Newspaper Page Text
SHE SUN, MONDAY, NOVEMBER 25, 1912.
MONDAY, NOVEMBER 23, 1912.
Rlterrd at the Pout Office at Ne w York a Second
Class Mall Matter.
Habirrtptlnn by Hull. r-otrpald.
DAILY. Per Month to SO
DAILY, Per Year 0 00
SUNDAY. Per Year 3 60
DAILY ANnflUXtUY. Per Year - SO
DAILY AND SL'NIlW, Per Month ?S
Postage to forrljn countries added.
All cheek, money orders, Ac, to be mads pay
able to The Si'.v,
Published il.itlv. Including Sunday, br the Sun
PrlnttnRiihil l"ubllhlng Association at ITS Nassau
treet, lu the llnrouch nf Manhattan, New York.
President an I Treasurer. William ('. Helek, no
Nassau I trrt t Vlce-1'rrslilent, l.ilwsrd P. Mitchell,
170 Nassau street. Secretary, Chester H. Lord. 170
London office, r.mntham House, I Arundel
Paris office. , Hue de la Mlrhodlfre, off Rue riu
Washington iitllre. ltlbhs rtutlJIng.
Ilrooklyn ofilre, ltd Livingston street.
If our frtttiili taror lit irith mantncrtpfi ani
lltillmfinn for public alloi irtc'i la hat) ttjicltil
ar licit t rtlurnrtt thru mutt In alt race I tend faeifn
for that pitrjwir
Government Control of Worltlnfr
mrn. In nmkiriR ilR tiwnrd in t lie warp
dispute ln'iM'tti llfty-two KiiBtrrn rail
roads mid their eiicineerp. ilic nrbilr.i
torc, nccordiiiK to tin- oulciul summary
of their deciMon, "weio unable lo arrive
at a conclusion regarding I lie ability
of the roads to pay un increased
oomperwttlon." They therefore disre
garded "the claim of the railroads that
they were unable to bear an increase,"
and "nRrcetl to the, principle that the
engine rs should bo paid a fair wage."
To determine what constitutes ft 'fair
wage" they studied the payrolls in force
in other sections, and lixcd a schedule
genera lly higher than those now in
operation in the territory affected. The
arbitr.-.tont point out that if the wage
ncalos established by them arc too high
for the lailroads to pay from their
present incomes, tlrn Interstate Com
merce Commission may he appealed to
for relief through the medium of higher
Having thus disposed of the questions
immediately before them, the arbitra
tors considered the whole matter of re
lations between the railioads and their
servants and the probable effects on
Bociety in general of a strike that would
deprive the public of its customary
transportation facilities. Capital em
ployed in the railroad business has for
years been under governmental super
vision and restriction, but the laborers
it hires hnc been free Do the public
eonvenieneeand necessities demand that
this situation should i-e changed and
the men be brought under an analogous
control? The arbitrators advocate this
extension of regulation by the Govern
ment. They say.
"From the viewpoint of the putillo It la
an Intolerable situation when any group of
men, whether etnplovers or employees,
whether large or unnll. have the power to
decide Hint n great section of the country
lis populous n nil France shall undergo
irrent loss rr life unspeakable suffering and
loss of property lievonil the power of de
scrlptlon throe cli the stoppage of a nece
ary pulilie -rvlce
"While Pie railway employees feel that
they cannot suirender their right to strike.
If thete note a wage commission which
WOllH secure 1'iem liit wages the n-res.
ally would no longer etlt for the exerclie
of their power
"It Is believed that In the lat analysis the
only solution unless we are to rely solely
upon the restraining power of public opin
ion -is to ounhfv the princlpl of free con
tract in the ral!md service
"A strike in the nnnv or naw Is mutiny,
and univ ersullv punished n such
"'t he same principle Is applied to seamen
because of tho public necessity Involved.
"A strike among postal clerks, as among
the teachers of our public schools, would be
"In all these cases the employment, to
borrow lgal phrase, is affected with a
public use, and this of necessity finalities
the right of free concerted action which
exists In private employments "
Because of these considerations the
arbitrators, in the -words of the sum
mary of their conclusions, declare:
"This dlp.irlfv of status (between Gov
ernment rcgiila'eil railroads and unregu
lated railroad employees suggests the crea
tion of Fcdera' and State wage commissions
which shall exercise functions regarding
labor engaged In work upon public uti'ittcs
analogous to those exercised with regard
to capital by the public service commissions
already In existence."
How will these, proposals for tho
abridging of tho right of free oontract
on tho part of railroad workers, coupled
with significant mention of mutiny and
its punishment, bo received by those
whose interests would bo affected? Mr.
P. H MoiuussF.y Vicn Grand Master of
the Brotherhood of Bailroad Trainmen,
was one of the arbitrators, and his
opinion, which may be accepted as an
authentio statement of laljor's stand,
"I wish to emphasise my dissent from that
recommendation of the board which in Us
effect virtually means compulsory nrhltnt
tlon for the railroads and their employees
l.egarriless of any probable constitution!.!
prohibitions hlch might operate neainM it
being ndopted, It Is wholly impracticable.
"The progress toward the settlement of
dliputea hetnpen the railways and their
employees without recourse to Industrial
warfare has been marked. There is nothing
under present conditions to prevent Us con
tinuance. It will never lie perfect, but
even so it will be Immeasurably better than
It would be under conditions such us the
"The peace that would satisfy s'ich un
Ideal condition lis that had In mind by those
real In the recommendation would be too
daarly bought even If It could lm attained
To Insure the permanent Industrial peace
o much desired will require a broader
tatesmanahlpthnnthat which would shackle
the rights of a largo group of our rltlrana, "
The record of anti-trust enactments
has been conspicuous for the care with
which labor organizations, trado un
farmers' alliances have been
from their burden. Capital
and combinations of capital have been
tno exclusive object or legislative at-
monopoly should be treated like any
other has been Intolerable. The "cor-
ncring of their crops by farmers and
iho withholding of their products from
tho market by planters to force prices
up have been heartily seconded by some
of the loudest denouncers of monojK)ly.
t,... ,.,. i. , ,. .
uiii it seii-oeicnce necessitates tne regu-
lation by the Government of one end of
the railroads, does it not foreshadow I lie
coining of regulut ion at the other end?
Chrrcher. I. a Mouchr.
That ubiquitoii and persistent com
panion of man, the fly, has been con
victed of homicidal capacity far beyond
the widest strotch of tho imagination
as the silent I ut constant carrier of dis
ease. Now comes another Indictment
by Dr. Hossknaii of the I'nited States
Health Service, which charges tho fly
with being tho probable carrier of in
fective material which produces that
terrifying becaiiso obscure malady in
fantile paralysis, the spread of which has
been so mysterious that it has baffled
the moit searching scrutiny. It. has
como to pass that whenever epidemics
invade a community the fly is tho llrst
source to which attention should bo
turned. Despite tho solemn protests
of such philanthropic statesmen as the
brilliant Senator from Callfornlu, who
would prosecute criminally tho dissem
inators of such heresies, our school
leacheis should by precept and t sample
instruct the rising generation in the
demonstrated truth that lilth breeds
flies and flies breed death, that tho pres
ence of flies is living testimony to the
presence of lilth somewhere near (within
600 feet1, that tho fly Is more dangerous
than a wild beast roaming nt large by
rra on of its enormous capacity for
multiplicationandsilent mischief. When
every man, woman and child begins to
realize theso truths this insect of men
ace will be exterminated.
Tho boards of health, though they
teach the necessity and duty of a war
of extermination, are themselves dere
lict in disregarding the obvious fuct
that tho presence of files is evidence of
the presence, though hidden, of filth,
just as certain odors are evidence of
present but hidden garbage. An ordi
nance ugainst permitting swarms of
flies in public dining room, for instance,
would have a salutary effect upon the
health and comfort of the community.
Tho fly must be made conspicuous bv
its absence from all places where people
do congregate, in schools, factories, and
especially in restaurants.
In country houses this insect Is hated
more for the d seomfort It causes and
its n-sthetie encroachments than for its
far more serious menace to health. It
wero far wiser to destroy or remove
stables, which are the chief breeding
places of flies, tha'i be pestered with
them. The housekeeper's domain
should extend to the outside of the house,
tit least as far as extends tho flying ca
pacity of its ominous wings said to be
COO feet. It is her duty to search and
trace the fly to its breeding placo Just
ns she searches for an unpleasant odor
within the house, nnd to remove the
source, be it a careless servant or an
entire horse stable. Fire and poison
applied with uncompromising energy
must be utilized to exterminate the
The presence of largo swarms of these
insects is an indictment against the skill
of the housekeeper.
'I be Harbor Pleasure I'lert.
In the licet of excursion steamboats
that ply the waters in and about Xew
York the ancient walking beam is still
to be seen, and the modem steel built
screw propeller is not ns common n
sight as it. should be. In the late 'SOs
the iron screw steamship was replacing
the wooden paddle-wheeler on the Atlan
tic passage, and in the '80s the iron ship
was giving way to tho steel, Yet in
river and harbor pleasure trafflo the
wooden ship still survives.
There aro boats running for hire to
Sandy Hook and beyond, to Coney Isl
and nnd Kockaway.von Inig Island
Sound and up the Hudson that are built
of wood almost entirely. Theso boats
ure veritable liretraps, and their com
pliance with tho law requiring so many
lifeboats, life preservers and rafts to
be carried would not save their passen
gers in case of n sudden fire on board.
Some of i lie sniuller boats in commission
ate so old and so flimsily constructed
that their owners would not daro to tell
the truth about them. It is on such
occasions as the Hudson-Fulton cele
bration and the visits of the Atlantic
fleet that the most decrepit specimens
of marine nrchitectuie cieep out to turn
an "honest dollar" and to startle be
holders. The wonder is that some of
lietn can go at all under their own
tenm or keep afloat in the face of a
t"ti knot breeze.
Is it not, then, about lime for legis
lation to concern itself wph banishing
t ho obsolete and with insisting upon
steel built nnd fireproof steamboats for
pleasure iraflio in New York waters?
Surely it Is not sufficient to restrict
precaution to a given number of life
boats, At n session on Friday last of
the Society of Naval Architects and
Marine Engineers in this city .Mr. Will
iam T DoxN'Hi.i.v dealt with this ques
tion of the safety of patrons of plcasuro
craft in and about New York. There
wero some boats still in servleo built
from thlrty-flvo to fifty years ago, lie
said, and one had an engine sixty years
old. "While," ho added, "wo have
made such tremendous advances in all
structures on land regarding safety
appliances and fireproof features, tho
excursion passenger steamers upon
which wu send away our women and
children in summer have been allowed
to remain at a standard of almost a
hundred years ago."
A hundred yoars ago would take
us back almost to FrvroN's Clormont,
which is overstating the case; but any
one taking the trouble to observe the
pleasure fleet in detail will hare .to ar
knowlcdgo that Mr, Dootocllt'i ttrlo
fttires are well founded. Whether steam J
or electricity Is used for tho motivo,
power of harbor passenger steamboats,
they should Imj of tho iinsinkabli- tvpe.
:vi!!' 'I""' ' comparnnenis
built of steel,
The Most Senseless n nil Til Man.
Mr. BP.TAN'S Ua'iuYalions for the
anciently honored und usually
I , , , . ,1
iiiil... I I... ...... ...1 ....!.,.. I
; ' " s,,.-s,.m . e ,
tieeded no nuhh. are set foil h in their
jni., .... .,,,, , , i , . , ,.
- .unnll iiriuiim-iuni hik oi inn i;onreKmui (Jpern hoiiw,
"To Tim KtiiTon ok TUB HfN .Sir I 'I'ho pit had been completely sold out to
notice In to-clny's tfvx it letter signed bv'h pluln jieople, and tho nation wulted
'E. T. W.' concernliitf Mr tlnris's aimllll
cations as Hecretary of Hlafe, He states
tliut Mr llitvtN's appointment v.111 muse
a shudder of disappointment and uneasiness
anion all those rclf-rcspectlng Democrat
who hove been expectlnir great things from
the Incoming Administration,
" Your comments on the editorial page
of your paper have been very derogatory
as to Mr llKTAN's fitness to fill this l.lwl.
Will you klndlv give space to a reader
who disagrees with your views concerning
the availability of Mr Hr.TAN's qualifications
to fill this Important position In President
elect Wilson's Cubltiet? The opposition
comes from those, reactionary Uemocruts
who aro In the minority.
"True, Mr IlnvS has been defeated
three times for the Presidency, but the
principles he has advocated, for the past
sixteen years have been adopted by our
ItrpubllCAU friends In manyluJtnnccs. There
has not been a man In puhllo llfo who has
exerted a greater moral force for good than
Mr IIiivan, nnd bis hole political and pri
vate career speaks fur Itself Mr HnVAV
has been Indorsed by oer six anil u half
million voters, polling h larger number of
votes tlmii any candidate who ran for
President on tho Democratic ticket except
pos,bly this year.uhen Governor Wilson's
popular vote will exceed.
" Tim ofllce of Secretary of Mate requires
a man familiar with foreign affairs and n man
whoso views and purposes are worldwide
and who will lend dignity and Intelligence
to the ofllce. Mr. IlnrAN's broad acquain
tance Is worldwide. He ha been abroad
several times, traelled the globe. What
other man to-day In the Democratic) party
oould measure up to his qualifications?
"W. II, KwtonT.
"Wkw York, November : "
We pass over the unfortunato refer
ence to "sixfeen " Aside from that and
the fact that Mr. Buyan lias been voted
for a number of limes by Democrats
faithful to their party or recommending
him for Secretary of tho Treasury, his
fitness for Secretary of State consists,
if we may judge from our correspon
dent's views, in tho fact that he knows
u lot of people and has travelled in
Aocording to that evidence Cook's
people or any other travelling agents
have a numter of fitter Secretaries of
State than Mr. Hiivan. A man of more
hopelessly provincial view it would bo
llard to titid. As n successor to Joll.v
Qi'incy Adams and Daniel Webhter
Mr. Biitan would be as much In place
and ns clearly indicated for it as was tho
late other Great American Traveller,
tho Hon. Daniel Peatt, likewise a
manager of vocabulary works.
But Daniel waa without malice.
The Colonel's Future.
"To tub Knnorc op Tnn Sex Sfr- The
editorial in to-day's Suv on The Colonel's
Future,' If it Is to be taken airlousy, dif
fers from the doctrine the schools are Im
posing on the boys and girls
"When 1 read Colonel I!oosbvk.t8 state
ment nbout tho l'rosrelves' determina
tion not to reunite with the llepubllcans, I
thought his lgorous 'We I1I not" a happy
example for some teacher of I'ngllsh to use
In Illustrating the distinction between the
two future verbs I do not know Just whnt
l.INlit.KT Mrr.rUT, whom you Invoke, said
on the question but the late Professor Cak-r-KNTFR
of Columbia Cnlverelty explaltiB,
on pages SI nnd S3 of his 'Hhetorlo nnd
Kngllsli Composition,' that 'will' expresses
resolution. Intention, with the first person,
and that 'I will go' Is equivalent to 'I intend
to go '
"If this teaching Is correct no one will
doubt that the Colonel, according to hla
habit, knew what he meant and meant
what he said when he declared In that short,
emphatic sentence, 'We will not."
"W. T. Mtsrs.
VstTTRarTT of Vinocm. November 11 "
Our Charlottesville friend's notion of
the use of "will" and "shall" Is correct,
but it is not tho Colonel's:
"There have been times when It was
exprend that we were merely a bolting
faction of one of the old parties and would
attempt to fuse again with that party. We
will not "
Ho meant to say "we shall.' So when
he said "we will make It plain," he evi
dently meant "we shall make it plain.
Like tho F.mperor Sigibmvnd, tho
Colonel is above grammar.
And speaking of tho Colonel's future,
was It Helve who said of Alfred de
Musset that "he has a brilliant future
We print with a natural feeling of
happiness some letters about the Thano
of Skibo and his latest means of hiding
himself from tho love of mankind.
Since ono of our correspondents, Mr.
Coombs of Brooklyn, may be a little
too Ironic for n Monday morning world,
may we bo permitted to say that poor,
modest Mr. Camnkole, thrown by the
millions of other men's brains into a
certain conspiouity, is now having tho
happiness of his life?
Why sympathize with him? Why
not sympathize with the publlo?
Airmen fir tr moonlltht. Tribunt.
A BUggtisHon for romantlo elopement.
The philosopher will not begrudge
oompllment to yesterday, with its thun
der, lightning, rain, its theatrical dark
ness,, its early howling winds, its promise
of snow, its heats, its loci, Its Aprils and
Decembers, It was fleroe, mild, flokle
and versatile. It was like an aooom
The adrertisiac oolamna of yesterday's
BnaA coatsiaedTfhis bop of cultural
ExoloalTs social armlMMoB uMfrts
nutabershln.'sf ladlsf .aad JMnUsmaB. In.
tsrtI ta'adraaoott trtraoty lallsawtjy
combined with social en-
' H,,ut 0111 from ,irt' Felice, philosophy,
"' "' '-
'tulile doors of ilarl; DIs ulid certain too
j well known niotillis?
, TIIKMOXKV Till ST Mi:i.OI)ll 1 1 i.
Tr.t.tl,!., I.. II,.. ..
ii. it, mi- nil.
Ther(J , , ,.())1HtprimtiHn Wll,
ii.Uiiiuhtoi over un pom immicu ujth-
'"r tile reviews of tin. Ilrst nlellt. I lie
nil Mar east hud gone lo no little trouble
to udvertise tho performance in which
Uauipio tho Hunker was to be forced to
show Jils hunt, open his vaults, rip up the
carpets and allow Mr t'nderinliier to
put tho rollers under Ills business. Why,
then, after arousing tho plain people to
thk pitch of expectation did the mana
gers permit tho blundering mitlclltnat
of .. ostno.i..i1,..nt V
'n,,. lr lu .1..,,-.. ...nt.
generally understood that thu actors re-
gardej themselves as members of a stock
company until the playbills appeared,
when it appeared that Mr. I'litlermluer
was not. only the toplliter but the sole
star. The playbills read thus:
Mr. Samnol I mlcrmlnnr
and his company of plnyeis
producing I'u.io's Tragedy:
"li.itmuti's llauk "
tN'ow scenes, Including a real stock ex
change.) When Waco Henry, who was responsi
ble for Mr Cnderuiliier having joined
the company, saw this playbill his fnlth
in human natur,. received a job. Hi
iindorMumlih was that the tough draft
of the playbill l an thus. "Waco Henry,
Hiuistdf, supported by Dollar Hill,
prompted and pooled by Jlr. Underminer,
will appear in I'ujo'e Serio-Cotnic Sensa
tion entitled ''I he Amateur Financier.'"
That these rumors linve much founda
tion In fact Is evidenced by the fact tliut
Mr. I'arrar, who was to take tho p.irt of
a lawyer and who had learned his lines
until ho-was letter perfect, wired his resig
nation Just as lie was about to set foot
In a Pullinun to join the company. These
rumors Rained such headway that at a
lute hour Actur-Maiingcr lHiJo'issiied tiio
We did not realise until the last moment
that Mr. I miermiiiur was under the Impres
sion that ho was lo du u monodrame. 1 his
unfortunate ami uufore-eeii contingency
has forced us to rcoat the dramatis rer
sonie. Thote N not much t r it It In thx
rumor ami assortiuns to the elTc t tha' Mr
Underminer wished tu plav u triple nMe,
Including mv own part As the play was
first written 1 was to ask must of the iiues
tloue, and It Is true that in rei.it.tuig cer
tain portions Mr I lulermmer decided to
let the rest of ns be persistent listeners
while he ivelted our Hues. 'Ih.it Is all
there Is to theso untruthful ntmors ns to a
lack of perfect harmony Was there ever
a grand production vet produced that
didn't bring out a little professional !
ousy? It Is cen calil that Carter (.lass
has refued to plav his pnrt unless the
plavbllls take off mv name and allow his
to appear a the author N'otw ItliM.uidmg
these embarrassments the committee pro
poses to get I'm eotupativ nnd the words
and tnusle of t!. iper.i Into shape by De
cember !, date gu.irHllteed let the plain
people have a l.tile forlie.iraiiie und wu
will give them a tl : Her vet
Another cause of dissension Is reported
to exist In regard to tho various inter
pretations of the parts and even the play
an a whole. As to the play, for Instance,
Waco Henry regards it ns u problem
drama in which ho is to annnuricv) his
remurknhlo discovery that money nnd
credit attract money nnd credit. When
this economic law firt dawned upon
Waco it is said to have reproduced an
effect not unlike direct Inspiration. On
the other hand, it Is understood that Mr
Underminer, the star, takes u totally
different point of view hi his Interpreta
tion. He regards the whole piece as a
tnlruclo play In which Thu l"ns....u and
Kon-Kxistent Money Trust takes on n
material form solely for tho purposes of
investigation. Then after he points out
tho hideous ereaturn and worlcs up the.
Imagination of the plain people until they
see an actual eri'iuig green eyed mon
ster he nimbly turns on tho lights, springs
the traKloor and leaps to the centre of
tho stage with this famous lino: "Of
cour thero is nothing. Tho plain
people havehudtheir money's worth. The
Bronx goes homo happy, and Ilanquo the
Hanker is left on thu rollers.
Nickels. Dimes and Civilities.
To tup Kpitob or Tub Hcn- ."iv As it Is not
my Intention toplaceaman'sposlUnntn Jeopardy,
I am purposely w1ihhnli!lng thn location ot the
subway station at which the tiillowtng IncMent
occurred tn me the other mnrntnc At the sme
time I believe I am luMlncd In bringing the Inci
dent to tho attention of the Interburnuzh. so that
the company may warn Its ticket sellers to be
more civil to perrons purchasing tickets at their
llnlrtlne the station In qucMlon. I walked tip
tn the ticket window anil dipped a dime through
the upenlng to the mnn within I am positive
It vvss a dime, because the coin was worn and
smooth nnd while descending tho ststrs I had ex
amine! It to make sure It was not too worn for
the ticket seller to accept It.
lie accepted It all right and pushed li.vk one
ticket to me. I Morel at the window' Halting for
ihange None came. Instead the seller glared
at me. nnd as he noticed that I hesitated hp opened
the window and wanted to know what the trouble
When I Informed him that I wss waiting for
change he said I hud only given him a nickel
and there wkvi t any i hance coming. '
It was not fur the sake of the nickel I argued,
but the principle. I was positive ot my ground.
The only evidence he had was the fact that he
could not tlnd a dime among bla collection til
nickels, although when he opened Mi hand there
were a number of dimes among the collecMon ot
coins In It So giving mn.the brnctlt of tho doubt,
hn gave me the nickel change. He w-at mighty
,utly about the alTalr. W. II.
New Vqkk. November 54.
Thruses nf a Ilygone Day.
To TOR HoiToa or Tlrn Bvxatri Naw that
"soddln' " and "nankin" up aro being threshed
out. does eomo old New Rngiandor remember
"How fare yet" a phrase In common use as a
greeting fifty years ago. Also thli: "I guess he
sot Ore to the house. I remember Colonel
Thomas Wentwnrth lllggtnuon's story ot the
Harvard professor who was looking at a large
fire. He spoke tn tho man superintending the
removal of goods from the burning buildings.
asking him If he knew the cause ot the blase.
The answer cayic qulokly, "Sot, I gueai,"
Let us rnerltn these nne oia expreeslooa ttuu
were used by a generation fast passing,
Niw Yoxot. November ?i. It. B, K,
Hide Doer fur Uellcsteisen Shops.
To tub Unrroa op tub Hrx-Alri I tes that
the Society for the Promotion of I'ublla Discom.
foil Is going to rlufo the delicatessen shops on
Why not fit up these places with side doors by
which our hungry cl (liens may slip In and out?
Or perhaps we should pus a law compelling
the consumption ot a glaai ot betr with every
sandwich supplied. Raronuaa.
Nbw Yobi, November 34,
To Ttn rrmoa o Tim firo ,vrt Which is
the more popular man In society, he who Is known
aa a "marrying man or he who Is thjraghi to be
Impervious te woman'! wiles? Is being too eaay,
o to say, an dement ot inwcullo. .popularity
from the (eratota point ot rtiwf
MMW THIsllllBiW 14.
vxranrt xa te Axnnr.tr.
The Swollen nnd Uolilcn Victim of in
To Tin: rtuiott ofTiik Mcc-fir I won
der If Von did nut feel a little regretful when
yon sivv todays leading editorial urllcle
ab.)Ul Mr t urtiegie In cold type
Is I, nt Unit aeiitleiiinn rather enlllled to
vour Hvtnpathv us n victim of unfortunate
oinlitlotis cieated bv the persistent policy
of u great poliMcul parly'
Muring the vr.its in which his enormous
forlune was iieciimiilntlng he was swept
forward bv the iiiirent of business, con
sidered legUlin it,, bv the standards of the
Mines, until he Mitlileulv awoke to the fuct
Unit he hail auipiired u furl line of such mag
nitude Unit, according to his own statement,
was a ciliiic agulnst Ihe community for any
cltlell lo possess.
Then came Hie holiest division lo dis
tribute It rur the benefit of the people. He
gardlinf himself as a trustee and desiring
dial his aciliiii should be wise and perma
nent hi Its lesullH, be found Ihe distribution
of it Miriounilfd by more dlftleultles than
His busings training made him cautious
and systematic. He could have thrown It
away or leii It lo everv beggar In the
street, but he tried to Investigate every ap
plication und give iiciordlng lo its merits.
This was an impossible Uaf to be accom
plished in one man's 1 1 Tet I til" How tunny
hospitals lould he have established and
given to entli proper attention us to their
orguhl.iiiu!! und management' Very few
Indeed. How iu.iiiv teueliient houses oould
he have built for the bousing of the worthy
poor and Insure such wise tnutuigcmcnt
for the loinlng years us would provent
their becoming promoter of pauperism
Insleid of Incentives to thrift? Not many.
He Hied to establish libraries In various
Hies throughout tho country tinder such
conditions us would Insure their proper
minagemeiit by munli ipnlllles Do you
think that he Is eiflsnYil with the result?
Despairing: of bis ability personally to
distribute the enormous fortune with which
he Is Inir leueil, he bus selected Various
eoiiuuis-oiie lo undertake the work for
htm. amoiii; them the one Into whose hands
he bus placed J i:Vihai, i , trusting them to
distribute It wisely. Vour editorial urtlcle
and the coiiimcntsof other papers ure proof
that even this expedient Is not effective.
Don't you think tint he. If you believe
him honest In his Intentions, Is morn en
titled lo sympathy than sharp criticism?
Think for n moment of the lonely position
that he occupies He must always feel that
when his iiciiunlntaucu Is sought it Is not
out of personal regard, but In the majority
of cases with a view to possible contribu
tions. So he is denied the warm and unjelf
lsh friendships tliut poorer men posscaa.
Try to put yourself In hU place, nnd flg-nre
out what you would do with his vast pos
sessions to distribute them In euch a, way
as to encourage thrift, build up happy
homes und avoid tho promotion of pauper
ism. I diii sure that in the end vou would
do, ns I have done, tbutilt Uoil I hat you are
not an overrlch man I don't believe that
Mr tartiegle will tlmnk me for pointing
to him as an object of sympathy, but I
honestly believe blni to be entitled to It.
His error was lu the beginning. In acquiring
such an enormous lurtuue. bill in thut he
was ubetled by the (iovernnunt. He is
pitying ileum tor whut little satisfaction
he mav lu . e felt lu lis possession
If his cuicrlenoo Is it warning to others
and ind ices business men to atop accumu
lation when enough has been acquired to
sMtlsfv the reasonable demands of them
selves and tbo-e dependent upon them be
will not have lived In Vnlti.
William j. Coombs.
BnooKLTS, November :'3.
The Crnrrou Thane.
1 be 'I bane of sklbo, generous man.
Who ever slnre hrt llrst liegan
lo wave his wad has sought to rise
Above the low browed enterprise
Of vulgar riches and to place
t'pon his gifts u higher grace
Than ordinary Wealth has done,
la out now with another one.
Not satisfied, ns some might ba,
With large llbrnrious charity
In which, although It bear hi name,
He jkh no mora than half a claim,
Nor with the fund that he has set
1 o keep old teachers out of debt;
Nor with tho Hero Fund, which paya
Ihe bravest for their bravest way
And makes tho huskv hero think
I hat heroism Is not gc?ln',t.
Nor with his plethoric pltuiks of peace,
( ontrlbuted that war mav cease;
Nor all the others on the sldo
st which ho points with canny pride.
And vet he Is not s.itlslled.
So now proposes his Intent
lo pension each ex-l'iesdent
Vvith such a pile that I ncle Sara
Mav carelessly not glvadam
About 'ho future of bis chiefs
Who might be stranded on the reefs
Of povettv and have to strive
At ntiv job to keep alive.
'I bus does the Thane of Sklbo rise
Above the low browed enterprise
(if t tide Sam with such an aim
As adds more glory to his name.
And promises, as well he should,
A steel dad bond to make It good.
W. J. LiMTTOM.
The Prtnoe of Paupon,
To thk KniTon op Tna Hus-VMrr Tha
patrlotlu offer of Mr. Andrew Carnegie to
help out the t nlted Stat financially ao
thut proper und dignified recognition. of
the services of our ex-l'resdenta may be
possible, suggests another admirable man
ner lu which his adopted country may bene
fit by the ingenious method of the reversed
rebate he has put Into pructlco.
It Is a fact, equally well known and de
plorable, that no citizen, however eminent
IiIh iiuallllcutions, con accept a post of Im
portance and dignity In our dlplomntlo
servleo unless ho la willing and able to draw
largely on his private means. This natu
rally precludes much splendid matorial.
A iteunroiiH fund for the use of Ambassa
dors and Ministers who are Impeouuloui
but otherwise ollgible would greatly en
largo the opportunity of selection at present
enjoyed by the appointive power, and cor
respondingly improve tno efTlctencr oPthe
An appropriate medal or button oould, be
worn by tho beuellclury during hla tenure
of cilice In order that grateful humanity
should not bo unmindful of tho muuifloenoe
of tbe rrluco of Paupers. Euwi.v lUnow
Alda.nt. November "3.
Tn tub Ennon or Thk Ho?e-9(riA J-tra
thinking that you dlmia ken Andy erxactry
In this mutter of pensions for our ox-Prei.
dents, Andy, us I take it, thinks, aa many
another of us thinks, that thero should be
such a tiling, and so to quloken the sense
of tho people toward that end ho makes
the offer for himself, with never n hope that
he will lo nailed on for the money.
New Yons, November it. Hcotia.
An Intolerable Proposal.
To thk EntTon or, Thk HxmStn The
charaoterlratlon aa "Intolerable" of1 the
proposal or a pension of I25,fx to eix-l'resl-dents
by the niillinnnlm Cnrnegle Is not In
accord with the toiidouey of our moneyed
clues, the class which rules or doe every
thing to rulo Uie country for their pwn
benefit, tint withstanding their protestation
to tho contrary.
They want high tariff to . protect . the
"good American workman." sof that he. con,
have tho "full dinner pall," and that they
can pay nonesi wages," They combine
that tbe American publlo can have mer
chandise produced on an economical basis.
They charge high express rates that they
rosy be sblo to keep up the Win salaries
of their, employees; high freight rates. ax
charged In order that we get the bjft ot
aarTlosi'the'prlos of beef Is bigh'bAoaMa
tha people thenlAttU part ftlttgrtw!
the price), and to b In position torarry!
out nil thoso tirlncltiles It Is vol v essential
for tho monejed class to have power and
lutiiienre with thoso who are In power
A nation's power lies In lis control of
steel nnd coal Wthout steam mid Iron
a nation cannot protect Itseir very strongly
Carnegie controls, to some eMenl, mill and
lion; why not let lilni uNo have control, to
some extent, of the activities of our Presi
dents by having the I'texideiit feel under n
certain moral obligation lo his future beue
factot? j,x DnMOMJ.
Pamhaic, N.,1., November 2".
A MOinVll'M "HOI.V trATt."
The Worldly Aspect or Kins I'crdliiand's
To thk l.'uiTott or Tub Hvs.lir: If Is
Just nbout u month now since King Feidl
nand'sdei lnrulionof wurutid Nalm I'uslia's
uddrrss to the Ottoman ntniy wero pub
lished lu Hie. naif Turf or t'onetiilitlliople.
It will be recalled thut Nuitti Pasha lu his
proclamation nppealed onlv to the patriot
Ism of his soldiers, suv lug, " ou must prove
to Immunity which does not know you that
the Ottomans uru ou u par with the must
chilled nation "
On the other hiiinl King Kenllimtid raised
(he cry of the "Cto-s agaltist the t re-cent,"
thus proclaiming ut the out-et a "holy war "
1 have received news ditect from Constan
tinople sav lug that tins not", which had It
been struck bv a Moli'iiniiied.iu would hive
been termed an uppe,tl lo fuiiJUelsm.' had
on extremely bud tuVct hi ( oWlantinoiile,
arousing the passion, of the k'tioratit und
doubtless calling forth theSbeik-iil-lslHin's
retort in kind which was madu sumo time
Now Ihe eiue-tloii that I f-hould like to
rnlso is th.s Has the Hull. an war so fur
proved u holy war m tbe sense or King l'er
dlnnnd's proclamation? I'roiu nil accounts
of the lighting of the allies during the last
month and Horn their motives which are
now coming to light m the peace proposals
I am forced to un-wcr thai ii has proved
anything but hoiv
The lighting of the allies, Recoiling to
the accounts vvhh l.utopeans hate eent
In, hss been us i niile a- that of ilie-Turks
It bus been wur to the knife on both sides,
nnd appurenth thousands of Innocent non
cotnbutuuts liuve been killed bv ultillery
llre. Now all that mny be verv "bolv"
from thu Mohammedan point or view-, but
Is It "holy" from the hrlMinn'
Tho provisional peice proposals show
that what Ihe ullles want Is not the "lib
eration" ot oppressed provinces but the
faking or those provinces unto themselves!
It Is hinted that Crete, which was already
autonomous, will go lo Oreece, und that
what Austriu proposed to makeaiilonomous
will be made Servian am! Hiilguriau, if tbe
conditions ot the ullles ure accepted. 'Ibis
latter statement, by the way. would seem
to bear out thu contention that tho real
canae of the wur lay In Austria's proposals
for the reform of the Turkish provinces In
Europe, which the lSnllmnHtutcs were afraid
might In the end be agreed to.
Now all this umbllioii for territorial ex
pansion on the part of small States Is nat
ural enough, und It Is also naturul enough
that they ehoiild have decided to strike
when thu iron was hot, that Is, when (lie
new regime in Turkey had Its hands full ut
home, Hut dots tliut make a wur such u
the Balkan ullles have curried on for theso
purposes und under these condition Biter
ull a "holy wur" Fair I't.ay.
Nkw Havkk, Conn . November 24.
1'ollernieii and More Deleetltrs
Said lo He Needed.
To Tin- rntToit oi Tub Scn Sfrr Tho
merchants or South Ilrooklyn ure startled
by the daring robberv or n store on Fifth
avenue rei entlv und ure demanding better
police protection 'I hey clulm that unless
the Police Commissioner Installs more
policemen In this section they will be
compelled to hire special officers In order
to protect their property.
l.ust winter the merchants suffered heavy
losses as thu result of burglarise that oc
curred almost nlghtlv. The detectives
made several arrests of store thieves and
put a etop to tho burglaries for several
months. Tho merchants fear, however,
that the burglars have again chosen South
Hrooklvn as their field for operation.
Judging from tho fearless manner In
which tho thieves go about their work thev
are eriierts nt tli business I'eallzlng this
the merchants want to have nmr.le nrotec
tlim In an endeavor to trail the culnrlts.
'Ihe lsats of thu policemen or tho Firth Lord Is to rub- He must speak through
avenue station are entirely too large, say, a milted Christianity.
tho merclinnm I he crooks spot a pollco- j -s"'n Present results from the move
luun. mid utter ho passes them thev work "lent are:
undisturbed. 'Ihe merchants also say that , " ' m,n ," " "J10" P'njy
luiii.p .a ,.,.,.1,1 t oi.tninnil frnm it... the one und only possible basis for union
.1 ie ii.,v,i r. ii,.
responslbllltv ot serving warrants sworn
out In tho ruth avenue court. I wo deteo
tlves are H-signed to every polii-e court
each week tor the purpose ot distributing
the warrants. Tho greater part ot their
time Is taken up In this woik, It Is said, and
in many cases they ure unublo to give bur
glary cases the proper attention.
Something should be done right away to
stop this kind ot business, and to my mind
the onlv way to remedy condition would
be Tor tbe Commissioner or Police to add
a rew men to the torce In this section.
llnooai.t.s, November 21. T. Uumt4.
To tti KDrron or TH Sen Sir: Notwith
standing the numerous letters which have ap
peared In Tub Srx relative to the meaning of
"suOrsgette," I claim that the dtSerenoe between
"suffragist" and "suffragette" Is wholly a ques
tion ot sex; Uie latter term, a new addlUon to our
vocabulary. Is applied to women who exercise
the right ot Miftragoor whoorganlreand arttate
to obtain that right. It Is the diminutive ot suf
fragist, and therefore temlntns gender, as par
SuHraguTt A nan who exerrliea the right ot
Suffragette -A woman who exercise a similar
ilgbt. C. Norton.
Ngw Toar. November 14.
lmas and tha Chinese Itepaklle.
Frorn Pie J'rtfn liatly .Vein.
During the celebration dsys the Ijima monks
la Pekln dcleisted a number ot their order to
the celebration ground. They were not a Utile
Impressed with ihe spirit ot the new regime.
Upon their return the delegates were beset with
a number of ciuenUuns from Uirlr comrade. In
reply Monk Mil T 111 Ssu quoted the ancient
saying that "The people are of the t'.rsl Importance,
the national altar comes next, ami il.o sovereign
is Uie least." Tpou further tnuulry Uie same
monk gave a very eloquent address on the mean
ing and elttitnrsnce ot a republican form ot
government, which was Uioroughly enjoyed and
beaTtuapplauded by them all.
Bears In Tellowitone Park.
tlHnufcm remrponiJifirsAnaroeifii .SMmtant,
nneauin there are to many bears, mostly silver
tips and grlirlles. In Yellowstone Nations! Park
that Uie lltes of tourhts are In danger, the park
authortUea Intend to kill oft not less than fifty of
ne animait mis ran Many ueart have been
raptured within the lust few weeks and tsbtppod
10 partes in uaaiern clues, out the coat of capturing
the animals ) great, and aa many of them ore so
bold as to be a nuisance In tho park around camp
ing outfits li is believed beat to kill them.
To m Rnrron or Trie Here mre nr sm
recently used Ihe phrase "benighted Jerseyl!,'
ana i snuum use 10 ass ll una l tautologlralT
iMBW yosk, November ;t. UtSS 1CKSTO.
Th fndrtng riaj In Mtitoarl.
Bun'oei'oriMipeoiWnfS.t'anori im Rut (tor,
vera! of this nsl ahhorhood formed a box
party to see the Iraoirfaai'a Cabin show at aails.
bryedndtrclthi. Allans elite were out.
BtpraJ 04 Konertwt.
rrM'tU tseoojlef xialttor.
Or Malse was elected comubu of liberty,
-- i vf mm iuishiiv majority.
waumaouowM we rrwmiwt
Progress in Oncrnl Movoniciit
o Mi'inp; Cliiircli Folks
WOIM.I) ro.VKKRKXCK IM,A.V
All Doiioiiiiiinlions (o Discuss
I'l'dposnl for .Mil Ii in";
The new phimo of efforts niuUing
world t'hilstlan unity were set forth , i
Trinity Church yesterday by tho reel..-
of Trinity parish, the Hev. I)r. Willing
T. .Mannlnif, who Is chairman of ties
Kplscopal Church's executive) com
mute) on unity. It Is tho llrst time thu
chairman has outlined the plans ami
their prom ess. Ills text was St.
John's words nbout all Christiana being;
one, and Ids subject tho ulm. of tins
wot Id conference on faith nnd order,
and plans mudo thus far leading up
It Is ono of tho rcmnrlcnble facts ot
life, that wo grow accustomed to
almost anything. It I so with
the presented divided state of Chris
tendom. Wo have become accus
toiiiid to conditions aa they are. Vet
these, conditions nto to Christianity an
Immenstiiciibly weakening force and al
together continry to the rntnd and pur
peso of c'lulst. There Is a spiritual
milt v lu nil true Christian, nnd that
uiiitv. un inner one, ought not to be
dlt bled or c out i ndicted by the outward
muiilffstiitlons of the splllt. All Chrls
tlutiS the world over should kneel tos
Hither ut one nltiu- iniil drink of ona
We ought not to be satisfied with thai
Invisible otiitv that we now have. A,
proposal Is .t wotld conference en falthv,
and order. This ,s to be a definite
errort to brlntr uhout a erent meetlnr
that kbull represent lellplous bodies of
all the world, both Catholic and Protes
tant, Its putpose will bo tn consider in
perfect candor und Christian love those
things by vvhlcU at present Christian
people ute separated. The conference
will have no legislative powers, no power
It Is hoped that this gathering may
be the (list teal step toward an ultimate
reunion and fulfilment of our Iord'a own
pruter tliut nil may be one. It Is now
only two eais since the Idea was first
suggested Two i-.iih Is a brief time
In any meat etitei ptise. Yet far mote
has been in coinpllslied than one who la
liiteri.si.il would dure think. This Is
due to the kindness nnd sympathy with
which the Ide.i of a conference has been
eveij where received.
Tw enty commissions repteseiitlns twenty
religious bodies li.it u been named. A
large number of Important Interviews
linve been (,-lven. Tlio Holy Orthodox
Hasten) Chinch, the Holy Catholic Church,
thu Chut chof Knglund, the Kplscopal
Church In Scotland and Ireland have ex
pressed fuvorable views, und etepa aro
In progress for commissions In countrlea
referi cd to.
Church unity does not mean a rldd
uniformity, castlron ways ot doing all
things. Tlieio never could be, or ought
to be, dead sameness, because hiicIi would
b niruliist tlio pill pose of tjod. Unity
u to ehsvnlluls nnd us to what the thlnen
ate tliut am essentials these are the
ututtuis to be determined. The state
ment lias been made that tho lunk and
tlio of Chrlstlun people are not Interested.
If that ba true then It is our duty to
make them Interested, hist ns It Is the
duty of tbe church to Rive them a deslro
for righteousness. The fact Is that never
tieforu were men and women thinking so
much nnd longing so much for unity ,ri
,ut this moment,
1 in all parts of the Christian world
men and women am coming to ree that
outward nnd visible unity ure to be de
rdred. The consciousness of the weak
ness nnd sin or present oivisions Hie
forced upon us nt hnme by tho needs
' and voices of tho mlrslnn tlelds,
'Is a full belief In Jesus Christ as r-
veuled 111 the beginning and taught lino
2. This movement Is helping men teo
that Chtlstiun unity can never be reached
by Ignoring and disregarding the arreat
truth of religion.
Thn unity eought-Ja not to beA.
Itglon of minimum!, or how mucin wej I
con give up. It Is rather to see how
much each can give to that which U
vital. We are not to compromise for tha
soke of pence, but to comprehend for the
sake of truth. Abov- all wej are ach
to nee not how much la wrong tut how
much is right In the other man.
Tlio talk of Christian unity hu
brought nbout cne definite ertep here In
New Yorlt to dato. That etep wfl
taken bust week when leaders la all,
Protestant toodlrfl for church extension
In The Dronx, In work at Ellis Island, lit
work In prisons and! hospitals, and tn,
work for foreign speaking peopled
came- together nnd authorized a com
mittee, that will, when put intoshapeancl
duly commissioned, act for all of these
bodies. Every Protestant body was
represented, and all gave) thn plan
hearty Indorsement. It (a tho first rime
In the history of Christian effort in New
York that such a ntep haa been taken.
In tho country the talk about wnlty
haa brought Into existence a federal
council, with headquarters In this city,
In which thirty bodies are represented,
with about 17,000,000 actual members,
not to count adherent. Thlfl council
holda Its Hi-eond quadrennial meeting In
Chlcaco next week. Marked progress)
has been tnado In avoiding, overlapping;
of niUslou work. In dispensing with
workers who duplicated each other, and
lu a common front toward moral and
The world conference on faith and
order Is likely. It Is eaid, to be held
In New York.
JMBV FRO.U COXSTAXriXOPLK.
ton of Member of Amerlran Ens
hnMr row l'nt on th" Voyage.
Hlchard Vnivle. the tbree-months-old son
of Chnrle-o AV. Kuwlo of Iloston, Intorpre
tcr of the Amerlcun KmUnssy at Con
stantinople, arrived yesterday en the Cu
narder Ivernla from Mediterranean ports.
Tho child was In charjte of Miss Laura
MacDowelt. a physician. As eoon as the
Ivornlu docked Dr. MaoDowell cabled to
Mr. tfowlo that his aon had arrived" In
ilvw York safe nnd sound.
Dr, MncDowell had llttlo to say abontthe
child aside, from lt health, whtafe ap
peared to bo excellent. He waa a bit
frail when brought aboard ship, botsjwry
day of the voyage seemed to do him jBCOd
until he arrived lu New Yorlt rosy and
fat I'assena-ere of tho lyarnk said ihey
were told that Mra Fowls waa Tory ill
at the time of the birth of thattkUA and
that the did, not know hlra rbn he'wos
shown to her. Mra Fowl, they Mid. had
been brought to America on tha Oaniirder
Baxoala recently and waa note lnvffluh
Injtton. ' ,
Pr. MAdDowelt lert.Wrw Yorfc,ttrL-tie r
cnaiwe ot tns Jrau Hivar Line fast night
. . - r. n
RnwmM-iauisssM 'vine ihhm