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THE SUN, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 10, 1912.
TUESDAY, DECRMBKK 10, 1012.
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Published il.ill) Including Sunday, by the Sun
Printing and I'ublMiIng Association at 170 Nassau
street, In the borough of Manhattan. New York.
President and Trcanncr. William ' Itclrk. Ill)
Van stiect Vltc-l'ri-lilent, IMwaid I'. Mitchell,
1-0 .aan Mteel. Secretary, Chester S Loid, IVD
lindon umce, llfflngbain Houe. I Arundel
Pari- omce, IS Hue de la Xllchodlere. off Hue du
Washington offlce. Itlhhs tlulldlnir.
Brooklyn offlce, ton Livingston street.
our UHnds trio tator us irtlh manuscripts and
illustrations tor publication Irish t) hare rejected
articles relumed thru muM in all cuie s sena stamps
for thai purpose
The Hon. William .1. Hiivak ran
throe times for resident nnd was never
rlcctetl. The Hon. Wooduow Wilson
ran once nntl was elected.
This seems to us to be a brief and
sufficient statement of the facts bearing
on the question of the present leader
ship of the Democratic party. Further
remarks arc superfluous.
Governor Wilson may be a courteous
gentleman, considerate of the feelings
of thoso whose place is in a finished
chapter of Democratic politics, but we
have never heard it intimated that he
was a discophorous hydrozoan, other
wise a jellyfish.
The Growth of llureaucrae.v.
Everything, even the session of the
Hon. James Wilson as god 0f agricul
ture, must end at last. In his lust an
nual report he reviews Hie progress of
farming in the sixteen years of his su
pervision and encouragement thereof:
"During the last sixteen years the farmer
has steadily increased tlio wealth produc
tion j ear by year, with the exception of
111. Purine the sixteen years the farmers'
wealth production increased 141 tier rent "
In the same period the appropriation
for the Department of Agriculture has
leaped from a little more than $3,000,000
to almost $2.'),0O0,O00, or nearly 800 per
cent., and the number of placemen in
that department from 2. Ill to 13.S5S, or
between S00 and tvoo per cent.
The soil does well, but the growth of
its wealth, even under the fostering
wisdom of .James Wilson, cannot come
anywhere near the seven league booted
forward stride of bureaucracy.
These are the figures that hit in the
eye. so to speak, the reader of the posi
tively last report of the most amiable
Our Treaties Hlth Ilussl.i.
The treaty of commerce and naviga
tion between the I'nited States and
Russia which will cease to be operative
on January 1, in consequence of notifica
tion given by this nation in December
of last year, is divided into thirteen
articles, to which is added a separate
article. The subjects treated in these
fourteen nrticles are:
Freedom of commerce and navigation
reciprocal treatment of vccs.
No discrimination on account of vessel
Appllt alien of the two preceding armies
Tonsillar officers ami powers.
Deserters from ships.
Kstales of deceased persons.
Most favored nation privilege
Trade with Prussia, Sweden, Norwii),
Poland and Finland.
This treaty, concluded on December
18, 1S32, was proclaimed on .May n,
1833. It is one of twelve treaties, con
ventions and protocols that have been
negotiated between the two nations,
of which two, the "Additional Article
to Treaty of Commerce, 1832. Trade
Marks," concluded on January 27, lbtM,
and proclaimed on October 1.1, 18(18, and
the "Trade Mark Declaration" signed
March 28, 1871, and proclaimed Novem
ber 21, 1871, seem to depend upon it
and to end with it. I'nder these the
United States citizens anil Kussiun
subjects enjoy in each other's country
protection for their trade marks.
The nine other agreements that have
been concluded between the I'nited
States and Russia arc:
Subject Siunnl. J'mclnimcil
Pacific Ocean and
of America pril 17, isut ,lnn u. isi-i
Neutral rights at
cu .iui'- is.,c .n i,
, Cession of Alaska.Mdr. so, lsii; .lunei-o,
of vessels .lunc H, ism
Kxtrnditlon. Mar. '.'8, iss; ,jull0 1Jm
Fnrseal Msheries.May 4, lsy .May i;, isa4
Claims protocol.. ug SH, lumi
Corporations... June !3, loot .lime 5, iduu
' Trado marks in
China .luue jtt, iwitt
Somo of these, such as the convention
for the cession or Alaska and the claims
protocol of 1000, have accomplished
their purpose and are of only historic
interest. The nutural changes of nearly
a century have greatly modified the
conditions with which the "Convention
as to the Pacific Ocean and Northwest
Coast of America" dealt. It should not
be overlooked that the conduct of our
Government under the extradition
treaty has frequently brought forth
protests from persons who alleged that
prisoners whoso surrender was do-
inanded by Russia as criminals were
really guilty only of political offences.
The Senate ratified the. "Agreement
Regulating the Position of Corporations
nntl Other Commercial Associations
with this proviso:
"That the regulations leferred lo in the
third paragraph In the agreement us exist-
ing In the several countries refer to and
Include on the part of Hie 1 tilled .Slates
the regulations established bv and under
tin' authority of the several Stales of the
The agreement for the pi election of
trade marks in China was effected by
an exchange of notes between Minister
Itoeiillii.tj and Minister I'okotilow in
IVkin on June 28, hum. It is not to be
ranked as a full fledged treaty.
Turning Over n New Map.
The advice of the younger Pitt to his
countrymen after Austerlitz to "toll up
the map of Kurope" s'ooms easily ap
plicable to the present hour. What
ever else of change the new year prom
ises, it. is certain that it will bring a
wholesale shifting of the lines and t olors
of the maps which for at least a gener
ation have troubled school days and
plagued inaturer years.
Within the piist lew months two
treaties have been signed which will
wholly alter the color scheme of the
African maps. Tripoli, long buried
under the neutral tint which indicated
a Turkish possession, will now take its
color from Italy, and from the Alps to
the Sahara the llilH geographies will
show a single hue to mark the rehabili
tation of the Roman Empire.
As for Morocco, the French and Span
ish diplomatists, who have just com
pleted their labors, have provided in
this corner of t lie Dark Continent equally
great modifications. Spunish colors,
displayed hitherto only in blotches on
islands and peninsulas, will drop down
to the first range of the Atlas and
cover the Tangier peninsula.
There remain the Balkans, and the
wisest of foreensters will not venture to
suggest how the change will come here.
But one thing is sure, from the Danube
to the -'gean nlmost till the complex
lines and the bewildering colors that
have plagued the careless nnd puzzled
the studious since the Congress of Ber
lin in its wisdom lixed them for all
eternity will undergo a kaleidoscopic
change. It is not for the map maker
to promise a better world in 1013, but
he can cheerfully and safely pledge
himself to provide a new one. new in
style, in color and in those complexities
which make the "bounding" exercises of
unforgotton school days permanent and
' Chilli Labor.
The testimony taken by the Stale Fac
tory Commission on the condition of
child labor in this State has informed the
community of the existence of abuses
which not only injure thousands of in
fants but seriously menace the health
of the city and its people generally.
The individual exhibits brought before
the commission have served to give
point to the general allegations and
have had much the same effect here
as that which was produced in Ixmdon
by the "sweated industries" thow n
few years ago.
Is it practicable lo enforce a prohi
bition of home work in all trades? Were
this done, would the consequent loss of
income in many families throw them on
charity, public or private; for the main
tenance of life? llow great would be
the burden thus imposed, not in dollars
and cents, which are of minor impor
tance, but through the creation of a de
pendent population of such size as per
haps to prove dangerous to the State?
There is no question whether the child
should le protected. As to that unan
imous agreement will be had. Hut how
is it to be done?
An interesting experiment would be
the vigorous enforcement of all the
statutes, ordinances and regulations
now in force which affect the problem.
The Legislature has been working on t lie
subject of protection to labor for years.
The tenement houses are under the
jurisdiction of tho Tenement House
Commission, the Department of Health,
tho Fire Department, the Police Depart
ment and the State authorities. Among
ull these agencies great powers are dis
tributed. Have they ever cooperated
enthusiastically to bring about tho sit
uation to which society aspires? We
doubt it. Possibly if in the interval that
must elapse beforo new laws and rules
can be adopted tho unprecedented
cotirso wero udoptcd of applying tho
control now confided to various instru
mentalities in its most effective form
the necessity of amending the statutes
might seem lessacutothan it now does.
The Army Poet's Indiscretion
As tho Oermun Kmperor did not make
tho recital of "Hoch tier Kaiser" by
Captain Joseph B. Cooiiin of tho
Navy at a private dinner in this city a
casus belli, it is unlikely that tho flippant
verses of Captain Okokc.eSteunknhkihi
of the Seventeenth Infantry upon the
Bull Huns of tho (Jermun trained Turk
ish army will become an international
episode. In fact it is said that Ambas
sador von Beunsioiifi' docs not intend
to bring thu indiscretion of the rhymer
of Fort .McPlierson to the attenlion of
his Government . Capluin Stkcneniieiio
will perhaps not bo relieved to learn this
but, acutely disappointed. He would
at least like the (iermiin Field Murslml
to fume over these lines:
"A .Montenegrin major gave the fllng foe
Then tolled a cigarette ami scratched a
match upon his pants,
And spakn unto his gunners, I.et 'e'ui have
a lew more icjtts
That is if your shells can catch 'em Ihnv've
been I rained bj Vo iu;i; (,oi,i,e
That is a fair specimen of tho Cap
tuin's humor at the expense of Von
HOIINE.OIIIEPKNKKIII,, Von Mot.TKK and
Von dkk (Joi;tz, the German specialists
irotn whom Ihe beaten 'I urkisli army is 'proposing an amendment, for tho "sub
supposed to have gol its book as well as mission by the President to tho electors
its field training. Compared with tho .of measures recommended by him wliicli
eiever satire ot the verses by an Austra-
lian journulist which Captain CoaiuaN
JrecitvU ut the Union Ltugue Club the
army man's jingle is commonplace
enough mere vuttdeville fun. song nnd
lance nonsense. The Captain enjoys
writing the stull', however, ntid the
enlisted men, if not their officers, find it
side splitting. There run be no doiibl
of his vogue with tho boys around the
eanipflre, for he has put all thdr joys
and tribulations into rhyme "nit is
spontaneous and hilarious, if nothing
else can lie said for it.
The presumption is that Captain
Sn;i'Ni;Nin;it(i cannot control a pro
pensity for saving sininl things. n
article about Atlanta which lie con
tributed to an Idaho paper it year ago
gol him into hot water in that city. At
lanta had "an iinwushed appearance. "
The people "looked tired." A stranger
groped his way through unnamed
streets "as he would through an African
jungle." The bank clerks were slow
and their 'grammar was shocking. The
stores weie "dingy," the cafes "lly
speclied," and so on. The Captain
awoke one morning and found himself
famous. Prud Atlnntuns spoke of him
with contumely, but he said with fine
indifference: " I am always getting into
trouble for talking too much. I have
been court-inarlialleil a couple of times
for it. Iff have anything to say 1 have
to say it."
Evidently the "poet lariat" of the
service had to embalm the rout of the
Turkish army in jinglo and hold the
(icrmun tacticians responsible for the
spectacle. He will not be coiiri-tnar-tialled
for the eflu-ion. but his superiors
may Intimate to him that it is not very
becoming in a Cnitecl States ollicer to
publish over his own name reflections,
whether grave or gay, upon the army
officers and the training system of a
Trailing Massachusetts Candidates
for I illicit Mates Senator.
The Massachusetts legislature has
to elect a successor to the Hon. WlN
thiiop MritliAY Ciiani: as it Senator in
Congress. Of the half dozen Republi
can candidates every one is a man of
unblemished honor and reputation.
Vet the always well informed and fair
political correspondence of the Spring
field HcpuMican reports this singular
It seems t iu a rac t that the Promc-sn es
havo enjn'il detectives lo wnti li this
contet In order to dimmer whether any
corrupt Influences h.iie Leon or will lie ev
erted any malefactors of creut wealth'
who are desirous of olitaiuini; this oilire
The polu v Is to shallow memliers of our
1 1 rent and (.enenil Court In order to learn
whether anv of them nio actini: under mi
proper Influen'-es 'I his i a new develop
ment In Massachusetts politics To the
Lest of our knowledge and Isdief. lo"inu
bark oi er Senatorial elections in tin .Mute,
noliody in our tune oer honuhl Ids w.iv
to that hlfli oft'ee Not Wil.sov or Si itM.li
or llofTWH.t. or Vsiii i r.N or Duwi in
1 1 run or l.opot orl'lMM occupied a tainted
So fur as we know nobody in any
time lias nought or bnlxsl, or been
ici iised of buying or bribing, his way to
the S 'utile from Massachusetts. "We
have eoni' unon a time." c ontinues the '
correspondence, "when suspicion of tin
motives nf men is rampant in the minds I
of some." liampaut in the minds of
many. The I'rogre.s-ives have hut a
small delegation in the General Court,
but as excellent and virtuous citizens,
more than a little suspicious of the vir
tue and excellence of the "old hiv" K -publicans,
they must watch the iniqui
ties of those sons ot darkness.
Setting detectives on metnls'rs of the
Massachusetts legislature will se 'in
grotesque to some of us and nun-eons
lo others, but after all the tiionev of the
Progressives is their own and doubt
less the detectives need employment.
Kven without detectives it has 1 n
discovered- and instantly contradicted
that one of the candidates is, the
candidate of the I'nited Shoe Ma
chinery Company, that favorite Bay
State bugaboo. Perhaps the detec
tives are going to watch that. 1'iob-
ablv the whirring of that inachinerv
will be heard in tho insides of every
candidate who seems dangerous.
Fortunately, it is said that the Hon.-
Cruris (ifii.t), Jr., will soon desert St.
Petersburg for Boston. In the light of
his oen countenance the sons of dark
ness will bo confounded.
A Resolution for Chicago.
Tho Colonel has a right to hold a con
ference or convention as often its ho
pleases, and there seems no present
limit tothe ardor of his votaries or the
patience of his "angels." As ho is
strong, however, will he not bo merci
ful? Ho is said to have ready for to
day a little homily of 15,000 words; and
many of the faithful are known to be
charged with longitudinous messages.
Heaven fore-fend that the Colonel or
any of his legates and lieutenants should
choke with suppressed oratory, but in
the name of a long suffering public
will ho not do something lo relieve the
congestion which he causes? Will he
not udd to tho platform this resolution:
"That the impenotrnbilityf of spuce
shall be uud hereby is abolished."
lias Itrlstow Backslid?
Has the Hon. Joskpk I.itti.k Bbihtow
of Salina, Kansas, uud tho United States
Semite backslid? His resolution pro
posing an amendment to tho Constitti
lion for submitting acts of Congress to
the people seems tinged and yellowed
"If the Supremo Court shall decide that
a law enacted by Congress Is In violation
of the provisions of the Constitution, the
Congress at a tegular session held after
null decision may submit the act to thu
electors at a tegular Congressional election,
and If a majority of the electors voting on
such measnie in a niajcultyof the Congres
sional ills! I lets and also In u majority of
the Slates approve the mcasiiro It shall
become) law "
So, likewise, Mr. Bmstow'h resolution
Congress has failed to enact" contains
a provision for a majority of tho electors
in u majority of tho ditttricte in a ma-
jority of the States. Is this tho true, tho
undented doctrine of "pure democracy,
(he original, uncontnminatcd essence of
direct rule"? It cannot l)c. No cir
cumscribed Congress district, no mean
Stale boundary, restricts those twin
guardians of virtue. Senutor ill! I stow
is a reactionary.
Kven If the room in the Smithsonian
Institution in which it Is ptored is to bo
transformed into a Hall of Fame, the
claim of the Colonel's IMk-dlk to remain
there has some merit.
In 1893 the internal revenue receipts
from the tax on distilled liquors were
$7,Mr.MI27. Ill 11)11 they were $I53,270,85K.
A prohibition wave clues not seem to be
a bad thing for the (loveniment's money
Hepresentalive KiohiiaN wants to have
Wasiiiniiion's Farewell Address dis
tributed free of charge to all voters, be
cause in it "we Unci the most complete
information tiecessuty to preservo our
libei ties and form of government." We
are gl.ul that Mr. UloiuuN wuuts to pre
Fven Huston can hardly call n hacldo'il.
a luxury. Ilnrttortl Time.
Well, il'fc a very sensible little necessary
and hus the rare merit of being cheap.
Noilh (takota Republican will wear a
sti.iw hut all winter in panienl of an elec
tion bet. .lri.vmu lit publican.
Is that any hardship in that bland part
of what Colonel Pat Dosan loved lo cull
the llanuna Belt?
We fancy that the hymnolosi.st w ho w rote
that "De, ember's as pleasant as May" be
came Inspired while sojouriiini: in Houston.
- elWen 'cMf
Wherever he became inspired he insulted
December most foully by the compurb
When tliey have made peace nt London
why not let the representatives of the
lLilkan countries come, over hero and
settle the differences between tho Pro
prciisives and He-publicans' At least
they will then be the only competent body
on earth to terforin such a task.
I.et colleges train men for the force
"Put none but college men on beat"
will be the no.tt version.
As soon lis strawberries became com
mon in Itloomfleld and violets in Mout
clnir the mercury fell with midden but
not surprising violence Yesterday there
was something to breathe. Yesterday
liliputiatt men felt themselves equal to
bashing their heads against tho utmost
peak of .Mount Woolworth or licking tho
tallest policeman on Broadway just to
show a friendly spirit and discharge
exuberance. Clear day that warms the
heart and paints th" no-o!
.sty; rin: TAHirr.
Praclloatillll) of a "Nnn-I'jrtUan" Com.
mission barpl qilctlonrit.
'lo nil. I niTor. ny TliK Srv s,- The
propositi to confide the work of revising the
tariff to a iion-partiaii commission is a de
lusion Neither the flee traders ti"r the
protectionists will permit th" adjustment
of tiirin" schedules by a body wliicli lias no
..iv,. ..I .,. nu to uli.'it Ulnil of ii r.nrlfr
Many of ihe advo. niei of n p"-niitienl
tarilt commission favored the c mmliHti
reciprocity scheme, which P'lf n brce
number of article on th" tree l..t without
any inve-liiratloii nv the tarin Hon'o.
If the anil. able ctitlemen Win ore trying
to s-ule the tariff question by the i in-mis-tun
method believe that there con he
oi,. w.iv for making tarlfl rates for the
l irmers and another for rales on m inufne
fired arl iciest he are Mistly mistaken
Ntw Yor.K. Dei ember (I V C.
CiirMmas Intcnlrn W Itti Chirlrs IHcK
ens. To Till 1 ". I I rn op Till: Scv - Sir Now
to it Christinas is in -ight I took the oppor
tunity to h.ie a talk with the shade of
Charles Dickens on the subject of Ibsenillsh
and M'lelerllnckian Christ niases, and we
came lo the conclusion that the latter must
be tun" n Mop to. Cynics who say that if
the Institution were stripped of all Jts ac
cessories it might be a happy enough fes.
tivtlv must be Ignored, and thoe who aver
that there can lie no pence on earth or good
will toward men while tips continue to be
demanded must be crushed as tritlers. No
doubt if some one sent the latter n turkey
stuffed with five dollar lulls they would
change their note. If these detractors can't
make themselves and others happy now
they can at least live on memories. They
c an allow their hearts to grow young again
even though their mirrors aspire them
they are now grilled, griniold fogies. Any
man can blow UP mat. spars among cn
mouldering ashes of his life.
"Are von going to be merry this Christ
mas' I asKeil a rustic reiuwier me oilier
da). "As merry as a lord, he replied,
and then ho added slowly ana siyiy, u it
runs to it " I gave him n dollar on the spot.
As he looked discontented, I related tne
story of the two countrymen in England
who were discussing the cheapest way ot
carousing. "Kb, (leorclie, said one, "rve
been trying and trying to think how l can
get merry under eighteen pence." "Why,
mcin," replied Ihe other in genuine surprise,
"I tan take thee to n place where thee
can burn the liver out of thee for nine pence."
I he retainer smiled and said they evidently
managed these things bettevr In Iceland,
but 1 lancy he caught tho moral.
Well. Dickens s ghost anil myself car
ried n unanimous motion, that all should
play with children, should eat as much as
they could, should ilanco till they hadn't
a leg left, should buy the cat a new neck
ribbon. nnd should finally sit dow n for five
minutes to take bearings ot their lives and
see whether Iheir navigation was nil right.
If they found they were drilling on n lee
shore they could comfort themselves that
there is ulwuys a Pilot to lake them over
the bar. And ns I ended the Interview I
heard a voice "God bless us all," said Tiny
Tim L- T. II.
llr.ooKt.T.v, December 7.
t'htnese Central Hank.
Trcmi the I'eUn Daily Xeu-s
For tho Mtabllslinirm fit u Central Hank the
Ministry of Plnatice tins figured out thai lis full
capital will be 7),oci0,ono, one-Iinlf of which will
be shared by the people and ihe other by the
tiovrrnmrnt, and that Its Initial capital will br
17,0)0,001) to he provided by tne tiovernment.
The Complete llallroatt.
'Ihe modern child would unite disdain
The oldotl joys;
r.laboratn nnd truo to life
Must be his toys.
Be gets n, railroad which we see
No detail lacks;
It has a switch) arcl and ii maze
Of uhiulng trucks.
The cars upon Its well laid rails
Ituii to nnd fro,
With powor houho and dynamo
To make thorn go,
And Inst, to round the system out
And make complete,
A dissolution plan abides
lu Johnny's feet,
, N UcLANDIOROI WlLIOK.
TliB yElTSPAPEIt LAW.
From tft AVic York Commtreiai.
'the press of tho United States will re
spond to the Keynote, nntl every lover of
Justice, and rlghtnoueneHs. ll respond to It,
struck by the rase now waiting decision In
the t'nlted States Supremo Court apropos
of tho constitutional rlht of nowspapcis
to Imi carried In tho malls. It Is a
creut question In itself, touching the nether
most prohlem of human liberty and freedom
of opinion, as well as the tights of what
'haHheenpmpcrlyrccoBiiledns tho "Fourth
Kstate," that order In tho composition of
the social holy which Insures fullest pub
licity of the varying phases of public opinion
The vast ubuses which tho accept
ance of tho (Sollcltor-dcnerarHl theory
Implies as to tho nrhltrary power of the
Culled States tlovemment over the malls
touches tho very marrow of human liberty
under our system, 'I hey would, Indeed,
ro far to revolutionize that system. Kuch
party In power would possess the most
tremendous enginery concelvnhlo to para
lyre or destroy Its opponents and the very
cornerstone of human liberty would cease
to exist In tho effective bridling of free dis
cussion. Mr. Beck's brief closes with the
pregnant lemark' "Should this court sus
tain the content Ion of tho (iovernment in
this case nt bar, then lis great declaration
through Chief Justice .Marshall 'that Con
giess may not under the pretext of execut
ing its powers pass laws for tho accom
plishment of objects not entrusted to tho
(Iovernment' will become for many practi
cal and vital purposes a dead letter "
From the Portland Oregonlan.
No honest newspaper will deceive, its
patrons as to the character or inspiration
for any Item or article or advertisement, no
other newspaper can hope to succeed In
the long run If It prints tainted news or
opinions. Hut no newspaper whatever
can maintain Its Independence or Kelf-ro-spect
If It shall permit to be tinnsfcr.rcd
to (iovernment censorship control of Its
columns and dictation as to the character
of their contents, If a newspaper must
bear every day on Its pages the stamp of
tho Government's approval or suffer the
stigma of Its disapproval, nil constitutional
guarantees as to free speech mean nothing,
and wo shall have in this country a llus
slanired press that dares speak the truth
only when some upstart bureaucrat In
Washington gbes his consent or has his
SEXATOIl WOHKS OXSAXITATIOX
Ills Comments In Congress on Doctors
nd Teavlirrs of llKlene.
To tiik K.ditor or Tin: Sex .Sir: Quot
ing from an editorial In Tint Si'N of No
vember IS, entitled "A Specimen of Foully
Health Supervision," we note that you
made reference to "n certain newspaper
which, under the direction of s Christian
Science editor, preaches the non-existence
of disease as an entity, and exploits the
doctrines of Senator Works, who in the
I'nited States Senate was permit ted to
revile all physicians nnd to commend
hygienlsts and teachers of sanitation lo the
District Attorney for criminal prosecution,"
following this with a statement thnt "such
obstructionists should be ostracized as
enemies of the State "
Provided the Senator In question and
Christian Science) In general took the posi
tion indicated by you, we should in all
conscience siy Amen to your conclusion
but it would lie difficult for a sentence of
equal length to lie formed which did less
justice to those concerned, and for that
reason we feel sure you will be glad to pub
lish this correction.
hrlstlan Scientists have no apology to
offer for their confidence in the efficacy of
prnver In the treatment of dlsense. Their
religion also tesches them a wholesome
regard not only for cleanliness and sanltn
: t'oit. mental, phslcal and moral, but for
those Who are engaged In the splendid work
or promoting these conditions, and their
lives generally bear witness to the fact.
Committee on Publication.
Ntw York, December i.
The concluding portion of this letter
stating the attittido of Senator Works on
tho "practice of medicine" is omitted
because irrelevant, tho subject of tho
editorial criticised as unjust being "Fuulty
Health Supervision." Our intelligent
readers will not be content to accept tho
ipse dixit of Mr Pickard as a "correction"
of our allege misstatement, but will
demand line, page nnd chapter to prove
thnt "their religion teuches a wholesome
regard for sanitation, Ac." The follow
ing excerpt from one of Senator Works's
Btieeches was part of tho basis of tho "eon-
clutfTon" which moves our correspondent
to impugn our sense of justice:
This (,'ovrrnment Is now sending broadcast
the details nt Klrkness, dlseaae and suffering.
II Is by this means plantlnr the seeds of disease
and killing more Innocent and unsuspecting
people than drugs ever saved. Doctors are
travelling all over the country describing the so
called disease rerm and their effects on the body
and picturing by word of mouth and by charts,
UluMratcd lectures and moving pictures the
ravages of disease. These lectures are given In
schools and Innocent children are made their
victims, Instead ot being encouraged they
should be made a crime. This persistent sug
gestion of disease and Its alleged causes Is creating
more disease and sacrificing more lives than all
the germs that have been discovered.
Having promised that "provided the
Senator in question took tho position
indicated by you wo should in all con-
scienoe say Amen to your conclusion, "
it is now in order for our correspondent
to "say Amen."
In Defence of America.
To Till Editor or The Stij Sir; In regard
to my question "Does America need defence?"
Fax" In Prlday a Si'N asked me It I have trav
elled In Europe lately.
I may state with modesty that I have, and that
I brought back a better opinion or America
than I hnd taken with me. I am convinced
that this country Is second to none; nay, that es
sentially It Is the greatest In the world, the great
est In all that makes for broad tolerance and lib
erty and Ihe brotherhood of man. I heard some
of the remarks referred to by "Pa" during my
travels, but they merely made me laugh, As I
told an Englishman, what his compatriots and
Europeans generally don't know about this coun
try would till a library. The fact Is we are cor
dially envied and perhaps not a little hated and
feared because of our enormous wealth and
power, These are patent to all, or all have heard
of them, though the details of our elvllltatlon
remain In general a sealed book. I admit there
are things to be corrected In this country, but t
describe them as some of our European critics
have Is the very acme of absurd exaggeration
and points inrauimy to malice prepense.
"Fax" Is doubtless aware ef what happens In
private families when some member forges ahead
or Is abnormally succosstul. Well, as It Is In pri
vate families, so It Is among the family of nations,
Vol la tout! CaisriN.
Nbw YOHg, December .
Peaks or Flame,
To tub ED!go or TTfg Sun Sir: I am as
tonished to hear Tug nvn call balr of a brlcklsh
hue red. These fitly girls who helped the good
ship wasnington imng une clown the ways and
get her first kiss from Father Neptune I am sure
all had Titian balr. James I), Dhwijj., Jr,
New iUvas, Conn,, December 0,
r.ternal Vigilance the Prlre ot tUrammar.
To TltK KDlTon or Thb Sra-Slr.' The Decem
ber Centum says: 'The great strata of coal
Is toon to be worked,"
Tho December Hcritmtr't says; 'Tidier men
dldthetesortotthlngs." a, It. 11,
Kit You, December f,
Tilt: IXWAttlfXHSS OF F1XANCE.
Chapter Third: The llreak In Cocoanut
In order to havo tho qualifications to
tacVlo big things I mUBt mako you, tho
peoples humanity, understand why I
am more serious in this work than 1 was
In "Fuzzy Wuzzy Finance.' Many of
my readers gasp when I say and reveal
certain things about myself, knowing
full well that it is certain to cost mo
millions, Stock Cianiblcdom may pooh
pooh until the cows come home, but they
know it's the truth. Statesmen, mis
sionaries, bankers, carls, gunmen, pool
players, all the big and little wigs in their
respective worlds, came to mo after tiny
had read "Fuzzy Wuzzy Finance" and
"Why do you do this? You will suffer
in pocket by thoso revelations more than
any one. Why do you do It?"
"liecause the plain people believe every
word I say," 1 snarled.
Hint's mv way. All Financinldom
knows that I am In a position where I havo
nothing to do but write verses to my
bull pups in ho far as needing money is
concerned. I am not a buck writer, 1
nm a literary personality moro in demand
in tho word markets than Hooscvelt
himself. Every blatherskite in the Sys
tem's rubble tries to blackjack the truth
of what 1 write, but you do not have to
take my word for it. Nor would I advise
you to take any one elso's word for it.
And right in the middle of my triumphs
this reminds mo of how 1 "cleaned up"
on tho System to the tuno of four millions
one July afternoon. I did it merely bo-
cause they hnd said I was n sorehead.
"Oh, you poor loser," they cried; "wo beat
you at your own game " And then I
drew back my gloved fist and hit them
between tho slats for J 1,000.000 in counter
feit money. It happened this wuy:
I was having a M50 lobsterdinner at the
Parker House. Old Heaflwalter Pinochle
up to his marriage twelve years ago never
forgot to ask tne to repeat this story when
from 1 in tho morning until 7 In tho eve
ning I knocked down tho System every
time sho showed her asafrotida scented
The Steel directors would much prefer
if I left this i-tory untold, but it will help
out this instalment, so here goes.
Pinochle asked tne if tho lobsters were
fresh enough for me. And just nt that
moment the ticker began to hiss. I had
tho executive charge of every "melon
cutting" in thoso days and when 1 heard
the ticker cease its coo and start to hiss
1 knew n "deal was on. Something
seemed to tell me, how 1 do not know,
that tho "Steel crowd" were buying
Cocoanut common. I forgot the lob
sters, 1 forgot Pinochle, in that wild,
frenzied, thirty cent casserole of fuzzy
wuzzy llnnnce. 1 took one look nt the
Lticker. Tick, tick, tick, it went like a
Waterbury watch. Pinochle looked t-ad.
"Can't you save my margin?" he pleaded.
'I've got nineteen children."
Think of that, you defenders of high
cost living. Vou who uphold a Stock
Exchange for taking the broad out of
nineteen little mouths. In all this hurly
burly of daylight robbery there is no
crime worse than tills. I determined to
put Pinochle "square with tho game if
it broke the Herlin Boorw. Within six
minutes I whs in my luxurious private
offices, seated in my mahogany daven
port, for 1 knew I was in fora night of
the sort of speculation that pipe smokers
tell about. Pretty .soon tho tape began
fcifonnut common n,ino-.'i9, lO.Ofli)-:!, M.ono-t.30.
Tlio figures come dripping out, cipher.
cipher, cipher; but never mind, they are
I helping out this instalment. I should
iiko to siring out a coupio or paragrapns
more of them, but I am afraid tho plain
people wouldn't stand for it. So I put
nothing between, no other transactions,
all cocounuts, milked dry for tho "Steel
crowd." A rather violent break that,
from 50 to 30 cents. Every broker on this
planet wanted to know at onco whnt had
happened, but I hnd them "scooped."
Pinochle1, dear old Pinochle had thought
lessly given mo the news two hours in
advance. Ho whispered in my ear so that
not even my guests overheard him, these
eyo blinking, heart stopping, soul shud
"I3ryan uto a tainted lobster for break
fast." Tlio panic of '00 was on, full swing,
with mo four millions in the lead.
THE XElf PAI'Ell MOXEV.
Nlraple Designs Dintcult to imitate What
To tiik Editor op Tin: Bcn .Sir: I see
hat designs for the now currency have
en submitted by Mr. Kenyon I'ox, I
gather that they are to be In the iinture of a
complicated design tllfllcult to counterfeit.
It Is true that a complicated and delicate
design executed by the most perfect me
chanical instruments is prncticully uncouti-
terfeilable, under the acid tests for color
and silk fibre and under the microscope.
Hut the real problem is not to discover
counterfeit lio and lino bills after scores of
them huve been passed. The problem, and
It is one which modern science ought to be
nble to solve. Is to invent u paper money
counterfeits of which can be detected by
the man In the street.
Dank of Kngliind notes come nearer to
the obviously uncounterfeitnble. Our notes
are so complicated, so intricate, that they
deceive everybody but the expert with his
microscope and his acids,
Whut wo want is n much simpler paperv
currency. Willi n mucn greater riistlnetlnn
and a more obvious authenticity of paper
and print. And now that wo are lo have
a new paper currency it Beems like a proper
chance to get It. j
.New ionic, December 9,
To TnK Editoh Of TUB Ml'K .Sir? I fear vou
do not read the real lesson of the iti-ath of Mi,-t
Smith, tii-cause you are limited to the very hrlef
details of ihe Dublin despatch to Tim Sun of
Thursday. I am sure It was the confinement In
the limmi-hsuKhllu pourhouse that killed Ulckcy
at the ago of lit.
The regimen bf the Irish poorhouse Is hard on
one who has been accustomed lo the free and
Irresponsible life of a cattle drover. After more
than a century of a carefree Irish existence It
bothers a man to live under the rules nxed by
others. Had Mickey gone Into the poorhousc at
the age of HO or m he might have been able to con
form to his new life, but whin one passes the cen
tury mark change Is Irksome, Undoubtedly, loo,
Mickey had been forced on the water wagon and
made to give up or modify his smoking habits,
(inch restrictions must prove fatal to one so old.
Ireland has norm ot centenarians who arc
drinking and smoking to their hearts' content,
and will drink and nmoLe for years to come; bin
put them In the poorhousc, make them keep reg
ular hours, limit their supply ot stimulants, and,
alas, ihc-y go, Ilko Mickey, to tho happy hunting
ground where drink Is not needed and smoking,
let us hope, as Impossible as If pr, Tease were
warden. j. j, c.
Naw Vobk, December 8.
I'.itentlon of the Spug Organization
Tho Venus of Mllo explained.
"I wore 'em off carrying ChrUtmai bundlCF,'
llcrew lih she resolved to be a Spug,
I.Ives of great men now remind us,
When wo with an oftlea fat,
We have always since the cradlt)
lieto a lifelong Democrat.
PotI Aullioritlfs of t he Lnrftpr
Chios Organized for (Sreihor
MA VUH I'OKKS A LITTLi: ITX
Commissioner Tomkliis's "In
side View" of Ihe New York
A permanent organization of the Na
tional Association of Port Authorities
was the outcome of tho first clay's con
lerence of executive and administrative
harbor heads of more than a dozen Im
portant oris or the country, which began
yesterday at. the Chamber of Commerce,
65 Liberty street.
Tlio nssocintion will continue) Its dp
liberations at 10 o'clock this morning
and this afternoon the delegates will be
taken by Dock Commissioner Culvln
Toinkins for a tour of Inspection of tlt
harbor The boat will leave Pier A nt
2 o'clock To-morrow, thu port experts
will go to Postern to look over the docks
in tho Hub and on Thursday they will
makn a trip to Philadelphia, lhiltimore
wants them on Friday and Norfolk, Va.,
on Saturday, but whether these additional
jaunts can be taken hus not been decided.
The feature of the day's exchange of
ideas were speeches by Mayor Oaynor,
who welcomed the visitors, and an address
by Commissioner Toinkins in which h
suggested doing awny with the present
Dock Department nnd establishing a
commission with overlapping terms.
Mayor Ouynor. in opening tho confer
1 risked Mr Toinkins what on earth good
a conference would do. as I understood vou
are all rivals Vou don't want to work
together Vou want lo work against each
other, don't you? So I really elo not see
what you are drlvltu: nt, but I suppose' you
have .something in your heads I do not
know about The notion is very largo
that we are very much behind the rest of
the country in the niiilter of porl facilities.
I have been through the docks or Liverpool
three times and made a elo-e examination
of them And when I hear people say how
much finer things nre over then- than hem
I have lo shrug my left shoulder, lo say the
least, soinetiifles bolh shoulders. Tim
clocks of Liverpool are onlv makeshifts.
Here we can coin in nnd go out on any
tide. We don't have to wall for tides at,
all as i hey do in Liverpool. 'I hen the
Uindiin docks- they aNo have lateral
basins, and the most miserable conditions,
and way down below the city, so that If
you get through you have a long trip lo
get up to the city. And Ihe transporta
tion of freight -I need not mention tha:
to practical men like you. Now. through
out this c ountry we don't as a rule have to
contend with such adverse conditions as
those with our clocks.
Vou people from Norfolk, for Instance
What n grand harbor you have there fo.
the commerce of the world. I suppose
you think you nre rivals of New York. I
am glad you Ihlnk so, because it makes you
work all the harder and feel better.
Heferring to New York's recently
adopted policy for port improvements
tho Mayor said: "If wo can get tho pier
head lino straightened wo can have dockn
nearly long enough for ull purposes. If
wo cannot gpt that done, why, we have
already located a site up as far hs horty
fourth street where wo can poko the head
of tho docks Inshore far enough to make t
t.200 or even a l.luo foot dock, according
to my eyesight and measurement, when
I was there last week.
After taking the chair in the afternoon
as the president of tho permanent orgHn-
1 I 1 . i Tnntlrinu Hid-
1JUVIV vlllllllrviui,i i .....m. ir.
cussed at length the necessity of port or
ganization in tlio united citato, saying
that improvements ut each port should
bo supplemented by the most efficient
organization of all ports, sinco tho inter
dependence of ports and terminals is be
coming more evident as the crudity of
the old methoas oi truiu-tioriniioii gives
place to a more highly organized system.
In support of ids. plan for uiargiuul rail
roads ho said:
The dock system of the more linpoitaitt
sections of the port and ultimately of the
port ns a whole should be tied together by
marginal roads and the circulation of tranic
over such roads behlild the clocks should
be ns public and unobstructed ns is the
circulation of traftlo in front of them
This Is the esenro of port organization in
New Vork and elsewhere.
Tho Commissioner gave whnt he called
"mi inside view" of Now York's Dock
Department after declaring that his effort
to establish a comprehensive plan and
policy of xrt development hero, although
commended by commercial bodies, had
not yet been approved by thp city author
ities, nor had it been seriously considered
by them until recently. He said:
Municipal procedure in developing port,
facilities nt New lork is n demonstrated
failure and n national misfortune, since
more t luin one-half of Ihe entire foreign
commerce of tho country, Including that
of tho Atlantic, Pacific and gulf coasts,
passes through this port. The Dock De
partment, which until recently possessed
n large measure of autonomy, has been re
duced to the position of being merely one
of many other municipal departments
charged with the conduct of local city
1 think the time is opportune Tor at least
suggesting the substitution of a small dock
commission, the members of which shall
have overlapping terms of office, to take
the place of n single commissioner. Kxeo
utlve eftlclency is best secured through one
commissioner, but continuity of plan arid
administrative policy can probably be
better obtained through the appointment
of n city commission, the clock fund to be
administered by the city but to be separated
from other city lluances.
The city practically now lias four dock
departments Mr. 'lomkins explained
in tho Comptroller with Ids s'-jfl
glneers und accountants, tho lloroiifr.
President of Manhattan with his subsid
iary dock deiMrtment under his engi
neers, the President of the Hoard of Alder
men with his subsidiary dciuirtmcnt and
the regulur Dock Department, created
under the City Charter. He suid co
ordination of plans and policies have not
existed except between the Comptroller'
department and tho city Dock Depart
ment. Officers were elected as follows: "Presi
dent, Calvin Tomklns, Commissioner of
Docks. Now York: Vlco-nresident. Col
(1. W. (loctluils, Isthmian Canal Comniis-
sion; J. J. llwyer, San Francisco, president
of the CnUfornla State Harbor Emm),
(Jeorge W. Norris, Director of "tVtinrves,
Docks and Terries. Philadelphia; II. I'il
lans, Mobile. Ala.; Henry W, l.ee, Chicago;
secretary, Alexander H, Smith, piesldent
of the Mechanics and Manufacturers
Hoard of Trade, Now York: treasurer,
Harry 0. (luhn, Cleveland; directors (to
gether with tho ofneors), Col, William M.
black. U. S. A.; Oen. Hugh Bancroft, Bos.
ton: C. M. Gordon, l.os Angeles; Mayor
W. It. Mayo, Norfolk; William Kerneghan,
Now Orleans; Osoar Y. Luokey, Baltimore.
Active memliers will consist of offloial
municipal port heads and representatives
of tho Federal departments of Treasury.
War and Commerce, Interstate Commerce
Commission and Isthmian Canal Commis
sion and one representative each data
local commercial bodies,