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title: 'The sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, January 11, 1913, Page 6, Image 6',
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THE SUN, SATURDAY, JANUARY 11, 1913.
SATURDAY, JA.M'AlU 11,1013. j
l'ntered lit the l'n-t iimre .it New York s Sfrond
( ns Mini Mutter.
Mut rlptlnn.by Milt, Postpaid,
DAILY, Per Month ... fill
TiAt!.Y, Per rnr. . . O no
Sl'ND.U. I'rr Year a Ml
DAILY AM) SUNDAY, I'rr Yc.tr Ml
DAILY AND 3!'NIA. IVr Month 7
. Postage to foreign countries added. ,
All checks, money orders, Ac. to be msile pay
able to Trust.
Published dslli. liii'liiillnc Mintlay, by the Sun
Printing Mid Puhll-hlnit v-iu 1.111011 at I Jn Nv.iti
street, In the Hi iron urli nf Manhattan, New Sort..
President and Treasurer. William i ItHik, ltu
Natfau street; Vlci lrfitli in. :d,iril I. Vila lu ll.
110 Nassau street, Sccii-tari v lir.tcr S l.onl IT'i
I london nfrice. KP.nrham Ho I '.nindcl
I'MlS cfllcc.i, Hue ill- l.l lit hod.f re. of! line ill!
Washington I'ftirr. Ilitili M .iidlng
I liimikljii cfll 'i till I l in--i-n i-trrri
tf Mir friend t;m furor u, tith mnnti't-'tpi ti'i-t
Hlurtratinris fvr imbuciuicm i.'m , In Inirf rr rctrit
an rttn reiurnr,' Ciey must , ii;l i rt-r., rn,l ittiinva
frr ihtil t'tdrpoft
liood Advice From Mr. Itrnn.
It is a pleasure to aurce with Mr.
Til'.TAN t Ii.it Cabinet ofliieif hhoulil Is
K'leeted for the hervtr- they ean lender
to the country and lint with the idea of
rewardnm ihetn for anything they have
done in tlii- jvist or of paying political'
dolus A man at the head of a great
business chooses his assistants and
foremen with much care for their en-1
parity, experience and character. The t
Government ol the I nilcd States is a,
great business. the gteatest in the i oun-'
try. Therefore the President should 1
takeonlyahli and patnoiic men into In
Cnbinet. The (ie(l of selection is very
large. If Mr. liiiYAN'sadviixMsfollowed
tho political hotlseliold of President
W'lLso.v will a remarkably talented
ml useful body ot public servants.
1 1-or Seeietary of Male, for example,
Mr. Wilsos- ought to lie able to find
a Democrat who is lanuhar with the
foreign lelatiotis of the country and
well grounded in international law, a
man of .judgment and toreight, who
has not disru.ihiied hitu-elf bv crude or
demagogic utterances about the policy
of friendly nations.
Following out that ceneral idea, and
choosing men of practical efliciettcy
blessed with a geniu- for work. President
Wnio.V would have something like a
model Cabinet, with the professional
politicians, time servers and hare
brained reformers left nut. He lias re
peatedly said that he would take otlice
unpledged and iiniranimelled. What an
opportunity to serve the , ountry!
A Welcome Keentraiice,
When all is said and done, it scents
to hp when Colonel I'onsi'A Kl.T inter
mits for a moment, it is a plea-ure to
meet and greet him acain. to find him
heartier than health, in better von e
than STF.vroit and cocksiirer than
three million Macatilays and all the
nibfreshmen in the world. Thanks to
him for his reappearance, and especially
to Mr. MfXSKV for bringing it about.
Hero are our old favorites; here are
the Dred Scott deci-ion and "the princi
ples of Ann.uiAM Lincoln, and the
Colonel in his si.mdard impersonation
of Abraham Lincoln. Here, too, nre
tho amenities of poetic speech, "theft
and "fraud and 'swindling and so on,
a dictionary of political compliments. 1
Tho Lincoln of Mill never forgets the
advice of the Liin olu of 1M2: "Now, boy, 1
on your march, don't you go and forget ;
the old maxim that 'one drop of honey .
catches more (lies than a half gallon of
The Philosophy of Mr, llamtnrrteln, 1
n t'i'lehed nothing which he did
not adorn," says the epitaph penned by
Johnson on f ol,ismi ru's tomb in West-;
minster AbU'y. and those very words
might be aptly applied to-day to our old
friend Osc.ut Hammkhstkln. '
With the venlict given in the suit i
1 1... .. .... 1
a law court is illumined py the passing
touch of this theatrical angel, and jts
sordid records are vivified by revealing
flashes of Mr. HAMMF.nsTEiN'H philoso
phy of life.
To understand Mr. Hammerhtkin on
must remember that ho is not one man,
but many. To think of him simply as
an impresario is to misinterpret his
character fundamentally. That is but
a Ioosb nnd Inadequate description of
only one side of his multifarious ac
tivity. An impresario is commonly ono
who directs his enterprise for tho sake
of gain. No description of Jr. Ham
MERBTEIN's calling could bo moro dis
torting. That calling is defined In his
own words as "To use my God given
gift to afford other people pleasure,
and not for tho 6akoof gaining money.
Lest, however, it should be thought that
such an attitude exhibits a cliaracter
"All too bright and good
Tor human nature's daily food,"
a too lofty Idealism that Is apt to dis
regard the moro practical concerns of
life, we must bear in mind that Mr.
HAJTMERSTErN'H dearest possession is
hto "reputation as an honest man who
'.pays his debts."
Hero apparently wo have that rare
combination of the visionary and the
practical man of affairs; and tho Im
pression gained, if wo stopped here In
our analysis, would bo that Mr. 11am
VF.IiHTEI.N in his pliilosopby follows tho
WeaJlstH. Hut in the next breath wo nro
made to realize that not HcitopENiiAUEn
himself has probed more remorselessly
thndepthsof human iiuturo.orcoino, liko
Oui BHEUB, to a more complete kriowlcdgo
of 'the evil hearts of men." "I wua
orougui oy ir. nun r.Mii i. we nave uounier J lie answer is simple: science
no concern, the important point for the , should have some agency for thn classi
world Is that the case has served to ficatinn, codification and' clarification of
bring Mr. Hammkrstkin onco again us records, n headquarters to which all
Into tho fierce light of publicity which .investigators should reort and from
his fhruikirig, sensitive soul abhors, j which all mquireis could learn that
and that as on pievious occasions tho which they seek to know. Can such an
world is left tho brighter for his appear-1 institution Iw? Profc-sor Ostwald be
ance. Evt u tho murky atmosphere of : Hoves it can, and he says:
iiovi.rRmlnftiltonnvonolnmyllfp.'nB.'tHtw n span in thn completed (Inrtim
, ,.. i,it f (tin Itriil,m ltnf
M.rl.s()S(-Mt.(l,..vvorl1lNv...iryyn p. Mo of tlm Hridw. lint.
mil i tiH'iiihfr iiiiv nm vvhocverdid any
tllillR Itlf till' UllllOtlt it si-Uisli olijoct,"
Alter this it ih utmost relief that
we find itiiliH niipcriiiiiiVKliml tlm very
li'itn.lli inclination Hi bcluivn at tittles
like an ostrich in avoiding tiiiplcusatit-ih'.-.j.
.lust as Mr. Mantalini, and
others lii'I'oic and after liim, have dealt,
with their lull-, so did Mr. Hammlh
sir.i.v deal with llie vaiioiis lenistctctl
liilleis clous cent to him 1y Mr. Sinrrs
1U liY. lie put Ihem as they fame,
unopened, into the vvnsto basket, for
'the Rood and sillUcient teitson lliat lie
"did not want to see anything disagree
able." That supplies tho otio touch
of nature by which we recognize the
Uiifhip of Mr. Ham.MI'.LSI kin' with the
test of frail humanity.
The True llal of Financial Credit.
j The Pujo sub-committee is indebted
1 to Mr, Sam i r.i. r.vrnnMVKB for exhibit
ing to it, in the person of Mr. (iKoiint:
I". llAKKi!, that type of liiiancial ability
and integrity which it is highly desir
able that the legislative mind should
study and comprehend.
Theie havo been several generations
I of such bankers in this town. They
1 have done perhaps niore. than any other
I factor to make the metropolis what it
is to-day. The honorable traditions of
the past have been kept alive by a suc
cession of Xew York bankers up to the
present time, firmly establishing Ameri
can credit in the eyes of the world, and
immeasurably promoting tho national
prosperity, which depends on credit as
credit in its turn tests upon individual
I It is a good thing that this aspect of
, what is sometimes styled the financial
i question should have been brought so
' impressively to the attention of tho in
vestigators as it has been by the testi
mony of Mr. Moiioan and Mr. Hakkk.
Tim beckers after financial truth have
ascertained a fundamental truth which
n is useful tor them to know.
We wonder if the ingenious Mr. I'n
I'KIIM YKU will be able to suggest a silb
stituie u better working principlo in
llie operations of American finance.
'I he Itrldce of Knowledge.
Two generations ago, writes the dis
tinguished Wji.iir.i.M Ostw.vi.i). formerly
ditector of the Physio-chcrnical Insti
tute of the I'niversity of IMpsie, in the
ficirntitie American, "one head, such as
HfiizkliI's's, was capable of com
pletely lOiniiiatKimg the entire field of
chemistry, so that he was in a position
for many years to write Ids fictions
annual teport (,Iahrcsliericliti on tl.e
advances of chemistry and to give an
authoritative statement of the value of
the researches covered: stp h an under
taking. (Oinprising the whole piovince
of chemistry, is at the present day
quite unthinkable lor a single individ
ual." So great has been t he increa-e of
research indeed that to-day:
"I'.ven tl e subillv Mnns, as organic ehrmlf -try
or physiological iheml.-trv. have crown
so vnl that there Is probably no man
livlne at ll'f present day who tun command
such a division In tli same way as vearsaco
HmM.ics covered the entire field "
What Is true of chemistry is true of
every branch of science. No man
knows all- that bus been and is being
done. The most devoted reader, un
disturbed by any other occupation,
roulil not master the constant lv nitc-
menting volume of seientifio p'ublica-1
tions in which nre recorded and pre
served the achievements, the theories
anl the speculation!1 of those who labor
to reduce matter to the service of man.
In every civihed country devoted nnd
eager students are contributing to the
treasure in tho storehouse of wisdom,
and each day sees the accumulation,
through its very bulk, become less ac
cessihlo totho-e for whose benefit it has
been piled lip. Ill Professor O.STWWI.D'fi
phrase, "at present the scientific pro
duction exceeds thn human capacity
for nssjmjiating it."
Ate there then too many vrorkers
in science, too many discoveries, too
great tin abundance of facts? The
question is ridiculous; it bears jts neg
ative in its every word. What is the
. , n ...t . . .
"Now It so happens that at the present
time, in an entlrelv different field, namely
that of finance, a process s Knnii on which
may ho retarded as a model for the orirard
zatlon of sclehte and Intellectual work.
I he recognition of the fact that competitive
tnicel" is th most cnerity destroying and
Impracticable of all methods by which op-
poslnir wills can bo brought Into equilibrium
Is gaining a stronger and otronger foothold,
In place of bitter competitive strifo ntnotiu
related Industries and commercial under
takings, we see Koine on everywhere the
Inverse ptoceas of the combination of anal
ogous enterprlKeii for Joint collaboration
and for the rational distribution of the sev
eral functions to such part as are, through
the general form of cltcumstanrea, best
adapted to perform the same, or. In other
words, as are In a condition to carry them
out with the highest efficiency In energy
Already this suggestion for tho im
proving of conditions of intellectual en
deavor has been acted on, nnd an inter
national institution, under tho title Tho
Uridgo (I)io Urncko) , was founded last
year in Munich which Hecks to intro
duce uniformity und effect a saving of
energy in those things which can bu
rendered uniform without prnjudicn
to tho main task of science, Tho rec
ords of science, entrusted to tho art
preservative, receive first uttention.
Trivial though it may seem at first
glance, Professor Ostwau) points out
that at tho bnso of all rational organiza
tion of Hclentiiio labor lies tho necessity
of uniformity of "get up" in books, "the
fundamental tools of all intellectual
work." Standard sizes for books, pe
riodicals, nnd manuscripts of scionco;
their universal adoption would const!-'
I'lin work of Pin Itrtlrke Is not to h
rMtrlclril to tills I'drl unci nrcl of this
purely lerlmlciil oreiiiilntlon, which com-
prife In nil.llllnn to tho work mentlimeil
u number of similar tnsU, surh nn the
tueparatlon of copies, tlm rnltHntloti of
Iliterimtlotinl Innuu.uo, Ac. I" !' tlin
orKanlntion of Hie Inlrllei tunl wort, nlienil)
mi oiiipIIbIkmI unit of that still in proKtvs',
I in reartN Its nrr.iiiei'titiMit iiti'iulltiK to
t Mili.lert, ntithiir nnil lii-titiitlnti
"Pin llrmlio Is pl.imii'd ns n central
tntlon, wlierw uny iini'slluti which may lm
I raised with to. pert In nny field of Inti'lkc-
i ttiul work whatever laid either dhet
answer or elso Itidliect, In tho sense that
i the liHinlrer Is nilv l-cd as to the pl.tro whete
'. he i all obtain Minicletit Inliilliiiitlon.
",lnst like n telephone central. Din llrtirke
Is Intended to til.no eveiy Inv ctlu.itir In
CDttiuiimli'iitlim with even ono of his fel
low workers nnil to unite his field of work
with every other Held "
Professor Ostvvai.ii expects that the
first international effect of this insiitu
tion will be the establishment in Amer
ica or a similar and cooperating agency,
lor here scientific management in all
fields has found sympathetic welcome.
Surely such a belief is but. natural.
Tho duplication of effort, the unneces
sary expenditure of energy by men
who make the world better to live in,
constitute a waste that mankind can ill
afford. Wo hopo this savant may lie
a true prophet and that ho tiinv soon
be present at tho opening of an Ameri
can clearing liouso for knowledge to lie
conducted in generously keen rivalry
with the pioneer and parent establish
ment in (icrmuuy.
Cupid at West Point.
Socially West Point is a small and ex
clusive community living in a state of
discipline that is supposed to preclude
audacities. The marriage of a cadet in
spite ot the prohibitive regulation to a
belle of the t otillon, or whatever dance
is most popular ut the Military Academy,
has therefore, stirred society so pio
foundly that every lady at the post is
talking about it to every other lady, and
the cadets nre wondering how a line
young fellow, a sergeant m the second
class, could sacrifice a promising career
by preferring the girl to tho uniform,
when he only had to wait a year or so
to marry her with the sain lion of the
Matrimony for subaltern oft'n ers is
not looked upon with approbation,
nevertheless, some of them marry stsiti
after they receive a commission, and
there are a good many grizzled officers
in tin servii who boast of an eaily and
happy alliance, in spito of thn creditors
they hail to placate for many years.
When the latenener.il Hr.NHYC. Cor.ltl.N
was Adjiitant-tieneral of the army he
m.uio himself unpopular among the
younger bciiedn ;s of the service by
deprecating the matnage of subalterns
unless there were resources besides
the ollicer's slender pay. Ceneral Con
PIN proposed that before geti ing inarriisl
tho youngster should have tin; consent
of tho War Department. Ho declared
that the pay of a lieutenant was barely
sufficient for on", and he wan inclined
to think that when the young man set
up n household bis usefulness to the
service was impaired. Thn intrepid
AdJiitaiit-'iencrai iouiki ininse t m n
hornet's nest, but the tlisciphnarians 1
... i , I
and tile hard headed old tellows goner-
ally agreed with him. As for the ladies,
th-v ,,K'ir nmion of Cietieral Con-
iiin at every post in tho country
Cisco Hay to the Presidio.
Hut at West Poj(it the door must be
shown to Cupid when ho takes himself
too seriously, A married cadet is im
possible. Not only is tho Academy a
school to train boys to become soldiers
nnd command men, but the system of
discipline allows them only occasional
absences lrom the reservation and
denies tliein pleasures common enough I
at a preparatory school or college. The
cadet is dedicated to routine, his com
ings nnd goings are tegulated, and he
is allowed to see very little of tho fair
sex. Obviously marriagn must elimi
nate him from tho rolls. It Is of course
no reproach to him; it assumes t lint he
The Strange Case of Mr. McAilno.
A more than surprising, a marvellous,
a minfic, perhaps it is not stretching
language to say n miraculous, circum
stance is recorded in a Ttenton despatch
to The sun:
"He (Jovernor Wilson) referred spe
cifically to Uiu.hm (,. Mr.Atioo. vice-chairman
of tho Democratic National Committee,
who has not come In person tn meet the
Oovernor. Thn President -elect eald this
merely meant that Mr. McAnno was en
gaged In minding his own business -
Minding his own businepsl Then
the ait is not lost, however sporadically
it is practised. Mr. McAnoo was a
great part of the Democratic campaign
of 10VJ. He has leen "mentioned" for
more than one Illustrious Federal post.
Yet while a million statesmen nro heap
ing advice upon Governor Wilson or
pestering him for jobs, and overlaying
ami trampling on each other in the rush
to Trenton, Mr. McAnoo is engaged in
minding his own business, cj which he
has u good deal to mind. A wonderful
example, worthy to lo commemorated
by puiilio statues.
Hut will anyljody imitate it? As n
matter of fact, isn't it suspicious, reac
tionary, Mutator, at Ix'St utiiiplifting?
After all, who is Mr. McAnoo that ho
cabtH a slur upon tho Government by
minding his own business? What is tho
Commissioner firovnn's plans for tint
extension and improvement of thn bridle
pu,th system in Central Park ought to
incluilo-nnd wo doubt not will Include
an entrance on the fifth avenue, side
above Fifty-ninth nnd bolow Flghty
tlfth street, for the benefit of horsemen
and horsewomen approaching the park
from tliat part of tho town. Tho need
A despatch to the L'uurricr dru IClnln-Unin
from Pari, reports a new scandal which
liie approaching Presidential election in
France ha provoked, 11. 1'ahb, Mini.
' r.f AKrlcultur.i and a randlftnto for
Pri'Mcnt, Ims, It Is charged, purchased
K )f jmi Jiim ()f M 1!irKAHXt
the French Minister of War, who was
i killed by an iiPiopl.inn two years n(?n,
against elKhty members of thn Chamber
of PcpllticA. IlKlllKAUX, as was well
known, lent money freely to his legisla
tive colleagues, few of whom ever rexil(l
Hie loans. As the selection ot tnn rreiiuii 1
President it nmdo by tho Senators and I
Deputies, tlm possession of the votes, of
eighty deputies nilRht givo a candidate at
least a tempoiury lien upon a considerable.
(Kirtloti of thn electorate.. Naturally the
story Is denied, mill thn denials of tho Hcr
teaux family are added to thosa of the
friends of M. Pams.
No peaie prlr for l12. SI. LtvU fllthf-
It should ham been divided between
Oyster Hay, Nuw Vork, and Lincoln,
Mf n's hats tn two colors nr the latent fad.
- 'uri'i i!'patch.
Homo purists have regarded JosKt'H'fl
taste in coats ns a little loud, but In tho
11 tl x of things everything "comes buck
'I he main cause of high prices Is ordinary
human natuie llarlnrd I'nurant.
Then human naturn is In restraint of
tradennd Mr. Wickkrsiiam can't ect after
it too soon or savagely.
Kuopender on th wn. CMeng JnOr
Whete are the plain people, the "one
"1 would rather drink red Ink than beer,"
s.tvs a Kans.is clrrir.vm.in. -.tfnrnn Tele
yiop'i So they have table d'hote dinners In
rotiptantlnople's horse ear line, covering
thirty miles of streets, Is to be electrified
Vrir. i. Vra.
The contest between Byzantium and
Manhattan for thn Inst horse car is getting
Does Oorernor St'bZKlt intend to estab
lish the rule that any member of thn Dem
ocratlo Stato L'ominitten is ex-oftlcio a
ltnU warn" aviators. arfin
N I! No tiles on ltussla.
There Is no Interest tn tcvotulions In the
1 nited Mutes Urnrral t'irr.iwo I" ss I r.o
I'.xrept in the export trade
.irsTtrt: to mm xhhokeus.
lrntct of l,cKlUniatc Money lenders
VCJlo-t .Mliin of 'I heir aiue.
'I o nu: 1. niton or 'I lit Scs -.Sir. You
will confer a favor on the leslllin.it," pawn
brokers of tlm i It y of New ork il you w ill
remove a misapprehension caused by ver
t.iln artti les that atipHared in tli city news
papers recently in reference to the nrrcst
of one !. ones l'riteh.ird. who kept al"p oris
broker'- sales store" at '.,.'t West l-'orty-
I Hfciiud street, this city
lames l'ritchard Is not a pawnbroker and
'his nu li.eiwe as such limulry at tie!
Iltire.iu of l.liunsos will verity thi.. Kiy
attempt of Mr. I'ritchird to appear as a
pawnbroker was a deception.
"Pawnbroker's s de- stole" Is a mis
nomer Pawnbrokers' s i(..s aro liM in
licensed auctiou.'er's silesrooats Notices
of s ues ,ir, publUheil for lv d ivs In
two duly n"tvti ipers of this citv dele
niteil bv th Miyor No licensed tiawn
tiroker has nny connection with "pawn
broker's sales store." 'I hese stores am
own-'d by second hand dealers, who also
have the hihit of tnln the "throo ball"
sk'nof the lecitim.il pawnbroker and thus
Civuii tho tmhllo the erronous Impression
u"y "rn l'nroi.ers.
I nrihetmore, pawnbrokers do not and
,..,, , ln ,,,.,., nr sell P-,wn tickets
or adverilse in de-ilini In them t heir
business is to lend money on person U
propert v deposited with them as collateral
Injustice I? unwittingly dons to a leeitl
mite pawnbroker by failure tn undeistand
I... u,wl I, ld l,,,dln.,ka ur.. .nM...li.
.,... ... ........ --...... ,j r. ,--
I urate and distinct from tho "pawnbroker's
I sales ' man Licensed pawnbrokers havo
complained of this misuse of the "pawn
' broker's .ales store" and the "three halt'
) fltfU for veirs M .1 SWKKNKT.
Counsel for Pawnbrokers Association of
the City of New Yolk.
Nf.w V.ORH, January tn
Aoriii:irs ox aoitr.n.
I'.vlilenre of lliiiuun Nature tn n nistln
Ti the Kotton or The hi h- .Sir I no.
ttced in the papers last Sundty that Colonel
Roosevelt freed his mind very fully about
the dreadful conduct of the Supreme Court
of Idaho In keeping from the nfilclal ballot
(n that State the names of the electors
pledged to him In the election held last
Now that he Is started on this line perhaps
he miy be induced to comment as Ireely on
the honorable couduct of hl leaders" In
California, Messrs lleney, Johnson and
others, who succeeded by the ptactice of a
llttln political legerdemain In keeping off
fiom the offlcl.il ballot In that Mate the
names of PreMdcnt Taft and all the electors
pledged to him, thereby practically ills-
franchising every Taft Hepuhllran
1 he Ititife says, "Thou hypocrite. ca t out
first the beam out of thlnn own eye, and
then shalt thou sen clearly to pull out the
mote that Is In thy brother's eye "
Watild It not Interest the publlo to hear
what Colonel ftoosevclt can say to escape
tho charge Implied by this quotation?
KRN'EST G AD4UI.
WescisTKS, Mass , January 10.
Salaries of Hural Postmasters.
To the V.turoR or the Bcn ,sr- Mr.
Taft Is pointing out a way tn save millions
of dollars to tho country by revising the
system prevailing in some of the Federal
departments 'I he greatest or one of the
greatest revisions is necessary in the Post
Ofllio Department. Hy the system there
employed rural postmastcis can regulate
their salaries. 'I ho Oovenimeut is paying
millions of dollars that might be saved to
it If other rules and regulations prevailed
Hardly n small village or hamlot through
out the country but now boasts of a second
class post office, though business strictly
legitimate to 'he olllce would place thorn In
the third and fourth class, Under the pre
vailing methods It costs somo thousand
of dollars to rim these offices, whereas a
lew hundrod dollars would suffice, and as
good or better service would bo rendered
hy hundreds of persons competent to fill
them. Under the present system Mr. Post
master, If h is smart, can jump his salary
and regulate the amount lie craves by his
own personal endeavor In disposing of
A stated salary fired by the Government
In these village post offices according to
the population and legitimate business of
thn office would save millions to the (iov
Hit Hiiork, January 10.
The Wliilam of the Prophet.
l.'IIJih wan cautious.
"No, I woa'l whistle." h dfrMnt, "thus
ravens might tnlnl. tliry were being called out uu
a waller strike, "
i:arl) Chance for the rinel.
Tracliei The itiillnriH sold Manhattan Island
lor twriity-Hv dollars.
Johnny Did pollccmu buy lit
TIIK PERFECT VOVERSMENT.
A Nrhemo for Hmllcal Reform tn the
Conduct of Public Affairs.
Tothk l.rnioROPTllKHr.S -Sin I favor
h sjHteni of espioiiiiire rather than one of
Investigation after thn fact We nro ntt
Improvident people. Our Stale officers iiro
permuted to perform thn duties of their
respective offices under no apprehension
of Immediate and nummary exposure
They proceed for n definite while In safely
they are temporarily Immune.
'I hey He down at nlghtloplcnsnntdrenms
Instead of to haunting nightmares. 'I hey
knoiv that ns things now nre they will not
lie Investigated for u year or to. and their
slumber Is sweet and peaceful. What docs
It matter to them that after their terms of
office have expired a committee will lie ap
pointed to report voluminously on a hand
ful of official shards? Is It not a scathing
commentary upon our lax political morals
that wo permit our public servants to sleep
II Is clear that the best service possible
Will he obtained only when every public
officer knows that at the end of each day's
work a conimlttca will review every one
of his official acts and a private defective
report upon his rondiiet. Here is an in
centive to honest and clean living.
The people arn Interested In knowing
not only .lust what graft every Stale officer
receives but also how and where be spends
his time after office hours.
As it Is now a publlo official goes along
for das at a time with nothing but his con
hcieme to bother liim, Ho locks up the
recoids at night nnd depaits with tho com
bination of the safe written In cryptlo signs
on the back page of hla diary. He whistles
or even htitiH n tune lightly as he departs,
ho certain Is hn of his security. Perhaps
in n spirit of wnntonnoss he takes n couple
of stamps from the mailing clerk's desk
anil deliberately sticks them on envelopes
that contain letters of a purely personal
nature In no way connected with the busi
ness of the Ht.ito.
And then he goes forth to thn gay life'
'I his la wrong. The remedy lies In n
projier system of espionage. There should
be appointed for each State officer ns soon
us he Is sworn In a ommltteo of three In
iiulsllors of the same political faith us the
victim 'I his committee should have power
to hlto a secretary, a clerk, a stenographer,
law.ver. and a hall If necessary. It should
hnve full and cuntpleto ai cess to nil records
at any time and should bo reunlred to meet
every day to take evidence, examine wit
nesses and hoar complaints and criticism
concerning tho day's business,
It should hn the duty of thn committee
to make Its teport before midnight of each
working day and immediately file a copy
theteof with the (iovennr nnd tho clerks
of tho Senate and Assembly respectively.
I his would enable tho people to know just
what was being done from day to day. an
Invaluable privilege In theo corrupt times
when more than ever before eternal vigi
lance. Is the price of liberty "
l.esi at any time suspicion attach to the
omnuttee. provision should be made for
the appointment of a commission to Investi
gate the committee, and as a check to the
ommis-ioti a board should bo created to
Ittveitigato the commission, but these of
coure are matters of detail
There should also be established fa State
sernt constabulary for the purpose of
ompiling data concerning the personal
conduct of Slate officers, for It has come
to be alotnalio In these days that a public
servant, In order to render the mot efficient
service, must be a clean liver, a man of
The day of the profligate, the gambler.
the wine bibber, th" rouA and the dope
fiend In public office Is past.
I.ugcnies and an aroused public con
science hive worked wonders
llverv candidate for political preferment
should hereafter be required to present to
the electorate a certificate from the Health
Department showing t lint he is in perfect
physical condition, that his ancestors
uiilo thn fourth generation were untainted
of tuberculosis, lumbago, gout, pip. heresy
or treason, thai none of them was evemued
for illvon e. breach of promise or alienation
ot afict lions, mid that all of them died In
the odor of sanctity.
'the candidate himself should be re
quired to state the source and amount of
his imome uud file an Itemized statement
of all his expenditures for a period of one
year immediately preceding the aifhoiince-
ment of his candidacy. A man's character
is often revealed by Utile items of disburse
ment that haven n.eiuiiig nil theirown.
Kriun an economic standpoint n system
of e-piouage would Ih much superior to the
present system of investigation after the
fact f,et us assume that a committee of
espionage Is appointed lor every State
officer at the commencement of his term,
that an ampin appioprlatlon, say "o,ooo,
has teen made for each committee so that
It may perform Its work faithfully and well:
that one ol these committees within a month
after entering upon the discharge of its
duties discovers that two office boys, each
drawing a salaiy of fta n month, are per
forming sen Ices that can well le performed
by one of them alone, It us further as
sume that upon making such discovery
the committee, after being advised by its
counsel, recommends the dischargei of one
of these two office boys, the discharge to
take effect on the flret day of the following
Is it not clear that under such cirrum-
statues the State of New ork saves ex
actly the sum of MOn for that official year,
whereas If the Investigation had len de
laed until after the superfluous office boy
had actually drawn his salary (and presum
ably sient Itl there would be no way. direct
or indirect, under thn Constitution, the
statutes or the rules of the Civil Service
Commission, whereby such sum could h
recovered to the sovereign people?
Alum, January in, Simon Crkil.
His Fifteen Reasons for Not Carrying
To thi I'Mton or Tbk hcv- .Mr. Here re
nftee n rron whv I do not carry a enne
I no not fel like It. t am neither blind nor tno
old; I do not w rUh "to pounds or over; I nav e not
the hfllu of a drum malor: I might sometimes
be tempted to hurl a cresturc oilier than n dog
t am InMur already rtioujh umbrellas: I live In
the twentieth century Instend of the seventeenth
and besides, In New Vork; I do not like to prov oke
policemen's Jealousy. I Minuld be afraid some one
vtould k me If 1 sleep with my cane; I cunMder
man with a caur sillier than a wnmsn bran
dUhlng "face 4 main"; I am not a "v leui heau,"
a snoh or even a Heau Urumtnel; It teems to me
ot bon ton that a man with a cane khould also
carry a box of snuff, and 1 only smoke: I believe
It would be cruel, particularly tn the winter time,
to oblige my hands to carry a ratio when they are
o much at home In my overcoat pockets: In our
rials M speeii paranoia, if, following the cades
ample of many rueu who carry their cane under
an arm, some one might be hit, a thing that
would make me Inconsolable for my life length
In the keienteenth and eighteenth centuries only
"les seigneurs were allowed to wear cane.
II EMU PXl.AriTOLI
tvr.w York, January 10.
A New Avenue of draft.
To iiir I'niTon or Thi !sUN .sir; If one tits
a levolvrr lu his house he Is guilty of a mlide
meanori If he puts It In his pocket sod carries It
out of the house In order to carry It to New Jer
sey or Mime other foreign .state where ttaero Is
o Sullivan law he Is guilty of felony.
If hr apply for a license he may be questioned
s to bis possession of a weapon,
A new avenue of graft seems to have been
opened. If nothing more has been accomplished,
Dy me suinvan law,
KPWARD C, DSLATSB, 3t
Nrw Tom, January 10.
FcnasyiTuiU Cancelling Machine.
frnm Iht Philadelphia lUtord.
Countv Auditor J. J, Urchin, Joseph Eckerrt
and Ira I). Cooyer, who are aiidltlnc the accounts
of the Cumberland county officials, are once more
emploiliigsf rather crude method In the cancel
ling of the checks. A hlt-kory block, so dried by
age that II has split, and t n old hammers are the
Instruments used In culling through each slip
of paper On th" fsre.uf one liarnmrr Is filed a
Mallet cross, andatlerthls Is placed on the paper
laid on th" block another hammer In the hand nf
a second auditor sends II crashing through the
voucher. In this manner tbe officials are able to
cnci i lean tniee cucv,i t, mlauie.
$100,000,000 FOR R, R. T. SVR1TAY
w York Municipal Hnllvtsir Tor.
oration tn llpcrntr Lines.
Tho financial plan of the,' Rrooktyn
llapUl Transit Company's new subway
operations was submitted yesterday to
thn Public .Service Commission for Its
approval. Tho apiillcatlon caino in tho
nnmo of tho New VurU Municipal Hall
way Coriioiatlon, tho company which
will operate the Urcuklyn Rapid Tran
sit's shnro of tho subway nnd rluvalccl
lines ttnticr the new dual rapid transit ,
system. Tho elevated lines arc xmxr
operated by the New York Consolidated
Rullvvay Company, u subsidiary of tho
B. R. T which remains as tho holdlnK
.., fnf tit,, tvltftln MVMtl.m.
lUI,l'(,llJ' ' ,v ......... .......
In the application It Is stated thnt the
Municipal will havo to supply about ;
.i:r,.0(io.onn in order to fulfil Its obllca- I
Rons under the contract with thn city.
In tho futtiro It will hnvo to furnish
larKO sums In addition for tho supply
of moro equipment uu tho business of
tho lines Increases.
It asks tho approval of an issue ot
bonds not to exceed ?100,000,000. Tho
company proposes to cxecuto and de
liver to tho Central Trust Company, as
trustee, Its llrst mortKiiKo and deed of
trust coverlni; Its lines tinder the ton
tract with tho city, all Its Interest under
tho third truck unci elevated extension
certificates, and ull reul estate now
owned or to bo aciinlrcd, as security
for tho bonds. Thcso bonds nro to bo
dated July 1, ll:!, and to bo subject
to purchnso ut not exceeding 10"Va
nnd uccrucd Interest, or redemption nt
that flRuro for the sinking fund.
In the application It la set-forth thnt
tho company tinder Its contract with
tho city will havo to spend not to ex
ceed $13,500,000 toward tho cost of
building tho new system, together with
whatever tho cost may bu of connecting
tho Kourth nvenue .siilivvny with the
Broadway subway ut Canal street. The
cost of this connection will bo nbottt
Tho equipment which the company
must buy nt tho beginning of operation
will cost ubotit $:C,000,000. Kxtenslon of
elevated lines and supplying third
tracks on certain parts of tho lines
will cost about $14,500,000 more. Recon
struction work us may bo lequlrod In
order to make traffic safe under heav
ier equipment will cost the company
about $10,000,000 more. Theso Items
bring the It. R. T.'s Investment In tho
dual system up to about $i;.i,000,000.
Tho syndicate which will finance the
R. R. T.'s venture Is composed ot the
Central Trust Company, Ktthn, I.oeh
& Co. and CharloH p. Barney & Co,
The petition was signed hy T. S. Will
iams, president of the New York Mttnt-
Ipal Railway Corporation. It will lie
onsldered by tho commission nt an
adjourned meeting next Monday, when
date for a hearing thereon probably
will bo set. f
MOOSE EXECUTIVES MEET.
Will (lather Aaraln To-day Con-
alder Finances of I'nrtjr.
The executive committee of the Pro-
Rremlve Nationul Committee met yester
day nt the Hotel Manhattan. It bad an
all day session mid decided to hold an
other session to-day.
the committee received a report from
the oommlttec on social service ns pre
pared on Thnisday by Miss Jnne Addams,
Miss Frames A. Kellor. Dean Klrchwey.
Dean I.owis, ex-Senator Hoverldg.) and
others In a long conference), with Col.
One of the principal matters which the
committee will have before it Is a series
of reports from the states as to funds.
When the conference at Crdonaro art.
Jouined on December in it was decided
that the delegates should go hack to the
States and llnd out bow the land lav for
raising money. This Information. It I.
understood. Is to come befoio the execu
ELECTORS TO MEET OXMOXOAY.
Actaal Election of Wtlson Will Take
rimre on Febrnarr 1U.
Washington, Jan. in. Thn real vot
ing which will mako Woodrow Wilson
President on March 4 will tnkn place
throughout the country Monday. Tho
electors will meet at the capitals of
foray-eight States, formally to cast
ballots for President and Vice-President.
Tho meetings at tho State canltnls
of the electors tchosen by popular vote)
will bo preliminary to the actual elec
tion of President Wilson nnd Vice
President Marshall on February 12.
Lincoln's birthday anniversary. This
election ceremony will take place In
Washington with tho ofllclal count of
RROXX COT XTV XO T.OOPROLE,
Conrl Holds That New York Cnns-lr-llon
The Appellate Division of the Hunremn
louit derided yesterday that the hkssbito
ot me nci creatine nronr county on April
in last noes not require that persons ion-
vlcted of crime in Tlm Hron since Hint
dateshall be tried in The llroni
The question was raised on the anncAl
from tho conviction of Eugene Manet for
Impairing the morals of a minor.
in arilrmlns tho conviction the rnnri
said It Is not necessary to consider the con
stitutional objections raised as to the valid
ity of The Bronx enmity act because tho
Court of Special Sessions of New York,
In which Manett was tried, had full Juris
diction. If the act Is void tho Jurisdiction
was cot sfrected and if valid the act pro
vides that the courts of New Vork count y
shall have their present Jurisdiction until
,,- , ,,i,,is a,,, eii, i oiisnen.
ARGVE OX ELEVATER STATWX.
Property (Inner Have Two Week
to Decide Where It Shall He.
The property owners of Thirty-eighth and
Thirty-seventh street will have two weeks
to file briefs before the Publlo Service
Commission showing where tho new sta
tion on the Sixth avenuo elevated should
Lord Taylor, who, will have a now store
on Fifth avenue between Thlrtv-elnhil, .nH
Thirty-ninth streets, and many other prop-
T1 ,iiT.uerB ,,.".e,r" "f .'"" 'no stat on
should be at 1 hlrty-elghth street Others
iniriy-aeveuth street Is g
Thelnterbnrough has given Its word that
ota i tun n in iiu Mum -
i. O.P. PAPERS LOSE STATE ARS.
Carmodr Itnlea for rroarrsslvea la
Queen and Richmond.
Alranv, Jan, 10, Democratic and Pro
gressive newspapers must be designated
to publish tho session lawn In Queens and
ftlchmond counties, according to an opinion
of Attorney-General Carmndy
The Democratic, and Republican com
mittees of thn two counties certified the
papcra representing their parties but the
Progressive committees protested that the
Progressive and not tho Ik-publican iwrly
cast the second hlgheM number of voles.
Attorney-tieneral rarmody wus that the
purpose of the statute requiting publica
tion or the suasion laws in papers represent
ing. the two principal parties in a countv.
,. ,.r. iinn n.imii ) i nr niiu eiisi ai inn , , : - - - ; '
preceding general election, la publicity,1''1" between uny two points In citlei n
to lie netermined by the vote cast al Ihn
Jtad not patronag.
iWAS J. P.ORD KING'S
SI wry of Ills Descent I'lont
Oorgo IV. of Kngland
nnd Mrs. Fltzhcfbort.
J.-. 31 1 LY'S SEORKT PAPKR.S
T'itlirr of J. 1 Ord Upheld and
an I'ncln Itidiculcd C'liiiin
(o Roal Lineage.
The ileath on 'Wednesday of .lopcph
P. i.ird nt tho St. Regis, ns told In Tin
Sin yesterday, again revived the story
that Mr. nrcl was the great-grandson
of King George IV. nf England, a story
concerning the royal descent of th
firtl family thut had almost lieru for
gotten until. In 11(05, new Impetus was
given to It with tho unsealing that
year of the pnpers of tho famous Mrs.
Fltzherbert In London In which were
related the details of her morganatic
tnarrlago to George IV. when ho was
Prlnro of Wulcs.
With the unsealing of these papers
almost eight years ago thero wan found
also at Coutts'n Bank, London, k certlfi.
cato of tho morganatic marriage that
had been deposited In tho bank almost
a century ngo by tho Duke of Welling
ton. And the story persists that as a
result of the marriage of Mrs. Fltz
herbert und Georgo IV. a son, known
us .lames otd. was horn, the grand
father of the Joseph Ord who Is to he
burled from the Cathedral of All Saints
at Albany to-day.
Dr. Shea's history of Georgetown
University speaks of this son of George
IV. In a chapter concerning George
town students of the first years ot tht
last century. "Joseph (?) Ord," wrote
tho Catholic historian, "son of George
IV. und his lawful wife, Mrs. Fltz
herbert, was enrolled among the stu
dents In 1800." On tho other hand
I.ecky says In his "England In the
Eighteenth Century" concerning the
marriage: "There were, fortunately, no
At Georgetown University there Is
said to bo a manuscript written by
lames Ord, alleged son of tho King,
In which he told all he knew about
his ancestry, hut It Is said that Inas
much ns the grandfather of tho Joseph
P. Ord who has Just died meant th
manuscript only for tho eyes of the
Georgetown priests of thoso early days,
their successors at Georgetown have
continued to look upon the manuscript
as confidential and refuse to show it to
It Is generally accepted, however, that
when a Capt. James Ord, master me
chanic, caino to America In the last
years of t'hc eighteenth century he
brought with him a boy who was
nte red as a student at Georgetown on
April '.'I, 1S00. Capt. Ord left a will,
still on tilo In Washington, In which
he. bequeathed his property to "my be
loved nephew, James Ord," the youth
at Georgetown In 1800.
While at Georgetown, the story con
tinues, young James Ord happened upon
a book wherein t'lie young; man read
that Mrs. Fltzherbert bad borne a son
tn George IV. and that about thn same
tlmo young James Ord found .among
the deceased Capt. Ord'a effects a letter
from Mrs. Fltzherbert In which he
asked. "Is the child atlvo?"
James Ord decided that hs was th
son. He spoke of the matter to one
of t'ho 'priests, Father Matthews, and In
lS3t persuaded liim to wrlto to Mrs.
Fltzherbert for enlightenment. There
is no record that tho letter ever was
Tho James Ord of Georgetown had
distinguished isons Judge Paclflcos Ord,
who believed that he was royally
descended: Gen. K. O. C. Ord, who
ridiculed tho Idea; John 8. Ord and
Or. James Ord. a famous physician of
Baltimore. The Joseph P. Ord who died
last Wednesday was tho son of Judzs
Mrs. Fltzherbert was a Cnthollo and
as tho laws of England prevented th
niarriugn of a prince of the ruling lmn
to "a Papist" under pain of forfeiture
of rnydl heritage, there was dang""
after the marriage, of Mrs. Fltzherbert
and the then Prince, of Wales of hn
loss of the right to succession.
A number of men prominent In finan
cial circles left for AJhany last night
to attend tho funeral of Mr. Ord to
day. The services will be conducted by
Bishop Doano of tho Albany diocese.
17T.S AT SHERMAX LAW'S RELAY
Littleton Would Let Business Ma
(in In Cnnrt Himself.
Martin W. Littleton In a speech
fore the public forum of the New York
University yesterday afternoon a'
tacked a provision of the Sherman law
which makes It necessary for the Attorney-General
of the United State?, er a
United States District Attorney, to
bring suit to prevent a corporation from
Illegally trying to restrain competition
Mr. Littleton was talking on the re
lation of government to Industry i
about 100 members of the forum In the
Judsuii Bulfnlnr, Washington Square
Ho suggested that a proper changs
in the Sherman law would be to make, It
posslbtn for the man whose husln"
was affected to appeal to n Federal
District court, get an Injunction and
tako the matter Immediately to court
"It the Sherman law had made th!"
possible." said Mr. Littleton, "It would
not havo been tho little used law that
It was for twenty years. It should have
armed u business man with a weapon
by which hn could himself fight the
powera that oppressed him. That Is the
worst feature of that net,
"Tho right way to do If a big cor
poration tries to undersell a little man
in order to drive hlrp snt of buslneM
would be to have ImmcaWo action. If
a man 1 driven out of buiilmes nnd
to thn Attorney-General thut official
may be too busy to act at that time
"Then the man in ruined Hnd th
provision that he may aue for trip'"
damages Is no good to him becauss
after ho Iiub been ruined he won't nav
any money to hire a lawyer to flghl th
case for htm."
Hill fur 5 Cent Telephone nir-
Amianv. Jan. in..v.Kscmhl m.m
P l.iiriitner, Pemocial, of King!-, lo-diy
Introduced a bill In the Aisettibl' I"0'
vltllnir for u live cent itit, fne i telephone
mora man i,vvv,vw NsaaBiianu.