stuff Corps provides
that officers detailed to it shall serve
four years "unless sooner relieved,"
and as the Chief of Stair is placed in
express terms "under the direction of
the President," Major-General Leonard
Wood, who received his appointment us
Chief of Staff from a Republican Presi
dent, oan have no expectation of retain
ing his post after March 1, 1013, when he
will have served almost three years.
That General Wood has labored reso
lutely and with a measure of success
for the wulfuro of tho army cannot bo
disputed, nor can it be doubted that if
he wore to be kept at the head of the
Staff Corps by a Democratic President
there would bo constant friction be
tween tho Chief of Staff und Chairman
Jameb Hay of tho Committeo on Mili
tary Affairs of tht! House, whoso antip
athy to General Wood was displayed at
the last session in a rider to tho army
appropriation bill designed to make
that officer forever ineligible for tho
duties which he now discharges with
marked ability if not with satisfaction
to tho Democrats of tho Houso of Rep
resentatives. In the Houso in tho Sixty-third Con
gress there will be a Uemocratia major
ity of nearly 160, and as Mr. Hay'b
influence will le commanding on ques
tions of legislation uffecting tho army
General Wood could not continue to
serve as Chief of Staff without a loss
of self-respect. His usefulness would
bs entirely gone. President Tapt with
characteristic courage saved General
Wood from humiliation when tho at
tempt was mado to legislate him back
to tho line and keep him there. Presi
dent Wilson could not stand by him
without making an embarrassing Issue
with Chairman Hat and his following
in ttia House,
Such a sacrifice of support in the
HoUae could not bo expected of tho In
coming President, nor is General Wnnn
the man to involvo Mr, Wilson in diffi
culties with Congress. If there were
any question about tho retirement of
tho present Chief of Staff tho proKsed
legislation requiring as n qualification
ten years service in the lino below the
rank of brigadier-general would be
brought up again in the Senate and
House and again sent to the President
for his approval. From any point of
view General Wood's tenure seems to
be limited to the expiration of tho pres
ent Republican administration. As his
policy is one of preparation in a practi
cal way for the defence of the country
at whatever cost may be necessary, and
as the Democratic party seems to have
adopted tho view that preparation for
war is illogical and inexcusably extrav
agant, General Wood is not the kind of
Chief of Staff that the Democratic party
wants to see in authority. In tho list
of major-generals and brigadiers a suc
cessor can perhaps bo found who will
adjust himself to the whims and humors
of a Democratic Congress dedicated to
Armistice In the llnlkan.
The first question which must be set
tled in the K.ilkun situation is whether
Turkey is prepared to pay the price for
an armistice the allies mean to demand.
N'A'.IM Pasha's task will now be to an
swer tho demand of General Savoff
that as a preliminary to opening nego
tiations for the restoration of peace
Turkey surrender Adrianople nnd Scu
tari, her last European strongholds out
Bide of tho Tchataldja lino.
Once agreement on this preliminary
question is reached there must be three
separate phases to the subsequent nego
tiations. First, Turkey and tho allies
must agree on the extent of territory
the former is to cede to tho latter, the
conditions under which it is to bo trans
ferred, and the amount of indemnity, if
any, one side is to pay to the other.
Next, the Halknn States must satisfy
the mortgage of the European Powers
upon the estate thus acquired. Austrian
purposes for Albania nnd hor interest
in an internationalized Balonica must
be met nnd satisfied. The Rumanian
demand for "compensation" from Bul
garia for her passivity during tho present
war must Imj honored or rejected. Rus
sian concern for tho futuro of Con
stantinople and perhaps for the opening
of the straits to her Black Soa must be
Finally, the rival claims of Scrvia,
Greece and Bulgaria In Macedonia, of
Greece and Bulgaria at Salonica, if it is
not internationalized; of Servia and
Bulgaria at Monastir.must be reconciled
before the new order is established in
the Balkans. If the Turks are not
anxious for peace now, a refusal to
surrender Adrianoplo will promptly
terminate tho present armistice, but if
they desire peace it is clear that the road
to final settlement will still be long and
If a Treaty Violates a Constitu
One of the most interesting and at
the Bame time one of the undetermined
questions of governmental power is
raised by this letter about the repeal
of that part of tho fifth section of tho
Panama Canal law which exempts all
coastwise traffic from tho toll:
"To thk Editor of Tim Scn Sir- Does
not Article I., Section S. Clause (.of the Con
stitution, quoted below (In view of Article
VI., Clause 2, which says, "Thin Constitu
tion, and the Laws of the I'nlted States
uud In pursuance thereof ahull
be the .Supreme I .aw of the l.und'1, bar
the way In living fores to your editorial
of tlila data entitled 'Repeal the Firth
Section of the Panama Canal Law"? The
fifth section an quoted liy you reads: 'No
loll? ahall be leiled upon esel engaged
in tho coastwise tradi of tho I nlled Slate '
I'hl section was enacted to kIvo forte to
Article I., Section 9. ( 'Lilian e, referred to
above, which is clear In that It pro Idea that
'So preference nhall be al veil by any Hegn-
Utlon of Commerce or I'.evenuo to the ports
of one State over tho.se of another. '
"It would be a clear violation of thla
provision if an American vesel under ei
r.liidivA r,i.-il vi Ism nrlvllf.ffi4 ttnlllnir fmin
t tnllnlvfatnn T.t nnoiiBtrl,,
and then on another from rialveatou. Tex .
throiiKh the Panama Canal, were required
to pay tolls on its way (in conntninti trade)
to I'oit Townsend, Wash, beside that, it
would cnue a discriminating 'preference'
In favor of one 'port' over another In con
tinuous t'nited States jurisdiction, which
involves coastwise trade, which trade Is
permitted lo no other nation,
"The Constitution Is paramount to any
treaty even though that clause referred
In was taken Into consideration In all of
Its hearings upon the Canal as to 'nil nations'
posesiiig rights on equal terms of transit
through It. Coastwise trade Is from any
point to any point along the shores of the
t'nited Slates, and 'all nations' are barred
from ils privileges and exemptions, such
as conuined In Article I Section 0, Clause 6.
"No 'breach of faith' can lie charged
against the enaction of that fifth section
of the Panama Canal law,, passed to give
effect to Article I., Section 0, Clause 8, of
"Anyway, If that treaty was signed as a
compact binding this nation to charge tolls
upon any coastwise trade which gave a
preference lo one 'port' over another 'port,'
that part of the treaty would be null and
"Therefore the conclusion mut be thai
no such understanding could have been
had because the signers of that treaty must
hare fully understood, being men well
versed in dlplomatlo affairs, ft lie radical dif
ference between the privileges of n nation
to regulate Ita own Internal commerce as
against those of 'all nations' In behalf of
tho world truffle In vvhich alone I hero would
bo any expectation or enjoyment of 'equal
ity', as 'all nations' are already barred from
all coastwise Irade by the constitutional
limitations of the treaty,
"No treaty ran be valid which nullifies
any clause of the Constitution, 'or the laws
of the United States Hindi) in pursuance
thereof,' M, I,, Bkniikkmno,
"Jkkhht Citt, N. .J,, November io."
Perhaps tho conclusion is not quittt
bo clear as it seems to our esteemed
correspondent. Let us see. In the
first paragraph of his letter he puts
stars in a quotation from the Constitu
tion. Wo supply tho omission in italics:
"this Constitution, and tho Iaws qf
united Bute wbiob ball be made
in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties
made, or vhich shall be. made, under the
authority of the United States, shall bo
tho Supreme Ijiw of tho tatul."
Tho question is its lo what would
happen in case of conflict between tho
provisions of one jwrt of tho supreme
law of the land, that is, tho Constitu
tion and the laws of tlm I'nlted States,
made in pursuance thereof, nnd tho
international engagements of , other
parts of the supremo law, namely,
the treaties mado under the authority
of tho United Slates.
This has never been settled satisfac
torily by judicial decision. The posi
tion of the Supremo Court as to treaty
vlnliitlnna lino rreripr;i!lr nut the burden
r, . . 1 1 ,1i,t t
"11 l.OngrCSS, AIT. UUSlllll DnAiaa wiv,
remark, in discussing itt the Cherokee
tobacco caso a conflict between treaty
and statutory law, that "it need hardly
be said that a treaty cannot ehango tho
Constitution or be held valid if it be in
violation of that Instrument."
No treaty, however, unless we are
mistaken, has ever yet been pronounced
unconstitutional by our Supreme Court.
No treaty has ever been annulled as
an international contract because it con
flicted with municipal law. The Con
si it ution ranks such engagements as part
of t ho supreme law of the land.
What would happen If tho question
raised by Mr. Sk.ndkrm.no should go
to the ultimate tribunal? In tho first
place there, would have to bo a deter
mination of that which he merely as
sumes, namely, that tolls imposed on
coastwise traffic would constitute an in
fraction of the constitutional guarantee
of nopreferencetotheportsof oneState
over another in tho regulation of com
merce or revenue.
Then, supposing that the Supreme
Court accepted our correspondent's
view of this question and for that rea
son declared unconstitutional and void
the canal toll on coastwise shipping,
the effect of the decision would be to
invalidate tho toll only as a provision
of municipal law, not as an interna
That is to say, such a decision would
not render void our contract with Great
Britain, for Great Britain in making the
contract with us knew and was deal
ing only with our treaty making power.
Supposing that the exempting law does
violate the treaty, wo bhould still be
under the international obligation im
posed by one part of tho supreme law
of the land, this treaty, to charge equal
rates to the vessels of all nations ob
serving tho Suez rules. That obliga
tion could not be cancelled by the Su
premo Court's domestio decision that
tho tolls were unconstitutional on ac
count of Articlo I., Section 9, Clause 6.
It could be cancelled only by Great
Britain's consent, by tho abrogation of
the treaty, or vhich no provision is made
in the treaty itself, or by deliberate re
pudiation on our part.
The practical effect, it appears to us,
would be that we should have to keep
on collecting the tolls on our coastwise
traffic, to obey the supremo law gov
erning us in our international relations,
and to pay these tolls back to our citi
zens engaged in coastwise trade, to
obey the Supreme Court's interpreta
tion of the supreme law governing us
in our municipal or domestio relations.
And that would umount, in the last
analysis, to very much the same tiling
as equal rates to the world and a com
pensating subsidy or allowance to our
own coastwise trade.
It is no intrusion, wo hope, to con
gratulate Mrs. HtriTV Giif.kx tin's morn
ing on the seventy-eighth anniversary
of her birthday. There is no more
acute woman of business, no ucuter
man of hutiucss for that mutter. She
attends mighty well to her business; she
lets that of other folkH alone. She is
one of the few Americans who have no
passion for display, who are not ushamcd
to ki ve, and who wrestle rather success
fully with the high cost of living.
Mrs. GitF.KN is something of a genius
in her way; she is a great administrator.
I Hut We FJllutC her tO-tlaV for th() DllVnOSt!
I of holaing heruptoa generation perhaps
' Inn fntwh criv,.n In ciiril.l.i'uti un,l
fy, . . w .,,u...,ri Bin, nj.-u.-
thnft ways as an example of thrift. It
is easy, especially for vacant minds, to
despise this difficult and necessary vir
tue, i,ei us confess that it is easier to
spend than to save, and has a false look
of generosity. All the same, a long lifo
given to tho management of one's nron
erty and the accumulation of more is
probably as satisfactory a career as can
be expected; und who knows what ulti-
mato philanthropies may spring from
it? Almost everybody can spend; few
havo a magnificent genius for keeping
and adding. Vet not only tho material
prosperity of the State but the fine
flower of all immaterial and ideal pros
perities of tho mind depends tion this
power to lay up and add to golden num
bers golden numbers.
The Transportation Problem.
The publiomust be madoto understand
that the problems involved in adapting
New York hurbnr to tho needs of com
merce are not concerned solely with mon
ster steamships, or tho prosperity of tho
Borough of .Manhattan, or the continued
growth of New York, or the maintenance
of existing conditions in tho small area
contiguous to tho waterfronts of New
Jersey and New York. Tho improve
ments that must bo mudo ure necessary
to tho continued development of a great
territory comprising tho whole district
which depends on the transportation sys
tem that bus been created through long
years of experiment to servo a popu
lation great in number and rich in pro
Every manufacturing plant whose
nuturul outlet is New York, wheruvcr
it is situated, is vitally interested in tho
establishment of proper facilities at
this port. Tht! residents of small towns
hundreds of miles from tho ocean ob
tain their livelihood through tho dis
tribution of goods at this port. Now
York is their placo of exchange and
barter, and any lack of provision for
the handling of trade here inevitably
must injitro them. The effect of un
wisdom bare will be felt throughout
this whole community, composed of
hundreds of cities, towns and villages,
whoso people may not even realizo the
vital interrelation of their interest with
those of New York.
It is gratifying to observo the prog
ress that has been made in recent years
toward cooperation among tho nuthori-
ties in this immediate neighborhood for
mutual benefit. Without this nothing
could stay the deterioration of this great
market. But that cooperation must
extend further, and must Include lho
efforts of many who to-day fail to reoog
nizo that our problem is theirs, before
tlio Ideal plan for harmonious progress
can be evolved.
The Colonel's Krrlng rutures.
May we uso the liberty of an old friend
to remind Colonel Rooskvei.t that in
tho Interests of grammatical justice
his futures must Imj recalled? There is
no taint of political prejudice, fear or
hope in this suggestion. Colonel RoOHK
vkIjT Is one of our most famous and
productivo writers nnd speakers. Ho
has an audience about as numerous as
the nation. Thereby ho subjects him
self to a serious and singular responsi
bility. Devoted millions look up to
him for syntax and grammar ns well as
political and ethical illumination. Tho
silly sheep look up and nro fed with
reactionary and erroneous futures like
"Ther have heen times when It was
expressed that we were merely a bolting
faction of one of the old parties nnd would
attempt to fuso again with that party. We
will not "
He means "wo shall not." When he
says that "wo will make it plain to the
old parties" he also means "wo shall."
As a man who likes to say what ho means
why does ho imperil his futures, con
found volition and prediction, indoctri
nate reverent multitudes with error
Tho country has been saved for four
years anyway. We entreat tho Colonel
to savo Ijndi.et MntitAY nnd old re
liable Gooi.D Buown from massacre, at
Will the llalkan victors partition Lieu
tenant Waos'sn too?
On his own five yard line the Turk has
llulf trs to let Turks vote. .Soa dnpntch.
The Ottoman should go in for woman
suffrage next and reconquer the Balkans.
In selecting as liU military secretary
the possessor of "a long lino of military
ancestors" Governor-elect StiI.ZKB has
fully earned tho confidence of the entire
Can't the Hon. William A. PngvnEn
oaHT grasp the fact that tho next oloctiou
in which tlio Progressive party is con
cerned does nn( come until 1916?
We find no mention of the Public Utilities
bill In the Governor's Thanksgiving procla
mation. liontun (llobf
Wb find therein no mention of Honey
Fns, the greatest of Boston's utilities
and the chief of her amusements. Yet
is hho duly grateful for that boon and
benison; and so is his Excellency Gov
ernor Koss, If he lias spare time to bo
thankful for any other blessing than
Hunirry men would probablr not select
crackers and cheese for their first meal.
Why not? What is better than crack
ers and cheese? Amillion Yankee soldiers,
a million YanUeu firemen, wero brought
up on that sufficient dish. It is possible
that if an accursed Kpicurean consciously
ordered his Iat meal ho might not put
crackers und cheese on the bill of fare;
but nn a bright beginning it is all right
und looks hearty At the snmo time we
havo only praiee for the dietnry of the
Hon. CllAiiLKS Hoi'Kiss Clark of Hart
ford: doughnuts nnd gingersnaps, the
strong food of strong men.
Brigadier-General Enwnn .J MrCLF.n
NASD, who was Siiakteu's chief of staff
in the brief Santiago camiuign, hns been
profoundly impressed by the efficiency
of tho Italian cavalry. He is reported
as being loud in his prniM-s to tho Count
of TiTHi.v. The training nt tho riding
school in Homo General McClf.iwand
spoke of as wonderful nn'd theexhlbltions
he declared were extraordinary. There
nro no harder nnd more during riders in
Europe than the Italian cavalrymen, and
the system weeds out the weaklings.
Tho United States urmy nt present can
not produce their equals In the mass;
whereforo it is an excellent thing for
American oflicers to see how fighting men
are trnined on the Continent.
There, is no wellspring of sympathy
in a humane bosom for thnt Massachusetts
nimrod who was bitten by n wounded
deer ut bay in tho wilds of Amherst, In
the desputchea from Springfield there Is,
indeed, n moving story of a fight for lifo
by the hunter with an "infuriated 300
pound buck doer" that used his heels to
dent and his teeth to scarify tho hapless
man, who escaped a trngio end only by
heroin resistance. ' 'Die local account is
"His first shot did not kill the deer and he
chased it fur onr n mile, tiring nt It twice
inure. Ho caught up with it and grabbed
It by tho antlers. Tho deer objocted, und
in the struggle before it was overcome it
split the man's upper Hp with tho point of
its horns, Tho dvor was on exhibition in
Ward i last eyening."
The Massachusetts newspapers are full
of these dcsjiernto encounters with White
Tall, which according to closed season
stories is outing tho farmers out of house
and homo and mlentlobsly pushing tho
population of Massachusetts back to
Plymouth Rock and the Cape, It Is only
the cumpuign in November, whon doeg
us well as bucks and also fawns of tender
age can lie sluiti outright, that gives the
hurussed citiwns of Massachusetts a,
breathing hU. To engago In this war
of Hulvution women an well as men take
out hunting licenses, and oven clergy
men Uar urms In the cause of all for
one und ouo for all. From sun to sun
tlm roar of battlo reverberates In the
bills. Every nowspapor ofllce la full at
night of "copy" of the ruthless war on the
dospoiler. Ueer aro shot in front yards,
on the publio road, and in the orchards
as well as in pathless woods and the
savugo gorge. They are killed afoot and
from automobiles. Every oops la sur
rounded, and the deer runs are sealed
by watchful gunmen.
As If thla were not enough to protect
Um Common wealth, the law allows land
holders to shoot in the closed season any
deer thnt munches a crop, grain or grass,
fruit or vegetable. Ho that guns are pop
ping In Massachusetts all the year and
deer are lilting tho dust. The returns
required by tho Htntuto show that White
Tall has been shot for consuming six cents
worth of grass (estlmatod). ot in the
intervals of carnage ho browses with tho
moving cnttlo ami stands Innocently at
tho bars, perhaps tho most lientltiful thing
In nature und certainly tho gent lost. And
at last u shuttered deer has bitten a hunter
in the lip!
WILSOX A NOIlTHKltSF.n.
In Spite of All Temptations and Virginia
Relations He Is a Jertryman.
To thk KtmoR op TllR Sex .Sir: The
following editorial article was recently
published In n Southern uewspajicr:
And now will MMress Ohio kindly retire a bit
to the rear. Ml down anil comonrt herieir with
cllrnlfleil reserve? She has been altotether too
forward of late, anil decidedly too much dlaposed
to put oa airs and pretences that III become her
atatlon. What with her Hayes, Carfield. HrKln-
ley and one or to others of such kind t""ueh
kind" probably mranlnir t.'r.inl and Tafil. thai
ambitious old dame has actually aplrcd lo rank
as ine Mother of Prroldenls thus reeklnt lo
take ai!antage of Virginia's post brllum afflic
tions, and usurp the prestige of our proud and
.Vnf, hnurirr. that the unltlM Ikrrlmlnallnna
horn of the civil war are dlappearlnc, Virginia,
Inspiring creature that the Is, comes Into her
own again: ad'ls another I'resldrnt to the seven
of that line which hr hss already furnished the
nauon; exempnnrs the more certainly her tradi
tional prollflrneM In great statesmanship, and
vindicates her right lo absolute nrlorliv In ih
so noble distinction.
So again, Mrs. Ohio, this wav. If von nlease
this way. dear madam, toward the door. ,Vlr
Klnla, bless the beauty and the grace of her, the
supreme plendor and greatness of her Vir
ginia enters, leading Woodrow Wilson l.v th hni-
asslgnlng him to the highest sphere of dlstln-
eui"nei miman service; hliillng him lo stand
worthily with Washington and JrfTerton and
Maillson and Monroe and William llenrv Ilarrl.
son and Tiler and Taj lor In the ranks of her
Presidential sons, Thl, while all the world ap
plauds the glory of her matchless motherhood.
I supposed that everybody who read the
newspaiiers at nil knew that .Mr, Wilson was
merely iorn In Virginia and lived there
until he was 2 icars old. :iu fat hor
all his paternnl ancestors were l'ennsyl-
u..iu iwiipie, ana nis mother was from
Ohio. When be bad reached the age of 2
years his parents removed to Ceorgla, after
that living both In North and Houth Caro
!.', .J " that orper'a It teklu refers to
Mr. Wllion as a "Southerner" and a "Vir
ginian." Does being born in the South or
In Mrglnla. eien though born of Northern
i.rr us, niaKe. a person a Southerner, a
Jirginlnn? Abraham Lincoln was born In
Kentucky and lived there until he was
ears of age. lint liistorv pKe l,l nil.
iioIh Mr. Wilson, born of irtl,.r,i n,.i.
receiving the most imnoriatit
education In the North, residing In the
North, (lovernor of a Northern State, will
undoubtedly lie acciedlted by historians to
New Jersey, and not, as our proud Virginia
Mends aver, to Virginia North crn'kr.
I.VNCHUiRo, Va November 10.
To Tiir. KniTon or Thk Kcv Sir- in
your reviewer's synopsis of Mr. William
Henry tioodvear's new bnnk -nr..b u..
flnements," you sw.ak of ih nri.it.i.
applying theso recently ncuuired revelations
line representation of the flemre of a cor
nice, sityi In their reproduction n,i h.n
stutetliatit ban ii Ire Jdy leen done in several
instances, and s ites .McKnn's design for the
library of Columbia l.'nhersity as a Greek
Please allow me to call your attention to
an error in this article. Tho llhrnrt- in
question is not (Ireek at all. but Is the hnt
example of Itoman Itenalssanceln New York.
Allow me to suggest the Pennsylvania
station as the beat Greek example.
riKW i ori, November 17. W. W. L.
There was no 'error or the fcinri men
tioned in the review referred to. That
a building is Oreco-Roman or "Roman
Renaissance" offers no obstacle to the
employment in it of "Greek refinement."
One of Mr. floodvaar'a nrinnlnat oTamnla.
is the Maison Carree at Nimes, which is
of course a Roman temple. The chiuf
'(ireek refinement" intrrwlnrn4 lnin t.u
library of Columbia is the curvature of
mo Riyiouaie, wmcn is as applicable to
Roman as to flreek temntnr rrliitosr
rYom a purist's point of view, the Penn
sylvania station is distinctly further from
being a "(Ireok mamnln" than tha liKrur
of Columbia, not only by reason of the
arcnes in trie transverse clerestory and the
Roman allies of tlm main Anlrnnros 1 . 1 1
because the order Itself is "Roman Doric,"
or more properly "Tuscan."
"Indexes" Is float Eaoach Far V:
To thb Hditob or Tna Sun Sir: Is the word
'Indices' ttrnnfrlv iicl a thm rln..l
, - . - - -. " ... iuum
where "Index" Is used as meanl n g a key to dockets t
Some authorities say that Indices are algebraic
signs. The question la suggested by rule 1 of
we equity- luica rrrcniiy promulgated Dy
me auprrme ioun or me unuea Slates.
iiaisriuusa, aiu., aoveniDer ZD. W. H. B.
Tn nil t!nimt ns Til finu ll,.p.f rt..,-i
of the Hoys' High School track team sprint fast
enough to gel Into your Hall of Fame before the
doora close? STOF Watch.
Nbw Yoai, November 30.
Oae of the raw, the Iasmsrtal Naaset.
TO TUB KntTOK ns Tna: Srrv air. o-u- ,
Dosshard. cltv editor of the siandnrA rt k
longs In your Hall of Fame. lUroBTsa.
nuw yon, November 20.
oddla Bad Baakla' C.
To ma nniTon or Tub Sum Sir: I am a
Vrrmonter, We never "sodded," We "banked
up." HOW could WO "BOd" WlUl SDrUCa board.
aawuusi ami leavesr
Nbw Yobs', November 20.
t. a. a.
rirst Turkey What makes you lo madj
Second Turkey-They expect fat people to be
How It May Apply.
He-Give me a klssT
She No, I'm a Spur.
leaei Was a New Tarker,
Jones built him a dream ship
A thousand feet long,
And launched It to voyage.
And sped It with song.
It travelled In safety
The oceans of chance
And fathered a cargo
Ills wealth to enhance.
Then back to Ita owner
II bravely set salt.
Escaping the danger,
The rock and the gala.
But never It landed
Ita cargo so dear;
Jones hadn't provided
A thousand foot pier.
A Psychological Para4as.
The duck's a stupid, waddling thing,
And awkward as caa be.
The bright ben moves with eur iraca
And stately dignity.
Tet, should you to your sweetheart say
To praise her, "You're a hea,"
With despast scorn she'd vow that yea
The rudest were of men.
But note her blushes rise; her foa,
Py sweet confusion struck,
Joy beaming, should you la htr My,
"You surely are a dueki: .
i BnYAN AT BALTIMORE.
Wa He for tVooilrow Wilson?
To the KuiTon or Tub HvK-SIr: I
cannot understand how the Impression
hus Rone ahroad that William J. Hryan nt.
tho Hallimoro convention In June-July
last worked for tho nomination of Wood
row Wilson for President. I was present
at that convention and flatter myself
that I havo ordinary, just ordinary po
litical sense, and at no timo did Hryan
work for Wilson's nomination. No man
understood thla situation better at Balti
more than William McComba, now chair
man of the Democratlo National Commit
tee. On Sunday nla-ht. June 30. Bryan
issued an authorized statement Biiggast
infc especially Senator John W. Kern of
Indiana as a compromise candidate, and
Bryan in hli statement mentioned as
additional compromise candidates Sena
tor James of Kentucky, Henator Culber
son of Texas, Senator Hayner of Mary
land and Senator O'dormnn of New York.
He spoke no nftlrinatlve word for Wilson.
Forty-eight hours later Woodrow Wilson
When Hrynn Issued hta statement call
ing for a compromise candidate on thnt
Sunday night there was not a notable
Democrat at Baltimore who did not de
clare the evident purpose of the state
ment to be an effort toward a continuance
of the wrangles and disputes over the
nomination that might end in his own
nomination. Members of Bryan's family
openly declared that he was a candidate
for the nomination, and wero bitterly
disappointed at Wilsons nomination.
It is true that Speaker Clark's nomina
tion was prevented by the attacks of
Bryan on Clark and Clark's friends. But
Bryan could only destroy, he could not
construct, and Wilson's nomination was
brought about by the votes of his own
followers in addition to tho adherents
of Speaker Clark, who found that Clark's
strength was melting away under the
Bryan attack. Thorn Clark men were
perfectly aware that Bryan desired the
nomination himself, but rather than con
tinue the struggle, aa suggested in Bryan's
call for a compromise candidate, imme
diately after reading that statement in
the newspaiwrs on the morning of July 1
they began to flock over in the conven
tion to the Wilson cause. This was notably
true or the Illinois delegation. The In
diana delegation, perfectly aware of
Bryan's designs, had previously turned
The meaning of Bryan's call for a com
promise candidate was understood by all
aa the last effort on his part to seize the
nomination. I am violating no confidence
when I state that Mr. McCombs, Governor
Wilson's manager at Baltimore, and later
on Governor Wilson, understood the full
meaning of Bryan's tactics, and if I am
not greatly mistaken they interpreted
these tactics to lie inimical to Wilson's
cause and in behalf of himself.
Conoeming the statement that Bryan
is to be Secretary of State in President
Wilson's Cabinet, let me recall to you that
James d. Blaine, as Secretary of State In
Garfield's Cabinet, precipitated the Stal-
wart-Halfbreed Republican war in New
York State. Also that James Q. Blaine
as Secretary of State tn President Harri
son's Cabinet was a disturbing and intol
erant factor on all occvtilons, and wound
up at Minneapolis in 1802 as a candidate
for the nomination, Blaine still retaining
the portfolio, against his own chief.
Nw Yobk, November 30.
A Case or Too Much t'ntermyer.
From ine ,Veu 1'orJt lltrali of tH'ttriay.
A good example lias been set to the other
counsel of the House Committee on Hank
ing and Currency by Judge Knrrar of New
Orleans, This well known lawyer was
appointed as associate counsel to the com
mittee that Is engaged In investigating the
banks, the brokers, the syndicates, the
trusts, the t'nited Stntes Mint and various
other tilings which go to make up the "money
devil," but he has found out that he Is either
too busy or that there Is too much Unter
mier" connected with the Investigation.
Therefore he resigns and in a most laudable
spirit of patriotism declines to make any
claim whatever on the committee for his
Now, here Is a chance for Mr, Unter
myer. Whenever anything is heard from
the committee as to what it is going to do
the chairman makes a statement that "he
expects to see Mr, Untermyer soon," or
"as soon as be can consult with Mr. Unter
myer" he will decide on the programme, or
lie Is simply "going to see Mr. Unter
myer" and lets it go at that. Now, one
of two things appears to be desirable.
Either Mr. Untermyer ought to resign nnd
leave the Investigation In the hands of tha
committee or the committee ought to re
sign and leave tha Investigation In Mr.
Untermyer' hands. It Is a case of too
much Untermyer or too much committee.
The publio must Judge,
A Benighted fersejlte.
To thi Editor or The SUN-lr: If you know
It, won't you tell your anxious readers the answer
to "Seeker's" profound question, "What Is mant"
One of your metaphysical correspondents says
the answer can be found tn sirs. Ittdy's book,
but this Involves an effort far beyond a brick
layer's or plumber's mind, I fear.
Here Is an answer that suggested Itself to me
while I waa fumbling for my latchkey this morn
ing and did not Dad It till after my wife had pro
duced hers without effort: "llan Is a creature of
pockets." Hut this sounds frivolous and Inade
quatfsso do not prolong the suspense, O Sun,
and oast tby refulgent rays upon the prevailing
darknessl L. O,
GLBH Ridob, N. J November II.
To th r.nrroa or tub scw-sir: Rpeakln' of
"soddln'," who ever heard of a "window pane"?
The frost was always wiped off the "winder,"
And It was "pertaters" that we stored In the cellar,
or as It was properly railed, "auller." besides ,
who ever heard of a "Baldwin apple"! There
were "Ilald'lns" In those da s. Vxams.
Hostoh, November 18.
Secretary Wilson's annual report will
show that his department baa distributed
34,000,000 packages of seeds during the lust
year. Stwt ittm.
The wealth of Onnus and of Ind
ite has It quite completely skinned.
You merely tickle with a hoe
The fallow field la row und row,
Then write to Undo Jim,
And when you've heard from hint
Just drop his answer In,
And somewhat later, lol
You gather "tin"
In form of carrots, cabbages or corn,
Walla plenty tips her horn.
Bo over all the land Is aetn
His trade mark written green
In field and cardan fair,
Jim and old nature maku a eoriing palrl
v gaUc&toa Mouu.
ALTER PROGRAMME AGAIN
(.'li a inn nn Pujo nnd Counsel
IMsnotvp, So FonntT Post
NEW IIKAItlXG OX DEC. 9
Ifoatl of Committer Wants Ac
cess to HepoHs of Comptrol
'cr of Currency.
Wahiiinoton, Nov. 20. -Another change
in tho pluns of tho money (runt Investi
gators) announced to-day by Heprcsenta
tlve Pujo of Louisiana, chnlrmiin, indi
cates the Htulo ir lii'-ntul unrest utnoiiR
the mi'inbcrs of Hie committee, Chalr
mnn Pujo ymterday Iwstied a statement
in which ln hmIiI the committee would
lesuiiiK h public lifiiriiiRS In a day or
two, liniisli them by )icember 20 and
mi limit n liniil report to the House on or
about January lf.
After 1111 executive eesslnn of the com
mittee to-day t'lmirmnn Pujo Issued a
statement In which he pavo notice that
public hearhiCH would be begun nn De
cember n. He did not say whon the
hearings would be concluded or when
tho committee would report to the llouse.
but tho understanding is that tho inquiry
will extend well Into January.
It is tho understanding that the post
ponement in the dato of the publio hear-
lng.8 was caused ly differences aa to
tho conduct of tho investigation that
nave grown up between counsel for the
money trust probers on the one hand
and Chairman Pujo nnd other members
of tho committee on the other. Official
cognizance of reports ns to friction be
tween the lawyer and Chairman Pujo
were given in the statement issued by Mr.
House leaders not identified with the
money trust committee, as well as mem
bers of tho committee, nro chagrined
over the publication of the differences
that havo developed between Mr. Pujo
and counsel and between members of
the committee. It Ih explained -that a
postponement nf publio hearings in the
cane was agreed on In the hope that har
monious relations noon would lie cstah
lisned. It may bo stated upon authority,
despite official disclaimers to the con
trary, that it is Chuirman Pujo'a pur
pose to subordinate tho activity of legal
counsel and that unless overruled by the
committee It in his intention to do a large
share of the work incident to the exam
ination of witnesses.
In the statement issued to-day Chair
man I'ujo points out thnt the money
trust inquiry cannot !h pushed to a con
clusion unless the committee Is given
plenarv power over national banks.
A bill drawn by Chairman Pujo author
izing tho committee to visit national
banks and examine their books and
records is hung tin in the Senate. Unless
that measure fa passed or tho Adminis
tration idves representatives of the com
mittee access to the records of the Comp
troller of the Currency doubt Is expressed
by Chairman Pujo that the Investigation
can be efficiently conducted. It Is known
of course that President Taft will refuse
to accord the committee access to the
flies of the Comptroller unless specific
ally authorized to do so by Congress.
Mr. Pujo does not indicate what course
the committeo will pursue should the
Senate fail at this session to pass his bill
which was rushed through the House
There is reason to believe that the
money trust investigation may be nursed
along this winter and projected into the
now Cougross'. This course will be Im
perative, it is declared by some Demo
crats, unless the Senate concurs in the
action of the House on tho Pujo bill.
At the public hearings to be begun on
December 0 the committee will take
further testimony relative to the prac
tices of clearing 'houso associations and
stock excliaiiRe.'i, after which attention
will be given to charges relating to tht
concentration of money and credit.
Chairman Pujo's statement, issued
after to-day's meeting, follows:
The oral hearings before the committee
will begin on December 9 nnd will be con
tinued from day to day tn so far as the
engagements of the members of the com
mittee and their counsel will permit. The
committee will first complete the testi
mony with respect to Clearing House asso
ciations and stock exchanges and will
then take up the main head of the In
quiry relating to the concentration of
money nnd credit nnd the causes thereof.
The chairman has heretofore repeatedly
announced and now repeats that this pait
of the Inquiry cannot be concluded unless
or until the committee has secured the ad
ditional power provided for by tho amend
ment to the banking law that has passes
the House nnd la now pending In the Sen
ate. Efforts have been mado during the
vacation to secure this data from the
Comptroller of the Currency. He In turn
referred tho committee to the President,
In view of tho promulgation during the
administration of President Itooscvelt of
a general order forbidding the heads of
departments to furnish Information with
out express Executive order. Thut regu
lation was confirmed nnd repented by
President Tnft. The request to the Presi
dent was first Informally made throufh
counsel for the committeo nt nn Interview
with the President on September 23 and
at the request of the latter was repeated
formally In writing on September 21, ac
companied by the statement of the rea
sons for asking prompt action.
The subject was referred by the Presi
dent to the Attorney-Ocnernl, who has
from time tn tlmn promised to net upon
It, but owing doubtless to the pressure of
engagements no decision has yet been
communicated to tlio committee.
Notwithstanding theso enibarrnsknients,
tho committeo proposes to press forward
with the taking of testimony on the main
head of the Inquiry ns lapldly ns possible
so fur ns It can go In the fuco of these
obstacles. It should also bo eleurly un
derstood that no comprehensive Inquiry
can bo completed until nil doubt 11s to the
power of tho committeo to secure the data
that It requires has been removed by thH
legislation for which tho committee nsk..
On Monday evening Just us Judge Far
rar was about to take his train from New
Orleans to attend to-duy's meeting he
wus confronted by serious matters Involv
ing his personal affairs, which will un
fortunately render It Impossible for him
to take part In the Inquiry, with which he
Is and has been thoroughly In hearty sym.
This unfortunnto and unforeseen con
tingency of Mr, Fairar's resignation is a
great disappointment both to tho commit
tee and to Mr. Untermyer. There U at
tiuth In the rumors that havo been o
culnted of any breach or thieut nf hreeen
In tho entirely harmonious relations that
have existed between tho committee and
Its counsel from the beginning.
cfclC GtYea Eeaar Frlaesa
Ithaca, N. Y Hot. 20. Jacob II. flchlff
baa presented to Cornell University two
annual prizes, which will be awarded te
the undergraduates who submit the best
two eesaya on Japan or Japanese and Anaan
, . . ..